USA.-Central


CENTRAL USA. IS  States10

  • WHITE=   |   RED=  **Refer to “STATES” For Detailed Grape Information
  • 3 TYPES Of GRAPES USE To PRODUCE CENTRAL USA. WINES
    • Vinifera Varieties
    • French/ American Hybrids
    • Native Species

GEOGRAPHY USA., REGION-Central United States

  • BORDER– Canada(North), South United States(West), Gulf of Mexico(South), Atlantic North-East(East)
  • STATES-Arkansas, Illinois, Iowa, Kentucky, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Ohio, Tennessee, Wisconsin

TOPOGRAPHY  FEATURES– “Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly”

  • TOPOGRAPHIC EVENTS
    • Wisconsin Glaciation/ Episode– Radically Altered the Geograpy In Northern Central United States.
    • Pinedale Glaciation

SOILSMetamorphic“, “Sedimentary

CLIMATEContinental

  • Lake Effect– Refers to stabilizing Temperature Influences Created by Large Lakes. Weather Change is Triggered by a Lake That Causes Temperature Changes In a Wine Growing Areas. During Winter the Lake Effect Keeps Temperature Warmer and In Summer the Proximity to the Lake Keeps Temperatures Slightly Cooler. Mosts Vineyards Grown Within 25 Miles of Large Lake.
  • Great Lakes– Series of Interconnected Freshwater Lakes Located Primarily In the Upper Mid-East Region of North America On the Canada-United States Border. Great Lakes Consist of Lakes Superior, Lake Michigan, Lake Huron, Lake Erie and Lake Ontario

VITICULTURECHALLENGES– Frost, Cold

  • +WIND/ Clipper, Origins-Canada

VINICULTURE

  • Some Areas of Central United States Can’t Grow Vitis Vinifera. As a Result They Focus On American Varietals or Hybrids.  Often Times These Producers Will Source Grapes From California, Oregon or Washington and Have the Harvest Shipped by Refrigerated Freightcar to Their Wineries.


GEOGRAPHIC DISCLAIMER: To Understand the Wine World and Benefit From DtheV.com an Understanding of the Central United States Geography is Needed and the Ability to Visualize Its Topography.  This Chapter is Organized In a North to South / East to West Orientation and Intended to Be Researched and Memorized as So.


MINNESOTA State

  • WHITE= Gewurztraminer, Merlot, Muscat, Riesling
    • Hybrids~ Edelweiss, Frontenac, Marechal Foch, Swenson Red, Valiant
  • RED= Cabernet Sauvignon, Malbec, Merlot, Zinfandel
    • Hybrids
  • GEOGRAPHYUSA., REGION-Central(North-West), STATE-Minnesota
    • Sub-Zones/ AVA.’s- Alexandria Lake AVA., Upper Mississippi Valley AVA.
  • VINICULTURE Numbers of Wineries- 80  (79 Bonded/ 1  Virtual) “As of 2020”, #19 State/ USA.

ALEXANDRIA LAKES AVA.     @

  • WHITE= Gewurztraminer, Merlot, Muscat, Riesling
    • Hybrids~ Edelweiss, Frontenac, Marechal Foch, Swenson Red, Valiant
  • RED= Cabernet Sauvignon, Malbec, Merlot, Zinfandel
    • Hybrids
  • GEOGRAPHYUSA., REGION-Central(North-West), STATE-Minnesota(         )
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”
  • CLIMATE=Continental, LAKE EFFECT/ Alexandria
  • VINICULTURE– ? ac. Planted,  (    % White/     % Red)
    • Estates/ Producers– Carlos Creek

UPPER MISSISSIPPI VALLEY AVA.      @

  • WHITE=
  • RED=
  • GEOGRAPHYUSA., REGION-Central(North-West), STATE-Minnesota(South-East)
    • (AVALaps)Illinois(North-East), (AVALaps)Iowa(North-East), (AVALaps)Wisconsin(South-West)
      • **Refer to These States For Additional Information.     (1st. Largest AVA. In USA.)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”
  • CLIMATE=Continental, Summers– Warm   |   Winters– Cold, Wet, Snow
  • VITICULTURE–   ? ac. Planted,  (    % White/     % Red)
    • CHALLENGES– Spring Frost, Fall Rain, Winter Freeze
    • Estates/ Producers

IOWA State’

  • WHITE=
    • Hybrids~
  • RED=
    • Hybrids
  • GEOGRAPHYUSA., REGION-Central(West Central), STATE-Iowa
    • Sub-Zones/ AVA’s- Loess Hills District,Upper Mississippi River Valley AVA.
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”
  • VINICULTURE
  • CLIMATE=Continental

UPPER MISSISSIPPI VALLEY AVA.      @

  • WHITE=
  • RED=
  • GEOGRAPHY– USA., REGION-Central(West Central), STATE-Iowa(North-East)
    • (AVALaps)Minnesota(South-East), (AVALaps)Illinois(North-East), (AVALaps)Wisconsin(South-West)
      • **Refer to These States For Additional AVA.Information.  (1st. Largest AVA. In USA.)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”
  • CLIMATE=Continental, Summers– Warm   |   Winters– Cold, Wet, Snow
  • VITICULTURE–   ? ac. Planted,  (    % White/     % Red)
    • CHALLENGES– Spring Frost, Fall Rain, Winter Freeze
    • Estates/ Producers– Barrel Head, Bishop, Brick Arch, Buchanan, Coral, Deja Vine, Eagles Landing, Empty Nest, Engelbrecht, Glyn Mawr, Iowa Grape Vines, Jennings Madigan, O So Good, Park Farm, Promise Land, Stone Cliff, Sunset Ridge, Tobor Home, Tycoga

LOESS HILLS DISTRICT AVA. (Un-Official)      @

  • WHITE=
  • RED=
  • GEOGRAPHYUSA., REGION-Central(West Central), STATE-Iowa(West)
    • (AVA. Laps)Missouri
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”
  • CLIMATE=Continental, Summers– Warm   |   Winters– Cold, Wet, Snow
  • VITICULTURE–   ? ac. Planted,  (    % White/     % Red)
    • CHALLENGES– Spring Frost, Fall Rain, Winter Freeze
    • Estates/ Producers

MISSOURI State

  • WHITE= Chardonnay
    • Hybrids– Chambourcin, Chardonel, Sevyal Blanc, St. Vincent, Vidal Blanc
  • RED= Concord(Indigenous)
    • Hybrids–  Norton, Villard Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY– USA., REGION-Central(West-Central), STATE-Missouri
    • Sub-Zones/ AVA.’s- Hermann AVA., Agusta AVA., Ozark Highlands AVA., Ozark Mountains AVA., St. Genevieve, Defiance
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”
  • VINICULTURE Numbers of Wineries- 154  (150 Bonded/ 4  Virtual) “As of 2020”, #11 State/ USA.
  • CLIMATE= “Continental

OZARK MOUNTAINS AVA.     @

  • WHITE= Chardonnay
    • Hybrids– Chambourcin, Chardonel, Vidal Blanc
  • RED= Concord(Indigenous)
    • Hybrids– Norton, Villard Noir
  • GEOGRAPHYUSA., REGION-Central(West-Central), STATE-Missouri(South)
    • (AVALaps)Arkansas, (AVALaps)Oklahoma **Refer to These States For Additional AVA. Information.
    • Sub-Zones/ AVA.’s- Agusta AVA. Hermann AVA., Ozark Highlands AVA.
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly”
  • CLIMATE=Continental
  • VINICULTURE– ? ac. Planted,  (    % White/     % Red)
    • Estates/ Producers-

AGUSTA AVA.     @Agusta

  • WHITE= Chardonnay
    • Hybrids– Chambourcin, Seyval Blanc, St. Vincent, Vidal Blanc
  • RED= Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAPHYUSA., REGION-Central(West-Central), STATE-Missouri(East)
    • South of St. Louis-City(40 mi.), In Ozark Mountains AVA.(North-East)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”, On~Missouri~River~
  • CLIMATE= Continental
  • VITICULTURE–  ? ac. Planted,  (    % White/     % Red),  1stAVA./ USA.
    • Estates/ Producers– Augusta, Bluemenhof, Montelle, Mount Pleasant
  • GOING THERE- WINE TRAILS~ ~Missouri Weinstrass~

HERMANN AVA.      @Herman

  • WHITE=  ?     HybridsChardonel, Seybal Blanc, Traminette, Vidal Blanc, Vignoles
  • RED=   ?     HybridsNorton
  • GEOGRAPHYUSA., REGION-Central(West-Central), STATE-Missouri(East-Interior), @Hw.#19
    • In Ozark Mountains AVA.(North-East)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”, On~Missouri~River~
  • CLIMATE= Continental
  • VINICULTURE–  ? ac. Planted,  (    % White/     % Red)
    • Estates/ Producers– Adam Puchta, Hermannhof, Heinrichshaus, St. James, Stone Hill

OZARK HIGHLANDS AVA.     @

  • WHITE=
    • Hybrids– Chardonel, Vidal Blanc
  • RED=
  • Hybrids– Frontenac, Norton
  • GEOGRAPHYUSA., REGION-Central(West-Central), STATE-Missouri(South),
    • In Ozark Mountains AVA.(East-Interior)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”
  • CLIMATE= Continental
  • VINICULTURE– ? acPlanted,  (    % White/     % Red)
    • Estates/ Producers

ARKANSAS State’

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Kerner, Muller Thurgau
    • Hybrids– Chambourcin,  Vidal Blanc
  • RED= Cabernet Sauvignon, Concord(Indigenous)
    • HybridsNorton, Villard Noir
  • GEOGRAPHYUSA., REGION-Central(South-West), STATE-Arkansas
    • Sub-Zones/ AVA’s- Altus AVA., Arkansas Mountain AVA.,Ozark Mountains AVA.
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”
  • VINICULTURE Numbers of Wineries- 92  (77 Bonded/ 15  Virtual) “As of 2020”, #19 State/ USA.
  • CLIMATE=Continental

OZARK MOUNTAINS AVA.     @

  • WHITE= Chardonnay
    • Hybrids– Chambourcin, Seyval Blanc, Traminette, Vidal Blanc
  • RED= Cabernet Sauvignon, Concord(Indigenous)
    • HybridsNorton, Villard Noir
  • GEOGRAPHYUSA., REGION-Central(South-West), STATE-Arkansas(North-West)
    • (AVALaps)Missouri(South), (AVALaps)Oklahoma  **Refer to These States For Additional AVA. Information.
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”, SLOPES/ Ozark Mountains
  • CLIMATE=Continental WithSub-Tropical Influences
  • VITICULTURE–  ? ac. Planted,  (    % White/     % Red)
    • Estates/ Producers

ARKANSAS MOUNTAIN AVA.      @

  • WHITE=
    • Hybrids– Chambourcin, Seyval Blanc, Traminette, Vidal Blanc
  • RED=
    • Hybrids
  • GEOGRAPHYUSA., REGION-Central(South-West), STATE-Arkansas(North-West)
    • (Laps)Oklahoma), In Ozark Mountains AVA.(South-West), Sub-Zones/ AVA’s– Altus AVA.
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly”, On~Missouri~River~
  • CLIMATE= Continental With “Sub-Tropical Influence
  • VITICULTURE– 2,880,000 ac./  ? acPlanted
    • Estates/ Producers– Aux Arc, Circle T., Cowie, Mount Bethel, Movie House, Post Familie, Wiederkehr
  • ALTUS AVA.      @
    • WHITE= Chardonnay, Kerner, Muller Thurgau
      • Hybrids– Mascadine
    • RED= Cabernet Sauvignon
      • Hybrids– Norton
    • GEOGRAPHYUSA., REGION-Central(South-West),  STATE-Arkansas(West), @Hw.#40
      • In Arkansas Mountain AVA.
    • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”, On~Arkansas~River~(South)
      • PLATEAU/ Below Boston Mountains
    • CLIMATE=Continental
    • VITICULTURE– ? acPlanted
      • Estates/ Producers

MISSISSIPPI State’

  • WHITE=
    • Hybrids~
  • RED=
    • Hybrids–  Muscadine, Norton
  • GEOGRAPHYUSA., REGION-Central(South), STATE-Mississippi
    • Sub-Zones/ AVA’s- Mississippi Delta AVA., Mississippi River Valley AVA.
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”
  • VINICULTURE Numbers of Wineries- 211  (202Bonded/ 9  Virtual) “As of 2020”, #9 State/ USA.
  • CLIMATE=Continental

MISSISSIPPI RIVER VALLEY AVA.     @

  • WHITE=
  • RED=
  • GEOGRAPHYUSA., REGION-Central(South), STATE-Mississippi(            ), (Laps)Arkansas
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling/ Valley(Mississippi River)” On~Mississippi~River~
  • CLIMATE=Continental” With “Sub-Tropical” Influence
  • VINICULTURE– ? ac. Planted,  -Largest AVA./ USA.
    • Estates/ Producers

MISSISSIPPI DELTA AVA.     @

  • WHITE= ?
  • RED=
    • Hybrids– Muscadine, Norton
  • GEOGRAPHYUSA., REGION-Central(South), STATE-Mississippi(           )
    • (AVALaps)Louisiana, (AVALaps)Tennessee, **Refer to These States For Additional AVA. Information.
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling/ Valley(Mississippi River)” On~Mississippi~River~
  • CLIMATE=Continental” With “Sub-Tropical” Influence
  • SOILSMetamorphic“, “Sedimentary, Alluvial
  • VITICULUTURE– CHALLENGES– Downy Mildew
  • VINICULTURE– ? acPlanted
    • Estates/ Producers

WISCONSIN State‘       @Milwaukee

  • WHITE= Chardonnay
    • HybridLa Crescent, La Crosse, Edelweiss, Frontenac Gris, St. Pepin
  • RED=
    • Hybrid Leon Millot, Marechal Foch, Frontenac, Marquette, St. Croix
  • GEOGRAPHYUSA., REGION-Central(North), STATE-Wisconsin,  LATITUDE: *? ‘N’
    • Sub-Zones/ AVA.’s- Lake Wisconsin AVA., Upper Mississippi Valley AVA., Wisconsin Ledge AVA.
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”
  • CLIMATE= “Continental,  Summers– Warm  |    Winters– Cold, Wet, Snow
  • VITICULTURE– ? ac. Planted
    • CHALLENGES– Spring Frost, Fall Rain, Winter Freeze
  • VINICULTURE Numbers of Wineries- 
  • CULTUREAGRICULTURE~ History of Cherries, Apple and Cheese Production.
    • PIONEERS~ ~Agoston Haraszthy~ Hungarian Immigrate Who Later Help Pioneer California Wine.
  • GOING THERE- FESTIVALS~ ~Lake Geneva Wine Festiival~ (September)

UPPER MISSISSIPPI VALLEY AVA.      @Madison

  • WHITE= Chardonnay
    • HybridLa Crescent, La Crosse, Edelweiss, Frontenac Gris, St. Pepin
  • RED=
    • HybridMarechal Foch, Frontenac, Marquette, St. Croix
  • GEOGRAPHYUSA., REGION-Central(North), STATE-Wisconsin(South-West), @Hw.#60
    • CITIES– Muscoda, Prairie du Sac, Madison  Sub-Zones/ AVA.’s- Lake Wisconsin AVA.(East)
    • (AVALaps)Illinois(North-East), (AVALaps)Minnesota(South-East), (AVA.Laps)Iowa(North-East)
      • **Refer to These States For Additional AVA. Information.
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”
  • CLIMATE=Continental, Summers– Warm   |   Winters– Cold, Wet, Snow
    • CHALLENGES– Spring Frost, Fall Rain, Winter Freeze
  • VITICULTURE–   ? ac. Planted,  (    % White/     % Red),  (1st. Largest AVA. In USA.)
    • Estates/ Producers– Cedar Creek, Wollersheim, Weggy
  • LAKE WISCONSIN AVA.      @
    • WHITE= Chardonnay
      • HybridLa Crosse, St. Pepin
    • RED=
      • Hybrid Leon Millot, Marechal Foch
    • GEOGRAPHYUSA., REGION-Central(North), STATE-Wisconsin(.    ), @Hw.#
      • COUNTIES-          , In Upper Mississippi Valley AVA.(East)
    • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”, +Alt.800 ft. – 900 ft.
      • +Glacial Origins, On~Lake~Wisconsin~, On~Wisconsin~River~
    • CLIMATE=Continental, Summers– Warm   |   Winters– Cold, Wet, Snow
      • CHALLENGES– Spring Frost, Fall Rain, Winter Freeze
    • VITICULTURE– 28,000 ac./ 40 ac. Planted,  (    % White/     % Red)
      • Estates/ Producers– Trout Springs

WISCONSIN LEDGE AVA.      @

  • WHITE= Chardonnay
    • Hybrid
  • RED=
    • Hybrid– 
  • GEOGRAPHYUSA., REGION-Central(North), STATE-Wisconsin(East), @Hw.#
    • COUNTIES- Brown, Calumet, Dodge, Door, Fond du Lac, Kewaunee, Manitowoc, Outagamie, Ozaukee, Sheboygan, Washington
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”, +Glacial Origins
  • CLIMATE=Continental, Summers– Warm   |   Winters– Cold, Wet, Snow
    • CHALLENGES– Spring Frost, Fall Rain, Winter Freeze
  • VITICULTURE– 400 ac. Planted,  (    % White/     % Red)
    • Estates/ Producers– Trout Springs

ILLINOIS State‘     @Chicago

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Riesling
    • Hybrid Cayuga, Chardonel, Traminette, Vignoles, Vidal Blanc
  • RED= Cabernet Franc
    • Hybrid Chambourcin, Frontenac, Foch, Leon Millot, Norton, St. Croix
  • GEOGRAPHYUSA., REGION-Central(Central-Interior), STATE-Illinois,  LATITUDE: *? ‘N’
    • Sub-Zones/ AVA.’s- Shawnee Hills AVA.
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”
  • CLIMATE= “Continental,  Summers– Warm  |    Winters– Cold, Wet, Snow
  • VITICULTURE– 1,200 ac. Planted
    • CHALLENGES– Spring Frost, Fall Rain, Winter Freeze
  • VINICULTURE Numbers of Wineries- 118  (113 Bonded/ 5  Virtual) “As of 2020”, #14 State/ USA.
  • CULTURE–  150 Year Wine Culture

UPPER MISSISSIPPI VALLEY AVA.      @Aurora

  • WHITE= Chardonnay
    • Hybrid Cayuga, Chardonel, Traminette, Vignoles, Vidal Blanc
  • RED= Cabernet Franc
    • Hybrid Chambourcin, Frontenac, Foch, Leon Millot, Norton, St. Croix
  • GEOGRAPHYUSA., REGION-Central(Central-Interior), STATE-Illinois(North-East)
    • (AVALaps)Minnesota(South-East), (AVA.Laps)Iowa(North-East), (AVALaps)Wisconsin(South-West)
      • **Refer to These States For Additional AVA. Information.
    • CITIES– Aurora, Genoa, Oswego, Roselle, Waterman, (1st. Largest AVA. In USA.)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”
  • CLIMATE=Continental, Summers– Warm   |   Winters– Cold, Wet, Snow
  • VITICULTURE–   ? ac. Planted,  (    % White/     % Red)
    • CHALLENGES– Spring Frost, Fall Rain, Winter Freeze
  • VINICULTURE
    • Estates/ Producers– Fox Valley, Lynfred, Prairie State, Waterman/ Sunset Wines
  • GOING THERE- WINE TRAILS~ ~Northern Illinois Wine Trail~

SHAWNEE HILLS AVA.      @Carbondale, Cobden

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Riesling
    • Hybrid Cayuga, Chardonel, Traminette
  • RED= Cabernet Franc
    • Hybrid Chambourcin, Frontenac
  • GEOGRAPHYUSA., REGION-Central(Central-Interior),  STATE-Illinois(South), COUNTY– Jackson/ Union
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly”, SLOPES/ Shawnee Hills, +Alt. 400 ft. – 800 ft.
  • SOILS= Metamorphic“, Sedimentary, Sandstone, Limestone
  • CLIMATE=Continental,  Summers– Warm  |    Winters– Cold, Wet, Snow
  • VITICULTURE– CHALLENGES– Spring Frost, Fall Rain, Winter Freeze
  • VINICULTURE– 300 ac. Planted
    • Estates/ Producers– Alto, Blue Sky, Feather Hills, Hickory Ridge, Honker Hill, Owl Creek, Peachbarn, Pomona, StarView, Von Jakob
    • Vineyards
  • CULTURE- ~Etymology~ Shawnee Refers to the Shawnee Indians Who Lived In the Area In Early 1800’s.
    • ASSOCIATIONS~ Shawnee Hills Wine-Grape Association~
      • Mission~  Committed to Representin , Educating and Promoting, Wine Grape Grower and Wineries and Offering Opportunities For All Within the AVA. to Benefit.
  • GOING THERE- WINE TRAILS~ ~Shawnee Hills Wine Trail~

MICHIGAN State

  • WHITE= Auxerrois, Chardonnay, Gerwurztraminer, Grunner Veltliner, Muscat Ottonel, Pinot Blanc, Pinot Gri, Riesling
    • HybridsAurore, Cayuga, Chardonel, Chaunac, Seyval Blanc
  • RED= Cabernet Franc, Dolcetto, Gamay, Merlot, Malbec, Pinot Noir, Primitivo
    • HybridsChancellor, Chambourcin Chaunac
  • GEOGRAPHYUSA., REGION-Central(North-East), STATE-Michigan, LATITUDE: *45 ‘N’
    • Sub-Zones/ AVA.’s-  Fennville AVA., Lake Michigan Shore AVA., Leelanau Peninsula AVA., Old Mission Peninsula AVA.
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”
  • SOILS= Metamorphic“, Sedimentary, Alluvial, Clay, Sand, Loam, Limestone Over Granite
  • CLIMATEContinental,  Summers– Warm  |    Winters– Cold, Wet, Snow
  • VITICULTURE– 14,000 Acres Grapes, 2,900 ac. Wine Grapes 4th. Grape Production/ USA.
    • CHALLENGES– Spring Frost, Fall Rain, Winter Freeze, +WINDS/ Clipper
  • VINICULTURE Numbers of Wineries- 211  (202 Bonded/ 9  Virtual) “As of 2020”, #9 State/ USA.
  • CULTURE
    • ACADEMICS~  ~Michigan State University~     @East Lansing, Michigan
      • Specialization~ Viticulture & Enology Degree Program

LEELANAU PENINSULA AVA.      @

  • WHITE= Auxerrois, Chardonnay, Gerwurztraminer, Riesling
    • HybridsAurore, Cayuga, Chaunac Seyval Blanc
  • RED= Cabernet Franc, Dolcetto, Merlot, Malbec, Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAPHYUSA., REGION-Central(North-East), STATE-Michigan(North), @Hw.#22
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”,
    • ON PENINSULA/ Leelanau, BETWEEN: On~Lake~Leelanan~ & On~Grand Traverse~Bay~
  • SOILS= Metamorphic“, Sedimentary, Alluvial, Clay, Sand, Loam, Limestone Over Granite
  • CLIMATE=Continental,  Summers– Warm  |   Winters– Cold, Wet, Snow
    • LAKE EFFECT/ Leelanan,   +WIND/ Clipper
    • CHALLENGES– Spring Frost, Fall Rain, Winter Freeze
  • VITICULTURE– ? ac. Planted
    • Estates/ Producers– Bel Lago, Black Star, Boskydel, Bluestone, Brengman Brother, Forty-Five North, Fontaine, Ciccone, Circa, Forty-Five North, Gills Pier, Good Harbor, Left Foot, L. Mawby(Sparkling), Verterra
    • Vineyards– Crain Hill

OLD MISSION PENINSULA AVA.     @Traverse City

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Gewurztraminor, Grunner Veltliner, Muscat Ottonel, Pinot Blanc, Pinot Gri, Riesling
  • RED= Cabernet Franc, Gamay, Merlot, Pinot Noir, Cabernet Sauvignon
  • GEOGRAPHYUSA., REGION-Central(North-East), STATE-Michigan(North), COUNTY-Grand Traverse, @Hw.#37
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”, (19mi. Long & 3mi. Wide)
    • Sub-Zones-West Arm & East Arm
  • CLIMATE= Continental”,   Summers– Warm   |   Winters– Cold, Wet, Snow
  • VITICULTURE– ? ac. Planted
    • Estates/ Producers– Bonobo, Bry’s(50ac.), Bowers Harbor(30ac.), Chantal, Left Foot, Grand Traverse, Hawthorne, Peninsula Cellars, Two Lads
    • Vineyards– Block II, Bower Harbor, Langley, Manigold
  • CULTURE AGRICULTURAL~ History of Apples, Cherry and Potato Production.

LAKE MICHIGAN SHORE AVA.      @Traverse City

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Grunner Veltliner, Pinot Gri
    • Hybrid– Vidal Blanc, Seyval Blanc
  • RED= Cabernet Franc, Lemberger, Malbec, Merlot, Syrah
  • GEOGRAPHYUSA., REGION-Central(North-East), STATE-Michigan(South-West), @Hw.#94/ #196
    • Sub-Zones/ AVA.’s- Fennville AVA.
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”, On~Lake~Michigan~/ On~Kalamazoo~River~
  • SOILS= Metamorphic“, Sedimentary“, Alluvial, Glacial Debris
  • CLIMATE=Continental”, Summers– Warm   |   Winters– Cold, Wet, Snow
    • +LAKE EFFECT/ Lake Michigan
  • VITICULTURE–   ? ac. Planted,  (    % White/     % Red)
    • CHALLENGES– Spring Frost, Fall Rain, Winter Freeze, +WIND/ Clipper
  • VINICULTURE-
    • Estates/ Producers– Contessa, Berrien, Free Run, Hictory Creek, Lawton, Lemon Creek, Round Barn, St. Julian Wine Co., Warner, Wolcott
  • FENNVILLE AVA.      @Fennville
    • WHITE= Chardonnay, Pinot Gris, Riesling
      • Hybrids– Chardonel, Traminette, Vignoles
    • RED= Cabernet Franc, Primitivo
    • GEOGRAPHYUSA., REGION-Central(North-East),  STATE-Michigan(South-West), @Hw.#196
      • COUNTY-Allegan, In Lake Michigan Shore AVA.(North-West), BORDERS: Lake Michigan(West)
    • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”, On~Black/ Kalamazoo~River~(South)
    • VITICULTURE– 75,000 ac./ ? ac. Planted,  (    % White/     % Red)
      • Estates/ Producers– Cogdal, Crane’s, Fenn Valley, McIntosh, Tobor Hills, Wyncroft

SOUTH-WEST MICHIGAN AVA. (Un-Official)      @St. Joseph

  • WHITE= Pinot Gris, Sauvignon Blanc
    • HybridsSeyval Blanc, Vidal Blanc
  • RED= Cabernet Franc, Concord(Indigenous), Merlot, Pinot Noir
    • HybridsChancellor, Chambourcin Chaunac
  • GEOGRAPHYUSA., REGION-Central(North-East), STATE-Michigan(South-West), @Hw.#94
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”, On~Lake~Michigan~
  • CLIMATE=Continental, Summers– Warm   |   Winters– Cold, Wet, Snow
    • +LAKE EFFECT/ Michigan,  CHALLENGES– Spring Frost, Fall Rain, Winter Freeze
  • VITICULTURE–   ? ac. Planted,  (    % White/     % Red)
  • VINICULTURE-
    • Estates/ Producers– Berrien, Contessa,  Karma Vista,  St. Julian

OHIOState

  • WHITE= Chardonnay,Gewurztraminer, Pinot Gri, Riesling, Roussanne, Sauvignon Blanc
    • HybridsCatawba, Cayuga, Chambourcin Chancellor, Vidal Blanc
  • RED= Baco Noir, Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Concord(Indigenous), Lemberger, Niagara(Indigenous), Pinot Noir
    • HybridsDelaware
  • GEOGRAPHYUSA., REGION-Central(East), STATE-Ohio, LATITUDE: 40.4* ‘N’
    • Sub-Zones/ AVA.’s: Grand River Valley AVA., Isle St. George AVA., Lake Erie AVA., Loramie Creek AVA., Ohio River Valley AVA.
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”, On~Lake~Irie~
  • VINICULTURE Numbers of Wineries- 280 (270 Bonded/ 10  Virtual) “As of 2020”, #8 State/ USA.
  • CLIMATE= Continental” With Sub-Tropical Influences

LAKE ERIE AVA.      @Cleveland, Madison, Sandusky

  • WHITE= Gewurztraminer, Pinot Gri, Riesling
    • HybridsCatawba, Cayuga, Chambourcin Chancellor, Vidal Blanc
  • RED= Baco Noir, Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Concord(Indigenous), Lemberger, Niagara(Indigenous), Pinot Noir
    • Hybrids
  • GEOGRAPHYUSA., REGION-Central(East), STATE-Ohio(North-East), Hw.#80/ #90
    • (AVA.Laps)New York(South-East), (AVA.Laps)Pennsylvania(North-East)
    • **Refer to These States For Additional AVA. Information.
    • Sub-Zones/ AVA.’s- Grand River Valley
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”, On~Lake~Erie~(South)
  • CLIMATE= Continental,  Summers– Hot, Humid   |   Winters– Cold, Wet,
    • LAKE EFFECT/ Lake Erie,  CHALLENGES– Spring Frost, Fall Rain, Winter Freeze
  • VITICULTURE– ? ac. Planted,  (White   %/ Red   %)
    • Estates/ Producers– Heineman’s, Hermes, Mon Ami, Firelands
    • -Vineyards- Laurentia
  • GRAND RIVER VALLEY AVA.     @
    • WHITE= Chardonnay, Gewurtztraminer, Pinot Gris, Riesling
      • HybridsChambourcin, Traminette, Vidal Blanc
    • RED= Barbera, Cabernet Franc, Pinot Noir
    • GEOGRAPHYUSA., REGION-Central(East), STATE-Ohio(North-East), In Lake Erie AVA.
    • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling/ Valley(Grand River)”, On~Lake~Erie~
    • VITICULTURE– ? ac., (    % White/     % Red)
      • Estates/ Producers– Chalet Debonne, Debonne, Ferrante, Grand River, Maple Ridge, St. Joseph

ISLE ST. GEORGE AVA.     @

  • WHITE= Gewurztraminer, Pinot Gri, Riesling
    • Hybrids Catawba
  • RED= Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Pinot Noir
    • Hybrids– Delaware
  • GEOGRAPHYUSA., REGION-Central(East), STATE-Ohio(        ), On North Bass Island(In Lake Erie)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”
  • CLIMATE=Maritime”, LAKE EFFECT/ Lake Erie
  • VITICULTURE– ? ac.Planted,  (    % White/     % Red)
    • Estates/ Producers– Firelands

OHIO RIVER VALLEY AVA.     @

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Pinot Gri, Riesling, Roussanne, Sauvignon Blanc
    • Hybrids– Seyval Blanc, Vidal Blanc
  • RED= Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon,  Petit Manseng, Pinot Noir
    • HybridsBaco Noir, Marechal Foch
  • GEOGRAPHYUSA., REGION-Central(East), STATE-Ohio(      )
    • (AVALaps)Indiana(South), (AVALaps)Kentucky(North-East), (AVALaps)West Virginia(South-West)
      • **Refer to These States For Additional AVA. Information.
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling/ Valley(Ohio River)”, On~Ohio~River~
  • CLIMATE= Continental With Sub-Tropical Influences
  • VITICULTURE– ? Planted,  (2nd. Largest AVA. In USA.)
    • Estates/ Producers– Georgetown, Kinkead Ridge, Meranda-Nixon, Valley Vineyards

LORAMIE CREEK AVA.     @

  • WHITE=   |    RED=
  • GEOGRAPHYUSA., REGION-Central(East), STATE-Ohio(        ), COUNTY-Shelby
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”
  • CLIMATE= Continental
    • Estates/ Producers

Other Central United States Not Demystified

INDIANA ‘State‘        @

  • WHITE=  ?  Hybrids~
  • RED=    ?  Hybrids
  • GEOGRAPHYUSA., REGION-Central(North-Central), STATE-Indiana, LATITUDE: ?* ‘N’
    • Sub-Zones/ AVA.’s- Ohio River Valley AVA.
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”
  • CLIMATE= Continental
  • VITICULTURE- 
    • Estate/ Producers

OHIO RIVER VALLEY AVA.     @

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Pinot Gri, Riesling, Roussanne, Sauvignon Blanc
    • Hybrids– Seyval Blanc, Vidal Blanc
  • RED= Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Petit Manseng, Pinot Noir
    • HybridsBaco Noir, Marechal Foch
  • GEOGRAPHYUSA., REGION-Central(East), STATE-Indiana(South)
    • (AVALaps)Ohio(South), (AVALaps)Kentucky(North-East), (AVALaps)West Virginia(South-West)
      • **Refer to These States For Additional AVA. Information.
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling/ Valley(Ohio River)”, On~Ohio~River~
  • CLIMATE= Continental
  • VITICULTURE–  ? Planted,  (    % White/     % Red)
    • Estates/ Producers

KENTUCKY ‘State‘        @Lexington

  • WHITE=  ?        Hybrids~ Chardonel
  • RED= Cabernet Sauvignon, Concord(Indigenous), Merlot
    • Hybrids Marechal Foch
  • GEOGRAPHYUSA., REGION-Central(EastCentral), STATE-Kentucky, LATITUDE: ?* ‘N’
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”
  • CLIMATE= Continental
  • VITICULTURE- CHALLENGES– Birds(Netting Required After Veraison, June Beatle
  • VINICULTURE-
    • Estate/ Producers– 12 Mile Creek, 1922 House, Arbor Stone, Atwood Hill, Black Barn, Broad Run, Brooks Hill, Castle Hill, Chenault, Eagle Creek, Echo Valley, Equus Run, Jesters, Purple Toad, Schoolyard, University of Kentucky
    • Vineyards– University of Kentucky Research(4ac.)
  • HISTORY- 1799 @Lexington– First Commercial Grape Vineyard In America.
  • CULTURE-
    • ACADEMICS~ ~University of Kentucky~
      • Specialization~ Supporting Local Grape Grower In Kentucky Who Are Growing Grapes to Produce Wine.

OHIO RIVER VALLEY AVA.     @

  • WHITE=
    • HybridsChardonel
  • RED= Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot
    • Hybrids– Marechal Foch
  • GEOGRAPHYUSA., REGION-Central(East), STATE-Kentucky(North)
    • (AVALaps)Indiana(South), (AVALaps)Ohio(South), (AVALaps)West Virginia(South-West)
      • **Refer to These States For Additional AVA. Information.
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling/ Valley”
  • CLIMATE= Continental
  • VITICULTURE– 16,650 ac. , ? Planted,  (    % White/     % Red)
    • Estates/ Producers

TENNESSEE ‘State ‘          @

  • WHITE=  ?  Hybrids~
  • RED=    ?  Hybrids
  • GEOGRAPHYUSA., REGION-Central(North-Central), STATE-Tennesse, LATITUDE: ?* ‘N’
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”
  • CLIMATE= Continental
  • VITICULTURE- 
    • Estate/ Producers


**Refer to “BIBLIOGRAPHY/ SOURCES” For Details On Scholarly Works Referenced