USA.-Atlantic South

ATLANTIC SOUTH IS  STATE5

GEOGRAPHY USA., REGION-Atlantic South, On~Atlantic~Ocean~

  • BORDER: Atlantic North-East(North)
  • STATES-Kentucky, North Caralina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia

TOPOGRAPHY  FEATURES– “Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly”

  • SLOPES/ Appalachian Mountains/ Blue Ridge Mountains/ Alleghenies, +Alt.2,000 ft.

SOILSMetamorphic“, “Sedimentary

CLIMATEContinentalWith Maritime” & Sub-Tropical Influences,   +Humidity

  • CHALLENGES– Frost, Cold, Storms From Hurricane Spin-Offs

VITICULTURE– 

VINICULTURE

  • While Producing Wine From Estate Grown Grape, Central United States Has a History of Sourcing Grapes From California, Oregon and Washington and Shipping the Harvest by Refrigerated Freight to Produce Additional Wine.

  • GEOGRAPHIC DISCLAIMER~ To Understand the Wine World and Benefit From DtheV.com an Understanding of the Atlantic South United States Geography is Needed and the Ability to Visualize Its Topography.  This Chapter is Organized In a North to South / East to West Orientation and Intended to Be Researched and Memorized as So.

    VIRGINIAState

  • WHITE= Chardonnay 13%, Viognier 9%, Albarino, Petit Manseng, Rkatsiteli, Riesling, Sauvignon Blanc, Vermentino, Viognier

    • Hybrid– Vidal Blanc
  • RED= Cabernet Franc 11%, Merlot 9%, Cabernet Sauvignon 8%, Petit Verdot 7%, Alicante Bouschet, Malbec, Nebbiolo, Norton, Petit Manseng, Petit Verdot, Sangiovese, Tannat
    • Hybrid– Chabourcin
  • GEOGRAPHYUSA., REGION-Atlantic South, STATE-Virginia, LATITUDE: 37.4° ‘N’
    • BORDERS: Maryland(North), North Carolina(South), Tennessee(South-West), West Virginia(North-West)
    • Sub-AVA.’s- Middleburg AVA., Monticello AVA., North Fork of Roanoke AVA., Northern Neck of George Washington Birthplace AVA., Rocky Knob AVA., Shenandoah Valley AVA., Virginia’s Eastern Shore AVA., Yadkin Valley AVA.
    • Sub-Regions- Blue Ridge Highlands, Central Virginia, Chesapeake Bay, Eastern Virginia, Hampton Roads, Heart of Appalachia, Northern Virginia, Southern Virginia
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling/ Valley”, On~Chesapeake~Bay~(East)
    • Cumberland/ Blue Ridge Mountains(West)
    • WIND-GAPS/ Rockfish- Located in Blue Ridge Mountains/ Afton Mountains Between Charlottesville and Waynesboro
  • CLIMATE=ContinentalWith Maritime” & Sub-Tropical Influences,   +Humidity
    • RAIN SHADOW EFFECT/ Blue Ridge Mountains/ Afton Mountains
    • CHALLENGES– Spring Frost, Cold, Storms From Hurricane Spin-Offs
  • VITICULTURE-  3,800 ac. PlantedCHALLENGES– Humidity, Vineyard Disease
    • Estates/ Producers–  Breaux, Boxwood, Covert Wine Works, Doukenie, Early Mountain, Green Hill, Hamlet,  Maggie Malick, Michael Shaps, Paradise Springs, Pearmund, Rappahannok, Sunset Hill, Two Twisted Post, Upper Shirley, Veramar, Vint Hill, White Hall, Williamsburg, Willowcraft
    • Vineyards
  • VINICULTURE– Numbers of Wineries- 307 (282 Bonded/ 25 Virtual) “As of 2020”, #7 State/ USA.
  • HISTORY
    • 1607 @Virginia First Grape Vines Planted by English Settlers at Jamestown.
    • 1774 @Virginia– Thomas Jefferson’s Monticello Estate Planted Cutting From Italy, France and Spain.
    • 1980’s @Virginia– Planting Shifted From French Hybrids to Vinifera.
  • CULTURE– ACADEME~ ~Virginia Tech University~ @Blacksburg
    • FESTIVALS~  ~Virginia Wine Expo~ (February/ Richmond)
      • ~Virginia Wine Festival~  (September/ Ashburn)

Northern VirginiaRegion

MIDDLEBURG AVA.     @Middleburg

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Gewurztraminer, Riesling, Sauvignon Blanc, Viognier

    • Hybrid– Vidal Blanc
  • RED= Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Sauvignon, Nebbiolo, Merlot, Petit Verdot
  • GEOGRAPHYUSA., REGION-Atlantic South, STATE-Virginia(          ), SUB-REGION-Northern Virginia
    • @Hw.#55/#66
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”, SLOPES/ Blue Ridge Mountains(West), +Alt.220 ft.-1,400 ft.
    • On~Potomac~River~
  • CLIMATE=Continental”, +Humidity
  • VITICULTURE– 230 acPlanted
    • Estates/ Producers– Barrel Oak, Boxwood, Gadino, Greenhill, Grey Ghost, Linden, Mediterranean, Marterella, Naked Mountain, Pearmund

Shenandoah ValleyRegion

SHENANDOAH VALLEY AVA.     @Winchester

  • WHITE= Chambourcin, Chardonnay, Semillon, Viognier
  • RED= Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Sangiovese
  • GEOGRAPHYUSA., REGION-Atlantic South, STATE-Virginia(North-West), SUB-REGION-Shenandoah Valley
    • (AVALaps)West-Virginia(North-East**Refer to This State AVA. For Additional Information.
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling/ Valley(Shenandoah)”
    • SLOPES/ Appalachian Mountains/ Blue Ridge Mountains Alleghenies, +Alt.2,000 ft.
  • SOILS= Metamorphic”, ”Sedimentary”, Limestone Skeins
  • CLIMATE=Continental, RAIN SHADOW EFFECT/ Afton Mountains, +Humidity
  • VITICULTURE– 230 acPlanted
    • Estates/ Producers– AmRhein, Blue Ridge, Cave Ridge, Cedar Creek, Ehrenberg, Glen Manor, Morrisette, Muse, Rockbridge, Valhalla, Villa Appalaccia, Virginia Mountain, Wolf Gap
    • Vineyards– Bill Dillian, Hillside, Villa Vallecieto, Wilderotter

Central VirginiaRegion

MONTICELLO AVA.      @Charlottesville

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Muscat Ottonel, Petit Manseng, Rkatsiteli, Vermentino, Viognier
    • Hybrid– Vidal Blanc
  • RED= Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Malbec, Merlot, Norton, Petit Verdot
  • GEOGRAPHYUSA., REGION-Atlantic South, STATE-Virginia(Central), SUB-REGION-Central Virginia
    • @Hw.#250
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”, SLOPES/ Blue-Ridge Moutains(East)
  • CLIMATE= Sub-Tropical With Maritime Influence,  +Humidity
  • VITICULTURE–   ?   acPlanted
    • Estates/ Producers– Barboursville(180ac.), Blenheim, Burnley(31ac.), First Colony, Horton, Keswick, King Family(12ac.), Kluge,  Trump
    • Vineyards– Jefferson, White Hall
  • HISTORY– ~Etymology~ Named For the Historic Home to Thomas Jefferson.
  • CULTURE–  PIONEERS– ~Thomas Jefferson~ First Distinguish American Viticulturist and Was Ambassador to France.

Blue Ridge HighlandsRegion

NORTH FORK Of ROANOKE AVA.     @

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Petit Manseng, Viognier
  • RED= Alicante Bouschet, Cabernet Franc, Malbec, Syrah, Sangiovese, Tannat
  • GEOGRAPHYUSA., REGION-Atlantic South, STATE-Virginia(South-West), SUB-REGION-Blue Ridge Highlands
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”
    • SLOPES/ Allegheny Mountians(East), +Alt.1,200 ft.-2,200 ft.
  • CLIMATE=Continental”, +Humidity
  • VITICULTURE– ? acPlanted,    The Old Vine of Roanoke Island, Planted 1600’s
    • Estates/ Producers– Early Mountian
    • -Vineyards- Quaker Run

ROCKY KNOB AVA.     @

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Riesling, Seyval Blanc
  • RED= Aglianico, Cabernet Sauvignon
  • GEOGRAPHYUSA., REGION-Atlantic South, STATE-Virginia(South-Interior), SUB-REGION-Blue Ridge Highlands
    • COUNTIES– Floyd, Patrick
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”, SLOPES/ Blue-Ridge Mountains(East), +Alt.3,500 ft.
  • SOILS= Metamorphic”, Loam, Gravel
  • CLIMATE= “MaritimeWithContinental” Influences, +Humidity
  • VITICULTURE–   ?  acPlanted
    • Estates/ Producers– Chateau Morrisette, Villa Appalaccia

Chesapeake BayRegion

GEORGE WASHINGTON BIRTHPLACE AVA.     @Tappahannock

  • WHITE= Chambourcin, Chardonnay, Seyval Blanc, Vidal Blanc
  • RED= Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon
  • GEOGRAPHYUSA., REGION-Atlantic South, STATE-Virginia(East), SUB-REGION-Chesapeake Bay
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”, Peninsula of Between Potomac & Rappahannock Rivers
    • On~Chesapeake~Bay~(West)
  • CLIMATE=Maritime With Sub-Tropical Influences, +Humidity
    • Summers– Hot, Humid    |    Winters– Cold, Wet
  • VITICULTURE– 3,000ac./ ?  acPlanted
    • Estates/ Producers-

Eastern VirginiaRegion

EASTERN SHORE AVA.     @

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Riesling
  • RED= Cabernet Franc, Merlot
  • GEOGRAPHYUSA., REGION-Atlantic South, STATE-Virginia(East), SUB-REGION-Eastern Virginia
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”, On~Coast/ Chesapeake Bay/ Atlantic Ocean~
  • CLIMATE=Maritime WithSub-Tropical Influences, +Humidity
    • Summers– Hot, Humid, Influence by Atlantic Gulf Stream
  • VITICULTURE– ?  acPlanted
    • Estates/ Producers– Chatham Vineyards
  • CULTURE
    • PIONEERS~ ~Gianni Zonin~ Grew Grapes On the Land the President Thomas Jefferson Grew Grapes 370 Years Later.

Hampton RoadsRegion

Heart of AppalachiaRegion

Southern VirginiaRegion

APPALACHIAN HIGH COUNTRY AVA.     @

  • WHITE= Chardonnay

    • Hybrid– Vidal Blanc
  • RED= Cabernet Franc,
  • GEOGRAPHYUSA., REGION-Atlantic South, STATE-Virginia(South-West), SUB-REGION-SouthernVirginia
    • (AVA. Laps)Tennessee,  (AVA. Laps)North Carolina(North-West)
      • **Refer to These States For Additional AVA. Information.
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”, SLOPES/
  • CLIMATE=Continental”, +Humidity
  • VITICULTURE– ? acPlanted
    • Estates/ Producers

NORTH CAROLINA ‘State

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Riesling
  • RED= Aleatico, Barbera, Cabernet Franc, Merlot, Sangiovese
  • GEOGRAPHYUSA., REGION-Atlantic South, STATE-North Carolina, LATITUDE: 34° – 36.21° ‘N
    • Sub-AVA.’s- Appalachian High Country AVA., Yadkin Valley AVA.
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”
  • CLIMATE=Maritime With Sub-Tropical Influences, +Humidity
    • CHALLENGES– Frost, Cold, Storms From Hurricane Spin-Offs
  • VITICULTURE- 
    • Estates/ Producers
    • Vineyards
  • VINICULTURE– Numbers of Wineries- 175 (153 Bonded/ 22 Virtual) “As of 2020”, #10 State/ USA.

YADKIN VALLEY AVA.     @

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Riesling
  • RED= Aleatico, Barbera, Cabernet Franc, Merlot, Sangiovese
  • GEOGRAPHYUSA., REGION-Atlantic South, STATE-North Carolina(       )
    • COUNTY– Davie, Surry, Wikes, Yadkin
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”, On~Yadkin~River~
    • SLOPES/ Blue Ridge Mountains
  • CLIMATE= Maritime With Sub-Tropical Influences, +Humidity
    • Summers– Hot, Humid, Influence by Atlantic Gulf Stream
  • VITICULTURE– 400 acPlanted
    • Estates/ Producers– Childress, Jolo, Laurel Gray, Shelton

APPALACHIAN HIGH COUNTRY AVA.     @

  • WHITE= Chardonnay

    • Hybrid– Vidal Blanc
  • RED= Cabernet Franc,
  • GEOGRAPHYUSA., REGION-Atlantic South, STATE-North Carolina(NorthWest), SUB-REGION-SouthernVirginia
    • COUNTIES– Alleghany, Ashe, Avery, Mitchell, Watauga
    • (AVA. Laps)Tennessee,  (AVA. Laps)Virginia
    • **Refer to These State AVA. For Additional AVA. Information.
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”, SLOPES/ Appalachian Mountains, +Alt. 2,300 ft. – 4,650 ft.
  • CLIMATE=Continental”, +Humidity
  • VITICULTURE– ? acPlanted
    • Estates/ Producers– Banner Elk, Grandfather, Linville Falls, Raven Rock, Roaring River

WEST VIRGINIA ‘State‘        @

  • WHITE=  ?  Hybrids~
  • RED=    ?  Hybrids
  • GEOGRAPHYUSA., REGION-Central(North-Central), STATE-Indiana, LATITUDE: ?* ‘N’
    • Sub-Zones/ AVA.’s- Kanawha River Valley AVA., Ohio River Valley AVA., Shenandoah Valley AVA.
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”
  • CLIMATE= Continental”, +Humidity
  • VITICULTURE- 
    • Estate/ Producers

SHENANDOAH VALLEY AVA.     @Winchester

  • WHITE= Chambourcin, Chardonnay, Semillon
  • RED= Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Sangiovese
  • GEOGRAPHYUSA., REGION-Atlantic South, STATE-West-Virginia(North-East)
    • (AVALaps)Virginia(North-West)
    • **Refer to This State AVA. For Additional Information.
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling/ Valley(Shenandoah)”
    • SLOPES/ Appalachian Mountains,  Blue Ridge Mountains Alleghenies
  • SOILS= Metamorphic”, ”Sedimentary”, Limestone Skeins
  • CLIMATE=Continental, RAIN SHADOW EFFECT/ Afton Mountains,  +Humidity
  • VITICULTURE– ?acPlanted
    • Estates/ Producers
    • Vineyards

OHIO RIVER VALLEY AVA.     @

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Pinot Gri, Riesling, Roussanne, Sauvignon Blanc
    • Hybrids– Seyval Blanc, Vidal Blanc
  • RED= Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon,  Petit Manseng, Pinot Noir
    • HybridsBaco Noir, Marechal Foch
  • GEOGRAPHYUSA., REGION-Central(East), STATE-West Virginia(South-West)
    • (AVALaps)Indiana(South), (AVALaps)Kentucky(North-East), (AVALaps)Ohio(South)
      • **Refer to These States For Additional AVA. Information.
    • Sub-Zones/ AVA.’s- Kanawha River Valley AVA.
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling/ Valley(Ohio River)”, On~Ohio~River~
  • CLIMATE= Continental With Sub-Tropical Influences,  +Humidity
  • VITICULTURE–  ? Planted, (2nd. Largest AVA. In USA.)
    • Estates/ Producers

  • KANAWHA RIVER VALLEY AVA.     @
    • WHITE=   |   RED=
    • GEOGRAPHYUSA., REGION-Central(East), STATE-Ohio(Laps), In Ohio River Valley AVA.
    • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling/ Valley(Kanawha)”
    • CLIMATE= Continental”, +Humidity
    • VITICULTURE–  ? ac. Planted,  (    % White/     % Red)
      • Estates/ Producers

KENTUCKY ‘State‘        @

  • WHITE=  ?  Hybrids~
  • RED=    ?  Hybrids
  • GEOGRAPHYUSA., REGION-Central(EastCentral), STATE-Kentucky, LATITUDE: ?* ‘N’
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”
  • CLIMATE= Continental”, +Humidity
  • VITICULTURE- 
    • Estate/ Producers

TENNESSE ‘State ‘          @

  • WHITE=  ?  Hybrids~
  • RED=    ?  Hybrids
  • GEOGRAPHYUSA., REGION-Central(North-Central), STATE-Tennesse, LATITUDE: ?* ‘N’
    • Sub-Zones/ AVA.’s’- Appalachian High Countray
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”
  • CLIMATE= Continental”, +Humidity
  • VITICULTURE- 
    • Estate/ Producers

APPALACHIAN HIGH COUNTRY AVA.     @

  • WHITE= Chardonnay

    • Hybrid– Vidal Blanc
  • RED= Cabernet Franc
  • GEOGRAPHYUSA., REGION-Atlantic South, STATE-Tennessee(NorthWest)
    • COUNTIES-Carter, Johnson
    • (AVA. Laps)North Carolina(North-West),  (AVA. Laps)Virginia
      • **Refer to These States For Additional AVA. Information.
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”, SLOPES/ Appalachian Mountains
  • CLIMATE=Continental”, +Humidity
  • VITICULTURE– ? acPlanted
    • Estates/ Producers


**Refer to “BIBLIOGRAPHY/ Sources” For Details On Scholarly Works Referenced.