🇪🇸SPAINGalicia


GALICIA IS  DO.- 5     VP.- 3     @Santiago de Compostela

  • BLANCO= Albarello Bianco, Albarino, Albillo, Caino Blanco, Dona Blanca, Godella, Lado, Loureira, Jerez, Macabeo, Naparo, Torrontes, Trexadura
    • International Chenin Blanc AKA=Agudelo
  • TINTO= Albarello Tinto AKA=Alvarelhoa, Brancellao, Caino Tinto AKA=Caino Redondo, Espadeiro, Ferron, Garnacha, Loureira Tinta, Mauraton AKA=Juan Garcia, Mencia AKA=Jaen do Dao, Padeiro AKA=Tinot Coa, Pedral, Souson, Tempranillo AKA=Aruaxa, Vinhao, Zamarrica
    • International Merenzao AKA=Trousseau/ Carnaz/ Bastardo

GEOGRAPHY Spain(North-West), REGION-Galicia, LATITUDE: 42.57° N

  • BORDERS-Portugal(South), Castilla & Leon(East)
  • PROVINCES-Ponteve-Dra, Coruna, Lugo, Ourense
  • Sub-Zones/ DO’s.- Monterrei DO., Rias Baixas DO., Ribeira Sacra DO., Ribeiro DO., Valdeorras DO.
  • Green Spain/Espana Verde, Galicia Along With Asturias, Cantabria & Pais Vasco.

TOPOGRAPHY FEATURES- Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous/ Terraced

  • SLOPES/ Cordillera Cantabrica(Galician Massif(Serra do Eixe, Serra da Encina da Lastra, Serra do Courel)
  • On~Ebro~River~Atlantic~Ocean~(Head Waters In Meseta Central Plateau)

SOILS Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Clay, Chalk, Iron, Sand, Slate, Quartize

CLIMATE Maritime/ Atlantic,  *Summers– Warm, Lush   |   *Winters– Cold, Wet, Foggy

VITICULTURE  10,000ha. Planted,  (White 90%/ Red 10%)

  • OAK BARRELS– Red-Oak Forest Located In Galicia Sourced For Sherry Barrels Produced In Jerez.
  • Orujo- Liqueur Produced From Grape Pomace.

HISTORY

  • 500-600- @Galicia , ~Celts Migration
  • 1975- Death of Franco, Started a New Age of Democracy.
  • 1981- Galicia Regained Its Status as an Autonomous Region.

CULTURE

  • Green Spain- Galicia is Also Known as Green Spain, Referring to the Lush Vegetation Which Comes From a Higher Amount of Rainfall and Humidity Compared to Most of the Other Spanish Regions.
  • Camino de Santiago(Way of St. James)- Santiago de Compostela is the Final Destination of the Pilgrimage Across Northern Spain to Commemorate St. James.
  • GASTRONOMY… Barnacles, Percebes, Pulpo a Feira(Octopus With Smoked Paprika), Scallops, Fried Green Tomatoes
    • CHEESE… Tetilla
  • ~EtymologyRias Baixas Meaning Submerged River Referring to the Series of River Valley All Extending Into the Atlantic.
  • Galicia is Known to Have a Sister/ Brother Relationship With Vinho Verde, Portugal.
  • ~International Albarino Day~ (August 1st.)

**Refer to SPAIN/ Home For Detailed Information On Spain as a Country.



RIAS BAIXAS DO.     @Vigo

  • BLANCO= Albariño 92%, Arinto, Avesso, Azal, Caina Blanca, Godello, Loureira, Treixadura
  • TINTO= Brancellao, Caino Tinto, Espadeiro, Loureira Tinta, Mencia, Padeiro, Pedral, Souson, Vinhao
  • GEOGRAPHY- Spain, REGION-Galicia(West-Central), Non-Contiguous(5)
    • BORDERS-Portugal(South)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly
    • SLOPES/ Galician Massif, +Alt. 100mt.-300mt., On~Coast/ Atlantic~Ocean~
    • On~Ulla/ Umia/Minho/ Oitaven/ Verdugo~River~
    • Coast is Comprized of 5 Esturaries/ River Inlets-
      • Ria de Muros y Noia, Ria de Arousa, Ria de Pontevedra, Ria de Vigo, Ria de Mino
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Granite, Schist, Alluvial Top-Soil, Clay, Silt
  • CLIMATE- Maritime/ Atlantic,   *Summers– Warm     |    *Winters– Cold, Wet
  • VITICULTURE- 4,048 ha. Planted, (98% White/ 2% Red)…90% is Albariño
    • Regional(100% From Sub-Region), Tinto(2% of Production), Barrica(Oaked), Espumoso
    • Vine Training- Pergola Trellising AKA=Parrals, (This System is Generally Used On Flat Vineyard Sites.)  7 Foot Tall Granite Post.  Due to the High Moisture and  Salinity In the Air Which Erodes Wood Posts the Vines Are Trellis and Anchored On Large Granite Post.  Farmers Usually Grow a Second Crop On the Space Under the Pergola.
      • Espaldera TrellisingThis System is Generally Used On Steep Hillsides.
    • Hand Harvest In Small Harvest Crates.
    • Estate/ Producers-(Not Found Within Demarcated Sub-Zone) Attis Bodega & Vinedos, La Bascula, Eulogio Pomares, Fillaboa, Grand Vinum, Lagar de Fornelos, Licia, Maior de Mendoza, Mar de Envero, Palacio de Fefinanes, Pombal a Lanzada, Ramon Bilboa, Tollodouro O Rosal(60ha.), Vionta, Zarate
    • Vineyards- Tollodouro“Estate”
  • VINICULTURE-
    • Classic- *Generally– Lightly Pressed, Macerated On Skins From 2 Hours to 2 Day.
      • YEAST/ Native/ Wild Yeast.
      • +Malolactic ConversionNormally Prevented, +11.3 ABV.
      • BARRELSGenerally Stainless Steel, Some Oaked Examples.
    • Modern- *Generally– More Skin Contact, Extended Lees Contact
      • YEAST/ Native/ Wild Yeast If Possible
    • Wine From Rias Baixas Are Said to Posses Noticeable Salinity From Salt/ Sea Influence.
    • Orujo- Liqueur Produced From Grape Pomace.
  • HISTORY- Celts Settled In Rias Baixas In 1200’s and Strong Irish Influence Remains.
    • 1988- DO. Officially Established.
  • CULTURE- Large Contingency of Women Wine Makers.
    • BOTTLE SHAPES~  ~Galician Flute~  Slightly Fuller In Shoulders Than Rhine Flute.
    • GASTRONOMY… Fried Green Peppers   |   CHEESE

**Galicia Images Courtesy of Delong Maps, Purchase These Maps at Delongwine.com.


  • RIBEIRA DO ULLA      @Padron
    • BLANCO= Albarino
    • GEOGRAPHY- REGION-Galicia, In Rias Baixas(North)
      • South of Santiago Compostela-City(10km.)
    • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling, On~Ulla~River~
    • SOILS- Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Alluvial
      • Estate/ Producers
  • VAL DO SALNES      @Cambados
    • BLANCO= Albarino(Indigenous/ Val Do Salnes)
    • GEOGRAPHY- REGION-Galicia, In Rias Baixas(North-West)
      • VILLAGES-Bamio, Caldas de Reis, Cambados, Meano, Sanxenxo, Vilanova de Arousa
    • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ Valley(Salnes), On~Umia~River~
      • On~Coast/ Atlantic~Ocean/ Ria de Arousa & Ria de Pontevedra~
    • SOILS- Metamorphic, Granite, Rocky, Sedimentary, Top-Soil
    • CLIMATE- Maritime/ Atlantic,  Rainiest and Coolest Sub-Region.
    • VITICULTURE– 2,320 ha. Planted
      • Estate/ Producers- Alberto Nanclares(2.2ac.), Attis, Condes de Albarei, Constantina Sotelo, Eladio Pineiro, Do Ferreiro, Forjas del Salnes, Granbazan(14ha.), Mar de de Frades, Martin Codax(450ha.), Paco & Lola, Palacio de Felinanes, Paul Perez, Pazo Barrantes(12ha.), Pazo de Villarei, Pazo Senorans, Raul Perez, Rodrigo Mendez, Terra de Asorei, Vincente Dalmau Cebrian-Sagarriga
      • Vineyards- Cacheiro, Monteveiga, Valinas(2ha.)
  • SOUTOMAIOR      @Vigo
    • BLANCO= Albarino
    • GEOGRAPHY- REGION-Galicia, In Rias Baixas(Central)
      • VILLAGES-Ponte Caldelas, Redondela
      • Hills at the Head of Ria de Vigo(Bay)
    • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly, On~Oitaven/ Verdugo~River~(End of Ria de Vigo Inlet)
    • SOILS- Metamorphic, “Sedimentary, Sand Over Granite
      • Estate/ Producers
  • O ROSAL      @O Rosal
    • BLANCO= Albarino, Caina Blanca, Loureira
    • GEOGRAPHY- REGION-Galicia, In Rias Baixas(South-West)
      • BORDERS-Condado Do Tea(East), Portugal(South/ Across Minho River)
      • VILLAGES-A Guarda, O Rosal, Tui
    • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling
      • On~Coast/ Atlantic~Ocean~, On~Minho~River~(North), Ria de Mino(Bay)
    • SOILS- Metamorphic, Granite/ Bedrock, Alluvial, Some Schist
    • VITICULTURE Vine TrainingVSP. Vertical Shoot Positioning
      • Estate/ Producers- Lagar Cervera, Laureatus, Terras Gauda, Valminor
  • CONDADO DO TEA      @Ponteareas
    • BLANCO= Albarino
    • GEOGRAPHY- REGION-Galicia, In Rias Baixas(South)
      • BORDERS-O Rosal(West)Portugal(South/ Across Minho River)
      • VILLAGES-As Neves, Arbo, Crecente, Ponteateas, Ribadavia
    • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly, On~Tea~River~Tributary~Minho~River~(North)
    • CLIMATE- Maritime With Continental Influence, Warmest Sub-Zone.
    • SOILS- Metamorphic, Granite, Slate, Clay
    • VINICULTURE Wines Are Riper With Less Acidity and Slightly More +ABV.
      • Estate/ Producers- As Laxas, Fento, Do Ferreiro, Finca Garabelos(12ha.), Morgadio, Nora, Pazos de Lusco, Marques de Vargas(Pazo de San Mauro), Pazos Pondal, Senorio de Rubios, Santigo Ruiz, Tico, Veiga da Princesa, Vinos del Atlantico

RIBEIRO DO.      @OurenseRioadavia

  • BLANCO= Albarino, Albillo, Godello, Jerez, Lado, Louriera, Macabeo, Torrontes, Treixadura
  • TINTO= Brancellao, Caino, Ferron, Garnacha, Mencia, Souson, Tempranillo
  • GEOGRAPHY- Spain, REGION-Galicia(South), PROVINCE-Ourense
    • BORDERS-Portugal(Near/   km.)
    • East of Orense-City(10 km.) -Tranistional-Zone-BETWEEN- Sea & Mountians
    • Sub-Regions- Avia Valley(West),  Mino Valley(East),  Arnoia Valley(South)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ Terraces/ Valley(Avia, Mino, Aronia)
    • SLOPES/ ?, +Alt. 75mt.- 450mt.
    • On~Avia/ Arnoia~River~Tributary~Mino~River~
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Sabrego(Decomposed Granite), Sandy Loam, Schist, Gravel
  • CLIMATE- Maritime Influence From Atlantic Continental Influence From Mountains
  • VITICULTURE- 2,367 ha. Planted, Terraces AKA=Cocalcos/ Bocaribeiras
    • Ribeiro Caste- White & Red Wines Made With the Highest Quality Grapes and Identified On Their Label as So.
    • Tostado Ribeiro- Naturally Sweet, Dehydrated(3 Month), +ABV.+13%
      • Maturation/ Oak/ Cherry Barrel(+6 Month)
    • Sparkling Ribeiro- Method/ Traditional
    • Ribeiro Barrica-
  • VINICULTURE-
    • Estate/ Producers-(Not Located In Demarcated Sub-Zone) A Telleira, Ailala, Alanis, Casal Arman, Cunqueiro, Cume do Avia, Docampo, Eduardo Bravo, Emilio Rojo, Francisco Garcia Perez, Lagar do Merens, Luis Rodriguez, Mauro Estevez, Nairoa, Pazo Tizon, Ramon do Casar, Senorio de Beade, Tolo do Xisto, Vina da Cal, Vina Costeira
  • CULTURE- 1932- DO. Officially Established
    • ASSOCIATIONS~ ~Ribeiro Wine~
  • SUB-ZONES Of RIBEIRO
  • AVIA VALLEY      @San Andres
    • GEOGRAPHY- REGION-GaliciaIn Ribeir0(North)
      • CITIES-Beade, Cenile, Gomariz, Leiro
    • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling, SLOPES/ ?, +Alt. 420mt., On~Mino~River~
    • VITCULTURE-
      • Estate/ Producers- Antonio Cajide, Coto Gomariz(Nat.Pro.), Finca Vinoa(10ha.), Sancloodio, Vilerma
    • CULTURE- Monks & Monasteries ~San Cladia~
  • MINO VALLEY     @
    • GEOGRAPHY- REGION-Galicia, In Ribeiro(East)
    • TOPOGRAPHY- RollingOn~Mino~River~
    • VITICULTURE-  Estate/ Producers- Pazo Casanova
  • ARONIA VALLEY    @
    • GEOGRAPHY- REGION-Galicia, In Ribeiro(South)
    • TOPOGRAPHY- RollingOn~Aronia~River~

RIBEIRA SACRA DO.    @Monforte de Lemos

  • BLANCO= Albarino, Dona Blanca, Godello, Lado, Loureira, Treixadura, Torrontes
  • TINTO= Brancellao, Caino Tinto, Mencia, Merenzao AKA=Bastarda, Mouration, Souson, Tempranillo
  • GEOGRAPHY- Spain, REGION-Galicia(Interior), PROVINCE-Lugo, Ourense
    • BORDERS-Valdeorras DO.(East)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous/ Valley/ Terraced
    • On~Sil/ Navea/ Cabe~Rivers~Tributary~Mino~River~(Network of Rivers That Feed Out of the Mountains to the Mino River.)
    • SLOPES/ Sierra de Caurel, +Alt. 400mt.- 500mt.
  • CLIMATE- Maritime, Influence From Atlantic(Near 40km.) With  
    • Continental, Influence From Mountains
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Decomposing Granite, Clay, Schist, Limestone
  • VITICULTURE- 1,255 ha. Planted, (6% White/ 94% Red)
    • CHALLENGES– Spring Rain
  • HISTORY- Vineyards Abandoned and Left Derelict In the Mid 1900’s That Are Now Slowly Being Reclaimed as the Wine World Explands.
  • CULTURE- 1996- DO. Officially Established
    • Monks & Monasteries ~Santo Estevo de Ribas de Sil~
    • ASSOCIATIONS~ ~Consejo Regulador Ribeiro Sacra Wine~
      • Mission~ To Guarantee the Origen of the Product, Assure the Quality of the Product and Promote the Wines Produced Under the Umbrella of the DO..
    • ~Etymology~ Ribeira Sacra…Translates to Sacred River
  • SUB-ZONES Of RIBEIRA SACRA
    • Delimitated by Topography, Altitude, Soil, Aspect/ Orientation and Micro-Climate 
  • CHANTADA      @Chantada, Taboada
    • Geography- REGION-GaliciaIn Ribeira Sacra(North-West)
    • Topography- RollingOn~Mino~River~
    • Estate/ Producers- Alaxina, Albarduxe, Amedo, Cabo do Mundo(2ha.), Dominguez Gonzalez, Lareu(3ha.), Grupo Peago, Romana, Santa Maria de Nogueira, Vina Garota
  • RIBERAS DO MINO     @Sober
    • Geography- REGION-Galicia, In Ribeira Sacra(Interior)
    • Topography- RollingOn~Mino/ Cabe~River~
    • Estate/ Producers- Alma das Monas, Alvin Losada, Finca Millara(21ha.), Lopez Vazquez, Losada Fernandez, Moreiras, Moure, Sainas
  • AMANDI     @Monforte de Lemos
    • Geography- REGION-Galicia, In Ribeira Sacra(North-Interior)
    • Topography- RollingOn~Cabe/ Sil~River~
    • Estate/ Producers- Algueira, Arias Garcia, Arias Fernandez, Bernardino, Fernandez Rodriguez, D’Fran, Petron, Rectoral de Amandi, Regina Viarum(10 ha.), Soutelo
  • RIBEIRAS DO SIL     @Nogueira de Ramuin, Los Peares
    • Geography- REGION-Galicia, In Ribeira Sacra(South)
    • Topography- HillyOn~Sil~River~
    • Estate/ Producers- Cachin, Mollon(4ha.), Costoya(6ha.), Feijoo Gonzalez(6ha.), Ponte da Boga(23ha.), Ronsel do Sil(10ha.), Valcar(6ha.)
  • QUIROGA-BIBEI     @Manzandeda, Quiroga
    • Geography- REGION-Galicia, In Ribeira Sacra(South-East)
    • Topography- SLOPES/ Sierra del Caurel, On~Sil/ Navea~River~
    • Estate/ Producers- Chao do Couso(6ha.), Dominio do Bibei, Lar de Ricobao(4ha.), Pumar Rodriguez(3ha.), Val de Quiroga(25ha.)
  • OTHERS      @Not Found Within Demarcated Sub-Zone.
    • Estate/ Producers- Algueira, Castro Candaz, Cancelino, Fento, Fedellos do Couto(Nat.Pro.), Galanteiro, Genus de Vinum, Guimaro, Karma do Sil, Mar de Envero, Pont da Boga, Raul Perez, Tolo do Xisto, Ventura, Vina d’Mateo
    • Vineyards- Penso

VALDEORRAS DO.     @O Barco

  • BLANCO= Albarino, Dona Branca, Godello, Palomino, Torrontes
  • TINTO= Albarello, Brancellao, Garnacha, Gran Negro, Mencia, Merenzao, Souson, Tempranillo
  • GEOGRAPHY- Spain, REGION-Galicia(South-East), PROVINCE-Ourense
    • BORDERS-Ribiera Sacra DO.(West), Castilla y Leon“Region
    • CITIES-Casaio, A Rua, a Viega, Carballeda, Larouco, O Barco, O Bolo, Petin, Rubia, Villamartin
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly/ Terraces, On~Bibei/Jares/Sil~River~
    • SLOPES/ Cordillera Canabrica(Sierra del Eje/ Sierra Cabrera), +Alt. 250mt.- 710mt.
    • BASINS/ Bilbei, Xares
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Slate, Granite, Quartz Schist
  • VITICULTURE- 1,351 ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers- Adegas Terrae, Alberto Orte, Avancia, Camino de Cabras, Carballasl, Godeval, Joaquin Rebolledo, Montenovo, Pago de los Capellanes, Palacio, Pezas da Portela, Pinguela, Rafael Palacios, Telmo Rodriguez, Valdesil, Vino Somoza, Virgen del Galir, Virxen de Salir, Xose Lois Sebio
  • CULTURE- 1957- DO. Officially Established.

MONTERREI DO.    @Verin

  • BLANCO= Albarino, Branca de Monterrrie, Caino Branco, Dona Blanca, Godello, Loureira, Treixadura, Verdello
  • TINTO= Albarello Tinto AKA=Alvarelhoa, Arauxa AKA=Tempranillo, Bastardo, Caino Redondo AKA=Caino Tinto, Garnacha, Mencia, Mouraton AKA=Juan Garcia, Souson
  • GEOGRAPHY- Spain, REGION-Galicia(South), PROVINCE-Ourense, @Hw.#A52
    • BORDERS-Portugal(South)
    • SUB-ZONES Of MONTERRIE
      • LADERA De MONTERRIE
        • Topography- Rolling/ Hilly, SLOPES/ Monterrie, Hillsides Vineyards
      • VAL De MONTERRIE
        • Topography- Rolling/ Hilly/ Valley(Monterrie), Valley Floor Vineyards
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly/ Valley(Tamega)
    • SLOPES/ ?, +Alt. 400mt.-500mt., BASIN/ Duoro River
    • On~Tamega~River~Tributary~Duoro~River~
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Decomposing Granite, Slate, Shale
  • CLIMATE- Maritime, With Continental, Influence
  • VITICULTURE- 566 ha. Planted, (63% White/ 37% Red)
    • Estate/ Producers- Castro de Lobarzan, Gargalo, Jose Luis Mateo, Mara, Minius, Muradella, Pazo de Monterrey, Quinta da muradella, Tapias Marinan, Via Arxentea
  • VINICULTURE- Superior(+85% of Any Native Variety.)
  • CULTURE- 1996- DO. Officially Established.
    • ~Etymology~ From Monterrey, Meaning King’s Mountain, Referring to Mountains Surrounding Valley.


**Images Courtesy of Delong Maps, Purchase These Wine Maps at Delongwine.com



Vino de la Tierra’s of Galicia

  • BLANCO= Any White Grapes Varieties Approved For Production In Galicia.
  • TINTO= Any Red Grapes Varieties Approved For Production In Galicia.
  • VITICULTURE- Wines Produced In GALICIA Non-Conforming to DO.

BARBANZA E IRIA VT.      @

  • GEOGRAPHY- Spain, REGION-Galicia(West), PROVINCES– ?
    • On~Coast/ Atlantic~Ocean~
  • TOPOGRAPHY- On~Ulla~River~
  • CULTURE- 2006- VT. Officially Established.

RIBEIRAS DO MORRAZO VT.      @

  • GEOGRAPHY- Spain, REGION-Galicia(West), PROVINCES– ?
    • On~Coast/ Atlantic~Ocean~
  • CULTURE- 1998- VT. Officially Established.

BETANZOS VT.     @

  • GEOGRAPHY- Spain, REGION-Galicia(North), PROVINCES– ?
  • CULTURE- 2000- VT. Officially Established.

VAL Del MINO-OURENSE VT.     @Ourense

  • GEOGRAPHY- Spain, REGION-Galicia(South-Central), PROVINCES– ?
  • TOPOGRAPHY- On~Mino~River~


**Refer to BIBLIOGRAPHY/ Sources For Details On Scholarly Works Referenced.