🇪🇸SPAINSpanish Islands


CANARY ISLANDS IS   DO.- 10    @Santa Cruz/ Las Palmas

  • BLANCO= Albillo, Baboso, Bremajuelo, Breval AKA=Verdelho, Diego, Forastera, Gual AKA=Boal, Listan Blanco AKA=Palomino, Malvasia AKA=Gual, Marmajuelo, Pedro Ximenez, Vijariego(Indigenous)
  • TINTO= Almuneco, Boboso Negro AKA=Alfrocheiro, Castellana, Jijariego, Listan Negro, Listan Prieto AKA=Pais/ Mission, Negromoll AKA=Tinta Negra Mole, Tintilla AKA=Bastardo/ Trousseau, Vijariego Negro(IndigenousAKA=Sumoll

GEOGRAPHY Spain, REGION-Canary Islands, North-Atlantic Ocean, Archipelago of 7 Islands, LATITUDE: 28° N

  • PROVINCES: Western: Santa Cruz de Tenerife           Eastern: Las Palmas
  • Canary Islands Are-  Fuerteventura, El Hierro, La Gomera, Gran Canaria, Lanzarote, La Palma, Tenerife
  • North-West of Africa’s Morocco/ Casablanca(96km.), South of Madera Islands(100km.)
  • Canary Islands Are Nationally Part of Spain But Geographically Part of Africa.
  • Canary Islands Are Europes Most Southern Wine Region.

TOPOGRAPHY “Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous/ Terraced”

  • +Alt.500mt.-1,000mt., (Peak…Mt. El Teide…3,657 mt.)
  • TOPOGRAPHIC EVENTS– “Hot-Spot”, Result of Continental Drift Over a Fissure/ Mantle Plume(Two Continental Plates Pulling Apart.

SOILS Metamorphic“, “Volcanic, El Teide Volcano, Basalt, Clay, Ash(Picon)

CLIMATE Tropical With Maritime Influence

  • Many Micro-Climates Between Sea Level and Higher Altitudes.
  • Summers– Hot, Humid     |   Winters– Cold, Rainy
  • +WIND/ AliciosFrom the Cold Waters Coming From North Atlantic
  • +WIND/ Saharan…From the South Side of Island Leading to a Dry Desert Climate

VITICULTURE

  • Hoyo– Vines Planted In Carved Circular Hollows In the Crusted Picon Volcanic Soil That Resemble Moon, Craters.  These Hoyo Penetrates the Soil to Organic Material and Shelters the Vines From the Wind and Climate.
  • BENEFIT– No Phylloxera, All Vines Own Rooted, Never Effected by Phylloxera…High Percentage of Ungrafted, Old Vines.  Some Vines Possess 300 Year Old Roots
  • So-Go– On Wind Side of Island, Vines Are Dug Into Shallow Holes With Stone Walls Called Abrigos Around Them Done In a Crescent Moon Shape and Constructed to Guard Against Wind.
  • Vine-Training- (El Cordon Trenzado), Thick “Horizontal Braided” of Canes That Grow Following the Contour of the Vineyard Hills, Some Braids Are Over 25 Meters Long.

VINICULTURE Wine From the Canary Island Possess Salinity.

  • White,  Rose,  Red,   Desert

HISTORY Vines Since 1400’s, Viticulture Brought to Canary Islands by Spanish Missionaries.

  • 1821 @Canary Islands– Portuguese Gave Up Canary Islands to Spain In Exchange For Spain Leaving Madeira, the Azores and Cape Verde Islands.

CULTURE

  • Canary Islands AKA=Las Canarias
  • Canary Islands Became an Import Stop For Ships Leaving Europe to Explore America’s
  • Sack  ~Etymology~ Come From the Term Sacar…Meaning to Draw Out…Referring to Wine That Was Drawing Out From a Solera Blending System.
    • Later In Wine History Some Fortified Wines Where Put In a Dry Sack as Marketing
  • GASTRONOMY…Bananas, Gofio– Grinded and Toasted and Grains, Potatos
    • CHEESE…Majorero(Goat/ Semi-Hard)
  • AGRICULTURE– Bananas


**Canary Island Images Courtesy of Delong Maps, Purchase These Maps at Delongwine.com


ISLAS CANARIAS DOP.      @Entire Island

  • BLANCO=   |   TINTO=  **Refer to DO’s For Grape Information %
  • VITICULTURE– Wine Produced In “CANARY ISLANDS” Non-Conforming to DO.

La Palma Island

LA PALMA DO.     @Santa Cruz

  • BLANCO= Albillo Criollo, Bremajuelo, Bujareigo, Burrablanca, Forastera, Gual, Listan Blanco, Malvasia
  • TINTO= Almuneco, Bastardo, Castellana, Negramoll, Tintilla
  • GEOGRAPHY– Spain, REGION-Canary Island Archipelago(North-West)
    • On~La Palma~Island~
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly”
  • VITICULTURE– ?  ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers– Bodega Matias i Torres, Victoria Torres Pecis
  • SUB-ZONES Of LA PALMA
    • FUENCALIENTE
    • Las MANCHAS
    • HOYA De MAZO
    • NORTE De PALMA

Il Hierro Island

IL HIERRO DO.     @Valverde

  • BLANCO= Baboso Blanco, Bremajuelo, Gual, Vijariego, Listan Blanco, Malvasia, Pedro Ximenez, Verdello
  • TINTO= Boboso Negro, Listan Negro, Verjadiego Negro, Negramoll
  • GEOGRAPHY– Spain, REGION-Canary Island Archipelago(South-West), On~Hierro~Island~
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly”, SLOPES/ +Alt.200mt.-690mt.
  • VITICULTURE–  ?  haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers– Campo Frontera(Co.-Op.), Tanajara
  • SUB-ZONES Of Il HIERRO
    • VALLE Del GOLFO
    • ECHEDO El PINAR

Tenerife Island

  • VOLCANISM–  ~El Teide~ “Volcano”, Vines to 2,400 Feet
  • CULTURE– Tenerife is the Largest and Most Populated of the Canary Islands

YCODEN-DAUTE-ISORA DO.      @Garachico

  • BLANCO= Listan Blanco 70%, Albillo, Gual, Malvasia, Marmajuelo, Moscatel, Vijariego Blanco
  • TINTO= Baboso Negro, Listan Negero, Listan Prieto, Tintilla
  • GEOGRAPHY– Spain, REGION-Canary Island Archipelago(Central)
    • On~Tenerife~Island~(West)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous”, SLOPES/ Pico del Teide, +Alt.1,400mt.
  • VITICULTURE–  ?  haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers– Envinate, Ignios Origenes, Marba, Monje, Yinatigo Tinto
    • Vineyards– Masca, Llano Redondo, Valle de Arriba, La Zanja
  • SUB-ZONES Of YCODEN-DAUTE-ISORA
    • SANTIAGO Del TEIDE

ABONA DO.      @Los Cristianos

  • BLANCO= Forastera, Listan Blanco, Bermejuela, Gual, Verdello
  • TINTO= Bastardo, Jijariego, Listan Prieto, Moscatel Negro, Negramoll, Tintilla
  • GEOGRAPHY– Spain, REGION-Canary Island Archipelago(Central)
    • On~Tenerife~Island~(South)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Hilly/ Mountainous”, +Alt.1,700mt.
  • VITICULTURE–   ?  haPlanted
    • **Refer to “CLIMATE/ Altitudes”  For Additional Information
    • Estate/ Producers– Numanthia-Terme

VALLE De La OROTAVA DO.     @Santa Cruz

  • BLANCO= Listan Blanco, Pedro Ximenez
  • TINTO= Listan Negro, Tintilla, Vijariego
  • GEOGRAPHY– Spain, REGION-Canary Island Archipelago(Central)
    • On~Tenerife~Island~(Central)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Hilly/ Mountainous, Valley(Orotava)”
    • SLOPES/ Mt. Teide, +Alt.800mt., Ancient landslide of and Old Ridge of Volcano
  • SOILS= “Volcanic”, Basalts, Rhyolites
  • VITICULTURE–  ?  haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers– Oro Bodega Tajinaste, El Penitente, Suertes del Marques(11ha.), Tajinaste
    • Vineyards– El Barranco, El Chibirique, El Ciruelo, El Esquilon, Diego Tintill Alta, Los Geranios, La Habanera, Los Kiwis, Los Pasitos Cordon, La Solana(1.5 ha.), Las Terrazas, Tio Luis

TACORONTE-ACENTEJO DO.       @Santa Cruz

  • BLANCO= Gual, Marmajuelo, Albillo, Breval, Burrablanca, Sabro, Forastera
  • TINTO= Castellana Negra, Listan Prieto, Moscatel Negro, Tempranillo, Tinta Negro Mole, Vijariego
    • Intenational– Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Pinot Noir, Syrah, Tempranillo
  • GEOGRAPHY– Spain, REGION-Canary Island Archipelago
    • On~Tenerife~Island~(North-East)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly/ Valley/ Tarraced”, SLOPES/ +Alt.100mt.-1,000mt.
  • SOILS= “Volcanic”, Clay
  • VITICULTURE– ?  haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers– Borja Perez, Buten Crater, Dominguez-Cuarta, Envinate, Monje
  • SUB-ZONES Of TACORONTE-ACENTEJO
    • TAGANAN

VALLE De GUIMAR DO.      @Guimar

  • BLANCO= Gual, Listan Blanco, Verdello, Vijariego
  • TINTO= Listan Negro, Moscatel Negro, Negramoll, Pinot Noir, Vijariego Negro
  • GEOGRAPHY– Spain, REGION-Canary Island Archipelago(Central)
    • On~Tenerife~Island~(Central)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Hilly/ Mountainous/ Valley(Guimar)”, Volcanic Depression
  • VITICULTURE– ?  haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers– Bodegas Frontos

Gomera Island

LA GOMERA DO.     @

  • BLANCO= Forastera 25%, Albillo, Gual, Malvasia, Marmajuelo, Moscatel
  • TINTO= Listan Negro, Tintilla, Tinta Negro Mole
  • GEOGRAPHY– Spain, REGION-Canary Island Archipelago(West-Central)
    • On~La Gomera~Island~
    • MEDIANAS ALTAS
    • MEDIANAS BAJA
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling, Hilly/ Mountianous/ Terraced”
  • VITICULTURE– 120 haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers

VINOS De La GOMERA DO.     @San Sebastian

  • BLANCO=  ?
  • TINTO= Listan Negro, Negramoll
  • GEOGRAPHY– Spain, REGION-Canary Island Archipelago(Central)
    • On~Gomera~Island~(South-East)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly”
  • VITICULTURE–  ?  haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers

EL MONTE LENTISCAL DO.     @

  • BLANCO=  ?
  • TINTO= Listan Negro, Negramoll
  • GEOGRAPHY– Spain, REGION-Canary Island Archipelago(Central)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly”
  • VITICULTURE–  ? haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers

Gran Canaria Island

GRAN CANARIA DO.       @Telde

  • BLANCO=  ?
  • TINTO= Listan Negro, Negramoll
  • GEOGRAPHY– Spain, REGION-Canary Island Archipelago(Central)
    • On~Gran Canaria~Island~
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly”, 3rd. Largest Canary Island
  • VITICULTURE–  ?  haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers– Bodega Frenton de Oro

Lanzarote Island

LANZAROTE DO.      @Arrecife

  • BLANCO= Breval, Burrablanca, Diego, Listan Blanco, Malvasia, Pedro Ximenez
  • TINTO= Listan Negro, Negramoll
  • GEOGRAPHY– Spain, REGION-Canary Island Archipelago(North-East)
    • On~Lanzarote~Island~
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly”
  • VITICULTURE– ?   haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers– Los Bermejos, El Grifo, Rubicon


BALEARIC ISLANDS DO.     @

GEOGRAPHY Spain, REGION-Balearic Islands, South-East of Barcelona(100km.)

  • Balearic Islands Are- Formentera, Ibiza(Eivissa), Mallorca(Majorca), Menorca(Minorca)

TOPOGRAPHY “Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly”, “Islands”, On/ In~Mediterranean~Sea~

VITICULTURE 2,500 ha. Planted

HISTORY Influenced Over the Centuries by Romans, Moors, Catalans Since 121 BC.

CULTURE  GASTRONOMY/ CHEESE…Mahon(Cow/ Goat/ Hard)


Mallorca Island

BINISSALEM DO.     @Palma

  • BLANCO= Prensal Blanc AKA=Moll 17%, Macabeo, Moscatel, Parellada
    • International– Chardonnay
  • TINTO= Manto Negro 23%, Callet, Escursac, Fogoneu, Gorgollassa, Monastrell, Ojo de Liebre AKA=Tempranillo
    • International– Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Syrah
  • GEOGRAPHY– Spain, REGION-Balearic Islands, On~Mallorca~Island~
    • On/ In~Mediterranean~Sea~, South-East of Barcelona-City(100km.)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly”, SLOPES/ Tramuntana Mountains
  • SOILS=Metamorphic”, ”Sedimentary, Brown Limestone
  • VITICULUTRE– 616 haPlanted
  • VINICULTUREBlanco,  Tinto,  Rosado,  Espumoso
    • Estate/ Producers– Antonio Nadal, Can Ramis, Jose Luis Ferrer, Jaume de Puntiro, Jaume Bennassar, Celler Ca Sa Padrina, Celler Ramanya, Sebastia Pastor, Vinya Taujana
  • CULTURE ASSOCIATIONS– ~Binissalem Mallora Consejo Regulador~
    • FESTIVALS~Wine Days Majorca(May)
    • AKA=Majorca In Catalonian

PLA I LLEVANT DO.     @Manacor

  • BLANCO=Macabeo, Moscatel, Parellada, Prensal Blanc
    • International– Chardonnay, Giro Ros, Riesling
  • TINTO= Callet, Fogoneu, Gorgollassa, Manto Negro, Monastrell, Tempranillo
    • International– Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Pinot Noir, Syrah
  • GEOGRAPHY– Spain, REGION-Balearic Islands, On~Majorca~Island~(East)
    • On/ In~Mediterranean~Sea~, South-East of Barcelona-City(100km.)
    • VILLAGES– Algaida, Ariany, Arta, Campos, Capdepera, Felanitx, Llucmajor, Manacor, Maria de la Salut, Montuii, Muro Petra, Porreres, Sant Joan, Sant Llorenc des Cardasar, Santa Margalida, Sineu, Vilafranca de Bonany
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”, Central Plain
  • VITICULTURE– 410 haPlanted
  • VINICULTUREBlanco,  Tinto,  Rosado,  Espumoso
    • Estate/ Producers– Armero i Adrover, Bordoy, Cas Beato, Conde Fabrice de Suyrot, Finca es Fangar, Jaume Mesquida, Mesquida Mora, Miquel Oliver, Miquel Gelabert, Pere Seda, Vins Can Majoral, Vins Toni Gelabert
  • CULTURE–  ~Etymology~ “Pla I Llevant”…Meaning The Plain of Eastern Mallorca.

Vino de la Tierra’s of  Balearic Islands

  • BLANCO= Any White Grapes Varieties Approved For Production In Balearic Islands
  • TINTO= Any Red Grapes Varieties Approved For Production In Balearic Islands
  • VITICULTURE– Wine Produced In “BALEARIC ISLANNDS” Non-Conforming to DO.

IBIZA VT.     @

  • BLANCO= Malvasia
  • TINTO= Garnacha, Monastrell, Syrah, Tempranillo
  • GEOGRAPHY– Spain, REGION-Balearic Islands, On~Ibiza~Island~
    • On/ In~Mediterranean~Sea~
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”
  • VITICULTURE–  ? haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers– Bodegas Rich de Buscastell, Can Maymo, Ibizkus
  • CULTURE– ~Etymology~ Ibiza Translates to Eivissa In Local Catalon Dialect

MALLORCA VT.     @Palma

  • BLANCO=  Moll AKA=Prensal Blanc
  • TINTO= Callet, Fogoneu, Mantonegro, Monastrell, Prensal
    • Intenational– Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Pinot Noir, Syrah
  • GEOGRAPHY– Spain, REGION-Balearic Island, On~Mallorca~Island~
    • On/ In~Mediterranean~Sea~
  • SOILS= Red Ferrous-Clay, Locally Referred to as Call Vermell
  • VITICULTURE–  ?  haPlanted
  • VINICULTURE– **General VT. For Wines Produced On Mallorca Islands
    • Estate/ Producers– 4 Kilos Vinicola, Anima Negra
  •  CULTURE– ~Etymology~ Mallorca Translates to Majorca In Local Catalon Dialect

SERRA De TRAMUNTANA-COSTA NORD VT.      @

  • BLANCO=  ?
  • TINTO= ?
  • GEOGRAPHY– Spain, REGION-Balearic Islands, On~Mallorca~Island~(North-West)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly”, SLOPES/ Tramuntana Mountian Range
  • VITICULTURE–  ?  haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers

ISLA De MENORCA VT.     @

  • BLANCO=  ?
  • TINTO= ?
  • GEOGRAPHY– Spain, REGION-Balearic Islands, On~Menorca~Island~
    • On/ In~Mediterranean~Sea~
  • VINICULTURE– **General VT. For Wines Produced On Menorca Islands
  • VITICULTURE– ? ha.Planted
    • Estate/ Producers– Bodegas Binifa, Bodegas Binitord, Sa Bodega
  • CULTURE– ~Etymology~ Menorca Translates to Minorca In Local Catalon Dialect

ILLES BALEARS VT.      @

  • BLANCO= ?
  • TINTO= ?
  • GEOGRAPHY– Spain, REGION-Balearic Islands(All)”, On/ In~Mediterranean~Sea~
  • VITICULTURE–  ? haPlanted
    • **Wine Produced In “BALEARIC ISLANNDS” Non-Conforming to DO.
  • VINICULTURE– **General VT. For Wines Produced In Balearic Islands
    • Estate/ Producers
  • CULTURE– ~Etymology~ Illes Balears Translates to Balearic Islands In Local Catalon Dialect


**Refer to “BIBLIOGRAPHY/ SOURCES” For Details On Scholarly Works Referenced