🇿🇦SOUTH AFRICA  


SOUTH AFRICA IS   GU.6     Districts26     Wards77     @Cape Town

  • WHITE= Steen AKA=Chenin Blanc 20%, Sauvignon Blanc 20%, Colombard 11%, Chardonnay 7%, Semillon 5%, Assyriko, Albarinho, Bukettraube, Crouchen, Gewurztraminer, Hanepoot AKA=Muscat Alexandria, Muscat de Frontignan AKA=Muscat a Petits Grains, Palomino, Pinot Gris, Riesling, Vermentino, Viognier
  • RED= Cabernet Sauvignon 15%, Shiraz 11%, Barbara, Cabernet Franc, Carignan, Gamay, Hermitage AKA=Cinsaut, Malbec, Merlot, Mourvedre, Nebbiolo, Nero d’Avola, Pinotage, Pinot Noir, Tinta Barocca

GEOGRAPHY HEMISPHERE-Southern, REGION-Africa, COUNTRY-South Africa

  • Southern Portion/ Tip of Continent of Africa.  LATITUDE: 26.3° S
  • Geographical Units/ Sub-Zones-  Eastern Cap, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Northern Cape, Western Cap

TOPOGRAPHY Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous/ Terraced

  • Extensive Formation of Various Mountain Ranges and Valley, +Alt. 50 mt. to 650 mt.
  • On~Atlantic~Ocean~(West), On~ India~Ocean~(East)
  • Cape– Headland/ Promontory of Large Size Extending Into a Body of Water/ Sea

VITICULTURE   84 Approved Cultivars

  • ASSOCIATIONS– ~The Old Vine Project~
    • Mission~ Sets Standards and Mandate to Keep Old Vines In the Ground.  This Preserves the Vines by Creating a Heritage and Legacy of the Wines and the Vineyards.
  • OLD VINE VINEYARDS
    • ~Dashbosch Hanepoot~ (Muscat d’alexandria) Planted 1900   @Breedekloof
    • ~Alheit’s La Colline~ (Semillon) Planted 1936     @Franschhoek
    • ~Boekenhoutskloof~ (Semillon) Planted 1942     @Franschhoek
    • ~Sadie Ouwingerdreeks Met Kirsten~ (Chenin Blanc)  Planted 1952   @Stellenbosch
    • ~Bosman Optenhorst~ (Chenin Blanc) Planted 1952     @Wellington
    • ~Bellevue~ (Pinotage) Planted 1953     @BottearyStellenbosch
    • ~Kruger~ (Cinsault) Planted 1953     @Piekenierskloof, Citrusdal
    • ~Windmeul~ (Cinsault) Planted 1954     @Paarl
    • ~Meerendal~ (Pinotage) Planted 1955     @Durbanville
    • ~Voetpad~ (Red Semillon) Planted 1910     @Swartland

VINICULTURE 130,000 ha. (    % White/    % Red)

  • Fortifed,  Sparkling,  Dessert,  Passito/ Straw Wine
  • #9 In Grape Production & #20 In Wine Consumption In World
  • Integrity & Sustainability– Special Label of Bottle That Regulates Sustainable Viticultural and Wine Making Practice

SOILS Metamorphic Granite, Sedimentary” Clay, Sand, Hutton, Schist, Shale

  • **Refer to “TERROIR/ Geology & Soil” For Detailed Information On Soils

CLIMATE Mediterranean With ContinentalInfluences by the Convergence of 2 Oceans

  • Summers– Hot, Dry Heat   |   Winters– Cold, Wet
  • Atlantic Ocean to the West and the India Ocean In the East Both Oceans Bring Sea Breezes, Mist and Fog
  • +CURRANT/ Benguela, Origins Antarctica, Bring Cooling Influence
  • +WIND/ ~Cape Doctor~ Origins- South-West

HISTORY 300 Year-Old Wine History/ Culture

  • 1652 @Cape Peninsula– Dutch Government Sent a Group of 100 to Establish an Outpost
  • 1659 @Cape Peninsula– First Vines Planted at Company Gardens/ Cape Town
    • Colonists of the Dutch East India Company, Established the Western Cape as a Restocking Station For Food and Provisions Half Way Between Europe and the East Indies
  • 1673 @Cape Peninsula– First Brandies Distilled
  • 1685 @Cape Peninsula– Simon Van Der Stel Establishes Constantia Estates
  • 1688 @South Africa– Arrival of Huguenots
  • 1699 @South Africa– First Wine Exported
  • 1800 @South Africa– Flourishing UK./ World Wine Trade
  • 1800 @South Africa– Phylloxera Was Discovered
  • 1918 @South AfricaKWV. Co-Operative Started
  • 1919 @Stellenbosh– University of Stellenbosh Open
  • 1948 @South Africa– National Party Comes Into Power Institutes Apartheid
  • 1973 @South Africa– Wines of Origin Legislation WO.
  • 1950’s @South Africa
    • Because of Apartheid, Many Countries Boycotted South African Wine
  • 1980’s @South Africa– Winemakers Began to Produce Quality Wine.
  • 1982 @South Africa– Cape Winemakers Guild Established
  • 1986-1991 @USA.– Boycott/ Sanctions Because of Apartheid
  • 1991 @South Africa– End of Apartheid
    • When Trade Embargo/ Sanctions Where Lifted South Africa Wine Industry Was Below Worlds Standards. Over Next Two Decades Emphasis On Innovation and Quality Led to a Wine Boon In the Country.
  • 1994 @South Africa– The New Democracy Opened Wine Trade to the World.
    • Apartheid– System of institutionalized Racial Segregation and Discrimination In South Africa Between 1948 & 1991
      • The Wines of South Africa Where Relatively In Isolation Until the End of Apartheid In 1994 and Returned to the “World Wine Community.

CULTURE

  • ASSOCIATIONS–  ~Wines of South Africa~ WOSA.
    • Mission Industry Organization Which Promotes Exports of South African Wine In Key International Markets.
  • ASSOCIATIONS–  ~Chenin Blanc Association of South Africa~
  • ASSOCIATIONS–  ~Sawis~
    • Mission~ To Assist the Wine Industry by Turning Wine Data Into Information That Helps Turn Challenges Into Opportunities.
  • ASSOCIATIONS–  ~Wine & Agricultural Ethical Trade Association
    • Mission~ To Provide a Pro-Active World-Class and Sustainable Ethical Trade Program For the South Africa Wine Industry.
  • PIONEERS
    • ~Jan Van Riebeeck~
      • Commander of the First Voyage to Establish Colony In South Africa. Brought First Vines and Over Saw First Vintage.
    • ~Huguenots
      • People of European Heritage With Protestant Religious Ties Who Left Europe Due to Religious Persecution.  They Became the Dutch Colonists Who Settled South Africa. Some of These Huguenots From France or Italy Brought Vines Cutting Which Became the Basis of the South Africa Wine Industry.
    • ~Simon Van Der Stel~ “Constantia”
      • Was the Governor of the “Cape of Good Hope and He Named His Grant of Land Constantia.
    • ~Hendrik Cloete~ “Constantia”
      • Bought Constantia After the Death of Van Der Stel and Recognized His Dream by Building the Finest Wine Cellar In South Africa and Also Planted Thousands of Muscat de Frontignan/ Pontac/ Steen and Red & White Muscadel Vines That Would Make Constantia Famous For Hundreds of Years.
    • ~DuggieLowell Jooste~ “Constantia”
      • Bought and Redeveloped the Wine Estate Klein Constantia. They Were On a Mission to Bring Back the Famous Wine That For the Past 100 Years Had Disappeared From the Phylloxera Disease and Bankruptcy From the Effects of Apartheid.
    • ~Timothy Hamilton Russell~ “Walker Bay/ Hemel-en-Aarde”
      • Defied the KWV. by Planting 2 Vineyards In Hemel-em-Aarde In 1970 With Pinot Noir.  At the Time Independent Producers, the Pinot Noir Grape and Planting Vines In That Area Were Forbidden.
  • Kiiperatieve Wijnbouwers Vereniging Van Zuid Afrika- KWC.
    • (Cooperative Wine Maker Union of South Africa) Brought Stability to South African Wine Industry Then Took Over and Mandated Prices and Negatively Affected Quality of the Wines. Set and Enforce Production Quotas a Set Price For Grapes. In 1970’s and 1980’s Relaxed Their Wine Quota System.  In 1997 KWV. Became a Private Company.
  • Wine Growers/ Producers Initiative- Contract Stating Natural Boundary Between Native Terrain and Vineyards.
  • Bio-Diversity and Wine Initiative- WWF.-SA. 2004
    • Wine Makers Work With, Conservationist to Protect South Africa’s Natural Habitat
  • GASTRONOMY…Ostrich, Lamb, Dear/ Antelope Pie, Sprouted Wheat Bread, Lobster
    • Braai– Traditional Sunday Barbecue
    • CHEESE…Dalewood Fromage
  • ECONOMY– Much of the White Grapes Are Distilled For the Brandy Industry
  • AGRICULTURE–  Wine Farm– South Africa Name For Vineyard
  • Words In Africaans– Bosstock-  Bush Vine

SOUTH AFRICA WINE LAW & CLASSIFICATION

  • GOVERNING BODY- South Africa Wine & Spirit Board.
    • Wine of Origin WO., 1973, Members Wanted to Fight to Promote Quality Wine and Separate Themselves Form the Co.-Op. Generic Wines.
    • “Seal/ Ticket” On the Neck of Every Bottle Guarantees All Claims of Bottle Are Valid and Can be Traces On-Line.
    • South Africa Has a Lack of Regulation But Not Lack of Quality Oversight and Certifies All Wine to Claims.
  • LAWS GOVERNING- Geography, Origin Cultivar, Vintage, Claims, Chaptalization, Acidification.
  • Labeling Requirements– Region+75%, Vintage+85, Varietal+85%, District 100%, Ward 100%
    • All Grapes Must Be Sourced From Stated Region.
    • Geographic Unit-
    • Region- General Boundaries Political and Geographically Influence.
    • District- Boundaries Often Politic and Administrative Influenced.
    • Ward- Boundaries Terroir and Micro-Climate Influenced. Wards Aren’t Alway In Districts and Can Be Off On There Own.

CAPE VINTAGE

  • VINICULTURE– Single Vintage, +AGED/ Oak

CAPE VINTAGE RESERVE

  • VINICULTURE– Single Vintage, Exceptional Quality, +AGED/ Oak, +1 yr.

CAPE LATE BOTTLED VINTAGE LBV.

  • VINICULTURE– Single Vintage, +AGED/ 3-5 yr.

CAPE RUBY

  • VINICULTURE+BLENDED/ +AGED/ Wine, Entire Blend +AGED/ +1 yr.

CAPE WHITE

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Chenin Blanc, Verdehlo
  • VINICULTURE– Non-Muscat Whites, +AGED/ +6 mo.

SPARKLINGMethode Cap Classique MCC.

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Chenin Blanc, Sauvignon Blanc
  • RED=  Pinot Meunier, Pinot Noir
  • VITICULTURE– Any Variety, From Any Region
  • VINIFICATIONSPARKLING…Method/ Traditional
    • Secondary Fermentation Must Be In Bottle, and +Aged/ Sur-Lee +9 mo.
      • Brut-  Less Than…15 G./ RS.
      • Extra Brut- Less Than…6 G./ RS.
      • Brut Nature- Less Than…3 G./ RS.
    • Estates/ Producers– Charles Fox, Graham Beck, Le Lude, Tradition

CAPE BLEND

  • RED= Pinotage 30%, +Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Syrah

SOUTH AFRICA PORT

  • RED= Touriga Nacioal, Tinta Barroca, Shiraz, Pinotage
  • WHITE= Muscat de Frontignan, Muscat Alexandria, Chenin Blanc, Colombard
  • CULTURE– ASSOCIATIONS–  ~Cape Port Producers~
    • Mission~ Group Founded In 1992 to State Common Criteria For Different Styles of Port

  • CAPE TAWNY

    • VINICULTURE+BLENDED/      +AGED/ Wine, Acquires Amber-Orange (Tawny)
    • RED= Cinsaut, Souzao, Touriga Nacioal,
    • Estate/ Producers– Boplass

GEOGRAPHIC DISCLAIMER: “To Understand the Wine World and Benefit From DtheV.com a Understanding of South Africa’s Geography is Needed and the Ability to Visualize Its Wine Regions Topography.  South Africa is Organized In a North to South, / East to West Orientation and Intended to Be Researched and Memorized as So.”


  • SUB-CHAPTERS Of SOUTH AFRICA
    • Northern Cape Region
    • Coastal Region
    • Cape South Region
  • **Refer to These Sub-Chapters Below For Detailed Information On These



**South Africa Images Courtesy of “Delong Maps”, Purchase Maps at Delongwine.com

NORTHERN CAPE (Geographical Unit)     @

  • WHITE=   |   RED=   **Refer to Districts/ Wards For Varietal Information
  • GEOGRAPHYSouth Africa(South-West), “Northern Cape GU.”
    • Districts- Douglas, Sutherland-Karoo
    • BORDERS: Atlantic Ocean(West), Indian(South)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous” On~Orange~River~

No Region No District

CENTRAL ORANGE RIVERWard     @Kakamas

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Chenin Blanc, Colombard, Muscatel, Muscat Alexandria, Sauvignon Blanc
  • RED= Merlot, Petit Verdot, Pinotage, Shiraz, Tannat
  • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa, Northern Cape GU.LATITUDE: 28° S
    • North of Cape Town-City(650km.), @Hw.#8/ 10/ 14
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”, On~Orange~River~
    • Vineyards On Island Between Forks In River
  • SOILS= “Metamorphic
  • CLIMATE=  “Continental With Semi-Arid Influence
  • VITICULTURE–  ?   ha. Planted
    • Estates/ Producers– Orange River, Bezalel

PRIESKAWard     @

  • WHITE=              |   RED=
  • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa, “Northern Cape GU.”, “No District”, @Hw.#10
    • BORDERS– Central Orange River(West), Douglas(East)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”, On~Orange~River~
  • VITICULTURE–  ?   ha. Planted
    • Estates/ Producers

DOUGLASDistrict     @Douglas

  • WHITE=             |   RED=
  • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa, “Northern Cape GU.”, DISTRICT-Douglas, LATITUDE: °    ‘S’
    • South-West of Kimberley-City(   km.), @Hw.#R357
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling”, On~Riet/ Vaal~Rivers~Tributary~Orange~
  • VITICULTURE–   ?  haPlanted
    • Estates/ Producers

SUTHERLAND-KAROODistrict     @Sutherland

  • WHITE=             |   RED=
  • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa, “Northern Cape GU.”(South) , DISTRICT-Sutherland-Karoo,
    • @Hw.#R354/R356, LATITUDE: * ‘S’
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly”,  SLOPES/ Roggeveld Mountains, +Alt., On~Riet~River~
  • CLIMATEContinental With Semi-Arid Influence
  • VITICULTURE–  ? haPlanted
    • Estates/ Producers

HARTSWATERWard     @

  • WHITE=  ?            |   RED= ?
  • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa, “Northern Cape GU.”, “No District” ???
  • VITICULTURE–   ?  haPlanted
    • Estates/ Producers


WESTERN CAPE (Geographical Unit)    @Cape Town

  • WHITE=   |   RED=   **Refer to Districts/ Wards For Varietal Information
  • GEOGRAPHYSouth Africa(South-West) “Western Cape GU.”
    • REGIONS: Breede River Valley, Cape Coast South, Coastal, Klein Karoo, Olifants River
    • Districts
    • BORDERS: “Northern Cape”(North), Eastern Cape(East)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly, Valley”
    • On~Coast/ Atlantic~Ocean~(West), On~Coast/ Indian~Ocean~(South)
    • TECTONIC PLATE– Folding and Uplifting Creating High Peaks and Valleys
  • VITICULTURE
    • Boberg– Used to Label Fortified Wine Produced From The Distreicts of Franshhoek, Paarl, Turbagh, Wellington

OLIFANTS RIVERRegion    @

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Chenin Blanc, Hanepoot AKA=Muscat Alexandria,Sauvignon Blanc
  • RED= Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Rudy Cabernet, Shiraz
  • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa “Western Cape GU.”(North-West), LATITUDE: * ‘S’
    • BORDERS: Coastal Region(South)
    • Districts–  Citrusdal Mountain, Citrusdal Valley, Lutzville Valley
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling/ Valley(Olifants)”,  SLOPES/ Cederberg Mountain, +Alt.?
    • On~Coast~(North-West), On~Olifants~River~
  • SOILS=  “Metamorphic”, “Sedimentary“, Sandstone, Red-Clay Loam
  • CLIMATE= Continental
  • VITICULTURE
    • Estate-Producers-Kleine Zalze

LUTZVILLE VALLEYDistrict    Wards1      @

  • WHITE=              |   RED=
  • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa, “Western Cape GU.”, REGION-Olifants River(North-West), @Hw.#R363
    • Wards- Koekanaap
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Valley(Lutzville)”
    • On~Coast~(Atlantic)~On~Olifants~River~
  • SOILS=Metamorphic”, “Sedimentary, Alluvial, Schist
  • VITICULTURE– ? haPlanted
    • Estates/ Producers

  • KOEKENAAPWard     @Koekenaap
    • WHITE=              |   RED=
    • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa, “Western Cape”, REGION-Olifants River, DISTRICT-Lutzville Valley
      • @Hw.#363
    • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Valley(Lutzville)”, On~Olifants~River~
    • VITICULTURE–   ?  haPlanted
      • Estates/ Producers

Olifants River/ No District

  • BAMBOES BAYWard     @
    • WHITE=              |   RED=
    • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa, “Western Cape”, REGION-Olifants River(North-West)
    • VITICULTURE–   ?  haPlanted
      • Estates/ Producers
  • VREDENDALWard     @Vredendal
    • WHITE=              |   RED=
    • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa, “Western Cape”, REGION-Olifants River(North-Interior), @Hw.#R27
      • “Stand Alone Ward/ No-District”, BORDERS– Lutzville(North-West)
    • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling”, On~Olifants~River~
    • VITICULTURE–  ?   haPlanted
      • Estates/ Producers
  • SPRUITDRIFTWard    @Vredendal
    • WHITE=              |   RED=
    • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa, “Western Cape”, REGION-Olifants River(North-Interior)
      • @Hw.#R362, “Stand Alone Ward/ No-District”, BORDERS– Vredendal(East)
    • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Valley, On~Olifants~River~
    • VITICULTURE–  ?   haPlanted
      • Estates/ Producers

CITRUSDAL MOUNTAINDistrict    Wards1

  • WHITE= Chenin Blanc, Sauvignon Blanc
  • RED= Grenache, Shiraz
  • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa, “Western Cape GU.”, REGION-Olifants Region(South-West)
    • North of Cape Town-City(160 km.), @Hw.#7
    • Wards- Piekenierskloof
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly,  SLOPES/ Cederberg Mountain
  • VITICULTURE– ? haPlanted
    • Estates/ Producers– Magnetic North Mountain
    • Vineyards– Alhelt, Botanica

  • PIEKENIERSKLOOFWard     @Citrudal
    • WHITE=  Chenin Blanc, Semillo         |   RED= Cinsault, Garnacha
    • GEOGRAPHY-South Africa, “Western Cape”, REGION-Olifants River
      • DISTRICT-Citrusdal Mountain(South), @Hw.#7/ R303
    • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly”, SLOPES/ Cederberg Mountain
    • VITICULTURE–    ?  haPlanted
      • OLD VINE VINEYARDS– ~Kruger~ (Cinsault) Planted 1953     @Piekenierskloof, Citrusdal
    • VINICULTURE
      • Estates/ Producers– Tierhoek

CITRUSDAL VALLEYDistrict     @Citrudal

  • WHITE=              |   RED=
  • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa, “Western Cape GU.”, REGION-Olifants River(South), @Hw.#7/ R303
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly/ Valley(Citrusdal)”, On~Olifants~River~
  • VITICULTURE– ?  haPlanted
    • Estates/ Producers

Western Cape/ No Region/ No District

  • LAMBERTS BAYWard     @Lamberts Bay
    • WHITE=              |   RED=
    • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa, “Western Cape”,
      • “Stand Alone Ward/ No Region, No-District”, @Hw.#R364
    • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling”, On~Coast~(Atlantic)
    • VITICULTURE–   ?   haPlanted
      • Estates/ Producers

**Images Courtesy of “Delong Maps”, Purchase These Wine Maps at Delongwine.com


COASTALRegion    @Cape Town

COASTAL REGION IS   DISTRICTS- 9     WARDS- 23     @Cape Town

  • WHITE=   |   RED= **Refer to Districts/ Wards For Varietal Information

GEOGRAPHY South Africa, “Western Cape GU.”(South-West), REGION-Coastal, LATITUDE: 33.9° S

  • BORDERS: Olifants River(North-East), Boberg(South-East), Cape South Coast(South-East)
  • Districts- Cap Town, Darling, Franschhoek, Paarl, Stellenbosch, Swartland, Tygerberg, Wellington

TOPOGRAPHY “Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous”, On~Coast/ Atlantic~Ocean~

VITICULTURE

  • OLD VINE–  The Oldest Grape Vine In South Africa is In the Square of the Cape Heritage Hotel.  The Crouchen Blanc Grape is Said to Be Planted In 1771.

SOILSMetamorphic”, “Sedimentary“, Gravel, Loams, Shale, Granite, Table-Top Sandstone

CLIMATE Maritime WithMediterranean Influence

VITICULTURE   ? haPlanted

CULTURE– 

  • Cape Winelands- East of Cape Town-City(40km.)
    • Series of Hills, Valleys, Historical Towns, Hamlets, Dutch Inspired Farmsteads, and Wineries.


**Images Courtesy of “Delong Maps”, Purchase These Wine Maps at Delongwine.com

SWARTLANDDistrict     @

  • WHITE= Steen 23% AKA=Chenin Blanc, Assyriko, Chardonnay, Clairette, Granache Blanc, Harslevelu, Palamino, Rousanne, Sauvignon Blanc, Semillon, Verdelho, Viognier
  • RED= Shiraz 22%, Cabernet Sauvignon, Cinsault, Grenache, Mourvedre, Pinotage, Tinta Barocca
  • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa, “Western Cape GU.” REGION-Coastal(North-East), DISTRICT-Swartland
    • North of Cape Town-City(65 km.),  @Hw.#R45
    • BORDERS: Cape Town District(South)
    • Wards- (4) Malmesbury, Riebeekberg, Riebeeksrivier, St.Helena Bay
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous”
    • On~Coast(Pacific)~On~Berg~River~
    • SLOPES/ Kasteelberg Mountains, Perdeberg Mountains/ Piketberg Mountains/ Riebeek Mountains/ Porterville Mountains
  • SOILS= Metamorphic, Shale, Granite, Malmesbury, Gravel, Schist
  • CLIMATE= Continental With Maritime Influence
  • VITICULTURE– 10,274 ha.  Planted
    • OLD VINE VINEYARDS~Voetpad~ (Red Semillon) Planted 1910     @Swartland
  • VINICULTUREFortifed,  Sparkling,  Dessert,  Passito/ Straw Wine
    • Estates/ Producers– A.A. Badenhorst Family, Boekenhoutskloof, David & Nadia, Delaire Graff, Fairview, Intellego, Kloovenburg, Lammershoek(Nat.Pro.), Marras, Mullineux & Leeu, Painted Wolf, Porseleinberg, Roundstone, Sadie Family, Short Street, Spice Route, Swartland Winery, Swerwer, Terre Brûlée, Terracura, Testalonga, Wildehurst, Winkelshoek
  • CULTURE– Swartland Independence Movement
    • ASSOCIATIONS~  ~Swartland Independent Producers SIP.
      • Mission~ Like Minded Producers Working to Express a True Sense of Place In the Wine of Swartland.

  • ST. HELENA BAYWard     @
    • WHITE= Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc
    • RED= Merlot, Shiraz
    • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa, REGION-Coastal, DISTRICT-Swartland(North-West)
    • VITICULTURE–  ? haPlanted
      • Estates/ Producers
  • MALMESBURYWard     @Malmesbury
    • WHITE= Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc
    • RED= Merlot, Shiraz
    • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa, REGION-Coastal, DISTRICT-Swartland(South-Interior)
      • @Hw.#N7/ R45
    • VITICULTURE–  ? haPlanted
      • -Estates/ Producers– Abbottshill, Bryan Macrobert, Franki’s, Hofstraat, Spekulasie, Swartland
  • RIEBEEKSRIVIERWard     @
    • WHITE= Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc
    • RED= Merlot, Shiraz
    • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa, REGION-Coastal
      • DISTRICT-Swartland(South-East), @Hw.#R46
      • BORDERS: Riebeekberg(East)
    • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”, SLOPES/ Kasteelberg Mountains
    • VITICULTURE–   ?  haPlanted
      • Estates/ Producers
  • RIEBEEKBERGWard     @
    • WHITE= Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc
    • RED= Merlot, Shiraz
    • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa, REGION-Coastal
      • DISTRICT-Swartland(South-East), @Hw.#R311/ R45
      • BORDERS: Riebeeksrivier(West)
    • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”, SLOPES/ Kasteelberg Mountains
    • VITICULTURE–   ? haPlanted
      • Estates/ Producers– Allesverloren, Het Vlock Casteel, Kloovenburg, Mount Abora, Pulpit Rock, Reibeek,  Santa Cecilia, Zonquasdrift

DARLINGDistrict     Wards1     @Darling

  • WHITE= Chenin Blanc, Sauvignon Blanc
  • RED= Cabernet Sauvignon, Cinsault, Pinotage, Shiraz
  • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa, “Western Cape GU.”, REGION-Coastal(West), DISTRICT-Darling
    • North of Cape Town-City(40km.), @Hw.#R307/ R315
    • BORDERS: Swartland District(East), Wards- Groenekloof
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling/ Killy”, SLOPES/ Darling Hills
    • On~Coast/ Atlantic~Ocean~(Near/ 10 km.)
  • CLIMATE= Maritime INFLUENCED/ Proximity to the Pacific(Benguela Current)
  • VITICULTURE–   ?  haPlanted
    • Estates/ Producers– Burgherspost, Fairview Charles Back, Evita Perron, Spice Rack, Tukulu, Wines of Darling

  • GROENEKLOOFWard     @Groenekloof
    • WHITE= Sauvignon Blanc, Viognier
    • RED= Shiraz
    • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa, REGION-Coastal, DISTRICT-Darling(South-Central-Interior), @Hw.#R307 & #R315
    • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly”, SLOPES/ Darling Hills(Dassenberg, Kapokberg), +Alt.?
      • On~Coast/ Atlantic~Ocean~(Near/ 12 km.)
    • VITICULTURE–   ?   haPlanted
      • Estates/ Producers– Cloof(200ha.), Darling Cellars, Groote Post, Lanner Hill, Neil Ellis, Ormonde, Withington

CAPE PENINSULADistrict    

  • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa, “Western Cape GU.”, REGION-Coastal, DISTRICT-Cap Peninsula

TYGERBERGDistrict    

  • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa, “Western Cape GU.”, REGION-Coastal, DISTRICT-Tygerberg

**Cape Peninsula District & Tygerberg District Where Combined and Rebranded as Cape Town In 2017

CAPE TOWNDistrict     Wards4     @Cape Town

  • WHITE= Steen AKA=Chenin Blanc, Chardonnay, Riesling, Sauvignon Blanc, Semillon
  • RED= Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Pinotage, Syrah
  • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa, “Western Cape GU.”, REGION-Coastal(South-West), DISTRICT-Cape Town
    • BORDERS: Swartland District, Stellenbosch District(East)
    • Wards- Constantia, Durbanville, Hout Bay, Philadelphia
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous”
    • Land Sits Between Two Oceans…The Atlantic Ocean & Indian Ocean
  • VITICULTURE–    ? haPlanted
  • SOILS= “Metamorphic”, “Sedimentary, Shale, Granite, Table-Top Sandstone
  • CLIMATE=Maritime
  • VITICULTURE
    • WINNER Worlds Best~ DtheV.com Worlds Best Terroir (4th. Place)
      • **Refer to “WINE CULTURE/ Derek’s Top 6 List” For Detailed Information.
  • CULTURE– Constantia Valley Was Know as the Cradle of Wine Making In South Africa In the 1700 & 1800’s.
  • GOING THERE-  
    • VINO TOURISM~ ~Cape Winelands~
      • Claims That It is a Pioneer In Wine Tourism Which Started In 1971 With the Stellenbosch Wine Trail.

**Images Courtesy of “Delong Maps”, Purchase These Wine Maps at Delongwine.com

  • PHILADELPHIAWard     @
    • WHITE= Sauvignon Blanc
    • RED= Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot
    • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa, REGION-Coastal, DISTRICT-Cape Town(North),  @Hw.#A7
    • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly”, SLOPES/ ?, +Alt.260 mt., On~Diep~River~
    • CLIMATE= Maritime
    • VITICULTURE– ? haPlanted
      • Estates/ Producers– Capaia, Havanna Hills
  • DURBANVILLEWard     @Durbanville
    • WHITE= Chardonnay, Chenin Blanc, Sauvignon Blanc, Semillon
    • RED= Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Pinot Noir
    • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa, REGION-Coastal, DISTRICT-Cap Town(North-Central)
    • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly/ Valley(DurbanvilleTygerberg)”, SLOPES/ Tygerberg Hills, +Alt.250mt.-400mt.
      • On~Coast/ Atlantic~Ocean~(Near 15km.)
    • VITICULTURE–  ?  haPlanted
      • OLD VINE VINEYARDS–  ~Meerendal~ (Pinotage) Planted 1955     @Durbanville
    • VINICULTURE
      • Estates/ Producers– Altydgedacht, Bloemendal, Diemersdal(180ha.), Durbanville Hills, Eikendal, George Spies, Grendel, Hillcrest, Klein Roosboom, Kronendal, Meerendal, Nitida(16ha.)Nomada, Phizante Kraal, Russo, Signal Gun, Vierlanden
    • CULTURE~Etymology~ Called Durbanville After Sir Benjamin d’Urban, Governor of Cape In 1800’s
  • HOUT BAYWard      @Hout Bay
    • WHITE= Chardonnay, Chenin Blanc, Sauvignon Blanc
    • RED= Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot
    • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa, REGION-Coastal, DISTRICT-Cap Town(South-West)
      • BETWEEN-Atlantic Ocean & False Bay
      • BORDERS-Constantia(East/Near)
    • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rollling”, On~Coast/~Atlantic~Ocean~
    • SOILSMetamorphic”, “Sedimentary, Shale, Granite, Table-Top Sandstone
    • VITICULTURE–  ? haPlanted
      • Estates/ Producers– Cape to Cairo, Emineo, Signal Hill, Vaughan Johnson
  • CONSTANTIAWard     @Cape Town
    • WHITE= Chardonnay, Muscat de Alexandria, Muscat Blanc a Petite Grains, Muscat de Frontignan, Muscadel, Pontac, Riesling, Sauvignon Blanc, Semillon, Steen AKA=Chenin Blanc, Viognier
    • RED= Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Garnacha, Malbec, Merlot, Nebbiolo, Petit Verdot, Pinotage, Pinot Noir, Shiraz, Tannat, Touriga Nacional
    • GEOGRAPHY- COUNTRY-South Africa, REGION-Coastal, LATITUDE: 33.92° S
      • DISTRICT-Cape Town(South-West), WARD-Constantia
      • South of Cape Town-City(15km.), BORDERS-Hout Bay(West/Near)
      • @Hw.#M3/M6/ M63/ M41
    • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly/ Valley(Canstantia)
      • SLOPES/ Table Mountain(North)/ Constaniaberg Mountains, +Alt.55mt. – 420mt.
      • BETWEEN-Atlantic Ocean & False Bay
    • SOILS- Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Shale, Granite, Table-Top Sandstone\
    • CLIMATE- Maritime, With Mediterranean Influences, +WINDS/ False Bay
    • VITICULTURE-  421 haPlanted
      • -Estates/ Producers/ Wine Farms- Bayten, Beau Constantia, Buitenverwachting(1796), Cap Point(22ha.), Constantia Glen, Constantia Royale, Constantia Uitsig, Eagles Nest, Glen, Groot Constantia(1855), High Constantia, Klein Constantia(65ha./1685), Silvermist, Steenberg(Sparkling)
    • HISTORY
      • 1659 @Constantia First Vines Planted by Colonists of the Dutch East India Company.
    • CULTURE- Over Centuries Constantia Was Referenced In Literature. Charles Dicken, Jane Austen and German Poet Klopstock Speak of the Wine In Their Writings.
      • UNESCO. WORLD HERITAGE SIGHT~ ~Table Mountain~
        • Table Cloth”,  Term Used When Fog Rolls Off the Top of the Mountain.
      • PIONEERS~ ~Simon Van Der Stel~
        • Governor of the Cape of Good Hope, In 1685 He Named His Grant of Land Constantia.
      • PIONEERS~ ~Hendrik Cloete~
        • Bought Constantia After the Death of Van Der Stel and Recognized His Dream by Building the Finest Wine Cellar In South Africa.  Also Planted Thousands of Muscat de Frontignan/ Pontac/ Steen and Red & White Muscadel Vines That Would Make Constantia Famous For Hundreds of Years.
    • GOING THERE-  WINE ROUTE~ ~Constantia Wine Route~

    • VIN De CONSTANCE        @Constantia
      • HISTORY- In 1700 & 1800’s the Wine of Constantia Was Recognized as One of the Greatest Wines of the World. Vin de Constance Was In a League of Fine Wines With Tokay and Chateau d’Yquem. Considered a Piece of Living Wine History”.
        • PIONEERS~ ~DuggieLowell Jooste~  “1980” Bought and Redeveloped the Wine Estate Klein Constantia. They Were On a Mission to Bring Back the Famous Wine That Since 1860 Had Disappeared From Phylloxera Disease and Bankruptcy From the Effects of Apartheid.
      • VITICULTURE-   White= Muscat de Alexandria & Muscat de Frontignac
        • Late Harvest, After Regular Harvest All Foliage is Removed, The Vine is Snapped and Twisted at Base Leaving the Grapes to Shrivel and Resinate In Sun.
        • Hand Harvested and Left to Macerate On Their Skins For a Few Days Allowing Grapes to Soften and Swell-Out Facilitating Extraction of Juice During Pressing.
        • Fermentation Can Take 6 Months Due to the High Sugar Levels.
          • +AGED/ 2 Year In Oak Before Bottling. Bottled In Squatty Shaped Bottle.
      • VIN De CONSTANCE EVALUATION
        • Sight: Hazy/ Golden/ Amber      Aroma: Dried Apricot, Spice
        • Palate: +BODY(Full), Honeysuckle, Orange Marmalade
        • Structure: Low Tannins, +Abv., Medi+Acid
          • PAIRING… Foie Gras, Pineapple Tart Turkish Apricots
          • CHEESE Blue Cheese

STELLENBOSCHDistrict    Wards7     @Stellenbosch

  • WHITE= Steen AKA=Chenin Blanc 17%, Chardonnay, Riesling, Roussanne, Sauvignon Blanc, Semillon
  • RED= Cabernet Sauvignon 24%, Cabernet Franc, Cinsault, Garnacha, Malbec, Merlot, Pinot Meunier, Petit Verdot, Petite Sirah, Pinotage, Syrah, Tinta Barroca
  • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa, “Western Cape GU.”, REGION-Coastal(South), DISTRICT-StellenboschLATITUDE: 33.9°’S’
    • BORDERS: Cape Town District(West), East of Cape Town-City(45 km.), @Hw.#R201/R310
    • Sub-Zones-  Jonkershoek Valley, Helderberg Basin
    • Wards- Banghoek, Bottelary Valley, Devon Valley, Jonkershoek Valley, Papegaaiberg, Polkadraai Hills,  Simonsberg
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous/ Valley(Eerste)”
    • SLOPES/ Simonsberg Mountains(North), +Alt.200 mt.-400 mt.
      • Hottentot Hollands Mountains(East)
      • Stellenbosch Mountain Peak(South)
      • Helderberg Peak(South)
      • Jonkershoek Mountains, Stellenboschberg Mountains
    • On~Coast/ False Bay/ Atlantic~Ocean~(Near/ 5km.)
    • On~Eerste/ Jonkershoek/ Krom~River~
  • SOILS= Metamorphic, Decomposed Granite, Table Rock Sandstone
    • Sedimentary, Loam, Shale
  • CLIMATE= Mediterranean With Maritime Micro-Climates
  • VITICULTURE– 15,252ha. Planted (35% White/ 65% Red)
    • OLD VINE VINEYARDS–  ~Sadie Ouwingerdreeks Met Kirsten~ (Chenin Blanc)  Planted 1952   @Stellenbosch
    • CHALLENGES– Leaf Roll Virus
    • BOTTLE SHAPES–  ~Stellenbosch Bordeaux~ Slightly Taller Base of Shoulders/ Slimmer Than Bordeaux
  • VINICULTUREBotrytis/ Edelkeur,  Noble Late Harvest,  Fortified,  Sparkling
    • Estates/ Producers– (Not Located In Delineated Ward)  Alto, Annandale, Bilton, Boschendal, Bredell’s, David Finlayson, Ernie Els, Foothills, Hidden Valley, Glenelly, Kaapzicht, Keermont, Ken Forrester, Kleine Zalze, Meerlust, Morgenster, Peter Falke, Reyneke, Rudera, Rustenberg, Rust en Vrede, Simonsig, Spotswood, Stellenrust, Trafford, Vergelegen
  • HISTORY– 1700’s Large Export Trade With Britain Wine They Where at War With France.
  • CULTURE– Know For Cape Dutch Architecture That Dates Back to 1600’s.
    • ACADEME–  ~Stellenbosch University~ Degrees In Viticulture and Oenology
    • PIONEERS– ~Abraham Perold~ 1925, First to Produce Pinotage by Crossing Cinsault With Pinot Noir
    • FESTIVALS–  ~Stellenbosch Wine Festival~ January
  • GOING THERE-  
    • VINO TOURISM~  ~Cape Winelands~
      • Claims That It is a Pioneer In Wine Tourism Which Started In 1971 With the Stellenbosch Wine Trail.
    • WINE-TRAILS–  ~Stellenbosch Wine Route~ 1971

**Images Courtesy of “Delong Maps”, Purchase These Wine Maps at Delongwine.com


  • POLKADRAAI HILLSWard     @
    • WHITE= Chardonnay, Chenin Blanc, Sauvignon Blanc
    • RED= Cabernet Sauvignon, Pinot Noir
    • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa, REGION-Coastal, DISTRICT-Stellenbosch(West)
      • BORDERS: Bottelary Ward(North), @Hw.#M12/ Stellenbosch Kloof Rd.
    • VITICULTURE–   ? ha. Planted
      • Estates/ Producers– Amani, Beau Joubert, Bein, DeMorgenzon, De Toren, Dormershire, Jacobsdal, Jordan, Mulderbosch, Nico Van Der Merwe, Reineke, Saxenburg
  • BOTTELARY VALLEYWard     @
    • WHITE= Chardonnay, Chenin Blanc
    • RED= Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot
    • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa, REGION-Coastal, DISTRICT-Stellenbosch(North-West)
      • BORDERS: Polkadraai Hills(South-West)
    • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly/ Valley(Bottelary)”, SLOPES/ ?, +Alt.300 mt.
    • VITICULTURE–  ? ha. Planted
      • OLD VINE VINEYARDS–  ~Bellevue~ (Pinotage) Planted 1953     @BottearyStellenbosch
    • VINICULUTRE
      • Estates/ Producers– Bellevue, Devonvale, Goede Hoop, Groenland, Hartenberg, Hazendal, Koopmanskloof, Mooiplaas, Stellenrust, Sterhuis
  • DEVON VALLEYWard     @
    • WHITE= Chenin Blanc
    • RED= Cabernet Sauvignon
    • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa, REGION-Coastal, DISTRICT-Stellenbosch(North-West)
      • BORDERS: Papegaaiberg Ward(East)
    • TOPOGRAPHY– “Hilly/ Valley(Devon)”
    • SOILS=Metamorphic, Granite
    • VITICULTURE–  ? ha. Planted
      • Estates/ Producers– Aaldering, Brenaissance, Clos malvern, JC Le Roux, Kyburg, Louisvale, Middelvlei The Hills
  • PAPEGAAIBERGWard     @
    • WHITE= Chenin Blanc
    • RED= Cabernet Sauvignon
    • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa, REGION-Coastal, DISTRICT-Stellenbosch
      • BORDERS: Bottelary Ward(West), Simonsberg-Stellenbosch(East)
    • VITICULTURE–  ? ha. Planted
      • Estates/ Producers– Boschheim, Dalla Cia, Die Bergkelder, Re’Mogo, Stellekaya, Villafonte
    • CULTUREAKA=Parrot Mountain
  • SIMONSBERG-STELLENBOSCHWard     @
    • WHITE= Chenin Blanc
    • RED= Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot
    • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa, REGION-Coastal, DISTRICT-Stellenbosch(North-East)
    • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly”, SLOPES/ Simonsberg Mountains, +Alt. 370 mt. – 640 mt.
    • SOILS=Metamorphic, Granite, Sandstone, Good Drainage
    • CLIMATE= Mediterranean, WithMaritime Influence
    • VITICULTURE–   ? ha. Planted
      • Estates/ Producers– Amares, Le Bonheur, Delheim, Laibach, Kanonkop, Knorhoek, Marklew, Morgenhof, Mutatie, Nietvoorbij, Rustenberg, Thelema Mountain, Utkyk, Warwick
  • JONKERSHOEK VALLEYWard      @
    • WHITE= Chardonnay, Chenin Blanc
    • RED= Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Petit Verdot, Petite Syrah
    • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa, REGION-Coastal, DISTRICT-Stellenbosch(East)
    • TOPOGRAPHY– “Hilly/ Valley(Jondershoek)”, SLOPES/ Jondershoek Mountains, +Alt. ?
      • On~Eerste~River~
    • VITICULTURE–  ? ha. Planted
      • Estates/ Producers– Lanzerac, Rudera, Sonklip, Stark-Conde
      • Vineyards– Mev Kristen
  • BANGHOEKWard     @
    • WHITE= Chardonnay, Chenin Blanc
    • RED= Cabernet Sauvignon, Syrah
    • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa, REGION-Coastal, DISTRICT-Stellenbosch(East)
      • BORDERS: Simonsberg-Stellenbosch(West)
    • TOPOGRAPHY- “Rolling/ Hilly”, SLOPES/ Simonsberg
    • VITICULTURE–   ? ha. Planted
      • Estates/ Producers– Alluvia, Bartinney, Camberley, Clouds, Delaire Graff, Molenvliet, Oldenburg, Rainbow’s End, Vuurberg, Zorgvliet

TULBAGHDistrict     @Tubagh

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Chenin Blanc, Muscat Alexandrie, Sauvignon Blanc, Viognier
  • RED= Shiraz, Cinsault, Merlot, Mourvèdre, Pinotage, Syrah
  • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa, “Western Cape GU.”, REGION-Coastal(East), DISTRICT-Tulbagh, @Hw.#R44
    • BORDERS-Swartland(West), Wellington(South), North of Paarl-City(55km.)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly/ Valley”, On~Klein Berg~River~
    • SLOPES/ Groot Winterhoek Mountains, Witsenberg Mountains, Obiekwerg Mountains
    • West of Ceres Plateau
  • VITICULTURE–   ?  haPlanted
  • VINICULTURE– Cape Classic
    • Estates/ Producers– Blue Crane, Constantia de Tulbagh, Fable Mountain, House of Krone, Lemberg, Montpellier, Rijk’s, Saronsberg, Tulbagh Mountain Vineyards

WELLINGTONDistrict     Wards5    @Wellington

  • WHITE= Chenin Blanc
  • RED= Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Malbec, Petit Verdot, Pinotage, Shiraz
  • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa, “Western Cape GU.”, REGION-Coastal(South-East), DISTRICT-Wellington
    • BORDERS: Tulbagh ‘District'(North), Paarl ‘District'(South), @Hw.#R44 & #R301
    • North-East of Cape Town-City(     km.)
    • Wards- Blouvlei, Bovlei, Groenberg, Limietberg, Mid-Berg River
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly”, SLOPES/ Hawequa/ Boland Mountains, +Alt.?
    • On~Berg~River~(East)
  • VITICULTURE- 
    • OLD VINES– ~Bosman Optenhorst~ Planted 1952
  • SOILS= Metamorphic”, “Sedimentary, Alluvial Terraces
  • VITICULTURE–  ? haPlanted
    • OLD VINE VINEYARDS– ~Bosman Optenhorst~ (Chenin Blanc) Planted 1952     @Wellington
  • VINICULTURE
    • Estates/ Producers– (Not Located In Delimitated Ward) Diemersfontein, Welbedacht
  • CULTURE– ~Etymology~ Named After the Duke of Wellington, Who Defeated Napoleon at Waterloo.

  • MID-BERG RIVERWard     @Wellington
    • WHITE= Chenin Blanc
    • RED= ?
    • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa, REGION-Coastal, SUB-REGION-Boberg, DISTRICT-Wellington(West)
    • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling”
    • SOILS=Metamorphic”, Granite
    • VITICULTURE– ? haPlanted
      • Estates/ Producers
  • LIMIETBERGWard     @
    • WHITE= Chenin Blanc
    • RED= ?
    • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa, REGION-Coastal, SUB-REGION-Boberg, DISTRICT-Wellington(East)
    • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling”
    • SOILS=Metamorphic, Granite
    • VITICULTURE–   ?  haPlanted
      • Estates/ Producers
  • GROENBERGWard     @
    • WHITE= Chenin Blanc
    • RED= ?
    • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa, REGION-Coastal, SUB-REGION-Boberg, DISTRICT-Wellington(South-Interior)
    • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling”
    • SOILS=Metamorphic, Granite
    • VITICULTURE– ? haPlanted
      • Estates/ Producers
  • BLOUVLEIWard     @
    • WHITE= Chenin Blanc
    • RED= ?
    • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa, REGION-Coastal, SUB-REGION-Boberg, DISTRICT-Wellington(South)
    • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling”
    • SOILS= Metamorphic, Granite
    • VITICULTURE– ? haPlanted
      • Estates/ Producers– Doolhof
  • BOVLEIWard     @
    • WHITE= Chenin Blanc
    • RED= ??
    • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa, REGION-Coastal, SUB-REGION-Boberg, DISTRICT-Wellington(South-East)
    • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling”
    • SOILS=Metamorphic, Granite
    • VITICULTURE– ?  haPlanted
      • Estates/ Producers

PAARLDistrict     Wards2      @Paarl

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Steen AKA=Chenin Blanc, Sauvignon Blanc, Viognier
  • RED= Babel, Barbera, Cabernet Sauvignon, Cinsault, Merlot, Mourvedre, Pinotage, Shiraz
  • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa, “Western Cape GU.”, REGION-Coastal(South-East), DISTRICT-Paarl
    • BORDERS: Swartland District(North-West), Wellington(North-East), Stellenbosch District(South-West)
    • North of Cape Town-City(   km.), @Hw.#1/ R44/ R45
    • Wards- Agter-Paarl?, Simonsberg-Paarl, Voor Paardeberg
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous”, On~Berg~River~
    • SLOPES/ Boland, Paarl Rock, Groot Ddrakenstein Mountains, Wemmershoek Mountians,, Hawequa Mountains, Simonsberg Mountains
  • SOILS= Metamorphic”, ”Sedimentary, Sandstone, Granite, Shale, Sand
  • VITICULTURE– 14,750 ha. Planted
    •  OLD VINE VINEYARDS– ~Windmeul~ (Cinsault) Planted 1954     @Paarl
  • VINICULTUREBotrytis, Fortified,  Sparling
    • Estates/ Producers– Avondale, Backsberg, Glen, Joostenberg, Naude, Nederburg, Vilafonte
  • CULTURE– Nederburg Wine Action

**Images Courtesy of “Delong Maps”, Purchase These Wine Maps at Delongwine.com

  • VOOR PAARDEBERGWard     @Paarl
    • WHITE= Chardonnay, Grenache Blanc, Steen AKA=Chenin Blanc
    • RED= Cabernet Sauvignon, Shiraz
    • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa, REGION-Coastal, DISTRICT-Paarl(North),  @Hw.#R45
      • North of Paarl-City(15km.)
    • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly”, SLOPES/ Paardeberg, +Alt.?
    • SOILS= Metamorphic”, Granite
    • VITICULTURE–  ?  haPlanted
      • Estates/ Producers– African Terroir, Ayama Wines, David Frost, Foundry, Noran, Oude Denneboom, Perdeberg, Redford Dale, Scali, Vondeling
  • SIMONSBERG-PAARLWard     @Klapmuts
    • WHITE= Chardonnay, Steen AKA=Chenin Blanc, Sauvignon Blanc
    • RED= Cabernet Sauvignon, Shiraz
    • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa, REGION-Coastal, DISTRICT-Paarl(South)
      • South of Paarl-City(10km.), @Hw.#R45
    • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly”, SLOPES/ Simonsberg Mountains, +Alt.?
    • SOILS= Metamorphic”, Granite
    • VITICULTURE–  ?  haPlanted
      • Estates/ Producers– Anura, Backsberg, Babylonstoren, Glen Carlou(70ha.), Mon Reve, Mount Vernon, Nederburg, Noble Hill, Plaisir de Merle, Rupert & Rothschild

FRANSCHHOEKDistrict     @Franschoek

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Chenin Blanc, Sauvignon Blanc, Semillon, Viognier
  • RED= Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Mourvèdre, Pinotage, Pinot Noir, Shiraz
    GEOGRAPHY– South Africa, “Western Cape GU.”, REGION-Coastal(South-East), DISTRICT-Franschhoek

    • BORDERS– Paarl(North-East), Stellenbosch(South-West)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly/ Valley(Franschoek)”, On~Berg~River~
    • SLOPES/ Franschhoek/ Groot Drakenstein/ Wemmershoek Mountains, +Alt. ?
  • SOILS= Metamorphic”, ”Sedimentary, Allubial Sandstone, Granite, Schist
  • CLIMATE=
  • VITICULTURE–  ?  haPlanted
    • OLD VINES– ~Alheit’s La Colline~ (Semillon) Planted 1936
      • ~Boekenhoutskloof~ (Semillon) Planted 1942     @Franschhoek
  • VINICULTURECape Classic(Sparkling)
    • Estates/ Producers– Anthonij Rupert, Boschendal(250ha.), Boekenhoutskloof, La Bri, Cape Chamonix(50ha.), Colmant(Sparkling), Couronne, Four Paws, Graham Beck, Grand Provence Heritage(54ha.), Holden Manz, Leopard’s Leap, Maison, Moreson, La Motte(75ha.), Mullineux $ Leeu, Rickety Bridge, Solms-Delta, Stony Brook, Topiary
  • HISTORY
    • 1688 @Franschhoek First Settled by French Huguenots.
    • 1694 @Franschhoek First Vines Planted  at L’Ormarin’s Wine Farm.
  • CULTURE– ~Etymology~ Franschhoek Mean French Quarter In Afrikanns Referring to Historic Home of French Huguenot
  • GOING THERE- 
    • WINE ROUTE– ~Cap Classique Route~ Wine Route Connecting 18 Methode Cap Classique Producers
      • ~Franschhoek Wine Tram~ Hop-On, Hop-Off  Tour Through Valley

BREEDE RIVER VALLEYRegion

BREED RIVER VALLEY IS     DISTRICTS4     WARDS15      @Worcester

  • WHITE=   |   RED= **Refer to Districts/ Wards For Varietal Information

GEOGRAPHY South Africa,“Western Cape GU.”(Interior), LATITUDE: 33.6* ‘S’

  • BORDERS: Boberg(West), Cape South Coast(South), Klein Karoo(North-East)
  • Districts  Breedekloof, Robertson, Worcester

TOPOGRAPHY “Rolling/ Hilly/ Valley(Breed River)”

  • (135km. Long),  SLOPES/ Langeberg/ Riversonderend Mountains
  • On~Breede~River~

SOILS Metamorphic”, “Sedimentary“, Sandy, Lime, Red Shale

CLIMATEContinental


**Images Courtesy of “Delong Maps”, Purchase These Wine Maps at Delongwine.com

BREEDEKLOOFDistrict     Wards2     @Worcester

  • WHITE= Chenin Blanc, Chardonnay, Colombard, Hanepoot, Moscato, Sauvignon Blanc
  • RED= Shiraz 40%, Barbera, Cabernet Sauvignon, Pintage
  • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa, “Western Cape GU.”, REGION-Breede River Valley((North-West), DISTRICT-Breedekloof
    • @Hw.#1/ R101/ R43,  Wards- Goudini, Slanghoek
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly”, SLOPES/ Slanghoek Mountians
    • On~Breede/ Witte~River~
  • SOILS=Metamorphic”, “Sedimentary, Sand, Loam, River Stones
  • VITICULTURE– ?  haPlanted
    • OLD VINE VINEYARDS– ~Dashbosch Hanepoot~ (Muscat d’alexandria) Planted 1900   @Breedekloof
  • VINICULTURE– Fortified, Dessert
    • Estates/ Producers– Bergsig, Deetlefs, Ladera, Meander, Merwida, Rico Suter, Stonecross, Woboomsrivier

  • SLANGHOEKWard     @Worcester
    • WHITE= Chardonnay, Steen AKA=Chenin Blanc
    • RED= Shiraz
    • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa, REGION-Breede River Valley, @Hw.#R43
      • DISTRICT-Breedekloof(Interior)
    • VITICULTURE–  ?  haPlanted
      • Estates/ Producers– Breeland, Jason’s Hill, Mountain Oaks, Postal, Slanghoek
  • GOUDINIWard     @Rawsonville
    • WHITE= Chardonnay, Steen AKA=Chenin Blanc
    • RED= Cabernet Sauvignon, Shiraz
    • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa, REGION-Breede River Valley, @Hw.#R101
      • DISTRICT-Breedekloof(South-East)
    • VITICULTURE–    ?  haPlanted
      • Estates/ Producers– Avondrood, Kirabo, Merwida, Uniwines

WORCESTERDistrict     Wards4      @Worcester

  • WHITE= Steen AKA=Chenin Blanc, Colombard, Sauvignon Blanc, Semillon
  • RED= Pinotage, Pinot Noir, Ruby Cabernet
  • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa, “Western Cape GU.”, REGION-Breede River Valley, DISTRICT-Worcester
    • BORDERS: Breedekloof(West), Robertson(South)
    • Wards- Aan-De-Doorns, Hex River Valley, Nuy, Scherpenheuvel
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly/ Valley(Hex)”
    • SLOPES/ Hex River Mts./ Hex River Valley, +Alt. 220 mt., On~Breede~River~
  • SOILS= Metamorphic”, “Sedimentary, Alluvial, Sand, Loam, Shale
  • VITICULTURE– ?  haPlanted
    • Estates/ Producers– Eagles Cliff
    • CULTURE ECONOMY~KWV. Brandy Production Center~

  • HEX RIVER VALLEYWard     @De Dooms
    • WHITE= Chardonnay, Steen AKA=Chenin Blanc
    • RED= Cabernet Sauvignon, Shiraz
    • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa, REGION-Breede River Valley, @Hw.#N1
      • DISTRICT-Worcester
    • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Valley(Hex)”, SLOPES/ Riner Mountains
      • On~Hex~River~
    • VITICULTURE–  ?  haPlanted
      • Estates/ Producers– Auction Crossing, De Doorns Winery
  • NUYWard     @
    • WHITE= Chardonnay, Steen AKA=Chenin Blanc
    • RED= ?
    • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa, REGION-Breede River Valley, DISTRICT-Worcester
    • VITICULTURE–  ?  haPlanted
      • Estates/ Producers– Conradie Family, Leipzig, Nuy
  • SCHERPENHEUVELWard     @
    • WHITE= Chardonnay, Steen AKA=Chenin Blanc
    • RED= Shiraz
    • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa, REGION-Breede River Valley, DISTRICT-Worcester
      • @Hw.#R60
    • TOPOGRAPHYOn~Breede~River~
    • VITICULTURE–  ?  ha. Planted
      • Estates/ Producers– Alvi’s Drift
  • STETTYNWard      @Brandulei
    • WHITE= Chardonnay, Steen AKA=Chenin Blanc
    • RED= Shiraz
    • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa, REGION-Breede River Valley, DISTRICT-Worcester
      • @Hw.#R43
    • TOPOGRAPHY
    • VITICULTURE–   ?  ha. Planted
      • Estates/ Producers
  • AAN-De-DOORNSWard       @
    • WHITE= Chardonnay, Steen AKA=Chenin Blanc
    • RED= Pinot Noir
    • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa, REGION-Breede River Valley, DISTRICT-Worcester
    • VITICULTURE–  ?  haPlanted
      • Estates/ Producers

ROBERTSONDistrict   Wards9     @Robertson

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Chenin Blanc, Colombard, Gewurztraminer, Muscat Alexandria, Muscadel, Sauvignon Blanc
  • RED= Cabernet Sauvignon, Cinsault, Merlot, Pinot Noir, Shiraz
  • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa, “Western Cape GU.”, REGION-Breede River Valley, DISTRICT-Robertson
    • East of Cape Town-City(160km.)
    • Wards- Agterkiphooget, Bonnievale, Boesmansrivier, Eilandia, Hoopsrivier, Klassvoogds, Le Chasseur, McGregor, Vinkrivier
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly”, SLOPES/ Langeberg Mountain
    • On~Kogmanskloof/ Breede~River~
  • SOILS= Metamorphic”, “Sedimentary, Shale, Gravel, Limestone
  • VITICULTURE– ?   haPlanted
    • Estates/ Producers– Arabella, Ashton, Cloverfield, Excelsior, Graham Beck, Major’s Hill, Springfield, Viljoensdrift, Wolfkloof, Wonderfontein, Zandvliet

  • EILANDIAWard     @
    • WHITE= Chardonnay, Steen AKA=Chenin Blanc
    • RED= Shiraz
    • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa, REGION-Breede River Valley, DISTRICT-Robertson(North-West)
    • VITICULTURE–  ?  haPlanted
      • Estates/ Producers– Bon Cap
  • VINKRIVIERWard     @
    • WHITE= Chardonnay, Steen AKA=Chenin Blanc
    • RED= ?
    • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa, REGION-Breede River Valley, DISTRICT-Robertson(North), @Hw.#R60
    • VITICULTURE–  ?  haPlanted
      • Estates/ Producers– Burcon, Duvon, Graham Beck, Rooiberg Cape Dream, Roux & Fourie, Wederom
  • LE CHASSEURWard     @
    • WHITE= Chardonnay
    • RED= Cabernet Sauvignon, Shiraz
    • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa, REGION-Breede River Valley, DISTRICT-Robertson(West)
      • BORDERS: Eilandia Ward(North), Vinkrivier Ward(North-East), Agterkliphoogte Ward(South)
    • VITICULTURE–  ?  haPlanted
      • Estates/ Producers– Le Chasseur
  • AGTERKIPHOOGTEWard     @
    • WHITE= Chardonnay, Steen AKA=Chenin Blanc
    • RED= Shiraz
    • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa, REGION-Breede River Valley, DISTRICT-Robertson(West)
    • VITICULTURE–  ?  ha.
      • Estates/ Producers– Sumsare, Wandsbeck, Windfall
  • HOOPSRIVIERWard     @
    • WHITE= Chardonnay, Steen AKA=Chenin Blanc
    • RED= Cabernet Sauvignon, Shiraz
    • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa, REGION-Breede River Valley, DISTRICT-Robertson(North-East)
    • VITICULTURE–  ?  haPlanted
      • Estates/ Producers
  • KLASSVOOGDSWard     @
    • WHITE= Chardonnay, Steen AKA=Chenin Blanc
    • RED= Shiraz
    • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa, REGION-Breede River Valley, DISTRICT-Robertson(North-East)
    • VITICULTURE–  ?  haPlanted
      • Estates/ Producers– Fraai Uitzicht, Kranskop, Roseendal
  • McGREGORWard     @McGregor
    • WHITE= Chardonnay
    • RED= Cabernet Sauvignon
    • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa, REGION-Breede River Valley, DISTRICT-Robertson(South)
    • VITICULTURE–  ?  haPlanted
      • Estates/ Producers– Buffalo Creek, Kingsriver, Konningsrivier, Lord’s, McGregor, Tanagra
  • BOESMANSRIVIERWard     @
    • WHITE= Chardonnay, Steen
    • RED=
    • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa, REGION-Breede River Valley, DISTRICT-Robertson(South), @Hw.#317
    • VITICULTURE–  ?  haPlanted
      • Estates/ Producers– Janeza, Langverwacht
  • BONNIEVALEWard     @Bonnievale
    • WHITE= Chardonnay
    • RED= Cabernet Sauvignon
    • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa, REGION-Breede River Valley, DISTRICT-Robertson(South-East), @Hw.#317
    • TOPOGRAPHYOn~Breede~River~
    • VITICULTURE–  ?  haPlanted
      • Estates/ Producers– Arendsig, Bonnievale, Esona, Goedverwacht, Jonkheer, Mooiuitsif, Rivergold, Van Zylshof, Weltevrede

CAPE SOUTH COASTRegion     

CAP SOUTH COAST IS   DISTRICTS6      WARDS13      @

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Chenin Blanc, Semillon, Sauvignon Blanc
  • RED= Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Petit Verdot, Pinot Noir, Shiraz

GEOGRAPHY South Africa, “Western Cape GU.”, REGION-Cape South Coast(South-East), LATITUDE: 33.4* ‘S’

  • BORDERS: Breede River Valley(North-West), Klein Karoo(North)
  • Districts- Cape Agulhas, Elgin, Overberg, Plettenberg, Swellendam, Walker Bay

TOPOGRAPHY “Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous/ Valley(Breede)”

  • On~Coast/Atlantic~Ocean~

SOILSMetamorphic”, “Sedimentary, Gravel, Loams, Shale, Granite

CLIMATEMaritime WithMediterranean Influence

VITICULTURE 2,650 ha. Planted


OVERBERGDistrict     Wards4     @Caledon

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Chenin Blanc, Semillon, Sauvignon Blanc
  • RED= Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Petit Verdot, Pinot Noir, Shiraz
  • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa, “Western Cape GU.”, REGION-Cap South Coast, DISTRICT-Overberg
    • Wards-  Elandskloof, Greyson, Klein River, Theewater
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly”, SLOPES/ Hottentots-Holland Mountains, +Alt.700mt.
    • On~Coast/Atlantic~Ocean~
  • SOILS=Metamorphic”, “Sedimentary, Shale, Sandstone
  • VITICULTURE– ?   haPlanted
    • Estates/ Producers– Bouchard, Crystallum, Jean Daneel, Paul Cluver, Raka Wines
  • CULTURE– ~Etymology~ “Over the Mountains” Referring to Its Location Compared to Stellenbosch.
  • ELANDSKLOOFWard     @
    • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa, REGION-Cap South Coast, DISTRICT-Overberg(North)
    • VITICULTURE–  ?  haPlanted
      • Estates/ Producers– Cape of Good Hope
  • THEEWATERWard     @
    • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa, REGION-Cap South Coast, DISTRICT-Overberg(North),  @Hw.#321
    • VITICULTURE–  ?  haPlanted
      • Estates/ Producers
  • GREYTONWard      @Genadendal
    • WHITE= Chardonnay, Chenin Blanc
    • RED= Shiraz
    • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa, REGION-Cap South Coast, DISTRICT-Overberg, @Hw.#R406
    • TOPOGRAPHYSLOPES /?,  +Alt. 325 mt.
    • VITICULTURE–  ?  haPlanted
      • Estates/ Producers– Lismore
  • KLEIN RIVERWard     @
    • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa, REGION-Cap South Coast, DISTRICT-Overberg(South), @Hw.#316
    • VITICULTURE–  ?  haPlanted

ELGINDistrict     @Grabouw

  • WHITE= Sauvignon Blanc 37%, Chardonnay 15%, Chenin Blanc, Gewurztraminer, Riesling, Semillon
  • RED= Pinot Noir 14%, Syrah 8%, Cabernet Franc, Cabernet, Sauvignon, Merlot, Nebbiolo, Shiraz
  • GEOGRAPHY South Africa, “Western Cape GU.”, REGION-Cap South Coast, DISTRICT-Elgin
    • @Hw.#N2/ Highlands Rd./Appletiser Rd.,  South-East of Cape Town-City(70km.)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly/ Bowl/ Valley(Elgin)”
    • SLOPES/ Hottentots-Holland Mountains, +Alt.300mt.-605mt.
    • On~Coast/ Atlantic~Ocean~(Near/13km.), On~Palmiet~River~
  • SOILS=Metamorphic”, “Sedimentary, Decomposed Bokkeveld, Shale, Sandstone
  • CLIMATE= Maritime WithMediterranen Influence
    • INFLUENCED/ Proximity to Atlantic Ocean/ Walker Bay
  • VITICULTURE–  780 haPlanted
  • VINICULTURELate Harvest,  Botrytis
    • Estates/ Producers– Almenkerk, Boschendal, Elgin Ridge(7ha.), Highlands Road(9ha.), Iona, Julien Schaal, Migliarina, Neil Ellis, Oak Valley(30ha.), Paul Cluver(82ha.), Richard Kershaw, Shannon(12ha.), Speoenkop, Thelma Mountain, Vrede en Lust((60ha.)
    • Vineyards– Seven Flags
  • CULTURE–  PIONEERS– ~Paul Cluver~ Planted First Commercial Vineyard In Elgin In 1985
    • AGRICULTURE– Apple, Pear, Wine

WALKERS BAYDistrict     Wards6     @Hermanus

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Chenin Blanc, Sauvignon Blanc
  • RED= Merlot, Pinot Noir, Pinotage, Shiraz
  • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa, “Western Cape GU.”, REGION-Cap South Coast(West), DISTRICT-Walkers Bay
    • South-East of Cape Town-City(120km.)
    • Wards- Bot River, Hemel-En-Aarde Ridge, Hemel-en-Aarde Valley, Stanford Foothills, Sunday Glen, Upper Hemel-en-Aarde Valley,
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Valley(Hemel-en-Aarde), On~Bot~River~
    • On~Coast/ Atlantic~Ocean~
  • SOILS=Metamorphic”, “Sedimentary“, Shale, Granite, Sandstone
  • CLIMATE=Maritime
  • VITICULTURE– ?  haPlanted
    • Estates/ Producers– Almenkerk(15ha.), Hermanuspietersfontein, Hornbill Garagiste, Oak Valley, Wine Village-Hermanus, Whalehaven
  • HISTORY– First Wines Planted In 1970’s
  • CULTURE
    • PIONEERS– ~Timothy Hamilton Russell~
      • Defied the KWV. by Planting 2 Vineyards In Hemel-em-Aarde In 1970 With Pinot Noir.  At the Time Independent Producers, the Pinot Noir Grape and Planting Vines In That Area Were Forbidden.

  • BOT RIVIERWard     @Bot River
    • WHITE= Chenin Blanc, Sauvignon Blanc
    • RED= Cabernet Sauvignon, Pinotage, Pinto Noir, Shiraz
    • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa, REGION-Cap South Coast, DISTRICT-Walkers Bay(North-West), @Hw.#44
    • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly/ Valley(Bot)”, SLOPES/ Groen Zandberg, Babylon Storen
      • On~Bot~River~
    • VITICULTURE–  ?   haPlanted
      • Estates/ Producers– Barton, Beaumont, Benguela Cove, Feiteiras, Gabrielskloff, Luddite, Paardenkloof, Rivendell, Wildekrans
    • CULTURE–  ASSOCIATIONS– ~Bot River Winegrowers
  • HEMEL-En-AARDE VALLEYWard     @Hermanus
    • WHITE= Chardonnay, Semillon, Sauvignon Blanc
    • RED= Pinot Noir, Pinotage
    • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa, REGION-Cap South Coast, DISTRICT-Walkers Bay(West),  @Hw.#R320
    • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Valley(Hemel-En-Aarde)”
      • SLOPES/ Babilonstoring Mountians & Klein River Mountains, Babylon Tower, +Alt.125 mt.
    • SOILS=  Metamorphic”, “Sedimentary, Sandstone, Clay, Quartz, Granite, Bokkeveld Shale(Clay Rich)
    • VITICULTURE– 382haPlanted
      • Estates/ Producers–  Bouchard Finlayson, Hamilton Russel(52ha.), Hannes Storm, Julien Schaal, Family,  Seadragon, Southern Right, La Vierge
      • -Vineyards- Ashbourne, Southern Right
    • CULTURE–  ~Etymology~ Hemel-en-Aarde…Meaning…Afrikaans For Heaven and Earth.
  • UPPER HEMEL-En-AARDE VALLEYWard     @Hermanus
    • WHITE= Albarino, Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc
    • RED= Pinot Noir
    • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa, REGION-Cap South Coast, DISTRICT-Walkers Bay(West),  @Hw.#R320
    • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly/ Valley(Hemel-en-Aarde)”
      • SLOPES/ Klein River Mountains
    • SOILS= Metamophpic, Decomposed Granite
    • VITICULTURE–  ?  haPlanted
      • Estates/ Producers–  De Los, Newton Johnson, Restless River, Spookfontein, Sumaridge
  • HEMEL-En-AARDE RIDGEWard     @Caledon
    • WHITE= Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc
    • RED= Pinot Noir
    • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa, REGION-Cap South Coast, DISTRICT-Walkers Bay(West), @Hw.#R320
    • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly”
      • SLOPES/ Babilonstoring Mountians & Klein River Mountains, +Alt.400 mt.
    • SOILS= Metamorphic”, “Sedimentary”, Clay, Shale
    • VITICULTURE– ?   haPlanted
      • Estates/ Producers– Alheit, Ataraxia, Creation, Domaine des Dieux, Hemelrand, Jakob’s, Mount Babylon, Storm
  • STANFORD FOOTHILLSWard     @Stanford
    • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa, REGION-Cap South Coast, DISTRICT-Walkers Bay(Central), @Hw.#R43
    • VITICULTURE–  ?  haPlanted
      • Estates/ Producers– Springfontien,  Robert Stanford, Stanford Hills, Walker Bay
  • SUNDAY’S GLENWard     @
    • WHITE= Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc
    • RED= Pinot Noir
    • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa, REGION-Cap South Coast, DISTRICT-Walkers Bay(South-East)
    • VITICULTURE–  ?  haPlanted
      • Estates/ Producers- Brunia

**Walker Bay Images Courtesy of “Delong Maps”, Purchase These Maps at Delongwine.com

Cape South Coast/ No District

  • NAPIERWard     @
    • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa, REGION-Cape South Coast
      • “Stand Alone Ward/ No-District”
    • VITICULTURE–  ?  haPlanted
      • Estates/ Producers

CAPE AGULHASDistrict     Wards1       @Elim

  • WHITE= Sauvignon Blanc, Semillon
  • RED= Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Pinot Noir, Shiraz
  • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa, “Western Cape GU.”, REGION-Cap South Coast, DISTRICT-Cape Agulhas
    • @Hw.#R43, Africa’s Southernmost Point, Wards- Elim
  • TOPOGRAPHYOn~Coast/  Atlantic & Indian~Ocean~(Convergence)
  • SOILS= Metamorphic”, “Sedimentary, Sandstone, Shale, Laterite
  • CLIMATE=Maritime, Influence/ Official Confluence of Atlantic and Indian Oceans
  • VITICULTURE–  ? haPlanted
    • Estates/ Producers– Cederberg, Hidden Valley, Lomond, Strandveld

  • ELIMWard     @Elim
    • WHITE= Sauvigon Blanc, Semillon
    • RED= Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Pinot Noir, Shiraz
    • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa, REGION-Cap South Coast, DISTRICT-Cap Agulhas(East-Central), @Hw.#R43
    • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly”, On~Coast/Ocean~(Near/ 15km.)
    • VITICULTURE–  ?  haPlanted
      • Estates/ Producers– Berrio, Flagstone, Standveld, Trizanne

SWELLENDAMDistrict      Wards3      @Swellendam

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc
  • RED= Cabernet Sauvignon, Shiraz
  • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa, “Western Cape GU.”, REGION-Cap South Coast, DISTRICT-Swellendam
    • Wards- Buffeljags, Malgus, Stormsvlei
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/Rolling/ Hilly”, On~Breede~River~
  • SOILS= Metamorphic”, “Sedimentary
  • CLIMATE=Mediterranean
  • VITICULTURE–    haPlanted
    • Estates/ Producers– Trafford

  • STORMSVLEIWard     @Riviersonderend
    • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa, REGION-Breede River Vally, DISTRICT-Swellendam(East), @Hw.#2
    • VITICULTURE–  ?  haPlanted
      • Estates/ Producers
  • BUFFELJAGSWard     @
    • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa, REGION-Breede River Vally, DISTRICT-Swellendam(North), @Hw.#2
    • VITICULTURE–  ?  haPlanted
      • Estates/ Producers
  • MALGASWard     @
    • WHITE= Rousanne
    • RED= Garnacha, Mourvedre, Shiraz
    • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa, REGION-Breede River Vally, DISTRICT-Swellendam(South), @Hw.#R324
      • East of Cape Agulhas(80km.)
    • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling”, On~Breede~River~, ON PLATEAU/
    • VITICULTURE–  ?  haPlanted
      • Estates/ Producers– Sijnn(Monopole)

Cape South Coast/ No District

  • LOWER DUIVENHOKS RIVERWard     @
    • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa, REGION-Cape South Coast
      • “Stand Alone Ward/ No-District”
    • VITICULTURE–  ?  haPlanted
      • Estates/ Producers
  • STILBASSI EASTWard     @
    • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa, REGION-Cape South Coast
      • “Stand Alone Ward/ No-District”
    • VITICULTURE–  ?  haPlanted
      • Estates/ Producers
  • HERBERTSDALEWard     @
    • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa, REGION-Cape South Coast
      • “Stand Alone Ward/ No-District”
    • VITICULTURE–  ?  haPlanted
      • Estates/ Producers

PLETTENBERG BAYDistrict     Wards3     @Plettenberg Bay

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc
  • RED= Shiraz
  • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa, “Western Cape GU.”, REGION-Cap South Coast(East), DISTRICT-Plettenberg Bay
    • @Hw.#2/ R340
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling”
    • On~Coast/ Plettenberg Bay/ Indian~Ocean~(Near/ 3km.)
  • VITICULTURE–  ?  haPlanted
    • Estates/ Producers


KLEIN KAROORegion

KLEIN KAROO IS   DISTRICTS2      WARDS4      @

  • WHITE= Chenin Blanc, Colombard
  • RED=
  • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa, “Western Cape GU.”(South-East), REGION-Klein Karoo, LATITUDE: 33.5* ‘S’
    • Districts  Calitzdorp, Langeberg-Garcia
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling/ Valley”
    • SLOPES/ Swartberg Mountains/ Langeberg Mountains, +Alt.700mt.
    • On~Klein~River~, Open Plains
  • SOILS= Metamorphic”, “Sedimentary, Sand, Lime, Red Shale
  • CLIMATE= Semi-Arid With Continental Influences
  • VITICULTURE
  • VINICULTUREBulk Wine,   Port(Cape Vintage, Cape Ruby, Cape Tawny

Klein Karoo/ No District

  • MONTAGUWard     @
    • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa, Klein Karoo, “Stand Alone Ward/ No-District”
      • BORDERS: Tradouw Highland Ward(East), @Hw.#R62
    • VITICULTURE–  ?  haPlanted
      • Estates/ Producers– Kingna Distillery, Montagu, Montagu Wine Cellar
  • TRADOUW HIGHLANDWard     @
    • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa, Klein Karoo(South-West)
      • “Stand Alone Ward/ No-District”
      • BORDERS: Montagu Ward(West), Tradouw Ward(East), @Hw.#R62
    • VITICULTURE–  ?  haPlanted
      • Estates/ Producers– Star Hill
  • TRADOUWWard     @
    • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa, Klein Karoo(South-West)
      • “Stand Alone Ward/ No-District”
      • BORDERS: Tradouw Ward(West), @Hw.#R62
    • VITICULTURE–  ?  haPlanted
      • Estates/ Producers– Barrydale
  • CANGO VALLEYWard     @
    • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa, Klein Karoo(South-West)
      • “Stand Alone Ward/ No-District”
    • VITICULTURE–  ?  haPlanted
      • Estates/ Producers
  • OUTENIQUAWard     @
    • GEOGRAPHY– Klein Karoo(South-East), “Stand Alone Ward/ No-District”
      • @Hw.#N9
    • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling” SLOPES/ Outeniqua Mountains
    • VITICULTURE– ?  haPlanted
      • Estates/ Producers– Herold
  • UPPER LANGKLOOFWard     @
    • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa, Klein Karoo(South-East),
      • “Stand Alone Ward/ No-District”, @Hw.#R62
    • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling” SLOPES/ Outeniqua Mountains
    • VITICULTURE–  ?  haPlanted
      • Estates/ Producers– The Goose

LANGEBERG-GARCIADistrict     @Langeberg

  • WHITE=               |   RED=
  • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa, “Western Cape GU.”, REGION-Klein Karoo, DISTRICT-Langeberg-Garcia
    • @Hw#R323/ R327
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”
  • VITICULTURE–   ? haPlanted
    • Estates/ Producers

CALITZDORPDistrict     @Calitzdorp

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Chenin Blanc
  • RED= Cabernet Sauvignon, Tinta Barroca, Touriga Nacional
  • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa, “Western Cape GU.”, REGION-Klein Karoo, DISTRICT-Calitzdorp, @Hw.#R62
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly”, SLOPES/ Swartberg Mountains(North), Rooiberg Mountains(South)
    • On~Olifants~River~
  • CLIMATE= Semi-Arid
  • VITICULTURE– ?   haPlanted
  • VINICULTURE– Fortified, Dessert “Port Capital of South Africa”
    • Estates/ Producers– Axe Hill, Boplaas, Du’swaroo, De Krans, Peter Bayly, TTT Cellar, Withoek

Western Cape/ No District

  • CEDERBERGWard     @
    • WHITE= Chardonnay, Chenin Blanc, Sauvignon Blanc
    • RED= Cabernet, Shiraz
    • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa, “Western Cape”, “Stand Alone Ward/ No-District”
    • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly”, SLOPES/ Cederberg Mountain Range, +Alt
    • VITICULTURE–  ?  haPlanted
      • Estates/ Producers
  • SWARTBERGWard     @
    • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa, “Western Cape”, “Stand Alone Ward/ No-District”
    • VITICULTURE–  ?  haPlanted
      • Estates/ Producers
  • PRINCE ALBERT VALLEYWard     @Prince Albert
    • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa, “Western Cape”, “Stand Alone Ward/ No-District”
    • VITICULTURE–  ?  haPlanted
      • Estates/ Producers– Bergwater, Reiersvlei, Soetkaroo


EASTERN CAPE (Geographical Unit)      @Port Elizabeth

  • WHITE=      |    RED= **Refer to Districts/ Wards For Varietal Information
  • GEOGRAPHYSouth Africa(South-West), “Eastern Cape GU.”
    • BORDERS: Western Cape(South-West), Kwazulu-Natal(North-East)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous”, On~Coast/ Indian Ocean~

Eastern Cape/ No Region/ No District

  • ST. FRANCIS BAYWard     @
    • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa, “Eastern Cape GU.”(South-West)
      • “Stand Alone Ward/ No-District”
    • VITICULTURE–  ?  haPlanted
      • -Estate/ Producers-

KWAZULU-NATAL (Geographical Unit)     @

  • WHITE=    |    RED= **Refer to Districts/ Wards For Varietal Information
  • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa(East), “Kwazulu-Natal-Natal GU.”, BORDERS: Eastern Cape(South)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly”, On~Coast/ Indian~Ocean~
    • DESERT- Kalahari Desert-Basin,   North- Semi-Arid
    • PLATEAU– Karoo Plateau, Eastern Slopes Plateau, Western Plateau
    • Highest Peak- Injasuti Mountains, +Alt.3,408mt.
    • Johannesburg +Alt.1,800mt. Cape Folded Belt
  • SOILSMetamorphic
  • CLIMATE=

CENTRAL DRAKENSBERGDistrict     @

  • WHITE=    |    RED=
  • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa, “Kwazulu-Natal GU.”(West), DISTRICT-Central Drakensberg
  • VITICULTURE–  ?  haPlanted
    • -Estate/ Producers-

LIONS RIVERDistrict     @

  • WHITE=    |    RED=
  • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa, “Kwazulu-Natal GU.”(South-Interior), DISTRICT-Lions River
  • VITICULTURE–  ?  haPlanted
    • -Estate/ Producers-


LIMPOPO (Geographical Unit)     @Plolkwane

  • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa(North-East), “Limpopo GU.”
    • BORDERS: Zimbabwe(North), North West(South-West), Mpumalanga(South)
  • TOPOGRAPHY “Rolling/ Hilly”, On~Limpopo~River~
    • -Estate/ Producers-

No Regions/ No Districts/ No Wards

 



NORTH WEST (Geographical Unit)   @Sun City

  • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa(North-East), “North West GU.”
    • BORDERS: Botswana(North), Northern Cape(West), Free State(South)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly”, On~Vaal~River~
    • -Estate/ Producers-

No Regions/ No Districts/ No Wards

 



FREE STATE (Geographical Unit)   @Bloembontein

  • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa(WestInterior), “Free State GU.”
    • BORDERS: North West(North), Northern Cape(West), Eastern Cape(South)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly”
  • VITICULTURE–  ?  haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers

No Regions/ No Districts

  • REITRIVIER FS– Ward     @Jacobsdal
    • WHITE=   |   RED=
    • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa,  “Free State GU.”, “No District”, @Hw.#8/ R46
    • TOPOGRAPHY– “Flat/ Rolling”, On~Riet~River~
    • VITICULTURE–  ?  haPlanted
      • Estate/ Producers


Other Geographical Units Not Producing Grapes

GAUTENG (Geographical Unit)     @Johannesburg

  • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa(North-East Interior)
    • BORDERS: North West(West), Mpumalanga(East), Free State(South)
  • TOPOGRAPHY “Rolling/ Hilly”, On~Vaal~River~(North)
    • -Estate/ Producers-

No Regions/ No Districts/ No Wards



MPUMALANGA (Geographical Unit)  @Nelspruit

  • GEOGRAPHY– South Africa(North-East)
    • BORDERS: Gauteng(West), Limpopo(North), Kwazulu-Natal(South)
  • TOPOGRAPHY– “Rolling/ Hilly”

No Regions/ No Districts/ No Wards



**Refer to “BIBLIOGRAPHY/ Sources” For Details On Scholarly Works Referenced.