🇫🇷BORDEAUX-Libournais


LIBOURNAIS IS   AOC.- 11      @St. Emilon

  • BLANC=     |   ROUGE= **Refer to AOC. For Grape Information

GEOGRAPHY France, REGION-South-West France, REGION-Bordeaux(South-East), SUBREGION-Libournais

  • DEPARTMENT-GirondeLibourne
  • AOC.s– Blaye Cotes de Bordeaux AOC. Castillon Cotes de Bordeaux AOC., Cahon-Fronsac AOC., Cote de Bourg AOC., Frances Cotes de Bordeaux AOC., Fronsac AOC., Lalande-de-Pomerol AOC., Lussac St. Emilion AOC., Montagne St. Emilion AOC., St. Georges St. Emilion AOC., Pomerol AOC., St. Emilion AOC., Puisseguin St. Emilion AOC.
  • GEOGRAPHIC DISCLAIMER~ Some Consider Blaye and Cote de Bourg Part of Libournais, Some Consider Them Their Own Sub-Region North-West of Libournais

TOPOGRAPHY  FEATURES– “Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly/ Terraced”

  • On~Dordogne~River~(Right Bank)

SOILS  Metamorphic“, Sedimentary”, Limestone, Alluvial Clay

  • Molasses– Sub-Soil Consisting of Soft Rock Mixed With Clay
  • Gravel With Sub-Soil of Iron Pan AKA=Crasse de Fer

CLIMATE Maritime/ Atlantic WithContinental(Semi) Influence and Many Micro-Climates

CULTURE–  WINE-TRAILS~  ~The Heritage Route~


BLAYE COTES De BORDEAUX AOC.     @Blaye

  • BLANC= Sauvignon Blanc, Sémillon, Colombard, Ugni Blanc
  • ROUGE= Merlot(70%), Cabernet Sauvignon(20%), Malbec(10%), Cabernet Franc, Petit Verdot
  • GEOGRAPHY– France, REGION-Bordeaux, SUB-ZONE-Libournais(NorthWest), DEPARTMENT-Gironde
    • **Satellite AOC. of Cote de Bordeaux, Refer to Cote de Bordeaux For Details.
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”, SLOPES/ +Alt.70mt., On~Gironde~Estuary~(Right)
  • SOILS= Metamorphic“, Sedimentary”, Clay Over Limestone
  • VITICULTURE– 5,500haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers– Amiral, Barbe, Bel-Air La Royere, Bretonniere, Cailleteau Bergeron, Camille Gaucheraud, Clos Mansion, La Croix St. Pierre, La Gamaye, Grand Barrail, Grand Secret, Grave d’Ardonneau, Haut Bertinerie, Haut Canteloup, Haut Colombier, Haut-Grelot, haut Prieur, Loumelat, Maison Neuve, Matards Nathan, Mondesir-Gazin, Montfollet Pegase, Petit Secret, Raz Caman, Rose Bellevue, Segonzac, Siffle Merle, Terre Blanque
  • CULTURE– UNESCO. WORLD HERITAGE SIGHT~ ~Blaye~ (Citadel of Blaye)

COTE De BOURG AOC.     @Bourg-Sur-Gironde

  • ROUGE= Merlot, Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc, Malbec, Petit Verdot
  • GEOGRAPHY– France, REGION-Bordeaux, SUB-ZONE-Libournais(NorthWest), DEPARTMENT-Gironde
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”
  • SOILS= Metamorphic“, Sedimentary“,  Clay, Limestone On Bedrock of Porous Stone
  • VITICULTURE– 3,800ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers– Chateaux en Bourgeais(Co.-Op.), Rousselle, Tour Birol

FRONSAC AOC.     @Fronsac

  • BLANC= ?
  • ROUGE= Bouchet AKA=Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Merille
  • GEOGRAPHY– France, REGION-Bordeaux, SUB-ZONE-Libournais(West), DEPARTMENT-Libourne
    • VILLAGES– St.-Michel-de-Fronsac, Fronsac
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”, On~Isle~River~Tributary~Dordogne~River~(North)
  • SOILS= Metamorphic“, ”Sedimentary
    • North Sandstone, Limestone, Clay   |   South Alluvial Clay
  • VITICULTURE– 750ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers– Arpeges de Fronsac, Barrabaque, Castagnac, La Croix, Dalem, Dauphine,Magondeau Beau-Site, Richelieu, La Riviere, Vielle Cure, Villars
  • CAHON-FRONSAC AOC.      @Fransac
    • BLANC= ?
    • ROUGE= Merlot 80%, Bouchet AKA=Cabernet Franc
    • GEOGRAPHY– France, REGION-Bordeaux, SUB-ZONE-Libournais(West), DEPARTMENT-Libourne
      • In Fronsac AOC.(South)
    • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”, SLOPES/ ?
    • VITICULTURE– 250 haPlanted
      • Estate/ Producers– Canon Saint-Michel, Gaby, LaFond, Viral Canon Bouche

St. EMILION AOC.     @St. Emilion

  • BLANC= ?
  • ROUGE= Merlot 79%, Bouchet AKA=Cabernet Franc 15%, Cabernet Sauvignon, Carmenere, Malbec, Petit Vedot
  • GEOGRAPHY– France, REGION-Bordeaux, SUB-ZONE-Libournais(South), DEPARTMENT-Libourne
    • Sub-Zones- Clos St.-Emilion Plateau(Series of Limestone Slopes and Ridges South of Town and Above the Plateau.), Cotes/ Hillsides, Lower Cotes, Dordogne Valley
    • VILLAGES– St.-Etienne, St.-Hippolyte, St.-Pey, St.-Sulpice, St.-Laurent, Vignonet
  • TOPOGRAPHY–  FEATURES– “Flat/ Rolling/ Valley”, ON PLATEAU/ St. Emilion
    • On~Dordogne~River~, Alluvial Plain Under Plateau Towards Dordogne River
  • SOILS= Metamorphic“, Sedimentary“,  Limestone, Alluvial, Sand, Blue/ Red Clay, Loam, Gravel
    • Molasse– Sub-Soil Consisting of Soft Rock Mixed With Clay
  • VITICULTURE– 5,171 haPlanted
  • VINICULTURE– White Grapes Grown In St. Emilion Must Be Labeled Bordeaux Blanc.
  • CULTURE– ~Etymology~ Name After the Monk Emilion, Who Settled In the Area In 8th. Century.
    • UNESCO. WORLD HERITAGE SIGHT~ ~St. Emilion~  (Cultural, Landscape, Vineyards)
  • CLASSIFICATION Of St.-EMILLION
    • Classification First Done In 1955 and Re-evaluated Every 10 Years or There Abouts…
      • 1955, 1958, 1969, 1985, 1996, 2006
    • Estate Looking to Be Included In Each Decades Classification are Sent Application Forms from the INAO. (French Governments Appellation Body)
    • Classified by Viticultural Integraty, Blind Tasting, Where They Sit In Marketplace, Existing Reputation
    • Premier Grand Cru Classe A-(4)
      • Angelus(   ha.),  Ausone(7ha.),  Cheval Blanc(   ha.), Pavie(37ha.)
    • Premier Grand Cru Classe B-(15)
      • Beausejour(   ha.),  Beau-Séjour-Becot(2ha.),  Belair-Monange,  Canon(34ha.),  Canon-la-Gaffeliere,  Duffau-Lagarrosse,  Figeac(40ha.),  Clos Fourtet,  Gaffeliere,  Larcis Ducasse(11ha.),  Mondotte,  Pavie-Macquin(15ha.),  Troplong Mondot(33ha.),  Trotte Vieille(10ha.),  Valandraud(11ha.)
    • Grand Cru Classe-(63) ~Grand Cru~
      • L’Arrosee GCC.,  Balestard-La-Tonnelle GCC.,  Barde-Haut  GCC.,  Bellevue-Belcier GCC.,  Bellevue GCC.(6ha.),  Bergat GCC.,  Berliquet GCC.(9ha.),  Cadet Bon GCC.,  Cap de Mourlin GCC.,  Le Chatelet GCC.,  Chauvin GCC.,  Clos de Sarpe GCC.,  Clos des Jocobins GCC.,  La Flotte GCC.,  Commanderie GCC.,  Corbin GCC.,  Cote de Baleau GCC.,  La Couspaude GCC.,  Couvent des Jacobins GCC.,  Dassault GCC.,  Destieux GCC.,  La Dominique GCC.,  Faugeres GCC.,  Faurie de Souchard GCC.,  Ferrand GCC.,  Fleur-Cardinale GCC.,  La Fleur Monrange GCC.,  Fombrauge GCC., Fonplegade GCC.(18ha.),  Fonroque GCC.(20ha.),  Grand Mayne GCC.,  Grand-Corbin GCC.,  Grand-Cornin-Despagne GCC.,  Grand-Pentet GCC.,  Grandes Murailles GCC.,  Grangey GCC.,  Guadet GCC.,  Haut Brisson GCC.,  Haut Sarpe GCC., Jean Faure GCC., Laniote GCC.(5ha.), Laroque GCC.,  Laroze GCC.,  Lamarzelle GCC.,   Monbousquet GCC.,  Moulin du Cadet GCC.,  Pavie-Decesse GCC.,  Petit Faire de Soutard GCC.,  Pressac GCC.,  Prieure GCC.,  Quinault l’Enclos GCC.,  Ripeau GCC.,  Rochebelle GCC., St.-Georges Cote Pavie GCC.,  Sansonnet GCC.,  La Serre GCC.,  Soutard GCC.,  St.-Martin GCC.,  Tertre Daugay GCC., La Tour Figeac GCC., Villemaurine GCC.,  Yon Figeac GCC.
      •  Other– I’Union des Producteurs de St.-Emilion(Co.-Op.), Fleur Perey, Tour St.-Christophe

POMEROL AOC.    @Pomerol/ Catusseau

  • BLANC= ?
  • ROUGE= Merlot 80%, Cabernet Franc 5%, Cabernet Sauvignon, Malbec, Petit Verdot
  • GEOGRAPHY– France, REGION-Bordeaux, SUB-ZONE-Libournais(West-Central), DEPARTMENT-Libourne
    • BORDERS: St.-Emilion AOC.(South), Lalande-de-Pomerol AOC.(South-West), (3km. Wide & 4km. Long)
    • Sub-Zones- Plateau,  Slopes On Sides of Plateau/ Terraces, Flat Area Below Slopes
  • TOPOGRAPHY- “Flat/ Rolling/ Terraced”, SLOPES/ ?, +Alt.39 mt.
    • On~Barbanne/ Isle~Rivers~(South)~Tributary~Dordogne~River~, ON PLATEAU/ Pomerol
  • SOILS= Metamorphic“, Sedimentary, Sand,  Molasse/ Smectite(Blue-Clay), Soils From Gunzian Period
    • Gravel With Sub-Soil of Iron Pan AKA=Crasse de Fer
  • VITICULTURE– 800 haPlanted,  Despite Producing Some of Bordeaux’s Best Wine, Pomerol Has Never Been Classified.
    • Estate/ Producers- Beauregard(17.5ha.), La Bon Pasteur, La Cabanne, Cantelauze, Canton des Ormeaux, Certan de May, Le Chemin, Clinet, Le Clos du Beau-Pere, Clos du Clocher, La Cannivence, La Conseillante, Croix des Rouzes, La Croix du Casse(13ha.), La Croix St.-Georges(4.2ha.), Duo de Conseillante(12ha.), L’Evangile(22ha.), L’Eglise Clinet, Lafleur(4.58ha.), Frang-Mailley, Gazin(26ha.), Gombaude Guillot(8ha.), Les Grands Sillons, Haut Ferrand, Haut-Maillet, Haut-Tropchaud, Hosanna, Latour-a-Pomerol, Lecuyer, Lleur de Gay, La Lafleur-Petrus, Mazeyres, Montviel, Moulinet, Nenin(32ha.), Petit Vallage, Petrus(11.7ha.), Le Pin, La Pointe(23ha.), Rouget, Sales(47ha.), Tailhas, Trotonoy, De Valois, Vieille Eglishe(1.5ha.), Vieux-Chateau-Certan, La Violette
    • -Estates On Pomerol Plateau- Clinet, Conseillante, L’Evangile, Gay, Gazin, Haut Ferrand, Lafleur, Petrus, Trotanoy, Vieux Chateau-Certan

LALANDE-De-POMEROL AOC.     @Lalande

  • BLANC= ?
  • ROUGE= Merlot(+50%), Cabernet Franc, Malbec
  • GEOGRAPHY– France, REGION-Bordeaux, SUB-ZONE-Libournais(North), DEPARTMENT-Libourne
    • BORDERS: Pomerol AOC.(North-East)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- “Flat/ Rolling”, SLOPES/ ?, +Alt./ mt.
    • On~Barbanne~Rivers~(North)~Tributary~Dordogne~River~
  • VITICULTURE–  ? haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers– Belles-Graves, Chambre*, Haut-Goujon, Grand Moulinet, Moncets*, Pavillon Beauregard, Plaisir de Siaurac*, Tournefeuille

St.-Emilion Satellites

MONTAGNE ST. EMILION AOC.     @Montagne

  • BLANC= ?
  • ROUGE= Merlot, Cabernet Sauvignon, Bouchet AKA=Cabernet Franc, Cot
  • GEOGRAPHY– France, REGION-Bordeaux, SUB-ZONE-Libournais(Central)
    • DEPARTMENT-Libourne, BORDERS: St.-Emilion AOC.(South-West), St.-Georges AOC.(South)
    • “Considered a St. Emilion Satellite”
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”, On~Barbanne~River~
  • VITICULTURE– 1,570ha., CHALLENGE/ Susceptible to Spring Frost
  • SOILS= Metamorphic“, Sedimentary, Clay, Limestone
  • VITICULTURE– ? haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers– Bastidette*, Bonneau, Clos de Bouard, Dignac, Dourthe, Faizeau, Haut-Chaigneau, Gachon, Montaiguillon, La Papeterie, Palon, La Reine, Pierre Chanau, Roudier
  • ST. GEORGES ST. EMILION AOC.      @St. Georges
    • BLANC= ?
    • ROUGE= Merlot, Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc, Malbec
    • GEOGRAPHY– France, REGION-Bordeaux, DEPARTMENT– Libournais,
      •  SUB-ZONE-Libournais(Central), In Montagne AOC.(South), “Considered a St. Emilion Satellite”
    • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”, On~Barbanne~River~
    • SOILS= Metamorphic“, Sedimentary, Clay, Sand, Some Gravel, Limestone
    • VITICULTURE– 193ha. Planted
      • Estate/ Producers– Les Abeilles, Macquin, Moulin St. George*, Troquart Clos St.-Jacques, Vieux Guillou

LUSSAC ST-EMILION AOC.      @Lussac

  • BLANC= ?
  • ROUGE= Merlot, Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc, Malbec
  • GEOGRAPHY– France, REGION-Bordeaux, SUB-ZONE-Libournais(North-East), DEPARTMENT-Libourne
    • BORDERS: Montagne AOC.(South-West), Puisseguin AOC.(South-East), “Considered a St. Emilion Satellite”
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”
  • VITICULTURE– 1,430ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers- Barbe Blanche, Chateau de Lussac, Courlat, Haut-Piquat, Moulin de Grenet, Roc de Lussac, Rose Perriere

PUISSEGUIN ST. EMILION AOC.     @Puisseguin

  • BLANC= ?
  • ROUGE= Merlot, Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc, Malbec
  • GEOGRAPHY– France, REGION-Bordeaux, SUB-ZONE-Libournais(East), DEPARTMENT-Libourne
    • “Considered a St. Emilion Satellite”
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”
  • SOILS=Metamorphic“, “Sedimentary, Clay, Limestone
  • VITICULTURE– 753ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers– Clarisse, Esprit Puissequin, Fongaban, Guibot, Laurets, Roc de Becot

FRANCS COTES De BORDEAUX AOC.     @Francs

  • BLANC= Semilon, Sauvignon Blanc, Muscadelle
  • ROUGE= Merlot 60%, Cabernet Sauvignon 25%, Cabernet Fran 15%, Touriga Nacional
  • GEOGRAPHY- France, South-West France, REGION-Bordeaux(East)
    • SUB-ZONE-Libournais(South-East), DEPARTMENT-Gironde, COMMUNES-(3)- Francs, Saint-Cibard, Tayac
    • BORDERS: Castillon Cote De Bordeaux AOC.(South)
    • **Satellite AOC. of Cote De Bordeaux, Refer to Libournais Region For Details.
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling, PLATEAU/ St. Emilion, +Alt.110 mt.
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Sedimentary Clay, Limestone
  • VITICULTURE- 400haPlanted
  • VINICULTURE- Dry Whites, Sweet-White, Red
    • Estate/ Producers- Ad Francos, Godard Bellevue, Prade, Puyanche, Puyfromage, Puygueraud, Tifayne

CASTILLON COTES De BORDEAUX AOC.     @St.-Genes

  • ROUGE= Merlot 70%, Cabernet Franc 20%, Cabernet Sauvignon 10%, Malbec, Petit Verdot
  • GEOGRAPHY- France, South-West France, REGION-Bordeaux(East)
    • SUB-ZONE-Libourais, DEPARTMENT-Gironde,  East of Bordeaux-City(45km.)
    • BORDERS: Frances Cote De Bordeaux AOC.(North), St.-Emilion AOC.
    • MAIN CITIES: Belves, Gardegan, Les Salies, St.Genes, St.Philippe
    • **Satellite AOC. of Cote De Bordeaux, Refer to Libournais Region For Details.
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling, On~Dordogne~River~
  • SOILS- MetamorphicSedimentary Calcareous Clay(Blue, Red & Brown)
    • Molasses(Clastic Rock Formations), Silty-Limestone, Siliceous Gravels
  • VITICULTURE-  2,200haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers- De l’A, Aiguilhe, Ampelia, Anvichar, Arce, Blanzac, Brehat, Cafol, Canon Montsegur Oscar, Castegens, Clavier Laithwaite, Demoiselles, L’Herte, Hyot, Laussac Sacha, Montlandrie, Montpezat, Peyrou, Pitray, Prierriere Fondateur, Puy Arnaud, Rey les Argileuses, Roque le Mayne


**Refer to “BIBLIOGRAPHY/ Sources” For Details On Scholarly Works Referenced.