🇪🇸SPAINGalicia


GALICIA IS   DO.- 5     VP.- 3     @Santiago de Compostela

  • BLANCO= Albarino, Albillo, Caino Blanco, Dona Blanca, Godella AKA=Verdelho, Lado, Loureira, Jerez, Macabeo, Mauraton AKA=Juan Garcia, Torrontes, Trexadura
  • TINTO= Brancellao, Caino Tinto, Espadeiro, Ferron, Garnacha, Loureira Tinta, Mencia AKA=Jaen do Dao, Merenzao, Padeiro AKA=Tinot Coa, Pedral, Souson, Tempranillo AKA=Aruaxa, Vinhao, Zamarrica

GEOGRAPHY Spain(North-West), REGION-Galicia, LATITUDE: 42.57° ‘N’

  • BORDERS: Portugal(South), Castilla & Leon(East)
  • PROVINCES– Ponteve-Dra, Coruna, Lugo, Ourense
  • Sub-Zones/ DO’s.- Monterrei DO., Rias Baixas DO., Ribeira Sacra DO., Ribeiro DO., Valdeorras DO.

TOPOGRAPHY FEATURES– “Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous/ Terraced”,

  • SLOPES/ Galician Massif/ Serra dos Ancares Mountains
  • On~Ebro~River~Atlantic~Ocean~(Head Waters In Meseta Central Plateau)

SOILS Metamorphic“, “Sedimentary, Clay, Chalk, Iron, Sand, Slate, Quartize

CLIMATE Maritime/ Atlantic,  Summers– Warm, Lush   |   Winters– Cold, Wet, Foggy

VITICULTURE  10,000ha. Planted,  (White 90%/ Red 10%)

  • OAK BARRELS– Red-Oak Forest Located In Galicia Sourced For Sherry Barrels Produced In Jerez.

HISTORY

  • Camino de Santiago~ Santiago de Compostela is the Final Destination of the Pilgrimage Across Northern Spain to Commemorate St. James.

CULTURE

  • Green Spain– Galicia is Also Known as Green Spain, Referring to the Lush Vegetation Which Comes From a Higher Amount of Rainfall and Humidity Compared to Most of the Other Spanish Regions.
  • GASTRONOMY Barnacles, Percebes, Pulpo a Feira(Octopus With Smoked Paprika), Scallops, Fried Green Tomatoes
    • CHEESE Tetilla
  • ~Etymology~ “Rias Baixas” Meaning Submerged River Referring to the Series of River Valley All Extending Into the Atlantic.

**Refer to “SPAIN/ Home” For Detailed Information On Spain as a Country.



RIAS BAIXAS DO.     @Vigo

  • BLANCO= Albarino 90%, Arinto, Avesso, Azal, Godello, Loureira, Treixadura, Caina Blanca
  • TINTO= Brancellao, Caino Tinto, Espadeiro, Loureira Tinta, Mencia, Padeiro, Pedral, Souson, Vinhao
  • GEOGRAPHY– Spain, REGION-Galicia(West-Central), “Non-Contiguous(5)”
    • BORDERS: Portugal(South)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly”, SLOPES/ ?, +Alt.100mt.-300mt., On~Coast/ Atlantic~Ocean~
    • On~Ulla/ Umia/Minho/ Oitaven/ Verdugo~River~
    • Coast is Comprized of 5 Esturaries/ River Inlets-
      • Ria de Muros y Noia, Ria de Arousa, Ria de Pontevedra, Ria de Vigo, Ria de Mino
  • SOILS= Metamorphic”, ”Sedimentary“, Granite, Schist, Alluvial Top-Soil, Clay, Silt
  • CLIMATE=Maritime/ Atlantic,   Summers– Warm     |    Winters– Cold, Wet
  • VITICULTURE– 4,048 ha. Planted
    • Regional(100% From Sub-Region), Tinto(2% of Production), Barrica(Oaked), Espumoso
    • Vine Training– Pergola Trellising AKA=Parrals, 7 Foot Tall Granite Post.  Due to the High Salinity In the Air Which Erodes Wood Posts the Vines Are Trellis and Anchored On Large Granite Post.
    • Hand Harvest, Small Harvest Crates
    • 98% of All Wine Produced is White, 90% is Albarino
  • VINICULTUREGenerally– Lightly Pressed, Macerated On Skins From 2 Hours to 2 Day
    • YEAST: Native/ Wild Yeast If Possible, Extended Lees Contact
    • MALOLACTIC CONVERSION: Normally Prevented, +11.3 Abv.
    • BARRELS: Generally Stainless Steel, Some Oaked Examples
    • Wine From Rias Baixas Are Said to Posses Noticeable Salinity From Salt/ Sea Influence
    • Estate/ Producers-(Not Located Within Demarcated Sub-Zone) Attis Bodega & Vinedos, Zarate, Palacio de Fefinanes
  • HISTORY- Celts Settled In Rias Baixas In 1200’s and Strong Irish Influence Remains.
  • CULTURE– Large Contingency of Women Wine Makers
    • BOTTLE SHAPES~  ~Galician Flute~  Slightly Fuller In Shoulders Than Rhine Flute.
    • GASTRONOMY Fried Green Peppers   |   CHEESE...

**Galicia Images Courtesy of Delong Maps, Purchase These Maps at Delongwine.com.


  • RIBEIRA DO ULLA      @Padron
    • BLANCO= Albarino
    • GEOGRAPHYREGION-Galicia, In Rias Baixas(North)
      • South of Santiago Compostela-City(10km.)
    • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”, On~Ulla~River~
    • SOILS= “Metamorphic“, “Sedimentary, Alluvial
      • Estate/ Producers
  • VAL DO SALNES      @Cambados
    • BLANCO= Albarino(Indigenous/ Val Do Salnes)
    • GEOGRAPHYREGION-Galicia, In Rias Baixas(North-West),
      • VILLAGES: Bamio, Caldas de Reis, Meano, Sanxenxo, Vilanova de Arousa
    • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling/ Valley(Salnes)”, On~Umia~River~
      • On~Coast/ Atlantic~Ocean/ Ria de Arousa & Ria de Pontevedra~
    • SOILS= Metamorphic“, Granite, Rocky,Sedimentary, Top-Soil
    • VITICULTURE- 2,320 ha. Planted
      • Estate/ Producers– Alberto Nanclares, Attis, Condes de Albarei, Do Ferreiro, Eladio Pineiro, Forjas del Salnes, Granbazan(14 ha.), Marde de Frades, Martin Codax(450ha.), Paco & Lola, Palacio de Felinanes, Paul Perez, Pazo Barrantes, Pazo de Villarei, Pazo Senorans, Raul Perez, Rodrigo Mendez, Terra de Asorei, Vincente Dalmau Cebrian-Sagarriga
      • Vineyards– Cacheiro
  • SOUTOMAIOR      @Vigo
    • BLANCO= Albarino
    • GEOGRAPHYREGION-Galicia, In Rias Baixas(Central)
      • VILLAGES– Ponte Caldelas, Redondela
      • Hills at the Head of Ria de Vigo(Bay)
    • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly”, On~Oitaven/ Verdugo~River~(End of Ria de Vigo Inlet)
    • SOILSMetamorphic“, “Sedimentary, Sand Over Granite
      • Estate/ Producers
  • O ROSAL      @O Rosal
    • BLANCO= Albarino, Caino, Loureira
    • GEOGRAPHYREGION-Galicia, In Rias Baixas(South-West)
      • BORDERS: Condado Do Tea(East), Portugal(South/ Across Minho River)
      • VILLAGES– A Guarda, O Rosal, Tui
    • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”
      • On~Coast/ Atlantic~Ocean~, On~Minho~River~(North)
    • SOILS= Metamorphic, Granite/ Bedrock, Alluvial, Some Schist
    • VITICULTUREVine TrainingVSP. Vertical Shoot Positioning
      • Estate/ Producers– Lagar Cervera, Laureatus, Terras Gauda, Valminor
  • CONDADO DO TEA      @Ponteareas
    • BLANCO= Albarino
    • GEOGRAPHYREGION-Galicia, In Rias Baixas(South)
      • BORDERS: O Rosal(West)Portugal(South/ Across Minho River)
      • VILLAGES-As Neves, Arbo, Crecente, Ponteateas, Ribadavia
    • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly”, On~Tea~River~Tributary~Minho~River~(North)
    • CLIMATE= Maritime With Semi-Continental Influence, Rias Baixas Warmest Sub-Zone
    • SOILS= Metamorphic, Granite, Slate, Clay
    • VINICULTURE– Wines Are Riper With Less Acidity and Slightly More +Abv.
      • Estate/ Producers– As Laxas, Finca Garabelos(12ha.), Nora, Pazos de Lusco, Pazos Pondal, Senorio de Rubios, Santigo Ruiz, Tico

RIBEIRO DO.      @OurenseRioadavia

  • BLANCO= Albarino, Albillo, Godello, Jerez, Lado, Louriera, Macabeo, Torrontes, Treixadura
  • TINTO= Brancellao, Caino, Ferron, Garnacha, Mencia, Souson, Tempranillo
  • GEOGRAPHY– Spain, REGION-Galicia(South), PROVINCE-Ourense
    • BORDERS: Portugal(Near/   km.)
    • East of Orense-City(10 km.) -Tranistional-Zone-BETWEEN: Sea & Mountians
    • Sub-Regions- Avia Valley(West),  Mino Valley(East),  Arnoia Valley(South)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling/ Terraces/ Valley(Avia, Mino, Aronia)”
    • SLOPES/ ?, +Alt.75mt.- 450mt.
    • On~Avia/ Arnoia~River~Tributary~Mino~River~
  • SOILS=Metamorphic”, Sabrego(Decomposed Granite), Sandy Loam, Schist, Gravel
  • CLIMATE= Maritime Influence From Atlantic Continental” Influence From Mountains
  • VITICULTURE– 2,367 ha. Planted, Terraces AKA=Cocalcos/ Bocaribeiras
    • Ribeiro Caste- White & Red Wines Made With the Highest Quality Grapes and Identified On Their Label as So.
    • Tostado Ribeiro- Naturally Sweet, Dehydrated(3 Month), +Abv.+13%
      • Maturation/ Oak/ Cherry Barrel(+6 Month)
    • Sparkling Ribeiro- Method/ Traditional
    • Ribeiro Barrica-
  • VINICULTURE
    • Estate/ Producers– Ailala, Alanis, Casal Arman, Cunqueiro, Cume do Avia, Docampo, Eduardo Bravo, Emilio Rojo, Lagar do Merens, Luis Rodriguez, Pazo Tizon, Senorio de Beade, Tolo do Xisto, Vina da Cal, Vina Costeira, Vilerma
  • CULTURE ASSOCIATIONS~  ~Ribeiro Wine~
  • SUB-ZONES Of RIBEIRO
  • AVIA VALLEY      @San Andres
    • GEOGRAPHYREGION-GaliciaIn Ribeir0(North)
      • CITIES-Beade, Cenile, Gomariz, Leiro
    • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling”, SLOPES/ ?, +Alt. 420mt., On~Mino~River~
    • VITCULTURE–   -Estate/ Producers– Antonio Cajide, Coto Gomariz(Nat.Pro.), Finca Vinoa(10ha.), Sancloodio, Vilerma
    • CULTUREMonks & Monasteries ~San Cladia~
  • MINO VALLEY     @
    • GEOGRAPHY– REGION-Galicia, In Ribeiro(East)
    • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling”, On~Mino~River~
    • VITICULTURE-  -Estate/ Producers– Pazo Casanova
  • ARONIA VALLEY    @
    • GEOGRAPHY– REGION-Galicia, In Ribeiro(South)
    • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling”, On~Aronia~River~

RIBEIRA SACRA DO.    @

  • BLANCO= Albarino, Dona Blanca, Godello, Lado, Loureira, Treixadura, Torrontes
  • TINTO= Brancellao, Caino Tinto, Mencia, Merenzao AKA=Bastarda, Mouration, Souson, Tempranillo
  • GEOGRAPHY– Spain, REGION-Galicia(Interior), PROVINCE-Lugo, Ourense
    • BORDERS: Valdeorras DO.(East)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous/ Valley/ Terraced”
    • On~Sil/ Navea/ Cabe~Rivers~Tributary~Mino~River~(Network of Rivers That Feed Out of the Mountains to the Mino River.)
    • SLOPES/ Sierra de Caurel, +Alt.400 mt.-500 mt.
  • CLIMATE “Maritime, Influence From Atlantic(Near 40km.)   |    “Continental, Influence From Mountains
  • SOILS= Metamorphic“, “Sedimentary“, Decomposing Granite, Clay, Schist, Limestone
  • VITICULTURE– 1,255 ha. Planted
    • CHALLENGES– Spring Rain
  • HISTORY– Vineyards Abandoned and Left Derelict In the Mid 1900’s That Are Now Slowly Being Reclaimed as the Wine World Explands
  • CULTUREMonks & Monasteries ~Santo Estevo de Ribas de Sil~
    • ASSOCIATIONS~  ~Consejo Regulador Ribeiro Sacra Wine~
      • Mission~ To Guarantee the Origen of the Product, Assure the Quality of the Product and Promote the Wines Produced Under the Umbrella of the DO..
    • ~Etymology~ Ribeira Sacra…Translates to Sacred River
  • SUB-ZONES Of RIBEIRA SACRA
    • Delimitated by Topography, Altitude, Soil, Aspect/ Orientation and Micro-Climate 
  • CHANTADA      @Chantada, Taboada
    • GeographyREGION-GaliciaIn Ribeira Sacra(North-West)
    • Topography– “Rolling”, On~Mino~River~
    • Estate/ Producers– Alaxina, Albarduxe, Amedo, Cabo do Mundo(2ha.), Dominguez Gonzalez, Lareu(3ha.), Grupo Peago, Romana, Santa Maria de Nogueira, Vina Garota
  • RIBERAS DO MINO     @Sober
    • GeographyREGION-Galicia, In Ribeira Sacra(Interior)
    • Topography– “Rolling”, On~Mino/ Cabe~River~
    • Estate/ Producers– Alma das Monas, Alvin Losada, Finca Millara(21ha.), Lopez Vazquez, Losada Fernandez, Moreiras, Moure, Sainas
  • AMANDI     @Monforte de Lemos
    • GeographyREGION-Galicia, In Ribeira Sacra(North-Interior)
    • Topography– “Rolling”, On~Cabe/ Sil~River~
    • Estate/ Producers– Adega Algueira, Arias Fernandez, Fernandez Rodriguez, Bernardino, D’Fran, Arias Garcia, Petron, Rectoral de Amandi, Regina Viarum(10 ha.), Soutelo
  • RIBEIRAS DO SIL     @Nogueira de Ramuin, Los Peares
    • GeographyREGION-Galicia, In Ribeira Sacra(South)
    • TopographyOn~Sil~River~
    • Estate/ Producers– Cachin, Mollon(4ha.), Costoya(6ha.), Feijoo Gonzalez(6ha.), Ponte da Boga(23ha.), Ronsel do Sil(10ha.), Valcar(6ha.)
  • QUIROGA-BIBEI     @Manzandeda, Quiroga
    • GeographyREGION-Galicia, In Ribeira Sacra(South-East)
    • TopographySLOPES/ Sierra del Caurel, On~Sil/ Navea~River~
    • Estate/ Producers– Chao do Couso(6ha.), Dominio do Bibei, Lar de Ricobao(4ha.), Pumar Rodriguez(3ha.), Val de Quiroga(25ha.)
  • OTHERS      @Not Located Within Demarcated Sub-Zone
    • Estate/ Producers– Algueira, Castro Candaz, Cancelino, Fento, Fedellos do Couto(Nat.Pro.), Genus de Vinum, Guimaro, Karma do Sil, Raul Perez, Tolo do Xisto, Ventura, Vina d’Mateo
    • Vineyards– Penso

VALDEORRAS DO.     @O Barco

  • BLANCO= Dona Branca, Godello AKA=Verdelho, Palomino
  • TINTO= Albarello, Garnacha, Gran Negro, Mencia, Merenzao, Souson, Tempranillo
  • GEOGRAPHY– Spain, REGION-Galicia(South-East), BORDERS: Ribiera Sacra DO.(West)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly/ Terraces”, On~Sil~River~
  • VITICULTURE– 1,351 ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers– Alberto Orte, Avancia, Camino de Cabras, Carballasl, Godeval, Joaquin Rebolledo, Pago de los Capellanes, Virxe de Galir, Valdesil, Virxen de Salir

MONTERREI DO.    @Verin

  • BLANCO= Albarino, Branca de Monterrrie, Caino Branco, Dona Blanca, Godello, Mouraton AKA=Juan Garcia, Loureira, Treixadura, Verdello
  • TINTO= Bastardo, Caino Tinto, Garnacha, Mencia, Souson, Tempranillo AKA=Arauxa
  • GEOGRAPHY– Spain, REGION-Galicia(South), PROVINCE-Ourense, @Hw.#A52
    • BORDERS: Portugal(South)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Hilly”, +Alt.400mt.-450mt., Duoro River Basin, On~Tamega~River~
  • VITICULTURE– 467 ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers– Gargalo, Jose Luis Mateo, Mara, Minius, Muradella, Quinta da muradella, Tapias Marinan, Via Arxentea
  • SUB-ZONES Of MONTERRIE
    • LADERA De MONTERRIE
      • Topography– Slopes of Monterrie
    • VAL De MONTERRIE
      • Topography– Valley of Monterrie

**Images Courtesy of Delong Maps, Purchase These Wine Maps at Delongwine.com


Vino de la Tierra’s of Galicia

  • BLANCO= Any White Grapes Varieties Approved For Production In Galicia.
  • TINTO= Any Red Grapes Varieties Approved For Production In Galicia.
  • VITICULTURE– Wines Produced In “GALICIA” Non-Conforming to DO.

BARBANZA E IRIA VT.      @

  • GEOGRAPHY– Spain, REGION-Galicia, PROVINCES– ?

BETANZOS VT.     @

  • GEOGRAPHY– Spain, REGION-Galicia, PROVINCES– ?

VALLE Del MINO-OURENSE VT.     @

  • GEOGRAPHY– Spain, REGION-Galicia, PROVINCES– ?

CANGAS VT.     @Cangas del Narcea

  • BLANCO= Albarin Blanco, Albillo, Picapoll
  • TINTO= Albarin Negro, Garnacha, Mencia, Verdego Negro, Carrasquin
  • GEOGRAPHY– Spain(North-West), REGION-Asturias(Central), PROVINCES
    • MUNICIPALITIES: Cangas del Narcea, Alande, Grandas de Salime, Illano, Pesoz, Ibias
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Hilly”
  • VITICULTURE– 1,351 ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers– Monasterio, Vidas(Vinos de Asturias)


**Refer to “BIBLIOGRAPHY/ SOURCES” For Details On Scholarly Works Referenced.