🇮🇹ITALIAPiemonte


PIEMONTE IS  DOC.- 42    DOCG.- 17     IGP.- 0     @Torino

  • BIANCO= Arneis, Baratuciat, Bianchetta di Saluzzo, Bian Ver AKA=Verdessa, Carica l’Asino, Cascarolo, Cortese, Erbaluce, Favorita AKA=Vermentino, Luglienga, Malvasia, Nascetta, Priverail, Rossese Bianco, Timorasso
    • Internazionale Chardonnay, Gewurztraminer, Moscato AKA=Muscat Petite Grains, Müller Thurgau, Pinot Blanco, Riesling, Sauvignon Blanc, Sylvaner, Viognier, Welschriesling
  • ROSSO= Barbera 31%, Dolcetto 13%, Nebbiolo 10% AKA=Chiavennasco/Melascone/Picotendro/Picutener/Prunenta/Spanna, Albarossa, Avana, Avarengo, Becuet, Brachetto, Brachettone del Roero, Bonarda AKA=Croatina, Brunetta di Rivoli, Bubbierasco, Bundula, Cardin, Cellerina, Chatus, Ciliegiolo, Doux d’Henry, Durasa, Freisa(Indigenous), Gamba Rossa, Grignolino(Indigenous), Grisa Nera, Grisa Rossa, Lambrusco Alessandria, Lambrusco Vittona, Lambruschetta,  Malvasia Nero, Neretta Cuneese, Neretta Marengo, Neretto, Novarese AKA=Uva Rara, Parporio, Pelaverga Grosso(Indigenous), Pelavega Piccolo(Indigenous), Plassa AKA=Scarlattino, Quagliano(Indigenous), Ruche, Slarina, Uvalino, Ulalina, Vespolina, Zenello
    • Internazionale Alicante Bouschet, Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Pinot Nero, Syrah

GEOGRAFIA Italia(North-West), REGION-Piemonte, South of Alps, LATITUDE: 45° N

  • PROVINCIA-Asti, Alessandria, Biella, Cuneo, Navara, Verbano Ossola, Vercelli, Turin
  • BORDERS-Switzerland(North), France(West), LombardiaRegion(East), LiguriaRegion(South)
  • Sub-Zones/ DOC.’s- Albugnano DOC., Alto Langa DOCG., Asti DOCG., Barbera d’Alba DOCG.
    • Barbera d’Asti DOC., Barbera Colli Tortonesi DOC., Barbera del Monferrato DOCG., Barbaresco DOCG., Barolo DOCG., Boca DOC., Brachetto d’Aqua DOCG., Bramaterra DOC., Caluso Passito DOCG., Canavese DOC., Carema DOC., Cherasco Diamo Alba DOC., Cisterna d’Asti DOC., Colli Toronesi DOC., Colline Novaresi DOC., Colline Saluzzesi DOC., Coste della Sesia DOC., Dolcetto d’Acqui DOC., Dolcetto d’Alba DOC., Dolcetto d’Asti DOC., Dolcetto di Dogliani DOCG., Dolcetto di Ovada DOCG. Dolcetto Nonregalesi DOC., Erbaluce di Caluso DOCG., Fara DOC., Fresia d’Asti DOC., Freisa di Chieri DOC., Gabiano DOC., Gattinara DOCG., Gavi DOCG., Ghemme DOCG., Grignolino d’Asti, Langhe DOC., Lessona DOC., Loazzolo DOC., Malvasia di Castelnuovo Don Bosco DOC., Monferrato DOC., Monferrato Casale DOC., Moscato d’Asti DOCG., Nascetta di Novello DOC., Nebbiolo d’Alba DOC., Nizza DOCG.., Pinerolese DOC., Roero DOCG., Rubino di Cantavenna DOC., Ruche di Castagnole Monferrato DOCG., Sizzano DOC., Strevi DOC., Terre Alfieri DOC., Valli Ossolane DOC., Valsusa DOC., Verduno Pelaverga DOC.

TOPOGRAFIA FEATURES- Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous/ Terraced/ Valley

  • SLOPES/ Outlined/ Sheltered by Mountains On 3 Sides by the Alps/ Apennines Mountains, +Alt. 90mt.- 1,000mt.
  • On~Dora Balteo/ Bora Riparia/ Sesia~Rivers~Tributary~On~Po~River~

TOPOGRAPHICAL EVENTS

  • Tortonian Era Formation- 12-7 MYA., Contain More Calcareous Marl
  • Serravallian Era Formation- 14-11 MYA., Contain More Sandstone/ Less Fertile

    • Coming Together of  the Globing Gerina Limestone Formation & Blue Clay Formation.  Epicenter is Out Crop In Scrivia Valley In Alexandria In Piemonte.
    • **Serravallian is Sometimes (Wrongly) Referred to as Helvetiain.
  • Langhien Era Formation- 16- 14 MYA.

TERRE Metamorphic, Volcanic, Sedimentary

  • Tuffo/ Porfido Tufaceo, Sand, Clay, Loam, Limestone, Glacial Moraine
  • Red Porphyry(High In Iron, Quartz), Granite, Clay
  • Fossel Deposits, Silty-Loam, Calcium Carbonate, Brown Clay
  • *Generally– Soils From the Serravallian Era Formation, Sandstone, Limestone, Marl (Barbaresco)
  • *Generally– Soils From the Tortonian Age Formation, Calcareous Marl, Sandstone (Barolo)

CLIMAContinental With Mediterranean Influence

  • *Summers– Warm, Long  |  *Winters– Fog, Cold, Rain
  • CHALLENGES– Cold, Hail, Snow

VITICULTURA 46,670 ha. Planted

  • Nebbiolo is Generally Harvested Early to Mid October.

VINICULTURA  Varietal,  Bianco,  Rosso,  Rosato,  Liquoroso,  Spumante

  • Slovenian Oak Vats In Variety of Sizes and Ages, Severino Comola- Famous Cooper.
  • Traditional Demi-Johns Used Up Until the 1900’s.

CULTURA

  • GASTRONOMIA… Catelmagno, White Truffles, Roasted Hazelnuts, Porcinis
      • Risotto(Cooking Arborio(Short Grained Rice) With Stock Until it Becomes Creamy)
    • FORMAGGIO… Agnolotti,  Bra(Cow/ Semi-Hard),  Castelmagno(Cow/ Blue),  Gorgonzola(Cow/ Blue),  La Tur(Cow/Sheep/Goat(Soft),  Murazzano(        / Semi-Hard),  Robiola(Cow/ Sheep/ Goat/ Semi-Hard),  Tajarin
  • FESTIVALS~ ~Indegena~ (May/ Piemonte)
  • ACADEMICS~ ~University of Turin~   @Turin, Piemonte
    • Specialization~ Viticulture & Onology
  • WINNER Worlds Best~
    • DtheV.com Awards- Worlds Best Wine Region (1st. Place)
    • DtheV.com Awards- Worlds Best Terroir (4th. Place)
    • **Refer to WINE CULTURE/ Derek’s Top 6 List For Detailed Information.
  • WINE & PHILOSOPHY?CONTENTIOUS WINE ISSUE! Historical Barolo Quality?
    • Were the Wines Produced In Barolo as Well as the Piemonte Region In the Early to Mid 1900’s Lacking Quality and Not Considered Partially Good by Italian Wine Critics?  According to Written Documents During This Time Period the Viticulture Skills Were Lacking and Viniculture and Equipment Primitive Leading to Poor Quality Wines That Were Often Flawed.  The Profession and Lifestyles of the People In the Wine Industry Was Frowned Upon and as Seen as Peasant Jobs by the General Society.  Not Until the 1970’s Did the Vineyards and Wines Reach the Grandiose Level That the Region and Wine World Holds Today.

**Refer to ITALY/ Home For Detailed Information On Italy as a Country.



PIEMONTE DOC.      @Entire Region

  • VITICULTURA- Wine Produced In PIEMONTE Non-Conforming to a DOC.

North-West Piemonte

  • GEOGRAFIA- Italia, REGION-Piemonte(North-West)
    • Considered Its Unique Geographic Area Different From Alto-Piemonte and Lower Piemonte.

VALSUSA DOC.      @Susa

  • BIANCO= Baratuciat
  • ROSSO= Avana, Barbera, Becuet, Dolcetto, Neretta Cuneese
  • GEOGRAFIA- Italia, REGION-Piemonte(West), PROVINCIA-Turino
    • BORDERS-France, COMMUNES-(19)-
  • TOPOGRAFIA- Hilly/ Mountainous/ Valley(Susa), SLOPES/ Graian Alps, +Alt. ?
    • On~Dora Riparia~River~
  • VITICULTURA- 7haPlanted
  • VITICULTURA- Novello
    • Estate/ ProduttoreCasa Ronsil, La Chimera

PINEROLESE DOC.     @Pinerolo

  • BIANCO= ?
  • ROSSO= Avana(+30%), Avarengo(+15%), Barbera, Bequet, Bonardo, Chatus, Dolcetto, Doux d’Henry, Fresia, Nebbiolo, Neretto
  • GEOGRAFIA- Italia, REGION-Piemonte(North-West), PROVINCIA-Turino, Cuneo
    • COMMUNES-(23)-
  • TOPOGRAFIA- Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous, SLOPES/ Cottian Alps, +Alt. 300mt.- 600mt.
  • VITICULTURA- 35haPlanted
      • Estate/ Produttore Bea Merenda Con Corvi, Dora Renato, Coutandin
  • VINICULTURA-  Varietal,  Rosso,  Rosato
    • Ramie- +BLEND/ Avana(30%), Chatus(20%), Bequet(20%), Avarengo(15%), Barbera(15%)

COLLINE SALUZZESI DOC.      @Saluzzo

  • BIANCO= ?
  • ROSSO= Barbera, Bianchetta di Saluzzo, Chatus, Pelaverga, Quagliano, Plassa AKA=Scarlattino
  • GEOGRAFIA- Italia, REGION-Piemonte(North-West), PROVINCIA-Cuneo
    • COMMUNES-Pagno, Piasco
  • TOPOGRAFIA- Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous,  SLOPES/ Cottian Alps, +Alt. 750mt.
  • VITICULTURA- 16haPlanted
  • VINICULTURA- Varietal,  Rosso,  Spumante
    • Estate/ Produttore Vigna di Terre

CANAVESE DOC.    @San Giorgio

  • BIANCO= Erbaluce
  • ROSSOBarbara, Bonarda, Freisa, Nebbiolo, Neretto
  • GEOGRAFIA- Italia, REGION-Piemonte(North), PROVINCIA-Turino, Biella, Vercelli
    • BORDERS-Val d’Aosta, @Hw.#612/ E25
  • TOPOGRFIA- Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous, SLOPES/ Graian Alps, +Alt. ?
    • On~Dora~Balteo~River~
  • VITICULTURA- 117haPlanted
  • VINICULTURA- Varietal,  Bianco,  Rosso,  Rosato,  Spumante
    • Estate/ Produttore Cieck, Favaro Benito, Ferrando la Torrazza, Terre del Creario
  • CAREMA DOC.    @Carema
    • BIANCO= ?
    • ROSSO= Spanna 60%, Vespolina 30%, Uva Rara 10%
    • GEOGRAFIA- Italia, REGION-Piemonte(North), PROVINCIA-Turino
      • In Canavese DOC.(North-East),BORDERS-Vale d’Aosta
    • TOPOGRAFIA- Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous/ Terraced
      • SLOPES/ Monte Miletto, +Alt. 300mt.- 600mt.
      • On~Dora Balteo~River~Tributary~Po~River~
    • VITICULTURA- 120ha. Planted,   –Vine Training– Pergola
    • VINICULTURA- Rosso(+AGED/ 24mo.),  Riserva(+AGED/ 36mo.)
      • Estate/ Produttore- L. Bertolo, Luigi Ferrando, Cantina dei Produttori Nebbiolo di Carema(Co.-Op.)

ERBALUCE Di CALUSO DOCG.     @Cigliano

  • BIANCO= Erbaluce
  • GEOGRAFIA Italia, REGION-Piemonte(North), PROVINCIA-Turino, Biella, Vercelli
    • COMMUNES-(33)-  @Hw.#612/ E25, (In/ Laps)Canavese DOC.
  • TOPOGRAFIA- Rolling/ Hilly, SLOPES/ Graian Alps, +Alt. 200mt.- 500mt.
  • TERRE- Metamorphic, Glacial Moraine
  • VITICULTURA- 188haPlanted
    • Estate/ Produttore Antoniolo, Cieck, Favaro Benito, Ferrando La Torrazza, Orsolani
  • VINICULTURA- Bianco,  Passito(+AGED/ 36mo.),  Spumante(+AGED/ 15mo./ On Lees)
    • Wine Must Be 100% Erbaluce to Be Labeled DOCG.
  • CALUSO PASSITO DOCG.      @Cigliano
    • BIANCO= Erbaluce
    • GEOGRAFIA- Italia, REGION-Piemonte
    • VINICULTURA- Passito(Dried On Wood Mats/ +AGED/ 5 yr., +17.5% ABV.),  Liquoroso
      • Estate/ Produttore- Cantina Della Serra, Ferrando Vini, Podere Macellio


***Alto Piemonte Images Courtesy of Delong Maps, Purchase These Maps at Delongwine.com



Alto Piemonte

  • GEOGRAFIA- Italia, REGION-Piemonte(Alto/ North-East)
    • Sub-Zones/ DOC.’s- Boca DOC., Bramaterra DOC., Colline Novaresi DOC., Coste Delle Sesia DOC., Fara DOC., Gattinara DOCG., Ghemme DOC., Lessona DOC., Sizzano DOC., Valli Ossolane DOC.
    • Other- West(of Sesia River)/ East(of Sesia River)
  • TOPOGRAFIARolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous
    • SLOPES/ Monte Roso Range, Lepontine Alps, Vercelli Hills, +Alt. 160mt.- 1,000mt.
    • On~Sesia~River~Tributary~Po~River~
    • VOLCANISM~  ~Valsesia Volcano~, Last Erupted 60 Million Years Ago.
  • TERRE- Metamorphic, Volcanic, Sedimentary
    • Tuffo/ Porfido Tufaceo, Sand, Clay, Loam, Limestone
    • Red Porphyry(High In Iron, Quartz), Granite, Clay
  • CULTURA-
    • The Economic Downturn In Early 1900’s Lead to Majority of Population Moving to the Urban Area of Northern Italia(Torino/ Milano) to Seek Benefits of Industrial Revolution That Was Taking Place.  Most of Vineyards Went Derelict Shrinking 70% In Size and Become Forest and Scrublands Over the Century.  Not Until the Late 1900’s Has the Money and Young People Returned to Alto Piemonte and Presently There’s a Wine Renaissance Taking Place.

VALLI OSSOLANE DOC.     @Domodossola

  • BIANCO= Chardonnay
  • ROSSO= Spanna AKA=Nebbiolo, Croatina
    • Internazionale Merlot
  • GEOGRAFIA- Italia, REGION-Piemonte(Alto/ North-East), PROVINCIA-Verbano-Cusio Ossola
    • COMMUNES-(19)-  BORDERS-Switzerland(North), @Hw.#E62
  • TOPOGRAFIA- Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous, SLOPES/ Lepontine Alps, +Alt. 160mt.- 1,000mt.
  • VITICULTURA- 7haPlanted
    • Estate/ Produttore Cantine Garrone, Prunent
  • VINICULTURA- Varietal,  Bianco,  Rosso,  Superiore(+11.5% ABV., +AGED/ 13mo.)
    • 60% Chardonnay +Any Piemonte Approved Bianco

COSTE Della SESIA DOC.      @Sesia

  • BIANCO= Erbaluce
  • ROSSO= Barbera, Croatina, Spanna AKA=Nebbiolo, Uva Rara, Vespolino
  • GEOGRAFIA Italia, REGION-Piemonte(Alto/ North-East), PROVINCIA-Biella
    • COMMUNES-(16)-
  • TOPOGRAFIA- Rolling, SLOPES/ ?, +Alt. 200mt.- 600mt.
  • TERRE- Metamorphic, Volcanic
  • VITICULTURA- 28haPlanted
    • Estate/ Produttore- Antoniolo, Nervi Winery, Pietro Cassina, La Prevostura
  • VINICULTURA- Varietal,  Bianco,  Rosso,  Rosato

LESSONA DOC.      @Lessona

  • BIANCO= ?
  • ROSSO= Spanna AKA=Nebbiolo, Vespolina, Uva Rara
    • Internationale Cabernet Franc
  • GEOGRAFIA Italia, REGION-Piemonte(Alto/ North-East), PROVINCIA-Biella
    • (In/ Laps)Coste Delle Sesia DOC., BORDERS-Bramaterra DOC.(North-East)
  • TOPOGRAFIA- Rolling/ Hilly, SLOPES/ Vercelli Hills, +Alt. 200mt.- 500mt.
  • TERRE- Metamorphic, Volcanic, Sandy
  • VITICULTURA- 14haPlanted
  • VINICULTURA- Rosso,  Riserva(+AGED/ 22mo.)
    • Estate/ Produttore- Colombera & Garella, Proprietà Sperino, Pietro Cassina, La Prevotura, Tenuta Sella

BRAMATERRA DOC.      @Curino

  • BIANCO= ?
  • ROSSO= Spanna AKA=Nebbiolo, Bonarda, Croatina, Vespolino
  • GEOGRAFIA Italia, REGION-Piemonte(Alto/ North-East), PROVINCIA-Vercelli
    • (In/ Laps)Coste Delle Sesia DOC.
    • BORDERS- Lessona DOC.(South-West), Gattinara DOC.(South-East)
  • TOPOGRAFIA- Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous, SLOPES/ Vercelli Hills, +Alt. 200mt.-600mt.
    • On~Sesia~River~Tributary~Po~Adriatic~Sea~
  • TERRE- Metamorphic, Volcanic, Sedimentary
    • Tuffo/ Porfido Tufaceo, Sand, Clay, Loam, Limestone
  • VITICULTURA- 24haPlanted
  • VINICULUTRA- Rosso,  Riserva(+AGED/ 34mo.)
    • Estate/ Produttore- Antoniotti Odilio, Colombera & Garella, Monolo Gilodi, Le Pianelle

GATTINARA DOCG.    @Gattinara

  • BIANCO= ?
  • ROSSO= Spanna AKA=Nebbiolo, +Bonarda di Gattinara, Vespolinam, Uva Rara
  • GEOGRAFIA Italia, REGION-Piemonte(Alto/ North-East), PROVINCIA-Vercelli
    • (InLaps)Coste Delle Sesia DOC., BORDERS-Bramaterra DOC.(North-West)
  • TOPOGRAFIA- Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous/ Terraced/ Valley(Valsesia)
    • SLOPES/ Monte Roso Range, +Alt. 250mt.-650mt.
    • Numerous Valleys and Ridges, On~Sesia~River~Tributary~Po~River~
  • TERRE- Metamorphic, VolcanicSedimentary, From Permian Period(280 MYA.)
    • Red Porphyry(High In Iron, Quartz), Granite, Clay
  • CLIMA- Continental, Cooler Than Southern Piemonte/ Barolo, Barbaresco.
  • VITICULTURA- 120ha. Planted, Non Modern Vineyards Are a Field-Blend.
    • Vine-Training– Guyot, +YIELDS/ -8 Tons/ha.
  • VINICULTURA- Spanna(+90%) +Vespolina/ Uva Rara(-10%)
      • Fermented 20 Days In Temperature Control Steal Vats, +ABV.+12.5%
      • +AGED/ 3 yr./ 2 yr. Wood, Reserva(+AGED/ 47mo./ 36mo.(Oak)
      • Young Wine/ Non-DOCG. Wine Labeled As Coste Delli Sesia DOC.
    • Estate/ Produttore- Antoniolo, Chiosso, Delsignore, Franco Patriarca, Luca Caligaris, Marco Petterino, Mauro Franchino, Nervi*(E./28ha.), Paride Laretti, Sociale Gattinara*(Co.-Op.), Stradina, Torraccia del Piantavigna, Travaglini*(E./55ha.), Vallana
    • Vineyards- Alice, Bogianette, Borelle, Castelle, Galizie, Gerbione, Guardie, Lunghe, Marzola, Molsino, Nervi-Conterno, Osso, Osso San Grato, Permolone, Piantesio, Ronchi, San Francesco, Uccineglio, Valferrana
  • CULTURA- Wine Culture Since 1217.,  DOC. Established 1967, DOCG. 1990
    • WINE BOTTLE– ~Travanini~ Custom Style Bottle by Travaglini.
      • Pancia In Giu/Belly Down Shape Naturally Catches Sediment at Neck During Pouring, Dark Color Glass Resists Light From Compromising Wine.
  • GOING THERE- Hike the Wine Trail That Meander Through the Vineyards.
    • Castello di San Lorenzo, Historical Castel Situated Amongst Vineyard.

COLLINE NOVARESI DOC.     @Novara

  • BIANCO= Greco Novarese AKA=Erbaluce
  • ROSSO= Spanna AKA=Nebbiolo, Barbera, Croatina, Vespolina, Uva Rara
  • GEOGRAFIA- Italia, REGION-Piemonte(Alto/ North-East), PROVINCIA-Novara
    • North of Novara-City(     km.), COMMUNES-(25)-, @Hw.#A26
    • Sub-DOC.’s- Boca DOC., Fara DOC., Ghemme DOC., Sizzano DOC.
  • TOPOGRAFIA- Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous, SLOPES/ ?, +Alt. 400mt.-550mt.
  • TERRE- Metamorphic, Volcanic, Moraine(Gravel Deposits), Red Clay
  • VITICULTURA- 192haPlanted
  • VINICULTURA- Varietal(+85%),  Bianco,  Rosso,  Rosato
    • Estate/ Produttore- Antonio Vallana e Figlio, Cantalupo, Fontechiara, Ioppa, Pe Piane, Rovellotti, Tiziano Mazzoni
    • Vineyards Baraggiola, Carella, Valera

BOCA DOC.     @Boca

  • BIANCO= ?
  • ROSSO= Spanna AKA=Nebbiolo, Uva Rara AKA=Bonarda Novarese, Vespolina
  • GEOGRAFIA- Italia, REGION-Piemonte(Alto/ North-East), PROVINCIA-Novara
    • North of Novara-City(     km.), In Colline Novaresi DOC.(North-West)
    • COMMUNES-Boca, Cavallirio, Grignasco, Maggiora, Prato, Sesia
  • TOPOGRAFIA- Hilly/ Mountainous, SLOPES/ ?, +Alt. 300mt.-550mt., On~Sesia~River~
  • TERRE- Metamorphic, Volcanic, Tuffo, Glacial In Origin
  • VITICULTURA- 12haPlanted
    • Estate/ Produttore- Antonio Vallana, Conti, Davide Carlone, Le Piane(6.5ha.), Castello di Conti, Vallana
  • VINICULTURA- +AGED/ 36mo./ 18mo. In Oak,  Reserva( 46mo./ 24mo. In Oak)
    • Wine Must Be 70%- 90% Spanna to Be Labeled Boca DOC.
  • CULTURA- 1970- DOC. Officially Established.

GHEMME DOCG.     @Ghemme

  • BIANCO= ?
  • ROSSO= Spanna AKA=Nebbiolo(+85%), +Uva Rara, Vespolina
  • GEOGRAFIA- Italia, REGION-Piemonte(Alto/ North), PROVINCIA-Novara
    • In Colline Novaresi DOC.(West), COMMUNES-Ghemme, Romagnano Sesia
    • BORDERS-Gattinara DOC.(West), Sizzano DOC.(South), @Hw.#A26
    • Sub-Zones- Colli Breclamae       Colli Carellae
  • TOPOGRAFIA- Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous, SLOPES/ Novara Hills, +Alt. 220mt.-400mt.
    • On~Sesia~River~
  • TERRE- Metamorphic, Volcanic, Granite, Alluvial Clay, Sand
  • CLIMA- “Continental
  • VITICULTURA- 45haPlanted
    • Estate/ Produttore- Antichi Vigneti di Cantalupo, Bianchi, Ca’Nova, Chiosso, Francesco Brigatti, Ioppa, Monsecco, Rovellotti, Torraccia, Valle Roncati(10ha.)
  • VINICULTURA- Riserva(+12.5% ABV., +AGED/ 46mo./ 24mo./Oak)
    • Wine Must Be +85% Spanna to Be Labeled Ghemme DOC.

SIZZANO DOC.    @Sizzano

  • BIANCO= ?
  • ROSSO= Spanna AKA=Nebbiolo(50%-70%) Uva Rara, Vespolina
  • GEOGRAFIA- Italia, REGION-Piemonte(Alto/ North-West), PROVINCIA-Novara
    • In Colline Novaresi DOC.(South-West)
    • BORDERS-Ghemme DOC.(North), Fara DOC.(South)
  • TOPOGRAFIA- Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous, SLOPES/ ?, +Alt. 300mt.-350mt., On~Sesia~River~
  • TERRE- Metamorphic, Volcanic, Alluvial Clay
  • VITICULTURA- 3haPlanted
    • Estate/ Produttore– Bianchi, G. Triglia, Monsecco, Umberto Fiore

FARA DOC.     @Fara

  • BIANCO= ?
  • ROSSO= Spanna AKA=Nebbiolo, Uva Rara, Vespolina
  • GEOGRAFIA- Italia, REGION-Piemonte(Alto/ North-East), PROVINCIA-Novara
    • In Colline Novaresi DOC.(South-West),  BORDERS-Sizzano DOC.(North)
  • TOPOGRAFIA- Rolling/ Hilly Mountainous, SLOPES/ ?, +Alt. 180mt.-300mt.
  • TERRE- Metamorphic, ”Volcanic, Alluvial Clay
  • VITICULTURA- 20haPlanted
    • Estate/ Produttore- Boniperti, Il Chiosso, Francesca Castaldi, Luigi & Liglio

COLLI TORONESI DOC.     @Tortona

  • BIANCO= Cortese, Favorita, Moscato, Timorasso(Indigenous)
  • ROSSO= Barbera, Cellerina, Croatina, Dolcetto
  • GEOGRAFIA- Italia, REGION-Piemonte(South-East), PROVINCIA-Turino
    • BORDERS-Monferrato(South
  • TOPOGRAFIA- Rolling/ Hilly
    • SLOPES/ Tortonesi Hill to Start of Po Plains, +Alt. 270mt.-300mt.
  • TERRE- Metamorphic, “Sedimentary, From Tortona Geological Age…Limestone, Clay, Sandstone
  • VITICULTURA- ? haPlanted
    • Estate/ Produttore- La Colombera, Borgogno, Broglia, Claudio Mariotto, Marina Coppi, Picasso, Pio Cesare, Pomodolce, La Spinetta, Vigneti Massa, Vigne Marina Coppi(11ha.)
    • Vineyards- Costa del Vento, Montecitorio, Il Montino, Sterpi
  • CULTURA- Colli Toronesi AKA=Derthona…Referring to the Ancient Roman Name For the Territory.
    • PIONEERS~ ~Walter Massa~ Helped Bring Back Timarasso Grape From Extinction.

FREISA Di CHIERI DOC.     @Chieri

  • BIANCO= Freisa, Nebbiolo
  • GEOGRAFIA- Italia, REGION-Piemonte, PROVINCIA-Asti
    • (Laps)Collini Toronesi DOC., South-East of Torino-City(   km.), COMMUNES-(11)-
  • TOPOGRAFIA- Rolling/ Hilly, SLOPES/ ?, +Alt. 260mt.-310mt.
  • VITICULTURA-  ?  haPlanted
    • Estate/ Produttore- L. Bertolo
  • VINICULTURA- Dolce,  Frizzante,  Secco,  Spumante,   Still
    • 90% Freisa +Nebbiolo

MONFERRATO DOC.     @Asti

  • GEOGRAFIA- Italia, REGION-Piemonte(Interior),  PROVINCES-Asti(Laps), Alessandria
    • Multi-Appellation
    • Sub-Zones Alto Monferrato, Basso Monferrato, Monferrato Astigiano
    • Tinello River Forms the Boundary Between Langhe and Monferrato.
  • TOPOGRAFIA- Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous
    • SLOPES/ Apennines Mountains (Asti & Alessandria Hills), +Alt. 90mt.- 450mt.
  • CLIMA- Continental
  • VITICULTURA-  ? haPlanted
    • Estate/ Produttore- Andrea Scovero(Nat.Pro.)


***Piemonte Images Courtesy of Delong Maps, Purchase These Maps at Delongwine.com



MALVASIA Di CASTELNUOVO DON BOSCO DOC.    @Castelnuovo

  • ROSSO= Malvasia Nero AKA=Malvasia Schierano(+85%), Freisa(-15%)
  • GEOGRAFIA- Italia, REGION-Piemonte(Interior), PROVINCIA-Cuneo
    • In Monferrato DOC.(North-West)
    • COMMUNES-Albugnano, Berzano, Castelnuovo, Marmorito, Moncucco, Pino d’Asti
  • TOPOGRAFIA- Rolling/ Hilly, SLOPES/ Monferrato Hills, +Alt.?
  • VITICULTURA-  ? haPlanted
  • VINICULTURA- Spumante,  Sweet,  Rose
    • Estate/ Produttore- Cascina Gilli, Dezzani, Little Bosco, San Giulio

ALBUGNANO DOC.    @Albugnano

  • ROSSO= Nebbiolo, Barbera, Freisa, Bonarda
  • GEOGRAFIA- Italia, REGION-Piemonte(Interior), PROVINCIA-Asti
    • In Monferrato DOC.(North-West),
    • COMMUNES-Albugnano, Castelnuovo Don Bosco, Paserano-Marmorito, Pino d’Asti
    • North of Asti-City(    km.)
  • TOPOGRAFIA- Rolling/ Hilly, SLOPES/ ?, +Alt. 300mt.- 535mt.
  • TERRE- Metamorphic, “Sedimentary, Marl, Clay
  • VITICULTURA-   ?  haPlanted
    • Estate/ Produttore- Casa Calcagni, Mosparone, Tamburnin(9ha.)
  • VINICULTURA- Rosso,  Rosato,  Superiore(+AGED/ Oak/ 12 mo., +.5% – 1% ABV.)
    • Wine Must Be +85% Nebbiolo to Be Labeled Albugnano DOC.
  • CULTURA- 1997- DOC. Officially Established

MONFERRATO NEBBIOLO DOC.     @Monferrato

  • ROSSO= Nebbiolo
  • GEOGRAFIA- Italia, REGION-Piemonte(Interior), PROVINCIA-Alessandria, Asti, Cuneo
    • In Monferrato DOC.(Greater)
  • VITICULTURA- ? haPlanted
  • VINICULTURA- +Aged/ 12mo., +12% ABV.,  Superiore(Aged/ 18 Months, +12.5% ABV.)
    • Estate/ Produttore-

MONFERRATO CASALE DOC.     @Casale

  • ROSSO= Grignolino(Indigenous)
  • GEOGRAFIA- Italia, REGION-Piemonte(Interior), PROVINCIA-Cuneo
    • In Monferrato DOC.(North)
  • VITICULTURA- ? haPlanted,  DOC. Officially Established In 1973.
    • Estate/ Produttore- Accornero Bricco del Bosco, Canato Marco, Gaudio Bricco, Migliavacca, Pio Cesare, Valpane, Visconti

RUCHE Di CASTAGNOLE MONFERRATO DOCG.    @Asti

  • ROSSO= Ruche, Barbera, Brachetto
  • GEOGRAFIA- Italia, REGION-Piemonte(Interior), PROVINCIA-Cuneo
    • In Monferrato DOC., BORDERS– Asti DOCG.(West)
    • COMMUNES-Catagnolo Monferrato, Grana, Montemagno, Portacomaro, Refrancore, Scurolengo, Viarigi
  • TOPOGRAFIA- Hilly/ Mountainous/ Ridge/ Amphitheater, SLOPES/ ?, +Alt. 120mt.-400mt.
  • TERRE- Metamorphic, Sedimentary
    • Fossel Deposits, Silty-Loam, Calcium Carbonate, Brown Clay
  • VITICULTURA- 148haPlanted,   Guyot Trained
    • Estate/ Produttore- Bava, Bersano, Caldera, Capuzzo Renato, Crivelli, Garrone, Laccento, Ferraris, Luca Ferraris, La Miraja, Montalbera(Co.-Op.), Sant’Agata, Sarpa, Tommaso Bocca, Zoppi
  • VINICULTURE- 
    • Wine Must Be +90% Ruche to Be Labeled DOCG

RUBINO Di CANTAVENNA DOC.   @Cantavena

  • ROSSO= Barbera, Freisa, Grignolino
  • GEOGRAFIA- Italia, REGION-Piemonte(Interior), PROVINCIA-Alessandria
    • In Monferrato DOC.(North)
  • VITICULTURA-haPlanted
    • Estate/ Produttore– Cantina Sociale
  • VINICULTURE- 
    • Wine Must Be +75%-90%% Barbera to Be Labeled Rubino di Cantavenna DOC

GABIANO DOC.    @Gabiano

  • ROSSO= Barbara, Freisa, Grignolino
  • GEOGRAFIA- Italia, REGION-Piemonte(Interior), PROVINCIA-Cuneo
    • In Monferrato DOC.(North)
  • TOPOGRAFIA- Rolling/ Hilly, SLOPES/ Cottian Alps, +Alt. ?, On~Po~River~
  • VITICULTURA- ?  haPlanted
    • Estate/ Produttore– Castello di Gabiano
  • VINICULTURA- 
    • Wine Must Be +90%-95%% Barbera to Be Labeled Gabiano DOC

TERRE ALFIERI DOC.     @Asti

  • BIANCO= Arneis   |   ROSSO= Nebbiolo
  • GEOGRAFIA- Italia, REGION-Piemonte(Interior), PROVINCIA-Asti, Cuneo
    •  In Monferrato DOC.
  • TOPOGRAFIA- RollingSLOPES/ ?, +Alt. 130mt.-350mt.
  • VITICULTURA- 21ha Planted
    • Estate/ Produttore- Carlin de Paolo, Pescaja, Vincenzo Bossotti
  • CULTURE- 2020- DOCG. Officially Established.

CISTERNA D’ASTI DOC.     @Cisterna d’Asti

  • ROSSO= Crotina, Barbera, Dolcetto, Nebbiolo
  • GEOGRAFIA- Italia, REGION-Piemonte(Interior), In Monferrato DOC.
    • North of Alba-City(15km.), (Laps)Roero, COMMUNES-(15)-
  • TOPOGRAFIA- Rolling/ Hilly, SLOPES/ ?, +Alt. 300mt.
  • VITICULTURA-  ?  haPlanted
  • VINICULTURE- Still,  +Sparkling(Method/Classical),   Fizzante
    • Estate/ Produttore- Carlin de Paolo, Fratelli, La Pergola
  • VINICULTURE- 
    • Wine Must Be +80% Crotina to Be Labeled Cisterna d’Asti DOC

GRIGNOLINO D’ASTI DOC.     @Asti

  • ROSSO= Grignolino
  • GEOGRAFIA- Italia, REGION-Piemonte(Interior), In Monferrato DOC.
  • VITICULTURA- ?  haPlanted
    • Estate/ Produttore- Agostino, Cossetti, Franco Roero, Garetto, Luli, Margherita Barbero, Pavia & Figlio

BARBERA D’ASTI DOCG.     @Asti

  • ROSSO= Barbera, Dolcett0, Freisa, Grinolino
  • GEOGRAFIA- Italia, REGION-Piemonte(South-East), In Monferrato DOC.
    • PROVINCIA-Asti & Alessandria, COMMUNES-(167)-
  • TOPOGRAFIA- Hilly/ Mountainous
    • SLOPES/ Asti & Alessandria Hills, +Alt. 90mt.-450mt.
  • TERRE- Metamorphic, “Sedimentary, Limestone/ Chalky, Sand, Marl, Loam, Silt Clay
  • VITICULTURA-  ?  haPlanted
  • VINICULTURA- +90% Barbera, +AGED/ 6 mo., 12 mo.,  Rosso,  Riserva
    • Estate/ Produttore- Bersano, Bruno Rocca, Cantina Povero, Carussin, Cascina Castlet, Cascina Gilli, Cascina Rey(6ha.), Castello del Poggio, Dario Ivaldi, Dogliotti(16ha.), Domenico Serra, Franco Roero, Maccario, Marchesi di Barolo, Marco Bianco(2ha.), Marco Rabino, Montalbera, Olim Bauda, Paolo Berta, Piero Bussi, Poderi Rosso, Poggio Ridente(10ha.), Roberto Ferraris, La Vedetta
  • CULTURA- 2008 DOCG. Officially Established
    • UNESCO. WORLD HERITAGE SIGHT~ ~Asti Hills~
    • ASSOCIATIONS~ ~Consorzio Barbera d’Asti e Vini del Monferrato~
  • SUB-ZONES Of BARBERA d’ASTI
    • COLLI ASTIANI
      • Geografia- Piemont, In Monferrato(Central)
      • Viniculture- +AGED/ 24mo./ 6mo. In Barrel
    • NIZZA**Refer to NIZZA DOC. For Detailed Information.
    • TINELLA
      • Geografia- Piemont, In Monferrato(Central)
      • Viniculture- +AGED/ 24mo./ 6mo. In Barrel
  • BARBERA D’ASTI SUPERIORE DOCG.    @Asti
    • ROSSO= Barbera
    • GEOGRAFIA- Italia, REGION-Piemonte, PROVINCIA-Asti & Alessandria
      • In Monferrato DOC.
    • VITICULTURA- 3,990 haPlanted
      • Estate/ Produttore- Adriano Grasso, Agostino Pavia & Figli Moliss, Alessandro Motta, Alemat, Bussi Piero, Ca’ Mariuccia, Canti, La Carlina, Cascina Castlet, Il Falchetto, Cascina Garitina, Cossetti Clemente & Figli, Dacapo, Dario Cocito, Franco Mondo, Gianni Doglia, La Gironda, Luca Ferraris, Marchesi Alfieri, Michele Chiarlo, La Montemagno, Neirano, Rinaldi Vini, Santa Caterina, Sergio Gozzelino, Villa Giada, Vite Colte
    • VINICULTURA- +12.5% ABV., +AGED/ 14mo./ 6mo. In Barrels(Chestnut or Oak)
      • Wine Must Be 100% Barbera to Be Labeled Barbera d’Asti Superiore DOCG


***Images Courtesy of Delong Maps, Purchase These Maps at Delongwine.com



NIZZA DOCG.     @Nizza Monferrato

  • ROSSO= Barbera, Ruche
  • GEOGRAFIA- Italia, REGION-Piemonte, PROVINCIA-Asti, In Monferrato DOC.
    • COMMUNES-(18)-Agliano Terme, Belveglio, Bruno, Calamandrana, Castel Boglione, Castelnuovo Belbo, Caselnuovo Calcea, Castel Rocchero, Cortiglione, Incisa Scapaccino, Noasca, Mombaruzzo, Mombercelli, Nizza Monferrato, Rocchetta Palafea, San Marzano Oliveto, Vaglio Serra, Vinchio
  • TOPOGRAFIA- Rolling/ Hilly/ Valley(Belbo), SLOPES/ ?, +Alt. 180mt.-400mt.
    • On~Belbo~River~
  • CLIMA- Continental
  • VITICULTURA- 250haPlanted
    • Estate/ Produttore- Casina Carlen, Cascina Giovinale, Garesio, Garetto, Gironda, HLV Avezza, Olim Bauda, Scarpa(26ha.), Vietti, Vite Coltre
    • Vineyards- Poderi Bricchi
  • VINICULTURA- Rosso(+13% ABV.),  Riserva(+AGED/ 30mo.),  Vigna(Single Vineyard)
    • Wine Must Be 100% Barbera to Be Labeled Nizza DOCG

BARBERA Del MONFERRATO DOCG.   @Asti

  • ROSSO= Barbera(85%), +Dolcetto, Freisa, Grignolino
  • GEOGRAFIA- Italia, REGION-Piemonte, PROVINCIA-Alessandria & Asti
    • In Monferrato DOC.
  • VITICULTURA- 4,300haPlanted
  • VINICULTURA- Superiore(+13% ABV., +AGED/ 14mo./ 6mo. Oak)
    • Estate/ Produttore- Accornero, Iuli Rossore, Maraia, Marchesi di Barolo, Scarpetta, Villa Sparina, Valpane
  • VINICULTURA- Wine Must Be 100% Barbera to Be Labeled DOCG
  • CULTURE- ASSOCIATIONS~ ~Consorzio Barbera d’Asti e Vini del Monferrato~

BARBERA COLLI TORTONESI DOC.     @Asti

  • ROSSO= Barbera
  • GEOGRAFIA- Italia, REGION-Piemonte, PROVINCIA-Asti
    • In Monferrato DOC.
  • VITICULTURA-  ? haPlanted
    • Estate/ Produttore- Oltretorrente, Pomodolce
  • VINICULTURA-
    • Wine Must Be +85% Barbera to Be Labeled Colli Toronesi DOC

ASTI DOCG.     @Asti

  • BIANCO= Moscato AKA=Muscat Blanc a Petits Grains
  • GEOGRAFIA- Italia, REGION-Piemonte, PROVINCIA-Alessandria, Asti, Cuneo
    • In Monferrato DOC.(South-Central), COMMUNES-(50)-
    • BORDERS– Ruche di Castagnole Monferrato DOC.(East)
    • Sub-Zone- Santa Vittoria, Strevi, Canelli
  • TOPOGRAFIA- Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous, On~Tanaro~River~
  • CLIMA- Continental
  • VITICULTURA- 9,700 haPlanted
    • Estate/ Produttore- Araldica, Batasiolo, Bosio, Cinzano, Cuvage, Fontanafredda, Fortelto della Luja, Gancia, Marchesi di Barolo, Martini, Pderi dei Gallina, Roberto Sarotto
  • VINICULTURA- At Least 95% Moscato
    • SPARKLING…Method/ Spumante(Semi-Sweet), 9% ABV., 4 Atmostphere
      • Method/ Classico(Off Dry), Vendemmia Tardiva
  • CULTURE- 1967 DOC. Officially Established/ DOCG. 1993
    • Asti Spumante Was Changed to Asti In 1993.

MOSCATO D’ASTI DOCG.     @Asti

  • BIANCO= Moscato AKA=Muscat Blanc a Petits Grains
  • GEOGRAFIA- Italia, REGION-Piemonte, PROVINCIA-Alessandria/ Asti/ Cuneo
    • In Monferrato DOC.
  • VINICULTURA- SPARKLING…Method/ Fizzante(Sweet), 5%-6% ABV., 1 Atmosphere
    • Must Held In Vats, Then Fermented On Demand to Retain Freshness.
  • VITICULTURA- 
    • Estate/ Produttore- Castello del Poggio, Michele Chiarlo, Paolo Saracco, Villa Rinaldi

FREISA D’ASTI DOC.     @Asti

  • BIANCO= Freisa
  • GEOGRAFIA- Italia, REGION-Piemonte, PROVINCIA-Asti, In Monferrato DOC.
  • TOPOGRAFIA- Rolling
  • VITICULTURA-  ? haPlanted
    • Estate/ Produttore- Bava, Cascina Gilli, Santa Caterina, Trinchero
  • VINICULTURA-
    • Wine Must Be 100% Freisa to Be Labeled Freisa d’Asti DOC

CHERASCO DIAMO ALBA DOC.     @Asti

  • BIANCO=     |   ROSSO=
  • GEOGRAFIA- Italia, REGION-Piemonte, PROVINCIA-Asti, In Monferrato DOC.
    • COMMUNE– Cherasco
  • TOPOGRAFIA- Rolling
  • VITICULTURA-  ?  haPlanted
    • Estate/ Produttore-

DOLCETTO MONREGALESI DOC.      @

  • ROSSO= Dolcetto
  • GEOGRAFIA- Italia, REGION-Piemonte, PROVINCIA-Asti, In Monferrato DOC.
  • TOPOGRAFIA- Rolling
  • VITICULTURA- ?  haPlanted
    • Estate/ Produttore-

BRACHETTO D’ACQUI DOCG.     @Acqui Terme

  • ROSSO= Brachetto
  • GEOGRAFIA- Italia, REGION-PiemontePROVINCIA-Asti, Alessandria
    • In Monferrato DOC., COMMUNES-(26)-
  • TERRE- Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Calcareous-Clay, Marl
  • VITICULTURA- 1,050haPlanted
    • Estate/ Produttore- Banfi, Bersano Castelgaro, Giacomo Bologna, Marenco
  • VINICULTURA- SPARKLING…Method/ Fizzante
    • Wine Must Be 100% Brachetto to Be Labeled Brachetto d’Acqui DOC

DOLCETTO D’ASTI DOC.     @Asti

  • ROSSO= Dolcetto
  • GEOGRAFIA– Italia, REGION-Piemonte, PROVINCIA-Alessandria, In Monferrato DOC.
  • TOPOGRAFIARolling
  • VITICULTURA–  ?  haPlanted
    • Estate/ Produttore

LOAZZOLO DOC.    @Asti

  • BIANCO= Moscato
  • GEOGRAFIA- Italia, REGION-Piemonte, PROVINCIA-Asti
    • In Monferrato DOC.(West), In Dolcetto d’Asti DOC.
  • TOPOGRAFIA- Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous, On~Bormida~River~
  • VITICULTURA-  ? ha. Planted
  • VINICULTURA- Botrytis,  Late Harvest(Harvest After September 20th.),  Passito
    • Estate/ Produttore- Borgo Maragliano, Forteto della Luja Piasa, Isolabella della Croce
  • VINICULTURA-
    • Wine Must Be 100% Moscato to Be Labeled Loazzolo DOC

DOLCETTO D’ACQUI DOC.     @Acqui Terme

  • ROSSO= Dolcetto
  • GEOGRAFIA- Italia, REGION-Piemonte, PROVINCIA-Alessandria
    • In Monferrato DOC.
  • TOPOGRAFIA- Rolling, On~Bormida~River~
  • VITICULTURA-  ?  haPlanted
    • Estate/ Produttore- Batasiolo, Francesco Capetta, Marenco, Mombello

STREVI DOC.     @Strevi

  • ROSSO= Moscato
  • GEOGRAFIA- Italia, REGION-Piemonte, PROVINCIA-Alessandria
    • In Monferrato DOC.In Dolcetto d’Acqui DOC., COMMUNE-Strevi
  • TOPOGRAFIA- Flat/ Rolling/ Ridge
  • TERRE- Metamorphic, “Sedimentary, Calcareous/ Limestone, Clay, Marl
  • VITICULTURA-  ?  haPlanted
  • VINICULUTRA- Passito
    • Estate/ Produttore- Bragagnolo

ALTO LANGA DOCG.     @

  • BIANCO= Chardonnay      |   ROSSO= Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAFIA- Italia, REGION-Piemonte, PROVINCIA-Alessandria, Asti, Cuneo
    •  (Laps/ In)In Monferrato DOC.
  • TOPOGRAFIA- Rolling/ Hilly, SLOPES/ ?, +Alt. +250mt.- 550mt., On~Tanaro~River~
  • TERRE- Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Limestone, Marl, Clay
  • VITICULTURA- 77ha. Planted, Hard Harvested
    • Estate/ Produttore- Abrigo, Banfi, Il Cascinone, Coppo, Deltetto, Ettore Germano, Fontanafredda, Gancia, Germany Ettore, Ghione Anne, Giuliani Cocchi, Marcalberto, Roberto Garbarino, Tosti, Viti Colte
  • VINICULTURA- Spumante(METHOD/ Classico)
    • +AGED/ On Lees/ 30 mo., Reserve(+AGED/ 36 mo.,  Rose
      • (Chardonnay, Pinot Nero, -10% Other Local Varieties.)
  • STORIA- First Method Classico Sparking Wine to Be Produced In Piemonte.
    • 2002 DOC. Established/ 2011 DOCG. Established.
  • CULTURA-  WINE GLASS– Designed by Giugiaro For the the Sparkling Wine Produced Here.
    • UNESCO WORLD HERITAGE~ ~Underground Cathedrals~
      • Consideration~ Wine Cellar Dug Into the Tuff On Which the Town of Canelli Sits.

DOLCETTO Di OVADA DOCG.      @Ovada

  • ROSSO= Dolcetto AKA=Ova di Ovada
  • GEOGRAFIA- Italia, REGION-Piemonte(South), PROVINCIA-Alessandria
    • COMMUNES-(22)-
  • TOPOGRAFIARolling, On~Orba~River~
  • VITICULTURA- 1,450haPlanted
  • VINICULTURA- Superiore(+12.5% ABV.)
    • Estate/ Produttore- Casa Wallace, anello di Tagliolo, Ghera, Luigi Tacchino
  • VINICULTURA-
    • Wine Must Be 100% Dolcetto to Be Labeled Dolcetto di Ovada DOCG

GAVI DOCG.      @Gavi

  • BIANCO= Cortese
  • GEOGRAFIA- Italia, REGION-Piemonte(South-East), PROVINCIA-Alessandria
    • BORDERS-Liguria(South), Sub-Zones- Novi Ligure
    • VILLAGES-(11)-Bosio, Capriata, Carrosio, Francavilla, Gavi, Novi, San Cristoforo, Parodi, Pasturana, Serravalle, Tassarolo
  • TOPOGRAFIA- Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous, SLOPES/ Apennines, 152mt.-425mt.
  • TERRE- Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Limestone, Gravel-Clay, Serravallian Marl & Sandstone, Red Ferrous, 
  • VITICULTURA- 1,460haPlanted
  • VINICULTURA- Tranquillo,  Spumante(Classico),  Fizzante,  Reserva(+11% ABV.)
    • Estate/ Produttore- Araldica la Monetta, Banfi, Beni di Batasiolo, Bersano, Bricco dei Guazzi, Broglia, Castellari Bergaglio, La Chiara, Enrico Serafino, Fontanafredda, Franco M. Marinetti, Giustiniana, Laghibellina, La Meirana, La Mesma(Nat.Pro.), Olim Bauda, Ottosoldi, Pio Cesare, La Raia, La Scolca, Villa Sparino, La Zerba
    • Vineyards- Rovereto(50ha.)
  • VINICULTURA-
    • Wine Must Be 100% Cortese to Be Labeled Gavi DOCG
  • CULTURA- 1974- DOC. Officially Established, DOCG. 1998
    • WINE TRAILS~ ~Strada Della Lomellina~

LANGHE DOC.     @Navara

  • BIANCO= Arneis, Favorita, Nacetta, Timorasso
    • Internazionale Chardonnay, Riesling, Sauvignon Bianco
  • ROSSO= Bubbierasco, Dolcetto, Friesa, Grignolino, Nebbiolo(+85%)
    • Internazionale Cabernet Sauvignon, Petit Verdot, Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAFIA- Italia, REGION-Piemonte(South-West), PROVINCIA-Cuneo,  @Hw.#A33
    • Multi-Appellation
    • Tinello River Forms the Boundary Between Langhe and Monferrato.
  • TOPOGRAFIA- Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous, On~Tanaro/ Stura Demonte~River~
  • TERRE- Metamorphic, Sedimentary
    • Langhien Era Formation- 16-14 MYA.
  • CLIMA- Continental
  • VITICULTURA- ?  haPlanted
    • WINE BOTTLE– ~Albeisa Bottle~ Created In 1700’s by Master Glaziers at Vetrerie di Porino In Turin For Producers Around Alba Who Wanted a Unique and Recognizable Bottle.
  • VINICULTURA- Bianco,  Rosa,  Rosso
      • Langhe DOC. Can Be Used to Release Early Barolo and Barbaresco, and Wines Not Meeting DOCG. Requirements.
    • Estate/ Produttore-(Not Located In Demarcated Sub-Zone)- Cavallotto, Ettore Germano, Fratelli Alessandria G.D. Vajra, , J.C. Clare, Kye, Marchesi di Gressy, Michele Chiarlo, Ressia, Segni di Langa
  • CULTURA- ~Etymology~ Area Named After the Langhian Age of the Miocene Epoch.
    • Monks & Monasteries ~Benedictine Monks~
      • Preserved Wine Culture and Reintroduced Viticulture In Langhe After the Fall of Rome.
    • UNESCO. WORLD HERITAGE SIGHT~ ~Langhe~ (Cultural, Landscape, Vineyards)
    • WINE CONSUMPTION~ In the Lange Region Its Generally Accepted That Wine Producers and Wine Consumers Drink the Dolcetto Wine Young In the Beginner of the Next Year It Was Produced While They Wait For the Barbera Grape to Age For a Year. Conversely They Consume the Barbara Wine a Year Later While They Wait For the Nebbiolo Based Wine to Age.
    • FORMAGGIOLa Tur(Cow/Sheep/Goat(Soft)
  • GOING THERE- ~Alba Truffle Market~ Octomber/ November, In Maddalena Courtyard In Alba.

BARBERA D’ALBA DOCG.     @Alba

  • ROSSO= Barbera, Freisa, Grignolino, Nebbiolo
  • GEOGRAFIA- Italia, REGION-Piemonte(South), PROVINCIA-Cuneo, In Langhe DOC.
  • TOPOGRAFIA- Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly
  • VITICULTURA- ABV.+12%, #1 Planted Grape In Piemonte
    • Estate/ Produttore- Angelo Gaja, Boroli, Ciabot Berton, Fratelli Antonio & Raimondo, Giacomo Conterno, Marchesi di Barolo, Marengo Mauro, Marrone, Massolino, Morra Stefanino, Pio Cesare, Renato Ratti, Rivetto, Roberto Voerzio, Vientiane’s Tre Vigne
  • VINICULTURA- 
    • Wine Must Be +85% Barbera to Be Labeled Barbera d’Alba DOCG
  • BARBARA D’ALBA SUPERIORE DOCG.    @Alba
    • ROSSO= Barbara
    • VITICULTURA-
      • Estate/ Produttore- Cagliero, Daniele Pelassa, Demarie, Negretti, Palladino, Rizieri
    • VINICULTURA-  Superiore(+AGED/ 12mo.)
      • Wine Must Be +90% Barbera to Be Labeled Barbera d’Alba Superiore DOCG

ROERO DOCG.     @Canale, Verra d’Alba

  • BIANCO= Arneis, Favorita
  • ROSSO= Nebbiolo, Barbera, Brachettone Del Roero, Friesa
  • GEOGRAFIA- Italia, REGION-Piemonte(South), PROVINCIA-Cuneo
    • In Langhe DOC., North of Barolo-City(      km.)
    • COMMUNES-(19)-Baldissero d’Alba, Castagnito, Castellinaldo, Canale, Corneliano d’Alba, Guarene, Govone, Magliano Alfieri, Monta, Monteu, Piobesi d’Alba, Pocapaglia, Priocca, Santa Vittoria d’Alba, Santo Stefano, Sommariva, Vezza d’Alba
    • BORDERS-Langhe, Low Plains,  Tanaro River Separates the Langhe From Roero.
  • TOPOGRAFIA- Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous/ Valley, SLOPES/ Valmaggiore Valley, +Alt. ?
    • On~Tanaro~River~Tributary~Po~River~(South)
  • TERRE- Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Limestone, Sand, Clay
    • Ancient Sea(Golfo Padano) Once Covered the Area.
  • CLIMA- Continental
  • VITICULTURA- 1,015ha. Planted,  Vine TrainingGuyot
    • Estate/ Produttore- Angelo Negro, Carretta, Cornarea, Correggia, Matteo Correggia(Nat.Pro.), Marco Porello, Monchiero Carbone, Mauricio Ponchione, Teo Costa
    • Vineyards- Castelletto, Podio Hill, Valmaggiore
  • VINICULTURA-
    • Roero(ArneisDOCG.(+95% Arneis, +12% ABV.)
      • Reserva DOCG.(100% Arneis, +12.5 ABV., +AGED/16mo. Before Bottling)
    • Roero(Nebbiolo DOCG.)(+95% Nebbiolo, +12.5% ABV., +AGED/ 20 mo./6 mo. Oak)
      • Reserva(100% Nebbiolo, +12.5 ABV., +AGED/32mo., 6mo. In Barrel)
    • Spumante(+95% Arneis, +11/5% ABV.)
  • CULTURA- ~Etymology~ Roero…Family of Bankers/ Traders Prodominate In Middle Ages.
    • ASSOCITAIONS~ ~Consorzio di Tutela Roero~
    • PIONEERS~ ~Alfredo Currado~ Barolo Producer/ “The Father of Arneis.”
      • In 1967 Invested Time and Money to Rediscover the and Bring Back This Nearly Extinct Grape.
  • SUB-ZONES/ COMMUNES Of ROERO
  • BALDISSERO d’ALBARoero(West), Vineyards- Costabella, Valmezzana
  • CANALERoero(North), Vineyards- Anime, Ciriango, Granmadre, Loreto
    • Madanna dei Cavalli, Mombeltramo, Mombirone, Omopellini, Mompissano, Montorino, Oesio, Patarun, Pecetto Rabini, Renesio, Renesio Incisa, Rinesio Montorone, Renesio Valbellina, Rivetto, Roncaglia, Roncaglie, S.S. Trinita, San Defendente, San Michele, San Vittore, Sant’Anna, Santa Margherita, Sru, Tanone, Volta
    • Estate/ Producers- Barbero’s, Bric Castelvej, Bruno, Franco, Ca’Rossa, Chicco, Cornarea, Deltect, Destefanis Fedrico, Enrico Serafino, Filippo Gallino, Giacomo Barbero, Giacomo Vico, Maccagno Livio, Malbaila, Malvera, Mario Costa, Marolo Guglielmo, Matteo Correggia, Novo Marco, Peace, Pinsoglio, Porello Marco, Valfaccenda
  • CASTAGNITORoero(East), Vineyards- Cortine, Croera, San Quirico, Serra, Soarme, Trono
  • CASTELLINALDORoero(East), Vineyards- Baroni Incisa, Corchesi, Fontane,
    • Leschera, Maddonna dei Cavalli, Rocca Cerreto, Roncaglia, San Carlo, San Salvario, Serra Zoanni
  • CORNELIANO d’ALBARoero(South-Central), Vineyards- Bricco della Quaglia,
    • Cumignano, Reala, Surie, Val di Stefano
  • GOVONERoero(East), Vineyards- Monteforche, Peiroletto, Trinita
  • GUARENERoero(East), Vineyards- Cortine, Croera, Madernassa, Montebello, Soarme
  • MAGLIANO ALFIERI– Roero(East),Vineyards- Sam Bernardo, Trono
  • MONTA d’ALBA Roero(North), Vineyards- Bric Bossola, Bric Valdiana,
    • Bric del Medic, Caialupo, Corso, Lamonta, Mombeltramo, Morinaldo, Parere, Piloni, Sterlotti Tucci, Valteppe
  • MONTALDO ROERO Roero(West), Vineyards- Muschiavin, Sacargena,
    • San Giacomo, San Rocco, Sicurana, Torre
  • MONTEU ROERORoero(North-West), Vineyards- Anime Nere, Bastia, Bric Nota,
    • Bric Rossino Vadonia, Bricco Braida, Canton Sandri, Ciabot San Giorgio, Gaiuccio, Occhetti, Occhetti Castilletto, Occhetti Violi, Prachiosso, Rivetto, Sacargena, San Michele, San Vincenzo, Sanche, Sant’Anna, Santa Margherita, Serra Lupini, Sru
  • MONTICELLO d’ALBARoero(South-West),Vineyards- Casa, La Valle, Malapessina, Roncaglie
  • PIOBESI d’ALBARoero(South-Central), Vineyards- Bric Paradio, Bricco di Piobesi,
    • Buonagiunta, Canorie, Garbiano, Montiglione, Rivera, Sassonio
  • POCAPAGLIA Roero(South-West), Vineyards- Bricco dello Passere, Montalbano,
    • Mormore, Sanbod, Vis Pautass
  • PRIOCCARoero(East),Vineyards- Betlemme, Bric Mortariolo, Bricco Genestreto,
    • Cascinotto, Castellero, Madonna delle Grazie, Monteforche, Sabbione, San Siverio, Verinera
  • SANTO STEFANO ROERO Roero(North-West), Vineyards- Anime, Bricco Braida,
    • Gorrini, Le Coste, Madonna delle Grazie, Mombeltramo, Monfriggio, Reina, Rivetto, San Grato, San Michele, Sant’Antonio
  • SANTA VITTORIA d’ALBARoero(South-West), Vineyards- Coste Anforiano, Scorticato
  • SOMMARIVA PERNO Roero(South-West), Vineyards- Loghero, Tavoleto
  • VEZZA d’ALBARoero(Central), Vineyards- Bastia, Colla, Crocetta, Madernassa,
    • Montebello, Patarun, Pioiero, Reala, Rurey, San Quirico, Sanche, Sant’Anna, Tanone, Torion, Valmaggiore

DOLCETTO D’ALBA DOC.     @Alba

  • ROSSO= Dolcetto
  • GEOGRAFIA- Italia, REGION-Piemonte(South), PROVINCIA-Cuneo
    • (InLaps)Asti, In Langhe DOC., COMMUNES-(25)-
  • TOPOGRAFIA- Rolling/ Hilly, SLOPES/ Langhe Hills, +Alt. ?
  • TERRE- Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Calcareaous, Volcanic, Tufa
  • VITICULTURA- ? haPlanted
    • Estate/ Produttore- Bartolo Mascarello, Brovia, Cascina In Langa, Cavallotto, Ca’Viola, Ettore Germano
    • Vineyards- Scot

NEBBIOLO D’ALBA DOC.     @Alba

  • ROSSO= Nebbiolo(100%)
  • GEOGRAFIA- Italia, REGION-Piemonte(South), PROVINCIA-Cuneo, In Langhe DOC.
    • VILLAGES-Alba, Canale, Castellinaldo, Corneliano, Diano d’Alba, Grinzane Cavour, Vezza
  • TOPOGRAFIA- Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous, SLOPES/ Langhe Hills, On~Tanaro~River~
  • VITICULTURA- 807ha. Planted
  • VINICULTURA- +AGED/ +12mo., Superiore(+AGED/ +18 mo.), Dolce,  Spumante
    • *PRODUCED/ Nebbiolo Grapes From Alba (Outside of Barolo and Barbaresco Villages)
      • Wines Produced From Barbaresco/ Barolo Grapes Not Meeting DOCG. Standards.
    • Estate/ Produttore- Bruno Giacosa, Cappellano, Luciano Sandrone, Renato Ratti

BARBARESCO DOCG.     @Barbaresco

  • BIANCO= Arnies, Moscato, Muscate
    • Internazionale Chardonnay, Riesling
  • ROSSO= Nebbiolo(CLONES/ Lampia, Michet, Rose), Barbera, Dolcetto
  • GEOGRAFIA- Italia, REGION-Piemonte(South), PROVINCIA-Cuneo, In Langhe DOC.
    • Sub-Zones/ Communes Barbaresco, Neive, Treiso, San Rocca Seno D’Elvio
      • UN-OFFICIAL: Bricco di Neive, Neive Borgonuova, Tre Stelle
    • East of Alba-City(6km.), North-East of Barolo-City(15km.)
    • Area Defined by the Tinello Flood Plain Stream On One Side.
  • TOPOGRAFIA- Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous, On~Tanaro~River~
    • SLOPES/ Ridge East of Alva, +Alt. 200mt.-550mt./ Town 273mt.
    • Vineyards Are Made Up of Different Aspects, Altitude, and Exposures.
  • TERRE- Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Calcareous Clay, Sandstone/ Sand
    • *Generally– Soils of the “Serravallian Era Formation”, Sandstone, Limestone, Marl
  • CLIMA- Continental, With Many Micro Climates
  • VITICULTURA- 730ha. Planted,  Cru- Named Sight, Vigna-Vingle Vineyard
    • MGA. Menzioni Geografiche Aggiuntive/ Additional Geographic Mention
      • 66 Special Denominations That Refer Not Only to the Area But Directly to the Individual Vineyard.
    • Grand-Cru- Asili, Montestefano, Montefico, Muncagota, Ovello, Paje, Pora, Rabaja, Rio Sordo
    • ADVANTAGES/ CHALLENGES– Spring Frost, Summer Hail, Late Ripening
      • Harvests Are Late September to Mid-October.
    • Vine Training– Guyot
  • VINICULTURA- +12.5% ABV., +AGED/ +26mo./ +9mo.(Oak), Reserva(+AGED/ 50mo.)
    • Vinification and Aging Must Take Place Within the DOCG. Area.
    • Whites Wine Produced With Barbaresco Grapes Are Labeled Langhe Bianco.
    • Nebbiolos Produced Not Meeting DOCG. Guidelines Are Labeled Nebbiolo di Langhe.
  • STORIA- Nebbiolo is Said to Be Growing In Barbaresco Since 1268.
    • Until 1894 Grapes Where Added to Barolo Production of Labeled Nebbiolo di Barbaresco.
    • 9 Original Land Owners Started First Co.-Op. In 1894, Co.-Op. Reformed With 19 Owners as Produttori Del Barbaresco In 1958, Now 54 Growers Are Committed to Producing Only Produttori Wines With Their Harvests.
    • Not Until the End of the 1800’s Did Barbaresco Appear On Wine Labels.
  • CULTURE-
    • PIONEERS~Giuseppe Musso~ Father of Barbaresco
      • ~Domizio Cavazza~ 1894, Created First Co-Operitive(Cantine Sociali)
        • Considered God-Father of Barbaresco.
      • ~Giovanni Gaja~ One of the Founding Fathers of Barbaresco.
      • ~Angelo Gaja~ Helped Revolutionize Vinification of Nebbiolo.
  • GOING THERE- ~Visit the Barbaresco Regional Enoteca Wine Shop~

BARBARESCO      @Barbaresco

  • BIANCO=Arnies 1%
    • Internazionale Chardonnay 1%
  • ROSSO= Nebbiolo, Barbera, Docetto
  • GEOGRAFIA- Italia, REGION-Piemonte, In Barbaresco(North-West)
  • TOPOGRAFIA Rolling/ Hilly(Bowl), SLOPES/ ?, +Alt. 200mt.- 500mt.
    • On~Tanaro~River~(Near)
    • Topographic Sub-Zones- The Western Slopes,  The Eastern Slopes
  • TERRE- Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Silty Loam, Sand, Clay
  • VITICULTURA 776 ha./ 105 haPlanted, MGA.- 25
    • Vineyards/ Geographical Mentions- Asili MGA.(Cru/14ha.), Ca’ Grossa MGA.(38ha.), Cars MGA.(26ha.), Cavanna MGA.(8ha.), Cole MGA.(3ha.), Cortini, Costa Russi, Darmagi, Faset MGA.(15ha.), Martinenga MGA.(17ha.), Montaribaldi MGA.(15ha.), Montefico MGA.(Cru/8ha.), Montestefano MGA.(Cru/10ha.), Muncagota MGA.(9ha.), Ovello MGA.(Cru/17ha.), Paje’ MGA.(7ha.), Pora MGA.(Cru/22 ha.), Rabaja MGA.(Cru/22ha.), Rabaja’ Bas MGA.(Cru/1ha.), Rio Sordo MGA.(Cru/25ha.), Roccalini MGA.(34ha.) Roncaglie MGA.(13ha.), Roncagliette MGA.(21ha.), Ronchi MGA.(18ha.), Secondine MGA.(13ha.), Sori San Lorenzo, Sori Tildin, Tre Stelle MGA.(23ha.), Trifolera MGA.(25ha.), Vicenziana MGA.(16ha.)
    • Estate/ Produttore- Albino Roca(8ha.), Bera, Bianco Aldo, Bianco Gigi, Boffa Carlo, Bondonio Olek, Bonifacio, Bruno Giacosa, Bruno Rocca(8ha.), Ca’ del Baio, La Ca’Nova, Ca Rome, Cantina del Pino(6ha.), Carlo Giacosa, Carretta, Cascina Bruciata, Cascina Luisin, Cascina Morassino, Cascina Luisin, Cascina delle Rose, Ceretto Bricco, Cortese Giuseppe, De Forville, Fletcher Wines, Gaja*(18ha.), Giacosa Carlo, Giordano Luigi, La Licenziana, Marchesi di Gresy(11ha.), Moccagatta(6ha.), Montaribaldi(4ha.), Musso(5ha.), Nada Fiorenzo, Produttori del Barbaresco*(Co.-Op./114ha./54 Members), Quazzolo, Rattalino, Renato Fenocchio, Rigo Filippo, Rivella Serafino, Rivella Silvia, Rocca Bruno, La Rocche dei Barbari, Ronchi, Serragrilli, Socre, La Spinona(7ha.), Varaldo, Vini Roagna
  • VINICULTURA- Generally the Most Balanced Wines of 4 Barbaresco Sub-Zones.

NEIVE      @Neive

  • BIANCO= Moscato, Muscat        Internazionale Riesling
  • ROSSO= Nebbiolo 37%, Barbera, Dolcetto
  • GEOGRAFIA- Italia, REGION-Piemonte, In Barbaresco(North-East)
    • VILLAGES– Asili, Moretta, Zocco
    • Topographic Sub-Zones- The Western Sector,  The Northern Sector,  The Eastern Sector
  • TOPOGRAFIA- Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous, +Alt. 160 mt.- 450 mt.
  • TERRE- Metamorphic, Sedimentary
  • VITICULTURA 2,120 ha./ 699 Planted, MGA.- 20
    • Vineyards/ Geographical Mentions- Albesani MGA.(Cru/72ha.), Balluri MGA.(Cru/113ha.), Basarin MGA.(66ha.), Borgese, Bordini MGA.(73ha.), Bricco di Neive MGA.(155ha.), Bric Micca MGA.(101ha.), Canova MGA.(Cru/158ha.), Casasse, Cotta MGA.(85ha.), Cascinotta, Curra MGA.(22ha.), Fausoni MGA.(29ha.), Gaia-Principe MGA.(75ha.), Gallina MGA.(54ha.), Gianmate, Marcelino MGA.(24ha.), Mondino, Montesommo, Ricco di Neive, Rivetti MGA.(79ha.), San Cristoforo MGA.(69ha.), San Giuliano MGA.(18ha.), Santo Stefano, Serrboella MGA.(54ha.), Serricapelli MGA.(142ha.), Serragrilli MGA.(86ha.), Spessa, Starderi MGA.(95ha.), Valdrappo
    • Estate/ Produttore- Alino Rocca, Amerio Mario, Antichi Doderi dei Gallina, Baracco Pietro, Boggero Piera Ines, Bricchetto, Bruno Rocca, Busso Piero(5ha.), Cascina Fonda, Cascina Longoria, Cascina Principe(3ha.), Cascina Vano(2ha.), Castello di Neive(10ha.), Cascina Saria, Cascina Vano, Castello di Neive, Cigliuli Fratelli, Cocito Ezio, Collina Serragrilli, La Contea, Dante Rivetti(19ha.), Elia, Fantana Bianco(3.5ha.), Fattoria San Giuliano, Fenocchio Renato, Filippino Domenico, Fontanabianca, Francone, Gastaldi(5ha.), Gea Fabio, Giacone Dario, Giacosa Bruno, Giacosa Fratelli(3 ha.), Del Glicine, Lequio Giuseppina, Lequio Ugo, Mainerdo, Monte Cecilia, Negro Giuseppe, Paitin(6ha.), Pastura Angelo, Pelissero Pasquale(4ha.), Piero Busso, Poderi Elia, Prinsi(6ha.), Punset(4ha.), Ressia, Rivetti Dante, Rivetti Massimo(4ha.), Sassi, Saria, Serra Grilli, Sori’ Paiti, Sottimano(10ha.), Torregiorgi, Toso Fratelli, Traversa Giuseppe, Voghera Luigi
  • VINICULTURA- Generally the Biggest, Most Structured Wines of 4 Barbaresco Sub-Zones.

TREISO     @Treiso

  • BIANCO=Arnies , Moscato  Internazionale Riesling
  • ROSSO= Nebbiolo 35%, Barbera, Dolcetto
  • GEOGRAFIA- Italia, REGION-Piemonte, In Barbaresco(South-Central)
    • Topographic Sub-Zones- The Northern  Sector,  The Southern Sector
  • TOPOGRAFIA- Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous, +Alt. 220 mt.- 400 mt., Barbaresco’s Highest Vineyards,
  • TERRE- Metamorphic, Sedimentary
  • VITICULTURA 960 ha/ 499 haPlanted, MGA.- 20
    • Vineyards/ Geographical Mentions- Ausario MGA.(46ha.), Bernadot MGA.(11ha.), Bricco di Treiso MGA.(30ha.), Bungioan, Canova, Canta, Casot MGA.(18ha.), Castellizzano MGA.(18ha.), Ferrere MGA.(68ha.), Garassino MGA.(17ha.), Giacone MGA.(90ha.), Giacosa MGA.(31ha.), Magallo, Manzola MGA.(9ha.), Marcarini MGA.(48ha.), Meruzzano MGA.(128ha.), Montersino MGA.(31ha.), Nervo MGA.(21ha.), Pajore MGA.(41ha.), Rizzi MGA.(37ha.), Rombone MGA.(47ha.), San Stunet MGA.(36ha.), Valeirano MGA.(20ha.), Vallegrande MGA.(28ha.)
    • Estate/ Produttore- Abrigo Mauro, Abrigo Orlando(4ha.), Ada Nada, Il Bricco, Bussi Mauro, Ca’ del Baio(6ha.), Cantina Vignaioli, Casina Alberta, Il Crave(Corrado Meinardi), La Ganghija, Grosso Fratelli(6ha.), Lodali, Molino, Nada Ada, Nada Fiorenzo(4ha.), Nada Giuseppe, Pajore, Pelissero(15ha.), Pertinace(28ha.), Pier(10ha.), Rizzi(12ha.), Runchet, Vigin
  • VINICULTURA- Generally the Most Elegant/ Refined Wines of 4 Barbaresco Sub-Zones.

SAN ROCCO SENO d’ELVIO      @San Rocco

  • BIANCO= ?
  • ROSSO= Barbera, Dolcetto, Nebbiolo
  • GEOGRAFIA- Italia, REGION-Piemonte, In Barbaresco(South-West)
  • TOPOGRAFIA- Rolling/ Hilly/ Valley(San Rocca), +Alt.
  • TERRE- Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Limestone, Clay, Sandstone, Tufo
  • VITICULTURA   haPlanted, MGA.- 4
    • Vineyards/ Geographical Mentions- Meruzzano MGA.(27ha.), Monterseno MGA.(49ha.), Seno d’Elvio, Rizzi MGA.(32ha.), Rocche Massallupo MGA.(60ha.)
    • Estate/ Produttore- Adriano Marco & Vittorio(7ha.), Barac, Ca’ du Luin(Castellengo), Cascina Barac, Lano Gianluigi, Manera Fratelli, Manuel Marinacci, Piazzo Armando, Poderi Colla(5ha.), Rinaldi Rietro, Piazzo Armando(22ha.), Scarpe Tettineive
  • VINICULTURA- Generally the Fastest Maturating Wines of 4 Barbaresco Sub-Zones.
  • CULTURA- ~Etymology~ Named After the Local Patron Saint San Rocco, and Seno d’Elvio the River Runner Through the Valley.

BAROLO DOCG.      @Barolo

  • BIANCO= ?
    • Internazionale Chardonnay, Riesling, Sauvignon Blanc, Viognier
  • ROSSO= Nebbiolo, CLONES (Lampia, Michet, Rose), Barbera, Dolcetto, Freisa, Grignolino
    • Internazionale Pinot Nero
  • GEOGRAFIA- Italia, REGION-Piemonte(South), PROVINCIA-Cuneo, In Langhe DOC.
    • BORDERS-(Laps)Verduno Perleverga DOC.(North), (Laps)Diano d’Alba DOC.(East)
    • VILLAGES/ COMMUNES-(11)- Barolo, Castiglione Falletto, Cherasco, Diano d’Alba, Grinzane Cavour, Montforte d’Alba, La Morra, Novello, Roddi, Serralunga d’Alba, Verduno
    • South-West of Barbaresco-City(15km.)
  • TOPOGRAFIA- Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous
    • SLOPES/ Langhe Hills, +Alt. 170mt.-540mt., Town 273mt.
    • On~Tanaro~River~Po~River~, 2 Ridges Together In T-Shape
  • TERRE- Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Limestone
    • *Generally– Soils of the Tortonian Age Formation, Calcareous Marl, Sandstone
  • CLIMA- Continental, With Many Micro Climates
  • VITICULTURA- 2,161ha. Planted,  770 Growers
    • Generally 2 Green Harvest (In June and Another 2/3 Weeks Before Harvest.)
    • ADVANTAGES/ CHALLENGES– Late Ripening/ Harvests Can Go Into October.
    • Barolo Grand Cru- Brunate, Cerequio, Francia, Monprivato, Rionda, Rocche di Castiglione, Rocche dell’Annunziata, Vigna Rionda, Villero || Grand-Cru(Second Tier)…Brea, Cannubi, Falleto, Gabutti-Parafada, Ginestra, Lazzarito, Marenca-Rivette, Ornato
    • MGA. Menzioni Geografiche Aggiuntive/ Additional Geographic Mention, Established In 2010. 181 In Total.
      • 170 Single Vineyard- Equivalent to a Cru Vineyard or Climat In Burgundy.
      • 11 Super-MGA.’s- Corresponding to Each of the Barolo Zone’s Communes. Equivalent to a Village Wine In Burgundy.
        • Requires +85% of Grapes Coming From the Single Commune.
  • VINICULTURA- Maceration-to 30 Days, +12.5% ABV., +AGED/ +38mo./ 18mo.(Oak)
    • Reserva(+13% ABV., +AGED/ 62mo.) MGA/ Cru- Named Sight
    • Vigna- Single Vineyard 100%, Maximum Yield 56 hl./ ha.
    • Until 1850’s Nebbiolo In Barolo Was Produced as a Sweet Wine.
    • Whites Wine Produced With Barbaresco Grapes Are Labeled Langhe Bianco.
    • *Generally– Wines Produced On West Side of Barolo Are Early Maturing and Semi Approachable at a Younger Age Compared to the East Side of Barolo Which Wines Need a Few More Years to Develop.
    • Angry Barolo, One That Taste Like It Doesn’t Want to Be Drunk, Like One That Needs to Sleep For the Next 10 Years.
  • STORIA-
    • 1900’s @Barolo Historically Moscadello Was the Most Popular Grape/ Wine In Barolo.
      • Not Until the 1900’s Did Nebbiolo Become King.
    • 1961 @Barolo Alfredo Currado/ Beppe Colla, Produce First Single Vineyard Barolo.
    • 1980 @Barolo DOCG. Officially Established.
  • CULTURA 
    • PIONEERS~ ~Beppe Colla~ One of Founding Fathers of Barolo.
      • Help Define DOC., and First to Produce and Label a Single Vineyard Barolo(Bussia) In 1961.
    • PIONEERS~ ~Marchesa de Barolo~ 1850, Noblewomen Who First Defined Barolo as a Wine.
      • Sori– Part of the Hill With Full Southern Exposure.
      • Bricco– A Vineyard’s Highest Point.
  • GOING THERE- ~Barolo Regional Tasting Room~
    • ~Bike Ride or Drive to Top of La Morra For View~
    • WINNER Worlds Best~ DtheV.com Awards, Italy’s Best DOC.  (1st. Place)
      • **Refer to WINE CULTURE/ Derek’s Top 6 List For Detailed Information.

Generally, You Can Divide Barolo Into Two: the North/Northwest There Are Sandier Soil, While In the South-East You Have More Compact Stony Soils.

North-West-Side of Barolo

  • GEOGRAFIA- Piemonte, REGION-Barolo, Sub-Zone- North-West-Side
    • COMMUNE-Cherasco, Roddi, Verduno
  • TERRE- Metamorphic, Sedimentary
    • Tortonian Soils…Limestone, Marl, Darker Colored Soils, Newer/ +Fertility
  • VINICULTURA- Lighter In Color, More Approachable Tannins, Mature Sooner.

CHERASCO     @Cherasco

  • BIANCO=  ?   |   ROSSO= Nebbiolo 90%, Barbera 5%
  • GEOGRAFIA- Italia, REGION-Piemonte, COMMUNE-Cherasco
    • In Barolo(North-West)(Laps)
  • TERRE- Metamorphic, Sedimentary
  • VITICULTURA-  ?  ha. Planted,    –MGA.- ?
    • Vineyards- Mantoetto(3 ha.)
    • Estate/ Produttore-

VERDUNO      @Verduno

  • BIANCO= ?     |   ROSSO= Nebbiolo 90%, Barbera 5%, Pelaverga
  • GEOGRAFIA- Italia, REGION-Piemonte, COMMUNE-Verduno
    • In Barolo(North)(Laps)
  • TOPOGRAFIA- Hilly, Mountainous, Bowl Shaped
  • TERRE- Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Marl
  • VITICULTURA-  ? ha. Planted,  –MGA.- ?
    • Vineyards- Breri(54ha.), Boscatto(28ha.), Campasso(14ha.), Massara, Monvigliero(26ha.), Riva Rocca(14ha.), Rodasca(6ha.), Rocche dell’Olmo(37ha.), San Lorenzo(32ha.)
    • Estate/ Produttore- Arnaldo Rivera, GB. Burlotto, Castello di Verduno, Dame Mach, Fratelli Alessandria, Mario Andrion, Pietro Rinaldi, Terre del Barolo(Co.-Op.)

RODDI       @Roddi

  • BIANCO= ?       ROSSO= Nebbiolo
  • GEOGRAFIA- Italia, REGION-Piemonte, COMMUNE-Roddi
    • In Barolo(North-East)(Laps)
  • TERRE- Metamorphic, Sedimentary
  • VITICULTURA- ? ha. Planted,   –MGA.- ?
    • Vineyards- Bricco Ambrogio(48ha.)
    • Estate/ Produttore- Lodali, Paolo Scavino

South-West-Side of Barolo

  • GEOGRAFIA- Piemonte, REGION-Barolo, Sub-Zone The Central Valley
    • COMMUNES-Barolo, La Morra, Novello
  • TERRE- Metamorphic, Sedimentary

La MORRA      @La Morra

  • BIANCO=   ?          Internazionale Chardonnay, Riesling
  • ROSSO= Nebbiolo 80%, Barbera, Dolcetto
  • GEOGRAFIA- Italia, REGION-Piemonte, COMMUNE-La Morra
    • In Barolo(North-West)(Laps)
  • TOPOGRAFIA- Hilly/ Mountainous, Barolo’s Highest Vineyards, +Alt. 300mt.-513mt.
  • TERRE- Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Blue Marl, Sand
  • CLIMA- CHALLENGES– La Morra Generally Take Brunt of the Barolo Hail Episodes.
  • VITICULTURA-   ? ha. Planted,   –MGA.- 39
    • Vineyards- Annunziata(Cru), Arborina(Cru/109 ha.), Ascheri(Cru), Berri(Cru), Bettolotti(Cru), Boiolo(Cru), Brandini(Cru), Bricco Chiesa(Cru), Bricco Cogni(Cru), Bricco Luciani(Cru), Bricco Manescotto(Cru), Bricco Manzoni(Cru), Bricco Rocca(Cru), Bricco San Biagio(Cru), Brunate(Cru*/24ha.)(Laps), Capalot(Cru), Case Nere(Cru), Castagni(Cru), Cerequio(Cru*/101 ha.)(Laps), Ciocchini(Cru), Conca(Cru/ 2.4ha.), Fossati(Cru), Galina(Cru), Gettera(Cru), Giachini(Cru), Marassio, Marcenasco, Montfalletto, Morino, Rive(Cru), Rocche dell’ Annunziata(Cru*/30ha.), Rocchettevino(Cru), Roere di Santa Maria(Cru), Roggeri(Cru),  Roncaglie(Cru), San Giacomo(Cru), Santa Maria(Cru), Sant’Anna(Cru), La Serra(Cru), Serra dei Turchi(Cru), Serradenari(Cru), Silio(Cru), San Giovanni(Cru)
    • Estate/ Produttore- Alberto Burzi, Altare, Aurelio Settimo, Batasiolo, Boglietti, Borgogno Francesco, Bovio, Certo, Ceretto, Corino, Cordero di Montezemolo, Enzo Boglietti, Francesco Rinaldi, Fratelli Revello, Gagliasso, Giulia Negri, Marcarini, Marco Marengo, Marrone, Negretti, Odderos, Paolo Scavino, Poderi Odderdo, Roberto Voerzio, Ratti, Voerzio
  • CULTURA-
    • PIONEERS~ ~Renato Ratti~ Helped Revolutionized Modern Movement With Nebbiolo.
      • One of First to Make Map Ranking Crus 1970.
    • GOING THERE~ ~Mangialonga~ 4 km. Hike Through the Vineyards of La Morra.

BAROLO     @Barolo 

  • BIANCO=  ?      ROSSO=  Nebbiolo 90%, Barbera 5%
  • GEOGRAFIAItalia, REGION-Piemonte, COMMUNE-Barolo
    • In Barolo(South-Central)
  • TOPOGRAFIA- “Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous, +Alt. 250mt.- 320mt.
  • TERRE- Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Sand, Loam, Clay
  • VITICULTURA-  ?  ha. Planted,  –MGA.- 35
    • Vineyards- Albarella(Cru), Bergeisa(Cru/6 ha.), Boschetti(Cru), Bricco Viole(Cru), Bricco San Giovanni(Cru), Brunate(Cru*/9 ha.)(Laps), Cannubi(Cru*)(17 ha., 11 Producers), Cannubi Boschis(Cru/13 ha.), Cannubi Muscatel(Cru/6 ha.), Cannubi San Lorenzo(Cru/2 ha.), Cannubi Valletta(Cru/6 ha.), Castellero(Cru), Cerequio(Cru*/18 ha.)(Laps), Le Coste(Cru), Coste di Rose(Cru), Coste di Vergne(Cru), Crosia Druca'(Cru), Fossati(Cru), Liste(Cru), Monrobiolo de Bussia(Cru), Paiagallo(Cru), Preda(Cru), Ravera(Cru), Rivassi(Cru), Rue(Cru/8 ha.), San Loreno(Cru),  San Peitro(Cru), San Ponzio(Cru), Sarmassa(Cru), Terlo(Cru), Vignane(Cru), Via Nuova, La Volta(Cru), Zoccolaio(Cru), Zonchetta(Cru), Zuncai(Cru)
    • Estate/ Produttore- Cordero di Montezemolo, Bernelli, Brezza, Damilano, Elio Altare,, Fenocchio, Francesco Rinaldi, Gianni Gagilardo(E.), Guido Porro, Luigi Einaudi, Marchesi di Barolo*, Paolo Scavino, Pira & Figli, Poderi Luigi Einaudi, Prunotto(Beppe Colla), Rinaldi, Sandrone, Rivetto, Varjra, Vietti, Virna

NOVELLO      @Novello

  • BIANCO= ?     |   ROSSO= Nebbiolo
  • GEOGRAFIA- Italia, REGION-Piemonte, COMMUNE-Novello
    • In Barolo(South-East)(Laps)
  • TOPOGRAFIA- “Rolling/ HillySLOPES/ ?, +Alt. 370 mt.- 400 mt.
  • TERRE- Metamorphic, Sedimentary
  • VITICULTURA-  ?  ha. Planted,   –MGA.- ?
    • Vineyards-  Bergera-Pezzole(49 ha.), Cerviano-Merli(65 ha.), Corini-Pallaretta(106 ha.),Ciocchini-Loschetto(50 ha.), Panerole(42 ha.), Ravera(Cru/322ha., Laps), Sottocastello(60 ha.)
    • Estate/ Produttore- Ca Viola, Elvio Cogno, G.D. Vajra, Giovanni Abrigo, Grimaldi, Luciano, Paola Scavino, Piazzo, Sandrone, Le Strette, Vietti, Lo Zoccolaio
    • Plots- Bricco Pernice(4 ha.)

East-Side of Barolo

  • GEOGRAFIA- Piemonte, REGION-Barolo, Sub-Zone- Serralunga Valley
    • COMMUNES-Castilione Falletto, Diano d’Alba, Grinane Cavour, Monteforte d’Alba, Serralunga d’Alba
  • TERRE- Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Helvetian Soils
    • Sandstone, Limestone/ Marl, Calcareous, Lighter Colored Soils, Older/ -Feritity
  • VINICULTURA- More Color, Tannin, Aging Potential

CASTIGLIONE FALLETTO      @Castiglione

  • BIANCO= ?
    • Internazionale Chardonnay
  • ROSSO= Nebbiolo 50%, Barbera, Dolcetto, Freisa, Grignolino
    • Internazionale Pinot Nero
  • GEOGRAFIA- Italia, REGION-Piemonte, COMMUNE-Castiglione Falletto
    • In Barolo(Central)
  • TERRE- Metamorphic, Sedimentary
  • VITICULTURA-  ? ha. Planted,  MGA.- 23
    • Vineyards- Altenasso(Cru), Bricco Boschis(Cru/18 ha./Monopole of  Cavallotto), Bricco Rocche(Cru/ 1 ha.), Bricco Vigna Mirasole(Cru), Brunella(Cru/ Monopole of  Boroli), Codana(Cru), Fiasco(Cru/8 ha.), Garblet Sue'(Cru), Garbelletto(Cru), Mariondino(Cru), Monprivato(Cru*/6ha.), Montanello(Cru), Parussi(Cru), Pernanno(Cru), Pianta'(Cru), Pira(Cru/7 ha./Monopole of Roagna), Pugnane(Cru), Rivera, Rocche di Castiglione(Cru*)(Laps), Scarrone(Cru), Solanotto(Cru), Valentino(Cru/ 12 ha.), Vignolo(Cru), Villero(Cru*/22 ha.)
    • Estate/ Produttore- Azelia, Brovia, Cavallotto, Ceretto, Fenocchio, Giuseppe Mascarello, Mascarello, Paolo Scavino(E.), Roagna, Roccheviberti, Sobrero, Vietti

MONTEFORTE D’ALBA      @Monteforte

  • BIANCO= ?    Internazionale Chardonnay, Riesling
  • ROSSO= Nebbiolo 85%, Barbera, Dolcetto
  • GEOGRAFIA- Italia, REGION-Piemonte, COMMUNE-Monteforte d’Alba
    • In Barolo(South)(Laps)
  • TOPOGRAFIA- “Rolling/ HillySLOPES/ ?, +Alt. 280mt.-557mt.
  • TERRE- Metamorphic, Sedimentary
  • VITICULTURA-  ?  ha. Planted,    –MGA.- 11
    • Vineyards- Bricco San Pietro(Cru/170ha.), Bussia(Cru/298ha.(Soprana & Sottana)(Laps), Camie(1.8ha.), Castelletto(Cru), Chiese(2ha.), Cicala, Colonello, Le Coste di Monforte(Cru), Ginesta(Cru*/114ha.), Gramolere(Cru), Merenda(.92ha.),  Mosconi(Cru/76ha.), Pian Polvere, Perno(Cru/191ha.), Ravera de Monforte(Cru), Rocche di Castiglione(Cru*)(Laps), Romirasco(3.8ha.), San Giovanni(Cru/68ha.), San Martino(4.3ha.), Santo Stefano
    • Estate/ Produttore- Aldo Conterno, Amalia, Anselma, Conterno, Costa di Bussia, Diego Conterno, Elio Grasso, E. Pira & Figli, Fogliati, Forte Masso, Franco Conterno, Fratelli Alessandria, Giacomo Fenacchio, Massolino, Parusso, Paolo Conterno, Paolo Monti, Poderi Colla, Prunotto, Silvano Bolmida

GRINZANE CAVOUR       @Grinzane Cavour

  • BIANCO= ?       ROSSO= Nebbiolo
  • GEOGRAFIA- Italia, REGION-Piemonte, COMMUNE-Grinzane Cavour
    • In Barolo(North-East)(Laps)
  • TOPOGRAFIA-“Rolling/ HillyOn~? ~River~
  • TERRE- Metamorphic, Sedimentary
  • VITICULTURA-  ? ha.P lanted,   –MGA.- ?
    • Vineyards- Bablino, Borzone, Canova(96 ha.), Catello(7 ha.), La Corte(8 ha.), Garretti(9 ha.), Gustava(8 ha.), Raviole(11 ha.)
    • Estate/ Produttore- Damilano, La Spinetta

DIANO D’ALBA      @Diano d’Alba

  • BIANCO= ?       ROSSO= Dolcetto, Nebbiolo
  • GEOGRAFIA- Italia, REGION-Piemonte, PROVINCIA-Cuneo, In Langhe DOC.
    • COMMUNE-Diano d’Alba, In Barolo(East)(Laps)
  • TOPOGRAFIA- Rolling” SLOPES/ ?, +Alt. 500mt.
  • TERRE- Metamorphic, Sedimentary
  • VITICULTURA-  ?  ha. Planted,  –MGA.- ?
    • Vineyards- Gallaretto(15 ha.), La Vigna(4 ha.)
    • Estate/ Produttore- Abrigo Giovanni, Alario Claudio, Cascina Adelaide, Sori
    • Vineyards/ Sori- Autin Garand, Autinot, Autin Souve, Bricola, Bric del Camparo, Bric del Ciabot, Bric del Gatti, Bric del Geriotto, Bric dela Bria, Bric Majolica, Bruni Cascina Arione, Cascina Benevello, Cascina Carbone, Casina Fino, Cascina Langhetto, Cascina Manzano, Cascina Rabino Soprano, Cascina Rabino Sottano, Cascina Saliceto, Ciabot Rus, Colombe, Costa Fiore, Cristina, Degli Albetoni, Degli Ubert, Die Berti, Del Ciapa, Del Crava, Del Piani, Del Pasqual, Dei Peggi, Dei Pittatori, Dei Servetti, Del Barbu, Del Bonorej, Del Carrzello, Del Cascinotto, Del Fossa, Del Genesio, Della Madonnina, Della Mattea, Della Pezzea, Della Regnura, Della Riccheria, Della Rivola, Della Sorba, Della Vigna, Delle Cecche, Del Luna, Del Moncoimbetto, Del Mongrande, Del Montadino, Del Montagrillo, Del Parisio, Del Pradurent, Del Rabaiotto, Del Rapaino, Del Ricchino, Del Romino, Del Servaj, Del Sot, Di San Calogero, Gabriel, a Faja, La Rocca, Parisa, Pladvenza, Puncia del Bric, Di San Quitico, Santa Lucia, Sant’Eurosia, Teologato, Vigna della Lepre

SERRALUNGA D’ALBA     @Serralunga

  • BIANCO= ?       Internazionale Riesling
  • ROSSO= Nebbiolo
  • GEOGRAFIA- Italia, REGION-Piemonte, COMMUNE-Serralunga d’Alba
    • In Barolo(South-East)
  • TOPOGRAFIA- Hilly, SLOPES/ ?, +Alt. 450mt.
  • TERRE- Metamorphic, Sedimentary
  • CLIMA- Warmest Barolo Zone
  • VITICULTURA-  ? ha. Planted,   ~MGA.~ 35
    • Vineyards- Arione(Cru), Badarina(Cru), Baudana(Cru), Boscareto, Brea(Cru*), Bricco Voghera(Cru), Briccolina(Cru), Broglio(Cru), Cappallotto(Cru), Carpegna(Cru), Cerrati(Cru), Cerretta(Cru/40ha.), Collaretto(Cru), Costabella(Cru), Damiano(Cru/16ha.), Falletto(Cru*/9ha.), Francia(Cru*/16ha.), Fontanafredda( Monopolo), Gabutti(Cru*), Gallaretto, Gianetto(Cru), Lazzarito(Cru*)(30ha.), Le Turne(Cru), Lirano(Cru), Manocino(Cru), Marenca(Cru*/7ha.), Margherita(Cru/8ha.), Meriame(Cru), Ornato(Cru*/7ha.), Parafada(Cru*/8ha.), Prabo(Cru), Prapo'(Cru), Rivette(Cru*)(8ha.), San Bernardo(Cru), San Rocco(Cru), La Serra(Cru/10ha.), Sperss, Teodoro(Cru), Vigna Rionda(Cru*)(10ha.)
    • Estate/ Produttore- Arnaldo Rivera, Batasiolo, Boasso, Bruna Grimaldi, Bruno Giacosa, Casa E. di Mirafirore, Damilano, Davide Fregonese, Enrico Rivetto, Ettore Germano, Fontanafredda, Gaja, Giacosa, Gianni Gagilardo, Giovanni Rosso, Guido Porro, Luigi Baudana, Luigi Pira, Luigi Vico, Marcarini, Massolino, Palladino, Paolo Manzone, Pio Cesare, Pira, Reverdito, Vietti

Barolo vs. Barbaresco

  • BAROLO
    • GEOGRAFIA- Grapes Grow/ Wine Produced In Barolo.
    • TOPOGRAFIA- Town of Barolo Located In Valley, Higher In Elevation.
    • TERRE- Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Tortonian Soils, Limestone Based
    • CLIMA- Continental, Cooler Than Barbaresco
    • VITICULTURA- Has a Later Bud Break.
    • VINICULTURA- Bolder Tannins, Less Approachable, More Powerful, +AGED/ 1 Year Longer.

Barolo Isn’t Necessarily a Better Wine Than Barbaresco, But Some of Its Terroir is Superior.

  • BARBARESCO
    • GEOGRAFIA- Grapes Grow/ Wine Produced In Barbaresco.
    • TOPOGRAFIA- Town of Barbaresco Located On Hill, Lower In Elevation.
    • TERRE- Metamorphic, SedimentarySerravallian Soils, Sandstone Based.
    • CLIMA- Continental, Warmer, Higher Humidity Than Barolo.
    • VITICULTURA- Earlier Bud Break
    • VINICULTURA- Softer Tannins, More Approachable, Not as Powerful, More Elegant, +AGED/ 1 Year Shorter.

Barolo Traditional vs. Barolo Modern

  • CULTURA- Clash of Styles, Generations, Ideology.
  • STORIA- Piemonte and Its Wine Struggled Economically Through Agricultural Poverty In the 1960’s and 70’s.
    • French Wine at the Time Were Getting 20 Times the Price of Italian Wine. A Couple Barolo Producers Took a Trip to Burgundy to Observe Their Wine Making. Upon Returning Some Producers Started to Question What and How They Made Wine. Some Producers Started to Make Changes.
    • This Modern Barolo Starting In the Early 1980’s But the Harvest of 85’, 86’ and 87’ Stand Out as Dramatic Vintages.
    • The American Market and a High Wine Score From Parker Really Spurred the Movement, and the Barolo Boys Spread the Word of Barolo to the World.
    • Many Prideful Barolo Farming Families Where Torn Apart by the Opposing Viticultural Practices and Philosophy. To This Day There Are True Stories of Father Disowning Sons Over the Movement.
  • PIONEER~ ~Bartolo Mascarello~ Producer and Iconic Symbol of the Traditionalist.
    • ~The Barolo Boys~ Group of Piemonte Wine Producers.
      • Came Together In Comradship and Spirt to Make What They Perceived as the Best Barolo They Could.
      • This Group of Men and One Women Followed What They Thought Was a Revolutionary Movement and Brought Enormous Change to the History of Wine Making In the Langhe.
    • ~Elio Altare~ Outspoken Producer and Leader of Modern Barolo Movement.
    • ~Marco de Grazia~ Italian/ American Wine Importer/ Marketer/ Manager of Barolo Boys In Langhe and USA.
      • Barolo Boys(Others)- ~Chiaro Boschis~,  ~Giorgio Rivetti~,  ~Roberto Voerzio~

The Barolo Boys Where Accused of Distorting and Ruining the Identity of Barolo and Its Wine.

  • Traditionalist Someone Who Produced Barolo Using Traditional Viticulture.
    • Traditionalist See Themselves as Guardians of Authentic / Historic Barolo.
    • VITICULTURA- Blended Vineyards, Higher Yields, Restrained Ripeness.
    • VINICULTURA- Longer Maceration(to 30 Days), Cooler Fermentation.
      • +AGED/ Old and Large Chestnut/ Slovenian Oak Botti Casts, Prolonged Aging Period.

All of This Leads to a Wine That Needs/ Take Longer to Hit Its Stride.

  • Modernist Someone Who Produces Barolo Using Modern More Liberal Viticulture.
    • Modernist Want to Produce Fresher, Most Approachable Wines at a Younger Age.
    • VITICULTURA- Grower Are Searching For Higher Quality Fruit, Lower Yields, Green Harvests, Riper Fruit.
    • VINICULTURA- Single Vineyards, Shorter Maceration, Controlled Fermentation Temperature, Stainless Steal Fermentation.
      • +AGED/ New French Oak/ Barriques(Increased Micro-Oxidation Rate), Shorter Aging PeriodIn Some Cases the Old Casts Where Cut Apart With Chain Saw In Order to Dismantle and Make Room For New French Barrels.

All of Which Lead to Greater Approachability at a Younger Age.

NASCETTA Di NOVELLO DOC.     @Novello

  • BIANCO= Nascetta
  • GEOGRAFIA- Italia, REGION-Piemonte(South), PROVINCIA-Cuneo, In Langhe DOC.
  • TOPOGRAFIA- Hilly/ Mountainous, SLOPES/ ?, +Alt. 350mt.
  • VITICULTURA- ? haPlanted
    • Estate/ Produttore-

VERDUNO PELAVERGA DOC.     @Verduno

  • ROSSO= Pelaverga(+85%)
  • GEOGRAFIA- Italia, REGION-Piemonte(South), PROVINCIA-Cuneo, In Langhe DOC.
    • BORDERS-(Laps)Barolo DOCG.(South-West)
  • TOPOGRAFIA- Rolling
  • VITICULTURA- ? haPlanted
    • Estate/ Produttore- GB. Burlotto, Cadia, Daje Mach, Fratelli Alessandria, Giacomo Ascheri

DOLCETTO Di DOGLIANI DOCG.     @Dogliani

  • ROSSO= Dolcetto(100%)
  • GEOGRAFIA- Italia, REGION-Piemonte(South), PROVINCIA-Cuneo, In Langhe DOC.
      • COMMUNES-(21)-, South of Barolo-City(15km.)
    • SAN LUCIA
      • Topografia- Rolling/ Hilly, SLOPES/ ?, +Alt. 320mt.- 370mt.
      • Estate/ Producers- Borgata Santa Lucia, Palazzolo, Toscana
      • MADONNA Della GRAZIE
        • Estate/ Producers- Pironi, Spina, Tech
      • PIANEZZO
        • Estate/ Producers- San Marino
      • TARICCHI
        • Estate/ Producers-
      • VALDIBA
        • Topografia– +Alt. 430mt.- 520mt.
        • Estate/ Producers- Ciri & Serra, San Bartlolmeo, Valdiba
        • Vineyards- Baraccone, San Fereolo
    • FARIGLINAO
      • Vineyards- Bricco Archisa, Bricco Rosso, Carpeneta, Chicchivello, Corradini, Corsaletto, Cornole, Garbiana, Gene, Massanit, Moncucco, Monteustico, Pianbosco, Riviera, Roanchi,  Schellini, Sciondini, Spinardi, Zovetto
    • LAVESANA & BASTIA
      • Vineyards- Clavesana, Conzia
  • TOPOGRAFIA- Rolling, SLOPES/ ?, +Alt. 320mt.-560mt.
  • CLIMA- Continental
  • VITICULTURA-  ?  haPlanted, 
  • VINICULTURA- Rosso,  Superiore(#ABV.05%-.1%, +AGED/ 12mo.)
    • Estate/ Produttore “Other”- Altare, Anna Maria Abbona, Boschis, Cascina Corte, Chionetti, Clavesana, Gillardi, Luigi Einaudi, Marciano Abbona, Pecchenino, San Fereolo
  • CULTURA- ~Etymology~ From Dolium Jani…Meaning Wine Jar of Janus.

VERMOUTH Di TORINO

  • BIANCO= Catarratto, Chardonnay, Moscato, Trebbiano, Verdeca
  • GEOGRAFIA- Italia, REGION-Piemonte
  • VITICULTURA-
    • Estate/ Produttore- Berto, Bordiga, Carlo Alberto, Carpano, Chazalettes, Cinzano, Del Professore, Drapo, Gancia, Giulio Cocchi, a Canelese, Martini & Rossi, Pio Cesare, Sperone, Torino Distillati, Tosti
  • VINICULTURA- Fortified -17% ABV., After Fermentation With Spirit.
    • Aromatized and Macerated With +25 Botanicals and Sweetened With Burnt Sugar.
    • Wine and Herbs/ Spices Must Come From Piemonte.
  • STORIA- 1757 In Turin -Cinzano, Martini & Rossi 1863, Carpano
  • CULTURA- ASSOCIATIONS~ ~Vermouth di Torino InstituteAlliance of 15 Brands
    • Mission~ Aims to Value, Promote and Enhance the Quality of Vermouth di Torino and Its Continued Expansion In Global Markets With All Producers Working In Synergy.
  • **Refer to WINE STYLES/ AROMATIZED For Detailed Information.

Over the Years Vermouth Has Transformed From a Medicinal Tonic Into a Pleasure Beverage.

GRAPPA

  • BIANCO= Moscato
    •  Internazionale Riesling   |   ROSSO= Nebbiolo
  • GEOGRAFIA- Italia, REGION-Piemonte(Greater)
  • VINICULTURA- Pomice Re-Fermented Then Distilled, 80%- 90% ABV.
    • Grappa di Monovitgno- Single Varietal
    • Estate/ Produttore- Beccaris, Berta, Dellavalle , Francoli
  • **Refer to WINE STYLES/ DISTILLATION For Detailed Information.

BAROLO CHINATO

  • GEOGRAFIA- Italia, REGION-Piemonte
  • VINICULTURA- Barolo Aromatized/ Macerated(8 Weeks) With… Bark(Cinchona Tree/ Calissaya), Quinine, Herbs, Cinnamon, Coriander, Iris Flowers, Mint, Vanilla, Rhubarb, Cloves
    • Fortified/ to-16% ABV., +AGED/ Small Barrels, +1 Year
    • Estate/ Produttore- Boroli, Cappellano, Damilano, Giulio Cocchi, Roagn
  • **Refer to WINE STYLES/ AROMATIZED For Detailed Information.

Demystifying Video


http://View of Barolo From La Mora


 


P1060351



**Refer to BIBLIOGRAPHY/ Sources For Details On Scholarly Works Referenced.