🇸🇮SLOVENIA


SLOVENIA IS    Regions- 3   PGI.- 3    PDO.- 14       @Ljubljan

  • WHITE= Bouvier, Cipro, Klarnica, Malocrn, Pergulin, Planinka, Poljsakica, Pokalca, Ranfol, Ranina, Rebola Gialla AKA=Rebula, Vitovska Grganja, Zelen
    • International Beli Pinot AKA=Pinot Blanc, Chardonnay, Gewurztraminer, Laski Rizling AKA=Welschriesling, Kerner, Kovidinka AKA=Dinka, Malvazija AKA=Malvasia, Menuetta AKA=Malvasia di Lunga, Muscat(Yellow), Muskatni Silvane AKA=Sauvignon Blanc, Renski Riesling AKA=Riesling, Rizvanec AKA=Muller Thurgau, Sipon AKA=Furmit, Siri Pinot AKA=Pinot Gris
  • RED= Modro Frankinja AKA=Blaufrankisch/ Blue Franconian, Plavec Zuki AKA=Rumeni Plavec, Portuglka, Zametovka, Zlahtnina
    • International Barbera, Blaufrankisch AKA=Frankovna Crna, Blauer Portugieser, Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Gamay, Merlot, Modir Pinot/ Sivi Pinot AKA=Pinot Noir, Refosco AKA=Teran, Syrah, Tegan, Zweigelt

GEOGRAPHY REGION-Balkan Peninsula, COUNTRY-Slovenia, LATITUDE: 46° N

  • REGION-Podravje(Drava)(East),  Posavje(Lower Sava)(East-Central),  Primorje(Littoral)(West)
  • BORDERS-Italy(West), Croatia(South), Austria(North), Hungary(East)
  • Sub-Zones/ PDO./ PGI.’s- Bela Krajina PDO., Bizeljisko-Sremic PDO., Dolenjska PDO., Goriska Brda PDO., Haloze PDO., Koper PDO., Kras PDO., Ljtomer-Ormoz PDO., Maribor PDO., Podravje PGI., Posavje PGI., Prekmurska Gorice PDO., Primorje PGI., Radgona-Kapela PDO., Smarie-Virstajn PDO., Srednje Slovenska Gorice PDO., Stajerska Slovenija PDO., Vipava Valley PDO.

TOPOGRAPHY Features- Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous/ Terraced

  • SLOPES/ Eastern Alps/ Julian Alps, Karavanke Alps, +Alt. 60mt.-500mt.
  • ON PLAIN/  Pannonian
  • On~Drava/ Sava~Rivers~Tributary~Danube~, On~Adriatic~Sea~

VITICULTURE 30,000ha. Planted

  • Slovenia is: #38 In Grape Production/ #46 In Wine Consumption In World.

VINICULTURE Amphorae,  Botrytis,  Orange Wines

  • Slovenian” Style of Winemaking- Style Utilizes Hand-Harvesting, Extended Skin Maceration, No Added Yeast, Large-Older Barrel or Amphora Fermentation, Little or No Sulphur Use.
  • Orange Wine– Deep, Historic and Cultural Roots In Macerating White Grapes For Orange Wine.

SOILS Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Marl, Clay, Sandstone, Loess, Shale, Pannonian Marl

  • Ponca(Marl, Sandstone and Marine Fossils)
  • Opoka(Compressed Mudstone and Sandstone Layers)
  • **Refer to TERROIR/ Geology & Soil For Detailed Information On Soils.

CLIMATE Continental & Mediterranean With Alpine Influence

  • *Summers– Hot, Dry    |    *Winters– Cold, Wet

HISTORY 5th.-4th. BC., Wine History Since Celts and Illyrian Tribes Before Romans.

  • History of Dictators, Socialism and Communism Have Hampered Viticulture.
  • Slovenia Has Been Ruled by Austro-Hungarian Empire, Italy, The Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, Yugoslavia and Now Slovenia.
  • 1991 @Slovenia Became Independent Country From Yugoslavia.

CULTURE Slovenia is at the Crossroads of 3 Cultures…

  • Italian, Germanic, Eastern European, and Has Been Influenced by All Over the Centuries.
  • REPINICA– Underground Cellars Dug Into Sand
  • GASTRONOMY… Stew, Dandelion, Honey    |   CHEESE… Nanos, Tolminc

SLOVENIA WINE LAW

  • GOVERNING BODY-
  • LAWS GOVERNING- Geographic Boundaries, Topography
    • Label Requirement-
  • SLOVENIA WINE CLASSIFICATION
    • Vrhunsko/ Premium Wine
    • Namizno Vino/ Table Wine

Estate/ Producers-(Not Found In Demarcated Sub-Zone) Keltis

Littoral Region

PRIMORJE PGI.      @Trieste

  • WHITE=  Rebula AKA=Ribola Gialla
    • International Chardonnay, Malvazija AKA=Malvasia, Pinot Grigio
  • RED=
    • International Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY- Slovenia(West), REGION-Primorje, BORDERS-Italy(Friuli-Venezia)
    • Multi-Appellation,  Sub-Zones- Goriska Brda, Kaper & Slovenska Istria, Kras, Vipava Valley
  • TOPOGRAPHY “Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous
    • SLOPES/ Julian Alps, Adriatic Sea, +Alt. 45mt.-305mt.
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Shale, Marl, Sandstone
  • CLIMATE- Continental With Mediterranean Influences, +WINDS/ Bora
  • VITICULTURE-  ? ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producer- Batic(Nat.Pro.), Bjana, Burja, Domacija Razman, Edi Simere, Krapez, Marjan Simcic, Movia, Sutor
  • CULTURE- AKA=Littoral Region, Primorska

GORISKA BRDA PDO.     @Goriska/ Brda

  • WHITE= Teran 17% AKA=Rebula/ Ribolla Gialla, Malvazija
    • International Friulano, Malvazija AKA=Malvasia, Siri Pinot AKA=Pinot Grigio, Sauvignon Blanc
  • RED= Modro Frankinja AKA=Blaufrankisch, Piccola Nera
    • International Barbera, Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY- COUNTRY-Slovenia, REGION-Primorja(North-West), LATITUDE: 45.99° N
    • MUNICIPALITY-Brda, North of Vipava Valley PDO.
    • BORDERS-Italy/ Collio(West), North of Gorizoa-City(10 km.)
    • VILLAGES-Dobrovo, Gonijace, Krcnik, Krasno, Neblo, Plave, Slovrenc, Smartno, Vipolze
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly/ Terraced, On~Soca~River~, ON PLATEAU/ Karst
    • SLOPES/ Julian Alps/ Gorizia of Brda, +Alt. 60mt.-250mt.
      • 30% of Hills Lie In the Collio, Italy (Almost a Single Region Divided by a Border.)
  • SOILS- “Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Marl, Clay, Limestone, Shale
    • Ponca(Marl/Sandstone/Marine Fossils), Opoka(Compressed Mudstone and Sandstone)
  • CLIMATE- Mediterranean With Alpine Influence,  +Diurnal Shifts(+35°),  +Winds/ ~Bora~
    • BETWEEN- 20km. to Adriatic Coast and 20km. to Alpine Foothills
  • VITICULTURE- 1,800ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producer- Bjana(6ha.), Blazic, Buzinel, Dolfo, Edi Simcic, Emeran Reya, Ezetic, Ferdinand, Gasper, Giocato, Gravner, Jakoncic, Jermann, Kabaj(Nat.Pro.), Kilnec, KJolos, Klet, Kristian Keber, Marjan Simcic(18ha.), Medot, Moro, Scurek, Sveti Nikolaj, Medot, Moro, Movia, Mulit Rdece, Radikon, Scurek(20ha.), Vinska Klet, Zanut
    • Vineyard- Plesivo
  • VINICULTURE- Orange Wine- Historic and Cultural Roots In Macerating White Grapes In Amphora.
  • CULTURE- AKA=Brda(Slovenia), Gorizia(Italia)
    • ~Etymology~ Brada Means Hills In Slovenian Referring to the Topography.
    • Adjoins/ Borders the Collio DOC. In Friuli, Italy. Until 1940’s This Was a Single Region. In 1991 the Border Was Removed. Both Regions Share Culture and Tradition.
    • FESTIVALS~ ~Rebula Wine Experience~(August/ Brda)
      • Focuses of Rebula Producers From Brda(Slovenia) & Collio(Italy)

VIPAVA VALLEY PDO.      @Prvacina

  • WHITE= Klarnica, Malocrn, Pinela, Rumeni Muskat AKA=Muscat, Zelen
    • International Cipron, Beli Pinot, Glera, Laski Rizling, Malvazija, Sauvignon Blanc
  • RED= Modro Frankinja AKA=Blaufrankisch
    • International Barbera, Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Pinot Noir, Syrah
  • GEOGRAPHY- Slovenia, REGION-Primorja(West-Central)
    • BORDERS-Italia(North-West), Kras PDO.(West), Multi-Appellation
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Valley(Vipava)/ Plateau(Nanos), +Alt. 45mt.-305mt., @Hw.#12
  • CLIMATE- Continental With Mediterranean Influences
    • +WINDS~ ~Bora~
  • VITICULTURE-ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producer- Batic, Burja, Erneic, Guerilla, Krapez, Marc(8ha.), Tilia, Vina Colja, Vinarstvo Avin, Vipava 1894
  • CULTURE- AKA=Vipavska Dolina
  • GOING THERE- WINE ROUTE~ ~Vipava Valley~

KRAS PDO.      @Sezana

  • WHITE= Malvasia, Refosco, Zelen
    • International Chardonnay,  Pinot Blanc, Sauvignon Blanc
  • RED=
    • International Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Syrah
  • GEOGRAPHY– Slovenia, REGION-Primorje(West-Central)
    • BORDERS-Italia/ Carso(West), Vipava Valley PDO.
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly/ Valley, ON PLATEAU/ Karst, +Alt. 365mt., On~Gulf~Trieste~(Near)
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Terra Rossa, Limestone
  • VITICULTURE-  ?  ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers- Cotar(Nat.Pro.), Boris Lisjak, Stemberger, Vina Stoke
  • CULTURE- AKA=Karst/ German, Carso/ Italian
  • SUB-ZONES OF KRAS
    • KRASKA
    • PLANOT
    • VRHE

KOPER/ Slovenska Istria PDO.      @Koper

  • WHITE= Malvazija, Refosk
  • RED= Tegan
    • International Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot
  • GEOGRAPHY- Slovenia, REGION-Primorje(South-West), BORDERS-Croatia(South)
    • South of Triste-City(    km.), @Hw.#A1
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling, ON PLATEAU/ Karst, On~Adriatic~Sea~
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Limestone
  • VITICULTURE-  ?  ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers- Rojac, Santomas, Vinakoper
  • CULTURE- ASSOCIATIONS~ ~Slovenian Istria Winegrowers~

Drava Region

PODRAVJE PGI.       @

  • WHITE= Muscat Ottonel, Sipon AKA=Furmint
    • International Chardonnay, Gewurtztraminer, Laski Riesling AKA=Welschriesling, Rizvanec AKA=Muller Thurgau, Muscat Ottonel, Sivi Pinot AKA=Pinot Grigio, Sauvignon Blanc
  • RED= ?
  • GEOGRAPHY- Slovenia, REGION-Podravje, Alpine Foothills
    • BORDERS-Austria(North), Hungary(North-East), Croatia(South), Multi-Appellation
    • Sub-Zones- Haloze, Ljtomer-Ormoz, Maribor, Prekmurska Gorice, Radgona-Kapela, Srednje Gorice, Stajerska
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly/ Valley(Drava), +Alt. 250mt. – 400mt.,  In Drava River Valley
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Limestone, Pannonian Marl
    • Was Once the Bottom of the Ancient Pannonian Sea.
  • CLIMATE- Continental With Alpine Influence
    • *Summers– Hot, Dry   |    *Winters– Cold, Wet
    • Warmer as You Move From the Pohorje Mountains to the Pannonian Basin.
  • VITICULTURE-ha. Planted
  • VINICULTURE- Botrytis,  Eisweins,  Sparkling
    • Estate/ Producers- Gross, Kobal, Puklavec Family, Verus, Zorjan
  • CULTURE- AKA=Podravska/ Drava Region

PREKMURSKA GORICE PDO.     @Sobota

  • WHITE= Sipon AKA=Furmint
  • RED= ?
  • GEOGRAPHY- Slovenia, REGION-Podravje(North), BORDERS-Austria(North)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Valley(Raba), On~Mur~River~
  • VITICULTURE-ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers-

STAJERSKA SLOVENIJA PDO.     @Gorca

  • WHITE= Bouvier, Sipon AKA=Furmint
    • International Chasselas, Gewurtztraminer, Kerner, Laski Riesling AKA=Welschriesling, Muscat(Blanc a Petits Grains), Muscat(Ottonel), Ranfol, Rizvanec AKA=Muller Thurgau, Muscat Ottonel, Pinot Grigio, Sauvignon Blanc
  • RED= Blaufrankisch, Blauer Portugiser, Zweigelt
    • International Gamay, Pinot Noir, Zametovka
  • GEOGRAPHY- Slovenia(North-East), REGION-Podravje
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly, SLOPES/ Hills of Jarenina, +Alt. ?
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Limestone, Pannonian Marl
  • VITICULTURE 6,000 ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers- Crnko(6ha.), Dveri Pax, Freser, Furst, Gaube, Gross, Joannes Protner, Kobal, Kogl, Ptujska Klet, Puklavec Family, Ptujska Klet, Radgonske Gorice, Sanctum, Steyer, Valdhuber, Verus, Vino Kupljen Jeruzalem, Zlati-Gric, Zorjan

RADGONA-KAPELA PDO.      @Kapela

  • WHITE= Laski Rizling, Pinot Gris, Renski,
    • International Pinot Blanc, Pinot Gris, Sauvignon Blanc, Traminec
  • RED= ?
  • GEOGRAPHY- Slovenia, REGION-Podravje(North), BORDERS-Austria(North)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly
  • VITICULTURE-  ?  ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers-

MARIBOR PDO.     @Maribor

  • WHITE= Renski Riesling, Sipon AKA=Furmint
    • International Chardonnay, Muskat(Rumeni), Muscatel, Rulandec,  Sauvignon Blanc, Traminec
  • RED= Blaufrankisch, Zweigelt
  • GEOGRAPHY- Slovenia, REGION-Podravje
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling, On~Drava~River~
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Slate, Gniess
  • VITICULTURE- ? ha. Planted
    • Zametovka Vine– Known For Being Oldest/ One of Oldest Vine On Earth, +400 Years Old.
  • VINICULTURE-
    • Estate/ Producers- Horvat, Ramsak, Vinag

SREDNJE SLOVENSKA GORICE PDO.     @Ptuf

  • WHITE= Kerner, Laski Riesling, Mukat, Renski Rezling, Ranina, Simon, Traminec, Zeleni Silvanec
    • International Pinot Blanc, Pinot Gris
  • RED= ?
  • GEOGRAPHY- Slovenia, REGION-Podravje
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly
  • VITICULTURE  ? ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers-

LJTOMER-ORMOZ PDO.     @Ormoz

  • WHITE= Beli Pinot, Kerner, Laski Rizling, Renski Rizling, Simon
  • RED= ?
  • GEOGRAPHY- Slovenia, REGION-Podravje
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ RollingON PLAIN/ Pannonian
  • VITICULTURE  ? ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers-
  • CULTURE- AKA=Hills of Jeruzalem

HALOZE PDO.     @Gorca

  • WHITE= Believe Pinot, Laski Rizling, Renski Rizling, Sipon AKA=Furmint
    • International Sauvignon Blanc, Traminec
  • RED= Madrid Pinot
  • GEOGRAPHY- Slovenia, REGION-Podravje
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Limestone, Marl
  • VITICULTURE ?  ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers-

Lower Sava Region

POSAVJE PGI.     @

  • WHITE= Laski Rizling, Sipon, Renski Rizling, Chardonnay, Fermin, Sauvignon Blanc
  • RED= ?
  • GEOGRAPHY- Slovenia(East), REGION-Posavje, BORDERS-Croatia(East), Multi-Appellation
    • Sub-Zones Bela Krajina, Bizeljisko-Sremic, Dolenjska, Smarie-Virstajn,
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling, Hilly
  • VITICULTURE ?  ha. Planted
  • VINICULTURE- Sparkling
    • Estate/ Producers- Istenic
  • CULTURE- AKA=Posavska/ Lower Sava Region

SMARIE-VIRSTAJN PDO.        @Virstajn

  • WHITE= ?
  • RED= ?
  • GEOGRAPHY- Slovenia, REGION-Posavje
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling
  • VITICULTURE  ? ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers-

BIZELJISKO-SREMIC PDO.      @Brezice

  • RED= ?
  • WHITE= Beli Pinot, Chardonnay, Laski Rizling
  • GEOGRAPHY- Slovenia, REGION-Posavje
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling, On~Sava-River~
  • VITICULTURE  ? ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers-

DOLENJSKA PDO.      @Novo Mesto

  • WHITE= ?
    • International Chardonnay, Laski Riesling, Sauvignon Blanc, Zeleini Silvanec
  • RED= Modra Frankrinja
  • GEOGRAPHY- Slovenia, REGION-Posavje
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling, On~Sava-River~
  • CLIMATE- Alpine With Pannonian Influence
  • VITICULTURE  ? ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers- Kobal Luna, Zaren Albiana
  • VINICULTURE- Cvicek- +BLENDED/(2 Red & 2 White (Zametovka)
  • SUB-ZONES Of DOLENJSKA
    • KRSKO
    • GORJANCI                                        NOVO MESTO
    • TREBNJE                                          KRMELJ

BELA KRAJINA PDO.      @

  • WHITE= ?
  • RED= ?
  • GEOGRAPHY- Slovenia, REGION-Posavje(South)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling
  • VITICULTURE  ? ha. Planted
  • VINICULTURE- Metliska Crnina, +BLENDED/ Frankinja, Zametovka
    • Estate/ Producers-


**Refer to BIBLIOGRAPHY/ Sources For Details On Scholarly Works Referenced.