🇸🇮SLOVENIA


SLOVENIA IS    Regions3     PGI.-3      PDO.-14       @Ljubljan

  • WHITE= Bouvier, Cipro, Klarnica, Malocrn, Pergulin, Planinka, Poljsakica, Pokalca, Ranfol, Ranina, Rebola Gialla AKA=Rebula, Vitovska Grganja, Zelen
    • International– Chardonnay, Beli Pinot AKA=Pinot Blanc, Gewurztraminer, Laski Rizling AKA=Welschriesling, Pinot Gris AKA=Siri Pinot, Kovidinka AKA=Dinka, Muskatni Silvane AKA=Sauvignon Blanc, Renski Riesling AKA=Riesling, Rizvanec AKA=Muller Thurgau, Sipon AKA=Furmit
  • RED= Modro Frankinja AKA=Blaufrankisch, Portuglka, Zametovka, Zlahtnina
    • International– , Blauer Portugieser, Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Gamay, Merlot, Pinot Noir AKA=Modir Pinot/ Sivi Pinot, Refosco AKA=Teran, Tegan, Zweigelt

GEOGRAPHY HEMISPHERE-Northern, REGION-Balkan Peninsula, COUNTRY-Slovenia, LATITUDE: 46° N

  • REGION– Podravje(Drava),  Posavje(Lower Sava),  Primorje(Littoral)
  • BORDERS: Italy(West), Croatia(South), Austria(North), Hungary(East)

TOPOGRAPHY Features “Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous”

  • SLOPES/ Eastern Alps/ Julian Alps, Karavanke Alps, +Alt.500mt.
  • ON PLAIN/  Pannonian
  • On~Drava/ Sava~Rivers~Tributary~Danube~, On~Adriatic~Sea~

VITICULTURE 30,000ha. Planted

  • #38 In Grape Production, #46 In Wine Consumption In World

VINICULTURE Amphorae,  Botrytis,  Orange Wines

  • Slovenian” Style of Winemaking– Style Utilizes Hand-Harvesting, Extended Skin Maceration, No Added Yeast, Large-Older Barrel or Amphora Fermentation, Little or No Sulphur Use.
  • Orange Wine– Deep, Historic and Cultural Roots In Macerating White Grapes For Orange Wine.

SOILS “Metamorphic”, ”Sedimentary”, Marl, Clay, Sandstone, Loess, Shale, Pannonian Marl

  • Ponca(Marl, Sandstone and Marine Fossils)
  • Opoka(Compressed Mudstone and Sandstone Layers)
  • **Refer to “TERROIR/ Geology & Soil” For Detailed Information On Soils

CLIMATE  Continental & Mediterranean With Alpine Influence

  • Summers– Hot, Dry    |    Winters– Cold, Wet

HISTORY 5th.-4th. BC. -Wine History Since Celts and Illyrian Tribes Before Romans

  • History of Dictators, Socialism and Communism Have Hampered Viticulture
  • 1991- Became Independent Country From Yugoslavia

CULTURE Slovenia is at the Crossroads of 3 Cultures…

  • Italian, Germanic, Eastern European, and Has Been Influenced by All Over the Centuries.
  • REPINICA– Underground Cellars Dug Into Sand
  • GASTRONOMY…Stew, Dandelion, Honey    |   CHEESE…Nanos, Tolminc

SLOVENIA WINE LAW

  • GOVERNING BODY-
  • LAWS GOVERNING– Geographic Boundaries, Topography
    • Label Requirement
  • SLOVENIA WINE CLASSIFICATION
    • Vrhunsko/ Premium Wine
    • Namizno Vino/ Table Wine

Littoral Region

PRIMORJE PGI.      @Trieste

  • WHITE=  Rebula AKA=Ribola Gialla
    • International– Chardonnay, Pinot Grigio
  • RED=
    • International– Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY– Slovenia(West), REGION-Primorje, BORDERS: Italy(Friuli-Venezia)
    • “Multi-Appellation”,  Sub-Zones-Goriska Brda, Kaper & Slovenska Istra, Kras, Vipava Valley
  • TOPOGRAPHY “Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous”, SLOPES/ Julian Alps, Adriatic Sea
  • SOILS= Metamorphic”, ”Sedimentary, Shale, Marl, Sandstone
  • CLIMATE= Continental With Mediterranean Influences, +WINDS/ Bora
  • VITICULTURE–  ? ha. Planted
    • -Estate/ Producer- Batic(Nat.Pro.), Bjana, Burja, Domacija Razman, Edi Simere, Marjan Simcic, Movia, Sutor
  • CULTURE– AKA=Littoral Region, Primorska

GORISKA BRDA PDO.     @Goriska/ Brda

  • WHITE= Teran 17% AKA=Rebula/ Ribolla Gialla, Malvazija
    • International Friulano, Siri Pinot AKA=Pinot Grigio, Sauvignon Blanc
  • RED= Modro Frankinja AKA=Blaufrankisch, Piccola Nera
    • International Barbera, Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY- COUNTRY-Slovenia, REGION-Primorja(North-West), LATITUDE: 45.99° N
    • MUNICIPALITY– Brda,  North of Vipava Valley PDO.
    • BORDERS- Italy/ Collio(West), North of Gorizoa-City(10 km.)
    • VILLAGES– Dobrovo, Gonijace, Krcnik, Krasno, Neblo, Plave, Slovrenc, Smartno, Vipolze
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly/ Terraced, On~Soca~River~
    • SLOPES/ Julian Alps/ Gorizia of Brda, +Alt.60mt.- 250mt.
      • 30% of Hills Lie In the Collio, Italy (Almost a Single Region Divided by a Border.)
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Marl, Clay, Limestone, Shale
    • Ponca(Marl/Sandstone/Marine Fossils), Opoka(Compressed Mudstone and Sandstone)
  • CLIMATE- Mediterranean With Alpine Influence,  +Diurnal Shifts(+35°),   +Winds/ Bora
    • BETWEEN- 20km. to Adriatic Coast and 20km. to Alpine Foothills
  • VITICULTURE- 1,800ha. Planted
    • -Estate/ Producer- Bjana(6ha.), Blazic, Buzinel, Dolfo, Edi Simcic, Emeran Reya, Ezetic, Ferdinand, Gasper, Giocato, Gravner, Jakoncic, Jermann, Kabaj(Nat.Pro.), Kilnec, KJolos, Klet, Kristian Keber, Marjan Simcic, Medot, Moro, Movia, Mulit Rdece, Radikon, Scurek(20ha.), Vinska Klet, Zanut
    • Vineyard- Plesivo
  • VINICULTURE-  Orange Wine– Historic and Cultural Roots In Macerating White Grapes In Amphora.
  • CULTURE- AKA=Brda(Slovenia), Gorizia(Italia)
    • ~Etymology~ Brda Means “Hills” In Slovenian Referring to the Topography.
    • Adjoins/ Borders the Collio DOC. In Friuli, Italy. Until 1940’s This Was a Single Region. In 1991 the Border Was Removed. Both Regions Share Culture and Tradition.

VIPAVA VALLEY PDO.      @Prvacina

  • WHITE= Klarnica, Malocrn, Malvasia, Pinela, Rumeni Muskat AKA=Muscat, Zelen
    • International– Cipron, Beli Pinot, Glera, Laski Rizling, Sauvignon Blanc
  • RED= Modro Frankinja AKA=Blaufrankisch
    • International– Barbera, Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Pinot Noir, Syrah
  • GEOGRAPHY– Slovenia, REGION-Primorja(West-Central)
    • BORDERS: Italia(North-West), Kras PDO.(West), “Multi-Appellation”
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Valley(Vipava)/ Plateau(Nanos)”, +Alt.45mt.- 305mt.,  @Hw.#12
  • CLIMATE= Continental WithMediterranean Influences
    • +WIND/
  • VITICULTURE– ? ha. Planted
    • -Estate/ Producer- Batic, Burja, Guerilla, Tilia, Vina Colja, Vinarstvo Avin, Vipava 1894
  • CULTUREAKA=Vipavska Dolina
  • GOING THEREWINE ROUTE/ Vipava Valley

KRAS PDO.      @Sezana

  • WHITE= Malvasia, Refosco, Zelen
    • International– Chardonnay,  Pinot Blanc, Sauvignon Blanc
  • RED=
    • International– Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Syrah
  • GEOGRAPHY– Slovenia, REGION-Primorje(West-Central)
    • BORDERS: Italia/ Carso(West), Vipava Valley PDO.
    • KRASKA
    • PLANOT
    • VRHE
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly/ Valley/ Plateau”, +Alt.365mt., On~Gulf~Trieste~(Near)
  • SOILS= Metamorphic”, ”Sedimentary”, Terra Rossa, Limestone
  • VITICULTURE–  ?  ha. Planted
    • -Estate/ Producers- Cotar(Nat.Pro.), Boris Lisjak, Stemberger, Vina Stoke
  • CULTURE– AKA=Karst/ German, Carso/ Italian

KOPER/ Slovenska Istra PDO.      @Koper

  • WHITE= Malvazija, Refosk
  • RED= Tegan
    • International– Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot
  • GEOGRAPHY– Slovenia, REGION-Primorje(South-West), BORDERS: Croatia(South)
    • South of Triste-City(    km.), @Hw.#A1
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”, ON PLATEAU/ Karst, On~Adriatic~Sea~
  • SOILS= Metamorphic”, ”Sedimentary, Limestone
  • VITICULTURE–  ?  ha. Planted
    • -Estate/ Producers- Rojac, Santomas, Vinakoper

Drava Region

PODRAVJE PGI.       @

  • WHITE= Sipon AKA=Furmint
  • RED= ?
  • GEOGRAPHY– Slovenia, REGION-Podravje, Alpine Foothills
    • BORDERS: Austria(North), Hungary(North-East), Croatia(South), “Multi-Appellation”
    • Sub-Zones- Haloze, Ljtomer-Ormoz, Maribor, Prekmurska Gorice, Radgona-Kapela, Srednje Gorice, Stajerska
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly”, In Drava River Valley
  • CLIMATE=Continental With Alpine Influence
  • VITICULTURE– ? ha. Planted
  • VINICULTUREBotrytis,  Eisweins,  Sparkling
    • -Estate/ Producers- Gross, Kobal, Puklavec Family, Verus
  • CULTURE AKA=Podravska/ Drava Region

PREKMURSKA GORICE PDO.     @Sobota

  • WHITE= Sipon AKA=Furmint
  • RED=?
  • GEOGRAPHY– Slovenia, REGION-Podravje(North), BORDERS: Austria(North)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Valley(Raba)”, On~Mur~River~
  • VITICULTURE– ? ha. Planted
    • -Estate/ Producers-

STAJERSKA SLOVENIJA PDO.     @Gorca

  • WHITE= ?
    • International– Gewurtztraminer, Laski Riesling AKA=Welschriesling, Rizvanec AKA=Muller Thurgau, Muscat Ottonel, Pinot Grigio, Sauvignon Blanc
  • RED= ?
  • GEOGRAPHY– Slovenia, REGION-Podravje
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly”, SLOPES/ Hills of Jarenina
  • SOILSMetamorphic, Pannonian Marl
  • VITICULTURE– ?  ha. Planted
    • -Estate/ Producers- Crnko(6 ha.), Dveri Pax, Puklavec Family, Verus, Zorjan

RADGONA-KAPELA PDO.      @Kapela

  • WHITE= Laski Rizling, Pinot Gris, Renski, Sauvignon Blanc, Traminec
  • RED= ?
  • GEOGRAPHY– Slovenia, REGION-Podravje(North), BORDERS: Austria(North)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly”
  • VITICULTURE–  ?  ha. Planted
    • -Estate/ Producers-

MARIBOR PDO.     @Maribor

  • RED= ?
  • WHITE= Renski Riesling
  • GEOGRAPHY– Slovenia, REGION-Podravje
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”
  • VITICULTURE– ? ha. Planted
    • Zametovka Vine, Known For Being Oldest/ One of Oldest Vine On Earth, +400 Years Old
  • VINICULTURE
    • -Estate/ Producers-

SREDNJE SLOVENSKA GORICE PDO.     @Ptuf

  • WHITE= Kerner, Laski Riesling, Mukat, Renski Rezling, Ranina,
    Simon, Traminec, Zeleni Silvanec

    • International– Pinot Blanc, Pinot Gris
  • RED= ?
  • GEOGRAPHY– Slovenia, REGION-Podravje
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly”
  • VITICULTURE–  ? ha. Planted
    • -Estate/ Producers-

LJTOMER-ORMOZ PDO.     @Ormoz

  • WHITE= Beli Pinot, Kerner, Laski Rizling, Renski Rizling, Simon
  • RED= ?
  • GEOGRAPHY– Slovenia, REGION-Podravje
  • TOPOGRAPHY– On Pannonian Plain
  • VITICULTURE–  ? ha. Planted
    • -Estate/ Producers-
  • CULTURE AKA=Hills of Jeruzalem

HALOZE PDO.     @Gorca

  • WHITE= Believe Pinot, Laski Rizling, Renski Rizling, Sauvignon Blanc, Traminec
  • RED= Madrid Pinot
  • GEOGRAPHY– Slovenia, REGION-Podravje
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly”
  • VITICULTURE– ?  ha. Planted
    • -Estate/ Producers-

Lower Sava Region

POSAVJE PGI.     @

  • WHITE= Laski Rizling, Sipon, Renski Rizling, Chardonnay, Fermin, Sauvignon Blanc
  • RED= ?
  • GEOGRAPHY– Slovenia(East), REGION-Posavje, BORDERS: Croatia(East), “Multi-Appellation”
    • Sub-Zones- Bela Krajina, Bizeljisko-Sremic, Dolenjska, Smarie-Virstajn,
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling, Hilly”
  • VITICULTURE– ?  ha. Planted
  • VINICULTURESparkling
    • -Estate/ Producers- Istenic
  • CULTURE– AKA=Posavska/ Lower Sava Region

SMARIE-VIRSTAJN PDO.        @Virstajn

  • WHITE= ?
  • RED= ?
  • GEOGRAPHY– Slovenia, REGION-Posavje
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling”
  • VITICULTURE–  ? ha. Planted
    • -Estate/ Producers-

BIZELJISKO-SREMIC PDO.      @Brezice

  • RED= ?
  • WHITE= Beli Pinot, Chardonnay, Laski Rizling
  • GEOGRAPHY– Slovenia, REGION-Posavje
  • TOPOGRAPHY “Rolling“, On~Sava-River~
  • VITICULTURE–  ? ha. Planted
    • -Estate/ Producers-

DOLENJSKA PDO.      @Novo Mesto

  • WHITE= ?
    • International– Chardonnay, Laski Riesling, Sauvignon Blanc, Zeleini Silvanec
  • RED= Modra Frankrinja
  • GEOGRAPHY– Slovenia, REGION-Posavje
    • KRSKO
    • GORJANCI                                        NOVO MESTO
    • TREBNJE                                          KRMELJ
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”, On~Sava-River~
  • CLIMATEAlpine With Pannonian Influence
  • VITICULTURE–  ? ha. Planted
  • VINICULTURE– Cvicek- +BLENDED/(2 Red & 2 White (Zametovka)
    • -Estate/ Producers- Kobal Luna, Zaren Albiana

BELA KRAJINA PDO.      @

  • WHITE= ?
  • RED= ?
  • GEOGRAPHY– Slovenia, REGION-Posavje(South)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”
  • VITICULTURE–  ? ha. Planted
  • VINICULTURE– Metliska Crnina,  +BLENDED/ Frankinja, Zametovka
    • -Estate/ Producers-


**Refer to “BIBLIOGRAPHY/ Sources” For Details On Scholarly Works Referenced.