🇲🇰MACEDONIA


MACEDONIA IS  Areas3     Districts16     @

  • WHITE= Ohridsko Crno(Indigenous), Smederevka, Temjanika(Indigenous), Zhilavka, Zilavka, Zupjanka
    • International Chardonnay, Laski Rizing AKA=Welschriesling, R’Kaciteli, Sauvignon Blanc
  • RED= Prokupec, Stanushina(Indigenous), Vranec
    • International Cabernet Sauvignon, Gamay, Kratoshija AKA=Zinfandel, Merlot, Pinot Noir, Plavac Mali, Syrah

GEOGRAPHY REGION-Balkan Peninsula, COUNTRY-Macedonia LATITUDE: 41.6°N

  • Sub-Zones- Pchnua-Osogovo, Pelagonua-Polog, Vardar River Valley

TOPOGRAPHY Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly

SOILS Metamorphic, Sedimentary

  • **Refer to TERROIR/ Geology & Soil For Detailed Information On Soils.

CLIMATE Mediterranean With Continental Influence

  • *Summers– Warm    |    *Winters– Cold West

VITICULTURE– 22,400 ha. Planted, (50% White/ 50% Red)

  • Macedonia is- #27 In Grape Production/ #37 In Wine Consumption In World
  • Large Production of Table Grapes
  • Estate/ Producers- Bovin, Chateau Kamnik, Dalvina, Ezimit, Lazar

VINICULTURE No Chaptalization

HISTORY Vines Since 400 BC.

  • 2018 Renamed Country Republic of Northern Macedonia to Clear a Dispute With Greece Which Has a Region Named Macedonia.
  • 1990 Declared Independence From the Former Yugoslavia.
    • Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia.

CULTURE– ASSOCIATIONS~ ~Wines of Macedonia~

  • AGRICULTURE~ #1 Tobacco, #2 Wine

PELAGONUA-POLOG      @

  • WHITE= Smederevka, Zhilavka
    • International Chardonnay, Riesling, Sauvignon Blanc
  • RED=
    • International Cabernet Sauvignon, Gamay, Merlot, Pinot Noir, Vranec
  • GEOGRAPHY– Macedonia(South-West)
    • BORDERS-Albania(West)
  • TOPOGRAPHY-        SLOPES. ?, +Alt. 600mt.- 680mt., On~Lake~Chrid~
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, SedimentaryVertisol, Tchernozem, Cinnamon
  • CLIMATE- Continental, *Summers– Hot, Dry   |   *Winters– Cold, Wet
  • VITICLUTRE- 13%
  • BITOLADistrict
    • GEOGRAPHY- Macedonia, In Pelagonua-Polog
  • OHRIDDistrict
    • GEOGRAPHY- Macedonia, In Pelagonua-Polog
  • KICHEVODistrict
    • GEOGRAPHY- Macedonia, In Pelagonua-Polog
  • TOTOVODistrict
    • GEOGRAPHY- Macedonia, In Pelagonua-Polog

VARDAR RIVER VALLEY       @Kavadarci, Negotino

  • WHITE= Smederevka, Temjanika
    • International Chardonnay, Garnacha Blanc, Muscat Ottenel, Riesling, Sauvignon Blanc
  • RED= Prokupec
    • International Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Syrah, R’Kactilli
  • GEOGRAPHY- Macedonia(Central)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling, On~Vardar~River~
  • CLIMATE- Continental With Mediterranean Influence
  • VITICULTURE-ha. Planted
  • SKOPJEDistrict
    • GEOGRAPHY- Macedonia, In Vardar River Valley
      • Sub-Zones- Cetiri Patista, Kamnnik, Markov Manastir
    • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly, SLOPES/ ?, +Alt. 250mt.- 600mt.
    • VITICULTURE- 1,100ha. Planted
      • Estate/ Producers- Skovin
  • VELESDistrict
    • GEOGRAPHY- Macedonia, In Vardar River Valley, Sub-Zone- Sopot
    • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly, +Alt.150mt.-310mt., On~Vardar~River~
    • VITICULTURE- 1,500ha. Planted
      • Estate/ Producers-
  • TIKVESDistrict      @
    • WHITE= Stanusina Crna
      • International Chardonnay, Muscat Ottonel, Riesling
    • RED= Vranec
      • International Kratosija, Merlot, Pinot Noir, Syrah
    • GEOGRAPHY- Macedonia, In Vardar River Valley
      • Sub-Zones- Aerodrom, Barovo, Bele Voda, Cicevo,  Disan, Lenovo, Mechkovec, Ramniste, Ridishte, Smolnik, Svrachka, Vilarov, Vrsnik
    • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly
      • SLOPES/ Drenovo/ Mariovo Mountains, +Alt. 600mt.- 700mt.
    • SOIL- MetamorphicSedimentary Alluvial, Gravel, Clay/Red, Chernozem, Redzina, Sertisol
    • CLIMATE- Mediterranean With Continental Influence
    • VITICULTURE- 13,000 ha. Planted
      • Estate/ Producers- Popov, Stobi, Tikves
      • Vineyards-
  • GEVGELIJA-VALANDOVODistrict
    • GEOGRAPHY- Macedonia, In Vardar River Valley
      • Sub-Zones- Avlak, Bogdanci, Bogorodica, Chaparica,  Chestovo, Crnicani, Gavatok Josifovo, Kalajdziew, Pirava, Robovo, Selemlija, Sobri, Stojakovo
    • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling, +Alt. 60mt.- 100 mt., On~Vardar~River~
    • VITICULTURE- 2,500ha. Planted
  • STRUMICA-RADOVISHDistrict
    • GEOGRAPHY- Macedonia, In Vardar River Valley
    • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly, Alt.250mt.-400mt.
    • VITICULTURE- 2,200ha. Planted
  • OVCHEPOLEDistrict
    • GEOGRAPHY- Macedonia, In Vardar River Valley
      • Sub-Zones- Balabanica, Cuka, Rajkova, Vrpka
    • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling, On~Zletovo~River~
      • SLOPES/ Drenovo/ Mariovo Mountains, +Alt. 330mt.- 560mt.
    • VITICULTURE- 2,000ha. Planted
  • KOCHANIDistrict
    • GEOGRAPHY- Macedonia, In Vardar River Valley
    • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly/ Valley(Vardar)
      • SLOPES/ Drenovo/ Mariovo Mountains, +Alt. 400mt.- 700mt.
    • VITICULTURE- 600 ha. Planted

PCHNUA-OSOGOVO       @

  • WHITE=
    • International
  • RED=
    • International
  • GEOGRAPHY- Macedonia(North-East), BORDERS-Bulgaria(East)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/Hilly, SLOPES/ ?, +Alt. 440mt.- 850mt.
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Diluvial, Limestone
  • CLIMATE- Continental With Arid Influence

  • KUMANOVODistrict
    • GEOGRAPHY- Macedonia, In Pchnua-Osogovo
  • KRATOVODistrict
    • GEOGRAPHY- Macedonia, In Pchnua-Osogovo
  • PIJANECDistrict
    • GEOGRAPHY- Macedonia, In Pchnua-Osogovo


🇦🇱ALBANIA


ALBANIA IS  Areas 4

  • WHITE= Bebine e Bardhe, Debin e Barhe, Pules, Shesh i Bardhe, Vlosh
    • International Chardonnay
  • RED= Debine e Zeze, Kallmet, Serina e Zere, Shesh i Zi, Vlosh
    • International Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Tempranillo

GEOGRAPHY REGION-Balkan Peninsula, COUNTRY-Albania,  LATITUDE: 41.1° N

  • BORDERS-Greece(South), Serbia/ Montenegro(North-East), Macedonia(East)

TOPOGRAPHY Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly 

SOILS Metamorphic

  • **Refer to “TERROIR/ Geology & Soil For Detailed Information On Soils.

CLIMATE Mediterranean

  • *Summers– Warm, Dry     |    *Winters– Cold, Wet

VITICULTURE  ? ha. Planted

  • Albania is- # ? In Grape Production/ #?  In Wine Consumption In World
  • Estate/ Producers- Arberi, Balaj, Bardha, Caco, Cobo, Koto, Luani, Medaur, Nurellari, Plantare, Rilindja, Skenderbeu, Vila Duka, Vila Shehi, Vila Shehi

HISTORY



COASTAL PLAIN (Western Lowlands)

  • GEOGRAPHY- Albania(West)
    • CITIES-Delvine, Durres, Fier, Kavaje, Lushnje, Shkoder, Tirane, Vore
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly+Alt.300mt.
  • VITICULTURE-
    • Estate/ Producers- 

CENTRAL HILLY

  • GEOGRAPHY- Albania(   )
    • CITIES-Elbasan, Gramsh, Kruje, Librazhd, Mirdite, Permet
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling+Alt. 600mt.
  • VITICULTURE-
    • Estate/ Producers- Belba

EASTERN SUB-MOUNTAINOUS

  • GEOGRAPHY- Albania(East)
    • CITIES-Korce, Leskovik, Peshkope, Pogradec
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly, SLOPES/ ?, +Alt. 600mt.- 800mt.
  • VITICULTURE-
    • Estate/ Producers– 

MOUNTAINS (Highlands)

  • GEOGRAPHY- Albania(   )
    • CITIES– 
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly, SLOPES/ ?, +Alt. 1,000mt.
  • VITICULTURE-
    • Estate/ Producers- 


**Refer to BIBLIOGRAPHY/ Sources For Details On Scholarly Works Referenced.