🇪🇸SPAINThe Levante


GEOGRAPHY Iberian Peninsula Coast(East), COUNTRY-Spain

  • REGIONS-Valencia & Murcia
  • On~Coast/ Mediterranean~Sea~
  • BETWEEN-Catalunya & Andalusia
  • Middle Ground Between Continental Interior & Coastal Plain.

🇪🇸VALENCIANAValencia


VALENCIANA IS   DOC.8     @Valencia

  • BLANCO= Moscatel Romano AKA=Muscat Alexandria, Macabeo, Mersquera, Mando, Pedro Ximenez, Tortosi AKA=Bobal Blanc, Trepadell, Verdejo, Verdil
    • International Chardonnay, Muscat Blanc a Petits Grains, Sauvignon Blanc, Viognier
  • TINTO= Bobal(Indigenous), Bonicaire, Forcalla, Garnacha Tintorera AKA=Alicante Bouschet, Garnacha, Giro, Mando, Monastrell, Montalvana, Moristel AKA=Arcos, Tempranillo
    • International Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Petit Verdot, Pinot Noir, Syrah

GEOGRAPHY Spain(East Coast), REGION-Valenciana, South of CatalunyaRegion

  • PROVINCES-Alicante, Valencia, CastellonNorth of MuciaRegion,  LATITUDE: 39.4°N
  • Sub-Zones/ DO.’s Alicante DO., Alto Turia DO., Utiel-Requena DO., Valencia DO., Valentino DO.

TOPOGRAPHY Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly

SOILS Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Fluvial at Low-Lands, Calcareous

CLIMATE Mediterranean With Continental Influence

CULTURE Phoenician Wine History Dating Back to 6th. Century BC.

  • GASTRONOMY Sea Food, Paella, Orange, Tubers AKA=Tiger Nuts
    • CHEESE PAIRING

**Refer to SPAIN/ Home For Detailed Information On Spain as a Country.



**Valenciana Wine Map Images Courtesy of Delong Maps, Purchase Maps at Delongwine.com


UTIEL-REQUENA DO.     @Requena, Utiel

  • BLANCO= Macabeo, Merseguera, Moscatel de Grano Menudo, Parellada, Tardana AKA=Coma/ Planta Nova, Verdejo
    • International Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc
  • TINTO= Bobal(Indigenous) 70%, Garnacha, Tempranillo
    • International Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Petit Verdot, Pinot Noir, Syrah
  • GEOGRAPHY- Spain, REGION-Valenciana(East)
    • VILLAGES-Requena, Utiel
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly, ON PLATEAUSLOPES/ ?, +Alt. 597mt.-900mt.
    • On~Coast/ Mediterranean~Sea~(Near/54km.)
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Sedimentary,
    • Terracotto(Alluvial Riverbed, Clay, Limestone)
  • CLIMATE- Mediterranean With Continental Influences, +Diurnal Shifts
  • VITICULTURE- 34,000 ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers- Aranleon, Bruno Murciano, Carres, Casa Sofa, Chozas Carrascal, Covinas, Dominio de la Vega, Dussart Pedron, Faustino Rivero Ulecia, Finca San Blas, Montesanco, Murviedro, Lo Necesario, Nodus, Pago de Tharsys, Santerra, Sierra Norte, Toro Loco, Torre Oria, Valsangiacomo, Vegalfaro, Vera de Estenas, Vicente Gandia, Vinos la Higuera
  • VINICULTURE- Doble Pasta, Espumoso, Cava Producing Sub-Zone In Utiel-Requena
  • CULTURE- Phoenician Wine History Dating Back to 6th. Century BC.
    • 1957- DO. Officially Established
  • CAVA DO.
    • BLANCO= Chardonnay, Macabeo
    • TINTO= Pinot Noir
    • GEOGRAPHY- REGION-Valenciana(North), East of Valencia-City, Near Coast(70km.)
    • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling, ON PLATEAU/ ?, +Alt. 900mt.
    • CLIMATE- Mediterranean with Continental Influences
    • VITICULTURE-haPlanted
    • VINICULTURE- SPARKLING…Method/ Traditional @Requena
      • Estate/ Producers- Enotec Val Conde, Hispano Suizas, Sierra Norte

VALENCIA DO.     @Valencia

  • BLANCO= Arcos, Malvasia, Merseguera, Moscatel Alijandria, Planta Fina, Pedro Ximenez, Tortosi, Verdego, Verdil
  • TINTO= Bobal, Bonicaire, Forcalla, Garnacha, Garnacha Tintorera AKA=Alicante Bouschet, Mando AKA=Garro, Monastrell, Moristel AKA=Arcos, Tempranillo
    • International Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Petit Verdot, Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY- Spain, REGION-Valenciana(North), East of Valencia-City(   km.)
    • Non-Contiguous(3),  Sub-Zones- Alto Turia, Clariano, Moscatel, Valentino
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly, +Alt. 150mt.-1,200mt., On~Turia~River~
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Limestone
  • CLIMATE- Mediterranean
  • VITICULTURE- 15,000 haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers- Anecoop, Casa lo Alto, Celler de Roure, La Comarcal, Fil.loxera y Cia, Los Frailes, Javier Revert, De Moya, Mustiguillo, Neleman, Nodus, Pago Casa Gran, Rafael Cambra, Risky Grapes, Valsangiacomo, Vegamar, Wines n’ Rose
    • Vineyards- Finca Calvestra(6 ha.)
  • VINICULTURE- CAVASPARKLING…Method/ Traditional
    • Cava is Produced In +150 Villages In Spain, Including Regions of Valencia, La Rioja, Extramadura, but the Majority and Spiritual Home of Cava is Catalunya
  • SUB-ZONES Of VALENCIA
  • ALTO TURIA DO.      @Chelva
    • BLANCO= Macabeo, Merseguera
    • TINTO= Bobal, Tempranillo
    • GEOGRAPHY- Spain, REGION-Valenciana, In Valencia DO.(North), @Hw.#CV35
    • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly, SLOPES/ ?, +Alt. 700mt.-1,200mt.
      • On~Turia~River~
    • CLIMATE- Mediterranean, Cooler From Altitude Influence
    • SOILS- Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Calcareous
    • VITICULTURE-  ?  haPlanted
      • Estate/ Producers- Baldovar 923
    • CULTURE- UNESCO~ ~Biosphere Reserve~
  • VALENTINO DO.     @Casinos
    • BLANCO= Merseguera, Macabeo
      • International Chardonnay, Semillon
    • TINTO= Garnacha, Tempranillo
      • International Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot
    • GEOGRAPHY- Spain, REGION-Valenciana, In Valencia DO.(Central)
      • North-East of Valencia-City(   km.), @Hw.#CV35
    • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling,  SLOPES/ ?, +Alt. 200mt.-750mt.
    • CLIMATE- Mediterranean
    • VITICULTURE-  ?  haPlanted
      • Estate/ Producers- El Villar(Co.Op.)
    • SUB-ZONES Of VALENTINO
      • CHESTE & MARQUESADO
      • CAMPOS De LIRIA SERRANIA
  • MOSCATEL DO.     @Godelleta
    • BLANCO= Moscatel
      • International Muscat Blanc a Petits Grains, Sauvignon Blanc, Viognier
    • TINTO=
      • International
    • GEOGRAPHY- Spain, REGION-Valenciana, In Valencia DO.(Central-Interior)
      • @Hw.#A3
    • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling, SLOPES/ ? +Alt. 150mt.- 400mt.
    • CLIMATE- Mediterranean
    • VITICULTURE-  ?   haPlanted
    • VINICULTURE- Sweet,  Fortified
      • Estate/ Producers-
  • CLARIANO DO.     @Fontanars dels Alforins
    • BLANCO= Malvasia, Merseguera, Trepadell, Tortosi, Verdil
      • International Muscat Blanc a Petits Grains, Sauvignon Blanc, Viognier
    • TINTO= Garnacha, Monastrell, Tempranillo
      • International Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Syrah
    • GEOGRAPHY- Spain, REGION-Valenciana, In Valencia DO.(South), @Hw.#A35
    • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling, SLOPES/ ?, +Alt. 400mt.- 700mt.
    • CLIMATE– Mediterranean
    • VITICULTURE-  ?   haPlanted
      • Estate/ Producers- Javier Revert, Pablo Calatayud, Sant Pere(Co.-Op.), Vinos de la Vina
    • SUB-ZONES Of CLARIANO
      • VALL D’ALBAIDA

ALICANTE DO.     @Alicante

  • BLANCO= Moscatel Alejandria, Airen, Macabeo, Merseguera, Planta Fina, Subirat, Trepadell, Verdil
    • International Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc
  • TINTO= Bobal, Forcalla, Garnacha, Garnach Tintorera, Giro, Monastrell, Montalvana
    • International Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot
  • GEOGRAPHY– Spain, REGION-Valenciana(South), Non-Contiguous(3)
    • Sub-Zones- La Marina Vinalopo, Alto Vinalopo, Alt de Benimaquia
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly, SLOPES/ Montgo Mountain, Penya Forada
  • SOILS- MetamorphicSandy Loam, Ferrous Clay
  • CLIMATE- Mediterranean
  • VITICULTURE-  ?  haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers- Abanico, Artadi, Casa Agricola(Pepe Mendoza), Enrique, Les Freses(8ha.), Gutierrez de la Vega & Curii Uvas y Vinos(3.5ha.), Vincente Gandia, Volver
  • VINICULTURE- Fondillon- Monastrell, Unfortified, Solera, +AGED/ 6-10 yr. Solero
    • Mistelle- Adding Neutral Grape Spirit to Must Rather Than Fermenting Must to Produce Alcohol
      • Mistelle Wines Yields a Sweeter Style (Because Fructose Has Not Been Converted to Alcohol) This Leads to a Wine More Fruity.
  • SUB-ZONES Of ALICANTE
    • La MARINA VINALOPO
    • ALTO VINALOPO


🇪🇸SPAINMurcia


MURCIA IS  DO.- 5     VP.- 0    @Murcia

  • BLANCO= Airen, Macabeo, Malvasia, Moscatel Menudo, Merseguera, Pedro Ximenez
    • International Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc
  • TINTO= Monastrell, Cencibel AKA=Tempranillo, Garnacha, Garnacha Tintorera
    • International Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Petit Verdot, Syrah

GEOGRAPHY Spain(South-East), REGION-Murcia, LATITUDE: 37°N

  • PROVINCES-Murcia, Valencia, Alicante
  • Sub-Zones/ DO.’s Bullas DO., Jumilla DO.(Laps), Yecla DO.

TOPOGRAPHY Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous On~Segura~River~

SOILS Metamorphic, Sedimentary

CLIMATE Continental With Mediterranean Influences

**Refer to SPAIN/ Home For Detailed Information On Spain as a Country.



JUMIILLA DO.     @Jumilla

  • BLANCO= Airen, Macabeo, Malvasia, Moscatel Menudo, Pedro Ximenez
    • International Chardonnay, Moscatel, Sauvignon Blanc
  • TINTO= Monastrell 80%, Garnacha, Garnacha Tintorera, Cencibel AKA=Tempranillo
    • International Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Petit Verdot, Syrah
  • GEOGRAPHY- Spain, REGION-Murcia(South), (Laps)Castile La ManchaRegion(55%)
    • PROVINCES-Albatana, Murcia, MUNICIPALITY-Jumilla
    • CITIES-Albatana, Fuente-Alamo, Hellin, Jumilla, Montealegre del Castillo, Murcia, Ontur, Tobarra
    • BORDERS-Almansa DO.(North), Yecla DO.(North-East)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly/ Valley/ Plateaus, SLOPES/ ?, +Alt. 400mt.-800mt.
    • -Transition-Zone-BETWEEN-Coast and ON PLAUTEAU-Central
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Brown Limestone
  • CLIMATE- Continental With Mediterranean Influences, +Diurnal Shifts(+35°)
  • VITICULTURE- 14,900 ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers- 1890, Alceno, Altos de la Hoya, Arloren, Asensio Carcelen, Bleda, BSI, Carchelo, Casa Castillo(170ha.), Cerron, Delampa, Encarnacion(Co.-Op.), Esencia Wines, Fernandez, Finca Luzon, Finca Luzon, J. Garcia Carrion, Juan Gil, Las Gravas, Madrid Romero, Mainetes, El Nido, Lo Nuevo, Olivares, Ontalba, Pio del Ramo, Salzillo, San Dionisio, San Isidro(Co.-Op.), Santiago Apostol, Sierra Norte, Silvano Garcia, Torrecastillo, Venta de las Cuevas, Vina Elena, Xenysel

YECLA DO.      @Yecla

  • BLANCO= Airen, Macabeo, Merseguera, Malvasia
    • International Chardonnay
  • TINTO= Monastrell, Garnacha, Garnacha Tintorera
    • International Merlot, Petit Verdot, Syrah
  • GEOGRAPHY- Spain, REGION-Murcia(North) In Murcia
    • On~Coast/ Mediterranean~(Near/50km.)
    • BORDERS-Jumilla DO.(South-West), Alicante DO.(East)
    • Sub-Zones- Campo Arriba Campo Abano
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous
    • SLOPES/ Cordillera Subbetica Range,+Alt.400mt.-800mt.
  • CLIMATE- Mediterranean With Continental Influences, +Diurnal Shifts(+30°)
  • VITICULTURE-  ?  ha. Planted,   –Vine-Training– Bush Vine
    • Estate/ Producers- Castano, Castillo del Baron, Gordo, Senorio de Barahonda

BULLAS DO.     @Bullas

  • BLANCO= Macabeo 20%, Airen, Malvasia, Moscatel Menudo
    • International Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc
  • TINTO= Monastrell, Garnacha, Tempranillo
    • International Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Petit Verdot, Syrah
  • GEOGRAPHY- Spain, REGION-Murcia(Interior), In Murcia, “Non-Contiguous”
    • BORDERS-Jumilla DO.(North)
    • MUNICIPALITIES-Bullas, Calasparra, Caravaca de la Cruz, Cehegin, Lorca, Moratalla, Mula, Ricote
    • Sub-Zones- North-West, Central, North-East
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly, SLOPES/ ?,  +Alt.500mt.-800mt.
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Alluvial, Limestone, Chalk
  • CLIMATE- Mediterranean With Continental Influences
  • VITICULTURE- 1,600  haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers- Bodega Monastrell, La del Terreno, Lavia, Rosario


Vino de la Tierra’s of Valenciana & Murcia

  • BLANCO= Any White Grapes Varieties Approved For Production In Valenciana.
  • TINTO= Any Red Grapes Varieties Approved For Production In Valenciana.
  • VITICULTURE- Wines In VALENCIANA Not Conforming to a DO.

ABANILLA VT.     @

  • GEOGRAPHY- Spain, REGION-Valenciana, PROVINCE– ?

CAMPO De CARTAJENA VT.     @

  • GEOGRAPHY- Spain, REGION-Valenciana, PROVINCE– ?

CASTELO VT.     @

  • GEOGRAPHY- Spain, REGION-Valenciana, PROVINCE-?

TERRERAZO VT.     @

  • GEOGRAPHY- Spain, REGION-Valenciana, PROVINCE– ?

Vino de Pago VP.

  • **Refer to SPAIN/ HOME For Detailed Information On Vino Pago.

Vino Pago El Terrerazo VP.     @Utiel-Requena

  • GEOGRAPHY- Spain, REGION-Valenciana, PROVINCE-Valencia
  • VITICULTURE-  89ha. Planted

Vino Pago Los Balagueses VP.     @Utiel-Requena

  • GEOGRAPHY- Spain, REGION-Valenciana, PROVINCE-Valencia
  • VITICULTURE-  18ha., Owned by Vegalfaro Vinedos y Bodegas

Vino Pago Chozas Carrascal VP.     @Utiel-Requena

  • GEOGRAPHY- Spain, REGION-Valenciana, PROVINCE-Valencia
  • VITICULTURE 40ha.


**Refer to BIBLIOGRAPHY/ Sources For Details On Scholarly Works Referenced.