🇨🇭SWITZERLAND


SWITZERLAND IS  Regions4     Cantons26      @Bern, Geneva

  • WHITE= Chasselas 27% AKA=Fentant/ Gutedel, Amigne, Arvine, Bian Ver, Birstaler Muskat, Cabernet Blanc, Cabernet Jura, Charmont, Completer, Doral, Freisamer, Himbertscha, Humagne, Lafnetscha, Mennas, Muscat Bleu, Plantscher, Reselle, Reze, Riese, Rauschling
    • International Muller-Thurgau 3%, Chardonnay 2% AKA=Claner, Marsanne AKA=Ermitage, Pinot Gris AKA=Malvoisie, Riesling, Savagnin AKA=Heida/ Paien, Sylvaner AKA=Johannisberg, Sauvignon Blanc
  • RED= Gamaret 3%, Bandola, Bondoletta, Cabernet Colonjes, Cabernet Dorsa, Cabernet Jura, Cabertin, Carminoir, Divico, Diolinoir, Eyholzer Tore, Gallotta, Garanoir, Hitzkircher, Kalina, Mara, Millot-Foch, Pinotin, Plant Robert, Sirame
    • International Pinot Noir 30% AKA=Blauburgunder/ Klavner, Gamay 10%, Merlot 7%, Barbera, Cornalin, Freisa, Humagne Rouge, Merlot, Syrah
  • Swiss Wines Can Be Classified Into 3 Groups…
    • Native Varieties Which Are Indigenous to Switzerland.
    • Traditional Varieties…Which Were Brought There and Established Prior to 1900’s.
    • Non-Native Varieties/ Crosses Which Were Introduced After 1900’s.

GEOGRAPHY REGION-Central Europe, COUNTY-Switzerland

  • BORDERS-Austria(East), France(North-West/ South-West), Germany(North), Italy(South), Lichenstein(East)
  • Land-Locked Country Located  In Alps. LATITUDE: 46.8°N
  • Wine Regions- Geneva, Swiss German, Three Lakes, Ticino, Valais, Vaud
  • Cantons (26), Federal States- Aarau, Altdorf, Appenzell(Ausserrhoden/ Innerrhoden), Basel(Landschaft/ Stadt), Bellinzona, Berne, Chur, Delemont, Frauenfeld, Fribourg, Geneva, Glarus, Graubunden, Herisau, Jura, Lausanne, Liestal, Lucerne, Neuchatel, Nidwalden, Obwalden, Sarnen, Schaffhausen, Schwyz, Sion, Solothurn, Stans, St. Gallen, Ticino, Thurgau, Uri, Valais, Vaud, Zug, Zurich
  • Sub-Zones- Ostschweiz, Suisse Romande(Upper Rhone Valley), Ticino
    • Sub-Zones(Other Breakdown) Berne, Bernese Highlands, Central Region, East Region, Graubunden, North-West Region, Ticino, Valais, West Region, Zurich
  • GEOGRAPHIC DISCLAIMER~ To Understand the Wine World and Benefit From DtheV.com a Understanding of Switzerland’s Geography is Needed and the Ability to Visualize Its Wine Regions Topography.  Switzerland is Organized In a North to South, / East to West Orientation and Intended to Be Researched as So.

TOPOGRAPHY  FEATURES Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly/Mountainous/ Terraced, +Gradients(+35%)

  • ALPS MASSIF/ MOUNTAIN RANGE
    • Over Time Geological Movements Created Folds, Rock Slides, Mud Slides and Fissures In the Alps Formation.
  • RHONE RIVER VALLEY
    • Geography– The Rhone River Valley Starts as Glaciers In Its Head-Waters of the Upper Rhone Valley In Valais/ Switzerland and Flows Through Savoy, Lake Geneva, Chablis, Rhone Valley and Provence Before Entering the Mediterranean Sea.
    • Rhone Glacier- 15,000 Years Ago the Rhone Glacier Moved Down to Lyon In Its Wake Remodeling the Landscape.
    • On~Rhone~River~  Headwaters: Rhone Glacier/ Oberwald/ Gotthard Massif~to~Mediterranean~Sea~
  • RHINE RIVER VALLEY
    • Geography– The Rhine River Valley Starts In the Canton of Gaubunden In the South-East Swiss Alps(Tomasee, Near the Oberalp Pass). The 1,324km. River Provides the Between Switzerland and Liechtenstein and Also the Border Between Germany and France.
      • On~Rhine~River~(Headwaters: Tornasee/ Oberalp Pass-to Mediteranean~Sea~)
  • The LAKES
    • On~Lake~Lucerne~(Intersection of 4 Cantons: Uri, Schwyz, Unterwalden(Obwalden, Nidwalden)
    • On~Lake~Zurich~(Intersection of 3 Cantons: Zurich, St. Gallen, Schwyz)
  • WITENWASSERENSTOCKSummit of a Triple Water-Shed
    • On~Rhine~River~/ On~Rhone~River~/ On~Po~River~

SOILS Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Gravel, Limestone, Clay

  • **Refer to TERROIR/ Geology & Soil For Detailed Information On Soils.

CLIMATE Continental, With Alpine Influence

  • *Summers– Sunny, Warm   |   *Winters– Cold, Wet, Snow
  • +WINDS/ ~Tramontane~, Origins…Alps Mountain Range

VITICULTURE 14,900 ha. Planted, (48% White/ 58% Red)

  • Switzerland is #23 In Grape Production & #17 In Wine Consumption In World.
  • CHALLENGE– Spring Frosts
  • ACADEMICS~ ~Wadenswil~     @Lake Zurich
    • Specialization~ Research For Combating Viticultural Catastrophes
  • ACADEMICS~ ~Changins~      @La Cote, Lake Geneva
    • Specialization~  Research For Improving Plant Material

VINICULTURE Many Vineyards Must Emphasize Orientation and Sun Traps.

  • Generally In Switzerland the Wine Maker is More Important Than the Winery and As a Result the Wine Makers Name is Larger and More Prevalent On the Wine Bottle Label.

HISTORY 2000 Years of Wine Making

  • 1990 @Switzerland– Government Stopped Supplementing/ Buying Unsold Wine.
  • 1990 @Switzerland– Restriction On Foreign Wine Imports Were Lifted.

CULTURE

  • UNESCO. WORLD HERITAGE SIGHT~ ~Valais~ (Cultural, Landscape, Vineyards)
  • PIONEERS~ ~Rudolph Steiner~Basel/ Austria/ AlsaceEsoteric Leader and Spiritual Founder of Bio-Dynamics.
    • ~Hermann Muller~ Swiss, Botanist, Plant Physiologist, Oenologist and Grape Breeder
      • Known For Breeding the Muller Thurgau Grape Variety.
  • FESTIVALS~ ~Caves Ouvertes Vaud/ Vaud Open Cellers~ (June/ Vaud)
    • ~Divinum~ (April/ Morges)
    • ~Fete de Vendanges~ (September/ Lutry)
  • GASTRONOMY Dairy/ Milk, Dried, Smoked Cured Meats
    • CHEESE… Appenzeller(Cow/ Hard),  Bergfichte(Cow/ Semi-Soft),  Emmental(Cow/ Semi-Hard),  L’Etivaz(Cow/ Hard),  Gruyere(Cow/ Hard),  Heublumen(Cow/ Semi-Hard),  Raclette(Cow/ Semi-Hard),  Tilsit(Cow/ Semi-Hard),  Vacherin Fribourgeois
    • Classic Regional Pairing- Gruyere & Vine Jaune

SWITZERLAND WINE LAW

  • GOVERNING BODY= Different for Each Region, Responsible For Delineating the Swiss Wine Regions, Creating Wine Quality Laws, Guidelines, and Overseeing Follow Through.
    • Vin De Suisse– Generic Wine Non-Conforming to AOC. or Regional Wine
    • SUISSE ROMANDE– Organisme Intercantonal de Certification
    • OSTSCHWEIZ– Interkantonale Zertifizierungsstelle
    • TINCINO– Organismo Intercantonale di Certificazione
      • Vino da Tavola (BIANCO / ROSSO)
      • Nostrano Svizzero DOC.
  • LAWS GOVERNING
    • Geographic Boundaries          Pruning & Trellising
    • Varietals                                     Viticultural Practice
    • +Abv. Levels                             +AGED/ Yield/ Hectare
    • Vinification Methods               Label Requirement


The Switzerland German Region

OSTSCHWEIZ     @Zurich

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Müller-Thurgau, Pinot Gri, Rauschling, Sauvignon Blanc, Viognier
  • RED= Blauburgunder AKA=Pinot Noir Diolinoir, Garanoir, Merlot
  • GEOGRAPHY Switzerland(North/ East), LATITUDE: 47.3° N
    • BORDERS-Germany(North), Austria/ Luxembourg(East), Italy(South-East)
    • CANTONS-(17)-Aargau, Appenzell, Bern, Baselstadt, Glarus, Lucerne, Nidwalden, Obwalden, Schaffhausen, Schwyz, St. Galllen, Three Lakes, Thurgau, Zug, Zurich
    • Sub-Zones- West    Centre     East
  • TOPOGRAPHY Rolling, HillyOn~Lake~Zurich~(Intersection of 3 Cantons: Zurich, St. Gallen, Schwyz)
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, ”Sedimentary
  • CLIMATE- Continental  With Micro-Climates
  • VITICULTURE- ? haPlanted
  • CULTURE German Speaking and Influenced.
    • GASTRONOMY
      • CHEESE Appenzeller(Cow/ Hard), Bergfichte(Cow/ Semi-Soft)


**Ostshweiz Images Courtesy of Delong Maps, Purchase These Maps at Delongwine.com



BASEL-LANDSCHAFT AOC  @Liestal

  • WHITE= Bacchus, Pinot Gris, Riesling, Sauvignon Blanc, Sylvaner
  • RED= Diolinoir, Garanoir, Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY– Switzerland, REGION-Ostschweiz(North), CANTON-Basel-Landschaft
    • South-East of Basel-City(20km.), Non-Contiguous(7+)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly
  • VITICULTURE-  ?  ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers- Chiquet-Les Vins, Jauslin Weine, Kuhstall Maisprach, Seventh Sense, Tschapperliweine, Villa Contea, Weinbau Loew, Weinbau Urban Thruing

AARGUA    @Brugg

  • RED= Blauburgunder 60%, Garanoir, Diolinoir, Dornfelder, Dunklfelder
  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Kerner, Leon Millot, Müller Thurgau, Pinot Gri, Sauvigon Blanc
  • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Ostschweiz(North), CANTON-Aargau
    • Sub-Zones- Doettingen, Klingnau, Tegerfelden
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ HillyOn~Aargua/ Limmat/ Reuss~River~Tributary~Rhine~River~
  • SOILS- MetamorphicSedimentary, Moranic, Calcareous
  • VITICULTURE–  ?  haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers- Hartmann Remigen, Litwan Schinznach, Zum Sternen

SCHAFFHAUSEN AOC.    @Schaffhausen

  • WHITE= Chasselas, Chardonnay, Kerner, Müller-Thurgau, Pinot Gris
  • RED= Blauburgunder, Diolinoir, Garanoir, Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Ostschweiz(North), CANTON-Schaffhausen
    • BORDERS-Germany(Near), Across the Rhine River From Baden
    • VILLAGES-Hallau, Oberhallau, Trasadingen, Wilchingen, Wisental
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling, On~Rhine~River~
  • VITICULTURE-  ?  haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers- Aagne, Baumann, Besson-Strasser, Markus Ruch, Nadine Saxer, Spiegelberg
  • KLETTGAU      @Schaffhausen
    • WHITE= ?   |    RED= Pinot
    • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Ostschweiz, CANTON-Schaffhausen
      • North of Zurich-City(   km.)
    • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling
    • VITICULTURE-  ?  ha. Planted
      • Estate/ Producers- Markus Ruch, Baumann, Aagne, Bad Osterfingen

LIMMATTAL AOC.    @Baden

  • WHITE= Chasselas   |    RED= ?
  • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Ostschweiz(North), CANTON-Zurich
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly/ Valley(Limmat), SLOPES/ ?, +Alt. 400mt.
    • On~Limmat~River~Tributary~Rhine~, On~Lake~Zurich~
  • VITICULTURE-   ? ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers-

ZURICHER UNTERLAND      @   ???

  • WHITE=    |    RED=
  • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Ostschweiz, CANTON-Zurich
    • `North of Zurich-City(     km.)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly
  • VITICULTURE-  ?  haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers-
  • CULTURE– ACADEMIC~ ~Wadenswil~    @Lake Zurich
    • Specialization~ Research For Combating Viticultural Catastrophes.

ZURCHER WEINLAND AOC.     @Winterthur

  • RED= Diolinoir, Dornfelder, Dunkelfelder, Gamaret, Garanoir
  • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Ostschweiz, CANTON-Zurich
  • TOPOGRAPHYRolling/ Hilly
  • VITICULTURE-  ?  haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers- Landolt, Kilchsperger

ZURICHSEE AOC  @Zurichsee

  • WHITE= Viognier   |   RED= ?
  • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Ostschweiz(South), CANTON-Zurich
    • South of Zurich-City(    km.)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly, SLOPES/ ?, +Alt. 400mt., On~Lake~Zurich~(North & South)
  • VITICULTURE- ?  ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers- Erich Meier, Langermooser, Schwarzenbach, Staatskellerei

THURGAU AOC.     @

  • WHITE= Müller-Thurgau 25%, Chardonnay, Pinot Gris, Sauvignon Blanc
  • RED= Pinot Noir 43%, Gamaret, Garanoir, Dunkelfelder, Dornfelder, Diolinoir
  • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Ostschweiz(North-East), CANTON-Thurgau
    • BORDERS-Austria(Near)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling, On~Lake~Constance~(South)
  • VITICULTURE- 250 haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers- Lenz, Schlossgut Bachtobel, Rutishauser Arenenberg
  • CULTURE- 
    • PIONEERS~ ~Dr. Herman Muller~ Crossed Riesling & Sylvaner to Get Muller-Thurgau.
  • THE RHINE RIVER VALLEY
    • GEOGRAPHY- The Rhine River Valley Starts In the Canton of Gaubunden In the South-East Swiss Alps(Tomasee(Lake Toma), Near the Oberalp Pass). The 1,324 km. River Provides the Between Switzerland and Liechtenstein and Also the Border Between Germany and France Before It Empties Into North Sea.
      • On~Rhine~River~, Headwaters: Tornasee/ Oberalp Pass-to Mediteranean~Sea~
      • On~Lake~Lucerne~(Intersection of 4 Cantons: Uri, Schwyz, Unterwalden(Obwalden, Nidwalden)

ST. GALLEN AOC.    @St. Galen

  • WHITE= Muller-Thurgau, Chardonnay, Pinot Gris, Sauvignon Blanc
  • RED= Diolinoir, Gamaret, Pinto Noir, Merlot
  • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Ostschweiz(East), CANTON-St. Gallen
    • Sub-Zones- Rheintal     Oberland     Rapperswil/Jona     Bronschhofen/Wil
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling, SLOPES/ ?, +Alt. 750mt.,
    • On~Rhine~River~/ On~Lake~Constance~(South-East)
  • VITICULTURE- 212 haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers- Completer-Kellerei, Hocklistein, Ochsentorkel Weinbua, Schmidheiny, Wild Alps
  • CULTURE-  CHEESE… Heublumen(Cow/ Semi-Hard)
  • RHEINTHAL AOC.     @
    • WHITE= Muller-Thurgau 20%, Chardonnay, Pinot Gris, Sauvignon Blanc
    • RED= Pinto Noir 40%, Diolinoir, Gamaret, Merlot
    • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Ostschweiz(East), CANTON-St. Gallen
      • BORDERS-Austria(Near), Upper Rhine River Valley
    • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ HillyOn~Rhine~River~
    • VITICULTURE-  ?  haPlanted
      • Estate/ Producers- Nuesch Balgach, Schmid Wetli
  • OBERLAND     @
    • WHITE=  Chardonnay   |    RED= Pinot Noir
    • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Ostschweiz(East), CANTON-St. Gallen
      • BORDERS-Austria(Near)
    • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling
    • VITICULTURE-  ?  ha. Planted
      • Estate/ Producers-

WALENSEE AOC.     @

  • WHITE=    |    RED= Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Ostschweiz(East), CANTON-St. Gallen
    • Non-Contiguous(?)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling, On~Lake~Walen~(North)
  • VITICULTURE- ?   haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers-

BUNDNER HERRSCHAFT AOC.     @Chur

  • WHITE=    |    RED=
  • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Ostschweiz(East), CANTON-? 
    • South Luxembourg(10km.)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly, On~Rhine~River~
  • VITICULTURE-haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers-

GRAUBUNDEN AOC.     @

  • WHITE= Müller-Thurgau 6%, Chardonnay 6% , Pinot Gris, Riesling, Sauvignon Blanc
  • RED= Pinot Noir 60%, Cabernet Sauvignon, Diolinoir, Gamaret, Merlot, Syrah, Zweigelt
  • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Ostschweiz(South-East), CANTON-Graubunden
    • BORDERS-Austria/ Liechtenstein(Near), Upper Rhine Valley
    • Sub-Zones– Bundner Herrschaft, Flasch, Malans
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ HillySLOPES/ Ratikon Alps, +Alt. 550, On~Rhine~River~
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Schist, Gneiss
  • VITICULTURE- 400 ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers- Daniel & Marta Gantenbien, Donatsch Malanser, Jann Marugg, Mohr-Niggli, Pelizzatti Annatina, Scadenagut, Thomas Studach, Weinbau Von Tschader

THURTAL      @  ?

  • WHITE=    |    RED=
  • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Ostschweiz, CANTON- ?
    • North of Zurich-City(     km.)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling
  • VITICULTURE-  ?  haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers-

UNTERSEE     @   ?

  • WHITE=    |    RED=
  • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Ostschweiz, CANTON- ?
    • North of Zurich-City(     km.)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling
  • VITICULTURE- ?   haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers-

BERN AOC.     @Berne

  • WHITE= Chasselas 50%, Chardonnay, Gewurztraminer, Muller-Thurgau, Pinot Gris
  • RED= Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Ostschweiz(South), CANTON-Bern
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling
  • VITICULTURE-   ? haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers-
  • CULTURE- GASTRONOMY    |   CHEESE Emmental(Cow/ Semi-Hard)
  • THUNERSEE    @Thun
    • WHITE= Chasselas   |   RED= Pinot Noir
    • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Ostschweiz(South), CANTON-Bern
      • Sub-Zones- North, South
    • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling, On~Lake~Thunersee~(North), Non-Contiguous(?)
    • VITICULTURE-  ?  haPlanted
      • Estate/ Producers-


SUISSE ROMANDE     @Geneve

  • BLANC= Fendant AKA=Chasselas, Amigne, Ermitage AKA=Marsanne, Gewurztraminer, Heida AKA= Savagnin, Malvoisie AKA=Pinot Gri, Müller Thurgau, Johannisberg AKA=Silvaner, Petite Arvine, Pinot Blanc, Riesling, Viognier
  • ROUGE= Pinot Noir 31%, Gamay 12%, Ancellotta, Cabernet Sauvignon, Carminoir, Cornalin, Diolinoir, Durize, Eyholzer Roter, Galotta, Garanoir, Humagne Rouge, Merlot, Syrah
  • GEOGRAPHY Switzerland(South-West), REGION-Suisse Romande, LATITUDE: 46.2°N
    • BORDERS-France(North/ West), Italy(South-East)
    • CANTONS-Geneva, Greiburg, Neuchatel, Valais, Vaud
  • TOPOGRAPHY Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous/ Terraced
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Sedimentary
    • Calcareous, Morainal Deposits of Molasses and Pudding Stones.
  • CLIMATE- Continental With Micro-Climates”
  • VITICULTURE ? haPlanted
    • Bisses– Irragation Channels That Tap Into The Mountains Springs In the Alps. In the Dry Late Summer Months Irrigation is Strategically Used.
  • CULTURE French Speaking


**Suisse Romande Images Courtesy of Delong Maps, Purchase These Maps at Delongwine.com



JURA       @Porrentruy

  • BLANC= Chasselas, Müller-Thurgau, Pinot Gri, Riesling
  • ROUGE= Pinot Noir, Gamay
  • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Suisse Romande(North-West), CANTON-Jura
    • BORDERS-France, North of Lake Biene(40km.)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly, SLOPES/ Jura Mountains, +Alt.?
  • VITICULTURE-  ?  haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers-


The Three Lakes Region

  • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Suisse Romande
  • TOPOGRAPHY On~Neuchatel/ Bienne/ Morat~Lake~
  • VITICULTURE- 940 haPlanted
  • CULTURE- AKA=Trois-Lac

NEUCHATEL      @Neuchatel

  • BLANC= Chardonnay, Chasselas, Müller-Thurgau, Pinot Gris, Sauvignon Blanc
  • ROUGE= Divico, Gamaret, Garanoir, Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Suisse Romande, CANTON-Neuchatel
    • BORDERS-France(Near)
    • Sub-Zones- La Beroche, The Coast, Entre-Deux-Lacs
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly, On~Neuchatel/ Morat/ Bienne~Lake~
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Calcareous
  • VITICULTURE- 605 haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers- D’Auvernier, Chambleau, Grillette Cressier, Montmollin, La Rochette
  • VINICULTURE- Oeil de Perdrix– Rose Wine Produced From Pinot Noir
    • Pressurage Direct– Immediately Pressed and Juice is Collected.
  • CULTUREAKA=Trois Lacs/ Three Lakes

BIELERSEE/ Lac de Bienne   @Biel

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Pinot Gris   |    RED= Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Ostschweiz(South), CANTON-Neuchatel
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling, On~Lake~Bienne~(North)
  • VITICULTURE-  ?  haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers- Bendicht

LA BEROCHE    @

  • BLANC= Chasselas, Chardonnay, Malvoisie AKA=Pinot Gris
  • ROUGE= Pinot Noir, Gamaret, Garanoir
  • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Suisse Romande, CANTON-Neufchatel
    • BETWEEN-Vaumarcus to Bevaux, COMMUNES-La Beroche, Bevaix
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly, On~Lake~Neufchatel~Lake~Bienne~
  • VITICULTURE- * ? ha.
    • Estate/ Producers- Giacque Weinbau, Johanniterkeller, Weingut Schlossli

THE COAST      @Lake

  • WHITE=    |    RED=
  • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Suisse Romande, CANTON-Neufchatel
    • BETWEEN-Cortaillod & Neuchatel
    • COMMUNES-Auvernier, Boudry, Cortaillod, Neuchatel
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling
  • VITICULTURE-  ? haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers-

ENTRE-DEUX-LACS      @Lake

  • WHITE=    |    RED=
  • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Suisse Romande, CANTON-Neufchatel
    • BETWEEN-Lake Bienne & Lake Neuchatel
    • COMMUNES-Cressier, Entre-Deux-Lacs, Le Landeron
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling, On~Lake~Bienne~
  • VITICULTURE- ?  haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers-

  • GEOGRAPHY DISCLAIMER~ Vully AOC., Bonvillars AOC., Cote de l’Orbe AOC. Are Technically In the Laud Canton, But Geographically Sit In the Three Lakes Area.

VULLY AOC.    @

  • BLANC= Chassels, Chardonnay, Gewurztraminer, Malvoisie, Muller-Thurgau
  • ROUGE= Gameret, Garanoir, Malbec, Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Suisse Romande, CANTON-Fribourg/ Vaud(North)
    • North of Fribourg(   km.)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous, On~Lake~Morat~(North)
  • VITICULTURE-   ? haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers- Cave Guillod, Cru de L’Hopital, Cave aux Hirondelles, Javet & Javet, Praz

BONVILLARS AOC.   @Bonvillars

  • BLANC= Chasselas   |   ROUGE= Gamay, Gameret, Garanoir, Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Suisse Romande, CANTON-Vaud(North)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ HillyOn~Lake~Neuchatel~(1km./ South-West)
  • VITICULTURE- ? haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers- Cave des Viticulteurs de Bonvillars(Co.-Op.), Cep Rose, Le Temeraire, L’Arquebuse, Vignoble Cousin Conise

COTE De L’ORBE AOC.     @Orbe

  • BLANC= Chardonnay, Chasselas
  • ROUGE= Gamay, Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Suisse Romande, CANTON-Vaud(North)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly/ Valley(Orbe)
    • On~Lake~Neuchatel~(Near/ South), On~Orbe~River~
  • VITICULTURE-  ? haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers-

FRIBOURG      @

  • BLANC= Chardonnay, Gewurztraminer, Pinot Gri
  • ROUGE=
  • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Suisse Romande, CANTON-Fribourg
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ HillyOn~Saane~River~
  • VITICULTURE-  ? haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers-


The Lake Geneve Region

  • GEOGRAPHIC DISCLAIMERThe Lake Geneva Area is Put Together Idealistically and Containing All Growing Areas On/ In Sight of Lake Geneva.  Lake Geneva Area Only Contains Swiss Lake Geneva Areas, Refer to France/ Bugey French Lake Geneva Information.

GENEVA      @Geneve

  • BLANC= Chasselas, Muller-Thurgau, Petite Arvine
    • International Aligote, Chardonnay, Pinot Blanc, Pinot Gris, Sauvignon Blanc, Traminer, Viognier
  • ROUGE= Gamaret, Garanoir
    • International Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Gamay, Merlot, Pinot Noir, Syrah, Zinfandel
  • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Suisse Romande, CANTON-Geneva
    • Multi-AppellationBETWEEN-Jura Mountains & Western Alps
    • Marked by 3 Natural Boundaries: Lake Geneva, Rhone River and The Arve River.
    • Sub-Zones- Entre Arve-et Rhone, Entre Arve-et Lac, Le Mandement
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Features- Hilly/ Mountainous, +Alt. 365mt.- 560mt., +Gradient(25%)
    • On~Lake~Geneva~(South-West) AKA=Lac Leman
    • Lake Geneva Formed More Than 10,000 Years Ago When the Rhone Glacier Moved Its Way Down the Rhone Valley.
  • VITICULTURE- 1,300 ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producer-(Not Located In Demarcated Sub-Zone) Balisiers, La Cave de Geneva(Co.-Op.), Centaure Legende, Coeur de Clemence, Curiades, Dugerdil Dardagny, Hutins, Mean-Michel Novelle, Pellegrin, Perrieres, Villard & Fils
  • CULTURE
    • GASTRONOMY    |   CHEESE Gruyere(Cow/ Hard)

LE MANDEMENT     @Geneve

  • BLANC= Perlan AKA=Chassels   |   ROUGE= Gamay, Gamaret
  • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Suisse Romande, CANTON-Geneva(West)
    • COMMUNES-Bellevue, Bossy, Celigny, Chambesy, Collex-Bossy, Genthod, Grand-Saconnex, Meyrin, Pregny-Chambesy, La Plaine, Russin, Satigny, Vernier, Versoix
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ HillyOn~Lake~Geneva~(South-West)
  • VITICULTURE-   ? haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers-
  • PREMIER CRU’S Of Le MANDEMENT
  • CHATEAU COLLEX-BOSSY
    • Estate/ Producers- De Collex(F. Probst), Girod Freres(S. Girod), La Vigne a Bossy(L. & J.A. Schmid-Cairns)
  • COTEAU DE DARDAGNY
    • Estate/ Producers- Du Centaure, Clos des Pins(M. Ramu), Dugerdil, Des Faunes, Les Hutins, De la Planta, Stephane Gros
  • COTES DU RUSSIN
    • Estate/ Producers- Cave Les Baillets, Didier & Nadia Penet, Des Molards
  • COTEAU DE GENTHOD
  • SATIGNY
    • Estate/ Producers Des Bois(N. Seiler), De la Deviniere, Empreinte Blanche, Florian Ramu, Les Gondettes, Le Grand Clos, Du Paradis(J. Burgdorfer), Les Vallieres

ENTRE ARVE ET RHONE      @Geneve

  • BLANC= Chasselas   |   ROUGE= Gamay, Garanoir
  • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Suisse Romande, CANTON-Geneva
    • COMMUNES-Athenaz, Avully, Avusy, Bernex, Cartigny, Chancy, Confignon, Laconnex, Lancy, Onex, Perly-Certoux, Soral, Troinex, Veyrier
    • BETWEEN-Arve River & Rhone River
  • TOPOGRAPHY- On~Lake~Geneva~(Near/ South)
  • VITICULTURE-   ? haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers- De Beauvent(J. Cruz), Cave Berthaudin, Cave des Chevalleres(S. & E. Dupraz), Cave des Ouiaines(D. Tremblex), De Champlong(A. Lauper), Christian Guyot, Du Courtil(E. Scherz), De Laconnex, Des Lolliets(R. Dunand), De la Mermiere(Y. Batardon), De la Printaniere(C. Dugerdil), De Rougemont(P. & A. Dupraz)
  • PREMIER CRU’S Of ENTRE Et RHONE
  • BARDONNEX    
  • COTEAU DE LULLY
    • Estate/ Producers- Des Curiades(14ha.), Des Bonnettes(D. Maigre)

ENTRE ARVE-ET-LAC     @Geneva

  • BLANC= Chasselas   |   ROUGE= Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Suisse Romande, CANTON-Geneva
    • COMMUNES-Anieres, Carouge, Chene-Bougeries, Choulex, Cologne-Bellerive, Cologny, Corsier, Gy, Hermance, Jussy, Puplinge, Thonex, Vandoeuvres
    • BETWEEN-Lake Geneva & Arve River
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ RollingOn~Lake~Geneva~(Near/ South)
  • VITICULTURE-   ? haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers- De l’Abbaye, Cave Les Coudrays, Clos de la Zone(R. & V. Vidonne), Des Menades, De La Vigne Blanche(S. Meylan), De la Tour
  • PREMIER CRU’S Of ENTRE ARVE Et LAC
    • JUSSY  
      • Estate/ Producers- Cave La Gara, Du Crest
    • COTEAU DE CHOULEX
      • Estate/ Producers- De Miolan(B. Favre)
    • COTEAU DE LA VIGNE BLANCHE

Premier Cru’s of Geneva Other

  • DOMAINE DE L’ABBAYE
  • COTEAU DES BAILETS
  • COTEAU DE BOURDIGNY
    • Estate/ Producers- Des Alouettes(J. & F. Ramu), De Champvigny(R. Meister), Des Vignolles(L. Vulliez)
  • COTEAU DE CHEVRENS
  • COTEAU DE CHOULEY
    • Estate/ Producers- Des Abeilles d’Or, La Cle de Sol(D. Sulliger), Clos du Chateau Lionel
  • GRAND CARRAZ
  • FEUILLEE
  • COTE DE LANDECY
  • COTEAU DE PEISSY
    • Estate/ Producers Cave Les Cretets, Cave et Domaine Les-Perrieres, Des Charmes Bernard, Grand’Cour(J.P. Pellegrin), Des Trois Etoiles, Les Perrieres
  • COTEAU DE PENEY
    • Estate/ Producers Les Balisiers(C. Pillon), Christophe Pillon, Des Pendus(C. Sossauer)
  • ROUGEMONT


The Vaud Region

VAUD AOC.     @Lausanne

  • BLANC= Chasselas 60%, Chardonnay, Pinot Gri
  • ROUGE= Divico, Gamay 9%, Gameret, Garanoir, Gallotta, Merlot, Pinot Noir 12%, Plant Robert
  • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Suisse Romande, CANTON-Vaud
    • Multi-Appellation, Non-Contiguous(?)
    • Sub-Zones- Chablais, La Cote, Lavaux, The North
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly, On~Lake~Geneva~(North), On~Rhone~River~
  • CLIMATE- Continental, +WINDS/ ~Foehn~
  • VITICULTURE- 3,814 haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers- Badoux, Dugon, Luc Massy, Louis-Phillippe Bovard
  • CULTURE-
    • UNESCO. WORLD HERITAGE SIGHT~ ~Laud~ (Lavaux Vineyard Terraces)
    • FESTIVALS~ ~Caves Ouvertes Vaud/ Vaud Open Cellers~ (June/ Vaud)
    • GASTRONOMY   |   CHEESE… L’Etivaz(Cow/ Hard)

Vully AOC., Bonvillars AOC., Cote de l’Orbe AOC.

  • GEOGRAPHY DISCLAIMER~ Vully AOC., Bonvillars AOC., Cote de l’Orbe AOC. Are Technically In the Laud Canton, But Geographically Sit In the Trois-Lac.  Refer to Trosi-Lac/ Three Lakes Area For Detailed Information.

LA COTE AOC.     @

  • BLANC= Chasselas, Pinot Blanc, Pinot Gris, Sauvignon Blanc
  • ROUGE= Gamaret, Garanoir, Merlot, Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Suisse Romande, CANTON-Geneva,  Non-Contiguous(?)
    • COMMUNES-Aubonne, Begnins, Bursinel, Coteaude Vincy, Fechy, Luins, Morges
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly, +Alt. 250mt., On~Lake~Geneva~(North)
  • VITICULTURE- 1,923  haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers- Bernard Cave, Cave de la Cote, Chatagnereaz,, La Colombe(Bio.Dyn.), Christian Dugan, Freres, Butruy, Le Morget(Henri Cruhon), Maison Blanche, Michael Rahul Cruchon, Philippe Gex, Raymond Pacot, La Ville, Ville de Lausanne
  • CULTURE-
    • ACADEMIC~ ~Changins~     @La Cote, Lake Geneva
      • Specialization~  Research For Improving Plant Material
    • FESTIVALS~ ~Divinum~ (April/ Morges)
  • SUB-ZONES Of La COTE
  • MONT-SUR-ROLLE    
    • Estate/ Producers- La Colombe, De Chatagnereaz, Maison Blanche
  • VINZE
  • NYON    
  • PERROY
  • VINZEL
  • TARTEGNIN
  • VUFFLENS-Le-CHATEAU   
    • Estate/ Producers- Bolle Chateau de Vufflens
  • FECHY
    • Estate/ Producers- La Colombe, De Malessert, Martheray
  • BEGNINS
    • Estate/ Producers- La Capitaine

LAVAUX AOC.      @Lavaux

  • BLANC= Chasselas, Muller-Thurgau, Petite Arvine
    • International Pinot Blanc, Pinot Gris, Sauvignon Blanc, Viognier
  • ROUGE= Diolinoir, Dunkelfelder, Gallata, Gamaret
    • International Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Gamay, Malbec, Merlot, Pinot Noir, Syrah
  • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Suisse Romande, CANTON-Vaud(South-East)
    • BETWEEN-Lausanne & Montreux, (30km. Long),  LATITUDE: 46.48° N
    • Sub-Zones/ Communes- Calamine~Grand Cru~, Chexbres, Cully, Dezaley~Grand Cru~, Epesses, Lutry, Rivaz, St. Saphorin
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Hilly/ Mountainous/ Terraced, +Gradient(+40°)
    • On~Lake~Geneva~(North-East), +Alt. Lake at 372mt./ Vines to 350mt. Above Lake.
  • CLIMATE- Continental  LAKE EFFECT/ Geneva, Moderates Temperature In Summer and Winter, +Diurnal Shifts(+35°)
  • VITICULUTRE- 760 ha. Planted,  Vineyards Run 31km. In Terraces Along Lake
    • ADVANTAGES–  ~The 3 Suns of Lake Geneva~  Monk Myths of 1200’s/ The Sun In the Sky.
      • 1) The Sun In the Sky.  2) The Sun Reflecting Off the Lake.  3) At Night the Heat Accumulated Within the Terrace Stone Walls Warms the Vineyards.
    • CHALLENGES–  Mites, Night-Moth Worms, Grape Caterpillars, Small Rodents, Birds
      • Extreme Steepness of the Vineyards Need Terraces.  10,000 Different Stone Walls Accumulating 450km. In Length. Terraces Were First Built by Hand by the Romans/ Cistercian Monks/ Modernized In 1800’s.
      • During Harvest Work is Helped by Cog Monorails Which Allows Access to the Parcels of Vines On the Steep Slopes.  These Monorails Brings Workers Up and Grapes Down the Terraces.
      • Water/ Land Erosion- Concrete Gullys Were Made In Place Where the Water Flows.  This Allows the Surface Water to Be Collected and Drained Into the Channels Along the Edge of the Vines.
    • Capite- Little Huts Situated In the Middle of Vineyards. These Huts Where Uses to Store Tools In and a Place For Worker to Take a Breaks Out of the Sun.
    • Vineyard Monoculture- Grapes Make Up the Majority of the Agriculture In Lavaux, But Hedgehogs, Salamanders, Foxes and Badgers Find the Vineyards Home.
  • VINICULTURE  Still,  Blends,  Sparkling
    • Estate/ Producers- A.& C. Chievalley, Antoine Bovard, Antoine Grand, L’Atavoqie, Beat et Philippe Bujard, Blaise Duboux(Nat.Pro.), De Buren, Cave du Vieux Pressoir, Chappuis, Daley, Les Freres Dubois, Louis Bovard, Luc Massy, Obrist-Vevey, Pierre-Luc Leyvraz, Pinnaz & Fil, St. Germandaz, St. Saphorin
  • CULTURE- Monks & Monasteries~Hautcret Palezieux~
      • 12th. Century Cistercian Monks Who Established Wine Culture.
    • UNESCO. WORLD HERITAGE SIGHT~ ~Lavaux~ (Vineyard Terraces, Natural Beauty)
    • ASSOCIATIONS~ ~Confrerie des Vignerons/ Winegrowers Brotherhood~
      • Mission~ Focused On Promotion of Quality Vinegrowing.  Regular Inspection of Vineyards and Awards Given.
  • GOING THERE
    • ~Hike the Lavaux  Wine Trail~
      • ~Lavaux Vinorama~ Tasting Room For Lavaux Wine, Located In Rivaz.
      • ~Lavaux Express~ Road Train That Goes Through the Vineyards.
      • ~Lake Cruise~ Take a Lake Cruise to Better Understand Geography/ Topography.
    • FESTIVALS~ ~Montreux Jazz Festival~ (July) One of the Best Jazz Festivals In the World.
    • FESTIVALS~ ~Fete de Vendanges~ (September/ Lutry)

  • LUTRY      @Lutry
    • WHITE= Chasselas   |   RED= Gallata, Gamaret
    • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Suisse Romande, CANTON-Vaud(South-East)
      • In Lavaux AOC.(West), BORDERS: Villette AOC.(East)
      • VILLAGES-Belmont, La Conversion, Savuir
    • TOPOGRAPHY- Hilly/ Mountainous/ Terraced, On~Lake~Geneva~(North-East)
    • VITICULTURE 95 haPlanted
      • Estate/ Producers– A.& C. Chievalley, Piccard(E.)
    • CULTUREFESTIVALS~ ~Fete de Vendanges~ (September/ Lutry)
  • VILLETTE      @Villette
    • WHITE= Chasselas   |   RED= ?
    • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Suisse Romande, CANTON-Vaud(South-East)
      • In Lavaux AOC.(West), BORDERS-Lutry AOC.(West), Epesses AOC.(East)
      • VILLAGES-Aran, Cully, Grandvaux, Villette
      • Sub-Zones- Bossiere, Chaney, Chatelard, Chatagny, Daley, Lallen, Montagny
    • TOPOGRAPHY Hilly/ Mountainous/ Terraced,  On~Lake~Geneva~(North-East)
    • VITICULTURE- 175 haPlanted
      • Estate/ Producers- Beat et Philippe Bujard, Daley, La Grille, Louis Bovard, Piccard
  • EPESSES      @Epesses
    • WHITE= Chasslas
    • RED= Pinot Noir
    • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Suisse Romande, CANTON-Vaud
      • In Lavaux AOC.(Central), VILLAGES-La Croix, Riex
      • BORDERS-Villette AOC.(West), Calamin~Grand Cru~(South-East), Dezaley~Grand Cru~(South-East)
      • Sub-Zones- Baussan, Chenaux,
    • TOPOGRAPHY- Hilly/ Mountainous/ Terraced, On~Lake~Geneva~(North-East)
    • VITICULUTRE- 135 haPlanted
      • Estate/ Producers- Cave du Vieux Pressoir, Los du Boux/ Lux Massy
  • CALAMIN ~Grand Cru~     @Calamin
    • WHITE= Chasselas
    • RED= ?
    • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Suisse Romande, CANTON-Vaud(South-East)
      • In Lavaux AOC.(Central)
      • BORDERS-Epesses AOC.(West), Dezaley~Grand Cru~(East)
    • TOPOGRAPHY- Mountainous/ Terraced, On~Lake~Geneva~(North-East)
    • VITICULTURE- 15 haPlanted
      • Estate/ Producers- De Buren, Louis Bovard, Pinnaz & Fil
  • DEZALEY ~Grand Cru~      @Rivaz
    • BLANC= Chasselas   |   ROUGE= Pinot Noir
      • International Gamay, Merlot, Pinot Noir
    • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Suisse Romande, CANTON-Vaud(South-East)
      • In Lavaux AOC.(Central), Sub-Zone- Treytorrens
      • BORDERS-Calamin~Grand Cru~(West), Epesses AOC.(North-West), St. Saphorin AOC.(East)
    • TOPOGRAPHY- Mountainous/ TerracedOn~Lake~Geneva~(North-East)
    • VITICULTURE- 55 haPlanted
      • Estate/ Producers- Antoine Bovard, Antoine Grand, Blair Duboux, Bovy, Chappuis, Chaudet Vines, Chemin de Fer, Clos des Abbayes, Clos de Moines, Les Freres Dubois, Louis Bovard, Luc Massy
  • ST. SAPHORIN     @St. Saphorin
    • BLANC= Chasselas 78%
    • ROUGE= Cabernet Franc, Diolinoir, Dunkelfelder, Garanoir, Gamaret, Merlot, Syrah
      • International Pinot Noir 12%, Gamay 7%, Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Malbec, Merlot, Syrah
    • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Suisse Romande, CANTON-Vaud(South-East)
      • In Lavaux AOC.(Central)
      • BORDERS-Dezaley~Grand Cru~(West), Chardonne AOC.(East)
      • VILLAGES-Chexbres, Puidoux-Chexbres, Rivaz, St. Saphorin
    • TOPOGRAPHY- Mountainous/ TerracedOn~Lake~Geneva~(North-East)
    • SOILS– Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Moraninal Clay/ Limestone, Gravel
    • VITICULTURE- 135 haPlanted
      • Estate/ Producers- Alain Ruchonnet, Bovy, Du Daley(Cyril Severin), Eric Siegenthaler, Les Gosses, Glerolles, Henri Badoux, Louis Bavard, Luc Massy, Pierre-Luc Leyvraz, Pierre Monachon, Pierres Neyres, St. Germandaz, St. Saphorin
    • CULTURE-
    • GOING THERE- ~Lavaux Vinorama~ Regional Tasting Room
  • CHARDONNE      @Chardonne
    • WHITE= Chasslas
      • International Sauvignon Blanc, Viognier
    • RED=
      • International Gamay, Pinot Noir
    • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Suisse Romande, CANTON-Vaud(South-East)
      • In Lavaux AOC., BORDERS-St. Saphorin AOC.(West), Vevey AOC.(East)
      • VILLAGES-Chardonne, Corseaux, Jongny
    • TOPOGRAPHY- Mountainous/ TerracedOn~Lake~Geneva~(North-East)
    • VITICULTURE– 115 haPlanted
      • Estate/ Producers– Alain Neyroud, Jean-Paul Forestier, Obrist-Vevey
  • VEVEY     @
    • WHITE= Chasselas
    • RED= ?
    • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Suisse Romande, CANTON-Vaud(South-East)
      • In Lavaux AOC.(East), BORDERS-Chardonne AOC.(West), Monteux AOC.(East)
    • TOPOGRAPHY Mountainous/ TerracedOn~Lake~Geneva~(North-East)
    • VITICULTURE 55 haPlanted
    • VINICULTURE  Sparkling
      • Estate/ Producers- L’Atavoqie
  • MONTEUX     @
    • WHITE= Chasselas
    • RED=
    • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Suisse Romande, CANTON-Vaud(South-East)
      • In Lavaux AOC.(East)
    • TOPOGRAPHY- Hilly/Mountainous/ TerracedOn~Lake~Geneva~(East)
    • VITICULTURE 55 haPlanted
      • Estate/ Producers- Marina Bovard
  • VILLENEUVE     @
    • WHITE= Chasselas   |   RED= ?
    • GEOGRAPHY- REGION-Suisse Romande, CANTON-Vaud(South-East)
      • In Lavaux AOC.
    • TOPOGRAPHYHilly/ Mountainous/ TerracedOn~Lake~Geneva~(East)
    • VITICULTURE-   ? haPlanted
      • Estate/ Producers-

CHABLAIS AOC.    @Aigle, Yvorne

  • BLANC= Dorin AKA=Chasselas, Savagnin Blanc
  • ROUGE= Gamay, Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Suisse Romande, CANTON-Vaud(South-East)
    • BETWEEN-Lake Geneva(South-East) & Right Bank AOC.(Valais)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous/ Terraced
    • On~Grande Eau/ Avancon~River~Tributary~Rhone~River~Left Bank
  • VITICULTURE- ? haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers- Henri Badoux, Maison Blanche, Maison d Lezard, Yvorne
  • YVORNE      @
    • BLANC= Chasselas|   ROUGE= Gamay
    • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Suisse Romande, CANTON-Vaud(South-East)
      • In Chablis AOC.
    • TOPOGRAPHYRolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous/ Terraced
    • VITICULTURE-
      • Estate/ Producers- Maison Blanche, Obrist-Vevey, Ovale, Clos du Rocher, Pierre Latine, La Thibaude
  • AIGLE      @
    • BLANC= Chasselas   |   ROUGE= Pinot Noir
    • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Suisse Romande, CANTON-Vaud(South-East)
      • In Chablais AOC.
    • TOPOGRAPHY- Hilly/ Mountainous/ Terraced
      • On~Grande Eau~River~Tributary~Rhone~River~
    • VITICULTURE- ? haPlanted
      • Estate/ Producers- Henri Badoux, La Baudeliere, Louis Bovard
  • OLLON      @
    • BLANC= Chasselas   |   ROUGE= Pinot Noir
    • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Suisse Romande, CANTON-Vaud(South-East)
      • In Chablais AOC.
    • TOPOGRAPHY- Hilly/ Mountainous/ Terraced
    • VITICULTURE- ? ha. Planted
      • Estate/ Producers- Vignerons d’Ollon(Co.-Op.)
  • BEX      @
    • BLANC= Chassels   |   ROUGE= Pinot Noir
    • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Suisse Romande, CANTON-Vaud(South-East)
      • In Chablais AOC.
    • TOPOGRAPHY Hilly/ Mountainous/ Terraced
      • On~Avancon~River~Tributary~Rhone~River~
    • VITICULTURE- ? ha. Planted
      • Estate/ Producers-
  • UBERLAND     @  ?
    • BLANC= Chasselas   |   ROUGE= Gamey
    • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Suisse Romande, CANTON-Vaud(South-East)
      • In Chablais AOC.
    • TOPOGRAPHY- Hilly/ Mountainous/ TerracedOn~Lake~Geneva~(North-West)
    • VITICULTURE- ? ha. Planted
      • Estate/ Producers-
  • THE RHONE RIVER VALLEY
    • GEOGRAPHY- The Rhone River Valley Starts as Glaciers In Its Head-Waters of the Upper Rhone Valley In Valais/ Switzerland and Flows Through Savoy, Lake Geneva, Chablis, Rhone Valley and Provence Before Entering the Mediterranean Sea.
    • TOPOGRAPHY On~Rhone~River~Tributaries~
      • Headwaters: Rhone Glacier/ Oberwald/ Gotthard Massif~to~Mediterranean~Sea~

The Valais Region

VALAIS      @Sion

  • BLANC= Fendant AKA=Chasselas, Amigne, Bian Ver, Ermitage, Heida/ Paien AKA= Savagnin, Humagne Blanc, Malvoisie, Müller Thurgau, Johannisberg AKA=Plan du Rhin, Petite Arvine
    • International Gewurztraminer, Muscat, Pinot Blanc, Riesling, Viognier
  • ROUGE= Pinot Noir 31%, Gamay 12%, Ancellotta, Carminoir, Cornalin, Diolinoir, Durize, Eyholzer Roter, Galotta, Gamaret, Garanoir, Humagne Rouge
    • International Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Syrah
  • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Suisse Romande, CANTON-Valais
      • +Satellite Appelation, North of Italy
    • Sub-Zones- Bas-Valais, Haut-Valais, Right Bank, Valais Central
    • COMMUNES-(65)-Ardon, Balavaud, Bernune, Beudod, Chamoson, Conthey, Corbassiere, Flanthey, Fully, Leuk-Loeche, Leytron, Martigny, Saint-Leonard, Salgesh, Sierre, Sion,  Uvrier, Vetroz, Visp/ Viege Vispertermine
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly/ Terraces/ Valley(RhoneNorthern), On~Rhone~River~
    • SLOPES/ Pennine Alps, +Alt. 460mt.- 1,100mt., +Gradient(+35%-70%)
    • **Refer to CLIMATE/ Altitudes For Detailed Information On Altitudes.
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, ”Sedimentary
    • Slate/ Black Schist AKA=Black Board, Chalk, Gravel
  • CLIMATE-  Alpine, +WIND/ Fohn
  • VITICULTURE- 5,976 ha., Planted,  40% Production/ Swiss
    • ADVANTAGES– – Wind Shadow Effect Alps.
    • CHALLENGE– Summer Drought, Some Irrigation Needed.
      • Vineyards Emphasize Orientation and Sun Traps.
  • VINICULTURE-
    • Estate/ Producers- (Many Co.-Op.), Benoit Dorsaz, Chai du Baron, Charles Bonvin/ Clos du Chateau, Claudy Clavien, Les Dailles, Denis Mercier, Dubuis & Rudaz, Jean-Rene Germanier, Leyscher, La Mermiere, Mont D’or, Muses, Nouveau Salquenen(Adrian & Diego Mathier), Provins/ Domaines Tourbillon(Co.-Op.), Robert Gilliard, Simon Maye, Tourbillon, Varone, Wittwer
    • Vineyards-  Mytopia(Nat.Pro.), (Salquenen)
  • VINICULTURE-
    • Dole- Pinot Noir(+51%) +Gamey    |    Gordon- Gamey(+51%) +Pinot Noir
      Salvagnin- Pinot Noir, Gamey, Gamaret, Garanoir
    • Charte Grain Noble Confidenciel– Label For Traditional Sweet Wines.
      BLANC= Amigne, Ermitage, Johannisberg, Malvoisie, Paien, Petite Arvine
    • Estate/ Producers La Liaudisaz
  • CULTURE- GASTRONOMY   |   CHEESE Raclette(Cow/ Semi-Hard)

BAS-VALAIS      @Monthey

  • BLANC= Chassels   |   ROUGE= Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Suisse Romande, CANTON-Valais(West)
    • BETWEEN-Lake Geneva(South-East) & Right Bank AOC.
    • Sub-Zones- Port Valais, Vionnaz, Vouvry
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Hilly/ Mountainous
    • On~Rhone~River~Left Bank/ Across From Vaud(East)
  • VITICULTURE-  ?  ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers-
  • PORT VALAIS      @
    • BLANC= Chassels   |   ROUGE= Pinot Noir
    • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Suisse Romande, CANTON-Valais(West)
      • In Bas-Valais
    • TOPOGRAPHY- On~Lake~Geneva~
    • VITICULTURE- ?   haPlanted
      • Estate/ Producers-
  • VOUVRY      @
    • BLANC= Chassels   |   ROUGE= Pinot Noir
    • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Suisse Romande, CANTON-Valais(South-East)
      • In Bas-Valais
    • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly
    • VITICULTURE- ?  haPlanted
      • Estate/ Producers-
  • VIONNAZ      @
    • BLANC= Chassels   |   ROUGE= Pinot Noir
    • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Suisse Romande, CANTON-Valais(South-East)
      • In Bas-Valais
    • TOPOGRAPHYRolling/ Hilly
    • VITICULTURE-  ?  ha. Planted
      • Estate/ Producers-

RIGHT BANK AOC.     @

  • BLANC= Chassels   |   ROUGE= Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Suisse Romande, CANTON-Valais(Central)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- RollingOn~Rhone~River~
  • VITICULTURE-  ?  ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers-
  • FULLY~Cru~      @
    • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Suisse Romande, CANTON-Valais(Central)
      • In Right Bank AOC.
    • VITICULTURE- ?   haPlanted
      • Estate/ Producers- Combe d’Enfer, Henri Valloton, Cave Philippe et veronye Mettaz
  • SAILLON      @
    • WHITE= Fendant, Petite Arvine
    • RED= Cornalin, Humagne Rouge, Nebbiolo, Syrah
    • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Suisse Romande, CANTON-Valais(Central)
      • In Right Bank AOC.
    • VITICULTURE-  ?  haPlanted
      • Estate/ Producers- Cave Raymond(Jhonatan Raymond)
  • LEYTRON      @
    • WHITE= L’Humagne Blanc, Fendant
    • RED= Cornalin, Humagne Rouge
    • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Suisse Romande, CANTON-Valais(Central)
      • In Right Bank AOC.
    • VITICULTURE- ?  haPlanted
      • Estate/ Producers-
  • CHAMOSON      @
    • WHITE= Arvine, Johannisberg
    • RED= Diolinoir, Pinot Noir
    • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Suisse Romande, CANTON-Valais(Central)
      • In Right Bank AOC.
    • SOILS- Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Schist, Marble
      • Famous For Its Large Alluvial Fan of La Losentze.
    • VITICULTURE- ?  haPlanted
      • Estate/ Producers Didier Joris, Henri Magistrini/ Cave du Forum, Jean-Rene Germanier, Rene Favre & Fils
      • Vineyards- Petite Arvine
  • CONTHEY~Cru~   @
    • WHITE= Chardonnay, Fendant   RED= Cornalin, Gamay, Pinot Noir
    • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Suisse Romande, CANTON-Valais(Central)
      • In Right Bank AOC.
    • VITICULTURE-  ?  haPlanted
      • Estate/ Producers-
  • VETROZ~Cru~   @
    • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Suisse Romande, CANTON-Valais(Central)
      • In Right Bank AOC.
    • VITICULTURE-   ? haPlanted
      • Estate/ Producers- Cave Les Ruinettes, Serge Roh
  • SION      @
    • WHITE= Ermitage, Fendant   |   RED= Gamay, Pinot Noir, Syrah
    • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Suisse Romande, CANTON-Valais(Central)
      • In Right Bank AOC.
    • VITICULTURE-  ?  haPlanted
      • Estate/ Producer- Constellation, Maison Gilliard
    • CULTURE-
    • GOING THERE- ~Association des Encaveurs de Sion/ Regional Tasting Room~
  • ST. LEONARD~Cru~     @
    • WHITE= Fendant   |   RED= Gamay, Pinot Noir
    • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Suisse Romande, CANTON-Valais(Central)
      • In Right Bank AOC.
    • VITICULTURE-  ?  haPlanted
      • Estate/ Producers- Christophe Jacquad

VALAIS  CENTRAL AOC.     @

  • BLANC= Arvine, Chassels, Johannisberg, Pinot Gris
  • ROUGE= Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY– Switzerland, REGION-Suisse Romande, CANTON-Valais(Central)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ HillyOn~Rhone~River~
  • VITICULTURE-  ?  haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers- Domaine Cornulus, Histoire d’Enfer

HAUT-VALAIS AOC.     @ 

  • BLANC= Chassels   |   ROUGE= Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Suisse Romande, CANTON-Valais(East)
    • Sub-Zones- Salgesch, Sierre, Visperterminen
  • TOPOGRAPHY- HillyOn~Rhone~River~
  • VITICULTURE-   ? haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers-
  • SALGESCH      @Leuk
    • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Suisse Romande, CANTON-Valais(East)
      • In Haut-Valais AOC.
    • VITICULTURE-  ?  haPlanted
      • Estate/ Producers-
  • SIERRE      @
    • WHITE= Arvine, Ermitage, Fendant
    • RED= Cornalin, Diolinoir, Gamaret, Melot, Pinot Noir, Syrah
    • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Suisse Romande, CANTON-Valais(East)
      • In Haut-Valais AOC.
    • VITICULTURE- ? ha. Planted
      • Estate/ Producers- Cave Collinie de Daval
    • VINICULTURE-  Glacier Wine WHITE= Ermitage, Reze @Grimentz Village
      • Traditionally- Reze 90% +Humagne Blanc, Ermitage, Petite Arvine, Malvoisie
        +AGED/ 10- 15yr. In Larch Wood Barrels Solera System.
      • Only Tasted In Cellars of Anniviers Drawn Directly From Barrels In Village.
  • VISPERTERMINEN      @Visp
    • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Suisse Romande, CANTON-Valais(East)
      • In Haut-Valais AOC.
    • TOPOGRAPHY- Hilly/ Mountainous/ Terraced
    • VITICULTURE-  ?  haPlanted
      • Estate/ Producers- 
      • Vineyards- St. Jodern(+Alt. 1,150mt.)


The TICINO Region

TICINO       @Lugano

  • BIANCO= Bian Ver, Chasselas, Chardonnay 5%, Semillon, Kerner, Riesling, Pinot Blanc, Pinot Grigio, Sauvignon Blanc, Sylvaner
  • ROSSO= Merlot 83%, Bondola, Carminoir, Gamaret, Garanoir, Diolinoir, Ancellotta,
    • International Cabernet Franc 13%, Cabernet Sauvignon, Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY– Switzerland(South), REGION-Ticino, CANTON-Ticino Grigioni
    • DISTRICTS– Bellinzona, Blenio, Leventina, Locarno, Lugano, Mendrisio, Rivera, Vallemaggia
    • BORDERS-Italy(South), LATITUDE: 46° N
    • Sub-Zones- Sopraceneri     Sottoceneri
  • TOPOGRAPHY Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous/ Valley(Verzasca)Non-Contiguous(60)
    • SLOPES/ Lepontine Alps/ Monte Ceneri, +Alt., 320mt.- 520mt.
    • On~Lake~Maggiore~(North-East)
    • On~Lake~Lugano~(South)
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Sedimentary
  • CLIMATE- Continental With Mediterranean, Micro-Climates
    • LAKE EFFECT– Lugano/ Maggiore Lakes
  • VITICULTURE- 1,100 ha. Planted, RED 90%/ WHITE 10%
    • Vine Training– Tendone/ Pergola
  • VINICULTURE- Blanc,  Rosso,  Rose,  Sparkling
    • Estate/ Producers- Agriloro, Albaino, Andrien Stevens(2.7ha.), Bianchi, Boscioro(3.8ha.), Brivio, Gialdi, Gialdi, Mezzana Cantonal, Monti, Cadenazzi(10ha.), San Giorgio, Sassi Grossi, Swiss Premium Wine, Tamborini Carlo, Valsangiacomo, Vinattieri Ticinesi, Zanini
  • HISTORY- 1905 First Merlot Vines Planted
  • CULTURE- Italian Speaking/ Influence, AKA=Tessin

SOPRACENERI DOC.     @Bellinzona

  • BIANCO= ?
  • ROSSO= Merlot, Bondola, Carminoir, Cabernet Sauvignon, Marselan, Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Ticino, CANTON-Ticino Grigioni
    • North of Monte Ceneri Pass
    • DISTRICTS-Bellinzona, Camorino, Gordola, Malvagia
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly, Non-Contiguous(24)
    • On~Ticino~River~On~Lake~Maggiore~
  • VITICULTURE- ?  haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers- Cantina Settemaggio, Gialdi Vini

MONTE CENERI     @Rivera

  • BIANCO= ?   |   ROSSO= Merlot
  • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Ticino, CANTON-Ticino Grigioni
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ HillyNon-Contiguous(60)
    • On~Lake~Maggiore~(North-East)
  • VITICULTURE-  30 haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers-

SOTTOCENERI DOC.      @Lugano

  • BIANCO= Chardonnay   |   ROSSO= Merlot
  • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Ticino, CANTON-Ticino Grigioni
    • South of Monte Ceneri Pass
    • CITIES-Castel San Pietro, Chiasso, Coldrerio, Inferiore, Morbio, Novazzano, Stabio
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ HillyOn~Lake~Lugano~
  • VITICULTURE-  ?   haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers- Agriloro, Brivio Vini, Fratelli Corti, Kopp Von Der Crone, Pelossi, Tenuta San Giorgio

MISOX     @

  • BIANCO= ?  |   ROSSO= Malbec, Merlot, Syrah
  • GEOGRAPHY– Switzerland, REGION-Ticino, CANTON-Ticino Grigioni, DISTRICT-Moesa
    • BORDERS-Italy
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly/ Valley(Misox, Calanca)
  • VITICULTURE- ?   haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers- Rohner

LAKE LUGANO/ MENDRISIOTTO      @

  • BIANCO= ?   |   ROSSO= Barbera Freisa, Merlot
  • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Ticino, CANTON-Ticino Grigioni
    • BORDERS-Italy(South)
  • TOPOGRAPHYRolling/ Hilly, On~Lake~Lugano~(Near)
  • VITICULTURE- ?   haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers-


**Refer to BIBLIOGRAPHY/ Sources For Details On Scholarly Works Referenced.