🇫🇷The MIDI

  • GEOGRAPHY– France(South), REGION-Combination of Provence & Languedoc-Rousillon
  • TOPOGRAPHYFlat/ Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous, On~Coast/ Mediterranean~Sea~
    • **Refer to PROVENCE/ LANGUEDOC/ ROUSILLON For Detailed Information.
  • CULTURE Synonymous For Provence & Languedoc-Roussillon.
    • ~Etymology~ Named After the Mid-Day Time of Extreme Heat and Inactivity.


PROVENCE IS   AOC.- 12     IGP.- 10     @Mareille

  • BLANC= Rolle AKA=Vermentino 6%, Bourboulenc, Chardonnay, Clairette, Colombard, Grenache Blanc, Marsanne, Muscat(a Petits Grains), Macabeu, Panse Muscade, Panse du Roy Rene, Pascal, Pignerol, Roussanne, Semillon, Sauvignon Blanc, Terret Blanc, Viognier
    • InternationalMayorquin AKA=Damaschino, Ungi Blanc AKA=Trebbiano
  • ROUGE= Cinsaut 17%, Syrah 17%, Barbaroux, Braquet AKA=Brachetto, Brun Fourca, Cabernet Sauvignon, Calitor, Durif, Folle Noir AKA=Jurancon, Mourvaison, Petit Brun, Pinot Noir, Tibouren, Tannat
    • InternationalGrenache 37% AKA=Garnacha, Carignan 8% AKA=Carinena, Mourvèdre AKA=Monastrell

GEOGRAPHY France(South-East), REGION-Provence, (200 km. Long), LATITUDE: 44°N

  • BETWEEN-Southern Alps(North) and Mediterranean Sea(South), Rhone Valley(West), Italy(East)
  • DEPARTMENTS-Alpes-Haute-Provence, Hautes-Alpes, Alpes-Maritimes, Var, Vaucluse, Douches-du-Rhone
  • AOC.’s- Aix-en-Provence AOC., Ballet AOC., Bandol AOC., Les Baux de Provence AOC., Cassis AOC., Coteaux Pierrevert AOC., Coteaux Varois en Provence AOC., Cotes de Provence AOC., Frejus AOC., La Londe AOC., Notre-Dame-Des-Anges AOC., Palette AOC., Pierrefeu AOC., Ste.-Victoire AOC.
  • IGP.’s- Alpolles IGP., Alps de Haute-Provence IGP., Alpes-Maritimes IGP., Bouches-du-Rhone IGP., Cote Catalanes IGP., Gard IGP., Maures IGP., Mediterranee IGP., Mont Caume IGP., Dable de Camargue IGP., Var IGP.

TOPOGRAPHY Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous,

  • SLOPES/ Alpilles Hills, Massif de l’Esterei, Massif des Maures, Montagne du Luberon, Montaigne la Canaille, Massif Sainte-Blume, +Altitude(25mt.- 1,000mt.)
  • On~Coast/ Mediterranean~Sea~
  • The Rhone River Valley
    • Geography- The Rhone River Valley Which Drains Much of the Western Alps Starts as Run-Off  From the Rhone Glacier In the Saint-Gotthard Massif at Its “Source/ Head-Waters” of the Upper Rhone Valley In the Canton of Valais, Switzerland at 2,208 mt.  The 813 km. River Flows Through Valais Lake Geneva, Savoie, the Rhone Valley and Provence Before Entering the Mediterranean Sea. The Rhone River Has Always Been an Important Highway/ Trade Route Since the Times of the Greeks and Romans.

SOILS Metamorphic, Sedimentary,Volcanic, Limestone, Clay, Sandstone Red Sandstone, Granite

  • Cretaceous Age(Calcareous Sandstones and Sandy Marl),  Jurassic Age
  • Triassic Age(Red/ White Limestone)

CLIMATE Mediterranean” Near Coast With ContinentalInfluence Inland

  • *Summers– Long/ Warm   |   *Winters– Mild


  • CHALLENGE+WINDS~~Mistral~, Make Pollination Difficult
    • ~Overripeness~ Sunburn and Accumulation of Sugar Needs to Be Monitored.
  • ADVANTAGES– +WINDS~ ~Mistral~, No Mildew Pressure
  • Restanques- Stone Terraces Use In Steep Vineyards.

VINICULTURE Wine Produced In PROVENCE Non-Conforming to AOC.

  • *STYLE– Generally Provence Rose is Dry, Elegant, Light, Lower ABV., Not Overly Fruity, With Good Acidity.

HISTORY Greeks Introduced in

  • 600 BC. @Province Wine Culture Influence by Romans, Gauls, Catalans.


  • Cote d’Azur- The Coastal Area of Provence AKA=The French Riviera/ Cote d’Azur Includes the Famous Glamorous Beach Areas of Cannes, Nice, Saint-Tropez and the Country of Monaco.
  • GASTRONOMY… Bouillabaisse, Tapenade, Truffles, Rice, Lavender
    • CHEESE… Banon(Goat/ Fresh-Aged)
  • ~Garrique~ 1) Provençal Scrubland Landscape, Garrigue is Said to Infuse In Grapes/ Wine In Close Proximity.  2) Some People Use the Term Garrique as a Flavor.
  • ACADEMIC~ ~Centre du Rose~  @Lidauban
    • Mission~ Cross Breeding Projects to Optimize the Performance of Provencal Varieties.

PROVENCE WINE CLASSIFICATION (1955) (Classified by Estate)

  • Based On Evaluation of the Estates History, Winemaker and Cellar Reputation, Overall Vineyard Quality. In 1955 There Were Originally 23, Now There Are 18 Estates
    • Domaine de L’Aumerade   |   Chateau de la Clapiere
    • Domaine de la Croix(Cotes de Provence AOC.)  |   Domaine du Noyer
    • Chateau de Bregancon(Cotes de Provence AOC.)   |   Clos Cibonne(Cotes de Provence Ste. Victoire AOC.)
    • Chateau du Galoupet   |   Chateau de Saint-Martin
    • Domaine du Jas d’Esclans   |   Chateau de Mauvanne
    • Chateau Minuty   |   Clos Mireille
    • Domain de Rimauresq(Cotes de Provence AOC.)   |   Chateau de Roubine(Cotes de Provence AOC.)
    • Chateau Sainte-Marguerite   |   Chateau Saint-Maur(Cotes de Provence AOC.)
    • Chateau Sainte-Roseline   |   Chateau de Selle(Ott)(Cote de Provence AOC.)

**Refer to FRANCE/ Home For Detailed Information On France as a Country.

**Provence Wine Map Images Courtesy of Delong Maps, Purchase Maps at Delongwine.com


  • BLANC= Clairette, Grenache Blanc, Rolle, Sauvignon Blanc, Ungi Blanc
  • ROUGE= Bourboulenc, Cinsaut, Counoise, Grenache, Mourvèdre, Syrah
  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Provence(West), West of Aix-en-Provence-City(5km.)
    • DEPARTMENT-Bouches-du-Rhone, Sub-Zone- Les Baux de Provence
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly, SLOPES/ Montagne du Luberon, +Altitude( ? mt.)
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Limestone
  • CLIMATE- Mediterranean
  • VITICULTURE- 4,100 ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers- Adnams, AIX, Bardebelle, Beaulieu, Commanderie de la Bargemone, La Coste, Paradis, Pigoudet, Saint Aix
  • Les BAUX De PROVENCE AOC.      @Baux
    • BLANC= Clairette, Grenache Blanc, Rolle, Roussanne
    • ROUGE= Carignan, Cinsaut, Counoise, Grenache, Mourvedre, Syrah
    • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Provence(NorthWest), DEPARTMENT-Bouches-du-Rhone
      • In Aix-en-Provence AOC.(North-West), South of Avignon-City(38km.)
      • COMMUNES-Fontvieille, Maussane-Les-Alpilles, Mouries, Paradou, Saint-Etienne-du-Gres, Saint-Remy-de-Provence
    • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly, SLOPES/ Alpilles Hills, +Altitude( ? mt.), South of Rhone Delta
    • SOILS- Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Limestone
    • CLIMATE- Mediterranean
    • VITICULTURE- 280 haPlanted
      • Estate/ Producers- Estoublon, Hauvette, Mas de Gourgonnier, Mas de la Dame, Romanin

PALETTE AOC.     @Palette

  • BLANC= Bourboulenc, Clairette, Grenache Blanc, Panse du Roy Rene, Terret Gris, Ugni Blanc
  • ROUGE= Mourvedre 30%, Grenache 20%, Cinsaut 15%, Bun Fourca, Carignan, Castet, Syrah, Tibouren
  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Provence(Central-Interior), DEPARTMENT-Bouches-du-Rhone
    • Hills East of Aix-en-Provence, @Hw.#A8
    • COMMUNES– Aix-en-Provence, Meyreuil, Le Tholonet
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly, SLOOPS/ ?, +Altitude( ? mt.), On~Arc~River~
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Limestone Outcrop(Calcaire de langesse)
  • CLIMATE- Mediterranean
  • VITICULTURE- 45 haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers- La Badiane, Cremade, Dupere Barrera, Grand Cote, Henri Bonnaud, Meyreuil, Simone
  • VINICULTURE- White,  Rose,  Red
  • CULTURE- 1948- AOC. Officially Established


  • BLANC= Bourboulenc, Clairette, Grenache Blanc, Rolle, Roussanne, Ugni Blanc, Viognier
  • ROUGE= Carignan, Cinsaut, Grenache, Pinot Noir, Syrah
  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Southern Rhone Valley, @Hw.#A51/ #D6
    • BORDERS-Luberon AOC.(West), (AOCLaps)Southern Rhone ‘Region‘, Non-Contiguous(2)
    • DEPARTMENT-Alpes-de-Haute-Provence, COMMUNES-(11)-Greoux les Bains, Monosque, Pierrevert
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly/ Valley(Durance), SLOPES/ ?, +Altitude(1,000mt.)
    • On~Durance~River~
  • CLIMATE- Mediterranean With Continental Influences, +WINDS~ ~Le Minstral~
  • VITICULTURE 420  haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers- Blaque, Petra Viridis, Regusse, Rousset, Saint Jean Lez Durance
  • CULTURE- Pierreverts Culture, Boundaries and Identity  is Divided Between Rhone and Provence.
    • **Refer to SOUTHERN RHONE/ Coteaux Pierrevert AOC. For Additional Information.


  • BLANC= Clairette, Grenache Blanc, Rolle, Semillon, Ungi Blanc
  • ROUGE= Cabernet Sauvignon, Carignan, Cinsault, Grenache, Syrah, Tibouren
  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Provence(Central-Interior), DEPARTMENTS-Var
    • CITIES-Barjols, Brignoles, La Roquebrussanne, Salernes, St.-Maximim-la-Ste-Baume
    • COMMUNES-(28)-  Non-Contiguous(2)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly, SLOPES/ Sainte-Blume Massif, +Altitude(600mt.- 1,000mt.)
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Limestone
  • CLIMATE- MediterraneanNear Coast With ContinentalInfluence Inland
  • VITICULTURE- 2,630 haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers- Bellini, De Cala, Del’Escarelle, Estandon, Grand’Vigne, Margui, D’Ollieres, Routas, Saint-Andrieu, Thuerry

COTES De PROVENCE AOC.     @MarseilleToulon

  • BLANC= Rolle, Clairette, Semillon, Ugni Blanc
  • ROUGE= Carignan, Cinsaut, Grenache, Mourvèdre, Syrah, Tibouren
  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Provence(East), DEPARTMENT-Var
    • Non-Contiguous(5), Multi-AppellationCOMMUNES-(85)-
    • Sub-Zones/ AOC’s Frejus, La Londe, Norte Dame des Anges, Pierrefeu, Sainte-Victoire
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ Terraced, SLOPES/ Massif des Maures, +Altitude( ? mt.)
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Gravel Sedimentary, Limestone, Volcanic
  • VITICULTURE-  20,000 haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers-(Not Found In Demarcated Sub-Zone) Aspras, Bernard Magrez, Bregancon(Cru Classe), Clos Mireille(Ott), La Croix(Cru Classe), Du Dragon, Gasqui, Houchart, La Gordonne, Leoube, Luke Belaire, La Mascaronne, Minuty, Mapliers(10ha.), De Pampelonne, Rimauresq(Cru Classe), De Roquefort, Roubine(Cru ClasseKosher), Saint-Maur(Cru Classe), De Selle(Ott), Tour de l’Eveque, Vie Vite, Wolffer
    • BLANC= ?
    • ROUGE= Carignan, Cinsaut, Grenache, Mourvèdre, Syrah, Tibouren
    • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Provence, In Cotes de Provence AOC.(West)Non-Contiguous
      • COMMUNES-Chateauneuf-Le-Rouge, Meyreuil, Peynier,Pourcieux, Pourrieres, Puyloubier, Rousseau, Le Tholonet, Trets
    • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly
      • SLOPES/ Ste.-Victoire Mountains(Monts Aureliens, Sainte-Baume), +Altitude( ? mt.)
    • SOILS- Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Limestone Ridge
    • VITICULTURE- 506 haPlanted
      • Estate/ Producers- Clos Cibonne(Cru Classe), Coussin, Estandon, Famille Sumeire, Ferrages, Gassier, Grand Boise, Mas de Cadenet, Mathilde Chapoutier, Sumeire, Terre de Mistral(50ha.), Triennes
    • BLANC= Rolle
    • ROUGE= Cabernet Sauvignon, Carignan, Cinsaut, Grenache, Mourvèdre, Syrah, Tibouren
    • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Provence, In Cotes de Provence AOC.(West)
      • COMMUNES-Carnoules, Carqueiranne, Collobrieres, Cuers, La Crau, La Forlede, La Garde, Pierrefeu, Le Pradet, Puget-Ville, Sollies-Pont, La Valette
    • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly, SLOPES/ Massif des Maures, +Altitude(200mt.- 400mt.)
    • SOILS- Metamorphic, Schist, Quartzite, Sandstone
    • VITICULTURE-  ?  haPlanted
      • Estate/ Producers- Peigros
    • CULTURE- 2013- AOC. Officially Established.
    • BLANC= Rolle
    • ROUGE= Cinsaut, Grenache, Mourvèdre, Syrah, Tibouren
    • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Provence, In Cotes de Provence AOC.
      • COMMUNES-Bormes-les-Minosas, La Crau, Hyeres, La londe-les Maures
    • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly, SLOPES/ Massif des Maures, +Altitude( ? mt.)
    • SOILS- Metamorphic, Schist, Quartzite, Sandstone
    • VITICULTURE-  ?  haPlanted
      • Estate/ Producers- Leoube, Maravenne, Pas du Cerf, Ste.-Andre de Figuiere, Sainte Marquerite, Les Valentines
    • BLANC= Rolle, Clairette, Semillon, Ugni Blanc
    • ROUGE= Cabernet Sauvignon, Cinsaut, Grenache, Mourvèdre, Syrah, Tibouren
    • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Provence, In Cotes de Provence AOC.
      • DEPARTMENT-Var
      • COMMUNES-(10)- Les Arce/Argens, Le Cannet-des-Maures, Carnoules, La Garde-Freinet, Gonfaron et Pignans, Le Luc, Les Mayons, Taradeau, Vidauban
    • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly, SLOPES/ ?, +Altitude( ? mt.)
    • SOILS- Metamorphic, Schist, Quartzite, Sandstone
    • VITICULTURE- 3,800 ha./ 280 haPlanted
      • Estate/ Producers- Des Bertrands, Demonpere(32ha.), Estandon(Co.-Op./250 Members), Lauzade(50 ha.), Terres Ailees de Gonfaron, Reillancce
    • CULTURE- 2019- AOC. Officially Established
    • BLANC= Rolle
    • ROUGE= Cinsaut, Grenache, Mourvèdre, Syrah, Tibouren
    • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Provence, In Cotes de Provence AOC.(East)
      • COMMUNES-La Motte, Le Muy, Puget-sur-Argens, Roquebrune-sur-Argens, Saint-Raphael, Frejus
    • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly, SLOPES/ Massif de l’Esterei, +Altitude( ? mt.)
      • On~Coast/ Mediterranean~Sea~
    • SOILS- Metamorphic, “Sedimentary, Red Sandy Clay, Shale, Tufa, Yellow Loam
    • VITICULTURE- 250 haPlanted
      • Estate/ Producers- Chateau Cave d’Esclans(44ha.), Paquette

CASSIS AOC.     @Cassis

  • BLANC= Bourboulenc AKA=Doucillon Blanc, Clairette, Marsanne, Pascal, Sauvignon Blanc, Terret Blanc, Ungi Blanc
  • ROUGE= Barbaroux, Bourboulenc, Mourvèdre
    • InternationalCarignan, Grenache
  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Provence(South), DEPARTMENT-Var
    • In Cotes de Provence AOC., West of Bandol-City(20km.)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly SLOPES/ Montaigne la Canaille, +Altitude( ? mt.)
    • On~Coast/ Mediterranean~Sea~
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, “Sedimentary, Limestone
  • VITICULTURE- 205 haPlanted
  • VINICULTURE- Blanc,  🌹,  Rouge
    • Estate/ Producers- Bagnol, Clos Ste-Magdeleine(8ha.), La Ferme, Fontcreuse, De Paternel

BANDOL AOC.     @Bandol

  • BLANC= Clairette 15%, Bourboulenc, Marsanne, Rolle, Sauvignon Blanc, Semillon
    • International Ungi Blanc
  • ROUGE= Mourvèdre 50%, Cinsaut, Syrah
    • InternationalCarignan, Grenache
  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Provence(South-East), DEPARTMENT-Var, @Hw.#A57
    • In Cotes de Provence AOC., West of Toulon-City(15km.), LATITUDE: 43°N
    • COMMUNES-(8)-Bandol, Le Beausset, La Cadiere-d’Azur, Le Castellet, Evenos, Ollioules, Saint Cyr-Sur-Mer, Sanary
    • Sub-Zone- Le Plan du Castellet
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling, Hilly, Terraced, On~Coast/ Mediterranean~Sea~/ Bay of Bandol
    • SLOPES/ Massif de la Sainte-Baume, +Altitude(300mt.- 400mt.), IN BASIN/ Beausset
    • Surrounding Hills Form an Amphitheater Which Provides Micro-Climate.
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Limestone, Clay, Silicon
    • Cretaceous Age(Calcareous Sandstones and Sandy Marl)
  • VITICULTURE- 1,590 haPlanted,  (Blanc 10%/ Rouge 90%)
      • RestanquesStone Terraces Use In Steep Vineyards
    • Estate/ Producers- Antiane, D’Azur, Caves d’Azur, Des Baguiers, Barthes, La Begude(22ha.), Bunan, La Cadierenne, Cagueloup, Canadel, Castell-Reynoard, Le Clos du Cas, Costes Gallines, L’Estanol, Le Galantin, La Garenne, Gros Nore, Hauts du Vallon, Jean-Pierre Gaussen, Lafran-Veyrolles(*1641/10ha./), Lou Capelan, Marie Berenice, Maubernard, La Migoua, Du Moutin, Moulin de la Roque(Co.-Op./198 Growers/1,200ha.), La Noblesse, De L’Olivette, Pey Neuf, De Pibarnon, Ray Jane, De La Ribotte, Romassan(Ott)(74ha.), Sainte Anne, Salettes, Sorin, La Suffrene, Tempier(*1951/30ha), Terrebrune(30ha.), Vannieres, Vigneret, De la Vivonne
    • Vineyards- La Migoua, Le Plan, La Tourtine
  • VINICULTURE- Blanc(+50% Clairette),  Rose,  Rouge(+50% Mourvèdre)
    • Vines Must Be +8 Years of Age For Non Rose Wines.
  • HISTORY- 600 BC. @Bandol Phocaeans Brought Vines and Culture to What Would Be Bandol.
    • 1941 @BandolAOC. Officially Established.
  • CULTURE- ASSOCIATIONS~ ~Les Vins de Bandol~
    • PIONEERS~ ~Lucien Peyraud~, ~Lucie (LuLu) Tempier~
      • Wine Makers Domaine Tempier, Helped Push Through Bandol AOC. In 1941.
    • WINNER Worlds Best~ DtheV.com Awards France’s Best AOC.  (6th. Place)
      • **Refer to WINE CULTURE/ Derek’s Top 6 List For Detailed Information.

BALLET AOC.    @Nice

  • BLANC= Rolle 40%, Blanqueiron, Bourboulenc, Chardonnay, Clairette, Mayorquin, Muscat Blanc a Petit Grain, Pignerol, Roussanne
  • ROUGE= Braquet, Cinsaut, Fuella Nera AKA=Folle Noir, Grenache
  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Provence(East), DEPARTMENT– ?
    • In Cotes de Provence AOC.
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling, SLOPES/ ?, +Altitude (200mt.- 400mt.)
    • On~Coast/ Mediterranean~Sea~, On~Var~River~
  • SOILS- MetamorphicSedimentary, Sand, River Rocks
  • VITICULTURE- 55 haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers- De Bellet, De Cremat, Sicardi et Sergi, De la Source(5ha.), De Toasc
    • Lieux-Dits/Vineyards- Candau, Les Cappans, Cremat, Le Grand Bois, Golfan, Les Cappans, Lingestiera, Mont-Bellet, Le Pilon, Li Puncia, Saint-Romande de Bellet, Les Seoules, Serre-Long, La Tour
  • VINICULTURE- Blanc,  Rose,  Rouge(+60% Fuella Nera)
  • CULTURE- 1941 AOC. Officially Established.

Indication Geographiques Protegee IGP. of Provence

  • BLANC=   |   ROUGE= Any Grapes Varieties Approved For Production In Provence.
  • VITICULTURE- Wine Produced In PROVENCE Non-Conforming to AOC.
    • IGP.’s- Alpolles IGP., Alps de Haute-Provence IGP., Alpes-Maritimes IGP., Bouches-du-Rhone IGP., Cote Catalanes IGP., Gard IGP., Maures IGP., Mediterranee IGP., Mont Caume IGP., Dable de Camargue IGP., Var IGP.


  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Provence
    • Estate/ Producers- Chateau de Rey(Nat.Pro.)


  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Provence, DEPARTMENTS-Alpes-Maritimes
  • TOPOGRAPHY Flat/ Rolling/ HillySLOPES/ Alps(South)


  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly, SLOPES/ Hills Above Toulon-City, +Altitude(800mt.)
  • VINICULTURE- Blanc,  Rose,  Rouge


  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Provence, DEPARTMENT-Var, Near Bandol
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly, SLOPES/ Coastal Mountain Range/ Massif des Maures


  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Provence, Within Coteaux Aix-en-Provence


  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Provence


  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Provence, (Laps)Rhone Valley, (Laps)Corsica
    • DEPARTMENTS-(10)-
      • Provence- Alpes-Maritimes, Ardeche, Alps de Haute Provence, Hautes-Alpes, Var
      • Corsica- Corse-du-Sud, Haute-Corse
      • Southern Rhone- Bouches-du-Rhone, Drome, Vaucluse
  • VITICULTURE- Estate/ Producers- Sainte Fleur


  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Provence, DEPARTMENTS-Alpes-de-Haute


  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Provence
  • TOPOGRAPHY Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly, On~Rhone~River~(East), SLOPES/ Chaine des Alpilles
  • VITICULTURE- White,  Rose,  Red


  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Provence, DEPARTMENTS-Herault, Gard & Bouches-du Rhone



**Refer to BIBLIOGRAPHY/ Sources For Details On Scholarly Works Referenced.