🇬🇷GREECE


GREECE IS  Regional PGI.- 8     Districts- 41     Area PGI.- 70     PDO.- 33  ?   @Athens

  • WHITE= Savatiano, Assyriko, Aidani, Malagousia, Mavrodophne, Moscophilero, Vidiano, Areti, Asprorompola, Asproudes, Athiri, Aydani, Batiki, Cholores, Dafni, Debina, Fileri, Gaidoura, Goustolidi, Kakotrygis, Katsakoulias, Kountoura, Koutsoumpeli, Kydonitsa, Lagorthi, Malvasia, Monemvassia, Muscat Alexanderi/ Traini, Nassiakos, Opsimo Edessis, Petrokoritho, Platani, Plito, Plyto, Potamissi, Priknadi, Robola, Rhoditis, Rokaniaris, Sklava, Skyolpnichtis, Thiniatiko, Thrapsathiri, Tourkopoula, Tsaoussi, Vardea, Verjami, Vilana, Violento, Volitsa Mavri, Zoumiatiko
    • International Chardonnay, Muscat Blanc Petits Grains, Riesling, Rousanne, Sauvignon Blanc, Trebbiano
  • RED= Agiorgitiko AKA=St. George, Xynomavro, Ariomavritiko, Araklinos, Avgoustiatis, Bekari, Chandromavro, Chidiriotiko, Fokiano, Karabraimis, Karnachalades, Kolindrino, Korinthiaki, Koriostafylo, Kotsifali, Krassato, Lesvos, Liatiko, Limnio AKA=Kalambaki, Liminiona, Mandilaria, Mavro Kalavritino, Mavro Messenikola, Moschomavro, Mouhtaro, Negoska, Nigrikiotiko, Pamii, Pamidi, Ritino, Romeiko, Sefka, Sideritis, Skopelitiko, Stavroto AKA=Amabelakiotiko, Syriki, Theiako Mavro, Thiako, Vertzami, Vlachiko, Voudomato, Vrathiano
    • InternationalCabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Garnacha, Mourvedre, Syrah

GEOGRAPHY REGION-Balkan Peninsula, COUNTRY-Greece

  • BORDERS-Albania(North-West), Macedonia, Bulgaria, Turkey(East), LATITUDE: 35°- 42° N
  • Sub-Zones-(3) Central Greece, Northern Greece, Greek Islands
  • Regional PGI.’s(8) Aegean Sea, Central Greece, Crete, Epirus, Macedonia, Peloponnese, Thessaly, Thrace
  • District PGI.’s-(41) Achaia, Arcadia, Argolida, Attica(Attiki), Chania, Corfu, Corinth(Korinthos), Cyclades, Dodecanese, Drama, Evia, Evros, Florina, Fthiotida, Grevena, Halkidiki, Keraklion, Ilia, Imathia, Ioannina, Karditsa, Kastoria, Kavala, Kozani, Lacania, Lasithi, Lefkada, Lesvos, Magnissia, Messinia, Pella, Pieria, Rethymno, Serres, Thassos, Thessaloniki, Verdea, Zakynthos
  • Area PGI.’s(70) Adriani, Agora, Anavyssos, Atalanti Valley, Avdira, Elassona, Epanomi, Gerania, Halikouna, Ikaria, Ilion, Ismaros, Karystos, Kissamos, Klimenti, Koropi, Kos, Krania, Krannona, Letrina, Lilantio Pedio, Mantzavinata, Markopoulo, Martino, Metaxata, Meteora, Metsovo, Mount Athos, Meo Messimvria, Opountia Locris, Paiania, Pangeon, Parnassos, Pisatis, Pylia, Retsina Koropi, Retsina Markopoulo, Retsina Gialtra, Retsina Halkida, Retsina Karystos, Retsina Megara, Retsina Mesogia, Retsina Pikermi, Retsina Paiania, Retsina Pallini, Retsina Spata, Retsina Thebes, Ritsona, Siatista, Sithonia, Slopes of Ainos, Slopes of Aigialia, Slopes of Ambelos, Slopes Kitherona, Slopes of Paiko, Slopes of Parnitha, Slopes of Pendeliko, Slopes of Petroto, Slopes of Vertiskos, Spata, Syros, Tegeo, Thapsana, Thebes, Trifilia, Tyrnavos, Velventos, Viltsa
  • PDO.’s-(33) Amynteo PDO., Anchialos PDO., Archanes PDO., Candia PDO., Dafnes PDO., Goumenissa PDO., Lemnos PDO., Malvasia Candia PDO., Malvasia Messenikola PDO., Malvasia Paros PDO., Malvasia Sitia PDO., Mantinia PDO., Mavrodaphne Cephalonia PDO., Mavrodaphne  Patras PDO., Messenikola PDO., Muscat Cephalonia PDO., Muscat Lemnos PDO., Muscat Patras PDO., Muscat Rhodes PDO., Muscat Rio Patras PDO., Maoussa PDO., Nemea PDO., Paros PDO., Patras PDO., Peza PDO., Rapsani PDO., Rhodes PDO., Robola Cephalonia PDO., Samos PDO., Santorini PDO., Sitia PDO., Slopes of Meliton PDO., Zitsa PDO.

TOPOGRAPHY Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous

  • Greece is Made Up of Mainland and 4,000 Islands.
  • On~Ionian Sea~(South), On~Mediterranean~Sea~(East), On~Aegean~Sea~
  • All Grape Vines In Greece No More Than 70km. From Water.
  • In Greece Mountains +Alt. Act of a Air Conditioner, Allows Grape +Acidity
  • Some Vines Face North to Mediate Heat.

SOILS Metamorphic,  Volcanic”, “Sedimentary

  • Mainland– Limestone
  • Islands– Volcanic
  • **Refer to GREECE/ Sub-Chapters For Detailed Information On Soils
  • **Refer to TERROIR/ Geology & Soil For Detailed Information On Soils

CLIMATE Mainland- Continental,   Islands- Mediterranean

VITICULTURE 130,000 ha.,

  • Greece is- #15 In Grape Production/ #15 In Wine Consumption In World.

VITICULTURE PRACTICE– Promotion of Native Varietals, Basket Pruning, Terraces.

  • Retsina- Resin Added During Fermentation to Savatiano, Assyriko, Rhoditis
    • Regions- Attica, Boeotia, Euboea
  • Vinliastos- Sun-Drying Grapes On Straw Mats
  • Raki- By-Product of Grape Pomace Distillation AKA=Tsikoudia, Tsipouro
  • Early Wines Flavored With Spices, Herb, Sweeteners
  • Amphorae- Clay/ Earth-Ware Container for Storage/ Transportation of Wine Gallons, 22lbs. Empty.
  • Greeks Were First to Mix and Dilute Wine With Other Things Like Pine Resin, Oil and Aromatized Wines With Flowers and Botanicals.
  • Many Greek Co-Operatives.
  • Prior to Barrels Wine Was Stored In Amphorae Often Lined and Sealed With Aleppo Pine Resin.  Over Time the Acquired Taste Became a Feature of Wine Rather Than Unwanted Side Effect.
  • Ancient Greeks Believed Wine Was Gift From Greek God of Wine Dionysus.
  • Viticulture Emerges; Parallel Rows, Spacing.

HISTORY 5,000 Year Wine Culture

  • 4500-1050 BC. @Greece  Prehistoric Times
  • 2500 BC. @Greece  Ancient Greece
    • Crete Introduced to Viticulture by Phoenician/ Egyptians
  • 1050- 700 BC. @Greece  Early Historic
  • 700- 480 BC. @Greece  Archaic Period
  • 480- 323 BC. @Greece  Classical Period
  • 323- 146 BC. @Greece  Hellenistic Times
  • 146- 324 @Greece  Byzantine Times
  • 1000- 500 @Greece  Roman Period
  • 1200-1700 @Greece  Venetian Rule
    • 1600 @Mesopotamia Glass Making Emerges
  • 1453-1821 @Greece  Ottoman Rule
  • 1945-1975 @Greece  Modern Times
  • 1990’s @Greece  Quality Wine Revolution Investment In Modern Technology.

CULTURE

  • GODS OF WINE~ ~Dionysus~ Greek God of Wine, -13th. Classical Greek God, Son of Zeus and Semele (a Mortal Women), 13 Sibling Including Hercules, Apollo, Aphrodite.  Dionysus is Known For Being Empathetic and Helpful, Held Yearly Parties In His and the Harvest Honor
    • ~Sign of Dionysus~ Wand/ Shaft of Giant Fennel Wrapped With Grape Vines and Topped With a Pine-Cone.
    • ~Cult of Dionysus~ Bringer of Wine to Reduce the Cares of Mortals.
  • GASTRONOMY Roasted Goat On Slit, Greek Salad
    • CHEESE Feta(Sheep-Got/ Fresh),  Kasseri(Goat/ Sheep/ Semi-Hard)
  • PIONEERS~  ~Homer~,   ~Plato~,    ~Aristotle~,   ~Hippocrates~,   ~Hesiod~
    • Were All Involved With the Advancement of Wine Culture.
    • ~Theophrastus~ Philosopher and Botanist, 370-255 BC.
      •  Get Credit of Varietal, Soil Research, Meso-Climates, Propagation by Cutting.
  • ASSOCIATIONS~  ~New Wines of Greece~
  • PHILOSOPHY?  As a Sea Fairing Country the Greek Get Credit For Spreading Wine and Wine Culture Around the Mediterranean Sea/ Basin?
    • Greece Had the Want and the Means to Push the Wine Market From Their Shores to the Shore of Other Countries.
  • PHILOSOPHY? Did Drinking Wine Have a Profound Effect In the “Thinking of Man?
    • Homer, Plato, Aristotle, Hippocrates, Hesiod All Use Wine as the “Lubricate” That Sprang Beginning of Western Philosophy.

GOING THERE

  • TOP GREECE WINE REGION
    • CRITERIA History, Culture, Magnitude, Quality of Wine, Terroir, Diversity In Wine, Wine Tourism, Personal Preference
      1. Sanorini PGI., Cyclades Islands
      2. Patros PDO., Peloponnese
      3. Nemea PDO., Peloponnese
      4. Crete GI., Dodekanese Islands
      5. Slopes of Meliton PDO., Macedonia
      6. Amynteon PDO., Macedonia

GREECE WINE LAW

  • GOVERNING BODY-
  • LAWS GOVERNING- Geographic Boundaries, Topography
    • Label Requirement-

GREEC WINE CLASSIFICATION “Old”

  • ONOMASIA PROELEFSEOS ANOTERAS PIOTITOS- OPAP.
    • Classification For Dry Wines.
    • Equivalent to Appellation of Origin Superior Quality/ Protected Designation of Origin.
    • Under Capsule is a Light Red Paper Seal Guaranteeing Bottle as OPAP.
  • ONOMASIA PROELEFSEOS ELEGHOMINI OPE. Classification for Sweet Wines
    • Equivalent to Appellation of Controlled Origin
    • Under Capsule is a Light Blue Paper Seal Guaranteeing Bottle as OPE.
  • TOPIKOS OINOS- TO. Regional Wine
  • ONOMASIOLOGIE KATA PARADOSIOKP. Appellation to Tradition
  • EPITRAPEZIOS OINOS-EO. Table Wine

NEW GREECE ‘EU’ CLASSIFICATION

  • PROTECTED DESIGNATION OF ORIGIN PDO.
    • Historical Wine Growing and Winemaking Area of Greece, Varietals Are Determined Strictly On the Basis of Native Greek Grape. These Bottles Have a Mandatory Characteristic Red Band On the Neck of Their Bottles, and Must Be Produced by Wineries Located Within Their Wine growing Zone
  • PROTECTED GEOGRAPHICAL INDICATION PGI.
    • Comprise the Greek Local Wine and Traditional Appellation Aimed to Reinforce the Concept of Authenticity and Typicality PGI. Wines or Divided Into 3 Levels…
    • PGI. Regional Wines- Constitutes a Broader Overall Level of PGI., One That Stipulates a Overall Region.
    • PGI. District Wines- Grapes Have to Originate In Areas Within the Boundaries of the District and Must Be Vinified Within Those Boundaries.
    • PGI. Area Wines- Constitutes the Most Restrictive Designations. Boundaries are Usually From a Particular Part of a District or Community or Village.

GREECE WINE TERMS

  • Archondik0- Chateau
  • Ktima- Estate
  • Monastiri- Monastery


  • SUB-CHAPTERS Of GREECE
    • Thrace
    • Thessalia
    • Macedonia
    • Central Greece
    • Epirus
    • Peloponnese
    • Greek Islands
  • **Refer to These Proceeding Sub-Chapters For Detailed Information.


**Refer to BIBLIOGRAPHY/ Sources For Details On Scholarly Works Referenced.