🇪🇸SPAINThe Levante


GEOGRAPHY Iberian Peninsula Coast(East), COUNTRY-Spain,

  • REGIONS-Valencia & Murcia
  • On~Coast/ Mediterranean~Sea~
  • BETWEEN-Catalunya & Andalusia
  • Middle Ground Between Continental Interior & Coastal Plain.

🇪🇸VALENCIANAValencia


VALENCIANA IS   DOC.8     @ Valencia

  • BLANCO= Moscatel Romano AKA=Muscat Alexandria, Macabeo, Mersquera, Mando, Pedro Ximenez, Tortosi AKA=Bobal Blanc, Trepadell, Verdejo, Verdil
    • International Chardonnay, Muscat Blanc a Petits Grains, Sauvignon Blanc, Viognier
  • TINTO= Bobal(Indigenous), Bonicaire, Garnacha Tintorera AKA=Alicante Bouschet, Garnacha, Monastrell, Mando, Moristel AKA=Arcos, Tempranillo
    • International Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Petit Verdot, Pinot Noir, Syrah

GEOGRAPHY Spain(East Coast), REGION-Valenciana, South of Catalunya ‘Region

  • PROVINCES-Alicante, Valencia, CastellonNorth of Mucia ‘Region’,  LATITUDE: 39.4°N
  • Sub-Zones/ DO.’s  Alicante DO., Alto Turia DO., Utiel-Requena DO., Valencia DO., Valentino DO.

TOPOGRAPHY Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly

SOILS Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Fluvial at Low-Lands, Calcareous

CLIMATE Mediterranean With Continental Influence

CULTURE Phoenician Wine History Dating Back to 6th. Century BC.

  • GASTRONOMY Sea Food, Paella, Orange, Tubers AKA=Tiger Nuts
    • CHEESE PAIRING

**Refer to SPAIN/ Home For Detailed Information On Spain as a Country.



**Valenciana Wine Map Images Courtesy of Delong Maps, Purchase Maps at Delongwine.com


UTIEL-REQUENA DO.     @Requena

  • BLANCO= Macabeo, Merseguera, Moscatel de Grano Menudo, Parellada, Tardana AKA=Coma/ Planta Nova, Verdejo
    • International Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc
  • TINTO= Bobal(Indigenous) 70%, Garnacha, Tempranillo
    • International Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Petit Verdot, Pinot Noir, Syrah
  • GEOGRAPHY- Spain, REGION-Valenciana(East)
    • VILLAGES-Requena, Utiel
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly, ON PLATEAUSLOPES/ ?, +Alt. 597mt.-900mt.
    • On~Coast/ Mediterranean~Sea~(Near/54km.)
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Sedimentary,
    • Terracotto(Alluvial Riverbed, Clay, Limestone)
  • CLIMATE- Mediterranean With Continental Influences, +Diurnal Shifts
  • VITICULTURE- 36.000 ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers- Aranleon, Bruno Murciano, Chozas Carrascal, Covinas, Dominio de la Vega, Faustino Rivero Ulecia, Lo Necesario, Nodus, Pago de Tharsys, Sierra Norte, Toro Loco, Torre Oria, Valsangiacomo, Vera de Estenas
  • VINICULTURE- Doble Pasta, Espumoso, Cava Producing Sub-Zone In Utiel-Requena
  • CULTURE- Phoenician Wine History Dating Back to 6th. Century BC.
  • CAVA DO.
    • BLANCO= Chardonnay, Macabeo
    • TINTO= Pinot Noir
    • GEOGRAPHY- REGION-Valenciana(North), East of Valencia-City, Near Coast(70km.)
    • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling, ON PLATEAU/ ?, +Alt.900mt.
    • CLIMATE- Mediterranean with Continental Influences
    • VITICULTURE-haPlanted
    • VINICULTURE- SPARKLING…Method/ Traditional @Requena
      • Estate/ Producers- Enotec Val Conde, Hispano Suizas, Sierra Norte

VALENCIA DO.     @Valencia

  • BLANCO= Arcos, Malvasia, Merseguera, Moscatel Alijandria, Planta Fina, Pedro Ximenez, Tortosi, Verdego, Verdil
  • TINTO= Bobal, Bonicaire, Garnacha, Garnacha Tintorera AKA=Alicante Bouschet, Mando AKA=Garro, Monastrell, Moristel AKA=Arcos, Tempranillo
    • International Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Petit Verdot, Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY- Spain, REGION-Valenciana(North), East of Valencia-City(   km.)
    • Non-Contiguous(3),  Sub-Zones- Alto Turia, Clariano, Moscatel, Valentino
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly, On~Turia~River~
  • CLIMATE- Mediterranean
  • VITICULTURE- 15,000 haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers- Anecoop, Celler de Roure, Los Frailes, Neleman, Pago Casa Gran, Rafael Cambra, Valsangiacomo, Vegamar
  • VINICULTURE- CAVASPARKLING…Method/ Traditional
    • Cava is Produced In +150 Villages In Spain, Including Regions of Valencia, La Rioja, Extramadura, but the Majority and Spiritual Home of Cava is Catalunya
  • SUB-ZONES Of VALENCIA
  • ALTO TURIA DO.      @Chelva
    • BLANCO= Macabeo, Merseguera
    • TINTO= Bobal, Tempranillo
    • GEOGRAPHY- Spain, REGION-Valenciana, In Valencia DO.(North), @Hw.#CV35
    • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly, SLOPES/ ?, +Alt.700mt.-1,200mt.
      • On~Turia~River~
    • CLIMATE- Mediterranean, Cooler From Altitude Influence
    • SOILS- Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Calcareous
    • VITICULTURE-  ?  haPlanted
      • Estate/ Producers- Baldovar 923
    • CULTURE- UNESCO~ ~Biosphere Reserve~
  • VALENTINO DO.     @Casinos
    • BLANCO= Merseguera, Macabeo
      • International Chardonnay, Semillon
    • TINTO= Garnacha, Tempranillo
      • International Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot
    • GEOGRAPHY- Spain, REGION-Valenciana, In Valencia DO.(Central)
      • North-East of Valencia-City(   km.), @Hw.#CV35
    • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling,  SLOPES/ ?, +Alt.200mt.-750mt.
    • CLIMATE- Mediterranean
    • VITICULTURE-  ?  haPlanted
      • Estate/ Producers- El Villar(Co.Op.)
    • SUB-ZONES Of VALENTINO
      • CHESTE & MARQUESADO
      • CAMPOS De LIRIA SERRANIA
  • MOSCATEL DO.     @Godelleta
    • BLANCO= Moscatel
      • International Muscat Blanc a Petits Grains, Sauvignon Blanc, Viognier
    • TINTO=
      • International
    • GEOGRAPHY- Spain, REGION-Valenciana, In Valencia DO.(Central-Interior)
      • @Hw.#A3
    • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling, SLOPES/ ? +Alt. 150mt. – 400mt.
    • CLIMATE- Mediterranean
    • VITICULTURE-  ?   haPlanted
    • VINICULTURE- Sweet,  Fortified
      • Estate/ Producers-
  • CLARIANO DO.     @Fontanars dels Alforins
    • BLANCO= Malvasia, Merseguera, Trepadell, Tortosi, Verdil
      • International Muscat Blanc a Petits Grains, Sauvignon Blanc, Viognier
    • TINTO= Garnacha, Monastrell, Tempranillo
      • International Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Syrah
    • GEOGRAPHY- Spain, REGION-Valenciana, In Valencia DO.(South), @Hw.#A35
    • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling, SLOPES/ ?, +Alt. 400mt. – 700mt.
    • CLIMATE– Mediterranean
    • VITICULTURE-  ?   haPlanted
      • Estate/ Producers- Javier Revert, Pablo Calatayud, Sant Pere(Co.-Op.), Vinos de la Vina
    • SUB-ZONES Of CLARIANO
      • VALL D’ALBAIDA

ALICANTE DO.     @Alicante

  • BLANCO= Moscatel Alejandria, Airen, Macabeo, Merseguera, Planta Fina, Subirat, Trepadell, Verdil
    • International Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc
  • TINTO= Bobal, Garnacha, Garnach Tintorera, Monastrell
    • International Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot
  • GEOGRAPHY– Spain, REGION-Valenciana(South), Non-Contiguous(3)
    • Sub-Zones- La Marina Vinalopo
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly
  • CLIMATE- Mediterranean
  • VITICULTURE-  ?  haPlanted
  • VINICULTURE- Fondillon– Monastrell, Unfortified, Solera, +AGED/ 6-10 yr. Solero
    • Mistelle- Adding Neutral Grape Spirit to Must Rather Than Fermenting Must to Produce Alcohol
      • Mistelle Wines Yields a Sweeter Style (Because Fructose Has Not Been Converted to Alcohol) This Leads to a Wine More Fruity.
    • Estate/ Producers- Abanico, Artadi, Enrique, Vincente Gandia, Volver
  • SUB-ZONES Of ALICANTE
    • La MARINA VINALOPO


🇪🇸SPAINMurcia


MURCIA IS  DO.- 5     VP.- 0    @Murcia

  • BLANCO= Airen, Macabeo, Malvasia, Moscatel Menudo, Merseguera, Pedro Ximenez
    • International Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc
  • TINTO= Monastrell, Cencibel AKA=Tempranillo, Garnacha, Garnacha Tintorera
    • International Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Petit Verdot, Syrah

GEOGRAPHY Spain(South-East), REGION-Murcia, LATITUDE: 37°N

  • PROVINCES-Murcia, Valencia, Alicante
  • Sub-Zones/ DO.’s Bullas DO., Jumilla DO.(Laps), Yecla DO.

TOPOGRAPHY Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous On~Segura~River~

SOILS Metamorphic, Sedimentary

CLIMATE Continental With Mediterranean Influences

**Refer to SPAIN/ Home For Detailed Information On Spain as a Country.



JUMIILLA DO.     @Jumilla

  • BLANCO= Airen, Macabeo, Malvasia, Pedro Ximenez, Moscatel Menudo
    • International Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc
  • TINTO= Monastrell 85%, Garnacha, Garnacha Tintorera, Cencibel AKA=Tempranillo
    • International Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Syrah
  • GEOGRAPHY- Spain, REGION-Murcia(South), (Laps)Castile La Mancha’Region“(55%)
    • MUNICIPALITY-Jumilla
    • PROVINCES-Albatana, Fuente-Alamo, Hellin, Montealegre del Castillo, Ontur,
    • BORDERS-Almansa DO.(North), Yecla DO.(North-East)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly/ Valley/ Plateaus, SLOPES/ ?, +Alt. 400mt.-800mt.
    • -Transition-Zone-BETWEEN- Coast and ON PLAUTEAU– Central
  • CLIMATE- Continental With Mediterranean Influences, +DIURNAL SHIFTS
  • VITICULTURE- 3,200 ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers- Altos de la Hoya, Finca Luzon, Carchelo, Finca Luzon, El Nido, Olivares, San Isidro(Co.-Op.)

YECLA DO.      @Yecla

  • BLANCO= Airen, Macabeo, Merseguera, Malvasia
    • International Chardonnay
  • TINTO= Monastrell, Garnacha, Garnacha Tintorera
    • International Merlot, Petit Verdot, Syrah
  • GEOGRAPHY- Spain, REGION-Murcia(North) In Murcia
    • On~Coast/ Mediterranean~(Near/50km.)
    • BORDERS-Jumilla DO.(South-West), Alicante DO.(East)
    • Sub-Zones- Campo Arriba Campo Abano
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous
    • SLOPES/ Cordillera Subbetica Range,+Alt.400mt.-800mt.
  • CLIMATE- Mediterranean With Continental Influences, +Diurnal Shifts(+30°)
  • VITICULTURE-  ?  ha. Planted,   –Vine-Training– Bush Vine
    • Estate/ Producers- Castano, Castillo del Baron, Gordo, Senorio de Barahonda

BULLAS DO.     @Bullas

  • BLANCO= Macabeo 20%, Airen, Malvasia, Moscatel Menudo
    • International Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc
  • TINTO= Monastrell, Garnacha, Tempranillo
    • International Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Petit Verdot, Syrah
  • GEOGRAPHY- Spain, REGION-Murcia(Interior), In Murcia, “Non-Contiguous”
    • BORDERS-Jumilla DO.(North)
    • MUNICIPALITIES-Bullas, Calasparra, Caravaca de la Cruz, Cehegin, Lorca, Moratalla, Mula, Ricote
    • Sub-Zones- North-West, Central, North-East
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly, SLOPES/ ?,  +Alt.500mt.-800mt.
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Alluvial, Limestone, Chalk
  • CLIMATE- Mediterranean With Continental Influences
  • VITICULTURE- 1,600  haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers- Bodega Monastrell, La del Terreno, Lavia, Rosario


Vino de la Tierra’s of Valenciana & Murcia

  • BLANCO= Any White Grapes Varieties Approved For Production In Valenciana.
  • TINTO= Any Red Grapes Varieties Approved For Production In Valenciana.
  • VITICULTURE- Wines In VALENCIANA Not Conforming to a DO.

ABANILLA VT.     @

  • GEOGRAPHY- Spain, REGION-Valenciana, PROVINCE– ?

CAMPO De CARTAJENA VT.     @

  • GEOGRAPHY- Spain, REGION-Valenciana, PROVINCE– ?

CASTELO VT.     @

  • GEOGRAPHY- Spain, REGION-Valenciana, PROVINCE-?

TERRERAZO VT.     @

  • GEOGRAPHY- Spain, REGION-Valenciana, PROVINCE– ?

Vino de Pago VP.

  • **Refer to SPAIN/ HOME For Detailed Information On Vino Pago.

Vino Pago El Terrerazo VP.     @Utiel-Requena

  • GEOGRAPHY- Spain, REGION-Valenciana, PROVINCE-Valencia
  • VITICULTURE-  89ha. Planted

Vino Pago Los Balagueses VP.     @Utiel-Requena

  • GEOGRAPHY- Spain, REGION-Valenciana, PROVINCE-Valencia
  • VITICULTURE-  18ha., Owned by Vegalfaro Vinedos y Bodegas

Vino Pago Chozas Carrascal VP.     @Utiel-Requena

  • GEOGRAPHY- Spain, REGION-Valenciana, PROVINCE-Valencia
  • VITICULTURE 40ha.


**Refer to BIBLIOGRAPHY/ Sources For Details On Scholarly Works Referenced.