🇫🇷BORDEAUXMedoc


MEDOC IS   AOC.- 8     @Bordeaux

  • BLANC= Sauvignon Blanc, Semillon
  • ROUGE= Cabernet Sauvignon 49.5%, Merlot 44%, Cabernet Franc 3.7%, Petite Verdot 2.1%

GEOGRAPHY France, REGION-Bordeaux(North-West), DEPARTMENT-Gironde,  @Hw.#N215

  • PENINSULA/ 70 km. Long Between the Estuary of the River and the Atlantic Ocean.
  • Sub-Zones Landes du Medoc       Bas-Medoc     Haut-Medoc
  • AOC.’s– Haut Medoc AOC., Listrac AOC., Margaux AOC., Medoc AOC., Moulis AOC., Pauillac AOC., St. Estephe AOC, St. Julien AOC.

TOPOGRAPHY Flat/ Rolling/ Plateau/ Terraced, On~Gironde~Estuary~(Left Bank)

  • Medoc Terraces– Medoc is Comprised of 6 Terraces That Step Up From the Gironde Estuary.

VITICULTURE CHALLENGES– Spring/ Fall Frost, Hail, High Humidity

  • Left Bank- On~Gironde~River/ Estuary~, Dutch Drained the Estuary In 1600’s.
    • Man-Made Gravel Filled to 30 Feet Deep, It is Said That the Best Vineyards Have a View of the Water.
    • ROUGE= *Generally…Cabernet Sauvignon+65% +Merlot, Cabernet Franc, Petite Verdot
      • Blends Vary by Commune and Chateau

VINICULTUREWine Production- 32 Million Cases…61% Consumed In Europe, 39% Elsewhere

  • White Grapes Grown In Medoc Must Be Labeled Bordeaux Blanc.

SOILSMetamorphic, Sedimentary, Gravel, Mineral Rich Clay, Clay, Silt

CLIMATE– Maritime/ Atlantic With Gironde Estuary Influence

CULTURE WINE-TRAILS~ ~La Route Des Chateaux~

CLASSIFICATION OF MEDOC (1855) (Classified by Estate)

  • Napoleon III Wanted to Showcase the Best Reds of the Medoc Peninsula For Expo of Paris. Brokers From the Wine Industry Ranked the Wines According to Chateau’s Reputation and Trading Price.
  • There Are 61 Bordeaux Chateaux That Are Included In the 1855 Classification.
  • In Bordeaux Chateaus Are Classified….In Burgundy Vineyards Are Classified
    • First Growths” 5 (Premiers Crus)
      • 1st.-Margaux(262ha./ 87ha.),  1st.-Lafite Rothschild(112ha.)
      •  1st.-Latour(78ha.),  1st.Mounton Rothschild(222ha.)
      • 1st.-Chateau d’ Yquem(   ha.)
    • Second Growths” 14 (Deuxièmes Crus)
      • 2nd.-Brane-Cantenac(75ha.),  2nd.-Cos d’Estournel(91ha.)
      • 2nd.-Ducru-Beaucaillou(   ha.),  2nd.-Durfort-Vivens(55ha.)
      • 2nd.-Gruaud-Larose(82ha.),  2nd.-Montrose(95ha.)
      • 2nd.-Lascombes(28ha.),  2nd.-Leoville Barton(47ha.)
      • 2nd.-Leoville-Las Cases(98ha.),  2nd.-Leoville-Poyferre(60ha.)
      • 2nd.-Pichon-Comtesse de Lalande(89ha.),  2nd.-Pichon-Longueville(73ha.)
      • 2nd.-Rauzan-Gassies(29ha.),  2nd.-Rausan-Segla(72ha.)
    • “Third Growths” 14 (Troisiemes Crus)
    • “Fourth Growths” 10 (Quatriemes Crus)
    • “Fifth Growths” 18 (Cinquiemes Crus)
    • Any Bottle Recognized In the Classification of 1855 May Display a “Cru Classe en 1855” On Their Label.

CLASSIFICATION OF MEDOC CRU BOURGEOIS (2003/ 2010)

  • ASSOCIATIONS~ ~Alliance de Crus Bourgeois du Medoc~
    • Mission~ Private Membership Association That Was Formed to Promote Recognition and Quality Among Medoc Wine Producers Not Classified In 1855. Membership Applied For From Vintage to Vintage, as of 2008 Membership is For 5 Year Period to Help Produces Market On Bottles.
    • 1 Inspection to Examine Physical Facilities and Confirm Size of Vineyards is Large Enough to Supple the Stated Number of Bottles Produced.
    • 2 Independent Board to Evaluate and Assess Quality of Wine Every 5 Years.  There is Also Hospitality Factor That is Put In the Equation.
    • Cru Bourgeois is a Sign of Quality of the Wine and Not the Chateaux.
    • Members by Year…
      • 2011– 256      2012– 267      2013– 251
      • 2014– 278     2015– 271       2016
        • Cru Bourgeois/ Medoc- 122          Cru Bourgeois/ Haut-Medoc- 88
        • Cru Bourgeois/ Listrac- 14            Cru Bourgeois/ Moulis- 14
        • Cru Bourgeois/ Margaux- 10        Cru Bourgeois/ Pauillac- 3
        • Cru Bourgeois/ St.-Estephe- 19

MEDOC AOC.     @Lesparre

  • BLANC= ?
  • ROUGE= Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Cabernet Franc, Petite Verdot, Malbec
  • GEOGRAPHY– France, REGION-Bordeaux(North-West), DEPARTMENT-Gironde
    • “Multi-Appellation”
  • TOPOGRAPHY– Encompasses Multiple Terraces Spreading Away From the Gironde River.
  • SOILSMetamorphic“, “Sedimentary
  • VITICULTURE– 5,522ha. Planted
  • VINICULTURE– Labeled “MEDOC” Refers to Wine Non-Conforming to AOP.
    • Cru Bourgeois/ Margaux– (10)- Balac(CB.)Baudan(CB.), Castera(CB.), Fonreaud(CB.), Lalaudey(CB.), Priurre-Lichine(CB.), Saint-Christoly(CB.)
    • Estate/ Producers– Begadan, Cadonne, Castera, Galiane, Lousteauneuf, Noaillac, Plagnac

HAUT-MEDOC AOC.     @

  • BLANC= ?
  • ROUGE= Cabernet Sauvignon, Carmenere, Malbec, Merlot, Petit Verdot
  • GEOGRAPHY– France, REGION-Bordeaux, DEPARTMENT-Gironde, In Medoc
    •  “Multi-Appellation“, South Half(2/3) of Medoc Penninsula
    • AOC’s- Listrac AOC., Margaux AOC., Moulis AOC., Pauillac AOC., Saint-Julien AOC, Saint-Estephe AOC.,
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling/ Terraces”, +Alt.30mt.
    • On~Gironde~Estuary~(Left/ West)
  • SOILSMetamorphic“, “Sedimentary, Alluvail Terraces/ Gravel, Clay
  • VITICULTURE– 4,682ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers3rd.-La Lagune,  4th.-La Tour-Carnet,  5th.-D’Arcins,  5th.-Belgrave(59ha.),  5th.-Camensac,  5th.-Cantemerle(90ha.),  5th.-Magnol
    • Cru Bourgeois/ Haut-Medoc- (88)- Agassac(CB./45ha.), Arcins, Arnauld(CB./18ha.), Aurilhac(CB.), Balac(CB.), Barateau, Barreyres(CB.), Barthez, Beaumont(CB.), Bel Air Gloria(CB.)(34ha.), Bellegrave du Poueau(CB.), Belle-Vue(CB./15ha.), Berna-Dotte(CB.), Beyzac(CB.), Bibbia(CB.), Boheme(CB.), Braude(CB.), Breuil(CB.), Cambon La Pelouse(CB./39ha.), Cartillon Cartuiac(CB.), Charmail(CB./27.5ha.), Cissac(CB.), Clement-Pichon(CB.), Corconnac(CB.), Croix du Trale(CB.), Dasvin Bel Air(CB.), Devise d Ardilley(CB.), Dillon(CB.), Doyac(CB.), Duthil(CB.), Fondu Berger(CB.), Fonpiqueyre(CB.), Gironville(CB.), Grand Clapeau Oliver(CB.), Grandis(CB.), Grand Medoc(CB.), Hantellan(CB.), Haut Beyzac(CB.), Haut-Logat(CB.), Haut Madrac(CB.), Labat(CB.), Lanessan(CB.), Larose Perganson(CB.), Larose-Trintaudon(CB.)(165ha.), Laurette Declercq(CB.), Lestage Simon(CB./45ha.), Lieuean(CB.), Liversan Magnolia(CB.), Malescasse(CB.), Malleret(CB./60ha.), Martin(CB.), Maucamps(CB.), Maurac, Meyre(CB.), Moulin de Blanchon(CB.), Moulin des Moines(CB.), Moulin Rouge(CB.), Muret(CB.), Paloumey(CB.), Peyrat-Fourthon(CB.), Aux, Retout(CB.), Reysson(CB.), Rollin(CB.), Saint Ahon(CB.), Saint-Paul(CB.), Taillan(CB.), Tonnelle(CB.), Tour du Haut Moulin(CB.), Tour-du-Roc(CB.), Tour Saint-Joseph(CB.), Tourteran(CB.), Trois Moulins(CB.), Victoria(CB.), Villambis(CB.)
    • Others– Hourtin-Ducasse, Sociando-Mallet(85ha.), Tontesteau

ST. ESTEPHE AOC.    @Marbuzet

  • BLANC= ?
  • ROUGE= Cabernet Sauvignon 51%, Merlot 40%, Cabernet Franc 6.5%, Petite Verdot 2.5%
  • GEOGRAPHY– France, REGION-Bordeaux, DEPARTMENT-Gironde
    • In Haut-Medoc(North-East), BORDERS: Pauillac AOC.(South)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”
    • On~Jalle/ Breuil~Stream(North)~Gironde~Estuary~(Left Bank)
  • SOILS=Metamorphic“, “Sedimentary”, Clay, Limestone
  • VITICULTURE– 1,229ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers2nd.-Montrose(95ha.), 2nd.-Cos d’Estournel(91ha.),  3rd.-Calon-Segur,  4th.-Lafon-Rochet,  5th.-Cos Labory(18ha.),  5th.-?Serilhan,  5th.-Tour De Pez(26ha.)
    • Cru Bourgeois/ St.-Estephe– (19)- Argilus Du Roi(CB.), Le Boscq(CB./18ha.), Clauzet(CB.), Come(CB.), Commanderie(CB.), Coutelin Merville, Le Crock(CB./32ha.), Haye(CB.), Lafitte Carcasset(CB.), Lilan Ladouys(CB./80.5ha., Petit Bocq(CB./20ha.), Picard, Plantier Rose(CB.), Saint Pierre de Corbian(CB.), Serlhan(CB.), Tour de Pez(CB./20ha.), Tour des Termes(CB.), Tour Saint-Fort(CB.), Vieux Coutelin(CB.)
    • Others– Capbern(38ha.), Haut-Marbuzet(75ha.), Meyney(51ha.), Phelan Segur(70ha.), St. Estephe, Tronquoy-Lalande(30ha.)

PAUILLAC AOC.     @Pauillac

  • BLANC= Muscadelle, Sauvignon Blanc, Sémillon
  • ROUGE= Cabernet Sauvigon 62.5%, Merlot 30%, Cabernet Franc 5.5%, Petite Verdot 1.5%
  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Bordeaux, DEPARTMENT-Gironde, LATITUDE: 45.19° N
    • In Haut-Medoc/ Left Bank(North-East), @Hw. D2
    • BORDERS: St.-Estephe AOC.(North), St.-Julien AOC.(South), (23 Square km.)
    • Sub-ZonesNorthern Part, Southern Tip
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ Plateau(Mouton), +Alt. 30mt.
    • On~Ruisseau/ Juillac~Stream~(North)~Gironde~Estuary~(Left Bank)
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Gunzian Gravel, Sand, Clay
  • CLIMATE- Maritime/ Atlantic”,  Influence From Gironde Estuary Influence.
    • *Challenges– Spring/ Fall Frost, Hail, High Humidity
  • VITICULTURE- 1,213ha. Planted, +100 Producers
    • Left-Bank– Dutch Drained Part of the Gironde Estuary In 1600’s.
    • -Estate/ Producers- 1st.-Lafite Rothschild(111ha.),  1st.-Latour(92ha.),  1st.Mounton Rothschild(88ha.),  2nd.-Pichon-Longueville(73ha.), 2nd.-Pichon-Longueville Comtesse de Lalande,  4th.-Duhart-Milon,   5th.-L’Armailhac(70ha.),  5th.-Bateiley(57ha.),  5th.-Clerc Milon(45ha.),  5th.-Croizet-Bages(30ha.),  5th.-Darmailhac,  5th.-Grand-Puy-Ducasse(40ha.),   5th.-Haut-Bages Liberal(30ha.),  5th.-Haut-Batailley(22ha.), 5th.-Lynch-Bages(100ha.),  5th.-Lynch-Moussas(60ha.), 5th.-Pedesclaux(22ha.),  5th.-Ponet-Canet(81ha./Bio-Dy.)
    • Cru Bourgeois/ Pauillac(3) Fleur Peyrabon(CB.), Fonbadet(CB.), Plantey(CB.)
    • Other Producers- La Couronne, Fonbdet, Haut-Bages-Averous, Haut-Bages-Monpelou, Pibran
  • HISTORY- 1300’s- First Vineyard Planted      1600’s- Majority of Vineyard Planted
    • 1855- Classification of Medoc (3 First Growth)
  • CULTUREPIONEERS~ ~Jean-Michel Cazes~ Owner Chateau Lynch-Bages, Help Bring Winery to Prominence.

St. JULIEN AOC.      @Beychevelle

  • BLANC= Sauvignon Blanc, Semillon
  • ROUGE= Cabernet Sauvignon 66%, Merlot 28%, Cabernet Franc 4%, Petite Verdot 4%, Malbec
  • GEOGRAPHY– France, REGION-Bordeaux, DEPARTMENT-Gironde, COMMUNE-St.-Julien
    • In Haut-Medoc(North-East),  BORDERS: Pauillac AOC.(North), (5 km. Long/  3.5 km. Wide), @Hw.#D2/ D101
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”, ON PLATEAU
    • On~Ruisseau de Juillac~Stream(South)~Gironde~Estuary~(Left Bank/ West)
  • SOILS= Metamorphic“, “Sedimentary, “Gunzian”Gravel(Quartz Clay, Flint), Sand and Limestone Bedrock
  • VITICULTURE– 910 ha. Planted,  Classed Growths11
    • Estate/ Producers2nd.-Ducru-Beaucaillou(75ha.),  2nd.-Gruaud-Larose(82ha.),  2nd.-Leoville-Barton(47ha.),  2nd.-Leoville-Las Cases(98ha.),   2nd.-Leoville-Poyferre(80ha.),  3rd.-Lagrange(100ha.),  3rd.-Langoa-Barton,  4th.-Branaire-Ducru,  4th.-St.Pierre(17ha.),  4th.-Talbot,  4th.-Du-Luc,  4th.-Beychevelle,  4th.-Glan
    • -Other Estates- Clos du Marquis, Gloria
  • HISTORY– The 3 Leoville Began as a Single Estate In 1630, and the 3 Spliting Off In 1840’s.
    • PIONEERS~ ~Alexandre de Gascq-Leoville~ Nobleman From Gascony Who Married the Granddaughter of the Jean de Moytie(First Person to Plant Vines In St. Julien) and Marketed St. Julien On Grand Scale.
      • ~Anthony Barton~ “Bordeaux”, Irish Transplant Who Owned Leoville-Barton & Langoa-Barton.

LISTRAC AOC.     @Listrac

  • BLANC= ?
  • ROUGE= Merlot 58%, Cabernet Sauvignon 35%, Cabernet Franc 3%, Petite Verdot 2.7%
  • GEOGRAPHY– France, REGION-Bordeaux, DEPARTMENT-Gironde
    • In Haut-Medoc(Central)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling/ Terraces”
  • SOILS= Metamorphic“, “Sedimentary, Gravel On Limestone
  • VITICULTURE– 422ha. Planted
    • Cru Bourgeois/ Listrac– (14)- Baudan(CB.), Cap Leon Veyron(CB.), Capdet, Donissan(CB.), Ermitage(CB.), Fonreaud(CB.), Fourcas-Borie(CB.), Lafon(CB.), Lalande, Lestage(CB./45ha.), Liouner(CB.), Reverdi(CB.), Saransot-Dupre(CB.), Vieux Moulin(CB.)
    • Estate/ Producers– Cap Leon Veyrin, Clarke, Forces Dupre, Fourcas Hosten

MOULIS AOC.     @Moulis

  • BLANC= ?
  • ROUGE= Merlot 49%, Cabernet Sauvignon 42%, Cabernet Franc 5%, Petite Verdot 2.8%
  • GEOGRAPHY– France, REGION-Bordeaux, DEPARTMENT-Gironde
    • In Haut-Medoc(Central)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling/ Plateau”
  • SOILS= Metamorphic“, “Sedimentary, Gravel, Silt On Limestone, Clay
  • VITICULTURE– 607ha. Planted
    • Cru Bourgeois/ Moulis– (14)- Anthonic(CB.), Biston-Brillette(CB.), Branas Grand Pouieaux(CB.), Brillette(CB.), Caroline(CB.), Chemin Royal(CB.), Duplessis(CB.), Garricq(CB.), Gressier Grand Pouieaux(CB.), Guittgnan, Lalaudey(CB.), Moulin a Vent(CB.), Mouline(CB.), Myon de l’Enclos(CB.), Pomeys(CB.)
    • Estate/ Producers– Chasse-Spleen, Dutruch Grand Poujeaux, Lagorce Bernadas, Malmaison, Maucaillou, Mauvesin Barton, Poujeause

MARGAUX AOC.     @Labarde

  • BLANC= ?
  • ROUGE= Cabernet Sauvignon 53%, Merlot 5%, Cabernet Franc 5%, Petite Verdot 4%
  • GEOGRAPHY– France, REGION-Bordeaux, DEPARTMENT-Gironde
    • In Haut-Medoc(South), COMMUNES: Cantenac, La Barde Arsac, Margaux, Soussans
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling/ Plateau”, On~Gironde~Estuary~(Left Bank)
    • “Non-Contiguous”
  • SOILS= Metamorphic“, “Sedimentary, Gravel, Silt, On Limeston, Clay
  • VITICULTURE– 1,530ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers1st.-Margaux(262ha./ 87ha.),  2nd.-Rausan-Segla(72ha.),  2nd.-Rauzan-Gassies(29ha.),   2nd.-Durfort-Vivens(55ha./ Bio-Dy.),  2nd.-Lascombes(Kosher)(120ha.),  2nd.-Brane-Cantenac(75ha.),  2nd.-Pichon-Comtesse de Lalande(89ha.)  3rd.-Kirwan,  3rd.-Palmer(Bio-Dy.),  3rd.-D’Isson,  3rd.-Giscours,  3rd.-Malescot St. Exupery,   3rd.-Boyd-Cantenac,  3rd.-Desmirail,  3rd.-Dubignon,  3rd.-Ferriere(Bio-Dy.),   3rd.-Marquis d’Aesme Becker,  4th.-Pouget,  4th.-Le Prieure, 4th.-Maruquis de Terme,  4th.-Paveil De Luze,  5th.-Dauzac(49ha.), 5th.-Tertre(52ha.)
    • Cru Bourgeois/ Margaux– (10)- Arsac(CB.), Bellevue de Tayac(CB.), Deyrem Valentin(CB.), Fortune(CB.), Haut Breton Largudiere(CB.), Mongravey(CB.), Pavel de Luze(CB./32ha.), Pontac Lynch(CB.), Tayac-Plaisance(CB.), Tour de Mons(CB.)
    • -Other Estates- Gravieres de Marsac, Siran*
  • CULTURE
    • PIONEERS~ ~Laura & Corinne Mentzelopoulos~ Own and Run Chateau Margaux


**Refer to “BIBLIOGRAPHY/ Sources” For Details On Scholarly Works Referenced.