🇧🇬BULGARIA


BULGARIA IS   Regions- 5     PGI.- 4      PDO.- 42       @Sofia

  • WHITE= Misket Cherven 7% AKA=Red Muscat, Armira, Dimyat, Keratsuda, Misket Varnenski, Misket Vrachanski
    • International Muscat Ottonel 7%, Chardonnay 6%, Gewurztraminer, Rkatsiteli, Sauvignon Blanc, Tamianka, Viognier
  • RED= Pamid 10%, Buket, Evmolpia, Mavrud, Melnik, Ranna Melnishka Laza, Rubin, Ruen, Shevka, Shiroka Melnishka, Storgozia
    • International Cabernet sauvignon 17%, Merlot 17%, Rkatsiteli 9%, Cabernet Franc, Kakarka AKA=Gamza, Pinot Noir, Plovdivska Malaga, Syrah

GEOGRAPHY REGION-Central Europe, COUNTY-Bulgaria, LATITUDE: 42.7° N

  • BORDERS-Romania(North/ Across Danube), Serbia(North-West), Macedonia(South-West), Greece(South), Turkey(South-East)
  • REGIONS-Black Sea CoastDanubian Plains/ North Region, Struma Valley, Rose Valley, Thracian Valley Lowlands

TOPOGRAPHY– Features Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly/ Valley(Danube)

  • SLOPES/ Carpathian Mountains, Balkan Mountains, Rila Ranges, Rhodope Ranges, +Alt. ?
  • On~Danube~River~/ On~Black~Sea~(East)
  • ON PLAIN/ Pannonia(Eastern Edge)/ Thracian, LOWLANDS/ Thracian

VITICULTURE 60,000 ha.

  • Bulgaria is: #22 In Grape Production/ #21 In Wine Consumption In the World.

VINICULTURE Distilled/ Alembic, Copper Still

SOILS Metamorphic, Sedimentary

  • Alluvium In Valleys, Black Carbonate & Sand at Coast.
  • **Refer to TERROIR/ Geology & Soil For Detailed Information On Soils

CLIMATE  Continental,  *Summers– Warm, Cooler in North   |   *Winters– Cold, Wet

HISTORY

CULTURE   GASTRONOMY…       |  CHEESE

  • ASSOCIATIONS~ ~Bulgaria National Vine and Wine Chamber~
  • FESTIVALS~ ~Rose Wine Expo~ (June)
  • FESTIVALS~ ~Black Sea Winemaking  Forum~ (June)
  • FESTIVALS~ ~Jubilee Young Wine Festival~ (November)

BULGARIA WINE LAW  (Since 1978)

  • GOVERNING BODY-
  • VINO ot DEKLARIRAN GEOGRAFSKE- Declared Geographic Origin DGO.
  • CONTROLIARN WINES- Superior Controlled Appellation of Origin Within a DGO.
  • LAWS GOVERNING- Geographic Boundaries, Topography
    • Label Requirement-
      • Geographic/ Boundaries-
      • Topography-
  • BURGARIA WINE CLASSIFICATION
    • Protected Geographical Indication PGI.
    • Protected Designation of Origin PDO.
  • WINES FOR CURRENT CONSUMPTION/ TABLE WINES
    • Table Wine/ Vin de Masa
    • Superior Table Wine/ Vin de Masa Superior
  • QUALITY WINE
    • Quality Wines With a Geographic Designation/ Vin de Calitate Superioara (PGI.)
    • Denumire de Origine Controlata (PDO.)
    • DOC.- CMD.- Grapes Harvested at Full Maturity
    • DOC.– CT- Late-Harvest Grapes
    • DOC.– CIB- Botrytis-Affected Grapes

BULGARIA WINE TERMS

  • Barik– Fermentation In Oak Casts
  • Special Selection– 1/ 2 Years of Aging

GEOGRAPHIC DISCLAIMER~ To Benefit From “Demystifying “The Vine” and the World of Wine a Understanding of Bulgaria’s Geography and Topography is Needed and the Ability to Visualize Its Wine Regions.  Chapters  Are Organized In a “North to South”/ “East to West” Orientation and is Intended to Be Read and Memorized as So.



DANUBIAN PLAINS/ North Region PGI. Region”   @

  • WHITE=   RED= **Refer to PDO./ DOC. For Grape Information.
  • GEOGRAPHY- Bulgaria(North-West), REGION-Danubian Plains, BORDERS-Romania
    • SUB-REGIONS-Lovech, Montana, Pleven, Ruse, Veliko Tarnovo, Vidin
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ HillyOn~Danube~River~(South)

VIDIN PDO.      @Vidin

  • GEOGRAPHY- Bulgaria, REGION-Danubian Plains(North-West), SUB-REGION-Vidin
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly
  • SOILS- 
  • CLIMATE- 
  • NOVA SELO DOC.       @
    • GEOGRAPHY- Bulgaria, REGION-Danubian Plains(West)
  • LOMT DOC.       @
    • GEOGRAPHY- Bulgaria, REGION-Danubian Plains(West)
    • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ HillyOn~Lomt~River~
  • VIDIN DOC.       @
    • GEOGRAPHY- Bulgaria, REGION-Danubian Plains(West)

MONTANA PDO.     @Montanta

  • GEOGRAPHY- Bulgaria, REGION-Danubian Plains(West), SUB-REGION-Montana
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly

VRATSA PDO.        @Vratsa

  • GEOGRAPHY- Bulgaria, REGION-Danubian Plains(West), SUB-REGION-Vratsa
  • TOPOGRAPHY-  Flat/ RollingOn~Skut~River~

PLEVEN PDO.      @Pleven

  • GEOGRAPHY– Bulgaria, REGION-Danubian Plains(East), SUB-REGION-Pleven
    • LOZITSA-
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly
  • GOING THERE- ~Pleven Wine Museum~

LOVECH PDO.     @Lovech

  • GEOGRAPHY- Bulgaria, REGION-Danubian Plains(East), SUB-REGION-Lovech
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly

VELIKO TARNOVA PDO.       @Veliko Tarnova

  • GEOGRAPHY- Bulgaria, REGION-Danubian Plains(East), SUB-REGION-Veliko Tarnova
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly
  • PAVLIKENI DOC.      @
    • GEOGRAPHY- Bulgaria, REGION-Danubian Plains(East)
      • SUB-REGION-Veliko Tarnova
    • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly
  • SVISHTOV DOC.       @
    • GEOGRAPHY- Bulgaria, REGION-Danubian Plains(East)
      • SUB-REGION-Veliko Tarnova
    • TOPOGRAPHY Flat/ RollingOn~Danube~River~
  • LYASKOVETS DOC.       @Veliko Tarnova
    • GEOGRAPHY- Bulgaria, REGION-Danubian Plains(East)
      • SUB-REGION-Veliko Tarnova
    • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly

RUSE PDO.     @Ruse

  • GEOGRAPHY- Bulgaria, REGION-Danubian Plains(East), SUB-REGION-Ruse
  • TOPOGRAPHY Flat/ RollingOn~Danube~River~


Sub-Balkan Region

  • GEOGRAPHY- Bulgaria, South of Balkan Mountains
    • Western Sub-Balkans- Rose Valley
    • Eastern Sub-Balkans- Sungurlare Valley

STRUMA VALLEY/ South-West Region PGI. Region      @

  • WHITE=  |   RED=  **Refer to PDO./ DOC. For Grape Information.
  • GEOGRAPHY- Bulgaria(South-West), REGION-Struma Valley
    • SUB-REGION– Blagoevgrad, Kyustendil
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling, ON PLAIN/ Struma, On~Struma~River~

KYUSTENDIL PDO.       @Kyustendil

  • GEOGRAPHY- Bulgaria, REGION-Struma Valley, SUB-REGION-Kyustendil
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly

BLAGOEVGRAD PDO.      @Blagoevgrad

  • GEOGRAPHY- Bulgaria, REGION-Struma Valley, SUB-REGION-Blagoevgrad

  • SANDANSKI DOC.     @
    • GEOGRAPHY- Bulgaria, REGION-Struma Valley, SUB-REGION-Blagoevgrad
    • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly
  • MELNIK/ HARSOVO DOC.      @
    • WHITE=           |   RED= Melnik
    • GEOGRAPHY- Bulgaria, REGION-Struma Valley, SUB-REGION-Blagoevgrad
    • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly


ROSE VALLEY/ Sub-Balkan Region PGIRegion   @

  • WHITE=    |    RED= **Refer to PDO./ DOC. For Grape Information.
  • GEOGRAPHY- Bulgaria(Central) South of Balkan Mountains, Non-Contiguous(11+)
    • SUB-REGION– Burgas(Laps)Black SeaRegion, Stara Zagora(Laps)Thracian ValleyRegion, Sliven, Yambol
  • CULTURE- Famous For Rose Growing Industry.

PLODIV PDO.     @

  • GEOGRAPHY- Bulgaria, REGION-Rose Valley/(Laps)Thracian Valley
    • SUB-REGION-Plovdiv
  • KARLOVO DOC.     @
    • GEOGRAPHY- Bulgaria, REGION-Rose Valley, SUB-REGION-Plovdiv
    • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly
  • HISARYA DOC.     @
    • GEOGRAPHY- Bulgaria, REGION-Rose Valley, SUB-REGION-Plovdiv
    • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly

SILVEN PDO.     @Silven

  • GEOGRAPHY- Bulgaria, REGION-Rose Valley, (Laps)Thracian Valley
    • SUB-REGION-Silven
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ RollingOn~Tundzha~River~

  • ORYAHOVITSA DOC.    
    • GEOGRAPHY- Bulgaria, REGION-Rose Valley, SUB-REGION-Silven(West)
    • TOPOGRAPHY- On~Tundzha~River~
  • SHIVACHEVO DOC.     @
    • GEOGRAPHY- Bulgaria, REGION-Rose Valley, SUB-REGION-Silven(North)
    • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly
  • SILVEN DOC.     @
    • GEOGRAPHY- Bulgaria, REGION-Rose Valley, SUB-REGION-Silven(East)
    • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly

KARNOBAT/ SOUGNOURLARE DOC.     @

  • GEOGRAPHY- Bulgaria, REGION-Rose Valley, SUB-REGION-Burgas(North-East)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly


THRACIAN VALLEY LOWLANDS/ South Region PGI. Region

  • WHITE= Aligote, Chardonnay, Dimyat, Muscat Ottonel, Silvaner, Tamianka, Viognier,
  • RED= Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc, Merlot, Mavrud, Rubin, Bouquet Shevka,
    Rubin Evmolpia, Plovdiv Malaga
  • GEOGRAPHY- Bulgaria(South-Central), REGION-Thracian Valley Lowlands
    • SUB-REGIONS-HaskovoPazardzhik, Plovdiv(Laps)Rose Valley”Region“, Stara Zagora
    • BORDERS-Balkan Mountains(North), Black Sea(East), Greece(South)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Hills & Flat Lands, +Alt. 100mt.- 500mt.
  • CLIMATE- Continental” INFLUENCED/ Black Sea, Mediterranean Sea
    • *Summers– Warm Long Growing Season
  • VITICULTURE-
    • Estate/ Producer- Eduardo Miroglio

PAZARDZHIK PDO.     @

  • GEOGRAPHY- Bulgaria, REGION-Thracian Valley(South-West)
    • SUB-REGION-Parardzhik
  • TOPOGRAPHY On~Maritsa~River~

  • SEPTERNVRI DOC.     @
    • GEOGRAPHY- Bulgaria, REGION-Thracian Valley(South-West)
      • SUB-REGION-Parardzhik

PLOVDIV PDO.      @Plovdiv

  • WHITE=            |   RED= Mavrud, Rubin
  • GEOGRAPHY- Bulgaria, REGION-Thracian Valley(North-West),
    • SUB-REGION-Plovdiv
  • TOPOGRAPHY Flat/ RollingOn~Maritsa~River~

  • PEROUSHITITSA DOC.     @
    • GEOGRAPHY- Bulgaria, REGION-Thracian Valley(South-West)
      • SUB-REGION-Plovdiv
  • BRESTNIK DOC.      @
    • GEOGRAPHY- Bulgaria, REGION-Thracian Valley(South-West)
      • SUB-REGION-Plovdiv
  • ASENOVGRAD DOC.      @
    • GEOGRAPHY- Bulgaria, REGION-Thracian Valley(South-West)
      • SUB-REGION-Plovdiv

STARA ZAGORA PDO.      @Stara Zagora

  • WHITE=            |   RED= Mavrud, Rubin
  • GEOGRAPHY- Bulgaria, REGION-Thracian Valley(North-Central)
    • SUB-REGION-Stara Zagora, Non-Contiguous(4)
  • HASKOVO PDO.     @Haskovo
    • GEOGRAPHY- Bulgaria, REGION-Thracian Valley(South-East)
      • SUB-REGION-Haskovo
  • HASKOVO DOC.     @Haskovo
    • GEOGRAPHY- Bulgaria, REGION-Thracian Valley(South-East)
      • SUB-REGION-Haskovo(West)
  • SAKAR DOC.     @
    • GEOGRAPHY- Bulgaria, REGION-Thracian Valley(South-East)
      • SUB-REGION-Haskovo(West)
  • LYUBIRNETS DOC.     @
    • GEOGRAPHY- Bulgaria, REGION-Thracian Valley(South-East)
      • SUB-REGION-Haskovo(Central)
  • VAYLOVGRAD DOC.     @
    • GEOGRAPHY- Bulgaria, REGION-Thracian Valley(South-East)
      • SUB-REGION-Haskovo(East)

NOVA ZAGORA PDO.      @

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Gewurztraminer
  • RED= Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Pinot Noir, Syrah
  • GEOGRAPHY- Bulgaria, REGION-Thracian Valley(North-East)
    • SUB-REGION-Sliven
  • VINICULTURE- SPARKLING/ Traditional
    • Estate-Producers- Eduardo Miroglio

YAMBOL PDO.      @Yambol

  • WHITE=            |   RED= Mavrud, Rubin
  • GEOGRAPHY- Bulgaria, REGION-Thracian Valley(North-East)
    • SUB-REGION-Yambol/ (Laps)Sliven


BLACK SEA COAST/ East Region PGI.  Region    @

  • WHITE=     |   RED=  **Refer to PDO./ DOC. For Grape Information.
  • GEOGRAPHY- Bulgaria(East), REGION-Black Sea Coast
    • SUB-REGIONS-Burgas, Dobrich, Shumen, Silistra, Targovishte, Varna
  • TOPOGRAPHYRolling,  On~Black~Sea~(West)

SILISTRA PDO.     @

  • GEOGRAPHY- Bulgaria, REGION-Black Sea Coast, SUB-REGION-Silistra
  • TOPOGRAPHY Rolling, On~Danube~River~

SHUMEN PDO.    @Shumen

  • GEOGRAPHY- Bulgaria, REGION-Black Sea Coast, SUB-REGION-Shumen

  • NOVI PAZAR DOC.      @

    • GEOGRAPHY- Bulgaria, REGION-Black Sea Coast, SUB-REGION-Shumen
      • BORDERS-Black Sea
  • HAN KRUM DOC.      @
    • GEOGRAPHY- Bulgaria, REGION-Black Sea Coast,
      • SUB-REGION-Shumen/ (Laps)Targovishte

TARGOVISHTE PDO.    @Targovishte

  • GEOGRAPHY- Bulgaria, REGION-Black Sea Coast, SUB-REGION-Targovishte

  • HAN KRUM DOC.      @

    • GEOGRAPHY- Bulgaria, REGION-Black Sea Coast
      • SUB-REGION-Targovishte/ (Laps)Shumen
  • VARBITSA DOC.      @
    • GEOGRAPHY- Bulgaria, REGION-Black Sea Coast
      • SUB-REGION-Targovishte

VARNA PDO.      @Varna

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Varna Miskat
  • RED= Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Pamid, Syrah
  • GEOGRAPHY- Bulgaria, REGION-Black Sea Coast, SUB-REGION-Varna
    • BORDERS-Black Sea

  • EUXINOGRAD DOC.      @

    • GEOGRAPHY- Bulgaria, REGION-Black Sea Coast, SUB-REGION-Varna
      • BORDERS: Black Sea
  • BYALA PDO.      @
    • GEOGRAPHY- Bulgaria, REGION-Black Sea Coast, SUB-REGION-Varna
      • BORDERS-Black Sea

BURGAS PDO.     @Burga

  • GEOGRAPHY- Bulgaria, REGION-Black Sea Coast(South), SUB-REGION-Burgas
    • BORDERS-Black Sea, Non-Contiguous(4)

  • PORMORIE DOC.       @

    • GEOGRAPHY- Bulgaria, REGION-Black Sea Coast, SUB-REGION-Burgas
      •  BORDERS-Black Sea
  • PRIMORSKO PDO.      @
    • GEOGRAPHY- Bulgaria, REGION-Black Sea Coast, SUB-REGION-Burgas
      • BORDERS-Black Sea


DUNAVSKA RAUNINA PDO.      @

  • WHITE=          |   RED=
  • GEOGRAPHY- Burgaria, REGION-Northern Region

TSCHERNOMORSKI RAION PDO.      @

  • WHITE=          |   RED=
  • GEOGRAPHY- Burgaria, REGION-Eastern Region

PODBALANSKI RAION PDO.     @

  • WHITE=      |  RED=
  • GEOGRAPHY- Burgaria, REGION-Sub-Balkan Region

JOLINAKA NA STRUMA PDO.     @

  • WHITE=         |   RED=
  • GEOGRAPHY- Burgaria, REGION-Southwestern Region

THRAKIISKA NIZINA PDO.     @

  • WHITE=             |   RED=
  • GEOGRAPHY- Burgaria, REGION-Southern Region


NOVO SELO PDO.

SAKAR PDO.

STAMBOLOVO PDO.

LYAKOVETS PDO.

SUHINDOL PDO.

NOVI PAZAR PDO.

KHAN KROUM PDO.

BRESTINIK PDO.

YAMBOL PDO.

BOLYAROVO PDO.

IVAILOVGRAD PDO.



**Refer to BIBLIOGRAPHY/ Sources For Details On Scholarly Works Referenced.