CHILESouth


AUSTRAL DO.      @Austral

  • WHITE=   |   RED=  **Refer to DO.’s For Grape Information %
  • GEOGRAPHY- Chile(South), PROVINCE-Austral, LATITUDE: 38°-45° S
    • Sub-Zones- Itata Valley DO., Ororno Valley DO., Valley del Cautin DO.
      • Secano Interior- Collective Regions of Bio Bio Valley, Itata Valley & Maule Valley.
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Features- Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly
    • Topographic Events-
      • VOLCANISM~ ~Lonquimay Volcano~, ~Nevados de Chillan Volcano~, ~Villarrica Volcano~
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Volcanic, Sedimentary
  • CLIMATE- Mediterranean With Maritime Influence
    • *Summers– Warm, Dry, Long   |   *Winters– Cold, Wet
  • CULTURE- Austral is What Chile Call Patagonia.

ITATA VALLEY DO.     @Chillan, Quinhue

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Corinto AKA=Chasselas, Moscatel de Alexandria, Riesling, Semillon, Sauvignon Blanc
  • RED= Pais 23%, Cabernet Sauvignon, Carignan, Cinsault, Garnacha, Malbec, Mourvedre, Pais, Petit Verdot, Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY- Chile, PROVINCE-Sur(North),  LATITUDE: 36° S
    • South of Santiago(450km.), Near Coast(25km.)
    • BORDERS-Central Valley/ Maule Valley(North), @Hw.#5
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly/ Valley(Itata)SLOPES/ ?,+Alt. 1,000mt.
    • On~Nuble~River~Tributary~Rio~Itata~
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, VolcanicSedimentary
    • Coastal– Granite    |    Inland– Volcanic- Clay, Sand
  • CLIMATE- Maritime, Cool, Wet, Influenced by Humboldt Current
  • VITICULTURE- 9,500haPlanted
  • VINICULTURE-  Tinajas- Clay Amphorae/ Used For Fermentation, Storage
    • Estate/ Producers- Cucha Cucha, De Martino, Garcia & Schwaderer, Ineditas, Longavi, Louis-Antoine Luis Felipe Edwards, Luyt, Maricerro, Massoc Freres, Miguel Torres, Montes, Morande Adventure, Pandolfi Price, Pedro Parra, P.S. Garcia, Roberto Herriquez, Rogue Vine, Trifulca, Vinateros Bravos
    • Vineyards- 9c(1.63 ha./ Planted 1850), Rogue Vine
  • HISTORY-
    • 1600’s @Itata Valley First Settled by the Spanish Conquistadors.
  • CULTURE
    • PIONEERS~ ~Pedro Parra~ Wine Consultant/ Soil Expert/ Masters Degree In Precision Agriculture.
  • SUB-ZONES Of ITATA VALLEY
    • CHILLANDistrict
    • QUILLONDistrict
    • PORTEZUELODistrict
    • COELEMUDistrict

BIO BIO VALLEY DO.     @Los Angeles

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Gewurtztraminer, Muscatel Alexandria, Riesling, Sauvignon Blanc, Viognier
  • RED= Cabernet Sauvignon, Malbec, Merlot, Pais, Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY- Chile, PROVINCE-Sur(Interior),  LATITUDE: 36° S
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ Valley(Bio-Bio), On~Rio~Bio Bio~
    • SLOPES/ Coastal Range/ Cordillera de Nahuelbuta Mountains, +Alt. 50mt.- 200mt.
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Volcanic, Sedimentary, Clay, Sand
  • CLIMATE- Mediterranean, Cool, Wet, Irrigation Isn’t Needed.
  • VITICULTURE- 444haPlanted, Old Vines- To 200 Years
  • VINICULTURE
    • Estate/ Producers- Agustinos, Canata, Clos de Fous(Francois Massoc), Cono Sur, Estacion Yumbel, Roberto Henriquez, Terroi Sonoro(Juan Ledesma), Tinto de Rulo(Mauricio Gonzalez), Verand
    • Vineyards- San Rosendo(*1880’s/5ha.)
  • SUB-ZONES Of BIO BIO VALLEY
    • YUMBELDistrict
    • MULCHENDistrict
      • Estate/ Producers- Cono Sur
    • TRAIGUENDistrict
    • SAN ROSENDODistrict
      • Geography- Confluence of Laja River & Bio Bio River

MALLECO VALLEY DO.     @Traiguen

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Gewurztraminer, Riesling, Sauvignon Blanc
  • RED= Pais, Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY- Chile, PROVINCE-Sur(South), South of Santiago-City(625km.)
    • LATITUDE: 39° S
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly/ Valley(Malleco), +Alt. 700mt.
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, ”Volcanic, ”Sedimentary, Clay, Sand
    • VOlCANISM~ ~Villarria Volcano~
  • CLIMATE- Mediterranean, Cool, Rain, Short Growing Season
  • VITICULTURE- 120 haPlanted
  • VINICULTURE- Sparkling
    • Estate/ Producers- Alto Las Gredas, Aquitania, Baettig, Clos des Fous, De Martino, La Ronciere, Undurraga, Volcanes de Chile, William Fevre(Collaboration/ Victor pino Torche)
    • Vineyards- Quebrada Seca
  • SUB-ZONES Of MALLECO VALLEY
    • TRAIGUENDistrict

VALLEY Del CAUTIN DO.     @Cautin

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc
  • RED= Pais, Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY- Chile, PROVINCE-Austral, LATITUDE: 38.9° S
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ Valley(Cautin)
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, VolcanicSedimentary
  • CLIMATE- Maritime
  • VITICULTURE- ? haPlanted
    • Estate/ Producers- Casa Silva

OSORNO VALLEY DO.     @Osorno, La Union, Rio Bueno

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Riesling, Sauvignan Blanc
  • RED= Pais, Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY- Chile, PROVINCE-Austral, LATITUDE: 40.5° S
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ Valley(Osorna/ Beuno)
    • On~Pacific~Ocean~, On~Lake Ranco~
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Volcanic, Sedimentary
  • CLIMATE- Maritime
  • VITICULTURE-
    • Estate/ Producers- Casa Silva, Cruchon, Miguel Torres, Ribera Pellin, Trapi del Bueno
    • Vineyards- Lago Ranco(Casa Silva)(14ha.), Trapi(8ha.)


**Refer to BIBLIOGRAPHY/ Sources For Details On Scholarly Works Referenced.