🇦🇹AUSTRIA


AUSTRIA IS–   Regions4     DAC.- 18     @Vienna

  • WEIS= Grüner Veltliner 36%, Brauner Veltliner, Fruhroter Veltliner, Goldburger, Jubilaumsrebe, Neuburger, Osterreichisch Weiss, Rosenmuskateller, Roter Veltliner(Indigenous), Rotgipfler, Silvaner, Zierfandler
    •    –International Welschriesling 9%, Muller Thurgau 7%, Riesling 3%, Blutenmuskatelle, Fruhroter Veltliner AKA=Malvasier, Grauburgunder/ Rulander 3% AKA=Pinot Gris, Bohotin, Bouvier, Busuioaca, Furmint, Gelber Muskateller, Klevner/ Weissburgunder AKA=Pinot Blanc, Morillon AKA=Chardonnay, Muskat Ottonel, Muskateller AKA=Muscat Blanc A Petits Grain, Muskat Sylvaner AKA=Sauvignon Blanc, Scheurebe, Silberweisse AKA=Rauschling, Traminer
  • ROT= Zweigelt 13%, Blaufrankisch 6% AKA=Lemberger, Blauer Portugieser 4% AKA=Voslauer, Blauburger, Blauer Wildbacher, Rathay, Roesler, Santz Laurent, Zweigelt AKA=Rotburger
    •  –International  Blauburgunder AKA=Pinot Noir, Cabernet Franc, Merlot, Roter Traminer AKA=Savagnin Rose, Syrah

GEOGRAPHY HEMISPHERE-Northern, REGION-Central Europe, COUNTY-Austria

  • BORDERS: Chez Republic(North-East), Germany(North), Hungary(East), Italy(South), Slovakia(South), Switzerland(West)
  • Sub-Regions- Niederosterrech, Vienna, Burgenland, Styria, LATITUDE: 46°-48° N

TOPOGRAPHYFEATURES “Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous/ Terraced”

  • On~Danube~River~Tributary~Rhine~River~

SOILS Metamorphic, “Volcanic“, ”Sedimentary, Wind-Loess, Sand, Gravel, Slate

  • **Refer to “TERROIR/ Geology & Soil” For Detailed Information On Soils.

CLIMATE Temperate (West & North-West),Continental(East)

VITICULTURE  51,000 ha. Planted

  • #16 In Grape Production & #16 In Wine Consumption In World

VINICULTURE  Still,  Sparkling,  Ice Wine

HISTORY 2,000 Year Wine History

  • 500 @Austria– Celts Occupied
  •        0 @Austria– Romans Empire Influence the Area.
  • 1200 @Austria Vineyards & Wine Culture by the “Monks & Monasteries”
  • 1868 @Austria– Phylloxera Outbreak
  • 1919 @Austria– Signing of the Treaty of Saint-Germain
    • Signifying the Fall of the Austro-Hungarian Empire and the  Formation of Present Day Austria.
  • 1985 @Austria– Austrian Anti-Freeze Scandal
  • 1986 @Austria–  Un-Official Modern Wine Movement Begins
  • 2001 @Austria–  DAC. System Established

CULTURE– ~Etymology~ Osterreich is the German Name For Austria Meaning “Eastern Kingdom”.

  • PIONEERS~ ~Rudolph Steiner~ “Austria/ Alsace/ Basel”, Esoteric Leader and Spiritual Founder of Bio-Dynamics.
  • SCANDELS~ ~Austrian Antifreeze~ (1985)
    • Producers Mixed Diethylene Glycol to Wine to Increase Its Sweetness and  Body. The Wines Where Discovered by German Laboratories Doing Quality Control On Bulk Wine Destined to Be Blended With German Wine. (23 People Died and 90 Were Hospitalized.)
    • Short Term– Lead to the Collapse of the Austrian Wine Business and Export Market.
    • Long Term– Led to Stricter Laws In Austria and Reenforced Wine Makers to Focus On Producing Higher Quality Wines.
  • ASSOCIATIONS~  ~Austria Wine.com~

GOING THERE

  • GASTRONOMY… Wiener Schnitzel, Apfelstrudel, Pumpkin Seed Oil.

    • CHEESE… Alpenkase, Alpzier, Tiroler Graukase, Gailtaler Almkase.
  • RIVER CRUISE~ ~River Cruise~ Grape Chance to See and Better Understand the Geography and Topography.

AUSTRIA WINE LAW

  • GOVERNING BODY- Ministry of Agriculture and Environment Management.
    • Districtus Austriae Controllatus DAC. Controlled Austria of District.
    • Austria DAC. System is Loosely Modeled On French AOC. System With Influences From German Pradikat System.
  • LAWS GOVERNING- Geography, Topography, Yields
    • Label Requirement
      • -Quality Austrian Wine is Distinguished by Red-White-Red Banderole On the Top of Twist-Cap
  • AUSTRIAN WINE CLASSIFICATION
    • Klassis– Standard Reserve- Detectable Oak Prufnummer- Tasting Commission
    • QualitatsweinPDO. +15 KMW. 1 of 4 Weinbaugebiete
    • Wein– +10.6 KMW. (No Variety or Vintage Stated)
    • Landwein– +14 KMW. (Varietal, Region Stated on Label)
    • Kabinett– +17 KMW. (Single Region, Varietal, No Chaptization)
    • Vinea Wachau Classification (Ultra High Standards...**Refer to Wachau For Details)
    • Pradikatswein– (Varietal, Vintage, Region Stated On Label, No Chaptization)
    • Klosternewburger MostwageKMW. Scale-Ripeness In Weight of Must at Harvest
    • Spatlese– +19 KMW. (Fully Ripe Grapes)
    • Auslese– +21 KMW. (Selected Harvest)
    • Beerenauslese– Very Ripe
    • Ausbruch– Blends Botrytis and Non Effected Must, Ruster Ausbruch Developed In Rust
    • Trockenbeerenauslese– Botrytis (Completely Effected)
    • Strohwein/ Schilfwein +25 KMW. (Over Ripe Grapes, Dehydrated On Straw Mats)
    • Eau-De-Vie/ Schnapps, Made From Most Fruit and Berries Available
    • Bergwein– Wine Made From Grapes Grown From Slops Greater Than 26°
    • Landwirtschaftlicher Mischbetrieb– Mixed Farm of Livestock, Crops, Vineyards
    • Kellergassen– Celler Lanes
    • Kellern– Celler
    • Presshausern– Communal Wine Press House, Usually Dug Into Hillsides.

EISWEIN PDO.      @Lake Neusiedl, Burgenland

  • Wies= Gruner Veltliner, Riesling, Scheurebe, Traminer, Welschriesling
  • Rot= Zweigelt
    • Thick Skinned Grapes Do Better For Producing Ice Wine, the Thicker the Skin the Longer the Grape Can Stay On the Vine Without Rotting.
  • HISTORY– Since ?
  • VITICULTURE– Never Freezes Before December Leaving Grapes to Really Ripen.
    • CHALLENGE– If Weather Doesn’t Freeze Fast Enough Grapes Rot and There’s a Chance for a Lost Harvest. Grapes Shouldn’t Be Effected by Botrytis Prior to Freezing, Only Healthy Grapes Stand Up to Freezing Temperatures.
    • In Late Fall Nets Have to Be Placed Over Vine For Protection of Birds, Boars and Deer.
    • Botrytis Not Good For Ice Wine Production, Harvested, Pressed When Frozen
    • PRACTICES– Requirements: Temperature -7°C/ 19°F Sugar: 25° KMW.
  • VINICULTURE– Branded In 375 Ml. or 500 Ml. Bottles, Schloss Gobelsburg, Weinrieder
      • Estate/ Producers- Gsellmann , Hillinger, Huber, Hans Christine Nittnaus
    • Sight:
    • Aroma: Ripe Stone Fruit
    • Palate:
    • Structure:    +BODY,   +ABV.    Medi+Acid
      • PAIRING…                CHEESE
  • **Refer to “WINE STYLES/ Ice Wine” For Additional Information.

AUSTRIAN SEKT PDO.      @Weinviertel, Vienna

  • WEIS= Welchreisling, Grüner Veltliner, Blaufrankisch
  • ROT= Blauer Widbacter, St. Laurent, Zweigelt
  • HISTORY– Since 1846
  • VINICULTURESPARKLING…Method/ Traditional, Rose
    • Sight: Clear/ Hazy
    • Aroma: Citrus, Stone Fruits
    • Palate:          / +BODY, Citrus, Stone Fruit
    • Structure: Low Tannins, -Abv., High Acid
      • PAIRING…                CHEESE
  • Quality Pyramid of Austrian Sekt
    • KLASSIK (Level 1)- Grapes Harvested and Pressed In a Single Austrian Federal State.
      • VINICULTURESPARKLING…Method/ Any Method
      • +AGED/ +9 Months On Lees
      • Producers Allowed to Use Any of 35 Permitted Grape Varieties
    • RESERVE (Level 2)- Grapes Harvested and Pressed In a Single Austrian Federal State
      • VINICULTURESPARKLING…Method/ Traditional
      • +AGED/ +18 Months On Lees, Hand Harvested, Classified as Brut or Drier.
    • GRAND RESERVE (Level 3)- Grapes Harvested an Pressed In Single Municipality
      • VINICULTURESPARKLING…Method/ Traditional
      • +AGED/ +30 Months On Lees, Hand Harvested, Classified as Brut or Drier
      • Estate/ Producer– Brundlmayer, Ebner-Ebenauer, Erich & Walter Polz, Harkamp, Loimer, Madi, Malat, Potzinger, Salomon-Undhof, Schloss Gobelsburg

  • GEOGRAPHIC DISCLAIMER~ To Benefit From “Demystifying “The Vine” and the World of Wine an Understanding of Austria’s Geography and Topography is Needed and the Ability to Visualize Its Wine Regions.  Sections In Austria Are Organized In a “North to South”/ “East to West” Orientation and is Intended to Be Read and Memorized as So.

🇦🇹AUSTRIANiederosterrech


NIEDEROSTERRECH IS

  • WEIS= Grüner Veltliner, Riesling, Weissburgunder, Traminer, Muskateller Gelber, Roter Veltliner
    • International– Chardonnay
  • ROT= Rotgipfler, Saint Lauren, Zierfandler, Zweigelt
    • International– Blauburgunder AKA=Pinot Noir, Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot

GEOGRAPHY Austria(North-East), Lower Austria(Not High Mountains), LATITUDE: 48.1° ‘N’

  • BORDERS: Czech Republic(North), Slovakia(East), Burgenland(South)
  • Sub-Zones/ DAC.’s– Carnuntum DAC., Kamptal DAC., Kremstal DAC., Thermenregion DAC., Traisental DAC., Wachau DAC., Wagram DAC., Weinviertel DAC.

TOPOGRAPHY “Rolling/ Hilly/ Terraced”, On~Danube~River~

SOILS Metamorphic, Volcanic, ”Sedimentary, Alluvial, Loess, Gniess, Granite, Slate

CLIMATE Continental

  • Summers– Warm/ Hot    |    Fall– Dry    |   Winters– Short, Cold

VITICULTURE 67,000ha. Planted

VINICULTURE Wines Produced In Niederosterreich Not Conforming to DAC.

  • -Estate/ Producers-(Not Located In Demarkated Zone)  Bauer, Brudlmayer(Sparkling), Schloss Gobelsburg(Sparkling)

CULTURE  GASTRONOMY…                  |   CHEESE

  • Niederosterreich AKA=Lower Austria (Not Lower by Geography But Lower In Terms of Topography.)
  • ACADEMICS~  ~Federal Institute Klosterneuburg~   @Niederosterreich, Austria
    • Specialization~ Research In Cross Breeding Vinifera Wine Grapes.

GOING THERE

  • RIVER CRUISE~ ~River Cruise~ Grape Chance to See and Better Understand the Geography and Topography.

WEINVIERTEL DAC.     @

  • WEIS= Grunner Veltliner 50%, Riesling, Welschriesling
    • International– Chardonnay, Muscat, Pinot Blanc, Sauvignon Blanc
  • ROT= Blauer Portugieser, Saint Laurent, Zweigelt
    • International– Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon
  • GEOGRAPHY– Austria(North-East), REGION-Niederosterreich(North-West)
    • BORDERS: Czech Republic(North), Kamptal DAC.(West), Wagram DAC.(West)
    • BETWEEN: Danube River & Czech Border
    • Sub-Zones-Haugs-Dorf, Jetzelsdorf, Retz, Roschitz
    • VILLAGES– Falkenstein, Hernbaumgarten, Haugsdork, Poysdorf, Retz, Roschitz, Wolkersdork
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous”, On~Danube~River~
  • SOILS= Metamorphic”, ”Sedimentary
    • Alluvial Loess, Clay, Gravel, Sand, Loam, Lime, Black Earth
  • CLIMATE=Continental
  • VIITICULTURE– 13,800ha. Planted
  • VINICULTURE–  SPARKLING…Sekt….Method/ Traditional
    • Estate/ Producers– Der Pollerhof, Durnberg, Ebner-Ebenauer(Sparkling), Graf Hardegg, Groiss, Pfaffl, Pratsch, Setzer, Sohm & Kracher, Ruttenstock(17ha.), Taubenschuss, Weinrieder, Zull
    • Vineyards– Eben am Berg, Hoferthal, Reipersberg, Rotenpullen, Sandgrube, Satz, Steinberg

WACHAU DAC.     @Krems

  • WEIS= Grüner Veltliner 52%, Riesling 16%, Gelber Muskateller, Neuburger
    • International– Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc, Malvasia, Weissburgunder
  • ROT= Zweigelt
  • GEOGRAPHY– Austria(North-East), REGION-Niederosterreich(West), Hw.#L190
    • (16 km. Long/ From Spitz In North to Mautern In South), LATITUDE: 48.1° ‘N’
    • BORDERS: Kremstal DAC.(North-East), Traisental DAC.(South-East),
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous/ Terraces”
    • On~Danube~River~(30km. Stretch)
  • WESTERN WACHAU VILLAGES– Elsarn Jauerling, Gut am Steg, Muhldorf, Spitz, Viessling
    • Vineyards– Atzberg, Axpoint, Bruch, Burgberg, Kalkofen, Offenberg, Pluris, Schon, Setzberg, Singerriedel, Steinborz, Trenning, Zorberg
  • CENTRAL WACHAU VILLAGES– Hofarnsdorf, Joching, Oberamsdorf, Mitteramsdorf, St. Johann, St. Micheal, Ruhrsdorf, Weibenkirchen, Wosendorf
    • Vineyards– Achleiten, Hockrain, Harzenleithen, Kichweg, Kollmitz, Kollmutz, Klaus, Pichlpoint, Steinriegl, Weitenberg
  • EASTERN WACHAU VILLAGES– Rossatz, Durnstein, Oberloiben, Unterloiben, Mauternbach, Baumgarten, Mautern, Tegernseerhof
    • Vineyards– Hoherech, Hollerin, Kaiserberg, Kellberg, Kreutles, Kreutles, Liebenberg, Muhlpint, Schutt, Steinertal, Wunderburg
  • SOILS= Metamorphic, Sedimentary
    • Adjacent to River- Gravel, Sand
    • Terraces– Primary Rock(Gneiss, Marble, Amphibolite, Felspar, Mica, Schist)
    • Between– Wind-Loess, Granite
  • CLIMATE= Mediterranean With Continental Influence
    • Convergence of Two Climatic Zones, the Warmer Pannonian Climate From the East and the Cooler Continental Climate From the North & East.
    • Warm Air Sucked Upstream Along Danube From Effect of Pannonian-Hungarian Plain, Brings +Diurnal Shifts and Cooling Breezes From Waldviertal Forest.
  • VITICULTURE– 1,375 ha. Planted,  Vineyards155,   PRACTICESBotrytis
    • Long Growing Season, Harvest Go Into November, Multiple Passes.
    • Terraces– Man Made, Stone-Walled, No Mortar, Good For Drainage.  Terraces Build Over Last 1,00o Years, Majority of Them Modernize In Last 1900’s.
    • Generally– Grunner Veltliner Planted Along Banks of Danube, Riesling Planed On the Terraces.
    • Gebietwein(Regional),  Ortswein(Village),  Reidenwein(Single Vineyard)
  • VINICULTURE– PRACTICES– +Maceration to 10 Days, Vinified Dry +AGED/ On Lees, “Little to No Oak”
    • Estate/ Producers– Alzinger, Frischengruber(10ha.), F.X. Pichler, Grabenwerkstatt, Gritsch, Hirtzberger, Hogl, Knoll, Jamek, Josef Fischer, Lagler, Leth, Nikolaiholf, Prager, Rudi Pichler, Tegernseerhof, Veyder-Malberg
  • WACHAU WINE LAWS & CLASSIFICATION
    • Governing Body-  Wachau Nobilis Districtus-
      • ASSOCIATIONS~ ~Vineo Wachau/ Wachau Vintners~
        • With 250 Members to Promote and Protect the Integrity of Wachau Region Since 1983.
    • Districtus Hungaricus Controllatus DHC.- Controlled Hungarian District
    • LAWS GOVERNING= Geographic Boundaries, Topography
      • Label Requirement
  • THE CHARTER Of PURE WINE
    • CODEX WACHAU–  A Declaration of Dedication to Natural Wine Production and Strict Control…The 6 Pillars of the “Codex Wachau Are:
    • Strictest Principles Concerning Origin– From Wachau Wine Growing Region, and Bottled There as Well, Wine Must Not Be Sold Outside of Wachau In Barrel or Tank
    • No Additives– No Chaptalisation or Rectified Grape Must.
    • No Concentration– No Vacuum Distillation, Reverse Osmosis, Kyroetraktion Allowed.
    • No Aromatization– No Adulteration, Neutral Oak Barrique, Wood Chips, Tannin Powder.
    • No Fractionation– Spinning Cone Column
    • Nature and Nothing Else– No Manipulation of Nature For Production of Wine
  • WACHAU RIPENESS SCALE
    • Steinfeder– -11.5% Abv. (Light, Tangy, Refreshing)
      • ~Etymology~ Feathery, Decorative, Indigenous Grass Found On the Terraces
    • Federspiel– 11.5-12.4% Abv. (Dry, Middle Weight, Complex, Fruity)
      • ~Etymology~ Local Bird of Prey, Name Stems From Historical Sport of Falconry.
    • Smaragd– +12.5% Abv. (Dry, +BODY, Rich, Aging Potential, Highly Ripe Grapes)
      • ~Etymology~ Green Lizard That Basks In Sun On Terraces.
    • **Wines Not Meeting Must Weight Scale Just Labeled Wachau
  • CULTURE  “Monks & Monasteries ~Melk Abbey~ Founded 1089   @Gottweig
    • GASTRONOMYPumpkin Soup, Catfish, Huchen Salmon, Mustard   |   CHEESE
    • UNESCO. WORLD HERITAGE SIGHT~ ~Wachau~ (Cultural, Landscape, Vineyards)

KREMSTAL DAC.     @Krems

  • WEIS= Gruner Veltliner
    • International– Chardonnay, Riesling
  • ROT= Pinot Noir, Zweigelt
  • GEOGRAPHY– Austria(North-East), REGION-Niederosterreich(West), @Hw.#L73/ B37
    • BORDERS: Kamptal DAC.(North-East), Wachau DAC.(South-West)
    • Sub-Zones- Senften-Berg, Gedersdorf, Rohrendorf, Furth, Gottweig
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly”, SLOPES/ ?, +Alt. 500mt.
    • On~Krems~River~Tributary~Danube~River~(North)
  • SOILS= Metamorphic”, ”Sedimentary-Water, Clay, Limestone, Loess, Granite, Gneiss
  • CLIMATE= Mediterranean With Continental Influence
  • VIITICULTURE– 2,2,00ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers– Buchegger, Erich & Maria Berger, Forstreiter, Laurenz, Lenz Moser, Malat, Nigl, Proidl, Sepp Moser, Salomon-Undhof(38ha.), Stadt Krems, Winzer Krems(Co.-Op./900 Grower/1,010 ha.)
    • Vineyards– Lindberg, Steiner Hund, Steiner Pfaffenberg

KAMPTAL DAC.     @Langenlois

  • WEIS= Gruner Veltliner, Riesling
    • International– Chardonnay, Pinot Blanc, Pinot Gri, Riesling
  • ROT= Zweigelt
    • International– Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY– Austria(North-East), REGION-Niederosterreich(West), @Hw.#B34/ B35
    • BORDERS: Kremstal DAC.(South), Wagram DAC.(East)
    • Sub-Zones- Strab, Zobing, Langenlois, Gobelsburg
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Hilly/ Terraced/ Valley(Kamp)”
    • SLOPES/ Heiligenstein Mountains/ Manhartsberg Mountains, Kammerner Gaisberg, +Alt. 330mt.
    • On~Kamp~River~Tributary~Danube~River~
  • SOILS= Metamorphic”, “Volcanic“, ”Sedimentary, Sandstone, Loam, Wind-Loess, Chalk
    • Rocks From Permian Period(250 M.Y.A)
  • CLIMATE= Mediterranean WithContinental Influence
  • VIITICULTURE– 4,000ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producer- Allram, Angerer, Brundlmayer(Sparkling), Eichinger, Hirsch, Gobelsburg(70ha.)(Sparkling), Jurtschitsch, Laurenz V., Loimer, Rabl, Stadt Krems, Steininger
    • Vineyards– Gaisberg, Heiligenstein, Renner
  • CULTURE–   “Monks & Monasteries ~Zwettl Monastery~ Founded 1171

**Images Courtesy of “Delong Maps”, Purchase These Wine Maps at www.Delong Maps.com


TRAISENTAL DAC.     @St. Polten

  • WEIS= Grüner Veltliner
    • International– Riesling, Sauvignon Blanc
  • ROT= Zweigelt
  • GEOGRAPHY– Austria(North-East), REGION-Niederosterrich(West), @Hw.E60/ S33
    • West of Vienna-City(50km.), BORDERS: Wachau DAC.(South), Kremstal DAC.(South)
    • Sub-Zones- Traismauer, Nussdof, Reichersdorf, Inzerdorf, Herzogenburg
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly/ Terraces”
    • On~Traisen~Tributary~Danube~River~(South)
  • SOILS= Metamorphic”, ”Sedimentary, Chalk, Clay, Marl, Sand, Limestone
  • CLIMATE= Mediterranean With Continental Influence
    • “Pannonian” Influenced by Alpine Foothills
  • VIITICULTURE– 700ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producer– Huber, Markus Huber(40ha.), Neumayer, Tom Dockner
    • Vineyards– Altesetzen, Hochschopf, Zwirchberg

WAGRAM DAC.     @Klosterneuburg

  • WEIS= Grunner Veltliner, Riesling, Roter Veltliner

    • International– Pinot Blanc
  • ROT= Saint Laurent, Zweigelt
    • International– Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY– Austria(North-East), REGION-Niederosterrich(West)
    • North-West of Vienna-City(10km.)
    • Sub-Zones- Grobriedenthal, Gosing, Geuers-Brunn, Kirchberg, Steinagrund
    • BORDERS: Kamptal(North-West), Weinviertel DAC.(North), Vienna(East), Traisental(South-West)
    • CITIES: Feuersbrunst, Fels, Grossriedenthal, Gosing, Kirchberg, Grobweikersdorf, Klosterneuburg
  • TOPOOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly”, On~Danube~River~, ON PLATEAU/ Wagram
  • SOILS= Metamorphic”, ”Sedimentary, Ice Age Loess, Marine Deposits, River Gravel
  • CLIMATE= Continental With Alpine Influence by Pannonian Plain
  • VIITICULTURE– 2,400 ha. Planted
  • VINICULTURE–  Still,  Ice Wine
    • Estate/ Producer– Anton Bauer, Burnhard Ott, Clemens Strobl, Leth, Familie Schuster, Josef Ehmoser, Klosterneuburg, Soellner Wogenrain
  • CULTURE= AKA=Donnauland Till 2007
    • ~Etymology~ Comes From “Wogenrain” Meaning Shore…Referring to Its Location On Danube River
    • Monks & Monasteries ~Klosterneuburg~ Founded 1114

THERMENREGION DAC.     @Baden

  • WEIS= Neuburger, Rotgipfler, Zierfandler
  • ROT= Portugieser, Saint-Laurent, Rotgipfler, Zierfandler, Zweigelt
    • International– Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY– Austria, REGION-Niederosterrich(South), @Hw.#E59
    • South-East of Vienna-City(15km.)
    • BORDERS: Wien(North), Carnuntum DAC.(North-East), Burgenland(South-East)
    • Sub-Zones- Gumpoldskirchen, Traiskirchen, Soob Bad, Voslau, Tattendorf, Leoberdorf
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”, SLOPES/ Anninger/ Eachkogel Mountains
  • SOILS– Metamorphic”, ”Sedimentary-Shell, Marine Fossils, Loam, Gravel, Clay
  • CLIMATE=Mediterranean WithContinental Influence
    • Summers– Hot, Dry   |   Autumns– Long/ Warm
  • VIITICULTURE– 2,500ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producer– Auer, Niegler, Fischer, Reinisch, Stadlmann
    • Vineyards– Mandel-Hoh
  • VINICULTUREGumpoldsuirchen+BLEND/ Rotgipfler, Zierfandler
    • -Estate/ Producer- Gebeshuber, Johanneshof Reinisch
    • Vineyards– Haslau, Hofpoint, Kreuzweingarten, Wiegen
  • HISTORY– City Named After the Ancient Hot Sulphur Springs In the Area.
    • Monks & Monasteries  ~Heiligenkreuz~
  • CULTURE– ~Etymology~ Thermenregion…Referring to the Spas or “Thermen” Found There

CARNUNTUM DAC.     @Gottlesbrunn

  • WEIS= Grunner Veltliner, Gelber Muskateller

    • Internationale– Chardonnay, Pinot Gri
  • ROT= Blaufrankisch, Santz Laurent, Zweigelt
    • Internationale– Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Syrah
  • GEOGRAPHY– Austria, REGION-Niederosterrich(South-East), @Hw.# ?
    • South-East of Vienna-City(5km.), BETWEEN: Vienna & Slovakia
    • BORDERS: Slovakia(North-East), Vienna(North-East), Thermenregion DAC.(West), Burgenland(South-East)
    • Sub-Zones-  Berg, Hainburg, Hoflein, Gottlesbrunn, Petronell, Prellenkirchen, Stixneusiedl, Spitzerberg
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling/ Terraces”, On~Danube~River~(South)
    • SLOPES/ Arbesthaler Foothills, Hainburger Mountians, Leitha Range, +Alt.280mt.
  • SOILS= Metamorphic”, ”Sedimentary, Loam, Loess, Sand, Gravel, Limestone
    • Deposits From Paratethy Sea and Lake Pannon
  • CLIMATE= Mediterranean WithContinental Influence
  • VIITICULTURE– 900ha. Planted
    • Gebietswein(Regional Wine),  Ortswein(Village Wine), Riedenwein(Single Vineyard)
      • **Other Wine That Don’t Fall Into Quality Origins Are Labeled Niederosterreich.
  • VINICULTURE
    • Estate/ Producer– Artner, Gerhard Markowitsch, Glatzer, Grassl, Markowitsch, Muhr-Van der Niepoort, Netzi, Pttnauer, Taferner
  • HISTORY– Former Roman City
    • ~Etymology~ Named After Roman Military Installation


🇦🇹AUSTRIAVienna/ Wien


VIENNA IS

  • WEIS= Grunner Veltliner 28%, Riesling 14%, Fruhroter Veltliner, Neubürger, Sylvaner, Welchriesling, Zierfandler
    • International– Weissburgunder 8%, Chardonnay, Gewurztraminer, Grauburgunder, Muller Thurgau, Silberweisse AKA=Rauschling, Welschriesling
  • ROT= St. Laurent, Zweigelt
    • International– Pinot Noir

GEOGRAPHY Austria(North-East), REGION-Vienna, LATITUDE: 48.2° N

  • BORDERS– Wagram(North-West), Weinviertel(North-East), Thermenregion(South-West), Carnuntum(South-East)
  • DISTTRICTS– Bisamberg, Grinzing, Kahlenberg, Mauer, Nussberg
  • SUB-ZONES Of VIENNA
    • NUSSBERG
      • Geography– Vienna(North), DISTRICT
      • Topography“Rolling/ Hilly”, On~Danube~River~
      • Estate/ Producers– Buschenschank Hajszan(17ha.), Edimoser(12ha.), Hirt, Wagner, Worseg, Zahel
      • Vineyards– Sommeregg
    • SIEVERING
      • Geography– Vienna(North)
      • Topography“Rolling/ Hilly”
      • Estate/ Producers– Ringelspiel
      • Vineyards- Neustifter, Reissern
    • MAUER
      • Geography– Vienna(South-West)
      • Topography“Rolling/ Hilly”
    • OBERLA
      • Geography– Vienna(South-East)
      • Topography“Rolling/ Hilly”
    • GRINZING
      • Geography– Vienna
    • BISAMBERG
      • Geography– Vienna
      • Estate/ Producers– Fritz Wieninger(50ha.)

TOPOGRAPHY “Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous”, SLOPES/ Vienna Hills, +Alt.200mt., On~Danube~River~

SOILS Metamorphic”, ”Sedimentary

CLIMATE Continental,  Summers– Warm Days, Cool Nights    |   Winters– Cold

  • CHALLENGES– Hail, Spring Frost
    • Winds From South-West Off of the Pannonian Plain.

VITICULTURE 700 ha. Planted,  (White 85%/ Red 15%)

  • Field Blends– **Refer to “Wein/ Gemschte Satz For Detailed Information

VINICULTURE SEKT…SPARKLING…Method/ Traditional

  • -Estate/ Producer– Jutta Ambrositch, Cobenzi, Fritz, Wailand, Zimmerman, Zawadsky
  • Vineyards

HISTORY- Vines First 

  • 500 BC. @Vienna– Vines Planted by Celts and the Illyrians.
  • 300 @Vienna– Vines Planted by Romans

CULTURE Known For Wine Taverns

  • Heurige– Austrian Wine Tavern Licensed by Local Winemakers to Serve Their Most Recent Years Wine, Following Current Growing Season. The Heurige of Vienna Are Known For Gemutlichkeit.
    • The Vast Number of the 250 Producers In Vienna Sell Their Wines Exclusively at Their Heurige. Meaning the Majority of the Wine Never Makes it Into Bottle.
  • Gemutlichkeit– A Space or State of Warmth, Friendliness. Emphasizing Good Wine, Food and Social Acceptance, Belonging, Well Being and Peace of Mind.
  • Buschenschenken– Bunch of Fir Branches Tied Above the Entrance of the Heurige
    Signifying Fresh Wine

GOING THERE

  • WINE TRAIL~ ~Vienna Wine Trail~
  • GASTRONOMYMeat Based Stews, Goulash    CHEESE

WIENER GEMSCHTE SATZ DAC.    @Wien

  • WEIS= Gruner Veltliner, Neuburger, Toter Veltliner, Rotgipfler, Sylvaner, Welschriesling, Zierfandler
    • International– Chardonnay, Chasselas, Goldburger, Grauburgunder, Gruner Sylvaner, Muller Thurgau, Muscat(Yellow), Orangetraube, Riesling, Sauvignon Blanc, Traminer, Weissburgunder
  • ROT= St. Laurent, Zweigelt
    • International– Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY– Austria, REGION-Vienna(Greater)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly”
  • VITICULUTURE– ? ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producer– Christ(9ha.), Cobenzi, Edelmoser, Feuerwehr-Wagner, Franz, Fritz Wieninger, Fuhrgassl-Huber, Groiss, Hans Peter Goebel, Hajszanneumann, Jutta Ambrsitsch, Kroiss, Mayer am Pfarrplatz, R & A Pfaffl, Rotes Haus, Wien Cobenzi
    • Vineyards– Bisamberg, Nussberg, Rosengart, Werner
  • VINICULTURE Field Blend– Growing Different Grape Varieties Within a Single Vineyard.
    • You Will Find Field Blends Grown In Various Villages Within the City Boundaries.
    • Field Blends Were the Easiest Way For a Wine Grower to Ensure the Greatest Likelihood of Making Drinkable/ Salable Wine Each Year.
    • To Be Labeled Gemischter Satz the Wine Must Be a Field Blend Produced In Vienna and Made Up of At least 3 Different Grapes Planted, Harvested, Fermented Together.
    • Main Grape In Blend Can’t Exceed 50%, Third Highest Grape at Least 10%
    • +12.5% Abv.
  • HISTORY– The Different Grape Varieties Were Grown Together as a Form of Frost and Disease Insurance. Over Time the  Particular Mix Became a “Hallmark” of Each Producers.
  • CULTURE
    • ASSOCIATIONS~ ~Wien Wien~ Members Committed to the Production of Gemischter Satz


🇦🇹AUSTRIABurgenland


BURGENLAND IS            @

  • WEIS= Bouvier, Furmit, Grüner Veltliner, Muller Thurgau, Muscat Ottonel, Riesling, Welschriesling
    • International– Chardonnay, Gelber Muskateller, Pinot Blanc, Pinot Gris, Sauvignon Blanc
  • ROT= Blaufrankisch, St. Laurent
    • International– Cabernet Franc, Merlot, Pinot Noir

GEOGRAPHY Austria(East), REGION-Burgenland, LATITUDE: 47.1* ‘N’

  • BORDERS: Hungary(East), Neiderosterreich(North), Steiermark(South)
  • Sub-Zones/ DAC.’s- Eisenberg DAC., Neusiedlersee DAC., Leithaberg DAC., Mittelburgenland DAC., Rosalia DAC.

TOPOGRAPHY “Rolling/ Hilly”, Along Southern Alpine Region

  • On~Lake~Neusiedlersee~(Near)

SOILSMetamorphic”, ”Sedimentary, Limestone, Sand

CLIMATE – Continental,   Summers– Hot, Humid   |   Winters– Cold

VITICULTURE 14,000 ha. Planted

HISTORY

  • After the Phylloxera Infestation of 1860’s, French-American Hybrid Were Planted to Remedy the Problem. By the Early 1900‘s Grafting Onto American Root-Stock Was Discovered and Solved the Issue. By This Time Austrian Had Acquired the Taste For These Hybrids and to This Day a Small Amount of Wine is Produced and Enjoyed by Austria and a Place In Its Wine Culture Remains.

CULTURE Neiderosterreich & Burgenland is Ofter Refered to as “Weinland Osterreich”

  • GASTRONOMY…                    |    CHEESE

NEUSIEDLERSEE DAC.    @Nevsiedl

  • WEIS= Furmit, Welschriesling
    • International– Chardonnay, Gelber Muskateller, Pinot Blanc, Pinot Gris
  • ROT= Blaufrankisch, St. Laurent, Zweigelt
    • International– Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY– Austria(East), REGION-Burgenland(North)
    • BORDERS: Slovakia(East), Leithaberg DAC.(West), CITIES: Rust, Illmitz
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”, On~Lake~Neusiedlersee~(East)
  • SOILSMetamorphic“, “Sedimentary, Limestone, Sand
  • VITICULTURE– 8,300 ha. Planted
  • VINICULTURELate Harvest,  Botrytis(Ruster Ausbruch)
    • Estate/ Producer– Kracher(32ha.), Moric(17ha.)(Nat.Pro.), Meinklang, Michlits, Umathum, Schrock, Velich, Willi Opitz

LEITHABERG DAC.     @Rust

  • WEIS= Furmit, Grunner Veltliner, Welschriesling

    • International– Morillon AKA=Chardonnay, Pinot Blanc
  • ROT= Blaufrankisch
    • International– Cabernet Franc
  • GEOGRAPHY– Austria(East), REGION-Burgenland(North)
    • BORDERS: Neusiedlersee DAC.(East), Mitterburgenland DAC.(South)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”, SLOPES/ Leitha Mountians, +Alt.
    • On~Lake~Neusiedlersee~(West)
  • SOILSMetamorphic”, ”Sedimentary, Limestone, Schist
    • Ruster Gravel– Loamy Sand, Lime and Prehistoric Rock/ Ammonites
  • CLIMATE= Continental, +WIND/ Pannonian
  • VITICULTURE– 3,900 ha. Planted
  • VINICULTUREBotrytis– Humid Moisture From Wide/ Shallow Neusiedlesee Lake Induces Botrytis
    • WEIS= Welschriesling, Muscat Ottonel, Bouvier
    • Estate/ Producer– Altenburger, Esterhazy, Feiler-Artinger, Gernot and Heike Heinrich, Heidi Schrock, Koll-Wentz, Prieler(20ha.), Schuster, Triebaumers, Umathum
    • Vineyards– Goldberg, Mariental
  • CULTURE– Leithaberg AKA=Neusiedlesee-Hugelland

MITTELBURGENLAND DAC.     @Oberpullendorf

  • WEIS= ?
  • ROT= Blaufrankisch,, Zweigelt
    • International– Cabernet Franc, Merlot
  • GEOGRAPHY– Austria(East), REGION-Burgenland(Central)
    • CITIES: Deutschkreuz, Horitschon, Operpullendorf
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”
  • SOILS= “Metamorphic”, ”Sedimentary, Limestone, Schist, Clay, Sand
  • VITICULTURE– 1,800 ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producer– Gesellmann, Heinrich, Igler, Kerschbaum, Moric, Wellanschitz, Meninger

EISENBERG DAC.     @Eisenstadt

  • WEIS=  ?
  • ROT= Blaufrankisch, Blauer Wildbacher
  • GEOGRAPHY– Austria(East), REGION-Burgenland(South)
    • BORDERS: Hungary(East), Steiermark(East), Mittelburgenland DAC.(North-East)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly”, SLOPES/ ?, +Alt. 580mt., On~Pinka~River~
  • SOILS= Metamorphic”, ”Sedimentary, Iron-Rich Crystalline Schist
  • VITICULTURE– 450 ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producer– Jalits, Krutzer, Uwe Schiefer, Wachter-Wiesler
  • VINICULTURE– –Uhoudler– Bitter Rose Wine Produced From Hybrid Grapes…
    • ROT= Concord, Isabella, Elvira, Clinton, Ripadella, Noah
  • CULTURE– Eisenberg AKA=Sudbergenland

ROSALIA DAC.     @

  • WEIS= ?
  • ROT= Blaufrankisch 60%, Zweigelt
  • GEOGRAPHY– Austria(East), REGION-Burgenland, DISTRICT-Mattersburg
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling”, On~Wulka~River~
    • SLOPES/ Leitha Range/ Rosaliengebirge(Rosalia Mountains), +Alt.750 mt.
  • SOILS=Metamorphic“, Brow-Earth, Loess
  • VITICULTURE– 297  ha. Planted
  • VINICULTURERed(+Abv.12%),  Reserve(+Abv.13%), Rose(Dry)
    • Estate/ Producer
  • CULTURE– ~Etymology~ Rosalia Refers to Rosaliengebirge Mountain Which Dominate the Area.

**Burgenland Images Courtesy of “Delong Maps”, Purchase These Maps at Delong Maps.com



🇦🇹AUSTRIASteiermark


STYRIA IS   DAC.- 4      @Graz

  • WEIS= Gelber Muskateller, Traminor, Welchreisling
    • International– Blauburgunder, Morillon AKA=Chardonnay, Rulander AKA=Pinot Blanc, Sauvignon Blanc
  • ROT= Blauer Wildbacher, Roter Traminer, Saint-Laurent, Schilcher, Zweigelt
    • International– Blauburgunder AKA=Pinot Noir,

GEOGRAPHY Austria(South), REGION-Steiermark, LATITUDE: 47.6° ‘N’

  • BORDERS: Slovenia(South)
  • Sub-Zones/ DAC’s- Schilcherland DAC., Sudsteiermark DAC., Vulkanland DAC., Weststeiermark DAC. 

TOPOGRAPHY  “Rolling/ Hilly/ Valley”

  • BETWEEN: Austrian Alps(West), Pannonian Plain(East)

SOILS Metamorphic”, ”Volcanic”, ”Sedimentary

  • Ocean, Schist, Limestone, Marl, Slate, Gravel

CLIMATEMediterranean With Continental Influence

  • Summers– Cool, Warm   |   Winters– Cold, Wet

VITICLUTURE 4,240 ha. Planted

CULTURE  ~Clapelteds~ Windmills Made to Scare of Birds and Visual Symbol of Styria

  • AKA= Styria, Steierland

**Steiermark Images Courtesy of “Delong Maps”, Purchase These Maps at Delong Maps.com


WESTSTEIERMARK DAC.     @Graz

  • WEIS=  ?
  • ROT= Blauer Wildbacher
  • GEOGRAPHY– Austria(South-East), REGION-Steiermark,  @Hw.#A2
    • BORDERS: Slovenia(South), Sudsteiermark DAC.(South-East), Sud-Oststeiermark DAC.(North-East)
    • West of Graz-City(    km.)
    • VILLAGES– St. Stefan On Stainz, Gross St. Florian, Wies
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”
  • VITICULUTURE– 430 ha. Planted
  • VINICULTURESchilcher– Rose  |   ROT= Blauer Wildbacher, Morillon
    • Estate/ Producer– Bauchi, Der Zweiger, Bauer
  • CULTUREAKA=West Styria

SUDSTEIERMARK DAC.     @Gamiltz

  • WEIS= Gelber Muskateller, Traminer, Welschriesling
    • International– Morillon AKA=Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc
  • ROT= ?
  • GEOGRAPHY– Austria(South-East), REGION-Steiermark
    • BORDERS: Slovenia(South), Weststeiermark DAC.(West), Vulkanland Steiermark DAC.(East)
    • VILLAGES– St. Nikolai, Sausal, Kitzeck, Fresing, Gamiltz, Berghausen
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”, +Alt.550mt.
  • SOILS=Metamorphic”, ”Sedimentary, Alluvial, Sandstone, Slate, Marl, Limestone
  • CLIMATE=Mediterranean
  • VITICULUTURE– 2,300 ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producer– Alois Gross, Erich, Gerngross, Harkamp, Lackner-Tinnacher, Müller, Polz, Sattlerhof, Tement, Tscheppe, Wohlmuth
  • CULTURE– Vulkanland Steiermark AKA=South Styria/ Sud-Oststeiermark
  • ECONOMY– ~Riedel Glass~ Crystal Glassware Produced In Kufstein
    • Each Glass Shape Designed to Enhance Different Styles of Wine

VULKANLAND STEIERMARK DAC.     @Kloch

  • WEIS= Traminer, Welschriesling,
    • International– Pinot Blanc, Rulander, Morillon AKA=Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc
  • ROT= Roter Traminer, Saint-Laurent, Zweigelt
    • International– Blauburgunder AKA=Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY– Austria(South-East), REGION-Steiermark, @Hw.#E59/ 66
    • East of Graz-City(   km.)
    • VILLAGES– St. Peter am Ottersbach, Straden, Kapfenstein, Sankt Anna am Aigen
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”
  • SOILS=Metamorphic”, “Volcanic, Basalt, Sand, Loam
  • VITICULUTURE– 1,100 ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producer– Krispel, Neumeister, Peter Skoff, Ploder-Rosenberg, Winkler-Hermanden
  • CULTUREAKA=South-East Styria
    • BERGLAND– The Collection of Remaining Austrian Region, None of Which Produce Large Quanities of Wine
      • -Vorarlberg, Tirol, Oberosterreich, Salzberg, Karnter

SCHILCHERLAND DAC.     @Graz

  • WEIS= ?
  • ROT= Blauer Wildbacher
  • GEOGRAPHY– Austria(South-East), REGION-Styria, West of Graz0-City(    km.)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”
    • VILLAGES– Obergreith
  • VITICULUTURE– ? ha. Planted
  • VINICULTURE– -Schilcher(Rose)  |  ROT= Blauer Wildbacher
    • Estate/ Producer


**Refer to “BIBLIOGRAPHY/ Sources” For Details On Scholarly Works Referenced.