🇫🇷FRANCEAlsace


ALSACE IS  Villages118    ~Grand Cru~ 51      @ColmarStrasbourg

  • BLANC= Riesling 22%, Gewurztraminor 20%, Pinot Blanc 21%, Pinot Gris 15%, Sylvaner 7%, Auxerrois, Chardonnay, Chasselas AKA=Gutedel, Goldriesling, Knipperle AKA=Gelber Ortlieber, Muscat Blanc Petits Grains, Muscat Ottonel, Savagnin AKA=Klevener de Heiligenstein
  • ROUGE= Pinot Noir 10%

GEOGRAPHY REGION-Western Europe, COUNTRY-France(North-East), REGION-Alsace

  • BORDERS-  Switzerland(South), Germany(East),  LATITUDE: 47.5° to 49° N
  • DEPARTMENTS– Bas Rhin, Haut-Rhin,  (100 km. North -South/ 3-5 km. West to East)
    • Bas Rhin(Lower Altitude) Bas-Rhin North, Bas-Rhin South
    • Haut-Rhin(Higher Altitude) Guebwiller, 3, Haut-Rhin North, Haut-Rhine Cluster of 10, Haut-Rhin Middle 5, Haut-Rhin North, Ribeauville, Troia Donjons 4, Weisbach Valley

TOPOGRAPHY  FEATURESRolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous/ Terraced

  • SLOPES/  Vosges Mountains VolcanicGranite, Schist, +Alt.170mt.-555mt.(Peak 1,400mt.)
    • Vosges Mountains Used to Be One Long Mountain Range Over Time the Middle Section Collapsed Revealing Vast Layers and Network of Fault-Lines Running North to South and East to West.
  • Vosges FoothillsSedimentaryCalcareous” Limestone, Pink Sandstone(Gres de Vosges)
  • Valley Floor/ Alsace Alluvial PlainSedimentarySand, Loam, Silt, Gravel(Alluvial Fans), Clay(70 km. Section)
  • ON PLAIN/ Alsatian , BETWEEN: Vosges Mountains & On~Rhine~River~

TOPOGRAPHIC EVENTS Alsace is Comprised of Area Between, Rhine Fault & Vosges Fault

  • Alsace Lies Along the Western Margin of the Oberrheingraben. (Upper Rhine Plain/ Graben/ Rift Valley)
  • This Area is Also Refereed to the Rhine Rift Valley. This Rifting Area (50km. Wide) Where the Earths’s Crust is Pulled Apart Across Two Parallel Fault Lines That Once United Vosges(West) and Black Forrest Mountains(East), The Upper Rhine Plain is 350 km. Long and Runs From Frankfurt(North) to Basel(South).
  • Graben– Depressed Block of Land Bordered by Parallel Faults.
  • VOLCANISM~ ~Rhenane Fault~,  ~Vosges Fault~

Alsace Features Some of the Most Diverse Terroir In the World.

SOILS Metamorphic, SedimentaryVolcanic

  • Complex Patchwork or Mosaic of Soil With Varying Exposures and Soil Types, Some Changing Every 50mt..
  • +20 Soils…Clay, Marl Over Limestone, Chalk, Granite, Sandstone, Gneiss, Schist, Silex
  • 600 Million Years Ago Vosges Mountains Were Pushed Up From the Sea That Covered Most of France.
  • Keuper Marl– Triassic Age, Multiple Layer of Mudstone and Siltstone.
  • Buntsandstein– Lower Triassic Age “Colored Sandstone”, Yellow, Gray, and Pink Sandstones.
  • Muschelkalk– Fossil Limestone Plus Sandstone, Slate, Shale and Dolomite Rock.
  • Cristalline(Mainly Granite),  Greseuses(Mainly Red Sandstone)

CLIMATE Continental, Long Growing Seasons , Indian Summers

  • Summers– Sunny, Dry, Early Fall   |    Winters– Cold, Wet
  • +RAIN/ 90 Inches West of Vosges Mountains, 20 Inches East,
  • +WIND/ “West Winds”…Originating Off Atlantic Ocean…Across Plain of Lorraine.
  • +Rain Shadow Effect ~Vosges Mountain Range~
  • BENEFITS– Few or No Autumn Rains.
    • Long Growing Season/ No Rain Leans Itself to Vendange Tardive.(Late Harvest Grapes)
  • CHALLENGES– Spring Frost

VITICULTURE  15,500ha. Planted,  Harvest Usually Starts Mid-October

  • NOBLE VARIETIES Of ALSACE- Gewurztraminer, Muscat, Pinot Gris, Riesling
    • HISTORY– In 1644, These 4 Grapes Were Judged to Be Noble.
      • Other Grapes of the Time Where Deemed to Be Non-Noble…
        • Auxerrois, Chasselas, Pinot Blanc, Sylvaner
  • Klevener de Heiligenstein AKA=Savagnin Rose
    • Is Only Grown In Villages of Bourgheim, Gertwiller, Goxwiller, Heiligenstein and Obernai.
    • Estate/ Producers– Bestheim, Burckel Jung
  • Hotte- Historical Wicker Basket(Today Made of Lightweight Plastic) Used to Collect Grape After Being Picked at Harvest.
  • Bennes- Historical Wooden Container Used to Hold Grapes From Vineyard to Winery.
  • Pipe- 600 Liter/ Large Cast Used For Wine Aging In Alsace.
  • WINNER Worlds Best~ DtheV.com “Worlds Best Terroir”  (1st. Place)
    • **Refer to “WINE CULTURE/ Derek’s Top 6 List” For Detailed Information.

VINICULTURE Percentage of Production- Alsace 71%, Cremant 25%, Grand Cru 4%

  • Chaptized,  No Malolactic Fermentation,  Neutral Oak Barrels
  • Wine Labels by Varietal, the Rest of France by Place and Name.
  • Alsace Exports 65% of Wine.
  • WINE BARRELS~ ~Foudre1,000 Liters
  • BOTTLE SIZES~ ~Flute d’Alsace~ 717 ml., Tall Elongated, Tapered Neck Bottle, Flat Base, Dark Green.
    • Official Recognition In 1930
  • ALSACE GLASS~ Tall, Green-Stemmed.
  • SPIRITS & LIQUEURS~  Alsace Has a History of Producing and Consuming.
    • Marc de Gewurztraminer, Kirsch(Cherry), Framboise(Raspberry), Mirabelle(Plum), Myrtille(Bilberry)

HISTORY2,000 Year Wine History

  •   00  @Alsace Viticulture Was Introduced In Alsace by Romans.
  • 1715 @Alsace Building of Sainte Catherine Cast.
    • Located In Hugel’s Riquewihr Celler and is the Longest Continuous Use Wine Cast In the World.
  • 1871 @Alsace Germany Took Over Region.
  • 1919 @Alsace Alsace Annexed Back to France After World War I.
  • 1940 @Alsace Germany Occupied Alsace During World War II.
  • 1975 @Alsace Grand Cru Vineyard Delimitated .

CULTUREAlsaciens- The People From Alsace,     White Stork One of the Symbol of Alsace.

  • BACK STORY~ Alsace Has Been Caught Between Latin and Germanic Civilizations For 2,000 Years.
    • Alsace Inhibits a Strong Franco/ Germanic Influence Through Its People, Architecture and Gastronomy.
    • Germany Thought the Vosges Mountains Should Be the Border Between France/ Germany, the France Thought the Rhine River Was the Logical Border. As a Result the Area Has Endured Many Wars and Invasions Over For Centuries and the Area Has Changed Hands Many Times.
    • Known as a “Sister/ Brother” Region With Baden, Germany.
  • PIONEERS~ ~Rudolph Steiner~ “Austria/ Alsace/ Basel”, Esoteric Leader and Spiritual Founder of Bio-Dynamics.
  • WINE ROUTE~ ~Alsace Wine Route/ Route du Vin d’Alsace~
    • 60km. Road From West of Strasbourg Down to West of Mulhouse. Alsace Vineyards Are Generally a Grouping of Hundreds of Smaller Vineyards, and Plots Owned, Cultivated and Harvested by Smaller Producers and Family Wineries.
  • GASTRONOMY... Baecheoffe(Meat & Potato Casserole), Flambee(Bacon, Onion, & Cream On Thin Crust)
    • Foie Gras, Sauerkraut, Beer, White Asparagus, Kugelhopf, Coq au Riesling, Choucroute, Flammekueche
    • CHEESE... Munster(Cow/ Semi-Soft)
  • NON-WINE“Cultural Obligations”  ~Cathedrale Nortre Dame de Strasbourg~
    • ~Official Place of the European Parliament~
    • ~Museums of Alsace/ In Colmar, Mulhouse, Selestat and Strasbourg~


Appellations/ Classification of Alsace

ALSACE AOC.

  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Alsace(Greater)
  • VITICULTURE- 9 Grapes Sold as Varietals

ALSACE CHASSSELAS AOC. @Entire Region

  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Alsace(Greater)

ALSACE GEWURZTRAMINER AOC.

  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Alsace(Greater)
  • VINICULTURE- *Generally– Made In Dry Style, +AGED/ Old Oak & Sul Lie

ALSACE MUSCAT AOC.

  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Alsace(Greater)
  • VINICULTURE- *Generally– Made In Dry Style

ALSACE PINOT GRIS AOC.

  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Alsace(Greater)
  • VINICULTURE- *Generally– Made In Off-Dry Style

ALSACE RIESLING AOC.

  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Alsace(Greater)
  •  VINICULTURE– *Generally– Made In Dry Style

ALSACE PINOT NOIR AOC.

  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Alsace(Greater)

ALSACE PINOT BLANC AOC.

  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Alsace(Greater)

ALSACE SYLVANER AOC.

  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Alsace(Greater)
  • VITICULTURE-
    • Estate/ Producers- Ostertag

MARC D’ALSACE–  ~Eau-de-Vie~

  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Alsace(Greater)
  • VINICULTURE- Grape Must Be From Alsace (120 Communes)

EDELZWICKER D’ALSACE

  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Alsace(Greater)
  • VINICULTURE- General Blend of 2+ Noble Varietals
    • WHITE– Gewurztraminer, Muscat, Pinot Gris, Riesling
    • Varieties Can Be Vinified Together or Separately.
    • Vintage Year Stated On Label is Not Mandatory.
  • CULTURE- ~Etymology~ Edel…Meaning Noble & Zwicker…Meaning Blend
    • Gentil Gentil is a Trademark of Hugel
      • WHITE– +50% Gewurztraminer/ Muscat/ Riesling the Remaining Blend Can Be of Pinot Blanc, Chasselas, or Sylvaner.
      • VINICULTURE– Blend of +50% Noble Varietals

VENDANGE TARDIVE

  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Alsace(Greater)
  • VINICULTURE- Late Harvest, Single Vintage, Must Be Produced From 1 of the 4 Noble Grapes.
    • Riesling & Muscat Must +220 G./ L. Sugar at Harvest/ +95° Oechsle
    • Gewürztraminer &  Pinot Gris Must +243 G./ L. Sugar at Harvest/ +105° Oechsle
  • CLIMATE- Alsace Benefits From Long Growing Season.
    • No Rain Leads Itself to Vendange Tardive.(Late Harvest Grapes) Ripening to Their Fullest Potential.

PASSERILLAGE

  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Alsace(Greater)
  • VINICULTURE- Drying/ Dehydrating Grape On Vine by Twisting Trunk

SELECTION DE GRAINS NOBLES

  • BLANC= Gewurztraminor, Pinot Gri, Riesling
  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Alsace(Greater)
  • VINICULTURE- Botrytis
    • Riesling & Muscat  Must +256 G./ L. Sugar at Harvest/ +110* Oechsle
    • Gewürztraminer &  Pinot Gris Must +279 G./ L. Sugar at Harvest/ +120* Oechsle
  • CLIMATE- Mists Begins to Rise In Fall From the Warm Earth Mixed With the Cooling Air.
    • This Combined With Lack of Fall Rain Lends Itself to Perfect Conditions For Botrytis Development.

CREMANT D’ALSACE AOC.      @Jura

  • BLANC= Chardonnay, Pinot Blanc, Pinot Gris, Riesling, Auxerrois
  • ROSE= Pinot Noir(100%)
  • ROUGE= Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Alsace(Greater)
  • VITICULTURE- Less Than 55 Hectoliter per Hectar
    • Chardonnay is Permitted In Alsace Only In Production of Cremant d’Alsace.
    • No Sylvaner or Gewurztraminor Permitted In Cremant.
  • VINICULTURE- SPARKLING…Method/ Traditionelle, +AGED/+9mo., On Lees
    • Estate-Producers Albert Boxler, Albert Mann, Arthur Metz, Barmes-Buecher, Charles Baur, Dopff & Irion, Dopff au Moulin, Frey, Jean-Claude Buecher, Julien Meyer, Lucien Albrecht, Pierre Sparr, Willm

GRAND CRU Of ALSACE

  • Lieu-Dit- Single Named Vineyards (51) *Delimitated In 1983(26)/ 1992(51)
    • *Now Lieu-Dit’s Are Recognized As Appellations On Their Own
  • BLANC= Riesling, Gewurztraminer, Pinot Grigio, Muscat (Min./11%)
    • **Only Varietals Permitted to Be ~Grand Cru~


**Alsace Images Courtesy of Delong Maps, Purchase These Maps at Delongwine.com

BAS-RHIN       @Strasbourg

  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Alsace(North), DEPARTMENT-Bas-Rhin
    • COMMUNES– 14
    • Sub-Zones- Bas-Rhin North, Bas-Rhin South
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Vosges Mountains Are Lower and Less Mountainous Than Haut-Rhin
  • CLIMATE RAIN SHADOW EFFECT/ ~Vosges Mountain Range~

Bas-Rhin North

Steinklotz~Grand Cru~     @Marlenheim

  • GEOGRAPHY- Alsace, DEPARTMENT-Bas-Rhin, SUB-ZONE-Bas-Rhin ‘North’
    • COMMUNE-Marlenheim, West of Strasbourg-City(    km.)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- “Rolling/ Hilly”, +Alt.200mt– 300mt.
  • SOILS- “Metamorphic”, “Sedimentary”, Limestone
  • VITICULTURE- 40ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers Arthur Metz, Furdenheim, Helfrich, Kirchheim, Laugel

Engelberg~Grand Cru~     @Dahlenheim/ Scharrachbergheim

  • GEOGRAPHY- Alsace, DEPARTMENT-Bas-Rhin, SUB-ZONE-Bas-Rhin ‘North’
    • COMMUNE-Dahlenheim, Scharrachbergheim, West of Strasbourg-City(20km.)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- “Rolling/ Hilly”, +Alt.250mt.-300mt.
  • SOILS- “Metamorphic”, “Sedimentary, Limestone, Fossils, Marlstone
  • VITICULTURE- 15ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers Bechtold, Heckmann, Loew, Maurice, Pfister, Roland Schmitt

Altenberg Bergbieten~Grand Cru~      @Bergbieten

  • GEOGRAPHY- Alsace, DEPARTMENT-Bas-Rhin, SUB-ZONE-Bas-Rhin ‘North’
    • COMMUNE-Bergbieten
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly”, +Alt.210mt.-270mt., West of Strasbourg-City(35km.)
  • SOILS- Metamorphic”, “Sedimentary”, Limestone, Clay, Marl, Gypsum
  • VITICULTURE- 29ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers Frederic Michel, Loew, Roland Schmitt

Bruderthal~Grand Cru~     @Molsheim

  • GEOGRAPHY- Alsace, DEPARTMENT-Bas-Rhin, SUB-ZONE-Bas-Rhin ‘North’
    • COMMUNE-MolsheimSouth-West of Strasbourg-City(22km.)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- “Rolling/ Hilly”, +Alt.225km.-300km., “Bowl”
  • SOILS- Metamorphic”, “Sedimentary, Limestone, Marl
  • VITICULTURE- 18ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers Gerard Neumeyer, Klingenfus, Kumpf & Meyer

Altenberg Wolxheim~Grand Cru~     @Wolxheim

  • GEOGRAPHY- Alsace, DEPARTMENT-Bas-Rhin, SUB-ZONE-Bas-Rhin ‘North’
    • COMMUNE-Wolxheim
  • TOPOGRAPHY- “Rolling/ Hilly”, SLOPES/ Rocher de Horn, +Alt.200km.-250km.
    • West of Strasbourg-City(20km.)
  • SOILS- Metamorphic”, “Sedimentary, Limestone, Marl
  • VITICULTURE- 31ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers- Arthur Metz, Clement Lissner, Maison Zoeller, Roi Dagobert

Kirchberg de Barr~Grand Cru~     @Barr

  • GEOGRAPHY- Alsace, DEPARTMENT-Bas-Rhin, SUB-ZONE-Bas-Rhin ‘North’
    • COMMUNE-Barr
  • TOPOGRAPHY- “Rolling/ Hilly”, +Alt.215mt.-330mt.
  • SOILS- Metamorphic”, “Sedimentary”, Limestone, Marl
  • VITICULTURE- 40 ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers- Bott Freres, Klipfel, Pierre Hering, Rieffel, Stoeffler, Wantz, Willm

Zotzenberg~Grand Cru~      @Mittelbergheim

  • WHITE= Sylvaner, Riesling
  • GEOGRAPHY- Alsace, DEPARTMENT-Bas-Rhin, SUB-ZONE-Bas-Rhin ‘North’
    • COMMUNE
  • TOPOGRAPHY- “Rolling/ Hilly”, +Alt.215mt.-315mt.
  • SOILS- Metamorphic”, “Sedimentary, Limestone, Marl
  • VITICULTURE- 36ha. Planted,  (Monopole)
  • VINICULTURE- Sylvaner, Blending Allowed
    • Estate/ Producers- Seltz & Fils, E. Boechkel, Lucas et Andre Rieffel, Rietsch

Klanzlerberg~Grand Cru~      @Andlau

  • GEOGRAPHY- Alsace, DEPARTMENT-Bas-Rhin, SUB-ZONE-Bas-Rhin ‘North’
    • COMMUNE-Andlau
  • TOPOGRAPHY-“Rolling/ Hilly”, +Alt.240mt.-300mt., +ASPECT/ South/ South-West
  • SOILS- “Metamorphic”, “Sedimentary”, Clay, Marl, Gypsum
  • VITICULTURE- 3.2ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers

Kastelberg~Grand Cru~      @Andlau

  • GEOGRAPHY- Alsace, DEPARTMENT-Bas-Rhin, SUB-ZONE-Bas-Rhin ‘North’
    • COMMUNE-Andlau
  • TOPOGRAPHY- “Rolling/ Hilly”, +Alt.240mt.-300mt., +ASPECT/ South-East
  • SOILS- “Metamorphic”, “Sedimentary”, Sandstone, Granite, Schist
  • VITICULTURE- 5.8ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers- Gresser, Mark Kreydenweiss(Nat.Pro.), Marronniers

Wiebelsberg~Grand Cru~      @Anlau

  • GEOGRAPHY- Alsace, DEPARTMENT-Bas-Rhin, SUB-ZONE-Bas-Rhin ‘North’
    • COMMUNE-Anlau
  • TOPOGRAPHY- “Rolling/ Hilly”, +Alt.200km.-300mt., +ASPECT/ South-West
  • SOILS- Metamorphic”, “Sedimentary,  Limestone, Clay, Iron/ Quartz/ Silica, Sandstone
  • VITICULTURE- 12.5ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers- Boeckel, Kreydenweiss, Marronniers

Bas-Rhin ‘South’

Winzenberg~Grand Cru~     @Blienschwiller

  • GEOGRAPHY- Alsace, DEPARTMENT-Bas-Rhin, SUB-ZONE-Bas-Rhin ‘South’
  • TOPOGRAPHY- +Alt.240mt.-320mt., +ASPECT/ South
  • SOILS- “Metamorphic”, Granite, Bedrock
  • VITICULTURE- 19ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers- Authur, Francois Meyer, Hubert Metz, Kientz & Fils

Frankstein~Grand Cru~    @Dambach

  • GEOGRAPHY– Alsace, DEPARTMENT-Bas-Rhin, SUB-ZONE-Bas-Rhin ‘South’
  • TOPOGRAPHY-  SLOPES/ Bernstein Mountains, +Alt.230mt., +ASPECT/ South-East
  • SOILS- “Metamorphic”, Granite, Bedrock, Sand
  • VITICULTURE- 56ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers- Beck-Hartweg, Frey, Gisselbrecht & Fils, Schaefer-Woerly

Praelatenberg~Grand Cru~      @Kintzheim

  • GEOGRAPHY- Alsace, DEPARTMENT-Bas-Rhin, SUB-ZONE-Bas-Rhin ‘South’
  • TOPOGRAPHY- “Rolling/ Hilly”, +Alt.250km.-350km., +ASPECT/ South-East
  • SOILS- “Metamorphic, Granite, Bedrock, Schist
  • VITICULTURE- 18ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers- Allimant-Laugner, Engel, Vinicole d’Orschwiller


HAUT-RHIN      @Colmar

  • GEOGRAPHY France, REGION-Alsace(South), DEPARTMENT-Haut-Rhin
    • Sub-Zones- Haut-Rhine Cluster of 10, Haut-Rhine Guebwiller 3 Cru’s, Haut-Rhine Middle 5, Haut-Rhin North, Haut-Rhine Ribeauville, Haut-Rhine Trois Donjons d’Eguisheim 4, Haut-Rhin Weisback Valley
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Vosges Mountains Are Higher and More Mountainous Than Bas-Rhin.
  • CLIMATE RAIN SHADOW EFFECT/ ~Vosges Mountain Range~

Haut-Rhin North

  • Generally– Southern Half of Alsace is Warmer and With Warmer Soils. The Wines Are Generally Fatter With Enhanced Texture.

Altenberg Bergheim~Grand Cru~     @Bergheim

  • BLANC= Pinot Blanc
  • GEOGRAPHY– Alsace, DEPARTMENT-Haut-Rhin, SUB-ZONE-Haut-Rhin ‘North’
  • TOPOGRAPHY- “Rolling/ Hilly”, SLOPES/ Grasberg Hill,+Alt.220mt.-320mt.
    • +ASPECT/ South, North or Colmar-City(17km.)
  • SOILS- “Metamorphic”, “Sedimentary, Jurassic Limestone, Marl of Keuper, Red Calcareous Clay, Gypsum
  • VITICULTURE- 35ha. Planted
  • VINICULTURE- +Blending Allowed, Pinot Noir
    • Estate/ Producers- Gustave Lorentz, Marcel Deiss(‘1744’/ 26ha.), Sylvia Spielmann

Haut-Rhin Middle 5

Brand~Grand Cru~    @Turckeim

  • BLANC= Gewurtztraminer, Muscat, Riesling        ROUGE= ?
  • GEOGRAPHY- Alsace, DEPARTMENT-Haut-Rhin, SUB-ZONE-Haut-Rhin ‘Middle 5’
  • TOPOGRAPHY- +Alt.260mt.-360mt., +ASPECT/ South, GRADIENT/ 35%
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Granite, Sand, Mica, Thin Loess Topsoil
  • VITICULTURE- 58ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers- Albert Boxler, Armand Hurst, Cave de Turckeim(Co.-Op.), Dopff au Moulin(13 Generation), Josmeyer, Zind-Hubrecht
    • Vineyards- Clos Jebsal(Zind-Hubrecht/ 2.4ha./ Bio-Dyn.)

Florimont~Grand Cru~      @Ingersheim, Katzenthal

  • GEOGRAPHY- Alsace, DEPARTMENT-Haut-Rhin, SUB-ZONE-Haut-Rhin ‘Middle 5’
  • TOPOGRAPHY- “Rolling/ Hilly”, +Alt.250mt.-280mt., +ASPECT/ South
  • SOILS-  “Metamorphic”, “Sedimentary, Limestone, Standstone
  • VITICULTURE- 21ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers- Bruno Sorg, Jean Geiler, Justin Boxler

Wineck-Scholssberg~Grand Cru~     @Ammerschwihr

  • GEOGRAPHY- Alsace, DEPARTMENT-Haut-Rhin, SUB-ZONE-Haut-Rhin ‘Middle 5’
  • TOPOGRAPHY- “Rolling/ Hilly”, +Alt.280mt.-400mt., +ASPECT/ South
  • SOILS- Metamorphic”, Granite
  • VITICULTURE- 27ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers- Jean-Baptiste Adam, Jean-Marc Bernhard, Meyer-Fonne

Sommerberg~Grand Cru~    @Niedermorschwihr

  • GEOGRAPHY- Alsace, DEPARTMENT-Haut-Rhin, SUB-ZONE-Haut-Rhin ‘Middle 5’
  • TOPOGRAPHY- “Rolling/ Hilly”
  • SOILS- “Metamorphic, Granite
  • VITICULTURE- 28ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers- Albert Boxler, Jean Boxler
    • Vineyards- Dudenstein, Eckberg

Kaefferkopf~Grand Cru~     @Ammerschwihr

  • GEOGRAPHY- Alsace, DEPARTMENT-Haut-Rhin, SUB-ZONE-Haut-Rhin ‘Middle 5’
  • TOPOGRAPHY- “Rolling/ Hilly”
  • SOILS- Metamorphic”, Granite, Sandstone
  • VITICULTURE- 17ha. Planted,   +Blending Allowed
    • Estate/ Producers- Maurice Schoech, Meyer-Fonne, Peirre Adam

Haut-Rhin Weisbach Valley

  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Alsace, North of Colmar
  • TOPOGRAPHY- “Rolling/ Hilly” Lower Plains

Furstentum~Grand Cru~     @Kientzheim, Sigolsheim

  • GEOGRAPHY- Alsace, DEPARTMENT-Haut-Rhin, SUB-ZONE-Haut-Rhin ‘Weisbach Valley’
  • TOPOGRAPHY-  SLOPES/ Sigolsheim, +Alt.300mt.-400mt., +ASPECT/
    • South-West “Valley(Kaysersberg)”
  • SOILS- “Metamorphic, Granite
  • VITICULTURE- 30ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers- Albert Mann, Paul Blanck, Weinbach

Schlossberg~Grand Cru~     @KaysenbergKientzheim

  • GEOGRAPHY- Alsace, DEPARTMENT-Haut-Rhin, SUB-ZONE-Haut-Rhin ‘Weisbach Valley’
  • TOPOGRAPHY- “Mountainous/ Terrances”, +Alt.245mt.-425mt., +ASPECT/ South-East
  • SOILS- “Metamorphic, Granite, Magnesium, Phosphorus, Potassium
  • VITICULTURE- 80ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers- Albert Mann, Martin Schaetzel/ Kirrenbourg, Paul Blanck, Andres Blanck, Weinbach
    • Vineyards- Kirrenbourg

Marckrain~Grand Cru~     @Bennwihr

  • GEOGRAPHY- Alsace, DEPARTMENT-Haut-Rhin, SUB-ZONE-Haut-Rhin ‘Weisbach Valley’
  • TOPOGRAPHY- +Alt.200mt.-300mt., +ASPECT/ South
  • SOILS- Metamorphic”, ”Sedimentary, Granite, Limestone
  • VITICULTURE- 53ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers- Laurent Barth, Michel Fonne, Weinbach

Mambourg~Grand Cru~    @Sigolsheim

  • GEOGRAPHY- Alsace, DEPARTMENT-Haut-Rhin, SUB-ZONE-Haut-Rhin ‘Weisbach Valley’
  • TOPOGRAPHY- +Alt.210mt.-350mt., +ASPECT/ South
  • SOILS- “Metamorphic”, ”Sedimentary, Granite, Limestone, Marl, Sand
  • VITICULTURE- 62ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers- Marc Tempe, Marcel Deiss, Pierre Sparr, Weinbach

Ollwiller~Grand Cru~    @Wuenheim

  • GEOGRAPHY- Alsace, DEPARTMENT-Haut-Rhin, SUB-ZONE-Haut-Rhin ‘Weisbach Valley’
  • TOPOGRAPHY- +Alt.260mt.-330mt., +ASPECT/ South-East
    • SLOPES/ Vieil Armand AKA=Hartmannswillerkopg
  • SOILS- “Metamorphic”, ”Sedimentary, Sandstone
  • VITICULTURE- 35ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers- Cave de Turckheim, Cave du Vieil Armand, Wolfberger

Gloechelberg~Grand Cru~    @Rodern, St. Hippolyte

  • GEOGRAPHY– Alsace, DEPARTMENT-Haut-Rhin, SUB-ZONE-Haut-Rhin ‘Weisbach Valley’
  • TOPOGRAPHY- +Alt.250mt.-330mt., +ASPECT/ South-East
  • SOILS- “Metamorphic”,” Sedimentary”, Granite, Sandstone, Clay
  • VITICULTURE- 23ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers- Bott Freres, Koeberle, Koehly

Kanzlerberg~Grand Cru~     @Bergheim

  • GEOGRAPHY- Alsace, DEPARTMENT-Haut-Rhin, SUB-ZONE-Haut-Rhin ‘Weisbach Valley’
  • TOPOGRAPHY- +Alt.250mt.-330mt., +ASPECT/ South-East
  • SOILS- “Metamorphic”,  ”Sedimentary”, Clay, Gypsum
  • VITICULTURE
    • Estate/ Producers- Gustave Lorentz, Sylvie Spielmann

Haut-Rhine Ribeauville

  • Gneiss de Ribeauville– Large Shelf/ Out Crop of Gneiss That Has Detached to Mountain

Kirchberg de Ribeauville~Grand Cru~      @Ribeauville

  • GEOGRAPHY- Alsace, DEPARTMENT-Haut-Rhin, SUB-ZONE-Haut-Rhin ‘Ribeauville’
  • TOPOGRAPHY- +Alt.270mt.-350mt., +ASPECT/ South-West
  • SOILS- Metamorphic”, ”Sedimentary
    • Granite, Limestone, Marl, Triassic/ Jurassic Periods
  • VITICULTURE– 11ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers- Andre Kientzler, Henry Fuchs, Jean Sipp

Osterberg~Grand Cru~     @Ribeauville

  • GEOGRAPHY- Alsace, DEPARTMENT-Haut-Rhin, SUB-ZONE-Haut-Rhin ‘Ribeauville’
  • TOPOGRAPHY- +Alt.250mt.-350mt., +ASPECT/ South-East
  • SOILS- Metamorphic”, ”Sedimentary
    • Granite, Limestone, Marl, Triassic/ Jurassic Periods
  • VITICULTURE- 24ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers- Andre Keintzler, Cave de Ribeauville, Louis Sipp, Mittnach Freres

Geisberg~Grand Cru~     @Ribeauville

  • GEOGRAPHY- Alsace, DEPARTMENT-Haut-Rhin, SUB-ZONE-Haut-Rhin ‘Ribeauville’
  • TOPOGRAPHY- +Alt.250mt.-330mt., +ASPECT/ South-East
  • SOILS- Metamorphic”,  ”Sedimentary, On-Fault-Line
    • Granite, Limestone, Marl, Clay Sandstone  Triassic/ Jurassic Periods
  • VITICULTURE- 8ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers– Andre Kientzler, Jean Sipp, Robert Faller et Fil, Trimbach

Haut-Rhine Troia Donjons d’Eguisheim 4

  • CULTURE- 4 Grand Cru Vineyards Refered to by the Trio of Towers Built In the 1200’s Located On the Hill Above South-West of Colmar

Hengst~Grand Cru~     @Wintzenheim

  • GEOGRAPHY- Alsace, DEPARTMENT-Haut-Rhin, SUB-ZONE-Troia Donjons d’Eguisheim’
  • WHITE= Gewurtztraminer, Riesling
  • TOPOGRAPHY- +Alt.270mt.-360mt., +ASPECT/ South-East
  • SOILS- “Metamorphic”, ”Sedimentary
    • Granite, Stony Marl/ Standstone/ Limestone With Clay
  • VITICULTURE- 76ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers- Josmeyer, Zind-Humbrecht

Pfersigberg~Grand Cru~     @Eguisheim

  • GEOGRAPHY- Alsace, DEPARTMENT-Haut-Rhin, SUB-ZONE-Troia Donjons d’Eguisheim’
  • TOPOGRAPHY- +Alt.250mt.-330mt., +ASPECT/ South-East
  • SOILS- “Metamorphic”, Granite-Promontory
  • VITICULTURE- 74ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers- Emile Beyer, Kuentz-Bas, Paul Ginglinger

Steingrubler~Grand Cru~     @Wettolsheim

  • GEOGRAPHY- Alsace, DEPARTMENT-Haut-Rhin, SUB-ZONE-Troia Donjons d’Eguisheim’
  • TOPOGRAPHY- +Alt.230mt.-345mt., +ASPECT/ South-East
    • South-West of Colmar-City(    km.)
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Granite-Promontory
  • VITICULTURE- 23ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers- Z Albert Mann, Barnes-Buecher, Wolfberger

Eichberg~Grand Cru~     @Eguisheim

  • GEOGRAPHY- Alsace, DEPARTMENT-Haut-Rhin, SUB-ZONE-Troia Donjons d’Eguisheim’
  • TOPOGRAPHY- +Alt.220mt.-340mt., +ASPECT/ South-East
    • South-West of Colmar-City(6km.)
  • SOILS- “Metamorphic”, “Sedementary
    • Granite-Promontory, Sandstone Over Clay/ Limestone
  • VITICULTURE- 57ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers- Emile Beyer, Kuentz-Bas, Schueller & Fils, Wolfberger, Zinck Paul & Phillippe

Hatschbourg~Grand Cru~    @Hattstatt/ Voegtlinshoffen

  • GEOGRAPHY- Alsace, DEPARTMENT-Haut-Rhin, SUB-ZONE-Troia Donjons d’Eguisheim’
  • TOPOGRAPHY– +Alt.210mt.-330mt., +ASPECT/ South
  • SOILS= Metamorphic”, ”Sedimentary”, Limestone, Marl, Loess
  • VITICULTURE– 47ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers– Joseph Cattin, Wolfberger

Goldert~Grand Cru~      @Gueberschwihr

  • GEOGRAPHY- Alsace, DEPARTMENT-Haut-Rhin, SUB-ZONE-Troia Donjons d’Eguisheim’
  • TOPOGRAPHY– +Alt.230mt.-330mt., +ASPECT/ South-East
  • SOILS= Metamorphic”, ”Sedimentary, Limestone, Marl
  • VITICULTURE– 45ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers– Ernest Burn, Zinck Paul & Philippe, Zind-Hubrecht(1ha.)
    • Vineyards– Clos Saint Imer

Haut-Rhine Cluster of 10

  • GEOGRAPHY– Transition-Zone, Between Slopes of Voges Mountains and Plains

Froehn~Grand Cru~     @Zellenberg

  • GEOGRAPHY- Alsace, DEPARTMENT-Haut-Rhin, SUB-ZONE-Haut-Rhin Cluster of 10′
  • TOPOGRAPHYSLOPES/ Zellenberg Mamelon, +Alt.270mt.-300mt.
  • SOILS=Metamorphic”, ”Sedimentary, Calcareous Sandstone, Schist, Marl
  • VITICULTURE– 14ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers- Edmond Rentz, Jean Becker, Vinicole de Hunawihr

Mandelberg~Grand Cru~     @Mittelwihr/ Beblenheim

  • GEOGRAPHY- Alsace, DEPARTMENT-Haut-Rhin, SUB-ZONE-Haut-Rhin Cluster of 10′
  • TOPOGRAPHY– +Alt.200mt.-250mt., +ASPECT/ South-East
  • SOILS= Metamorphic”, ”Sedimentary”, Granite, Sandstone, Clay
  • VITICULTURE– 22ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers– Bott-Geyl, Baumann-Zirgel, Specht

Rosacker~Grand Cru~     @Hunawihr

  • WHITE– Riesling 50%
  • GEOGRAPHY- Alsace, DEPARTMENT-Haut-Rhin, SUB-ZONE-Haut-Rhin Cluster of 10′
  • TOPOGRAPHY– +Alt.250mt.-330mt., +ASPECT/ South-East/ East
  • SOILS= Metamorphic”, ”Sedimentary
    • Muschelkalk(Fossil-Rich, Chalky Limestone), Granite, Sandstone, Clay
  • VITICULTURE– 26ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers– Agape, Frederic Mallo, Sipp Mack, Trimback, Windsbuhl
    • Vineyards– Clos Stainte-Hune(1.67ha.)

Schoenenbourg~Grand Cru~   @Riquewihr

  • GEOGRAPHY- Alsace, DEPARTMENT-Haut-Rhin, SUB-ZONE-Haut-Rhin Cluster of 10′
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Hilly” +Alt.265mt.-380mt., +ASPECT/ South/ South-West
    • On~Sembach~River~
  • SOILS= Metamorphic”, ”Sedimentary
    • Muschelkalk(Limestone), Granite, Sandstone, Clay, Keuper Marl, Gypsum
  • VITICULTURE– 53ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers– Charles Sparr, Dopff Au Moulin, Hugel & Hils, Marcel Deiss
    • Vineyards– Schoelhammer

Spornen~Grand Cru~      @Riquewihr/ Bennwihr

  • GEOGRAPHY- Alsace, DEPARTMENT-Haut-Rhin, SUB-ZONE-Haut-Rhin Cluster of 10′
  • TOPOGRAPHY– +Alt.265mt.-310mt., +ASPECT/ South-East
  • SOILS= Metamorphic”, ”Sedimentary”, Granite, Sandstone, Clay, Laminated Jurassic Clay
  • VITICULTURE– 23ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers– Bott-Geyl, Dopff & Irion, Dopff au Moulin, Hugel et Fils, Trapet

Sonnenglanz~Grand Cru~     @Beblenheim

  • GEOGRAPHY- Alsace, DEPARTMENT-Haut-Rhin, SUB-ZONE-Haut-Rhin Cluster of 10′
  • TOPOGRAPHY– +Alt.220mt.-270mt., +ASPECT/ South-East
  • SOILS=Metamorphic”, ”Sedimentary”, Bedrock, Marl, Limestone
  • VITICULTURE– 32ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers– Bott-Geyl, Cave de Beblenheim, Trapet

Pfingsberrg~Grand Cru~     @Oschwihr

  • GEOGRAPHY- Alsace, DEPARTMENT-Haut-Rhin, SUB-ZONE-Haut-Rhin Cluster of 10′
  • TOPOGRAPHY– +Alt.270mt.-370mt., +ASPECT/ South-East
  • SOILS= Metamorphic”, ”Sedimentary, Limestone, Sandstone
  • VITICULTURE– 28ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers– Lucien Albrecht, Valentin Zusslin

Spiegel~Grand Cru~     @Bergholtz/ Bergholtz

  • GEOGRAPHY- Alsace, DEPARTMENT-Haut-Rhin, SUB-ZONE-Haut-Rhin Cluster of 10′
  • TOPOGRAPHY– +Alt.260mt.-320mt., +ASPECT/ East
  • SOILS=Metamorphic”, ”Sedimentary”, Granite, Sandstone, Marlstone
  • VITICULTURE– 18ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers– Dirler-Cade, Schlumberger

Steinert~Grand Cru~     @Pfaffenheim

  • GEOGRAPHY- Alsace, DEPARTMENT-Haut-Rhin, SUB-ZONE-Haut-Rhin Cluster of 10′
  • TOPOGRAPHYSLOPES/ Schauenberg Mountains, +Alt.240mt.-340mt.
    • +ASPECT-South-East, South of Colmar-City(13km.)
  • SOILS= Metamorphic”, ”Sedimentary, Limesone, Calcareous
  • VITICULTURE– 38ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers– Pierre Frick, Riefle-Landmann

Vorbourg~Grand Cru~     @Westhalten/ Soultzmatt

  • WHITE= Riesling, Sylaner
  • GEOGRAPHY- Alsace, DEPARTMENT-Haut-Rhin, SUB-ZONE-Haut-Rhin Cluster of 10′
  • TOPOGRAPHY– +Alt.200mt.-300mt., +ASPECT/ South-East
    • On~Ohmbach~River~(North)
  • SOILS= Metamorphic”, ”Sedimentary, Marlstone, Stony Clay-Limestone
  • VITICULTURE– 73ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers– Bernard Scherb & Fils, Pierre Frick, Rene Mure
    • Vineyards– Clos Saint Landelin(15ha.)

Zinnkoepfie~Grand Cru~     @Soultzmatt/ Westhalten

  • WHITE= Riesling, Sylaner
  • GEOGRAPHY- Alsace, DEPARTMENT-Haut-Rhin, SUB-ZONE-Haut-Rhin Cluster of 10′
  • TOPOGRAPHY– +Alt.265mt.-430mt., +ASPECT/ South-East
    • On~Ohmbach~River~(North)
  • SOILS=Metamorphic”, ”Sedimentary, Marlstone, Limestone
  • VITICULTURE– 68ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers– Agathe Bursin, Chateau d’Orschwihr, Leon Bouschet

Guebwiller 3 Cru’s

Kessler~Grand Cru~     @Guebwiller

  • GEOGRAPHY- Alsace, DEPARTMENT-Haut-Rhin, SUB-ZONE-Haut-Rhin Guebwiller 3′
  • TOPOGRAPHYSLOPES/ Unterlinger, +Alt.240mt.-400mt., +ASPECT/ South-East
  • SOILS=Metamorphic”, ”Sedimentary, Granite, Sandstone, Clay
  • VITICULTURE– 28ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers– Dirler-Cade, Orschwihr, Schlumberger

Kitterle~Grand Cru~     @Guebwiller

  • WHITE– Riesling 33%
  • GEOGRAPHY- Alsace, DEPARTMENT-Haut-Rhin, SUB-ZONE-Haut-Rhin Guebwiller 3′
  • TOPOGRAPHY–  SLOPES/ Unterlinger, +Alt.305mt.-435mt., +ASPECT/ South-East
    • Sandstone Terraces
  • SOILS= Metamorphic”, ”Sedimentary”, Granite, Sandstone, Clay
  • VITICULTURE– 25ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers– Dirler-Cade, Schlumberger

Saering~Grand Cru~     @Guebwiller

  • GEOGRAPHY- Alsace, DEPARTMENT-Haut-Rhin, SUB-ZONE-Haut-Rhin Guebwiller 3′
    • VILLAGES– Jungholtz, Soult, Wuenheim
  • TOPOGRAPHY– +Alt.260mt.-300mt., +ASPECT/ South-East, On~Lauch~River~
  • SOILS= Metamorphic”, ”Sedimentary”, Granite, Sandstone, Clay, Marl
  • VITICULTURE– 26ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers– Eric Rominger, Dirler-CadeSchlumberger

Muenchberg~Grand Cru~      @Nothalten

  • BLANC= Gewurtztraminer, Pinot Gris, Riesling
  • GEOGRAPHY- Alsace, DEPARTMENT-Haut-Rhin
  • TOPOGRAPHYSLOPES/ Vosges Mountain’s/ Andiu Valley, +Alt.250mt.-320mt., +ASPECT/ South-East
  • SOILS=Metamorphic”, ”Sedimentary, Granite, Marl-Sandstone, Clay
  • VITICULTURE–  ? ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers– Burckel Jung, Julien Meyer, Ostertag, Willy Gisselbrecht & Fils
  • CULUTRE– ~Etymology~ Muenchberg Meaning Monk’s Mount, Referring to the Monastery In Area.
    • Monks & Monasteries“,  ~Benedictine Monks of the Altorf Abbey~

Rangen~Grand Cru~     @Thann

  • GEOGRAPHY- Alsace, DEPARTMENT-Haut-Rhin
  • TOPOGRAPHYSLOPES/ Rangenkopf, +Alt.335mt.-465mt., +ASPECT/ South
    • On~Thur~River~
  • SOILS- Metamorphic”, ”Sedimentary”, ”Volcanic”, Granite, Sandstone, Clay
  • VITICULTURE- 22ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers- Schoffit, Martin Schaetzel, Schlum Berger, Wolfberger(4ha.), Zind-Hubrect
    • Vineyards-  Clos Saint Urbain(5ha.)- Monopole of Zind-Humbrect
      • Clos Saint-Theobald(6ha.)- Monopole of Domaine Schoffit
      • Ammerschwihr (One of the Steepest Terrace Vineyard In World)

Indication Geographique Protegee IGP. Eastern France

  • BLANC= Any White Grapes Varieties Approved For Production In Alsace.
  • ROUGE= Any Red Grapes Varieties Approved For Production In Alsace.
  • VITICULTURE Wine Produced In “ALSACE” Non-Conforming to AOP.

COTEAUX De COIFFY IGP.

  • GEOGRAPHY– France(North-East), REGION-Alsace, DEPARTMENT-Haute Marn
    • BETWEEN: Burgundy & Alsace

COTE De MEUSE IGP.

  • GEOGRAPHY– France(North-East), REGION-Alsace, DEPARTMENT-Meuse
    • BETWEEN: Champagne & Alsace

FRANCHE-COMTE IGP.

  • GEOGRAPHY– France(North-East), REGION-Alsace
    • DEPARTMENT-Haute-Saone, Doubs, Jura

HAUTE-MARNE IGP.

  • GEOGRAPHY– France(North-East), REGION-Alsace, DEPARTMENT-Haute-Marne


**Refer to “BIBLIOGRAPHY/ Sources” For Details On Scholarly Works Referenced.