CHILE-Central Valley


CENTRAL VALLEY IS  Regions- 6     Districts- 33      @Santiago

  • WHITE= Albarino, Chardonnay, Gewurztraminer, Marsanne, Pinot Gri, Riesling, Roussanne, Sauvignon Blanc, Sauvignon Gri, Semillon, Torontel, Viognier
  • RED= Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Carignan, Carmenere, Garnacha, Malbec, Merlot, Pais, Petit Verdot, Pinot Noir, Romano AKA=Cesar, Sangiovese, Syrah, Tempranillo

GEOGRAPHY Chile, REGION-Central Valley, LATITUDE: 33° S

  • BORDERS-AcongaguaRegion(North), SouthRegion(South)
  • BETWEEN-Coastal Range & Andes Mountains
  • Sub-Zones- Cachapoal, Colchagua, Curico Valley, Maipo Valley, Maule Valley, Rapel Valley

TOPOGRAPHY Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous/ Valley(Central)

  • ON PLATEAU/ ?,  +Alt. 1,000 mt. , Separated From Ocean by Coastal Ridge +Alt. 800mt.
    • Stops Most of the Fog and Cool Air From Reaching Central Valley.

SOILS Metamorphic, Volcanic, Sedimentary, Loam, Clay, Sandstone, Tuffeau

CLIMATEMediterranean With Semi-Arid Influence

  • *Summers– Warm, Dry, Long    |    *Winters– Cold, Wet

VITICULTURE

  • ADVANTAGE–  ~No Phylloxera~
  • ADVANTAGE–  ~Irrigation~ From Snow Melt From the Andes Mountains.


**Central Valley Images Courtesy of Delong Maps, Purchase Wine Maps at Delongwine.com


MAIPO VALLEY DO.     @Santiago, San Fernando

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Moscatel, Sauvignon Blanc
  • RED= Cabernet Sauvignon 45%, Cabernet Franc, Carmenere, Cinsault, Grenache, Malbec, Merlot, Romano AKA=Cesar, Petit Verdot, Pinot Noir, Sangiovese, Syrah, Tempranillo
  • GEOGRAPHY Chile, REGION-Central Valley(North), LATITUDE: 33° S
    • South-West of Santiago-City(  km.)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly/ Valley(Maipo), SLOPES/ ?,+Alt. 900mt., On~Maipo~River~
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Volcanic, Sedimentary, Sandy, Gravel, Clay
  • CLIMATE- Mediterranean, Hot, Irrigation Needed
  • VITICULTURE- 12,655 ha. Planted,  (85% Red/ 15% White)
    • CHALLENGES–  ~Margarodes~ Subterranean Insects That Attack Roots of Vines.

**Maipo Images Courtesy of Delong Maps, Purchase These Wine Maps at Delongwine.com


    • Alto Maipo
      • Geography- Closer to Andes, +Alt. 400mt.-700mt.
  • PUENTE ALTODistrict    @Puente Alto
    • Topography- +Alt.700 mt.
    • Soils- Deep Alluvial Terraces, Clay, Gravel
    • Estate/ Producers- Almaviva(Baron Philippe de Rothschild & Concha y Toro), Vinedo Chadwick
    • Vineyards- Alto Jahuel, Clos Quebrada Macul, Frida Kahlo
  • PIRQUEDistrict
    • Estate/ Producers- Castillero del Diablo, Concha y Toro(Produces…Don Melchor), Vina Ventiquero
  • BUINDistrict
    • Estate/ Producers- Santa Rita(Produces…Casa Real)
  • SANTIAGODistrict
  • SAN BERNARDODistrict
    • Estate/ Producers- Morande(House of Morande)
    • Medio Maipo       
      • Geography- Central Area
  • ALHUEDistrict
  • ISLA De MAIPODistrict
    • Estate/ Producers- De Martino, Terramater
  • CALERA TANGODistrict
  • TIL TIL LAMPADistrict
    • Maipo Baja
      • Geography- Coastal Maipo
  • TALAGANTE MILIPILLADistrict
  • MARIA PINTO COLINADistrict
    • Estate/ Producers-(Others Not In Stated District)- Carmen, Echeverria, Santa Ema, Santa Rita, Tarapaca, Willian Fevre

RAPEL VALLEY DO.     @Rancagua, San Fernando

  • GEOGRAPHY- Chile, REGION-Central Valley(North),  LATITUDE: 34.15°-34.50° S
    • BORDERS-Maipo Valley(North), Multi-Appellation
    • Sub-Zones-  Cachapoal Valley(North), Colchagua Valley(South)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly/ Valley(Rapel)
    • On~Pacific~Ocean~, On~Rio~Tinguiririca/ Cachapoal~Tributary~Rapel~River~
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Volcanic, Sedimentary, Alluvial
  • CLIMATE- Mediterranean
  • VITICULTURE- 10,889 ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers- Anakena, Marques de Casa Concha, Castillero del Diablo
  • CULTURE
    • PIONEERS~ ~Bernardo O’Higgins~ Leader Chile’s Independence Wars From Spain.

CACHAPOAL DO.     @Rancagua

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc
  • RED= Carmenere 25%, Cabernet Sauvignon 12%, Merlot 8%, Cabernet Franc, Syrah
  • GEOGRAPHY- Chile, REGION-Central Valley, In Rapel Valley DO., LATITUDE: 34.1° S
    • BORDERS-Maipo Valley(North), Colchagua(South)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly/ Valley
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Volcanic, Sedimentary, Alluvial, Gravel, Sandy, Brown-Clay
  • CLIMATE- Mediterranean
  • VITICULTURE- 10,889 ha. Planted,  (White 20%/ Red 80%)
  • SUB-ZONES Of CACHAPOAL
    • PEUMODistrict
      • Geography- Cachapoal(North)
      • Estate/ Producers- Carmin de Peumo(Concha y Toro), Herencia(Santa Carolina), Undurraga, Vina La Rosa
      • Vineyards- Peumo(Block 27)
    • RANCAGUADistrict
      • Geography- Cachapoal(North)
    • RENGODistrict
      • Geography- Cachapoal(North)
    • REQUINOADistrict
      • Geography- Cachapoal(North)
      • Estate/ Producers-
    • OTHERS NOT IN STATED DISTRICT
      • Estate/ Producers- Amalgama, Altair, Los Boldos, Lagar de Bezana, Morandi, VIK(326ha.), Volcanes de Chile
      • Vineyards- Almahue

COLCHAGUA DO.     @San Fernando

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Marsanne, Riesling, Roussanne, Sauvignon Blanc, Semillon, Torontel, Viognier
  • RED= Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Carmenere, Malbec, Merlot, Petit Verdot, Syrah
  • GEOGRAPHY- Chile, REGION-Central Valley, LATITUDE: 34° S
    • In Rapel Valley DO.(South), BORDERS: Cochapoal(North), Curico Valley(South)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly/ Valley(Colchagua), SLOPES/ ? , +Alt. 1,000mt.
    • On~Chimbarongo~Creek~Tributary~Tinguiririca~River~
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Volcanic, Sedimentary
    • Clay, Sand, Decomposed Granite, Silex, Granite In Higher Districts, Clay Rich In Lower Districts
  • CLIMATE- Mediterranean, +RAIN/ 600 mm./ yr.
  • VINICULTURE- 30,000 ha. Planted,   Botrytis
    • Best Vintages– 2017, 2013, 2011
  • CULTURE-  WINE TRAILS~ ~La Rita del Vino~
  • SUB-ZONES Of COLCHAGUA
    • Colchagua Costa
  • PAREDONESDistrict
    • Geography- Colchagua(West), In Costa Area(West), On~Coast~(Near/ 6km.)
    • Estate/ Producers- Estampa, Luis Felipe Edwards
  • MARCHIQUEDistrict
    • Geography-Colchagua(West), In Costa Area(North), On~Coast/ Pacific~(Near/ 37km.)
    • Estate/ Producers-
    • Vineyards- Alta Palma, Molino de Viento, Polkura
  • PUMANQUEDistrict
    • Geography- Colchagua(West), In Costa Area(Central), On~Coast~(Near/ 34km.)
    • Estate/ Producers- Dagaz
  • LOLOLDistrict     @Lolol
    • Geography- Colchagua(West), In Costa Area(South)
    • Estate/ Producers- Santa Cruz
    • Interior Colchagua
  • PERALILLODistrict
    • Geography- Colchagua(Central), In Interior Area(North)
    • Estate/ Producers– Beso Negro, Clos Santa Ana, Los Vascos, Lugarejo
  • SANTA CRUZDistrict     @Santa Cruz
    • Geography- Colchagua(Central), In Interior Area(West)
    • Estate/ Producers- Casa Lapostelle(Produces…Clos Apalta), Viu Manent
    • APALTA VALLEY
      • Geography- In Interior Area(West), In Santa Cruz “District”
      • Topography- “Horseshoe” Amphitheatre Sloping Towards Tinguiririca River
      • Estate/ Producers- Apaltagua, Carmen, Clos Apalta, Floresta(1915), Grial, Lapostolle, Montgras, Montes(Produces…Alpha M), OWM., Nehemiah, Vina Las Ninas, Ventisquero(Produces…Pangea)
  • LA ESTRELLADistrict
    • Geography- Colchagua(Central) In Interior Area
  • PALMILLADistrict     @Palmilla
    • Geography- Colchagua(Central) In Interior Area(North)
    • Estate/ Producers- Bisquertt, Fanoa, Santa Rita
  • NANCAGUADistrict
    • Geography- Colchagua(Central), In Interior Area(Central)
    • Estate/ Producers-
  • LA ESTRELLADistrict
    • Geography- Colchagua(Central) In Interior Area
    • Estate/ Producers-
  • CHEPICADistrict      @Chepica
    • Geography- Colchagua(Central) In Interior Area(South)
    • Colchagua Andes
  • CHIMBARONGODistrict     @Chimbaronga
    • Geography- Colchagua(East), In Andes Area(South-West)
    • Estate/ Producers- Araucano, Cono Sur, Hacienda, Kankura, Sierras de Bellavista, La Pincoya, Los Vascos(Lafite-Rothschild), Veramonte, Vino Eyzaguire, Viu Manent
  • SAN FERNANDODistrict     @San Fernando
    • Geography- Colchagua(East), In Andes Area(East)
    • Estate/ Producers- Casa Silva, Santa Helena
  • LOS LINGUESDistrict
    • Geography- Colchagua(East), In Andes Area
    • Estate/ Producers- Koyle(Nat.Pro.), Siegel
  • OTHERS NOT IN STATED DISTRICT
    • Estate/ Producers- Los Boldos, Caliterra, Koyle, TerraNoble, Vina Maquis

CURICO VALLEY DO.      @Curico

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Gewurztraminer, Sauvignon Blanc, Sauvignon Vert AKA=Friulano, Semillon
  • RED= Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc, Carignan, Carmenere, Merlot, Petit Verdot, Petite Syrah, Syrah
  • GEOGRAPHY- Chile, REGION-Central Valley(Central), LATITUDE: 35° S
    • In Rapel Valley DO.
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly/ Valley(Curico)
    • On~Mataquito/ Teno/ Lontue/ Claro~Rio~
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Volcanic, Sedimentary, Alluvial, Clay, Sand, Granite
  • CLIMATE- Mediterranean, RAIN SHADOW EFFECT– Coastal Range
  • VITICULTURE- 1,484 haPlanted
  • VINICULTURE- Botrytis(Gewurztraminor, Riesling, Semillon, Sauvignon Blanc)
    • Estate/ Producers– Altacima, Aresti, (350ha.), Torres(Multi-National), Montes, San Pedro, Vina Requingua
    • Vineyards- Micaela, Penaflor, La Reserva
  • CULTURE-
    • PIONEERS~ ~Miguel Torres~ Founder of Torres Winery In Penedes and Chile.
  • SUB-ZONES Of CURICO VALLEY
    • VALLE Del LONTUEDistrict (Molina, Sagrada Familia)
      • Geography- Curico Valley
    • VALLE Del TENODistrict (Rauco, Romeral, Vichuquen)
      • Geography- Curico Valley

MAULE VALLEY DO.     @Talca

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Marsanne, Roussanne, Sauvignon Blanc, Semillon, Torontel
  • RED= Cabernet Sauvignon, Carignan, Carmenere, Garnacha, Malbec, Merlot, Mission, Nebbiolo, Pais, Petit Verdot, Pinot Noir, Syrah
  • GEOGRAPHY- Chile, REGION-Central Valley(South), @Hw.#5/ #126/ #128, LATITUDE: 35.4° S
    • In Rapel Valley DO., Near Pacific Ocean(30km.), BORDERS-SouthRegion(South)
    • CITIES-Maule, Parral, San Clemente, San Javier, San Rafael
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly/ Valley(Maule), On~Pacific~Ocean~
    • On~Colorado/ Loncomilla/ Tutuven~Tributaries~Maule~River~
  • SOILS-Metamorphic, Volcanic, Sedimentary, Granite Clay, Sand
  • CLIMATE- Mediterranean
  • VITICULTURE- 785 ha. Planted,  Largest/ Chile 1/5 Output
    • Estate/ Producers- Alcance, Altamana, Camilo Viano, Casa Donoso, Chilcas, Chilean Wine Company, Clos Ouvert(Nat.Pro.), Cremaschi Furlotti, Erasmo, Garage Wine Co., J. Bouchon(360ha.), Lomasde Cauqu, Morande, Oveja Negra, Polo Alto, Terra Noble, Undurraga, Volcanes de Chile
    • Vineyards- Batuco(22ha.), Truquilemu
  • CULTURE-
    • ASSOCIATIONS~ ~Vigno-Vignadores de Carignan~ VIGNO.
      • Mission~ 12 Small and Medium Sized Wineries Who Produce Preserves Old Vine Carignan.  Focus On Wines Where Our Branding of Winemaker Is Secondary to the Branding of the Old Vines.
      • Viticulture- Dry Farmed, Vine +30 Years Old, History of Field Blends
      • Viniculture- Carignan(+65%), +AGED/ +2 Years
  • SUB-ZONES Of MAULE
    • VALLE Del TUTUVENDistrict
      • Geography- Maule Valley
      • Topography- Rolling/ Valley(Tutuven)
    • VALLE Del CLARODistrict (San Rafael, San Clemente, Talca, Pencahue)
      • Geography- Maule Valley(North-East)
      • Topography- Rolling/ Valley(Claro)
    • VALLE Del LONCOMILLADistrict (San Javier, Villa Alege, Parral, Linares)
      • Geography– Maule Valley(East-Central)
      • Topography- Rolling/ Valley(Loncomilla), On~Loncomilla~River~
      • Estate/ Producers- Gillmore, Kidia, Vina del Pedregal


**Refer to BIBLIOGRAPHY/ Sources For Details On Scholarly Works Referenced.