NORTH AFRICA


GEOGRAPHY CONTINENT-Africa, REGION-North Africa

  • COUNTRIES- Morocco   Algeria   Tunisia   Egypt   Africa
  • **Refer to Preceding Sub-Chapters For Detailed Information On These Countries.

TOPOGRAPHY Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly

GEOGRAPHIC DISCLAIMER~ To Understand the Wine World and Benefit From DtheV.com a Understanding of North Africa’s Geography is Needed and the Ability to Visualize Its Wine Regions Topography.  North Africa is Organized In a North to South / East to West Orientation and Intended to Be Researched as So.




🇲🇦MOROCCO 


MOROCCO IS    @Casablancea

  • WHITE= Clairette, Faranah, Mucat, Sauvignon Blanc
  • RED= Alicante Bouschet, Arinarnoa, Cinsaut, Malbec, Tannat

GEOGRAPHY CONTINENT-Africa, REGION-North Africa, COUNTRY-Morocco

GEOGRAPHIC DISCLAIMER~ An Understanding of Morocco’s Geography is Needed and the Ability to Visualize Its Wine Regions Topography.  Morocco is Organized In a North to South / East to West Orientation and Intended to Be Researched as So.

TOPOGRAPHY Flat/ Rolling/ HillySLOPES/ Atlas Mountains, +Alt. 2,000ft.- 3,000ft.

SOILS– Metamorphic, Sedimentary

  • **Refer to TERROIR/ Geology & Soil For Detailed Information On Soils.

CLIMATE Continental With Desert Influence

  • *Summers– Mild, Cool, Dry  |   *Winters– Cold, Rain

VITICULTURE– #33 In Grape Production, #38 In Wine Consumption In World

  • Estate/ Producers- Dune, Ouled Thaleb

HISTORY

  • 1700 @Morocco Former French Colony

MOROCAN WINE CLASSIFICATON

  • GOVERNING BODY-
  • LAWS GOVERNING- Geography


🇹🇳TUNISIA 


TUNISIA IS       DOC.- 6       @Tunis

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Muscat  Alexandria
  • RED= Alicante Bouschet, Carignan, Garnacha, Merlot, Mourvèdre, Syrah

GEOGRAPHY CONTINENT-Africa, REGION-North Africa, COUNTRY-Tunisia

GEOGRAPHIC DISCLAIMERAn Understanding of Tunisia’s Geography is Needed and the Ability to Visualize Its Wine Regions Topography.  Tunisia is Organized In a North to South / East to West Orientation and Intended to Be Researched as So.

TOPOGRAPHY  Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly

SOILSMetamorphic, Sedimentary

  • **Refer to “TERROIR/ Geology & Soil” For Detailed Information On Soils

CLIMATE Continental With Desert Influence,  INFLUENCED/ Mediterranean Sea

  • Summers– Mild, Cool   |   Winters– Cold, Rain, +WIND/ Siroccco(Hot Wind Originated In Sahara Desert

VITICULTURE– #39 In Grape Production, #45 In Wine Consumption In World

HISTORY

  • The Historical City of Carthage Was Once In Tunisia.
  • Wine Making Goes Back to Time of Antiquity BC. to ?

TUNISIA WINE LAW

  • GOVERNING BODY-
  • LAWS GOVERNING- Geography

COTEAUX DE TEBOURBA DOC.     @

  • WHITE=
  • RED=
  • GEOGRAPHY- Tunisia, REGION-Coteaux de Tebourba, @Hw.#P7
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly
  • CLIMATE- Mediterranean
    • Estate/ Produttore Neferis

COTEAUX D’UNQUE DOC.     @

  • WHITE=
  • RED=
  • GEOGRAPHY- Tunisia, REGION-Coteaux d’Unque
    • On~Coast/ Mediterranean~Sea~
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly
  • CLIMATE- Mediterranean
    • Estate/ Produttore

GRAND CRU MARNAG DOC.     @Tunis

  • WHITE=
  • RED=
  • GEOGRAPHY- Tunisia, REGION-Grand Cru Marnag
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly
  • CLIMATE- Mediterranean
    • Estate/ Produttore Les Vignerons de Carthage

SIDI SALEM DOC.     @

  • WHITE=
  • RED=
  • GEOGRAPHY- Tunisia, REGION– Sidi Salem
    • On~Coast/ Mediterranean~Sea~, @Hw.#P1
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly
  • CLIMATE- Mediterranean
    • Estate/ Produttore-

MARNAG DOC.     @

  • WHITE=
  • RED=
  • GEOGRAPHY- Tunisia, REGION-Marnag, @Hw.#P1
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ HillyPENINSULA/        (West)
  • CLIMATE- Mediterranean
    • Estate/ Produttore

KELIBIA DOC.     @

  • WHITE=
  • RED=
  • GEOGRAPHY- Tunisia, REGION-Kelibia
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ HillyPENINSULA/        (East)
  • CLIMATE- Mediterranean
  • VITICULTURE- 
    • Estate/ Produttore


🇪🇬EGYPT


EGYPT–   Area-      @Cairo

  • WHITE=
  • RED=

GEOGRAPHY  CONTINENT-Africa, REGION-North Africa, COUNTRY-Egypt

GEOGRAPHIC DISCLAIMERAn Understanding of Egypt’s Geography is Needed and the Ability to Visualize Its Wine Regions Topography.  Egypt is Organized In a North to South / East to West Orientation and Intended to Be Researched as So.

TOPOGRAPHY Flat/ Rolling/ HillyLATITUDE: 26.8° N

SOILS Metamorphic

  • **Refer to “TERROIR/ Geology & Soil” For Detailed Information On Soils

CLIMATE–  Continental, With Mediterranean Influence

VITICULTURE– #54 In Grape Production, #55 In Wine Consumption In World

VINICULTURE

  • Egyptians First to Develop Stomping or Treading Floors Used to Crush Grapes. These Consisting of a Long, Flat Floor Basin Where Men Stood Shoulder to Shoulder and Treaded Grapes For Hours On End. Ropes Attached to the Ceiling Where Used For Balance And Leverage When Workers Got Tired.
    Canann- (Ancient Sack Press) Sack Would Hang From Wall or Ceiling and 1-3 Men
    With the Use of Wooded Sticks, Leveraged and Torque the Sack to Squeeze
    Out Juice.
  • YAYIN– Unadulterated Wine, Pure
  • MULSUMN– Wine Mixed With Honey, Pepper, Saffron, Mint, Violets or Roses
  • EGYPTIAN WINE– Mixed or Steeped With Coriander, Sage, Thyme, Mint, Spices
  • Egyptians Get Credit For Inventing Labels. A Wines Vintage, Land, Producers, Grape Blend Were All Edged Into the Amphora.
    • **Refer to “CONTAINERS/ Bottles” For Detailed Information On Wine Labels.

HISTORY Since Egyptian Times Wine Has Always Had a Aura of Luxury and Prestige. This Dates Back to When it Was the Beverage of Kings and Socialites. Wine Has Always Been Buried In Mass Quantities In the Tombs of Kings Where it Was Thought to Be Drunk and Enjoyed In the Afterlife.

  • At the End of the Nile Where it Flows Into the Mediterranean Sea is Where the Most Fertile Land is. At the Time the Delta Valley and Delta River Nile Where Perfect For Growing All Kinds of Agriculture and Grapes. At the Time Egypt Was Known For it Wine. The Fertileness of the Delta Lead to Big, Juicy Grapes. At the Time These Grapes Where More Valuable Than the Smaller Hill-Side Grapes.
  • A lot of What We Know Today is From Depiction’s On the Walls of Tombs Discovered Recently…Harvest, Wine Making Processes, Offering Proceedings.
  • Information On Earth-Ware Jars…Year, Style, Area Grown, Wine Maker
  • ANCIENT EGYPT 3500 BC.
    • 3500 BC@Egypt Egyptians, Phoenicians, Pharaohs Rise to Power, Make Wine.
    • 1153 BC@Egypt King Scorpion I, Was Buried With 100 Ceramic Jars of Wine.
    • 3100 BC@Egypt 1st. Wine Label, Stamped Into to Clay Vase.
    • 3000 BC@Egypt Wine Started to Be Written About In Writing.
    • 3000 BC@Egypt Wine Started to Be Mass Produces.
    • 1345 BC@Egypt Tutankhamen Buried With 26 Wines.
    • 1153 BC@Egypt King Rameses Tomb Was Buried With 20,000 Jars of Wine.
  • Federalric Period
  • Greco Roman Period
  • Thebes Capital City of Egypt During Egyptian History Divided by 3 Time References Based on Chaos and Politics
  • Old Kingdom
  • Middle Kingdom
  • New Kingdoms– Egypt Expanded Borders by military Conquest. Most Glorious Period In Ancient Egyptian History. 1500 BC. to 1000 BC..

CULTURE

  • WINE GODS– ~Osiris~ Ancient Egypt Wine God
  • Wine Was Used For Festivals, Religious Offerings, Medicine- Asthma, Fever, Induce Child Labor.
  • Just as Today Responsible Drinking was Good and Drunkenness Was Looked Down On.
  • WINE PRESTIGE AND ENLIGHTENS
    • Royalty, The Wealthy, Politicians, Aristocrats, Warriors, Have Always Had a Interest and Influence Over Wine and Wine Trade.
    • These Groups Often Put On Events or Parties With Wine to Influence the Masses.
    • As A Crop its Expensive to Get Land, Buy and Plants Vines and Wait For 3-5 Year.
    • Generally Prestigious People Drank Wine and the Poorer Class Consumed Beer, Wine Was Used to Influence and Sedate the Masses.
  • AGRICULTURE- Wheat, Olive and Wine Makes up the Mediterranean Trifecta of Products.
    • Prisoners and Slave Often Were Labor For Agriculture.
  • ARCHEOLOGY & WINE
    • Dolia- Ship Designed to Carry Amphora For Trade.
      • Discovering Ship Wrecks From Ancient Times Gives Us Insight to Wine Trade.Use the Matching of Amphora Style From Different Periods to Figure Out What the Year Was and Who Was Trading Wine With Who.

Signs of Wine Were Everywhere, and Played a Central Role In Egyptian Mythology.

WINE TRADE

  • Kings/ Royalty, Church and Military Controlled the Wine Trade and Profited From it
  • Legislation, Regulation Against Adulteration of Wine
  • Laws and Taxation
  • Oceans and Rivers Play a Major Role In the Wine Trade
  • Forces That Effected Wine Trade, Military, Settler/ Immigrants, Religion. Urbanism


🇩🇿ALGERIA 


ALGERIA IS   @

  • WHITE= Abadi, Chardonnay, Clairette, Ugni Blanc
  • RED= Alicante Bouschet, Cabernet Sauvignon, Carignan, Cinsault, Merlot, Mourvèdre, Syrah

GEOGRAPHY CONTINENT-Africa, REGION-North Africa, COUNTRY-Algeria

GEOGRAPHIC DISCLAIMER~ An Understanding of Algeria’s Geography is Needed and the Ability to Visualize Its Wine Regions Topography.  Algeria is Organized In a North to South / East to West Orientation and Intended to Be Researched as So.

TOPOGRAPHY FlatRolling, On~Coast/ Mediterranean~Sea~

SOILSMetamorphic

CLIMATE Continental With “Desert Influence,   Summers– Mild, Cool   |   Winters– Cold, Wet

VINICULTURE

  • #30 In Grape Production, #40 In Wine Consumption In World

HISTORY Former French Colony

ALGERIA WINE LAW

  • GOVERNING BODY- Office National de Commercialisation des Produits Viti-Vinicoles
  • LAWS GOVERNING- Geography

ORANDepartment

  • BENI-SAF ORAN-
  • BEDEAU AIN TEMOUCHEN-
  • MASCARA SAIDA-
  • BEDEAU-

ALGERDepartment

  • MILIANA MEDEA-
  • ALGER AUMALE-

CONSTANTINEDepartment

  • BOUGIE DJIJELLI-
  • COLLO SONSTANTINE SETIF-
  • PHILLIPPEVILLE BONE GUELMA-


**Refer to “BIBLIOGRAPHY/ Sources’ For Details On Scholarly Works Referenced.