BODYS Of WATER Any Significant Accumulation of Water On the Earth Surface. Most Often Refers to Oceans, Seas, Lakes, Rivers, Wetlands and Ponds.

  • Lacustrine Relating to or Influenced by Inland Deep Water Lake.

VITICULTURE BENEFITS– Bodies of Water Possess a Thermo Regulating Capacity Effect On Vineyards Sites. Proximity to Water Reduce Frost and Winter Freeze, While Acting as a Heat Reservoir by Collecting Sun Shine and Heat Which Has a Sustained Warming Effect On the Vineyard Well Into the Night.
HYDROLOGY Deals With the and Circulation, Properties, Distribution of Water On the Earths Surface


  • RIVERS Russian, Loire, Rhone, Rhine, Mosel, Columbia
    • Rivers Are Generally Spread Across Countries, Many Serve as Navigable Waterways Important to Economic Dispersal of Locally Produced Goods and Social Connections to Local Communities. Rivers Also Play a Crucial Part In Cool Climate Where is Acts as a Cold Mediator Where is Attracts, Absorbs, Reflects Light and Heat Onto Vineyards. Rivers Are Always a Moderating Force In the Climate and Provide Reflexion and Reflection.
    • Rivers Formation is Generally a Result of a Tectonic Up-Lift.
  • LAKES Neusiedlesee, Sonoma, Guarda, Clear, Okanagan, Geneva
  • SEAS Adriatic, Mediterranean
  • OCEANS Pacific, Atlantic


  • BASIN- Area of Land Where Water From Rain or Snow Converges On a Single Point at Lower Elevation.
  • FLOOD PLAIN- Low, Flat, Periodically Flooded Lands Adjacent to Rivers, Lakes, and Oceans That Are Subject to Hydrologic Processes.
  • BENCH- Long, Relatively Narrow Strip of Relatively Level or Gently Inclined Land That’s Bounded by Distinctly Steeper Slopes Above and Below it.
  • ALLUVIAL FAN- Gravels Usually Rest at Edge of Valley While Finer Soil are Deposited Closer Towards the River.
  • SOIL EROSION A Naturally Occurring Process That Effects All Landforms, and Refers to the Eroding Away of a Land Mass or Vineyards Topsoil Over Time by the Natural Physical Forces of Water, Wind or Man Made Forces Associated With Farming Activities.  Soil Erosion Especially Effects Sloped Vineyards and is a Yearly Issue That Needs a Action Plan to Stay On Top of to Control. Often the Grape Grower Will Gather the Soils That Has Displaced Itself Down the Vineyard and Distribute it Back to the Upper Level of the Vineyard.


  • Greywacke– Sedimentary Sandstone
  • **Refer to TERROIR/ SEDIMENTARY Soils For Detailed List of Sedimentary Soils


  • During Jurassic Period 150 Million Years Ago, Parts of the Earth Sank Beneath Shallow Seas. Shells of Oysters and Skeletons of Other Sea Shelled Creatures Piled On One Another and Compacted Together to Form Petrified Remains Which is Limestone.
  • **Although Old Sea Floors Are Listed Here Under “Water, River, Floods” There Are a Direct Result of an Uplifting From Plate Tectonics.
    • Burgundy
    • Willamette Valley AVA.
    • Sta. Rita Hills AVA.
    • Piemonte
    • Adelaida/ Paso Robles
    • California


  • THE MISSOULA FLOODS- The Largest Documented Catastrophic Floods In Earths History, and One of the Biggest Geologic Events Ever On the Face of the Earth.   This Series of Floods Intervals Swept Across the Greater Columbia River Valley at the End of the Last Ice Age 13,000 to 16,000 Years Ago.  A Advancing Glacier Dammed the Clark-Fork River Creating Glacial Lake Missoula In Idaho and Montana.  In Time the Ice Dam Which Was 50km. Wide & 600mt. Tall Violently Broke and Water Hundreds of Feet High Rushed Down In to Columbia River Valley. This Water Form Massive Waves, Lifting Giant Boulders, Carved Steep Cliffs and Leaving Rolling Ripples 25 Feet High, Gravel Sand Bars 100 Feet Tall and Shaped Columbia River Gorge.  This Mountain of Water Made Its Way to the Wahluke Gap Where it Backed Up Creating Lake Lewis, a Temporary Lake Encompassing the Entire Columbia River Valley Where it Settled For a Month Before Eventually Moving Through the Gap and Onto the Pacific Ocean.  The Alluvial Soils Deposits Precipitation From the Flood Water Laying the Foundation For the Diverse, Deep, Rock, Soils, and Sediment Deposits to the Columbia River Valley and the Pacific North-West.  These Floods Did Both Erode and Laid Sediment Deposits Where Ever it Went.  This Huge But Temporary Lake Eventually Drained and Left Behind Monumental Quantities of Silt. Prevailing Winds From the South-West Blew In the Silt and Dust to Where it Settled Out In the Hills of Loess Throughout the Columbia Valley. This Same Flood Episode Repeated Itself Every 30 to 70 Years Over 7 Thousand Years In the Late Pleistocene Are.

**Refer to BIBLIOGRAPHY/ Sources For Details On Scholarly Works Referenced.