OREGON State


OREGON IS   AVA.24     @Portland

  • WHITE= Pinot Gris 15%, Chardonnay 5%, Riesling 3%, Albarino, Aligote, Arneis, Chenin Blanc, Fiano, Falanghina, Gewurztraminor, Grüner Veltliner, Kerner, Muscat Canelli, Muller Thurgau, Riesling, Savagnin, Sauvignon Blanc, Silvaner, Verdejo, Vermentino, Viognier
  • RED= Pinot Noir 59%, Syrah 3%, Cabernet Sauvignon 2%, Barbera, Baco Noir, Bastardo, Cabernet Franc, Carignane, Cinsault, Dolcetto, Gamay, Garnacha, Graciano, Lagrein, Malbec, Merlot, Mondeuse, Montepulciano, Petit Verdot, Petite Sirah, Pinot Munieur, Sangiovese, Syrah, Tannat, Tempranillo, Teroldego, Touriga National, Trousseau, Zinfandel

GEOGRAPHY USA., REGION-Pacific North-West(South-East), STATE-Oregon, LATITUDE: 40°- 45° N

  • BORDERS- California(South), Washington(North), Idaho(East)
  • MAJOR REGIONS-  Southern Oregon     Willamette
  • COUNTIES- (North to South) Hood River, Washington, Yamhill, Clackamas, Polk, Marion, Yamhill, Benton, Lane, Douglas, Joshipine, Jackson
  • MAJOR CITIES- Ashland, Corvallis, Eugene, Hillsboro, Medford, Newburg, Portland, Roseburg, Salem, Tualatin

TOPOGRAPHY FEATURES

  • Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly/ Terrace/ Valley(Applegate, Bear, Illinois, Rogue, Rogue, Umpqua, Willamette)
  • Rivers On~Willamette~River~Pacific~Ocean~
    • On~Applegate/ Umpqua/ Rogue/ Bear Creek/ Illinois~Rivers~
  • Gap- Van Duzer Corridor- 800ft. “Gap” In the 3,000ft. Coast Mountain Range

TOPOGRAPHIC EVENTS

  • Tectonics- Western Half of Oregon Didn’t Exist 200 Million Years Ago.
    • Juan De Fuca Plate is Sub-Ducting or Plunging Under Oregon, Uplifted Soft Material or Marine Sediment is Being Sawed Off.
    • Western Oregon Was Once a Sea Floor Until the Rise of the Coast Mountain Range.
    • 150 MYA. The Land of Oregon and the Current Coast Line Was Over Present Day Idaho.
  •  Missoula Floods~
    • A Series of 40 Major Floods That Washed Into Willamette Valley Over a 100,000 Year Period. Each Flood Stayed For a Period of 3 Weeks and Did Both Eroded and Laid Sediment Deposits Everywhere it Went.
    • **Refer to “PACIFIC NORTHWEST/ Missoula Floods” For Detailed Information
  • Yamhill Formation- Massive Concretionary of Marine Siltstone and Interbeds of Arkosic, Glauconitic and Basaltic Sandstone From Middle Eocene to Late Eocene.
  • Volcanism In Oregon- ~Mount Mclaughlin~ (Located Outside Rogue Valley)
    • ~Mont Hood~,  ~Mount Bachelor~, ~North Sister~, ~South Sister~
      • (All Located Adjacent to Willamette Valley)
  • **Refer to TECTONICS VOLCANICS, WATERS, WINDS For Detailed Information

TOPOGRAPHIC SUB-ZONES Of OREGON

  • Coast Range/ Tyee Formation- 20-30 MYA.,Formed Coast Range   Predominately Sandstones & Shales
  • Willamette Valley- (North-West-Inland)
  • Cascade Range- (West-Inland)
  • Deschutes-Umatilla Plateau- (North-Central)
  • Blue Mountains- (North-East)- 15 MYA.,
    • Created Lava Which Flowed West Lower In Elevation and Filled In the Basin and Continue to Fill In Willamette Valley With Basalt. This Provided the Volcanic Element That You Find In the Valley.
  • High Lava Plains- (Central)
  • Oregon Basin & Range- (South-East)
  • Siletz Terran- (Uplifted Ocean Bottom)
  • Jurassic & Cretaceous Accretionary Complex-
  • Umpqua Basin Turbidites- Eocene Age 35-45 MYA., Tertiary Uplifted Sea Floor of Sandstones & Shales.
  • Klamath Mountians/ Klamath Terrane-(South-West) Accreted/ Sandstone, Shales, Basalts, Serpentine.
  • Umpqua Terraces- Quaternary/ Gravelly With Silt Top Layers

SOILS  Metamorphic, Volcanic, Sedimentary

  • General Soils- Basalt(Columbia River Basalt  14-16 Million Year Old), Ice Age Loess(Wind Deposited Soils), Marine Sediment, Missoula Flood, Recent Alluvium, River Sediment.
  • Loam and Silt Top Soil, Sandy, Clay, Granite, Jory.
  • Marine Sediment/ Shales and That Have Been Uplifted by Juan De Fuca Plate.
  • **Refer to “TERROIR/ Geology & Soil” For Detailed Information On Soils
  • SOIL-SERIES Of OREGON
    • Bellpine Series–     –Bins-Bindle–     –Cornelius Series–     –Cascade Series
    • Dallasport Series–     –Dixonvill Series–     –Dupe Series–     –Free Water Series
    • Goodin Series–     –Gunn Series–      –Hazelair Series–     –Jory Series
    • Kinton Series–     –Laurelwood Series–       –Malabon Series–     –Manita Series
    • Medford Series–     –Nekia Series–     –Newberg Series–     –Nonparell Series
    • Oak Grove Series–     –Oakland Series–     –Philomath Series–     –Roseburg Series
    • Ruch Series–     –Saum Series–     –Stelwer Series–     –Sutherlin Series
    • Takilma Series–     –Wellsdale Series–     –Willakenzie Series–    –Willamette Series
    • Windygap Series–     –Woodburn Series–      –Yamhill Series
    • **Refer to “SOIL CLASSIFICATION/ Soil Series” For Detailed Information

CLIMATE Maritime, Mediterranean, Continental, +Diurnal Shifts(+30°)

  • Summers– Warm, Dry, No Humidity   |   Winters– Wet, Cold, Mild
  • CLIMATIC EVENTS– Weather For Oregon Comes Out of the Gulf of Alaska. During Summer the Weather Pattern Shift Dramatically From Winter. The Jet Stream Makes a Pronounced Arch Circumventing the Pacific North-West/ Oregon and Moves Into Canada Leaving Oregon Dry and Warm.

VITICULTURE  24,000 ac. Planted,   #4 Producer/ USA.  

  • ADVANTAGES– Long Growing Season, Extended Indian Summers
  • CHALLENGES– Birds, Rust Mites, Gophers, Voles, Powdery Mildew, Phylloxera, Spring/ Fall- Frost, Rain, +Vintage Variation.
  • Oregon Certified Sustainable WineOCSW. -Since 2008 Program Using Environmentally Responsible Agricultural and Winemaking Practices
  • Oregon Wine Research Institute- OWRI. Research Facility Developed by Oregon State and United States Department of Agriculture For Research and Education In Viticulture, Enology, Plant Pathology and Integrated Pest Management.
  • Low Impact Viticulture and Enology- LIVE., Organization For Sustainability Certification of Vineyards and Wineries
  • Barrel Making Oregon Has a History of Barrel Making From the White Oak (Quercus Garryanna) That Grows In the Willamette Valley. White Oak is More Similar to French Oak Than American Oak. The Staves Are Produced and Treated On Sight Before Being Shipped to Tonneliers for Manufacturing.
    • TONNELLERIE~  ~Oregon Barrel Works~  @McMinnville
      • ~Rolling Thunder Barrel Works~  @Newport

VITICULTURE– Numbers of Wineries- 809 (528 Bonded/ 281  Virtual) “As of 2020”, #3 State/ USA.

HISTORY70 Years of Wine Culture

  • 1843 @Fort Vancouver ViticultureHudson’s Bay Company Plants First Vine In Oregon.
  • 1843 @Umpqua On Oregon Trail
  • 1916 @Oregon ProhibitionStarting 4 Years Earlier In Oregon 1916 -1933.
  • 1933 @Oregon Historic WineryHoneywood Winery- Oldest Continuously Operating Winery In Oregon.
  • 1960’s @Willamette ViticulturePre-Modern Winemaking Movement Began.
  • 1965 @Corvallis David Lett Plants First Pinot Noir In Southern Willamette Valley.
  • 1970 @Dundee Sokol Blosser Plants First Vines In Dundee.
  • 1973 @Oregon/ Paris David Lett’s Eyrie Pinot Noir Takes 3rd. In Wine Olympiad In Paris.
  • 1982 @Umpqua Valley Scott Henry, Designs His Trellising System In Umpqua Valley.
  • 1987 @McMinnville FestivalsFirst International Pinot Noir Celebration.
  • 1990 @Willamette PhylloxeraFirst Appears In Oregon.

CULTURE  Culture of Organic/ Sustainable/ Bio-Dynamic Agriculture, Collaboration & Camaraderie.

  • PIONEERS~ “Oregon”
    • ~Founding Fathers of Willamette~ These Families Helped Build and Establish Reputation For Oregon  Wine Industry While Trailblazing a Path For the Rest of the Oregon Wine Scene to Come.
      • ~David & Ginny Adelshein~(Adelsheim Vineyard)     ~Joe & Pat Campbell~(Elk Cove)
      • ~Dick Erath~(Erath)       ~Bill & Virginia Fuller~ (Tualatin Vineyard)
      • ~David & Diana Lett~(Eyrie Vineyards)       ~Dick & Nancy Ponzi~ (Ponzi Vineyards)
      • ~Myron Redford~(Amity Vineyard)       ~Bill & Susan Sokol Blosser~ (Sokol Blosser)
      • ~Ronald & Marjorie Vuylsteke~ (Oak Knoll)        ~Ed King~ (King Estate)
    • ~Jesse Applegate~ “Yoncalla/ Umpqua Valley“, 1870’s, Planted Vineyards
    • ~Ken Thompson“Elkton”,  1970’s, Planted Vineyard
    • ~Richard Sommer~ “Roseberg“, 1961, Planted Vineyards
    • ~Peter Brix~Applegate“, Viticulturist Who Planted First Vineyards
  • GASTRONOMY... Smoked Salmon On Cedar, Mushrooms, Game
    • CHEESE… Tillamock, County/ Creamery/ Association, Sell Dairy Products

GOING THERE

  • Wine Touring of Oregon Can Be Done as a One Stop Weekend Destination or Done as a Extended Wine Tour In Which Multiple Regions or AVA. Can Be Covered Over the Course of a Long 3 Day Weekend or Entire Week. Accommodations Can Be Made In Medium Sized Cities In Which You Use Them as a “Home Base” or You Can Pick Up and Leave and Drive to Your Next Wine Destination Each Day In a Different Charming Small Town Along Your Wine Adventure.
  • FESTIVALS~ ~International Pinot Noir Celebration~ (July/ McMinnville)
    • ~Oregon Wine Experience~ (August/ Rogue Valley)
    • ~Oregon Chardonnay Celebration~ (February/ McMinnville)
    • ~Southern Oregon Grape Symposium~ (March/ Rogue Valley)
    • ~Uncorked Tour~ (May/ Rogue Valley)
    • ~Oregon Pinot Camp~ (June/ Willamette Valley)
    • ~May is Oregon Wine Month~ (Greater Oregon)
    • ~I Love Gamay Festival~ (May, Portland, Oregon)
  • AUCTIONS~  ~Willamette Pinot Noir Auction~ (April/ Newberg)
  • URBAN WINERIES~  ~PDX. Urban Wineries Association~
    • 9 Urban Wineries Across the City of Portland.


  • GEOGRAPHIC DISCLAIMER~ To Understand the Wine World and Benefit From DtheV.com a Understanding of Oregon’s Geography is Needed and the Ability to Visualize Its Wine Regions Topography.  Oregon is Organized In a North to South, / East to West Orientation and Intended to Be Researched and Memorized as So.

OREGON      @Entire State

  • VITICULTURELabeled “OREGON” Refers to Wines Non-Conforming to an AVA.

WILLAMETTE VALLEY*AVA.   @Portland

  • WHITE= Pinot Gris 5%, Chardonnay, Aligote, Arneis, Chenin Blanc, Grunner Veltliner, Muscat, Kerner, Pinot Blanc, Riesling, Savagnin, Silvaner
  • RED= Pinot Noir 60%, Dolcetto, Gamay, Lagrein, Trousseau
  • GEOGRAPHY- Oregon(North-Central), LATITUDE: 44.9° N
    • COUNTIES-WashingtonYamhill, Polk,  South-West of Portland(20mi.)
    • (120 Miles Long & 45 Miles Wide)
    • Valley Starts Near Portland Stretches South to Eugene.
    • AVA. Boundary is Defined by the Drainage Basin of the Willamette River Valley
    • Sub-Zones/ AVA.’s– Chehalem Mountain AVA., Dundee Hills AVA., Eola-Amity Hills AVA., McMinnville AVA., Ribbon Ridge AVA., Van Duzer Corridor AVA., Yamhill-Calton AVA.
      • (Un-Offical) Laulelwood AVA., Southern Willamette Valley AVA., Tualatin Hills AVA.
  • TOPOGRAPHY- FEATURES–  “Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly/ Terrace/ Valley(Willamette)”
    • SLOPES/ Coast Mountain Range(West), Cascade Mountain Range(East)
      • +Alt. ft.-1,292ft., Vines to 1,000ft.,  On~Willamette~River~Pacific~Ocean~
    • GEOLOGICAL UNITS: 4
  • SOILS- Metamorphic”, “Volcanic“, “Sedimentary“, Sub-Soil/ Mt. Hood
    • SOIL SERIES–     Bellpine Series–     –Cornelius Series–     –Dupe Series–      –Goodin Series
      • Hazelair Series–     –Jory Series–      –Kinton Series–     –Laurelwood Series
      • Nekia Series–      –Saum Series–     –Stelwer Series–     –Wellsdale Series
      • Woodburn Series–     –Willakenzie Series–      –Willamette Series
    • WILLAMETTE VALLEY PARENT MATERIALS
      • Volcanic Material 41%                      Marine Sediment Material 30%
      • Loess/ Volcanic Material 20%        Missoula Flood Sediments 9%
  • CLIMATE- Maritime, WithMediterranean Influence
    • RAIN SHADOW EFFECT/ -Coast Mountain Range- +Alt.3,500ft.
    • *GROWING-Degree-Days– 1,072, 71° Average., +RAIN– 14 in.
  • VITICULTURE- 3,438,000 ac./ 21,353 acPlanted
    • CHALLENGES– Willamette Valley is Cooler Than the Columbia Gorge to East and Southern Oregon and Can’t Ripen the Diversity of the Other Regions.
      • Majority of Vineyards Are Planted On Sides of the Valley, Floor is Too Fertile.
      • Valley is Subject to Vintage Variation.
    • Fruit Ripeness and Quality Will Vary More From West to East Where the Oceanic Climate and Altitude From Hills Effects Vineyards, Rather Than North to South Where the Weather Changes Only Slightly.
  • VINICULTURE-
    • Estate/ Producers– Ankeny, El Cove, Pfeffer, Portland Wine Company, Rain Song, Redgate, Sunnyside, Teutonic Wine, Vitae, Vitis Ridge, Willamette Valley, Zenith
    • Vineyards-(719)- Alpine, Houston
  • CULTURE- Easy Access to Population Centers (Portland, Salam, Eugene)

**Willamette Images Courtesy of “Delong Maps”, Purchase These Maps at Delongwine.com


WASHINGTON COUNTY

  • WHITE=   |    RED=   **Refer to AVA’s For Grape Information %
  • GEOGRAPHY- Oregon(North), REGION-Willamette Valley AVA., COUNTY-Washington
    • BORDERS- Yamhill Country(South),  @Hw.#26/ #5
  • VITICULTURE- Labeled “WASHINGTON COUNTY” Refers to Wines Non-Conforming to AVA.

TUALATIN HILLS*AVA. (Un-Official)    @Gaston

  • WHITE=   |    RED=   **Refer to AVA’s For Grape Information %
  • GEOGRAPHY- Oregon(North), West of Portland(10mi,), COUNTY-Washington, @Hw.#26
    • BORDERS- Yamhill County(South)
    • CITIES– Aloha, Banks, Beaverton, Cornelius, Durham, Forest Grove, Gaston, Helvetia, Hillsboro, King City North Plains, Schools, Sherwood, Tigrd Tualatin, Wilsonville
  • TOPOGRAPHY- FEATURES– “Rolling/ Hilly/ Valley(Tualatin)”, On~Tulatin~River/ Basin~
    • SLOPES/ Chehalem Mountains/ Taulatin Hills, +Alt.400ft.-600ft., BASIN/ Tualatin
  • SOILS- Metamorphic
    • SOIL SERIES–    Laurelwood Series
  • VITICULTURE-
    • Estate/ Producers- A Blooming Hill, Abbey Creek, Alloro, Apolloni, Blizzard, Copper Mountian, D’Anu, David Hill, Dion, Laural Ridge, Oak Knoll, Ponzi*, Shafer, Tualatin
    • Vineyards- Apolloni, Garden, Helvetia, Plum Hill

CHEHALEM MOUNTAIN*AVA.    @Chehalem

  • WHITE= Pinot Grigio, Chardonnay, Pinot Blanc, Riesling
  • RED= Pinot Noir 68%
  • GEOGRAPHY- Oregon, REGION-Willamette Valley AVA.(North-East), COUNTY-Yamhill
    • South-West of Portland(   mi,), North-East of Newberg-City(2 mi.), @Hw.#99
    • Sub-Zones- Ribbon Ridge AVA., Laurelwood, Parrott Mountains, Great Basalt Landslide
    • CITIES– Newburg, Sherwood
  • TOPOGRAPHY- “Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly”, SLOPES/ Coast Mountain Range, +Alt.1,000ft.
    • On~Willamette~River~
    • Bald Peak 1,633 ft.- Highest Point In Willamette Valley
    • Uplifted Land Mass(20 Miles Long & 5 Miles Wide)
    • Some Vineyards Planted On Landslides That Have Slid Down Chehalem Mountain.
  • SOILS- Metamorphic”, ”Volcanic, Basaltic Landslide, Ocean Sediment, Wind-Loess, Red Clay
    • SOIL SERIES–     Cornelius Series–     –Goodin Series–     –Hazelair Series–    –Jory Series
      • Kinton Series–     –Laurelwood Series–      –Stelwer Series–     –Wellsdale Series
      • Willamette Series–     –Woodburn Series
  • CLIMATE- Maritime With Mediterranean Influence
  • VITICULTURE- 62,000 ac./ 2,600 acPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers- A to Z, Adelsheim, Alloro, Arborbrook, Archer, Ardiri, August Cellars, Beckman, Bergstrom(70ac.), Blakeslee, Carabela, Chehalem, Colene Clemens(62ac,), Corral Creek, Crowley, Frija, Gypsy Dancer, Hawks View, Hoy, J. Christopher, JK Carriere, Lachini(E.), Moffett, North Valley, Raptor Ridge*, Potters, Rex Hill, Ridgecrest, Ruby, Vidon, Trezorie Natalie’s, Willakenzie
    • Vineyards- Alloro(34ac.), Appassionata, Beckham Lane, Boulder Bluff, Bryan Creek, Le Cadeau(16ac.), Chehalem Mountain, Chestnut Hill, Coral Creek, Jacob Hart, Landslide, Lia’s, Madrona Hill, Nemarniki, Nicholas, Olenik, Ruby, Silice, Tilido, Quailhurst, Quarter Mile, Winery Block
  • CULTURE-
    • PIONEERS~ ~David Adelsheim~  One of First to Mass Plant Pinot Noir In Willamette Valley.
    • ASSOCIATIONS~  ~Chehalem Mountain Winegrowers~

  • RIBBON RIDGE*AVA.     @
    • WHITE= Chardonnay, Grunner Veltliner, Muscat, Pinot Gris, Riesling
    • RED= Pinot Noir 90%, Gamay, Troussou
    • GEOGRAPHY- Oregon, REGION-Willamette Valley AVA., COUNTY-Yamhill
      • In Chehalem Hills AVA.(West), BORDERS: Yamhill-Carlton AVA.(West)
    • TOPOGRAPHY- “Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous”,  SLOPES/ Coast Mountain Range, +Alt. ? ft.- ft.
      • Spur of Sedimentary Ridge Separating Chehalem & Yamhill
      • Ridge Running From Parret Mountain Across to Bald Peak
    • SOILS- Metamorphic”, ”Volcanic“, “Sedimentary, Alluvial,  Basalt, Loess
      • SOIL SERIES–      Dupee Series–     –Goodin Series–     –Wellsdale Series–    
        • Willamette Series–     Woodburn Series
    • CLIMATE- “Maritime With Mediterranean Influence
    • VITICULTURE- 800 acPlanted
      • Estate/ Producers- Adelsheim, Aramenta, Ayres, Battle Creek, Beaux Freres, Brick House, Claygate, Divio, Elk Grove, Eminent Domaine, Flaneur, Foggy Slope, Patricia Green, Redman, Styring, Trisaetum, Utopia, Whistling Ridge
      • Vineyards- Armstrong, Bryce, Flanerie, Le Pre Du Col, Ridgecrest, Roc

LAULELWOOD*AVA. (Un-Official)      @

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Grunner Veltliner   |   RED= Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY- Oregon, REGION-Willamette Valley AVA.
    • COUNTIES-Washington, Yamhill, In Chehalem Mountains AVA.(North)
  • SOILS- Metamorphic”, “Sedimentary“, Alluvial, Loess, Marine

YAMHILL-CALTON AVA.     @Calton, Yamhill

  • WHITE= Chardonnay 4%, Pinot Grigio 4%, Muller-Thurgau, Riesling
  • RED= Pinot Noir 67%, Marechal Foch
  • GEOGRAPHY- Oregon, REGION-Willamette Valley AVA.,  COUNTY-Yamhill, @Hw.#47
    • BORDERS: Dundee Hills AVA.(South-East)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly/ Valley, SLOPES/ Coast Mountain Range, +Alt.350 ft.-600 ft.
    • COUNTY-Yamhill, Horse-Shoe Shaped
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, VolcanicSedimentary, Sandstone, Siltstone
    • SOIL SERIES–      Bellpine Series–     –Cornelius Series–     –Goodin Series–      –Jory Series
      • Kinton Series–      –Laurelwood Series–    –Saum Series–     –Stelwer Series
      • Willakenzie Series–     –Willamette Series–     –Woodburn Series
  • CLIMATE- Maritime” With Mediterranean Influence
  • VITICULTURE- AVA. is 58,500 ac./ 2,450 acPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers- Adea, Annie Amie, Beacon Hill, Bella Pente, Burgstrom, Craft Wine Co., Elk Cove, Etude, Evening Lands, Fairsing, Ghost Hill, Gran Moraine, Ken Wright, Kramer(Sparkling), Laurel Ridge, Lavinea, Lemelson, Lenne, McCrone(10ac.), Monks Gate, Panther Creek, Penner-Ash, Reed & Reynolds, Resonance(20ac.)(Multi-NationalJadot), Saffron Fields, Shea(E.), Solena, Soter, Stag Hollow, Tendril, Willakenzie
    • Vineyards- Abbey Oaks, Bishop Creek(5.5ac.), Bonnie Jean, Freedom Hill, Grand Moraine(190ac.), Gregory Ranch, Guadalupe, Kalita, Kramer, Lazy River, McCrone, Merriman, Mineral Springs, Prince Hill, Resonance”Estate“, Savoya, Shea, Stein, Tanager, Yamhela

DUNDEE HILLS*AVA.    @Dundee, Lafyette

  • WHITE= Chardonnay 3%, Muscat, Pinot Grigio, Pinot Blanc, Riesling
  • RED= Pinot Noir 68%, Lagrein, Pinot Meunier, Trousseau
  • GEOGRAPHY- Oregon, REGION-Willamette Valley AVA., COUNTY-Yamhill, @Hw.#99
    • South-West of Newberg-City(2mi.), Sub-Zones- Parratt Mountian
    • BORDERS: Yamhill Carlton AVA.(North-West), Coast Range(West)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly, AVA. Boundary is 200 Feet Above Elevation Line
    • SLOPES/ Coast Mountain Range/ Chehalem Mountains(North)/ Cascade Mountain Range(East),+Alt.200ft.-950ft.
    • On~Willamette~River~, 40 Miles to Pacific Ocean
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Volcanic, Sedimentary, Basalt, Jory
    • SOIL SERIES–     Bellpine Series–     –Goodin Series–     –Hazelair Series–     –Jory Series
      • Nekia Series–     –Stelwer Series–     –Woodburn Series–     –Willamette Series
  • CLIMATE- Maritime With Mediterranean Influence
  • VITICULTURE- 12,500 ac./ 2,300 acPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers- A’Angolo, Alexana, Anderson, Antica Terra, Archery Summit, Argyle*, Armonea, Ayoub, Bella Vida, Chapter 24, Charlie’s, Cramoisi, Decouverte(Multi-National/Jadot), Dobbes, Drouhin*(Multi-National), Durant, Dusty Goose, Erath*, Four Graces, Fox Farm, Furioso, Guadalupe, J. Christopher, Lange(E.), Maison L’Envoye(Multi-National), Native Flora, Nicolas-Jay, Panther Creek, De Ponte, Purple Hands, Remy*, Rex Hill, Rose & Arrow, Roy, Serene*(Multi-National), Sokol Blosser*, Stoller Blocker, Thistle, Tori Mor, Trouvere, Vista Hills, White Rose, Winderlea, Winter’s Hill
    • Vineyards- Abbey Ridge, Arcus, Bedland, Bella Videa(26ac.), Bergtrom, Black Walnut, Cote Sud, DeCouverte, De Ponte, Durant, Eyrle, Evenstad, Foley Family, Grace, Hyland, Iron Filbet, Jacob-Hart, Knight’s Cambit, Knudsen, Latchkey, Maresh, Murto, Nysa, Le Pavillon, Pearl, Prince Hill, Rambouillet, Red Hills, Revana, Sega Hills, Stoller, Thomas, Triple Crown, Two Barns, Winery Hill ‘Estate‘, Worden Hill
  • CULTURE-
    • WINE AUCTION~ ~Willamette Valley Pinot Noir~ ( April/ Newberg)

McMINNVILLE*AVA.     @McMinnville

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Gewurztraminer, Pinot Blanc, Pinot Grigio
  • RED= Pinot Noir 59%
  • GEOGRAPHY- Oregon, REGION-Willamette Valley AVA.,  COUNTY-Yamhill@Hw.#99
  • TOPOGRAPHY- “Rolling/ Hilly”, SLOPES/ Coast Mountain Range, +Alt.200ft.-1,000ft.
    • GAPSVan Duzer Corridor-Gap,  800ft. Gap  In the 3,000ft. Coast Mountain Range.
  • SOILS- Metamorphic”, ”Volcanic“, “Sedimentary“, Marine Sediments, Sandstone, Basalt
    • SOIL SERIES   Bellpine Series–     –Dixonville Series–     –Goodin Series–    
      • Jory Series–     Willamette Series–     –Woodburn Series
  • CLIMATE- Maritime With Mediterranean Influence, +DIURNAL SHIFTS(+30°)
  • VITICULTURE- 36,000 ac./ 1,332 acPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers- Coeur de Terre(E.), Coleman, Cyrus Montazi, Eyrie, Highland, J Wrigley, Maysara Kelly Fox, Meredith Mitchell, R. Stuart & Co.(Sparkling), Yamhill Valley(E.), Youngberg Hill
    • Vineyards- Bass Hill, Brittan, Coleman, Eyrie, Hyland, Momtazi, Montazi, Wilson, Youngberg Hill “Estate“(Jordan/ Aspen Block)
  • HISTORY- 1965 @McMinnville– First Planting of Pinot Noir In Willamette Valley at Eyrie Vineyards.
  • CULTURE- FESTIVALS~ ~International Pinot Noir Celebration~ (July/ McMinnville)

EOLA-AMITY HILLS*AVA.     @Amity

  • WHITE= Chardonnay 5%, Pinot Grigio 4%, Albarino, Muscat Ottonel, Riesling, Viognier
  • RED= Pinot Noir 75%, Gamay, Syrah
  • GEOGRAPHY- Oregon, REGION-Willamette Valley AVA., COUNTY-Yamhill
    • @Hw.#22/ #99W/ #153/ #221, Boundary of AVA. Designated by Altitude
    • Sub-Zones– VAN DUZER CORRIDOR– Break In Coast Mountain Range Near Temperance Hill.  This Allows Cool Oceans Winds to Flow Inland.
  • TOPOGRAPHY- “Rolling/ Hilly/ Terrace”, SLOPES/ ?, +Alt.200ft.-900ft., On~Willamette~River~
    • SLOPES/ Coast Range/ Amity Hills(North), Eola Hills(Central), Salem Hills(South)
    • GAP/ Van Duzer Corrior, Gap In Coast Mountain Range
  • SOILS- “Metamorphic”, Volcanic ”Sedimentary”, Basalt, Lava, Deposits, Marine Sediment
    • SOIL SERIES –Bellpine Series–     –Dupe Series–     –Hazelair Series–     –Jory Series
      • Nekia Series–     –Ritner Series–    –Willakenzie Series–     –Willamette Series
      • Yamhill Series
  • CLIMATE- “Maritime, +WIND/ Van Duzer
  • VITICULTURE- 40,000 ac./1,314 acPlanted
  • VINICULTURE- FLOR/ Saccharomyces
    • Estate/ Producers- Amity Vineyard*(E.), Bethel Heights(50ac.), Bjornson Helioterra, Brooks, Bryn Mawr, Cherry Hill(E.), La Chenaie, Cristom(E.), Cubanisimo, Drouhin, Dukes, Erickson, Evening Lands, Evesham Wood, Grochau, IOTA, Kathken(E.), Keller Authentique, Lavinea, Lingua Franca, Methven, Orchard Heights(E.), Panther Creek, Redhawk(E.), Salam Wine, St. Innocent Zenith, Strangeland, Walter Scott, Witness Tree(E.), Zena Crown
    • Vineyards- Beize, Bjorn, Bunker Hill, Canary Hill, Carter, Clos des Oiseaux, Cristom’s, Crowley, Dubay, Eileen, Elton, Emerson, Eola Springs, Greenwood, Ingram lane, Jeffrey’s, Jerusalem Hill, Jessie, Justice, Legacy, Lazy River, Lone Star, Louise, LS, Madrona, Marjorie, Nuthouse, Oehsen, Orchard Fold, Pelos Sandberg, Poco, Roserock, Sandburg, Schindler, Seven Springs, Spirit Hill, Stangeland, Sunny Mountain, Temperance Hill, Three Tree, X Novo, Zena Crown(115 ac./48 Blocks), Zenith, Zephirine

VAN DUZER CORRIDOR AVA.     @Dallas

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Pinot Blanc, Pinot Gri, Riesling, Sauvignon Blanc, Viognier
  • RED= Gamay, Pinot Noir, Syrah
  • GEOGRAPHY- Oregon, REGION-Willamette Valley AVA., COUNTY-Polk,  @Hw.#22
    • East of Salem-City(8mi.), West of Eola-Amity Hills AVA.,  Sub-Zones- Salt Creek
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly, SLOPES/ Coast Mountain Range, +Alt.250 ft.
    • ~Van Duzer Corridor~ Gap- 800ft. “Gap” In the 3,000ft. Coast Mountain Range.
    • ~Holmes Gap~ Gap at the End of the Corridor Which Funnels Breezes to a Small Section of Vineyards.
  • CLIMATE- Maritime, With Mediterranean Influence, +Diurnal Shifts(+35°),  +WIND/ Van Duzer
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Marine, Loams, Silt, Uplifted Basalt,   –Bellpine Series
  • VITICULTURE- 59,871 ac./ 1,000 acPlanted,   2019 AVA.Officially Established
  • VINICULTURE- Flor (Naturally Occurring)
    • Estate/ Producers- Andante, Bjornson, Chateau Bianca, Division, Firesteed, Johan, Left Coast, Van Duzer Vineyards(83ac.)
    • Vineyards-(18) Andante ‘Estate’, Becken Ridge, Coelho, Cynthina, Dragonfly Creek, Famer Road, Firesteed, Flagpole, Havlin, Holmes Gap, Huntington Hill, Johan ‘Estate’, Left Coast ‘Estate‘, Namaste, Seabreeze, Trois, Van Duzer ‘Estate‘, Wake Robin, Westside Bowl

MOUNT PISGAH AVA. (Un-Official)    @

  • WHITE= Chardonnay
  • RED=  Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY- Oregon(North), Willamette Valley(Central), COUNTY-Polk
  • TOPOGRAPHY- FEATURESRolling/ Hilly
  • SOILS- Metamorphic
  • VITICULTURE- 5,550 ac./ ? Planted
    • Estate/ Producers- Illahe
    • Vineyards- Ash Creek, Croft, Erratic Oaks, Fern Creek, Freedom Hill

**Willamette Images Courtesy of “Delong Maps”, Purchase These Maps at Delongwine.com


SOUTHERN WILLAMETTE VALLEY*AVA. (Un-Official)     @Eugene

  • WHITE= Chardonnay 5%, Pinot Grigio 4%, Muscat, Riesling
  • RED= Pinot Noir, Gamay
  • GEOGRAPHY- Oregon, REGION-Willamette Valley AVA.(South), Area South of Albany
    • COUNTY-Lane (South of Benton County),  @Hw.#5, #126
    • CITIES-Coburg, Cottage Grove, Creswell, Junction City, Springfield, Veneta
    • Sub-Zones COTTAGE GROVE-(South) and 2 Fingers(North-East) of Eugene?
  • TOPOGRAPHY- “Flat/ Rolling/ Valley(Willamette)”, On~Willamette~River~
    • SLOPES/ Coastal Range(West) & Cascade Mountains(East)
  • CLIMATE- Maritime, Southern Valley is Warmer Than Northern Willamette Valley.
    • Estate/ Producers- Benton-Lane, High Pass, LaVelle, Kings Esate*(E./600 ac.), Lorane, Rainstorm
    • Vineyards- Broadley, Hinman
  • CULTURE-
    • ASSOCIATIONS~ ~South Willamette Wineries Association~
      • Mission~ Group of Vineyards, Wineries and Vintners That Are Passionate About Increasing the Awareness Visitation and Prestige of the South Willamette Wine Growing Region.


SOUTHERN OREGON*AVA.      @Medford/ Ashland

  • WHITE=   |    RED=   **Refer to AVA’s For Grape Information %
  • GEOGRAPHY– Oregon(South-West), LATITUDE: 42.3° ‘N’
    • COUNTIES: Douglas, Jackson, Josephine
    • Sub-Zones/ AVA’s: Umpqua Valley AVA., Rogue Valley AVA.
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly/ Valley(Applegate, Umpqua, Rogue, Bear Creek, Illinois)”
    • SLOPES/ Coast Mountain Range, On Fault-Line
    • On~Bear/ Applegate/ Illinois~Rivers~Tributaries~Rogue~River~
  • SOILS- Metamorphic“, “Sedimentary, Alluvial Terraces & Fans That Follow the Flow of the 4 Rivers.
  • CLIMATEContinental, Warmer/ Drier Than Willamette Valley/ Northern Oregon.
  • CULTUREASSOCIATIONS~ ~Southern Oregon Winery~

UMPQUA VALLEY AVA.    @Roseburg

  • WHITE= Albarino, Chardonnay, Gewurztraminer, Gruner Veltliner, Muscat, Pinot Blanc, Pinot Grigio, Riesling, Sauvignon Blanc, Semillon, Viognier
  • RED= Pinot Noir 21%, Baco Noir, Bastardo, Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Dolcetto, Graciano, Grenache, Malbec, Merlot, Syrah, Tannat, Tempranillo, Touriga Nacional
  • GEOGRAPHY– Oregon, REGION-Southern Oregon AVA., COUNTY-Douglas, LATITUDE: 43.2° ‘N’
    • West of Pacific Ocean(25mi.), South of Portland-City(150 mi.),  @Hw.#5/ #38/ #99
    • South of Willamette Valley AVA. & West of Rogue Valley AVA.,  (65 mi. Long/ 25 mi. Wide)
    • In Southern Oregon AVA.
    • CITIES– Canyonville, Drain, Elkton, Myrtle Creek, Oakland, Riddle, Roseburg, Sutherlin, Winston, Yancalla
    • Sub-Zones/ AVA.’s- Elkton AVA.(North-East), Red Hill Douglas AVA.(North-Central Interior)
      • TRI-CITIES– (Canyonville, Myrtle Creek, Riddle)(South-East)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling/ Valley(Umpqua)”
    • SLOPES/ “Convergence of ”  Coast Range(North-West), Siskiyou/ Klamath Mountains(South-West), Cascade Range(East), +Alt. (25 ft.-2,625 ft.) (Vines From 750 ft.-1,000 ft.)
      • On~Bridge/ South Umpqua~River~Tributary~Umpqua~River~
    • FAULT-LINE/ Klamath-Coastal-Fault
    • “Low-Lands” BETWEEN: Coastal Range(West), Cascades Range(East)
    • GEOLOGICAL UNITS-(5) Series of Interconnected Small Valleys With River Drainages
      • Siletz Terran(Uplifted Ocean Bottom)
      • Jurassic & Cretaceous Accretionary Complex
      • Umpqua Basin Turbidites- Eocene Age 35-45 MYA., Tertiary Uplifted Sea Floor of Sandstones & Shales)
      • Klamath Terrane– Accreted/ Sandstone, Shales, Basalts, Serpentine
      • Umpqua Terraces- Quaternary/ Gravelly With Silt Top Layers
      • Umpqua Formation- Alternating Sandstone and Shale Interfingering With Volcanic Rocks.
      • Tyee Formation- 20-30 MYA.,Formed Coast Range   Predominately Sandstones & Shales
  • SOILS=Metamorphic”, “Volcanic“, “Sedimentary, Marine Sediment, Sandstone
    • SOIL SERIES–     Bellpine Series–     –Dixonvill Series–     –Jory Series–     –Malabon Series
      • Nekia Series–     –Newberg Series–     –Nonparell Series–     –Oakland Series
      • Philomath Series–      –Roseburg Series–     –Sutherlin Series–     –Windygap Series
  • CLIMATE=Continental With Maritime Micro-Climates
    • Cooler In North Valley, Warming In South Valley.
    • RAIN SHADOW EFFECT/ Coast Mountain Range,   +DIURNAL SHIFTS(+35°)
  • VITICULTURE– 1,550 acPlanted,  40 Varieties
    • Estate/ Producers-(25) Abacela, Becker, Cooper Ridge, Delfino, Falk, Ferraro, Foon, Freed, Giradet, Glaser, Henry Estate, Hillcrest, Josephjane, Knostman, Meadow, Melrose, Misty Oaks, Monte Ferro, Mustard Seed, Nonchalant, Palotai, Paul O’Brien, Pazzo Collina, Reustle-Prayer Rock, Spangler, Spire Mountain, The Cellars at SOWI., Trella, Triple Oak, Wild Rose
    • Vineyards-(70) Cooper Ridge, Fault-Line Vineyard, Hillcrest, Hefeabzug, Khayams, Prayer Rock, Spangler, Whitetall Ridge
  • HISTORY– 1880 @Umpqua Valley– German Immigrants First Plant Grapevines.
    • 1984 @Umpqua ValleyAVA. is Officially Established
  • CULTURE–  ACADEMICS~  ~Southern Oregon Wine Institute~ Viticulture and Enology
    • PIONEERS~ ~Richard Sommer~ “Roseberg”, 1961, Planted First Pinot Noir Vineyards In Oregon.
      • ~Scott HenryDesigns His Trellising System In Umpqua Valley.
    • ASSOCIATIONS~ ~Umpqua Valley Winegrowers~
      • MissionNon-Profit Member Organization Dedicated to Promoting the Wineries and Vineyards Located in Douglas County. We Work Collaboratively to Produce Experiences and Event That Demonstrate the Quality and Diverse Variety of Wines Made In Our Appellation.
  • GOING THEREWINE TRAIL~ ~Umpqua Valley Wine Trail~
  • ELKTON AVA.     @Elkton
    • WHITE= Aligote, Chardonnay, Gewurztraminer, Pinot Gris, Riesling, Sauvignon Blanc
    • RED= Pinot Noir 42%, Baco Noir, Syrah
    • GEOGRAPHY– Oregon, REGION-Southern Oregon AVA., COUNTY-Douglas
      • In Southern Oregon AVA./ In Umpqua Valley AVA.(North-West)
      • @Hw.#138 & #38, LATITUDE: 43.63° ‘N’
      • South-West of Eugene-City(55 mi.), East of Pacific Ocean(25 mi.)
    • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly/ Terraces”, On~Umpqua~River~
      • SLOPES/ ?, River Terraces +Alt.150ft.-200ft., Hills- 1,000ft.
    • SOILS= Metamorphic”, “Volcanic“, ”Sedimentary
      • Generally From Middle Eocene Period…Basalt Sandstoen, Siltstone, Clay, Silt Loam
    • CLIMATE= Maritime, Coolest Area In Umpqua Valley, +Afternoon Breezes, +Rain
    • VITICULTURE– 121 acPlanted
      • Estate/ Producers– Anindor, Bradley, Brandborg, Eponymous, Lexeme, River’s Edge
      • Vineyards– Base Line Bradley, Branders, Vintage Farms
    • HISTORY2013 @ElktonAVA. is Officially Established
    • CULTURE–  PIONEERS~  ~Ken Thompson~ 1970’s, Planted Vineyard In Elkton.
  •  RED HILL DOUGLAS*AVA.     @Yoncalla
    • WHITE= Chardonnay, Gewurztaminier, Pinot Blanc, Pinot Gri, Reisling
    • RED= Cabernet Sauvignon, Pinot Noir, Syrah, Tempranillo
    • GEOGRAPHY– Oregon, REGION-Southern Oregon AVA., COUNTY-Douglas
      • In Umpqua Valley AVA.,  @Hw.#5,  LATITUDE: 43.6° ‘N’
      • South of Yoncalla-City(5 mi.)
    • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly”, SLOPES/ ?, +Alt.800ft.-1,200ft.
      • TOPOGRAPIC EVENT–  Siletz Terran(Uplifted Sea Floor)
    • SOILS= Metamorphic”, “Volcanic, Basalt, Silt, Clay, Loam
      • SOIL SERIES–    –Jory Series
    • VITICULTURE– 5,550 ac./ 530 acPlanted
      • Estate/ Producers– Sienna Ridge            –Vineyards– 19
    • HISTORY–   1876 @Red Hill-Douglas– Jesse Applegate Planted First Vineyard
      • 2004 @Red Hill-DouglasAVA. is Officially Established

**Umpqua Valley Images Courtesy of  Delong Maps, Purchase These Maps at Delongwine.com


ROGUE VALLEY*AVA.     @Medford

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Gewurztraminer, Marsanne, Muscat Canelli, Pinot Meunier, Pinot Gris, Roussanne, Riesling, Sauvignon Blanc, Verdejo, Vermentino, Viognier
  • RED= Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Carignane, Carmanere, Cinsaut, Dolcetto, Gamay, Garnacha, Malbec, Merlot, Mondeuse, Montepulciano, Mourvedre, Petit Verdot, Petite Sirah, Pinot Noir, Sangiovese, Syrah, Tempranillo, Teroldego, Zinfandel
  • GEOGRAPHY– Oregon, REGION-Southern Oregon AVA., COUNTIES-Jackson, Josephine, LATITUDE: 42.2* ‘N’
    • North of Klamath Mountains, West of Pacific Ocean(30 mi.), @Hw.#5/ #99/ #238
    • (70 Miles Long & 60 Miles Wide)
    • CITIES– Ashland, Jacksonville, Central Point, Medford, Phoenix, Talent
    • Sub-AVA’s: Bear Valley AVA., Applegate Valley AVA., Illinois Valley AVA.
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly/ Valley(Rogue)”, SLOPES/ Siskiyou Mountains, +Alt.1,400ft.-2,490ft.
    • Convergence of 3 Ranges: Klamath Mountains, Coastal Range, Cascades
    • GEOLOGICAL UNITS: 3,  3 Adjacent Valleys: Bear Creek, Applegate, Illinois
      • Sub-Zones-North Side, South Side, North Rogue Valley
    • On~Bear/ Applegate/ Illinois~Rivers~Tributaries~Rogue~River~
    • **Refer to “CLIMATE/ Altitudes” For Additional Information
    • VOLCANOS IN ROGUE– ~Mount Mclaughlin~ (Located Outside Rogue Valley)
  • CLIMATE= “Mediterranean WithContinental Influences, Warmest/ Oregon
    • Many Micro-Climates
  • SOILS= Metamorphic“, “Volcanic“, “Sedimentary, Clay, Loamy Soils
    • SOIL SERIES–     –Manita Series–     –Medford Series–     –Ruch Series–     –Takilma Series
  • VITICULTURE– 1.15 Million ac./ 4,000 acPlanted, (65% White/ 35% Red)
    • CHALLENGE– Spring/ Fall- Frost(Use of Wind Turbines Are Widespread)
  • VINICULUTRE
    • Estate/ Producers–  Bayer Family, Cliff Creek, Crater Lake, Del Rio, Folin, Foris, Griffin Creek, Kriselle, Leah Jorgensen, Ledger David, Upper Five, RoxyAnn, Weisingers’s
    • Vineyards– Crater View, Dancin, Deer Creek, Del Rio(1960’s/ 165ac.), Evans Creek, Féris, Folin, Jaxon, Off the Grid Cedar Ranch, Red Lily, Sam’s Valley, Yank Gulch(2,490 ft.)
  • HISTORY1840’s @Rogue River– First Vines Planted by European Immigrants.
  • CULTUREASSOCIATIONS~ ~Rogue Valley Winegrowers~
  • GOING THEREWINE TRAIL~ ~Upper Rogue Valley Wine Trail~
    • FESTIVALS~ ~Oregon Wine Experience~ (August)
      • ~Southern Oregon Grape Symposium~ (March)
      • ~Uncorked Tour~ (May)
    • AFTER DARK~ ~Rouge Grape Wine Bar~ (Medford)
  • SUB-ZONES Of ROGUE VALLEY NON-ASSOCIATED WITH AN AVA.
    • UPPER ROGUE VALLEY  AKA=Valle of the Rogue
      • Geography– Rouge Valley AVA.(North-East)
      • -Estate/ Producers-
    • JACKONVILLE
      • Geography– Rouge Valley AVA.(North-East)
      • -Estate/ Producers- Daisy Creek, DANCIN, Fences, Hummingbird, Relik, South Stage Cellers, Quady North

**Rogue Valley Images Courtesy of Delong Maps, Purchase These Maps at Delongwine.com


BEAR CREEK VALLEY AVA. (Un-Official)    @AshlandMedford

  • WHITE= Albarino, Chardonnay, Marsanne, Muscat Canelli, Pinot Gris, Sauvignon Blanc, Verdejo, Vermentino, Viognier
  • RED= Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Gamay, Malbec, Montepulciano, Mourvedre, Pinot Meunier, Pinot Noir, Sangiovese, Syrah, Tempranillo, Teroldego
  • GEOGRAPHY– Oregon, REGION-Southern Oregon AVA., LATITUDE: 42.3* ‘N’
    • COUNTY-Jackson, @Hw.#5/ #99, In Rogue Valley AVA.(North-East)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly/ Terrace/ Valley(Bear Creek)”
    • SLOPES/ Convergence of Siskiyou Mountains & Cascade Mountains
      • +Alt. ft.- ft., On~Bear~Creek~
  • CLIMATE= Mediterranean With Continental Influences, Warmest/ Rogue Valley
  • VITICULTURE– ?   acPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers– 2Hawk, Agate Ridge, Aurora Vines, Ashland, Belle Fiore*, Cliff Creek, Crater Lake, Dana Campbell*, Del Rio, Eden Vale, Folin, Griffin Creek, Grizzly Peak, Irvine & Roberts, Long Walk, Jaxon, Ladger David, Paschal, Pebblestone, Plat Anderson, Roxy Ann/ Velocity, Simple Machine, StoneRiver, Trium, Weisinger Family, Welsinger’s
    • Vineyards–  Gold Vineyard, Oasterhout
  • GOING THEREWINE TRAILS~ ~Bear Creek Wine Trail~

APPLEGATE VALLEY*AVA.    @Jacksonville

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Marsanne, Petite Sirah, Pinot Gri, Riesling, Roussanne, Sauvignon Blanc, Verdejo, Vermentino, Viognier
  • RED= Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Carmenere, Cinsaut, Garnacha, Merlot, Malbec, Mondeuse, Montepulciano, Mourvedre, Petit Verdot, Petite Sirah, Pinot Noir, Primitivo, Sangiovese, Syrah, Tempranillo, Tino Roriz, Zinfandel
  • GEOGRAPHY– Oregon, REGION-Southern Oregon AVA., @Hw.#238
    • COUNTY-Jackson, Josephine, In Rogue Valley AVA.,  LATITUDE:  42.25* ‘N’
    • Sub-Zones/ AVA.s.- Illinois Valley AVA., Kubli Bench
    • CITIES– Applegate, Murphy, Provost, Ruch,  (15 Miles Long)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly/ Terrace/ Valley(Applegate ‘Transverse’)”
    • SLOPES/ Siskiyou Mountains, +Alt.1,000ft.-2,000ft., On~Applegate~River~
    • GEOLOGICAL UNITS: 2
  • SOILS= Metamorphic“, “Sedimentary, Granite, Alluvial Fans/ Stream Terraces, Clays
  • CLIMATE= Mediterranean WithMaritime Influences, Warmest In Rogue Valley
  • VITICULTURE– 277.000 ac./ 721 acPlanted
    • CHALLENGE– Spring/ Fall- Frost(Use of Wind Turbines Are Widespread)
    • Estate/ Producers– (19) The Academy, Applegate Red, Augustino, Beaton Farm, Caprice, Champagne, Cowhorn(Bio-Dyn.), Cricket Hill, Devitt, Division, Jacksonville, Long Sword, Maloof, Maragas, Michael McAuley, Mondrone Mountain, Plasisance Ranch, Red Lily, Rosella’s, Schmidt Family, Schultz,  Serra, Soloro, Troon, Valley View*, Walport, Wooldridge Creek*(56ac.)
    • Vineyards– (28) Cricket Hill(12ac.), Layne(29ac.), Mac, Rosella’s, Serra, Soloro, Stepping Stone(24ac.), Stella, Steelhead, Terrabonne
  • CULTURE
    • PIONEERS~ ~Jesse Applegate~ 1870’s, Planted Vineyards In Yoncalla/ Umpqua Valley.
      • ~Peter Brix~ Viticulturist Who Planted First Vineyards In Applegate.
  • GOING THERE
    • WINE TRAIL~ ~Applegate Valley Trail~

ILLINOIS VALLEY AVA.     @Cave Junction

  • WHITE= Pinot Gris, Chardonnay, Gewurztraminer, Muscat, Pinot Blanc, Riesling
  • RED= Gamay, Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY– Oregon(South-West), REGION-Southern Oregon AVA., COUNTY-Josephine
    • In Applegate Valley AVA.(South-West), @Hw.#46/ #199, LATITUDE: 42.1* ‘N’
    • On~Pacific Ocean~(Near 15 Miles)
    • CITIES– Cave Auction, Kerby, Selma, Wilderville, Wonder
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Hilly/ Terrace/ Valley(llinois)”, +Alt.1,500ft.- 2,000ft.
    • SLOPES/ Coast Range(West), Klamath Mountains/ Siskiyou Mountains(South),
    • On~Illinois~River/ Deer Creek~
    • GEOLOGICAL UNITS: 2
  • SOILS= Metamorphic“, “Sedimentary, Alluvial Fans/ Stream Terraces
    • Sand, Silt, Bench Gravels, Glacial Moraines, Serpentine
  • CLIMATE= Mediterranean WithMaritime Influences, Coolest/ Rogue Valley
  • VITICULTURE–  450 acPlanted
    • Estate-Producers– Augustino, Deer Creek, Bridgeview, Foris(E.), Ovum
    • Vineyards– Gerber, LaFlamme, Maple Ranch, Stonefield, Twin Creeks, Villa Novia

COLUMBIA GORGE*South’  AVA.     @Hood River

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Chenin Blanc, Fiano, Falanghina, Gewurztraminer, Grunner Veltliner, Semillon, Viognier
  • RED= Barbera, Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc, Merlot, Pinot Noir, Syrah
  • GEOGRAPHY– Oregon(North-West), COUNTY-Hood River,@Hw.#35/ #84, LATITUDE: 45.7* ‘N’
    • West of Portland-City(80 mi.), BORDERS: Washington(Laps), Columbia Valley AVA.(East)
    • BETWEEN: Willamette Valley & Columbia Basin
    • Sub-Zones- Hood River,  Mosier Valley, Underwood
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly/ Terrace/ Valley(Columbia Gorge ‘Transverse’)”
    • SLOPES/ ?, +Alt.160ft.-1,069ft.
    • On~Columbia~River~(South), Where River Separates the Cascade Mountain Range.
  • SOILS=  “Metamorphic“, “Volcanic“, “Sedimentary
    • SOIL SERIES–   Bins-Bindle–     –Dallasport Series–     –Gunn Series–     –Oak Grove Series
    • **Refer to Columbia Valley ‘North’ For Additional  Information.
  • CLIMATE= Maritime WithContinental Influence
    • The Gorge Funnels Cool Air From the Pacific Ocean East Down the Columbia River.
  • VITICULTURE– 300 acPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers– Analemma, Cathedral Ridge, Cerulean, Hiyu, Idiot’s Grace, Marchesi, Mt. Hood, Naked, Ordeaux, Phelps Creek, Pheasant Valley, Phelps Creek(30 ac.), The Pines, Smockshop Band(Nat.Pro.), Quenett, Springhouse, Stave & Stone, Stoltz, Teutonic, Wy’East
    • Vineyards– Annala, Atavus, Bright Light, Broken Boulder, Garnier
  • **Refer to “WASHINGTON/ Columbia Valley “North”” For Additional Information.

**Columbia Gorge Images Courtesy of Delong Maps, Purchase These Maps at Delongwine.com


COLUMBIA VALLEY*AVA.      @Oregon

  • GEOGRAPHY– Oregon(North), REGION-Columbia Valley AVA., COUNTIES
    • BORDERS: Washington(Laps 70%)
  • VITICULTURE– ? acPlanted
    • Estate-Producers– Sunshine Mill
    • Vineyards– Dry Hollow, Echo West
  • **Refer to “COLUMBIA VALLEY/ Washington” For Detailed Information

WALLA WALLA*South’ AVA.    @Walla Walla

  • WHITE= Albarino, Chardonnay
  • RED= Cabernet Sauvignon 41%, Merlot 26%, Syrah 16%, Cabernet Franc 4% Aglianico, Barbera, Carmenere, Dolcetto, Montepulciano, Petit Verdot, Sagrantino
  • GEOGRAPHY– Oregon, REGION-Columbia Valley AVA., LATITUDE: 46* ‘N’
    • COUNTY-Walla Walla, BORDERS: Washington(Laps 70%)
    • CITIES– Free Water, Milton
    • Sub-Zones/ AVA.– The Rocks District AVA.
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly/ Valley(Walla Walla)”
    • SLOPES/ Palouse Mts, Blue Mountains, Van Sickle Ridge, +Alt.500 ft.-2,000 ft.
    • On~Walla-Walla/ Snake~River~Tributary~Columbia~River~
    • Basin 30-Miles Wide Running East-West Across Valley
    • Wallula Gap– Where Walla Walla and Columbia Rivers Converge
  • SOILS= Metamorphic“, “Sedimentary, Loess, Silt Loam,   –Free Water Series
  • CLIMATE=Desert” With Continental Influences
  • VITICULTURE– 1,200 ac., Planted, 95% Red/ 5% White
    • 30% of Land Acres Are In Oregon, But 43% of the Vineyards Acres.
    • CHALLENGES– Extreme Winter Cold/ Freeze
  • VINICULTURE
    • Estate/ Producers– Basel, Spotford Station, Two Vinters, Zebra
    • Vineyards– Alderbanks, Birch Crest, Bob Healy, Castillo de Feliciana, Cockburn, Cougar Mill, Dad’s, Dugger Creek, Ferguson, Foothills, Garrison Creek, Margaret’s, McClellan, McQueen, Nostra Tierra, Octave, Powerline, Rock Bottom, Serra Pedace, Seven Hills(200ac.), Siren Song, Southwind, Stellar, Stone Valley, Summit View, Windrow, XL
  • **Refer to “WASHINGTON/ Walla Walla “North”” For Additional Information

ROCK DISTRICT*AVA.     @MiltonFreewater

  • WHITE= Chardonay, Marsane, Roussanne, Viognier
  • RED= Syrah 45%, Cabernet Sauvignon 24%, Alicante, Barbera, Cabernet Franc, Garnacha, Malbec, Merlot, Mourvedre, Tempranillo, Tinta Cao
  • GEOGRAPHY– Oregon(North-East), REGION-Columbia Valley AVA., COUNTY-Umatilla
    • In Walla Walla AVA.(South), @Hw.#11
    • BORDERS: Washington(North), LATITUDE: 45.9* ‘N’
    • Sub-Zones-  ? South-East of Rocks AVA.
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”,  SLOPES/ Blue Mountains, +Alt.? ft.-840ft.
    • On~Walla Walla~River~, GEOLOGICAL UNITS: 1
  • SOILS=Metamorphic“, “Volcanic“, “Sedimentary, Loess
      • Alluvial Fan of Basalt Cobbles 200 Feet Deep, Only AVA. Defined Strictly by Soils.
    • SOIL SERIES–  Free Water Series Deep, Well Drained Basalt Cobblestones Up Size of Basketballs.
  • CLIMATE= Desert With Continental Influence
  • VITICULTURE– 3,767 ac./ 384 acPlanted
    • CHALLENGES– Extreme Winter Cold/ Freeze
  • VINICULTURE
    • Estate/ Producers– Ardor, Balboa, Buty, Cayuse, Delmas, Don Carlo, Dusted Valley, Force Majeure, Saviah Cellars, Sleight of Hand, Watermill(E.), Zerba
    • Vineyards– Armada, Cailloux, Cougar Crest, En Cerise, Eidolon, Fillies & Mares, Funk Estate, Larry’s, Monette’s, Noble Rock, Old Stone, Riviere Galets, La Paciencia, Rasa, Riviere Galets, RockGarden, SeVein, SJR, Stone Valley, Stoney Vine, Sunnyside, Sur Echalas, Tribe, Yellow Jacket, Waliser, Watermill, White Space, Winesap(200ac.)
  • CULTURE
    • PIONEERS~ ~Christophe Baron~ First Saw the Potential In a Alluvial Fan of Stones In Southern Walla Walla Which Would Later Become the Rocks District AVA..

**Walla Walla Images Courtesy of Delong Maps, Purchase These Maps at Delongwine.com


SNAKE RIVER VALLEY ‘West’ AVA.      @Oregon

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Riesling
  • RED= Cabernet Franc, Cinsaut, Connuise, Lemberger, Malbec, Merlot, Syrah
  • GEOGRAPHY– Oregon(East), BORDERS: Idaho(Laps), COUNTIES-Baker, Malheur
    • CITIES–       , LATITUDE: 43.6* ‘N’
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling/ Valley(Snake River)”
    • On~Snake~River~Tributary~Columbia~River~
    • SLOPES/ Mallowa Mountains, +Alt. ft.-3,400ft.
    • Rift Valley On West End of Snake River Plain
    • Topographic Sub-Zones- Alluvial Terraces         Flat Basin
  • SOILS=Metamorphic“, “Sedimentary, Sediments From Ancient Lake Idaho
  • CLIMATE= Continental
  • VITICULTURE– 1,800 ac. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers– Motherlode Cellars
    • Vineyards


**Refer to “BIBLIOGRAPHY/ Sources” For Details On Scholarly Works Referenced.