USA.South-West


SOUTH-WEST IS  States 4        @Dallas, Phoenix

  • WHITE=   |   RED= **Refer to STATES For Detailed Grape Varietal Information.

GEOGRAPHY USA., REGION-South-West

  • STATES-Arizona, Colorado, Hawaii, New Mexico, Texas
  • BORDERS-West Region(West), Mexico(South), Central United States(East)

TOPOGRAPHY Features- Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly

  • SLOPES/ Rocky Mountains, +Alt. 3,000 ft. – 6,416ft.

SOILSMetamorphic, VolcanicSedimentary

CLIMATE– “Continental

VITICULTURECHALLENGES– Heat, Drought, Animals

VINICULTURE

  • While Producing Wine From Estate Grown Grape, South-West United States Has a History of Sourcing Grapes From California, Oregon and Washington and Shipping the Harvest by Refrigerated Freight to Produce Out of State Wine.

  • GEOGRAPHIC DISCLAIMER~ To Understand the Wine World and Benefit From DtheV.com an Comprehension of the South-West United States Geography is Needed and the Ability to Visualize Its Topography.  DtheV.com isOrganized In a North to South / East to West Orientation and Intended to Be Researched as So.

COLORADO State      @Denver

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Gewurtztraminer, Gruner Veltliner, Pinot Gris, Riesling, Sauvignon Blanc, Vionier
    • Hybrids Aromella, St. Vincent, Verona
  • RED= Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Cinsault, Doletto, Graciano, Lemberger, Malbec, Merlot, Muscat(Black), Petit Verdot, Pinot Noir, Sangiovese, Syrah, Teroldego, Zweigelt
    • Hybrids Chambourcin(T.)
  • GEOGRAPHY- USA., REGION-South-West, STATE-Colorado, LATITUDE: 39.5° N’
    • BORDERS-Utah(West), New Mexico(South)
    • Sub-Zones/ AVA’s- Grand Valley AVA., West Elks AVA.
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly/ Mountainous 
    • SLOPES/ Rocky Mountains/ Front Range, +Alt. 4,000ft.-6,416ft.
    • On~Gunnison~River~Tributary~Colorado~River~
  • VITICULTURE- 450 ac. Planted
  • VINICULTURE- Numbers of Wineries- 150 (145 Bonded/ 5  Virtual) As of 2020, #12 State/ USA.
    • Estates/ Producers-(Not Located In Demarcated AVA.) Balistreri, BookCliff, Boulder Creek
  • CLIMATE- Continental,  *Summers– Short Growing Season
    • **Refer to CLIMATE/ Altitudes For Detailed Information.
  • CULTURE- Colorado Has History and Culture of Smaller Mom & Pop Wineries.

GRAND VALLEY AVA.     @Grand Junction

  • WHITE= Albarino, Chardonnay, Gewurtztraminer, Muscat(Orange), Muscat(Ottonel), Pinot Gris, Riesling, Rkatsiteli, Sauvignon Blanc, Semillon, Viognier
  • RED= Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Cinsault, Doletto, Graciano, Lemberger, Malbec, Merlot, Mourvèdre, Muscat(Black), Nebbiolo, Petit Verdot, Sangiovese, Sousao, Syrah, Teroldego
  • GEOGRAPHY- USA., REGION-South-West, STATE-Colorado(West), LATITUDE: 39.06° N
    • COUNTY-Mesa, South-West of Denver(190mi.), @Hw.#70
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly/ Valley(Grand)
    • SLOPES/ Rocky Mountains/ Western Slope/ Front Range/ , +Alt. 4,000ft. to 5,000ft.
    • ON PLAIN/ Western High Plain, On~Gunnison~River~Tributary~Colorado~River~
  • SOILS- Metamorphic,  Sandy
  • CLIMATE- Continental, With DesertInfluence
    • *Summers– Warm/ Dry    |   *Winters– Cold/ Wet, Snow
  • VITICULTURE-  75,990 ac./ 600 acPlanted
    • Estates/ Producers- BookCliff(E./37ac.), Canyon Wild, Carboy, Carlson, Colterris(80ac.), Infinite Monkey, Red Fox, Storm Cellar, Two Rivers
    • Vineyards- Deux Fleuves, Ferrante

WEST ELKS AVA.     @Paonia

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Gewurtztraminer, Gruner Veltliner, Muscat, Pinot Gris, Riesling, Roussanne, Viognier
  • RED= Cabernet Franc, Gamay, Merlot, Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY- USA., REGION-South-West, STATE-Colorado(West-Central), COUNTY-Delta
    • CITIES-Delta, Hotchkiss, Paonia, @Hw.#92/ #133
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Hilly/ Flat-Basin/ Valley(Gunnison)
    • SLOPES/ Rocky Mountains/ Western Slopes/ West Elks Mountains/ Front Range
      • +Alt.5.000 ft.-6,400 ft.,  On~North Fork~of the Gunnison~River~
      • ON PLAIN/ Western High Plain
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Loam
  • CLIMATE- Continental, With DesertInfluence
  • VITICULTURE- 48,405 ac./ ? acPlanted
    • Estates/ Producers- 5,680 Vineyards, Alfred Eames, Azura, Black Ridge, Endless Endeavor, Mesa Winds, Qutori, Stone Cottage, Storm Cellar, Terror Creek
    • Vineyards- Terror CreekEstate(Highest Vineyard In America 6,400 ft.)
  • CULTURE- GOING THERE… West Elks Wine Trail
    • FESTIVALS… North Fork Uncorked

ARIZONA State

  • WHITE=    |   RED= **Refer to AVA.’s For Detailed Grape Varietal Information.
  • GEOGRAPHY- USA., REGION-South-West, STATE-Arizona, LATITUDE: 31°- 36° N
    • BORDERS-California(West), Mexico(South)
    • Sub-Zones/ AVA’s- Sonoita AVA., Verde Valley AVA., Willcox AVA., Skull Valley
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ Hilling
  • CLIMATE- Arid With Continental Influences
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, SedimentaryVolcanic
  • VINICULTURE- Numbers of Wineries- 92 (77 Bonded/ 15 Virtual) As of 2020, #17 State/ USA.
  • CULTURE-

VERDE VALLEY AVA.       @Cornville

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Malvasia Bianca, Pinot Grigio, Riesling, Marsanne, Rousanne, Sauvignon Blanc, Traminette, Vermentino, Viognier
  • RED= Barbera, Cabernet Sauvignon, Carignan, Charbono, Malbec, Merlot, Mourvedre, Petite Sirah, Sangiovese, Syrah, Tannat, Tempranillo, Toroldego, Zinfandel
  • GEOGRAPHY- USA., REGION-South-West, STATE-Arizona(North), COUNTY-Yavapai
    • North of Phoenix(100mi.), South-West of Sedona-City(10mi), @Hw.#260 & 89
    • CITIES-Bridgeport, Camp Verde, Clarkdale, Cornville, Cottonwood, Jerome, Jordan, McGuirville, Wingfields
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly/ Basin/ Valley(Verde), On~Oak~Creek~Tributary~Verde~River~
    • SLOPES/ Mingus Mountains, +Alt. 3,000ft.- 5,210ft.
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, SedimentaryVolcanic, Alluvial, Sandy Loam, Gravel, Limestone, Standstone
    • Anceint Lake Bed
    • Soil Series- Altar, Anthony, Arizo, Cornville, Cowan, House, Lynx, Lonti-Wineg, Mountain, Mule, Retriever
  • CLIMATE- Desert With Continental Influences, +Diurnal Shifts(+35)
  • VITICULTURE-  130,000 ac./ 150 acPlanted
    • CHALLANGES– Birds, Skunks, Javelina, Snow, Frost, Monsoon
  • HISTORY- 1800’s- Grapes Planted
    • 2021- AVA. Officially Established
  • CULTURE- ACADEMIC~ ~Yavapai College~ Viticulture & Enology Degree
    • FESTIVALS~ ~Verde Valley Wine Festival~ (May/ Cottonwood)
    • ASSOCIATIONS~ ~Verde Valley Wine Consortium~
      • Mission~ Assist In Creating, Nurturing and Advancing the Verde Valley as a Signicant and Important Wine Region, Locally, Regionally, Nationally and Internationally.
    • ASSOCIATIONS~ ~Arizona Wine Growers~
      • Mission~ Strive to Advance With Integrity the Sustainable Growth and Production of Authentic Arizona Wine.
  • SUB-ZONES Of VERDE VALLEY
    • JEROME
      • Geography- Verde Valley(North-West)
      • Topography- Hilly/ Mountainous/ Terraced
        • SLOPES/ Cleopatra Hill, +Alt.4,900 ft.- 5,210 ft.
      • Estate/ Producers- Cabal, Caduceus*(E./2.5), Four Eight, Original Jerome Winery, Passion
      • Vineyards- 
    • CLARKSDALE/ COTTONWOOD
      • Geography- Verde Valley(North)
      • Estate/ Producers- Bodega Pierce, Cave Mesa, Southwest Wine Center, Tumbleweed
      • Vineyards- Southwest Wine Center(12ac.)
    • CORNVILLE/ OAK CREEK
      • Geography- Verde Valley(North-East)
      • Estate/ Producers- DA Ranch(E.), Javelina Leap*(E.), Oak Creek(E.), Page Springs*(E./13 ac.)
      • Vineyards- DA RanchEstate, Dos Padres, Elephant, House Mountain, Javelina LeapEastate(5 ac.), Oak TreeEstate
    • NOT IN NAMED SUB-ZONE
      • Estate/ Producers(Not In Named Sub-Zone)- Alcantara*, Burning Tree, Carlson Creek, Clear Creek, Echo Canyon, Heartwood Merkin, Oddity Wine Collective, Salt Mine, Tantrum, Winery 101
      • Vineyards– AlcantaraEstate, Clear CreekEstate”, Home, Salt MineEstate

SONOITA AVA.     @Sonoita

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Malvasia, Riesling, Sauvignon Blanc, Viognier
  • RED= Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Pinot Noir, Sangiovese, Syrah
  • GEOGRAPHY- USA., REGION-South-West, STATE-Arizona(South-East), COUNTY-Cochise
    • South-East of Tucson-City(     mi.), @Hw.#83
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ Basin
    • SLOPES/ Santa Rita/ Huachuca/ Whetstone Mountains, +Alt. 4,500ft.- 5,000ft.
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Gravelly Loam
  • CLIMATE- Desert With Continental Influences
  • VITICULTURE-  ? acPlanted, CHALLENGESHeat, Drought
    • Estates/ Producers- Dos Cebezas, Callaghan, Flying Leap, Hannah’s Hill, Kief-Joshua, Lightning Ridge, Rancho Rosso, Rune, Sonoita, Village of Elgin, Wilhelm

WILLCOX AVA.      @Willcox

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Malvasia Blanc, Pinot Grigio, Rousanne, Sauvignon Blanc, Symphony, Viognier
  • RED= Cabernet Sauvignon, Graciano, Malbec, Marselan, Mourvedre, Petite Sirah, Tempranillo
  • GEOGRAPHY- USA., REGION-South-West, STATE-Arizona(South), COUNTY-Cochise, Graham
    • East of Tucson-City(    mi.),  @Hw.#10
    • CITIES-Bonita, Cochise, Pearce, Willcox
    • Sub-Zones- Aravaipa Valley, Sulfur Springs Valley
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ Bench/ Plateau(Willcox)On~Turkey~Creek~
    • SLOPES/ (Surrounding Hills)- Chiricahua Foothills, Dos Cabezas, Dragoon, Little Dragoon, Pinalenos, Winechester, +Alt. 4,000ft. -5,200ft.
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Alluvial- LoamSand, Silt, Clay, Granite
    • Soil Series- Forrest, Frye, Sonoita, Tubac
  • CLIMATE- Desert With Continental Influences
  • VITICULTURE- 526,000 ac./ 600 acPlanted
    • CHALLENGES – Humidity, Monsoon Rain
  • VINICULTURE-
    • Estates/ Producers- Aridus(E./40ac.), Bird & Barrels, Bodega Pierce, Carlson Creek, Deep Sky, Fort Bowie, Golden Rule, Keeling Schaefer, Lawrence Dunham, Merkin, Passion Cellars, Pierce, Pillbury, Rune, Sand-Reckoner, Zarpara
    • Vineyards- Arizona Stronghold, Bonita Springs, Buhl/ Memorial, Carlson Creek(60ac.), Colibri, Coronado, Deep Sky, Dragoon, Fort Bowie, PillsburyEstate, Rolling Hills, Rolling View, ZarparaEstate
  • HISTORY- 2016 AVA. Officially Established
  • CULTURE- FESTIVALS~ Willcox Wine (October/ Willcox)
    • PIONEERS~ James Callahan
    • PIONEERS~ Al Buhl AKA=The Wine Monk

NEW MEXICO State

  • WHITE=   |   RED= **Refer to AVA.’s For Detailed Grape Varietal Information.
  • GEOGRAPHY- USA., REGION-South-West, STATE-New Mexico, LATITUDE: 31°- 37°N
    • BORDERS: Arizona(West), Texas(South-East)
    • Sub-Zones/ AVA’s- Mesilla Valley AVA., Middle Rio Grande Valley AVA., Mimbres Valley AVA.
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly/ Valley(Melilla, Rio Grande, Mimbres)
    • SLOPES/ ?,  +Alt. 5,000ft.
  • CLIMATE- Arid with Continental Influences
  • VINICULTURE- Numbers of Wineries- 55 (53 Bonded/ 2 Virtual) As of 2020, #29 State/ USA.
    • Estates/ Producers-(Not Located In Demarcated AVA.) Vara Vina Cardinal
    • Vineyards-(Not Located In Demarcated AVA.)– Mission Ridge

MESILLA VALLEY AVA.      @Dona Ana

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Malvasia, Muscat Alexandria, Riesling, Viognier
  • RED= Black Muscat, Cabernet Sauvignon, Dolcetto, Merlot, Mourvedre, Zinfandel
  • GEOGRAPHY- USA., REGION-South-West, STATE-New Mexico(        )
    • COUNTY– ?      (Laps)Texas
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ Valley(Mesilla)
    • SLOPES/ Organ Mountains/ Franklin Mountains, +Alt. 3,250 ft., On~Rio~Grande~River~
  • CLIMATE- Arid With Continental Influences,  *Summer Hot, Dry
  • VITICULTURE- 280,000 ac./ 40 ac.Planted
    • Estates/ Producers- La Vina Winery, St. Clair Winery
  • CULTURE- 1985- AVA. Offically Established.

MIDDLE RIO GRANDE VALLEY AVA.      @Albuquerque

  • WHITE= Riesling
  • RED= Cabernet Sauvignon, Syrah, Zinfandel
  • GEOGRAPHY- USA., REGION-South-West, STATE-New Mexico(Central), COUNTY– ?
    • Rio Grande Valley From Santa Fe to Belen
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Hilly, SLOPES/ ?, +Alt. 4,000ft.- 6,500ft., On~Rio~Grande~River~
  • CLIMATE- Continental With “Desert Influence
    • *Summers– Warm Days/ Cool Nights   |   *Winters– Sub-Freezing
  • VITICULTURE-  278,400 ac./ ? Planted
    • Estates/ Producers- Acequia, Anasazi Fields, Camino Real, Casa Rondena, Corrales, Gruet, Jaramillo, Milagro, Pasando Teimpo, Sheehan

MIMBRES VALLEY AVA.     @Deming

  • WHITE= Chardonnay
  • RED= Cabernet Sauvignon, Dolcetto, Merlot, Refosco, Sangiovese, Syrah, Tempranillo
  • GEOGRAPHY- USA., REGION-South-West, STATE-New Mexico(South-West), COUNTY– ?
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ Valley(Minbres), SLOPES/ ?,  +Alt. 4.000ft.- 6,000ft.
    • (Watershed) On~Mimbres~River~
  • CLIMATE- Continental With Desert Influence
  • VITICULTURE- 2,000 ac. Planted
    • Estates/ Producers- La Chiripada, Les Combes(Sparkling), Luna Rossa, St. Clair

TEXAS State

  • WHITE= Albariño, Chardonnay, Chenin Blanc, Colombard, Gewurztraminer, Malvasia(Bianco), Muscat(Alexandria), Muscat(Canelli), Muscat(Giallo), Muscat(Orange), Marsanne, Riesling, Roussanne, Sauvignon Blanc, Semillon, Trebbiano, Vermentino, Viognier
    • Hybrid Lenoir AKA=Black Spanish
  • RED= Aglianico, Alicante Bouschet, Barbera, Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Carignan, Carmenere, Cinsault, Dolcetto, Garnacha, Graciano, Malbec, Merlot, Muscat(Black), Montepulciano, Mourvèdre, Muscadine, Nebbiolo, Negroamaro, Nero d’Avolo, Pinot Noir, Petit Verdot, Petite Sirah, Primitivo, Ruby Cabernet, Sagrantino, Sangiovese, Syrah, Tannat, Tempranillo, Terlodego, Touriga Nacional, Zinfandel
    • Hybrid Blanc du Bois
  • GEOGRAPHY- USA., REGION-South-West, STATE-Texas, LATITUDE: 31.9° N
    • BORDERS-Mexico(South), New Mexico(West)
    • Sub-Zone’s- High Plains & Panhandle(North-West), Hill Country(Central), North Texas(North-East), South-East Texas & Gulf Coast(South-East), West Texas(West)
    • AVA.s- Bell Mountain AVA., Davis Mountain AVA., Escondido Valley AVA., Fredricksberg AVA,, High Plains AVA,, Hill Country AVA,, Mesilla Valley AVA., Texoma AVA.
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly/ Valley(Escondido, Mesilla), +Alt. 800ft.- 5,400ft.
    • On~Gulf of Mexico~
  • CLIMATE- Continental With Arid/Desert Influence, +Diurnal Shifts(30°)
  • VITICULTURE- 6,000 ac. Planted,   #5 State/ USA. In Wine Production.
    • CHALLENGES- Hot, Dry, Drought
  • VINICULTURE-  Numbers of Wineries- 406 (365 Bonded/ 41  Virtual) As of 2020, #5 State/ USA.
  • CULTURE- WINE SQUARES~ ~Grapevine Downtown Tasting Rooms~ Grapevine, Dallas
    •  FESTIVALS~Dallas Wine & Food Festival(May)
      •  ~Austin Wine~ (April/ Austin)

MESILLA VALLEY AVA.     @Dona Ana

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Chenin Blanc, Gewurztraminer, Malvasia(Bianco), Muscat(Alexandria), Riesling, Viognier
  • RED= Black Muscat, Cabernet Sauvignon, Dolcetto, Merlot, Mourvedre, Zinfandel
  • GEOGRAPHYUSA., REGION-South-West, STATE-Texas(West), (Laps)New Mexico
    • COUNTY– ?,
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ Valley(Mesilla)
    • SLOPES/ Organ Mountains, +Alt. 3,500ft., On~Rio~Grande~River~
  • CLIMATE- Continental With Arid/Desert  Influences,  *Summers– Hot, Dry
  • VITICULTURE- 40 acPlanted
    • Estates/ Producers- Hof, St. Clair Winery,  La Vina Winery, Zin Valle
  • CULTURE- 1985- AVA. Officially Established

TEXAS DAVIS MOUNTAIN AVA.     @

  • WHITE= Sauvignon Blanc
  • RED= Cabernet Sauvignon, Zinfandel
  • GEOGRAPHY- USA., REGION-South-West, STATE-Texas(West), COUNTY-Jeff Davis
    • Near Chihuahuan Desert & Davis Mountains
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly, SLOPES/ Davis Mountains, +Alt. 4,500ft.- 5,400ft.
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Volcanic” Granite, Loam, Limestone
  • CLIMATE- Continental With Arid/Desert  Influences,   *Summer– Hot, Dry
  • VITICULTURE- 27,000 ac./ 80 acPlanted
    • Estates/ Producers- Pleasant Hill, Wright
  • CULTURE- 1998- AVA. Officially Established.

ESCONDIDO VALLEY AVA.     @Pecos

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Chenin Blanc, Colombard
  • RED= Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon
  • GEOGRAPHY- USA., REGION-South-West, STATE-Texas(West), COUNTY-Pecos
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ Valley(Escondido), ON PLATEAU/ Stockton, +Alt. 2,700 ft.
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Sedimentary Calcareous, Sandy Loam
  • CLIMATE- Continental With Arid/Desert Influences,  *Summers– Hot, Dry
  • VITICULTURE- 32,500 ac./ ? acPlanted
    • Estates/ Producers- Genevieve Wines
  • CULTURE- AKA=Trans-Pecos

TEXAS HIGH PLAIN AVA.     @Lubbock

  • WHITE= Albarino, Chardonnay, Chenin Blanc, Malvasia, Muscat(Canelli), Muscat(Giallo), Marsanne, Roussanne, Trebbiano, Vermentino, Viognier
  • RED= Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Carignan, Cinsaut, Dolcetto, Garnacha, Graciano, Merlot, Montepulciano, Mourvèdre, Petit Verdot, Primitivo, Sangiovese, Syrah, Tannat, Tempranillo, Terlodego, Touriga Nacional
  • GEOGRAPHY- USA., REGION-South-West, STATE-Texas(North-West), COUNTY– ?
    • West of Lubbock-City(   mi.), @Hw.#84/ #87
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling, ON PLAIN/ High Plain, +Alt. 3,000 ft. – 4,000 ft.
  • CLIMATE- Continental With Arid/ Desert Influence, +Diurnal Shifts(30°)
  • VITICULTURE- 5,000 acPlanted, CHALLENGES- Hot, Drought
    • Estates/ Producers- Austin Winery, Becker, Bending Branch, Brennan, Bent Oak, Cap Rock, Duchman, Eden Hill, English Newsom, Haak, Liano Estacado, Lost Draw, McPherson, Messina Hof, Pedernales Cellars, Pheasant Ridge(50ac.), Reddy, Ron Yates, Spicewood
    • Vineyards- Bingham, Brennan, Canted County, Castano Prado, Diamante Doble Dos, Farmhouse, Lost Draw, Oswald, ReddyEstate, Signor, Spicewood, Valley Mills
  • CULTURE-
    • PIONEERS~ ~Clinton Doc McPherson~ High Plains First to Plant Vineyards In Area.

TEXOMA AVA.     @Texoma

  • WHITE= Chardonnay
  • RED= Cabernet Sauvigon, Merlot, Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY- USA., REGION-South-West, STATE-Texas(North-Central), COUNTY– ?
    • North of Dallas-City(50 mi.)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling, On~Lake~Texoma~
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Sedimentary Alluvial, Silty Loam, Clay
  • CLIMATE- Continental With Arid/ Desert Influences,  +Diurnal Shifts(+35°)
  • VITICULTURE- 70 acPlanted
    • Estates/ Producers- Blue Ostrich

TEXAS HILL COUNTRY AVA.    @Austin

  • WHITE= Albariño, Chardonnay, Chenin Blanc, Moscato, Muscat(Canelli), Pinot Grigio, Riesling, Roussanne, Sauvignon Blanc, Semillon, Vermentino, Viognier
  • RED= Aglianico, Alicante Bouschet, Barbera, Black Spanish, Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Carignan, Garnacha, Malbec, Merlot, Montepulciano, Mourvèdre, Negroamaro, Petit Verdot, Petite Sirah, Primitivo, Ruby Cabernet, Sangiovese, Syrah, Tannat, Touriga Nacional, Tempranillo, Zinfandel
  • GEOGRAPHY- USA., REGION-South-West, STATE-Texas(Central), COUNTY-Gillespie
    • West of Austin-City(50 mi,), @Hw.#290
    • CITIES-Austin, Driftwood, Dripping Springs, Fredericksburg, Johnson City, Stonewall
    • Sub-Zones/ AVA.’S- Bell Mountain AVA., Fredericksburg AVA.
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling, ON PLATEAU/ Edwards, +Alt. 800 ft.- 2,800 ft.
    • On~Colorado/Llano/ Pedernales~Rivers~
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Limestone, Granit, Sandy Loams
  • CLIMATE- Continental With Sub-TropicalInfluences
    • *Summers– Hot, Humid    |    *Winters– Wet, Cold
  • VITICULTURE- 9,000,000 ac./ 800 acPlanted
    • Estates/ Producers- Driftwood, High Valley, Flat Creek(20ac.), Mandola, Spicewood(28ac.), Spirit of Texas, Texas Hills, Wedding Cake, William Chris
    • Vineyards- EB, Hulhken, Tio Pancho
  • CULTURE-
    • FESTIVALS~ ~Hill County Wine Festival(April)
      • ~Grape-Fest(September)
      • ~Austin Wine Festival(May)
  • BELL MOUNTAIN AVA.     @
    • WHITE= Chardonnay, Chenin Blanc, Colombard, Riesling, Viognier
    • RED= Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Malbec, Merlot, Syrah
    • GEOGRAPHY- USA., REGION-South-West, STATE-Texas(Central), COUNTY-Gillespie
      • In Texas Hill Country AVA.(Central)
    • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling, SLOPES/ Bell Mountain(Llano Uplift), +Alt. 1,650ft.-1,950ft.
    • SOILS- Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Granite, Sandy-Loam, Limestone Clay
    • CLIMATE- Continental With Sub-Tropical Influences
      • *Summers– Hot, Humid   |   *Winters– Cold, Wet
    • VITICULTURE- 3,200 ac./ ? acPlanted
      • Estates/ Producers- Pedernales
    • CULTURE- 1986- AVA. Officially Established.
  • FREDERICKSBURG AVA.     @Fredericksburb
    • WHITE= Chardonnay, Muscat(Canelli), Sauvignon Blanc, Viognier
    • RED= Barbera, Cabernet Sauvignon, Garnacha, Muscat(Black)
    • GEOGRAPHY- USA., REGION-South-West, STATE-Texas(Central), COUNTY– Gillespie
      • In Texas Hill Country AVA.(Central)@Hw.#290
    • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling
    • CLIMATE- Continental With Sub-Tropical Influences
      • *Summers– Hot, Humid, Dry   |   *Winters– Cold, Wet
    • VITICULTURE- 60 acPlanted
      • Estates/ Producers- Becker(Co.-Op.), Torre di Pietra(80ac.), William Chris
      • Vineyards– Brenda Canada, Newsom
    • CULTURE- 1988- AVA. Officially Established
      • PIONEERS~ ~German Immigrants~ First to Cultivate Vines in Mid 1800’s.
    • GOING THERE- FESTIVALS~Fredericksburg Wine Festival(October)


HAWAII State

  • WHITE= Chenin Blanc, Gewurztraminer, Viognier
  • RED= Grenache, Malbec, Syrah
  • GEOGRAPHY- USA., REGION-South-West, STATE-Hawaii, LATITUDE: 20° N
    • AVA.’s- Ulupalakua AVA.(South-West)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly/ Ravine/ Valley
    • SLOPES/ Mount Haleakala, +Alt. A,560 ft.- 1,850 ft.
  • CLIMATE- Humid , Weather Can Vary Year Round 50° to 85° 
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, SedimentaryVolcanic
  • VINICULTURE- Numbers of Wineries- 1?

ULUPALAKUA AVA.       @Cornville

  • WHITE= Chenin Blanc, Gewurztraminer, Viognier
  • RED= Grenache, Malbec, Syrah
  • GEOGRAPHY- USA., REGION-South-West, STATE-Hawaii, ISLAND-Maui
    • COUNTY-Maui, LATITUDE: 20° N
    • Sub-Zone- Benchlands
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly/ Ravine/ Valley
    • SLOPES/ Mount Haleakala, +Alt. A,560 ft.- 1,850 ft., +30in./Rain/ Year
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, SedimentaryVolcanic, (From Haleakala Vocano)
  • CLIMATE- Humid 
  • VITICULTURE- 70  ac./  16 acPlanted
    • CHALLANGES–  Humidity
  • VINICULTURE-
    • Estate/Producers- Maui Wine
    • Vineyards- Ulupalakua
  • HISTORY- 
    • 2021- AVA. Officially Established
  • CULTURE-
    • ~Etymology~ Ulupalakua Meaning Ripened Breadfruit,  Referring to Quality of Friut Grown In Area.

**Refer to BIBLIOGRAPHY/ SOURCES For Details On Scholarly Works Referenced