🇫🇷FRANCELoire Valley


  • BLANC= Sauvignon Blanc, Pineau de la Loire AKA=Chenin Blanc, Arbois, Pinot Gris, Muscadet AKA=Melon de Bourgogne, Folle Blanc, Chardonnay, Meslier-Saint-Francois
  • ROUGE= Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Pinot Noir, Gamay, Cot AKA=Malbec, Groslot AKA=Grolleau, Pineau d’Aunis

GEOGRAPHY France(West), REGION-Loire Valley, LATITUDE: 47.5° N

  • DEPARTMENTS– Loire-Atlantique, Maine-et-Loire, Mayenne, Sarthe, Indre-Et-Loire, Loir-et-Cher, Loiret, Vendee, Cher, Nievre
  • Sub-Zones-Pays Nantais(West),  Anjou-Saumur(West-Central),  Touraine(East-Central), Central Vineyards(East)
  • **Refer to Proceeding Sub-Chapters For Detailed Information On There Sub-Zones.

TOPOGRAPHY Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly, On~Coast/ Atlantic~Ocean~

  • On~Cher/ Sevre~Maine/Indre~Nievre/Vienne/Erdre~Tributaires~to~Loire~River~Atlantic~ (360km.)
  • (Ardeche to Bay of St. Nazaire/ Bay of Bourgneuf, On Armorican Massif

VITICULUTRE 48,000 ha. Planted

VINICULTURE 200 Negociants, 20 Cooperatives

SOILS MetamorphicVolcanic, Sedimentary

  • Kimmeridgian RidgeContiguous- Limestone Basin, Runs From Southern England to France.
  • Tuffeau– Yellowish, Sedimentary Rock(Mixture of Sand and Marine Fossils), Form In Turonian Era(90 Million Years Ago)

CLIMATE WestMaritime, With Continental Influence

  • East– With Continental With Maritime, Influence

CULTURE GASTRONOMY… Mushroom, River Fish, Pralines   |   CHEESE…Chaviginol

  • UNESCO. WORLD HERITAGE SIGHT ~Loire Valley~ (Culture, Landscape, Vineyards)
  • Monks & Monasteries  ~Loire Valley~
    • ~Cistercian of Sancerre~        ~Benedictine of Muscatdet~
    • ~Benedictine of Pouilly Fume~     ~Fontevraud Abbey of Chinon~
    • ~Benedictine of Bourgueil~     ~Cistercian of Orleans~
    • ~Cistercian of Quincy~
    • ~Cistercian Monastery In Coulee de Serrant~ Vines Planted Vineyards In 1130 and Vineyards Are Still Cultivated Today.
  • PIONEERS– ~Nicolas Joly~ “France”, Leader In Loire, Modern Natural Wine Pioneer.

    • Pays Nantais
    • Anjou-Saumur
    • Touraine
    • Central Vineyards
  • **Refer to Proceeding Sub-Chapters For Information On These

**Loire Valley Images Courtesy of Delong Maps, Purchase These Maps at Delongwine.com


  • BLANC= Chenin Blanc, Chardonnay
  • ROUGE= Cabernet Sauvignon, Gamey, Pineau d’Aunis, Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY– France, REGION-Loire Valley(Greater)
  • VINICULTURESPARKLING…METHOD/ Traditionelle(+AGED/+1 Year, On Lees)
    • Cremant de Loire Can Be Produced From the Entire Region , From 13 Different Grapes From Any Area From Muscadet to Sancerre.
    • Estate/ Producers– Ackerman de Chanceny, Baumard, Bouvet-Ladubay, Breze, Cave de Saumur, Deligeroy, Gratien & Meyer, Lacheteau, Langlois, Marcel Martin, Monmousseau, Paul Buisse, Souchherie

**Refer to “BIBLIOGRAPHY/ SOURCES” For Details On Scholarly Works Referenced