🇳🇿NEW ZEALAND


NEW ZEALAND IS    Regions- 11      @Wellington

  • WHITE= Sauvignon Blanc 70%, Chardonnay 13%, Pinot Gris 10%, Arneis, Chenin Blanc, Gewürztraminer, Grunner Veltliner, Muller-Thurgau, Muscat, Pinot Blanc, Riesling, Sauvignon Gris, Semillon, Verdelho, Viognier
  • RED= Pinot Noir 18%, Chambourcin, Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Dolcetto, Malbec, Merlot, Montepulciano, Sangiovese, Shiraz, Petit Verdot, Pinotage, Tempranillo

GEOGRAPHY HEMISPHERE-Southern, REGION-Oceania, COUNTRY-New Zealand

  • South-East of Australia(1,600km.), (1,600 km. Long & 450 km. Wide), LATITUDE: 34°- 47°S
  • SUB-REGIONS– Generally North Island is Warmer and Less Mountainous Than South Island .
    • North Island- Auckland/ Northland, Bay of Plenty, Gisborrne, Hawks Bay, Waikato, Wairarapa
    • South Island- Canterbury, Central Otago, Marlborough, Nelson
  • Oceania Geographic Region Comprised of 14 Countries Including But Not Limited to…
    • Australia, Fiji, Micronesia, New Zealand, New Guinea, Somoa, Tonga.

TOPOGRAPHY FEATURES- Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly

  • On~North/ South~Islands~/ On~South Pacific~Ocean~/ On~Tasman~Sea~
  • TOPOGRAPHIC EVENTS- At the Convergence of the Australian and Pacific Plates.
      • Active Volcanics and Fault System
    • VOLCANISM~ ~Kermadec Volcanic Arc~(North Island)
      • ~Basaltic Auckland Volcanic Field~(North Island)
      • ~Whangarei~ (North Island), ~Kaikohe-Bay of Islands Volcanic Field~(North Island)
      • ~Dunedin Volcano~(South Island),  ~Foulden Maar~(South Island)
      • ~Maardiatreme Volcano~(South Island)

SOILS  Metamorphic, Volcanic, Sedimentary

  • Stony Sand-Loam With Deep Gravel or Clay Sub-Soil
  • Awatere Soils, Gibson Soils, Rapaura Soils, Wairau Soils, Grovetown Soils
  • Silty Clay With River Shingle, Rendzina(Limestone Derived)
  • Loess, Schist, Greywacke, Quartz, Silica
  • Gravel, Sandstone, Limestone, Schist, Clay, Chalk
  • **Refer to “TERROIR/ Geology & Soil” For Detailed Information On Soils

CLIMATE Maritime With Sub-Tropical & Continental Influences

  • *Summers– Warm, Sunny    |    *Winters– Mild, Wet
  • RAIN SHADOW EFFECT/ ~Southern Mountain Range Many Micro Climates
  • +WIND/ Westerly, Path of Irregular Succession of Anticyclone, Which Move Eastward Every 6/ 7 Days. Westerly Usually Track Across North Island But Can Undulated.

VITICULTURE 37,150 ha. Planted, (21% Red/ 79% White), 1% of the World’s Wine Production

  • New Zealand- #18 In Grape Production/ #25 In Wine Consumption In World
  • 98% of New Zealand Grape Production is Certified Sustainable.

HISTORY

  • 1819 @New Zealand First Vines Planted by Missionaries
  • 1836 @New Zealand Viticulture Introduced by ?
  • 1975 @New Zealand First Sauvignon Blanc Vines Planted
  • 1990’s @New Zealand Sauvignon Blanc Takes a Front Row On Worlds Best List.

CULTURE

  • ASSOCIATIONS~ ~New Zealand Winegrowers~  700 Winery Members 850 Growers
  • GASTRONOMY... Hangi, Crayfish, Kina(Sea Urchin), Pavlova, Kumara(Sweet Potato)
    • CHEESE...
  • ECONOMY~ New Zealand is Quality Driven, Highest Average Cost Per Bottle in World.

NEW ZEALAND WINE LAW

  • GOVERNING BODY New Zealand Food and Safety
  • LAWS GOVERNING- Standards, Legislation, Geography, Labelling, Monitoring, Testing
    • Label Requirement Varietal +85%, Region +85%, Vintage +85%
  • NEW ZEALAND WINE CLASSIFICATION


  • GEOGRAPHIC DISCLAIMER~ To Understand the Wine World and Benefit From DtheV.com a Understanding of New Zealand’s Geography is Needed and the Ability to Visualize Its Wine Regions Topography.  New Zealand is Organized In a North to South, / East to West Orientation and Intended to Be Researched as So.

NEW ZEALANDNorth Island


SOUTH ISLAND IS–   GI’s–     @Wellington

  • WHITE=   |   RED= **Refer to GI’s For Information On Varieties Grown

GEOGRAPHY Southern Hemisphere, New Zealand(North), LATITUDE: 36°S

  • Sub-Regions– Auckland GI., Bay of Plenty GI., Gisborne GI., Hawks Bay GI., Northland GI., Waikato GI., Wairarapa GI.

TOPOGRAPHY Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly, On~North~Island~

SOILS Metamorphic, Volcanic, Sedimentary, Clay, Sandstone, Mudstone

CLIMATE Maritime With Sub-Tropical Influence


**New Zealand Map Images Courtesy of Delong Maps, Purchase Maps at Delongwine.com


NORTHLAND GI.    @Northland

  • WHITE= Chardonnay 30%, Pinot Gris 10%, Albarino,  Viognier
  • RED= Shiraz 14%, Merlot 9%,  Chambourcin, Cabernet Sauvignon, Pinotage
  • GEOGRAPHY- New Zealand(North), On~North~Island~(North-West), REGION-Northland,  @Hw.#1
    • DISTRICTS-Far North, Whanare, LATITUDE: 34° S
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling, On~Wairua~River~
    • VOLCANISM~ ~Whangarei~, ~Kaikohe-Bay of Islands Volcanic Field~
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Volcanic, Sedimentary
  • CLIMATE- Maritime With Sub-Tropical Influence
  • VITICULTURE 57 ha. Planted,  (60% White/ 40% Red), 1% of New Zealand Output
    • Estates/ Producers Karikari, The Landing, Lochiel, Millars,  Okahu Estate, Salfish Cove

AUCKLAND GI.     @Auckland

  • WHITE= Chardonnay 21%, Pinot Gris 10%, Sauvignon Blanc 4%, Gewurztraminer, Viognier
  • RED= Syrah 14%, Merlot 12%, Cabernet Sauvignon 10%, Cabernet Franc 6%, Malbec, Petit Verdot, Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY- New Zealand(North), On~North~Island~(North-West), REGION-Auckland,  @Hw.#1
    • Sub-Zones- Clevedon, Henderson, Kumeu, Matakana, Waiheke Island
  • TOPOGRAPHY- “Flat/ Rolling, On~Coast/ Hauraki Gulf~
    • VOLCANISM~ ~Basaltic Auckland Volcanic Field~
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Volcanic, Sedimentary, Clay, Sandstone, Mudstone
  • CLIMATE- Maritime, Dry, Warm, Humid
  • VITICULTURE 347 ha. Planted,  (43% White/ 57% Red),  5% of New Zealand Output
    • Estates/ Producers Brick Bay, Gillman, Obsidian, Paddock, Puriri
    • Vineyards- Mate’s
  • CULTURE-
    • PIONEERS~ ~Mick Brajkovich~  1944, Planted First Vines In Auckland.
  • SUB-ZONES Of AUCKLAND
  • MATAKANA    @Matakana
    • Geography- North Island, REGION-Auckland(North)
    • Estates/ Producers-
  • CLEVEDON     @Clevedon
    • Geography- North Island, REGION-Auckland(South-East)
    • Estates/ Producers-
  • WAIHEKE ISLAND    @
    • White= Chardonnay, Pinot Gris, Sauvignon Blanc, Semillon, Viognier
    • Red= Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Malbec, Merlot, Montepulciano, Petit Verdot, Syrah
    • Geography- North Island, REGION-Auckland(East), On~Island/ Hauraki Gulf~
      • Accessible by 30 Minute Ferry Auckland City
      • CITIES-Matiatia, Oneroe, Onetangi, Orapiu, Ostend, Palm Beach, Rocky Bay
    • Topography- Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly
    • Soils- Weathered Indurated Argillite of the Waipapa Group
      • With Veins of Iron and Manganese Oxides.
      • Layer of Soil and Start From the Jurassic Period  From 145 to 158 Million Years Ago.
    • Climate- Maritime With Influence From Sea/ Gulf of Hauraki
    • Estates/ Producers-(29)- Batch, Cable Bay, Destiny Bay, Frenchmans Hill, Goldie, Jurassic Ridge, Kennedy Point, Man O War, Miro, Mudbrick, Owhanake Bay, Obsidian, Passage Rock, Peacock Sky, Poderi Crisci, Stonyridge, Tantalus, Te Motu, Wild On Waiheke, Woodside Hill
    • CULTURE- ASSOCIATIONS~ ~Waiheke Wine Association~
  • HENDERSON     @Henderson
    • Geography- North Island, REGION-Auckland(Western)
    • Estates/ Producers-
  • KUMEU     @Kumeu
    • Geography- North Island, REGION-Auckland(Western)
    • Estates/ Producers- Kumeu River(E/30ha.)
    • Vineyards- Mate’s, Hunting Hill
    • Culture- Original Planting Site of Abel Clone (Romanee Conti Cutting That Was Has Propagated Some of New Zealand Pinot Noir Vineyards)

WAIKATO      @Tauranga

  • WHITE= Chardonnay 24%, Sauvignon Blanc 8%
  • RED= Pinot Noir, 25, Syrah 20%, Cabernet Sauvignon 13%, Merlot 8%
  • GEOGRAPHY- New Zealand(North), On~North~Island~(North-West), @Hw.#1/ #2
    • REGIONS-Waikato(West), Bay of Plenty(East)
    • DISTRICTS-Houraki, Matamata-Plako, Opotiki, Otorohango, Rotoruu, Taupo, Waipa, Waikato, Waitomo, Whakatane
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ RollingOn~Coast/ Bay of Plenty~, On~Lake~Toupo~
  • SOILS-Metamorphic, “Sedimentary
  • CLIMATE- Maritime
  • VITICULTURE- 147 ha. Planted,  (39% White/ 61% Red)
    • Estates/ Producers Echolands, Ohui, Ohinemure, Volcanic Hills

GISBORNE     @Grisborne

  • WHITE= Chardonnay 50%, Pinot Grigio 15%, Albarino, Arneis, Chenin Blanc, Gewurztraminer, Muscat, Pinot Gris, Sauvignon Blanc, Viognier
  • RED= Merlot 5%, Pinot Noir 5%, Pinotage
  • GEOGRAPHY- New Zealand(North), On~North ~Island~(East-Central), @Hw.#2/ #35
    • REGION-Gisborne
    • Vineyard Area In Condensed South-East Section of Region Just Outside Gisborne-City.
    • Sub-Zones- Central Valley, Golden Slope, Manutuke, Ormond, Ormond Valley, Patutahi, Patutahi Plateau, River Point, Waipaoa
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling, On Flood Plain, On~Waipaoa~River~/ On~Poverty~Bay~
    • Worlds Easternmost Wine Region
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Silt/ Clay-Loam, Limestone
  • CLIMATE- Maritime
  • VITICULTURE 2,142 ha./ 1,400 ha. Planted, (88% White/ 12% Red)
    • 3.5% of New Zealand Output
    • Estates/ Producers (Not Found In Demarcated Sub-Zone)-Brunton Road, Coppers Creek, Kikpatrick Estate, Left Field, Villa Maria, Millton, Wrights
    • Vineyards- (Not Found In Demarcated Sub-Zone)- MiltonEstate
  • CULTURE- Used to Be to Called Carafe County.
    • FESTIVALS~ ~New Zealand Chardonnay & Sparkling Wine Symposium~ (February)

**Gisborne Images Courtesy of Delong Maps, Purchase These Maps at Delongwine.com


  • SUB-ZONES Of GISBORNE
  • WAIPAOA     @
    • Geography- North Island, Gisborne(North)
  • ORMOND     @
    • Geography- North Island, Gisborne(North)
    • Topography- SLOPES/ Hexton Hills, On~Waipaoa~River~
    • Soils- Silt, Clay
  • ORMOND VALLEY     @
    • Geography- North Island, Gisborne(North), (10km. Long)
    • Soils- Kaiti Clay, Limestone
  • PATUTAHI PLATEAU     @
    • Geography- North Island, Gisborne(West)
    • Soils- Kaiti Clay
  • PATUTAHI     @
    • Geography- North Island, Gisborne(West-Central)
    • Topography- On~Waipaoa~River~
    • Soils- Kaiti Clay, Limestone
  • CENTAL VALLEY     @
    • Geography- North Island, Gisborne(Central)
      • CITIES-Waerenga-o-Hika, Makaraka, Makauri, Matawhero
    • Topography- On~Waipaoa~River~
    • RIVERPOINT     @
      • Geography- North Island, Gisborne(South), In Central Valley(South-West)
      • Topography- On~Waipaoa~River~
  • GOLDEN SLOPE     @
    • Geography- North Island, Gisborne(NorthEast)
  • MANUTUKE     @Te Karaka
    • Geography- North Island, Gisborne(South-West)

HAWKE’S BAY      @Napier

  • WHITE= Chardonnay 28%, Sauvignon Blanc 12%, Pinot Gris 7%, Chenin Blanc, Marsanne, Viognier
  • RED= Merlot 25%, Cabernet Sauvignon 20%, Syrah 7%, Pinot Noir 8%, Cabernet Franc, Malbec, Merlot, Tempranillo
  • GEOGRAPHY- New Zealand(North), On~North~Island~(East), REGION-Hawke’s Bay
    • LATITUDE: 39° S
    • Majority of Hawke’s Bay Sub-Zones Located Around Greater Napier/ Hastings.
    • Sub-Zones- Bridge Pa Triangle, Central Hawke’s Bay, Crownthorpe Terrace, Dartmoor Valley, Esk River, Gimblett Gravels, Havelock Hills, Heretaunga, Korokipo, Mangatahi Terrace, Ohiti, Te Awanga, Tukiuki Valley
  • TOPOGRAPHY- “Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly, On~Coast/ Hawke~Bay~/ On~South~Pacific~Ocean~
    • On-Fault-Line, On~Ngaruroro/ Tukituki~River~
    • Sub-Zones Are Based On the Movement of the Many Rivers of Millions of Years.
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Volcanic, Sedimentary, Sandy-Loam, Clay
    • Clay-Loam, With Gravel Sub-Soil,  Silt
      • Young Alluvial(Repurposed River Bed/ Gimblett Gravel)
      • Old Alluvial(Terraced Riverbed With Ancient Sandy-Silt Build Up)
      • Hillside  Soils(Loess Over Limestone)
  • CLIMATE- Maritime, Sunny Warm Driest/ New Zealand
  • VITICULTURE 4,700 ha., Planted,  (White 54%/ Red 46%)
    • 10% of New Zealand Output
    • Estates/ Producers(76) Amoise, Craggy Range, Giants(Craggy Range), Kim Crawford, Moana Park, Ngatarawa, Pyramid Valley, Sacred Hill, St. Clair, Te Mata, Villa Maria
    • Vineyards Keltern(50 ha.), Kidnappers, Te Awanga, Two Terraces


**Hawk’s Bay Images Courtesy of Delong Maps, Purchase These Maps at Delongwine.com



  • SUB-ZONES Of HAWKE’S BAY
  • ESK RIVER     @
    • Geography- North Island, Hawke’s Bay(North-East)
    • Topography- Flat/ Rolling/ Valley(Esk)On~Esk~River~
    • Estate/ Producers- Linden, Petane Station
  • DARTMOOR VALLEY/ Tutadkuri     @Dartmoor, Woodthorpe
    • Geography- North Island, Hawke’s Bay(North-Central)
  • CROWNTHORPE TERRACE     @
    • Geography- North Island, Hawke’s Bay(East), BORDERS-Mangatahi Terrace(South)
    • Topography- On~Ngaruroro~River~
    • SoilsOld Alluvial(Terraced Riverbed With Ancient Sandy-Silt Build Up)
  • MANGATAHI TERRACE     @
    • Geography- North Island, Hawke’s Bay(East)BORDERS-Crownthorpe Terrace(North)
    • Topography- On~Ngaruroro~River~
    • SoilsOld Alluvial(Terraced Riverbed With Ancient Sandy-Silt Build Up)
  • OHITI     @
    • Geography– North Island, Hawke’s Bay(Central), On~Ngaruroro~River~
  • BRIDGE PA TRINGLE      @
    • Geography- North Island, Hawke’s Bay(Central)
    • Topography- Flat/ Rolling/ Plain(Heretaunga)
    • Soils- Old Alluvial(Terraced Riverbed With Ancient Sandy-Silt Build Up)
    • Estate/ Producers- Alph Domus, Ash Ridge, Church Road, Matua, Redmetal, Sileni
    • Vineyards- Keltern
  • KOROKIPO      @
    • Geography- North Island, Hawke’s Bay(Central)
    • TopographyRolling, On~Ngaruroro~River~
  • GIMBLETT GRAVELS      @
    • Geography- North Island, Hawke’s Bay(Central)
    • Topography- Rolling/ HillyOn~Ngaruroro~River~
    • Soils Gimblett Gravels-
      • Young Alluvial Soils From Ancient River Bed of Ngaruroro River During the Triassic Period.(Stoney Gimblett Gravel With Layer of Sandy Sediments Deposits and Exposed River Stones On Surface.), Nigaruroro Soils
    • Estate/ Producers- Babich, Beach House, Blank Canvas, Church Road, Copper Creek, Craggy Range, Crossroads, Crown Range, Decibel, Element, Elephant Hill, Esk Valley, Ka Tahi, Mills Reef, Mission, Newton Forrest, Pask, Sacred Hill, Saint Clair, Stonecroft, Trinity Hill(80ha.), Unison, Vidal, Villa Miria
    • Culture- ASSOCIATIONS~ ~Gimblett Gravels Winegrowers~
      • Mission~ To Collectively Promote Wines From This Special Area of the World.
  • HERETAUNGA      @
    • Geography- North Island, Hawke’s Bay(South-East)
    • TopographyFlat/ RollingOn~Coast/ Hawke’s~Bay~
  • HAVELOCK HILLS      @
    • Geography- North Island, Hawke’s Bay(South-East)
    • Topography- Rolling/ Terraced
    • Soils- Limestone, Greywacke
  • TUKIUKI VALLEY      @
    • Geography- North Island, Hawke’s Bay(South-East)
    • TopographyFlat/ Rolling/ Valley(Tukiuki)On~Tukituki~River~
    • Estate/ Producers- Akarangi, Askerne, Black Barn, Dolce Vista
  • TE AWANGA       @
    • Geography- North Island, Hawke’s Bay(South-East)
    • TopographyRolling, On~Coast/ Hawke’s~Bay~
  • CENTRAL HAWKE’S BAY       @
    • Geography- North Island, Hawke’s Bay(South-West)
    • TopographyRolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous

WELLINGTON      @Wellington

  • WHITE= Sauvignon Blanc 23%, Chardonnay 8%, Pinot Gris 5%, Gewurztraminer, Riesling, Viognier
  • RED= Pinot Noir 54%, Cabernet Sauvignon, Malbec, Merlot, Syrah
  • GEOGRAPHY- New Zealand(North), On~North~Island~(South-East), Multi-Appellation
    • Sub-Zones- Hutt Valley, Martinborough, Waipara Valley
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ RollingOn~Coast~/ On~South~Pacific~Ocean~
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Sedimentary
  • CLIMATE- Maritime
  • VITICULTURE- 840 ha. Planted, (  % White/ % Red)
    • Estates/ Producers

  • WAIRARAPA VALLEY      @
    • WHITE= Sauvignon Blanc 32%, Pinot Gris 6%, Chardonnay 5%, Gewurztraminer, Riesling, Viognier
    • RED= Pinot Noir 49%, Syrah 2%, Cabernet Sauvignon, Malbec, Merlot
    • GEOGRAPHY- New Zealand(North), On~North~Island~(South-East), In Wellington
    • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly/ Valley(Wairarapa)
      • SLOPES/ Tararua Ranges, +Alt.?, On~Ruamahanga~River~
    • SOILS- Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Clay/ Silt-Loam Over Alluvial Gravel, Limestone
    • CLIMATE- Maritime
    • VITICULTURE 1,040ha. Planted, (48% White/ 52% Red),  1.5% of New Zealand Output
    • CULTURE-
      • ASSOCIATIONS~ ~Greening Wairarapa~ (Waipara Valley, New Zealand)
        • Mission~ Looks For Ways to Restore Functional Biodiversity” In the Region.
      • ASSOCIATIONS~ ~Wairarapa Winegrowers Board~
    • SUB-ZONES Of WAIPARA VALLEY
    • MASTERTON     @Masterton
      • Geography- North Island, In Wairarapa Valley(North), On~Ruamebnga~River~
    • GLADSTONE     @Gladstone
      • Geography- North Island, In Wairarapa Valley(Central),  On~Ruamebnga~River~
      • Estate/ Producers- Johner, Matahiwi, Schubert, Urlar
      • Vineyards- Marion’s
    • MARTINBOROUGH      @Martinborough
      • WHITE= Chardonnay, Gewurztraminer, Pinot Gris, Reisling, Sauvignon Blanc, Viognier
      • RED= Cabernet Sauvignon, Pinot Noir, Syrah
      • GEOGRAPHY- North Island, In Wairarapa Valley(Central), @Hw.#53
        • In Wellington
      • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ Terraces(Martinborough), ON FAULT LINE/
        • On~Ruamahanga/ Huangarua~River~, On~Lake~Wairarapa~
      • SOILS- Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Martinborough Terrace, Clay-Loam, Limestone
      • CLIMATE- Maritime
      • VITICULTURE  ?  ha. Planted, (  % White/   % Red),  % of New Zealand Output
        • Estates/ Producers Ata Rangi, Brodie, Coney, Cambridge Road, Craggy Range(200ha.), Drummond Farm, Dry River, The Elder, Escarpment, Grava, Le Gra, Huntress, Kusuda, Loopline, Luna, Mamaison, Margrain, Martinborough, Moy Hall, Muirlea Rise, Matahiwi, Nga Waka, Palliser, Poppies, Southdown, Te Kairanga, Te Muna Road, Tirana
        • Vineyards Alexander, Ashwell, Craighall, Gladstone, Lovat, Margrain “Estate“, Te Muna Road, Wharekauhau
      • CULTURE- GOING THERE~ ~Bike Tours~


NEW ZEALAND-South Island


SOUTH ISLAND IS  GI’s– 4    @Queensland

  • WHITE=   |   RED= **Refer to GI’s For Information On Varieties Grown

GEOGRAPHY Southern Hemisphere, New Zealand(South), LATITUDE: 42° S

  • Sub-Regions- Canterbury GI., Central Otago GI., Nelson GI., Marlborough GI.

TOPOGRAPHY Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly, On~South~Island~

SOILS Metamorphic, Sedimentary

  • Stony Sand-Loam With Deep Gravel or Clay Sub-Soil.
  • Awatere Soils, Gibson Soils, Rapaura Soils, Wairau Soils, Grovetown Soils.
  • Silty Clay With River Shingle, Rendzina(Limestone Derived)
  • Loess, Schist, Greywacke, Quartz, Silica

CLIMATE MaritimeWith Continental Influence



**South Island Images Courtesy of Delong Maps, Purchase These Maps at Delongwine.com 


NELSON GI.     @Nelson

  • WHITE= Sauvignon Blanc 40%, Chardonnay 15%, Pinot Grigio 8%, Albarino, Gruner Veltliner, Riesling
  • RED= Pinot Noir 23%, Gamay
  • GEOGRAPHY- New Zealand(South), On~South~Island~(North)
    • Sub-Zones- Moutere Hills, Waimea Plains
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling, On~Coast/ Tasman~Bay~, On~Wairoa~River~
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Silt-Loam, With Clay Sub-Soil, Alluvial River Beds
  • CLIMATE- Maritime
  • VITICULTURE 1,132 ha./ 140 ha. Planted, (  % White/ % Red)
  • VINICULTURE- 2.5% of New Zealand Output
    • Estates/ Producers Anchorage Family, Kaimira, Neudorf, Renato, Richmond, Sea Level, Seifried, Vista, Waimea
    • Vineyards- Eden
  • SUB-ZONES Of NELSON
  • MOUTERE HILLS      @
    • Geography- South Island, Nelson(West)
    • Topography- Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous
  • WAIMEA PLAINS     @
    • Geography- South Island, Nelson(South)
    • Topography- Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly

MARLBOROUGH GI.     @Blenheim

  • WHITE= Sauvignon Blanc 70%, Chardonnay 8%, Arneis, Gewurztraminer, Grüner Veltliner, Pinot Gris, Riesling, Sauvignon Gris, Viognier
  • RED= Pinot Noir 14%, Cabernet Franc, Tempranillo
  • GEOGRAPHY- New Zealand(South), On~South~Island~(North-East), LATITUDE: 41° S
    • Sub-Zones- Awatere Valley, Brancott, Dillon Point, Kaituna, Koromiko, Omaka Valley, Southern Valley, Waihopai Valley, Wairau Valley
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ Valley(2 Parallel), On-Fault-Line
    • On~Wairau~River~On~Coast/ Cloudy~Bay~
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Stony Sand-Loam With Deep Gravel Sub-Soil
    • Awatere Soils, Gibson Soils, Rapaura Soils, Wairau Soils, Grovetown Soils
    • Silty Clay With River Shingle
  • CLIMATE- Maritime, Warm With Cooling Breezes, +Diurnal Shifts(+30°)
    • RAIN SHADOW/ Richmond Range(North), Wither Hills(South)
  • VITICULTURE 22,800 ha./ 954 ha. Planted, (   % White/   % Red)
    • 77% of New Zealand Output
    • Estates/ Producers Babich, Brancott, Clifford Bay, Dashwood, Dog Point, Esk Valley, Framingham, Giesen, Greywacke, Hans Herzog, Hunter’s, Kim Crawford, Jackson, Jules Taylor, Lani, Leftfield, Loveblock, Matua, Nubilo, Opawa, Rapaura, Rock Ferry, Soho, Spy Valley, Te Pa, Tinpot Hut, Tohu, Whitehaven, Zephyr
    • Vineyards- Sedddon, Mckee

**Marlborough Images Courtesy of Delong Maps, Purchase These Maps at Delongwine.com


  • SUB-ZONES Of MARLBOROUGH
  • WAIRAU VALLEY      @Renwick
    • Geography- South Island, Marlborough(North)
    • Topography- Rolling/ Valley, SLOPES/ Spenser Mountains
      • On~Wairau~River~
      • Unprotected Floodplain, Protected High Floodplain, Low Terraces, High Terraces, Coastal Margins.
    • Estates/ Producers- Goldwater, St. Clair, Villa Maria
    • Vineyards- Clos Henri
  • OMAKA VALLEY
    • Geography- South Island, Marlborough(      )
    • Estate Producers- Omaka Springs, Saint Clair
    • Vineyards- Falveys
  • WAIHOPAI VALLEY
    • Geography- South Island, Marlborough(     )
    • Estate Producers- Marisco(268ha.)
  • SOUTHERN VALLEY
    • Geography- South Island, Marlborough(     )
    • Estate/ Producers- Auntsfield, Two Rivers
  • DILLON POINT
    • White= Riesling
    • Geography- South Island, Marlborough(     )
    • Estate/ Producers- Zephyr
  • KAITUNA     
  • BRANCOTT
  • KOROMIKO  
  • AWATERE VALLEY     @Seddon
    • Geography- South Island, Marlborough(South)
    • Topography- Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly/ Terraced/ Plateau
      • SLOPES/ Kaikoura Ranges/ Wither Hills, On~Awatere~River~
    • Estates/ Producers- Astrolabe, Cloudy Bay, The Crossing, Eradus, Matua, Tohu Wine, Tupari, Vavasour, Yealand, Villa Maria
    • Vineyards- Breloft, Seaview, Taylors Pass  

CANTERBURY GI.     @Christchurch

  • WHITE= Sauvignon Blanc 27%, Riesling 23%, Chardonnay 8%, Pinot Gris 8%, Gewurztraminer
  • RED= Pinot Noir 30%
  • GEOGRAPHY- New Zealand(South), On~South~Island~(Central), LATITUDE: 43° S
    • BETWEEN-Otago & Canterbury Provinces, On~Coast/~(Near/ 65km.)
    • Sub-Zones- Banks Penninsula/ Canterbury Plains, Waikari Hills, Waikari Valley, Waitaki Valley
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly, SLOPES/ Southern Alps/ Teviotdale Hills, +Alt. 300mt.
    • ON PLAIN/ ?, Protected by Coastal Hills
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Alluvial Gravel, Silty Loam, Clay, Chalk, Limestone
    • Rendzina(Limestone Derived)
  • CLIMATE- Maritime,  RAIN SHADOW/ ?
  • VITICULTURE 1,450 ha./ 211 ha. Planted, (  % White/   % Red)
  • VINICULTURE- 2.6% of New Zealand Output
    • Estates/ Producers Bell Hill, Giesen, Greystone, Hermit Ram, Mt. Beautiful, Mud House, Pegasus Bay, Pyramid Valley
  • CULTURE- ACADEMIC~ ~Lincoln University~ Viticulture & Oenology Research
  • SUB-ZONES Of CANTERBURY
  • WAIKARI HILLS     @Kurow
    • Geography- South Island, REGION-Canterbury(North), AKA=North Otago
    • Topography- SLOPES/ ?, +Alt. 200mt.- 300mt.
    • Soils- Metamorphic, Sedimentary
    • Estates/ Producers- Black Silt, Kurow Estate, Lone Hill, Ostler Lakeside, Otiake, Pasquale, Valli
  • WAIPARA VALLEY     @
    • Geography- South Island, REGION-Canterbury(Central),
      • OMIHI
      • GLASNEVIN GRAVELS
  • BANKS PENINSULA/ CANTERBURY PLAINS     @
    • Geography- South Island, REGION-Canterbury(South)
  • WAITAKI VALLEY     @
    • Geography- South Island, REGION-Canterbury(South)
      • KUROW
      • OAMARU

CENTRAL OTAGO GI.     @Queenstown

  • WHITE= Pinot Gris 9%, Chardonnay 4%, Chenin Blanc, Gewurztraminer, Grüner Veltliner, Pinot Gri, Riesling, Sauvignon Blanc
  • RED= Pinot Noir 80%
  • GEOGRAPHY- New Zealand(South), On~South~Island~(South-Central)
    • Southernmost Wine Region/ World, Non-ContiguousLATITUDE: 45° S
    • MAIN CITIES-Cromwell, Queenstown, Wanaka
    • Sub-Zones- Alexandra Basin, Bannockburn, Benidigo, Cromwell Basin, Gibbston, Lowburn & Cromwell, Pisa, Tarras, Wanaka
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous, SLOPES/ Southern Alps,+Alt. 650ft.-1480ft.
    • On~Lake~Wakitipu~/  On~Roaring Meg~River~
    • VOLCANISM– ~Dunedin Volcano~
      • ~Foulden Maar~, ~Maardiatreme Volcano~
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Volcanic, Sedimentary, Gracial
    • Loess, Schist, Greywacke, Clay, Loam, Quartz, Silica
  • CLIMATE- Continental With Alpine Influence
    • *Summers– Hot, Dry   |   *Winters– Cold,  RAIN SHADOW/ Southern Alps
    • +WIND/ Nor’Wester Foehn, +DIURNAL SHIFTS(+35°)
  • VITICULTURE 1,826 ha./ 228 ha. Planted, (  % White/   % Red)
    •  2.4% of New Zealand Output
  • VINICULTURE- Still,   Sparkling
  • CULTURE- AGRICULTURE~ History of Nectarines, Peaches and Plum Production.
    • FESTIVALS~Central Otago Pinot Noir Celebration Festival~ (January/ New Zealand)

**Central Otago Images Courtesy of Delong Maps, Purchase These Maps at Delongwine.com


  • SUB-ZONES Of CENTRAL OTAGO
  • WANAKA     @Wanaka
    • Geography- South Island, Central Otago(North), BETWEEN-Lake Wanaka & Luggate
    • Topography- Flat/ Rolling, SLOPES/ ?, +Alt. 290mt.-380mt.
      • On~Lake~Wanaka~
    • Estate/ Producers- Akitu, Rippon(E.)
  • GIBBSTON     @
    • Geography- South Island, Central Otago(West), East of Queenstown-City(20km.)
    • Topography- Rolling/ Valley(Gibbston), SLOPES/ ?, +Alt. 320mt.-420mt.
      • On~Kawarau~River~(South), In Kawarau Gorge
    • Estate/ Producers- Mount Edward, Valli
  • CROMWELL BASIN     @Cromwell
    • Geography– South Island, Central Otago(Central), @Hw.#6
      • Sub-Zones- Lowburn & Cromwell, Pisa
    • Topography- Flat/ Rolling/ HillyOn~Kawarau~River~On~Lake~Dunstan~
      • SLOPES/ Pisa Hills Mountain Range
    • Estate/ Producers- Burn Cottage, Lowburn Ferry
  • PISA     @
    • Geography- South Island, Central Otago(East-Central), In Cromwell Basin, @Hw.#6
    • Topography- Flat/ Rolling, SLOPES/ Pisa Hills Mountain Range
      • On~Lake~Durstan~
    • Estates/ Producers- Tarras, Maori Point, Quartz Reef, Wild Earth
  • LOWBURN & CROMWELL     @Cromwell
    • Geography- South Island, Central Otago(Central), @Hw.#6
    • Topography- Flat/ RollingOn~Kawarau~River~On~Lake~Dunstan~
      • SLOPES/ Pisa Hills Mountain Range
    • Estate/ Producers-
  • BENIDIGO     @
    • Geography- South Island, Central Otago(East)
      • Sub-Zone- Tarras
    • Topography- Flat/ Rolling, SLOPES/ ?,+Alt. 320mt.-350mt., On~Clutha~River~(East)
    • Estates/ Producers- Maori Point, Prophet’s Rock, Tarras, Quartz Reef, Wild Earth
  • TARRAS     @
    • Geography- South Island, Central Otago(East), In/Laps/ Benidigo
    • Topography- Flat/ Rolling, SLOPES/ ?, +Alt. 320mt.-350mt., On~Clutha~River~(East)
    • Estates/ Producers-
  • BANNOCKBURN     @Bannockburn
    • White= Riesling, Sauvignon Blanc
    • Geography- South Island, Central Otago(Central)
    • Topography- Flat/ Rolling, SLOPES/ Mt. Difficulty, +Alt. 220mt.-370mt.
      • On~Kawarau~River~(South)
    • Estate/ Producers- Akarua, Bald Hills, Carrick, Ceres Wines, Mt. Difficulty
  • ALEXANDRA BASIN     @
    • Geography- South Island, Central Otago(South-East)
    • Topography- Flat/ Rolling, On~Clutha~River~
      • Estate/ Producers- Mt. Difficulty, Two Paddocks
  • OTHER PRODUCERS
    • Estates/ Producers Archangel, Black Estate, Cable Bay, Felton Road, Hawkshea, Peregrine, Prophet’s Rock, Volcanic Hills
    • Vineyards- 25 Steps, Calvert(25ac.), Doctors Flat, Domain Road, Dry Gully, Wooing Tree


**Refer to BIBLIOGRAPHY/ Sources For Details On Scholarly Works Referenced.