🇪🇸SPAIN 


SPAIN IS   Regions17     DOCa.- 2      DO.- 54     VP.- 15     VT.- 46       @Madrid

  • BLANCO= Airen(Indigenous), Albarino(Indigenous), Albillo, Baboso Blanco, Bonicaire, Caino Blanco, Diego, Forastera, Forcada, Godella(Indigenous)AKA=Verdelho, Gonfaus, Gual, Loureira, Macabeo(Indigenous)AKA=Viura, Mando, Malvar, Mersquera, Moscatel Romano AKA=Muscat Alexandria, Palomino, Parelloda(Indigenous), Torrontes, Tortosi, Trexadura, Verdejo(Indigenous), Verdil, Pedro Ximenez, Xarello(Indigenous)
    • -International– Chardonnay, Malvasia, Sauvignon Blanc
  • TINTO= Almuneco, Bobal(Indigenous), Brancellao, Boboso Negro, Caino Tinto, Castellana, Espadeiro, Ferron, Garnacha(Indigenous), Garro, Graciano(Indigenous), Listan Negro, Loureira Tinta, Moravia, Mencia(Indigenous), Mazuelo AKA=Caragnan, Monastrell(Indigenous), Moneu, Negromoll, Pardina, Pedral, Picapoll Negro, Pirene, Querol, Souson, Sumoll, Tempranillo(Indigenous), Tintilla, Verjadiego Negro
    • -International– Alicante Boushet, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Malbec,Petit Verdot, Syrah

GEOGRAPHY HEMISPHERE-Northern, REGION- Iberian Peninsula, COUNTRY-Spain, LATITUDE: 40.46 ‘N’

  • UN-OFFICIAL AREAS
    • Green Spain(North)- Name Given to the Lush Natural Region In North-West Spain. Green Spain Stretches Along the Atlantic Coast From the Border With Portugal to the Border With France and Includes Regions os Pais Vasco and Galicia.
    • North-Central Spain- Ebro River and Douro River Valleys
    • Central PlateauValencia Coast, Southern Spain, Catalonia

TOPOGRAPHY Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous/ Terraced

  • North– Pyrenees Mountain Range, Separated Spain From France
  • South– Cordillera Betica/ Sierra Nevada Mountain Range Cross Southern Spain
  • RiversOn~Duero~River~to~Atlantic~Ocean~ “Headwaters…Picos de Urbion Soria”
    • On~Alberche/ Alcanadre~Rivers~Tributaries~Tajo~River~Lisbon Bay/ Atlantic~
    • On~Guadiana~River~, On~Segura~River~
    • On~Ebro~Valley~Rivers~(911 Km. Long/ Longest In Spain/ Sourced Picode los Tres Mares In Cantabria Empties In Mediterranean/ Below Barcelona)

SOILS  Metamorphic, Sedimentary

  • **Refer to “SPAIN/ Sub-Chapters” For Detailed Information On Soils.
  • **Refer to “TERROIR/ Geology & Soil” For Detailed Information On Soils.

CLIMATE Mediterranean, In Coastal Areas and Continental In Inland Areas

  • Summers– Hot, Dry   |   Winters– Mild, Rain

VITICULTURE More Percentage of Land is Dedicated to Vine Than Any Other Country.

  • WINE BARRELS–  ~Sherry Puncheon~ 500 Liters(Andalusia)
  • WINE BARRELS–  ~Sherry Butt~ 478-500 Liters(Andalusia)
  • Porron– Traditional Glass Wine Pitcher Which Holds .75 Liters.  This Drinking Utensil Which Resembles and Watering Can Allows Multiple People Drink From the Same Communal Drinking Apparatius Without Touching Their Lips. Top of Porro is Narrow and Can Be Sealed With a Cork.
  • The Iberian Peninsula Went Through a “Viticultural Stagnation” In the 1900’s.  The Phylloxera Epidemic, Coupled With the Civil War In Spain Followed by the Franco Political Regime Left the Vineyard and Wineries In Disarray and Separated From the Rest of the Wine World.

VINICULTURE

  • MISTELA Term For a Fortified Wine Produced by Neutral Grape Spirit to Unfermented Grape Juice.
  • DOBLE PASTA Technique For Producing Dry, Dark Red, High Alcohol Full Body Wine by Bleeding Off a Portion of Macerating Juice or Newly Fermented Wine and Replacing it With Crushed Grapes. In Order to Increase or “Double” the Ratio of Grape Skin to Juice of Remaining Wine.
    • Doble Pasta is a Method to Produce Extremely Full Body Wines and as a Byproduct There is a Bleeding Off of Wine Which is Enjoyed as Rose.
    • Spanish Regions– Alicante, Jumilla, Utiel-Requena, and Yecia
  • SPANISH AGING REQUIREMENTS
    • Joven+AGED/ Max 1 yr./ No Barrel…Lower Quality Grapes
    • Crianza+AGED/ Min. 2 yr./ 6 mo. In Barrel…Use Barrels 2/ 3 Years
    • Reserva+AGED/ Min. 3 yr./ 1 yr. In Barrel
    • Gran Reserva+AGED/ Min. 5 yr./ 2 yr. In Barrel…Usually Best Vineyards
  • CONTENTIOUS ISSUE!  Is Oaked Wine Better!”
    • NODon’t Get Crossed by Price and Aging Requirement, Your Palate May Prefers the Fruity Freshness of a Young Joven or Crianza Over to a “Highly Oaked and Aged Gran Reserva.

HISTORY 3,200 Year Wine History

  • 4000 BC. @Spain Phoenicians Settled In Spain and Started Cultivating Wine.
  • 800 @Spain Viticulture”, Introduced by Roman Empire.
  • 700 @Spain Moors Conquered Spain and Put a Stop to Most Wine Making.
  • 1100 @Spain Mid EvilChristianity Overtook Spain Reviving Wine and Wealth.
  • 1400’s @Andalucia New MarketExports of Wine Starts to England.
  • 1700’s @Andalucia New MarketOne of First Wines to Be Consistently Imported Into America.
  • 1821 @Canary Islands– Portuguese Gave Up Canary Islands to Spain In Exchange Madeira, the Azores.
  • 1872 @Penedes– Cava/ Sparkling Wine Produced.
  • 1876 @Spain Phylloxera
  • 1890 @Rioja/ Spain Phylloxera FreeOther Countries Came to Rioja.
  • 1926 @Rioja– Wine LawDO. Officially Established.
  • 1932 @Spain New Market, Revised 1970
  • 1936-1939  @Spain Spanish Civil War
  • 1950 @Rioja Modernizationof Rioja Takes Place.
  • Civil War-  In the Aftermath Francisco Franco’s Nationalist Fascism Party Ruled.  Until 1970 the Wine and Agriculture Industry Was Suppressed. Since Then a New Generation of Winemakers Are Rebranding Themselves.

CULTURE– 

  • Pioneers
    • ~Rodriguez, Angel~ Founded Martinsancho Winery, Revived Verdejo In Ruedo.
    • ~Perea Pascuas Brothers~”Ribera del Duero”, Founded Vina Pedrosa Winery.
    • ~Fernandez, Alejandro~ 1970, Ribera del Duero, Founded Tinto Pesquera Winery.
    • ~Barbier, Rene~ “Catalunya”, Visionary Who Revolutionized Priorat Wines In 1970’s.
    • ~Pastrana, Carles~ “Catalunya”, Patriarch of Modern Priorat, Owns L’Obac & Miserere.
    • ~Palacios, Alvaro~ Catalunya”, Spanish Wine-Grower, Who Helped Revitalized Priorat.
    • ~Raventos, Josep~ “Catalunya”,1872, Produced First Cava In Penenes.
    • ~Torres, Miguel~Catalunya”, Founder of Torres Winery In Penedes and Chile.
  • GASTRONOMY Quince Paste
    • CHEESE Camerano(Goat/ Fresh),  Garrotxa(Goat/ Semi-Soft),  Ibores(Goat/ Semi-Soft),  Idiazabal(Sheep/ Hard),  Mahon(Cow-Goat/ Hard),  Majorero(Goat/ Semi-Hard),  Manchego(Sheep/ Semi-Hard),  Monte Enebro(Goat/ Semi-Soft),  La Peral(Cow/ Sheep/ Semi-Hard),  Queso de a Serena,  Roncal,  Valdeon(Cow/ Blue)
    • Classic Regional Pairing- Manchego & Sherry(Amontillado)

SPAIN WINE LAW

  • GOVERNING BODY= Instituto Nacional de Denominacioned de Origen INDO.
  • LAWS GOVERNING= Geographic Boundaries, Topography
    • Label Requirement Abv.%, Varietal

SPAIN WINE CLASSIFICATION

  • VINO De MESA VDM.    ~Table Wine/ Unclassified~
  • VINO De La TIERRA VT.    ~Wine of the Land, Local Wines~
    • Wine Produced In an Autonomous Community Non-Conforming to DO.
  • VINO De CALIDAD Con INDICACION GEOGRAFICA VCIG. / VC.
    • Quality Wines With a Geographical Indication
  • DENOMINACION De ORIGEN DO.    ~Denominations of Origen~
  • DENOMINACION De ORIGEN CALIFICADA DOCa.
    • ~Qualified Denomination of Origin~
  • VINO De PAGO VP.    Wine of a Single Quality Estate
    • Single Estate Classification For High Quality Wineries Unable to Claim a DO. For Their Wine Due to Location Outside a DO..  To Be Considered VP. a Single Estate Must Demonstrate Unique Characteristic Such a Climate or Soil and Be Evaluated Over a 10-Year Application Period.
    • Pago– A Rural Area Which Has Unique Characteristics In Both Its Soil and Micro- Climate Distinguishing and Differentiating it From Surrounding Sites and Whose Vineyards Produce Wines With Distinctive Qualities
    • ASSOCIATIONS~ ~Grandes Pagos de Espana~ GPdE.
      • Mission~Upholds and Promotes the Culture Around Vino di Pago Wines, and Ensures Wines Are Produced In a Specific Terroir, Reflecting the Unmistakable Personality of Its Soils, Topography and Climate
    • VITICULTURE & VINICULTURE– Grape Production, Winemaking, Bottling Must Take Place Within Pago Boundaries
    • VINOS De PAGO Of SPAIN
      • Arinzano     @Navarra
      • Ayles     @Aragon/ Ayles
      • Los Balagueses     @Valencia/ Utiel-Requena
      • Calzadilla     @Castilla-La Mancha/ Huete
      • Campo de la Guardia      @Castilla-La Mancha/ Toledo
      • Casa del Blanco     @Castilla-La Mancha/ Ciudad Real
      • Chozas Carrascal     @Valencia/ San Antonio de Requena
      • Dehesa del Carrizal     @Castilla-La Mancha/ Ciudad
      • Dominio de Valdepusa     @Castilla-La Mancha/ Toledo
      • Finca Bolandin     @Navarra/ Abitas
      • Finca Elez      @Castilla-La Mancha/ Albacete
      • Florentino     @Castilla-La Mancha/ Ciudad Real
      • Guijoso      @Castilla-La Mancha/ Albacete
      • Otazu     @Navarra
      • Prado de Irache     @Navarra
      • El Terrerazo     @Valencia/ Utiel-Requena
      • Vera de Estenas      @Valencia/ Utiel
    • **Refer to “SPAIN/ L0cations” For Detailed Information On Vino de Pago’s

SPANISH WINE TERMS

  • Anejo- Aged
  • Barrica– Oak Barrel
  • Blanco– White
  • Bodega– Winery
  • Cosecha– Harvest/ Vintage
  • Joven– Young
  • Rosado– Rose/ Pink

GEOGRAPHIC DISCLAIMER: To Understand the Wine World and Benefit From DtheV.com a Understanding of Spain’s Geography is Needed and the Ability to Visualize Its Wine Regions Topography.  Spain is Organized In a North to South / East to West Orientation and Intended to Be Researched and Memorized as So.


  • SUB-CHAPTERS Of SPAIN
    • Galicia                             Castile & Leon
    • Madrid                            Castille La Mancha
    • Extramadura                 Pais Vasco
    • Rioja & Navarra            Aragon
    • Catalunya                      Valenciana
    • Murcia                            Andalusia
    • Spanish Islands
  • **Refer to Proceeding Sub-Chapters For Detailed Information


**Refer to ‘BIBLIOGRAPHY/ SOURCES” For Details On Scholarly Works Referenced