🇲🇰MACEDONIA


MACEDONIA IS:  Areas– 3     Districts– 16     @

  • WHITE= Ohridsko Crno(Indigenous), Smederevka, Temjanika(Indigenous), Zhilavka, Zilavka, Zupjanka
    • International– Chardonnay, Laski Rizing AKA=Welschriesling, R’Kaciteli, Sauvignon Blanc
  • RED= Prokupec, Stanushina(Indigenous), Vranec
    • International– Cabernet Sauvignon, Gamay, Kratoshija AKA=Zinfandel, Merlot, Pinot Noir, Plavac Mali, Syrah

GEOGRAPHYHEMISPHERE-Northern, REGION-Balkan Peninsula, COUNTRY-Macedonia LATITUDE: 41.6* ‘N’

  • Sub-Zones- Pchnua-Osogovo, Pelagonua-Polog, Vardar River Valley

TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly”

SOILS= “Metamorphic”, “Sedimentary

  • **Refer to “TERROIR/ Geology & Soil” For Detailed Information On Soils

CLIMATE= “Mediterranean” With “Continental” Influence

  • Summers– Warm    |    Winters– Cold West

VITICULTURE– 22,400 ha. Planted, (50% White/ 50% Red)

  • #27 In Grape Production, #37 In Wine Consumption In World
  • Large Production of Table Grapes
  • -Estate/ Producers– Bovin, Chateau Kamnik, Dalvina, Ezimit, Lazar

VINICULTURE– No Chaptalization

HISTORY– Vines Since 400 BC.

  • 2018– Renamed Country Republic of Northern Macedonia to Clear a Dispute With Greece Which Has a Region Named Macedonia.
  • 1990– Declared Independence From the Former Yugoslavia
    • Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

CULTURE– ASSOCIATIONS– ~Wines of Macedonia~

  • ARGRICULTURE– #1 Tobacco, #2 Wine

PELAGONUA-POLOG      @

  • WHITE= Smederevka, Zhilavka
    • International– Chardonnay, Riesling, Sauvignon Blanc
  • RED=
    • International– Cabernet Sauvignon, Gamay, Merlot, Pinot Noir, Vranec
  • GEOGRAPHY– Macedonia(South-West)
    • BORDERS: Albania(West)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– 600mt.-680mt., On~Lake~Chrid~
  • SOILS– Vertisol, Tchernozem, Cinnamon
  • CLIMATE– “Continental“, Summers– Hot, Dry   |   Winter– Cold, Wet
  • VITICLUTRE– 13%
  • BITOLADistrict
    • GEOGRAPHY– Macedonia, In Pelagonua-Polog
  • OHRIDDistrict
    • GEOGRAPHY– Macedonia, In Pelagonua-Polog
  • KICHEVODistrict
    • GEOGRAPHY– Macedonia, In Pelagonua-Polog
  • TOTOVODistrict
    • GEOGRAPHY– Macedonia, In Pelagonua-Polog
  •  

VARDAR RIVER VALLEY       @Kavadarci, Negotino

  • WHITE= Smederevka, Temjanika
    • International– Chardonnay, Garnacha Blanc, Muscat Ottenel, Riesling, Sauvignon Blanc
  • RED= Prokupec
    • International– Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Syrah, R’Kactilli
  • GEOGRAPHY– Macedonia(Central)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling”, On~Vardar~River~
  • CLIMATE– “Continental” With “Mediteranean” Influence
  • VITICULTURE– ? ha. Planted

  • SKOPJEDistrict
    • GEOGRAPHY– Macedonia, In Vardar River Valley
      • SUB-ZONES: Cetiri Patista, Kamnnik, Markov Manastir
    • TOPOGRPAHY– “Rolling/ Hilly”, +Alt.250mt.- 600mt.
    • VITICULTURE– 1,100ha. Planted
      • Estate/ Producers– Skovin
  • VELESDistrict
    • GEOGRAPHY– Macedonia, In Vardar River Valley, SUB-ZONE: Sopot
    • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly”, +Alt.150mt.-310mt., On~Vardar~River~
    • VITICULTURE– 1,500ha. Planted
      • Estate/ Producers
  • TIKVESDistrict      @
    • WHITE= Stanusina Crna
      • International– Chardonnay, Muscat Ottonel, Riesling
    • RED= Vranec
      • International– Kratosija, Merlot, Pinot Noir, Syrah
    • GEOGRAPHY– Macedonia, In Vardar River Valley
      • SUB-ZONE: Aerodrom, Barovo, Bele Voda, Cicevo,  Disan, Lenovo, Mechkovec, Ramniste, Ridishte, Smolnik, Svrachka, Vilarov, Vrsnik,
    • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly”
      • SLOPES/ Drenovo/ Mariovo Mountains, +Alt. 600mt.- 700mt.
    • SOIL– “Sedimentary” Alluvial, Gravel, Clay/Red, Chernozem, Redzina, Sertisol
    • CLIMATE– “Mediterranean” With “Continental” Influence
    • VITICULTURE– 13,000 ha. Planted
      • -Estate/ Producers– Popov, Stobi, Tikves
      • Vineyards
  • GEVGELIJA-VALANDOVODistrict
    • GEOGRAPHY– Macedonia, In Vardar River Valley
      • SUB-ZONES: Avlak, Bogdanci, Bogorodica, Chaparica,  Chestovo, Crnicani, Gavatok Josifovo, Kalajdziew, Pirava, Robovo, Selemlija, Sobri, Stojakovo,
    • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling’, +Alt.60mt.-100 mt., On~Vardar~River~
    • VITICULTURE– 2,500ha. Planted
  • STRUMICA-RADOVISHDistrict
    • GEOGRAPHY– Macedonia, In Vardar River Valley
    • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly”, Alt.250mt.-400mt.
    • VITICULTURE– 2,200ha. Planted
  • OVCHEPOLEDistrict
    • GEOGRAPHY– Macedonia, In Vardar River Valley
      • SUB-ZONES: Balabanica, Cuka, Rajkova, Vrpka
    • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling”, +Alt.330mt.-560mt., On~Zletovo~River~
    • VITICULTURE– 2,000ha. Planted
  • KOCHANIDistrict
    • GEOGRAPHY– Macedonia, In Vardar River Valley
    • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly”, +Alt.400mt.-700mt.
    • VITICULTURE– 600 ha. Planted

PCHNUA-OSOGOVO       @

  • WHITE=
    • International
  • RED=
    • International
  • GEOGRAPHY– Macedonia(North-East), BORDERS: Bulgaria(East)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/Hilly”, +Alt440mt.-850mt.
  • SOILS= ‘Metamorphic”, “Sedimentary”, Diluvial, Limestone
  • CLIMATE– “Continental” With “Arid” Influence

  • KUMANOVODistrict
    • GEOGRAPHY– Macedonia, In Pchnua-Osogovo
  • KRATOVODistrict
    • GEOGRAPHY– Macedonia, In Pchnua-Osogovo
  • PIJANECDistrict
    • GEOGRAPHY– Macedonia, In Pchnua-Osogovo


🇦🇱ALBANIA


ALBANIA IS:  Areas– 4

  • WHITE= Bebine e Bardhe, Debin e Barhe, Pules, Shesh i Bardhe, Vlosh
    • International– Chardonnay
  • RED= Debine e Zeze, Kallmet, Serina e Zere, Shesh i Zi, Vlosh
    • International– Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Tempranillo

GEOGRAPHYHEMISPHERE-Northern, REGION-Balkan Peninsula, COUNTRY-Albania,  LATITUDE: 41.1* ‘N’

  • BORDERS: Greece(South), Serbia/ Montenegro(North-East), Macedonia(East)

TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly”, 

SOILS= “Metamorphic

  • **Refer to “TERROIR/ Geology & Soil” For Detailed Information On Soils

CLIMATE= “Mediterranean

  • Summers– Warm, Dry     |    Winters– Cold, Wet

VITICULTURE ? ha. Planted

  • # ? In Grape Production, #?  In Wine Consumption In World
  • -Estate/ Producers– Arberi, Balaj, Bardha, Caco, Cobo, Koto, Luani, Medaur, Nurellari, Plantare, Rilindja, Skenderbeu, Vila Duka, Vila Shehi, Vila Shehi

HISTORY



COASTAL PLAIN (Western Lowlands)

  • GEOGRAPHY– Albania(West)
    • CITIES– Delvine, Durres, Fier, Kavaje, Lushnje, Shkoder, Tirane, Vore
  • TOPOGRAPHY– +Alt.300mt.
  • VITICULTURE
    • -Estate/ Producers– 

CENTRAL HILLY

  • GEOGRAPHY– Albania(   )
    • CITIES– Elbasan, Gramsh, Kruje, Librazhd, Mirdite, Permet
  • TOPOGRAPHY– +Alt.600mt.
  • VITICULTURE
    • -Estate/ Producers– Belba

EASTERN SUB-MOUNTAINOUS

  • GEOGRAPHY– Albania(East)
    • CITIES– Korce, Leskovik, Peshkope, Pogradec
  • TOPOGRAPHY– +Alt.600mt.- 800mt.
  • VITICULTURE
    • -Estate/ Producers– 

MOUNTAINS (Highlands)

  • GEOGRAPHY– Albania(   )
    • CITIES– 
  • TOPOGRAPHY– +Alt.1,000mt.
  • VITICULTURE
    • -Estate/ Producers– 


**Refer to “BIBLIOGRAPHY/ SOURCES” For Details On Scholarly Works Referenced