CHILESouthern & Austral

SOUTH Province      @Conception

  • WHITE=   |   RED=  **Refer to DO.’s For Grape Information %
  • GEOGRAPHY- Chile(South), PROVINCE-South, LATITUDE: °-° S
    • Sub-Zones- Bio Bio Valley, Itata Valley, Maule Valley
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Features- Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly
    • Topographic Events-
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Volcanic
  • CLIMATE- Mediterranean With Maritime Influence
    • *Summers– Warm, Dry, Long   |   *Winters– Cold, Wet

ITATA VALLEY DO.     @Chillan, Quinhue

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Corinto AKA=Chasselas, Moscatel, Muscat(Alexandria), Riesling, Semillon, Sauvignon Blanc, Torontel(Indigenous)
  • RED= Pais 23% AKA=Listan Prieto, Cabernet Sauvignon, Carignan, Cinsault, Garnacha, Malbec, Mourvedre, Petit Verdot, Pinot Noir, Syrah
  • GEOGRAPHY- Chile, PROVINCE-South(North),  LATITUDE: 36° S
    • South of Santiago(450km.), Near Coast(25km.), @Hw.#5/#126/#152
    • PROVINCE-Itata, Diguillin(Laps), Punilla(Laps)
    • CITIES-Bulnes, Cobquecura, Coelemu, Coihueco, Florida, Niquen, Pemuco, Quillon, Quinhue, San Carlos, San Ignacio, San Nicolas, Treguaco, Yungay
    • BORDERS-Central Valley/Maule Valley(North), Bio-Bio(South)
    • Sub-Zones/ Districts- Coelemu, Chillan, Ninhue, Portezuelo, Ranquil, San Nicolas, Trehuaco, Quillon
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly/ Valley(Itata)SLOPES/ ?, +Alt. 200mt.-1,000mt.
    • On~Nuble~River~Tributary~Rio~Itata~
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, VolcanicSedimentary
    • Coastal– Granite    |    Inland– Volcanic- Clay, Sand
  • CLIMATE- Maritime, Cool, Wet, Influenced by Humboldt Current
  • VITICULTURE- 10,500haPlanted, History of Old Vines.
  • VINICULTURE- Tinajas- Clay Amphorae/ Used For Fermentation, Storage
    • Estate/ Producers- Carman, Cucha Cucha, Garcia & Schwaderer, Ignacio Pino Roman, Ineditas, Longavi, Louis-Antoine Luis Felipe Edwards, Luyt, Maricerro, De Martino, Massoc Freres, Miguel Torres, Montes, Morande Adventure, Pandolfi Price, Pedro Parra, P.S. Garcia, Roberto Herriquez, Rogue Vine, Trifulca, Los Vinateros Bravos
    • Vineyards- 9c(*1850, 1.63 ha.), Rogue Vine
  • HISTORY-
    • 1600’s @Itata Valley First Settled by the Spanish Conquistadors.
  • CULTURE
    • PIONEERS~ ~Pedro Parra~ Wine Consultant/ Soil Expert/ Masters Degree In Precision Agriculture.
  • SUB-ZONES Of ITATA VALLEY
    • RANQUILDistrict
      • Geography- Chile, In Itata Valley(West)
    • CHILLANDistrict
      • Geography- Chile, In Itata Valley( ? )
    • QUILLONDistrict
      • Geography- Chile, In Itata Valley(South-West)
    • PORTEZUELODistrict
      • Geography- Chile, In Itata Valley( ? )
    • COELEMUDistrict
      • Geography- Chile, In Itata Valley( ? )
    • NINHUEDistrict
      • Geography- Chile, In Itata Valley( ? )
    • SAN NICOLASDistrict
      • Geography- Chile, In Itata Valley(Central)
    • TREHUACODistrict
      • Geography- Chile, In Itata Valley( ? )

BIO BIO VALLEY DO.     @Los Angeles

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Gewurtztraminer, Muscatel(Alexandria), Riesling, Sauvignon Blanc, Viognier
  • RED= Cabernet Sauvignon, Malbec, Merlot, Pais AKA=Listan Prieto, Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY- Chile, PROVINCE-South(Interior),  LATITUDE: 36° S
    • South-East of Concepcion-City(40km– 12okm.)South of Santiago-City(500km.), @Hw.#5/#180
    • CITIES– Laja, Mulchen, Nacimiento, Negrete, Renaico, San Rosendo, Yumbel
    • Sub-Zones- Florida, Mulchen, Negrete, San Rosendo, Yumbel
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ Valley(Bio-Bio), On~Bio Bio~/Laja~Rivers~
    • SLOPES/ Coastal Range/ Cordillera de Nahuelbuta Mountains, +Alt. 50mt.- 200mt.
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Volcanic, Sedimentary, Clay, Sand
  • CLIMATE- Mediterranean, Cool, Wet, Irrigation Isn’t Needed.
  • VITICULTURE- 444haPlanted, Old Vines- To 200 Years
  • VINICULTURE
    • Estate/ Producers- Agustinos, Canata, Clos de Fous(Francois Massoc), Cono Sur, Estacion Yumbel, Longavi, Roberto Henriquez, Terroi Sonoro(Juan Ledesma), Tinto de Rulo(Mauricio Gonzalez), Verand
    • Vineyards- San Rosendo(*1880’s/5ha.)
  • SUB-ZONES Of BIO BIO VALLEY
    • YUMBELDistrict
      • Geography- Chile, In Bio-Bio(North)
    • SAN ROSENDODistrict
      • Geography- Chile, In Bio-Bio(Central)
        • On~(Confluence)~Laja/Bio Bio~Rivers~
    • MULCHENDistrict
      • Geography- Chile, In Bio-Bio(South)
      • Estate/ Producers- Cono Sur
    • NEGRETEDistrict
      • Geography- Chile, In Bio-Bio( ? )
    • FLORIDADistrict
      • Geography- Chile, In Bio-Bio( ? )

MALLECO VALLEY DO.     @Traiguen

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Gewurztraminer, Riesling, Sauvignon Blanc
  • RED= Pais, Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY- Chile, PROVINCE-South(South), LATITUDE: 39° S
    • South of Santiago-City(625km.) Non-Contiguous(2)
    • CITIES– Angol, Los Sauces, Traiguen, @Hw.#5/#181
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly/ Valley(Malleco), +Alt. 700mt.
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Volcanic, Sedimentary, Clay, Sand
    • VOlCANISM~ ~Villarria Volcano~
  • CLIMATE- Mediterranean, Cool, Rain, Short Growing Season
  • VITICULTURE- 120 haPlanted
  • VINICULTURE- Sparkling
    • Estate/ Producers- Alto Las Gredas, Aquitania, Baettig, Clos des Fous, De Martino, La Ronciere, Undurraga, Volcanes de Chile, William Fevre(Collaboration/ Victor pino Torche)
    • Vineyards- Quebrada Seca
  • SUB-ZONES Of MALLECO VALLEY
    • ANGOLDistrict
      • Geography- Chile, In Malleco(North)
    • TRAIGUENDistrict
      • Geography- Chile, In Malleco(South)

AUSTRAL Province      @Austral

  • WHITE=   |   RED=  **Refer to DO.’s For Grape Information %
  • GEOGRAPHY- Chile(South), PROVINCE-Austral, LATITUDE: 38°-45° S
    • Sub-Zones- Ororno Valley DO., Valley del Cautin DO.
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Features- Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly
    • Topographic Events-
      • VOLCANISM~ ~Lonquimay Volcano~, ~Nevados de Chillan Volcano~, ~Villarrica Volcano~
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Volcanic, Sedimentary
  • CLIMATE- Mediterranean With Maritime Influence
    • *Summers– Warm, Dry, Long   |   *Winters– Cold, Wet
  • CULTURE- Austral is What Chile Call Patagonia.

VALLEY Del CAUTIN DO.     @Cautin

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc
  • RED= Pais, Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY- Chile, PROVINCE-Austral, LATITUDE: 38.9° S
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ Valley(Cautin)
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, VolcanicSedimentary
  • CLIMATE- Maritime
  • VITICULTURE- ? haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers- Alto las Gredas, Casa Silva, Trayenko
  • SUB-ZONES Of VALLEY Del CAUTIN
    • GALVARINODistrict
      • Geography- Chile, In Valley del Cautin(?  )
    • PERQUENCODistrict
      • Geography- Chile, In Valley del Cautin(?  )

OSORNO VALLEY DO.     @Osorno, La Union, Rio Bueno

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Riesling, Sauvignan Blanc
  • RED= Pais, Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY- Chile, PROVINCE-Austral, LATITUDE: 40.5° S
    • CITIES– Osorno, Rio Bueno, La Union
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ Valley(Osorna/ Beuno)
    • On~Pacific~Ocean~(Near 25km.), On~Lake Ranco~
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Volcanic, Sedimentary
  • CLIMATE- Maritime
  • VITICULTURE-
    • Estate/ Producers- Casa Silva, Cruchon, Miguel Torres, Ribera Pellin, Trapi del Bueno
    • Vineyards- Lago Ranco(Casa Silva)(14ha.), Trapi(8ha.)

 



**Refer to BIBLIOGRAPHY/ Sources For Details On Scholarly Works Referenced.