🇫🇷The MIDI

  • GEOGRAPHY France(South), REGION-Combination of Provence & Languedoc-Rousillon
  • TOPOGRAPHY“Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous”, On~Coast/ Mediterranean~Sea~
    • **Refer to “PROVENCE/ LANGUEDOC/ ROUSILLON” For Detailed Information On Topography.
  • CULTURE Synonymous For Provence & Languedoc-Roussillon.
    • ~Etymology~ Named After the Mid-Day Time of Extreme Heat and Inactivity.

🇫🇷FRANCEProvence


PROVENCE IS   AOC.- 12     IGP.10     @Mareille

  • BLANC= Rolle AKA=Vermentino 6%, Bourboulenc, Clairette, Grenache Blanc, Marsanne, Muscat, Macabeu, Panse Muscade, Pascal, Pignerol, Semillon, Ugni Blanc, Spagnol AKA=Damaschino/ Mayorquin, Terret Blanc, Sauvignon Blanc
  • ROUGE= Grenache 37%, Cinsaut 17%, Syrah 17%, Carignan 8%, Barbaroux, Braquet AKA=Brachetto, Cabernet Sauvignon, Calitor, Folle Noir AKA=Jurancon, Mourvedre, Pinot Noir, Tibouren, Tannat

GEOGRAPHY France(South-East), REGION-Provence, LATITUDE: 44° N

  • South of Rhone Valley, (200 km. Long), BETWEEN- Southern Alps and Mediterranean Sea
  • DEPARTMENTS-Alpes-Haute-Provence, Hautes-Alpes, Alpes-Maritimes, Var, Vaucluse, Douches-du-Rhone

TOPOGRAPHY Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly, On~Coast/ Mediterranean~Sea~

SOILS Metamorphic, Sedimentary,VolcanicLimestone, Clay, Sandstone Red Sandstone, Granite

  • Cretaceous Age(Calcareous Sandstones and Sandy Marl),  Jurassic Age
  • Triassic Age(Red/ White Limestone)

CLIMATE Mediterranean,  Summers– Long/ Warm  |   Winters– Mild

VITICULTURE

  • CHALLENGE– +WINDS/ ~Mistral~, Make Pollination Difficult
    • ~Overripeness~ Sunburn and Accumulation of Sugar Needs to Be Monitored.
  • ADVANTAGES– +WINDS/ ~Mistral~, No Mildew Pressure
  • Restanques- Stone Terraces Use In Steep Vineyards

VINICULTURE Wine Produced In PROVENCE Non-Conforming to AOC.

  • *STYLE– Generally Provence Rose is Dry, Elegant, Light, Lower ABV., Not Overly Fruity , With Good Acidity.

HISTORY Greeks Introduced in

  • 600 BC. @Province– Wine Culture Influence by Romans, Gauls, Catalans.

CULTURE

  • Cote d’Azur- The Coastal Area of Provence AKA=The French Riviera/ Cote d’Azur Includes the Famous Glamorous Beach Areas of Cannes, Nice, Saint-Tropez and the Country of Monaco.
  • GASTRONOMY Bouillabaisse, Tapenade, Truffles, Rice, Lavender
    • CHEESE Banon(Goat/ Fresh-Aged)
  • ~GarriqueProvençal Scrubland Landscape, Garrigue is Said to Infuse In Grapes/ Wine In Close Proximity.
  • ACADEMIC~ ~Centre du Rose~  @Lidauban
    • Mission~ Cross Breeding Projects to Optimize the Performance of Provencal Varieties.

PROVENCE WINE CLASSIFICATION (1955) (Classified by Estate)

  • Based On Evaluation of the Estates History, Winemaker and Cellar Reputation, Overall Vineyard Quality. In 1955 There Were Originally 23, Now There Are 18 Estates
    • Domaine de L’Aumerade     |     Chateau de la Clapiere
    • Domaine de la Croix     |     Domaine du Noyer
    • Chateau de Bregancon(Cotes de Provence)     |     Clos Cibonne(Cotes de Provence)
    • Chateau du Galoupet     |     Chateau de Saint-Martin
    • Domaine du Jas d’Esclans     |     Chateau de Mauvanne
    • Chateau Minuty     |     Clos Mireille
    • Domain de Rimauresq     |     Chateau de Roubine
    • Chateau Sainte-Marguerite     |     Chateau Saint-Maur
    • Chateau Sainte-Roseline     |     Chateau de Selle


**Provence Images Courtesy of Delong Maps, Purchase These Maps at Delongwine.com


AIX-En-PROVENCE AOC.     @Aix

  • BLANC= Clairette, Grenache Blanc, Rolle, Sauvignon Blanc, Ungi Blanc
  • ROUGE= Bourboulenc, Cinsaut, Counoise, Grenache, Mourvèdre, Syrah
  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Provence(West), West of Aix-en-Provence-City(      km.)
    • Sub-Zone- Les Baux de Provence
  • TOPOGRAPHY- “Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly”, SLOPES/ Montagne du Luberon
  • SOILS- “Metamorphic“, “Sedimentary, Limestone
  • CLIMATE- “Mediterranean
  • VITICULTURE- 4,100 ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers- Adnams, AIX, Bardebelle, Beaulieu, Commanderie de la Bargemone, La Coste, Paradis, Pigoudet, Saint Aix

  • Les BAUX De PROVENCE AOC.      @Baux
    • BLANC= Clairette, Grenache Blanc, Roussanne, Vermentino
    • ROUGE= Carignan, Cinsaut, Counoise, Grenache, Mourvedre, Syrah
    • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Provence(NorthWest), In Aix-en-Provence AOC.(North-West)
      • South of Avignon-City(   km.)
      • COMMUNES– Fontvieille, Maussane-Les-Alpilles, Mouries, Paradou, Saint-Etienne-du-Gres, Saint-Remy-de-Provence
    • TOPOGRAPHY- “Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly”, SLOPES/ Alpilles Hills, South of Rhone Delta
    • SOILS- “Metamorphic“, “Sedimentary“, Limestone
    • CLIMATE- “Mediterranean
    • VITICULTURE- 280 haPlanted
    • VINICULTURE- Rose
      • Estate/ Producers- Estoublon, Hauvette, Mas de Gourgonnier, Mas de la Dame, Romanin

PALETTE AOC.     @Palette

  • BLANC= Bourboulenc, Clairette, Terret Gris
  • ROUGE= Mourvedre 30%, Cinsaut, Grenache, Syrah
  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Provence(Central-Interior), DEPARTMENT-?
    • Hills East of Aix-en-Provence
  • TOPOGRAPHY- “Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly”, On~Arc~River~
  • SOILS- Metamorphic“, Sedimentary, Limestone Outcrop
  • VITICULTURE- 45 haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers- La Badiane, Chateau Simone, Cremade, Henri Bonnaud

COTEAUX PIERREVERT AOC.     @Manosque

  • BLANC=  Bourboulenc, Clairette, Grenache Blanc, Roussanne, Ugni Blanc, Vermentino, Viognier
  • ROUGE= Carignan, Cinsaut, Grenache, Pinot Noir, Syrah
  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Southern Rhone Valley, @Hw.#A51/ #D6
    • BORDERS– Luberon AOC.(West), (AOCLaps)Southern Rhone ‘Region‘, “Non-Contiguous(2)”
    • DEPARTMENT-Alpes-de-Haute-Provence,  COMMUNES-(11) Greoux les Bains, Monosque, Pierrevert
  • TOPOGRAPHY- “Rolling/ Hilly/ Valley(Durance)”, SLOPES/ ?, +Alt.1,000mt.
    • On~Durance~River~
  • CLIMATE- “Mediterranean With Continental Influences, +WIND/ Le Minstral
  • VITICULTURE 420  haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers- Blaque, Petra Viridis, Regusse, Rousset, Saint Jean Lez Durance
  • CULTURE- Pierreverts Culture, Boundaries and Identity  is Divided Between Rhone and Provence.
    • **Refer to “SOUTHERN RHONE/ Coteaux Pierrevert AOC. For Additional Information.

COTEAUX VAROIS En PROVENCE AOC.     @

  • BLANC= Clairette, Grenache Blanc, Rolle, Semillon, Ungi Blanc
  • ROUGE= Cabernet Sauvignon, Carignan, Cinsault, Syrah, Tibouren
  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Provence(Central-Interior), DEPARTMENTS-Var, “Non-Contiguous(2)”
    • CITIES-Barjols, Brignoles, La Roquebrussanne, Salernes, St.-Maximim-la-Ste-Baume, COMMUNES-(28)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- “Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly”, SLOPES/ Sainte-Blume Massif, +Alt 600mt.-1,000mt.
  • SOILS- Metamorphic“, “Sedimentary, Limestone
  • VITICULTURE- 2,600 haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers- Estandon, Grand’Vigne, Margui, Routas, Saint-Andrieu, Thuerry

COTES De PROVENCE AOC.     @MarseilleToulon

  • BLANC= Roll
  • ROUGE= Cinsaut, Grenache, Mourvèdre, Syrah, Tibouren
  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Provence(East), DEPARTMENT-Var
    • “Non-Contiguous(5)”, “Multi-Appellation”COMMUNES-(85)
    • Sub-Zones/ AOC’s Frejus, La Londe, Norte Dame des Anges, Pierrefeu, Sainte-Victoire
  • TOPOGRAPHY- “Flat/ Rolling/ Terraced”, SLOPES/ Massif des Maures
  • SOILS- “Metamorphic“, Gravel  “Sedimentary, Limestone,  Volcanic
  • VITICULTURE-  20,000 haPlanted
  • VINICULTURE- 🌹
    • Estate/ Producers- Bregancon(Cru Classe), La Croix(Cru Classe), Du Dragon, Luke Belaire, La Mascaronne, Minuty, Clos Mireille(Domaines Ott), Mapliers(10ha.), De Pampelonne, Rimauresq(Cru Classe), Roubine(Kosher), Saint-Maur(Cru Classe), De Selle(Domaines Ott)
  • SUB-ZONES NOT IN DEDICATED AOC.- Saint Tropez

  • COTES De PROVENCE STE.-VICTOIRE AOC.      @Ste-Victoire
    • BLANC= ?
    • ROUGE= Carignan, Cinsaut, Grenache, Mourvèdre, Syrah, Tibouren
    • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Provence, In Cotes de Provence AOC.(West)  “Non-Contiguous”
      • COMMUNES-Chateauneuf-Le-Rouge, Meyreuil, Peynier,Pourcieux, Pourrieres, Puyloubier, Rousseau, Le Tholonet, Trets
    • TOPOGRAPHY- “Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly”
      • SLOPES/ Ste.-Victoire Mountains(Monts Aureliens, Sainte-Baume), +Alt,
    • SOILS- Metamorphic“, “Sedimentary”, Limestone Ridge
    • VITICULTURE- 506 haPlanted
      • Estate/ Producers- Clos Cibonne(Cru Classe), Coussin, Estandon, Famille Sumeire, Ferrages, Gassier, Grand Boise, Mas de Cadenet, Mathilde Chapoutier, Terre de Mistral(50ha.), Triennes
  • COTES De PROVENCE PIERREFEU AOC.     @Toulon
    • BLANC= Rolle
    • ROUGE= Cinsaut, Grenache, Mourvèdre, Syrah, Tibouren
    • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Provence, In Cotes de Provence AOC.
      • COMMUNES
    • TOPOGRAPHY- “Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly”, SLOPES/ ?
    • SOILS- “Metamorphic, Schist, Quartzite, Sandstone
    • VITICULTURE-  ?  haPlanted
      • Estate/ Producers- Peigros
  • COTES De PROVENCE LA LONDE AOC.     @La Londe
    • BLANC= Rolle
    • ROUGE= Cinsaut, Grenache, Mourvèdre, Syrah, Tibouren
    • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Provence, In Cotes de Provence AOC.
      • COMMUNES-Bormes-les-Minosas, La Crau, Hyeres, La londe-les Maures
    • TOPOGRAPHY- “Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly”, SLOPES/ Massif des Maures Hills
    • SOILS- “Metamorphic, Schist, Quartzite, Sandstone
    • VITICULTURE-  ?  haPlanted
      • Estate/ Producers- Les Valentines, Leoube, Ste.-Andre de Figuiere, Sainte Marquerite
  • COTES De PROVENCE NOTRE-DAME-DES-ANGES AOC.     @
    • BLANC= Rolle
    • ROUGE= Cinsaut, Grenache, Mourvèdre, Syrah, Tibouren
    • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Provence, In Cotes de Provence AOC.
      • COMMUNES
    • TOPOGRAPHY- “Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly”, SLOPES/
    • SOILS- “Metamorphic, Schist, Quartzite, Sandstone
    • VITICULTURE-  ?  haPlanted
      • Estate/ Producers-
  • COTES De PROVENCE FREJUS AOC.     @Frejus
    • BLANC= Vermentino
    • ROUGE= Cinsaut, Grenache, Mourvèdre, Syrah, Tibouren
    • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Provence, In Cotes de Provence AOC.(East)
      • COMMUNES– La Motte, Le Muy, Puget-sur-Argens, Roquebrune-sur-Argens, Saint-Raphael, Frejus
    • TOPOGRAPHY- “Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly”, SLOPES/ Massif de l’Esterei
      • On~Coast/ Mediterranean~Sea~
    • SOILS- Metamorphic“, “Volcanic“, Red Sandy Clay, Shale, Tufa, Yellow Loam
    • VITICULTURE- 250 haPlanted
      • Estate/ Producers- Chateau d’Esclans(44 ha.), Paquette

CASSIS AOC.     @Cassis

  • BLANC= Bourboulenc AKA=Doucillon Blanc, Clairette, Marsanne, Pascal, Sauvignon Blanc, Terret Blanc, Ungin Blanc
  • ROUGE= Barbaroux, Bourboulenc, Cinsault, Grenache, Marsanne, Mourvèdre
  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Provence(South), DEPARTMENT-Var
    • In Cotes de Provence AOC., West of Bandol-City(20 km.)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- “Rolling/ Hilly” SLOPES/ Montaigne la Canaille
    • On~Coast/ Mediterranean~Sea~
  • SOILS- “Metamorphic“, “Sedimentary“, Limestone
  • VITICULTURE- 168 haPlanted
  • VINICULTURE- 🌹
    • Estate/ Producers- Bagnol, Clos Ste-Magdeleine, La Ferme, Fontcreuse, Paternel

BANDOL AOC.     @Bandol

  • BLANC= Clairette(+50%-90%), Bourboulenc, Marsanne, Ungi Blanc, Sauvignon Blanc, Semillon, Rolle
  • ROUGE= Mourvèdre(+50%), Carignan, Cinsaut, Grenache, Syrah
  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Provence(South-East), DEPARTMENT-Var, @Hw.#A57
    • In Cotes de Provence AOC., West of Toulon-City(15km.),  LATITUDE: 43° ‘N’
    • COMMUNES-(8) Bandol, Le Beausset, La Cadiere-d’Azur, Le Castellet, Evenos, Ollioules, Saint Cyr-Sur-Mer, Sanary
  • TOPOGRAPHY- “Rolling, Hilly, Terraced”, On~Coast/ Mediterranean~Sea~/ Bay of Bandol
    • SLOPES/ Massif de la Sainte-Baume, +Alt.400 mt.,   BASIN/ Beausset
    • Surrounding Hills Form an Amphitheater Which Provides Micro-Climate.
  • SOILS- Metamorphic“, “Sedimentary, Limestone, Clay, Silicon
    • Cretaceous Age(Calcareous Sandstones and Sandy Marl)
  • VITICULTURE- 1,550 haPlanted,  RestanquesStone Terraces Use In Steep Vineyards
    • Vines Must Be +8 Years of Age For Non Rose Wines.
  • VINICULTURE- Blanc(10%),  Rose, (35%),   Rouge(55%),  All Blends Must Containing +50% of Main Grape.
    • Estate/ Producers- Antiane, D’Azur, Caves d’Azur, Des Baguiers, Barthes, La Begude(22ha.), Bunan, La Cadierenne, Cagueloup, Canadel, Castell-Reynoard, Le Clos du Cas, Costes Gallines, L’Estanol, Galantin, La Garenne, Jean-Pierre Gaussen, Gros Nore, Lafran-Veyrolles(Nat.Pro./10ha./1641), Lou Capelan, Marie Berenice, Maubernard, Du Moutin, Moulin de la Roque(Co.-Op./198 Growers/1,200ha.), La Noblesse, De L’Olivette, Romassan(Domaines Ott), Pey Neuf, De Pibarnon, Ray Jane, De La Ribotte, Sainte Anne, Salettes, Sorin, Suffrene, Tempier, Terrebrune, Vannieres, Vigneret
  • HISTORY-  600 BC. @Bandol Phocaeans Brought Vines and Culture to What Would Be Bandol.
    • 1941 @BandolAOC. Officially Established
  • CULTURE- ASSOCIATIONS~  ~Les Vins de Bandol~

BALLET AOC.    @Nice

  • BLANC= Blanqueiron, Bourboulenc, Clairette, Mayorquin, Muscat Blanc a Petit Grain, Rolle, Pignerol, Roussanne
  • ROUGE= Braquet, Fuella Nera AKA=Folle Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Provence(East), DEPARTMENT– ?
    • In Cotes de Provence AOC.
  • TOPOGRAPHY- “Flat/ Rolling”, On~Coast/ Mediterranean~Sea~
  • SOILS- Metamorphic“, “Sedimentary
  • VITICULTURE- 50 haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers- Cremat, Chateau de Bellet, Sicardi et Sergi, Domaine de Toasc
    • Vineyards- Candau, Cremat, Grand Bois, Golfan, Les Cappans, Lingestiera, Mont-Bellet, Saint-Romande Bellet, Puncia, Serre-Long, La Tour

Indication Geographiques Protegee IGP. of Provence

  • BLANC= Any White Grapes Varieties Approved For Production In Provence.
  • ROUGE= Any Red Grapes Varieties Approved For Production In Provence.
  • VITICULTURA- Wine Produced In “PROVENCE” Non-Conforming to AOP.

COTES CATALANES IGP.     @

  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Provence
    • Estate/ Producers- Chateau de Rey(Nat.Pro.)

ALPES-MARITIMES IGP.

  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Provence, DEPARTMENTS-Alpes-Maritimes
  • TOPOGRAPHY Flat/ Rolling/ HillySLOPES/ Alps(South)

MONT CAUME IGP.

  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Provence, DEPARTMENT– Var

VAR IGP.

  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Provence, DEPARTMENT-Var, Near Bandol
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly, SLOPES/ Coastal Mountain Range/ Massif des Maures

BOUCHES-Du-RHONE IGP.

  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Provence, Within Coteaux Aix-en-Provence

MAURES IGP.

  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Provence

MEDITERRANEE IGP.

  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Provence, DEPARTMENTS– Covers 10,  Including Corsica

ALPES-De-HAUTE-PROVENCE IGP.

  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Provence, DEPARTMENTS– Alpes-de-Haute
  • TOPOGRAPHY SLOPES/ Alps(South)

ALPOLLES IGP.

  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Provence
  • TOPOGRAPHY “Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly”, On~Rhone~River~(East), SLOPES/ Chaine des Alpilles

SABLE DE CAMARGUE IGP.

  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Provence, DEPARTMENTS– Herault, Gard & Bouches-du Rhone

GARD IGP.

  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Provence, DEPARTMENTS– Gard


**Refer to “BIBLIOGRAPHY/ Sources” For Details On Scholarly Works Referenced.