GREATER BLACK SEA WINE


BLACK SEA ISCounties- 7

GEOGRAPHY Eastern Europe/ Russia, LATITUDE–    ‘N’

  • COUNTIES– Countries That Directly Border On the Black Sea. Only the Portion of the Country Which Has a Direct Influence of the Black Sea is Listed Below.
    • Bulgaria(West)…..Black Sea Coast/ East Region(East Bulgaria)
    • Georgia(East)
    • Moldova(North-West)…Southern Region/ Lowlands(South-East Moldova)
      • Value Lui Traian, Stefan-Voda
    • Romania(West)….Dobrogia(South-East Romania)
    • Russia(North-East)…North Caucasus(South-West Russia)
      • Krasnodar
    • Ukraine(North)
    • Turkey(South)…..Marama/ Black Sea(North Turkey)

TOPOGRAPHY “Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly”, Black Sea Basin

  • Semi-Enclosed Sea That Connects to the Mediterranean Sea Through the Bosporus Straits.
  • Considered a Marginal Sea of the Atlantic Ocean

SOILS– Metamorphic“, “Sedimentary,

CLIMATE  Continental With Mediterranean Influence

  • Summers– Warm, Hot    |    Winters– Cold

VITICULTURE

  •  

HISTORY

  • Long and Challenging History of Grape Growing and Wine Production Over the Past 6,000 Years, and a Semi-Modern Industry Going Back 600 Years
  • Turkish Control of the Black Sea Area Lead to the Decline of Wine Production.
  • Wars and Conflict In the Black Sea Area Has Always Had a Negative Impact On Wine Industry.
  • Collapse of the Soviet Union In 1990’s Led to the Independence of Many Countries.


🇹🇷TURKEY


TURKEY ISRegions- 7     @Istanbul

GEOGRAPHY Europe, Caucasus Region, REGION-“Greater” Black Sea, COUNTRY-Turkey, LATITUDE: 38.9 ‘N’

  • BORDERSOn~Black~Sea~(North)
  • REGIONS(On Black Sea)- Black Sea, Marmara

TOPOGRAPHY “Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous”

**Refer to “LOCATIONS/ TURKEY” For Detailed Information On Turkey


MARMARARegion     @Kekirdag

  • WHITE= Beylerce Vasilaki, Yapincak
    • International– Chardonnay, Clairette, Pinot Gris, Riesling, Sauvignon Blanc, Semillion, Viognier
  • RED= Adakarasi, Bogazkere, Kalecik Karasi, Karalahna, Kuntra, Papazkarasi
    • International– Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Cinsault, Gamay, Merlot,
      Pinot Noir, Syrah
  • GEOGRAPHY– Turkey(North-West)
    • BORDERS: Greece(North-West), Bulgaria(North-West)
      • On~Aegean~Sea~(West),  On~Black~Sea~(North)
      • (Part of the “Greater Black Sea Wine” Region)
    • CATALCA-KOCAELI…Adapazari, Istanbul, Ergene
    • SOUTHERN MARMARA…  Bursa, Karesi, Samanli, Yidiz
    • BIGA-GALIPOLI PENINSULA
    • EDIRNE
    • KIRKARELI
    • TEKIRDAG
    • ADAPAZARI
  • TOPOGRAPHY
  • SOILS=Metamorphic“, “Sedimentary, Limestone, Loam, Clay
  • CLIMATE= Mediterranean
  • VITICULTURE
  • VINICULTUREBotrytis
    • Estate/ Producers– Arcadia, Buyulubag, Gali, Kavaklidere, Selendi, Suvia
      Vineyards– Pendore
  • CULTURE AKA=Thracian/ Thace

BLACK SEARegion     @Adapazari

  • WHITE= Narince
  • RED= Bogazkere, Kalacik Karasi
  • GEOGRAPHY– Turkey(North), BORDERS: Marmara Region(West)
      • On~Black~Sea~(North), (Part of the “Greater Black Sea Wine” Region)
    • WESTERN BLACK SEA
      • Geography– Inner Western Black Sea, Kure Mountains
    • CENTRAL BLACK SEA
      • Geography– Canik Mountains, Inner Central Black Sea
    • EASTERN BLACK SEA
      • Geography– Eastern Black Sea Coast     @Trabzon
  • VITICULTURE–  ? ha. Planted


🇧🇬BULGARIA

GEOGRAPHY Europe(Central/ South-East), REGION-“Greater” Black Sea,  @Sofia

  • BORDERS– On~Black~Sea~(East), LATITUDE: 42.7* ‘N’, 
  • REGIONS(On Black Sea)- Black Sea Coast/ East Region

TOPOGRAPHY “Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous”

**Refer to “LOCATIONS/ BULGARIA” For Detailed Information On Turkey


BLACK SEA COAST/ East Region PGI.  ‘Region‘     @

  • WHITE=          |   RED= **Refer to PGI. For Grape Information
  • GEOGRAPHY– Bulgaria(East), REGION-Black Sea Coast
    • SUB-REGIONS– Burgas, Dobrich, Shumen, Silistra, Targovishte, Varna
    • (Part of the “Greater Black Sea Wine” Region)
  • TOPOGRAPHY“Rolling”,  On~Black~Sea~(West)

SILISTRA PDO.     @

  • GEOGRAPHY– Bulgaria, REGION-Black Sea Coast, SUB-REGION-Silistra
    • (Part of the “Greater Black Sea Wine” Region)
  • TOPOGRAPHY “Rolling”, On~Danube~River~

SHUMEN PDO.    @Shumen

  • GEOGRAPHY– Bulgaria, REGION-Black Sea Coast, SUB-REGION-Shumen
    • (Part of the “Greater Black Sea Wine” Region)
  • NOVI PAZAR DOC.      @
    • GEOGRAPHY– Bulgaria, REGION-Black Sea Coast, SUB-REGION-Shumen
      • BORDERS: Black Sea
  • HAN KRUM DOC.      @
    • GEOGRAPHY– Bulgaria, REGION-Black Sea Coast,
      • SUB-REGION-Shumen/ (Laps)Targovishte

TARGOVISHTE PDO.    @Targovishte

  • GEOGRAPHY– Bulgaria, REGION-Black Sea Coast, SUB-REGION-Targovishte
    • (Part of the “Greater Black Sea Wine” Region)
  • HAN KRUM DOC.      @
    • GEOGRAPHY– Bulgaria, REGION-Black Sea Coast,
      • SUB-REGION-Targovishte/ (Laps)Shumen
  • VARBITSA DOC.      @
    • GEOGRAPHY– Bulgaria, REGION-Black Sea Coast,
    • SUB-REGION-Targovishte

VARNA PDO.      @Varna

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Varna Miskat
  • RED= Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Pamid, Syrah
  • GEOGRAPHY– Bulgaria, REGION-Black Sea Coast, SUB-REGION-Varna
  • BORDERS: Black Sea, (Part of the “Greater Black Sea Wine” Region)

  • EUXINOGRAD DOC.      @

    • GEOGRAPHY– Bulgaria, REGION-Black Sea Coast, SUB-REGION-Varna
      • BORDERS: Black Sea
  • BYALA DOC.      @
    • GEOGRAPHY– Bulgaria, REGION-Black Sea Coast, SUB-REGION-Varna
      • BORDERS: Black Sea

BURGAS PDO.     @Burga

  • GEOGRAPHY– Bulgaria, REGION-Black Sea Coast(South), SUB-REGION-Burgas
    • BORDERS: Black Sea, “Non-Contiguous(4)”
    • (Part of the “Greater Black Sea Wine” Region)
  • PORMORIE DOC.       @
    • GEOGRAPHY– Bulgaria, REGION-Black Sea Coast, SUB-REGION-Burgas
    • BORDERS: Black Sea
  • PRIMORSKO PDO.      @
    • GEOGRAPHY– Bulgaria, REGION-Black Sea Coast, SUB-REGION-Burgas
      • BORDERS: Black Sea


🇷🇴ROMANIA 


GEOGRAPHY Europe(Eastern), REGION-“Greater” Black Sea, Romania, LATITUDE: 43*-45*

  • BORDERSOn~Black~Sea~(East)
  • REGIONS(On Black Sea)- Dobrogea

TOPOGRAPHY “Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous”

**Refer to “LOCATIONS/ ROMANIA” For Detailed Information On Turkey


DOBROGEARegion     DOC.- 4     @Constanta

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Muscat Ottonel, Pinot Gris
  • RED= Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY– Romania(South-East), REGION-Dobrogea
    • BORDERS: Ukraine(North), Muntnia(West)
    • (Part of the “Greater Black Sea Wine” Region)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly”, On~Black~Sea~, PLATEAU/ Transylvania
    • SLOPES/ Carpathian Mountains, +Alt.400mt.-600mt.
    • On~Tarnave Mare/ Tarnave Mica~Rivers~

SARICA-NICULITEL DOC.      @

  • WHITE=    |   RED=
  • GEOGRAPHY– Romania, REGION-Dobrogea(North-West)
    • (Part of the “Greater Black Sea Wine” Region)
  • VITICULTURE–  ?  ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers

BABADAG DOC.    @

  • WHITE=    |   RED=
  • GEOGRAPHY– Romania(South-East), REGION-Dobrogea(North-Interior)
    • BORDERS: On~Coast/ Black~Sea~(Near)
    • (Part of the “Greater Black Sea Wine” Region)
  • VITICULTURE–  ? ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers

ISTRIA DOC.     @

  • WHITE=    |    RED=
  • GEOGRAPHY– Romania, REGION-Dobrogea(Central)
    • (Part of the “Greater Black Sea Wine” Region)
  • VITICULTURE–  ? ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers

MURFATLAR DOC.      @

  • WHITE=?
    • International– Chardonnay, Muscat, Pinot Gris, Riesling, Sauvignon Blanc
  • RED= Feteasca Neagra
    • International– Syrah, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot
  • GEOGRAPHY– Romania(South-East), REGION-Dobrogea(South)
    • BORDERS: Black Sea,  (Part of the “Greater Black Sea Wine” Region)
  • VITICULTURE–  ? haPlanted
    • -Estates/ Producers- Cernavoda, Murfatlar Winery, Medgidia


🇲🇩MOLDOVA  


MOLDOVA IS     @Chisinau

GEOGRAPHY Eastern Europe, REGION-“Greater” Black Sea, COUNTRY-Republic of Moldova

  • BORDERS: Romania(West), Ukraine(East), LATITUDE: 46*-47* ‘N’
  • REGIONS(On Black Sea)- Southern Region/ Lowlands
    • Lalul Lui Traian PGI., Stefan-Voda PGI.

TOPOGRAPHY “Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous”

**Refer to “LOCATIONS/ MOLDOVA” For Detailed Information On Turkey


Southern Region/ Lowlands

VALUL LUI TRAIAN PGI.     @

  • WHITE= Aligote, Chardonnay, Feteasca Alba, Feteasca Regala, Muscat Ottonel, Sauvignon Blanc
  • RED= Cabernet Sauvignon, Feteasca Neagra, Merlot, Pinot Noir, Saperavi
  • GEOGRAPHY– Moldova(South-West)
    • BORDERS– Codru(North), Stefan-Voda(NorthEast), Ukraine(East)
    • (Part of the “Greater Black Sea Wine” Region)
    • CANTEMIR District
    • CAHUL District
    • CEADIR-LUNGA District
    • COMRAT District
    • LEOVA District
    • TARACLIA District
    • VULCANESTI District
  • TOPOGRAPHY- “Rolling”, On~Black~Sea~(Near)
    • Tigheci Hills–  +Alt. 3000mt.
    • Bugeac Valley
    • Prut Terraces– +Alt. 200mt. -220mt.
  • VITICULTURE–  43,000 ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers– Cimislia, Corten-Vin, Cricova, DK-Intertrade, Fautor, nvinprom, Kazayak-Vin, Mold-Nord, Podgoria-Vin, Tartcomvin, Vartely, Vine Denovi, Vine Traian, Vinaria-din-Vale, Vinaria-Bostavan, Vinuri de Comrat,

STEFAN-VODA PGI.     @

  • WHITE=   |   RED=
  • GEOGRAPHY– Moldova(South-East)
    • BORDERS– Codru(North), Valul Lui Traian(South-West), Ukraine(South)
    • (Part of the “Greater Black Sea Wine” Region)
    • CAUSENI District
    • CIMISLIA District
    • STEFAN VODA District
    • BASARABEASCA District
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling”, On~Black~Sea~(Near)
  • VITICULTURE– 1,200  ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers– Basarabia-Lwin, Bogatmos, Bravo Vine, Clasicvinagro, Domenii Sertus, Lion Gri, Salcuta, Vinaria Purcari,


🇷🇺RUSSIA  


RUSSIA IS  FEDERAL STATES: 83   @Moscow

GEOGRAPHYCOUNTRY-Russia, REGION-“Greater” Black Sea,  LATITUDE: 34*-47* ‘N’

  • REGIONS(On Black Sea)- North Caucasus(Krasnodar)

TOPOGRAPHY “Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly”

**Refer to “LOCATIONS/ RUSSIA” For Detailed Information On Turkey


KRASNODAR     @Anapa

  • WHITE= ?
    • International– Aligote, Chardonnay, Pinot Blanc, Sauvignon Blanc
  • RED= Golubok, Krasnostop, Saperavi
    • International– Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY– Russia, REGION-North Caucasus(North-West)
    • Sub-ZonesANAPADistrict, TEMRUKDistrict
    • CITIES– Gelendzhik, Krimsk, Novorossik, Sochi, Taman, Temruk
    • (Part of the “Greater Black Sea Wine” Region)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Valley(Dyurso)”
    • On~Azov/ Black~Sea~, On~Kuban~River~
  • CLIMATE– “Continental”
  • VITICULTURE
  • VINICULTUREStill,  Ice Wine,  Sparkling,  Distilling
    • Estate/ Producers– Abrau-Durso(Est.1870/ Sparkling), Akhtanizovsky, Burnier, Divnomorskoe, Dolina, Fanagoria(3,000ha.), Gelendzhik, Grand Vostock(237ha.), Karakezidi, Kuban, Lefkadia, Mirny, Myskhako, Pervomaiskaya, Raevskoe, Saook-Dure, Semigorye, Talus, Villa Victoria, Yujhny, Zaporojhskoe


🇺🇦UKRAINE  


UKRAINE IS–      @Kiev, Odessa

GEOGRAPHY Eastern Europe, REGION-“Greater” Black Sea, COUNTRY-Ukraine

  • BORDERS– Belarus(North), Poland(North-West), Romania(South-East), LATITUDE: 45.3* ‘N’ to 52.2* ‘N’

TOPOGRAPHY “Flat/ Rolling”, PENINSULA-Crimean, On~Black~Sea~

**Refer to “LOCATIONS/ TURKEY” For Detailed Information On Turkey


Black Sea Region

ODESSA     @

  • WHITE=    |   RED=
  • GEOGRAPHY– Ukraine, REGION-Black Sea, BORDERS-Nikolayev
    • (Part of the “Greater Black Sea Wine” Region)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”, On~Black~Sea~
  • VITICULTURE
    • Estate/ Producers– Odessa Brandy, Odessa Sparkling Wine Company, Shabo

NIKOLAYEV     @

  • WHITE=    |   RED=
  • GEOGRAPHY– Ukraine, REGION-Black Sea
    • BORDERS– Odessa(West), Kherson(South-East)
    • (Part of the “Greater Black Sea Wine” Region)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”, On~Black~Sea~

KHERSON      @

  • WHITE=    |   RED=
  • GEOGRAPHY– Ukraine, REGION-Black Sea
    • BORDERS– Nikolayev(North-West), Zaporizhia(East), Crimea(South)
    • (Part of the “Greater Black Sea Wine” Region)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”, On~Black~Sea~

ZAPORIZHIA      @

  • WHITE=    |   RED=
  • GEOGRAPHY– Ukraine, REGION-Black Sea, BORDERS– Kherson(West)
    • (Part of the “Greater Black Sea Wine” Region)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”, On~Black~Sea~

Southern Ukraine

CRIMEA      @Fedosiya, Simferopol, Sudak

  • WHITE= Sersial
    • International– Aligote, Muscat, Pinot Gris, Verdelho
  • RED= Magarachsky, Saperavi
    • International– Black Muscat, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot
  • GEOGRAPHY– Republic of Crimea, BORDERS-Kherson(North)
    • (Part of the “Greater Black Sea Wine” Region)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling”, PENINSULA/ Crimea, On~Black/ Azov~Sea~
  • CLIMATEContinental
  • VITICULTURE
  • VINICULTURE
    • Estate/ Producers– Magarach, Massandra, Inkerman, Koktebel, Novy Svet
  • HISTORY– ~Treaty of Paris of 1856~ Settled the Crimean War Between the Russian Empire and the Alliance fo the Ottoman Empire.

  • SEVASTOPOL    @Sevastopol
    • WHITE=  |.  RED= Saperavi
    • GEOGRAPHY– Republic of Crimea,  REGION-Disputed Land, In Crimea
    • VITICULTURE
      • Estate/ Producers– Zolotaya Balka


**Refer to “BIBLIOGRAPHY/ SOURCES” For Details On Scholarly Works Referenced