🇭🇷CROATIA


CROATIA IS  Regions3    @Zagreb

  • WHITE= Bodganusa, Bratkovina Bijela, Cetinka, Debit, Diseca Ranina, Dobricic, Duranija, Gegic, Glavinusa, Grasevina/ Laski Rizling AKA=Welschriesling, Grk, Kraljevina, Kraljevina, Kujundzusa, Malvazija Istarska, Medna, Mladinka, Parca, Plavec Zuti, Posip Bijeli, Prc, Ranac Bijeli, Silvanac Zeleni, Skrlet, Trbjan/ Kuc, Vlaska, Vugava, Zlahtina
    • International– Chardonnay, Furmit AKA=Moslavac/ Posipel, Kovidinka AKA=Dinka, Marastina/ Rukatac AKA=Malvasia, Muskat Zuti, Portugizac AKA=Blauer Portugueier, Pinot Blanc AKA=Pinot Bijeli, Pinot Sivi AKA=Pinot Grigio, Riesling, Sauvignon Blanc, Silvaner, Rizvanac Bijeli AKA=Muller Thurgau, Traminac AKA=Gewurztraminor
  • RED= Babic, Babica, Dobricic, Drnekusa, Frankovka/ Borgonja AKA=Blaufrankisch, Hrvatica, Kupusar, Lasina, Ljutun, Nincusa, Plavac Mali, Plavina, Portugizac, Tribidrag AKA=Crljenak Kastelanski/ Zinfandel, Trnjak
    • International– Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Malvasia, Pinot Crni AKA=Pinot Noir, Refosco AKA=Teran

GEOGRAPHY REGION-Balkan Peninsula, COUNTRY-Croatia, LATITUDE: 45* ‘N’

  • REGIONS– Coastal Croatia(Istria, Kvarner, Dalmatia, Dalmatia Islands)
    • Continental Croatia(Croatian Uplands, Slavonia & Danube)
  • BORDERS: Slovenia(North), Adriatic Sea(West), Bosnia & Herzegovina(East)
  • Across the Adriatic Sea From Italia
  • MAIN CITIES:  Dubrovnik, Spit, Zadar

TOPOGRAPHY“Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous”

  • SLOPES/ Dinarides Mountains
  • Distinctive Regions Separated by Mountain Range That Follows Coast)
  • On~Danube~River~Danube Delta~Black Sea~ +Alt. 2,857km.

SOILSMetamorphic”, “Sedimentary

  • **Refer to “TERROIR/ Geology & Soil” For Detailed Information On Soils

CLIMATEMediterranean With Continental Influences Inland

VITICULTURE  21,000 ha. Planted

  • #29 In Grape Production, #24 In Wine Consumption In World
  • ECONOMY– Sember- Croatia’s Leading Qvevri Producer
  • Croatian Oak– Forest Downy Oak AKA=Quercus pubescens
    • -Pristeg/ Dobra Voda Near Stankovci
    • -Brac Island

VINICULTURE History and Culture of Co.-Op.s Under Communist Rule

HISTORY Part of Austro-Hungarian Empire Until Annexed In 1918

  • Long History of Grape Growing and Wine Making Going Back to Roman Times
  • Phylloxera Epidemic In Late 1800’s

CULTURE

  • UNESCO. WORLD HERITAGE SIGHT~ ~Sibensko-Kninska~ (Primosten Vineyards)
  • UNESCO. WORLD HERITAGE SIGHT~ ~Hvar~ (Historical City & Archaeological Sites)
  • ASSOCIATIONS~ ~Premium Croatian Wine Estates Organization~
    • Producers– Bakovic, Bibich, Boskinac, Dubokovic, Galic, Meneehetti, Petrac, Saints Hills
  • GASTONOMY ~Kulen~ Smoked and Dried Pork Sausage
    • CHEESE...

CROATIA WINE LAW

  • GOVERNING BODY= Croatian Instute of Viticulture and Enology
  • LAWS GOVERNING= Geographic Boundaries, Topography
    • Label Requirement– 
  • WINE CLASSIFICATION
    • Stolno Vino– Table Wine
    • Kvalitetno Vino– Quality Wine
    • Vrhunsko Vino– Premium Quality Wine
  • CROATIA WINE WORDS
    • Bijelo– White                           Crno– Black
    • Polusuho– Semi-Dry             Slatko– Sweet
    • Suho– Dry


Coastal Croatia

  • GEOGRAPHY– Croatia, Coastal Area On Adriatic Sea
    • REGIONS– Istria, Kvarner, Dalmatia, Dalmatia Islands
      • 1,000 km. Long, Consists of 1,250 Islands of Varying Shapes and Sizes

ISTRIA       @Pazin

  • WHITE= Malvazija Istarka AKA=Malvasia, Muskat Ottonel, Muscat Momjansk, Zlahtina
    • International– Chardonnay, Pinot Blanc, Pinot Grigio
  • RED= Borgonja AKA=Blaufrankisch, Hrvatic, Refosk, Teran, Zlahtina
    • International– Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Cabernet Franc, Syrah
  • GEOGRAPHY– Croatia(North-West), REGION-Coastal Croatia(North-West)
      • BORDERS: Slovenia(North)
    • WESTERN ISTRA       @
    • CENTRAL ISTRIA        @
    • EASTERN ISTRIA         @
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling”, ON PENINSULA/ Istrian, SLOPES/ Dinaric, +Alt.400mt.
    • On~Coast/ Adriatic~Sea~(Near), On~Mirna~River~
  • SOILS= “Metamorphic“, “Sedimentary“, Limestone
    • Terra Rossa- is Type of Red Clay Produced by the Weathering of Limestone Over Thousands of Years and Colored by Iron Oxide
  • CLIMATE= “Mediterranean” With “Alpine” Influences
    • INFLUENCE/ Eastern Alps/ Adriatic Sea
  • VITICULTURE– 3,100 haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers– Benvenuti, Cattunar, Clai(8ha.), Coronica, Damjanic, Degrassi, Fakin, Ivica Matosevic, Karola, Kovlovic, Matosevic, Meneghetti, Pilato, Veralda(33 ha.), Vina Laguna
    • Vineyards– Santa Lucia
  • CULTURE
    • GASTRONOMY...Olive, White Truffles, Prsut AKA=Ham    |     CHEESE

KVARNER     @Rijeka

  • WHITE= Malvazija Istarska
  • RED=
    • International– Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot
  • GEOGRAPHY– Croatia, REGION-Coastal Croatia(North-West), On~Adriatic~Sea~
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly”
    • OPATIIJA–     @
      • Geography– Croatia, REGION– Coastal Craoatia. In Kvarner(?)
    • RIJEKA–     @
      • Geography– Croatia, REGION– Coastal Craoatia. In Kvarner(?)
    • VINODOL     @
      • Geography– Croatia, REGION– Coastal Craoatia. In Kvarner(East)
    • KRK ISLAND     @Baska, Malinska, Punat
      • Geography– Croatia, REGION– Coastal Craoatia. In Kvarner(North-Central)
    • RAB ISLAND–    @Rab
      • Geography– Croatia, REGION– Coastal Craoatia. In Kvarner(East-Central)
    • CRES ISLAND–    @Cre
      • Geography– Croatia, REGION– Coastal Craoatia. In Kvarner(West)
    • UNIJE ISLAND     @
      • Geography– Croatia, REGION– Coastal Craoatia. In Kvarner(West)
    • LOSINJ ISLAND     @Veli Losinj
      • Geography– Croatia, REGION– Coastal Craoatia. In Kvarner(South-West)
    • PAG ISLAND   @Pag
      • Geography– Croatia, REGION– Coastal Craoatia. In Kvarner(South-East)
      • -Estate/ Producers- Boskinac
  • CLIMATE= “Mediterranean” With “Alpine” Influence
  • VITICULTURE–    ha.
    • -Estate/ Producers- Piquentum
  • CULTUREAKA=Hrvatsko Primorje

**Croatia Images Courteous of “Delong Maps”, Purchase These Wine Maps at Delongwine.com


DALMATIA     @Gospic

  • WHITE= Bogdanusa, Debit, Grk, Kujundzusa, Posip,Vugava
    • International– Chardonnay, Malvasija Dubrovacka, Pinot Gris, Riesling
  • RED= Babic, Crljenak, Dobricic, Lasina, Plavac Mali, Vugava
    • International– Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Pinot Noir, Syrah
  • GEOGRAPHY– Croatia, REGION-Coastal Croatia(Southern Half of Croatia Coastal Region)
    • Sub-Zones-  Northern Dalmatia, Dalmatian Hinterland, South-Central Dalmatia
    • BORDERS: Adriatic Sea(West), Bosnia & Herzegovina(East), Montenegro(South)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly”
  • CLIMATE= “Mediterranean”
  • VITICULTURE– ?  haPlanted
  • VINICULTURE– PROSEK– WHITE= Bogdanusa, Marastina, Vugava Passito @Dalmatia
    • -Estate/ Producers- Bibich, Terra Madre
  • CULTUREGASTRONOMY Pasticada- Local Beef Dish With Plumb

NORTHERN DALMATIA     @Zadar

  • WHITE=   |   RED= **Refer to Dalmatia For Grape Information
  • GEOGRAPHY– Croatia, REGION-Coastal Croatia, In Dalmatia(North)
  • TOPOGRAPHY
    • BENKOVAC-STANKOVCI       @
    • DRNIS      @
    • KININ       @
    • PIROVAC-SKRADIN      @
    • PROMOSTEN       @
    • SIBENIK      @
    • ZADAR-BIOGRAD     @
      • -Estate/ Producers- Boskinac
  • VITICULTURE– ?  haPlanted
    • -Estate/ Producers-
  • CULTUREAKA=Sjeverna Dalmacjia

SOUTH-CENTRAL DALMATIA      @Split

  • WHITE=   |   RED= **Refer to Dalmatia For Grape Information
  • GEOGRAPHY– Croatia, REGION-Coastal Croatia, In Dalmatia(South-Coast)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly”, SLOPES/ Dinaric Alps, +Alt.
  • VITICULTURE– ?  haPlanted
    • -Estate/ Producers- Jako Vino
  • CULTUREAKA=Srednja-Juzna Dalmacija

DALMATIAN HUNTERLAND      @Sinj

  • WHITE=   |   RED= **Refer to Dalmatia For Grape Information
  • GEOGRAPHY– Croatia, REGION-Coastal Croatia, In Dalmatia(South-East)
    • Area Inland Off of Adriatic Sea
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly”, SLOPES/ Dinaric Alps, +Alt.
    • SINJ-VRKA       @
    • IMOTSKI        @
    • VRGORAC        @
  • VITICULTURE–  ? haPlanted
    • -Estate/ Producers- Pilizota, Vinarija Benkovac
  • CULTUREAKA=Dalmatinska Zagora

DALMATIA ISLANDS     @Brac

  • GEOGRAPHY– Croatia, REGION-Coastal Croatia, In Dalmatia
    • Series of Islands Off the Coast of Dalmatia
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly”
  • VITICULTURE– ? ha. Planted

  • BRAC ISLAND     @Brac
    • WHITE= ?
    • RED= Cabernet Sauvignon, Plavac Mali, Syrah
    • GEOGRAPHY– Croatia, REGION-Coastal Croatia, In Dalmatia Islands
      • South of Split-City(25km.)
    • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly”, On~Brac~Island~, SLOPES/ Murvica
    • VITICULTURE– ? ha. Planted
      • Estate/ Producers– Bakovic, Stina
  • HVAR ISLAND     @
    • WHITE= Bogdanjusa, Marastina, Parca, Posip, Trbjan/ Kuc
    • RED= Drnekusa, Plavac Mali
    • GEOGRAPHY– Croatia, REGION-Coastal Croatia, In Dalmatia Islands
      • South of Split-City(45km.)
    • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”, On~Hvar~Island~
    • SOILS= “Sedimentary”, Limestone
    • VITICULTURE–  ?  haPlanted
      • Estate/ Producers– Ahearne, Dubokovic
    • CULTURE
    • UNESCO. WORLD HERITAGE SIGHT~ ~Hvar(Historical City & Archaeological Sites)
  • VIS ISLAND     @Vis, Kroniza
    • GEOGRAPHY– Croatia, REGION-Coastal Croatia, In Dalmatia Islands
      • South-West of Split-City(50km.)
    • TOPOGRAPHY– Rolling/ Hilly”, On~Vis~Island~
    • VITICULTURE– ?  ha. Planted
      • Estate/ Producers– Lipanovic, Rokis
  • PELJESAC PENNSULA     @Orebic, Patomje
    • GEOGRAPHY– Croatia, REGION-Coastal Croatia, In Dalmatia Islands
      • North-West of Dubrovnik-City(20km.)
    • VITICULTURE–  ? ha. Planted
      • Estate/ Producers– Bura Mrgudic, Kiridzja, Matusko, Milos, Saint Hills
  • KORCULA ISLAND     @Korcula, Lumbarda
    • WHITE= Posip(Indigenous)
    • GEOGRAPHY– Croatia, REGION-Coastal Croatia, In Dalmatia Islands
    • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”, On~Korcula~Island~
    • VITICULTURE–  ?  haPlanted
      • Estate/ Producers– Bire, Krajancic, Toreta, Zure
  • LASTOVO ISLAND     @
    • GEOGRAPHY– Croatia, REGION-Coastal Croatia, In Dalmatia Islands
    • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”, On~Lastova~Island~
    • VITICULTURE– ?  haPlanted
      • -Estate/ Producers-
  • MIJET ISLAND     @
    • GEOGRAPHY– Croatia, REGION-Coastal Croatia, In Dalmatia Islands
    • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”, On~Mijet~Island~
    • VITICULTURE– ?  haPlanted
      • -Estate/ Producers-

SREDNJA I JUZNA DALMACIJA     @Split

  • WHITE= Posip
  • RED= Dingac, Plavac Mali
    • International– Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot
  • GEOGRAPHY– Croatia, REGION-Coastal Region, In Dalmatia
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly”
    • KASTELA-TROGIR      @
    • KONAVLE      @
    • NERETVA       @
    • PELJESAC     @
      • -Estate/ Producers- Skaramuca
    • SPLIT-OMIS-MARARSKA     @
  • VITICULTURE–  ?  haPlanted
    • -Estate/ Producers- Korta Katarina, Stina, Vinarija Krajancic

Continental Croatia

CONTINENTAL CROATIA

  • WHITE=   |   RED= **Refer to Sub-Regions For Grape Information
  • GEOGRAPHY– Croatia(Eastern), REGION-Continental Croatia
    • REGIONS– Croatian Uplands, Slavonia & Danube
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly”, On~Mur~River~Tributary~Danube~River~
  • VITICULTURE–  ? haPlanted
    • -Estate/ Producers- Bolfan, Vinarija Daruvar, Vinarty
  • CULTUREAKA=Kontinentalna Hrvatska

CROATIAN UPLANDS     @

  • WHITE= Grasevina, Moslavac, Kraljevina, Moslavac/ Pusipel AKA=Furmint, Rajnski Rizling, Silvanac Zeleni, Skrlet, Traminac
    • International–  Chardonnay, Muskat Zuti, Pinot Sivi, Pinot Bijeli, Riesling, Sauvignon Blanc
  • RED= Frankovka, Portugizac, Zweigelt
    • International– Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY– Croatia(Eastern Continental), REGION-Continental Croatia(North-West)
    • Sub-Zones- Plesivica, Pokuplje, Prigorje-Bilogora, Moslavina, Zagorje-Medjimurje
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly”, On~Drava/ Sava~Rivers~
  • SOILS– “Sedimentary”, Limestone
  • CLIMATE= “Continental” With “Alpine” Influence, Cooler Area of Continental Croatia
  • VINICULTURESparkling

ZAGORJE-MEDIMURJE     @

  • WHITE=   |   RED= **Refer to Croatian Uplands For Grape Information
  • GEOGRAPHY– Croatia, Continental Croatia, In Croatia Uplands(North)
    • North of Zagreb-City(    km.)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly”, SLOPES/ Zagorje Hills
    • KLANJEC      @
    • KRAPINA      @
    • LUDGREG       @
    • MEDJIMURJE      @
      • Estate/ Producers– Stampar, Vina DK
    • PREGRADA       @
    • STUBICA       @
    • VARAZDIN      @
    • ZLATAR      @
    • ZABOK      @
  • VITICULTURE–  ?  haPlanted
    • -Estate/ Producers- BolfenJakopic, Petrac

PLESIVICA       @

  • WHITE=   |   RED= **Refer to Croatian Uplands For Grape Information
  • GEOGRAPHY– Croatia, Continental Croatia, In Croatia Uplands(West)
    • West of Zagreb-City(    km.)
  • TOPOGRAPHY
    • KRASIC     @
    • OZALJ     @
    • PLESIVICA-OKIC     @
    • SOMOBOR–       @
    • SVETA JANA      @
  • VITICULTURE–  ? haPlanted
    • -Estate/ Producers- Ivan is Griffin, Kolaric, Korak, Sember, Tomac

PRIGORJE-BILOGORA     @

  • WHITE=   |   RED= **Refer to Croatian Uplands For Grape Information
  • GEOGRAPHY– Croatia, Continental Croatia, In Croatia Uplands(East)
    • East of Zagreb-City(    km.)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling”
    • BILOGORA     @
    • DUGO SELO-VRBOVEC     @
    • KALNIK        @
    • KOPRIVNICA-DJURDJEVAC       @
    • VARAZDIN        @
    • ZALINA            @
    • ZEGREB         @
  • VITICULTURE–  ?  haPlanted
    • -Estate/ Producers- Puhelek Purek
  • CULTUREAKA=Bilogora Foothills

POKUPLJE      @

  • WHITE=   |   RED= **Refer to Croatian Uplands For Grape Information
  • GEOGRAPHY– Croatia, Continental Croatia, In Croatia Uplands(South)
    • South of Zagreb-City(    km.)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Valley(Kupa)
    • KARLOVAC–           @
    • PETRINJA            @
    • VUKOMERICKE GORICE 950ha. @
  • VITICULTURE– ?  haPlanted
    • -Estate/ Producers-

MOSLAVINA        @

  • WHITE=   |   RED= **Refer to Croatian Uplands For Grape Information
  • GEOGRAPHY– Croatia, Continental Croatia, In Croatia Uplands(South-East)
  • TOPOGRAPHY
    • CAZMA      @
    • VOLODER-IVANIC GRAD–        @
  • VITICULTURE–  ? haPlanted
    • -Estate/ Producers- Vostinic Klasnic

SLAVONIA & DANUBE

  • WHITE= Grasevina, Rajnski Rizling
    • International–  Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc, Traminac AKA=Gewurztraminer
  • RED= Frankovka, Zweigelt
    • International– Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY– Croatia, Continental Croatia(South-East)
    • SUB-ZONES: Slavonia, Hrvatsko Podunavije
    • BORDERS: Hungary(North), Serbia(East) Bosnia & Herzegovina(South)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly”, On~Drava/Sava~River~
  • CLIMATE= “Continental”, Warmer Area of Continental Croatia
  • VITICULTURE–  ?  haPlanted
    • -Estate/ Producers-
  • CULTUREECONOMY~ Slavonia Oak Forest and World Wine Barrel Producer

SLAVONIA     @

  • WHITE=   |   RED= **Refer to Slavonia & Danube For Grape Information
  • GEOGRAPHY– Croatia, Continental Croatia, In Slavonia & Danube(West)
    • BORDERS; Bosnia & Herzegovina(South)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly”
    • DARUVAR       @
      • Geography, In Slavonia(West)
    • DAKOVO       @
    • FERICANCI      @
      • Geography, In Slavonia(North-Central)
    • KUTJEVO        @
      • Geography, In Slavonia(South-Central)
      • -Estate/ Producers– Galic, Krauthaker, Kutjevo, Mihalj, Sontacchi
    • NOVA GRADISKA       @
    • ORAHOVICA-SLANTINA      @
    • PAKRAC     @
    • POZEGA-PLETERNICA      @
      • -Estate/ Producers– Markota
    • SLAVONSKI BROD      @
    • VIROVITICA       @
  • VITICULTURE– ?  haPlanted
    • -Estate/ Producers- Feravino, Ilocki Podrumi
  • CULTURE– Cistercian Monks 1232 Written Documents For Viticulture and Vinification

DANUBE       @Osijek, Vukovar

  • WHITE=   |   RED= **Refer to Slavonia & Danube For Grape Information
  • GEOGRAPHY– Croatia, Continental Croatia, In Slavonia & Danube(East)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly/ Valley(Danube)”, +Alt.150mt.-400mt.
  • SOILS– Loess
  • PODUNAVLJE–     @
    • BARANJA      @
      • Geography, In Danube(North-East)
    • ERDUT       @
      • Geography, In Danube(East)
      • -Estate/ Producers- Erdutski Vinogradi, Jasna Antunovic Turk
    • ILOK   @
      • Geography, In Danube(East)
      • -Estate/ Producers- LLocki Podrumi, Saravanja, Stari, Vinarja Dragun, Wine Tansy
    • SRIJEM–       @
      • Geography, In Danube(North)
      • -Estate/ Producers-  Ivan Buhac
  • VITICULTURE–  haPlanted
    • -Estate/ Producers-
  • CULTUREGASTRONOMY... Paprika Fish Stew


**Refer to “BIBLIOGRAPHY/ SOURCES” For Details On Scholarly Works Referenced