🇦🇺AUSTRALIA


AUSTRALIA IS  States6     Zones– 65        GI’s– ?    @Canberra

  • WHITE= Chardonnay 15%, Arneis, Biancone, Chenin Blanc, Cygne Blanc(Indigenous), Falanghina, Fiano, Friulano, Garganega, Grechetto, Glera, Greco, Grechetto, Grillo, Marsanne, Muscat Blanc a Petits Grain, Palomino, Pedro Ximenez, Pecorino, Ribolla Gialla, Riesling, Sauvignon Blanc, Semillon, Tarrango(Indigenous), Tokay AKA=Muscadelle, Trebbiano, Verdelho, Verdicchio, Verduzzo, Vermentino, Zibibbo, Viognier
  • RED= Shiraz 28%, Aglianico, Aleatico, Barbera, Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Cienna(Indigenous), Cinsault AKA=Black Prince, Dolcetto, Grenache, Lagrein, Lambrusco(Maestri), Malbec, Mammolo, Marzemino, Merlot, Montepulciano, Mourvedre, Nebbiolo, Nero d’Avola, Pinot Noir, Sagrantino, Sangiovese, Tarrango(Indigenous), Tempranillo, Teroldego, Tyrian(Indigenous), Uva di Troia

GEOGRAPHY HEMISPHERE-Southern, REGION-Oceania, COUNTRY-Australia

  • Sub-Zones- Western Australia, South Australia, Victoria, New South Wales
  • Oceania- Geographic Region Comprised of 14 Countries Including But Not Limited to…Australia, Fiji, Micronesia, New Zealand, New Guinea, Somoa, Tonga.

TOPOGRAPHY Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous

SOILS Metamorphic, Volcanic, Sedimentary

  • **Refer to “AUSTRALIA/ Sub-Chapters” For Detailed Information On Soils
  • **Refer to “TERROIR/ Geology & Soil” For Detailed Information On Soils

CLIMATE Continental With Mediterranean Influences/ Micro Climates

  • Summers– Dry, Hot   |    Winters– Cold, Wet

VITICULTURE#7 In Grape Production & #9 In Wine Consumption In World

  • Modernized In 70’s to Become Technologically Innovative, Consumer Oriented, Internationally Completive.
  • Majority of Vineyards Planted With a Few Hour Drive of Cooler Southern Coast.
  • *Generally– Reliable, Sun-Drenched, Fruit Forward Wines
  • Sticky- Generic Australian Name For High Alcohol, Late Harvest & Botrytis Wine, Sweet Dessert Wine That Are Viscose and Syrupy
    • ~Etymology~ Sticky…Referring to the Residue Left if Spilled

VINICULTURE

  • 80% Machine Harvest
  • 2,000 Wineries= 94% of Production from:
    • Fosters– Lindemans, Rosemounts, Penfolds
    • Constellation– Hardy, Banrock Station, Casella- Yellow Tail
    • Pernod Ricard– Orlando, Jacob Creek, Wyndham Estates

HISTORY

  • 1788 @Sydney Captain Arthur Phillips Landed In Botony Bay With Wine Cuttings.
  • 1836 @New South Wales Viticulture Introduced by ?
  • 1880 @Murray River Irrigation Project Brought Solution. 70%+ Use Irrigation
  • 1960 @Australia History and Culture of Fortified Wine AKA=Stickies.
  • 1990’s @Australia History of Cheap Bulk Wines.

CULTURE

  • ASSOCIATIONS~ ~Wine Australia~
    • Mission~ Supports a Prosperous Australian Grape and Wine Community by Investing In Research and Development.
  • ASSOCIATIONS~ ~Australian Wine Research institute~ AWRI.
    • Mission~ Research In Viticulture, Winemaking, Sustainable Wine Growing and Research Projects.
  • PIONEERS~ ~German Settlers~ Brought Shiraz Cutting to Barossa in 1850’s.
    • ~Brian Croser~ Australia Dedicated to Improving Australia Wine.
    • ~Len Evans~ Australia Winemaker, Promoter, Judge, Teacher.
    • ~Max Schubert~ Australia Winemaker and Creator of Grange Hermitage.
    • ~Christopher Penfolds~ & ~Henry Linderman~ Two Doctors Who Came to Australia In 1840’s to Distill Grapes For Medicine Purposes End Up Being Pioneers That Help Develop Australia’s Wine History.
  • FOUNDING FAMILIES~ Arrived In 1830’s and 1840’s
    • Lindeman (1843)          Pendfold (1844)
    • Orlando (1847)               Yalumba (1849)
  • GASTRONOMY Shrimp On The Barbi, Steak

GOING THERE

  • TOP AUSTRALIA WINE REGION
    • CRITERIA History, Culture, Magnitude, Quality, Terroir, Diversity In Wine, Wine Tourism, Personal Preference
      1. Barossa Valley GI., South Australia
      2. Margaret River GI., Western Australia
      3. Hunter Valley GI., New South Wales
      4. McLaren Vale GI., South Australia
      5. Tasmania, New South Wales
      6. Claire Valley GI., South Australia

AUSTRALIA WINE LAW & CLASSIFICATION

  • GOVERNING BODY–  ~Wine Australia~ Wine & Brandy Corporation
    • That Maintains Oversight of Wine Industry, Regulating Label and Defining Geographic Boundaries and Wine Region.
  • LAWS GOVERNING-
    • Label Requirement- Varietal+85%, Region+85%, Vintage+85%
    • +BLENDS/  Must be Labeled In Order of Proportion In Blend
  • VINICULTURE- +BLENDED/ Different Regions
  • APPELLATION SYSTEM  ~Geographical IndicationGI.
    • States/ Zone/ Regions/ Sub-Zones(All Must Be Contiguous Track of Land Comprising of 5 Independently Own Vineyards of at Least 5 Hectares Each.)

GEOGRAPHIC DISCLAIMER~ To Understand the Wine World and Benefit From DtheV.com a Understanding of Australia’s Geography is Needed and the Ability to Visualize Its Wine Regions Topography.  Australia is Organized In a North to South, / East to West Orientation and Intended to Be Researched and Memorized as So.


  • SUB-CHAPTERS Of AUSTRALIA
    • Western Australia
    • South Australia
    • Victoria
    • New South Wales
  • **Refer to These Sub-Chapters For Detailed Information


**Refer to “BIBLIOGRAPHY/ SOURCES” For Details On Scholarly Works Referenced.