🇫🇷FRANCESouthern Rhone


SOUTHERN RHONE IS  AOC.- 19     IGP6      @Avignon

  • BLANC= Bourbelenc, Clairette Blanc, Grenache Blanc, Marsanne, Muscat Blanc a Petits Grain, Picaridin, Picpoul, Rousanne, Ugni Blanc, Vermentino, Viognier
  • ROUGE= Grenache 31%, Syrah, Mourvedre, Calitor, Caragnan, Cinsaut, Clairette, Counoise, Muscardin, Piquepoul Noir, Terret Noir, Vaccarese AKA=Brun Argente

GEOGRAPHY France(South-Central), REGION-Southern Rhone Valley

  • BORDERS: Northern Rhone Valley(North), Provence(South), LATITUDE: 44° ‘N’
  • DEPARTMENTS– Ardeche, Drome, Gard, Isere, Vaucluse
  • Sub-Zones/ AOC.’s- Beaunes de Venise AOC., Cairanne AOC., Chateauneuf du-Pape AOC., Clairette de Bellegarde AOC., Costieres de Nimes AOC., Coteaux Pierrevert AOC., Cotes du Luberon AOC., Cotes du Rhone AOC., Cotes du Rhone Village AOC., Cotes du Ventoux AOC., Cotes du Vivarais AOC., Duche d’Uzes AOC., Gigondas AOC., Grignan-Les-Adhemar AOC., Lirac AOC., Rasteau AOC., Tavel AOC., Vacqueyras AOC., Vinsobres AOC.

TOPOGRAPHY FEATURESFlat/ Rolling/ Hilly/ Valley(Rhone)

    • SLOPES/ Dentilles de Montmirail, +Alt. ?
  • TOPOGRAPHIC EVENTS– Created During Last Ice Age When Rhone Glacier Carved the Rhone Valley.

SOILS  Metamorphic, Sedimentary

  • Top-Soil- Schist, Gneiss, Limestone, Clay Deposits
  • Sub-Soil- Granit, Drift Boulders, Sand

CLIMATE Mediterranean With Continental Influences, +WIND/ Le Minstral

  • Summers– Hot/ Heat, Dry   |   Winters– Cold, Wet, Not Extremely Severe

VITICULTURE  CHALLENGES– Fog…Mold, Mildew, Frost…Kill Budding Fruit, Coulure

  • +WINDS/ Le Mistral…Can Blow Off Grapes, Leaves, Branches
  • Wine Training- Trellising/ Echalas

VINICULTURE (97% Red/ 3% White), Rose,  Sparkling,  Late Harvest,  Botrytis

  • Vins Doux Naturels-(2) Muscat de Beaumes-de-Venise, Rasteau
  • WINE BARRELS~ ~Demi-Mudi~ 225 Liters (Chateauneuf-du-Pape)

HISTORY

  • 500 BC. @Rhone Valley Viticulture Introduce by Greek.
  • 150 BC. @Rhone Valley Romans Establish Quality Vineyards and Reputation For Wine.
  • 1936 @Chateauneuf-du-Pape AOC. Established (First Official French Wine Appellation.

CULTURE

  • Monks & Monasteries  ~Rhone Valley~
    • Benedictine of @Cornas/ St. Peray
    • Benedictine of @Gigondas
    • Carthusian of @Chateauneuf-du-Pape
    • Cistercian of @Vacqueyras
  • PIONEERS~ ~Pope John XXII~ Promotion of Viticulture the Southern Rhone.
    • ~Louis Gambert de Loche~ Pioneer of the French Appellation System.
    • ~Jean-Pierre Perrin~ Winemaker/ Owner of Perrin & Tablas Creek
  • GASTRONOMY… Pike Dumplings With Crawfish Sauce, Chicken Liver Salad,
      • Grilled Steak With Bone Marrow, Lamb Shanks/ Rack of, Baby Goat With Herbs
    • CHEESE… St. Marcellin(Goat/ )   |   DESSERT… Apple, Ice Cream With Calvados

GOING THERE

  • WINE ROUTES~ ~Cote du Rhone~ Series of Traveling Routes Between Vienna and Avignon That Allow For Wine Tourism in Different Section of the Rhone Valley.
    • ~Route du Septentrion~ (Northern Rhone)
    • ~Route de la Drome~ (Vinsobres/ Cote-du-Rhone Villages)
    • ~Route des Dentelles de Montmirail~ (Beaumes-de-Venise, Gigondas, Rasteau, Sablet, Seguret, Vacqueyras)
    • ~Route de l’Ardeche a la Ceze
    • ~Route de la Cote du Rhone Gardoise~ (Lirac, Tavel)
    • ~Route des Papes~ (Chateauneuf-du-Pape & Surrounding Communes)

RHONE VALLEY WINE CLASSIFICATION

  • Cote du Rhone– (171) Communes -General Appellation
  • Cotes du Rhone Village– (95) Communes With Minimum Requirements
  • Cotes du Rhone Villages– (21) Village Name
    • Chusclan, Gadagne, Laudun, Massif d’Uchaux, Plan de Dieu, Roaix, Rochegude, Rousset-Les-Vignes, Sablet, Sinargues, St.-Maurice-Sur-Eygues, St.-Panteleon-Les-Vignes, Vaison la Romaine, Valreas, Vinsobres
  • Grand Cru– Most Demanding Level of Quality and Distinction
    • 17 Named Appellation Are Allowed to Be Recognized by Their Village Without the Mention of Cote Du Rhone On Label
    • Southern Rhone– (9)- Beaumes de Venise AOC., Cairanne AOC., Chateauneuf-du-Pape AOC., Diois AOC., Gigondas AOC., Lirac AOC., Rasteau AOC., Tavel AOC., Vacqueyras AOC., Vinsorbes AOC.
    • Northern Rhone– (8)- Chateau-Grillet AOC., Condrieu AOC., Cornas AOC., Cote-Rotie AOC., Crozes-Hermitage AOC., Hermitage AOC., Saint-Joseph AOC., Saint Peray AOC.


**South Rhone Images Courtesy of Delong Maps, Purchase Maps at Delongwine.com


COTES Du VIVARAIS AOC.    @Saint-Montan

  • BLANC= Clairette, Grenache Blanc, Marsanne
  • ROUGE= Grenache, Syrah
  • GEOGRAPHY– France, REGION-Southern Rhone Valley(North-West)
    • (AOCLaps)Cote Du Rhone AOC.(South-East), West of Grignan-Les-Adhemar-City(     km.)
    • DEPARTMENT-Ardeche, Gard,  COMMUNES: 9 In Ardeche/ 5 In Gard
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly”, SLOPES/ Grands Causses, +Alt.400 mt.
    • ON PLATEAU/ Des Gras, On~Ardeche~River~Tributary~Rhone~River~
  • SOILS= Metamorphic”, ”Sedimentary”, Limestone, Marl
  • CLIMATE= Mediterranean With Continental Influences, +WIND/ Le Minstral
  • VITICULTURE– 650haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers– Bel Air, Gallety, Mas de Bagnols, Notre Dame de Causignac

GRIGNAN-Les-ADHEMAR AOC.      @Grignan

  • BLANC= Clairette, Grenache Blanc, Marsanne, Roussane, Viognier
  • ROUGE= Grenache, Syrah, Carignan, Cinsault, Mourvedre
  • GEOGRAPHY– France, REGION-Southern Rhone Valley(North), DEPARTMENT-Drome
    • South of Montelimar-City(      km.), East of Cotes Du Vivarais AOC.(10km.)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling”, +Alt.
  • SOILS= Metamorphic”, ”Sedimentary, Limestone, Clay, Sand, Quaternary Sediment
  • CLIMATE= Mediterranean WithContinental Influences, +WIND/ Le Minstral
  • VITICULTURE– 2,600haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers– Andre Aubert, Bigard, Grangeneuve, Montine, Saint Luc
  • CULTURE
    • After a Accident at Tricastin Nuclear Power Plant Change Name From Coteaux du Tricastin AOC. to Grignan-Les-Adhemar.

VINSOBRES AOC.     @Vinsobres

  • ROUGE= Grenache(+50%), Syrah(+25%), Mourvedre, Carignan, Cinsault
  • GEOGRAPHY– France, REGION-Southern Rhone Valley(North-East)
    • DEPARTMENT-Drome, In Cote Du Rhone(North-East), North-East of Orange(30km.)
  • TOPOGRAPHY-“Flat/ Rolling”, SLOPES/ ?, +Alt.?, On~Aygues~River~
  • SOILS= Metamorphic”, ”Sedimentary, Clay, Sand, Limestone
  • CLIMATE= Mediterranean With Continental Influences, +WIND/ Le Minstral
  • VITICULTURE– 1,385haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers– L’Ancienne Ecole, Chaume-Arnaud, Constant-Duquesnoy, Famille Perrin, Gramenon, Jaume, Montplaisir, La Pâquerette, Rousanne(62ha.), Serre Besson(4ha.), Vallot-Le Coriancon
  • SUB-ZONE Of VINSOBRES
    • LES COLLINES  Geography- 300mt. – 450mt., Soils– Clay, Sand
    • LE PLATEAU  Geography- 350mt. – 450mt., Soils– Large Pebbles, Silt, Red Clay
    • COTEAU Geography- 250mt. – 350mt., Soils– Clay, Sand, Pebbles, Limestone
    • PRIMIERE TERRASSE Geography- 200mt. – 250mt., Soils– Alluvial

DUCHE D’UZES AOC.     @Uzes

  • BLANC= Roussanne, Viognier
  • ROUGE= Grenache, Syrah, Mourvèdre, Clairette
  • GEOGRAPHY– France, REGION-Southern Rhone Valley(West), DEPARTMENT-Gaud
    • BORDERS: Cote Du Rhone AOC.(East), Costieres de Nimes AOC.(South)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”
  • CLIMATE= Mediterranean With Continental Influences, +WIND/ Le Minstral
  • VITICULTURE– 282haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers

COTES-Du-RHONE AOC.     @

  • BLANC=    |    ROUGE= **Refer to AOC.’s For Grape Variety Information.
  • GEOGRAPHY– France, REGION-Southern Rhone Valley(Central)
    • Plus a Couple Satellite/ “Non-Contiguous(3)”, Areas South of St.Peray
    • “Multi-Appellation”, (AOCLaps)Cote Du Rhone Villages AOC.
    • AOC.s– (Located Within Cote-du-Rhone AOC.) Chateauneuf du Pape AOC., Gigondas AOC., Liras AOC., Rasteau AOC., Tavel AOC., Vacqueyras AOC., Vinsores AOC.
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”
    • On~Rhone~River~(Left & Right Banks)
  • SOILS= Metamorphic”, ”Sedimentary
  • CLIMATE= Mediterranean With Continental Influences, +WIND/ Le Minstral
  • VITICULTURE– Negociant Influenced/ Co.-Op.s
  • VINICULTURE– Blanc, Rough, Rose🌹
    • Estate/ Producers– Cellier de Dauphins, E. Guigal, Fontbonau, Gramenon(Nat.Pro.), Janasse Trignon, Jaume, J-L Chave Selection(Negociant), Joncier(Nat.Pro.), St. Cosme
    • Vineyards– Champauvins

COTES-Du-RHONE-VILLAGES AOC.      @

  • BLANC= Grenache Blanc
  • ROUGE= Grenache, Cinsault, Mourvedre, Syrah
    GEOGRAPHY– France, REGION-Southern Rhone Valley(Central)

    • (AOCLaps)Cote Du Rhone AOC., VILLAGES-(21)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”
    • On~Eygues-Aigues/ Tave/ Ouveze~Rivers~Tributary~Rhone~River~
  • CLIMATE= Mediterranean With Continental Influences, +WIND/ Le Minstral
  • VITICULTURE– 3,380haPlanted
  • VINICULTURE– +YIELDS/ 42 hl./ ha. vs. 52 hl./ ha. (Cotes du Rhone)
  • CULTURE– ~Cote-Du-Rhone Villages~
    • An Appellation Title Given to the 21 Communes or Villages Across the Southern Rhone Valley. These Villages Produce Wines That Are Considered a Step Up In Quality From the General Regional Cotes-Du-Rhone Wines.

Villages West of Rhone River

  • GEOGRAPHYFrance, REGION-Southern Rhone Valley
    • DEPARTMENTS-Ardeche, Gard
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly”, On~Rhone~River~(Left Bank/ West)

  • St-Gervais     @St. Gervais
    • VITICULUTRE– 103 haPlanted
    • -Estate/ Producers– Clavel
  • Chusclan     @Chusclan
    • VITICULTURE– 150 haPlanted
    • -Estate/ Producers- La Romance
  • Laudun     @Laudun
    • VITICULUTRE– 350 haPlanted
    • -Estate/ Producers- Chateau Courac, Ferraton
  • Signargues     @Signargues
    • VITICULUTRE–  ?  haPlanted
    • -Estate/ Producers- Michel Collomb

Villages East of Rhone River

  • GEOGRAPHYFrance, REGION-Southern Rhone Valley
    • DEPARTMENTS-Drome/ Vaucluse
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly”, On~Rhone~River~(Right Bank/East)

  • Gadagne      @Gadagne
    • VITICULTURE–   ? haPlanted
    • -Estate/ Producers-
  • Massif d’Uchaux      @Massif d’Uchaux
    • VITICULTURE–   ? haPlanted
    • -Estate/ Producers- La Cabotte, Cellier Dauphins
  • Plan de Dieu       @Plan de Dieu
    • VITICULTURE–  ?  haPlanted
    • -Estate/ Producers- L’Arnesque, Bastide, Gabriel Meffre, Pasquiers
  • Puymeras     @Puymeras
    • VITICULTURE–  ? haPlanted
    • -Estate/ Producers-
  • Roaix      @Roaix
    • VITICULTURE–  ? haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers– Pique-Basse 89 ha.     @Roaix
  • Rochegude      @Rochegude
    • VITICULUTRE– 178 haPlanted
    • -Estate/ Producers-
  • Rousset-les-Vignes      @Rousset-Vignes
    • VITICULUTRE– 58 haPlanted
    • -Estate/ Producers-
  • Sablet
    • VITICULTURE–  ? haPlanted
    • -Estate/ Producers- Pasquiers 180 ha.     @Sablet
  • Seguret     @Seguret
    • VITICULUTRE– 222 haPlanted
    • -Estate/ Producers- L’Amandine, Chamfort, Maimont
  • St-Maurice      @St. Maurice
    • VITICULUTRE– 170 haPlanted
    • -Estate/ Producers-
  • St-Pantaleon     @St. Pantaleon
    • VITICULUTRE– 63 haPlanted
    • -Estate/ Producers-
  • Ste-Cecile     @Ste-Cecile
    • VITICULTURE– ? haPlanted
    • -Estate/ Producers-
  • Suze-la-Rousse     @Suze-la-Rousse
    • VITICULTURE– ? haPlanted
    • -Estate/ Producers- LePlan-Vermeersch(25ha.)
  • Vaison-la-Romaine     @Vaison-Romaine
    • VITICULTURE– ? haPlanted
    • -Estate/ Producers-
  • Valreas      @
    • VITICULUTRE– 273 haPlanted
    • -Estate/ Producers- Gramenon, Meulieres
  • Visan      @Visan
    • VITICULUTRE– 390 haPlanted
    • -Estate/ Producers- Coste Chaude, Olivier Cuilleras, La Prevosse, Roche-Audran

CAIRANNE AOC.      @Cairanne

  • ROUGE= Grenache, Syrah
  • GEOGRAPHY– France, REGION-Southern Rhone Valley, DEPARTMENT-Vaucluse
    • In Cotes du Rhone AOC., BORDERS– Rateau(East)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”, On~Aigues~River~
    • On Large Hummock(Knoll/ Mound), +Alt. 98mt.-339mt.
  • CLIMATE= Mediterranean With Continental Influences, +WIND/ Le Minstral
  • VITICULTURE– ? haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers– Alary(30ha.), Amadieu, Boutinot, Brusset, Haute Cances, Martin, Oratoire

RASTEAU AOC.     @Rasteau

  • BLANC= Clairette, Picpoul
  • ROUGE= Grenache(+90%), Cinsault, Counoise, Mourvedre, Syrah, Terret Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY– France, REGION-Southern Rhone Valley, DEPARTMENT-Vaucluse
    • In Cotes du Rhone AOC., COMMUNE-Rasteau, In Cote Du Rhone(East-Central)
    • Sub-Zones– Bedarrides, Courthezon, Orange, Sorgues, BORDERS– Cairanne(West)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”, On~Ouveze~River~
    • On Large Hummock(Knoll/ Mound)
  • SOILS= Metamorphic“, ”Sedimentary, Sand, Galets, Marl(Grey/ Yellow/ Blue)
  • CLIMATE= Mediterranean With Continental Influences, +WIND/ Le Minstral
  • VITICULTURE– 47 haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers– Beau Mistral, La Colliere, Combe Juliere, Caves de Rasteau, Elodie Balme, Escaravailles, La Luminaille(17ha.), Rabasse Charavin, La Soumade
  • VINICULTUREVin Doux Naturel(Fortified During Fermentation With ?)
    • +252 G./RS. Per L. & 15% Potential Alcohol, +ABV.15% to 21.5%
      • *STYLES/ White,  Rose,  Red,   Hors d’Age(+Aged- +5 yr.), Rancio

LIRAC AOC.     @Lirac

  • BLANC= Bourboulenc, Clairette, Grenachen Blanc
  • ROUGE= Grenache, Mourvèdre, Syrah
  • GEOGRAPHY– France, REGION-Southern Rhone Valley(West), DEPARTMENT-Gard
    • North-East of Avignon-City(15 km.), BORDERS: Tavel AOC.(South)
    • In Cotes du Rhone AOC.
    • COMMUNES– Lirac, Roquemaure, Saint-Génies-de-Comolas, Saint-Laurent-des-Arbres
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”
  • CLIMATE=Mediterranean With Continental Influences, +WIND/ Le Minstral
  • VITICULTURE– 715 haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers– Alain Jaume, Carabinier, Famille Brechet, Maby, Marks & Spencer, Montfaucon, Mordoree, Segries, St. Roch, Clos du Sixte

TAVEL AOC.     @Tavel

  • BLANC= Bourboulenc, Clairette, Picpoul
  • ROUGE= Grenache(-60%), Cinsaut(-15%), Calitor, Carignan, Mourvèdre, Syrah
  • GEOGRAPHY– France, REGION-Southern Rhone Valley(Central), In Cotes du Rhone AOC.
    • DEPARTMENT-Vaucluse, BORDERS: Lirac AOC.(North)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”, On~Rhone~River~(Right Bank/ East)
  • SOILS= Metamorphic“, ”Sedimentary
    • Chalk, Fluvial Sand, Clay, Limestone, Slate, Galets, Gravel
  • CLIMATE=Mediterranean WithContinental Influences, +WIND/ Le Minstral
  • VITICULTURE– 930haPlanted
  • VINICULTURERose🌹, *Generally– +Abv. Min.+11%, Macerated 10-30 Hours
    • **Vinification of Tavel Rose is a Well-Guarded Secret and Signature of Appellation
    • Estate/ Producers– Anglore, Aqueria(70ha.), Carabiniers, Lafond, Le Mas Duclaux, Maby, Manissy, Mordoree, Segries, Terre Davau
  • CULTUREASSOCIATIONS~ ~Syndicat Viticole de l’Appellation Tavel~

CHATEAUNEUF-Du-PAPE AOC.     @Chateaneuf du-Pape

  • BLANC= Boubelenc, Clairette Blanc, Grenache Blanc, Picpoul Blanc, Picardin, Rousanne
  • GRI= Clairette Gris, Grenache Gris Picpoul Gris
  • ROUGE= Brun Argenté, Cinsaut, Counoise, Grenache, Mourvedre Muscardin, Syrah, Terret Noir, Vaccarese AKA=Bru Argente
  • GEOGRAPHY– France, REGION-Southern Rhone Valley(Central), In Cotes du Rhone AOC.
    • DEPARTMENT-Vaucluse, North of Avignon-City(15 km.)
    • COMMUNES-(5) Bedarrides, Chateauneuf du-Pape, Couthezon, Orange, Sorgues
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”, On~Rhone~River~ (15 km. Long & 6 km. Wide)
  • SOILS= Metamorphic”, ”Sedimentary, Gallet, Sand, Red Sand-Stone, Limestone
    • Gallet– Rolled River Stones That Go 10 Meters Deep In Some Places Before Soil Below
  • CLIMATE= Mediterranean WithContinental Influences
    • +WIND/ Le Minstral, Vines Low to Ground For Protection
  • VITICULTURE– 3,200ha. Planted,  Max 3,000 Vines Per Hectare
    • Less Than 35 Hectorlitres per Hectare, No Irrigation June 15th.
    • Vine Training- Gobelet, Cordon Royal, Guyot
  • VINICULTURE– GSM/ Cote Du Rhone/ Chateauneuf Du-Pape-, -Min. Abv.12.5%.
      • General Term Used For the Blends In Southern Rhone Valley.
    • BLANC= Boubelenc, Clairette, Picpoul, Picardin, Rousanne
    • ROUGE= Cinsaut, Counoise, Grenache, Mourvedre Muscardin, Syrah, Terret Noir, Vaccarese AKA=Brun Argente
    • Chareaneuf-du-Pape is a Possible Blend of Up to 13 Grapes, 16 Depending On Weather or Not You Count the Different Mutation and Color Version of Grenache, Picpoul and Clairette as One Grape or Multiple Grape.
    • *Generally– Grenache 30%, Mourvedre 30%, Syrah 10%, Counoise 10%
    • Only 3 Chateaux Use All 13 Grapes In Blend (Beaucastel, Montredon, Clos de Papes)
    • Attributes of the GSM Blend
      • GrenacheBrings– Fruit, Acidity…
      • SyrahBrings– Color, Spice, Minerality…
      • MourvedreBrings– Tannin, Structure…
    • -Estate/ Producers- Alain Jaume, Banneret, Barabiniers, Beaucastel, Brunier, Cailloux, Clos des Papes, Clos St. Jean, Cristia, Crois St.-Martin, Gardine, Henri Bonneau, Janasse, Marcoux, Mas de Boislauzon, Nalys(Guigal/ 148ha.), Pegau, Perrin, Rayas, St. Siffrein, Télégraphe, Vieux Lazaret
    • Vineyards/ Lieux-Dits-134- Arnesque, Barbe d’Asne, Barnouine, Barratin, Bas Serres, Bedines, Bertaude, Beau Renard, Bigote, Blacquieres, Boilauzon, Bois Boursan/ Dauphin/ Senechaux/ La Vieille, Bosquets, Boucon, Bourguignons, Brusquieres, Cabane St. Jean, Cabrieres, Camsaud, Cansaud, Cassanets, Castelas, Cerise, Chapouin, Charbonnieres, Chemin de Chateauneuf/ Courthezon/ Sorgues, Clos, Colombia, Combes d’Arnevel/ Masques/ Les, Coste Froide, Coteau de l’Ange/ Saint Jean, Coudoulet, Coulaire, Coulets, Crau East/ North/ West, Cristia North/ South, Croix de Bois, Crousroute, Croze, Deves d’Estouard, Duvet, Escondudes, Esqueirons, Etange, Fangueiron, Farquerol North/ South, Font de Michelle/ Loup/ Pape, Fortiasse, Four a Chaux, Galimardes, Gardine, Gardiole, Garriuese, Grand Deves/ Pierre/ PLantier, Grandes Gualiguieres/ Serres, Grenade, Gres, Guigasse, Janasse, Jacquinoote, Lac, Limas, Lionne, Marines, Marron, Mascarrons, Mont Redon, Montolivet, Mont Pertuis, Moulin a Vent, Mourre Gaud/ Perdrix, Nerte, Palestor, Pakistan, Parrans, Patouille, Petit Bastide/ Serres, Pialons, Pied Baut, Pierre a Feu, Pegeoulet, Pignan, Pointu, Plagnes, Pradel, Ras Cassa, Rayas, remanges, Revciores, Reves, Roquette, Roumiguieris, Saint Georges, Saint Joseph, Saintes Vierges, Saumades Sauvines, Les Sinards(2.5ha.), Terres Blanches, Terre Ferme, Tresquous, Valoiri, Vaudieu
  • HISTORY/ Back-Story
    • 1936 @Chateauneuf-du-Pape– Pope Clement 5th. Transferred the Papacy From Rome to Avignon.
      • After His Death Pope John XXII Establish a Summer Residence In a Small Village In What Was to Be Known as Chateaneuf-du-Pape. In 1317 He Ordered the Construction of a Castle at the Top of the Hill Above the Village. He Also Gets Credit For Promoting the Wine.
    • 1936 @Chateauneuf-du-Pape AOC. Established (First Official French Wine Appellation.
  • CULTURE
    • BOTTLE STYLES– ~Chateaueuf-du Pope~ As a Guarantee of Authenticity Wines Have Been Branded and Embossed Bottles Designated by the Papal Coat of Arms. If the Producer is Estate Grown and Located Within the AOC. Boundaries the Keys of St. Peter from Medieval Times is Behind Papal Coat of Arms.

GIGONDAS AOC.     @Gigondas

  • BLANC= Clairette, Roussanne, Grenache Blanc, Marsanne, Picpoul, Viognier
  • ROUGE= Grenache 70%, Syrah 20%, Mourvedre 5%, Cinsault, Counoise, Muscardin, Terret Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Southern Rhone Valley(Central), DEPARTMENTVaucluse
    • In Cotes du Rhone AOC., BORDERS: Vacqueyras AOC.(South-West), Beaumes des Venise AOC.(South-East)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous/ Terraces
    • SLOPES/ Dentilles de Montmirail, +Alt.400mt., On~Ouveze~River~
    • Terraces Below, Plateau Limestone Formation, On Nimes Fault-Line.
    • Gigondas is a Gigantic Ramp Which Starts at the Ouveze River to the Benchland Terraces Above and On to the Hillside and the Limestone Peaks of the Dentilles de Montmirail.
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Limestone Over Alluvial Fan, Calcareous Sandstone
  • CLIMATE- Mediterranean With Continental Influences, +WIND/ Le Minstral
  • VITICULTURE-  1,230haPlanted
  • VINICULTURE- Rose🌹, Blend
    • Estate/ Producers- Bosquets(1376/ 27ha.), Bouissiere, Brusset, Clos du Joncuas, Espiers, Fontavin, Font Sarade, Les Haut Montmirail, Jaume, Mas des Restanques, Montirius, Moulin de la Gardette*, La Nerthe((78ha.), Les Pallieres, Perrin(9ha.), Pierre Amadieu(E./130 ha.), Raspail-Ay, Pradas, Roubine, Santa Duc, St. Cosme(E./20ha.), St. Damien, St.-Gayan, Tourade, Trignon
    • Vineyards- La Clapis, Grand Montmirail, Pallieres, Souteyrades
  • CULTURE- ~Etymology~ From “Jocunditas” Meaning Great Pleasure and Enjoyment

VACQUEYRAS AOC.     @Vacqueyras

  • BLANC= Carignan Blanc, Clairette, Grenache Blanc, Marianne, Picardan, Roussanne, Viognier
  • ROUGE= Grenache 26%, Syrah 20%, Cinsault, Counoise, Mourvedre, Muscardin
  • GEOGRAPHY- France, REGION-Southern Rhone Valley(Central), DEPARTMENT-Vaucluse
    • In Cotes du Rhone AOC.
    • BORDERS: Gigondas AOC.(North-East), Beaumes des Venise AOC.(South-East)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat Plain/ Hilly/ Terraces
    • SLOPES/ Dentilles de Montmirail, +Alt.100mt.-160mt.
    • ON PLATEAU/ Garrigues(Flat Elevated), On~Ouveze~River~Tributary~Rhone~
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Sedimentary,  Safres– Sands
  • CLIMATE-Mediterranean With Continental Influences, +WIND/ Le Minstral
  • VITICULTURE- 1,300haPlanted
  • VINICULTURE- Rose🌹, Blend
    • Estate/ Producers- Alain Jaume & Fils, Arnoux et Fils(24ha.), Bouletin, Le Colombier, Famille Perrin, Grandes Serres, Monardiere, Montmirail, Montirius, D’Ourea, Roucas Toumba(16ha.), Le Sang des Cailloux, Semelles de Vent
  • CULTURE- ~Etymology~ Vacqueyras, Meaning Valley of Stones, Referring to Its Soils.

BEAUMES De VENISE AOC.     @Beaumes de Venise

  • BLANC= Muscat Blanc a Petits Grains
  • ROUGE= Syrah(+50%), Grenache, Muscat Rouge a Petit Grains
  • GEOGRAPHY– France, REGION-Southern Rhone Valley(Central)
    • BORDERS: Vacqueyras AOC.(West), Gigondas AOC.(North), Cotes du Ventoux AOC.(South-East)
    • DEPARTMENT-Vaucluse, COMMUNE-Beaume de Venise, Lafare, La Roque-Alric, Suzette
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”, SLOPES/ Dentilles de Montmirail
  • CLIMATE= Mediterranean With Continental Influences, +WIND/ Le Minstral
  • SOILS= Metamorphic”, ”Sedimentary”, Limestone
  • VITICULTURE–  ? haPlanted
  • VINICULTUREVarietal,  Blends
    • Estate/ Producers– Bernardins, Durban, Fenouillet, Redortier

  • MUSCAT De BEAUMES De VENISE AOC.     @Beaumes de Venise
    • BLANC= Muscat Blanc a Petits Grains
    • ROUGE= Muscat Rouge a Petit Grains
    • VITICULTURE–  1,200 haPlanted
      • Estate/ Producers– Bernardins, Coyeux, Durban, Pigeade
    • VINICULTUREBlends,
      • Vin Doux Naturel – Fortified During Fermentation(After Must Reaches 5% Abv.) With Grape Spirit
        • Final Abv. 15%/ RS.110 Grams Per Litre
    • CULTUREAOC. Established In 1943

COTES Du VENTOUX AOC.     @Carpentras

  • BLANC= Bourboulenc, Clairette, Grenache Blanc, Marsanne, Roussanne, Viognier
  • ROUGE= Grenache, Syrah, Mourvedre, Cinsaut, Carignan
  • GEOGRAPHY– France, REGION-Southern Rhone Valley(South-East), @Hw.#D1
    • BORDERS: Beaumes des Venis AOC.(North-West), Cotes du Luberon AOC.(South)
    • DEPARTMENT-Vaucluse, North-East of Avignon-City(40km.)
      • Sub-Zones Northern(Bowl/ Mountains), Southern(Flatter/ Warmer)
    • COMMUNES-(51) Apt, Carpentras, Malemort-du-Comtat, Mazan, Mormoiron, Peres-les-Fontaines, Venasque, Villes-sur-Auzon
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly/ Valley(Luberon)”
    • ON PLATEAU/ Vaucluse, On~Coulon/ Nesque~Rivers~
    •  SLOPES/ Ventoux Mountains, Mt. Ventoux +Alt.700mt.(Peak/ 1,912mt.), Dentelles de Montmirail, Vaucluse Mountinas
  • SOILSMetamorphic“, “Sedimentary“, Limestone, Sand, Clay, Marl, Gravelly Scree
  • CLIMATE= Mediterranean With Continental Influences, +WIND/ Le Minstral
  • VITICULTURE– 5,700 ha./ 6,000haPlanted
  • VINICULTUREWhite,  Red,  Rose
    • Estate/ Producers– Anges, Aureto, Bon Remede(28ha.), Chene Bleu, Clos de Trias, Colibri, Co.-Op’s(16), Fondreche, Juvenal, Marrenon, La Martinell, Pesquie, Pieblanc, Saint-Jean-du Barroux(19ha.), Tix, Unang, Vidal-Fleury, Vintur

COTES Du LUBERON AOC.      @Pertuis

  • BLANC=  Bourboulenc, Clairette, Grenache Blanc, Marsanne, Roussanne, Ugni Blanc, Vermentino
  • ROUGE= Grenache 24%, Syrah 17%, Carignan, Cinsaut, Counoise, Gamay, Mourvedre, Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY– France, REGION-Southern Rhone Valley(South-East)
    • BORDERS: Cotes du Ventoux AOC.(North), Coteaux D’Aix-en-Provence AOC.(South)
    • DEPARTMENT-Laucluse, East of Avignon-City(25km.)
    • COMMUNES-(36) Ansouis, Bastidonne, Beaumont-de-Petuis, Bonnieux, Cadenet, Catellet, Cucuron, Goult, Grambois, Lacoste, Lauris, Lourmarin, Maubec, Mirabeau, Puget, Puyvert, Robion, Saigon, Sannes, Taillades, Vaugines
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly”, On~Calavon/ Durance~River~
    • SLOPES/ Montagne du Luberon, +Alt.200mt.-450mt.
  • SOILS= Metamorphic“, “Sedimentary, Calcareous Marl, Miocene Sand, Limestone Scree, Red Clay
  • CLIMATE= Mediterranean With Continental Influences, +WIND/ Le Minstral
  • VITICULTURE– 4,000haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers– La Canorgue, La Citadelle, Chapoutier, Des Tourettes, Marrenon, Tardieu-Laurent, Val Joanis, William Chase
  • VINICULTURE– +11% Abv., Rose
    • +BLENDS/ Grenache(+60%), Syrah(+10%), Cinsault(-20%)

COTEAUX PIERREVERT AOC.     @Manosque

  • BLANC=  Bourboulenc, Clairette, Grenache Blanc, Roussanne, Ugni Blanc, Vermentino, Viognier
  • ROUGE= Carignan, Cinsaut, Grenache, Pinot Noir, Syrah
  • GEOGRAPHY– France, REGION-Southern Rhone Valley, @Hw.#A51/ #D6
    • BORDERS– Luberon AOC.(West), (AOCLaps)Provence ‘Region‘, “Non-Contiguous(2)”
    • DEPARTMENT-Alpes-de-Haute-Provence,  COMMUNES– Greoux les Bains, Monosque, Pierrevert
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly/ Valley(Durance)”, SLOPES/ ?, +Alt.1,000mt.
    • On~Durance~River~
  • CLIMATE=Mediterranean With Continental Influences, +WIND/ Le Minstral
  • VITICULTURE– 420  haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers– Blaque, Petra Viridis, Regusse, Rousset, Saint Jean Lez Durance
  • CULTURE– Pierreverts Culture, Boundaries and Identity  is Divided Between Rhone and Provence.
    • **Refer to “PROVENCE/ Coteaux Pierrevert AOC. For Additional Information.

COSTIERES De NIMES AOC.    @Nimes

  • BLANC= Grenache Blanc, Clairette, Marsanne
  • ROUGE= Grenache, Mourvèdre, Syrah, Cinsaut, Marselan, Carignan
  • GEOGRAPHY– France, REGION-Southern Rhone Valley(South-West), @Hw.#A9
    • DEPARTMENT-Gard,  BETWEEN: Nimes & Arles
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”, Rhone Delta, On~Gard/ Durance/ Rhone~Rivers~
  • CLIMATE= Mediterranean WithContinental Influences, +WIND/ Le Minstral
  • VITICULTURE–  ? haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers– Beaubois, De Beck, Campuget, Fabregues, Gauls, Gassier, De Rozier, Mas Neuf,Saveurs du Temps, Vieux Relais

CLAIRETTE De BELLEGARDE AOC.   @Bellegrard

  • BLANC= Clairette(100%)
  • GEOGRAPHY– France, REGION-Southern Rhone Valley(South-West)
    • In Costieres de Nimes AOC.(East) South of Nimes-City(15km.)
    • DEPARTMENT-Gard
  • VITICULTURE– 8ha. Planted
  • VINICULTURESPARKLING…Method/ Traditional/ Petillant, +Abv.+11%
    • Estate/ Producers

Areas of the Rhone Valley

  • Northern Rhone
  • Southern Rhone
  • Diois Appellations
  • Clairette de Die
  • Outlining Appellations
    (Tricastin, Ventoux, Luberon Viviaiad, Nimes, Parts of Lanuedoc)

Indication Geographique Protégée IGP. Rhone Valley

  • BLANC= Any White Grapes Varieties Approved For Production In Southern Rhone Valley.
  • ROUGE= Any Red Grapes Varieties Approved For Production In Southern Rhone Valley.
  • VITICULTURE– Wines/ Grapes Produced In “RHONE VALLEY” Non-Conforming to a AOP.

ARDECHE IGP.

  • GEOGRAPHY– France, REGION-Southern Rhone Valley, DEPARTMENT-Ardeche
    • (Laps)Northern Rhone Valley, On~Mediterranean~Coast~(Near/ 95km.)
    • COTEAUX De l’ARDECHE (Southern Ardeche/ Southern Rhone)
    • BETWEEN: Massif Central to River Plains
  • TOPOGRAPHYSLOPES/ Massif Central/ Cevennes Mountains, +Alt., On~Ardeche~River~
    • On~ArdecheRhone~River~(Left Bank)

COTEAUX Des BARONNIES IGP.

  • GEOGRAPHY– France, REGION-Southern Rhone Valley, DEPARTMENT-Drome
    • Near Vinsobes(   km.)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous”, SLOPES/ Baronnies Mountains, +Alt.1,600 mt.

DROME IGP.

  • GEOGRAPHY– France, REGION-Southern Rhone Valley, DEPARTMENT-Drome
    • BORDERS: Vaucluse IGP./ Department(South)
  • TOPOGRAPHYOn~Rhone~River~(Right Bank)

VAUCLUSE IGP.

  • GEOGRAPHY– France, REGION-Southern Rhone Valley, DEPARTMENT-Vaucluse
    • BORDERS: Drome IGP./ Department(North)
  • -Estate/ Producers-  Gourt de Mautens, St. Cosme

GARD IGP.

  • GEOGRAPHY– France, REGION-Southern Rhone Valley, DEPARTMENT-Gard


**Refer to “BIBLIOGRAPHY/ Sources” For Details On Scholarly Works Referenced.