🇦🇺AUSTRALIA


AUSTRALIA IS    States6      “Zones65        GI’s– ?    @Canberra

  • WHITE= Chardonnay 15%, Arneis, Biancone, Chenin Blanc, Cygne Blanc(Indigenous), Falanghina, Fiano, Friulano, Garganega, Grechetto, Glera, Greco, Grechetto, Grillo, Marsanne, Muscat Blanc a Petits Grain, Palomino, Pedro Ximenez, Pecorino, Ribolla Gialla, Riesling, Sauvignon Blanc, Semillon, Tarrango(Indigenous), Tokay AKA=Muscadelle, Trebbiano, Verdelho, Verdicchio, Verduzzo, Vermentino, Zibibbo, Viognier
  • RED= Shiraz 28%, Aglianico, Aleatico, Barbera, Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Cienna(Indigenous), Cinsault AKA=Black Prince, Dolcetto, Grenache, Lagrein, Lambrusco(Maestri), Malbec, Mammolo, Marzemino, Merlot, Montepulciano, Mourvedre, Nebbiolo, Nero d’Avola, Pinot Noir, Sagrantino, Sangiovese, Tarrango(Indigenous), Tempranillo, Teroldego, Tyrian(Indigenous), Uva di Troia

GEOGRAPHY HEMISPHERE-Southern, REGION-Oceania, COUNTRY-Australia

  • Sub-Zones- Western Australia, South Australia, Victoria, New South Wales
  • Oceania- Geographic Region Comprised of 14 Countries Including But Not Limited to…Australia, Fiji, Micronesia, New Zealand, New Guinea, Somoa, Tonga.

TOPOGRAPHY “Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous”

SOILS Metamorphic”, ”Volcanic”, ”Sedimentary

  • **Refer to “AUSTRALIA/ Sub-Chapters” For Detailed Information On Soils
  • **Refer to “TERROIR/ Geology & Soil” For Detailed Information On Soils

CLIMATEContinental WithMediterranean Influences/ Micro Climates

  • Summers– Dry, Hot   |    Winters– Cold, Wet

VITICULTURE#7 In Grape Production & #9 In Wine Consumption In World

  • Modernized In 70’s to Become Technologically Innovative, Consumer Oriented, Internationally Completive.
  • Majority of Vineyards Planted With a Few Hour Drive of Cooler Southern Coast.
  • *Generally– Reliable, Sun-Drenched, Fruit Forward Wines
  • Sticky- Generic Australian Name For High Alcohol, Sweet Dessert Wine That Are Viscose and Syrupy
    • ~Etymology~ Sticky…Referring to the Residue Left if Spilled

VINICULTURE

  • 80% Machine Harvest
  • Stickies- Name For Late Harvest & Botrytis Wine
  • 2,000 Wineries= 94% of Production from:
    • Fosters– Lindemans, Rosemounts, Penfolds
    • Constellation– Hardy, Banrock Station, Casella- Yellow Tail
    • Pernod Ricard– Orlando, Jacob Creek, Wyndham Estates

HISTORY

  • 1788 @Sydney– Captain Arthur Phillips Landed In Botony Bay With Wine Cuttings.
  • 1836 @New South Wales– Viticulture Introduced by ?
  • 1840 @Christopher Penfolds & Henry Linderman- Two Doctors Who Came to Australia to Distill Grapes for Medicine Purposes End Up Being Pioneers That Help Develop Australia’s Wine History.
  • 1880 @Murray River– Irrigation Project Brought Solution..70%+Irrigation
    • Drip Irrigation= Deficit Irrigation=
  • 1960 @Australia– History and Culture of Fortified Wine AKA=Stickies.
  • 1990’s @Australia– History of Cheap Bulk Wines.

CULTURE

  • ASSOCIATIONS~  ~Wine Australia~
  • PIONEERS~ ~German Settlers~ Brought Shirz Cutting to Barossa in 1850’s
    • ~Brian Croser~Australia” Dedicated to Improving Australia Wine
    • ~Len Evans~ “Australia” Winemaker, Promoter, Judge, Teacher
    • ~Max Schubert~ “Australia” Winemaker and Creator of Grange Hermitage
  • FOUNDING FAMILIES~ Arrived In 1830’s and 1840’s
    • Lindeman (1843)          Pendfold (1844)
    • Orlando (1847)               Yalumba (1849)
  • GASTRONOMY Shrimp On “The Barbi”, Steak

AUSTRALIA WINE LAW & CLASSIFICATION

  • GOVERNING BODY-  ~Wine Australia~ Wine & Brandy Corporation That Maintains Oversight of Wine Industry, Regulating Label and Defining Geographic Boundaries and Wine Region.
  • LAWS GOVERNING
    • Label Requirement- Varietal+85%, Region+85%, Vintage+85%
    • +BLENDS/  Must be Labeled In Order of Proportion In Blend
  • VINICULTURE- +BLENDED/ Different Regions
  • APPELLATION SYSTEM  ~Geographical IndicationGI.
    • States/ Zone/ Regions/ Sub-Zones(All Must Be Contiguous Track of Land Comprising of 5 Independently Own Vineyards of at Least 5 Hectares Each.)

GEOGRAPHIC DISCLAIMER: “To Understand the Wine World and Benefit From DtheV.com a Understanding of Australia’s Geography is Needed and the Ability to Visualize Its Wine Regions Topography.  Australia is Organized In a North to South, / East to West Orientation and Intended to Be Researched and Memorized as So.”


  • SUB-CHAPTERS Of AUSTRALIA
    • Western Australia
    • South Australia
    • Victoria
    • New South Wales
  • **Refer to These Sub-Chapters For Detailed Information


**Refer to “BIBLIOGRAPHY/ SOURCES” For Details On Scholarly Works Referenced