🇦🇺 WESTERN AUSTRALIA State


WESTERN AUSTRALIA IS  Zones–  5     GI.’s- 15     @Perth

  • WHITE= Chardonnay 16%, Sauvignon Blanc 14%, Sémillon 10%, Chenin Blanc, Gewurztraminer, Harslevelu, Pedro Ximenez, Riesling, Verdelho, Viognier
  • RED= Cabernet Sauvignon 21%, Shiraz 16%, Merlot 6%, Cabernet Franc, Garnacha, Graciano, Petit Verdot, Pinot Noir, Teroldego, Tempranillo, Teroldego, Touriga National, Zinfandel

GEOGRAPHY Australia(South-West), STATE-West of South Australia

  • Zones- Central Western ‘Zone‘, Eastern Plains ‘Zone‘, Greater Perth ‘Zone‘, South-East Coastal ‘Zone“, South-West Australia ‘Zone
  • GI’s- Albany GI., Blackwood Valley GI., Denmark GI., Frankland River GI., Geographe GI., Great Southern GI., Manjimup GI., Margaret River GI., Mt. Barker GI., Peel GI., Perth Hills, GI., Pemberton GI., Porongurup GI., Swan District GI., Swan Valley GI.

TOPOGRAPHY “Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly”

  • On~Indian~Ocean~(West),  On~Southern~Ocean~(South)

VITICULTURE 8,900 ha. Planted

SOILSMetamorphic” Granite, “Sedimentary” Sandy, Loams, Clay, Limestone

CLIMATE  ”Maritime” With “Mediterranean” Influences, ”Continental”(Inland)



GREATER PERTH Zone   GI.’s- 4      @Lancelin

  • WHITE=   |   RED= **Refer to GI.’s For Grape Variety Information
  • GEOGRAPHY– Australia, STATE-Western Australia(South-West), ZONE-Greater Perth, LATITUDE– 31° ‘S’
    • Sub-Zones- Swan District GI., Swan Valley GI.
    • BORDERS: South-West Australia“Zone”(South),  Central Western Australia“Zone”(South-East),  @Hw.#1
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”

SWAN DISTRICT GI.      @Gingin

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Chenin Blanc, Verdelho
  • RED= Cabernet Sauvignon, Shiraz
  • GEOGRAPHY– Australia, STATE-Western Australia, ZONE-Greater Perth(South),  @Hw.#1
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly”, On~Coast/ Indian~Ocean~
    • SLOPES/ Darling Range, +Alt. 45mt.
  • SOILS= “Metamorphic“, “Sedimentary”, Alluvial
  • CLIMATE= “Maritime” With “Mediterranean“, INFLUENCED: Indian Ocean
    • Summers– Hot, Dry   |   Winters– Cold, Wet
  • VITICULTURE– 800 ha. Planted
  • VINICULTUREFortified
    • Estates/ Producers– Houghton, John Kosovich, Sandalford
  • SWAN VALLEY GI.     @
    • WHITE= Chardonnay, Chenin Blanc, Verdelho, Vermentino
    • RED= Cabernet Sauvignon, Sangiovese, Shiraz, Tempranillo, Zinfandel
    • GEOGRAPHY– Australia, STATE-Western Australia, ZONE-Greater Perth,  @Hw.#35
      • In Swan District GI.(South-East)
    • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Valley(Swan)”, On~Swan~River~
    • VITICULTURE– ? ha. Planted
      • Estates/ Producers– Ambrook, Baxter Stokes, Black Swan, Corymbia, Faber, Henley Park, Houghton, Jane Brook, Mann, Oakover, Pinelli, Riverbank, Talijancich

PERTH HILLS GI.      @Serpentine

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Chenin Blanc, Gewurztraminer, Harslevelu, Pedro Ximenez, Semillon, Verdelho, Viognier
  • RED= Shiraz, Barbera, Cabernet Sauvignon, Graciano, Grenache, Malbec, Merlot, Mourvedre, Petit Verdot, Pinot Noir, Touriga National, Zinfandel
  • GEOGRAPHY– Australia, STATE-Western Australia, Greater Perth”Zone“, LATITUDE: 31° ‘S’
    • East of Perth-City(   km.)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly”, SLOPES/ Darling Range, +Alt.150 mt.-400 mt.
  • SOILS= “Metamorphic“, “Sedimentary”, Ironstone, Gravel, Sandy-Loam, Clay
  • CLIMATE= “Mediterranean” With “Maritime” Influences
  • VITICULTURE– 250 ha. Planted,  (White 46%/ Red 54%)
    • Estates/ Producers-(22) Aldersyde, Beltana, Carosa, Darlington, Hainault, Kyotmunga, Lion Mill, McCuskers, Myaattfield(Sparkling), Walsh Family, Western Range, Windshaker Ridge,

PEEL GI.      @Mundaring

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Chenin Blanc, Semillon, Verdelho, Viognier
  • RED= Shiraz, Cabernet Sauvignon, Grenache, Merlot, Mourvedre, Nebbiolo, Petit Verdot, Sangiovese, Souzao, Tempranillo
  • GEOGRAPHY– Australia, STATE-Western Australia, ZONE-Greater Perth, LATITUDE: 32° ‘S’
    • South-East of Perth-City(    km.)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly”, On~Coast/ Indian~Ocean~
    •  On Darling Plateau/ +Alt. 290mt.
  • SOILS= “Metamorphic“, “Sedimentary”, Clay, Limestone
  • CLIMATE= “Maritime” With “Mediterranean“, INFLUENCED– Indian Ocean
  • VITICULTURE– 200 ha. Planted,   (White 61%/ Red 39%)
    • Estates/ Producers– Amarillo, Cape Bouvard, Drakesbrook, Emmetts Crossing, Peel Estate, Peel Ridge, Raven Wines, Stakehill, Tuart Ridge, Wandering Brook

**Images Courtesy of “Delong Maps”, Purchase These Wine Maps at Delongwine.com


SOUTH-WEST AUSTRALIA Zone  GI.s- 5  @

  • WHITE=   |   RED**Refer to GI.’s For Grape Variety Information
  • GEOGRAPHY– Australia, STATE-Western Australia(South-West), ZONE-South-West Australia
    • BORDERS: Greater Perth“Zone”(North), Central Western Australia“Zone”(North-East)
    • GI.sBlackwood Valley GI., Geographe GI., Manjimup GI., Margaret River GI., Pemberton GI.
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly”
  • SOILS= “Metamorphic” Granite, “Sedimentary” Sandy, Loams, Clay, Limestone
  • CLIMATE= ”Continental”(North) ”Maritime“(South)

MARGARET RIVER GI.     @Margaret River

  • WHITE= Sauvignon Blanc 21%, Sémillon 17%, Chardonnay 17%, Chenin Blanc, Fragola, Moscato, Riesling, Roussanne, Verdelho, Vermentino
  • RED= Cabernet Sauvignon 20%, Shiraz 14%, Merlot 6%, Cabernet Franc, Camelian, Malbec, Petit Verdot, Ruby Cabernet, Tannat, Tempranillo, Teroldego, Zinfandel
  • GEOGRAPHY– Australia, STATE-Western Australia“State”, ZONE-South-West Australia, @Hw.#10
    • South of  Perth-City(300km.), (100km. Long & 27km. Wide)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly”, SLOPES/ Leeuwin-Naturaliste Ridge
    • On~Wilyabrup~Creek~Tributary~Margaret~River~, BORDERS: Oceans On 3 Sides
    • On~Coast/ Geographe Bay/ Indian~Ocean~
    • BETWEEN: Cape Nautilus & Cape Lewelin(100km.)
  • SOILS= “Metamorphic“, “Sedimentary”, Granite, Gneiss Soils, Gravel, Loam
  • CLIMATE= “Maritime” With ”Mediterranean” Influences, Micro Climates
  • VITICULTURE– 425,500 ha./ 5,850 ha. Planted, (White 47%/ Red 53%)
    • CHALLENGES– Salty Spring Winds Effect Yields 
  • VINICULTURE– Wines Produced In Margaret River Are Said to Show High Salinity
    • Estates/ Producers– Arlewood, Brookland, Clairault, Cloudburst, Cullen, Deep Woods(32ha.), Devil’s Lair, Driftwood, Evans & Tate, Fermoy, Flametree, Franklin Tate, Gralyn, Humelin Bay, Leeuwin, McHenry Hohnen, Moss Wood, Pierro, Robert Oatley, Si Vintners(Nat.Pro.), Snake + Herring, Stella Bella, Thompson, Vasse Felix, Vivacious, Voyager, Walsh & Son, Wildberry, Woodlands, Woodside, Xanadu
    • Vineyards– Burnside, Five Ashes, Prelude, Woodlands Brook
  • CULTURE
    • PIONEERS~  ~John Gladstones~ “Father of Margaret River Viticulture”, Author- Wine Terroir and Climate Change.
      • ~Tom Cullity~ “1967″, Founded Vasse Felix Winery
  • GOING THERE- WINE TRAIL~ ~Tom Cullity Wine Trail~
  • SUB-ZONES Of MARGARET RIVER
    • CARBUNUP
      • Estates/ Producers
    • KARRIDALE
      • Estates/ Producers–  Higher Plane
    • TREETON
      • Estates/ Producers
    • WALLCLIFFE
      • Estates/ Producers–  Cap Mentelle
    • WILYBRUP
      • Estates/ Producers–  Cullen, Fraser Gallop, Houghton, Juniper, Larry Cherubino, Vasse Felix, Woodlands
    • YALLINGUP
      • Estates/ Producers

GEOGRAPHE GI.     @Bunbury

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Chenin Blanc, Sauvignon Blanc, Semillon, Verdejo
  • RED= Barbera, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Shiraz, Tempranillo, Zinfandel
  • GEOGRAPHY– Australia, STATE-Western Australia, ZONE-South-West Australia,  @Hw.#1
    • VILLAGES-Busselton, Capel, Collie, Donnybrook
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling”, SLOPES/ Darling Range, +Alt?
    • On~Coast/ Geographe Bay/ Indian Ocean~
  • CLIMATE– “Maritime” With “Mediterranean
  • VITICULTURE– ? ha. Planted,  (White 38%/ Red 62%)
    • Estates/ Producers– Angelicus, Barrecas, Barton Jones, Oakway, Capel Vale, Bonking Frog, Ferfuson Falls, Fifth Estate, Green Door, Mazza, Oakway, Thomson Brook Vasse River, Willow Bridge
  • SUB-ZONES Of GEOGRAPHE
    • CAPEL
      • Estates/ Producers
    • BUSSELTON
      • Estates/ Producers
    • HARVEY
      • Estates/ Producers
    • DONNYBROOK
      • Estates/ Producers
    • FERGUSON VALLEY
      • Estates/ Producers

BLACKWOOD VALLEY GI.     @Bridgetown

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc, Semillon, Viognier
  • RED= Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Shraz
  • GEOGRAPHY– Australia, STATE-Western Australia, ZONE-South-West Australia,  @Hw.#1 & 10
    • BORDERS: Geographe(North), Manjimup(South), South-East of Perth-City(240 km.)
    • VILLAGES– Boyup Brook, Bridgetown, Nannup
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Valley(Blackwood)”, +Alt.340 mt., On~Blackwood~River~
  • CLIMATE= “Mediterranean” With “Maritime” Influence
    • Summers– Dry, Hot   |   Winters– Wet, Cold
  • VITICULTURE– 450 ha. Planted,  (White 31%/ Red 69%)
    • Estates/ Producers– Blackwood, Hillille, Nannup Ridge, Shedleys, Tanglewood Vines, Wattle Ridge, Wild Orchid

MANJIMUP GI.     @Manjimup

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc, Semillon, Verdelho, Viognier
  • RED= Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Shiraz, Tempranillo, Zinfandel
  • GEOGRAPHY– Australia, STATE-Western Australia, ZONE-South-West Australia
    • South-East of Perth-City(340 km.)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling”, SLOPES/ ?, +Alt.200mt.-300mt.
  • SOILS= “Metamorphic“, “Sedimentary”, Red-Gravel Loam
  • CLIMATE= “Mediterranean” With “Maritime” Influence
  • VITICULTURE–  ? ha Planted,  (White 33%/ Red 67%)
    • Estates/ Producers– Stone Bridge

PEMBERTON GI.     @Pemberton

  • WHITE= Chardonny, Riesling, Sauvignon Blanc, Semillon
  • RED= Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Pinot Noir, Shiraz, Tempranillo
  • GEOGRAPHY– Australia, STATE-Western Australia, ZONE-South-West Australia
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling”, +Alt. 150 mt.-250  mt.
    • On~Coast/ Southern Ocean~(Near/   km.)
  • CLIMATE= “Maritime” With “Mediterranean”, INFLUENCED/ Indian Ocean(25 km.)
  • VITICULTURE–  ? ha. Planted
    • -Estates/ Producers- Bellarmine, Black George, Channybearup, Cherubino, Donnelly River, Larry Cherubino, Lillian, Rosenthal, Salitage, Silkwood, Smithbrook, Picardy, Tantemaggie


CENTRAL WESTERN AUSTRALIA Zone   @

  • WHITE=   |  RED**Refer to GI.’s For Grape Variety Information
  • GEOGRAPHY– Australia, STATE-Western Australia(South-West), ZONE-Central Western Australia
    • BORDERS: Greater Perth“Zone”(North-West), South West Australia“Zone”(South-West)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly”
  • SOILS= “Metamorphic“, “Sedimentary
  • CLIMATE= ”Continental


SOUTH-EAST COASTAL AUSTRALIA Zone”     GI.s6    @

  • WHITE=    RED**Refer to GI.’s For Grape Variety Information
  • GEOGRAPHY– Australia, STATE-Western Australia(South-West), ZONE-South-East Coastal Australia
    • GI.’s-  Albany GI., Denmark GI., Great Southern GI., Frankland River GI., Mt. Baker GI., Porongurup GI.
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly”
  • SOILS= “Metamorphic“, Granite, “Sedimentary“,  Sandy, Loams, Clay, Limestone
  • CLIMATE= ”Continental

GREAT SOUTHERN GI.     @Alabany

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Chenin Blanc, Gewurztraminer, Muller Thurgau, Muscat, Riesling, Sauvignon Blanc, Verdelho, Viogner
  • RED= Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Malbec, Merlot, Nebbiolo, Petit Verdot, Pinot Noir, Sangiovese, Shiraz, Tempranillo
  • GEOGRAPHY– Australia, STATE-Western Australia, ZONE-South-West Coastal, “Multi-Appellation”
    • Sub-Zones/ GI.s– Albany GI., Denmark GI., Frankland River GI., Mt. Barker GI., Porongurup GI.
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling”, On~Coast/ Southern Ocean~
  • CLIMATE= “Maritime” Influence by Southern Ocean
  • VITICULTURE– 1,500 ha. Planted, (White 40%/ Red 60%)
    • Estates/ Producers– Alkoomi, Frankland, Plantagenet, Wignalls
  • FRANKLAND RIVER GI.  (Un-Official)      @
    • WHITE= Chardonnay, Riesling, Viognier
    • RED= Malbec, Merlot, Petit Verdot
    • GEOGRAPHY– Australia, STATE-Western Australia, ZONE-South-West Coastal
      • In Great Southern GI.(North-West)
    • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling”, +Alt.200mt.-300mt., On~Frankland~River~
    • CLIMATE– “Continental” With “Maritime” Influences
    • VITICULTURE–  ? ha. Planted
      • Estates/ Producers– Alkoomi, Ferngrove, Frankland
  • DENMARK GI.  (Un-Official)     @Denmark
    • WHITE= Chardonnay, Chenin Blanc, Riesling, Sauvignon Blanc, Viognier
    • RED= Cabernet Franc, Merlot, Pinot Noir, Shiraz, Tempranillo
    • GEOGRAPHY– Australia, STATE-Western Australia, ZONE-South-West Coastal
      • In Great Southern GI.(South-West)
    • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”, On~Denmark~River~
    • CLIMATE= “Maritime” Influence by Southern Ocean
    • SOILS= “Metamorphic“, Laterite Over Granite, “Sedimentary” Alluvial Fans
    • VITICULTURE–  ? ha. Planted
      • Estates/ Producers– Matilda’s, Harewood, Moombaki, Singlefile, Silverstream, Willoughby Park, Yigarnia
  • MT. BARKER GI.   (Un-Official)     @Mount Baker
    • WHITE= Chardonnay, Chenin Blanc, Gewurztraminer, Muller Thurgau, Riesling
    • RED= Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Garnacha, Pinot Noir, Shiraz, Tempranillo
    • GEOGRAPHY– Australia, STATE-Western Australia, ZONE-South-West Coastal
      • In Great Southern GI.(Interior), BORDERS: Albany GI.(South),  @Hw.#30
    • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly”
    • CLIMATE– “Continental” With “Maritime” Influences
    • VITICULTURE– ?  ha. Planted
      • Estates/ Producers- Chatsfield, Fox River, Galafrey, Goundrey, Paul Nelson, Plantagenet, Trapper Gully, Xabregas
  • PORONGURUP GI.  (Un-Official)      @Porongurup
    • WHITE= Chardonnay, Muscat, Riesling, Sauvignon Blanc, Verdelho
    • RED= Cabernet Sauvignon, Nebbiolo, Pinot Noir, Sangiovese, Shiraz, Tempranillo
    • GEOGRAPHY– Australia, STATE-Western Australia, ZONE-South-West Coastal
      • In Great Southern GI.(East-Interior)
    • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly”, SLOPES/ Porongurup Hills
    • CLIMATE= “Mediterranean”, INFLUENCED/ Southern Ocean(40km.)
      • Summers– Warm, Sunny   |    Winters– Cool, Mild
    • SOILS= “Metamorphic” Gneiss, Granite
    • VITICULTURE– ?  ha. Planted
      • Estates/ Producers– Castelli, Duke’s, Jingalla, Lily Stirling Range, Lowboi, Montefalco, La Violetta Shepherd’s Hut, Snake & Herring
    • CULTURE– Named After the Porongurups(Domed Peaks Which Outline Area)
  • ALBANY GI(Un-Official)     @Albany
    • WHITE= Chardonnay, Riesling, Sauvignon Blanc
    • RED= Cabernet Sauvignon, Pinot Noir, Shiraz
    • GEOGRAPHY– Australia, STATE-Western Australia, ZONE-South-West Coastal
      • In Great Southern GI.(South), BORDERS: Mount Baker(North), @Hw.#30
    • SOILS= “Metamorphic” Laterite Over, Gneiss, Granite
    • CLIMATE= “Maritime”, INFLUENCED/ Southern Ocean
    • VITICULTURE–  ? ha. Planted
      • Estates/ Producers– Kalgan River, Wignalls, Willoughby Park


EASTERN PLAINS Zone     @

  • WHITE=    |   RED= **Refer to GI.’s For Grape Variety Information
  • GEOGRAPHY– Australia, STATE-Western Australia(North-East)
    • (Vast Area That Makes Up 75% of Western Australia”State”)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”
  • SOILS= “Metamorphic“, “Sedimentary
  • CLIMATE= ”Desert” With Continental” Influence


**Refer to “BIBLIOGRAPHY/ Sources” For Details On Scholarly Works Referenced.