🇨🇭SWITZERLAND-Overview


SWITZERLAND IS  Regions4     Cantons26      @Bern, Geneva

  • WHITE= Chasselas 27% AKA=Fentant/ Gutedel, Amigne, Arvine, Bian Ver, Birstaler Muskat, Cabernet Blanc, Cabernet Jura, Charmont, Completer, Doral, Freisamer, Himbertscha, Humagne, Lafnetscha, Mennas, Muscat Bleu, Plantscher, Reselle, Reze, Riese, Rauschling
    • International Muller-Thurgau 3%, Chardonnay 2% AKA=Claner, Marsanne AKA=Ermitage, Pinot Gris AKA=Malvoisie, Riesling, Savagnin AKA=Heida/ Paien, Sylvaner AKA=Johannisberg, Sauvignon Blanc
  • RED= Gamaret 3%, Bandola, Bondoletta, Cabernet Colonjes, Cabernet Dorsa, Cabernet Jura, Cabertin, Carminoir, Divico, Diolinoir, Eyholzer Tore, Gallotta, Garanoir, Hitzkircher, Kalina, Mara, Millot-Foch, Pinotin, Plant Robert, Sirame
    • International Pinot Noir 30% AKA=Blauburgunder/ Klavner, Gamay 10%, Merlot 7%, Barbera, Cornalin, Freisa, Humagne Rouge, Merlot, Syrah
  • Swiss Wines Can Be Classified Into 3 Groups…
    • Native Varieties Which Are Indigenous to Switzerland.
    • Traditional Varieties…Which Were Brought There and Established Prior to 1900’s.
    • Non-Native Varieties/ Crosses Which Were Introduced After 1900’s.

GEOGRAPHY HEMISPHERE-Northern, REGION-Central Europe, COUNTY-Switzerland,  LATITUDE: 46.8°N

  • BORDERS-Austria(East), France(North-West/ South-West), Germany(North), Italy(South), Lichenstein(East)
  • Land-Locked Country Located  In Alps
  • Cantons/ Federal States- Aarau, Altdorf, Appenzell, Basel, Bellinzona, Berne, Chur, Delemont, Frauenfeld, Fribourg, Geneva, Glarus, Herisau, Lausanne, Liestal, Lucerne, Neuchatel, Sarnen, Schaffhausen, Schwyz, Sion, Solothurn, Stans, St. Gallen, Zug, Zurich
  • Sub-Zones- Ostschweiz, Suisse Romande(Upper Rhone Valley), Ticino
    • Sub-Zones(Other Breakdown) Berne, Bernese Highlands, Central Region, East Region, Graubunden, North-West Region, Ticino, Valais, West Region, Zurich

TOPOGRAPHY  FEATURES Rolling/ Hilly/Mountainous/ Terraced, +Gradients(+35%)

  • ALPS MASSIF/ MOUNTAIN RANGE
    • Over Time Geological Movements Created Folds, Rock Slides, Mud Slides and Fissures In the Alps Formation.
  • RHONE RIVER VALLEY
    • Geography– The Rhone River Valley Starts as Glaciers In Its Head-Waters of the Upper Rhone Valley In Valais/ Switzerland and Flows Through Savoy, Lake Geneva, Chablis, Rhone Valley and Provence Before Entering the Mediterranean Sea.
    • Rhone Glacier- 15,000 Years Ago the Rhone Glacier Moved Down to Lyon In Its Wake Remodeling the Landscape.
    • On~Rhone~River~
      • (Headwaters: Rhone Glacier/ Oberwald/ Gotthard Massif~to~Mediterranean~Sea~
  • RHINE RIVER VALLEY
    • Geography– The Rhine River Valley Starts In the Canton of Gaubunden In the South-East Swiss Alps(Tomasee, Near the Oberalp Pass). The 1,324km. River Provides the Between Switzerland and Liechtenstein and Also the Border Between Germany and France.
      • On~Rhine~River~(Headwaters: Tornasee/ Oberalp Pass-to Mediteranean~Sea~)
  • The LAKES
    • On~Lake~Lucerne~(Intersection of 4 Cantons: Uri, Schwyz, Unterwalden(Obwalden, Nidwalden)
    • On~Lake~Zurich~(Intersection of 3 Cantons: Zurich, St. Gallen, Schwyz)

SOILS Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Gravel, Limestone, Clay

  • **Refer to TERROIR/ Geology & Soil For Detailed Information On Soils.

CLIMATE Continental, With Alpine Influence, +WINDS/ Tramontane/ Alps

  • *Summers– Sunny, Warm   |   *Winters– Cold, Wet, Snow

VITICULTURE 14,900 ha. Planted, (48% White/ 58% Red)

  • Switzerland is #23 In Grape Production & #17 In Wine Consumption In World.
  • CHALLENGE– Spring Frosts
  • ACADEMICS~ ~Wadenswil~     @Lake Zurich
    • Specialization~ Research For Combating Viticultural Catastrophes
  • ACADEMICS~ ~Changins~      @La Cote, Lake Geneva
    • Specialization~  Research For Improving Plant Material

VINICULTURE Many Vineyards Must Emphasize Orientation and Sun Traps.

  • Generally In Switzerland the Wine Maker is More Important Than the Winery and As a Result the Wine Makers Name is Larger and More Prevalent On the Wine Bottle Label.

HISTORY 2000 Years of Wine Making

  • 1990 @Switzerland– Government Stopped Supplementing/ Buying Unsold Wine.
  • 1990 @Switzerland– Restriction On Foreign Wine Imports Were Lifted.

CULTURE

  • UNESCO. WORLD HERITAGE SIGHT~  ~Valais~ (Cultural, Landscape, Vineyards)
  • PIONEERS~ ~Rudolph Steiner~ Basel/ Austria/ AlsaceEsoteric Leader and Spiritual Founder of Bio-Dynamics.
    • ~Hermann Muller~ Swiss, Botanist, Plant Physiologist, Oenologist and Grape Breeder
      • Known For Breeding the Muller Thurgau Grape Variety.
  • FESTIVALS~ ~Caves Ouvertes Vaud/ Vaud Open Cellers~ (June/ Vaud)
    • ~Divinum~ (April/ Morges)
    • ~Fete de Vendanges~ (September/ Lutry)
  • GASTRONOMY Dairy/ Milk, Dried, Smoked Cured Meats
    • CHEESE… Appenzeller(Cow/ Hard),  Bergfichte(Cow/ Semi-Soft),  Emmental(Cow/ Semi-Hard),  L’Etivaz(Cow/ Hard),  Gruyere(Cow/ Hard),  Heublumen(Cow/ Semi-Hard),  Raclette(Cow/ Semi-Hard),  Tilsit(Cow/ Semi-Hard),  Vacherin Fribourgeois
    • Classic Regional Pairing- Gruyere & Vine Jaune

SWITZERLAND WINE LAW

  • GOVERNING BODY= Different for Each Region, Responsible For Delineating the Swiss Wine Regions, Creating Wine Quality Laws, Guidelines, and Overseeing Follow Through.
    • Vin De Suisse– Generic Wine Non-Conforming to AOC. or Regional Wine
    • SUISSE ROMANDE– Organisme Intercantonal de Certification
    • OSTSCHWEIZ– Interkantonale Zertifizierungsstelle
    • TINCINO– Organismo Intercantonale di Certificazione
      • Vino da Tavola (BIANCO / ROSSO)
      • Nostrano Svizzero DOC.
  • LAWS GOVERNING
    • Geographic Boundaries          Pruning & Trellising
    • Varietals                                     Viticultural Practice
    • +Abv. Levels                             +AGED/ Yield/ Hectare
    • Vinification Methods               Label Requirement

GEOGRAPHIC DISCLAIMER~ To Understand the Wine World and Benefit From DtheV.com a Understanding of Switzerland’s Geography is Needed and the Ability to Visualize Its Wine Regions Topography.  Switzerland is Organized In a North to South, / East to West Orientation and Intended to Be Researched as So.


OSTSCHWEIZ     @Zurich

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Müller-Thurgau, Pinot Gri, Rauschling, Sauvignon Blanc, Viognier
  • RED= Blauburgunder AKA=Pinot Noir Diolinoir, Garanoir, Merlot
  • GEOGRAPHY Switzerland(North/ East), LATITUDE: 47.3° N
    • BORDERS-Germany(North), Austria/ Luxembourg(East), Italy(South-East)
    • CANTONS-(17)-Aargau, Appenzell, Bern, Baselstadt, Glarus, Lucerne, Nidwalden, Obwalden, Schaffhausen, Schwyz, St. Galllen, Three Lakes, Thurgau, Zug, Zurich
    • Sub-Zones- West    Centre     East
  • TOPOGRAPHY Rolling, HillyOn~Lake~Zurich~(Intersection of 3 Cantons: Zurich, St. Gallen, Schwyz)
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, ”Sedimentary
  • CLIMATE- Continental  With Micro-Climates
  • VITICULTURE- ? haPlanted
  • CULTURE German Speaking and Influenced.
    • GASTRONOMY
      • CHEESE Appenzeller(Cow/ Hard), Bergfichte(Cow/ Semi-Soft)


**Ostshweiz Images Courtesy of Delong Maps, Purchase These Maps at Delongwine.com



BASEL-LANDSCHAFT AOC  @Liestal

  • WHITE= Bacchus, Pinot Gris, Riesling, Sauvignon Blanc, Sylvaner
  • RED= Diolinoir, Garanoir, Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY– Switzerland, REGION-Ostschweiz(North), CANTON-Basel-Landschaft
    • South-East of Basel-City(20km.), Non-Contiguous(7+)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly
  • VITICULTURE-  ?  ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers- Chiquet-Les Vins, Jauslin Weine, Kuhstall Maisprach, Seventh Sense, Tschapperliweine, Villa Contea, Weinbau Loew, Weinbau Urban Thruing

AARGUA    @Brugg

  • RED= Blauburgunder 60%, Garanoir, Diolinoir, Dornfelder, Dunklfelder
  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Kerner, Leon Millot, Müller Thurgau, Pinot Gri, Sauvigon Blanc
  • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Ostschweiz(North), CANTON-Aargau
    • Sub-Zones- Doettingen, Klingnau, Tegerfelden
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ HillyOn~Aargua/ Limmat~River~Tributary~Rhine~River~
  • SOILS- MetamorphicSedimentary, Moranic, Calcareous
  • VITICULTURE–  ?  haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers- Hartmann Remigen, Litwan Schinznach

SCHAFFHAUSEN AOC.    @Schaffhausen

  • WHITE= Chasselas, Chardonnay, Kerner, Müller-Thurgau, Pinot Gris
  • RED= Blauburgunder, Diolinoir, Garanoir,
  • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Ostschweiz(North), CANTON-Schaffhausen
    • BORDERS-Germany(Near), Across the Rhine River From Baden
    • VILLAGES-Hallau, Oberhallau, Trasadingen, Wilchingen, Wisental
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling, On~Rhine~River~
  • VITICULTURE-  ?  haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers- Aagne, Baumann, Markus Ruch, Nadine Saxer, Spiegelberg
  • KLETTGAU      @Schaffhausen
    • WHITE= ?   |    RED= Pinot
    • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Ostschweiz, CANTON-Schaffhausen
      • North of Zurich-City(   km.)
    • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling
    • VITICULTURE-  ?  ha. Planted
      • Estate/ Producers- Markus Ruch, Baumann, Aagne, Bad Osterfingen

LIMMATTAL AOC.    @Baden

  • WHITE= Chasselas   |    RED= ?
  • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Ostschweiz(North), CANTON-Zurich
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly/ Valley(Limmat), SLOPES/ ?, +Alt. 400mt.
    • On~Limmat~River~Tributary~Rhine~, On~Lake~Zurich~
  • VITICULTURE-   ? ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers-

ZURICHER UNTERLAND      @   ???

  • WHITE=    |    RED=
  • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Ostschweiz, CANTON-Zurich
    • `North of Zurich-City(     km.)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly
  • VITICULTURE-  ?  haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers-
  • CULTURE– ACADEMIC~ ~Wadenswil~    @Lake Zurich
    • Specialization~ Research For Combating Viticultural Catastrophes.

ZURCHER WEINLAND AOC.     @Winterthur

  • RED= Diolinoir, Dornfelder, Dunkelfelder, Gamaret, Garanoir
  • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Ostschweiz, CANTON-Zurich
  • TOPOGRAPHYRolling/ Hilly
  • VITICULTURE-  ?  haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers- Landolt, Kilchsperger

ZURICHSEE AOC  @Zurichsee

  • WHITE= Viognier   |   RED= ?
  • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Ostschweiz(South), CANTON-
    • South of Zurich-City(    km.)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly, SLOPES/ ?, +Alt. 400mt., On~Lake~Zurich~(North & South)
  • VITICULTURE- ?  ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers- Erich Meier, Schwarzenbach, Staatskellerei

THURGAU AOC.     @

  • WHITE= Müller-Thurgau 25%, Chardonnay, Pinot Gris, Sauvignon Blanc
  • RED= Pinot Noir 43%, Gamaret, Garanoir, Dunkelfelder, Dornfelder, Diolinoir
  • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Ostschweiz(North-East), CANTON-Thurgau
    • BORDERS-Austria(Near)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling, On~Lake~Constance~(South)
  • VITICULTURE-  ?  haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers- Lenz, Schlossgut Bachtobel, Rutishauser Arenenberg
  • CULTURE- 
    • PIONEERS~ ~Dr. Herman Muller~ Crossed Riesling & Sylvaner to Get Muller-Thurgau.

The Rhine River Valley

  • GEOGRAPHY- The Rhine River Valley Starts In the Canton of Gaubunden In the South-East Swiss Alps(Tomasee, Near the Oberalp Pass). The 1,324 km. River Provides the Between Switzerland and Liechtenstein and Also the Border Between Germany and France.
    • On~Rhine~River~
      • (Headwaters: Tornasee/ Oberalp Pass-to Mediteranean~Sea~
      • On~Lake~Lucerne~(Intersection of 4 Cantons: Uri, Schwyz, Unterwalden(Obwalden, Nidwalden)

ST. GALLEN AOC.    @St. Galen

  • WHITE= Muller-Thurgau, Chardonnay, Pinot Gris, Sauvignon Blanc
  • RED= Diolinoir, Gamaret, Pinto Noir, Merlot
  • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Ostschweiz(East), CANTON-St. Gallen
    • Sub-Zones- Rheintal     Oberland     Rapperswil/Jona     Bronschhofen/Wil
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling, SLOPES/ ?, +Alt. 750mt., On~Lake~Constance~(South-East)
  • VITICULTURE-  176 haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers- Completer-Kellerei, Hocklistein, Ochsentorkel Weinbua, Schmidheiny, Wild Alps
  • CULTURE-  CHEESE… Heublumen(Cow/ Semi-Hard)
  • RHEINTHAL AOC.     @
    • WHITE= Muller-Thurgau 20%, Chardonnay, Pinot Gris, Sauvignon Blanc
    • RED= Pinto Noir 40%, Diolinoir, Gamaret, Merlot
    • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Ostschweiz(East), CANTON-St. Gallen
      • BORDERS-Austria(Near), Upper Rhine River Valley
    • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ HillyOn~Rhine~River~
    • VITICULTURE-  ?  haPlanted
      • Estate/ Producers- Nuesch Balgach, Schmid Wetli
  • OBERLAND     @
    • WHITE=  Chardonnay   |    RED= Pinot Noir
    • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Ostschweiz(East), CANTON-St. Gallen
      • BORDERS-Austria(Near)
    • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling
    • VITICULTURE-  ?  ha. Planted
      • Estate/ Producers-

WALENSEE AOC.     @

  • WHITE=    |    RED= Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Ostschweiz(East), CANTON-St. Gallen
    • Non-Contiguous(?)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling, On~Lake~Walen~(North)
  • VITICULTURE- ?   haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers-

BUNDNER HERRSCHAFT AOC.     @Chur

  • WHITE=    |    RED=
  • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Ostschweiz(East), CANTON-? 
    • South Luxembourg(10km.)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly, On~Rhine~River~
  • VITICULTURE-haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers-

GRAUBUNDEN AOC.     @

  • WHITE= Müller-Thurgau 6%, Chardonnay 6% , Pinot Gris, Riesling, Sauvignon Blanc
  • RED= Pinot Noir 60%, Cabernet Sauvignon, Diolinoir, Gamaret, Merlot, Syrah, Zweigelt
  • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Ostschweiz(South-East), CANTON-Graubunden
    • BORDERS-Austria/ Liechtenstein(Near), Upper Rhine Valley
    • Sub-Zones– Bundner Herrschaft, , Flasch
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ HillySLOPES/ Ratikon Alps, +Alt. ?, On~Rhine~River~
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Schist, Gneiss
  • VITICULTURE- 400 ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers- Daniel & Marta Gantenbien, Donatsch Malanser, Jann Marugg, Mohr-Niggli, Pelizzatti Annatina, Scadenagut, Thomas Studach, Weinbau Von Tschader

THURTAL      @  ?

  • WHITE=    |    RED=
  • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Ostschweiz, CANTON- ?
    • North of Zurich-City(     km.)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling
  • VITICULTURE-  ?  haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers-

UNTERSEE     @   ?

  • WHITE=    |    RED=
  • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Ostschweiz, CANTON- ?
    • North of Zurich-City(     km.)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling
  • VITICULTURE- ?   haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers-

BERN AOC.     @

  • WHITE= Chasselas 50%, Chardonnay, Gewurztraminer, Muller-Thurgau, Pinot Gris
  • RED= Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Ostschweiz(South), CANTON-Bern
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling
  • VITICULTURE-   ? haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers-
  • CULTURE- GASTRONOMY    |   CHEESE Emmental(Cow/ Semi-Hard)
  • THUNERSEE    @Thun
    • WHITE= Chasselas   |   RED= Pinot Noir
    • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Ostschweiz(South), CANTON-Bern
    • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling, On~Lake~Thunersee~(North), Non-Contiguous(?)
    • VITICULTURE-  ?  haPlanted
      • Estate/ Producers-


SUISSE ROMANDE     @Geneve

  • BLANC= Fendant AKA=Chasselas, Amigne, Ermitage AKA=Marsanne, Gewurztraminer, Heida AKA= Savagnin, Malvoisie AKA=Pinot Gri, Müller Thurgau, Johannisberg AKA=Silvaner, Petite Arvine, Pinot Blanc, Riesling, Viognier
  • ROUGE= Pinot Noir 31%, Gamay 12%, Ancellotta, Cabernet Sauvignon, Carminoir, Cornalin, Diolinoir, Durize, Eyholzer Roter, Galotta, Garanoir, Humagne Rouge, Merlot, Syrah
  • GEOGRAPHY Switzerland(South-West), REGION-Suisse Romande, LATITUDE: 46.2°N
    • BORDERS-France(North/ West), Italy(South-East)
    • CANTONS-Geneva, Greiburg, Neuchatel, Valais, Vaud
  • TOPOGRAPHY Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous/ Terraced
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Sedimentary
    • Calcareous, Morainal Deposits of Molasses and Pudding Stones.
  • CLIMATE- Continental With Micro-Climates”
  • VITICULTURE ? haPlanted
    • Bisses– Irragation Channels That Tap Into The Mountains Springs In the Alps. In the Dry Late Summer Months Irrigation is Strategically Used.
  • CULTURE French Speaking


**Suisse Romande Images Courtesy of Delong Maps, Purchase These Maps at Delongwine.com



JURA       @Porrentruy

  • BLANC= Chasselas, Müller-Thurgau, Pinot Gri, Riesling
  • ROUGE= Pinot Noir, Gamay
  • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Suisse Romande(North-West), CANTON-Jura
    • BORDERS-France, North of Lake Biene(40km.)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly, SLOPES/ Jura Mountains, +Alt.?
  • VITICULTURE-  ?  haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers-

Trois-Lac/ The Three Lakes Area 

  • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Suisse Romande
  • TOPOGRAPHY On~Lakes~Neuchatel/ Bienne/ Morat~
  • VITICULTURE- 940 haPlanted

NEUCHATEL      @Neuchatel

  • BLANC= Chardonnay, Chasselas, Müller-Thurgau, Pinot Gris, Sauvignon Blanc
  • ROUGE= Divico, Gamaret, Garanoir, Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Suisse Romande, CANTON-Neuchatel
    • BORDERS-France(Near)
    • Sub-Zones- La Beroche, The Coast, Entre-Deux-Lacs
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly, On~Neuchatel/ Morat/ Bienne~Lake~
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Calcareous
  • VITICULTURE- 605 haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers- D’Auvernier, Chambleau, Grillette Cressier, Montmollin, La Rochette
  • VINICULTURE- Oeil de Perdrix– Rose Wine Produced From Pinot Noir
    • Pressurage Direct– Immediately Pressed and Juice is Collected.
  • CULTUREAKA=Trois Lacs/ Three Lakes

BIELERSEE/ Lac de Bienne   @Biel

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Pinot Gris   |    RED= Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Ostschweiz(South), CANTON-Neuchatel
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling, On~Lake~Bienne~(North)
  • VITICULTURE-  ?  haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers- Bendicht

LA BEROCHE    @

  • BLANC= Chasselas, Chardonnay, Malvoisie AKA=Pinot Gris
  • ROUGE= Pinot Noir, Gamaret, Garanoir
  • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Suisse Romande, CANTON-Neufchatel
    • BETWEEN-Vaumarcus to Bevaux, COMMUNES-La Beroche, Bevaix
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly, On~Lake~Neufchatel~Lake~Bienne~
  • VITICULTURE- * ? ha.
    • Estate/ Producers- Giacque Weinbau, Johanniterkeller, Weingut Schlossli

THE COAST      @Lake

  • WHITE=    |    RED=
  • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Suisse Romande, CANTON-Neufchatel
    • BETWEEN-Cortaillod & Neuchatel
    • COMMUNES-Auvernier, Boudry, Cortaillod, Neuchatel
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling
  • VITICULTURE-  ? haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers-

ENTRE-DEUX-LACS      @Lake

  • WHITE=    |    RED=
  • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Suisse Romande, CANTON-Neufchatel
    • BETWEEN-Lake Bienne & Lake Neuchatel
    • COMMUNES-Cressier, Entre-Deux-Lacs, Le Landeron
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling, On~Lake~Bienne~
  • VITICULTURE- ?  haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers-

  • GEOGRAPHY DISCLAIMER~ Vully AOC., Bonvillars AOC., Cote de l’Orbe AOC. Are Technically In the Laud Canton, But Geographically Sit In the Three Lakes Area.

VULLY AOC.    @

  • BLANC= Chassels, Chardonnay, Gewurztraminer, Malvoisie, Muller-Thurgau
  • ROUGE= Gameret, Garanoir, Malbec, Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Suisse Romande, CANTON-Fribourg/ Vaud(North)
    • North of Fribourg(   km.)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous, On~Lake~Morat~(North)
  • VITICULTURE-   ? haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers- Cave Guillod, Cru de L’Hopital, Cave aux Hirondelles, Praz

BONVILLARS AOC.   @Bonvillars

  • BLANC= Chasselas   |   ROUGE= Gamay, Gameret, Garanoir, Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Suisse Romande, CANTON-Vaud(North)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ HillyOn~Lake~Neuchatel~(1km./ South-West)
  • VITICULTURE- ? haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers- Cave des Viticulteurs de Bonvillars(Co.-Op.), Cep Rose, Le Temeraire, L’Arquebuse, Vignoble Cousin Conise

COTE De L’ORBE AOC.     @Orbe

  • BLANC= Chardonnay, Chasselas
  • ROUGE= Gamay, Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Suisse Romande, CANTON-Vaud(North)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly/ Valley(Orbe)
    • On~Lake~Neuchatel~(Near/ South), On~Orbe~River~
  • VITICULTURE-  ? haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers-

FRIBOURG      @

  • BLANC= Chardonnay, Gewurztraminer, Pinot Gri
  • ROUGE=
  • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Suisse Romande, CANTON-Fribourg
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ HillyOn~Saane~River~
  • VITICULTURE-  ? haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers-


The Lake Geneve Area

  • GEOGRAPHIC DISCLAIMERThe Lake Geneva Area is Put Together Idealistically and Containing All Growing Areas On/ In Sight of Lake Geneva.  Lake Geneva Area Only Contains Swiss Lake Geneva Areas, Refer to France/ Bugey French Lake Geneva Information.

GENEVA      @Geneve

  • BLANC= Chasselas, Muller-Thurgau, Petite Arvine
    • International Aligote, Chardonnay, Pinot Blanc, Pinot Gris, Sauvignon Blanc, Traminer, Viognier
  • ROUGE= Gamaret, Garanoir
    • International Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Gamay, Merlot, Pinot Noir, Zinfandel
  • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Suisse Romande, CANTON-Geneva
    • Multi-AppellationBETWEEN-Jura Mountains & Western Alps
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Features- Hilly/ Mountainous, +Alt. 365mt.- 560mt., +Gradient(25%)
    • On~Lake~Geneva~ AKA=Lac Leman
      • Lake Geneva Formed More Than 10,000 Years Ago When the Rhone Glacier Moved Its Way Down the Rhone Valley
  • VITICULTURE- 1,300 ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producer- Balisiers, La Cave de Geneva, Centaure Legende, Curiades, Dugerdil Dardagny, Hutins, Mean-Michel Novelle Les Hutins, Pellegrin, Perrieres
  • CULTURE
    • GASTRONOMY    |   CHEESE Gruyere(Cow/ Hard)

LE MANDEMENT     @Geneve

  • BLANC= Perlan AKA=Chassels   |   ROUGE= Gamay, Gamaret
  • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Suisse Romande, CANTON-Geneva(West)
    • COMMUNES-Bellevue, Celigny, Collex-Bossy, Genthod
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ HillyOn~Lake~Geneva~(Near/ South)
  • VITICULTURE-   ? haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers-

ENTRE ARVE ET RHONE      @Geneve

  • BLANC= Chasselas   |   ROUGE= Gamay, Garanoir
  • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Suisse Romande, CANTON-Geneva
    • COMMUNES-Avully, Cartigny, Chancy, Soral, Troinex, Veyrier
  • TOPOGRAPHY- On~Lake~Geneva~(Near/ South)
  • VITICULTURE-   ? haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers-
    • BARDONNEX      @

ENTRE ARVE-ET-LAC     @Geneva

  • BLANC= Chasselas   |   ROUGE= Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Suisse Romande, CANTON-Geneva
    • COMMUNES-Anieres, Cologne-Bellerive, Cologny, Corsier, Hermance, Jussy
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ RollingOn~Lake~Geneva~(Near/ South)
  • VITICULTURE-   ? haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers-
    • JUSSY    @

Premier Cru’s of Geneva

  • DOMAINE DE L’ABBAYE-
  • COTEAU DES BAILETS-
  • COTEAU DE BOURDIGNY-     @
  • COTEUA DE BOSSY-
  • COTEAU DE CHEVRENS-
  • COTEAU DE CHOULEY–     @
  • COTEAU DE CHOULEX-
  • CHATEAU COLLEX-
  • CHATEAU DU CREST-
  • COTEAU DE DARDAGNY-     @
  • COTEAU DE GENTHOD-
  • GRAND CARRAZ-
  • FEUILLEE-
  • COTE DE LANDECY-
  • COTEAU DE LULLY-
  • MANDEMENT DE JUSSY-
  • COTEAU DE PEISSY–    @
    • Estate/ Producers Les Perrieries
  • COTEAU DE PENEY-      @
    • Estate/ Producers Christophe Pillon
  • ROUGEMONT-
  • COTES DU RUSSIN-      @
  • SATIGNY-     @
    • Estate/ Producers Empreinte Blanche
  • COTEAU DE LA VIGNE BLANCHE

VAUD AOC.     @Lausanne

  • BLANC= Chasselas 60%, Chardonnay, Pinot Gri
  • ROUGE= Divico, Gamay, Gameret, Garanoir, Gallotta, Merlot, Pinot Noir, Plant Robert
  • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Suisse Romande, CANTON-Vaud
    • Multi-Appellation, Non-Contiguous(?)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly, On~Lake~Geneva~(North), On~Rhone~River~
  • CLIMATE- Continental, +WINDS/ Foehn
  • VITICULTURE- 3,814 haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers- Badoux, Dugon, Luc Massy, Louis-Phillippe Bovard
  • CULTURE-
    • UNESCO. WORLD HERITAGE SIGHT~ ~Laud~ (Lavaux Vineyard Terraces)
    • FESTIVALS~ ~Caves Ouvertes Vaud/ Vaud Open Cellers~ (June/ Vaud)
    • GASTRONOMY   |   CHEESE… L’Etivaz(Cow/ Hard)

Vully AOC., Bonvillars AOC., Cote de l’Orbe AOC.

  • GEOGRAPHY DISCLAIMER~ Vully AOC., Bonvillars AOC., Cote de l’Orbe AOC. Are Technically In the Laud Canton, But Geographically Sit In the Trois-Lac.  Refer to Trosi-Lac/ Three Lakes Area For Detailed Information.

LA COTE AOC.     @

  • BLANC= Chasselas, Pinot Blanc, Pinot Gris, Sauvignon Blanc
  • ROUGE= Gamaret, Garanoir, Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Suisse Romande, CANTON-Geneva,  Non-Contiguous(?)
    • COMMUNES– Aubonne, Begnins, Bursinel, Coteaude Vincy, Fechy, Luins, Morges
    • Sub-Zones- Mont-Sur-Rolle, Nyon, Perroy, Vinze, Le Cote
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly, +Alt. 250mt., On~Lake~Geneva~(North)
  • VITICULTURE-  ?  haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers- Bernard Cave, Cave de la Cote, Chatagnereaz,, La Colombe(Bio.Dyn.), Christian Dugan, Freres, Butruy, Henri Cruhon, Maison Blanche, Michael Rahul Cruchon, Philippe Gex, Raymond Pacot, La Ville, Ville de Lausanne
  • CULTURE-
    • ACADEMIC~  ~Changins~     @La Cote, Lake Geneva
      • Specialization~  Research For Improving Plant Material
    • FESTIVALS~ ~Divinum~ (April/ Morges)

LAVAUX AOC.      @Lavaux

  • BLANC= Chasselas, Muller-Thurgau, Petite Arvine
    • International Pinot Blanc, Pinot Gris, Sauvignon Blanc, Viognier
  • ROUGE= Diolinoir, Dunkelfelder, Gallata, Gamaret
    • International Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Gamay, Malbec, Merlot, Pinot Noir, Syrah
  • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Suisse Romande, CANTON-Vaud(South-East)
    • BETWEEN-Lausanne & Montreux, (30km. Long),  LATITUDE: 46.48° N
    • Sub-Zones/ Communes- Calamine~Grand Cru~, Chexbres, Cully, Dezaley~Grand Cru~, Epesses, Lutry, Rivaz, St. Saphorin
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Hilly/ Mountainous/ Terraced, +Gradient(+40°)
    • On~Lake~Geneva~(North-East), +Alt. Lake at 372mt./ Vines to 350mt. Above Lake.
  • CLIMATE- Continental  LAKE EFFECT/ Geneva, Moderates Temperature In Summer and Winter.  +Diurnal Shifts/ +35°
  • VITICULUTRE- 830 ha. Planted,  Vineyards Run 31km. In Terraces Along Lake
    • ADVANTAGES–  ~The 3 Suns of Lake Geneva~  Monk Myths of 1200’s/ The Sun In the Sky.
      • 1) The Sun In the Sky.  2) The Sun Reflecting Off the Lake.  3) At Night the Heat Accumulated Within the Terrace Stone Walls Warms the Vineyards.
    • CHALLENGES–  Mites, Night-Moth Worms, Grape Caterpillars, Small Rodents, Birds
      • Extreme Steepness of the Vineyards Need Terraces.  10,000 Different Stone Walls Accumulating 450km. In Length. Terraces Were First Built by Hand by the Romans/ Cistercian Monks/ Modernized In 1800’s.
      • During Harvest Work is Helped by Cog Monorails Which Allows Access to the Parcels of Vines On the Steep Slopes.  These Monorails Brings Workers Up and Grapes Down the Terraces.
      • Water/ Land Erosion-  Concrete Gullys Wrere Made In Place Where the Water Flows.  This Allows the Surface Water to Be Collected and Drained Into the Channels Along the Edge of the Vines.
    • Capite- Little Huts Situated In the Middle of Vineyards. These Huts Where Uses to Store Tools In and a Place For Worker to Take a Breaks Out of the Sun.
    • Vineyard Monoculture- Grapes Make Up the Majority of the Agriculture In Lavaux, But Hedgehogs, Salamanders, Foxes and Badgers Find the Vineyards Home.
  • VINICULTURE  Still,  Blends,  Sparkling
    • Estate/ Producers- A.& C. Chievalley, Antoine Bovard, Antoine Grand, L’Atavoqie, Beat et Philippe Bujard, Blaise Duboux(Nat.Pro.), De Buren, Cave du Vieux Pressoir, Chappuis, Daley, Les Freres Dubois, Louis Bovard, Luc Massy, Obrist-Vevey, Pierre-Luc Leyvraz, Pinnaz & Fil, St. Germandaz, St. Saphorin
  • CULTURE- Monks & Monasteries ~Hautcret Palezieux~
      • 12th. Century Cistercian Monks Who Established Wine Culture.
    • UNESCO. WORLD HERITAGE SIGHT~ ~Lavaux~ (Vineyard Terraces, Natural Beauty)
    • ASSOCIATIONS~ ~Confrerie des Vignerons/ Winegrowers Brotherhood~
      • Mission~ Focused On Promotion of Quality Vinegrowing.  Regular Inspection of Vineyards and Awards Given.
  • GOING THERE
    • ~Hike the Lavaux  Wine Trail~
      • ~Lavaux Vinorama~ Tasting Room For Lavaux Wine, Located In Rivaz.
      • ~Lavaux Express~ Road Train That Goes Through the Vineyards.
      • ~Lake Cruise~ Take a Lake Cruise to Better Understand Geography/ Topography.
    • FESTIVALS~ ~Montreux Jazz Festival~ (July) One of the Best Jazz Festivals In the World.
    • FESTIVALS~ ~Fete de Vendanges~ (September/ Lutry)

  • LUTRY      @Lutry
    • WHITE= Chasselas   |   RED= Gallata, Gamaret
    • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Suisse Romande, CANTON-Vaud(South-East)
      • In Lavaux AOC.(West), BORDERS: Villette AOC.(East)
      • VILLAGES-Belmont, La Conversion, Savuir
    • TOPOGRAPHY- Hilly/ Mountainous/ Terraced, On~Lake~Geneva~(North-East)
    • VITICULTURE 95 haPlanted
      • Estate/ Producers– A.& C. Chievalley
    • CULTUREFESTIVALS~ ~Fete de Vendanges~ (September/ Lutry)
  • VILLETTE      @Villette
    • WHITE= Chasselas   |   RED= ?
    • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Suisse Romande, CANTON-Vaud(South-East)
      • In Lavaux AOC.(West), BORDERS-Lutry AOC.(West), Epesses AOC.(East)
      • VILLAGES-Aran, Cully, Grandvaux, Villette
      • Sub-Zones- Bossiere, Chaney, Chatelard, Chatagny, Daley, Lallen, Montagny
    • TOPOGRAPHY Hilly/ Mountainous/ Terraced,  On~Lake~Geneva~(North-East)
    • VITICULTURE- 175 haPlanted
      • Estate/ Producers- Beat et Philippe Bujard, Daley, La Grille, Louis Bovard
  • EPESSES      @Epesses
    • WHITE= Chasslas
    • RED= Pinot Noir
    • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Suisse Romande, CANTON-Vaud
      • In Lavaux AOC.(Central), VILLAGES-La Croix, Riex
      • BORDERS-Villette AOC.(West), Calamin~Grand Cru~(South-East), Dezaley~Grand Cru~(South-East)
      • Sub-Zones- Baussan, Chenaux,
    • TOPOGRAPHY- Hilly/ Mountainous/ Terraced, On~Lake~Geneva~(North-East)
    • VITICULUTRE- 135 haPlanted
      • Estate/ Producers- Cave du Vieux Pressoir, Lux Massy/ Clos du Bout
  • CALAMIN ~Grand Cru~     @Calamin
    • WHITE= Chasselas
    • RED= ?
    • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Suisse Romande, CANTON-Vaud(South-East)
      • In Lavaux AOC.(Central)
      • BORDERS-Epesses AOC.(West), Dezaley~Grand Cru~(East)
    • TOPOGRAPHY- Mountainous/ Terraced, On~Lake~Geneva~(North-East)
    • VITICULTURE- 15 haPlanted
      • Estate/ Producers- De Buren, Pinnaz & Fil
  • DEZALEY ~Grand Cru~      @Rivaz
    • BLANC= Chasselas   |   ROUGE= Pinot Noir
      • International Gamay, Merlot, Pinot Noir
    • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Suisse Romande, CANTON-Vaud(South-East)
      • In Lavaux AOC.(Central), Sub-Zone- Treytorrens
      • BORDERS-Calamin~Grand Cru~(West), Epesses AOC.(North-West), St. Saphorin AOC.(East)
    • TOPOGRAPHY- Mountainous/ TerracedOn~Lake~Geneva~(North-East)
    • VITICULTURE- 55 haPlanted
      • Estate/ Producers- Antoine Bovard, Antoine Grand, Blair Duboux, Bovy, Chappuis, Chaudet Vines, Chemin de Fer, Clos des Abbayes, Clos de Moines, Les Freres Dubois, Louis Bovard, Luc Massy
  • ST. SAPHORIN     @St. Saphorin
    • BLANC= Chasselas 78%
    • ROUGE= Diolinoir, Dunkelfelder, Garanoir, Gamaret
      • International Pinot Noir 12%, Gamay 7%, Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Malbec, Merlot, Syrah
    • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Suisse Romande, CANTON-Vaud(South-East)
      • In Lavaux AOC.(Central)
      • BORDERS-Dezaley~Grand Cru~(West), Chardonne AOC.(East)
      • VILLAGES-Chexbres, Puidoux-Chexbres, Rivaz, St. Saphorin
    • TOPOGRAPHY- Mountainous/ TerracedOn~Lake~Geneva~(North-East)
    • SOILS– Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Moraninal Clay/ Limestone, Gravel
    • VITICULTURE- 135 haPlanted
      • Estate/ Producers- Alain Ruchonnet, Bovy, Daley, Eric Siegenthaler, Les Gosses, Glerolles, Henri Badoux, Louis Bavard, Luc Massy, Pierre-Luc Leyvraz, Pierre Monachon, Pierres Neyres, St. Germandaz, St. Saphorin
    • CULTURE-
    • GOING THERE- ~Lavaux Vinorama~ Regional Tasting Room
  • CHARDONNE      @Chardonne
    • WHITE= Chasslas
      • International Sauvignon Blanc, Viognier
    • RED=
      • International Gamay, Pinot Noir
    • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Suisse Romande, CANTON-Vaud(South-East)
      • In Lavaux AOC., BORDERS-St. Saphorin AOC.(West), Vevey AOC.(East)
      • VILLAGES-Chardonne, Corseaux, Jongny
    • TOPOGRAPHY- Mountainous/ TerracedOn~Lake~Geneva~(North-East)
    • VITICULTURE– 115 haPlanted
      • Estate/ Producers– Alain Neyroud, Jean-Paul Forestier, Obrist-Vevey
  • VEVEY     @
    • WHITE= Chasselas
    • RED= ?
    • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Suisse Romande, CANTON-Vaud(South-East)
      • In Lavaux AOC.(East), BORDERS-Chardonne AOC.(West), Monteux AOC.(East)
    • TOPOGRAPHY Mountainous/ TerracedOn~Lake~Geneva~(North-East)
    • VITICULTURE 55 haPlanted
    • VINICULTURE  Sparkling
      • Estate/ Producers- L’Atavoqie
  • MONTEUX     @
    • WHITE= Chasselas
    • RED=
    • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Suisse Romande, CANTON-Vaud(South-East)
      • In Lavaux AOC.(East)
    • TOPOGRAPHY- Hilly/Mountainous/ TerracedOn~Lake~Geneva~(East)
    • VITICULTURE 55 haPlanted
      • Estate/ Producers- Marina Bovard
  • VILLENEUVE     @
    • WHITE= Chasselas   |   RED= ?
    • GEOGRAPHY- REGION-Suisse Romande, CANTON-Vaud(South-East)
      • In Lavaux AOC.
    • TOPOGRAPHYHilly/ Mountainous/ TerracedOn~Lake~Geneva~(East)
    • VITICULTURE-   ? haPlanted
      • Estate/ Producers-

CHABLAIS AOC.    @Aigle, Yvorne

  • BLANC= Dorin AKA=Chasselas, Savagnin Blanc
  • ROUGE= Gamay, Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Suisse Romande, CANTON-Vaud(South-East)
    • BETWEEN-Lake Geneva(South-East) & Right Bank AOC.(Valais)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous/ Terraced
    • On~Grande Eau/ Avancon~River~Tributary~Rhone~River~Left Bank
  • VITICULTURE- ? haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers- Henri Badoux, Maison Blanche, Maison d Lezard
  • YVORNE      @
    • BLANC= Chasselas|   ROUGE= Gamay
    • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Suisse Romande, CANTON-Vaud(South-East)
      • In Chablis AOC.
    • TOPOGRAPHYRolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous/ Terraced
    • VITICULTURE-
      • Estate/ Producers- Maison Blanche, Obrist-Vevey, Ovale, Clos du Rocher, Pierre Latine, La Thibaude
  • AIGLE      @
    • BLANC= Chasselas   |   ROUGE= Pinot Noir
    • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Suisse Romande, CANTON-Vaud(South-East)
      • In Chablais AOC.
    • TOPOGRAPHY- Hilly/ Mountainous/ Terraced
      • On~Grande Eau~River~Tributary~Rhone~River~
    • VITICULTURE- ? haPlanted
      • Estate/ Producers- Henri Badoux, La Baudeliere, Louis Bovard
  • OLLON      @
    • BLANC= Chasselas   |   ROUGE= Pinot Noir
    • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Suisse Romande, CANTON-Vaud(South-East)
      • In Chablais AOC.
    • TOPOGRAPHY- Hilly/ Mountainous/ Terraced
    • VITICULTURE- ? ha. Planted
      • Estate/ Producers- Vignerons d’Ollon(Co.-Op.)
  • BEX      @
    • BLANC= Chassels   |   ROUGE= Pinot Noir
    • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Suisse Romande, CANTON-Vaud(South-East)
      • In Chablais AOC.
    • TOPOGRAPHY Hilly/ Mountainous/ Terraced
      • On~Avancon~River~Tributary~Rhone~River~
    • VITICULTURE- ? ha. Planted
      • Estate/ Producers-
  • UBERLAND     @  ?
    • BLANC= Chasselas   |   ROUGE= Gamey
    • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Suisse Romande, CANTON-Vaud(South-East)
      • In Chablais AOC.
    • TOPOGRAPHY- Hilly/ Mountainous/ TerracedOn~Lake~Geneva~(North-West)
    • VITICULTURE- ? ha. Planted
      • Estate/ Producers-


The Rhone River Valley

  • GEOGRAPHY- The Rhone River Valley Starts as Glaciers In Its Head-Waters of the Upper Rhone Valley In Valais/ Switzerland and Flows Through Savoy, Lake Geneva, Chablis, Rhone Valley and Provence Before Entering the Mediterranean Sea.
  • TOPOGRAPHY On~Rhone~River~Tributaries~
    • (Headwaters: Rhone Glacier/ Oberwald/ Gotthard Massif~to~Mediterranean~Sea~

VALAIS      @Sion

  • BLANC= Fendant AKA=Chasselas, Amigne, Bian Ver, Ermitage, Heida/ Paien AKA= Savagnin, Humagne Blanc, Malvoisie, Müller Thurgau, Johannisberg AKA=Plan du Rhin, Petite Arvine
    • International Gewurztraminer, Muscat, Pinot Blanc, Riesling, Viognier
  • ROUGE= Pinot Noir 31%, Gamay 12%, Ancellotta, Carminoir, Cornalin, Diolinoir, Durize, Eyholzer Roter, Galotta, Gamaret, Garanoir, Humagne Rouge
    • International Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Syrah
  • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Suisse Romande, CANTON-Valais
      • +Satellite Appelation, North of Italy
    • Sub-Zones- Bas-Valais, Haut-Valais, Right Bank, Valais Central
    • COMMUNES-(65)-Ardon, Balavaud, Bernune, Beudod, Chamoson, Conthey, Corbassiere, Flanthey, Fully, Leuk-Loeche, Leytron, Martigny, Saint-Leonard, Salgesh, Sierre, Sion,  Uvrier, Vetroz, Visp/ Viege Vispertermine
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly/ Terraces/ Valley(RhoneNorthern), On~Rhone~River~
    • SLOPES/ Pennine Alps, +Alt. 460mt.- 1,100mt., +Gradient(+35%-70%)
    • **Refer to CLIMATE/ Altitudes For Detailed Information On Altitudes.
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, ”Sedimentary
    • Slate/ Black Schist AKA=Black Board, Chalk, Gravel
  • CLIMATE-  Alpine, +WIND/ Fohn
  • VITICULTURE- 5,976 ha., Planted,  40% Production/ Swiss
    • ADVANTAGES– – Wind Shadow Effect Alps.
    • CHALLENGE– Summer Drought, Some Irrigation Needed.
      • Vineyards Emphasize Orientation and Sun Traps.
  • VINICULTURE-
    • Estate/ Producers- (Many Co.-Op.), Benoit Dorsaz, Chai du Baron, Charles Bonvin/ Clos du Chateau, Claudy Clavien, Les Dailles, Denis Mercier, Dubuis & Rudaz, Jean-Rene Germanier, Leyscher, La Mermiere, Mont D’or, Muses,  Nouveau Salquenen(Adrian & Diego Mathier), Provins/ Domaines Tourbillon(Co.-Op.), Robert Gilliard, Simon Maye, Tourbillon, Varone, Wittwer
    • Vineyards-  Mytopia(Nat.Pro.), (Salquenen)
  • VINICULTURE-
    • Dole- Pinot Noir(+51%) +Gamey    |    Gordon- Gamey(+51%) +Pinot Noir
      Salvagnin- Pinot Noir, Gamey, Gamaret, Garanoir
    • Charte Grain Noble Confidenciel– Label For Traditional Sweet Wines.
      BLANC= Amigne, Ermitage, Johannisberg, Malvoisie, Paien, Petite Arvine
    • Estate/ Producers La Liaudisaz
  • CULTURE- GASTRONOMY   |   CHEESE Raclette(Cow/ Semi-Hard)

BAS-VALAIS      @Monthey

  • BLANC= Chassels   |   ROUGE= Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Suisse Romande, CANTON-Valais(West)
    • BETWEEN-Lake Geneva(South-East) & Right Bank AOC.
    • Sub-Zones- Port Valais, Vionnaz, Vouvry
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Hilly/ Mountainous
    • On~Rhone~River~Left Bank/ Across From Vaud(East)
  • VITICULTURE-  ?  ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers-
  • PORT VALAIS      @
    • BLANC= Chassels   |   ROUGE= Pinot Noir
    • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Suisse Romande, CANTON-Valais(West)
      • In Bas-Valais
    • TOPOGRAPHY- On~Lake~Geneva~
    • VITICULTURE- ?   haPlanted
      • Estate/ Producers-
  • VOUVRY      @
    • BLANC= Chassels   |   ROUGE= Pinot Noir
    • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Suisse Romande, CANTON-Valais(South-East)
      • In Bas-Valais
    • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly
    • VITICULTURE- ?  haPlanted
      • Estate/ Producers-
  • VIONNAZ      @
    • BLANC= Chassels   |   ROUGE= Pinot Noir
    • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Suisse Romande, CANTON-Valais(South-East)
      • In Bas-Valais
    • TOPOGRAPHYRolling/ Hilly
    • VITICULTURE-  ?  ha. Planted
      • Estate/ Producers-

RIGHT BANK AOC.     @

  • BLANC= Chassels   |   ROUGE= Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Suisse Romande, CANTON-Valais(Central)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- RollingOn~Rhone~River~
  • VITICULTURE-  ?  ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers-
  • FULLY~Cru~      @
    • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Suisse Romande, CANTON-Valais(Central)
      • In Right Bank AOC.
    • VITICULTURE- ?   haPlanted
      • Estate/ Producers- Combe d’Enfer, Henri Valloton, Cave Philippe et veronye Mettaz
  • SAILLON      @
    • WHITE= Fendant, Petite Arvine
    • RED= Cornalin, Humagne Rouge, Syrah
    • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Suisse Romande, CANTON-Valais(Central)
      • In Right Bank AOC.
    • VITICULTURE-  ?  haPlanted
      • Estate/ Producers-
  • LEYTRON      @
    • WHITE= L’Humagne Blanc, Fendant
    • RED= Cornalin, Humagne Rouge
    • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Suisse Romande, CANTON-Valais(Central)
      • In Right Bank AOC.
    • VITICULTURE- ?  haPlanted
      • Estate/ Producers-
  • CHAMOSON      @
    • WHITE= Arvine, Johannisberg   |   RED= Diolinoir, Pinot Noir
    • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Suisse Romande, CANTON-Valais(Central)
      • In Right Bank AOC.
    • SOILS- Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Schist, Marble
      • Famous For Its Large Alluvial Fan of La Losentze.
    • VITICULTURE- ?  haPlanted
      • Estate/ Producers Didier Joris, Henri Magistrini/ Cave du Forum, Rene Favre & Fils
      • Vineyards- Petite Arvine
  • CONTHEY~Cru~   @
    • WHITE= Chardonnay, Fendant   RED= Cornalin, Gamay, Pinot Noir
    • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Suisse Romande, CANTON-Valais(Central)
      • In Right Bank AOC.
    • VITICULTURE-  ?  haPlanted
      • Estate/ Producers-
  • VETROZ~Cru~   @
    • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Suisse Romande, CANTON-Valais(Central)
      • In Right Bank AOC.
    • VITICULTURE-   ? haPlanted
      • Estate/ Producers- Cave Les Ruinettes, Serge Roh
  • SION      @
    • WHITE= Ermitage, Fendant   |   RED= Gamay, Pinot Noir, Syrah
    • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Suisse Romande, CANTON-Valais(Central)
      • In Right Bank AOC.
    • VITICULTURE-  ?  haPlanted
      • Estate/ Producer- Constellation, Maison Gilliard
    • CULTURE-
    • GOING THERE- ~Association des Encaveurs de Sion/ Regional Tasting Room~
  • ST. LEONARD~Cru~     @
    • WHITE= Fendant   |   RED= Gamay, Pinot Noir
    • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Suisse Romande, CANTON-Valais(Central)
      • In Right Bank AOC.
    • VITICULTURE-  ?  haPlanted
      • Estate/ Producers- Christophe Jacquad

VALAIS  CENTRAL AOC.     @

  • BLANC= Arvine, Chassels, Johannisberg, Pinot Gris
  • ROUGE= Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY– Switzerland, REGION-Suisse Romande, CANTON-Valais(Central)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ HillyOn~Rhone~River~
  • VITICULTURE-  ?  haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers- Domaine Cornulus, Histoire d’Enfer

HAUT-VALAIS AOC.     @ 

  • BLANC= Chassels   |   ROUGE= Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Suisse Romande, CANTON-Valais(East)
    • Sub-Zones-  Salgesch, Sierre, Visperterminen
  • TOPOGRAPHY- HillyOn~Rhone~River~
  • VITICULTURE-   ? haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers-
  • SALGESCH      @Leuk
    • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Suisse Romande, CANTON-Valais(East)
      • In Haut-Valais AOC.
    • VITICULTURE-  ?  haPlanted
      • Estate/ Producers-
  • SIERRE      @
    • WHITE= Arvine, Ermitage, Fendant   |   RED= Cornalin, Syrah
    • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Suisse Romande, CANTON-Valais(East)
      • In Haut-Valais AOC.
    • VITICULTURE- ? ha. Planted
      • Glacier Wine WHITE= Ermitage, Reze @Grimentz Village
        Traditionally- Reze 90% +Humagne Blanc, Ermitage, Petite Arvine, Malvoisie
        +AGED/ 10- 15yr. In Larch Wood Barrels Solera System, Only Tasted In Cellars of Anniviers Drawn Directly From Barrels In Village
  • VISPERTERMINEN      @Visp
    • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Suisse Romande, CANTON-Valais(East)
      • In Haut-Valais AOC.
    • TOPOGRAPHY- Hilly/ Mountainous/ Terraced
    • VITICULTURE-  ?  haPlanted
      • Estate/ Producers- 
      • Vineyards- St. Jodern(+Alt. 1,150mt.)


TICINO       @Lugano

  • BIANCO= Chasselas, Chardonnay, Semillon, Kerner, Riesling, Pinot Blanc, Pinot Grigio, Sauvignon Blanc, Sylvaner
  • ROSSO= Merlot 83%, Bondola, Carminoir, Gamaret, Garanoir, Diolinoir, Ancellotta,
    • International Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY– Switzerland(South), REGION-Ticino, CANTON-Ticino Grigioni
    • BORDERS-Italy(South), LATITUDE: 46° N
    • Sub-Zones- Sopraceneri     Sottoceneri
  • TOPOGRAPHY Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous
    • SLOPES/ Lepontine Alps/ Monte Ceneri, +Alt.?
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Sedimentary
  • CLIMATE- Continental With Mediterranean, Micro-Climates”
    • LAKE EFFECT– Lugano/ Maggiore Lakes
  • VITICULTURE- 1,100 ha. Planted, Vine Training– Tendone/ Pergola
  • VINICULTURE- 90% Rosso, Merlot Bianco
  • CULTURE- Italian Speaking, AKA=Tessin

TICINO DOC.      @Lugano

  • BIANCO= Bian Ver
  • ROSSO= Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot
  • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Ticino, CANTON-Ticino Grigioni
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous, +Alt. 320mt.- 520mt.
    • On~Lake~Maggiore~(North-East)
  • VITICULTURE- 1,055 ha. Planted
  • VINICULTURE- Blanc, Rose, Sparkling
    • Estate/ Producers- Brivio, Gialdi, Cantina Monti, Gialdi, San Giorgio, Sassi Grossi, Swiss Premium Wine, Tamborini Carlo, Valsangiacomo, Vinattieri Ticinesi, Zanini

SOPRACENERI DOC.     @

  • BIANCO= ?
  • ROSSO= Merlot, Bondola, Carminoir, Cabernet Sauvignon, Marselan, Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Ticino, CANTON-Ticino Grigioni
    • North of Monte Ceneri Pass
    • DISTRICTS-Bellinzona, Camorino, Gordola, Malvagia
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly, On~Ticino~River~On~Lake~Maggiore~
  • VITICULTURE- ?  haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers- Cantina Settemaggio, Gialdi Vini

MONTE CENERI     @Rivera

  • BIANCO= ?   |   ROSSO= Merlot
  • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Ticino, CANTON-Ticino Grigioni
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly
    • On~Lake~Maggiore~(North-East)
  • VITICULTURE-  30 haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers-

SOTTOCENERI DOC.      @Lugano

  • BIANCO= Chardonnay   |   ROSSO= Merlot
  • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Ticino, CANTON-Ticino Grigioni
    • South of Monte Ceneri Pass
    • DISTRICTS-Castel San Pietro, Chiasso, Coldrerio, Inferiore, Morbio, Novazzano, Stabio
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ HillyOn~Lake~Lugano~
  • VITICULTURE-  ?   haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers- Agriloro, Brivio Vini, Fratelli Corti, Kopp Von Der Crone, Pelossi, Tenuta San Giorgio

MISOX     @

  • BIANCO= ?  |   ROSSO= Malbec, Merlot, Syrah
  • GEOGRAPHY– Switzerland, REGION-Ticino, CANTON-Ticino Grigioni, DISTRICT-Moesa
    • BORDERS-Italy
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly/ Valley(Misox, Calanca)
  • VITICULTURE- ?   haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers- Rohner

LAKE LUGANO/ MENDRISIOTTO      @

  • BIANCO= ?   |   ROSSO= Barbera Freisa, Merlot
  • GEOGRAPHY- Switzerland, REGION-Ticino, CANTON-Ticino Grigioni
    • BORDERS-Italy(South)
  • TOPOGRAPHYRolling/ Hilly, On~Lake~Lugano~(Near)
  • VITICULTURE- ?   haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers-


**Refer to BIBLIOGRAPHY/ Sources For Details On Scholarly Works Referenced.