CHILENorth


NORTH CHILE IS  Provinces– 2     DO.- 5     @

  • WHITE= |  RED= **Refer to DO.’s For Detailed Grape Information.

GEOGRAPHY REGION-South America, CONTRY-Chile, REGION-North, BORDERS-Bolivia(West)

  • PROVINCES– Atacama, Coquimbo, LATITUDE: 25° S

TOPOGRAPHY FEATURES- Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous

  • SLOPES/ Coast Range(West), Anders Mountains(East)
  • ValleysChoapa , Copiapo, Elqui, Huasco, Limari
  • On~River Flows~Andes~Pacific Ocean~

VITICULTURE

  • ADVANTANGE & CHALLANGE–  ~Solar Radiation~
    • Summer Temperature Aren’t Extreme But at High Altitude UV. Light is Strong

VINICULTURE  Northern Chile Has a Long Culture of Distilling Grapes For Pisco.

  • CHILEAN PISCO Elqui Valley 2013 100 Million Liters Produced.
    • VINICULTURE-
      • WHITE= Muscatel AKA=Muscat Alexandria, Moscatel Rosado, Mosacatel Austria AKA=Torrontes Sanjuanino, Pedro Jimenez, Torontel AKA=Moscatel Amarillo
      • +DISTILLED/ Copper Stills, Never Diluted, Bottled Immediately
      • Corriente o Tradicional – 30%-35% Abv.
      • Especial– 35%-40% Abv.
      • Reservado– 40%-43% Abv. -Grand- 43% Abv.
    • CULTURE-  400 Year Battle Over who Originated Pisco…Chile vs. Peru
    • CONTENTIOUS WINE DISPUTES!  Who Gets Credit For Originally Producing Pisco?”
      • Pero and Chile Have Had a Long Dispute to Who Originally Started Producing Pisco First.

SOILS  Metamorphic, Volcanic

CLIMATE  Desert With Continental Influences


ATACAMAProvince     @Capiapo

  • WHITE= |  RED= **Refer to DO.’s For Detailed Grape Information
  • GEOGRAPHY- Chile, REGION-North, Atacama Desert, LATITUDE: 27.3°  S
    • Non-Contiguous”, Sub-Zones- Norte Grande        Norte Chico
  • TOPOGRAPHY- “Flat/ Rolling
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Volcanic, Sedimentary
  • CLIMATE- Desert With Continental Influences
  • VITICULTURE- ? haPlanted,  CHALLENGES– Limited Rainfall, Irrigation Needed
  • VINICULTURE- +DISTILLED/ Pisco, +USED/ Eating Grapes
    • Estate/ Producers-

COPIAPO VALLEY DO.     @Capiapo

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Muscat, Sauvignon Blanc
  • RED= Criolla, Malbec
  • GEOGRAPHY- Chile, REGION-North, PROVINCE-Atacama, LATITUDE: 27.3° S
  • TOPOGRAPHY- “Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly/ Valley(Copiapo)”, On~Copiapo~River~
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Volcanic, Sedimentary, Alluvial
  • CLIMATE- Desert
  • VITICULTURE- ? haPlanted
  • VINICULTURE- +DISTILLED/ Pisco, +USED/ Eating Grapes
    • Estate/ Producers-

HUASCO VALLEY DO.      @Vallenar

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Muscat, Sauvignon Blanc
  • RED= Criolla, Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY- Chile, REGION-North, PROVINCE-Atacama, LATITUDE: 28° S
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly/ Valley(Huasco)”, On~Huasco~River~
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Volcanic, Sedimentary, Alluvial
  • CLIMATE- Desert
  • VITICULTURE- ? haPlanted
  • VINICULTURE- +DISTILLED/ Pisco,  +USED/ Eating Grapes
    • Estate/ Producers- Ventisquero


COQUIMBOProvince    @La Serena

  • WHITE= | RED=  **Refer to DO.’s For Detailed Grape Information
  • GEOGRAPHY- Chile, REGION-North, “Norte Chico”,  LATITUDE: 32°- 30° S
    • Sub-Zones- Elqui Valley, Limari Valley, Choapa Valley, Non-Contiguous(3)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly/ Valley”, No Coastal Range In Coquimbo
    • **Refer to “CLIMATE/ Altitudes” For Additional Information
  • VITICULTURE- CHALLENGE– Frosh, Snow, Lack of Labour
    • ADVANTANGE & CHALLANGE–  ~Solar Radiation~
      • Summer Temperature Aren’t Extreme But UV. Light is Strong.
  • VINICULTURE- +DISTILLED/ Pisco, +USED/ Eating Grapes
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Volcanic, ”Sedimentary, Alluvial
  • CLIMATE- Desert(North), Mediterranean(South)

**Coquimbo Images Courtesy of Delong Maps, Purchase These Wine Maps at Delongwine.com


ELQUI VALLEY DO.     @La Serena

  • WHITE= Sauvignon Blanc 25%, Chardonnay 20%, Pedro Ximenez
  • RED= Syrah 30%, Carmenere 20%, Cabernet Sauvignon 8%, Pinot Noir 6%, Garnacha, Malbec, Petite Sirah, Syrah
  • GEOGRAPHY- Chile, REGION-North, PROVINCE-Coquimbo(North), LATITUDE: 29.9° S
    • Sub-Zones- La Serena(West/ Coast) Vicuna(Central/ East), Piguano(East)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly/ Valley(Elqui/ Transverse)
    • SLOPES/  Andes Mountains , +Alt. 625mt.-2,200mt.,  On~Elqui~River~
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Volcanic, Sedimentary, Alluvial
    • Clay, Silt, Chalk, Limestone, Granite
  • CLIMATE- Desert, Irrigation Needed
  • VITICULTURE- 500 ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers- Capel(Co.-Op.), De Martino, , San Pedro, Vina Falernia & Mayu, Vinedos de Alcohauz(Chile’s Highest Vineyard 2,200mt.)
    • Vineyards- Alcohuaz, Alto Los Torros, Mayu

LIMARI VALLEY DO.     @Ovalle

  • WHITE= Chardonnay 36%, Sauvignon Blanc 11%, Moscatel
  • RED= Syrah 19%, Cabernet Sauvignon 17%, Carmenere, Merlot, Pinot Noir, Syrah
  • GEOGRAPHY- Chile, REGION-North, PROVINCE-Coquimbo(South), LATITUDE: 30° S
    • North of Santiago(400km.)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly/ Valley(Limari Transvers)
    • SLOPES/ Coastal Range(West), Andes Mountains(East), +Alt.1,800mt.
    • On~Hurtado/ Grande~River~Tributary~Limari~River~
    • ON PLATEAU/ Altoplano
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Volcanic, Sedimentary, Red-Clay, Silt, Calcareous, Chalk, Limestone
  • CLIMATE- Desert, With Continental, Influenced by Pacific Ocean(Near/12km.)
    • GAP/ Limari/ Altoplano, Gap In Coastal Range…Tongoy Bay/ Talinay Hills
    • FOG/ Influence of Camanchaca Fog
  • VITICULTURE- 3,000 ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers- Cono Sur, Tabali, Tamaya, Undurraga
    • Vineyards- Rio Hurtado, Quebrada Seca, Talinay

CHOAPA VALLEY DO.     @Salamanca

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Viognier
  • RED= Syrah 57%, Cabernet Sauvignon
  • GEOGRAPHY- Chile, REGION-North, PROVINCE-Choapa(Southern Interior), LATITUDE: 31.8° S
    • SALAMANCA
    • ILLAPEL
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous/ Valley(Choapa)
    • SLOPES/   ?  , +Alt.800mt.,  On~Choapa~River~
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Volcanic, Sedimentary, Colluvial, Clay, Silt, Chalk
  • CLIMATE- Desert With Mediterranean Influence
  • VITICULTURE- 96 ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers- De Marino, Domaine de Manson


**Refer to “BIBLIOGRAPHY/ Sources” For Details On Scholarly Works Referenced.