🇫🇷FRANCERoussillon


ROUSSILLON IS   AOC.- 11      IGP.- 9     @Perpignan

  • BLANC= Macabeo, Grenache Blanc, Carignan Blanc, Chardonnay, Muscat Alexandria, Muscat Blanc a Petit Grains, Malvoisie du Roussillon AKA=Tourbat, Marsanne, Roussanne, Sauvignon Blanc, Vermentino, Viognier
  • ROUGE= Grenache, Cabernet Sauvignon, Carignan, Cinsault, Counoise, Lladoner Pelut, Merlot, Mourvedre, Syrah

GEOGRAPHY France(South), REGION-Roussillon, LATITUDE: 42.68° N

  • BORDERS: Languedoc(North), Spain/ Catayuna(South)
  • DEPARTMENTS– Ariege, Aude, Pyrenees-Orientales, @Hw.# A9/ D117
  • Sub-Zones/ AOC.’s- Banyul AOC., Collioure AOC., Cotes Du Roussillon AOC., , Cotes Du Roussillon Villages AOC., Maury AOC., Rivesaltes AOC.

TOPOGRAPHY Features– “Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous”

  • SLOPES/ Pyrenees Range(Orientales/ Massif des Alberes(Range That Separated France/ Roussillon & Spain/ Cataluyna, Corbieres Mountains, Canigou Mountains), +Alt. 20 mt. – 650 mt.
  • On~Agly/ Tect/ Tet~River~ to On~Coast/ Gulf of Lion/ Mediterranean~Sea~

SOILSMetamorphic, Sedimentary, Clay, Granite, Limestone, Schist(Black), Slate, Sandstone

CLIMATEContinental With Mediterranean Influence

  • +WIND/ Tromontane…Originates In North      Marin…Originates In East
  • CHALLENGES– Extreme High Temperature, Drought

VINICULTURE 13,620 ha. Planted

VINICULTURE Varietal,  Fortified,  Rancio

  • Vin De Liqueur-  +FORTIFIED/ Before Fermentation With Local Grape Spirit
  • Vin Doux Naturel- +FORTIFIED/ During Fermentation With Local Grape Spirit

HISTORY 1659 @Roussillon Was Part of Spain Until the Treaty of the Pyrenees.

  • 1970’s @Roussillon/ Languedoc“Wine Lake”, Bulk Wine Surplus That Plagued the Industry.
  • 1980’s @Roussillon/ LanguedocVine Pull Scheme”
    • Instituted In Languedoc-Roussillon In the Late 80’s and Early 90’s. Government Gave Substantial Financial Benefits to Induce Growers to Abandon Viticulture In an Effort to Drain Frances Wine Lake.

CULTURE

  • Catalans/ Catalunya- Roussillon is Considered Part of Northern Catalonia. The Catalan Langage is Spoken In Parts of the Region.
  • Ethic Group Native to Catalunya, Modern Day Catalonia & Roussillon, Having Roots In Pyrenees Mountains.  The Area and the People and Language Were Prominent In the Area Since 1200 BC..  During the 1700’s They Were Suppressed as Group Prohibiting Their Language and Culture.  Currently There is a Modern Day Push to Have Their Region and Culture Return and Leave the County of Spain.


COTES Du ROUSSILLON AOC.     @Perpignan

  • BLANC= Macabeo 17%, Grenache Blanc 13%, Carignan Blanc, Muscat Alexandria, Muscat Blanc a Petit Grains, Malvoisie du Roussillon AKA=Tourbat, Marsanne, Roussanne, Vermentino
  • ROUGE= Grenache, Carignan, Cinsault, Lladoner Pelut, Mourvedre, Syrah
  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Roussillon, DEPARTMENTS-Pyrenees-Orientales
    • “Multi-Appellation”, VILLAGES: 118
    • BORDERS: Corbieres AOC./ Fitou AOC.(North), Spain(South)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- “Rolling/ Hilly”, BETWEEN: Mountains & Sea
    • SLOPES/ Pyrenees Orientales(South) Massif des Corbieres(North), +Alt.800 mt.
    • On~Coast/ Mediterranean~Sea~ On~Tet/ Agly~Rivers~
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Clay, Granite, Limestone, Schist, Slate, Sandstone
  • CLIMATE- Continental With Mediterranean Influence
  • VITICULTURE- 5,600haPlanted
    • -Estate/ Producers- Arnaud de Villeneuve, Bila Haut, Ferrer-Ribiere, Gardies, Matassa(Nat.Pro.), Trilles, Treloar, Vaquer
  • CULTURE- Refered to as “Northern Catalonia” and Some Historical Ties Still Exists.

COTES Du ROUSSILLON VILLAGES AOC.     @Salses-le-Chateau

  • BLANC= ?
  • ROUGE= Carignan(-60%), Syrah/ Mourvedre(+30%) Grenache Noir, Llandoner
  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Roussillon, DEPARTMENTS-Pyrenees-Orientales
    • In Cotes Roussillon AOC.(North-East)
    • VILLAGES– 25, 4 Can Villages Promote Their Names On Label
  • TOPOGRAPHY- “Rolling/ Hilly/ Valley(Agly)”, On~Agly/ Maury/ Verdouble~River~
  • VITICULTURE-  1,350haPlanted
    • -Estate/ Producers- Centernach, L’Edre, Clos des Fees

ROUSSILLON VILLAGE LATOUR De FRANC AOC.     @Latour

  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Roussillon, DEPARTMENTS-Pyrenees-Orientales
  • TOPOGRAPHY- “Rolling/ Hilly/ Valley(Agly)”, On~Agly~River~
  • SOILS-  Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Granite, Gneiss, Limestone, Clay
  • VITICULTURE-  ?  haPlanted
  • VINICULTURE- Dry Reds   |   May Also Produce Sweet Wines Under Rivesaltes Label
    • -Estate/ Producers- L’Ausseil, Bila Haut,  Cazes, Gaure

ROUSSILLON VILLAGE LESQUERDE AOC.     @Lesquerde

  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Roussillon, DEPARTMENTS-Pyrenees-Orientales
    • West of Maury-City(5 km.), VILLAGE: Lesquerde
  • TOPOGRAPHY- “Rolling/ Hilly”, SLOPES/ ?, +Alt.350mt.
  • SOILS-  Metamorphic, Granite
  • VITICULTURE-  ?  haPlanted
  • VINICULTURE- Dry Reds   |   May Also Produce Sweet Wines Under Rivesaltes Label.
    • -Estate/ Producers- Closerie de L’Arene, Semper Voluptas

ROUSSILLON VILLAGE CARAMANY AOC.     @Caramany

  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Roussillon, DEPARTMENTS-Pyrenees-Orientales
    • VILLAGE: Caramany
  • TOPOGRAPHY- “Rolling/ Hilly”, SLOPES/ ?,  +Alt.300mt.
  • VITICULTURE-   ?  haPlanted
    • -Estate/ Producers- Clot de L’Oum, Mastrio, Modat

ROUSSILLON VILLAGE TUATEVAL AOC.     @Tuateval

  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Roussillon, DEPARTMENTS-Pyrenees-Orientales
    • VILLAGE: Tuateval
  • TOPOGRAPHY- “Rolling/ Hilly”,  SLOPES/ ?, +Alt.210mt.
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Granite Outcrop
  • VITICULTURE- ?  haPlanted
  • VINICULTURE- Dry Reds   |    May Also Produce Sweet Wines Under Rivesaltes Label.
    • Estate/ Producers- Fontanel, Gardies, Gerard Bertrand, Seguala, Vignerons d Tautavel

ROUSSILLON VILLAGE Les ASPRES AOC.     @Les Aspres

  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Roussillon, DEPARTMENTS-Pyrenees-Orientales
    • VILLAGE: Les Aspres
  • TOPOGRAPHY- “Rolling/ Hilly”
  • VINICULTURE-.
    • Estate/ Producers- Vaquer(E.)

MAURY AOC.     @Maury

  • BLANC= Grenache Blanc, Macabeu, Malvosie du Roussilllon AKA=Tourbat, Muscat Blanc a Grains, Muscat Alexandria
  • ROUGE= Grenache(+70%), Carignane, Cinsault, Mourvedre, Syrah
  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Roussillon, DEPARTMENTS-Pyrenees-Orientales, LATITUDE: 42.80° ‘N’
    • In Cotes du Roussillon AOC.(North)/ (Laps)Cotes du Roussillon Village AOC.
    • COMMUNES– Maury, St-Paul de Fenouillet, Lesquerde, Tautavel, Rasiquers, @Hw.#D117,
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly/ Terraces/ Valley(Maury, Agly), On~Maury~River~
    • SLOPES/ Massif des Corbieres/ Pyrenees Mountains, +Alt. 100mt. – 400mt.
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Sedimentary Limestone, Black Schist, Slate, Black Marl, Clay
  • CLIMATE-  Mediterranean” With Continental” Influence, +WIND/ Tramontane
  • VITICULTURE-  3,463 ha./ 580 haPlanted
    • -Estate/ Producers- Cave de Maury, Coume du Roy, D66(Dave Phinney/E./108 ha.), Desire Esteve, Jean-Louis Lafage, Maurydore, Mas Amiel(145ha.), Mas Karolina(2ha.), Pouderoux, Saint-Roch, Des Soulanes
  • VINICULTURE- Non-Conforming AOC. Wines Must Be Labeled Cotes Catalanes IGP.
    • Vin Doux Naturel(Fortified During Fermentation With ?),  +AGED/+15yr.
      • *STYLES/ Ambre,  Tuile,  Hors d’Age(+Aged +5 yr.),  Rancio,  Blanc,  Rancio,  Grenat
      • Recolte/ Vendange(+Aged/ +1 yr. In Airtight Container, Producing  Non-Oxidative Style)
    • Maury Sec
  • HISTORY1659 @Maury– Came Under French Rule After the Treaty of the Pyrenees.
  • CULTURE1936 @Maury– AOC. Officially Established.

RIVESALTES AOC.     @Rivesaltes

  • BLANC= Grenache Blanc, Grenache Gris
  • ROUGE= Grenache
  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Roussillon, DEPARTMENTS-Pyrenees-Orientales
    • In Cotes du Roussillon AOC.
  • VITICULTURE-  ?  haPlanted,  CHALLENGES/ Drought
  • VINICULTURE- Vin Doux Naturel
      • STYLES/ (4)- Ambre,   Grenat,   Tuile,   Rose
    • -Estate/ Producers- Arnaude de Villeneuve, Cazes, Rancy

  • MUSCAT De RIVESALTES AOC.     @Rivesaltes
    • BLANC= Muscat Blanc a Petits Grains, Muscat de Alexandria
    • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Roussillon, DEPARTMENTS-Pyrenees-Orientales
      • In Cotes du Roussillon AOC.
    • VINICULTURE- Vin Doux Naturel(Fortified During Fermentation With ?)
      • -Estate/ Producers- Aphrodis, Boudau, Caladroy, Cazes, Daure, Lafage, Mas Amiel

BANYULS AOC.     @Banyul

  • BLANC= Macabeu, Malvoisie, Muscat
  • ROUGE= Grenache(+50%), Carignan
  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Roussillon(South), DEPARTMENT-Pyrenees-Orientales
    • BORDERS: Spain/ Catalunya(South)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous/ Terraces, On~Coast/ Mediterranean~Sea~
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Vermeille(Dark Schist With Thick Soil On Top)
  • VITICULTURE-  ? haPlanted
    • -Estate/ Producers- Coume del Mas, Le Cabot des Mailloles(Nat.Pro.), La Tour Vieille
  • VINICULTURE- Vin Doux Naturel(Fortified During Fermentation With ?), +AGED/ 30mo.
    • Blanc,  Ambre,  Rose,  Rimage,  Traditionnel,  Hors d’age, Rancio
    • Matured In Bottles(Demi-Muids/ demijohns/ Bonbonnes)

  • BANYULS GRAND CRU AOC.     @Banyul
    • ROUGE= Grenache(+75%)
    • VINICULTURE- +AGED/ 30mo.
      • *STYLES/ Hors d’Age(Extended Aging/ +3 yr.),  Rancio,
        • Rimage(Maceration- 6/ 7 Weeks),  Rose

COLLIOURE AOC.     @Cerbere

  • ROUGE= Grenache, Carignan, Cinsault, Mourvedre, Syrah
  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Roussillon(South), BORDERS: Spain(South),  @Hw.#D914
  • TOPOGRAPHY- “Rolling/ Hilly”, On~Coast/ Mediterranean~Sea~
  • VITICULTURE- ? haPlanted
    • -Estate/ Producers- Augustin, Pietri-Geraud(16ha.), St. Sebastein

Indication Geographique Protégée IGP. Roussillon

  • BLANC= Any White Grapes Varieties Approved For Production In Roussillon.
  • ROUGE= Any Red Grapes Varieties Approved For Production In Roussillon.
  • VITICULTURE- Wine Produced In “ROUSSILLON” Non-Conforming to AOP.

AUDE IGP.

  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Roussillon, DEPARTMENT-Aude
  • TOPOGRAPHY- “Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly”, On~Aude~River~

HAUTE VALLEE De L’AUDE IGP.

  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Roussillon, DEPARTMENT-?
    • Area Simular to Limoux AOC. & Malepere AOC.

COTEAUX De NARBONNE IGP.

  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Roussillon, DEPARTMENT-Aude

HAUTE ARIEGE IGP.

  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Roussillon, DEPARTMENT-?
    • Near Limoux
  • TOPOGRAPHY“Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly”, SLOPES/ Pyrenees Mountains

Le PAYS CATHARE IGP.

  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Roussillon, DEPARTMENT Aude & Ariege

VALLEE Du TORGAN IGP.

  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Roussillon
    • DEPARTMENT-Aude(Southern Hills), Entirely Within Fitou AOC.

VALLEE Du PARADIS IGP.

  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Roussillon, DEPARTMENT-?
  • TOPOGRAPHY “Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly”, SLOPES/ Eastern Pyrenees Mountains

COTES CATALANES IGP.

  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Roussillon, DEPARTMENT-Pyrenees-Oreintales
    • BORDERS: Spain
  • VITICULTURE-
  • VINICULTURE-  Rancio
    • -Estate/ Producers- Clos des Fees, L’Architecte Aux Figuiers, Fontanel, Jorel, Mas Karolina, Mas Mudigilza, Mas Peyre, Nadal Hainaut, Puig-Parahy, Le Roc des Anges, Rombeau, Sau, Les Soula, Les Vignerons de Tautavel-Vingrau

COTE VERMEILLE IGP.

  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Roussillon, DEPARTMENT-?
  • TOPOGRAPHY“Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly”, SLOPES/ Pyrenees Mountains(East)
  • VINICULUTRE- Rancio
    • -Estate/ Producers- Terres des Templiers, Tresmontaine


**Refer to “BIBLIOGRAPHY/ Sources” For Detailed On Scholarly Works Referenced.