AUSTRIA IS–   Regions4     DAC.- 18     @Vienna

  • WEIS= Grüner Veltliner 36%, Brauner Veltliner, Fruhroter Veltliner, Goldburger, Jubilaumsrebe, Neuburger, Osterreichisch Weiss, Rosenmuskateller, Roter Veltliner(Indigenous), Rotgipfler, Silvaner, Zierfandler
    •    International Welschriesling 9%, Muller Thurgau 7%, Riesling 3%, Blutenmuskatelle, Fruhroter Veltliner AKA=Malvasier, Grauburgunder/Rulander 3% AKA=Pinot Gris, Bohotin, Bouvier, Busuioaca, Furmint, Gelber Muskateller, Klevner/Weissburgunder AKA=Pinot Blanc, Morillon AKA=Chardonnay, Muskat Ottonel, Muskateller AKA=Muscat Blanc A Petits Grain, Muskat Sylvaner AKA=Sauvignon Blanc, Scheurebe, Silberweisse AKA=Rauschling, Traminer
  • ROT= Zweigelt 13% AKA=Rotburger, Blaufrankisch 6% AKA=Lemberger, Blauer Portugieser 4% AKA=Voslauer, Blauburger, Blauer Wildbacher, Rathay, Roesler, Santz Laurent, Zierfandler AKA=Spatrot
    •  International  Blauburgunder AKA=Pinot Noir, Cabernet Franc, Merlot, Roter Traminer AKA=Savagnin Rose, Syrah

GEOGRAPHY REGION-Central Europe, COUNTY-Austria, LATITUDE: 46°- 48° N

  • BORDERS-Chez Republic(North-East), Germany(North), Hungary(East), Italy(South), Slovakia(South), Switzerland(West)
  • Sub-Regions- Niederosterrech(Weinland Osterreich), Bergenland, Styria(Steierland)

TOPOGRAPHYFeatures Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous/ Terraced

  • On~Danube~River~Tributary~Rhine~River~

SOILS Metamorphic, Volcanic, Sedimentary, Wind-Loess, Sand, Gravel, Slate

  • **Refer to TERROIR/ Geology & Soil For Detailed Information On Soils.

CLIMATE Temperate(West & North-West), Continental(East)

  • *Summers– Hot, Dry   |   *Fall– Long/ Warm   |   *Winters– Cold, Wet

VITICULTURE  51,000 ha. Planted

  • Austria is- #16 In Grape Production/ #16 In Wine Consumption In World.
  • *Generally– Austria Has a Strong Culture of Organic Viticulture/ Nature Wine Production.

VINICULTURE  Still,  Sparkling,  Ice Wine

HISTORY 2,000 Year Wine History

  •  500 @Austria Celts Occupied
  •        0 @Austria Romans Empire Influence the Area.
  • 1200 @Austria Vineyards & Wine Culture by the Monks & Monasteries.
  • 1868 @Austria Phylloxera Outbreak
  • 1919 @Austria Signing of the Treaty of Saint-Germain.
    • Signifying the Fall of the Austro-Hungarian Empire and the  Formation of Present Day Austria.
  • 1985 @Austria Austrian Anti-Freeze Scandal.
  • 1986 @Austria  Un-Official Modern Wine Movement Begins.
  • 2001 @Austria  DAC. System Established.


  • ~Etymology~ Osterreich is the German Name For Austria Meaning Eastern Kingdom.
  • PIONEERS~ ~Rudolph SteinerAustria/ Alsace/ Basel
    • Esoteric Leader and Spiritual Founder of Bio-Dynamics.
  • SCANDELS~ ~Austrian Antifreeze~ (1985)
    • Producers Mixed Diethylene Glycol to Wine to Increase Its Sweetness and  Body. The Wines Where Discovered by German Laboratories Doing Quality Control On Bulk Wine Destined to Be Blended With German Wine. (23 People Died and 90 Were Hospitalized.)
    • Short Term– Lead to the Collapse of the Austrian Wine Business and Export Market.
    • Long Term– Led to Stricter Laws In Austria and Reenforced Wine Makers to Focus On Producing Higher Quality Wines.
  • ASSOCIATIONS~ ~Austria Wine.com~


  • GASTRONOMY… Wiener Schnitzel, Apfelstrudel, Pumpkin Seed Oil.
    • CHEESE… Alpenkase, Alpzier, Tiroler Graukase, Gailtaler Almkase.
  • RIVER CRUISE~ ~River Cruise~ Grape Chance to See and Better Understand the Geography and Topography.


  • GOVERNING BODY- Ministry of Agriculture and Environment Management.
    • Districtus Austriae Controllatus DAC. Controlled Austria of District.
    • Austria DAC. System is Loosely Modeled On French AOC. System With Influences From German Pradikat System.
  • LAWS GOVERNING- Geography, Topography, Yields
    • Label Requirement-
      • Quality Austrian Wine is Distinguished by Red-White-Red Banderole On the Top of Twist-Cap.
    • Klassis Standard Reserve- Detectable Oak Prufnummer- Tasting Commission
    • Qualitatswein PDO. +15 KMW. 1 of 4 Weinbaugebiete
    • Wein +10.6 KMW. (No Variety or Vintage Stated)
    • Landwein +14 KMW. (Varietal, Region Stated on Label)
    • Kabinett +17 KMW. (Single Region, Varietal, No Chaptization)
    • Vinea Wachau Classification (Ultra High Standards)
      • **Refer to WACHAU For Detailed Information.

      • PRADIKATSWEIN- Varietal, Vintage, Region Stated On Label, No Chaptization.
    • Klosternewburger Mostwage KMW. Scale-Ripeness In Weight of Must at Harvest.
    • Spatlese +19 KMW. (Fully Ripe Grapes)
    • Auslese +21 KMW. (Selected Harvest)
    • Beerenauslese Very Ripe
    • Ausbruch Blends Botrytis and Non Effected Must…Ruster Ausbruch Developed In Rust.
    • Trockenbeerenauslese Botrytis (Completely Effected)
    • Strohwein/ Schilfwein- +25 KMW. (Over Ripe Grapes, Dehydrated On Straw Mats.)

EISWEIN PDO.      @Lake Neusiedl, Burgenland

  • Wies= Gruner Veltliner, Riesling, Scheurebe, Traminer, Welschriesling
  • Rot= Zweigelt
    • Thick Skinned Grapes Do Better For Producing Ice Wine, the Thicker the Skin the Longer the Grape Can Stay On the Vine Without Rotting.
  • HISTORY- Since ?
  • VITICULTURE- Never Freezes Before December Leaving Grapes to Really Ripen.
    • CHALLENGE– If Weather Doesn’t Freeze Fast Enough Grapes Rot and There’s a Chance For a Lost Harvest. Grapes Shouldn’t Be Effected by Botrytis Prior to Freezing, Only Healthy Grapes Stand Up to Freezing Temperatures.
    • In Late Fall Nets Have to Be Placed Over Vine For Protection of Birds, Boars and Deer.
    • Botrytis Not Good For Ice Wine Production, Harvested, Pressed When Frozen.
    • PRACTICES– Requirements: Temperature -7°C/ 19°F Sugar: 25° KMW.
  • VINICULTURE- Branded In 375 Ml. or 500 Ml. Bottles, Schloss Gobelsburg, Weinrieder
      • Estate/ Producers- Gsellmann, Hillinger, Huber, Hans Christine Nittnaus
    • Sight:
    • Aroma: Ripe Stone Fruit
    • Palate:
    • Structure: +BODY, +ABV., Medi+Acid
      • FOOD PAIRING                CHEESE PAIRING
  • **Refer to WINE STYLES/ Ice Wine For Additional Information.

AUSTRIAN SEKT PDO.      @Weinviertel, Vienna

  • WEIS= Welchreisling, Grüner Veltliner, Blaufrankisch
  • ROT= Blauer Widbacter, St. Laurent, Zweigelt
  • HISTORY- Since 1846
  • VINICULTURE- SPARKLING…Method/ Traditional, Rose
    • Sight: Clear/ Hazy
    • Aroma: Citrus, Stone Fruits
    • Palate:          / +BODY, Citrus, Stone Fruit
    • Structure: Low Tannins, –ABV., High Acid
      • FOOD PAIRING…                CHEESE PAIRING
    • KLASSIK (Level 1)- Grapes Harvested and Pressed In a Single Austrian Federal State.
      • VINICULTURE- SPARKLING…Method/ Any Method
      • +AGED/ +9 Months On Lees
      • Producers Allowed to Use Any of 35 Permitted Grape Varieties.
    • RESERVE (Level 2)- Grapes Harvested and Pressed In a Single Austrian Federal State.
      • VINICULTURE- SPARKLING…Method/ Traditional
      • +AGED/ +18 Months On Lees, Hand Harvested, Classified as Brut or Drier.
    • GRAND RESERVE (Level 3)- Grapes Harvested an Pressed In Single Municipality.
      • VINICULTURE- SPARKLING…Method/ Traditional
      • +AGED/ +30 Months On Lees, Hand Harvested, Classified as Brut or Drier
      • Estate/ Producer- Brundlmayer, Ebner-Ebenauer, Erich & Walter Polz, Harkamp, Loimer, Madi, Malat, Potzinger, Salomon-Undhof, Schloss Gobelsburg


  • Bergwein Wine Made From Grapes Grown From Slops Greater Than 26°.
  • Eau-De-Vie/ Schnapps Made From Most Fruit and Berries Available.
  • Kellergassen Celler Lanes
  • Kellern Celler
  • Landwirtschaftlicher Mischbetrieb Mixed Farm of Livestock, Crops, Vineyards.
  • Presshausern Communal Wine Press House, Usually Dug Into Hillsides.

  • GEOGRAPHIC DISCLAIMER~ To Benefit From Demystifying The Vine and the World of Wine an Understanding of Austria’s Geography and Topography is Needed and the Ability to Visualize Its Wine Regions.  Sections In Austria Are Organized In a “North to South”/ “East to West” Orientation and is Intended to Be Researched as So.



  • WEIS= Grüner Veltliner, Riesling, Weissburgunder, Traminer, Muskateller Gelber, Roter Veltliner
    • International Chardonnay
  • ROT= Rotgipfler, Saint Lauren, Zierfandler, Zweigelt
    • International Blauburgunder AKA=Pinot Noir, Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot

GEOGRAPHY Austria(North-East), Lower Austria(Not High Mountains), LATITUDE: 48.1° N

  • BORDERS-Czech Republic(North), Slovakia(East), Burgenland(South)
  • Sub-Zones/ DAC.’s- Carnuntum DAC., Kamptal DAC., Kremstal DAC., Thermenregion DAC., Traisental DAC., Wachau DAC., Wagram DAC., Weinviertel DAC.

TOPOGRAPHY Rolling/ Hilly/ Terraced, On~Danube~River~

SOILS Metamorphic, Volcanic, Sedimentary, Alluvial, Loess, Gniess, Granite, Slate

CLIMATE Continental

  • *Summers– Warm/ Hot    |    *Fall– Dry    |   *Winters– Short, Cold
  • The Farther Down the Danube River Vines Are Planted the Weaker the Cooling Effects of the Waldviertel(Forested Quarter), and the Greater Exposure to the Warmer Air Funneled Upriver From the Hungarian Plain.

VITICULTURE 67,000ha. Planted

VINICULTURE Wines Produced In Niederosterreich Not Conforming to DAC.

  • Estate/ Producers-(Not Located In Demarkated Zone) Bauer, Brudlmayer(Sparkling), Huglweine, Schloss Gobelsburg(Sparkling)

CULTURE  GASTRONOMY…                  |   CHEESE

  • Niederosterreich AKA=Lower Austria (Not Lower by Geography But Lower In Terms of Topography.)
  • ACADEMICS~ ~Federal Institute Klosterneuburg~   @Niederosterreich, Austria
    • Specialization~ Research In Cross Breeding Vinifera Wine Grapes.


  • RIVER CRUISE~ ~River Cruise~ Grape Chance to See and Better Understand the Geography and Topography.


  • WEIS= Grunner Veltliner 50%, Riesling, Welschriesling
    • International Chardonnay, Muscat, Pinot Blanc, Sauvignon Blanc
  • ROT= Blauer Portugieser, Saint Laurent, Zweigelt
    • International Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon
  • GEOGRAPHY- Austria(North-East), REGION-Niederosterreich(North-West)
    • BORDERS-Czech Republic(North), Kamptal DAC.(West), Wagram DAC.(West)
    • BETWEEN-Danube River & Czech Border
    • Sub-Zones- Haugs-Dorf, Jetzelsdorf, Retz, Roschitz
    • VILLAGES-Falkenstein, Hernbaumgarten, Haugsdork, Poysdorf, Retz, Roschitz, Wolkersdork
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous, On~Danube~River~
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Sedimentary
    • Alluvial Loess, Clay, Gravel, Sand, Loam, Lime, Black Earth
  • CLIMATE- Continental
  • VIITICULTURE- 13,800ha. Planted
  • VINICULTURE-  SPARKLING…Sekt….Method/ Traditional
    • Estate/ Producers- Der Pollerhof, Durnberg, Ebner-Ebenauer(Sparkling), Graf Hardegg, Groiss, Pfaffl, Pratsch, Setzer, Sohm & Kracher, Ruttenstock(17ha.), Taubenschuss, Weinrieder, Zull
    • Vineyards- Eben am Berg, Hoferthal, Reipersberg, Rotenpullen, Sandgrube, Satz, Steinberg

WACHAU DAC.     @Krems

  • WEIS= Grüner Veltliner 52%, Riesling 16%, Gelber Muskateller, Neuburger
    • International– Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc, Malvasia, Weissburgunder
  • ROT= Zweigelt
  • GEOGRAPHY- Austria(North-East), REGION-Niederosterreich(West), Hw.#L190
    • (15 km. Long/ From Spitz In North to Mautern In South), LATITUDE: 48.1° N
    • BORDERS-Kremstal DAC.(North-East), Traisental DAC.(South-East)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous/ Terraces/ Gorge(Wachau)
    • SLOPES/ ?, +Alt. 490mt., On~Danube~River~(30km. Stretch)
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Sedimentary
    • Adjacent to River- Gravel, Sand
    • Terraces- Primary Rock(Gneiss(Gfohler), Marble, Amphibolite, Felspar, Mica, Schist)
    • Between- Wind-Loess, Granite
  • CLIMATE- Mediterranean With Continental Influence, Many Micro-Climates
    • +WIND/ Pannonian, +Diurnal Shifts
    • Convergence of Two Climatic Zones, the Warmer Pannonian Climate From the East and the Cooler Continental Climate From the North & East.
    • Warm Air Sucked Upstream Along Danube From Effect of Pannonian-Hungarian Plain, Brings +Diurnal Shifts and Cooling Breezes From Waldviertal Forest.
  • VITICULTURE- 1,375 ha. Planted,  Vineyards155,   PRACTICESBotrytis
    • Long Growing Season, Harvest Go Into November, Multiple Passes.
    • Terraces- Man Made, Stone-Walled, No Mortar, Good For Drainage.  Terraces Build Over Last 1,00o Years, Majority of Them Modernize In Last 1900’s.
    • Generally– Grunner Veltliner Planted Along Banks of Danube In Soils of Loess Mixes With River Sand.
      • Riesling is Planed On the Terraces.
    • Gebietwein(Regional),  Ortswein(Village),  Reidenwein(Single Vineyard)
  • VINICULTURE- PRACTICES– +Maceration to 10 Days, Vinified Dry +AGED/ On Lees, Little to No Oak
    • Estate/ Producers- Alzinger, Domane Wachau* Emmerich Knoll, Franz Hirtzberger, Frischengruber(10ha.), FX. Pichler, Grabenwerkstatt, Gritsch, Hirtzberger, Hogl, Knoll, Jamek, Hohann Donabaum, Josef Fischer, Lagler, Leth, Nikolaiholf, Prager, Rudi Pichler, Tegernseerhof, Veyder-Malberg
    • Governing Body- Wachau Nobilis Districtus
      • ASSOCIATIONS~ ~Vineo Wachau/ Wachau Vintners~
        • With 250 Members to Promote and Protect the Integrity of Wachau Region Since 1983.
    • Districtus Hungaricus Controllatus- DHC.- Controlled Hungarian District
    • LAWS GOVERNING- Geographic Boundaries, Topography
      • Label Requirement
    • CODEX WACHAU- A Declaration of Dedication to Natural Wine Production and Strict Control…The 6 Pillars of the Codex Wachau Are:
    • Strictest Principles Concerning Origin- From Wachau Wine Growing Region, and Bottled There as Well, Wine Must Not Be Sold Outside of Wachau In Barrel or Tank
    • No Additives- No Chaptalisation or Rectified Grape Must.
    • No Concentration- No Vacuum Distillation, Reverse Osmosis, Kyroetraktion Allowed.
    • No Aromatization- No Adulteration, Neutral Oak Barrique, Wood Chips, Tannin Powder.
    • No Fractionation- Spinning Cone Column
    • Nature and Nothing Else- No Manipulation of Nature For Production of Wine.
    • Steinfeder- -11.5% ABV. (Light, Tangy, Refreshing)
      • ~Etymology~ Feathery, Decorative, Indigenous Grass Found On the Terraces
    • Federspiel- 11.5%- 12.4% ABV. (Dry, Middle Weight, Complex, Fruity)
      • ~Etymology~ Local Bird of Prey, Name From Historical Sport of Falconry.
    • Smaragd- +12.5% ABV. (Dry, +BODY, Rich, Aging Potential, Highly Ripe Grapes)
      • ~Etymology~ Green Lizard That Basks In Sun On Terraces.
    • **Wines Not Meeting Must Weight Scale Just Labeled Wachau.
  • CULTURE- Monks & Monasteries ~Melk Abbey~ Founded 1089   @Gottweig
    • GASTRONOMY… Pumpkin Soup, Catfish, Huchen Salmon, Mustard   |   CHEESE
    • UNESCO. WORLD HERITAGE SIGHT~ ~Wachau~ (Cultural, Landscape, Vineyards)
    • Villages- Elsarn Jauerling, Gut am Steg, Muhldorf, Spitz, Viessling
    • Vineyards- Atzberg, Axpoint, Bruch, Bruchk, Burgberg, Kalkofen, Offenberg, Pluris, Schon, Setzberg, Singerriedel, Steinborz, Trenning, Zorberg
    • Villages- Hofarnsdorf, Joching, Oberamsdorf, Mitteramsdorf, St. Johann, St. Micheal, Ruhrsdorf, Weibenkirchen, Wosendorf
    • Vineyards- Achleiten, Buschenberg, Frauengarten Gaisberg, Hinter Der Burg, Hinterkirchen Hockrain, Harzenleithen, Heudurr, Jochinger Berg, Kaiserberg, Kichweg, Kollmitz, Kollmutz, Klaus, Lichtensteinerin, Leibenberg, Loibenberg(5.5ha.), Pichlpoint, Point, Seibergerg, Steinriegl, Ritzling, Steinwand, Vorderseiber, Weitenberg, Zanzl, Zwerithaler,
    • Villages-(West to East)– Rossatz, Durnstein(Frauenweingarten), Oberloiben, Unterloiben, Unterberern, Mautern
    • Vineyards- Alte Point, Bischofpoint, Burggarten Burgstall, Donauleiten, Galiziberg, Hoherech, Hollerin, Kaiserberg, Hochstrasser, Kellbererg, Kreutles, Kummersthal, Laach, Ladoschn, Liebenberg, Loibenberg, Mugler, Muhlpoint, Oberhauser, Raubern, Rothenberg, Schlossberg, Schutt, Silberbichl, Steinertal, Steiger, Superin, Sussenberg, Trum, Vogelberg, Weingebirge, Wunderburg, Zaum
  • OTHER VINEYARDS(Not Located In Demarcated Sub-Zone.)
    • Vineyards- Hinter Seiber

KREMSTAL DAC.     @Krems

  • WEIS= Gruner Veltliner
    • International Chardonnay, Riesling
  • ROT= Pinot Noir, Zweigelt
  • GEOGRAPHY- Austria(North-East), REGION-Niederosterreich(West), @Hw.#L73/ B37
    • BORDERS-Kamptal DAC.(North-East), Wachau DAC.(South-West)
    • CITIES-Gederdorf, Furth, Krems, Rohrendorf, Senftenberg, Stein
    • Sub-Zones- North of Danube, South of Danube
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly/ Valley(Krems), SLOPES/ ?, +Alt. 500mt.
    • On~Krems~River~Tributary~Danube~River~(North)
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Schist, Paragneiss
    • Clay, Limestone, Wind-Loess, Granite, Gneiss
  • CLIMATE- Mediterranean With Continental Influence
  • VITICULTURE- 2,3,00ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers- Brundlmayer, Buchegger, Erich & Maria Berger, Forstreiter, Laurenz V, Lenz Moser, Malat, Mantlerhof, Nigl, Proidl, Rainer Wess, Sepp Moser, Salomon-Undhof(38ha.), Stadt Krems, Stift Gottweig, Winzer Krems(Co.-Op./900 Grower/1,010 ha.)
    • Districts- Gedersdorf, Krems an der Donau, Rohrendorf, Senftenberg, Stratzing-Dross
    • Vineyards- Altenburg, Auf der Haid, Auf der Hohe, Braunsdorf, Eben, Edritzstein, Ehrenfels, Emerlingtal, Faucha, Frauenbach, Gaisberg, Gartl, Gartling, Goldberg, Hausbergen, Hochacher, Hochsatzen, Holzgasse, Hund, Im Berg, Im Inneren Thalland, Im Saherken, Im Talheim, In der Gais, Kogl, Kremser, Kreuzschragen, Leithen, Lilien-Feldberg, Limdberg, Marchgasse, Meiselackern,Mosburgerin, Oberer Weinzierlberg, Partschen, Paschingerin, Pellinger, Pitchental, Rammeln, Reisenthal, Sandgrube, Schiefer, Sommerleiten, Spiegal, Steingraben, Steiner Hund, Steiner Pfaffenberg, Tiefenthal, Vordern Berg, Wachtberg, Wieden, Weiland, Weinzierlberg, Weitgasse, Zehetnerin
    • Districts- Furth, Palt, Paudorf
    • Vineyards- Am Sand, Brunngraben, Brunnleiten, Eichbuhel, Eisfeld, Gottschelle, Hadratstall, Herrentrost, Hochrain, Hohenacker, Hoher Rain, Holzacker, In Schrotten, In Schiefern, Innausen, Katzengraben, Kleedorf, Langstampf, Leiten, Lusthausberg, Maring, Mitterweg, Neubergen, Neuberg, Heubergern, Obere Ziestel, Panholz, Satzen, Schlucht, Schweren Zapfen, Seebodenberg, Silberbugel, Spickenberg, Steinhagen, Steinbuhel, Steinling, Unter Ziestel, Zasen, Zaum

KAMPTAL DAC.     @Langenlois

  • WEIS= Gruner Veltliner, Riesling
    • International Chardonnay, Pinot Blanc, Pinot Gri, Riesling
  • ROT= Saint Lourent, Zweigelt
    • International Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY- Austria(North-East), REGION-Niederosterreich(West), @Hw.#B34/ B35
    • BORDERS-Kremstal DAC.(South), Wagram DAC.(East)
    • CITIES-Langenlois, Zobing
    • Sub-Zones- Strab, Zobing, Langenlois, Gobelsburg
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Hilly/ Terraced/ Valley(Kamp)
    • SLOPES/ Heiligenstein Mountains/ Manhartsberg Mountains, Kammerner Gaisberg, +Alt. 330mt.
    • On~Kamp~River~Tributary~Danube~River~
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Volcanic, Sedimentary, Sandstone, Loam(Lamm), Wind-Loess, Chalk
    • Rocks From Permian Period(250 MYA.)
  • CLIMATE- Mediterranean With Continental Influence
  • VITICULTURE- 4,000ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producer- Allram, Angerer, Brundlmayer(Sparkling), Eichinger, Hiedler, Hirsch, Gobelsburg(70ha./Sparkling), Jurtschitsch, Laurenz V., Leindl, Loimer, Rabl, Stadt Krems, Steininger, Stephanus, Weixelbaum
    • Vineyards- Gaisberg, Grub, Heiligenstein, Kaferberg, Lamm, Loiserberg, Loisium, Renner, Seeberg, Steinsetz
  • CULTURE- Monks & Monasteries ~Zwettl Monastery~ Founded 1171

**Wine Map Images Courtesy of Delong Maps, Purchase Maps at Delongwine.com

TRAISENTAL DAC.     @St. Polten

  • WEIS= Grüner Veltliner
    • International Riesling, Sauvignon Blanc
  • ROT= Zweigelt
  • GEOGRAPHY- Austria(North-East), REGION-Niederosterrich(West), @Hw.E60/ S33
    • West of Vienna-City(50km.), BORDERS-Wachau DAC.(South), Kremstal DAC.(South)
    • Sub-Zones- Traismauer, Nussdof, Reichersdorf, Inzerdorf, Herzogenburg
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly/ Terraces
    • On~Traisen~Tributary~Danube~River~(South)
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Chalk, Clay, Marl, Sand, Limestone
  • CLIMATE- Mediterranean With Continental Influence
    • “Pannonian Influenced by Alpine Foothills
  • VITICULTURE- 700ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producer- Huber, Markus Huber(40ha.), Neumayer, Tom Dockner
    • Vineyards- Altesetzen, Hochschopf, Zwirchberg

WAGRAM DAC.     @Klosterneuburg

  • WEIS= Grunner Veltliner, Neuburger, Riesling, Roter Veltliner
    • International Chardonnay, Gewurztraminer, Pinot Blanc, Pinot Gri, Sylvaner,
  • ROT= Saint Laurent, Zweigelt
    • International Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY- Austria(North-East), REGION-Niederosterrich(West)
    • North-West of Vienna-City(10km.)
    • BORDERS-Kamptal(North-West), Weinviertel DAC.(North), Vienna(East), Traisental(South-West)
    • CITIES-Feuersbrunst, Fels, Grossriedenthal, Gosing, Kirchberg, Grobweikersdorf, Klosterneuburg
    • Sub-Zones- Grobriedenthal, Gosing, Geuers-Brunn, Kirchberg, Steinagrund
  • TOPOOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly, On~Danube~River~, ON PLATEAU/ Wagram
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Ice Age Wind-Loess, Marine Deposits, River Gravel
  • CLIMATE- Continental With Alpine Influence by Pannonian Plain
  • VIITICULTURE- 2,400 ha. Planted
  • VINICULTURE-  Still,  Ice Wine
    • Estate/ Producer- Anton Bauer, Burnhard Ott(40ha.), Clemens Strobl, Leth, Familie Schuster, Josef Ehmoser, Klosterneuburg, Soellner Wogenrain
    • Vineyards- Eisenhut
  • CULTURE- AKA=Donnauland Till 2007
    • ~Etymology~ Comes From Wogenrain Meaning Shore…Referring to Its Location On Danube River.
    • Monks & Monasteries ~Klosterneuburg~ Founded 1114


  • WEIS= Grunner Veltliner, Neuburger, Rotgipfler, Zierfandler
  • ROT= Portugieser, Saint-Laurent, Zierfandler AKA=Spatrot, Zweigelt
    • International Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY- Austria, REGION-Niederosterrich(South), @Hw.#E59
    • South-East of Vienna-City(15km.)
    • BORDERS-Wien(North), Carnuntum DAC.(North-East), Burgenland(South-East)
    • Sub-Zones- Gumpoldskirchen, Traiskirchen, Soob Bad, Voslau, Tattendorf, Leoberdorf
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling, SLOPES/ Alps(Anninger/ Eachkogel Mountains), +Alt.?
    • BETWEEN-Vienna Basin & Limestone Alps
  • SOILS- MetamorphicSedimentary, Limestone(Marine Fossils), Loam, Gravel, Clay
  • CLIMATE- Mediterranean With Continental Influence
    • *Summers– Hot, Dry   |   *Fall– Long/ Warm   |   *Winters– Cold, Wet
  • VITICULTURE- 2,200ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producer- Auer, Niegler, Fischer, Reinisch, Stadlmann
    • Vineyards- Mandel-Hoh
    • Gumpoldsuirchen +BLEND/ Rotgipfler, Zierfandler
      • Estate/ Producer- Gebeshuber, Johanneshof Reinisch
      • Vineyards- Haslau, Hofpoint, Kreuzweingarten, Wiegen
  • HISTORY- City Named After the Ancient Hot Sulphur Springs In the Area.
    • Monks & Monasteries  ~Heiligenkreuz~
  • CULTURE- ~Etymology~ Thermenregion…Referring to the Spas or Thermen Found There.

CARNUNTUM DAC.     @Gottlesbrunn

  • WEIS= Grunner Veltliner, Gelber Muskateller
    • Internationale Chardonnay, Pinot Gri
  • ROT= Blaufrankisch, Santz Laurent, Zweigelt
    • Internationale Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Syrah
  • GEOGRAPHY- Austria, REGION-Niederosterrich(South-East), @Hw.# ?
    • South-East of Vienna-City(5km.), BETWEEN-Vienna & Slovakia
    • BORDERS-Slovakia(North-East), Vienna(North-East), Thermenregion DAC.(West), Burgenland(South-East)
    • Sub-Zones- Berg, Hainburg, Hoflein, Gottlesbrunn, Petronell, Prellenkirchen, Stixneusiedl, Spitzerberg
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ TerracesOn~Danube~River~(South)
    • SLOPES/ Arbesthaler Foothills, Hainburger Mountians, Leitha Range, +Alt.280mt.
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Loam, Loess, Sand, Gravel, Limestone
    • Deposits From Paratethy Sea and Lake Pannon.
  • CLIMATE- Mediterranean With Continental Influence
  • VITICULTURE- 900ha. Planted
    • Gebietswein(Regional Wine),  Ortswein(Village Wine), Riedenwein(Single Vineyard)
      • **Other Wine That Don’t Fall Into Quality Origins Are Labeled Niederosterreich.
    • Estate/ Producer- Artner, Gerhard Markowitsch, Glatzer, Grassl, Markowitsch, Muhr-Van der Niepoort, Netzi, Pttnauer, Taferner
  • HISTORY- Former Roman City
    • ~Etymology~ Named After Roman Military Installation.

🇦🇹AUSTRIAVienna/ Wien


  • WEIS= Grunner Veltliner 28%, Riesling 14%, Fruhroter Veltliner, Neubürger, Sylvaner, Welchriesling, Zierfandler
    • International Weissburgunder 8%, Chardonnay, Gewurztraminer, Grauburgunder, Muller Thurgau, Silberweisse AKA=Rauschling, Welschriesling
  • ROT= St. Laurent, Zweigelt
    • International Pinot Noir

GEOGRAPHY Austria(North-East), REGION-Vienna, LATITUDE: 48.2° N

  • BORDERS-Wagram(North-West), Weinviertel(North-East), Thermenregion(South-West), Carnuntum(South-East)
  • DISTTRICTS-Bisamberg, Grinzing, Kahlenberg, Mauer, Nussberg

TOPOGRAPHY Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous

  • SLOPES/ Vienna Hills, +Alt. 158mt. t0 405mt., On~Danube~River~

SOILS Metamorphic, ”Sedimentary

CLIMATE Continental,  *Summers– Warm Days, Cool Nights    |   *Winters– Cold

  • CHALLENGES– Hail, Spring Frost
    • Winds From South-West Off of the Pannonian Plain.

VITICULTURE 605ha. Planted, (White 85%/ Red 15%)

  • Field Blends- **Refer to Wein/ Gemschte Satz For Detailed Information.
  • Vienna is Considered the Largest Urban Vineyard Region In the World.


  • Estate/ Producer- Jutta Ambrositch, Cobenzi, Fritz, Wailand, Zimmerman, Zawadsky
  • Vineyards-

HISTORY- Vines First 

  • 500 BC. @Vienna Vines Planted by Celts and the Illyrians.
  • 300 @Vienna Vines Planted by Romans

CULTURE Known For Wine Taverns.

  • Heurige- Austrian Wine Tavern Licensed by Local Winemakers to Serve Their Most Recent Years Wine, Following Current Growing Season. The Heurige of Vienna Are Known For Gemutlichkeit.
    • The Vast Number of the 250 Producers In Vienna Sell Their Wines Exclusively at Their Heurige. Meaning the Majority of the Wine Never Makes it Into Bottle.
  • Gemutlichkeit- A Space or State of Warmth, Friendliness. Emphasizing Good Wine, Food and Social Acceptance, Belonging, Well Being and Peace of Mind.
  • Buschenschenken- Bunch of Fir Branches Tied Above the Entrance of the Heurige Signifying Fresh Wine.


  • WINE TRAIL~ ~Vienna Wine Trail~
  • GASTRONOMY… Meat Based Stews, Goulash    CHEESE

    • Geography- Vienna(North), DISTRICT
    • TopographyRolling/ Hilly, +Alt.188mt.- 355mt., On~Danube~River~
    • Estate/ Producers- Buschenschank Hajszan(17ha.), Edimoser(12ha.), Hirt, Wagner, Worseg, Zahel
    • Vineyards- Sommeregg
    • Geography- Vienna(North)
    • TopographyRolling/ Hilly
    • Estate/ Producers- Ringelspiel
    • Vineyards- Neustifter, Reissern
    • Geography- Vienna(South-West), MUNICIPALITY-Mauer
    • TopographyRolling/ Hilly
    • Vineyards- (26ha.), Kadolzberg(13ha.), Kroissberg(2.8ha.), Leiten(7.7ha.), Roth-Durren(2.5ha.), Sauberg
    • Geography- Vienna(South-East)
    • TopographyRolling/ Hilly
    • Vineyards- Goldberg, Haidacker, Johannespointen, Unteres Feld, Weischeltal
    • Geography- Vienna(North), MUNICIPALITY-Grinzing
    • Topography- Rolling/ Hilly, +Alt. 218mt. – 376mt.
    • Vineyards- Arnolzau(1.1ha.), Glocken(.80ha.), Hungerberg(5.9ha.), Kleben(.62ha.), Muckenthal(8.3ha.), Pisenkopf(10ha.), Point(3.3ha.), Reisenberg(14ha.), Ring(2.4ha.), Seienhaus(1.1ha.), Schenkenberg(5.1ha.), Schreibern(1.2ha.), Sommeregg(2.9ha.), Steinberg(5.5ha), Thorsaulen(1.7ha.), Wagenspaer(3.2ha.)
    • Geography- Vienna
    • Estate/ Producers- Wieninger(50ha.)


  • WEIS= Gruner Veltliner, Neuburger, Toter Veltliner, Rotgipfler, Sylvaner, Welschriesling, Zierfandler
    • International Chardonnay, Chasselas, Goldburger, Grauburgunder, Gruner Sylvaner, Muller Thurgau, Muscat(Yellow), Orangetraube, Riesling, Sauvignon Blanc, Traminer, Weissburgunder
  • ROT= St. Laurent, Zweigelt
    • International Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY- Austria, REGION-Vienna(Greater)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly
  • VITICULUTURE- ? ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producer- Christ(9ha.), Cobenzi, Edelmoser, Feuerwehr-Wagner, Franz, Fritz Wieninger, Fuhrgassl-Huber, Groiss, Hans Peter Goebel, Hajszanneumann, Jutta Ambrsitsch, Kroiss, Mayer am Pfarrplatz, R & A Pfaffl, Rotes Haus, Wien Cobenzi
    • Vineyards- Bisamberg, Nussberg, Rosengart, Werner
  • VINICULTURE- Field Blend- Growing Different Grape Varieties Within a Single Vineyard.
    • You Will Find Field Blends Grown In Various Villages Within the City Boundaries.
    • Field Blends Were the Easiest Way For a Wine Grower to Ensure the Greatest Likelihood of Making Drinkable/ Salable Wine Each Year.
    • To Be Labeled Gemischter Satz the Wine Must Be a Field Blend Produced In Vienna and Made Up of At least 3 Different Grapes Planted, Harvested, Fermented Together.
    • Main Grape In Blend Can’t Exceed 50%, Third Highest Grape at Least 10%.
    • +12.5%  ABV.
  • HISTORY- The Different Grape Varieties Were Grown Together as a Form of Frost and Disease Insurance. Over Time the  Particular Mix Became a Hallmark of Each Producers.
    • ASSOCIATIONS~Wien Wien~ Members Committed to the Production of Gemischter Satz.


BURGENLAND IS            @

  • WEIS= Bouvier, Furmit, Grüner Veltliner, Muller Thurgau, Muscat Ottonel, Riesling, Welschriesling
    • International Chardonnay, Gelber Muskateller, Pinot Blanc, Pinot Gris, Sauvignon Blanc
  • ROT= Blaufrankisch, St. Laurent
    • International Cabernet Franc, Merlot, Pinot Noir

GEOGRAPHY Austria(East), REGION-Burgenland, LATITUDE: 47.1°N

  • BORDERS-Hungary(East), Neiderosterreich(North), Steiermark(South)
  • Sub-Zones/ DAC.’s- Eisenberg DAC., Neusiedlersee DAC., Leithaberg DAC., Mittelburgenland DAC., Rosalia DAC., Rust

TOPOGRAPHY Rolling/ Hilly, Along Southern Alpine Region

  • On~Lake~Neusiedlersee~(Near)

SOILS Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Limestone, Sand

CLIMATEContinental,  *Summers– Hot, Humid   |   *Winters– Cold

VITICULTURE 14,000 ha. Planted


  • After the Phylloxera Infestation of 1860’s, French-American Hybrid Were Planted to Remedy the Problem. By the Early 1900‘s Grafting Onto American Root-Stock Was Discovered and Solved the Issue. By This Time Austrian Had Acquired the Taste For These Hybrids and to This Day a Small Amount of Wine is Produced and Enjoyed by Austria and a Place In Its Wine Culture Remains.

CULTURE Neiderosterreich & Burgenland is Ofter Referred to as Weinland Osterreich.

  • GASTRONOMY…                    |    CHEESE


  • WEIS= Furmit, Welschriesling
    • International Chardonnay, Gelber Muskateller, Pinot Blanc, Pinot Gris
  • ROT= Blaufrankisch, St. Laurent, Zweigelt
    • International Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY- Austria(East), REGION-Burgenland(North)
    • BORDERS-Slovakia(East), Leithaberg DAC.(West), CITIES-Rust, Illmitz
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ RollingOn~Lake~Neusiedlersee~(East)
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Limestone, Sand
  • VITICULTURE- 8,300 ha. Planted
  • VINICULTURE- Late Harvest,  Botrytis(Ruster Ausbruch)
    • Estate/ Producer- Kracher(32ha.), Moric(17ha./ Nat.Pro.), Meinklang, Michlits, Umathum, Schrock, Velich, Willi Opitz


  • WEIS= Furmit, Grunner Veltliner, Welschriesling
    • International Morillon AKA=Chardonnay, Pinot Blanc
  • ROT= Blaufrankisch
    • International Cabernet Franc
  • GEOGRAPHY- Austria(East), REGION-Burgenland(North)
    • CITIES-Andau, Frauenkirchen, Gols, Halbturn, Illmitz, Neusiedl am See, Pamhagen
    • BORDERS-Neusiedlersee DAC.(East), Mitterburgenland DAC.(South)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling, SLOPES/ Leitha Mountains, +Alt. ?
    • On~Lake~Neusiedlersee~(West)
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Limestone, Schist
    • Ruster Gravel– Loamy Sand, Lime and Prehistoric Rock/ Ammonites
  • CLIMATE- Continental, +WIND/ ~Pannonian~
  • VITICULTURE- 3,900 ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producer- Altenburger, Esterhazy, Feiler-Artinger, Gernot and Heike Heinrich, Heidi Schrock, Koll-Wentz, Prieler(20ha.), Schuster, Triebaumers, Umathum
    • Vineyards- Goldberg, Mariental
    • Botrytis- Humid Moisture From Wide/ Shallow Neusiedlesee Lake Induces Botrytis.
      • Ruster AusbruchWEIS= Welschriesling, Muscat Ottonel, Bouvier
  • CULTURE- Leithaberg AKA=Neusiedlesee-Hugelland
    • Rust is Know as the The Royal Free City, In 1681 the Citizens Bought the City From Emperor Leopold For 60,000 Guilders and 500 Eimer(30,000 Liter of Wine).

MITTELBURGENLAND DAC.     @Oberpullendorf

  • WEIS= ?
  • ROT= Blaufrankisch, Zweigelt
    • International Cabernet Franc, Merlot
  • GEOGRAPHY- Austria(East), REGION-Burgenland(Central)
    • CITIES-Deutschkreuz, Horitschon, Operpullendorf
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Limestone, Schist, Clay, Sand
  • VITICULTURE- 1,800 ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producer- Gesellmann, Heinrich, Igler, Kerschbaum, Moric, Wellanschitz, Meninger

EISENBERG DAC.     @Eisenstadt

  • WEIS=  ?
  • ROT= Blaufrankisch, Blauer Wildbacher
  • GEOGRAPHY- Austria(East), REGION-Burgenland(South)
    • BORDERS-Hungary(East), Steiermark(East), Mittelburgenland DAC.(North-East)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly, SLOPES/ ?, +Alt. 580mt., On~Pinka~River~
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Iron-Rich Crystalline Schist
  • VITICULTURE- 450 ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producer- Jalits, Krutzer, Uwe Schiefer, Wachter-Wiesler
  • VINICULTURE- Uhoudler- Bitter Rose Wine Produced From Hybrid Grapes…
    • ROT= Concord, Isabella, Elvira, Clinton, Ripadella, Noah
  • CULTURE- Eisenberg AKA=Sudbergenland


  • WEIS= ?
  • ROT= Blaufrankisch 60%, Zweigelt
  • GEOGRAPHY- Austria(East), REGION-Burgenland, DISTRICT-Mattersburg
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling, On~Wulka~River~
    • SLOPES/ Leitha Range/ Rosaliengebirge(Rosalia Mountains), +Alt.750 mt.
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Brow-Earth, Loess
  • VITICULTURE- 297  ha. Planted
  • VINICULTURE- Red(+ABV.12%),  Reserve(+ABV.13%), Rose(Dry)
    • Estate/ Producer-
  • CULTURE- ~Etymology~ Rosalia Refers to Rosaliengebirge Mountain Which Dominate the Area.

**Burgenland Wine Map Images Courtesy of Delong Maps, Purchase Maps at Delongwine.com


STYRIA IS   DAC.- 4      @Graz

  • WEIS= Gelber Muskateller, Traminor, Welchreisling
    • International Blauburgunder, Morillon AKA=Chardonnay, Rulander AKA=Pinot Blanc, Sauvignon Blanc
  • ROT= Blauer Wildbacher, Roter Traminer, Saint-Laurent, Schilcher, Zweigelt
    • International Blauburgunder AKA=Pinot Noir

GEOGRAPHY Austria(South), REGION-Steiermark, LATITUDE: 47.6°N

  • BORDERS-Slovenia(South)
  • Sub-Zones/ DAC’s- Schilcherland DAC., Sudsteiermark DAC., Vulkanland DAC., Weststeiermark DAC. 

TOPOGRAPHY Rolling/ Hilly/ Valley

  • BETWEEN-Austrian Alps(West), Pannonian Plain(East)

SOILS Metamorphic, Volcanic, Sedimentary

  • Ocean, Schist, Limestone, Marl, Slate, Gravel

CLIMATEMediterranean” With Continental Influence

  • *Summers– Cool, Warm   |   *Winters– Cold, Wet

VITICLUTURE 4,240 ha. Planted

CULTURE– AKA= Styria, Steierland

  • ~Clapelteds~ Windmills Made to Scare of Birds and Visual Symbol of Styria.

**Steiermark Wine Map Images Courtesy of Delong Maps, Purchase Maps at Delongwine.com


  • WEIS=  ?
  • ROT= Blauer Wildbacher
  • GEOGRAPHY- Austria(South-East), REGION-Steiermark,  @Hw.#A2
    • BORDERS-Slovenia(South), Sudsteiermark DAC.(South-East), Sud-Oststeiermark DAC.(North-East)
    • West of Graz-City(    km.)
    • VILLAGES-St. Stefan On Stainz, Gross St. Florian, Wies
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling
  • VITICULUTURE- 430 ha. Planted
  • VINICULTURE- Schilcher– Rose  |   ROT= Blauer Wildbacher
    • Estate/ Producer- Bauchi, Der Zweiger, Bauer
  • CULTURE- AKA=West Styria


  • WEIS= Gelber Muskateller, Traminer, Welschriesling
    • International Morillon AKA=Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc
  • ROT= ?
  • GEOGRAPHY- Austria(South-East), REGION-Steiermark
    • BORDERS-Slovenia(South), Weststeiermark DAC.(West), Vulkanland Steiermark DAC.(East)
    • VILLAGES-St. Nikolai, Sausal, Kitzeck, Fresing, Gamiltz, Berghausen
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling, SLOPES/ ?, +Alt. 550mt.
  • SOILS- MetamorphicSedimentary, Alluvial, Sandstone, Slate, Marl, Limestone
  • CLIMATE- Mediterranean
  • VITICULUTURE– 2,300 ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producer- Alois Gross, Erich, Gerngross, Harkamp, Lackner-Tinnacher, Müller, Polz, Ried Steinriegl, Sattlerhof, Tement, Tscheppe, Wohlmuth
    • Vineyards- Kapellenweingarten
  • CULTURE- Vulkanland Steiermark AKA=South Styria/ Sud-Oststeiermark
  • ECONOMY- ~Riedel Glass~ Crystal Glassware Produced In Kufstein
    • Each Glass Shape Designed to Enhance Different Styles of Wine.


  • WEIS= Traminer, Welschriesling,
    • International Pinot Blanc, Rulander, Morillon AKA=Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc
  • ROT= Roter Traminer, Saint-Laurent, Zweigelt
    • International Blauburgunder AKA=Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY- Austria(South-East), REGION-Steiermark, @Hw.#E59/ 66
    • East of Graz-City(   km.)
    • VILLAGES-St. Peter am Ottersbach, Straden, Kapfenstein, Sankt Anna am Aigen
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Volcanic, Basalt, Sand, Loam
  • VITICULUTURE- 1,100 ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producer- Krispel, Neumeister, Peter Skoff, Ploder-Rosenberg, Winkler-Hermanden
  • CULTURE- AKA=South-East Styria
    • BERGLAND– The Collection of Remaining Austrian Region, None of Which Produce Large Quanities of Wine.
      • Vorarlberg, Tirol, Oberosterreich, Salzberg, Karnter


  • WEIS= ?
  • ROT= Blauer Wildbacher
  • GEOGRAPHY- Austria(South-East), REGION-Styria, West of Graz0-City(    km.)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling
    • VILLAGES– Obergreith
  • VITICULUTURE- ? ha. Planted
  • VINICULTURE- Schilcher(Rose)  |  ROT= Blauer Wildbacher
    • Estate/ Producer-


  • GEOGRAPHY- Austria(West), REGION-Bergland,
    • SUB-REGIONS-Karntern, Salzburg, Tirol, Vorarlberg
  • VITICULTURE- Although Bergland Has Grapes Planted In Every Sub-Region, There is Not Enough For My to Demystify the Entire Region.

VORARLBERG DAC.     @Bregenz

  • GEOGRAPHY- Austria(West), REGION-Vorarlberg

SALZBURG DAC.     @Salzburg

  • GEOGRAPHY- Austria(West), REGION-Bergland, SUB-REGION-Salzburg

TIROL DAC.     @Innsbruck

  • GEOGRAPHY- Austria(West), REGION-Bergland, SUB-REGION-Tirol

KARNTERN DAC.     @Klagenfurt

  • GEOGRAPHY- Austria(West), REGION-Bergland, SUB-REGION-Karntern
  • CULTURE- AKA=Carinthia

**Refer to BIBLIOGRAPHY/ Sources For Details On Scholarly Works Referenced.