🇷🇴ROMANIA 


ROMANIA IS  Regions6     DOC.- 33    @Bucharest

  • WHITE= Cramposie, Selectionata, Feteasca Alba, Feteasca Regala, Francusa, Galbena de Odobesti, Grasa de Cotnari, Mustoasa de Maderat, Sarba, Tamaioasa Romanesca, Zghihara de Husi
    • -International– Aligote, Chardonnay, Gewurtztraminer, Majara, Muscat Ottonel, Pinot Grigio, Riesling, Sauvignon Blanc
  • RED= Babeaska, Busuioaca de Bohotin, Cadarca, Feteasca Neagra, Negru de Dragasani, Novac, Sereksiya Chari
    • International–  Cabernet Sauvignon, Kadarka AKA=Cardarca, Lemburger AKA=Burgund Mare, Merlot, Pinot Noir

GEOGRAPHY HEMISPHERE-Northern, REGION-Central Europe, COUNTY-Romania, LATITUDE: 43*-45* ‘N’

  • BORDERS: Hungary(West), Ukraine(North), Black Sea(East), Bulgaria(South/ Across Danube)
  • REGIONS: Moldavia, Transylvania, Wallachiay
  • SUB-REGIONS: Banat, Crisana, Dobrogea, Maramures, Moldavia, Muntenia, Oltenia, Transylvania

TOPOGRAPHY FEATURES– “Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous”

  • SLOPES/ Transylvanian Alps/ Carpathian Mountains(Interior of Romania)
  • On~Rascana~River~Tributary~Danube~River
  • BASIN/ Transylvanian,  LOWLAND/ Moldavia,  PLAIN/ Walachian

SOILS  Metamorphic”, ”Sedimentary, Sand, Stony Hillsides of Banat

  • **Refer to “TERROIR/ Geology & Soil” For Detailed Information On Soils.

CLIMATE Continental”,  Summers– Hot, Tempered by Black Sea   |  Winters– Cold

  • Northern Romania- Cooler Climate  |  Southern Romania- Hotter Climate

VITICULTURE 180,000 ac. Planted

  • Romania is: #13 In Grape Production & #17 In Wine Consumption In World
  • -Estate/ Producers(Not Located In Demarcated Region)- Domenille Sahateni, Lacerta, S.E.R.V.E

HISTORY Wine History- 2,000 Years

CULTURE  Known For Boutique and Medium Sized Wineries and Estates.

  • The Decline of Communism Which Romania Was Under From 1947 to 1989 Has Led to a Rebirth of Wine Industry.
  • PIONEERS~ ~Saxon Settlers~ Brought Wine Culture to Romania From the Rhine Valley and Mosel Valley to In the 1200’s
  • FESTIVALS~ ~Ro-Wine, International Wine Festival~ (October)
    • ~EXPO Drink & Wine Bucharest~ (October)
    • ~“Goodwine” Romania’s Wine Fair~ (November)
  • GASTRONOMY Ciorba(Soups), Gulas(Goulash), Meat(Lamb, Kebab, Sausages)
    • CHEESE Branza(Cheese), Branza de Burduf(Sheep Milk)

ROMANIA WINE LAW

  • GOVERNING BODY
  • LAWS GOVERNING– Geographic Boundaries, Topography
    • Label Requirement
  • ROMANIA WINE CLASSIFICATION
    • Wines For Current Consumption/ Table Wine/ Quality Wine
    • Table Wine/ Vin de Masa
    • Superior Table Wine/ Vine De Masa Superior/
  • QUALITY WINES
    • Quality Wines With a Geographic Designation/ Vin de Calitate Superioara
    • Denomination of Controlled Origins DOC./ Denumire de Origine Controlata
    • DOC.CMD. Grapes Harvested at Full-Maturity
    • DOC.CT. Late-Harvested Grapes
    • DOC.CIB. Botrytis-Affected Grapes

GEOGRAPHIC DISCLAIMER: “To Benefit From “Demystifying “The Vine” and the Entire Wine World a Detailed Understanding of Romania’s Geography is Needed and the Ability to Visualize Its Topography.  This Romania Chapter is Organized In a “North to South”/ “East to West” Orientation and is Intended to Be Read and Memorized as So.”



Transylvania

MARAMURESRegion     DOC.- 3       @Satu Mare

  • WHITE=    |      RED=
  • GEOGRAPHY– Romania(North-West), REGION-Maramures
    • BORDERS: Crisana(South)

VALEA LUI MIHAI DOC.      @

  • WHITE=   |   RED=
  • GEOGRAPHY– Romania, REGION-Maramures
  • VITICULTURE–  ?  ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers

DIOSIG DOC.    @

  • WHITE=    |   RED=
  • GEOGRAPHY– Romania, REGION-Maramures
  • VITICULTURE–  ? haPlanted
    • -Estates/ Producers- Ratesti

SILVANIA DOC.      @

  • WHITE=    |   RED=
  • GEOGRAPHY– Romania, REGION-Maramures
  • VITICULTURE–   ? haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers


CRISANARegion    DOC.- 10      @Oradea

  • WHITE=    |  RED=
  • GEOGRAPHY– Romania(North-West), REGION-Crisana
    • BORDERS: Maramures(North), Banat(South), Transylvania(East)

MINIS-MADERAT DOC.     @

  • WHITE= ?
  • RED= Cadarca, Feteasca Neagra
  • GEOGRAPHY– Romania, REGION-Crisana
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly”, +Alt. 450 mt.
  • VITICULTURE–  ?   haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers– Balla Geza


BANATRegion     DOC.-     @

  • WHITE= Feteasca Alba, Feteasca Regala
    • International– Chardonnay, Majorca, Muscat Ottonel, Pinot Gris, Riesling Italico, Riesling, Sauvignon Blanc
  • RED= Cadarca, Feteasca Neagra, Novak
    • International– Bungund Mare AKA=Lemberger, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Pinot Noir, Syrah
  • GEOGRAPHY– Romania(West), REGION-Crisana
    • BORDERS: Serbia, Crisana(North), Oltenia(South-East)
    • SUB-ZONES– Moldova Noua-
    • Dealurile Tirolului-
      Silagiu-
  • VITICULTURE–  ?  haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers

TEREMIA DOC.      @

  • WHITE=   |    RED=
  • GEOGRAPHY– Romania(West), REGION-Banat(North-West)
    • VILLAGES– Nerau, Teremia Mare
  • VITICULTURE–  ? haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers

RECAS DOC.     @

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Feteasca Regala, Muscat Ottonel, Pinot Gris, Mustoasca de
    Maderat, Riesling,
  • RED= Burgund Mare, Cadarca, Feteasca, Novac
    • International– Cabernet Sauvignon,, Merlot, Pinot Noir, Syrah
  • GEOGRAPHY– Romania(West), REGION-Banat(North)
  • VITICULTURE–  ?  haPlanted
    • -Estates/ Producers- Cramele Recas, Petro Vaselo


TRANSYLVANIARegion     DOC.- 7     @

  • WHITE=     RED=
  • GEOGRAPHY– Romania(South), REGION-Transylvania

LECHINTA DOC.      @

  • WHITE= Chardonnay   |    RED= ?
  • GEOGRAPHY– Romania(West), REGION-Transylvania(North-Interior)
  • VITICULTURE–  ? haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers

TRANSILVANIA FOOTHILLS DOC.     @

  • WHITE= Feteasca Alba, Muskat Ottonel, Traminer
  • RED= ?
  • GEOGRAPHY– Romania(Interior), REGION-Transylvania
  • SOILS= Metamorphic”,  “Sedimentary“, Limestone, Red-Iron Earth
  • VITICULTURE–  ? haPlanted
  • VINICULTURE–  Ice Wine
    • -Estates/ Producers- Cramele Recas

AIUD DOC.       @

  • WHITE= ?    |     RED= ?
  • GEOGRAPHY– Romania, REGION-Transylvania(West-Interior)
  • VITICULTURE–  ? haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers

ALBA DOC.     @

  • WHITE= ?   |     RED= ?
  • GEOGRAPHY– Romania, REGION-Transylvania(South-West-Interior)
  • VITICULTURE–  ? haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers

SEBES-APOID DOC.     @

  • WHITE=     |    RED=
  • GEOGRAPHY– Romania, REGION-Transylvania(South-West-Interior)
  • VITICULTURE– ? haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers

TARMAVE DOC.      @

  • WHITE= Feteasca Regala, Feteasca Alba
    • International– Chardonnay, Gewurztraminer, Muscat Ottonel, Pinot Gris, Riesling, Sauvignon Blanc, Traminer
  • RED= Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Pinot Noir, Syrah
  • GEOGRAPHY– Romania(South-East), REGION-Transylvania(Central-Interior)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly”, PLATEAU/ Transylvania
    • SLOPES/ Carpathian Mountains, +Alt.300 mt.-600 mt.
    • On~Tarnave Mare/ Tarnave Mica~Rivers~
  • CLIMATE= “Continental-Cool” Foggy Mornings, Sunny Afternoons
    • Summers– Warm, Long    |   Winters– Cold, Wet
  • VITICULTURE–   ? haPlanted
  • VINICULUTRESPARKLING/ Method Tradional
    • -Estates/ Producers- Jidvei(2,500ha.), Maria
  • CULTUREAKA=Weinland Throughout History


Wallachia

OLTENIARegion     DOC.- 7      @Tirgu Jiu

  • WHITE=     RED=
  • GEOGRAPHY– Romania(South), REGION-Oltenia
    • BORDERS: Bulgaria, Transylvania(North), Muntenia(East)
    • South of Carpathian Mountains

SEVERIN DOC.         @

  • WHITE=    |    RED=
  • GEOGRAPHY– Romania, REGION-Oltenia(West)
  • VITICULTURE–  ? haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers

PL. DRINCEI DOC.     @

  • WHITE=    |     RED=
  • GEOGRAPHY– Romania, REGION-Oltenia(West)
  • VITICULTURE–  ?   haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers

DL. CRAIOVEI DOC.     @

  • WHITE=    |     RED=
  • GEOGRAPHY– Romania, REGION-Oltenia(Central-Interior)
  • VITICULTURE–  ?  haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers

SADOVA-CORABIA DOC.     @

  • WHITE=    |    RED=
  • GEOGRAPHY– Romania, REGION-Oltenia(South)
  • VITICULTURE–   ?  haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers

DRAGASANI DOC.       @

  • WHITE= Cramposie, Feteasca Regala
  • RED= Negru de Dragasani
    • International– Cabernet Sauvignon
  • GEOGRAPHY– Romania(South-West) , REGION-Oltenia(North-Interior)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– On~Olt~River~
  • SOILS= Loam, Over Clay, Limestone
  • VITICULTURE–  ?  haPlanted
    • -Estates/ Producers- Avincis(E./40ha.), Prince Stirbey(E./20ha.)

SAMBURESTI DOC.      @

  • WHITE=    RED=
  • GEOGRAPHY– Romania, REGION-Oltenia
  • VITICULTURE–  ?   haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers

STEFANESTI-ARGES DOC.      @

  • WHITE=    |    RED=
  • GEOGRAPHY– Romania, REGION-Oltenia
  • VITICULTURE–  ?  haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers


MUNTENIARegion     DOC.- 2      @Bucharest

  • WHITE=    |     RED=
  • GEOGRAPHY– Romania(South), REGION-Muntenia
    • BORDERS: Bulgaria(South), Oltenia(North-West)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling” SLOPES/ Carpathian Mountains(South)
  • CLIMATE– “Continental

DEALU MARE DOC.      @

  • WHITE= Tamoioasa Romaneasca
    • International– Sauvignon Blanc, Muscat Ottonel
  • RED= Feteasca Neagra
    • International– Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY– Romania(South), REGION-Muntenia(North-West)
    • North of Bucharest-City(   km.), South of Carpathian Mountains
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly”, +Alt. 100mt. to 400mt.
  • SOILS– “Metamorphic”, “Sedimentary”, Chalk, Loam, Brown Clay
  • CLIMATE– “Continental”
  • VITICULTURE–  ? haPlanted
    • -Estates/ Producers- Breaza, Budureasca, Ceptura, Domeniile Sahateni, Domenille Tohani, Lacerta, Pietroasa, Rotenberg, Urlati, SERVE(Societe Euro Roumaine des Vins d’Exception)(E./100ha.), Tohani, Valea Calugareasca, Vinarte

BUZAU DOC.      @

  • WHITE=     |    RED=
  • GEOGRAPHY– Romania, REGION-Muntenia(North)
  • VITICULTURE–  ?  haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers


Moldova

BUCOVINARegion     DOC.- 12    @

  • WHITE=    |     RED=
  • GEOGRAPHY– Romania(North-East), REGION-Bucovina
    • BORDERS: Republic of Moldova


MOLDOVARegion       @

  • WHITE=     |       RED=
  • GEOGRAPHY– Romania(North-East), REGION-Moldova
    • BORDERS: Republic of Moldova(East), Muntenia(South)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling”, On~Cotnari~River~Tributary~Rascana River~
  • VITICULTURE–   ? haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers

COTNARI DOC.

    • WHITE= Grasa, Feteasca Alba, Fincus, Tamaioasa Romanesca, Feteasca, Francusa
    • GEOGRAPHY– Romania, REGION-Moldavia(North-East)
    • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling”, On~Cotnari~River~Tributary~Rascana River~
    • VINICULTURESparkling,  Botrytis
      • -Estates/ Producers- Cotnari(1,700ha.), Cucuteni, Grumusica

LASI DOC.     @

  • WHITE=    |     RED=
  • GEOGRAPHY– Romania, REGION-Moldavia(North-East)
  • VITICULTURE–  ?  haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers

PANCIU DOC.     @

  • WHITE= Feteasca, Tamaioasa
    • International– Italian Riesling, Muscat Ottonel, Sauvignon Blanc, Traminer
  • RED= Black Babeasca, Black Feteasca
    • International– Merlot
  • GEOGRAPHY– Romania, REGION-Moldova(South-West)
  • VITICULTURE–   ? haPlanted
  • VINICULTUREStill,  Eating
    • Estate/ Producers– Casa Panciu
    • Vineyards– Nicoresti

OBODESTI DOC.     @

  • WHITE=     |    RED=
  • GEOGRAPHY– Romania, REGION-Moldova(South-West)
  • VITICULTURE–  ?  haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers

COTESTI DOC.     @

  • WHITE=    |    RED=
  • GEOGRAPHY– Romania, REGION-Moldova(South-West)
  • VITICULTURE–  ?  haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers

TUTOVA DOC.     @

  • WHITE=     |     RED=
  • GEOGRAPHY– Romania, REGION-Moldova(Central-Interior)
  • VITICULTURE–   ?  haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers

ZELETIN DOC.     @

  • WHITE=     |     RED=
  • GEOGRAPHY– Romania, REGION-Moldova(Central-Interior)
  • VITICULTURE–   ?  haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers

HUSI DOC.      @

  • WHITE=     |      RED=
  • GEOGRAPHY– Romania, REGION-Moldova(East)
  • VITICULTURE– ?   haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers

BUJOR DOC.      @

  • WHITE=     |     RED=
  • GEOGRAPHY– Romania, REGION-Moldova(South-Central-Interior)
  • VITICULTURE–  ?  haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers

NICORESTI DOC.     @

  • WHITE=    |      RED=
  • GEOGRAPHY– Romania, REGION-Moldova(South-East)
  • VITICULTURE–  ?  haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers

COVUR DOC.      @

  • WHITE=    |   RED=
  • GEOGRAPHY– Romania, REGION-Moldova(South-East)
  • VITICULTURE–  ?  haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers

IVESTI DOC.     @

  • WHITE=    |     RED=
  • GEOGRAPHY– Romania, REGION-Moldova(South-East)
  • VITICULTURE–  ?  haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers


 

DOBROGEARegion     DOC.- 4     @Constanta

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Muscat Ottonel, Pinot Gris
  • RED= Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY– Romania(South-East), REGION-Dobrogea
    • BORDERS: Ukraine(North), Muntnia(West)
    • (Part of the “Greater Black Sea” Wine Region)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly”, On~Black~Sea~, PLATEAU/ Transylvania
    • SLOPES/ Carpathian Mountains, +Alt.400mt.-600mt.
    • On~Tarnave Mare/ Tarnave Mica~Rivers~

SARICA-NICULITEL DOC.      @

  • WHITE=    |   RED=
  • GEOGRAPHY– Romania, REGION-Dobrogea(North-West)
    • (Part of the “Greater Black Sea” Wine Region)
  • VITICULTURE–  ?  ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers

BABADAG DOC.    @

  • WHITE=    |   RED=
  • GEOGRAPHY– Romania(South-East), REGION-Dobrogea(North-Interior)
    • BORDERS: On~Coast/ Black~Sea~(Near)
    • (Part of the “Greater Black Sea” Wine Region)
  • VITICULTURE–  ? ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers

ISTRIA DOC.     @

  • WHITE=    |    RED=
  • GEOGRAPHY– Romania, REGION-Dobrogea(Central)
    • (Part of the “Greater Black Sea” Wine Region)
  • VITICULTURE–  ? ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers

MURFATLAR DOC.      @

  • WHITE=?
    • International– Chardonnay, Muscat, Pinot Gris, Riesling, Sauvignon Blanc
  • RED= Feteasca Neagra
    • International– Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Syrah
  • GEOGRAPHY– Romania(South-East), REGION-Dobrogea(South)
    • BORDERS: Black Sea,,  (Part of the “Greater Black Sea” Wine Region)
  • VITICULTURE–  ? haPlanted
    • -Estates/ Producers- Cernavoda, Domeniul Vladoi, Murfatlar Winery, Medgidia


**Refer to “BIBLIOGRAPHY/ SOURCES” For Details On Scholarly Works Referenced