🇧🇬BULGARIA


BULGARIA IS   Regions-  5.  PGI.- 4      PDO.- 42       @Sofia

  • WHITE= Misket Cherven 7% AKA=Red Muscat, Dimyat, Keratsuda, Misket Varnenski, Misket Vrachanski
    • International– Muscat Ottonel 7%, Chardonnay 6%, Gewurztraminer, Rkatsiteli, Sauvignon Blanc, Tamianka, Viognier
  • RED= Pamid 10%, Buket, Evmolpia, Mavrud, Melnik, Ranna Melnishka Laza, Rubin, Ruen, Shevka, Shiroka Melnishka, Storgozia
    • International– Cabernet sauvignon 17%, Merlot 17%, Rkatsiteli 9%, Cabernet Franc, Kakarka AKA=Gamza, Pinot Noir, Plovdivska Malaga, Syrah

GEOGRAPHY REGION-Central Europe, COUNTY-Bulgaria, LATITUDE: 42.7* ‘N’

  • BORDERS: Romania(North/ Across Danube), Serbia(North-West), Macedonia(South-West), Greece(South), Turkey(South-East), On~Black~Sea~(East)
  • REGIONS- Black Sea CoastDanubian Plains/ North Region, Struma Valley, Rose Valley, Thracian Valley Lowlands

TOPOGRAPHY  FEATURES– “Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly/ Valley(Danube)”

  • SLOPES/ Carpathian Mountains, Balkan Mountains, Rila Ranges, Rhodope Ranges, +Alt.?
  • On~Danube~River~, ON PLAIN/ Pannonia(Eastern Edge)/ Thracian
  • LOWLANDS/ Thracian

VITICULTURE 60,000 ha., #22 In Grape Production & #21 In Wine Consumption In

VINICULTURE Distilled/ Alembic, Copper Still

SOILS Metamorphic”, ”Sedimentary

  • Alluvium In Valleys, Black Carbonate & Sand at Coast
  • **Refer to “TERROIR/ Geology & Soil” For Detailed Information On Soils

CLIMATE  Continental,  Summers– Warm, Cooler in North     |    Winters– Cold

HISTORY

CULTURE   GASTRONOMY…       |  CHEESE

  • ASSOCIATIONS– ~Bulgaria National Vine and Wine Chamber~
  • FESTIVALS– ~Rose Wine Expo~ (June)
  • FESTIVALS– ~Black Sea Winemaking  Forum~ (June)
  • FESTIVALS– ~“Jubilee” Young Wine Festival~ (November)

BULGARIA WINE LAW  (Since 1978)

  • GOVERNING BODY
  • VINO ot DEKLARIRAN GEOGRAFSKE– Declared Geographic Origin DGO.
  • CONTROLIARN WINES– Superior Controlled Appellation of Origin Within a DGO.
  • LAWS GOVERNING– Geographic Boundaries, Topography
    • Label Requirement
      • -Geographic/ Boundaries-
      • -Topography-
  • BURGARIA WINE CLASSIFICATION
    • PROTECTED GEOGRAPHICAL INDICATION PGI.
    • PROTECTED DESIGNATION OF ORIGIN PDO.
  • WINES FOR CURRENT CONSUMPTION/ TABLE WINES
    • Table Wine/ Vin de Masa
    • Superior Table Wine/ Vin de Masa Superior
  • QUALITY WINE
    • Quality Wines With a Geographic Designation/ Vin de Calitate Superioara (PGI.)
    • Denumire de Origine Controlata (PDO.)
    • DOC-CMD- Grapes Harvested at Full Maturity
    • DOC.-CT- Late-Harvest Grapes
      DOC.-CIB- Botrytis-Affected Grapes

BULGARIA WINE TERMS

  • Barik– Fermentation In Oak Casts
  • Special Selection– 1/ 2 Years of Aging

GEOGRAPHIC DISCLAIMER: “To Benefit From “Demystifying “The Vine” and the World of Wine a Understanding of Bulgaria’s Geography and Topography is Needed and the Ability to Visualize Its Wine Regions.  Chapters  Are Organized In a “North to South”/ “East to West” Orientation and is Intended to Be Read and Memorized as So.”



DANUBIAN PLAINS/ North Region PGI. @

  • WHITE= RED= **Refer to PGI. For Grape Information
  • GEOGRAPHY– Bulgaria(North-West), REGION-Danubian Plains, BORDERS: Romania
    • SUB-REGIONS– Lovech, Montana, Pleven, Ruse, Veliko Tarnovo, Vidin,
  • TOPOGRAPHYOn~Danube~River~(South)

VIDIN PDO.      @Vidin

  • GEOGRAPHY– Bulgaria, REGION-Danubian Plains(North-West), SUB-REGION-Vidin
    • VIDIN-
    • NOVO SELO-

  • NOVA SELO DOC.       @

    • GEOGRAPHY– Bulgaria, REGION-Danubian Plains(West)
  • LOMT DOC.       @
    • GEOGRAPHY– Bulgaria, REGION-Danubian Plains(West)
    • TOPOGRAPHY–  On~Lomt~River~
  • VIDIN DOC.       @
    • GEOGRAPHY– Bulgaria, REGION-Danubian Plains(West)

MONTANA PDO.     @Montanta

  • GEOGRAPHY– Bulgaria, REGION-Danubian Plains(West), SUB-REGION-Montana

VRATSA PDO.        @Vratsa

  • GEOGRAPHY– Bulgaria, REGION-Danubian Plains(West), SUB-REGION-Vratsa
  • TOPOGRAPHY–  On~Skut~River~

PLEVEN PDO.      @Pleven

  • GEOGRAPHY– Bulgaria, REGION-Danubian Plains(East), SUB-REGION-Pleven
    • LOZITSA-
  • GOING THERE– ~Pleven Wine Museum~

LOVECH PDO.     @Lovech

  • GEOGRAPHY– Bulgaria, REGION-Danubian Plains(East), SUB-REGION-Lovech

VELIKO TARNOVA PDO.       @Veliko Tarnova

  • GEOGRAPHY– Bulgaria, REGION-Danubian Plains(East), SUB-REGION-Veliko Tarnova

  • PAVLIKENI DOC.      @
    • GEOGRAPHY– Bulgaria, REGION-Danubian Plains(East)
      • SUB-REGION-Veliko Tarnova
  • SVISHTOV DOC.       @
    • GEOGRAPHY– Bulgaria, REGION-Danubian Plains(East)
      • SUB-REGION-Veliko Tarnova
    • TOPOGRAPHY– On~Danube~River~
  • LYASKOVETS DOC.       @Veliko Tarnova
  • GEOGRAPHY– Bulgaria, REGION-Danubian Plains(East)
    • SUB-REGION-Veliko Tarnova

RUSE PDO.     @Ruse

  • GEOGRAPHY– Bulgaria, REGION-Danubian Plains(East), SUB-REGION-Ruse
  • TOPOGRAPHY– On~Danube~River~


Sub-Balkan Region

  • GEOGRAPHY– Bulgaria, South of Balkan Mountains
    • Western Sub-Balkans– Rose Valley
    • Eastern Sub-Balkans– Sungurlare Valley

STRUMA VALLEY/ South-West Region PGI. “Region”      @

  • WHITE=  |   RED= **Refer to PGI. For Grape Information
  • GEOGRAPHY– Bulgaria(South-West), REGION-Struma Valley
    • SUB-REGION– Blagoevgrad, Kyustendil
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling”, Struma Plain, On~Struma~River~

KYUSTENDIL PDO.       @Kyustendil

  • GEOGRAPHY– Bulgaria, REGION-Struma Valley, SUB-REGION-Kyustendil

BLAGOEVGRAD PDO.      @Blagoevgrad

  • GEOGRAPHY– Bulgaria, REGION-Struma Valley, SUB-REGION-Blagoevgrad

  • SANDANSKI DOC.     @
    • GEOGRAPHY– Bulgaria, REGION-Struma Valley, SUB-REGION-Blagoevgrad
  • MELNIK/ HARSOVO DOC.      @
    • WHITE=           |   RED= Melnik
    • GEOGRAPHY– Bulgaria, REGION-Struma Valley, SUB-REGION-Blagoevgrad


ROSE VALLEY/ Sub-Balkan Region PDO.     @

  • WHITE=    |    RED= **Refer to PGI. For Grape Information
  • GEOGRAPHY– Bulgaria(Central) South of Balkan Mountains, “Non-Contiguous(11+)”
    • SUB-REGION– Burgas(Laps)Black Sea”Region“, Stara Zagora(Laps)Thracian Valley”Region“, Sliven, Yambol
  • CULTURE– Famous For Rose Growing Industry

PLODIV PDO.     @

  • GEOGRAPHY– Bulgaria, REGION-Rose Valley/(Laps)Thracian Valley,
    • SUB-REGION-Plovdiv
  • KARLOVO DOC.     @
    • GEOGRAPHY– Bulgaria, REGION-Rose Valley, SUB-REGION-Plovdiv
  • HISARYA DOC.     @
    • GEOGRAPHY– Bulgaria, REGION-Rose Valley, SUB-REGION-Plovdiv

SILVEN PDO.     @Silven

  • GEOGRAPHY– Bulgaria, REGION-Rose Valley, (Laps)Thracian Valley
    • SUB-REGION-Silven
  • TOPOGRAPHYOn~Tundzha~River~

  • ORYAHOVITSA DOC.     @

    • GEOGRAPHY– Bulgaria, REGION-Rose Valley, SUB-REGION-Silven(West)
    • TOPOGRAPHYOn~Tundzha~River~
  • SHIVACHEVO DOC.     @
    • GEOGRAPHY– Bulgaria, REGION-Rose Valley, SUB-REGION-Silven(North)
  • SILVEN DOC.     @
    • GEOGRAPHY– Bulgaria, REGION-Rose Valley, SUB-REGION-Silven(East)

KARNOBAT/ SOUGNOURLARE DOC.     @

  • GEOGRAPHY– Bulgaria, REGION-Rose Valley, SUB-REGION-Burgas(North-East)


THRACIAN VALLEY LOWLANDS/ South Region PGI

  • WHITE= Aligote, Chardonnay, Dimyat, Muscat Ottonel, Silvaner, Tamianka, Viognier,
  • RED= Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc, Merlot, Mavrud, Rubin, Bouquet Shevka,
    Rubin Evmolpia, Plovdiv Malaga
  • GEOGRAPHY– Bulgaria(South-Central), REGION-Thracian Valley Lowlands
    • SUB-REGIONS– HaskovoPazardzhik, Plovdiv(Laps)Rose Valley”Region“, Stara Zagora
    • BORDERS: Balkan Mountains(North), Black Sea(East), Greece(South)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Hills” & “Flat” Lands, +Alt.100mt.-500mt.
  • CLIMATE= “Continental” INFLUENCED: Black Sea, Mediterranean Sea
    • Summers– Warm Long Growing Season
  • VITICULTURE
    • Estate/ Producer– Eduardo Miroglio

PAZARDZHIK PDO.     @

  • GEOGRAPHY– Bulgaria, REGION-Thracian Valley(South-West)
    • SUB-REGION-Parardzhik
  • TOPOGRAPHY– On~Maritsa~River~

  • SEPTERNVRI DOC.     @
    • GEOGRAPHY– Bulgaria, REGION-Thracian Valley(South-West)
      • SUB-REGION-Parardzhik

PLOVDIV PDO.      @Plovdiv

  • WHITE=            |   RED= Mavrud, Rubin
  • GEOGRAPHY– Bulgaria, REGION-Thracian Valley(North-West),
    • SUB-REGION-Plovdiv
  • TOPOGRAPHY– On~Maritsa~River~

  • PEROUSHITITSA DOC.     @
    • GEOGRAPHY– Bulgaria, REGION-Thracian Valley(South-West)
      • SUB-REGION-Plovdiv
  • BRESTNIK DOC.      @
    • GEOGRAPHY– Bulgaria, REGION-Thracian Valley(South-West)
      • SUB-REGION-Plovdiv
  • ASENOVGRAD DOC.      @
    • GEOGRAPHY– Bulgaria, REGION-Thracian Valley(South-West)
      • SUB-REGION-Plovdiv

STARA ZAGORA PDO.      @Stara Zagora

  • WHITE=            |   RED= Mavrud, Rubin
  • GEOGRAPHY– Bulgaria, REGION-Thracian Valley(North-Central)
    • SUB-REGION-Stara Zagora, “Non-Contiguous(4)”

HASKOVO PDO.     @Haskovo

  • GEOGRAPHY– Bulgaria, REGION-Thracian Valley(South-East)
    • SUB-REGION-Haskovo
  • HASKOVO DOC.     @Haskovo
    • GEOGRAPHY– Bulgaria, REGION-Thracian Valley(South-East)
      • SUB-REGION-Haskovo(West)
  • SAKAR DOC.     @
    • GEOGRAPHY– Bulgaria, REGION-Thracian Valley(South-East)
      • SUB-REGION-Haskovo(West)
  • LYUBIRNETS DOC.     @
    • GEOGRAPHY– Bulgaria, REGION-Thracian Valley(South-East)
      • SUB-REGION-Haskovo(Central)
  • VAYLOVGRAD DOC.     @
    • GEOGRAPHY– Bulgaria, REGION-Thracian Valley(South-East)
      • SUB-REGION-Haskovo(East)

NOVA ZAGORA PDO.      @

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Gewurztraminer
  • RED= Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Pinot Noir, Syrah
  • GEOGRAPHY– Bulgaria, REGION-Thracian Valley(North-East)
    • SUB-REGION-Sliven
  • VINICULTURESPARKLING/ Traditional
    • Estate-Producers– Eduardo Miroglio

YAMBOL PDO.      @Yambol

  • WHITE=            |   RED= Mavrud, Rubin
  • GEOGRAPHY– Bulgaria, REGION-Thracian Valley(North-East)
    • SUB-REGION-Yambol/ (Laps)Sliven


BLACK SEA COAST/ East Region PGI.  ‘Region‘     @

  • WHITE=          |   RED= **Refer to PGI. For Grape Information
  • GEOGRAPHY– Bulgaria(East), REGION-Black Sea Coast
    • SUB-REGIONS– Burgas, Dobrich, Shumen, Silistra, Targovishte, Varna
  • TOPOGRAPHY“Rolling”,  On~Black~Sea~(West)

SILISTRA PDO.     @

  • GEOGRAPHY– Bulgaria, REGION-Black Sea Coast, SUB-REGION-Silistra
  • TOPOGRAPHY “Rolling”, On~Danube~River~

SHUMEN PDO.    @Shumen

  • GEOGRAPHY– Bulgaria, REGION-Black Sea Coast, SUB-REGION-Shumen

  • NOVI PAZAR DOC.      @

    • GEOGRAPHY– Bulgaria, REGION-Black Sea Coast, SUB-REGION-Shumen
      • BORDERS: Black Sea
  • HAN KRUM DOC.      @
    • GEOGRAPHY– Bulgaria, REGION-Black Sea Coast,
      • SUB-REGION-Shumen/ (Laps)Targovishte

TARGOVISHTE PDO.    @Targovishte

  • GEOGRAPHY– Bulgaria, REGION-Black Sea Coast, SUB-REGION-Targovishte

  • HAN KRUM DOC.      @

    • GEOGRAPHY– Bulgaria, REGION-Black Sea Coast,
      • SUB-REGION-Targovishte/ (Laps)Shumen
  • VARBITSA DOC.      @
    • GEOGRAPHY– Bulgaria, REGION-Black Sea Coast,
      • SUB-REGION-Targovishte

VARNA PDO.      @Varna

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Varna Miskat
  • RED= Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Pamid, Syrah
  • GEOGRAPHY– Bulgaria, REGION-Black Sea Coast, SUB-REGION-Varna
    • BORDERS: Black Sea

  • EUXINOGRAD DOC.      @

    • GEOGRAPHY– Bulgaria, REGION-Black Sea Coast, SUB-REGION-Varna
      • BORDERS: Black Sea
  • BYALA PDO.      @
    • GEOGRAPHY– Bulgaria, REGION-Black Sea Coast, SUB-REGION-Varna
      • BORDERS: Black Sea

BURGAS PDO.     @Burga

  • GEOGRAPHY– Bulgaria, REGION-Black Sea Coast(South), SUB-REGION-Burgas
    • BORDERS: Black Sea, “Non-Contiguous(4)”

  • PORMORIE DOC.       @

    • GEOGRAPHY– Bulgaria, REGION-Black Sea Coast, SUB-REGION-Burgas
      •  BORDERS: Black Sea
  • PRIMORSKO PDO.      @
    • GEOGRAPHY– Bulgaria, REGION-Black Sea Coast, SUB-REGION-Burgas
      • BORDERS: Black Sea



DUNAVSKA RAUNINA PDO.      @

  • WHITE=          |   RED=
  • GEOGRAPHY– Burgaria, REGION-Northern Region

TSCHERNOMORSKI RAION PDO.      @

  • WHITE=          |   RED=
  • GEOGRAPHY– Burgaria, REGION-Eastern Region

PODBALANSKI RAION PDO.     @

  • WHITE=      |  RED=
  • GEOGRAPHY– Burgaria, REGION-Sub-Balkan Region

JOLINAKA NA STRUMA PDO.     @

  • WHITE=         |   RED=
  • GEOGRAPHY– Burgaria, REGION-Southwestern Region

THRAKIISKA NIZINA PDO.     @

  • WHITE=             |   RED=
  • GEOGRAPHY– Burgaria, REGION-Southern Region


NOVO SELO PDO.

SAKAR PDO.

STAMBOLOVO PDO.

LYAKOVETS PDO.

SUHINDOL PDO.

NOVI PAZAR PDO.

KHAN KROUM PDO.

BRESTINIK PDO.

YAMBOL PDO.

BOLYAROVO PDO.

IVAILOVGRAD PDO.




**Refer to “BIBLIOGRAPHY/ SOURCES” For Details On Scholarly Works Referenced