🇷🇺RUSSIA  


RUSSIA IS      @Moscow

  • WHITE= Bessarabsky Muskatny, Blutenmuskatelle, Pukhliakovsky, Sibirkovsky, Zala Gyongye, Zhemchuzhina Oskhi
    • International– Aligoté, Clairette, Muscat, Pinot Gri, Riesling, Sauvignon Blanc, Silvaner, Traminer
  • RED= Rkatsiteli 45%, Cabernet Severny, Fioletovy Ranny, Golubok, Guliabi Dagestanski, Krasnotrop Zolotovsky, Kumshatsky Cherny, Narma, Plechistik, Saperavi Severny, Sereksiya Chari, Severny, Tsimladar, Tsimlyansky Cherny, Vydvizhenesis
    • International– Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Clairette, Mavrud, Melnik, Merlot

GEOGRAPHY COUNTRY-Russia,  FEDERAL STATES: 83,  LATITUDE: 34°-47° ‘N’

  • REGIONS– Central, Central Black Earth, Eastern(Territory West of Ural Moutians), Northern, North Caucasus, North-Western, Siberian(West)/ Siberian(East)(Stretching East of the Urals to the Pacific Ocean), Urals, Volga, Volga-Vyatka

TOPOGRAPHY “Flat, Rolling”

SOILS Metamorphic

  • **Refer to “TERROIR/ Geology & Soil” For Detailed Information On Soils.

CLIMATE Continental

VITICULTURE

  • #12 In Grape Production & #9 In Wine Consumption In World
  • Majority of Russia is Unsuitable For Grape Growing and Most of Production Are Centers Around a Few Area, Mainly In Western Russia.
  • -Estate/ Producers- Alma Valley, Alushta, Alvisa, Chateau Cotes, Cotes de Saint Daniel, Cassandra, Gai-Kodzor, Krymsky, Lefcardia, Millstream, Mishako, Newwinec,  Praskoveya, SaukDere, Sevastopol, Sikory, Solnechnaia Dolina, Tsimlyansk Vina, Uppa, Usadiba Petrovsky, Valery Zaharyn

VINICULTURE

  • SOVETSKOYE SHAMPANSKOYE     
    • White=  Aligote, Chardonnay        |   Red= Pinot Noir
    • Geography– Russia, Moldova, Belarus, Ukraine
    • VinicultureSPARKLING…METHOD/ Traditional
      • Estate Producer– Abrau-Durso, Sovetskoye Shampanskoye(Generic Brand Produced In Soviet Union)
    • History– After Soviet Union Dissolved Private Corporations In Belarus, Russia, Moldova and Ukraine Continued to Use the Soviet Champagne Brand to Promote Their Sparkling Wine.

HISTORY 2,000 Year Wine History

  • Greek Settlers Introduced Wine to Russia by Planting Vineyards On the Azov, Black and Caspian Seas
  • 1917  Revolution Lead to Globalization and Production Growth
  • 1985 Gorbachev Instituted Reform to Reduce Alcoholism.  Many Vineyards Were Pulled and the Grapes Grown and Wine Produced Dropped by More Than Half.
  • Collapse of the Soviet Union In 1990’s Led to the Independence of Many Countries Including Yugoslavia, Slovenia, Macedonia, Croatia, Montenegro, and Bosnia & Herzegovina
  • 2006  President Putin Banned Import of Wine From Georgia and Moldova

CULTURE

  • GASTRONOMY…     |   CHEESE
  • PIONEER– ~Prince Lev Golitsyn~ Specialized In Sparking Wine In Late 1800’s
  • PIONEERS– ~A.M. Negrul~ “Ground Breaking”, Russian Ampelographer.

RUSSIA WINE LAW

  • GOVERNING BODY=
  • LAWS GOVERNING= Geographic Boundaries Varietals
    • +AGED/ Yield/ Hectare
    • -Label Requirement-

GEOGRAPHIC DISCLAIMER“To Understand the Wine World and Benefit From DtheV.com a Understanding of Russia’s Geography is Needed and the Ability to Visualize Its Wine Regions Topography.  Russia is Organized In a North to South / East to West Orientation and Intended to Be Researched and Memorized as So.”


North Caucasus

  • GEOGRAPHY– Russia(South), BORDERS– Georgia(South)
    • BETWEEN– Azov Sea/ Black Sea(West) & Caspian Sea(East)
    • Sub-Zones: Adygea, Chechnya, Dagestan, Ingushetia, Krasnodar, Karachay-Cherkessia, Kabardino-Balkaria, North Ossetia-Alania, Stavropol
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”, PENINSULA-Taman

ROSTOV     @Rostov-Na-Donu

  • WHITE=
  • RED= Saperavi
  • GEOGRAPHY– Russia, REGION-North Caucasus(North-East)
    • BORDERS– Ukraine(West), Krasnodar(South-West)
  • TOPOGRAPHYOn~Azov~Sea~(West)
  • CLIMATEContinental
  • VITICULTURE
  • VINICULTURE
    • Estate/ Producers

KRASNODAR     @Anapa

  • WHITE= ?
    • International– Aligote, Chardonnay, Pinot Blanc, Sauvignon Blanc
  • RED= Golubok, Krasnostop, Saperavi
    • International– Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY– Russia, REGION-North Caucasus(North-West)
    • Sub-ZonesANAPADistrict, TEMRUKDistrict
    • CITIES– Gelendzhik, Krimsk, Novorossik, Sochi, Taman, Temruk
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Valley(Dyurso)”
    • On~Azov/ Black~Sea~, On~Kuban~River~
  • CLIMATEContinental
  • VITICULTURE
  • VINICULTUREStill,  Ice Wine,  Sparkling,  Distilling
    • Estate/ Producers– Abrau-Durso(Est.1870/ Sparkling), Akhtanizovsky, Burnier, Divnomorskoe, Dolina, Fanagoria(3,000ha.), Gelendzhik, Grand Vostock(237ha.), Karakezidi, Kuban, Lefkadia, Mirny, Myskhako, Pervomaiskaya, Raevskoe, Saook-Dure, Semigorye, Talus, Villa Victoria, Yujhny, Zaporojhskoe

KARACHAY-CHERKESSIA      @

  • WHITE= ?   |   RED= Saperavi
  • GEOGRAPHY– Russia, REGION-North Caucasus(West-Central)

KABARDINO BALKARIA      @

  • WHITE= ?       RED= Saperavi
  • GEOGRAPHY– Russia, REGION-North Caucasus(West-Central)

INGUSHETIA      @

  • WHITE= ?   |   RED= Saperavi
  • GEOGRAPHY– Russia, REGION-North Caucasus(South-West)
  • TOPOGRAPHY

CHECHNYA      @

  • WHITE= ?   |.  RED= Saperavi
  • GEOGRAPHY– Russia, REGION-North Caucasus(South-West)
  • TOPOGRAPHY

DAGHESTAN        @Makchachkala

  • WHITE= ?
  • RED= Saperavi
  • GEOGRAPHY– Russia, REGION-North Caucasus(South)
    • BORDERS: Stavropol(North-West)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”, On~Caspian~Sea~
  • CLIMATESemi-Desert WithContinental Influence
  • VITICULTURE
  • VINICULTURE
    • Estate/ Producers

STAVROPOL    @Stavropol, Kislovodsk

  • WHITE=
  • RED= Saperavi
  • GEOGRAPHY– Russia, REGION-North Caucasus(East-Interior)
    • BORDERS: Krasnodar(West)
  • TOPOGRAPHY
  • CLIMATE
  • VITICULTURE
    • Estate/ Producers


 

🇱🇻LATVIA   


LATIA IS    @Riga

  • WHITE=
  • RED= Novgorada, Skujins, Zilga

GEOGRAPHY Eastern Europe, COUNTRY-Latvia,  LATITUDE:  56* ‘N’

  • BORDERS– Estonia(North), Lithuania(South), Russia(East), Belarus(South-East)

TOPOGRAPHY “Flat/ Rolling”

SOILS  Metamorphic

CLIMATE  Atlantic,   Summers– Warm   |   Winters– Cold West

VITICULTURE

  • #57 In Grape Production, #59 In Wine Consumption In World

HISTORY

  • Latvia Was Part of Russia Since the 1700’s, After the Russian Revolution of 1917 it Has Become an Independent County.


 

🇧🇾 BELARUS  


BELARUS IS

  • WHITE= ?
  • RED= ?

GEOGRAPHY Eastern Europe, COUNTRY-Republic of Belarus,  LATITUDE: 53* ‘N’

  • BORDERS: Latvia(North), Lithuania(North-West), Russia(East), Poland(West), Ukraine(South)
  • REGIONS– Brest, Gomel, Grodno, Minsk, Mogilev, Vitebsk

SOILS Metamorphic”, ”Sedimentary-Wind

CLIMATEAtlantic WithContinental Influences

  • Summers– Warm   | Winters– Cold West

VITICULTURE #37 In Grape Production, #49 In Wine Consumption In World

  • SOVETSKOYE SHAMPANSKOYE     
    • White=  Aligote, Chardonnay        |   Red= Pinot Noir
    • Geography– Russia, Moldova, Belarus, Ukraine
    • VinicultureSPARKLING…METHOD/ Traditional
      • Estate Producer– Abrau-Durso, Sovetskoye Shampanskoye(Generic Brand Produced In Soviet Union)
    • History– After Soviet Union Dissolved Private Corporations In Belarus, Russia, Moldova and Ukraine Continued to Use the Soviet Champagne Brand to Promote Their Sparkling Wine.

VINICULTURE  Still,  Sparking

  • -Estate/ Producers- Cobetckoe, Isabella

HISTORYWine Making Culture Since ?


VITEBSK     @Navapolatsk, Vitebsk

  • WHITE= ?   |   RED=
  • GEOGRAPHY– Belarus(North), REGION-Vitebsk, BORDERS– Latvia(North)
  • TOPOGRAPHYOn~Dvina~River~
    • Estate/ Producers

GRODNO     @Hrodna

  • WHITE= ?   |   RED=
  • GEOGRAPHY– Belarus(West), REGION-Grodno
    • BORDERS– Lithuania(North), Poland(West)
  • TOPOGRAPHYOn~Nyoman~River~
    • Estate/ Producers

BREST     @Brest, Pinsk

  • WHITE= ?   |   RED=
  • GEOGRAPHY– Belarus(South-West), REGION-Brest
  • TOPOGRAPHYOn~Prypyat~River~
    • Estate/ Producers

MINSK     @Minsk

  • WHITE= ?   |   RED=
  • GEOGRAPHY– Belarus(West-Interior), REIGON-Minsk
    • Estate/ Producers– Grand de Luxe

MOGILEV     @Mogilev

  • WHITE= ?   |   RED=
  • GEOGRAPHY– Belarus(East), REGION-Mogilev, BORDERS-Russia(East)
  • TOPOGRAPHYOn~Dnieper~River~
    • Estate/ Producers

GOMEL     @Homel

  • WHITE= ?   |   RED=
  • GEOGRAPHY– Belarus(South), REGION-Gomel, BORDERS-Ukraine(South)
    • Estate/ Producers


 

🇺🇦UKRAINE  


UKRAINE IS–      @Kiev, Odessa

  • WHITE= Aromatny, Citronny Magaracha, Dnestrovsky Rozovy, Kapselsky, Kok Pandas, Kokur Bely, Lydia, Muscat Odessky, Ovidiopolsky, Pervenets Magaracha, Podarok Magaracha, Riesus, Sary Pandas, Soldaia, Solnechnodolinsky, Sukolimansky Bely, Telti Kyryk, Zagrei
    • International– Aligote, Chardonnay, Gewurztraminer, Pinot Blanc, Pinot Gris, Riesling, Sauvignon Blanc, Telti Kyryk
  • RED= Al Burla, Antey Magarachsky, Bastardo Magarachsky, Cevat Kara, Ekim Kara, Golubok, Kapitan Jani Kara, Kefessiya, Krona, Lapa Kara, Odessky Cherny, Rubin Golodrigi, Rubin Tairovsky, Rburonovy Magaracha, Saperavi, Sereksiya Chari
    • International– Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Pinot Noir

GEOGRAPHY Eastern Europe- COUNTRY-Ukraine,  LATITUDE: 45.3* ‘N’ to 52.2* ‘N’

  • BORDERS– Belarus(North), Poland(North-West), Romania(South-East)

TOPOGRAPHY “Flat/ Rolling”, PENINSULA-Crimean, On~Black~Sea~

  • SLOPES/ Carpathian Mountains(West)

SOILSMetamorphic

CLIMATE AtlanticWithContinentalInfluence

  • Summers– Warm/ Hot  |    Winters– Cold, Wet, Severe

VITICULTURE 78,000 ha. Planted

  • #20 In Grape Production, #38 In Wine Consumption In World
  • SOVETSKOYE SHAMPANSKOYE     
    • White=  Aligote, Chardonnay        |   Red= Pinot Noir
    • Geography– Russia, Moldova, Belarus, Ukraine
    • VinicultureSPARKLING…METHOD/ Traditional
      • Estate Producer– Abrau-Durso, Sovetskoye Shampanskoye(Generic Brand Produced In Soviet Union)
    • History– After Soviet Union Dissolved Private Corporations In Belarus, Russia, Moldova and Ukraine Continued to Use the Soviet Champagne Brand to Promote Their Sparkling Wine.

VINICULTURE Sovetskoye Shampanskoye(Sparkling)

  • Estate/ Producers– Artemovsk, Askania, Chizay, Cobetckoe(Sparkling), Cognac Tavria, Contra, Don Alejandro, Esse, Frantsuzky Bulvar, Grande Vallee, Guliev, Inkerman, Khlibnyi Dar, Khortytsa, Kiev Sparkling Wine Factory, Kievskaya, Koblevo, Kolonist, Magarach, Madoff, Massandra, Nemiroff, Nota Bene, Obolon, Okvin, Solnechnaia Dolina, Staritsky Levitsky, Tairovo, Ukrainka, Uppa, Zolotaja Amfora, Zolotaya Balka

CULTURE

  • FESTIVALS– ~Wine Festival Ukraine~ (October)

HISTORY

  • 300’s @Crimea, Wine Culture Started In 300’s In South Coast
  • 1100’s @Kiev/ Chernihiv– Wine Culture Started by Monks
  • 1828- Viticulture Research Institute at Magarach
  • Ukraine Gained Indépendance From Russia After the Fall of the Soviet Union In 1991.

Western Ukraine

ZAPKARPATTIA–      @

  • WHITE=    |   RED=
  • GEOGRAPHY– Ukraine(West), Transcarpathian Region
    • BORDERS-Slovakia(North-West), Hungary(South-West)
    • Transcarpathian Region– South-West Ukraine, Including Southern Slopes of the Carpathian Mountains Which Outline the Pannonian Basin
  • Estate/ Producers

Black Sea Region

ODESSA–     @

  • WHITE=    |   RED=
  • GEOGRAPHY– Ukraine, REGION-Black Sea, BORDERS-Nikolayev
    • (Part of the “Greater Black Sea Wine” Region)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”, On~Black~Sea~
  • VITICULTURE
    • Estate/ Producers– Odessa Brandy, Odessa Sparkling Wine Company, Shabo

NIKOLAYEV–     @

  • WHITE=    |   RED=
  • GEOGRAPHY– Ukraine, REGION-Black Sea
    • BORDERS– Odessa(West), Kherson(South-East)
    • (Part of the “Greater Black Sea Wine” Region)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”, On~Black~Sea~

KHERSON–     @

  • WHITE=    |   RED=
  • GEOGRAPHY– Ukraine, REGION-Black Sea
    • BORDERS– Nikolayev(North-West), Zaporizhia(East), Crimea(South)
    • (Part of the “Greater Black Sea Wine” Region)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”, On~Black~Sea~

Eastern Ukraine

DNIPROPETROVSK–      @

  • WHITE=    |   RED=
  • GEOGRAPHY– Ukraine(?)

ZAPORIZHIA–      @

  • WHITE=    |   RED=
  • GEOGRAPHY– Ukraine, REGION-Black Sea, BORDERS– Kherson(West)
    • (Part of the “Greater Black Sea Wine” Region)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”, On~Black~Sea~

Southern Ukraine

MYKOLAIV–     @

  • GEOGRAPHY– Ukraine(?)

CRIMEA      @Fedosiya, Simferopol, Sudak

  • WHITE= Sersial
    • International– Aligote, Muscat, Pinot Gris, Verdelho
  • RED= Magarachsky, Saperavi
    • International– Black Muscat, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot
  • GEOGRAPHY– Republic of Crimea, BORDERS-Kherson(North)
    • (Part of the “Greater Black Sea Wine” Region)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling”, PENINSULA/ Crimea, On~Black/ Azov~Sea~
  • CLIMATEContinental
  • VITICULTURE
  • VINICULTURE
    • Estate/ Producers– Magarach, Massandra, Inkerman, Koktebel, Novy Svet
  • HISTORY– ~Treaty of Paris of 1856~ Settled the Crimean War Between the Russian Empire and the Alliance fo the Ottoman Empire.

  • SEVASTOPOL    @Sevastopol
    • WHITE=  |.  RED= Saperavi
    • GEOGRAPHY– Republic of Crimea,  REGION-Disputed Land, In Crimea
    • VITICULTURE
      • Estate/ Producers– Zolotaya Balka


 

🇲🇩MOLDOVA  


MOLDOVA IS    Regions- 4     @Chisinau

  • WHITE= Feteasca Alba(Indigenous)
    • International– Aligote, Chardonnay, Furmint, Feteasca Regala, Pinot Grigio, Plavai,  Rkatsiteli, Riesling, Sauvigon Blanc, Traminer, Vitorica
  • RED= Doina, Feteasca Neagra(Indigenous), Galbena de Odobestri, Rara Neagra
    • International– Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Pinot Noir, Saperavi

GEOGRAPHY Eastern Europe, COUNTRY-Republic of Moldova,  LATITUDE: 46*-47* ‘N’

  • BORDERS: Romania(West), Ukraine(East), “Landlocked”
  • REGIONS– Central, Northern, Southern, Transnistria

TOPOGRAPHY “Flat/ Rolling”, SLOPES/ +Alt.305mt.

  • On~Prut/ Dniester~Rivers~
  • TOPOGRAPHIC FEATURE– In Black Sea Basin

SOILSMetamorphic”, Sedimentary, Limestone

CLIMATEAtlantic”,  Summers– Warm   |   Winters– Cold West

VITICULTURE 112,000 ha. Planted, Vineyards Consist of 3.5% of Moldova Land

  • #21 In Grape Production, #18 In Wine Consumption In World
  • Estate/ Producers– Ampelos, Bostavan, Branesti, Castel Mimi, Cricova, Et Cetera, Fautor, Gitana Autograf, KaraGani, Milestii Mici, Mimi Castle, Purcari, S.R.L, Vartely(260ha.)

VINICULTURE Dry to Sweet,  Sparkling,

  • SOVETSKOYE SHAMPANSKOYE     
    • White=  Aligote, Chardonnay        |   Red= Pinot Noir
    • Geography– Russia, Moldova, Belarus, Ukraine
    • VinicultureSPARKLING…METHOD/ Traditional
      • Estate Producer– Abrau-Durso, Sovetskoye Shampanskoye(Generic Brand Produced In Soviet Union)
    • History– After Soviet Union Dissolved Private Corporations In Belarus, Russia, Moldova and Ukraine Continued to Use the Soviet Champagne Brand to Promote Their Sparkling Wine.
  • DIVIN(Distilled)-  3 Categories-
    • Current Consumption(3-5 Years Maturity), Mature Divin(Over 5 Years), Old Divin
    • Producers– Aroma, Barza Alba, Belii Wist, Bucuria, Cezar, Chisinau, Codru, Dacia, Doina, Nistru, Noroc, Orfeu, Sarbatoare, Stefan-Voda

HISTORY 5,000 Year Wine Culture

  • 1550’s-1812- Under Ottoman Rule, Islamic Law Didn’t Allow Alcohol is Consumption
  • 1991- Gained Independence From Russia

CULTURE–  

  • ASSOCIATIONS–  ~Wine of Moldova~
  • FESTIVALS-
    • ~National Wine Day of Moldova~ (October)
    • ~“Tulburel” Young Wine Festival~ (October)

Northern Region/ Highlands

BALTI PGI.    @Balti

  • WHITE=   |   RED=
  • GEOGRAPHY– Moldova(North)
  • TOPOGRAPHY
  • VITICULTURE–     ha.
    • Estate/ Producers

Central Region/ Midlands

CODRU PGI.     @Chisinau

  • WHITE=   |   RED=
  • GEOGRAPHY– Moldova(Central)
    • BORDERS– Valul Lui Traian(South), Stefan-Voda(South-East)
  • TOPOGRAPHY
  • VITICULTURE–   ?  ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers
  • CULTUREAKA=Central Moldova

Southern Region/ Lowlands

VALUL LUI TRAIAN PGI.     @

  • WHITE= Aligote, Chardonnay, Feteasca Alba, Feteasca Regala, Muscat Ottonel, Sauvignon Blanc
  • RED= Cabernet Sauvignon, Feteasca Neagra, Merlot, Pinot Noir, Saperavi
  • GEOGRAPHY– Moldova(South-West)
    • BORDERS– Codru(North), Stefan-Voda(NorthEast), Ukraine(East)
    • (Part of the “Greater Black Sea Wine” Region)
    • CANTEMIR District
    • CAHUL District
    • CEADIR-LUNGA District
    • COMRAT District
    • LEOVA District
    • TARACLIA District
    • VULCANESTI District
  • TOPOGRAPHY- “Rolling”, On~Black~Sea~(Near)
    • Tigheci Hills–  +Alt. 3000mt.
    • Bugeac Valley
    • Prut Terraces– +Alt. 200mt. -220mt.
  • VITICULTURE–  43,000 ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers– Cimislia, Corten-Vin, Cricova, DK-Intertrade, Fautor, nvinprom, Kazayak-Vin, Mold-Nord, Podgoria-Vin, Tartcomvin, Vartely, Vine Denovi, Vine Traian, Vinaria-din-Vale, Vinaria-Bostavan, Vinuri de Comrat,

STEFAN-VODA PGI.     @

  • WHITE=   |   RED=
  • GEOGRAPHY– Moldova(South-East)
    • BORDERS– Codru(North), Valul Lui Traian(South-West), Ukraine(South)
    • (Part of the “Greater Black Sea Wine” Region)
    • CAUSENI District
    • CIMISLIA District
    • STEFAN VODA District
    • BASARABEASCA District
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling”, On~Black~Sea~(Near)
  • VITICULTURE– 1,200  ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers– Basarabia-Lwin, Bogatmos, Bravo Vine, Clasicvinagro, Domenii Sertus, Lion Gri, Salcuta, Vinaria Purcari

Transnistrian Region

DIVIN    @

  • WHITE=   |   RED=
  • GEOGRAPHY– Moldova
  • TOPOGRAPHY
  • VITICULTURE– ?   ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers


 

🇷🇸SERBIA 


SERBIA IS

  • WHITE= Kreaca, Morava, Neoplanta, Panonia, Petra, Sila, Sirmium Slankamenka, Zupljanka
  • RED= Backa, Bagrina, Probus, Prokupac, Rubinka, Zacinak

GEOGRAPHY Europe(Eastern)

TOPOGRAPHY “Rolling”

SOILSMetamorphic

CLIMATE Continental”,  Summers– Mild, Cool    |    Winters

VITICULTURE

  • #17 In Grape Production, #19 In Wine Consumption In World

HISTORY



**Refer to “BIBLIOGRAPHY/ SOURCES” For Details On Scholarly Works Referenced