🇭🇺HUNGARY 


HUNGARY IS Regions5     DHC.- 24     @Budapest

  • WHITE= Bianca 7.5%, Cserszegi Fuszeres 7%, Furmint 6%, Arany Sarfeher, Budai Zold, Butschera, Casba Gyongye, Ezerfurtu, Ezerjo, Generosa, Harslevelu, Irsai Oliver, Juhfark, Kabar, Karat, Keknyelu, Kiralyleanyka, Kunleany, Leanyka, Matrai Muskotaly, Mezes Feher, Rozsako, Rizlingszilvani, Vulcanus, Zalagyongye, Zefir, Zengo, Zenit, Zeta, Zeusz
    • International– Welchriesling 6% AKA=Olaszirling, Chardonnay 3%, Gruner Veltliner AKA=Zold Veltelini, Muscat Petit Grain AKA=Sarga Muskotaly, Pinot Blanc, Pinot Grigio AKA=Szurkearat, Sauvignon Blanc, Semillon
  • RED= Biborkakarka, Csokaszolo, Kadarka, Kovidinka, Maagyarfrankos, Rubintos, Turan
    • International– Blaufrankisch 11% AKA=Kekfrankos, Cabernet Sauvignon, 4%, Merlot 3%, Cabernet Franc, Carmenere, Egri Bikaver, Malbec, Merlot, Pinot Noir, Portugieser AKA=Kekoporto, Syrah, Zinfandel,  Zweigelt

GEOGRAPHY REGION-Central Europe, COUNTY-Hungary, LATITUDE: 46°-49° N

  • BORDERS: Slovakia(North),Ukraine(North-East), Austria(North-West), Slovenia(South-West), Romania(East), Croatia(South), Serbia(South)
  • Sub-Zones- Balaton, Duna, North Transdanubia, Pannon

TOPOGRAPHY  FEATURES– “Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly”

  • SLOPES/ Carpathian Mountains(Eastern/ Western/ Southern)
    • Zemplen Mountain Chain (Once Active Volcanos, Forms Backbone of Country)
    • Transdanubian Central Range,   North Hungarian Range/ Northern Massif(BukkMatra Mountains)
  • On~Danube~River~(Divides Hungary by West & East)
  • On~Raba/ Rabca/ Macrcal~Rivers~Tributary~Danube~River~
  • IN BASIN/ Banat, Bekes, Danube, East Slovak, Pannonian, Racka, Transcarpathians
  • ON PLAIN/ Great Hungarina(The Great Plain)

SOILSMetamorphic”, “Volcanic“, ”Sedimentary, Clay, Wind-Loess, Sand

  • Volcanic“, Pannonian Basin is Home to the Bakony-Balaton Highlands Volcanic Field
    • (Rhyolite, Rhyodacite, Dacite, Andesite), From Upper Miocene Period, Loess
    • “Nyirok”(Detrital Andesite & Rhyolite/ Grey Tuff/ Clay Mixed With Broken-Down Rock)
    • “Yellow Earth”(Formed by Loess)
    • “Rock Flour”(Silicified Rocks and Pumice)
    • “Hot Water Springs”, Deposited Alkalis(Potassium, Sodium), and Trace Elements On the Surface, Enriching Pulverized Volcanic Rock
  • Sedimentary“, Influence by Ancient Dried Up Pannon Sea
  • **Refer to “TERROIR/ Geology & Soil” For Detailed Information On Soils.

CLIMATE Continental”,  Summers– Warm, Dry   |   Winters– Long, Cold

VITICULTURE 64,100 ha. Planted, (70% White/ 30 Red)

  •  #19 In Grape Production & #25 In Wine Consumption In World
  • WINNER Worlds Best~ DtheV.com Worlds Best Terroir (6th. Place)
    • **Refer to “WINE CULTURE/ Derek’s Top 6 List” For Detailed Information.

VINIFICATION PEZSGO/ Sparkling

  • Botrytis**Refer to “WINE STYLES/ BOTRYTIS” For Detailed Information
  • SPARKLING…Method/ Traditional & Charmat, From 1825 @Bratislava
    • White= Olaszrizling, Kekfrankos, Furmint, Kralyleanyka, Harslevelu, Keknyelu, Juhfark, Chardonnay, Pinot Noir, Riesling
  • Hungary Has a History of Using Acacia Wine Barrels and Recently There Has Been a Push by Some Producers to Reintroduce Wine Aged In Acacia Barrels.

HISTORY

  • 1868@Hungary– Phylloxera Outbreak
  • Pre-1920 @Hungary– Part of Austrian Empire
  • 1920 @Hungary– After WWI. and the Trianon Peace Treaty Hungary Looses 2/3 of Territory to Slovakia
  • 1950@Hungary– Communist Takeover

CULTURE

  • PIONEERS– ~Rakoczy~ 1730/ 72 Transylvanian Prince, Delimited 28 Villages From Quality
  • FESTIVALS~ ~St. Martin’s Festival~ (November 11th.) Celebrating New Wine Paired With Local Goose
  • GASTRONOMYGoose Liver, Sponge Cake   |   CHEESE

HUNGARY WINE LAW

  • GOVERNING BODY
    • Districtus Hungaricus Controllatus DHC.,  Controlled Hungarian District
  • LAWS GOVERNING- Geographic Boundaries, Topography
    • Label Requirement
  • HUNGARY WINE CLASSIFICATION

  • GEOGRAPHIC DISCLAIMER: To Benefit From “Demystifying “The Vine” and the World of Wine a Detailed Understanding of Hungary’s Geography and Topography is Needed and the Ability to Visualize Its Wine Regions.  Sections Are Organized In a “North to South”/ “East to West” Orientation and is Intended to Be Read and Memorized as So.

NORTH-TRANSDANUBIARegion      @Gyor

  • WHITE=  |   RED= **Refer to DHC. For Grape Information
  • GEOGRAPHY– Hungary(North-West), REGION-North-Transdanubia
    • Southern Extension of Austria’s Neusiedlersee
    • Sub-Zones- Mor, Neszmely, Pannonhalma, Sopron, Styek-Buda
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly”
    • On~Raba/ Rabca/ Macrcal~Rivers~Tributary~Danube~River~
  • SOILS=Metamorphic
  • CLIMATE=Continental
  • VITICULTURE–  ?  haPlanted

SOPRON     @Sopron

  • WHITE= ?
  • RED= Kekfrankos 20%
    • International– Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Carmenere, Malbec, Merlot, Pinot Noir, Syrah, Zinfandel
  • GEOGRAPHY– Hungary, REGION-North-Transdanubia(West),  @Hw.#M86
    • North of Szombathely-City(15km.), “Non-Contiguous(3)”
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”, On~Lake~Neusiedl~
  • VITICULTURE– ? haPlanted
    • Estates/ Producers– Pfneiszl, Raspi, Weninger

PANNONHALMA    @Gyonujbarat

  • WHITE= Olaszrizling 30%, Irsai Oliver, Tramini
    • International– Chardonnay, Gruner Veltliner, Sauvignon Blanc
  • RED= ?
    • International– Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY– Hungary, REGION-North-Transdanubia(Central), @Hw.#M1
    • South of Gyor-City(5km.), CITIES– Gyonujbarat, Nyul, Pannonhalma
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling”, SLOPES/ Pannonhalma Hills/ Sokoro Hills
  • SOILSMetamorphic“, Wind-Loess
  • VITICULTURE– 650 haPlanted
    • Estates/ Producers– Abbey Winery, Apatsagi, Count Karolyi
  • CULTURE– “Monks & Monasteries” ~Abbey of Pannonhalma~

NESZMELY     @Neszmely

  • WHITE= Cserszegi Fuszeres, Irsai Oliver
    • International– Chardonnay, Gruner Veltliner, Olaszrizling, Pinot Gris, Sauvignon Blanc
  • RED= ?
    • International– Merlot
  • GEOGRAPHY– Hungary, REGION-North-Transdanubia(North-Central), @Hw.#M1
    • North-West of Budapest-City(50km.), BORDERS: Mor(South-West)
    • CITIES: Haj, Kocs, Mocsa, Nagyigmand, Sutto, Szomod, Tata, Vertesszolos
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rollling/ Hilly”, On~Danube~River~(South)
  • VITICULTURE–  ? haPlanted
    • Estates/ Producers– Hilltop
  • CULTUREAKA=Aszar-Nezmely

MOR      @Mor

  • WHITE= Ezerjo, Tramini, Chardonnay
  • RED= ?
  • GEOGRAPHY– Hungary, REGION-North-Transdanubia(East)
    • BORDERS: Neszmely(North-West)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Valley(Mor)”
  • VITICULTURE–  ?  haPlanted
    • Estates/ Producers– Bognar, Bozoky

ETYEK-BUDA DHC.     @Buda

  • WHITE= Irsai Oliver
    • International– Chardonnay,  Riesling, Pinot Blanc, Sauvignon Blanc, Welschriesling
  • RED= Keknyelu
    • International– Cabernet Sauvignon, Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY– Hungary, REGION-North-Transdanubia(East), @Hw.#M1/M7
    • South-West of Budapest-City(5km.)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”, On Alfold Plains, On~Danube~River~(Near)
    • On~Lake~Velencei~
  • VITICULTURE–  ?  haPlanted
  • VINICULTURESparkling
    • Estates/ Producers– Campanula, Esterhazy, Nyakas Pince

BALATONRegion       @

  • WHITE=    |   RED=   **Refer to DHC. For Grape Information
  • GEOGRAPHY– Hungary(West), REGION-Balaton
    • Sub-Zones-  Badacsony, Balatonbodlak, Balatonfured-Csopak, Balaton-Felvidek, Kali, Nagy-Somlo, Tihany, Zala
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”,
    • On~Lake~Balaton~(36km. Long/ 3km. Wide/ 1.5mt. Deep)
  • SOILS=Metamorphic”, ”Volcanic
  • CLIMATE= Continental With Mediterranean Influenced
    • Summers– Hot, Humid   |   Winters– Cold, West
    • Influenced by LAKE EFFECT/ Lake Balaton
  • VITICULTURE– ? haPlanted
    • Botrytis**Refer to “WINE STYLES/ SWEET WINE” For Detailed Information
    • CHALLENGES– Birds(Stallings), Nets Needed

**Balaton Images Courtesy of Delong Maps, Purchase These Maps at www.Delongwine.com


ZALA      @Nagykanizsa

  • WHITE= Olaszrizling
  • RED= Rizlingszilvani, Zala Gyongye, Zoldveltelini
  • GEOGRAPHY– Hungary, REGION-Balaton(West), @Hw.#M7
    • “Non-Contiguous(8)”, BORDERS– Croatia(South-West)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”, On~Lake~Balaton~(West)
  • VITICULTURE–  ? haPlanted
    • Estates/ Producers

NAGY-SOMLO DHC.     @Veszprem

  • WHITE= Fuhfark, Furmint, Gruner Veltliner, Harslevelu, Olaszirling
  • RED= ?
  • GEOGRAPHY– Hungary, REGION-Balaton(North), West of Budapest-City(120km.)
    • “Non-Contiguous(3)”, CITIES: Celldomolk, Devecser, Janshaza
    • SUB-ZONES Of NAGY-SOMLO
      • KIS-SOMLYO
      • SAG
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous”, SLOPES/ Mt. Somlo, +Alt.?
  • SOILS=MetamorphicVolcanic, Pontian lacustrine Deposits With Clay-Marl and Sandstone Overlays
    • Black Basalt, Loess, Clay, Sand
  • VITICULUTRE–  ?  haPlanted
    • Estates/ Producers– Apatsagi, Barnabas Pince, Fekete Bela, Fekete Pince, Jask Laci, Kreinbacher, Somali Vandor(4.5ha.), Tornai Pinceszet, Vandor Pince
  • CULTURE– Wine Production Dating Back to 1135

BALATON-FELVIDEK      @Sumeg

  • WHITE= ?
  • RED= Zweiglt
  • GEOGRAPHY– Hungary, REGION-Balaton(Central)
    • CITIES: Csabrendek, Sumeg, Vonyarcvashegy
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”, On~Lake~Balaton~(North-West)
  • VITICULTURE–  ?  ha. Planted,   Botrytis
    • Estates/ Producers
  • SUB-ZONES Of BALATON-FELVIDEK
    • BADACSONY
    • KALI

BADACSONY DHC.    @Tapolca

  • WHITE= Juhfark AKA=Somlo, Keknyelu, Olaszrizling, Szurkebarat, Zenit
    • International– Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc, Muscat Blanc, Pinot Gris
  • RED= ?
    • International– Merlot, Pinot Noir, Syrah
  • GEOGRAPHY– Hungary, REGION-Balaton(Central)
    • In Balaton-Felvidek(South-Central), CITIES: Badasconytomai, Tapolca
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”, On~Lake~Balaton~(North-West)
    • SLOPES/ Badacsony, Csobanc, Gulacs, Gyorgy, Hajagos, Szent, Sziglget, Toti
  • SOILS= Metamorphic”, Volcanic
  • CLIMATE–   Continental” With Mediterranean” Influences
  • VITICULTURE– ? haPlanted,  Botrytis
    • Estates/ Producers– Bako Ambrus, Csendes Dulo, Nemeth, Szeremley, Varga

KALI DHC.    @

  • WHITE= Juhfark AKA=Somlo, Keknyelu, Olaszrizling, Szurkebarat, Zenit
    • International– Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc, Muscat Blanc, Pinot Gris
  • RED= ?
    • International– Merlot, Pinot Noir, Syrah
  • GEOGRAPHY– Hungary, REGION-Balaton(Central), In Balaton-Felvidek(East)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”, On~Lake~Balaton~(North-West)
  • SOILS=Metamorphic”, Volcanic
  • CLIMATE–  Continental” With Mediterranean” Influences
  • VITICULTURE– ?  ha. Planted,   Botrytis
    • Estates/ Producers

BALATONFURED-CSOPAK DHC.     @

  • WHITE= Furmint, Olaszrizling
    • International– Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc, Muscat Blanc, Pinot Gris, Semillon
  • RED= ?
    • International– Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot
  • GEOGRAPHY– Hungary, REGION-Balaton(North-East)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling’’, On~Lake~Balaton~(Northern Slopes), (12 km. Long)
  • SOILS= “Metamorphic”, Schist(Silurian Metamorphic Phyllite), Overlaid by Sandstone
  • VITICULTURE– 2,400 ha. Planted,   Botrytis
    • Estates/ Producers– Figula, St. Donat
  • SUB-ZONES Of BALATONFURED-CSOPAK
    • ZAMIA
    • BALATONALMADI

TIHANY DHC.     @Balatonfured

  • WHITE= Furmint, Olaszrizling
    • International– Chardonnay, Muscat Blanc, Pinot Gris
  • RED= ?
    • International– Cabernet Franc, Merlot
  • GEOGRAPHY– Hungary, REGION-Balaton(East)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling’’
    • On~Lake~Balaton~(Island That Sits In the North-East Section of Lake
  • SOILS= Metamorphic”, Schist(Silurian Metamorphic Phyllite), Overlaid by Sandstone
  • VITICULTURE–  ? ha. Planted,   Botrytis
    • Estates/ Producers

BALATONBOGLAR     @

  • WHITE= Furmit, Irsai Oliver, Muscat Lunel, Sargamuskotaly
    • International– Chardonnay, Muscat Blanc, Olaszrizling, Pinot Gris, Sauvignon Blanc
  • RED= Kekfrandos AKA=Blaufrandisch
    • International– Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Pinot Noir, Syrah
  • GEOGRAPHY– Hungary, REGION-Balaton(South-East), @Hw.#67/ M7
    • “Non-Contiguous(4)”
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”, On~Lake~Balaton~(North)
  • VITICULTURE–  ?  haPlanted
  • VINICULTUREBotrytis,  Sparkling
    • Estates/ Producers- Balatonboglar, Garamvari, Ikon, Kristinus

PANNONRegion     @

  • WHITE=   |   RED= **Refer to DHC. For Grape Information
  • GEOGRAPHY– Hungary(South-Central), REGION-Pannon
    • Sub-Zones- Pecs, Skekzard, Tolna, Villany
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”
  • SOILS=Metamorphic”, ”Volcanic
  • CLIMATE=
  • VITICULTURE–  ? haPlanted

TOLNA     @

  • WHITE=             |    RED=
  • GEOGRAPHY– Hungary, REGION-Pannon(North), @Hw.#61
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”,
  • VITICULTURE–  ?  haPlanted
    • Estates/ Producers

PECS PDO.      @Pecs

  • WHITE= ?
    • International– Chardonnay, Gruner Veltliner, Olaszrizling, Riesling
  • RED= Kadarka
    • International– Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Pinot Noir, Portugieser, Zierfander
  • GEOGRAPHY– Hungary, REGION-Pannon(South-West), Hw.#6, “Non-Contiguous(7)”
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”,
  • VITICULUTRE– 740 haPlanted
    • Estates/ Producers– Hars, Lisicza

VILLANY DHC.     @Sklos

  • WHITE= ?
  • RED= Kekfrankos, Portugieser
    • International– Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot
  • GEOGRAPHY– Hungary, REGION-Pannon(South), South of Budapest-City(170km.)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”
  • SOILS= Metamorphic”, Volcanic
  • CLIMATE= Mediterranean With Continental Influence
  • VITICULTURE–  ? haPlanted
    • Estates/ Producers– Bock, Csanyi, Gere, Sauska, Tiffan, Vylyan, Wunderlich

SZEKSZARD DHC.     @Tolna

  • WHITE= ?
  • RED= Kadarka, Kekfrankos, Zweigelt
    • International– Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Pinot Noir, Merlot
  • GEOGRAPHY– Hungary, REGION-Pannon(South-East), @Hw.#M6
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”, ON ALFOLD– Plain
  • VITICULTURE–  ?  haPlanted
    • Estates/ Producers– Heimann, Takler, Vesztergombi, Vida

DUNARegion     @

  • WHITE=  |   RED= **Refer to DHC. For Grape Information & %
  • GEOGRAPHY– Hungary(South-East), REGION-Danube
    • Sub-Zones- Csongrad, Hajos-Baja, Kunsag, Izsany Arany Sarfemer, Monor, Voltvadkert Ezwejo
    • BORDERS: Serbia(South)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”, ON PLAIN/ Great Hungarina/ Alford(The Great Plain)
  • SOILS=Metamorphic”, ”Volcanic
  • CLIMATE= Continental
  • VITICULTURE– ? haPlanted

KUNSAG DHC.       @

  • WHITE= Irsay Oliver, Riesling
  • RED= Kadarka
    • International– Blaufrankisch, Cabernet Franc
  • GEOGRAPHY– Hungary, REGION-Duna(Greater), BORDERS: Serbia
    • Sub-Zones- Csongrad, Hajos-Baja, Izany Arany Sarfemer, Monor, Soltvadkert Ezerjo, Voltvadkert Ezwejo
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”, On~Danube/ Tisza~River~
    • ON PLAIN/ Great Hungarina/ Alford(The Great Plain), +Alt.75mt.-120mt.
  • VITICULTURE– ? haPlanted
    • Estates/ Producers– Donausonne, Fittmann

MONOR       @Monor

  • WHITE= Irsai Oliver
    • International– Chardonnay
  • RED= Kadarka
    • International– Blaufrankisch, Cabernet Sauvignon
  • GEOGRAPHY– Hungary, REGION-Duna(North), In Kunsag DHC.(North-West)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”
    • ON PLAIN/ Great Hungarina/ Alford(The Great Plain), +Alt.75mt.-120mt.
  • VITICULTURE–  ? haPlanted
    • Estates/ Producers– Koch

IZSANY ARANY SARFEMER     @Csongrad

  • WHITE= ?    |    RED= ?
  • GEOGRAPHY– Hungary, REGION-Duna(North-West), In Kunsag(West)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”
    • ON PLAIN/ Great Hungarina/ Alford(The Great Plain), +Alt.75mt.-120mt.
  • VITICULTURE–  ? haPlanted
    • Estates/ Producers

SOLTVADKERT EZERJO     @Soltvadkert

  • WHITE= ?    |    RED= ?
  • GEOGRAPHY– Hungary, REGION-Duna(West-Interior), In Kunsag(West-Interior)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”
    • ON PLAIN/ Great Hungarina/ Alford(The Great Plain), +Alt.75mt.-120mt.
  • VITICULTURE–  ? haPlanted
    • Estates/ Producers

HAJOS-BAJA       @Hajos, Baja

  • WHITE= Irsai Oliver
    • International– Chardonnay
  • RED= Kadarka
    • International– Blaufrankisch, Cabernet Sauvignon
  • GEOGRAPHY– Hungary, REGION-Duna(South-West), In Kunsag(South-West), @Hw.#51
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”, On~Danube~River~
    • ON PLAIN/ Great Hungarina/ Alford(The Great Plain), +Alt.75mt.-120mt.
  • VITICULTURE–  ? ha. Planted
    • Estates/ Producers– Koch, Sziegl(5ha.)

CSONGRAD     @Szeged

  • WHITE= ?    |    RED= ?
  • GEOGRAPHY– Hungary, REGION-Duna(South-East), In Kunsag(South-East)
    • BORDERS: Serbia(South), “Non-Contiguous(3)”
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”, On~Tisza~River~
    • ON PLAIN/ Great Hungarina/ Alford(The Great Plain), +Alt.75mt.-120mt.
  • VITICULTURE–  ? haPlanted
    • Estates/ Producers

UPPER-HUNGARYRegion      @

  • WHITE=   |    RED= **Refer to DHC. For Grape Information & %
  • GEOGRAPHY– Hungary(North-East), REGION-Upper-Hungary
    • Sub-Zones- Bukk, Debroi harslevelu, Eger, Matra, Tokaj
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling”, SLOPES/ Northern Massif(BukkMatra Mountains)
    • TOPOGRAPHIC EVENTS– Upper-Hungary is Comprise of 400 Volcanic Cones In Its Basin, Ranging From 150mt.-400mt.
  • SOILS=Metamorphic”, ”Volcanic
  • CLIMATE=Continental
  • VITICULUTRE–  ?  ha. Planted
  • CULTURE– Translate to Felvidek/ Felso-Magyaroszg Meaning Upland Referring to the Higher Altitude From the Volcanic Uplift In the Area

MATRA DHC.     @Gyongyos

  • WHITE= Irsai Oliver
    • International– Muscat Blanc, Muscat Ottonel, Pinot Gris
  • RED= Kekfrankos
  • GEOGRAPHY– Hungary, REGION-Upper-Hungary(West), @Hw.#M3/3
    • BORDERS-Eger/ Debro Harslevelu(East)
    • North-East of Budapest-City(? km.), “Non-Contiguous(4)”
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly”, SLOPES/ Northern Massif(Matra Mountains)
    • On~Danube~River~
  • SOILS= Metamorphic”, “Volcanic
  • VITICULTURE–  ? ha. Planted
    • Estates/ Producers– Bardot es Fia, Karen’s Gabor, Szoke Matyas
  • CULTUREAKA=Matra

EGER DHC.     @Eger

  • WHITE= Grunner Veltliner, Zenit
    • International– Szurkebarat AKA=Pinot Gri, Sauvignon Blanc, Traminer, Viognier
  • RED= Kadarka, Kekfrondos, Kekoporto, Blauburger, Kekmedoc, Zweigelt, Turan
    • International– Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Pinot Noir, Syrah
  • GEOGRAPHY– Hungary, REGION-Upper-Hungary(Central-Interior), Hw.#3/ M3
    • BORDERS– Matra(West), Bukk(East)
    • North-East of Budapest-City(100 km.),  BORDERS: Bukk(East)
    • Sub-Zones- Debroi Harslevelu-District
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly”, SLOPES/ Northern Massif(Bukk Mountains), +Alt.?
  • VINICULTURE
    • Egri Bikaver AKA=Bulls Blood- Usually a Blend of All Eger Grapes But None More Than 50%, Usually 3
  • VITICULTURE– 5,400 ha. Planted
    • Estates/ Producers– The Collective(Nat.Pro.), Gal Tibor, St. Andrea
  • CULTURE– Hungarian Soldiers Where Know to Drink Bulls Blood Before Battle Which Gave Them the Temperament of Bulls

  • DEBROI HARSLEVELU      @Verpelet

    • WHITE= Olaszrizling, Szurkebarat
      • International– Chardonnay
    • RED= Kadarka, Kekoporto
      • International– Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Pinot Noir
    • GEOGRAPHY– Hungary, REGION-Upper-Hungary(Central), In Eger(West)
    • TOPOGRAPHYSLOPES/ Northern Massif(Bukk MountainsSouth & South-West)
    • VITICULTURE– ?  haPlanted
      • Estates/ Producers

BUKK      @Miskoic

  • WHITE= Olaszrizling, Szurkebarat
    • International– Chardonnay
  • RED= Kadarka, Kekoporto
    • International– Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY– Hungary, REGION-Upper-Hungary(Central-Interior), @Hw.#3
    • BORDERS: Eger(West)
  • TOPOGRAPHYSLOPES/ Northern Massif(Bukk Mountains/ South & South-West)
  • VITICULTURE– ?  haPlanted
    • Estates/ Producers

TOKAJ-HEGYALJA DHC.     @Sarospatak

  • WHITE= Furmint 65%, Harslevelu 30%, Kabar, Koverszolo, Sargamuskotaly AKA=Muscat Blanc Petite Grains, Zeta AKA=Oremus
  • RED= ?
  • GEOGRAPHY– Hungary(North-East), REGION-Upper-Hungary(North-East)
    • North-East of Budapest-City(     km.), @Hw.#37/ 39
    • VILLAGES– (27) Bodrogkeresztur, Bodrogkisfalud, Erdobenye, Szegi, Tarcal, Tokaj
  • SUB-ZONES Of TOKAJ-HEGYALJA
    • TOKAJ HILL
      • Vineyards– Bajusz, Barat, Bartus, Deak, dobo, Elohegy, Farkas, Gatya, Het-Szolo, Kassal, Kis-Garai, Hitvany, Izdenczi, Lencses, Lestar, Lonyal, Mandulas, Marias, Mezes-Maly, Mogyoros, Nagys-Szolo, Ovia, Szarvas, Pecsi, Perocz, Peter Deak, Serfozo, Sohajo, Szarvas, Szentkereszt, Szil-Volga, Teiekl, Terezia, Thurzo,  Zafir
    • MAD BASIN
      • Vineyards– Betsek, Birsalmas, Bojtak, Dorgo, Galambos, Harcsa, Herceg, Hintos, His-Hegyak, Hegymegi, Hosszu-kotelrk, Jonap, Juharos, Kapi, Kerek-Tolgyes, Kis-Hegyak, Koldu, Koves-Hegy, Kovesd, Nagy, Nyulaszo, Makkos, Nyergesek, Nyulaszo, Okortanc, Padi-Hegy, Percza, Pipiske, Repas, Sajgo, Sarkad, Suba, Szent-Tamas, Uragya, Varoldal, Vimany, Zomborka
    • SATOR HILL
    • SZAVA HILL
  • TOPOGRAPHY- SLOPES/ Sheltered by Carpathian Mountians, +Alt.150 mt.-400 mt.
    • SLOPES/ Zemplen Hills, +Alt.?, Highly Volcanic Range In the Carpathian Mountains
    • On~Tisza/ Bodrog~Rivers~Tributary~
  • SOILS= Metamorphic
    • Sedimentary“, Influence by Ancient Dried Up Pannon Sea
    • Volcanic(Rhyolite, Rhyodacite, Dacite, Andesite), From Upper Miocene Period, Loess
      • “Nyirok”(Detrital Andesite & Rhyolite/ Grey Tuff/ Clay Mixed With Broken-Down Rock)
      • “Yellow Earth”(Formed by Loess)
      • “Rock Flour”(Silicified Rocks and Pumice)
      • “Hot Water Springs”, Deposited Alkalis(Potassium, Sodium), and Trace Elements On the Surface, Enriching Pulverized Volcanic Rock
  • CLIMATE=Continental +DIURNAL SHIFTS
  • VITICULTURE- 5,600 haPlanted
    • 487 Named Crus/ 52 Considered Grand Cru, First Classified In 1937, Consisting of 1st. Growth, 2nd. Growth, & 3rd. Growth
      • 1/3 is Dry Wine, 2/3 is Sweet Wine.  Of the 2/3 Sweet Wine, 1/2 is That is Botrytis Effected and 1/2 of That is Late Harvest
    • CHALLENGES– Cool Bodrog River and Warmer Tisza Rivers Converge at the Town of Tokaj.  The Morning Fog, Mist and Wetness Combined With the Hot Afternoon Moisture Lead to High Humidity and Botrytis.  Botrytis is Potentially Benevolent and Unwanted In Certain Regions of the World But Encouraged In Tokaj and Great For Producing Tokaj Aszu.
    • Strict Pruning Leads to Limited Yields and Maximization of the Spread of Botrytis.
    • Harvest On Many Tries Into November, Aszu Berries Dried and Held In Container Until Commencement of Vinification Process.
    • Botrytis Berry Lose Up to 80% of Their Size.
    • Some Years Botrytis Outbreak is Minimal and Not Wide Spread. These Years There’s Not Quality/ Quantity Enough to Make Vintage.
  • VINICULTURE– The Region of Tokaj Produces Dry & Sweet Wines.
    • TOKAJ ASZU– Botrytis Grapes Made Into Paste, Added to Must, Resulting Juice is Slow Fermented, +AGED/ -Only 5% of Country Production
    • PROCESS– Aszu Berries Mixed With Pre-Made Still Wine or Fermenting Grape Must, to Extract Essence Through Skin Contact. Proportion of Still Wine to Aszu Berries is Important.
    • Puttonyos– (Baskets) Traditionally Indicates the Number of Puttonyos (Baskets) of Sweet Aszu Berries That Were Added to the Base Wine.
    • Now It’s Measured In Grams of Residual Sugar.Unit Given to State the Measure of Sweetness or Sugar Level of Hungarian Botryis Wine. (From 1-6)
    • BARRELS– Gonci(136 Liters), Szerednyei(220 Liters)
    • FLOR– Szamorodni Szaraz, Name For Flor is Hartya AKA=Film
      • Matures In Barrels Under Flor Layer For 3-5 Years In Humid Cellars of Over 85% Humidity Before Bottling, Dry Flor Wine Produced From Botrytis Grapes
      • -Estate/ Producers- Samuel Tinon
    • Estates/ Producers– Alana, Arvay, Attila Himonna(3.5ha.), Barta(10ha.), Basilicus(7ha.), Beres(45ha.), Demeter Zoltan, Dereszla, Disznoko(104ha.), Erzsebet(9ha.), Grand Tokaj, Grof Degenfeld(34ha.), Holdvolgy(26ha.), Kiralyudvar(8ha.), Kvaszinger, Mad Wines, Majoros, Olaszliszka, Oremus, Patricius, Pajzos, Royal Tokaji Wine Company(100ha.), Samuel Tinon, Somloi Vandor, Szent Tamas, Szepsy, Uri Borok Pinceszete
  • TOKAY SWEETNESS SCALE
    • Based On Sugar Content/ Sugar Free Extract, Scale 1-6 & Eszencia
    • Tokaji Aszu +130 Liters of Residual Sugar
    • 3 Puttonyos Aszu- +60 Grams/ Liter of RS.
    • 4 Puttonyos Aszu- +90 Grams/ Liter of RS.
    • 5 Puttonyos Aszu- +120 Grams/ Liter of  RS., +9% Abv.
    • 6 Puttonyos Aszu- +150 Grams/ Liter of RS.
    • Aszu Eszencia- +45o Grams/ Liter of RS.
      • Eszencia Was Created In 1500’s and Was Thought to Possess Health Properties and Antioxidant Benefits.  Back Then It Was Used as Medicine and Served Out of Spoons.  Over the Centuries This Ancient Tradition Along With the Fact That Its Rare and Expensive Has Lead to Eszencia to Be Served Out of Crystal Spoons.
      • Eszencia” is Served Traditionally Out of Crystal Spoons Called Angel Spoons, These Crystal Spoons Hold 33 Sips of Eszencia or the Content of a 500 ml. Bottle.
  • TOKAJ WINE EVALUATION
    • Sight: Cloudy/ Orange, Golden, Amber
    • Aroma: Marmalade, Bitter Orange, Peach, Floral
    • Palate: Sweet/ +BODY, Honey, Savory, Dried Apricot, Pineapple
    • Structure: Medi-Tans., Abv., High Acid
      • Tokaj- Generally- Sweet and Savory, Refreshing Balance with Lively Acidity
      • PAIRING… Frai Gras, Fruit Salad, Deserts  |   CHEESE…Dried, Aged, Stilton
      • +AGED/ High Acid and Residual Sugar Gives the Potential to Age for 100 Years
      • SERVING…: 50*-55*, Need Element of Coolness to Bring Out Flavors
  • HISTORY
    • Producing Wine For 600 Years, Famous For Greats Wines For 400 Years
    • During the Harvest Region of Tokaj Was Being Attacked. Their Army Had to Defend Themselves and Took Precedent Over Harvest. After Victory When They Returned to Their Vineyards They Saw Botrytis had Taken Over Their Crop. The Grapes Which Were Thought to Be Ruined Were Made Into Wine Anyway.
    • 1074– 1st. Written Mention of Tokaj as a Town
    • 1241– 1st. Wine Cellars In Area
    • 1483– 1st. Mention of Mad as a Town
    • 1737– 1st. Country to Use System of Classification Based On Quality
    • 1950– Communist Takeover, After World War ll Tokaj Underwent a Shift to Mass Production of Wine Accompanied by Poor Viticulture and Viniculture Practices.
      • Bor Kombinat– State Cooperative Under Communist Rule
    •  After Centuries of Political Suppressed Under Communist Rule Hungary Became the First Eastern Block Country to Open Its Borders to the World and to Capitalism. A Group of Wine Entrepreneur Led by Hugh Johnson, and Peter Vinding Went In and Created the Royal Tokaji Wine Company and Privatized a Collection of Prime Historical Vineyards Including Oremus, Hetszolo, and Mezes Maly.
  • CULTURE– Tokaj Used to Represent to Epidemic of Fine Taste and Cultural Awareness
    • Tokaj is So Popular and Such is Ingrained In Culture It’s Mentioned the Hungary’s National Anthem.
    • ASSOCIATIONS–  ~Tokaji Trade Council~
    • FESTIVALS~ ~Festival of  Furmint~ (July/ Tokay)
    • UNESCO. WORLD HERITAGE SIGHT~ ~Tokaj~ (Cultural, Landscape, Vineyards)
    • BOTTLE SHAPES~  ~Tokaji~ 500 ml., Low Shoulders
      • ~Tokaji Still~  750 ml, Low Shoulders
  • HUNGARIAN WINE WORDS
    • Aszu- Hungarian Word to Describe Grapes Berries Shriveled by Botrytis.
    • Aszusodas- Hungarian Word For Botrytis
    • Ausbruch- Over Ripe and Partially Botrytis
    • Essencia- Free Run Juice of 100% Aszu Berries, 600-900 Grams Sugar Per Liter
    • Ezamorodni- Sugar Content of Grape is So High Must Will Not Fully Ferment Leaving Wine High In Residual Sugar
    • Forditas- Re-Fermenting Must Poured On Tokaji Aszu Past Left After Pressing
    • Gonci- Traditional Oak Cask Used to Age Tokaji 136L.
    • Maslas– Re-Fermenting New Wine Poured On Tokaji Aszu Lees
    • Szamoradni- Grapes of Mixed Ripeness Levels, Including Some Botrytized Berries
    • Tokaj- Wine Produced In Village of Tokaj
    • Tokaji- Produced Outside Village
  • CONTENTIOUS WINE DISPUTES!  Who Gets Credit For Originally Producing Tokaj?”
    • “Slovakia and Hungary Have Been Disputing the Origins of Tokaj For Hundreds of Years. In 2004 the Dispute Was Settled and Now Both Countries Can Refer to the Name Tokaj On Their Bottles.”

**Tokaj Images Courtesy of Delong Maps, Purchase Theses Maps at Delongwine.com


GREAT ALFOLD DHC.     @Bacs-Kiskun

  • WHITE= ?    |   RED= ?
  • GEOGRAPHY– Hungary, REGION-Great Alford
  • VITICULTURE–  ?  haPlanted
    • Estates/ Producers


**Refer to “BIBLIOGRAPHY/ SOURCES” For Details On Scholarly Works Referenced