🇸🇮SLOVENIA


SLOVENIA IS    Regions- 3   PGI.- 3    PDO.- 14       @Ljubljan

  • WHITE= Bouvier, Cipro, Klarnica, Malocrn, Pergulin, Planinka, Poljsakica, Pokalca, Ranfol, Ranina, Rebola Gialla AKA=Rebula, Vitovska Grganja, Zelen
    • International Chardonnay, Beli Pinot AKA=Pinot Blanc, Gewurztraminer, Laski Rizling AKA=Welschriesling, Pinot Gris AKA=Siri Pinot, Kovidinka AKA=Dinka, Muskatni Silvane AKA=Sauvignon Blanc, Renski Riesling AKA=Riesling, Rizvanec AKA=Muller Thurgau, Sipon AKA=Furmit
  • RED= Modro Frankinja AKA=Blaufrankisch, Portuglka, Zametovka, Zlahtnina
    • International Blauer Portugieser, Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Gamay, Merlot, Pinot Noir AKA=Modir Pinot/ Sivi Pinot, Refosco AKA=Teran, Tegan, Zweigelt

GEOGRAPHY REGION-Balkan Peninsula, COUNTRY-Slovenia, LATITUDE: 46° N

  • REGION-Podravje(Drava),  Posavje(Lower Sava),  Primorje(Littoral)
  • BORDERS-Italy(West), Croatia(South), Austria(North), Hungary(East)

TOPOGRAPHY Features- Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous

  • SLOPES/ Eastern Alps/ Julian Alps, Karavanke Alps, +Alt. 500mt.
  • ON PLAIN/  Pannonian
  • On~Drava/ Sava~Rivers~Tributary~Danube~, On~Adriatic~Sea~

VITICULTURE 30,000ha. Planted

  • Slovenia is: #38 In Grape Production/ #46 In Wine Consumption In World

VINICULTURE Amphorae,  Botrytis,  Orange Wines

  • Slovenian Style of Winemaking– Style Utilizes Hand-Harvesting, Extended Skin Maceration, No Added Yeast, Large-Older Barrel or Amphora Fermentation, Little or No Sulphur Use.
  • Orange Wine– Deep, Historic and Cultural Roots In Macerating White Grapes For Orange Wine.

SOILS Metamorphic, SedimentaryMarl, Clay, Sandstone, Loess, Shale, Pannonian Marl

  • Ponca(Marl, Sandstone and Marine Fossils)
  • Opoka(Compressed Mudstone and Sandstone Layers)
  • **Refer to TERROIR/ Geology & Soil For Detailed Information On Soils.

CLIMATE Continental & Mediterranean With Alpine Influence

  • *Summers– Hot, Dry    |    *Winters– Cold, Wet

HISTORY 5th.-4th. BC., Wine History Since Celts and Illyrian Tribes Before Romans

  • History of Dictators, Socialism and Communism Have Hampered Viticulture.
  • 1991- Became Independent Country From Yugoslavia.

CULTURE Slovenia is at the Crossroads of 3 Cultures…

  • Italian, Germanic, Eastern European, and Has Been Influenced by All Over the Centuries.
  • REPINICA– Underground Cellars Dug Into Sand
  • GASTRONOMY Stew, Dandelion, Honey    |   CHEESE Nanos, Tolminc

SLOVENIA WINE LAW

  • GOVERNING BODY-
  • LAWS GOVERNING- Geographic Boundaries, Topography
    • Label Requirement-
  • SLOVENIA WINE CLASSIFICATION
    • Vrhunsko/ Premium Wine
    • Namizno Vino/ Table Wine

Littoral Region

PRIMORJE PGI.      @Trieste

  • WHITE=  Rebula AKA=Ribola Gialla
    • International Chardonnay, Pinot Grigio
  • RED=
    • International Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY- Slovenia(West), REGION-Primorje, BORDERS-Italy(Friuli-Venezia)
    • Multi-Appellation,  Sub-Zones- Goriska Brda, Kaper & Slovenska Istra, Kras, Vipava Valley
  • TOPOGRAPHY “Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous, SLOPES/ Julian Alps, Adriatic Sea
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Shale, Marl, Sandstone
  • CLIMATE- Continental With Mediterranean Influences, +WINDS/ Bora
  • VITICULTURE-  ? ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producer- Batic(Nat.Pro.), Bjana, Burja, Domacija Razman, Edi Simere, Marjan Simcic, Movia, Sutor
  • CULTURE- AKA=Littoral Region, Primorska

GORISKA BRDA PDO.     @Goriska/ Brda

  • WHITE= Teran 17% AKA=Rebula/ Ribolla Gialla, Malvazija
    • International Friulano, Siri Pinot AKA=Pinot Grigio, Sauvignon Blanc
  • RED= Modro Frankinja AKA=Blaufrankisch, Piccola Nera
    • International Barbera, Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY- COUNTRY-Slovenia, REGION-Primorja(North-West), LATITUDE: 45.99° N
    • MUNICIPALITY-Brda,  North of Vipava Valley PDO.
    • BORDERS-Italy/ Collio(West), North of Gorizoa-City(10 km.)
    • VILLAGES-Dobrovo, Gonijace, Krcnik, Krasno, Neblo, Plave, Slovrenc, Smartno, Vipolze
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly/ Terraced, On~Soca~River~
    • SLOPES/ Julian Alps/ Gorizia of Brda, +Alt. 60mt.- 250mt.
      • 30% of Hills Lie In the Collio, Italy (Almost a Single Region Divided by a Border.)
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Marl, Clay, Limestone, Shale
    • Ponca(Marl/Sandstone/Marine Fossils), Opoka(Compressed Mudstone and Sandstone)
  • CLIMATE- Mediterranean With Alpine Influence,  +Diurnal Shifts(+35°),   +Winds/ Bora
    • BETWEEN- 20km. to Adriatic Coast and 20km. to Alpine Foothills
  • VITICULTURE- 1,800ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producer- Bjana(6ha.), Blazic, Buzinel, Dolfo, Edi Simcic, Emeran Reya, Ezetic, Ferdinand, Gasper, Giocato, Gravner, Jakoncic, Jermann, Kabaj(Nat.Pro.), Kilnec, KJolos, Klet, Kristian Keber, Marjan Simcic, Medot, Moro, Movia, Mulit Rdece, Radikon, Scurek(20ha.), Vinska Klet, Zanut
    • Vineyard- Plesivo
  • VINICULTURE- Orange Wine- Historic and Cultural Roots In Macerating White Grapes In Amphora.
  • CULTURE- AKA=Brda(Slovenia), Gorizia(Italia)
    • ~Etymology~ Brada Means Hills In Slovenian Referring to the Topography.
    • Adjoins/ Borders the Collio DOC. In Friuli, Italy. Until 1940’s This Was a Single Region. In 1991 the Border Was Removed. Both Regions Share Culture and Tradition.

VIPAVA VALLEY PDO.      @Prvacina

  • WHITE= Klarnica, Malocrn, Malvasia, Pinela, Rumeni Muskat AKA=Muscat, Zelen
    • International Cipron, Beli Pinot, Glera, Laski Rizling, Sauvignon Blanc
  • RED= Modro Frankinja AKA=Blaufrankisch
    • International Barbera, Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Pinot Noir, Syrah
  • GEOGRAPHY- Slovenia, REGION-Primorja(West-Central)
    • BORDERS-Italia(North-West), Kras PDO.(West), Multi-Appellation
  • TOPOGRAPHY- “Rolling/ Valley(Vipava)/ Plateau(Nanos)”, +Alt. 45mt.- 305mt., @Hw.#12
  • CLIMATE- Continental With Mediterranean Influences
    • +WIND/ Bora
  • VITICULTURE-ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producer- Batic, Burja, Guerilla, Tilia, Vina Colja, Vinarstvo Avin, Vipava 1894
  • CULTURE- AKA=Vipavska Dolina
  • GOING THERE- WINE ROUTE~ ~Vipava Valley~

KRAS PDO.      @Sezana

  • WHITE= Malvasia, Refosco, Zelen
    • International Chardonnay,  Pinot Blanc, Sauvignon Blanc
  • RED=
    • International Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Syrah
  • GEOGRAPHY– Slovenia, REGION-Primorje(West-Central)
    • BORDERS-Italia/ Carso(West), Vipava Valley PDO.
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly/ Valley/ Plateau, +Alt. 365mt., On~Gulf~Trieste~(Near)
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Terra Rossa, Limestone
  • VITICULTURE-  ?  ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers- Cotar(Nat.Pro.), Boris Lisjak, Stemberger, Vina Stoke
  • CULTURE- AKA=Karst/ German, Carso/ Italian
  • SUB-ZONES OF KRAS
    • KRASKA
    • PLANOT
    • VRHE

KOPER/ Slovenska Istra PDO.      @Koper

  • WHITE= Malvazija, Refosk
  • RED= Tegan
    • International Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot
  • GEOGRAPHY- Slovenia, REGION-Primorje(South-West), BORDERS-Croatia(South)
    • South of Triste-City(    km.), @Hw.#A1
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling, ON PLATEAU/ Karst, On~Adriatic~Sea~
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Limestone
  • VITICULTURE-  ?  ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers- Rojac, Santomas, Vinakoper

Drava Region

PODRAVJE PGI.       @

  • WHITE= Sipon AKA=Furmint
  • RED= ?
  • GEOGRAPHY- Slovenia, REGION-Podravje, Alpine Foothills
    • BORDERS-Austria(North), Hungary(North-East), Croatia(South), Multi-Appellation
    • Sub-Zones- Haloze, Ljtomer-Ormoz, Maribor, Prekmurska Gorice, Radgona-Kapela, Srednje Gorice, Stajerska
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly, In Drava River Valley
  • CLIMATE- Continental With Alpine Influence
  • VITICULTURE-ha. Planted
  • VINICULTURE- Botrytis,  Eisweins,  Sparkling
    • Estate/ Producers- Gross, Kobal, Puklavec Family, Verus
  • CULTURE- AKA=Podravska/ Drava Region

PREKMURSKA GORICE PDO.     @Sobota

  • WHITE= Sipon AKA=Furmint
  • RED= ?
  • GEOGRAPHY- Slovenia, REGION-Podravje(North), BORDERS-Austria(North)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Valley(Raba), On~Mur~River~
  • VITICULTURE-ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers-

STAJERSKA SLOVENIJA PDO.     @Gorca

  • WHITE= ?
    • International Gewurtztraminer, Laski Riesling AKA=Welschriesling, Rizvanec AKA=Muller Thurgau, Muscat Ottonel, Pinot Grigio, Sauvignon Blanc
  • RED= ?
  • GEOGRAPHY- Slovenia, REGION-Podravje
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly, SLOPES/ Hills of Jarenina, +Alt. ?
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Pannonian Marl
  • VITICULTURE ?  ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers- Crnko(6 ha.), Dveri Pax, Puklavec Family, Verus, Zorjan

RADGONA-KAPELA PDO.      @Kapela

  • WHITE= Laski Rizling, Pinot Gris, Renski, Sauvignon Blanc, Traminec
  • RED= ?
  • GEOGRAPHY- Slovenia, REGION-Podravje(North), BORDERS-Austria(North)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly
  • VITICULTURE-  ?  ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers-

MARIBOR PDO.     @Maribor

  • RED= ?
  • WHITE= Renski Riesling
  • GEOGRAPHY- Slovenia, REGION-Podravje
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling
  • VITICULTURE- ? ha. Planted
    • Zametovka Vine– Known For Being Oldest/ One of Oldest Vine On Earth, +400 Years Old.
  • VINICULTURE-
    • Estate/ Producers-

SREDNJE SLOVENSKA GORICE PDO.     @Ptuf

  • WHITE= Kerner, Laski Riesling, Mukat, Renski Rezling, Ranina, Simon, Traminec, Zeleni Silvanec
    • International Pinot Blanc, Pinot Gris
  • RED= ?
  • GEOGRAPHY- Slovenia, REGION-Podravje
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly
  • VITICULTURE  ? ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers-

LJTOMER-ORMOZ PDO.     @Ormoz

  • WHITE= Beli Pinot, Kerner, Laski Rizling, Renski Rizling, Simon
  • RED= ?
  • GEOGRAPHY- Slovenia, REGION-Podravje
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ RollingON PLAIN/ Pannonian
  • VITICULTURE  ? ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers-
  • CULTURE- AKA=Hills of Jeruzalem

HALOZE PDO.     @Gorca

  • WHITE= Believe Pinot, Laski Rizling, Renski Rizling, Sauvignon Blanc, Traminec
  • RED= Madrid Pinot
  • GEOGRAPHY- Slovenia, REGION-Podravje
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly
  • VITICULTURE ?  ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers-

Lower Sava Region

POSAVJE PGI.     @

  • WHITE= Laski Rizling, Sipon, Renski Rizling, Chardonnay, Fermin, Sauvignon Blanc
  • RED= ?
  • GEOGRAPHY- Slovenia(East), REGION-Posavje, BORDERS-Croatia(East), Multi-Appellation
    • Sub-Zones Bela Krajina, Bizeljisko-Sremic, Dolenjska, Smarie-Virstajn,
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling, Hilly
  • VITICULTURE ?  ha. Planted
  • VINICULTURE- Sparkling
    • Estate/ Producers- Istenic
  • CULTURE- AKA=Posavska/ Lower Sava Region

SMARIE-VIRSTAJN PDO.        @Virstajn

  • WHITE= ?
  • RED= ?
  • GEOGRAPHY- Slovenia, REGION-Posavje
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling
  • VITICULTURE  ? ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers-

BIZELJISKO-SREMIC PDO.      @Brezice

  • RED= ?
  • WHITE= Beli Pinot, Chardonnay, Laski Rizling
  • GEOGRAPHY- Slovenia, REGION-Posavje
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling, On~Sava-River~
  • VITICULTURE  ? ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers-

DOLENJSKA PDO.      @Novo Mesto

  • WHITE= ?
    • International Chardonnay, Laski Riesling, Sauvignon Blanc, Zeleini Silvanec
  • RED= Modra Frankrinja
  • GEOGRAPHY- Slovenia, REGION-Posavje
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling, On~Sava-River~
  • CLIMATE- Alpine With Pannonian Influence
  • VITICULTURE  ? ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers- Kobal Luna, Zaren Albiana
  • VINICULTURE- Cvicek- +BLENDED/(2 Red & 2 White (Zametovka)
  • SUB-ZONES OF DOLENJSKA
    • KRSKO
    • GORJANCI                                        NOVO MESTO
    • TREBNJE                                          KRMELJ

BELA KRAJINA PDO.      @

  • WHITE= ?
  • RED= ?
  • GEOGRAPHY- Slovenia, REGION-Posavje(South)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling
  • VITICULTURE  ? ha. Planted
  • VINICULTURE- Metliska Crnina, +BLENDED/ Frankinja, Zametovka
    • Estate/ Producers-


**Refer to BIBLIOGRAPHY/ Sources For Details On Scholarly Works Referenced.