🇫🇷BORDEAUXGrave


GRAVE IS   AOC.6      @Portets

  • BLANC=    |    ROUGE= **Refer to AOC. For Grape Information

GEOGRAPHY France, South-West, REGION-Bordeaux(South-West), DEPARTMENT-Gironde

  • BORDERS: Entre-Deux-Mers(North-East)
  • AOC.’s– Barsac AOC., Cerons AOC., Graves AOC., Graves Superieur AOC., Pessac Leognan AOC., Sauternes AOC.

TOPOGRAPHY  FEATURES– “Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly”

  • On~Garonne~River~”Left Bank”~Tributary~Gironde~Atlantic~Ocean~

VITICULTURE 2,296ha. Planted

  • CHALLENGES– Cool Ciron River Water Converges With Warm Tidal Waters of Garonne River
    • This Create Fog In the Vineyards In Its Proximity Causing Humidity That Leads to the Development and Spread of the Fungus Botrytis.
  • BOTRYTIS CINEREA– Naturally Occurring Fungus That Grow or In Induced to Attack and Grow On the Grapes and Bunches. Boyrytized Refers to Wine Produced From Grapes Effected With Botrytis.
    • Botrytis Compromises the Grape, Dehydrates the Skin Leaving Shrivels Grapes With Increased Suger and Acid Levels, Concentration of Minerals, Increasing Flavors Compounds, Increasing Glycerol. Effected Bunches Look Withered, Dark, Moldy, Fuzzy, Golden In Color. Botrytized Grapes Have Higher Esterase Activity and Possess More Unique Scents Then Healthy Grapes, This is Due to the Contribution of Enzymes of Fungal Origin.
    • Years With No or Not Sufficient Botrytis Growth In the Grave Region.
      • 1910, 1915, 1930, 1951, 1952, 1972,  1974, 2010, 2012
    • Some Producers Make 10+ Tries Through the Vineyard In Order to Harvest All the Grapes at Their Maximum Condition.
  • **Refer to “MAKING WINE SWEET/ Botrytis” For Detailed Information.

SOILS “Metamorphic“, ”Sedimentary, Boulbenes(Mix of Sand, Gravel, Light Clay), Limestone

CLIMATEMaritime/ Atlantic

  • For Botrytis to Develop a Hot Summer is Needed Followed by a Humid Fall With a Rain Event to Begin or Start the Botrytis.

CULTURE WINE-TRAILS~ ~The Graves Route~

CLASSIFICATION Of GRAVES 1953(59)

  • Cru Classe-13 Reds & 8 Whites
    • 3 Chateaux Were Classified For Only White Wines, 5 Chateaux Were Classified For Only Red Wines and the Remaining Chateaux Were Classified For Both Their Red and White Wines. Refer to Pessac Leognan AOC. For List of Chateaux.

GRAVES AOC.      @Bordeaux

  • BLANC= Semillon, Sauvignon Blanc, Muscadelle
  • GEOGRAPHY– France, South-West, REGION-Bordeaux(South-West), DEPARTMENT– Gironde
    • In Grave, “Multi-Appellation”
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”
  • SOILS=  “Metamorphic“, ”Sedimentary”, Sand, Pebbles, Clay, Silt
  • VITICULTURE– 749ha. Planted
  • VINICULTUREBlanc(Dry),  Rouge
    • Estate/ Producers– Clos Floridene, Chateau de Cerons, Graville-Lacoste
  • GRAVES SUPERIEUR AOC.     @Bordeaux
    • BLANC= Semillon, Sauvignon Blanc, Muscadelle
    • GEOGRAPHY– France, South-West, REGION-Bordeaux, DEPARTMENT– Gironde
    • SOILS=  “Metamorphic“, ”Sedimentary, Gravel/ Sand With Clay/ Limestone Veins
    • VITICULTURE– 153ha. Planted
      • Estate/ Producers

PESSAC LEOGNAN AOC.     @Pessac

  • BLANC= Semillon, Sauvignon Blanc, Muscadelle
  • ROUGE= Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc, Merlot, Petit Verdot
  • GEOGRAPHY– France, South-West, REGION-Bordeaux, DEPARTMENT– Gironde
    • In Grave, Half of Pessac Leognan AOC., Laps Into the City of Bordeaux
    • COMMUNES– Cadaujac, Gradignan, Leognan, Martillac, Merignac, Pessac,  Talence, Villenave d’Ornon
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”, SLOPES/ ?, +Alt.3mt.-60mt.
  • SOILS= “Metamorphic“, Sedimentary, Sand/ Clay On Gravel and Stone
  • CLIMATEMaritime, Micro-Climate From Wind Shadow Effect From Pine Forest.
  • VITICULTURE– 1,150ha. Planted
  • VINICULTUREDry-White,  Dry-Red
    • Estate/ Producers1st.-Haut-Brions(53ha.), Cru Classe:Bouscaut(47ha.),  Cru Classe:Carbonnieux(47ha.),  Cru Classe:Chevalier(120ha.), Cru Classe:Couhins(25ha.),  Cru Classe:Couhins Lurton(18ha.),  Cru Classe:Fieuzal((39ha.),  Cru Classe: Laville Haut Brion(4ha.), Larrivet,  Cru Classe: Malartic Lagraviere(Kosher)(53ha.),  Cru Classe:Mission Haut-Brion(26ha.),  Cru Classe: Haut Bailly(33ha.),   Cru Classe: Olivier(60ha.),  Cru Classe: Pape Clement(33ha.),  Cru Classe: Smith Haut Lafitte(78ha.),  Cru Classe: Tour Haut Brion(5ha.),  Cru Classe: Tour Martillac(45ha.)
  • CULTURE
    • 1663 @Bordeaux– Haut-Brion Became the First Wine Estate to Be Referenced, Rather Than a General Region.

CERONS AOC.     @Cerons

  • BLANC= Semillon 60%, Sauvignon Blanc, Muscadelle
  • ROUGE= Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc, Merlot, Merlot, Petit Verdot
  • GEOGRAPHY– France, South-West, REGION-Bordeaux, DEPARTMENT– Gironde
    • In Grave(South), BORDERS: Sauternes AOC.
    • COMMUNES: Cerons, Illats, Podensac
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly”, On~Ciron~River~Tributary~Garonne~River~
  • SOILS=  “Metamorphic“, Sedimentary, Sand On Limestone
  • VITICULTURE– 27ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers– Chateau de Cerons, Seuil
  • VINICULTUREDry,  Botrytis
    • Red Wines Produced In Cerons Are Labeled Under the Graves AOC.

BARSAC AOC.     @Barsac

  • BLANC= Muscadelle, Sauvignon Blanc, Sauvignon Gris, Semillon
  • GEOGRAPHY– France, South-West, REGION-Bordeaux, DEPARTMENT– Gironde
    • In Grave(South), In Sauternes AOC.
  • TOPOGRAPHY “Rolling“, On~Ciron~River~Tributary~Garonne~River~
  • SOILS=  “Metamorphic“, Sedimentary, Limestone
  • VITICULTURE– 390ha. Planted
  • VINICULTURE– Dry to Botrytis
    • Estate/ Producers1st.-Coutet, Climens, 2nd.-Myrat, Doisy-Daene, Doisy-Vedrines, Broustet, Nairac, Caillou, Suau, Malle

SAUTERNES AOC.     @Sauternes

  • BLANC= Sémillon, Sauvignon Blanc, Muscadelle, Sauvignon Gris
  • GEOGRAPHY– France, South-West, REGION-Bordeaux, DEPARTMENT– Gironde
    • In Grave(South), BORDERS: Cerons AOC.
    • COMMUNES- Barsac, Bommes, Fargues, Preignac, Sauternes
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”, On~Ciron/ Garonne~Rivers~(Confluence)
  • SOILS= “Metamorphic“, Sedimentary, Gravel/ Pebbles On Limestone With Clay Veins
  • CLIMATE= Maritime/ Atlantic
    • Misty, Humid Mornings, Hot Afternoons.  Humid, Hot Meso-Climates
    • Botrytis Appears Late Summer or Early In Fall Morning, High Humidity/ Moist/ Hot Afternoon, Proximity to Water.
  • VITICULTURE– 2,000ha. Planted
  • VINICULTURE– Dry to Botrytis, +Abv.+13%, Dry Sauternes is Sold as “Bordeaux Blanc”
    • Estate/ Producers1st.Chateau d’ Yquem, De l’Alliance, La Clotte-Cazalis, De Fargues, Filhot, Guiraud, Haut-Peyraguey, Lafaurie-Peyraguey, Rayne-Vigneau, Rabaud-Promis, Rieussec, Sigalas-Rabaud, Suduiraut, La Tour Blanche
    • **Refer to “MAKING WINE SWEET/ Botrytis” For Detailed Information.
  • SAUTERNES/ BOTRYTIS WINE EVALUATION
    • Sight: Hazy/ Golden
    • Aroma: Saffron, Ginger, Honey, Roses, Boiled Cabbage
    • Palate: Sweet/ +BODY, Apricot, Beeswax, Vanilla, Carmel
    • Structure: Medi Tannins, –Abv., Medi+Acid
      • PAIRING…Foie Gras, Roasted Duck, Cheese Cake
      • CHEESE…Blue, Parmigiano, Soft Cheeses
      • SERVING…“Chilled”


**Refer to “BIBLIOGRAPHY/ Sources” For Details On Scholarly Works Referenced.