NORTH CHILE IS  Provinces 2     DO. 5     @

  • WHITE= |  RED= **Refer to DO.’s For Detailed Grape Information.

GEOGRAPHY REGION-South America, CONTRY-Chile, REGION-North, BORDERS-Bolivia(West)

  • PROVINCES-Atacama, Coquimbo, +Latitude(25°S)
  • Sub-Zones/ DO.’s- Choapa Valley DO., Copiapo Valley DO., Elqui Valley DO., Huasco Valley DO., Limari Valley DO.

TOPOGRAPHY FEATURES- Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous

  • SLOPES/ Coast Range(West), Anders Mountains(East)
  • ValleysChoapa , Copiapo, Elqui, Huasco, Limari
  • On~River Flows~Andes~Pacific Ocean~


  • ADVANTANGE & CHALLANGE–  ~Solar Radiation~
    • Summer Temperature Aren’t Extreme But at High Altitude UV. Light is Strong.

VINICULTURE  Northern Chile Has a Long Culture of Distilling Grapes For Pisco.

  • CHILEAN PISCO Elqui Valley 2013 100 Million Liters Produced.
    • PRODUCERS-  ABA(Elqui Valley), El Gobernador, Wagar
      • WHITE= Muscatel AKA=Muscat Alexandria, Moscatel Rosado, Mosacatel Austria AKA=Torrontes Sanjuanino, Pedro Jimenez, Torontel AKA=Moscatel Amarillo
      • +DISTILLED/ Copper Stills, Never Diluted, Bottled Immediately
      • Corriente o TradicionalABV. 30%- 35%
      • EspecialABV. 35%- 40%
      • ReservadoABV. 40%- 43% ABV.       GrandABV. 43%
    • CULTURE- 400 Year Battle Over who Originated Pisco…Chile vs. Peru
    • DRINKS
      • Pisco Sour(Chilean)- Pisco(50 ml., Freshly Squeezed Lime Juice(25 ml.), Sugar Syrup(12.5 ml.), Bitters(3 Drops)…Served In a Tumbler Or Coupe
      • Alternitives… Pisco Punch- Pineapple Syrup, Lime Juice.
        • Pisco Tonic- 
    • PAIRING… Ceviche   |   CHEESE
  • CONTENTIOUS WINE DISPUTES!  Who Gets Credit For Originally Producing Pisco?”
    • Pero and Chile Have Had a Long Dispute to Who Originally Started Producing Pisco First. Both Counties Claim Pisco as Their Own.  The Pisco Sour Drink Origins Are a Cocktail That Was First Made In America

SOILS  Metamorphic, Volcanic

CLIMATE  Desert With Continental Influences

ATACAMAProvince   @Capiapo

  • WHITE= |  RED= **Refer to DO.’s For Detailed Grape Information.
  • GEOGRAPHY- Chile, REGION-North, Atacama Desert, +Latitude(27.3°S)
    • Non-Contiguous, Sub-Zones/ DO.’s- Copiapo Valley DO., Huasco Valley DO.
    • Sub-Zones- Norte Grande, Norte Chico
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly, +Altitude( ? mt.)
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Volcanic, Sedimentary
  • CLIMATE- Desert With Continental Influences
  • VITICULTURE- ? haPlanted,  CHALLENGES– Limited Rainfall, Irrigation Needed
  • VINICULTURE- +DISTILLED/ Pisco, +USED/ Eating Grapes
    • Estate/ Producers-

  • COPIAPO VALLEY DO.     @Capiapo
    • WHITE= Chardonnay, Muscat, Riesling, Sauvignon Blanc
    • RED= Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Criolla, Malbec
    • GEOGRAPHY- Chile, REGION-North, PROVINCE-Atacama, +Latitude(27.3°S)
      • CITES-Caldera, Copiapo, Tierra Amarilla
    • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly/ Valley(Copiapo), +Altitude( ? mt.), On~Copiapo~River~
    • SOILS- Metamorphic, Volcanic, Sedimentary, Alluvial
    • CLIMATE- Desert
    • VITICULTURE- ? haPlanted
    • VINICULTURE- +DISTILLED/ Pisco, +USED/ Eating Grapes
      • Estate/ Producers-
  • HUASCO VALLEY DO.     @Vallenar
    • WHITE= Chardonnay, Muscatel(Alejandria), Moscatel(Austria), Pastilla AKA=Moscatel(Rosada), Pedro Ximenez, Sauvignon Blanc, Torontel
    • RED= Pais AKA=Listan Prieto/ Criolla, Pinot Noir, Syrah
    • GEOGRAPHY- Chile, REGION-North, PROVINCE-Atacama, +Latitude(28°S)
      • CITIES-Imperial Alto, Vallenar
      • Sub-Zones- Coastal Huasco, Upper Huasco
    • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly/ Valley(Huasco), +Altitude(1,100mt.),
      • On~El Carmen River/El Transito Rivers~Tributaries~Huasco~River~
      • Near Pacific Ocean(Near 20km.)
    • SOILS- Metamorphic”, Volcanic, Sedimentary, Alluvial
    • CLIMATE- Desert
    • VITICULTURE- ? haPlanted
      • Estate/ Producers- Kalfu, Tres Quebradas, Ventisquero
      • Vineyards- Nicolasa
    • VINICULTURE- +DISTILLED/ Pisco,  +USED/ Eating Grapes
      • Pajarete(Traditional Sweet Wine)

COQUIMBOProvince    @La Serena

  • WHITE= | RED=  **Refer to DO.’s For Detailed Grape Information.
  • GEOGRAPHY- Chile, REGION-North, “Norte Chico”, +Latitude(32°S to 30°S)
    • Sub-Zones- Elqui Valley DO., Limari Valley DO., Choapa Valley DO., Non-Contiguous(3)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly/ Valley, +Altitude(625mt. to 2,200mt.), No Coastal Range In Coquimbo
    • **Refer to CLIMATE/ Altitudes For Additional Information.
  • VITICULTURE- CHALLENGE– Frosh, Snow, Lack of Labour
    • ADVANTANGE & CHALLANGE–  ~Solar Radiation~
      • Summer Temperature Aren’t Extreme But UV. Light is Strong.
  • VINICULTURE- +DISTILLED/ Pisco, +USED/ Eating Grapes
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Volcanic, Sedimentary, Alluvial
  • CLIMATE- Desert(North), Mediterranean(South)

**Coquimbo Images Courtesy of Delong Maps, Purchase These Wine Maps at

ELQUI VALLEY DO.     @La Serena

  • WHITE= Sauvignon Blanc 25%, Chardonnay 20%, Muscat, Pedro Ximenez
  • RED= Syrah 30%, Carmenere 20%, Cabernet Sauvignon 8%, Pinot Noir 6%, Garnacha, Malbec, Merlot, Petite Sirah, Syrah, Zinfandel
  • GEOGRAPHY- Chile, REGION-North, PROVINCE-Coquimbo(North), +Latitude(29.9°S)
    • North of Santiago-City(450km.)
    • Sub-Zones- La Serena(West/ Coast) Vicuna(Central/ East), Piguano(East)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly/ Valley(Elqui-“Transverse”)
    • SLOPES/  Andes Mountains , +Altitude(625mt. to 2,200mt.),  On~Elqui~River~
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Volcanic, Sedimentary, Alluvial
    • Clay, Silt, Chalk, Limestone, Granite
  • CLIMATE- Desert, Irrigation Needed
  • VITICULTURE- 500 ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers- Capel(Co.-Op.), De Martino, Falerinia, San Pedro, Vina Falernia & Mayu, Vinedos de Alcohauz(Chile’s Highest Vineyard 2,200mt.)
    • Vineyards- Alcohuaz, Alto Los Torros, Mayu, Titon


  • WHITE= Chardonnay 36%, Sauvignon Blanc 11%, Moscatel, Muscat
  • RED= Syrah 19%, Cabernet Sauvignon 17%, Carmenere, Merlot, Pinot Noir, Syrah
  • GEOGRAPHY- Chile, REGION-North, PROVINCE-Coquimbo(South), +Latitude(30°S)
    • North of Santiago-City(420km.)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly/ Valley(Limari-“Transvers”)
    • SLOPES/ Coastal Range(West), Andes Mountains(East), +Altitude(1,800mt.)
    • On~Hurtado/ Grande~River~Tributary~Limari~River~
    • ON PLATEAU/ Altoplano
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Volcanic, Sedimentary, Red-Clay, Silt, Calcareous, Chalk, Limestone
  • CLIMATE- Desert, With Continental, Influenced by Pacific Ocean(Near/12km.)
    • GAP/ Limari/ Altoplano, Gap In Coastal Range…Tongoy Bay/ Talinay Hills.
    • FOG/ Influence of Camanchaca Fog
  • VITICULTURE- 3,000 ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers- Carmen, Clos des Fous, Concha y Toro, Cono Sur, Santa Rita, Tabali, Tamaya, Undurraga
    • Vineyards- Rio Hurtado, Quebrada Seca, Talinay

CHOAPA VALLEY DO.     @Salamanca

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Viognier
  • RED= Syrah 57%, Cabernet Sauvignon
  • GEOGRAPHY- Chile, REGION-North, PROVINCE-Choapa(Southern Interior), +Latitude(31.8°S)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous/ Valley(Choapa)
    • SLOPES/   ?  , +Altitude(800mt.), On~Choapa~River~
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Volcanic, Sedimentary, Colluvial, Clay, Silt, Chalk
  • CLIMATE- Desert With Mediterranean Influence
  • VITICULTURE- 96 ha. Planted
    • Estate/ Producers- De Marino, Domaine de Manson

**Refer to BIBLIOGRAPHY/ Sources For Details On Scholarly Works Referenced.