USA.South-West

SOUTH-WEST IS  States 4        @Dallas, Phoenix

  • WHITE=   |   RED= **Refer to STATES For Detailed Grape Varietal Information.

GEOGRAPHY USA., REGION-South-West

  • BORDER-West Region(West), Mexico(South), Central United States(East)
  • STATES-Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico, Texas

TOPOGRAPHY Features- Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly

  • SLOPES/ Rocky Mounains

SOILSMetamorphic, Volcanic

CLIMATEContinental

VITICULTURECHALLENGES– Heat, Drought

VINICULTURE

  • While Producing Wine From Estate Grown Grape, South-West United States Has a History of Sourcing Grapes From California, Oregon and Washington and Shipping the Harvest by Refrigerated Freight to Produce Out of State Wine.

  • GEOGRAPHIC DISCLAIMER~ To Understand the Wine World and Benefit From DtheV.com an Understanding of the South-West United States Geography is Needed and the Ability to Visualize Its Topography.  This Chapter is Organized In a North to South / East to West Orientation and Intended to Be Researched and Memorized as So.

COLORADO State      @Denver

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Gewurtztraminer, Pinot Gris, Riesling, Sauvignon Blanc
  • RED= Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Cinsault, Malbec, Merlot, Pinot Noir, Sangiovese, Syrah
  • GEOGRAPHY- USA., REGION-South-West, STATE-Colorado, LATITUDE: 39.5° N’
    • BORDERS-Utah(West), New Mexico(South)
    • Sub-Zones/ AVA’s- Grand Valley AVA., West Elks AVA.
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Hilly/ MountainousSLOPES/ Rocky Mountains/ Front Range, +Alt. 6,416ft.
    • On~Gunnison~River~Tributary~Colorado~River~
  • VITICULTURE- 450 ac. Planted
  • VINICULTURE- Numbers of Wineries- 150 (145 Bonded/ 5  Virtual) As of 2020, #12 State/ USA.
    • Estates/ Producers-(Not Located In Demarcated AVA.) Balistreri, BookCliff, Boulder Creek
  • CLIMATE- Continental   *Summers– Short Growing Season
    • **Refer to CLIMATE/ Altitudes For Detailed Information.

GRAND VALLEY AVA.     @Grand Junction

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Gewurtztraminer, Pinot Gris, Riesling, Sauvignon Blanc
  • RED= Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Malbec, Merlot, Sangiovese, Syrah
  • GEOGRAPHY- USA., REGION-South-West, STATE-Colorado(West), LATITUDE: 39.06° N
    • COUNTY-Mesa, @Hw.#70
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Hilly/ Valley(Grand), SLOPES/ Rocky Mountains/ Front Range, +Alt.?
    • ON PLAIN/ Western High Plain, On~Gunnison~River~Tributary~Colorado~River~
  • SOILS- Metamorphic,  Sandy
  • CLIMATE- Continental,   *Summers– Warm/ Dry    |   *Winters– Cold/ Wet, Snow
  • VITICULTURE-  ? acPlanted
    • Estates/ Producers- BookCliff, Canyon Wild, Colterris, Infinite Monkey, Storm Cellar, Two Rivers
    • Vineyards- Ferrante

WEST ELKS AVA.     @Paonia

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Gewurztraminer, Riesling
  • RED= Cabernet Franc, Merlot, Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY- USA., REGION-South-West, STATE-Colorado(West-Central), COUNTY-Delta
    • @Hw.#92/ #133
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Hilly/ Flat-Basin/ Valley(Gunnison)
    • SLOPES/ Rocky Mountains/ West Elks Mountains/ Front Range, +Alt.5.000 ft.-6,400 ft.
    • ON PLAIN/ Western High Plain
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Loam
  • CLIMATE- Continental
  • VITICULTURE-  ? acPlanted
    • Estates/ Producers- Black Ridge, Terror Creek
    • Vineyards- Terror Creek ‘Estate'(Highest Vineyard In America 6,400 ft.)

ARIZONA ‘State’

  • WHITE=    |   RED= **Refer to AVA.’s For Detailed Grape Varietal Information.
  • GEOGRAPHY- USA., REGION-South-West, STATE-Arizona, LATITUDE: 31°- 36° N
    • BORDERS-California(West), Mexico(South)
    • Sub-Zones/ AVA’s- Sonoita AVA., Verde Valley AVA., Willcox AVA.
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ Hilling
  • CLIMATE- Arid With Continental Influences
  • VINICULTURE- Numbers of Wineries- 92 (77 Bonded/ 15 Virtual) As of 2020, #17 State/ USA.
  • CULTURE-

VERDE VALLEY AVA.  (Un-Official)     @Cornville

  • WHITE= Malvasia Bianca, Viognier
  • RED= Barbera, Cabernet Sauvignon, Carignan, Merlot, Mourvedre, Petite Sirah, Sangiovese, Syrah, Tannas
  • GEOGRAPHY- USA., REGION-South-West, STATE-Arizona(North), COUNTRY– ?
    • Near Sedona-City(10mi), CITIES-Clarkdale, Cottonwood, @Hw.#260 & 89
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Rolling/ Valley(Verde), On~Oak~Creek~Tributary~Verde~River~
    • SLOPES/ Mingus Mountains, +Alt. 3,700ft.- 3,800ft.
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Volcanic
  • CLIMATE- Desert With Continental Influences
  • VITICULTURE-  ? acPlanted
    • Estates/ Producers- Alcantara, Arizona Stronghold, Burning Tree, Clear Creek, Echo Canyon, Javelina Leap, Oak Creek, Page Springs(E./ 20ac.), Tumbleweed
    • Vineyards– Dos Padres, Home
  • CULTURE- ACADEMIC~Yavapai College~ Viticulture & Enology Program

SONOITA AVA.     @Sonoita

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Malvasia, Riesling, Sauvignon Blanc, Viognier
  • RED= Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Pinot Noir, Sangiovese, Syrah
  • GEOGRAPHY- USA., REGION-South-West, STATE-Arizona(South-East), COUNTRY– ?
    • South-East of Tucson-City(     mi.), @Hw.#83
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ Basin
    • SLOPES/ Santa Rita/ Huachuca/ Whetstone Mountains, +Alt. 4,500ft.- 5,000ft.
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Gravelly Loam
  • CLIMATE- Desert With Continental Influences
  • VITICULTURE-  ? acPlanted, CHALLENGESHeat, Drought
    • Estates/ Producers- Callaghan, Flying Leap, Rancho Rosso, Sonoita, Village of Elgin

WILLCOX AVA.      @Willcox

  • WHITE= Malvasia Blanc, Sauvignon Blanc, Viognier
  • RED= Cabernet Sauvignon, Malbec, Petite Sirah, Tempranillo
  • GEOGRAPHY- USA., REGION-South-West, STATE-Arizona(South), COUNTY– ?
    • East of Tucson-City(    mi.),  @Hw.#10
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling, SLOPES/ Chiricahua Foothills, +Alt. 5,200ft.
    • On~Turkey~Creek~
  • SOILS- MetamorphicLoamy, Sand
  • CLIMATE- Desert With Continental Influences
  • VITICULTURE- ?  acPlanted
    • CHALLENGES – Humidity, Monsoon Rain
  • VINICULTURE-
    • Estates/ Producers- Aridus(E.?40ac.), Carlson Creek, Deep Sky, Fort Bowie, Keeling Schaefer, Lawrence Dunham, Passion Cellars, Pillbury, Sand-Reckoner, Zarpara

NEW MEXICO State

  • WHITE=   |   RED= **Refer to AVA.’s For Detailed Grape Varietal Information.
  • GEOGRAPHY- USA., REGION-South-West, STATE-New Mexico, LATITUDE: 31°- 37°N
    • BORDERS: Arizona(West), Texas(South-East)
    • Sub-Zones/ AVA’s- Mesilla Valley AVA., Middle Rio Grande Valley AVA., Mimbres Valley AVA.
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly/ Valley(Melilla, Rio Grande, Mimbres)
    • SLOPES/ ?,  +Alt. 5,000ft.
  • CLIMATE- Arid with Continental Influences
  • VINICULTURE- Numbers of Wineries- 55 (53 Bonded/ 2 Virtual) As of 2020, #29 State/ USA.

MESILLA VALLEY AVA.      @Dona Ana

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Malvasia, Muscat Alexandria, Riesling, Viognier
  • RED= Black Muscat, Cabernet Sauvignon, Dolcetto, Merlot, Mourvedre, Zinfandel
  • GEOGRAPHY- USA., REGION-South-West, STATE-New Mexico(        ), COUNTRY– ?
    • (Laps)Texas
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ Valley(Mesilla)
    • SLOPES/ Organ Mountains, +Alt. ?, On~Rio~Grande~River~
  • CLIMATE- Arid With Continental Influences,  *Summer Hot, Dry
  • VITICULTURE- 40 ac.Planted
    • Estates/ Producers- La Vina Winery, St. Clair Winery

MIDDLE RIO GRANDE VALLEY AVA.      @Albuquerque

  • WHITE= Riesling
  • RED= Cabernet Sauvignon, Syrah, Zinfandel
  • GEOGRAPHY- USA., REGION-South-West, STATE-New Mexico(Central), COUNTRY– ?
    • Rio Grande Valley From Santa Fe to Belen
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Hilly, SLOPES/ ?, +Alt. 4,000ft.- 6,500ft., On~Rio~Grande~River~
  • CLIMATE- Continental With Desert Influence
    • *Summers– Warm Days/ Cool Nights   |   *Winters– Sub-Freezing
  • VITICULTURE-  278,400 ac./ ? Planted
    • Estates/ Producers- Acequia, Anasazi Fields, Camino Real, Casa Rondena, Corrales, Gruet, Jaramillo, Milagro, Pasando Teimpo, Sheehan

MIMBRES VALLEY AVA.     @Deming

  • WHITE= Chardonnay
  • RED= Cabernet Sauvignon, Dolcetto, Merlot, Refosco, Sangiovese, Syrah, Tempranillo
  • GEOGRAPHY- USA., REGION-South-West, STATE-New Mexico(South-West), COUNTRY– ?
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ Valley(Minbres), SLOPES/ ?,  +Alt. 4.000ft.- 6,000ft.
    • (Watershed) On~Mimbres~River~
  • CLIMATE- Continental With Desert Influence
  • VITICULTURE- 2,000 ac. Planted
    • Estates/ Producers- La Chiripada, Luna Rossa, St. Clair

TEXAS State

  • WHITE= Albariño, Chardonnay, Muscat Canelli, Riesling, Roussanne, Vermentino, Viognier
    • Hybrid Lenoir AKA=Black Spanish
  • RED= Cabernet Sauvignon, Carignan, Garnacha, Garaciano, Malbec, Merlot, Montepulciano, Mourvedre, Pinot Noir, Syrah, Tannat, Primitivo
    • Hybrid Blanc du Bois
  • GEOGRAPHY- USA., REGION-South-West, STATE-Texas, LATITUDE: 31.9° N
    • BORDERS-Mexico(South), New Mexico(West)
    • Sub-Zones/ AVA.s- Bell Mountain AVA., Davis Mountain AVA., Escondido Valley AVA., Fredricksberg AVA,, High Plains AVA,, Hill Country AVA,, Mesilla Valley AVA., Texoma AVA.
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly/ Valley(Escondido, Mesilla)
    • On~Gulf of Mexico~
  • CLIMATE- Continental With Arid Influence
  • VITICULTURE- 6,000 ac. Planted,   #5 State/ USA. In Wine Production.
    • CHALLENGES- Hot, Dry, Drought
  • VINICULTURE-  Numbers of Wineries- 406 (365 Bonded/ 41  Virtual) As of 2020, #5 State/ USA.
  • CULTURE- WINE SQUARES~ ~Grapevine Downtown Tasting Rooms~ Grapevine, Dallas
    •  FESTIVALS~Dallas Wine & Food Festival~ (May)
      •  ~Austin Wine~ (April/ Austin)

MESILLA VALLEY AVA.     @Dona Ana

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Chenin Blanc, Malvasia, Muscat Alexandria, Riesling, Viognier
  • RED= Black Muscat, Cabernet Sauvignon, Dolcetto, Merlot, Mourvedre, Zinfandel
  • GEOGRAPHYUSA., REGION-South-West, STATE-Texas(West), COUNTY– ?, (Laps)New Mexico
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ Valley(Mesilla)
    • SLOPES/ Organ Mountains, On~Rio~Grande~River~
  • CLIMATE- Continental With Arid  Influences,  *Summers– Hot, Dry
  • VITICULTURE- 40 acPlanted
    • Estates/ Producers- Hof, St. Clair Winery,  La Vina Winery

TEXAS DAVIS MOUNTAIN AVA.     @

  • WHITE= Sauvignon Blanc
  • RED= Cabernet Sauvignon, Zinfandel
  • GEOGRAPHY- USA., REGION-South-West, STATE-Texas(West), COUNTY-Jeff Davis
    • Near Chihuahuan Desert & Davis Mountains
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ Hilly, SLOPES/ Davis Mountains, +Alt. 4,500ft.
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Volcanic” Granite, Loam, Limestone
  • CLIMATE- Continental WithArid  Influences,   *Summer– Hot, Dry
  • VITICULTURE- 27,000 ac./ 80 acPlanted
    • Estates/ Producers- Pleasant Hill

ESCONDIDO VALLEY AVA.     @Pecos

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Chenin Blanc, Colombard
  • RED= Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon
  • GEOGRAPHY- USA., REGION-South-West, STATE-Texas(West), COUNTY-Pecos
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling/ Valley(Escondido)
  • CLIMATE- Continental With Arid Influences,   *Summers– Hot, Dry
  • VITICULTURE-   ? acPlanted
    • Estates/ Producers- Genevieve Wines

TEXAS HIGH PLAIN AVA.     @Lubbock

  • WHITE= Albarino, Chardonnay, Chenin Blanc, Malvasia, Muscat Canelli, Muscat Giallo, Marsanne, Roussanne, Trebbiano, Vermentino, Viognier
  • RED= Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Carignan, Dolcetto, Garnacha, Graciano, Merlot, Mourvedre, Petit Verdot, Primitivo,  Sangiovese, Syrah, Tannat, Tempranillo, Terlodego
  • GEOGRAPHY- USA., REGION-South-West, STATE-Texas(North-West), COUNTY– ?
    • West of Lubbock-City(   mi.),  @Hw.#84/ #87
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling, ON PLAIN/ High Plain
  • CLIMATE- Continental With Arid Influence
  • VITICULTURE- 5,000 acPlanted, CHALLENGES- Hot, Drought
    • Estates/ Producers- Bending Branch, Brennan, Cap Rock, Duchman Family, Liano Estacado, Lost Draw, McPherson, Pedernales Cellars, Pheasant Ridge(50ac.), Ron Yates, Spicewood
    • Vineyards- Bingham, Brennan, Diamante Doble Dos, Farmhouse, Oswald, Reddy, Signor, Spicewood, Valley Mills
  • CULTURE-
    • PIONEERS~ ~Clinton Doc McPherson~ High Plains First to Plant Vineyards In Area.

TEXOMA AVA.     @Texoma

  • WHITE= Chardonnay
  • RED= Cabernet Sauvigon, Merlot, Pinot Noir
  • GEOGRAPHY- USA., REGION-South-West, STATE-Texas(North-Central), COUNTY– ?
    • North of Dallas-City(50 mi.)
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling, On~Lake~Texoma~
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Sedimentary Alluvial, Silty Loam, Clay
  • CLIMATE- Continental With Arid Influences,  +Diurnal Shifts(+35°)
  • VITICULTURE-acPlanted
    • Estates/ Producers-

TEXAS HILL COUNTRY AVA.    @Austin

  • WHITE= Chardonnay, Muscat Canelli, Riesling, Vermentino, Viognier
  • RED= Cabernet Sauvignon, Carignan, Malbec, Montepulciano, Primitivo
  • GEOGRAPHY- USA., REGION-South-West, STATE-Texas(Central), COUNTY– ?
    • West of Austin-City(    mi,), @Hw.#290
    • CITIES-Austin, Driftwood, Dripping Springs, Fredericksburg, Johnson City, Stonewall
    • Sub-Zones/ AVA.’S- Bell Mountain AVA., Fredericksburg AVA.
  • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling, ON PLATEAU/ Edwards
  • SOILS- Metamorphic, Sedimentary, Limestone
  • CLIMATE- Continental With Sub-TropicalInfluences
    • *Summers– Hot, Humid    |    *Winters– Wet, Cold
  • VITICULTURE- 800 acPlanted
    • Estates/ Producers- Driftwood, High Valley, Flat Creek(20ac.), Mandola, Texas Hills, Wedding Cake
    • Vineyards- Tio Pancho
  • CULTURE
    • FESTIVALS~Hill County Wine Festival~ (April)
      • ~Grape-Fest(September)
      • ~Austin Wine Festival(May)
  • BELL MOUNTAIN AVA.     @
    • WHITE= Chardonnay, Chenin Blanc, Colombard
    • RED= Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon
    • GEOGRAPHY- USA., REGION-South-West, STATE-Texas(Central), COUNTY-Gillespie
      • In Texas Hill Country AVA.(Central)
    • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling, SLOPES/ Bell Mountain, +Alt.?
    • CLIMATE- Continental With Sub-Tropical Influences
      • *Summers– Hot, Humid   |   *Winters– Cold, Wet
    • VITICULTURE-  ? acPlanted
      • Estates/ Producers-
  • FREDERICKSBURG AVA.     @Fredericksburb
    • WHITE= Chardonnay, Muscat(Canelli), Sauvignon Blanc, Viognier
    • RED= Cabernet Sauvignon, Garnacha, Muscat(Black)
    • GEOGRAPHY- USA., REGION-South-West, STATE-Texas(Central), COUNTY– Gillespie
      • In Texas Hill Country AVA.(Central)@Hw.#290
    • TOPOGRAPHY- Flat/ Rolling
    • CLIMATE- Continental With Sub-Tropical Influences
      • *Summers– Hot, Humid, Dry   |   *Winters– Cold, Wet
    • VITICULTURE- 60 acPlanted
      • Estates/ Producers- Becker(Co.-Op.),  Torre di Pietra(80ac.)
      • Vineyards– Brenda Canada, Newsom
    • CULTURE-  PIONEERS~German Immigrants~ First to Cultivate Vines in Mid 1800’s.
    • GOING THERE- FESTIVALS~Fredericksburg Wine Festival~ (October)


**Refer to BIBLIOGRAPHY/ SOURCES For Details On Scholarly Works Referenced