🇪🇸SPAINThe Levante


GEOGRAPHY Iberian Peninsula Coast(East), COUNTRY-Spain

  • REGIONS-Valencia & Murcia, AKA=Leventine
  • On~Coast/ Mediterranean~Sea~
  • BETWEEN-Catalunya & Andalusia
  • Middle Ground Between Continental Interior(Meseta Central) & Coastal Plain.

🇪🇸VALENCIANAValencia


VALENCIANA IS   DOC.8     @Valencia

  • BLANCO= Moscatel Romano AKA=Muscat Alexandria, Macabeo, Mersquera, Mando, Parellada, Pedro Ximenez, Tortosi AKA=Bobal Blanc, Trepadell, Verdejo, Verdil, Xarel-lo
    • International Chardonnay, Muscat Blanc a Petits Grains AKA=Moscatel de Grano Menudo, Sauvignon Blanc, Viognier
  • TINTO= Bobal(Indigenous), Bonicaire, Forcalla, Garnacha Tintorera AKA=Alicante Bouschet, Garnacha, Giro, Manto, Monastrell, Montalvana, Moristel AKA=Arcos, Tempranillo
    • International Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Petit Verdot, Pinot Noir, Syrah

GEOGRAPHY Spain(East Coast), REGION-Valenciana, South of CatalunyaRegion

  • PROVINCES-Alicante, Valencia, Castellon,  LATITUDE: 39.4°N
  • BORDERS-Cataluna(North-East), Aragon(North-West), Castilla-La Mancha(West), Murcia(South)
  • Sub-Zones/ DO.’s Alicante DO., Alto Turia DO., Utiel-Requena DO., Valencia DO., Valentino DO.

TOPOGRAPHY Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly/ Plateau

  • SLOPES/ Sistema Iberico, Sistema Betico
  • On~Jucar/ Segura~Rivers~

SOILS Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Fluvial at Low-Lands, Calcareous

CLIMATE Mediterranean With Continental Influence

  • +WIND/~Leveche~(Originates…North Africa)

VITICULTURE ? ha. Planted

VINICULTURE

  • DOBLE PASTA- Technique For Producing Dry, Dark Red, High Alcohol, Full Body Wine by Bleeding Off a Portion of Macerating Juice or Newly Fermented Wine and Replacing it With More Crushed Grapes. In Order to Increase or “Double”, the Ratio of Grape Skin to Juice of Remaining Wine.
    • Doble Pasta is a Method to Produce Extremely Full Body Wines and as a Byproduct There is a Bleeding Off of Wine Which is Enjoyed as Rose.
  • CAVA- SPARKLING…Method/ Traditional
    • Cava is Produced In +150 Villages In Spain, Including Regions of Valencia, La Rioja, Extramadura, but the Majority and Spiritual Home of Cava is Catalunya

CULTURE Phoenician Wine History Dating Back to 6th. Century BC.

  • GASTRONOMY… Sea Food, Paella, Orange, Tubers AKA=Tiger Nuts
    • CHEESE PAIRING

**Refer to SPAIN/ Home For Detailed Information On Spain as a Country.



**Valenciana Wine Map Images Courtesy of Delong Maps, Purchase Maps at Delongwine.com


UTIEL-REQUENA DO.     @Requena, Utiel

  • BLANCO= Macabeo, Merseguera, Parellada, Tardana AKA=Coma/ Planta Nova, Verdejo, Xarel-lo
    • International Chardonnay, Moscatel de Grano Menudo AKA=Muscat Blanc Petit Grain, Sauvignon Blanc
  • TINTO= Bobal(Indigenous) 70%, Garnacha, Garnacha Tintorera, Monastrell, Tempranillo
    • International Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Petit Verdot, Pinot Noir, Syrah
  • GEOGRAPHY- Spain, REGION-Valenciana(East), West of Valencia-City(50km.)
    • VILLAGES- Camporrobles, Candete de las Fuentes, Fuenterrobles, , Requena, Siete Aguas, Sinarcas, Utiel, Venta del Moro, Vilargordo del Cabriel
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly/ Plateau,
    • ON PLATEAU/ Meseta Central, SLOPES/ Juan Navarro Mountains, +Alt. 597mt.-900mt.
    • On~Coast/ Mediterranean~Sea~(Near/54km.), On~Magro~River~
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Sedimentary
    • Terracotto(Alluvial Riverbed, Clay, Limestone)
  • CLIMATE- Mediterranean With Continental Influences, +Diurnal Shifts
  • VITICULTURE- 34,000 ha. Planted, (22% White/ 78% Red)
      • **History of Bush Trained, Old Vine.
    • Estate/ Producers- Aranleon, Audiencia, Bruno Murciano, Carres, Casa Sofa, Chozas Carrascal, Covinas, Dominio de la Vega, Dussart Pedron, Faustino Rivero Ulecia, Finca San Blas, Montesanco, Murviedro, Lo Necesario, Nodus, Pago de Tharsys, Paraje Tornel, Pasion de Bobal, Santerra, La Senda del Caballo, Sierra Norte, Toro Loco, Torre Oria, Valsangiacomo, Vegalfaro, Vera de Estenas, Vicente Gandia, Vinos la Higuera
    • Vineyards- Finca San Blas, Ladera Fuenteseca
  • VINICULTURE- Doble Pasta,  Espumoso
    • Cava Producing Sub-Zone In Utiel-Requena.
  • CULTURE- Phoenician Wine History Dating Back to 6th. Century BC.
    • 1957- DO. Officially Established.
  • GOING THERE- Wine Museum- Palacio del Cid Wine Museum.
  • CAVA DO.
    • BLANCO= Chardonnay, Macabeo, Xarel-lo
    • TINTO= Pinot Noir
    • GEOGRAPHY- REGION-Valenciana(North), East of Valencia-City, Near Coast(70km.)
    • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling, ON PLATEAU/ ?, +Alt. 900mt.
    • CLIMATE- Mediterranean with “Continental Influences
    • VITICULTURE-haPlanted
    • VINICULTURE- SPARKLING…Method/ Traditional @Requena
      • Estate/ Producers- Enotec Val Conde, Hispano Suizas, Sierra Norte
  • VINO De PAGO
    • Los Balagueses
    • Chozas Carrascal
      • Vineyards- La Alcaldesa, Alijibe, La Carrasca, Casilla de las dos Puertas, La Caseta de Emilio, La Loma, El Olivar, Pico del Aguila, El Pedregal, La Pinada, Real, La Trufera, La Vaguada
    • El Terrerazo-(Bodega Mustiguillo)
      • Geography- +Alt. 800 mt.
    • Vera de Estenas-
      • Bobal de Estenas
    • **Refer to SPAIN/ Home For Detailed Information On Vino de Pago’s.

VALENCIA DO.     @Valencia

  • BLANCO= Arcos, Macabeo, Malvasia, Merseguera, Moscatel de Alejandria, Planta Fina, Pedro Ximenez, Tortosi, Verdego, Verdil

    • International Chardonnay, Gewurztraminer, Moscatel de Grano Menudo AKA=Muscat Blanc Petit Grain, Riesling, Sauvignon Blanc, Semillon, Viognier
  • TINTO= Bobal, Bonicaire, Forcalla, Garnacha, Garnacha Tintorera AKA=Alicante Bouschet, Manto AKA=Garro, Monastrell, Moristel AKA=Arcos, Tempranillo
    • International Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Petit Verdot, Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY- Spain, REGION-Valenciana(North), East of Valencia-City(   km.)
    • Non-Contiguous(3),  Sub-Zones- Alto Turia, Clariano, Moscatel, Valentino
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly, +Alt. 150mt.-1,200mt., On~Turia~River~
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Limestone
  • CLIMATE- Mediterranean
  • VITICULTURE- 14,000 haPlanted,  (47% White/ 53% Red)
    • Estate/ Producers- Anciano, Anecoop, Casa lo Alto, Celler de Roure, La Comarcal, Delmoro, Fil.loxera y Cia, Los Frailes, Javier Revert, De Moya, Muriedro, Mustiguillo, Neleman, Nodus, Pago Casa Gran, Rafael Cambra, Risky Grapes, Valsangiacomo, Vegamar, Wines n’ Rose
    • Vineyards- Finca Calvestra(6 ha.)
  • VINICULTURE- CAVASPARKLING…Method/ Traditional
    • Cava is Produced In +150 Villages In Spain, Including Regions of Valencia, La Rioja, Extramadura, but the Majority and Spiritual Home of Cava is Catalunya
  • CULTURE- 1957- DO. Officially Established.
  • SUB-ZONES Of VALENCIA
  • ALTO TURIA DO.      @Chelva
    • BLANCO= Macabeo, Merseguera
    • TINTO= Bobal, Tempranillo
    • GEOGRAPHY- Spain, REGION-Valenciana, In Valencia DO.(North), @Hw.#CV35
    • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly, SLOPES/ ?, +Alt. 700mt.-1,200mt.
      • On~Turia~River~
    • CLIMATE- Mediterranean, Cooler From Altitude Influence
    • SOILS- Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Calcareous
    • VITICULTURE-  ?  haPlanted
      • Estate/ Producers- Baldovar 923
    • CULTURE- UNESCO~ ~Biosphere Reserve~
  • VALENTINO DO.     @Casinos
    • BLANCO= Merseguera, Macabeo
      • International Chardonnay, Semillon
    • TINTO= Garnacha, Tempranillo
      • International Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot
    • GEOGRAPHY- Spain, REGION-Valenciana, In Valencia DO.(Central)
      • North-East of Valencia-City(   km.), @Hw.#CV35
    • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling,  SLOPES/ ?, +Alt. 200mt.-750mt.
    • CLIMATE- Mediterranean
    • VITICULTURE-  ?  haPlanted
      • Estate/ Producers- El Villar(Co.Op.)
    • SUB-ZONES Of VALENTINO
      • CHESTE & MARQUESADO
      • CAMPOS De LIRIA SERRANIA
  • MOSCATEL DO.     @Godelleta
    • BLANCO= Moscatel
      • International Muscat Blanc a Petits Grains, Sauvignon Blanc, Viognier
    • TINTO=
      • International
    • GEOGRAPHY- Spain, REGION-Valenciana, In Valencia DO.(Central-Interior)
      • @Hw.#A3
    • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling, SLOPES/ ? +Alt. 150mt.- 400mt.
    • CLIMATE- Mediterranean
    • VITICULTURE-  ?   haPlanted
    • VINICULTURE- Sweet,  Fortified
      • Estate/ Producers-
  • CLARIANO DO.     @Fontanars dels Alforins
    • BLANCO= Malvasia, Merseguera, Trepadell, Tortosi, Verdil
      • International Muscat Blanc a Petits Grains, Sauvignon Blanc, Viognier
    • TINTO= Garnacha, Monastrell, Tempranillo
      • International Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Syrah
    • GEOGRAPHY- Spain, REGION-Valenciana, In Valencia DO.(South), @Hw.#A35
    • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling, SLOPES/ ?, +Alt. 400mt.- 700mt.
    • CLIMATE– Mediterranean
    • VITICULTURE-  ?   haPlanted
      • Estate/ Producers- Javier Revert, Pablo Calatayud, Sant Pere(Co.-Op.), Vinos de la Vina
    • SUB-ZONES Of CLARIANO
      • VALL D’ALBAIDA

ALICANTE DO.     @Alicante

  • BLANCO= Airen, Macabeo, Merseguera, Moscatel Alejandria, Planta Fina, Subirat, Trepadell, Verdil
    • International Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc
  • TINTO= Monastrell 65%, Bobal, Forcalla, Garnacha, Garnach Tintorera, Giro, Montalvana
    • International Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Pinot Noir, Petit Verdot, Syrah
  • GEOGRAPHY– Spain, REGION-Valenciana(South), Non-Contiguous(3)
    • Sub-Zones- La Marina Vinalopo, Alto Vinalopo, Alt de Benimaquia
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly
    • SLOPES/ Montgo Mountain, Penya Forada, +Alt. 20mt.-600mt.
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Sandy Loam, Ferrous Clay
  • CLIMATE- Mediterranean
  • VITICULTURE- 10,400haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers- Abanico, Artadi, Baldovar 923, Casa Agricola(Pepe Mendoza), Celler del Roure, Enrique, Les Freses(8ha.), Gutierrez de la Vega & Curii Uvas y Vinos(3.5ha.), Vincente Gandia, El Vivero de Usaldon, Volver
  • VINICULTURE- Fondillon- Monastrell, Unfortified, Solera, +AGED/ 6-10 yr. Solero
    • Mistelle- Adding Neutral Grape Spirit to Must Rather Than Fermenting Must to Produce Alcohol
      • Mistelle Wines Yields a Sweeter Style (Because Fructose Has Not Been Converted to Alcohol) This Leads to a Wine More Fruity.
  • CULTURE- 1957- DO. Officially Established.
  • SUB-ZONES Of ALICANTE
    • La MARINA VINALOPO
    • ALTO VINALOPO


🇪🇸SPAINMurcia


MURCIA IS  DO.- 5     VP.- 0    @Murcia

  • BLANCO= Airen, Macabeo, Malvasia, Merseguera, Pedro Ximenez
    • International Chardonnay, Moscatel de Grano Menudo AKA=Muscat Blanc Petit Grain, Sauvignon Blanc
  • TINTO= Monastrell, Cencibel AKA=Tempranillo, Garnacha, Garnacha Tintorera
    • International Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Petit Verdot, Syrah

GEOGRAPHY Spain(South-East), REGION-Murcia, LATITUDE: 37°N

  • PROVINCES-Murcia, Valencia, Alicante
  • Sub-Zones/ DO.’s Bullas DO., Jumilla DO.(Laps), Yecla DO.

TOPOGRAPHY Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous

  • SLOPES/ Cordillera Prebetica Range, +Alt. 400 mt.-800 mt., On~Gualalentin/Segura~Rivers~

SOILS Metamorphic, Sedimentary

CLIMATE Continental With Mediterranean Influences

VITICULTURE ? ha. Planted

  • CHALLENGES/ Drought

CULTURE AGRICULTURE– Marcona Almonds, Figs

**Refer to SPAIN/ Home For Detailed Information On Spain as a Country.



JUMIILLA DO.     @Jumilla

  • BLANCO= Airen, Macabeo, Malvasia, Pedro Ximenez, Verdejo
    • International Chardonnay, Moscatel de Grano Menudo AKA=Muscat Blanc Petit Grain, Sauvignon Blanc
  • TINTO= Monastrell 80%, Garnacha, Garnacha Tintorera, Cencibel AKA=Tempranillo
    • International Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Petit Verdot, Syrah
  • GEOGRAPHY- Spain, REGION-Murcia(South), (Laps)Castile La Mancha“Region”(55%)
    • PROVINCES-Albatana, Murcia, MUNICIPALITY-Jumilla
    • CITIES-Albatana, Fuente-Alamo, Hellin, Jumilla, Montealegre del Castillo, Murcia, Ontur, Tobarra
    • BORDERS-Almansa DO.(North), Yecla DO.(North-East)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly/ Valley/ Plateaus, SLOPES/ ?, +Alt. 400mt.-800mt.
    • -Transition-Zone-BETWEEN-Coast and ON PLAUTEAUMeseta Central
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Limestone(Brown), Sand, Clay, ~No Phylloxera~
  • CLIMATE- “Continental With Mediterranean Influences, +Diurnal Shifts(Variations)+35°)
  • VITICULTURE- 17,900 ha. Planted, (8% White/ 92% Red)
    • Estate/ Producers- 1890, Alceno, Altos de la Hoya, Arloren, Asensio Carcelen, Bleda, BSI, Carchelo, Casa Castillo(170ha.), Cerron, Delampa, Encarnacion(Co.-Op.), Esencia Wines, Fernandez, Finca Luzon, Finca Luzon, J. Garcia Carrion, Juan Gil, Las Gravas, Madrid Romero, Mainetes, El Nido, Lo Nuevo, Olivares, Ontalba, Pio del Ramo, Salzillo, San Dionisio, San Isidro(Co.-Op.), Santiago Apostol, Sierra Norte, Silvano Garcia, Torrecastillo, Venta de las Cuevas, Vina Elena, Xenysel
  • VINICULTURE- Tinto(+85% Monastrell),  Blanco,  Rosado

YECLA DO.      @Yecla

  • BLANCO= Airen, Macabeo, Merseguera, Malvasia, Verdejo
    • International Chardonnay, Moscatel de Grano Menudo AKA=Muscat Blanc Petit Grain,
  • TINTO= Monastrell, Garnacha, Garnacha Tintorera
    • International Cabernet Sauvigon, Merlot, Petit Verdot, Syrah
  • GEOGRAPHY- Spain, REGION-Murcia(North) In Murcia
    • On~Coast/ Mediterranean~(Near/50km.)
    • BORDERS-Jumilla DO.(South-West), Alicante DO.(East)
    • Sub-Zones- Campo Arriba Campo Abano
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous
    • SLOPES/ Cordillera Subbetica Range,+Alt. 500mt.- 800mt.
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Limestone,
  • CLIMATE- Mediterranean With Continental Influences, +Diurnal Shifts(+30°)
  • VITICULTURE- 4,825ha. Planted,  (8% White/ 92% Red),  –Vine-Training– Bush Vine
    • Estate/ Producers- Castano, Castillo del Baron, Gordo, Senorio de Barahonda

BULLAS DO.     @Bullas

  • BLANCO= Macabeo 20%, Airen, Malvasia
    • International Chardonnay, Moscatel de Grano Menudo AKA=Muscat Blanc Petit Grain, Sauvignon Blanc
  • TINTO= Monastrell 75%, Garnacha, Tempranillo
    • International Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Petit Verdot, Syrah
  • GEOGRAPHY- Spain, REGION-Murcia(Interior), In Murcia, “Non-Contiguous(2)”
    • BORDERS-Jumilla DO.(North)
    • MUNICIPALITIES-Bullas, Calasparra, Caravaca de la Cruz, Cehegin, Lorca, Moratalla, Mula, Ricote
    • Sub-Zones- North-West, Central, North-East
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly, SLOPES/ ?,  +Alt. 400mt.-800mt.
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Alluvial, Limestone, Chalk
  • CLIMATE- “Mediterranean With Continental Influences
  • VITICULTURE- 1,700  haPlanted,  (21% White/ 79% Red)
    • Estate/ Producers- Bodega Monastrell, Carrascalejo, La del Terreno, Lavia, Rosario


Vino de la Tierra’s of Valenciana & Murcia

  • BLANCO= Any White Grapes Varieties Approved For Production In Valenciana.
  • TINTO= Any Red Grapes Varieties Approved For Production In Valenciana.
  • VITICULTURE- Wines In VALENCIANA Not Conforming to a DO.

ABANILLA VT.     @

  • GEOGRAPHY- Spain, REGION-Murcia(East), PROVINCE– ?
  • CULTURE- 2003- VT. Officially Established

CAMPO De CARTAJENA VT.     @

  • GEOGRAPHY- Spain, REGION-Murcia(South-East), PROVINCE– ?
  • CULTURE- 1999- VT. Officially Established.

CASTELO VT.     @

  • GEOGRAPHY- Spain, REGION-Valenciana, PROVINCE-?

MURCIA VT.     @

  • GEOGRAPHY- Spain, REGION-Murcia(Greater)
  • CULTURE- 2009- VT. Officially Established

Vino de Pago VP.

  • **Refer to SPAIN/ HOME For Detailed Information On Vino Pago.

Vino Pago El Terrerazo VP.     @Utiel-Requena

  • GEOGRAPHY- Spain, REGION-Valenciana, PROVINCE-Valencia
  • VITICULTURE-  89ha. Planted

Vino Pago Los Balagueses VP.     @Utiel-Requena

  • GEOGRAPHY- Spain, REGION-Valenciana, PROVINCE-Valencia
  • VITICULTURE-  18ha., Owned by Vegalfaro Vinedos y Bodegas

Vino Pago Chozas Carrascal VP.     @Utiel-Requena

  • GEOGRAPHY- Spain, REGION-Valenciana, PROVINCE-Valencia
  • VITICULTURE- 40ha.

Vino Pago Vera de Estenas VP.     @Utiel-Requena

  • GEOGRAPHY- Spain, REGION-Valenciana, PROVINCE-Valencia
  • VITICULTURE-  47 ha. Planted


**Refer to BIBLIOGRAPHY/ Sources For Details On Scholarly Works Referenced.