🇪🇸SPAINCastile & Leon


CASTILE & LEON IS   DO.- 11     VP.- 0    VC.- 1    @Leon

  • BLANCO= Albillo Mayor(Indigenous), Malvasia, Palomino, Verdejo(Indigenous), Viura AKA=Macabeo
    • International Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc
  • TINTO= Tinto Fino(Indigenous)65%, AKA=Tempranillo/ Tinto del Pais, Bobal, Brancellao, Caino, Garnacha, Juan Garcia, Mencia AKA=Jean, Merenzao, Monastrell, Pardina, Prieto Picudo, Rufete, Tintorera, Trousseau
    • International Alicante Bouschet, Cabernet Sauvignon, Malbec, Merlot

GEOGRAPHY Spain(North-Interior), REGION-Castile & Leon, LATITUDE: 41.8° N

  • PROVINCES-Leon, Valladolid, Burgos, Segovia, Soria
  • Sub-Zones/ DO.’s– Arlanza DO., Arribes DO., Bierzo DO., Cigales DO., Ribero del Duero DO., Rueda DO., Sierra de Salamanca DO., Cebreros DO., Tierra de Leon DO., Tierra de Zamora DO., Toro DO., Valle de Benavente DO., Valtiendas DO.

TOPOGRAPHY FEATURES- Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly/ Plateau, +Alt. 600mt.-1,2000mt.

  • On~Arlaza/ Risuerga/ Tormes~Rivers~Tributary~Duero~River~
  • BASIN/ Duero River-   Shaped by Erosion Back In the Miocene Period 23 Million to 5 Million Years Ago.
  • MESETA PLATEAU  AKA=Meseta Central Plateu
    • Geography- Iberian Peninsula(North-Central), Rimmed and Dissected by Mountain Ranges.
      • Leon Mountains(West), Cordillera Cantabrian Mountains(North), Sistema Central Mountains(Sierra de Gredos/ Sierra de  Guaderrama)(South), Iberian Mountains(Sierra de la Demanda)(East)

SOILS Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Sand, Limestone, Gravel, Riverbed Stone

CLIMATE Continental,  *Summers– Hot/ Dry   |   *Winters– Cold/ Wet

VINICULTURE75,000 ha. Planted

  • Clarete- Traditional Light/ Fresh Wine.
    • +BLEND/+25% Red Grapes Fermented With Wine Grapes. Often Field Blends Picked Early to Retain Acidity.
    • Pale to Darker Depending On Maceration Time. Sometimes Aged On Lees In Barrels.

VINICULTURE

  • Still,  Sparkling,  Fortified,  Flor(Palido(Pale) & Dorado(Golden)
    • +Blended/ +Aged/ Solera System, Damajuanas(Glass Demijohns)

CULTURE

  • GASTRONOMY… Roasted Suckling Pig, Lamb, Pigeon, Almonds
    • CHEESE… Sheep(Churra & Castellana Breeds), Monte Enebro(Goat/ Semi-Soft), Valdeon(Cow/ Blue), Leonora

**Refer to SPAIN/ Home For Detailed Information On Spain as a Country.



BIERZO DO.     @Villafranca Bierzo

  • BLANCO= Palomino 17%, Godello 4%, Dona Branco 3%, Malvasia
  • TINTO= Mencia 66%, Garnacha 2%, Brancellao, Caino, Merenzao, Tintorera, Trousseau
    • International Alicante Bouschet
  • GEOGRAPHY- Spain, REGION-Castile & Leon(North-West), BORDERS-GaliciaRegion(West)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly, SLOPES/ Valtuille de Arriba, +Alt. 400mt.-900mt., On~Sil~River~
  • SOILS- MetamorphicSedimentary
    • SLOPES/ ?,   HILLSIDES/ Schist, Slate, Quartz |   FLOOR/ Silty Loam
  • CLIMATE- Continental
  • VITICULTURE- 3,200 ha. Planted
    • Field Blends- A Lot of the Old Vineyards Are Mixtures of Grapes.  Often Referred to as Just Mencia, Recently There Has Been a Interest to Find Out What Grape Are Planted.
  • VINICULTURE- Still,  Blends,  Flor
    • Estate/ Producers- Adela A. Folgueral Martinez, Adria, Akilia, Alvarez de Toledo, Bodegas y Vinedos Mengoba, Caser de Burbia, Cesar Marquez, Cuatro Pasos, Descendientes de Palacios(Nat.Pro.), Dominio de Anza, Dominio de Tares, Emilio Moro, Estefania, Gancedo, Godelia, Jose Antonio Garcia, Luna Beberide, Marquita & Tabla, Merayo, Palacio de Canedo, Peique, Raul Perez(Nat.Pro.), Salterio, La Senda(Nat.Pro.), Veronica Ortega, Versos de Valtuille

TIERRA De LEON DO.     @Leon

  • BLANCO= Albarin0, Godello, Malvasia, Palomino, Verdejo
  • TINTO= Garnacha, Mencia, Preto Picudo, Tempranillo
  • GEOGRAPHY- Spain, REGION-Castile & Leon(North-West-Interior)
    • BORDERS-Valley de Benavente DO.(South-West)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly, SLOPES/ ?, +Alt. 800mt., On~Esla~River~
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Alluvial
  • CLIMATE- Continental
  • VITICULTURE-  ? ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers- Pardevalles

VALLE De BENAVENTE VC.      @Benevente

  • BLANCO= Malvasia, Verdejo
  • TINTO= Mencia, Tempranillo, Prieto Picudo
    • International Cabernet Sauvignon
  • GEOGRAPHY- Spain, REGION-Castile & Leon(North-West-Interior)
    • BORDERS-Tierra de Leon DO.(North-East)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling, On~Esla~River~
  • CLIMATE- Continental
  • VITICULTURE-  ? ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers- Otero Prieto

ARRIBES DO.     @Fornillos Fermoselle

  • BLANCO= Albillo Mayor, Malvasia, Verdejo
  • TINTO= Garnacha, Juan Garcia, Mencia, Rufete, Tempranillo
  • GEOGRAPHY- Spain, REGION-Castile & Leon(West), BORDERS-Portugal
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ Terraced
    • On~Tormes~River~Tributary~Duero~River~
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Granite, Quartz
  • CLIMATE- Continental
  • VITICULTURE-  ? ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers- Almaroja, Garrido, Marques de la Concordia, Ribera de Pelazas

TIERRA De ZAMORA DO.     @Zamora

  • BLANCO= Albillo Mayor, Godello, Malvasia, Moscatel, Palomino, Verdejo
  • TINTO= Tempranillo, Garnacha
    • International Cabernet Sauvignon
  • GEOGRAPHY- Spain, REGION-Castile & Leon(West-Interior), East of Portugal(65 km.)
    • PROVINCE-Zamora, BORDERS-Toro DO.(East), @Hw.#A-66
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling, On~Douro~River~
    • ON PLATEAU/ Meseta Central, +Alt. 750mt.
  • CLIMATE- Continental
  • VITICULTURE- 14,000 ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers- Dominio de Sexmil, Vinas del Cenit

TORO DO.     @Toro

  • BLANCO= Malvasia, Verdejo
  • TINTO= Tinto de Toro AKA=Tempranillo, Garnacha
  • GEOGRAPHY- Spain, REGION-Castile & Leon(Central-Interior)
    • PROVINCE-Zamora, BORDERS-Tierra de Zamora(South-West), Rueda(East)
    • East of Portugal(60km.), @Hw.#A-11
    • CITIES-La Boveda de Toro, Moraleja del Vino, Venialbo, Villanueva del Puente
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling, ON PLATEAU/ Meseta Central, +Alt. 600mt.-750mt.
    • On~Duero~River~(North & South)
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Sand, Pebbly, Large Rolled Stones, Red Sand
  • CLIMATE- Continental, *Summers– Extremely Hot, Dry   |   *Winter– Cold, Semi-Dry
  • VITICULTURE- 62,000 ha., 5,624 haPlanted,  Large Old Vine/Own Rooted Population 1,202 ha.
  • VINICULTURE- Tempranillo From Toro Are Darker, Bigger Tannins +ABV. and Higher Phenolics Than the  Rioja and Ribera del Duero Regions
    • Estate/ Producers- Bendito, Burdigal, Elias Mora, Estancia Piedra, Farina, Latarce, Numanthia-Termes, Pata Negra, Rodriguez Sanzo, Ramon Ramos, San Roman, Telmo Rodriguez, Teso la Monja, Valdigal, Vatan, Vinaguarena
  • CULTURE- 2,000 Year Wine History, 1987 DO. Officially Established
    • ASSOCIATIONS~ ~Consejo Regulador de la DO. Toro~

RUEDA DO.      @Rueda

  • BLANCO= Verdejo(Indigenous)85%, Palomino, Viura
    • International– Sauvignon Blanc 5%, Chardonnay, Viognier
  • TINTO= Garnacha, Tempranillo
    • International Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot
  • GEOGRAPHY- Spain, REGION-Castile & Leon(Central), @Hw.#A-62/ A-6
    • BORDERS-Toro DO.(West), Tierra de Zamora DO.(West)
    • PROVINCE-Avila, Segovia, Valladolid
    • CITIES-Medina de Campo, Nava del Rey, Nieva, Olmedo, Rueda, La Seca
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Features– Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly/ Terraces, SLOPES/ ?+Alt. 600mt.- 800mt.
    • On~Zapardiel/Adaja/Eresma~Rivers~Tributary~Douro~River~(South)
    • ON PLATEAU/ Meseta Central
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Alluvial, Pebbly, Gravel, Quartzite Rock Mixed With Sand
  • CLIMATE- Continental, +Diurnal Shifts
  • VITICULTURE- 16,100 ha. Planted,  (98% White/ 2% Red)
    • ADVANTAGE-No Phylloxera   |   CHALLENGE-Spring Frost, Hail
    • Estate/ Producers- Azumbre, Belondrade y Lurton, Beronia, Blanco Nieva, Campo Eliseo, Castelo de Medina, Casto Pequeno, Diez Siglos(Co.-Op./ 65 Growers), Dona Beatriz, Felix Lorenzo Cachazo, Finca Montpedrosso, Francois Lurton, Garciarevalo, Gotica, Grupo Yllera, Herederos de Marques de Riscal, Hermanos del Villar, Honoro Vera, Javier Sanz, Jose Pariente, Martinsancho, Maquina & Tabla, Marques de Cáceres(110ha.), NaiaPalacio de Bornos, Ramon Bilbao, Shaya, Teodoro Recio, Verderrubi
  • VINICULTURE- Still,  Rosado,  Espumoso,  Fortified,  Flor(Palido(Pale) & Dorado(Golden)
    • *Generally– Fermented In Stainless Steel/ Un-Oaked
    • +Blended/ +Aged/ Solera System, Damajuanas(Glass Demijohns)
    • +Aged/ Tinto Joven,  Tinto Crianza,  Tinto Reserva,  Tinto Gran Reserva
    • Gran Vino de Rueda(Old Vine, +30 Years, Distinguished by Unique Back Label)
    • Vino de Puebl0(Village Wine, +85% From That Area)
  • CULTURE1980 DO. Officially Established.
    • PIONEERS~ ~Angel Rodriguez~ (Martinsancho Winery) Revived Indigenous Verdejo

CIGALES DO.       @Valladolid

  • BLANCO= Albillo Mayor, Verdejo, Viura
    • International Sauvignon Blanc
  • TINTO= Garnacha, Tinta del Pais AKA=Tempranillo
    • International Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Syrah
  • GEOGRAPHY- Spain, REGION-Castile & Leon(East-Interior
    • West of Ribero del Duero DO.(15km.)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling, ON PLATEAU/ Meseta Central, +Alt. 750mt.
    • On~Pisuerga~River~Tributary~Duero~River~
  • CLIMATE- Continental
  • VITICULTURE- ? haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers- Cesar Principe, Finca Museum, Grupo Matarromera, Sinforiano
  • VINICULTURE- Clarete- Traditional Light/ Fresh Wine.
    • +BLEND/+25% Red Grapes Fermented With Wine Grapes. Often Field Blends Picked Early to Retain Acidity.
    • Pale to Darker Depending On Maceration Time. Sometimes Aged On Lees In Barrels.

ARLANZA DO.      @Lerma

  • BLANCO= Albillo Mayor, Viura
  • TINTO= Garnacha, Mencia, Tinta del Pais AKA=Tempranillo
    • International Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Petit Verdot
  • GEOGRAPHY- Spain, REGION-Castile & Leon(East-Interior)
    • PROVINCES– (Laps)Burgos & Palencia, @Hw.#E80, A1
    • North of Ribera del Duero DO.(10km.), (75km. Long)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ Valley(Arlanza), ON PLATEAU/ Meseta Central,
    • SLOPES/ Sierra de Covarrubias(East) & Paramos del Cerrato(West), +Alt. 740mt. – 1,050mt.
    • On~Arlanza~River~
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Limestone, Marl, Granite
  • CLIMATE- Continental,  *Summers– Long, Hot
  • VITICULTURE- 405 haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers- Alonso Angulo, Buezo Nattan, Carillo de Albornoz, La Colegiada, Covarrubias, Gotas del Rocio, Monte Aman, Olivier Riviere, Pagos de Negredo, Sabinares, Septien, Vina y Tia
    • Vineyards- Chateau Negredo
  • CULTURE- DO. Named After the Arlanza River Which Runs Through It.
    • 2007- DO. Officially Established
    • Monks & Monasteries  ~Santa Maria de Bujedo de Juarros~
      • Produced Wine and Promoted Wine Culture Dating Back to 1300’s.

RIBERO Del DUERO DO.     @Aranda de Duero

  • BLANCO= Albillo Mayor 2%
  • TINTO= Tino Fino/ Tinta del Pais AKA=Tempranillo 90%, Bobal, Garnacha, Monastrell
    • International Cabernet Sauvignon, Malbec, Merlot
  • GEOGRAPHY– Spain, REGION-Castile & Leon(East-Interior), @Hw.#A-122/ #A-1/ #N110
    • PROVINCES-Burgos, Segovia, Soria(East), Valladolid(West), (119km. Long & 35km. Wide)
    • BORDERS-Valtientas DO.(South), North-West of Madrid(100km.)
    • Sub-Zones-
      • West PROVINCE-Valladolid, 4,800 ha. Planted,  CITIES-Olivares, Penafiel, Pesquera
      • Central PROVINCE-Burgos, 17,000 ha. Planted,  CITIES-Aranda, La Horra, Roa
      • East PROVINCE-Soria, 1,240 ha. Planted, CITIES-San Esteban de Gormaz
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly
    • On~Duraton/ Esgueva/ Gramejon/ Riaza~Tributary~Duero~River~
    • SLOPES/ Sheltered by Sierra de la Demanda & Sierra de Guadarrama Mountain Ranges
      • +Alt. 750mt.-1,250mt.
    • ON PLATEAU/ Meseta Central(105km. Long)
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Sand, Silt, Chalky-Clay, Limestone, Granite, Loam, Gypsum
    • West Chalk & Limestone , Central Clay & Gravel, East– Clay & Limestone
      • All Area Soils Mixed With Alluvial and Sandy Elements.
  • CLIMATE- “Continental*Summers– Hot, Dry   |     *Winters– Harsh, Cold
  • VITICULTURE- 22,500ha. Planted,   OLD VINES/ 100+ Years
      • Trozos(Small Non-Contiguous Vineyard Plots Scattered Among the Hills.
    • Estate/ Producers- Aalto, Alion, Antidoto, Aster, Arzuaga Navarro, Basconcillos, Carmelo Rodero, Cepa 21, Cillar de Silos, Cruz de Alba, Dehesa de Canonigos, Dominio de Atauta, Dominio del Cuco, Dominio de Pingus(4.2ha.), Dominio Romano, Emilio Moro, Fernandez Rivera, Finca Villacreces, Garmon, Hacienda Monasterio, Hermanos Perez Pascuas(134ha.), La Horra, Imperiales, El Lagar de Isilla, La Loba, Marta Mate, Matarromera, Mirat, Miros de Ribera, Negon, Pago de Carraovejas, Pago de Capellanes, Pago de Sangara, Pallus, Penafiel, Portia, Perez Pascuas, Pesquera, Protos, Resalte de Penafiel, Rudeles, Trus, Valdaya, Valduero(200ha.), Valtravieso, Vega Sicilia, Velderiz, Vina Pedrosa(135ha.), Vina Vilano(Co.-Op./ 300ha.), Vintae, Vizcarra, Yunquera
    • Vineyards- Anguiz, La Diva, Las Duenas, Hontanon(Planted 1901), La Mala
  • VINICULTURE- Red Wines Must Be Produced From Tinto Fino(+75%), +11.5% ABV.
    • +AGED/ American Oak or French Oak Used Depending On Producer Style.
      • Historically In the 1800’s American Oak Was More Available and Affordable Than Its French Oak. The Distinctive Character of American Oak Helped Shape the Historical Style of Spanish Tempranillo.  Today the Philosophy of Weather to Used American or French Oak is Left Up to the Winemaker and the Style They Want to Produce.
    • STYLES Of RIBERO Del DUERO WINES
      • Joven- +AGED/ Little to No Time In Oak, Pure Expression of Wine.
      • Roble- +AGED/ Max. 1 yr./ Usually 3-6 mo. In Barrel.
      • Crianza- +AGED/ Min. 2 yr./ 1 yr. In Barrel, 1 yr. In Bottle.
      • Reserva- +AGED/ Min. 3 yr./ 1 yr. In Barrel.
      • Gran Reserva- +AGED/ Min. 5 yr./ 2 yr. In Barrel, 3 yr. Bottle, Best Vineyards.
      • DO. Ribero Duero- Catch All, No Style Stated.
    • Clarete- Traditional Light/ Fresh Wine.
      • +BLEND/+25% Red Grapes Fermented With Wine Grapes. Often Field Blends Picked Early to Retain Acidity.
      • Pale to Darker Depending On Maceration Time. Sometimes Aged On Lees In Barrels.
  • HISTORY-
    • 1864 @Ribero Del Duero Vega Sicilia Founded
    • 1927 @Ribero Del Duero Pr0tos Founded
    • 1982 @Ribero Del Duero DO. Officially Established
  • CULTUREMonks & Monasteries  ~San Bernardo~
    • PIONEERS~ ~Alejandro Fernandez~ 1970, Founded Tinto Pesquera Winery.
      • ~Perea Pascuas Brothers~ Founded Vina Pedrosa Winery.
  • GOING THERE- 
    • WINNER Worlds Best~
      • DtheV.com Awards- Top Iberian Peninsula Wine Region (2nd. Place)
      • **Refer to WINE CULTURE/ Derek’s Top 6 List For Detailed Information.


**Castille & Leon Images Courtesy of “Delong Maps”, Purchase Maps at Delongwine.com


VALTIENDAS VC.      @

  • BLANCO= Albillo Mayor
  • TINTO= Tinta del Pais AKA=Tempranillo, Garnacha
    • International Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Syrah
  • GEOGRAPHY- Spain, REGION-Castile & Leon, PROVINCE-Segovia
    • BORDERS-Ribero del Duero DO.(North)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly, SLOPES/ ?, +Alt. 900mt.
  • VITICULTURE-  ? ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers- Navaltallar, Vagal, Zarraguilla

SIERRA De SALAMANCA VC.      @

  • BLANCO= Moscatel, Palomino, Viura
  • TINTO= Garnacha, Rufete, Tempranillo
  • GEOGRAPHY- Spain, REGION-Castile & Leon(West)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly
  • VITICULTURE-ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers- Vinas del Cambrico, Vinas la Zorra

CEBREROS DO.      @

  • BLANCO= Albillo Real, Viura
  • TINTO= Garnacha, Garnacha Tinta AKA=Alicante Bouschet, Mencia, Tempranillo
    • International Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Petit Verdot
  • GEOGRAPHY- Spain, REGION-Castile & Leon(South), PROVINCE-Avila
    • East of Madrid-City(10km.)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling, SLOPES/ Sierra de Gredos, +Alt. 1,200 mt.
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Granite, Schist
  • CLIMATE- Continental
  • VITICULTURE- 450 haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers- Arrayan, Daneil Ramos, Daniel Landi, Jimenez-Landi, Orly Lumbreras Vinador, Rico Nuevo, Ruben Diaz, Soto y Manrique, Telmo Rodriguez, Vinedos Del Jorco, Vinos Y Vinedos Hoyanko
    • Vineyards- Rumbo al Norte
  • VINICULTURE- Vinos de Pueblo(Village Wine)
    • Vinos de Pareje(Single Vineyard)–     Vinos de Parcela(Single Parcel Wine)
  • SUB-ZONES Of CEBREROS
  • LAS CINCO VILLAS
    • Geography- Castile & Leon(West)
  • TIETAR RIVER VALLEY
    • Geography- Castile & Leon(SouthWest)
    • Topography- On~Tietar~River~
  • ALTO ALBERCHE RIVER VALLEY
    • Geography- Castile & Leon(North)
      • CITIES-Burgohondo, Navatalgordo
  • TIERRA DE PINARES
    • Geography- Castile & Leon(East)
      • CITIES-Cebreros, El Hoyo de Pinares
    • Topography- On~Alberche~River~


Vino de la Tierra’s of  Castile & Leon

  • BIANCO= Any White Grapes Varieties Approved For Production In Castile & Leon.
  • ROSSO= Any Red Grapes Varieties Approved For Production In Castile & Lean.
  • VITICULTURE- Wines Produced In CASTILA & LEON Non-Conforming to a DO.

VINO De La TIERRA De CASTILLA & LEON VT.      @

  • BLANCO= Albillo Mayor, Malvasia, Palomino, Verdejo(Indigenous), Viura AKA=Macabeo
    • International Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc
  • TINTO= Tinto Fino/ Tinto del Pais AKA=Tempranillo 65%, Bobal, Brancellao, Caino, Garnacha, Juan Garcia, Mencia AKA=Jean, Merenzao, Monastrell, Pardina, Prieto Picudo, Rufete, Tintorera, Trousseau
    • International Alicante Bouschet, Cabernet Sauvignon, Malbec, Merlot
  • GEOGRAPHY- Spain, REGION-Castilla & Leon(Greater)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly, SLOPES/ Sierra di Gredos
    • Estate/ Producers- Alfredo Maestro(Nat.Pro.), Penrosa, Yunquera


**Refer to BIBLIOGRAPHY/ Sources For Details On Scholarly Works Referenced.