🇪🇸SPAINCastile & Leon


CASTILE & LEON IS   DO.- 11     VP.- 0VC.- 1    @Leon

  • BLANCO= Albillo, Malvasia, Palomino, Verdejo(Indigenous), Viura AKA=Macabeo
    • International Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc
  • TINTO= Tinto Fino/ Tinto del Pais AKA=Tempranillo 85%, Bobal, Brancellao, Caino, Garnacha, Juan Garcia, Mencia AKA=Jean, Merenzao, Monastrell, Pardina, Prieto Picudo, Rufete, Tintorera, Trousseau
    • International Alicante Bouschet, Cabernet Sauvignon, Malbec, Merlot

GEOGRAPHY Spain(North-Interior), REGION-Castile & Leon, LATITUDE: 41.8° N

  • PROVINCES– Leon, Valladolid, Burgos, Segovia, Soria
  • Sub-Zones/ DO.’s– Arlanza DO., Arribes DO., Bierzo DO., Cigales DO., Ribero del Duero DO., Rueda DO., Sierra de Salamanca DO., Tierra de Leon DO., Tierra de Zamora DO., Toro DO., Valle de Benavente DO., Valtiendas DO.

TOPOGRAPHY FEATURESFlat/ Rolling/ Hilly

  • ON PLATEAU/ Meseta Central, Duero River Valley
  • On~Arlaza/ Risuerga/ Tormes~Rivers~Tributary~Duero~River~
  • BASIN/ Duero River- Shaped by Erosion Back In the Miocene Period 23 Million to 5 Million Years Ago.

SOILS Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Sand, Limestone, Gravel, Riverbed Stone

CLIMATE Continental,  Summers– Hot +100  |   Winters– Cold -32

VINICULTURE

  • Still,  Sparkling,  Fortified,  Flor(Palido(Pale) & Dorado(Golden)
    • +Blended/ +Aged/ Solera System, Damajuanas(Glass Demijohns)

CULTURE

  • GASTRONOMY Roasted Suckling Pig, Lamb, Pigeon, Almonds
    • CHEESE Sheep(Churra & Castellana Breeds), Monte Enebro(Goat/ Semi-Soft), Valdeon(Cow/ Blue)


BIERZO DO.     @Villafranca Bierzo

  • BLANCO= Palomino 17%, Godello 4%, Dona Branco 3%, Malvasia
  • TINTO= Mencia 66%, Garnacha 2%, Brancellao, Caino, Merenzao, Tintorera, Trousseau
    • International Alicante Bouschet
  • GEOGRAPHY- Spain, REGION-Castile & Leon(North-West), BORDERS: Galicia ‘Region
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly, SLOPES/?, +Alt.400mt.-900mt., On~Sil~River~
  • SOILS- MetamorphicSedimentary
    • SLOPES/ Schist, Slate, Quartz |   FLOOR/ Silty Loam
  • CLIMATE- Continental
  • VITICULTURE- 3,200 ha. Planted
    • Field Blends– A Lot of the Old Vineyards Are Mixtures of Grapes.  Often Referred to as Just “Mencia”, Recently There Has Been a Interest to Find Out What Grape Are Planted.
  • VINICULTURE- Flor
    • Estate/ Producers– Adria, Akilia, Alvarez de Toledo, Bodegas y Vinedos Mengoba, Caser de Burbia, Cuatro Pasos, Descendientes de Palacios(Nat.Pro.), Dominio de Tares, Estefania, Gudelia, Marquita & Tabla, Merayo, Peique, Raul Perez(Nat.Pro.), Salterio, La Senda(Nat.Pro.)

TIERRA De LEON DO.     @Leon

  • BLANCO= Albarin, Godello, Malvasia, Palomino, Verdejo
  • TINTO= Garnacha, Mencia, Preto Picudo, Tempranillo
  • GEOGRAPHY– Spain, REGION-Castile & Leon(North-West-Interior)
    • BORDERS: Valley de Benavente DO.(South)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly”, SLOPES/ ?, +Alt.800mt., On~Esla~River~
  • SOILS= Metamorphic”, ”Sedimentary, Alluvial
  • CLIMATE= Continental
  • VITICULTURE–  ? ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers– Pardevalles

VALLE De BENAVENTE VC.      @Benevente

  • BLANCO= Malvasia, Verdejo
  • TINTO= Mencia, Tempranillo, Prieto Picudo
    • International– Cabernet Sauvignon
  • GEOGRAPHY– Spain, REGION-Castile & Leon(North-West-Interior)
    • BORDERS: Tierra de Leon DO.(North)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”, On~Esla~River~
  • CLIMATE= Continental
  • VITICULTURE–  ? ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers– Otero Prieto

ARRIBES DO.     @Fornillos Fermoselle

  • BLANCO= Albillo, Malvasia, Verdejo
  • TINTO= Juan Garcia, Garnacha, Mencia, Rufete, Tempranillo
  • GEOGRAPHY– Spain, REGION-Castile & Leon(West), BORDERS: Portugal
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling/ Terraced”
    • On~Tormes~River~Tributary~Duero~River~
  • SOILS= Metamorphic, Granite, Quartz
  • CLIMATE= Continental
  • VITICULTURE–  ? ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers– Almaroja, Garrido, Marques de la Concordia, Ribera de Pelazas

TIERRA De ZAMORA DO.     @Zamora

  • BLANCO= Albillo, Godello, Malvasia, Moscatel, Palomino, Verdejo
  • TINTO= Tempranillo, Garnacha
    • International– Cabernet Sauvignon
  • GEOGRAPHY– Spain, REGION-Castile & Leon(West-Interior), East of Portugal(65 km.)
    • BORDERS: Toro DO.(East)
  • TOPOGRAHY– “Flat/ Rolling”, On~Douro~River~
    • ON PLATEAU: Meseta Central, +Alt.750mt.
  • CLIMATE= Continental
  • VITICULTURE– 14,000 ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers- Dominio de Sexmil, Vinas del Cenit

TORO DO.     @Toro

  • BLANCO= Malvasia, Verdejo
  • TINTO= Tinto de Toro AKA=Tempranillo, Garnacha
  • GEOGRAPHY– Spain, REGION-Castile & Leon(Central-Interior)
    • BETWEEN: Tierra de Zamora & Rueda
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”, ON PLATEAU/ Meseta Central, +Alt.600mt.-750mt.
    • On~Douro~River~
  • SOILS= Metamorphic, Sand, Pebbly, Large Rolled Stones, Red Soil
  • CLIMATE= Continental
  • VITICULTURE– 5,624 haPlanted,  Large Old Vine Population 1,202 ha.
    • Estate/ Producers– Bendito, Burdigal, Elias Mora, Numanthia-Termes, Pata Negra, Rodriguez Sanzo, Ramon Ramos, San Roman, Telmo Rodriguez, Teso la Monja, Valdigal
  • CULTURE
    • ASSOCIATIONS~  ~Consejo Regulador de la DO. Toro~

RUEDA DO.      @Rueda

  • BLANCO= Verdejo(Indigenous)85%, Palomino, Viura
    • International– Sauvignon Blanc 5%
  • TINTO= Garnacha, Tempranillo
    • International– Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot
  • GEOGRAPHY– Spain, REGION-Castile & Leon(Central), @Hw.#H-620/ #N-VI
    • PROVINCE-Avila, Segovia, Valladolid, BORDERS: Toro DO.(West)
    • CITIES– Medina de’ Campo, Nava del Rey, Nieva, Olmedo, Rueda, La Seca
  • TOPOGRAPHYFEATURES–  “Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly/ Terraces”
    • On~Douro~River~(South)
    • ON PLATEAU/ Meseta Central, +Alt. 700mt.- 800mt.
  • SOILS= Metamorphic, Pebbly, Gravel, Quartzite Rock Mixed With Sand
  • VITICULTURE– 16,100 ha. Planted,  (98% White/ 2% Red)
    • ADVANTAGE-No Phylloxera   |   CHALLENGE-Spring Frost, Hail
  • VINICULTUREStill,  Sparkling,  Fortified,  Flor(Palido(Pale) & Dorado(Golden)
    • +Blended/ +Aged/ Solera System, Damajuanas(Glass Demijohns)
    • Estate/ Producers– Belondrade y Lurton, Bodegas Shaya, Blanco Nieva, Diez Siglos, Finca Montpedrosso, Garciarevalo, Gotica, Grupo Yllera, Herederos de Marques de Riscal, Javier Sanz, Jose Pariente, Martinsancho, Maquina & Tabla, Marques de Cáceres, NaiaPalacio de Bornos, Ramon Bilbao, Teodoro Recio, Verderrubi
  • CULTURE
    • PIONEERS~ ~Angel Rodriguez~ (Martinsancho Winery) Revived Indigenous Verdejo

CIGALES DO.       @Valladolid

  • BLANCO= Albillo, Verdejo, Viura

    • International Sauvignon Blanc
  • TINTO= Garnacha, Tinta del Pais AKA=Tempranillo
    • International Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Syrah
  • GEOGRAPHY– Spain, REGION-Castile & Leon(East-Interior
    • West of Ribero del Duero DO.(15km.)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”, ON PLATEAU/ Meseta Central, +Alt.750mt.
    • On~Pisuerga~River~Tributary~Duero~River~
  • CLIMATE= Continental
  • VITICULTURE– ? haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers– Cesar Principe, Finca Museum, Grupo Matarromera, Sinforiano

ARLANZA DO.      @Lerma

  • BLANCO= Albillo, Viura
  • TINTO= Garnacha, Mencia, Tinta del Pais AKA=Tempranillo
    • International Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Petit Verdot
  • GEOGRAPHY– Spain, REGION-Castile & Leon(East-Interior)
    • North of Ribera del Duero DO.(10km.)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”, ON PLATEAU/ Meseta Central, On~Arlanza~River~
  • CLIMATE= Continental
  • VITICULTURE– ? haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers– Olivier Riviere

RIBERO Del DUERO DO.     @Aranda de Duero

  • BLANCO= Albillo Mayor(2%)
  • TINTO= Tino Fino/ Tinta del Pais AKA=Tempranillo(95%), Bobal, Garnacha, Monastrell
    • International– Cabernet Sauvignon, Malbec, Merlot
  • GEOGRAPHY– Spain, REGION-Castile & Leon(East-Interior), @Hw.#A-122/ #A-1/ #N110
    • PROVINCES– Burgos, Segovia, Soria(East), Valladolid(West), (119km. Long & 35km. Wide)
    • BORDERS: Valtientas DO.(South), North-West of Madrid(100km.)
    • Sub-Zones
      • West- PROVINCE– Valladolid, 4,800 ha. Planted,   CITIES: Olivares, Penafiel, Pesquera
      • Central- PROVINCE– Burgos, 17,000 ha. Planted,   CITIES: Aranda,  La Horra, Roa
      • East- PROVINCE– Soria, 1,240 ha. Planted,  CITIES: San Esteban de Gormaz
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly”, On~Duraton/ Esgueva/ Gramejon/ Riaza~Tributary~Duero~River~
    • SLOPES/ Sheltered by Sierra de la Demanda & Sierra de Guadarrama Mountain Ranges, +Alt.750mt.-1,250mt.
    • ON PLATEAU: Meseta Central(105km. Long)
  • SOILS= Metamorphic“, “Sedimentary, Sand, Silt, Chalky-Clay, Limestone, Granite, Loam, Gypsum
    • West– Chalk & Limestone , Central Clay & Gravel, East– Clay & Limestone
      • All Area Soils Mixed With Alluvial and Sandy Elements.
  • CLIMATE= Continental”,    Summers– Hot, Dry   |     Winters– Harsh, Cold
  • VITICULTURE– 21,500ha. Planted,   OLD VINES/ 100+ Years
      • Trozos(Small Non-Contiguous Vineyard Plots Scattered Among the Hills.
    • Estate/ Producers- Aalto, Alion, Antidoto, Arzuaga Navarro, Basconcillos, Cepa 21, Cillar de Silos, Dominio de Atauta, Dominio del Cuco, Dominio Romano, Emilio Moro, Fernandez Rivera, Hacienda Monasterio, Hermanos Perez Pascuas(134ha.), La Horra, La Loba, Matarromera, Mirat, Miros de Ribera, Negon, Pago de Carraovejas, Pago de Sangara, Pallus, Penafiel, Portia, Perez Pascuas, Pesquera, Pingus, Protos, Resalte de Penafiel, Valduero(200ha.), Vega Sicilia, Vina Pedrosa(135ha.), Vina Vilano(Co.-Op./ 300ha.), Vintae
    • Vineyards– Anguiz, La Diva, Las Duenas, Hontanon(Planted 1901), La Mala
  • VINICULTURE– Red Wines Must Be Produced From Tinto Fino(+75%), +ABV.+11.5%
    • +AGED/ American Oak or French Oak Used Depending On Producer Style.
      • Historically In the 1800’s American Oak Was More Available and Affordable Than Its French Oak. The Distinctive Character of American Oak Helped Shape the Historical Style of Spanish Tempranillo.  Today the Philosophy of Weather to Used American or French Oak is Left Up to the Winemaker and the Style They Want to Produce.
    • Clarete- Traditional Light/ Fresh Ribera Wine
      • +BLEND/ Tinto Fino, +Albillo, Bobal Garnacha. Picked Early to Retain Acidity.
    • STYLES Of RIBERO DEL DUERO WINES
      • Joven+AGED/ Little to No Time In Oak, Pure Expression of Wine.
      • Roble+AGED/ Max. 1 yr./ Usually 3-6 mo. In Barrel.
      • Crianza+AGED/ Min. 2 yr./ 1 yr. In Barrel, 1 yr. In Bottle.
      • Reserva+AGED/ Min. 3 yr./ 1 yr. In Barrel.
      • Gran Reserva+AGED/ Min. 5 yr./ 2 yr. In Barrel, 3 yr. Bottle, Best Vineyards.
      • DO. Ribero Duero– “Catch All”, No Style Stated.
  • HISTORY
    • 1864 @Ribero Del Duero–  Vega Sicilia Founded
    • 1927 @Ribero Del Duero–  Pr0tos Founded
    • 1982 @Ribero Del Duero–  DO. Officially Established
  • CULTUREMonks & Monasteries  ~San Bernardo~
    • PIONEERS~  ~Alejandro Fernandez~ 1970, Founded Tinto Pesquera Winery
      • ~Perea Pascuas Brothers~ Founded Vina Pedrosa Winery

**Castille & Leon Images Courtesy of “Delong Maps”, Purchase Maps at Delongwine.com


VALTIENDAS VC.      @

  • BLANCO= Albillo
  • TINTO= Tinta del Pais AKA=Tempranillo, Garnacha
    • International– Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Syrah
  • GEOGRAPHY– Spain, REGION-Castile & Leon, In Segovia
    • BORDERS: Ribero del Duero DO.(North)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly”, SLOPES/ ?, +Alt.900mt.
  • VITICULTURE–  ? ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers– Navaltallar, Vagal, Zarraguilla

SIERRA De SALAMANCA VC.      @

  • BLANCO= Moscatel, Palomino, Viura
  • TINTO= Garnacha, Rufete, Tempranillo
  • GEOGRAPHY– Spain, REGION-Castile & Leon(West)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly”
  • VITICULTURE– ? ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers- Vinas del Cambrico, Vinas la Zorra

Vino de la Tierra’s of  Castile & Leon

  • BIANCO= Any White Grapes Varieties Approved For Production In Castile & Leon.
  • ROSSO= Any Red Grapes Varieties Approved For Production In Castile & Lean.
  • VITICULTURE– Wines Produced In “CASTILA & LEON” Non-Conforming to a DO.

VINO De La TIERRA De CASTILLA & LEON VT.      @

  • BLANCO= Albillo, Sauvignon Blanc, Verdejo   |   TINTO= Garnacha
  • GEOGRAPHY– Spain, REGION-Castilla & Leon, PROVINCE– ?
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling”, SLOPES/ Sierra di Gredos
    • Estate/ Producers– Alfredo Maestro(Nat.Pro.), Penrosa


**Refer to “BIBLIOGRAPHY/ SOURCES” For Details On Scholarly Works Referenced