🇪🇸SPAINGalicia


GALICIA IS   DO.- 5     VP.- 3     @Santiago de Compostela

  • BLANCO= Albarello Bianco, Albarino, Albillo, Caino Blanco, Dona Blanca, Godella AKA=Verdelho, Lado, Loureira, Jerez, Macabeo, Torrontes, Trexadura
  • TINTO= Albarello Tinto AKA=Alvarelhoa, Brancellao, Caino Tinto AKA=Caino Redondo, Espadeiro, Ferron, Garnacha, Loureira Tinta, Mauraton AKA=Juan Garcia, Mencia AKA=Jaen do Dao, Padeiro AKA=Tinot Coa, Pedral, Souson, Tempranillo AKA=Aruaxa, Vinhao, Zamarrica
    • International Merenzao AKA=Trousseau/ Carnaz

GEOGRAPHY Spain(North-West), REGION-Galicia, LATITUDE: 42.57° N

  • BORDERS-Portugal(South), Castilla & Leon(East)
  • PROVINCES-Ponteve-Dra, Coruna, Lugo, Ourense
  • Sub-Zones/ DO’s.- Monterrei DO., Rias Baixas DO., Ribeira Sacra DO., Ribeiro DO., Valdeorras DO.

TOPOGRAPHY FEATURES- Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous/ Terraced

  • SLOPES/ Galician Massif/ Serra dos Ancares Mountains
  • On~Ebro~River~Atlantic~Ocean~(Head Waters In Meseta Central Plateau)

SOILS Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Clay, Chalk, Iron, Sand, Slate, Quartize

CLIMATE Maritime/ Atlantic,  *Summers– Warm, Lush   |   *Winters– Cold, Wet, Foggy

VITICULTURE  10,000ha. Planted,  (White 90%/ Red 10%)

  • OAK BARRELS– Red-Oak Forest Located In Galicia Sourced For Sherry Barrels Produced In Jerez.
  • Orujo- Liqueur Produced From Grape Pomace.

HISTORY

  • Camino de Santiago- Santiago de Compostela is the Final Destination of the Pilgrimage Across Northern Spain to Commemorate St. James.

CULTURE

  • Green Spain- Galicia is Also Known as Green Spain, Referring to the Lush Vegetation Which Comes From a Higher Amount of Rainfall and Humidity Compared to Most of the Other Spanish Regions.
  • GASTRONOMY Barnacles, Percebes, Pulpo a Feira(Octopus With Smoked Paprika), Scallops, Fried Green Tomatoes
    • CHEESE Tetilla
  • ~EtymologyRias Baixas Meaning Submerged River Referring to the Series of River Valley All Extending Into the Atlantic.
  • Galicia is Known to Have a Sister/ Brother Relationship With Vinho Verde, Portugal.

**Refer to SPAIN/ Home For Detailed Information On Spain as a Country.



RIAS BAIXAS DO.     @Vigo

  • BLANCO= Albarino 90%, Arinto, Avesso, Azal, Caina Blanca, Godello, Loureira, Treixadura
  • TINTO= Brancellao, Caino Tinto, Espadeiro, Loureira Tinta, Mencia, Padeiro, Pedral, Souson, Vinhao
  • GEOGRAPHY- Spain, REGION-Galicia(West-Central), Non-Contiguous(5)
    • BORDERS-Portugal(South)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly, SLOPES/ ?, +Alt. 100mt.-300mt., On~Coast/ Atlantic~Ocean~
    • On~Ulla/ Umia/Minho/ Oitaven/ Verdugo~River~
    • Coast is Comprized of 5 Esturaries/ River Inlets-
      • Ria de Muros y Noia, Ria de Arousa, Ria de Pontevedra, Ria de Vigo, Ria de Mino
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Granite, Schist, Alluvial Top-Soil, Clay, Silt
  • CLIMATE- Maritime/ Atlantic,   *Summers– Warm     |    *Winters– Cold, Wet
  • VITICULTURE- 4,048 ha. Planted
    • Regional(100% From Sub-Region), Tinto(2% of Production), Barrica(Oaked), Espumoso
    • Vine Training– Pergola Trellising AKA=Parrals, 7 Foot Tall Granite Post.  Due to the High Salinity In the Air Which Erodes Wood Posts the Vines Are Trellis and Anchored On Large Granite Post.
    • Hand Harvest In Small Harvest Crates.
    • 98% of All Wine Produced is White, 90% is Albariño.
  • VINICULTURE- Generally– Lightly Pressed, Macerated On Skins From 2 Hours to 2 Day.
    • YEAST/ Native/ Wild Yeast If Possible, Extended Lees Contact.
    • MALOLACTIC CONVERSION/ Normally Prevented, +11.3 ABV.
    • BARRELSGenerally Stainless Steel, Some Oaked Examples
    • Wine From Rias Baixas Are Said to Posses Noticeable Salinity From Salt/ Sea Influence.
    • Orujo- Liqueur Produced From Grape Pomace.
    • Estate/ Producers-(Not Found Within Demarcated Sub-Zone) Attis Bodega & Vinedos, Eulogio Pomares, Grand Vinum, Lagar de Fornelos, Licia, Palacio de Fefinanes, Pombal a Lanzada, Tollodouro O Rosal(60ha.), Zarate
    • Vineyards- TollodouroEstate
  • HISTORY- Celts Settled In Rias Baixas In 1200’s and Strong Irish Influence Remains.
  • CULTURE- Large Contingency of Women Wine Makers.
    • BOTTLE SHAPES~  ~Galician Flute~  Slightly Fuller In Shoulders Than Rhine Flute.
    • GASTRONOMY Fried Green Peppers   |   CHEESE...

**Galicia Images Courtesy of Delong Maps, Purchase These Maps at Delongwine.com.


  • RIBEIRA DO ULLA      @Padron
    • BLANCO= Albarino
    • GEOGRAPHY- REGION-Galicia, In Rias Baixas(North)
      • South of Santiago Compostela-City(10km.)
    • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling, On~Ulla~River~
    • SOILS- Metamorphic, “Sedimentary, Alluvial
      • Estate/ Producers
  • VAL DO SALNES      @Cambados
    • BLANCO= Albarino(Indigenous/ Val Do Salnes)
    • GEOGRAPHY- REGION-Galicia, In Rias Baixas(North-West),
      • VILLAGES-Bamio, Caldas de Reis, Meano, Sanxenxo, Vilanova de Arousa
    • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ Valley(Salnes), On~Umia~River~
      • On~Coast/ Atlantic~Ocean/ Ria de Arousa & Ria de Pontevedra~
    • SOILS- Metamorphic, Granite, Rocky, Sedimentary, Top-Soil
    • VITICULTURE– 2,320 ha. Planted
      • Estate/ Producers- Alberto Nanclares, Attis, Condes de Albarei, Eladio Pineiro, Do Ferreiro, Forjas del Salnes, Granbazan(14ha.), Marde de Frades, Martin Codax(450ha.), Paco & Lola, Palacio de Felinanes, Paul Perez, Pazo Barrantes, Pazo de Villarei, Pazo Senorans, Raul Perez, Rodrigo Mendez, Terra de Asorei, Vincente Dalmau Cebrian-Sagarriga
      • Vineyards- Cacheiro, Monteveiga, Valinas
  • SOUTOMAIOR      @Vigo
    • BLANCO= Albarino
    • GEOGRAPHY- REGION-Galicia, In Rias Baixas(Central)
      • VILLAGES-Ponte Caldelas, Redondela
      • Hills at the Head of Ria de Vigo(Bay)
    • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly, On~Oitaven/ Verdugo~River~(End of Ria de Vigo Inlet)
    • SOILS- Metamorphic, “Sedimentary, Sand Over Granite
      • Estate/ Producers
  • O ROSAL      @O Rosal
    • BLANCO= Albarino, Caino, Loureira
    • GEOGRAPHY- REGION-Galicia, In Rias Baixas(South-West)
      • BORDERS-Condado Do Tea(East), Portugal(South/ Across Minho River)
      • VILLAGES-A Guarda, O Rosal, Tui
    • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling
      • On~Coast/ Atlantic~Ocean~, On~Minho~River~(North)
    • SOILS- Metamorphic, Granite/ Bedrock, Alluvial, Some Schist
    • VITICULTURE Vine TrainingVSP. Vertical Shoot Positioning
      • Estate/ Producers- Lagar Cervera, Laureatus, Terras Gauda, Valminor
  • CONDADO DO TEA      @Ponteareas
    • BLANCO= Albarino
    • GEOGRAPHY- REGION-Galicia, In Rias Baixas(South)
      • BORDERS-O Rosal(West)Portugal(South/ Across Minho River)
      • VILLAGES-As Neves, Arbo, Crecente, Ponteateas, Ribadavia
    • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly, On~Tea~River~Tributary~Minho~River~(North)
    • CLIMATE- Maritime With Continental Influence, Rias Baixas Warmest Sub-Zone
    • SOILS- Metamorphic, Granite, Slate, Clay
    • VINICULTURE Wines Are Riper With Less Acidity and Slightly More +Abv.
      • Estate/ Producers- As Laxas, Fento, Do Ferreiro, Finca Garabelos(12ha.), Morgadio, Nora, Pazos de Lusco, Pazos Pondal, Senorio de Rubios, Santigo Ruiz, Tico, Vinos del Atlantico

RIBEIRO DO.      @OurenseRioadavia

  • BLANCO= Albarino, Albillo, Godello, Jerez, Lado, Louriera, Macabeo, Torrontes, Treixadura
  • TINTO= Brancellao, Caino, Ferron, Garnacha, Mencia, Souson, Tempranillo
  • GEOGRAPHY- Spain, REGION-Galicia(South), PROVINCE-Ourense
    • BORDERS-Portugal(Near/   km.)
    • East of Orense-City(10 km.) -Tranistional-Zone-BETWEEN- Sea & Mountians
    • Sub-Regions- Avia Valley(West),  Mino Valley(East),  Arnoia Valley(South)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ Terraces/ Valley(Avia, Mino, Aronia)
    • SLOPES/ ?, +Alt. 75mt.- 450mt.
    • On~Avia/ Arnoia~River~Tributary~Mino~River~
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Sabrego(Decomposed Granite), Sandy Loam, Schist, Gravel
  • CLIMATE- Maritime Influence From Atlantic Continental Influence From Mountains
  • VITICULTURE- 2,367 ha. Planted, Terraces AKA=Cocalcos/ Bocaribeiras
    • Ribeiro Caste- White & Red Wines Made With the Highest Quality Grapes and Identified On Their Label as So.
    • Tostado Ribeiro- Naturally Sweet, Dehydrated(3 Month), +Abv.+13%
      • Maturation/ Oak/ Cherry Barrel(+6 Month)
    • Sparkling Ribeiro- Method/ Traditional
    • Ribeiro Barrica-
  • VINICULTURE-
    • Estate/ Producers- Ailala, Alanis, Casal Arman, Cunqueiro, Cume do Avia, Docampo, Eduardo Bravo, Emilio Rojo, Francisco Garcia Perez, Lagar do Merens, Luis Rodriguez, Mauro Estevez, Nairoa, Pazo Tizon, Ramon do Casar, Senorio de Beade, Tolo do Xisto, Vina da Cal, Vina Costeira
  • CULTURE- ASSOCIATIONS~ ~Ribeiro Wine~
  • SUB-ZONES Of RIBEIRO
  • AVIA VALLEY      @San Andres
    • GEOGRAPHY- REGION-GaliciaIn Ribeir0(North)
      • CITIES-Beade, Cenile, Gomariz, Leiro
    • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling, SLOPES/ ?, +Alt. 420mt., On~Mino~River~
    • VITCULTURE-
      • Estate/ Producers- Antonio Cajide, Coto Gomariz(Nat.Pro.), Finca Vinoa(10ha.), Sancloodio, Vilerma
    • CULTURE- Monks & Monasteries ~San Cladia~
  • MINO VALLEY     @
    • GEOGRAPHY- REGION-Galicia, In Ribeiro(East)
    • TOPOGRAPHY- RollingOn~Mino~River~
    • VITICULTURE-  Estate/ Producers- Pazo Casanova
  • ARONIA VALLEY    @
    • GEOGRAPHY- REGION-Galicia, In Ribeiro(South)
    • TOPOGRAPHY- RollingOn~Aronia~River~

RIBEIRA SACRA DO.    @

  • BLANCO= Albarino, Dona Blanca, Godello, Lado, Loureira, Treixadura, Torrontes
  • TINTO= Brancellao, Caino Tinto, Mencia, Merenzao AKA=Bastarda, Mouration, Souson, Tempranillo
  • GEOGRAPHY- Spain, REGION-Galicia(Interior), PROVINCE-Lugo, Ourense
    • BORDERS-Valdeorras DO.(East)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous/ Valley/ Terraced
    • On~Sil/ Navea/ Cabe~Rivers~Tributary~Mino~River~(Network of Rivers That Feed Out of the Mountains to the Mino River.)
    • SLOPES/ Sierra de Caurel, +Alt. 400mt.- 500mt.
  • CLIMATE- Maritime, Influence From Atlantic(Near 40km.)   |    Continental, Influence From Mountains
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Decomposing Granite, Clay, Schist, Limestone
  • VITICULTURE- 1,255 ha. Planted
    • CHALLENGES– Spring Rain
  • HISTORY- Vineyards Abandoned and Left Derelict In the Mid 1900’s That Are Now Slowly Being Reclaimed as the Wine World Explands.
  • CULTURE- Monks & Monasteries ~Santo Estevo de Ribas de Sil~
    • ASSOCIATIONS~ ~Consejo Regulador Ribeiro Sacra Wine~
      • Mission~ To Guarantee the Origen of the Product, Assure the Quality of the Product and Promote the Wines Produced Under the Umbrella of the DO..
    • ~Etymology~ Ribeira Sacra…Translates to Sacred River
  • SUB-ZONES Of RIBEIRA SACRA
    • Delimitated by Topography, Altitude, Soil, Aspect/ Orientation and Micro-Climate 
  • CHANTADA      @Chantada, Taboada
    • Geography- REGION-GaliciaIn Ribeira Sacra(North-West)
    • Topography- RollingOn~Mino~River~
    • Estate/ Producers- Alaxina, Albarduxe, Amedo, Cabo do Mundo(2ha.), Dominguez Gonzalez, Lareu(3ha.), Grupo Peago, Romana, Santa Maria de Nogueira, Vina Garota
  • RIBERAS DO MINO     @Sober
    • Geography- REGION-Galicia, In Ribeira Sacra(Interior)
    • Topography- RollingOn~Mino/ Cabe~River~
    • Estate/ Producers- Alma das Monas, Alvin Losada, Finca Millara(21ha.), Lopez Vazquez, Losada Fernandez, Moreiras, Moure, Sainas
  • AMANDI     @Monforte de Lemos
    • Geography- REGION-Galicia, In Ribeira Sacra(North-Interior)
    • Topography- RollingOn~Cabe/ Sil~River~
    • Estate/ Producers- Algueira, Arias Garcia, Arias Fernandez, Fernandez Rodriguez, Bernardino, D’Fran, Petron, Rectoral de Amandi, Regina Viarum(10 ha.), Soutelo
  • RIBEIRAS DO SIL     @Nogueira de Ramuin, Los Peares
    • Geography- REGION-Galicia, In Ribeira Sacra(South)
    • Topography- HillyOn~Sil~River~
    • Estate/ Producers- Cachin, Mollon(4ha.), Costoya(6ha.), Feijoo Gonzalez(6ha.), Ponte da Boga(23ha.), Ronsel do Sil(10ha.), Valcar(6ha.)
  • QUIROGA-BIBEI     @Manzandeda, Quiroga
    • Geography- REGION-Galicia, In Ribeira Sacra(South-East)
    • Topography- SLOPES/ Sierra del Caurel, On~Sil/ Navea~River~
    • Estate/ Producers- Chao do Couso(6ha.), Dominio do Bibei, Lar de Ricobao(4ha.), Pumar Rodriguez(3ha.), Val de Quiroga(25ha.)
  • OTHERS      @Not Located Within Demarcated Sub-Zone
    • Estate/ Producers- Algueira, Castro Candaz, Cancelino, Fento, Fedellos do Couto(Nat.Pro.), Genus de Vinum, Guimaro, Karma do Sil, Pont da Boga, Raul Perez, Tolo do Xisto, Ventura, Vina d’Mateo
    • Vineyards- Penso

VALDEORRAS DO.     @O Barco

  • BLANCO= Dona Branca, Godello AKA=Verdelho, Palomino
  • TINTO= Albarello, Garnacha, Gran Negro, Mencia, Merenzao, Souson, Tempranillo
  • GEOGRAPHY- Spain, REGION-Galicia(South-East), BORDERS-Ribiera Sacra DO.(West)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly/ Terraces, On~Sil~River~
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Slate
  • VITICULTURE- 1,351 ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers- Alberto Orte, Avancia, Camino de Cabras, Carballasl, Godeval, Joaquin Rebolledo, Pago de los Capellanes, Palacio, Pinguela, Rafael Palacios, Valdesil, Virgen del Galir, Virxen de Salir

MONTERREI DO.    @Verin

  • BLANCO= Albarino, Branca de Monterrrie, Caino Branco, Dona Blanca, Godello, Loureira, Treixadura, Verdello
  • TINTO= Albarello Tinto AKA=Alvarelhoa, Arauxa AKA=Tempranillo, Bastardo, Caino Redondo AKA=Caino Tinto, Garnacha, Mencia, Mouraton AKA=Juan Garcia, Souson
  • GEOGRAPHY- Spain, REGION-Galicia(South), PROVINCE-Ourense, @Hw.#A52
    • BORDERS-Portugal(South)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly, SLOPES/ ?, +Alt. 400mt.-450mt., Duoro River Basin, On~Tamega~River~
  • VITICULTURE- 467 ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers- Castro de Lobarzan, Gargalo, Jose Luis Mateo, Mara, Minius, Muradella, Pazo de Monterrey, Quinta da muradella, Tapias Marinan, Via Arxentea
  • SUB-ZONES Of MONTERRIE
    • LADERA De MONTERRIE
      • Topography- Rolling/ Hilly, SLOPES/ Monterrie
    • VAL De MONTERRIE
      • Topography- Rolling/ Hilly/ Valley(Monterrie)


**Images Courtesy of Delong Maps, Purchase These Wine Maps at Delongwine.com



Vino de la Tierra’s of Galicia

  • BLANCO= Any White Grapes Varieties Approved For Production In Galicia.
  • TINTO= Any Red Grapes Varieties Approved For Production In Galicia.
  • VITICULTURE- Wines Produced In GALICIA Non-Conforming to DO.

BARBANZA E IRIA VT.      @

  • GEOGRAPHY- Spain, REGION-Galicia, PROVINCES– ?

BETANZOS VT.     @

  • GEOGRAPHY- Spain, REGION-Galicia, PROVINCES– ?

VALLE Del MINO-OURENSE VT.     @

  • GEOGRAPHY- Spain, REGION-Galicia, PROVINCES– ?

CANGAS VT.     @Cangas del Narcea

  • BLANCO= Albarin Blanco, Albillo, Picapoll
  • TINTO= Albarin Negro, Garnacha, Mencia, Verdego Negro, Carrasquin
  • GEOGRAPHY- Spain(North-West), REGION-Asturias(Central), PROVINCES
    • MUNICIPALITIES-Cangas del Narcea, Alande, Grandas de Salime, Illano, Pesoz, Ibias
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Hilly
  • VITICULTURE- 1,351 ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers- Monasterio, Vidas(Vinos de Asturias)


**Refer to BIBLIOGRAPHY/ Sources For Details On Scholarly Works Referenced.