🇮🇱ISRAEL  


ISRAEL IS  Sub-Regions– 5         @Jerusalen

  • WHITE= Bittuni(Indigenous), Chardonnay, Chenin Blanc, Colombard, Dabouki(Indigenous), Emerald Riesling, Gewurztraminer, Jandali(Indigenous), Marawi(Indigenous) AKA=Hamdani, Marsanne, Muscat Alexandria, Muscat Canelli, Riesling, Roussanne, Sauvignon Blanc, Semillon
  • RED= Argaman(Cross), Barbera, Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Carignan, Garnacha, Malbec, Merlot, Mourvèdre, Neheleschol(Indigenous), Petite Sirah, Petit Verdot, Syrah, Tempranillo

GEOGRAPHY Eastern Mediterranean, LATITUDE: 32° ‘N’

  • BORDERS: Mediterranean Sea(West), Lebanon(North), Syria(North-East), Jordan(East)
  • Where the Crescent Meets the Mediterranean Sea
  • REGIONS– Galilee, Judean Hills, Negev, Samson, Shomron

TOPOGRAPHY FEATURES– “Flat/ Rolling/ Hill/ Mountainous”

  • On~Coast/ Mediterranean~Sea~(East)
  • Sub-Zones- Galilee(North)                                Galilee Heights(North-East)
  • Judean Hills(WestCentral-Interior)          Coastal Plains(North-West)
  • Central (Judaean) Mountains(North-Interior)(Runs North to South)
  • Negev Desert(South)

SOILS Metamorphic“, Sedimentary

  • Coastal Plain– Sandy,   Golan Heights– Volcanic
  • **Refer to “TERROIR/ Geology & Soil” For Detailed Information On Soils.

CLIMATEDesert With Mediterranean &  Continental Influence

VITICULTURE 5,500 ha. Planted

  • #45 In Grape Production & #52 In Wine Consumption In World
  • Harvesting Can Start at End of July and Go Till the End of November.

VINICULTURE Still, Sweet, Sparkling, Rose

  • KOSHER– Wine That’s Produced Under the Supervision of a Rabbi and According to Judaism Religious Laws and Said to Be Ritually Pure or Clean.
    • No Animal Products. (Gelatins, Egg Whites, or Dairy Based Agents)
    • No Finning or Clarifying.
    • Made and Supervised by Sabbath Observing Jew…Created, Bottled, Opened Handled and Poured Only by Jews.
    • If a Non-Jew or a Non-Sabbath Observant Jew Touches the Wine Even Accidentally It’s Can’t Be Considered Kosher and Therefor Can’t Be Consumed by Someone Who Follows Kosher Dietary Law.
    • Mevushal Wine- Wine Made Properly but Handled by Non-Jews. Wine Would be Boiled Making It “Morally Sterilized”. Mevushal Wines Can Be Shared by Non-Jews and Non-Observers of Jewish Faith.
  • Estate/ Producers– Barkan, Binyamina, Golan, Segal, Shiloh, Tulip, Yarden

HISTORY

  • Occupied by Byzantine, Romans and Muslims  Over the Centuries.
  • Ottoman Conquest Put an End to Wine Culture For Hundreds of Years.
  • 1800’s @Israel– Jews Returned to Israel and Started to Reestablish Wine Culture.
  • 1848 @Israel– First Winery
  • 1880 @Israel– Carmel Winery, Started by Baron Edmond de Rothschild.
  • 1980 @Israel–  Israel Stared to Focus On Quality Wine Production.

CULTURE

  • UNESCO. WORLD HERITAGE SIGHT~ ~Battir~ (Cultural, Landscape, Vineyards)
  • PIONEERS~  ~Edmont de Rothschild~
    • Helped Reintroduce Wine Culture by Planting Vineyards and Building Wineries In Late 1800’s.
  • ASSOCIATIONS~ ~Wines of Israel~ Promotion of Large and Small Producers
  • GASTRONOMY... Bread, Wine, Olive Oil

ISRAEL WINE LAW

  • GOVERNING BODY-
  • LAWS GOVERNING- Geographic Boundaries Varietals
    • Label Requirement
      • +AGED/ Yield/ Hectare


GEOGRAPHIC DISCLAIMER: To Understand the Wine World and Benefit From DtheV.com a Understanding of Isreal’s Geography is Needed and the Ability to Visualize Its Wine Regions Topography.  Israel is Organized In a North to South / East to West Orientation and Intended to Be Researched and Memorized as So.


GALILEE      @

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Chenin Blanc, Gewurtztraminer, Marsanne, Riesling, Roussanne, Viognier
  • RED= Cabernet Sauvignon, Garnacha, Malbec, Merlot, Mourvedre, Syrah, Tempranillo
  • GEOGRAPHY– Israel(North), REGION-Galilee, “Multi-Appellation”
    • Sub-Zones– Upper Galilee, Lower Galilee, Golan Heights, Hefer Valley
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly”, SLOPES/ ?, +Alt.400mt.-800mt.
  • VITICULTURE– ? ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers– Capsouto, CarmelCovenant, Dalton, Galil Mountiain, Kishor, Lueria, Matar, Netofa, Or Haganuz, Tabor, Tulip, Vitkin
    • -Vineyards- Crater, Kayoumi
  • UPPER GALILEE       @Kibbutz Yiron
    • WHITE= Grenache Blanc, Pinto Gris, Sauvignon Blanc, Viognier
    • RED= Barbera, Cabernet Franc, Cabernet, Sauvigon, Grenache, Petit Verdot, Pinot Noir, Sangiovese, Syrah
    • GEOGRAPHY– Israel(North), REGION-Galilee
    • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly”, SLOPES/ ?, +Alt.400mt.-800mt.
    • VITICULTURE– ?  ha. Planted
      • Estate/ Producers– Dalton, Galil Mountiain
      • Vineyards– Misgav Am, Manara, Malkiva, Yiftah, Yiron
  • LOWER GALILEE      @
    • WHITE=   |   RED= Syrah
    • GEOGRAPHY– Israel(North), REGION-Galilee
    • VITICULTURE– ?  ha. Planted
      • Estate/ Producers
  • GOLAN HEIGHTS     @
    • WHITE= Chardonnay, Gewurtztraminer
    • RED= Cabernet Sauvignon, Syrah
    • GEOGRAPHY– Israel(North), REGION-Galilee, BORDERS: Syria
    • TOPOGRAPHYON PLATEAU, +Alt.499 mt. – 1,188 mt., On~Jordan~River~
    • SOILS= Metamorphic“, Sedimentary“, Volcanic“, Tuff, Basalt
    • VITICULTURE–  ? ha. Planted
      • Estate/ Producers– Assaf, Bazelet Hagolan, Golan Heights, Ortal, Yarden
      • -Vineyards– Ein Zivan

Shomron

SHOMRON     @Zichrom Ya’acov

  • WHITE=    |   RED=
  • GEOGRAPHY– Israel(North-West), REGION-Shomron, “Multi-Appellation”
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly”, On~Mediterranean~Sea~ 
    • Sub-Zones-  Sharon Plain, Mt. Carmel, Shomron Hills
  • VITICULTURE–  ? ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers
  • SHOMROM PLAIN     @
    • WHITE=    |    RED=
    • GEOGRAPHY– Israel(North-West), REGION-Shomron
    • VITICULTURE– ? ha. Planted
      • Estate/ Producers
  • MT. CARMEL      @
    • WHITE=    |     RED=
    • GEOGRAPHY– Israel(North-West), REGION-Shomron
    • TOPOGRAPHYSLOPES/ ?, +Alt. 200 mt.
    • SOILSMetamorphic“, Sedimentary“, Calcareous, Clay, Terra Rossa, Chalk, Limestone
    • VITICULTURE– ?  ha. Planted
      • Estate/ Producers– Bar Maor, Carmel, Dadah, Gros, Margeait, Somek, Tishbi, Vitkin
    • CULTUREPIONEERS~ ~Baron Edmond de Rothschild~ Planted Vines In 1880’s
      • Signified the Rebirth of the Israel Wine Industry
  • SHOMRON HILLS     @
    • WHITE= Chardonnay    |   RED= Cabernet Sauvignon
    • GEOGRAPHY– Israel(North-West), REGION-Shomron
    • VITICULTURE– ?  ha. Planted
      • Estate/ Producers– Gva’ot

SAMSON     @

  • WHITE=    |    RED=
  • GEOGRAPHY– Israel(West-Central), REGION-Samson, “Multi-Appellation”
    • Sub-Zones- Coastal Plain, Judean Lowlands, Judean Foothills
  • VITICULTURE–  ? ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers

  • COASTAL PLAIN     @
    • WHITE=   |   RED= Merlot
    • GEOGRAPHY– Israel(West-Central), REGION-Samson
    • VITICULTURE– ? ha. Planted
      • Estate/ Producers
  • JUDEAN LOWLANDS      @
    • WHITE=   |   RED=
    • GEOGRAPHY– Israel(West-Central), REGION-Samson
    • VITICULTURE–  ?  ha. Planted
      • Estate/ Producers
  • JUDEAN FOOTHILLS     @
    • WHITE=   |   RED= Syrah
    • GEOGRAPHY– Israel(West-Central), REGION-Samson
      • BETWEEN; Tel Aviv & Jerusalem
    • TOPOGRAPHY– “Hilly”, Hills North/ East/ South of Jerusalem
    • VITICULTURE– ?  ha. Planted
      • Estate/ Producers– Barkan, Bravdo, Segal

JUDEAN HILLS      @Jerusalem

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Gewurztraminer, Sauvignon Blanc
  • RED= Barbera, Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc, Carignan, Merlot, Mourvedre, Syrah, Petit Verdot, Petite Sirah
  • GEOGRAPHY– Israel(East-Central), REGION-Judean Hills
    • South-East of Tel Aviv(40km.),“Multi-Appellation”
    • Sub-Zones- Jerusalem, Gush Etzion, Southern  Judean Hills
  • TOPOGRAPHY–  “Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly”
    • SLOPES/ Jerusalem Mountains, +Alt.400 mt. – 900 mt., Orek Valley, On~Dead~Sea~
  • SOILS= Metamorphic“, Sedimentary“, Limestone, Terra Rossa
  • VITICULTURE– ?  ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers– Agur, Barkan, Castel, Clos de Gat, Ela Valley, Flam, Montefiore, Recanati, Teperberg, Tzora, Yatir, Zafririn

  • JERUSALEM      @
    • WHITE=   |   RED=
    • GEOGRAPHY– Israel(East-Central), REGION-Judean Hills
    • VITICULTURE– ? ha. Planted
      • Estate/ Producers
  • GUSH ETZION     @
    • WHITE=   |   RED=
    • GEOGRAPHY– Israel(East-Central), REGION-Judean Hills
    • VITICULTURE–  ?  ha. Planted
      • Estate/ Producers
  • YATIR FOREST     @
    • WHITE=   |   RED=
    • GEOGRAPHY– Israel(East-Central), REGION-Judean Hills
    • VITICULTURE–  ?  ha. Planted
      • Estate/ Producers
  • SOUTHERN JUDEAN HILLS      @
    • WHITE=   |   RED=
    • GEOGRAPHY– Israel(East-Central), REGION-Judean Hills
    • VITICULTURE– ?  ha. Planted
      • Estate/ Producers

NEGEV      @Beer Sheva

  • WHITE=  Chenin Blanc, Viognier
  • RED= Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY– Israel(South), REGION-Negev, “Multi-Appellation”
    • Sub-Zones-Northern Negev,  Negev Highlands, Ramat Arad
  • TOPOGRAPHY– ‘Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly”, SLOPES/ ?, +Alt.1,900 ft. to 3,000 ft.
  • CLIMATE= “Desert
  • VITICULTURE– ? ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers– Midbar, Ramat Negev, Yatir

  • NORTHERN NEGEV     @
    • WHITE=   |   RED=
    • GEOGRAPHY– Israel(South), REGION-Negev
    • VITICULTURE– ? ha. Planted
      • Estate/ Producers
  • NEGEV HIGHLANDS     @
    • WHITE=   |   RED=
    • GEOGRAPHY– Israel(South), REGION-Negev
    • CLIMATE– “Desert”
    • VITICULTURE–  ? ha. Planted
      • Estate/ Producers
  • RAMAT ARAD     @
    • WHITE=   |   RED=
    • GEOGRAPHY– Israel(South), REGION-Negev
    • VITICULTURE– ?  ha. Planted
      • Estate/ Producers


**Refer to “BIBLIOGRAPHY/ SOURCES” For Details On Scholarly Works Referenced