NORTH AMERICA IS–   Countries– 4

  • WHITE=   |   RED= Almost Everything 
    • **Refer to COUNTRIES/ Sub-Chapters For Varietal Information.

GEOGRAPHY Northern Hemisphere, LATITUDE:  ° N

  • REGIONS-California, Canada, Pacific North-West, United States
  • COUNTRIES-America, Canada, Mexico

TOPOGRAPHY Flat, Rolling, Hilly/ Mountainous/ Valley/ Terraces

  • GEOGRAPHIC DISCLAIMER~ To Understand the Wine World and Benefit From a Understanding of North America Geography is Needed and the Ability to Visualize Its Wine Regions Topography.  North America is Organized In a North to South / East to West Orientation and Intended to Be Researched  as So.
  • DEMYSTIFYING PROCEDURE~ ~Visualizing the Wine Worlds Geography In Your Mind.~
    • To Truly Become a Geography & Topography Master, Visualization of Maps While Closing Your Eyes is a Must.  Practice by Studying a Map of the Bordeaux.  Close Your Eyes and Visualize the Orientation of the Rivers, Surrounding Mountains Sub-Zones and the AOC.’s That Fill It Out.


OLD WORLD Refers Primarily to Wine Produced In Europe But Can Also Include Other Regions of the Mediterranean Basin With Long Histories of Winemaking Such as North Africa and the Middle East. Originally New World Was Called So Because British, Spanish and Portuguese Colonist  Would Head Off Into the New World by Boat  to Explore New Lands/ Worlds.

  • VINICULTURE Grapes Possess Complex Characteristic But Struggle to Achieve Brix and Full Ripening Before Inclement Weather.  Generally,  -Body, -Abv., +Acid
  • CLIMATE= The Old World is Generally Cooler Which Leads to Terroir-Driven Earthier, Herb, Mineral, Less Aromatics.
    • Old World Wines Seem to Be Unchanged In an Effort to Keep Style to One That is or Was Popular

NEW WORLD Refers to Countries Colonized by Western Europe and Regions That Are New to Wine Production. New World Wine Regions Adopted the Successful Ideas From the Old World and Expanded On Them. The New World Has Come to Represent a New Wave of Fruit Driven Wine Style Using a More Modern Wine Making Techniques From a Generally Warmer Climate.

  • VINICULTURE Grapes Struggle to Achieve Complexed Characteristics Before Grapes Accumulate Brix, +Ripen, Generally- +Body, +ABV., -Acid
  • CLIMATE= The New World Generally is Warmer Which Leads to Fruits Forward+Ripening, +Sugar
    In Grapes and +ABV. In Wine.
  • PHILOSOPHY?  Can You Smell the Difference In Old World/ New World Wines?
    • There Are General Differences and Attributes Between Old World/ New World Wines That Can Be Smell by Educated Wine Evaluators.

The NEW-OLD WORLD & The OLD-NEW WORLD The “Old World” is Becoming New While the “New World” is Becoming Old.  New Countries From the Old World Such as Norway, England and Ireland Are Now Starting to Produce Wine and Starting Wine Cultures Becoming the New-Old World. Also Presently Much of the Old World is Copying the “New World” Techniques, and the “New World” is Adopting More of the Old Worlds Techniques and Traditions.

    • Canada
    • Pacific North-West
    • California
    • USA.
    • New World-Other
  • **Refer to These Proceeding Sub-Chapters For Detailed Information.

**Refer to BIBLIOGRAPHY/ Sources For Details On Scholarly Works Referenced.