🇵🇹PORTUGAL-Overview


PORTUGAL IS  Regions10   DO.- 31     IGP.- 14     Co.-Op’s100     @Lisbon, Porto

  • BRANCO- Alfrocheiro, Alvarinho AKA=Albarino, Alvaraca, Antao Vaz, Arinto, Avesso, Barcelo, Bataca, Boais, Boal, Branco Especial, Branco Sem Nome, Branco Valente, Carao de Moca, Codega, Castelao, Crato Branco, Diagalves, Douradinha, Encruzado, Esgana Cao, Fernao Pires, Folgasao, Formosa, Gouveio AKA=Verdelho, Listrao, Loureiro, Malmey AKA=Malvasia, Mandeudo, Manteudo, Moscatel Roxo, Perrum AKA=Palamino, Praca, Rabo de Ovelha, Rabigato, Ratinho, Siria, Roupeiro AKA=Dona Branco, Sercial, Stria, Talia, Trajadura AKA=Treixadura, Vioshinho, Vital
    • International– Chardonnay, Greco di Tufo, Marasnne, Roussanne,  Semillon, Viognier
  • TINTO- Agronomica, Alfrocheiro Preto, Alicante Bouschet, Aramont, Baga, Bastardo, Camerate AKA=Castelao/ Joao de Santarem, Canica, Carrega Tinto, Casculho, Concieira, Goncalo Pires, Grangeal, Jacquet, Jaen AKA=Mencia, Marufo, Matias, Mereto, Molar AKA=Listan Negro, Moreto, Nevoeira, Parreira, Periquita, Ramisco, Saborinho, Sao Saul, Sousao, Tinto Cao, Tinta Amarela, Tinto Barroca, Touriga Franco, Touriga Francesa, Touriga Nacional, Trincadeira AKA=Tinta Amarela
    • International–  Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Pinot Noir, Petite Verdot, Petit Sirah, Tempranillo AKA=Roriz/ Aragonez

GEOGRAPHY HEMISPHERE-Northern, CONTINENT-Iberian Peninsula(West), COUNTRY-Portugal

  • BORDERS: Spain(East), Atlantic Ocean(West), Mediterranean Sea(South), LATITUDE– 32.62°- 42.07° ‘N
  • Sub-Zones Minho, Transmontano, Duriense, Terras Do Dao, Terras Da Beira, Lisboa, Alentejano, Algarve, Portuguese Islands(Madeira/ Azores)

TOPOGRAPHY “Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous/ Terraced”

  • Rivers– On~Duero~River~Atlantic~Ocean~ (Headwaters…Picos de Urbion, Spain)
    • On~Minho~River~ (Separates Spain From Portugal)
    • On~Cavado/ Douro/ Guadiana/ Lima/ Tamega~

SOILS Metamorphic“, “Sedimentary

  • CoastalSedimentary, Limestone, Sand, Clay
  • InteriorMetamorphic, Granite, Schist
  • **Refer to “PORTUGAL/ Sub-Chapters” For Detailed Information On Soils.
  • **Refer to “TERROIR/ Geology & Soil” For Detailed Information On Soils.

CLIMATE Maritime“, “Mediterranean“, “Continental

  • CoastalMaritime,   Summers– Warm   |   Winters– Mild Wet
  • InteriorContinental,  Summers– Hot, Dry   |    Winters– Cold Rain

VITICULTURE 240,000 ha., #12 In Grape Production & #9 In Wine Consumption In World

  • Portugal Was the Place Where the Last Truly European Grapes Survived the Most Recent Ice Age Which Left the Rest of Europe to Be Populated Later With the Grape Indigenous to the Middle East.
  • WINE BARRELS~  ~Madeira Drum~ 650 Liters (Portugal)
  • WINE BARRELS~  ~Port Pipe650 Liters (Duero)
  • WINE BARRELS~  ~Cast~ 225 Liters (Portugal)

VINICULTURE Tinto,  Branco,  Rosado,  Espumante,  Aguardente

  • PORTUGAL AGING REQUIRENMENT
    • TINTO
      • Tinto– After May 15th., Following Harvest
      • Tinto Reserva+AGED/ 24 Months
      • Garrafeira+AGED/ 3 Years/ 2 In Oak
      • Tinto Nobre+AGED/ 36 Months
      • Tinto Nobre Garrafeira+AGED/ 42 Months
    • BRANCO
      • Branco+AGED/ None
      • Branco Reserva+AGED/ 6 Months
      • Branco Nobre+AGED/ 12 Months
      • Branco Nobre Reserva+AGED/ 12 Months
      • Branco Nobre Garrafeira+AGED/ 18 Months
  • Sparkling
    • Espumante VEQPRD.   SPARKLING…Method/ Traditional     @Bairrado
    • Espumante VFQPRD.   SPARKLING…Method/ Charmat/ Traditional
      • Produced In Duoro, Ribatejo, Minho, Alentejo, Estremadura
    • Espumante    SPARKLING…Method/ Sparging

HISTORY 2,000 Year Wine Culture

  • 800 BC. @Portugal Introduced to Viticulture Roman Empire
  • 1754 @Duoro– First Designated and Regulated Wine Region
  • 1877 @Portugal– Phylloxera Epidemic
  • 1970’s/ 80’s @Portugal/ America– There Was a Great Interest In Rose Wine Produced In Portugal
    • MateusPortugal– In Oval Shaped Bottle, Marketed as the Original Portuguese Rose, Produced From Baga Grapes.
    • LancersPortugal– In Earth-Ware Bottle, Made From Native Portuguese Grapes.

CULTURE  As a Whole Portugal Dosn’t Import or Export Much Wine

  • ASSOCIATIONS~ ~Associacao Portuguesa da Cortica~
    • Mission~ Cork Growers and Manufactures, Founding In 1956 and Located In Santa Maria de Lamas In Northern Portugal
  • ASSOCIATIONS~  ~Wines of Portugal~
    • Mission~ To Create an Appetite For Portuguese Wines, Making Them More Competitive; Increase the Wines of Portugal Perceived Value Leveraging the Growth In Market Value.
  • PIONEERS~
    • ~Forrester, Baron~ “Duoro”, 1800’s, Visionary Who Mapped the Valley In Detail
    • ~Symington, Paul“Portugal”, Port Ambassador and President of Symington Family Estate, the Worlds Largest Port Group.
    • ~Vouillamor, Dr. Jose~ Author/ Authority On Origin and Parentage of Grape Varieties Through DNA. Profiling.

PORTUGAL WINE LAW

  • GOVERNING BODY-
    • ASSOCIATIONS~ ~Comissao Viticinicola Regional~ (Institute of Vines and Wine)
  • LAWS GOVERNING- Geographic Boundaries, Topography, Viticulture
    • Label Requirement

PORTUGAL WINE CLASSIFICATION

  • Denominacao de Origem Controlada DOC.      (Controlled Denomination of Origen)
  • Indicacao de Proviniencia Regulamentada IPR.    (Indicates Regulated Provence)
  • Vinho Regional VR.      (Regional Wine)
  • Vinho de Mesa        (Table Wine)
    • Lessor Wines or Respective Producers Choosing to Work Outside of the Regulatory Confines Established by the Comissao Viticinicola Regional.
  • PORTUGAL NEW EU SANCTIONED QUALITY LEVELS
    • Demominacao de Origem Protegida DOC.    (Controlled Denomination of Origen)
    • Indicacao Geografica Protegida IG.     (Protected Geographical Indication)

PORTUGUESE WINE WORDS

  • Adega– Winery
  • Branco– White
  • Colheita– Vintage
  • Casta– Varietal
  • Doce– Sweet
  • Espumante– Sparkling Wine
  • Garrafeira– Reserva Red
  • Garrafa– Bottle
  • Lagares– Granite Walled Trough Used to Tread Grapes
  • Largaretta– Granite Walled Trough Used to Fermentation of Grapes
  • Maduro– Mature
  • Natura– Organic
  • Quinta– Vineyard
  • Seco– Dry
  • Tinto– Red Wine
  • Vinhas Velhas– Old Vine
  • Vinho– Wine

  • GEOGRAPHIC DISCLAIMER~  To Understand the Wine World and Benefit From DtheV.com a Understanding of Portugal’s Geography is Needed and the Ability to Visualize Its Wine Regions Topography.  Portugal is Organized In a North to South / East to West Orientation and Intended to Be Researched and Memorized as So.


  • SUB-CHAPTERS Of PORTUGAL
    • Minho
    • Transmontano
    • Duriense
    • Terras Do Dao
    • Terras Da Beira
    • Lisboa
    • Alentejano
    • Algarve
    • Portuguese Islands
  • **Refer to Proceeding Sub-Chapters For Information On These


**Refer to “BIBLIOGRAPHY/ Sources” For Details On Scholarly Works Referenced.