ROUSSILLON IS   AOC.- 14      IGP.- 9     @Perpignan

  • BLANC= Carignan Blanc, Chardonnay, Grenache Blanc, Grenache Gris, Macabeo, Muscat(Alexandria), Muscat(Blanc a Petit Grains), Malvoisie du Roussillon AKA=Tourbat, Marsanne, Roussanne, Sauvignon Blanc, Vermentino, Viognier
  • ROUGE= Grenache, Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Carignan, Cinsault, Counoise, Lladoner Pelut, Merlot, Mourvedre, Syrah

GEOGRAPHY France(South), REGION-Roussillon, LATITUDE: 42.68° N

  • BORDERS- Languedoc(North), Spain/ Catayuna(South)
  • DEPARTMENTS– Ariege, Aude, Pyrenees-Orientales, @Hw.# A9/ D117
  • Sub-Zones/ AOC.’s- Banyul AOC., Collioure AOC., Cotes Du Roussillon AOC., Cotes Du Roussillon Villages AOC., Maury AOC., Rivesaltes AOC.
    • IGP.’s- Aube IGP., Cote Catalanes IGP., Cote Vermeille IGP., Coteaux de Narbonne IGP., Haute Ariege IGP., Haut Vallee de l’Aude IGP., Le Pays Cathare IGP., Vallee du Torgan IGP., Vallee du Paradis IGP.

TOPOGRAPHY Features- Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous

  • SLOPES/ Pyrenees Range(Orientales/ Massif des Alberes, Range That Separated France/ Roussillon & Spain/ Cataluyna, Corbieres Mountains, Canigou Mountains, Aspres Mountains), +Alt. 20mt. – 650mt.
  • On~Agly/ Tect/ Tet~River~to~On~Coast/ Gulf of Lion/ Mediterranean~Sea~

SOILSMetamorphic, Sedimentary, Sand Clay, Silt, Granite, Limestone, Schist(Black), Slate, Sandstone

CLIMATEContinental With Mediterranean Influence, With Many Micro-Climates

  • +WIND/ ~Tromontane~ Originates… In North   |   ~Marin~ Originates…In East
  • +WIND/~Llevant~(Originates…East)
  • CHALLENGES– Extreme High Temperature, Drought

VITICULTURE 17,620 ha. Planted

VINICULTURE Varietal,  Blends,  Fortified,  Rancio

  • Vin De Liqueur- +FORTIFIED/ Before Fermentation With Local Grape Spirit.
  • Vin Doux Naturel- +FORTIFIED/ During Fermentation With Local Grape Spirit.

HISTORY Wine Culture Since 700 BC., Viticulture Introduced by Greek.

  • 1285 @Roussillon The Invention of Mutage, by Arnau de Vilanova.
  • 1659 @Roussillon Was Part of Spain Until the Treaty of the Pyrenees and Ceded to France.
  • 1970’s @Roussillon/ LanguedocWine Lake, Bulk Wine Surplus That Plagued the Industry.
  • 1980’s @Roussillon/ LanguedocVine Pull Scheme
    • Instituted In Languedoc-Roussillon In the Late 80’s and Early 90’s. Government Gave Substantial Financial Benefits to Induce Growers to Abandon Viticulture In an Effort to Drain Frances Wine Lake.


  • Catalans/ Catalunya- Roussillon is Considered Part of Northern Catalonia. The Catalan Langage is Spoken In Parts of the Region.
  • Ethic Group Native to Catalunya, Modern Day Catalonia & Roussillon, Having Roots In Pyrenees Mountains.  The Area and the People and Language Were Prominent In the Area Since 1200 BC..  During the 1700’s They Were Suppressed as Group Prohibiting Their Language and Culture.  Currently There is a Modern Day Push to Have Their Region and Culture Return and Leave the County of Spain.
  • ~Garrique~ 1) Provençal Scrubland Landscape, Garrigue is Said to Infuse In Grapes/ Wine In Close Proximity.  2) Some People Use the Term Garrique as a Flavor.

**Refer to FRANCE/ Home For Detailed Information On France as a Country.


  • BLANC= Macabeo 17%, Grenache Blanc 13%, Carignan Blanc, Lladoner Pelut, Muscat(Alexandria), Muscat(Blanc a Petit Grains), Malvoisie du Roussillon AKA=Tourbat, Marsanne, Roussanne, Vermentino
  • ROUGE= Grenache, Carignan, Cinsault, Lladoner Pelut, Mourvedre, Syrah
  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Roussillon, DEPARTMENTS-Pyrenees-Orientales
    • Multi-Appellation, VILLAGES-(118)- Vingrau
    • BORDERS-Corbieres AOC./ Fitou AOC.(North), Spain(South)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly, BETWEEN- Mountains & Sea
    • SLOPES/ Pyrenees Orientales(South) Massif des Corbieres(North), +Alt.800 mt.
    • On~Coast/ Mediterranean~Sea~ On~Tet/ Agly~Rivers~
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Clay, Granite, Limestone, Schist, Slate, Sandstone
  • CLIMATE- Continental With Mediterranean Influence
  • VITICULTURE- 5,600haPlanted, AOC. Allows50 Hectoliters/ Hectare
    • Estate/ Producers- Arnaud de Villeneuve, Bila Haut, Clos des Fees(60ha.), Ferrer-Ribiere, Gardies, Grier, Matassa(Nat.Pro.), Matin Calme, Nadal Hainaut, Trilles, Treloar, Vaquer
  • CULTURE- Referred to as Northern Catalonia and Some Historical Ties Still Exists.


  • BLANC= ?
  • ROUGE= Carignan(-60%), Syrah/ Mourvedre(+30%) Grenache Noir, Llandoner
  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Roussillon, DEPARTMENTS-Pyrenees-Orientales
    • In Cotes Roussillon AOC.(North-East)
    • VILLAGES-(25)- 4 Can Villages Promote Their Names On Label
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly/ Valley(Agly), On~Agly/ Maury/ Verdouble~River~
  • VITICULTURE-  1,350haPlanted, AOC. Allows 45 Hectoliters/ Hectare
    • Estate/ Producers-(Not Located In Demarcated Sub-Zone.) Bastide Miraflors, De la Bee, Boudau, Centernach, L’Edre, Clos des Fees, Clos del Rey, Cazes, Mas des Montagnes, Mas Mudigliza, Saint-Roch, Des Schistes, Des Soulanes, Thunevin-Calvet, De Venus


  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Roussillon(North-West), DEPARTMENTS-Pyrenees-Orientales
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly/ Valley(Agly), On~Agly~River~
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Granite, Gneiss, Limestone, Clay, Grey Schist
  • VITICULTURE-  ?  haPlanted, Planted, AOC. Allows 42 Hectoliters/ Hectare
  • VINICULTURE- Dry Reds   |   May Also Produce Sweet Wines Under Rivesaltes Label
    • Estate/ Producers- L’Ausseil, Bila Haut, Cazes, Gaure


  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Roussillon(North-West), DEPARTMENTS-Pyrenees-Orientales
    • West of Maury-City(5 km.), VILLAGE: Lesquerde
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly, SLOPES/ ?, +Alt.350mt.
  • SOILS-  Metamorphic, Granite
  • VITICULTURE-  ?  haPlanted, AOC. Allows 42 Hectoliters/ Hectare
    • Estate/ Producers- De l’Agly, Closerie de L’Arene, Semper Voluptas
  • VINICULTURE- Dry Reds   |   May Also Produce Sweet Wines Under Rivesaltes Label.
    • Carignan Must Be Carbonic Maceration


  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Roussillon(North-West)
    • DEPARTMENTS-Pyrenees-Orientales, VILLAGE-Caramany
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly, SLOPES/ ?,  +Alt.300mt.
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Granite, Gneiss
  • VITICULTURE-   ?  haPlanted, AOC. Allows 42 Hectoliters/ Hectare
    • Estate/ Producers- Clot de L’Oum, Mastrio, Modat, La Part des Anges
  • VINICULTURE- Blend Must Be Carbonic Maceration.


  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Roussillon(North),
    • DEPARTMENTS-Pyrenees-Orientales, VILLAGE-Tuateval
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly,  SLOPES/ ?, +Alt.210mt.
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Granite Outcrop
  • VITICULTURE- ?  haPlanted, AOC. Allows 42 Hectoliters/ Hectare
  • VINICULTURE- Dry Reds   |    May Also Produce Sweet Wines Under Rivesaltes Label.
    • Estate/ Producers- Des 3 Vallees, Fontanel, Gardies, Gerard Bertrand, Seguala, Vignerons d Tautavel


  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Roussillon, DEPARTMENTS-Pyrenees-Orientales
    • COMMUNES-(19)- Les Aspres
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Clay, Silt
  • VINICULTURE- ?  haPlanted, AOC. Allows 42 Hectoliters/ Hectare
    • Estate/ Producers- De Corneila, Gerard Bertrand, Vaquer(E.)

MAURY AOC.     @Maury

  • BLANC= Grenache Blanc,  Grenache Gris, Lladoner Pelud AKA=Garnacha Pelude, Macabeu, Malvosie du Roussilllon AKA=Tourbat, Muscat Blanc a Grains, Muscat Alexandria
  • ROUGE= Grenache, Carignane, Cinsault, Mourvedre, Syrah
  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Roussillon(North-West), DEPARTMENTS-Pyrenees-Orientales,
    • In Cotes du Roussillon AOC.(North)/ (Laps)Cotes du Roussillon Village AOC., LATITUDE: 42.80° N
    • COMMUNES-Maury, St-Paul de Fenouillet, Lesquerde, Tautavel, Rasiquers, @Hw.#D117,
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly/ Terraces/ Valley(Maury, Agly), On~Maury~River~
    • SLOPES/ Pyrenees Mountains(Massif des Corbieres), +Alt. 100mt. -450mt.
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Sedimentary Limestone, Black Schist, Slate, Black Marl, Clay
    • Schistous Marl(Cretaceous Period)
  • CLIMATE-  Mediterranean” With Continental” Influence,
    • +WIND/~Tramontane~ Origins…Inland France
  • VITICULTURE-  3,463 ha./ 580 haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers- De la Bee, Bernier Bastion, Cave de Maury, Calvet-Thunevin, Coume du Roy, D66(Dave Phinney/E./108 ha.), Christophe Marin, Desire Esteve, Des Enfants, Jean-Louis Lafage, Maurydore, Mas Amiel(145ha.), Mas Karolina(2ha.), Mas Peyre, Pertuisane, Pouderoux, Saint-Roch, Des Soulanes, Les Vignerons de Maury(Co.-Op./*1910)
  • VINICULTURE- Grenache (+70%)
    • Vin Doux Naturel(Fortified During Fermentation With ?),  +AGED/+15yr.
      • *STYLES/ Ambre,  Tuile,  Hors d’Age(+Aged +5 yr.),  Rancio,  Blanc,  Rancio,  Grenat
      • Recolte/ Vendange(+Aged/ +1 yr. In Airtight Container, Producing Non-Oxidative Style)
      • 2011 AOC. Officially Established.
    • Maury Sec- Dry Red Wine
      • From the Villages of Maury, Rasiqueres, Saint-Paul-de-Fenouillet, Tautavel
    • Non-Conforming AOC. Wines Must Be Labeled Cotes Catalanes IGP.
  • HISTORY- 1659 @Maury Came Under French Rule After the Treaty of the Pyrenees.
  • CULTURE- 1936 @Maury AOC. Officially Established.

RIVESALTES AOC.     @Rivesaltes

  • BLANC= Grenache Blanc, Grenache Gris
  • ROUGE= Grenache
  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Roussillon, DEPARTMENTS-Pyrenees-Orientales
    • In Cotes du Roussillon AOC.
  • VITICULTURE-  ?  haPlanted,  CHALLENGES/ Drought
    • Estate/ Producers- Arnaude de Villeneuve, Cazes, Rancy
  • VINICULTURE- Vin Doux Naturel
      • *STYLES/ (4)- Ambre,  Grenat,  Tuile,  Rose,  Hors d’Age,  Rancio

  • MUSCAT De RIVESALTES AOC.     @Rivesaltes
    • BLANC= Muscat Blanc a Petits Grains, Muscat de Alexandria
    • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Roussillon, DEPARTMENTS-Pyrenees-Orientales
      • In Cotes du Roussillon AOC.
    • VINICULTURE- Vin Doux Naturel(Fortified During Fermentation With ?)
      • Estate/ Producers- Aphrodis, Boudau, Caladroy, Cazes, Daure, Lafage, Mas Amiel

BANYULS AOC.     @Banyul

  • BLANC= Macabeu, Malvoisie, Muscat
  • ROUGE= Grenache(+50%), Carignan
  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Roussillon(South), DEPARTMENT-Pyrenees-Orientales
    • BORDERS- Spain/ Catalunya(South), (Laps)Collioure AOC.
    • VILLAGES– Banyuls-sur-Mer, Cerbere, Collioure, Port-Vendres
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous/ Terraces, On~Coast/ Mediterranean~Sea~
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Vermeille(Dark Schist With Thick Soil On Top), Slate
  • VITICULTURE-  ? haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers- Coume del Mas, Le Cabot des Mailloles(Nat.Pro.), La Tour Vieille
  • VINICULTURE- AOC. For Producing Sweet Wines.
    • Vin Doux Naturel(Fortified During Fermentation With ?), +AGED/ 30mo.
      • Blanc,  Ambre,  Rose,  Rimage,  Traditionnel,  Hors d’age,  Rancio,  Tuile
    • Matured In Bottles(Demi-Muids/ demijohns/ Bonbonnes)
  • CULTURE- 1936 @Maury AOC. Officially Established.

  • BANYULS GRAND CRU AOC.     @Banyul
    • ROUGE= Grenache(+75%)
    • VINICULTURE- +AGED/ 30mo.
      • *STYLES/ Hors d’Age(Extended Aging/ +3 yr.),  Rancio,
        • Rimage(Maceration- 6/ 7 Weeks),  Rose,  Tuile

COLLIOURE AOC.     @Cerbere

  • BLANC= Macabeu, Malvoisie, Muscat
  • ROUGE= Grenache, Carignan, Cinsault, Mourvedre, Syrah
  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Roussillon(South), BORDERS-Spain(South)12km.),  @Hw.#D914
    • VILLAGES– Banyuls-sur-Mer, Cerbere, Collioure, Port-Vendres
    • (Laps)Banyuls AOC.
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly, On~Coast/ Mediterranean~Sea~
  • VITICULTURE- ? haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers- Augustin, Cave l’Etoile, Clos St. Sebastein, Jeff Carrel, Laurent Batlle, Madeloc, Pietri-Geraud(16ha.), De la Rectorie, De la Tour Vieille, Vial Magneres
  • VINICULTURE- AOC. For Producing Dry Wines
  • CULTURE- 1971 @Collioure AOC. Officially Established.

Indication Geographique Protégée IGP. Roussillon

  • BLANC= Any White Grapes Varieties Approved For Production In Roussillon.
  • ROUGE= Any Red Grapes Varieties Approved For Production In Roussillon.
  • VITICULTURE- Wine Produced In ROUSSILLON Non-Conforming to AOP.


  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Roussillon, DEPARTMENT-Aude
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ HillyOn~Aude~River~


  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Roussillon, DEPARTMENT-?
    • Area Simular to Limoux AOC. & Malepere AOC.


  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Roussillon, DEPARTMENT-Aude


  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Roussillon, DEPARTMENT-?
    • Near Limoux
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly, SLOPES/ Pyrenees Mountains


  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Roussillon, DEPARTMENT Aude & Ariege


  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Roussillon
    • DEPARTMENT-Aude(Southern Hills), Entirely Within Fitou AOC.


  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Roussillon, DEPARTMENT-?
  • TOPOGRAPHY Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly, SLOPES/ Eastern Pyrenees Mountains


  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Roussillon, DEPARTMENT-Pyrenees-Oreintales
    • BORDERS- Spain
  • VINICULTURE-  Rancio
    • Estate/ Producers- Clos des Fees, L’Architecte, Aux Figuiers, Clos de Rey, Consolation, F Jaubert, Fontanel, Gauby, Jorel, Lafage, Mas Baux, Mas Karolina, Mas Llossanes, Mas Mudigilza, Mas Peyre, Nadal Hainaut, Olivier Pithon, Puig-Parahy, Le Roc des Anges, Rombeau, Sau, Le Soula, Les Vignerons de Tautavel-Vingrau


  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Roussillon(South-East), DEPARTMENT-?
    • Banyuls and Collioure Wines Growing Area Not Meeting AOC. Standards.
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly, SLOPES/ Pyrenees Mountains(East)
    • On~Coast/ Mediterranean~Sea~
    • Estate/ Producers- Abbe Rous, Terres des Templiers, Tresmontaine

**Refer to BIBLIOGRAPHY/ Sources For Detailed On Scholarly Works Referenced.