CALIFORNIA-Central Valley


CENTRAL VALLEY IS     AVA.- 17     @Bakersfield, Sacramento

  • WHITE=   |   RED= **Refer to AVA’S. For Varietal Information

GEOGRAPHY California(Central-Interior), LATITUDE: 38.1° ‘N’

  • BETWEEN: Chico(North) to Bakersfield(South), @Hw.#5/ #99
  • COUNTIES– Yolo, Sacramento, San Joaquin, Stanislaus Fresno, Merced, Madera, Fresno
  • North Sacramento Valley to South San Joaquin Valley
  • Sub-Zones– The DELTA    SACRAMENTO VALLEY      SAN JOAQUIN VALLEY
  • AVA.’S– Capay Valley AVA., Clarksburg AVA., Diablo Grande AVA., Dunnigan Hills AVA., Grape Vine,  Lodi AVA., Madera AVA., Meritt Island AVA., Paulsell Valley, River Junction AVA., Salado Creek AVA., Squaw Valley/ Miramonte AVA., Tracy Hills AVA., Winters/ Berryessa Gap

TOPOGRAPHY Flat/ Rolling/ Valley(SacramentoSan Joaquin)

  • San Francisco Bay “Gap” Provides Moisture to Central Valley
  • Central Valley is One Large Valley Composed of Sacramento Valley In the North and San Joaquin Valley In the South.

VITICULTURE

  • Hugh Series of Vineyards That Produce Overall Bulk of California Harvest. Wineries Geared More Towards Quantity Than Quality Producing High Yield, Over Fertilized, Over Watered Cheap Wine For Bulk, Box Wine or Overly Anonymous Wine to Drink the Masses of Non-Concerning Wine Drinker.
  • Parts of Central Valley Vineyards Dedicated to Raison, Table Grapes, Grape Juice.
  • 55% of California Vineyard Acreage
  • Estates/ Producers(Not Located In Designated AVA.)- Bronco, Franzia, Gallo, Constellation

SOILS Metamorphic, Volcanic, Sedimentary, Alluvial, Wind-Loess

CLIMATE Continental With Mediterranean Influence      Summers– Hot   |   Winters– Cold, Wet

CULTURE

  • ACADEMICS~ ~University of California Fresno~     @Fresno, California
    • Specialization~ Viticulture and Enology Program
  • PIONEERS~ ~Ernest & Julio Gallo~ Largest American Winery and Exporter of California Wines.
  • ACADEMICS~  ~International Fruit Genetics and the Grapery~      @Bakersfield
  • FESTIVALS– ~Unified Wine & Grape Symposium~ (February/ Sacramento)

Central Valley North

SACRAMENTO VALLEY AVA. (Un-Official)   @Sacramento

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc
  • RED= Cabernet Sauvignon, Petite Sirah, Syrah
  • GEOGRAPHY– California, Central Valley(North), Red Bluff to Sacramento
    • BETWEEN: Coast Ranges & Sierra Nevada Mountain
    • Sub-Zones Capay Valley AVA., Dunnigan Hills AVA., Winters/ Berryessa Gap AVA.
  • VITICULTURE– 7,300 ac. Planted

CAPAY VALLEY AVA.      @Capay, Brooks, Rumsey

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Viognier
  • RED= Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Malbec, Mourvèdre, Syrah, Tempranillo, Petit Sirah, Petite Verdot
  • GEOGRAPHY– California, Central Valley(North), COUNTY-Yolo, @Hw.#16
    • East of Lake Berryessa(   mi.)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling/ Valley(Capay)”
  • SOILS=Metamorphic“, “Volcanic”, “Sedimentary
    • SOIL SERIES–  Yolo Series–      –Zamoro Series
  • CLIMATE= Mediterranean, With Continental Influences
  • VITICULTURE– 25acPlanted
    • Estates/ Producers– Capay Valley Vineyards, Casey Flats, Seka Hills, Sunce

DUNNIGAN HILLS AVA.    @Dunnigan

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc
  • RED= Cabernet Sauvignon, Montepulciano, Zinfandel
  • GEOGRAPHY– California, Central Valley(North), COUNTY-Yolo, @Hw.#505
    • North-West of Sacramento-City(    mi.)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”, On~Cache~Creek~
  • SOILS= Metamorphic
  • CLIMATE=Mediterranean, With Continental Influences
  • VITICULTURE–   ? acPlanted
    • Estates/ Producers– Matchbook, Turner Road, Woodbridge
    • Vineyards– Nova

**Images Courtesy of Delong Maps, Purchase These Wine Maps at Delongwine.com


WINTERS/ BERRYESSA GAP AVA. (Un-Official)     @Winters

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc,
  • RED= Barbera, Cabernet Sauvignon, Malbec, Petite Sirah, Syrah, Tempranillo, Zinfandel
  • GEOGRAPHY– California, Central Valley(Central), COUNTIES-Solano/ Yolo
    • East of Napa-City(    mi.), @Hw.#128
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Valley”, SLOPES/ Coastal Range(East)
  • SOILS= Metamorphic”, “Volcanic”, “Sedimentary, Alluvial, Clay, Silt
  • CLIMATE=Continental With Mediterranean Influences
  • VITICULTURE–  ? acPlanted
    • Estates/ Producers– Berryessa Gap, Coble Ranch

THE DELTA AVA. (Un-Official)     @Sacramento

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc
  • RED= Cabernet Sauvignon, Petite Sirah, Syrah
  • GEOGRAPHY– California, Central Valley(Central), COUNTIES: Solano, Yolo
    • Where Sacramento Valley & San Joaquin Valley Converge
    • East of San Francisco(100mi.)
    • Sub-Zones- Lodi AVA, Clarksburg AVA., Meritt Island AVA.
  • CLIMATEMediterranean With Continental Influences,
    • Cooled by Maritime Breezes From San Francisco Bay Gap

CLARKSBURG AVA.   @Clarksburg

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Chenin Blanc, Sauvignon Blanc
  • RED= Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Nebbiolo, Petit Sirah, Tannat, Teroldego, Zinfandel
  • GEOGRAPHY– California, Central Valley(Central), South-West of Sacramento, @Hw.#5
    • COUNTY-Yolo,  Sub-Zones- Meritt Island AVA.
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”, On~Sacramento~River~Delta~
  • SOILS= Metamorphic
  • CLIMATE=Mediterranean WithContinental Influences
  • VITICULTURE– ? acPlanted
    • Estates/ Producers– Bogle, Heringer, Herzog, Idle Hour, Lange Twins, San Pasqual, Todd Tayor
    • Vineyards– Miller, Prince
  • MERITT ISLAND AVA.     @
    • WHITE= Chardonnay, Chenin Blanc, Viognier
    • RED= Gamay, Petite Sirah, Pinot Noir
    • GEOGRAPHY– California, Central Valley(Central), In Clarksburg AVA.
      • COUNTY-Yolo
    • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”, +Alt.13ft.
    • SOILS= Metamorphic“, “Sedimentary
    • CLIMATE=Mediterranean” WithContinental Influences
    • VITICULTURE– 374acPlanted
      • Estates/ Producers

LODI AVA.     @Lodi

  • WHITE= Albariño, Bacchus, Chardonnay, Chenin Blanc, Clairette, Kerner, Marsanne, Picpoul, Pinot Grigio, Riesling, Sauvignon Blanc, Torrontes, Verdelho, Vermentino, Viognier
  • RED= Aglianico, Alicante Bouschet, Bastardo, Black Prince, Cabernet Sauvignon, Carignan, Charbono, Cinsault, Cinsault, Dolcetto, Garnacha, Graciano, Mencia, Merlot, Montepulciano, Mourvedre, Nebbiolo, Petite Sirah, Pinot Noir, Syrah, Tannat, Teroldego, Touriga Nacional, Zinfandel
  • GEOGRAPHY– California, Central Valley(Central), South-East of Sacramento(  mi.)
    • East of San Francisco-City(80mi.), North of Stockton-City(   mi.)
    • COUNTIES– Sacramento, San Joaquin(Laps), BORDERS: Sierra Foothills(East)
    • Sub-Zones/ AVA’s-  Alta Mesa AVA., Borden Ranch AVA., Clement Hills AVA., Consumnes River AVA., Jahant AVA., Mokelumne River AVA., Sloughhouse AVA.
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”
    • On~Conumnes/ Mokelumne~Rivers~Tributary~San Joaquin~River~
  • SOILS= Metamorphic“, “Volcanic”, “Sedimentary, Sand
  • CLIMATE=Continental With Mediterranean Influences/ Micro-Climates
    • Summers– Warm/ Dry     |     Winters– Cold/ Wet
    • Lodi Benefits From a Location Directly East of San Francisco Bay “Gap”,Via the Sacramento River Delta. While Central Valley Temperature Reach 100*
    • In Summer Lodi is Cooled by a Constant Air Flow
  • VITICULTURE–  100,000acPlanted
    • Estates/ Producers– Brazin Cellars, Gnarly Head, Klinker Brick, Michael David, Oak Ridge, Predator, Ravenswood
    • Vineyards– Bechthold(HVS.), Sumer’s
  • HISTORY–  130 Year Wine History
    • 1850’s @Lodi– First Vines Planted
  • CULTURE– “Self-Proclaimed” Zinfandel Capital of the World
    • ASSOCIATIONS~Lodi Rules, Sustainable Winegrowing~
      • Mission~ Support Farmer, Vintners and Entire Agricultural Community That Embraces Their Responsibility to Are For the Environment and the People.
        • Water– Carefully Managing Qualityand Efficiency While Appreciation Every Drop.
        • Ecosystem– Encouraging Biodiversity and  Practicing Stewardship.
        • Community– Engaging and Supporting Our neighborhoods.
        • People– Making Our Vineyards a Safe, Rewarding Environment to Work In.
        • Soil– Building Organic matter and Maximizing Water Penetration.
        • Pest Management– Using an Integrated System Which Includes Natural Predator and Minimizes Risk to Birds Bees, Water, and People.
        • Quality– Producing Exceptional, Flavorful Grapes to Turn Into Remarkable Wines.
  • GOING THERE-  Biking and Wine Tasting Infrastructure
    • Downtown Lodi Tasting Rooms
      • Cellardoor, Dancing Fox, McCay, Mckenzie, Scotto’s, Toasted Toad, Twitsted Barrel, Weibel Wine Social,
    • FESTIVALS~  ~Lodi Wine Festival(April)
      • ~Zin-Fest~(May)                ~Lodi Grape Festival~(September)

**Lodi Images Courtesy of Delong Maps, Purchase These Wine Maps at Delongwine.com


  • COSUMNES RIVER AVA.     @Galt
    • WHITE= Chardonnay, Pinot Gris, Sauvignon Blanc
    • RED= Merlot, Syrah, Tempranillo, Zinfandel
    • GEOGRAPHY– California, Central Valley, In Lodi AVA.(North-West)
    • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”, +Alt.5 ft.-48 ft., On~Cosumnes~River~
    • SOILS=Metamorphic“, “Sedimentary
    • CLIMATE= Fog Influence From Delta
    • VITICULTURE– 54,700ac./ 3,500acPlanted
      • Estates/ Producers– McConnell
  • MOKELUMNE RIVER AVA.     @Lodi
    • WHITE= Albariño, Bacchus, Chardonnay, Grunner Veltliner, Kerner, Pinot Grigio, Riesling,  Sauvignon Blanc, Viognier
    • RED= Cabernet Sauvignon, Blaufrankisch, Carignan, Cinsault, Dornfelder, Graciano, Merlot, Mission, Mourvedre, Petite Sirah, Pinot Noir, Zinfandel, Zweigelt
    • GEOGRAPHY– California, Central Valley, In Lodi AVA.(South-West), @Hw.#5/ #12/ #99
    • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”, +Alt.50 ft.-150 ft.
      • On~Mokelumne~River~Tributary~San Joaquin~River~
    • SOILS= Metamorphic“, “Sedimentary,  Alluvial Fan, Sandy Loam, Granitic Origin
      • SOIL SERIES–   Tokay Series–        –Acampo Series
    • VITICULTURE– ? acPlanted
      • Estates/ Producers– Birichino, Bokisch, Cantara, Harrington, Koth’s(26 ac.), Omega, Sidebar, Trail Marker(Nat.Pro.), Watts
      • Vineyards– Bechthold, Kirschenmann(1915), Monkelumne Glen, Ruth’s, Somer
  • ALTA MESA AVA.     @Elk Grove
    • WHITE= Alvarelhoa, Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc, Torrontes, Verdelho
    • RED= Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Tannat, Touriga Nacional, Zinfandel
    • GEOGRAPHY– California, Central Valley, In Lodi AVA.(North-Central)
    • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”, ON PLATEAU/ Alta Mesa, On~Cosumnes~River~
    • SOILS= Metamorphic“, “Sedimentary, Clay, Gravel
    • VITICULTURE– 55,400ac./ 5,300acPlanted
      • Estates/ Producers– Forlorn Hope, Morgan, Odonata, Vannatta
      • Vineyards– Silvaspoons
  • JAHANT AVA.     @Jahant
    • WHITE= Chardonnay, Pinot Grigio, Sauvignon Blanc, Symphony, Viognier
    • RED= Pinot Noir, Tempranillo, Zinfandel
    • GEOGRAPHY– California, Central Valley, In Lodi AVA.(Central-Interior)
    • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”, On~Dry Creek/ Mokelumne~Rivers~
    • SOILS=Metamorphic“, “Sedimentary, Rocklin-Jahant Loam, Clay
    • VITICULTURE– 28,000 ac./ 9,000 acPlanted
      • Estates/ Producers
      • Vineyards– Creekside(250ac.)
  • SLOUGHHOUSE AVA.     @Sloughhouse
    • WHITE= Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc
    • RED= Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Petite Sirah, Syrah, Zinfandel
    • GEOGRAPHY– California, Central Valley, In Lodi AVA.(North-East)
    • TOPOGRAPHY-“Flat/ Rolling”
    • SOILS= Metamorphic“, “Sedimentary
    • VITICULTURE–  ? acPlanted
      • Estates/ Producers
  • BORDEN RANCH AVA.     @Borden Ranch
    • WHITE= Albariño, Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc, Viognier
    • RED= Cabernet Sauvignon, Syrah, Zinfandel
    • GEOGRAPHY– California, Central Valley, In Lodi AVA.(East)
    • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”, On~Dry Creek~River~
    • SOILS= Metamorphic“, “Sedimentary,  –Redding Series– Red Clay
    • VITICULTURE– ? acPlanted
      • Estates/ Producers– Clay Station, McManis, Neyers, Odisea
      • Vineyards– Liberty(225ac.), Sierra Loma(650ac.), Vista Luna
  • CLEMENTS HILLS AVA.     @Clement
    • WHITE= Albariño, Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc, Viognier
    • RED= Graciano, Grenache, Petite Verdot, Syrah, Tempranillo, Zinfandel
    • GEOGRAPHY– California, Central Valley, In Lodi AVA.
    • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”, On~Calaveras/ Mokelumne~River~
    • SOILS=Metamorphic“, “Sedimentary, Granite(Decomposed)
    • VITICULTURE–  ? acPlanted
      • Estates/ Producers– Bokisch, Borra, Precedent, Scholium Project, Quinta Cruz, Watts
      • Vineyards– Hunter Oak, Lone Oak(320ac.), Los Robles, Stampede, Terra Alta

SAN JOAQUIN VALLEY AVA. (Un-Official)     @Modesto

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc
  • RED= Cabernet Sauvignon, Petite Syrah, Syrah
  • GEOGRAPHY– California, Central Valley(South), COUNTIES: Solano, Yolo
    • (220 Miles Long & 40-60 Miles Wide
    • SUB-ZONES: Tracy Hills AVA., River Junction AVA., Diablo Grande AVA., Salado Creek AVA., Madera AVA., Squaw Valley/ Miramonte AVA., GrapeVine

**Images Courtesy of Delong Maps, Purchase These Wine Maps at Delongwine.com


TRACY HILLS AVA.     @Tracy

  • WHITE= Chardonnay
  • RED= Aglianico, Cabernet Sauvignon, Montepulciano, Nero d’Avola, Sagrantino, Syrah, Teroldego
  • GEOGRAPHY– California, Central Valley(Central),  @Hw.#5 & Hw.#580
    • South of Tracy-City(   mi.)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”, +Alt.100 ft.-500 ft.
  • SOILS=Metamorphic“, “Sedimentary
  • VITICULTURE– ?  ac. Planted
    • Estates/ Producers- Dante Robert, Giovinazzo, Jacuzzi Family, Tulip Hill, Windmill Ridge

RIVER JUNCTION AVA.     @

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Muscat Canelli, Viognier
  • RED= Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Petite Sirah, Zinfandel
  • GEOGRAPHY– California, Central Valley(Central), West of Modesto-City(    mi.)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”, On~Stanislaus/ San Joaquin~Rivers~
  • SOILS=Metamorphic“, “Sedimentary“, Sandy Loam
  • VITICULTURE–  400 haPlanted
    • Estates/ Producers– McManis, Runquist
    • Vineyards– River Junction(400 Ac.)

DIABLO GRANDE AVA.     @Stanislaus

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc
  • RED= Barbara, Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Sangiovese, Syrah
  • GEOGRAPHY– California, Central Valley(Central), COUNTY-Stanislaus, @Hw.#5(West)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”
    • SLOPES/ San Joaquin Valley(West), +Alt.1,000 ft.-1,800 ft.
  • SOILS=Metamorphic
  • CLIMATE=Mediterranean
  • VITICULTURE– 36acPlanted
    • Estates/ Producers– Diablo Grand Vineyards, Isom Ranch

SALADO CREEK AVA.   @Salado Creek

  • WHITE=   |   RED= Cabernet Sauvignon, Zinfandel
  • GEOGRAPHY– California, Central Valley(Central), West of Modesto-City(     mi.)
    • @Hw.#5
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”, On~Salado~Creek~
  • SOILS= Metamorphic“, “Sedimentary
  • CLIMATE=Mediterranean With Continental Influences
  • VITICULTURE–  ? acPlanted
    • Estates/ Producers

MODESTO (Un-Official)      @Modesto

  • GEOGRAPHY– California, REGION-Central Valley, COUNTY-Stanislaus
  • VITICULTURE– Many California/ Worlds Largest Wien Produces Use Modesto to House Their Wineries. Some of the Largest Vineyards In the World Are Located Here In Central Valley.
    • Estate/ Producers– Barefoot, Bronco Wine Company, Carlo Rossi, E. & J. Gallo, McManis Family
  • CULTURE
    • PIONEERS~ ~Giuseppe, Ernest & Julio Gallo~Modesto“, Italian-American Wine Family

Central Valley South

MADERA AVA.     @Madera

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Chenin Blanc, Colombard, Marsanne, Roussanne, Viognier
  • RED= Cabernet Sauvignon, Zinfandel
  • GEOGRAPHY– California, Central Valley(Central), COUNTY– Madera, @Hw.#99
    • North-West of Fresno-City(   mi.)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”
  • SOILS=Metamorphic
  • CLIMATE= Continental
  • VITICULTURE–  ? acPlanted
    • Estates/ Producers– Broc Cellars

SQUAW VALLEY-MIRAMONTE AVA.     @Squaw Valley

  • WHITE= Symphony
  • RED= Aglianico, Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Carmenere, Merlot, Mourvedre, Petite Sirah, Sangiovese, Syrah, Teroldego, Zinfandel
  • GEOGRAPHY– California, Central Valley(Central/ San Joaquin), COUNTY-Fresno
    • East of Fresno-City(40mi.), @Hw.#5 to Hw.#180
    • CITIES– Dunlap, Miramonte, Squaw Valley
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly/ Valley(Squaw)”
    • SLOPES/ Sierra Foothills(South) +Alt.1,600 ft.-3,500 ft.
  • SOILS= Metamorphic“, “Sedimentary, Granite, Clay, Limestone
  • VITICULTURE– 44,690 ac./ 18 ac. Planted
    • Estates/ Producers– Adrian Joseph’s, Fiffelhoff, Sierra Peaks
    • Vineyards– Buttercup, Purgatory

PAULSELL VALLEY AVA. (Un-Official)      @

  • WHITE= ?
  • RED= Cabernet Sauvignon, Petite Sirah, Petit Verdot, Teroldego
  • GEOGRAPHY– California, Central Valley(South), COUNTY-Stanislaus
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”, SLOPES/ ?, +Alt. 350 ft.- 400 ft.
  • SOILS=Metamorphic
  • CLIMATE= Continental
  • VITICULTURE– 34,155 ac./  ? acPlanted
    • Estates/ Producers– Rock Creek
    • Vineyards– Rock Creek

UTICA AVA. (Un-Official)      @

  • WHITE= ?   |   RED= ?
  • GEOGRAPHY– California, Central Valley(South), COUNTY-Kern
    • South-West of Bakersfield-City(25mi.), @Hw.#5 & Exit 305/ Utica Rd.
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”
  • SOILS=Metamorphic
  • CLIMATE= Continental
  • VITICULTURE– ? acPlanted
    • Estates/ Producers–    |    –Vineyards

COPUS AVA. (Un-Official)      @

  • WHITE= ?   |   RED= ?
  • GEOGRAPHY– California, Central Valley(South), COUNTY-Kern
    • South-West of Bakersfield-City(20mi.), @Hw.#5 & 258/ Copus Rd.
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”
  • SOILS=Metamorphic
  • CLIMATE= Continental
  • VITICULTURE– ? acPlanted
    • Estates/ Producers–    |    –Vineyards

HIGHWAY 166 AVA. (Un-Official)      @

  • WHITE= ?    RED= ?
  • GEOGRAPHY– California, Central Valley(South), COUNTY-Kern
    • South of Bakersfield-City(25mi.), @Hw.#5  & Exit 255/ Hw.#166
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”
  • SOILS=Metamorphic
  • CLIMATE= Continental
  • VITICULTURE– ? acPlanted
    • Estates/ Producers–  |    –Vineyards

GRAPE VINE AVA. (Un-Official)      @

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc
  • RED= Cabernet Sauvignon, Zinfindel
  • GEOGRAPHY– California, Central Valley(South), “Non-Contiguous”,  @Hw.#5
    • Base of “Grape Vine at Highway 5  Running North 30 Miles
    • Sub-Zones-  UPPER      LOWER
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling/ Valley”, +Alt. 500 ft. – 1,500 ft.
  • SOILS= Metamorphic
  • CLIMATE= Continental
  • VITICULTURE–  ? acPlanted
    • Estates/ Producers


**Refer to “BIBLIOGRAPHY/ SOURCES” For Details On Scholarly Works Referenced