CHILE-Central Valley


CENTRAL VALLEY IS  Regions- 6     Districts- 33      @Santiago

  • WHITE= Albarino, Chardonnay, Gewurztraminer, Marsanne, Pinot Gri, Riesling, Roussanne, Sauvignon Blanc, Sauvignon Gri, Semillon, Torontel, Viognier
  • RED= Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Carignan, Carmenere, Garnacha, Malbec, Merlot, Pais, Petit Verdot, Pinot Noir, Romano AKA=Cesar, Sangiovese, Syrah, Tempranillo

GEOGRAPHY Chile, REGION-Central Valley, LATITUDE: 33° S

  • BORDERS– Acongagua “Region“(North), South “Region“(South)
  • BETWEEN: Coastal Range & Andes Mountains
  • Sub-Zones- Cachapoal, Colchagua, Curico Valley, Maipo Valley, Maule Valley, Rapel Valley

TOPOGRAPHY Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous/ Valley(Central)

  • ON PLATEAU/ ?,  +Alt. 1,000 mt. , Separated From Ocean by Coastal Ridge +Alt. 800 mt.
    • Stops Most of the Fog and Cool Air From Reaching Central Valley.

SOILS Metamorphic, Volcanic, Sedimentary, Loam, Clay, Sandstone, Tuffeau

CLIMATEMediterranean With Semi-Arid Influence

  • Summers– Warm, Dry, Long    |    Winters– Cold, Wet

VITICULTURE

  • ADVANTAGE–  ~No Phylloxera~
  • ADVANTAGE–  ~Irrigation~ From Snow Melt From the Andes Mountains.


**Central Valley Images Courtesy of Delong Maps, Purchase Wine Maps at Delongwine.com


MAIPO VALLEY DO.     @Santiago, San Fernando

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Moscatel, Sauvignon Blanc
  • RED= Cabernet Sauvignon 45%, Cabernet Franc, Carmenere, Cinsault, Grenache, Malbec, Merlot, Romano AKA=Cesar, Petit Verdot, Pinot Noir, Sangiovese, Syrah, Tempranillo
  • GEOGRAPHY Chile, REGION-Central Valley(North), LATITUDE: 33° S
    • South-West of Santiago-City(  km.)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly/ Valley(Maipo), SLOPES/ ?,+Alt.900mt., On~Maipo~River~
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Volcanic, Sedimentary, Sandy, Gravel, Clay
  • CLIMATE- Mediterranean, Hot, Irrigation Needed
  • VITICULTURE- 12,655 ha. Planted,  (White 15%/ Red 85%)
    • CHALLENGES–  ~Margarodes~ Subterranean Insects That Attack Roots of Vines.

**Maipo Images Courtesy of Delong Maps, Purchase These Wine Maps at Delongwine.com


    • Alto Maipo
      • Geography- Closer to Andes, +Alt.400 mt.-700 mt.
  • PUENTE ALTODistrict    @Puente Alto
    • Topography- +Alt.700 mt.
    • Soils- Deep Alluvial Terraces, Clay, Gravel
    • Estate/ Producers- Almaviva(Baron Philippe de Rothschild & Concha y Toro), Vinedo Chadwick
    • Vineyards- Clos Quebrada Macul, Frida Kahlo
  • PIRQUEDistrict
    • Estate/ Producers- Castillero del Diablo, Concha y Toro(Produces…Don Melchor), Vina Ventiquero
  • BUINDistrict
    • Estate/ Producers- Santa Rita(Produces…Casa Real)
  • SANTIAGODistrict
  • SAN BERNARDODistrict
    • Estate/ Producers- Morande(House of Morande)
    • Medio Maipo       
      • Geography– Central Area
  • ALHUEDistrict
  • ISLA De MAIPODistrict
    • Estate/ Producers- De Martino, Terramater
  • CALERA TANGODistrict
  • TIL TIL LAMPADistrict
    • Maipo Baja
      • Geography- Coastal Maipo
  • TALAGANTE MILIPILLADistrict
  • MARIA PINTO COLINADistrict
    • Estate/ Producers-(Others Not In Stated District)- Carmen, Echeverria, Santa Ema, Santa Rita, Tarapaca, Willian Fevre

RAPEL VALLEY DO.     @Rancagua, San Fernando

  • GEOGRAPHY- Chile, REGION-Central Valley(North),  LATITUDE: 34.15° – 34.50° S
    • BORDERS- Maipo Valley(North), “Multi-Appellation”
    • Sub-Zones-  Cachapoal Valley(North), Colchagua Valley(South)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly/ Valley(Rapel)”
    • On~Pacific~Ocean~, On~Rio~Tinguiririca/ Cachapoal~Tributary~Rapel~River~
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Volcanic, Sedimentary, Alluvial
  • CLIMATE- Mediterranean
  • VITICULTURE- 10,889 ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers- Anakena, Marques de Casa Concha, Castillero del Diablo
  • CULTURE
    • PIONEERS~ ~Bernardo O’Higgins~ Leader Chile’s Independence Wars From Spain.

CACHAPOAL DO.     @Rancagua

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc
  • RED= Carmenere 25%, Cabernet Sauvignon 12%, Merlot 8%, Cabernet Franc, Syrah
  • GEOGRAPHY- Chile, REGION-Central Valley, In Rapel Valley DO., LATITUDE: 34.1° S
    • BORDERS- Maipo Valley(North), Colchagua(South)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly/ Valley
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Volcanic, Sedimentary, Alluvial, Gravel, Sandy, Brown-Clay
  • CLIMATE- Mediterranean
  • VITICULTURE- 10,889 ha. Planted,  (White 20%/ Red 80%)
  • SUB-ZONES Of CACHAPOAL
    • PEUMODistrict
      • Geography- Cachapoal(North)
      • Estate/ Producers- Carmin de Peumo(Concha y Toro), Herencia(Santa Carolina), Undurraga, Vina La Rosa
      • Vineyards- Peumo(Block 27)
    • RANCAGUADistrict
      • Geography- Cachapoal(North)
    • RENGODistrict
      • Geography- Cachapoal(North)
    • REQUINOADistrict
      • Geography- Cachapoal(North)
      • Estate/ Producers-
    • OTHERS NOT IN STATED DISTRICT
      • Estate/ Producers- Amalgama, Altair, Los Boldos, Lagar de Bezana, Morandi, VIK(326ha.), Volcanes de Chile
      • Vineyards- Almahue

COLCHAGUA DO.     @San Fernando

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Marsanne, Riesling, Roussanne, Sauvignon Blanc, Semillon, Torontel, Viognier
  • RED= Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Carmenere, Malbec, Merlot, Petit Verdot, Syrah
  • GEOGRAPHY- Chile, REGION-Central Valley, LATITUDE: 34° S
    • In Rapel Valley DO.(South), BORDERS: Cochapoal(North), Curico Valley(South)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly/ Valley(Colchagua), SLOPES/ ? , +Alt. 1,000mt.
    • On~Chimbarongo~Creek~Tributary~Tinguiririca~River~
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Volcanic, Sedimentary
    • Clay, Sand, Decomposed Granite, Silex, Granite In Higher Districts, Clay Rich In Lower Districts
  • CLIMATE- Mediterranean, +RAIN/ 600 mm./ yr.
  • VINICULTURE- 30,000 ha. Planted,   Botrytis
    • Best Vintages– 2017, 2013, 2011
  • CULTURE-  WINE TRAILS~ ~La Rita del Vino~
  • SUB-ZONES Of COLCHAGUA
    • Colchagua Costa
  • PAREDONESDistrict
    • Geography- Colchagua(West), In Costa Area(West), On~Coast~(Near/ 6km.)
    • Estate/ Producers- Estampa, Luis Felipe Edwards
  • MARCHIQUEDistrict
    • Geography-Colchagua(West), In Costa Area(North), On~Coast/ Pacific~(Near/ 37km.)
    • Estate/ Producers-
    • Vineyards- Alta Palma, Molino de Viento, Polkura
  • PUMANQUEDistrict
    • Geography- Colchagua(West), In Costa Area(Central), On~Coast~(Near/ 34km.)
    • Estate/ Producers- Dagaz
  • LOLOLDistrict     @Lolol
    • Geography- Colchagua(West), In Costa Area(South)
    • Estate/ Producers- Santa Cruz
    • Interior Colchagua
  • PERALILLODistrict
    • Geography- Colchagua(Central), In Interior Area(North)
    • Estate/ Producers– Beso Negro, Clos Santa Ana, Los Vascos, Lugarejo
  • SANTA CRUZDistrict     @Santa Cruz
    • Geography- Colchagua(Central), In Interior Area(West)
    • Estate/ Producers- Casa Lapostelle(Produces…Clos Apalta), Viu Manent
    • APALTA VALLEY
      • Geography- In Interior Area(West), In Santa Cruz “District
      • Topography- “Horseshoe” Amphitheatre Sloping Towards Tinguiririca River
      • Estate/ Producers- Apaltagua, Carmen, Clos Apalta, Floresta(1915), Grial, Lapostolle, Montgras, Montes(Produces…Alpha M), OWM., Nehemiah, Vina Las Ninas, Ventisquero(Produces…Pangea)
  • LA ESTRELLADistrict
    • Geography- Colchagua(Central) In Interior Area
  • PALMILLADistrict     @Palmilla
    • Geography- Colchagua(Central) In Interior Area(North)
    • Estate/ Producers- Bisquertt, Fanoa, Santa Rita
  • NANCAGUADistrict
    • Geography- Colchagua(Central), In Interior Area(Central)
    • Estate/ Producers-
  • LA ESTRELLADistrict
    • Geography- Colchagua(Central) In Interior Area
    • Estate/ Producers-
  • CHEPICADistrict      @Chepica
    • Geography- Colchagua(Central) In Interior Area(South)
    • Colchagua Andes
  • CHIMBARONGODistrict     @Chimbaronga
    • Geography- Colchagua(East), In Andes Area(South-West)
    • Estate/ Producers- Araucano, Cono Sur, Hacienda, Kankura, Sierras de Bellavista, La Pincoya, Los Vascos(Lafite-Rothschild), Veramonte, Vino Eyzaguire, Viu Manent
  • SAN FERNANDODistrict     @San Fernando
    • Geography- Colchagua(East), In Andes Area(East)
    • Estate/ Producers- Casa Silva, Santa Helena
  • LOS LINGUESDistrict
    • Geography- Colchagua(East), In Andes Area
    • Estate/ Producers- Koyle(Nat.Pro.), Siegel
  • OTHERS NOT IN STATED DISTRICT
    • Estate/ Producers- Los Boldos, Caliterra, Koyle, TerraNoble, Vina Maquis

CURICO VALLEY DO.      @Curico

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Gewurztraminer, Sauvignon Blanc, Sauvignon Vert AKA=Friulano, Semillon
  • RED= Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc, Carignan, Carmenere, Merlot, Petit Verdot, Petite Syrah, Syrah
  • GEOGRAPHY- Chile, REGION-Central Valley(Central), LATITUDE: 35° S
    • In Rapel Valley DO.
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly/ Valley(Curico)
    • On~Mataquito/ Teno/ Lontue/ Claro~Rio~
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Volcanic, Sedimentary, Alluvial, Clay, Sand, Granite
  • CLIMATE- Mediterranean, RAIN SHADOW EFFECT– Coastal Range
  • VITICULTURE- 1,484 haPlanted
  • VINICULTURE- Botrytis(Gewurztraminor, Riesling, Semillon, Sauvignon Blanc)
    • Estate/ Producers– Altacima, Aresti, (350ha.), Torres(Multi-National), Montes, San Pedro, Vina Requingua
    • Vineyards- Micaela, Penaflor, La Reserva
  • CULTURE-
    • PIONEERS~ ~Miguel Torres~ Founder of Torres Winery In Penedes and Chile.
  • SUB-ZONES Of CURICO VALLEY
    • VALLE Del LONTUEDistrict (Molina, Sagrada Familia)
      • Geography- Curico Valley
    • VALLE Del TENODistrict (Rauco, Romeral, Vichuquen)
      • Geography- Curico Valley

MAULE VALLEY DO.     @Talca

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Marsanne, Roussanne, Sauvignon Blanc, Semillon, Torontel
  • RED= Cabernet Sauvignon, Carignan, Carmenere, Garnacha, Malbec, Merlot, Mission, Nebbiolo, Pais, Petit Verdot, Pinot Noir, Syrah
  • GEOGRAPHY- Chile, REGION-Central Valley(South), @Hw.#5/ #126/ #128,  LATITUDE: 35.4° S
    • In Rapel Valley DO., Near Pacific Ocean(30km.), BORDERS– South”Region”(South)
    • CITIES– Maule, Parral, San Clemente, San Javier, San Rafael
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly/ Valley(Maule), On~Pacific~Ocean~
    • On~Colorado/ Loncomilla/ Tutuven~Tributaries~Maule~River~
  • SOILS-Metamorphic, Volcanic, Sedimentary, Granite Clay, Sand
  • CLIMATE- Mediterranean
  • VITICULTURE- 785 ha. Planted,  Largest/ Chile 1/5 Output
    • Estate/ Producers- Alcance, Altamana, Camilo Viano, Casa Donoso, Chilcas, Chilean Wine Company, Clos Ouvert(Nat.Pro.), Cremaschi Furlotti, Erasmo, J. Bouchon(360ha.), Lomasde Cauqu, Morande, Oveja Negra, Polo Alto, Terra Noble, Undurraga, Volcanes de Chile
    • Vineyards– Batuco(22ha.)
  • CULTURE-
    • ASSOCIATIONSVIGNO.- ~Vigno-Vignadores de Carignan~
      • Mission~ 12 Small and Medium Sized Wineries Who Produce Preserves Old Vine Carignan.  Focus On Wines Where Our Branding of Winemaker Is Secondary to the Branding of the Old Vines.
      • Viticulture- Dry Farmed, Vine +30 Years Old
      • Viniculture- Carignan(+65%), +AGED/ +2 Years
  • SUB-ZONES Of MAULE
    • VALLE Del TUTUVENDistrict
      • Geography- Maule Valley
      • Topography- Rolling/ Valley(Tutuven)
    • VALLE Del CLARODistrict (San Rafael, San Clemente, Talca, Pencahue)
      • Geography- Maule Valley(North-East)
      • Topography- Rolling/ Valley(Claro)
    • VALLE Del LONCOMILLADistrict (San Javier, Villa Alege, Parral, Linares)
      • Geography– Maule Valley(East-Central)
      • Topography- Rolling/ Valley(Loncomilla), On~Loncomilla~River~
      • Estate/ Producers- Gillmore, Kidia, Vina del Pedregal


**Refer to “BIBLIOGRAPHY/ Sources” For Details On Scholarly Works Referenced.