CALIFORNIASonoma


SONOMA IS   AVA.- 18     @HealdsburgSonoma

  • WHITE= Chardonnay 27%, Sauvignon Blanc 4%, Albarino, Arneis, Chenin Blanc, Friulano, Furmint, Gewurztraminer, Grunner Veltliner, Marsanne, Picpoul Blanc, Pinot Blanc, Pinot Gris, Ribollo Giallo, Riesling, Rousanne, Semillon, Sylvaner, Trousseux Gris, Viognier
  • RED= Pinot Noir 20%, Cabernet Sauvignon 20%, Zinfandel 9%, Alicante Bouschet, Aglianico, Barbera, Bastardo, Cabernet Franc, Carignan, Dolcetto, Frappato, Gamay, Garnacha, Malbec, Mataro AKA=Mourvedre, Merlot, Mission, Montepulciano, Nebbiolo, Petit Verdot, Petite Sirah, Pinotage, Pinot Meunier, Sagrantino, Sangiovese, Syrah, Tannat, Valdiquie

GEOGRAPHY STATE-California(North), REGION-Sonoma, COUNTY-Sonoma, LATITUDE: 37.13°- 38.8° N

  • BORDERS- Mendocino ‘Region’(North), Napa ‘Region’(East), Marin ‘Region'(South)
    • On~Coast/ Pacific~Ocean~,  (52 mi. Long & 47 mi. Wide)/ 150 Mile/2
  • MAIN CITIES- Forestville, Healdsburg, Petaluma, Santa Rosa, Sebastopol, Windsor
  • Sub-Zones/ AVA’s: Alexander Valley AVA., Annapolis AVA., Bennett Valley AVA., Chalk Hill AVA.
    • Dry Creek Valley AVA., Fort Ross Seaveiw AVA., Freestone AVA., Fountaingrove District AVA., Green Valley AVA., Knights Valley AVA., Los Carneros AVA., Moon Mountain AVA., Northern Sonoma AVA., Occidental AVA., Petaluma Gap AVA., Pine Mountain Cloverdale Peak AVA., Rock Pile AVA., Russian River Valley AVA., Sonoma Coast AVA., Sonoma Mountain AVA., Sonoma Valley AVA., West Sonoma Coast AVA.

TOPOGRAPHY  FEATURESFlat/ Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous/ Valley(Alexander, Russian River, Sonoma)

  • SLOPES/ Mayacamus Mountains, +Alt.25 ft.-2,400 ft.,/ Mount Sonoma/ Mount Hood
    • Coast Mountain Range
    • Mayacamas Mountains- Part of Coast Mountain Range Includes Sonoma Mountains
  • Valleys Sonoma is Made of 4 Principle Valleys/ In Total:
    • Alexander, Sonoma, Dry Creek and Russian River Valleys.  Although Thought of as One Region, These Valleys Along With Smaller Valleys and Mountains Criss-Cross the Country and Make Sonoma’s Geographic, Topographic and Micro-Climates Diversities. Along With Volcanic and Sedimentary Factors This Make Sonoma One of the Most Diverse Combination of Soil, Temperate, Aspects, Rainfall and Altitude Growing Region In the World.
  • Basins- Cotati Basin, Windsor Basin
  • Gaps Russian River Gap
    • Petaluma Gap– Topographic Feature of Coastal Low-Land Between Bodega Bay and Tamales Bay Up to the Opening of Petaluma River In Jenner.  Allowed Ocean Moister Inland
    • Annadel Gap–  (Between Sonoma Mountain and Mount Hood)

TOPOGRAPHIC EVENTS

  • Active Plate Margin- Convergence of North American Plate and Pacific Plate Resulting In Pushing Up of Mountains and Down-Warping of Valleys. Volcanic, Erosion and Sedimentation Processes Have Also Had a Major Impact On the Way Sonoma Topographic Feature Look Today.
  • Franciscan Formation
    • **Refer to “NORTH AMERICA WINE/ CALIFORNIA” For Detailed Information
  • Glen Ellen Formation-(Cenozoic Age) An Exposure of  Quaternary & Pliocene Gravels, Sorted Clays, Sand, and Cobbles Near the Town of Glen Ellen, In Sonoma Valley.
  • Wilson Grove Formation-(Cenozoic Age)
  • Pepaluma Formation- (Cenozoic/ Neogene Age)
  • VOLCANISM– Sonoma-  ~Bennett Valley Fault~,  ~Bloomfield Fault~,  ~Carneros Fault~
    • ~Healdsburg Fault~,  ~Petaluma Valley Fault~,  ~Sebastopol Fault~,  ~Rodgers Creek~
    • ~San Andreas Fault~

Sonoma County Has Been Uplifted/ Turned On Its Side, and Weathered.

SOILS Metamorphic, Volcanic, Sedimentary

  • Sonoma Soil Series 
    • Altamont Series–     –Arbuckle Series–     –Cotati Series–     –Goulding Series
    • Goldridge Series–     –Haire Series–     –Hugo Series–     –Huichica Series
    • Steinbeck Series–     –Yolo Series
    • **Refer to “TERROIR/ SOILS/ Soil Series” For Detailed Information.

CLIMATEMediterranean  With Maritime Influences

  • Sonoma Coast- Maritime, With Many Mircro-Climates
  • Sonoma Interior- Mediterranean Cool & Warm, With Many Mircro-Climates
    • +DIURNAL SHIFTS,  +WIND/ Carneros Express…Originates San Pablo Bay
    • Warm and Sunny With Little Rain During Growing Season.
  • Fog is a Dominant Weather Characteristics In Sonoma. When Temperatures In the San Joaquin Valley Climb Above 90* During Spring and Summer, Atmospheric Pressure Falls and Heat Rises Allowing the Fog Bank Below Lying Off the Coast to Funnel Inland Through the Petaluma Wind Gap Each Late Afternoon/ Evening, Rapidly Cooling the Land and Vineyards. Each Morning the Sun Burns Off the Layer of Fog and the Process Begins Again.

VITICULTURE 62,000 ac. Planted,  6% Sonoma County Land is Planted to Grapes.

  • Sonoma Viticulture is Know For Diversity.  You Can Plant Any Grape Imaginable and Vinify That Grape In Any Style Imaginable.
  • **Refer to “HISTORICAL VINEYARDS/ Field Blends” For Information On Old Vines.
  • ASSOCIATIONS~ ~Sonoma County Winegrowers~
    • Mission~ To Increase the Value of Sonoma County Winegrapes and to Nurture and Protect This Agricultural Resource For Future Generations.
      • Sonoma County Sustainable Initiative– To Become the Nations First 100% Certified Sustainable Wine Regions by 2019
  • CUSTOM CRUSH FACILITY~ Rack & Riddle (Sparkling Wine)
  • OLD VINE VINEYARDS Of SONOMA
    • 1870’s-  Old Hill Ranch Vineyard   @Sonoma Valley AVA.
    • 1880’s- Bedrock Vineyard     @Sonoma Valley AVA.  
      • Limerick Lane Vineyard     @Russian River Valley AVA.
      • Carlisle Vineyard     @Russian River Valley AVA.
      • Belloni Vineyard     @Russian River Valley AVA.
      • Martinelli Vineyard     @Russian River Valley AVA.
      • Monte Rosa Vineyard     @Moon Mountain AVA.
    • 1890’s-  Alegria Vineyard     @Russian River Valley AVA.
      • Barricia Vineyard     @Sonoma Valley AVA.
      • Big River Vineyard     @Alexander Valley AVA.
      • Casa Santinamaria     @Sonoma Valley AVA.
      • Field Stone Vineyard     @Alexander Valley AVA.
      • Maggie’s Reserve Vineyared     @Sonoma Valley AVA.
      • Nervo Vineyard     @Alexander Valley AVA.
      • Saitone Vineyard     @Russian River Valley AVA.
        • 17 ac., Alicante Bouchet, Carignan, Colombard, Grand Noir, Zinfandel
      • Wellington Vineyard      @Sonoma Valley AVA.
      • Jackass Hill Vineyard     @Russian River Valley AVA.
      • Shaw/ Kunde Vineyard     @Sonoma Valley AVA.
      • Heritage Vines Vineyard     @Russian River Valley AVA.
    • 1900’s- Chauvet Vineyard     @Sonoma Valley AVA.
      • Cullinane Vineyard     @Sonoma Valley AVA.
      • Justi Creek Vineyard      @Sonoma Valley AVA.
      • Lytton Vineyard     @Dry Creek Valley AVA.
      • Pagani Vineyard     @Sonoma Valley AVA.
      • Puccioni Vineyard     @Dry Creek Valley AVA.
      • Puccini Vineyard     @Sonoma Valley AVA.
      • Valsecchi Vineyard     @Sonoma Valley AVA.
      • Alexander Valley Road Vineyard     @Alexander Valley AVA
    • 1910’s-  Maple Vineyard     @Dry Creek Valley AVA.
      • Teldeschi Vineyard     @Dry Creek Valley AVA.
    • 1920’s- Bacigalupi Vineyard      @Russian River Valley AVA.
  • CONTENTIOUS WINE ISSUE!  Phylloxera Was Actually a Good For the Wine Sonoma Wine Industry In That it had to Look at the Fundamental Processes of Growing Vines, and Forced Grape Growers to Pull and Replant Old Compromised Vines!”
    • NOOverall There is Nothing Good About a Insect Devastating an Entire Crop Around the World and All the Peoples Livelihood That is Associated With the Louse.
    • YESIn the Wake of the Phyloxera Epidemic Grape Grower Got a Chance to Take a Stong Look at What Grapes They Were Growing and Where.  During the Replanning and Replanting Phase Growers Took the Opportunity to Plant Their Vineyards With the Correct Varieties With the Correct Rootstock In the Correct Climates That Were Suited For the Vines.

VINICULTURE Varietal,  Blend,  Sparkling

HISTORYSonoma

  • 1812 @Fort Ross ViticultureRussians Immigrants Planted Vines.
  • 1834 @Sonoma First Vines Planted at Mission of St. Francis.
  • 1855 @Buena Vista Agoston Haraszthy- Build 1st. Grandiose Winery “Started” California Wine Industry.
  • 1862 @Europe Governor Appointed Haraszthy Head of a Viticulture Trip to Europe.
    • Haraszthy Brought Back 100,000 Vines From +50 European Varietals.
  • 1856 @Alexander Valley Cyrus Alexander Plants First Grapes In Alexander Valley.
  • 1873 @California Phylloxera,Phylloxera Outbreak, Effecting Vitis Vinifera Grapes.
  • 1920 @America ProhibitionJanuary 17th. 1920 to December 5th. 1933.
  • 1933 @America ProhibitionEnd of Prohibition.
  • 1873 @Sonoma First Pinot Noir Vine Planted at Rochioli Estate.
  • 1989 @Sonoma EconomyGrapes Become Sonoma County’s Top Revenue Crop.

CULTURE– 

  • ~Etymology~ Sonoma…Translate to “Valley of the Moon” In Native American Indian Dialect.
  • ~Etymology~ Russian River…Named After the Russian Who First Explored the River In the Early 1800’s.
    • Aleksandrovich Kuskow Establihed the Fort Ross Colony Northwest of the Mouth of the River.
  • PIONEERS~ ~Agoston Haraszthy~
    • Hungarian Immigrant Who Once Sheriff of San Diego and Then  Helped Created the Commercial Wine Industry In California by Bringing 100,000 Cuttings of 250  Different Varietals From France, Italy, Spain and Germany and Planting Them In His Sonoma Vineyard and Selling Them Across California.
  • ACADEMICS~ ~Santa Rosa Junior College~     @Santa Rosa, California
    • Specialization~ 3 Viticulture and Enology Degree Programs

GOING THERE

  • TIPS FOR GOING THERE~
    • Spend Day/ Time at Wineries In Different AVA.’s Across Sonoma.
    • Sign Up For a Guided Tour at One of the Historical Vineyards.
    • Do a Non Wine Related Sonoma Thing.
    • Eat at One of the Many Michelin Starred Restaurants.
    • Stay at a Luxury Hotel, or Stay at a Moderately Priced Hotel.
  • WINE SQUARES~ ~Sonoma Square~,   ~Healdsburg Square~
    • ~The Barlow~ “Sebastopol”
      • Outdoor Marketplace Featuring Local Food Wine Tasting Room.
        • Wineries- Friedeman, MacPhail, Pax Wines, Small VinesTaft Street.
  • WINE BARS~  Sigh(Sparkling), The Fig Wine Bar
  • FESTIVALS~  ~Sonoma County Harvest Fair~ (September/ Sonoma)
    • FESTIVALS~ ~West of the West Wine(August/ Occidental)

Often Overshadowed by Napa, Sonoma is a Great Wine Growing Region Championing a Multitude of Varietals.



SONOMA COUNTRY      @Sonoma

  • GEOGRAPHY– California, REGION-Sonoma(Greater)
  • VITICULTURELabeled “SONOMA COUNTY” Refers to Wines Non-Conforming to  AVA.
    • Estate/ Producers- LJ Crafted Wines, Pax Mahle
    • Vineyards- Fanucchi-Wood Road, Janes’s, Sean Thackrey

SONOMA COAST AVA.     @Guerneville

  • WHITE=   |   RED= **Refer to AVA. For Grape Information
  • GEOGRAPHY– California, REGION-Sonoma(NorthWest)
    • BORDERS: Mendocino to San Pablo Bay, “Multi-Appellation”
    • MAIN CITIES: Cotati, Rohnert Park
    • Sub-Zones/ AVA’s- Annapolis AVA., Fort Ross Seaveiw AVA., Freestone AVA., Occidental AVA., West Sonoma Coast AVA.
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Hilly/ Mountainous”, SLOPES/ Coast Mountain Range,  +Alt.1,150ft.-1,375ft.
    • On~Pacific~Ocean~(Near)
    • Bisected by San Andreas Fault, “Petaluma Gap”
  • SOILS= Metamorphic”, “Volcanic”, “Sedimentary
    • Franciscan Assemblage; Mixture of Sand, Silt, Volcanic Lavas, Schists
  • CLIMATE=Maritime, INFLUENCED: Proximity to Pacific Ocean, and Inversion Layer
  • VITICULTURECHALLENGE– Ripening, Fruit-Set- Rain and Fog Disrupts Flowering During May and June Leading to Low Yields.
    • Estates/ Producers Cazadero, Dutch, Flowers, Lutum, Peay
    • Vineyards Armagh, Bei Ranch, Black Knight, La Bruma(E.), Camp Meeting Ridge, Charles Heintz, Coastlands, Doc’s Ranch, Durell, Falstaff, McDougal Ranch, Platt, Ritchie, Rodgers Creek, Suacci

WEST SONOMA COAST AVA. (Un-Official)      @Annapolis

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Chenin Blanc, Roussanne, Viognier
  • RED= Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Pinotage, Pinot Noir, Syrah, Zinfandel
  • GEOGRAPHY– California, REGION-Sonoma(North-West), In Sonoma Coast AVA.(West)
    • On~Pacific~Ocean~(Near),  From Mendocino County to Russian River
    • Sub-Zones- Fort Ross Sea-View AVA., Freestone AVA., Green Valley AVA, Occidental AVA., Sebastopol Hills AVA.
  • TOPOGRAPHY–  FEATURES– “Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous”
    • SLOPES/ Coast Mountain Range, +Alt.800 ft.-1,2000 ft.
    • TOPOGRAPHIC EVENT– ON FAULT/ San Andreas
  • SOILS= Metamorphic“, ”Volcanic“, ”Sedimentary, Goldridge Sandy Loam
  • CLIMATE= Maritime“, Cooler Than Southern Sonoma Coast
    • INVERSION LAYER: 1,000 ft.- 1,800 ft.
      • Weather is Cooler the Closer You Are to the Ocean, Warmer the Farther You Get In Elevation Up the Coast Mountain Range, It’s Called “Inversion” Becauce Generally if You Are Climbing Up a Mountian the Higher You Go the Colder You Get.
  • VITICULTURE– ? ac. Planted,  Harvest Goes Into Late October
    • ADVANTAGES– Luminosity From Pacific Ocean
      • “The Sunlight is Different at the True Sonoma Coast”. A Few Vineyards Have Direct View and Influence of Light Refracting Up-Off the Pacific Ocean and Reflecting Up at Vineyards. West Sonoma Referred to as “True”, As In “True Sonoma Coast.
  • VINICULTURE
    • Estates/ Producers 32 Winds, Alma Fria, Flowers, Gros Ventre, Hirsch, Kutch, Price Family, Senses, Small Vines, Wayfares
    • Vineyards Bohan, CIX, Coastlands, Ceritas Heintz, English Hill, Ernest, Far Coast, Gaps’s Price, Goldrock Ridge, Hawk Hill, Hirsch, Lauren, Manchester Ridge, UV, Raschen Ridge, Red Car Estate,  Peay, Seascape, Wild Hog, Walala, Zephyr Farms
  • CULTUREASSOCIATIONS~ ~West Sonoma Coast Vintners~
    • Mission~ Group of Wineries and Growers Who Are Passionate About Framing Along the Mountainous Coastline of Western Sonoma County.

FORT ROSS SEAVEIW AVA.     @Fort Ross

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Roussanne, Sauvignon Blanc, Viognier
  • RED= Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Pinotage, Pinot Noir, Syrah, Zinfandel
  • GEOGRAPHY California, REGION-Sonoma(North-West), In Sonoma Coast AVA.(North-West)
    • @Hw.#1/ Meyers Grade Road,
  • TOPOGRAPHY “Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous/ Ridges”
    • SLOPES/ Coast Mountain Range, +Alt.920 ft.(Min.) to 1,400 ft.(Peak/1,800 ft.), On~Pacific~Ocean~(Near/3mi.)
    • TOPOGRAPHIC EVENT:  ON FAULT/ San Andreas
  • SOILS- Metamorphic”, ”Sedimentary, Grave-Loam, Sandstone, Shale, Sandy Clay
    • SOIL SERIES –Boomer Series–     –Hugo Series–      –Laughlin Series–    
      • Sobrante Series–      Yorkville Series
  • CLIMATE- “Maritime, INFLUENCED: Proximity to Pacific, Above Inversion Layer
  • VITICULTURE- 27,500 ac./ 700 acPlanted
    • ADVANAGE– Luminosity From Pacific Ocean
    • Estates/ Producers Del Dotto, Failla(E.), Flowers(E.), Fort Ross, Hirsch(E./ 72ac.), Marcassin, Martinelli(E.), Peay, Peter Michael, Red Car, Raen, Unturned Stone(Nat.Pro.), Wild Hog, Williams Selyem
    • Vineyards Bohan, Greer, Camp Meeting Ridge, Cinghiale, Coastal, Fort Ross, Home Field, Kings Ridge, McDougall Ranch, Mohrhardt Ridge, Mother of Pearl, Precious Mountain(40ac.), Seaview West Ridge, Three Sisters, Wayfarer(30ac.)
  • CULTURE- ~EtymologyAVA. Named After the Russian Fort “Fort Ross” Built In 1812.

ANNAPOLIS AVA. (Un-Official)     @Annapolis

  • WHITE= Chardonnay
  • RED= Pinot Noir, Syrah
  • GEOGRAPHY– California, REGION-Sonoma(North-West), In Sonoma Coast AVA.,  @Hw.#1(West)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly”, SLOPES/ Coast Mountain Range, +Alt.524 ft.-1,168 ft.
    • On~Pacific~Ocean~(Near)
  • SOILS= Metamorphic“, ”Volcanic“, ”Sedimentary
  • CLIMATE=Maritime
  • VITICULTURE– 292 acPlanted
    • Estates/ Producers Alma Fria, Anthill Farms, Artesa, Atlas, Campbell, Emeritus, Holtermann, Thomas Brown, Wilson
    • Vineyards Annapolis Ridge, Campbell Ranch

OCCIDENTAL AVA.     @Occidental

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Riesling
  • RED= Pinot Noir, Syrah, Zinfandel
  • GEOGRAPHY California, REGION-Sonoma(North-West), In Sonoma Coast AVA.
    • BORDERS: Freestone AVA.(South)
  • TOPOGRAPHY Rolling, SLOPES/ Coast Mountain Range, +Alt.800 ft.
    • On~Pacific~Ocean~(Near)
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Sedimentary,   ~Goldridge Series-, Sandy Loam
  • CLIMATE- Maritime
  • VITICULTURE-  ?  acPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers- Cobb, Kistler(E./80ac.), Radio-Coteau, The Withers
    • Vineyards– Bodega Headlands, Boheme, Coastlands, Doc’s Ranch, English Hill, Harrison Grade, Jack Hill, Occidental Ridge, Occidental Station, Radio-Coteau”Estate“, SWK
  • CULTURE- FESTIVALS~ ~West of the West Wine(August/ Occidental)

FREESTONE AVA.     @Freestone

  • WHITE= Chardonnay |   RED= Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY– California, REGION-Sonoma(North-West), In Sonoma Coast AVA.
    • BORDERS: Occidental AVA.(North)
  • TOPOGRAPHYRolling/ Valley(Freestone)
    • SLOPES/ Coast Mountian Range,  +Alt.248 ft.-1,246 ft., On~Pacific~Ocean~(Near)
  • SOILS=Metamorphic“, ”Sedimentary
  • CLIMATE= Maritime
  • VITICULTURE– 322 acPlanted
    • Estates/ Producers Joseph Phelps*
    • Vineyards Cleary, Cobb, Cielo, Dutton Ranch, Falstaff, Freestone, Freestone Flat, Pastorale, Platt, Seascape, Quarter Moon

PETALUMA GAP AVA.      @Petaluma

  • WHITE= Chardonnay 13%, Pinot Grigio 1%, Albarino, Gewurztraminer, Riesling, Roussanne, Viognier
  • RED= Pinot Noir 58%, Syrah 4%, Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Malbec, Pinot Meunier, Nebbiolo, Sangiovese, Zinfandel
  • GEOGRAPHY– California, REGION-Sonoma(South-West), In Sonoma Coast AVA.(South)
    • BORDERS– On~Coast/ Pacific Ocean~, Carneros AVA.(South-East), (Laps)Marin County(South)
    • North of Petaluma(10mi.), South of Sebastopol Hills AVA., North of Golden Gate Bridge(32 mi.)
    • CITIES– Bodega Bay, Tomales, Two Rocks, Petaluma
    • Sub-Zones- Petaluma River
  • TOPOGRAPHYFeatures- “Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly”
    • SLOPES/ Coast Mountain Range, +Alt.200ft.- 800ft.On~Petaluma~River~
    • Petaluma Gap- Topographic 15 Mile Wide “Opening” Feature of Coastal Low-Land Between Bodega Bay and Tamales Bay to Opening of Petaluma River On San Pablo Bay. The Gap Allows Cool Ocean Moister Air to Funnel Inland From the Pacific Ocean East Over Land to San Pablo Bay.
    • Estero Americano- Lowland Estuary at the Opening of the Petaluma Gap, at the Pacific Ocean Where the Fog Begins to Roll In
  • SOILS= Metamorphic“, “Volcanic“, “Sedimentary“,  Ashy, Tufa,  Clay/ Sandy Loam, Gravelly River Cobbles
  • CLIMATE= Maritime, +WIND,   Coolest AVA. In Sonoma
  • VITICULTURE– 476 ac./ 4,000 ac., Planted, Early Bud Break, Long Growing Season.
    • BENEFIT– No Botrytis or Mildew Issues, High Skin to Juice Ratio.
  • VINICULUTRE
    • Estates/ Producers- Adobe Road, Armida, Arari, Clouds Rest, Enriquez, Fulcrum, Guarachi Family, Kastania, Keller(E.), Kara, McEvoy Ranch, Portworks, Sangiacomo, Three Stick, Trombetta,
    • Vineyards- Calesa, Catapult Ranch, El Coro, La Cruz, Diamond Pile, Fogline, Gap’s Crown, Griffin’s Lair, Guarachi, Lazy M, Loomis, Pacheco, Parliament Hills(55 ac.), Saltonstall, Spring Hill, Sangiacomo(Fredrick, Lakeview, Platt, Roberts Road, Rodgers Creek, Sleepy Hollow), Sun Chase(42ac.), Tolay Vista, Work
  • CULTURE
    • ASSOCIATIONS~ ~Petaluma Gap Winegrowers Alliance~
      • Mission~ Promote Winegrowers and Vinters Within the Petaluma Gap and Foster the Production of Wines From Petaluma Gap Fruit.

NORTHERN SONOMA AVA.      @Healdburg

  • GEOGRAPHY– California, REGION-Sonoma(North-East), In North Coast AVA., “Multi-Appellation”
    • Sub-AVA’s- Alexander Valley AVA., Dry Creek Valley AVA., Knights Valley AVA., Pine Mountain Cloverdale Peak AVA., Rock Pile AVA.

**Sonoma Images Courtesy of “Delong Maps”, Purchase These Maps at Delongwine.com


ROCK PILE AVA.     @Cloverdale

  • WHITE= Grenache Blanc, Viognier
  • RED= Zinfandel 20%, Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Malbec, Syrah, Petit Verdot, Petite Sirah, Primitivo, Syrah, Zinfandel
  • GEOGRAPHY California, REGION-Sonoma(North), In Dry Creek AVA.
    • BORDERS– (Laps/ 20%)Dry Creek Valley AVA.,  16 Miles to Coast/ Pacific
  • TOPOGRAPHY “Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous”
    • SLOPES/ ?, +Alt.800 ft. -2,100 ft., On~Lake~Sonoma~(Above 600 ft.)
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Volcanic
    • Loam, Clay, Small Rocks, Gravel, Peppered With Shale, Sandstone Sub-Soil
  • CLIMATE- Mediterranean, Pacific Ocean, Lack of Fog
    • INFLUENCE/ Lake Sonoma(Located 750ft. Above)
  • VITICULTURE- 15,500 ac./ 191 acPlanted
    • Estates/ Producers Carol Shelton, Domaine des Chirats, Hobo, Mauritson, Pezzi King, Wilson
    • Vineyards Branham, Botticelli, Buck Pasture, Cemetery, Florence, Gloeckner-Turner, Jack’s Cabin, Lower Pond, Lumetta, Mauritson, Rockpile Ridge, Sofies’s, Westphall Ridge
  • HISTORY- 1992  @Rock Pile–  First Vineyard Planted.
  • CULTURE-
    • ASSOCIATIONS~ ~Rockpile Grape Growers Association~
      • Mission~ Support Regions Grape Growers Through Shared Best Practices, as Well as to Educate Wine Connoisseurs About the Stellar Grape Growing Conditions  Inherent to the Rockpile Region.

DRY CREEK VALLEY AVA.      @Healdsburg

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Chenin Blanc, Gewürztraminer, Picpoul Blanc, Riesling, Roussanne, Sauvignon Blanc, Semillon, Viognier
  • RED= Alicante Bouschet, Barbera, Bastardo, Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Carignan, Cinsault, Grenache, Mataro AKA=Mourvedre, Merlot, Mission, Montepulciano, Mourvedre, Petit Verdot, Petite Sirah, Sangiovese, Syrah, Zinfandel
  • GEOGRAPHY California, REGION-Sonoma(North), In Northern Sonoma AVA.
    • BORDERS-(Laps)Rock Pile AVA., @Hw.#Dry Creek Rd./ West Dry Creek Rd.
    • West of Geyserville-City(  mi.), (16mi. Long & 2mi. Wide), East of Pacific Ocean(15 mi.)
    • Sub-Zones- Bradford Mountain,   West Ridge,   East Ridge,   East Benchlands
    • CITIES– Lytton
  • TOPOGRAPHY “Flat/ Rolling/ Valley(Dry Creek)”
    • SLOPES/ ?, 200 ft. to 350 ft., On~Lake~Sonoma~(Above 600ft.)
    • Canyon Creek/ Dutcher Creek/ Wine Creek~Tibutaries~Dry Creek~to~Russian River~
  • SOILS- Metamorphic”, “Volcanic”, “Sedimentary“, Cortina, Clay Loam
    • Soil-Sub-Zones- “River Benchlands”, “Hillsides”
    • SOIL SERIES–   –Clough Series Well Drained Gravely Loam, Red/ +Iron
      • Manzanita Series Well Drained Gravel, Silt Loam With Clay Loam Sub-Soil
  • CLIMATE- Mediterranean With Continental Influences, +DIURNAL SHIFTS(+40°)
    • INFLUENCE/  Lake Sonoma(Located 750ft. Below)
  • VITICULTURE- 78,050 ac./ 9,280 acPlanted
    • Estates/ Producers A. Rafanelli, Belle*, Dashe, Dry Creek, Dutcher Crossing, Ferrari-Carano*, Frei Brothers, Fritz, Idlewild, Kachina, Kinsella(12ac.), Lambert Bridge, Leo Steen, Matrix, Mazzoco, Nalle*, Michel-Schlumberger, Ousterhout, Papapietro Perry, Pedroncelli*, Peterson, Pezzi King, Ridge*, Sbragia, Truett Hurst, Unti, Quivira, Wilson
      Vineyards Alto, Bernier-Sibary, Cortina(HVS.), Bullock House, Bushnesll, Endeavor, East Side, Evertt Ridge, Faloni, Fig Tree, Florence, Forchini, Frank Johnson, Garzini, Grandma’s, Grist, Guadagni(HVS.), Hardie Ranch, Henderlong, Home Ranch, Hoskins Ranch, Jones, Lily Hill, Louvau, Lytton Springs(HVS.), Maple(HVS.), Mounts Family, Mother Clone, Puccioni(HVS.), Ramazzotti, Sawyer, Saini Farms, Teldeschi Ranch(HVS.), Unti, Van Alyea Ranch
  • CULTURE- ASSOCIATIONS~  ~Wine Growers of Dry Creek Valley~
    • PIONEERS~ ~George Bloch~ 1868, French Immigrant Who First Planted Vines In Dry Creek.
      • ~S.B. Hallengren~ 1868, Swedish Immigrant Who Planted First Vines
      • ~Giovanni Pedroncelli~ Helped Modernize Wine Industry Post Prohibition.
  • GOING THERE-
    • ~The Family Wineries~
      • Enjoy a Unique Wine Tasting Experience Tasting Through Five Small Family Run Wineries In the Dry Creek Valley.  Taste Winemaking In Its Truest Form And Learn the Charming Stories Behind Each Lable.
      • Wineries– Collier Falls, Dash Cellars, Lago di Merlo, Mietz, Optima

PINE MOUNTAIN CLOVERDALE PEAK AVA.     @Cloverdale

  • WHITE= Chardonnay 9%, Sauvignon Blanc
  • RED= Cabernet Sauvignon 79%, Merlot 6%, Malbec 3%, Cabernet Franc, Tannat
  • GEOGRAPHY– California, REGION-Sonoma(North-East), In Northern Sonoma AVA.
    • (AVALaps/ 60%)Mendocino AVA.(South-East), @Hw.#101(East)
    • BORDERS- (Laps/ 40%)“Above” Alexander Valley AVA.(Laps/ North)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly”
    • SLOPES/ Mayacamas Mountains,+Alt.1,600 ft.-3,000 ft.
  • SOILS= Metamorphic”, “Volcanic”, “Sedimentary, Gravel-Loam/ Volcanic Sub-Soil
  • CLIMATE=Continental”, +DIURNAL SHIFTS(35*), +WINDS, Longer Growing Season
  • VITICULTURE– 4,750 ac./ 310 acPlanted
    • Estates/ Producers Ampere, Capture, Keller Range, Miro, Oak Ridge Ranch, Pine Mountain, Silverwood Ranch, Spicy Wine, Tin Cross
    • Vineyards Archimedes, Bock, Pine Mountain, Reichel, Sky Pine, Sunnydaze, Upper Ridge

ALEXANDER VALLEY AVA.     @Geyserville

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Chenin Blanc, Sauvignon Blanc, Semillon, Viognier
  • RED= Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Dolcetto, Malbec, Merlot, Petite Sirah, Petit Verdot, Primitivo, Sagrantino, Sangiovese, Syrah, Zinfandel
  • GEOGRAPHY– California, REGION-Sonoma(North-East), In Northern Sonoma AVA.
    • North of Healdsburg-City(   mi.), (25 Miles Long &  2-7 Miles Wide),  @Hw.#101
    • Sub-Zones-  BLACK MOUNTAIN         GEYSERVILLE CORNER
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly/ Valley(Alexander)”
    • SLOPES/ Mayacamas Mountains, +Alt.2,400 ft.
    • On~Sausal/ Miller Creeks~Tributary~Russian~River~
  • SOILS= Metamorphic”, “Volcanic”, “Sedimentary
    • Alluvial, Greywacke, Sandstone, Radiolarian Chert, Volcanic Ash, Clay, Greenstone, Serpentinite
  • CLIMATE=Mediterranean With Continental Influences
  • VITICULTURE– 32,050 ac./ 14,449 acPlanted
      • CHALLENGE– Unwanted Botrytis
    • Estates/ Producers Alexander Mountain, Alexander Valley, Bell Mountain, Clos Du Bois, Coppola*, Garden Creek, Jordan, Lancaster, Mantra, Robert Young, Scherrer, Silver Oak, Stonestreet, Trione, Zialena
    • Vineyards Alden Ranch, Alexander Valley Road(HVS.), Bear Point, Big River Ranch(HVS.), Brothers, Christopher’s, Crazy Creek, Cloverdale Ranch, Cougar Ridge, Coyote Hill, Crocker, Field Stone(HVS.), Fieldstone, Fredson Ranch(HVS.), Gauer Ranch, Geyserville Ranch, Hawkeye Mountain, Hawkes Pyramid, Home Ranch(HVS.), Hoot Owl Creek Ranch, Lone Tree, McClain, Medlock Ames, Meal, Monolith, Nervo(HVS.), Oat Valley, Pyramid, Reynoso, River, Rockaway, Rockfall, Stuhlumuller, Tin Cross, Upper Barn, Verite, Vineyard 101(HVS.), Yoeman
  • CULTURE  ASSOCIATIONS~ ~Alexander Valley WinegrowersAVW.
    • PIONEERS~ ~Cyrus Alexander~ 1841, Planted First Vines In In Alexander Valley.
      • ~Harry Wetzel~ 1963, Planted First Chardonnay/ Cabernet Sauvignon.
  • GOING THERE-
    • WINE SQUARES~ ~Healdsburg Historic Plaza~ (26 Tasting Rooms)

KNIGHTS VALLEY AVA.     @Healdsburg

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc, Sémillon
  • RED= Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Malbec, Mourvèdre, Sangiovese, Syrah, Petite Verdot, Zinfandel
  • GEOGRAPHY– California, REGION-Sonoma(East), In Northern Sonoma AVA., @Hw.#128
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly/ Valley(Knights)”
    • SLOPES/ Mayacamas Mountains(Mt. St. Helena), +Alt.+950ft.
  • SOILS= Metamorphic”, “Volcanic(MtSt. Helena)”, Cobbled Alluvial
  • CLIMATE=Continental With Mediterranean Influences, Warmest AVA. In Sonoma
  • VITICULTURE– 2,000 acPlanted
    • Estates/ Producers Bavarian Lion, Beringer(E.), Cable, Ehret(E.), Hentsteeth, Highland Estates, Kendall Jackson, Melka, Peter Micheal(E.), Voros Cellars
    • Vineyards Bavarian Lion, Beringer ‘Estate‘(Block 10), Helena Dakota, Helena Montana, Knights Bridge, Link, Parr

RUSSIAN RIVER VALLEY AVA.     @Sebastapol

  • WHITE= Albarino, Chardonnay, Colombard, Garnacha Blanc, Gewurztraminer, Pinot Blanc, Pinot Gri, Riesling, Sauvignon Blanc, Trousseau Gris
  • RED= Alicante Bouschet, Cabernet Sauvignon, Carignan, Dolcetto, Merlot, Pinot Noir, St. Laurent, Syrah, Sangiovese, Tannat, Valdiguie, Zinfandel
  • GEOGRAPHY– California, REGION-Sonoma(Central), In Sonoma Coast AVA., LATITUDE: 38° ‘N’
    • CITIES–  Graton, Guerneville, Monte Rio, Occidental, Sebastapol,  @Hw.#116, #126
    • Sub-Zones- Green Valley AVA.,  4 Areas, Referred to as “Neighborhood
      • Middle Reach, Laguna Ridge, Santa Rosa Plain, Sabast0pol Hills, Windsor Hills
    • Golden Triangle of Pinot Noir“- Laguna Rd. Between River & Guerneville Rd.
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly/ Valley(Russian River)”
    • SLOPES/ Coast Mountain Range, +Alt.? ft.,  On~Pacific~Ocean~(Near/ 5 mi.), On~Russian~River~
  • CLIMATE=Maritime With Micro-Climates Within Its Neighborhoods
    • Coastal, Morning/ Evening Fog, Warm Days
    • +DIURNAL SHIFTS(+35°)
  • SOILS= Metamorphic“, “Sedimentary, Goldridge Sandy Loam, Pleasanton Loam
    • SOIL SERIES –Arbuckle Series–     –Haire Series–     –Hugo Series–     –Huichica Series
      • Goldridge Series–     –Steinbeck Series–     –Yolo Series
  • VITICULTURE– 169,000 ac./ 16,000 ac. Planted
    • Estates/ Producers- Acorn, Anthill, Belle Glos, Flanagan, Foppiano, Hallberg Ranch, Halleck, Hansel,  Kendal Jackson, Larson, Marimar, Martinelli, Piper Sonoma, Sonoma Cutrer*, Wind Gap
    • Vineyards- Alegria(HVS.,1890), Allen, Amy’s(HVS.), Bacchi Ranch(HVS.), Belloni(HVS.,1880), Biagi(HVS.), Buena Tierra, Cahill Lane, Calegari, Canfield, Castelli-Knight, Chenoweth, Cider Ridge, Collins, Carlisle(HVS.,1880), Dairyman,  Emeritus, Eastside Knoll, Ektimo, Elieo, Fanucchi Wood Rd., Farm, Foppiano ‘Estate‘, Hopkins, Huckleberry Snodgrass, Jane’s, Koplen, Keefer Ranch, Laurent Ritchie, Limerick Lane(HVS.,1880), Lolita(12ac.), Mancini(HVS.), Masia Don Miguel, Olivet Lane, Pillow Road, River Road, Saitone(17ac.)(HVS.), Sexton Hill, Shone Farm(90ac.), Tara, Thorn Ridge, Tomar, Treehouse, Vellutini, Vimark, Wohler
  • CULTURE
    • ASSOCIATIONS~  ~Russian River Valley WinegrowersRRVW.
      • Mission~ Dedicated to Promoting the Russian River Valley as the Premier Region For Growing Cool Climate Grapes.
    • PIONEERS~ ~J. Rocchioli~ 1968, One of First Pioneers In Russian River Pinot Noir.
      • ~Joseph Swan~ Early Pioneer of Pinot Noir In Russian River.
      • ~William Selyem~ One of  First Pioneers of Russian River Pinot Noir.

MIDDLE REACH AVA. (Neighborhood/ Un-Official AVA.)     @Windsor

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Gewurztraminer, Sauvignon Blanc, Viognier
  • RED= Petite Sirah, Pinot Noir, Valdiguie, Syrah, Zinfandel
  • GEOGRAPHY– California, REGION-Sonoma(Central)
    • In Russian River Valley AVA.(North), West of Windsor-City(3mi.)
    • BORDERS: Dry Creek AVA.(North), @Hw. Westside Road/ River Rd.(North)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”, +Alt.130 ft.
    • On~Pacific~Ocean~(Near/ 5 mi.), On~Russian~River~(West)
    • Alluvial Bench West of Russian River and South of Dry Creek
  • SOILS= Metamorphic“, ”Sedimentary,  Yolo Series
  • CLIMATE= Maritime, INFLUENCED/ Fog(Hangs Around Till it Burns Off)
      • Warmest Area In Russian River Valley
  • VITICULTURE– CHALLENGE– Alluvial Bench is Subject to Flooding
    • Estates/ Producers- Arista, Bacigalupi*, Butcher, Flowers, Gary Farrell*, Great Oak, Hax, Landmark(Hop Klin), MacRostie, Matrix, Moshin, Porter Creek, Rochioli*(E./140ac.), Thomas George, Twomey*, William Selyem
    • Vineyards- Allen, Appian Way, Bacigalupi(HVS.,1920), Big Hill, Bloom Ranch(10ac.), Bucher, Castelli Knight Ranch, Fannuchi, Flax, Floodgate, Frost Ranch(44ac.), Goodard Ranch(26ac.), Little Hill, Racheal’s, Rochioli River Block, Rochioli-Allen, Sweetwater, Thale’s, Three Corner, William Selyem ‘Estate‘, Willow Side

GREEN VALLEY AVA.      @Graton

  • WHITE= Albarino, Chardonnay, Gewurztraminer
  • RED= Pinot Noir, Syrah, Zinfandel
  • GEOGRAPHY– California, REGION-Sonoma(Central), @Hw.#116(West)
    • In Russian River Valley AVA.(South-West), Only Neighborhood Which is an Official AVA.
    • Sub-Zones- Upper Green Vally,  Lower Green Valley
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly/ Valley(Green)”, On~Pacific~Ocean~(Near/ 10 mi.)
  • SOILS= Metamorphic”, “Sedimentary”, Silt, Sandy Loam,  –Goldridge Series
  • CLIMATE= “Maritime“, Coolest/ Foggiest Area In Russian River Valley
  • VITICULTURE– 2,700 acPlanted
    • Estates/ Producers- Dutton-Goldfield, Emeritus*(E./110ac.), Hartford Family*, Iron Horse*, Marimar, Taft Street
    • Vineyards- Barron, Bateman, Bootleggers’s Hill, Corral, Don Miguel, Emerald Ridge, Ferguson, Gunsalus, Hallberg(100ac.), Hawk Hill, Heintz, Highwire, Jackass Hill(HVS./1890), Keefer Ranch, Lolita Ranch, Manzana, Martinelli Road(HVS.), Morelli Lane, O’Connel, Perry Ranch, Pratt, Rued, Stephen’s, Tina Marie, Widdoes

LAGUNA RIDGE AVA. (Neighborhood/ Un-Official AVA.)      @Forrestville

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc
  • RED= Pinot Noir, Syrah, Zinfandel
  • GEOGRAPHY- California, REGION-Sonoma(Central), @Hw. River Rd.
    • In Russian River Valley AVA.(Central)
    • BORDERS: Green Valley(West), Santa Rosa Plain(East)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly, On~Pacific~Ocean~(Near/ 10mi.)
    • Middle of Golden Triangle of Pinot Noir– Laguna Rd., Between River & Guerneville Rd.
  • SOILS- Metamorphic“, Sedimentary, Silt, Sand, Some Clay
    • SOIL SERIES–  Goldridge Series-, –Altamont Series-, –Franciscan Series
  • CLIMATE- Maritime
    • Estates/ Producers- Balleto, Dehlinger, Dutton Estate*, Hanna, Joseph Swan*, Kosta Brown, Lynmar, Martin Ray, Pellegrini-Olivet Lane, Ritchie, Quail Hill, Scherrer
    • Vineyards- Burnside Road, Coopersmith, Denner Ranches, Dehlinger, Four Hearts, Gantz(4.5ac.), Hanna Home Ranch, Jasper, Kistler, Klopp Ranch, Laguna, Marcucci, Oehlman, Ritchie, Saralee’s, Toboni, Trenton, Vine Hill

SANTA ROSA PLAIN AVA. (Neighborhood/ Un-Official AVA.)      @Santa Rosa

  • WHITE= Chardonnay
  • RED= Pinot Noir, Zinfandel
  • GEOGRAPHY- California, REGION-Sonoma(Central), In Russian River Valley AVA.(West)
    • North-East of Santa Rosa-City(     mi.), @Hw.# River Road/ Olivet Rd.
    • BORDERS: Luguna Ridges(West)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling, ON PLAIN/ Santa Rosa, +Alt.100 ft. – 150 ft.
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Alluvial, Shale, Sandstone, Cobblestone
    • SOIL SERIES–  Huichica Series(Clay-Based)
  • CLIMATE- Maritime
    • Estates/ Producers- Balletto, Battaglini, Benovia, Carlisle, Failla, Havest Moon, Inman, Lauterbach, Martinelli, Paul Hobbs, Pellegrini, Ramey, Saralee’s, Screen Door, Siduri
    • Vineyards- BCD, Carlisle ‘Estate‘, Colon, Fanucchi, Jane, Moonshine Ranch(7ac.), Olivert Lane, Olivet Ranch, Papera Ranch(1940), Saitone

SEBASTOPOL HILLS AVA. (Neighborhood/ Un-Official AVA.)     @Sebastopol

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Chenin Blanc, Pinot Gris
  • RED= Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY– California, REGION-Sonoma(Central), In Russian River Valley AVA.(South)
    • South of Sebastopol-City(    mi.)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly”, SLOPES/ Sebastopol Hills, On~Pacific~Ocean~(Near)
  • SOILS=Metamorphic“, ”Sedimentary
    • SOIL SERIES –Altamont Series, Wilson Grove,  Goldridge Series Clay-Heavy
  • CLIMATE= Maritime, Strong Fog Influence
  • VITICULTURE– 848 acPlanted
    • Estates/ Producers- Kanzler, Littorai, Mary Edwards, Meridith, Reichwage
    • Vineyards- Balletto, Bondi Home, Burnside Road, Falstaff Road, Maboroshi, McDonald Mountain, Meredith, Monticue, Mukaida, Pennacchio, Rayhill, Starkey, Tilton Hill

WINDSOR HILLS AVA. (Neighborhood/ Un-Official AVA.)     @Windsor

  • WHITE= Chardonnay
  • RED= Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY– California, REGION-Sonoma(Central), In Russian River Valley AVA.
    • South-East of Windsor-City(    mi.)
    • BORDERS: Chalk Hill AVA.(East), @Hw.#101(East)
  • TOPOGRAPHY “Rolling/ Hilly”, SLOPES/ Windsor Hills
  • SOILS=Metamorphic“, ”Sedimentary
  • CLIMATE= Maritime
    • Estates/ Producers-
    • Vineyards-

CHALK HILL AVA.     @Windsor

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc
  • RED= Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Dolcetto, Merlot, Pinot Noir, Syrah
  • GEOGRAPHY– California, REGION-Sonoma(EastCentral), @Hw.#101(East)
    • In Russian River Valley AVA.(Laps)
    • Sub-Zones- Mark West Springs
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly”
    • SLOPES/ Mayacamas Mountains(West), +Alt./ 200 ft.-1,300 ft.
  • VITICULTURE– 1,500 acPlanted
  • SOILS= Metamorphic”, “Volcanic, Not Chalk, Quartzite, Sand, Silty-Loam
    • ~Etymology~ Chalk Referres to White-Volcanic Ash From Mt. St. Helena
  • CLIMATE= Mediterranean With Maritime Influence
    • Estates/ Producers- Albini Family, Chalk Hill*, Roth*, Windsor Oaks
    • Vineyards- Colonel’s, Windsor Oak

SONOMA VALLEY AVA.     @Sonoma

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Chenin Blanc, Friulano, Furmint, Gruner Veltliner, Pinot Grigio, Riesling, Rousanne, Sauvignon Blanc, Sylaner, Viognier
  • RED= Barbera, Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Counoise, Garnacha, Mataro AKA=Mourvedre, Merlot, Mission, Petite Sirah, Pinot Noir, Sangiovese, Zinfandel
  • GEOGRAPHY– California, REGION-Sonoma(South-East), LATITUDE– 38.9* ‘N’
    • BORDERS: Napa ‘Region’(East), Alexander Valley AVA.(North),  @Hw.#12
    • CITIES– Agua Caliente, Boyes Hot Springs, Glen Ellen, Kenwood, El Verano
    • Sub-Zones/ AVA.’s-  Bennett Valley AVA.(North-West), Los Carneros AVA.(South), Moon Mountain AVA.(East), Sonoma Mountain AVA.(West-Central)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous/ Valley(Sonoma)”
    • SLOPES/ BETWEEN: Sonoma Mountain(West), & Mayacamas Mountains(East)/ Hood Mt.(Peak/ 2,733 ft.)
    • GAPS/ Annadel (Between Sonoma Mountain and Mount Hood)
  • SOILS= Metamorphic”, ”Volcanic”, “Sedimentary
    • Goulding-Toomes-Guenoc Association (Lava Flow, Tuffbeds, Sandstone, Gravel and Conglomerate), Spreckels Loam
  • CLIMATE= Mediterranean With Maritime Influences
  • VITICULTURE- 5,500 acPlanted
    • CHALLENGES– Spring Frosh, Winter Drought, Harvest Rain
  • VINICULTURE
    • Estates/ Producers- Arrowwood, Bedrock Wine Co., BR Cohn, Broc Cellars, Buena Vista*, Coturri(Nat.Pro.), Gail, Gundlach-Bundschu, Hamel, Kenwood, Kistler, Kunde*, Landmark, Ladson, Madrone, Paint Horse, Pickberry, Ravenswood*, Scribe, Sebastiani, St. Jean*(93ac.), St. Francis*, Westwood
    • Vineyards- Annadel Gap(22ac.), Barracia(HVS.,1890), Bedrock Heritage(HVS.,1880), Behler, Burrel, Casa Santinamaria(HVS.,1900), Los Chamizal, Chauvet(HVS.), Cullinane(HVS.,1990), Hershberb, Idell Family, Justi Creek(HVS.,1900), Katherina, Landmark, MacLead Family, Old Hill Ranch(HVS.,1870), Pagani(HVS.,1990), La Prenda, Severson, Stornetta, Valsecchi(HVS.), Wellington(HVS.), Wild Oak Wildwood
  • CULTURE- Sonoma Valley is Know as the Birthplace of California’s Commercial Wine Industry
    • Sonoma Valley is Often Refered to as Valley of the Moon.
    • Monks & Monasteries ~Mission San Francisco de Solando~
    • PIONEERS~Gundlach Bundschu~ Germany Immigrant and Founder of Historical Sonoma Valley Winery

BENNETT VALLEY AVA.     @Santa Rosa

  • WHITE= Chardonnay 19%, Rousanne, Sauvignon Blanc
  • RED= Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Grenache, Malbec, Merlot, Pinot Noir, Syrah
  • GEOGRAPHY– California, REGION-Sonoma(South-East)
    • North-East of San Francisco-City(60mi.)
    • In Sonoma Valley AVA.(North-West), (Laps)Sonoma Mountian AVA.(South-East)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling/ Valley(Bennett)”, SLOPES/ Mayacamas Mountains
    • BORDERS/ SLOPES: by 3 Mountain: Sonoma Mountain(Laps/ South), Bennett Mountain, Taylor Mountain
    • High Ground Between Sonoma Valley and Cotati Valley
  • SOILS=Metamorphic”, “Volcanic
    • Valley- Zamora Silty Clay Loam
    • Hillsides- Gneiss, Schist, Sandstone, Gravel, Clear Lake Clay
  • CLIMATE= Mediterranean
  • VITICULTURE– 700 acPlanted
    • Estates/ Producers- Flanagan Family, Manzanita Creek*, Sable Ridge, Westerhold(E.)
    • Vineyards- Barbed Oak, Cardiac Hill, Four Brothers, Frostwatch, Helena Bench, Jackson Park, Vivio, Westerhold Family

SONOMA MOUNTAIN AVA.     @Glen Ellen

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Grunner Veltliner, Pinot Gris, Sauvignon Blanc, Sémillon
  • RED= Barbera, Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Dolcetto, Garnacha, Merlot, Petit Verdot, Pinot Meunier, Pinot Noir, Syrah, Zinfandel
  • GEOGRAPHY- California, REGION-Sonoma(South-East), LATITUDE: 38.36° ‘N’
    • In Sonoma Valley AVA.(West-Central), (Laps)Bennett Valley AVA.(North-West)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- “Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous/ Terraced”
    • SLOPES/ Mayacamas Mountains/ Sonoma Mountains, +Alt.600ft.-1,200ft.(Peak 2,463 ft.)
    • ON FAULT/ Rodgers Creek, Ancient Volcanic Caldera
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Volcanic
  • CLIMATE- Mediterranean”, +Diurnal Shifts(+35°), INFLUENCE/ Fog/ Petaluma Gap
  • VITICULTURE- 5,800 ac./ 607 acPlanted
  • VINICULTURE- Still,  Blends
    • Estates/ Producers- Benzinger*(E./Bio.-Dyn./35 ac.), Bevan, Coturri & Sons(E.), Jack London(E./51ac.), Laurel Glen(E.), Mayo(E.), Paul Hobbs, Richard Berridge, Robert Hunter(E.), Silver Pines(E.)
    • Vineyards- Ashton, Barbed Oak(8ac.), Benzinger ‘Estate‘, De Crescenzo(1.5ac.), Farina, Feingold East(1.5ac.), Dos Limones, Laurel Glen(12 ac.), McCrea(34ac.), Minnes(3ac,), Morning Sun(37ac.), Moro, Murray Ranch, Nelson(1.85ac.), Pickberry, Red Dog, Richard Dinner(26ac.), Silver Pine, Steiner, To Ergon Berger, Van de Kamp(26ac.)
  • CULTURE1985- AVA. Officially Established
  • GOING THERE ~WINE TOURS~ Benzinger’s Bio-Dynamic Tour
    • ~NON-WINE~ Jack London State Park

MOON MOUNTAIN AVA.     @Sonoma

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc, Semillon, Viognier
  • RED= Cabernet Sauvignon, Garnacha, Merlot, Pinot Noir, Syrah, Tempranillo, Zinfandel
  • GEOGRAPHY– California, REGION-Sonoma(South-East), In Sonoma Valley AVA.(East)
    • East of Glenn Ellen-City(    mi.), BORDERS– Napa ‘Region’(East)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling, Hilly/ Mountainous/ Terraces”
    • SLOPES/ Mayacamas Mountains, +Alt.600 ft.-2,600 ft.
  • SOILS=Metamorphic”, “Volcanic”, Basalt, Ash
  • CLIMATE= Mediterranean
  • VITICULTURE– 17,660 ac./ 1,500 acPlanted
    • Oldest Pinot Noir Vineyard In America(Hanzell)
  • VINICULTURE
    • Estates/ Producers- Amaploa Creek(E.), B Wise, Beltane Ranch, Gardenker, Hanna, Hanzell*, Karmen, Louis M. Martini, Mountain Terraces, Pangloss, Peroni, Repris Wines, Sixteen 600, Stone Edge, Yannick Rousseau
    • Vineyards- Ambassodores 1953, Brye(13ac.), Bismark Mountain, Canton, Cavedale, Day, Dearing, De Brye, Mountain Terrace, Monte Rosso(HVS.,1880), Petroni, Ramos(4.5ac.), Sessions(4ac.), Sixtenn 600 ‘Estate'(2.5ac.), Sonoma View, Zellerbach

FOUNTAINGROVE DISTRICT AVA.     @Santa Rosa

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Riesling, Sauvignon Blanc, Viognier
  • RED= Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc, Merlot, Petite Sirah, Syrah, Zinfandel
  • GEOGRAPHY– California, REGION-Sonoma(South-East), In Sonoma Valley AVA.(North)
    • BORDERS: Knights Valley AVA.(North), Chalk Hill AVA.(North-West), Russina River AVA.(West), Sonoma Valley AVA.(South)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly”, SLOPES/ Mayacamas Mountains, +Alt.2,000 ft.
  • SOILS= Metamorphic“, “Volcanic
  • CLIMATE= Mediterranean
  • VITICULTURE– 38,000 ac./ 600 acPlanted
    • Estates/ Producers- Heller Family, Hidden Ridge, Lambert Bridge
    • Vineyards- Bastoni, Peaceland, Riebli Valley, Wedge Family

SPRING MOUNTAIN/ Sonoma AVA. (Un-Official)   @

  • WHITE= Chardonnay
  • RED= Cabernet Sauvignon, Petite Verdot
  • GEOGRAPHY– California, REGION-Sonoma(South-East), In Sonoma Valley AVA.
    • BORDERS: (Laps)Napa ‘Region”(East)
    • Only 1 of 2 California AVA. to Cross County Lines(Los Carneros Other)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Hilly/ Mountainous/ Terraced”
    • SLOPES/ Mayacamas Mountains, +Alt. 2,000 ft.
  • SOILS= Metamorphic”, “Volcanic
  • CLIMATE= Mediterranean, INFLUENCED/ Above Fog, Altitude
  • VITICULTURE–  163 ac./ 50 ac. Planted
    • Estates/ Producers Hidden Ridge(E.)

LOS CARNEROS AVA.     @Sonoma

  • WHITE= Albarino, Chardonnay, Gewürztraminer, Roussanne, Vermentino, Vernaccia, Viognier
  • RED= Barbara, Pinot Noir, Pinot Meunier, Syrah, St. Laurent, Zinfandel
  • GEOGRAPHY– California, REGION-Sonoma(South-East), In Sonoma Valley AVA.(South), @Hw.#12/ #121
    • BORDERS: (Laps)Petaluma Gap AVA., (Laps)Napa ‘Region’(East)
    • (AVA. Laps)Napa(East**Refer to Napa, Carneros  For Additional AVA. Information.
    • Only 1 of 2 California AVA. to Cross County Lines(Spring Mountain Other)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rollilng”, SLOPES/ ?, +Alt.25 ft.-100 ft., On~San Pablo~Bay~(Near)
    • Transitional Area of Sonoma Between Salt Plains/ Marshes and Foothills.
  • SOILS=Metamorphic“, ”Sedimentary, Haire Clay-Loam
  • CLIMATE= Maritime“, Coolest Area In Sonoma Valley.  +WIND/ Carneros Express
    • Receives Moisture From Petaluma Gap & On~Pablo~Bay~
  • VITICULTURE– 1,100 acPlanted
    • Estates/ Producers- Anaba, Bonneau, Ceja, Cline, Donum, Enkidu, Etude, Homewood, Gloria Ferrer(E./335ac./International(Freixenet)/ Sparkling), Jacuzzi*, Keating, Larson, Meadowcraft, Nicholson, Ram’s Gate, Ryme, Schug*(40ac.), Truchard, Viansa
    • Vineyards- Broadway, Las Brisas, Ceja, Five Sisters Ranch, Green Acres, Hudson, Larson, Las Madres(8.5ac.), Ricci, Sangiacomo
  • CULTURE1983AVA. Officially Established.
    • ~Etymology~ Los Carneros Meaning The Rams In Spanish Referring to the 1840’s When this Area Was Sheep Ranches and Dairies.
    • ASSOCIATIONS~ ~Carneros Wine Alliance~
      • Mission~ Committed to Promoting the Distinction, Diversity and Quality of Grapes Grown In Carneros.

NORTH COAST AVA.   @Sonoma

  • WHITE=   |   RED= **Refer to AVA. For Grape Information
  • GEOGRAPHY– California, Northern California
    • COUNTIES: (AVA. Laps)Lake County, Mendocino County, Napa County
  • VITICULTURE– Wine Produced In “NORTH COAST” Non-Conforming to an AVA.
    • Grapes Can Source From Mendocino, Sonoma, Lake and Napa Counties.

MARIN COUNTY AVA. (Un-Official)     @San Rafael

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Riesling, Sauvignon Blanc, Vermentino, Viognier
  • RED= Merlot, Montepulciano, Pinot Noir, Refosco, Sagrantino, Syrah
  • GEOGRAPHY– California, COUNTY-Marin, North of San Francisco-City(1 mi.)
    • Sub-Zones-  Petaluma Gap AVA.(Laps)
    • BORDERS: Sonoma ‘Region’(North), San Francisco Bay(South), Pacific Ocean, San Pablo Bay
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling”
  • SOILS= Metamorphic
  • CLIMATE=Mediterranean With Maritime Influence
  • VITICULUTRE– ? acPlanted
    • Estates/ Producers- Andromeda, Dutton Goldfield, Easkoot, Kalin Cellars, Pey-Marin, Ross Valley, Sean Thackrey, Skywalker Ranch
    • Vineyards- Azaya Ranch, Blue Wing, Chileno Valley, Corda, Devil’s Gulch, McEvoy Ranch(27ac.), Pey-Marin, Stubbs


**Refer to “BIBLIOGRAPHY/ Sources” For Details On Scholarly Works Referenced.