🇫🇷FRANCEJura/ Savoie/ Bugey



🇫🇷FRANCEJura


JURA IS  AOC.- 6   @Arbois

  • BLANC= Chardonnay 42% AKA=Melon d’Arbois, Savagnin(Indigenous) 23% AKA=Nature/ Traminer, Jacquere, Melon a Queue Rouge(Chardonnay Mutation), Petit Beclan Blanc AKA=Reze
  • ROUGE= Poulsard(Indigenous) 14% AKA=Ploussard, Pinot Noir 14%, Trousseau(Indigenous) 8%, Argant AKA=Gansfusser, Douce Noire AKA=Charbonneau, Enfarine Noir, Gros Beclan AKA=Peloursin, Gueuche Noir, Mezy

GEOGRAPHY France(East), REGION-Jura, Base of Swiss Alps, LATITUDE: 46.7° N

  • BETWEEN-Burgundy(65km.) & Switzerland Border(50km.)
  • Sub-Zones/ AOC.’s Arbois AOC., Chatau-Chalon AOC., Cotes du Jura AOC., L’Etoile AOC.
  • VILLAGES-Arbois, Beaufort, Conliege, Cousance, Lons-le Saunier, Mouchard, Poligny, Saint-Amour, Salins-les-Bains, Sellieres, Villers-Farlay, Voiteur

TOPOGRAPHYFEATURES Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous/ Plateau

  • SLOPES/ Jura Mountians, +Alt. 250mt.-450mt.,  SEPARATES: Switzerland & France
    • On~Cuisance/ Furieuse/ Orain/ Valliere/ Seille/ Bordes~Rivers~
  • BETWEEN-Bresse Plains & Jura Mountains, Series of Small Hills Between the Saone River and Jura Plateau.
  • Reculees- Western Exposed Cliffs(Salins-les-Bains/ Arbois/ Poligny/ Revigny, Baurne-les-Messieurs.)

TOPOGRAPHIC EVENTS- ~Jurassic Period~ Names After the Period In the History of Earth, (199 Million Years Ago to 145 Million Years Ago.) the Limestone Jurassic Rock Beds Are Pushed Up and Prevalent In This Area.

  • Continual Thrusting of the Jura Onto the Bresse Basin From the Bresse Fault-Line.
  • Alpine Orogeny- It Used to Be That Burgundy Was Continuous With the Jura Region But During the Alpine Orogeny They Got Separated. (An Area or a Block In-Between Them Dropped and Separated Them.)
  • 70 km. East of Burgundy (Both Regions Used to Be One But Tectonic Activity Have Split the Two Apart During the Jurassic to the Oligocene Periods.)

SOILS Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Clay/Argile(Blue), Marl/Marne(WhiteBlack, Blue, Grey)

  • Bajocian Limestone/ Fossils/ Shale From the Jurassic Period, Pentacrines(Marine Fossils)
  • Bajocian Limestone On Clay, Marl From Lias/ Jurassic Period On Clay, Marl From Trias/ Triassic Period. These Layes of Earth Were All Trusted Up and Torn Apart Over Time Creating a Series of Steps and Plateaus.
  • Pentacrines(Marine Fossils)

CLIMATE Continental/ Semi-Continental, With Alpine Influences

  • *Summers– Warm   |   *Winters– Cold, Wet
  • +RAIN/ 1,000 mm. to 1,500 mm.(Average),  +WIND/~La Bise~, Origins…From North

VITICULTURE 2,100 ha. Planted

  • 26% Sparkling, 24% Red, 45% White, .3% of French Production
  • *Generally– Whites Are Aged In Foudres(Large Oak Casts), Futs(Small Oak Barrels) Minimal Oak Influence(Producers Buy Barrels “2nd” From Burgundy Producers), Wines Usually Bottled Within One Year.
  • CHALLENGES– Spring/ Fall Frost, Summer Hail, Fungal Diseases/ Powdery Mildew, Esca Disease

VINICULTURE

  • Marc di Jura- Brandy/ Distilled Must Used For Fortification
  • Vin Juane- Flor
  • Fleurs- Modern Style, Barrels Are Topped Up, Oxygen is Prevented.
  • Vin De Voile- Barrels Not Topped

HISTORY 

  • 200 MYA.- Jura Region Lay Under Sea.(Late Triassic to Middle Jurassic Period)
  • 1200-  Start of Organized Wine Culture

CULTURE

  • Allobroges Gallic Tribe of Ancient Gaul. Located Between the Rhone River and Lake Geneva. The Allobroges Had Influence On Wine Culture and Trade.
  • PIONEERS~ ~Pierre Overnoy~ France, Leader In Jura Modern Natural Wine Movement.
    • ~Pierre-Maire-Alexis Millardet~ Jura, Discovered How to Graft French Vinifera Vines Onto American Rootstock.
  • GASTRONOMY… Bresse Chicken AOC., Smoked Meats, Absinthe 
    • CHEESE… Comte(Cow/ Hard),   Bleu de Gex Haut-Jura(Cow/ Blue)
      • Mont d’Or(Cow/ Soft)


COTES Du JURA AOC.      @Arbois

  • BLANC= Chardonnay, Jacquere, Savagnin
  • ROUGE= Pinot Noir, Poulsard, Trousseau
  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Jura, DEPARTMENT-Jura(Greater), Multi-Appellation
    • Subzones/AOC.’S- Arbois AOC., Chatau-Chalon AOC., Cotes du Jura AOC., L’Etoile AOC.
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly
  • VITICULTURE- 1,480 ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers- Arlay, Baudm, Blanches(Nat.Pro.), Bourdy(9.5ha.), Closset, Jean-Francois Ganevat, Joly, Lulu, Marnes, Paul Benoit, Pignier, La Pinte, Ronces, Rijckaert, Stephane Tissot, Terres Blanches, La Touraize
    • Vineyards- Les Bruyeres, En Chalasse, Champs Rouges, Les Varron
  • VINICULTURE- SPARKLING…Method-Traditional,  VIN JAUNE/ Flor

  • CREMANT Du JURA AOC.      @Jura
    • BLANC= Chardonnay, Pinot Gris, Savaginin
    • ROUGE= Pinot Noir, Poulsard, Trousseau
    • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Jura, In Cote du Jura AOC.(Greater)
      • DEPARTMENT-Jura
    • VITICULTURE-  ? ha. Planted
      • Estate/ Producers- Annie et Philippe Bornard, Benedicte & Stephane Tissot, Benoit Badoz, Jean Francois Ganevat, Jean-Luc Mouillard, Ligier, Marcel Cabelier, Montbourgeau, Pignier, Rolet Pere & Fils
    • VINICULTURE- SPARKLING…Method-Traditional
      • Hand Harvest, +AGED/ 1 Year(+9 Month Sur Lee)
      • Wine Must Be +50% Chardonnay to Be Labeled Cremant Du Jura.
  • VIN JAUNE
    • BLANC= Savaginin AKA=Nature
    • VITICULTURE-  Late Harvest,  No Botrytis,  Normal Fermentation
      • Estate/ Producers- 20 Independent Produces, Berhet-Bondet, Henri Maire, Macle, Marnes Blanches, Philippe Butin
    • VINICULTURE-
      • Wine Must Be 100% Savagnin to Be Labeled Vin Jaune.
      • +AGED/ 6 yr.(Not Bottled Until December of Six Years After the Harvest.)
      • Neutral Oak Cast, Oxidized/ With Out Topping Off, +13.5% ABV.- 15% ABV.
      • Must Be Bottled In Clavelin Bottle, 62 cl.)
      • Under Voile/ Flor Induced by Air Pocket From Evaporation.
        • **Refer to “POST FERMENTATION/ Flor” For Detailed Information.
      • QUALITY– Technician From the Official Jura Wine Laboratory Visits Vin Jaune Producers Twice a Year to Test All Barrels of Savagnin Destined to Become Vin Jaune. Level of Acetic Acid Need Not to Be Too High, and Ethanal Level Need to Be Rising the First Few Years.
      • No Racking or Any Other Handling Takes Place During the 6 Years of Aging
    • CULUTURE-
      • SERVING… Cool, Not Chilled.  Open Bottle Will Keep For Months.
      • FOOD PAIRING… Poulet de Bresse, Walnuts   |   CHEESE PAIRING… Comte
      • BOTTLE SHAPES ~Clavelin~ “Jura”, Short/ Squat Fat Bottle (62cl.). The Amount of Wine Left of a Liter of Wine After Aging In Cask For Six Years and Three Month.
        • **Commissioned by Producers In Chateau-Chalon From La Vielle Loye Glassworks In 1700’s
        • ~Etymology~ Gets Name From Abbot of Clavelin Who Ordered 50 Bottles With His Own Emblem From the La Vielle Loye Glassworks In 1914.
        • **One of the Few Non-Standard Bottles Sizes Allowed by EU. Wine Law.
  • MACVIN Du JURA     @Jura
    • BLANC= Savagnin, Chardonnay
    • ROUGE= Pinot Noir, Poulsard, Trousseau
    • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Jura, In Cote du Jura AOC.(Greater)
      • DEPARTMENT-Jura
    • VITICULTURE- Late Harvest(Juice, Must Boiled/ Reduced In Half)
      • Estate/ Producers- Jean Bourdy, Labet
    • VINICULTURE- Vin De Liqueur(Fortified Before Fermentation With 1/3 Marc(Distilled Pomice Eau de Vie)
      • 1 Liter of Marc di Jura Added to Every 2 Liters of Grape Must.
        • +AGED/ +1yr., Without Prior Fermentation, +16% ABV.-22% ABV.
        • *STYLES/ White,  Rose,  Red
    • CULTURE- 1991- AOC. Officially Established.
  • VIN De PAILLE     @Jura
    • BLANC= Savagnin, Chardonnay
    • ROUGE= Poulsard, Trousseau
    • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Jura, In Cote du Jura AOC.(Greater)
      • DEPARTMENT-Jura
    • VITICULTURE-
      • Estate/ Producers- 
    • VINICULTURE- Late Harvest
      • (Grapes Dried On Straw, or In Boxes, or Hung From Rafters.(Minimum of Six Weeks)
      • Sugar Levels of Must at Pressing 320 G./L. to 420 G./L.
      • Aged 3 Years/ 18 Months In Barrel, +14% ABV.

ARBOIS AOC.      @Arbois

  • BLANC= Savagnin, Chardonnay
  • ROUGE= Pinot Noir, Poulsard AKA=Ploussard, Trousseau
  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Jura, In Cote du Jura AOC.(North), DEPARTMENT-Jura
    • COMMUNES-(13)-Montigny-les-Arsures, Pupillin
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly, On~Cuisance~River~
  • SOILS- MetamorphicSedimentary, Limestone
  • VITICULTURE- 2,100 ha. Planted
  • VINICULTURE- SPARKLING…Method-Traditional,  VIN JAUNEFlor
    • Estate/ Producers- Andre et Mireille Tissot, Bottes Rouges, Daniel Dugouis,  Henri-Maire, Jean-Louis Tissot, Jean Rijackaert, Ligier(10ha), L’Octavin(5ha.), Paquesnesses, Pelican, Philoppe Butin, De la Pinte(14ha.)
    • Vineyards- La Vasee(2ha.)
  • CULTURE- 1936- AOC. Officially Established.
  • ARBOIS PUPILLIN     @Arbois
    • BLANC= Chardonnay, Savagnin
    • ROUGE= Poulsard AKA=Ploussard, (No Pinot Noir)
    • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Jura, In Cote du Jura AOC.(North), In Arbois(South)
      • DEPARTMENT-Jura, COMMUNE-Pupillin
    • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly, +Alt.350mt.
    • VITICULTURE-   ? ha. Planted
      • Estate/ Producers- D’Arlay, Bornard, Bruyere & Houillon, Desire Petit, Pierre Overnoy/ Emmanuel Houillon(Nat.Pro.)
    • VINICULTURE- VIN DE PAILLE/ Straw Wine
      • Grapes Dried, In Small Boxes In Ventilated Attics or On Straw Mats.
      • Grapes Press and Fermented After 6 Weeks, +AGED/ Min. 18mo. In Oak, +14% Abv.

CHATEAU-CHALON AOC.     @Chateau-Chalon

  • BLANC= Savagnin
  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Jura, In Cote du Jura AOC.(Central), DEPARTMENT-Jura
    • VILLAGES-Domblans, menetrule-Vignoble, Nevy-sur, Seille
  • VITICULTURE- 95 ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers- Berthet-Bondet, Bourdy(.5ha)
  • VINICULTURE- VIN JAUNEFlor
      • **Refer to “VIN JAUNE(Above)” For Detailed Information On Production.
    • Inspection Committee– Comprised of Representative of INAO./ Societe de Viticulture du Jura.  Visit Vineyards Before Harvest to Check Health and Sugar Level of Grapes, Potential Yields

L’ETOILE AOC.     @L’Etoile

  • BLANC= Chardonnay, Savaginin
  • ROUGE= Poulsard
  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Jura, In Cote du Jura AOC.(South), DEPARTMENT-Jura
    • COMMUNES– L’Etoile, Plainoiseau, Quintigny, Saint-Didier
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Clay-Limestone, Pentacrines(Marine Fossils), Marl
  • VITICULTURE-  ? ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers- Montbourgeau
    • ~EtymologyEtoile… Refers to Star Shaped Fossil Found In Soil.
  • VINICULTURE- SPARKLING...Method/ Traditional
    • VIN JAUNE**Refer to Chateau-Chalon For Detailed Information.
    • VIN De PAILLE
    • Wine Must Be +80% Chardonnay to Be Labeled L’Etoile AOC.
    • Red/ Rose Wines Produced Labelled Under Cotes du Jura AOC.
  • CULTURE- 1937- AOC. Officially Established.

The Rhone River Valley

  • GEOGRAPHY- The Rhone River Valley Starts as Glaciers In Its “Head-Waters” of the Upper Rhone Valley In Valais/ Switzerland and Flows Through Savoy, Lake Geneva, Chablis, Rhone Valley and Provence Before Entering the Mediterranean Sea.

Indication Geographique Protegee IGP. of Jura

FRANCHE-COMTE IGP.

  • BLANC= Any White Grapes Varieties Approved For Production In Savoie.
  • ROUGE= Any Red Grapes Varieties Approved For Production In Savoie.
  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Jura, DEPARTMENT-Jura
  • VITICULTURE Wine Produced In Jura Non-Conforming to AOP.


🇫🇷FRANCESavoie

SOVOIE IS  AOC.-        @Besancon

  • BLANC= Aligote, Bia, Chardonnay, Chasselas, Gringet(Indigenous), Jacquere, Joubertin, Marsanne, Mondeuse Blanche, Petite Sainte-Marie, Pinot Gris, Roussanne, Roussette AKA=Altesse , Savagnin, Verdesse
  • ROUGE= Mondeuse 12% AKA=Maldoux, Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Douce Noire AKA=Corbeau, Gamey, Joubertin AKA=Jaubertin, Merlot, Moren, Onchette, Persan, Pinot Noir, Roter Veltliner, Serenelle, Sereneze, Servannin, Veltliner Rouge Precoce

GEOGRAPHY France(Eastern), REGION-Sovoie

  • Part of Rhone-Alps, Bordering Italy, LATITUDE: 45.6° N
  • DEPARTMENTS-Ain, Crepy, Haute-Savoie, Isere

TOPOGRAPHY Flat/ Rollling/ Hilly/ Mountainous, SLOPES/ ?, +Alt.300mt.- 450mt.

  • On~Lac~Leman~(Lake Geneva), On~Lake~Bourget~
  • On~Rhone~River~(East), In Valley(Combe de Savoie)

SOILSMetamorphic, Sedimentary, Alluvial…Sand, Gravel0, Scree, Clay

  • Sedimentary, Alluvial Soils, River Terraces, Limestone Sub-Soils.

CLIMATE Continental With Mediterranean & Alpine Influences

VITICULTURE 1,744 ha. Planted,   (White 70%/ Red 30%)

  • CHALLENGES– Hail, Humidity

VINICULTURE Blanc,  Rose,  Rouge,  Sparkling

  • Appellation For Wine Produced In SAVOIE Non-Conforming to AOC.
  • Estate/ Producers- Dominique Lucus

HISTORY Originally Part of First Roman Province North of Alps.

  • 1792  @Savoie Ruled by Duchy of Savoie, Which Was Annexed by France
  • 1815  @Savoie Annexed by Piemonte
  • 1860 @Savoie Annexed Back to France

CULTURE+Pronounced-(Say-Way)

  • GASTRONOMY… Bilberry Tart, Cabbage
    • CHEESE… ~Abondance(Cow/ Hard)~ , ~Raclette(Cow/ Semi-Soft)~


**Sovoie Wine Map Images Courtesy of Delong Maps, Purchase Maps at Delongwine.com



VIN DE SAVOIE/ SAVOIE AOC.       @Geneve

  • BLANC= Aligoté, Chardonnay, Chasselas, Roussette AKA=Altesse
  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Savoie(North), Non-Contiguous
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling, Hilly, On~Lake~Geneva~(South-West/ South)
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Alluvial…Sand, Gravel0
  • VITICULTURE-ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers Dupasquier, Giachino(1.5ha.), Paul Gadenne, Saint-German(12ha.)

Leman & Arve

MARIN AOC.     @Thonon-Les Bains

  • BLANC= Aligoté, Chardonnay, Chasselas, Roussette AKA=Altesse
  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Savoie(North), North-East of Geneva-City(20km.)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling, On~Lake~Geneva~(South)
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Alluvial…Sand, Gravel
  • VITICULTURE-ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers-

RIPAILLE AOC.     @Ripaille

  • BLANC= Aligoté, Chardonnay, Chasselas, Mondeuse Blanche
  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Savoie(North), In Marin(West)
    • North-East of Geneva-City(20km.)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling, On~Lake~Geneva~(South), On~Dranse~River~
  • VITICULTURE-  ? ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers-

MARIGNAN AOC.     @Marignan

  • BLANC= Aligoté, Chardonnay, Chasselas, Mondeuse Blanche
  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Savoie(North), North-East of Geneva-City(15km.)
    • BORDERS- Crepy AOC.(West), COMMUNE– Sciez
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly, SLOPES/ Boissy Hills, +Alt. ?
    • On~Lake~Geneva~(South)
  • VITICULTURE-ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers- Tour de Marignan
  • CULUTRE- Monks & Monasteries  ~Abbey de Filly~

CREPY AOC.     @Crepy

  • BLANC= Chasselas, Chardonnay, Gringet, Roussette AKA=Altesse
  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Savoie(North), North-East of Geneva-City(10km.)
    • BORDERS- Marignan AOC.(North-West)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly, SLOPES/ Boissy Hills, +Alt. ?
    • On~Lake~Geneva~(South)
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Glacial Moraine, Calcareous
  • CLIMATE- Continental,  INFLUENCED: Lac Leman
  • VITICULTURE-ha. Planted
  • VINICULTURE- No-Sparkling
    • Estate/ Producers- Domaine de la Grande Cave

AYZE AOC.     @Bonneville

  • BLANC= Gringet, Roussette AKA=Altesse
  • ROUGE= Mondeuse
  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Savoie(North), South-East of Geneva-City
    • South of Lake Geneva(   km.)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly, SLOPES/ Le Mole Mountain, +Alt.300mt. – 550mt.
    • On~Arve~River~
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Eboulis Calcaires(Limestone Scree), +Glacier Deposits, Clay
  • VITICULTURE- ? ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers- Belluard(10ha.)
    • Vineyards- Le Feu

CREMANT De SAVOIE AYSE AOC.     @Bonneville

  • BLANC= Gringet, Mondeuse Blanche, Roussette AKA=Altesse
  • VINICULTURE- SPARKLING…Method/ Traditional, +AGED/ 2yr. On Lees
    • Estate/ Producers- Belluard

Rhone & Bourget

ROUSSETTE De SAVOIE AOC.     @Savoie

  • BIANCO= Roussette AKA=Altesse
  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Savoie, DEPARTMENTS– Savoie, Haute-Savoie
    • COMMUNES-(53)- Multi-Appellation
  • VITICULTURE-  ? ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers- J. Perrier

FRANGY CRU      @Frangy

  • BLANC= Chasselas, Roussette AKA=Altesse
  • ROUGE= ?
  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Savoie(Central), BORDERS: Seyssel AOC.(South-West)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Valley, On~Usses~River~
  • VITICULTURE-  ? ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers-

SEYSSEL CRU (Un-Official)     @Seyssel

  • BLANC= Chasselas, Molette, Roussette AKA=Altesse 
  • ROUGE= ?
  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Savoie(Central), South of Geneva-City(30km.)
    • DEPARTMENTS-Ain, (Laps)Haute-Savoie, South of Geneva-City(35km.)
    • BORDERS-Frangy AOC.(North-East), Chautagne AOC.(South)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly, +Alt. 200mt.- 400mt., On~Rhone~River~
  • VITICULTURE- 86ha.  Planted
    • Estate/ Producers- Dupraz, Lambert de Seyssel, Maison Mollex, Vens-le-Haut, Varichon & Clerc
  • CREMANT De SEYSSEL CRU (Un-Official)     @Seyssel
    • BLANC= Chasselas, Molette, Roussette AKA=Altesse
    • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Savoie(Central)
    • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly
    • VITICULTURE-ha. Planted
    • VINICULTURE- SPARKLING…Method/ Traditional(40% of Seyssel Production)
      • Estate/ Producers- Varichon & Clerc Royal

CHAUTAGNE CRU (Un-Official)  @Serrieres Chautagne

  • BLANC= Aligote, Chardonnay, Jacquere
  • ROUGE= Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Gamay, Mondeuse, Persan, Pinot Noir,
  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Savoie(Central)
    • COMMUNE-Chautagne, Motz, Ruffieux
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly, SLOPES/ Haut Foug, +Alt. ?
    • On~Lake~Bourget~(North), On~Rhone~River~(East)
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Limestone Scree/ Molasse
  • VITICULTURE-  ? ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers- Cave de Chautagne, Jacques Maillet

MARESTEL CRU  @Marestel

  • BLANC= Chasselas, Roussette AKA=Altesse
  • ROUGE= ?
  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Savoie(Central), BORDERS-Jongieux AOC.(South)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly, SLOPES/ Mont du Chat, On~Lake~Bourget~(East)
  • VITICULTURE- ?  ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers- Dupasquier

JONGIEUX CRU  (Un-Official)     @Jongieux

  • BLANC= Jacquere
  • ROUGE= Gamay, Mondeuse, Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Savoie(Central)
    • BORDERS-Marestel AOC.(North), Monthoux AOC.(South)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly, SLOPES/ Mont du Chat, +Alt.500mt.
    • On~Lake~Bourget~(East), On~Rhone~River~
  • VITICULTURE- ? ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers- Eugene Carrel & Fils, La Cave du Prieure, Rosiere

MONTHOUX CRU  @Monthoux

  • BLANC= Chasselas, Roussette AKA=Altesse
  • ROUGE= ?
  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Savoie(Central), BORDERS-Jongieux AOC.(South)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly, On~Lake~Bourget~(East)
  • VITICULTURE-  ?  ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers-

Clus de Chambery & Combe de Savoie

APREMONT CRU  (Un-Official)   @Apremont

  • BLANC= Jacquere 35%, Aligote, Chardonnay, Roussette AKA=Altesse
  • ROUGE= ?
  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Savoie(South), In Cluse de Chambery
    • South of Chambery-City(    km.)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly/ MountainousSLOPES/ Mont Granier, +Alt. ?
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Limestone Marl
  • CLIMATE- Continental
  • VITICULTURE-  ? ha. Planted
  • VINICULTURE- Vineyards Planted On Limestone/ Marl Landslide From Mont Granier
    • Estate/ Producers- 13 Lunes, Bernard & Christophe Richel(7.5ha.), De Chevillard, Blard & Fils, Genoux, Giachino, , Jean-Claude Masson, Les Rocailles, Marc Portaz, Romain Chamiot
  • CULTURE- ~Etymology~ Apremont Meaning Bitter Mountain, Referring to the Landslide.

ABYMES CRU (Un-Official)      @Abymes

  • BLANC= Aligote, Chardonnay, Jacquere, Roussette AKA=Altesse
  • ROUGE= ?
  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Savoie(South), In Cluse de Chambery(South-West)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly, SLOPES/ Bauges Mountians, +Alt. ?
  • VITICULTURE-  ? ha. Planted
  • VINICULTURE- Vineyards Planted On Limestone/ Marl Landslide From Mont Granier.
    • Estate/ Producers- Adrien Vacher, Andre & Michel Quenard, Jean Perrier, Labbe

MONTERMINOD CRU     @Monterminod

  • BLANC= Jacquere   |   ROUGE= ?
  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Savoie(South), In Cluse de Chambery(North-West)
    • BORDERS-St.-Jeoire-Prieure(South)
  • VITICULTURE-  ? ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers-

ST-JEOIRE-PRIEURE CRU  (Un-Official)      @St.-Jeoire-Prieure

  • BLANC=   |   ROUGE=
  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Savoie(South), In Cluse de Chambery(Central)
    • BORDERS-Monterminod(North), Chignin(South)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly
  • VITICULTURE-  ? ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers-

CHIGNIN CRU  (Un-Official)      @Chignin

  • BLANC= Chardonnay, Jacquere, Roussanne, Roussette AKA=Altesse
  • ROUGE= Gamay, Mondeuse, Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Savoie(South), In Cluse de Chambery(Central)
    • BORDERS-St.-Jeoire-Prieure(North), Chignin-Bergeron(South)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly, SLOPES/ Bauges Mountains
  • VITICULTURE- ?  ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers- Andre & Michel Quenard, Charles Gonnet(13ha.), Gilles Berlioz

CHIGNIN-BERGERON CRU  (Un-Official)      @Bergeron

  • BLANC= Jacquere, Roussanne
  • ROUGE= Gamay, Mondeuse, Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Savoie(South), In Cluse de Chambery(Central)
    • BORDERS-Chignin(North), Montmelian(South-East)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly, SLOPES/ Bauges Mountains, +Alt. ?
  • VITICULTURE-  85 ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers- Adrien Berlioz, Charles Gonnet, Gilles Berlioz, Louis Magnin

MONTMELIAN CRU  (Un-Official)      @Montmelian

  • BLANC= Aligote, Chardonnay, Jacquere, Roussette AKA=Altesse, Veltliner Rouge Precoce
  • ROUGE= ?
  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Savoie(South), COMMUNE-Montmelian
    • In Cluse de Chambery(South-East)
    • BORDERS-Chignin-Bergeron(West), Arbin(East)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly, SLOPES/ Bauges Mountains/ Roche du Guet, +Alt. ?
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Glacial Scree, Limestone
  • VITICULTURE-  ? ha. Planted
  • VINICULTURE- Wine Must Be +80% Jacquere to Be Labeled Montmelian Cru.
    • Estate/ Producers- Jean Vullien

ARBIN CRU  (Un-Official)      @Arbin

  • BLANC= Jacquere, Mondeuse Blanc   |   ROUGE= Mondeuse Noire
  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Savoie(South), In Cluse de Chambery(South-East)
    • BORDERS-Montmelian(West), Cruet(East)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly, SLOPES/ Bauges Mountians, +Alt. ?
  • VITICULTURE-  ? ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers- Louis Magnin

CRUET CRU (Un-Official)      @Cruet

  • BLANC= Aligote, Chardonnay, Jacquere, Roussette AKA=Altesse
  • ROUGE= ?
  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Savoie(South), In Cluse de Chambery(East)
    • BORDERS-Arbin(West), St-Jean-Le Porte(East)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly, SLOPES/ Mont Charvet, +Alt. ?, On~Isere~River~
  • VITICULTURE-  ? ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers- Domaine de L’Idylle

ST-JEAN-Le PORTE CRU (Un-Official)      @St.-Jean-Le Porte

  • BLANC= Aligote, Chardonnay, Jacquere, Mondeuse Blanche, Roussette AKA=Altesse  
  • ROUGE= Mondeuse Noire
  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Savoie(South), COMMUNE-St.-Jean-le Porte
    • In Cluse de Chambery(East), BORDERS-Cruiet(West)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly, SLOPES/ Bauges Mountains, On~Isere~River~
  • VITICULTURE-  ? ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers-

CHAMBERUY AOC.      @Chamberuy

  • BLANC= Colombard, Ugni Blanc   |   ROUGE=
  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Savoie
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly
  • VITICULTURE-  ? ha. Planted
  • VINICULTURE- Vermouth…Aromatized, Fortified
    • Estate/ Producer- Dolin
  • **Refer to WINE STYLES/ Aromatized For Detailed Information

CHARTREUSE     @Grenoble, France

  • GEOGRAPHY- France, Chartreuse Mountains, COMMUNE-Saint-Pierre-de-Chartreuse
  • VINICULTURE- 130 Botanicals Macerated In Brandy For 8 Hours.
    • Chartreuse is AKA=Elixir of Long Life,  and is Still Produced Only by the Chartreuse Monks Following the Ancient Recipe, and is Called Elixir Vegetal de la Grande-Chartreuse
      • Green- More Bittern Than Yellow, Higher In ABV., 55% ABV./ 110 Proof
      • Yellow- Sweeter Than Green,  Lower In ABV., 40% ABV./ 80 Proof
      • V.E.P- Viellissement Exceptionnellement Prolonge/ Exceptionally Prolong Aging In Oak Casts
      • Elixir Vegetal de a Grande-Chartreuse- 69% ABV./ 142 Proof
    • Estate/ Producer- Dolin
  • HISTORY- Monks & Monasteries ~Carthusian Order of Saint-Pierre-de-Chartreuse~
    • 1764 @Chartreuse, France Original Recipe Was Concocted and Production Started.
    • 1903 @Tarragona, Spain French Government Nationalized the Chartreuse Distillery, the Monks Were Expelled and Went to Tarragona Spain.
  • CULTURE- PIONEERS~ ~Saint Bruno~  Monk Who Originally Started Chartreuse.
    • ~International Chartreuse Day~ (May 16th.)
  • COCKTAIL USE-
    • Chartreuse Mule- Chartreuse With Ginger Beer.
    • American Pola- Green Chartreuse, Campari, Tonic Water
    • Chartreuse On the Rocks- Green Chartreuse and Ice
    • Chartreuse Tonic- Green Chartreuse and Tonic Water
    • Bijou- Green Chartreuse, Vermouth, and Gin
  • **Refer to “WINE STYLES/ Aromatized” For Detailed Information

CREMANT De SAVOIE AOC.  

  • BLANC= Jacquere, Aligote, Chasselas, Chardonnay, Roussette AKA=Altesse
  • ROUGE= Pinot Noir, Poulsard, Trousseau
  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Savoie(Greater)
  • VITIVULTURE-
    • Estate/ Producers- Eugene Carrel, Jean Perrier et Fils, Jean Vullien & Fils, Perceial, Philippe Betemps
  • VINICULTURE- SPARKLING…Method/ Traditionelle, +AGED/ 12mo. On Lees
    • Wine Must Be Jacquere(+40%), Aligote(+20%) to Be Labeled Cremant de Savoie.

Indication Geographique Protegee IGP. Near Savoie

  • BLANC= Any White Grapes Varieties Approved For Production In Savoie.
  • ROUGE= Any Red Grapes Varieties Approved For Production In Savoie.
  • VITICULTURA Wine Produced In SAVOIE Non-Conforming to AOP.

HAUTES-ALPES IGP.

  • GEOGRAPHY- France, South-Eastern, DEPARTMENT-Hautes-Alpes

COTEAUX de L’AIN IGP.

  • GEOGRAPHY- France(East), DEPARTMENT-Ain, Near Savoie & Jura, Includes Gex, Revermont, Valromey, Val de Saone

ISERE IGP.

  • GEOGRAPHY- France(East), DEPARTMENT-Isere
    • Covers the Valleys of Gresivaudan, Balmes Dauphinoises

VIN Des ALLOROGES IGP.

  • GEOGRAPHY- France(East), DEPARTMENT-Savoie & Haute-Savoie, and the Cantons of Seyssel In Ain
  • Estate/ Producers- Domaine des Ardoisieres


🇫🇷FRANCEBugey

BUGEY IS   AOC.- 6    @Belley

  • BLANC=  Chardonnay, Gringet, Jacquere, Molette, Mondeuse Blanche, Roussette AKA=Altesse, Savagnin Blanc,
  • ROUGE= Gamey, Mondeuse, Pinot Noir, Poulsard, Trousseau

GEOGRAPHY France(East), REGION-Bugey, DEPARTMENT-Ain

  • Base of Swiss Alps, Non-Contiguous
  • Sub-Zones- Haut Bugey & Bas Bugey

TOPOGRAPHY Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous

  • SLOPES/ Jura Mountains, +Alt. ?, On~Rhone~River~(West)

SOILS Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Limestone With Clay Over Marl Sub-Soil

CLIMATE Continental,  *Summers– Warm-Hot   |   *Winters– Cold, Wet

VINICULTURE **Appellation For Wine Produced In BUGEY Non-Conforming to AOC.



ROUSETTE Du BUGEY AOC.     @Poncin

  • BLANC= Altesse AKA=Roussette, Chardonnay
  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Bugey, DEPARTMENT-Ain, COMMUNES-(20)-
  • VITICULTURE-  ? ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers- Franck Peillot(6.5ha.), Patrick Charlin, Sylvain Bois

BUGEY CERDON AOC.     @Cerdon

  • ROUGE= Gamay, Poulsard
  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Bugey(North), DEPARTMENT-Ain, Non-Contiguous(2)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous, SLOPES/ Jura Mountains, +Alt. ?
  • VITICULTURE-  ? ha. Planted
  • VINICULTURESPARKLING…Method/ Ancestrale
    • Estate/ Producers- Lingot-Martin, Patrick Bottex, Raphael Bartucci, Renardat-Fache
  • CREMANT De BUGEY CERDON AOC.     @Cerdon
    • BLANC= Chardonnay, Jacqueere, Molette
    • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Bugey, DEPARTMENT-Ain
    • VINICULTURE- SPARKLING…Method/ Traditional
      • Estate/ Producers-
  • PETILLANT De BUGEY CERDON AOC.
    • BLANC= Chardonnay, Jacqueere, Molette
    • ROUGE= Gamay, Poulsard
    • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Bugey
    • VINICULTURE- SPARKLING… Methode Ancestrale/ Petillant Naturel
      • Estate/ Producers-

BUGEY MONTAGRIEU AOC.     @Serrieres-de-Briord

  • BLANC= Altesse(+70%), Chardonnay
  • ROUGE= Mondeuse Noire, Pinot Noir, Gamay
  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Bugey, DEPARTMENT-Ain
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous, SLOPES/ Jura Mountains
  • VITICULTURE-  ? ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers- Franck Peillot

VIRIEU-LE-GRAND CRU     @

  • BLANC= Altesse, Chardonnay   |   ROUGE= Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Bugey, DEPARTMENT-Ain
    • COMMUNE– Virieu-le-Grand
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Hilly/ Mountainous, SLOPES/ Jura Mountains, +Alt. ?
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Calcareous, Limestone
  • VITICULTURE-  ? ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers-

BUGEY MANICLE CRU     @Manicle

  • BLANC= Chardonnay   |   ROUGE= Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Bugey, DEPARTMENT-Ain,  @Hw.#D1504
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Hilly/ Mountainous, SLOPES/ Jura Mountains, +Alt. ?
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Calcareous
  • VITICULTURE-  ? ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers- Les Caves du Tour’Billon, Caveau Bugiste, Monin


**Refer to BIBLIOGRAPHY/ Sources For Details On Scholarly Works Referenced.