🇫🇷BURGUNDYChablis


CHABLIS IS   AOC.- 11     ~Grand Cru~ 8     ~Premier Cru~ 39     @Chablis

  • BLANC= Chardonnay, Aligoté, Cesar, Melon de Bourgogne, Pinot Blanc, Pinot Beurot AKA=Pinot Gri, Roublot, Sacy, Sauvignon Blanc
  • ROUGE= Gamay, Pinot Noir, Tressot, Cesar

GEOGRAPHY France(East-Central), REGION-Burgundy(North), SUB-REGION-Chablis, LATITUDE: 47.8° N

  • DEPARTMENT-Yonne, North-West of Burgundy(130km.), South-East of Champagne(25km.), @Hw.#D965/ D91
  • ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS– Jovinien, Auserre, Auxerrois Vezelien, Tonnerrois
  • VILLAGES– Beine, Chablis, La Chapelle-Vaupelteigne, Chemilly-sur-Serein, Chichee, Courgis, Fye, Lignorelles, Ligny-le-Chatel, Maligny, Poilly-sur-Serein, Prehy, Viviers

TOPOGRAPHY FEATURESRolling/ Hilly/ Valley(Serein), SLOPES/ ?, +Alt.150mt.-200mt.

  • On~Serein~Tributary~Yonne~River~, Separated From Cote D’or by Morvan Hills

TOPOGRAPHIC EVENTS– Chablis Sits In the Middle of the Paris Basin and Historically Was Under Warm Shallow Seas.

  • Kimmeridgian Era Formation- Formed During Mesozoic Period
    • Older Than Portandian…150-157 Million Years Old
    • Higher In Clay and Limestone(Exogyra Virgula/ Small Oyster Fossils)
    • ~Etymology~ “Kimmeridge
      • Named of a Village In Dorest, England Where the Limestone Formation Begins.
  • Portlandian Era Formation- Formed During Cretaceous Period.
    • Younger Era Than Kimmeridgian
    • Lower In Clay
    • ~Etymology~ “Portland
      • Named of a Island In the English Channel Where the Limestone Formation Begins.

SOILS–  Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Calcareous Clay, Marine Fossilized Shells, Chalky, Light Clay Marl

CLIMATE Semi-Continental, Coolest Area In Burgundy

  • Summers– Hot  |   Winters– Cold, Wet

VITICULTURE  5,6000ha. Planted,  Chablis is 1.5% of France Production

  • CHALLENGESSpring/ Fall, Frost, Hail, Rain, Cold, Unwanted Botrytis

VINICULTURE

  • CHABLIS STYLE EVALUATION
    • Sight: Pale Straw Color, Dry, Fresh
    • Aroma: Granny Smith Apple, Lemon, Flinty Minerality
    • Palate: +BODY
    • Structure: Medi+Acid, Less Fruity
  • VINICULUTRE–  *Generally– One of the Purest Expressions of the Chardonnay Grape.
    • Fermented In Stainless Steal, Barrel Maturation In Old Oak-Feiullette(500 L.)
    • *Generally Not Put Through Malolactic Conversion, Sur-Lee Aging On Fine Lees
    • Limited or No Oak Expression,  Grand Cru/ Premier Cru Likely to See Slight Oak
    • +AGED/ 3 – 15 Years
    • Some Use of “Nobel Reduction” In Winemaking Style.
    • LABELING– Sometimes Producers Use Name of Domaine and/ or Family Name On Label
      • **Bottles Labeled Chablis Are General  Wine Produced In Region Non-Conforming to an AOC.
    • **Refer to Burgundy/ Regional Appellations For General Growing Informatio

HISTORY 2,000 Year Wine History

  • 276  @Chablis Probus Allowed Vines to Be Planted In the Area Again
  • 510  @Chablis First Mention of the Village of Chablis.
  • 1568 @Chablis Chablis Was Burned Down by the Huguenots.
  • 1908 @Chablis Formation of the Union des Proprietaires Vignerons de Chablis.
  • 1918 @Chablis Production Effected by World War I.
  • 1919 @Chablis Grand Cru Vineyards Delimitated.
  • 1938 @Chablis Become an Official AOC..
  • 1941-1941 @Chablis Production Effected by World War II.
  • 1953 @Chablis Vineyard Area Expanded to 500 ha.
  • 1919 @Chablis  Premier Cru Vineyards Delimitated.
  • 1978 @Chablis  Expansion of Vineyards.
  • 2003 @Chablis Expansion of Vineyards.

CULTURE

  • Monks & Monasteries ~Pontigny~  Cistercian Abbey of 1300’s
    • Thought to Be the First to Plant Chardonnay Grapes In the Area.
  • WINE TRAIL~  ~Touristique du Vignoble~
  • GASTRONOMY...
    • CHEESE... Cantal(Cow/ Hard),  Forum d’Ambert(Cow/ Semi-Soft)

CLASSIFICATION Of CHABLIS APPELLATIONS

  • Grand Cru- (7) ? % of Chablis Production 100 ha. Planted
  • Premier Cru- (40) ? % of Chablis Production 750 ha. Planted
  • Village- AOC. (  ) ? % of Chablis Production (Petit Chablis & Chablis)
  • Regional- AOC. (  ) ?  % of Chablis Production 2,860 ha. Planted
  • Chablis 4 Tier Quality Classification
    • Hierarchy Based On the Quality of the Vineyard Site and the Overall Terroir.
    • Chablis– Vineyards In Designated Area Around Chablis Town and Its Villages
  • PHILOSOPHY?  When Thinking of Burgundy as a Whole is it Better to Think of Chablis as a Distinct Regions Rather Than Part of Burgundy?”
    • Due to Its Three Separate Area All Distinct as to Geography, Topography, Viticulture and Viniculture Practices Its Good to Think of Chablis as Separate as to the Overall  Identity of Burgundy.
  • PHILOSOPHY?  Is it More Accurate to Put Chablis Into the Champagne or Loire Region of France Rather Than In Burgundy?”
    • Due to Its Northern Location, Topography, Similar Soils and Climates Chablis Should Be Considered Part of Champagne?  (Does Chablis Produce the Still Whites of Champagne?)


CHABLIS GRAND CRU    @Tonnerre

  • BLANC= Chardonnay   |    ROUGE= Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY- France, Burgundy(North), COMMUNES: Chablis, HAMLETS: Fye, Poinchy
    • Over Looking the Town of Chablis.
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly, On~Serein~River~, SouthSouth-West Facing Slopes
  • SOILS- Sedimentary, Kimmeridgian Marl Based, Ferrous Clay & Limestone
  • VITICULTURE- 105.79ha. Planted,   ~Grand Cru~ 7

  • Bougros~Grand Cru~
    • GEOGRAPHY- Burgundy, Chablis, North-West Section of Grand Cru-Slope
      • Cote Bouguerots Sub-Climat
    • TOPOGRAPHY“Hilly”, On~Serein~River~
    • VITICULTURE- 15.79haPlanted
      • Estate/ Producers- Drouhin-Vaudon, Jean-Louis Mothe, Jean-Marc Brocard, Maison Dampt, Vauroux, Verget, William Fevre
  • Les Preuses~Grand Cru~
    • GEOGRAPHY- Burgundy, Chablis, North Section of Grand Cru-Slope
    • TOPOGRAPHY“Hilly”, On~Serein~River~(East), +Alt.
    • VITICULTURE- 11.43haPlanted
      • Estate/ Producers- Billaud-Simon, Chablisienne, Chanson, Jean et Sebastien, Nathalie & Gilles Fevre, Rene et Vincent, Servin, Vincent Dauvissat, William Fevre
  • Vaudesir~Grand Cru~
    • GEOGRAPHY- Burgundy, Chablis, North/ Top Section of Grand Cru-Slope
    • TOPOGRAPHY- “Hilly”
    • VITICULTURE- 14.49haPlanted
      • Estate/ Producers- Albert Bichot, Billaud-Simon, Olivier, Leflaive, Louis Moreau, Malandes, William Fevre
  • Grenouilles~Grand Cru~
    • GEOGRAPHY- Burgundy, Chablis, Central/ Lower Section of Grand Cru-Slope
    • TOPOGRAPHY- “Hilly”
    • VITICULTURE- 9.38haPlanted
      • Estate/ Producers- (Co.-Op.), Albert Pic, Chablisienne, Patrick Piuze, Testut
  • Valmur~Grand Cru
    • GEOGRAPHY- Burgundy(North), Chablis, Central Section Grand Cru-Slope
    • TOPOGRAPHY- “Hilly”, Small Valley Within the Slope
    • VITICULTURE- 11.04haPlanted
      • Estate/ Producers- Collet Père et Fils, Jean-Claude Bessin, Jean-Oayk & Benoit Droin, Moreau & Fils
  • Les Clos~Grand Cru~
    • GEOGRAPHY- Burgundy(North), Chablis, Southern Section of Grand Cru-Slope
    • TOPOGRAPHY- “Hilly”
    • VITICULTURE- 28.39haPlanted
      • Estate/ Producers- Christian Moreau(2.9ha.), Francois Raveneau, Laroche, Pinson Frères, Raveneau, Rene, Simonnet-Febvre, Vincent Dauvissat
  • Les Blanchot~Grand Cru~
    • GEOGRAPHY- Burgundy(North), Chablis, Southern Section of Grand Cru-Slope
    • TOPOGRAPHY- “Hilly”
    • VITICULTURE- 12.39haPlanted
      • Estate/ Producers- Billaud-Simon, Jean-Marc Brocard, Jean-Paul et Benoit Droin,Laroche, Long-Depaquit
  • La Moutonne~Grand Cru~ (Un-Oficial)
    • GEOGRAPHY- Burgundy(North), Chablis
    • TOPOGRAPHY- “Hilly”, Amphitheater Within Slope, In Vaudesir
    • VITICULTURE- 2.5haPlanted
      • Estate/ Producers- Albert Bichot

CHABLIS PREMIER CRU AOC.     @Chabis

  • BLANC= Chardonnay   |    ROUGE= Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY- France, Burgundy(North), Chablis, Non-Contiguous
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ HillyOn~Serein~River~
  • SOILS- Sedimentary, Generally Kimmeridgian Marl Based Soils
  • VITICULTURE- 780ha Planted
      • 17 Main Premier Curs, 40 Recognized Climates, 70 Lieux-Dits
    • Right Bank Premier Cru
    • Berdiot, Cote de Vaubarousse, Fourchaume(34ha.)Climat…Cote de Fontenay, Vaupulent, L’Homme Mort), Les Fourneaux(Climat…Morein), Mont de Milieu, Montee de Tonnerre(Climat…Chapelot, Cote de Brechain, Pied d’Aloup), Vaucoupin
    • Left Bank Primier Cru
    • Beauroy(Climat…Cote de Savant, Troesmes), Chaume de Talvat, Cote de Lechet, Cote de JouanLes Beauregards(Climat…Cote de Cuissy), Montmains(Climat…Butteaux, Forets, Vaux Miolot), Vau de Vey(Climat…Vaux Ramon’s), Vaillons(Climat…Beugnons, Chatains, Les Epinottes, Les Lys, Melinots, Roncieres, Secher), Vosgros(Climat…Vaugiraut), Vau Ligneau
    • Other Premier Cru ClimatsBerdiot, Chaume Talvat, Cote Jouan, Cote Lechet(50ha.), Cote de Vaubarousse, Cote Pres-Girot, Les Beauregards, Les Fourneaux, Mont de Milieu, Montee Tonnerre, Montmain,, Vau de Vey, Vau Linnaeus, Vaudevey, Vosgros
  • VINICULTURE
    • Estate/ Producers– Albert Pic, La Chablisienne, Charlene & Laurent Pinson, Claude Courtault, La Cote, D-E Defaix, Francois Ravenna, Gerard Duplessis, Gullianume Wrignaud, Jean-Louis Mothe, Jean-Marc Brocard, Laroche, Lousi Michel, Malandes(28ha.), Morein, Moreau-Naudet, La Motte(27ha.), Patrick Piuze, Samuel Billaud, Simonnet-Febvre, Sur la Cote, Vallee de Chigot, Vau Pulan, Vincent Dampt(6ha.), William Fevre(78ha.)

PETIT CHABLIS AOC.     @Petit Chablis

  • BLANC= Chardonnay   |   ROUGE= Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY– France, Burgundy(North), Chablis, “Non-Contiguous”
  • TOPOGRAPHY “Flat/ Rolling”, SLOPES/ ?, +Alt.230mt. – 280mt.
    • On~Serein~River~Tributary~Yonne~River~
  • SOILS=Sedimentary, Generally Portlandian Marl Based Soils
  • VITICULTURE– 1,010 ha. Planted,  Machine Harvest
  • VITICULTURE– Lessor Vineyards In Chablis Not of Chablis, Premier or Grand Cru
    • Estate/ Producers– Billaud-Simon, Christophe et Fils(20ha.), Dauvissat(22ha.), Isabelle & Denis Pommier(22ha.), Marcel et Blanche, Moreau-Naudet, Pascal Bouchard, Pisse-Loup(14ha.)

COTES D’AUXERRE AOC.     @Auxerre

  • BLANC= Chardonnay, Aligote, Roublot   |    ROUGE= Pinot Noir, Cesar
  • GEOGRAPHY– France, Burgundy(North), Chablis(South-West), South & East of Auxerre
    • GRAND AUXXEROIS– Auxerrois, Tonnerrois, Jovinien Are Know as Grand Auxxerois
    • BORDERS: Coulanges-La-Vineuse AOC.(South)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling”, On~Yonne~River~
  • VITICULTURE– 75haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers– Clotilde Davenne

COULANGES-La-VINEUSE AOC.     @Coulanges

  • BLANC= Chardonnay
  • GEOGRAPHY– France, Burgundy(North), Chablis(South-West)
    • BORDERS: Cotes D’Auxerre AOC.(North)
    • COMMUNES– Coulanges-la-Vineuse, Escolives-Sainte-Camille, Jussy, Mige, Mouffy, Val-de-Mercy
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly”, +Alt.90mt.-305mt.
  • VITICULTURE– 57haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers– Borgnat, Christophe Auguste, Maltoff

BOURGOGNE CHITRY AOC.     @Chitry

  • BLANC= Chardonnay   |    ROUGE= Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY– France, Burgundy(North), Chablis(Central), COMMUNE– Chitry
  • TOPOGRAPHY
  • SOILS= Sedimentary,  –Kimmeridgian Series
  • VITICULTURE– 57 haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers– Maison Simonnet-Febvre

IRANCY AOC.     @Irancy

  • BLANC= Chardonnay 53%    |    ROUGE= Pinot Noir, Cesar(-10%)
  • GEOGRAPHY– France, Burgundy(North), Chablis(Central), West of Chablis-City(15km.)
    • VILLAGES-Cravant, Vincelottes
  • TOPOGRAPHY
  • SOILS= Metamorphic”, “Sedimentary, Kimmeridgian
  • VITICULTURE– 165haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers– Benoit Cantin, David, Renaud, Thierry Richoux

STAINT-BRIS AOC.     @St. Bris

  • BLANC= Sauvignon Blanc, Sauvignon Gris, Chardonnay
  • GEOGRAPHY– France, Burgundy(North), Chablis(Central)
    • (Laps)Cotes D’Auxerre AOC., Irancy AOC.
    • COMMUNES-Saint-Bris-le-Vineux, Irancy, Chitry, Vincelottes, Ouenne
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling”
  • SOILS= Metamorphic”, “Sedimentary, Kimmeridgian/ Portlandian Limestone
  • VITICULTURE– 160 haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers– Bailly-Lapierre(Co.-Op./ +400 Growers), Guilhem Goisot, Petitiean, Pl & JF Bersan, , Severine& Lionel Jacquet, Simonnet-Febvre
    • -Vineyards- La Ronce

BOURGOGNE SAINT-JACQUES AOC.     @Joigny

  • BLANC= Chardonnay, Pinot Gris   |    ROUGE= Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY– France, Burgundy(North), Chablis(North-West)
    • North-West of Chablis(30km.)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling”
  • VITICULTURE–  haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers

TONNERRE AOC.     @Tonnerrois

  • BLANC= Chardonnay   |   ROUGE= Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY– France, Burgundy(North), Chablis(North-West)
    • COMMUNES-Dannemoine, Epineuil, Junay, Molosmes, Tonnerre, Vezinnes
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling”, On~Armancon~River~
  • VITICULTURE– 240haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers– L’Abbaye du Petit Quincy, Vignoble Dampt

EPINEUIL AOC.     @Epineuil

  • BLANC= Chardonnay, Pinot Gris   |    ROUGE= Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY– France, Burgundy(North), Chablis(North-West), In Tonnerre AOC.(Central)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling”, +Alt. 180mt.-300mt.
  • VITICULTURE– 57haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers– Francine et Olivier Savary, Vini Viti Vinci

VEZALAY AOC.     @Vezalay

  • BLANC= Chardonnay
  • GEOGRAPHY– France, Burgundy(North), Chablis(South)
    • COMMUNES-Asquins, Saint-Pere, Tharoiseau, Vaezelay
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling”
  • VITICULTURE– 57haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers– Michel& Fils, Boudin, Oudin, Jean-Pierre Grosset

CHATILLONNAIS AOC.     @Chatillon-Sur-Seine

  • BLANC= Chardonnay
  • GEOGRAPHY– France, REGION-Burgundy(North), SUB-REGION-Chablis
    • COMMUNES– Belan-Sur-Ource, Charrey-Sur-Seine, Chatillon-Sur-Seine, Marsingy, Molesmes,
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling”
  • VITICULTUREhaPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers

Indication Geographique Protégée IGP. Chablis

  • BIANC= Any White Grapes Varieties Approved For Production In Chablis.
  • ROUGE= Any Red Grapes Varieties Approved For Production In Chablis.
  • VITICULTURE– Wine Produced In “Chablis” Non-Conforming to AOC.

YONNE IGP.

  • GEOGRAPHY– France, REGION-Burgundy, SUB-REGION-Chablis, DEPARTMENT-Yonne


**Refer to “BIBLIOGRAPHY/ Sources” For Details On Scholarly Works Referenced.