SPECIES vs. FAMILIES vs. GRAPE GROUPS


  • SUB-TOPICS Of GRAPE SPECIES/ GROUPS/ FAMILIES
    • Grape Species
    • Grape Groups
    • Grape Families
    • Vine Cross Index

GRAPE SPECIES

Armenian-Persian Refuge

(Indigenous to Mediteranean/ Caucus Mountains)

VITIS VINIFERA (B) (Species“Ancient/ Historical Grape”

  • OLD WORLD– Georgia(Southern Caucasus)(Indigenous)

VITIS VINIFERA/ SILVESTRIS (B) (Species“Ancient/ Historical Grape”

  • NEW WORLD– Iberian Peninsula

American-Pacific Refuge

(Indigenous to West Coast of North America)

VITIS CALIFORNICA (B) (Species“Ancient/ Historical Grape”

  • NEW WORLD– Northern California(Indigenous), Cascade Foothills
  • VITICULTUREAKA=California Grape

VITIS GIRDIANA (B) (Species“Ancient/ Historical Grape”

  • NEW WORLD– Southern California(Indigenous), Baja Mexica
  • VITICULTUREAKA=Desert Grape, Valley Grape

South-Eastern Refuge  (Indigenous to Eastern North America)

VITIS ACERIFOLIA (B) (Species“Ancient/ Historical Grape”

  • NEW WORLD– America(Great Plains)(Indigenous)
  • VITICULTUREAKA=Desert

VITIS AESTIVALIS (B) (Species“Ancient/ Historical Grape”

  • NEW WORLD– North America(Indigenous), Ontario, Oklahoma
    • Official State Grape of Missouri
  • VITICULTURE- *OFF-SPRING– RED= Norton

VITIS ARIZANICA (B) (Species“Ancient/ Historical Grape”

  • NEW WORLD– Arizona(Indigenous)
  • VITICULTUREAKA=Arizona Grape, Canyon Grape
    • Etymology– Referring to Arizona Where Its Indigenous

VITIS BERLANDIERI (   ) (Species“Ancient/ Historical Grape”

  • OLD WORLD– North America(South-East) Refuge(Indigenous)

VITIS BLOODWORTHIANA (  ) (Species“Ancient/ Historical Grape”

  • NEW WORLD– North America(Indigenous)

VITIS CANDICANS (B) (Species“Ancient/ Historical Grape”

  • NEW WORLD– America(South-East)

VITIS CORDIFOLIA (B) (Species“Ancient/ Historical Grape”

  • NEW WORLD– America(South-East)

VITIS LABRUSCA (B) (Species“Ancient/ Historical Grape”

  • NEW WORLD– *America(Indigenous)
  • VITICULTURE– *OFF-SPRING-to-
    • WHITE= Antoninette, Cayuga
    • RED= Catawba, Concord, Niagara

VITIS MONTICOLA (B) (Species“Ancient/ Historical Grape”

  • NEW WORLD– America(Texas)(Indigenous)
  • VITICULTUREAKA=Mountain Grape

VITIS MUSTANGENSIS (B) (Species“Ancient/ Historical Grape”

  • NEW WORLD– America(Texas)(Native)
  • VITICULTURE– *OFF-SPRING-to–  RED= Mustang

VITIS PALMATA (B) (Species“Ancient/ Historical Grape”

  • NEW WORLD– America(Indigenous), Mississippi Valley
  • VITICULTUREAKA=Catbird, Cat, Missouri

VITIS RIPARIA (B) (Species“Ancient/ Historical Grape”

  • OLD WORLD
  • NEW WORLD– America(Indigenous)
  • VITICULTURE*OFF-SPRING-to
    • WHITE= Elvira
    • RED= Bacchus, Baco Noir, Frontenac, Marechal Foch, Triomphe d’Alsace

VITIS RONTUNDIFOLIA (Species“Ancient/ Historical Grape”

  • OLD WORLD
  • NEW WORLD– America(Native)
  • VITICULTURE*OFF-SPRING-to- RED= Muscadine AKA=Scuppernong

VITIS RUPESTRIS (Species“Ancient/ Historical Grape”

  • OLD WORLD
  • NEW WORLD– America(Indigenous)
  • VITICULTUREAKA=The Sand Grape,  OFF-SPRING
    • WHITE= Aurore, Chancellor, DeChaunac, Vidal Blanc, Vignoles
    • RED= Norton

VITIS SHUTTLEWORTHII (B) (Species“Ancient/ Historical Grape”

  • NEW WORLD– Florida, Alabama(Indigenous)
  • VITICULTUREAKA=Caloosa Grape

VITIS TILITOLIA (B) (Species“Ancient/ Historical Grape”

  • NEW WORLD– America, Mexica
  • VITICULTUREAKA=Caribbean Grape

VITIS TRELEASII (  ) (Species“Ancient/ Historical Grape”

  • NEW WORLD– North America(Indigenous)

VITIS VULPINA (B) (Species“Ancient/ Historical Grape”

  • NEW WORLD– America(Indigenous), Ontario

VITIS X CHAMPINII (   ) (Species“Ancient/ Historical Grape”

  • NEW WORLD– North America(Indigenous)

VITIS X DOANIANA (   ) (Species“Ancient/ Historical Grape”

  • NEW WORLD– North America(Indigenous)

Mexican Refuge (Indigenous to Southern Mexico)

VITIS BIFORMIS (  ) (Species“Ancient/ Historical Grape”

  • NEW WORLD– Mexico(South)(Indigenous)

VITIS BLANCOII (  ) (Species“Ancient/ Historical Grape”

  • NEW WORLD– Mexico(South)(Indigenous)

VITIS NESBITTIANA (   ) (Species“Ancient/ Historical Grape”

  • NEW WORLD– Mexico(South)(Indigenous)

VITIS POPENOII ( ) (Species“Ancient/ Historical Grape”

  • NEW WORLD– Mexico(South)(Indigenous)

East Asian-Pacific Refuge  (Indigenous to East Asia)

VITIS ADENOCLATA (  ) (Species“Ancient/ Historical Grape”

  • OLD WORLD– East Asian-Pacific Refuge(Indigenous)

VITIS ADSTRICTA (   ) (Species“Ancient/ Historical Grape”

  • OLD WORLD– East Asian-Pacific Refuge(Indigenous)

VITIS AMURENSIS (   ) (Species“Ancient/ Historical Grape”

  • OLD WORLD– East Asian-Pacific Refuge(Indigenous)

VITIS BASHANICA (   ) (Species“Ancient/ Historical Grape”

  • OLD WORLDEast Asian-Pacific Refuge(Indigenous)

VITIS BELLULA (   ) (Species“Ancient/ Historical Grape”

  • OLD WORLD– East Asian-Pacific Refuge(Indigenous)

VITIS BETULIFOLIA (   ) (Species“Ancient/ Historical Grape”

  • OLD WORLD– East Asian-Pacific Refuge(Indigenous)

VITIS COIGNETIAE (   ) (Species“Ancient/ Historical Grape”

  • OLD WORLD– East Asian-Pacific Refuge(Indigenous)

VITIS DAVIDII (   ) (Species“Ancient/ Historical Grape”

  • OLD WORLD– East Asian-Pacific Refuge(Indigenous)

VITIS FLEXUOSA (B) (Species“Ancient/ Historical Grape”

  • NEW WORLD– East Asia(Indigenous)

VITIS FICIFOLIA (   ) (Species“Ancient/ Historical Grape”

  • OLD WORLD– East Asian-Pacific Refuge(Indigenous)

VITIS FLEXUOSA (    ) (Species“Ancient/ Historical Grape”

  • OLD WORLD– East Asian-Pacific Refuge(Indigenous)

VITIS HUNCOCKII (   ) (Species“Ancient/ Historical Grape”

  • OLD WORLD– East Asian-Pacific Refuge(Indigenous)

VITIS LIUBANENSIS (   ) (Species“Ancient/ Historical Grape”

  • OLD WORLD– East Asian-Pacific Refuge(Indigenous)

VITIS PIASEZKII (  ) (Species“Ancient/ Historical Grape”

  • OLD WORLD– East Asian-Pacific Refuge(Indigenous)

VITIS PSEUDORETICULATA (  ) (Species“Ancient/ Historical Grape”

  • OLD WORLD– East Asian-Pacific Refuge(Indigenous)

VITIS QINLINGENSIS (   ) (Species“Ancient/ Historical Grape”

  • OLD WORLD– East Asian-Pacific Refuge(Indigenous)

VITIS QUINQUANGULARIS (   ) (Species“Ancient/ Historical Grape”

  • OLD WORLD– East Asian-Pacific Refuge(Indigenous)

VITIS ROMANETTI (   ) (Species“Ancient/ Historical Grape”

  • OLD WORLD– East Asian-Pacific Refuge(Indigenous)

VITIS SHENXIENSIS (   ) (Species“Ancient/ Historical Grape”

  • OLD WORLD– East Asian-Pacific Refuge(Indigenous)

VITIS WILSONIAE (   ) (Species“Ancient/ Historical Grape”

  • OLD WORLD– East Asian-Pacific Refuge(Indigenous)

VITIS YENSHANENSIS (  ) (Species“Ancient/ Historical Grape”

  • OLD WORLD– East Asian-Pacific Refuge(Indigenous)

GRAPE FAMILIES

Share Basic Names and Are Related, Such as a Bono Fide Parent Offspring Relationship.  AKA=Founder Varietals

FOUNDER VARIETAL/ Historical Grapes– Ancient Grape With Significant Genetic Influence or Predominate Lineage On the Ampelography of a Certain Region. Over Multiple Millinia These Founder Varietals Have Parented Many of the Modern Grapes we Enjoy Today.

  • Over the Last 7,000 Years It Has Been Estimated That the 60 Species of Grapes Crossed Into Thousand of Different Grape Varieties.  Over the Past 200 Years There Has Been a Concentration of Grape Varieties Where the World Wine Culture Has Focused On Around 200 Grape to Produce Most of the Worlds Wine. Recently Over the Past 20 Years There Has Been a Renewed Interest In Country’s Obscure Indigenous Grape Varieties.
  • During the 1500’s Pinot, Savignin and Gouais Blanc Where Crossing Each Other Across Europe Resulting In New Grape Varieties.
  • Progenitors– Grape From Which Other Grapes Are Descended or Originated
  • **Refer to “WORLDS GRAPE”  For Detailed Information On Each Grape Variety

AUTOCHTHONOUS– Of an Inhabitant of a Place, Indigenous Rather Than Descended. Refers to Grape Varieties That Are Almost Exclusively the Result of Natural Cross-Breeding or Mutation In a Particular Growing Area, and Have a Long History In That Area.

  • **Refer to “WORLDS GRAPES/ A to Z” (Indigenous) For Autochthonous Grapes

CABERNET FRANCFAMILY      INDIGENOUS ToPais Vasco or South-West France

  • Cabernet Sauvignon = X=Cabernet Franc & Sauvignon Blanc
  • Hondarribi Beltza = X=Cabernet Franc & ?
  • Merlot = X=Cabernet Franc & Madeline Noire de Charentes
  • Morenoa = X=Cabernet Franc & ?

CAYETANA BLANCAFAMILY          INDIGENOUS To

  • Antao Vaz = X=Cayetana Blanca & ?
  • Castellana Blanca = X=Cayetana Blanca & ?
  • Gouveio Estimado = X=Cayetana Blanca & ?
  • Jaen Tinoto = X=Cayetana Blanca & Listan
  • Rabo de Ovelha = X=Cayetana Blanca & ?
  • Siria = X=Cayetana Blanca & ?

GARGANEGAFAMILY          INDIGENOUS ToVeneto

  • Albana = X=Garganega & ?
  • Dorona Venezia = X=Garganega & Bermestia
  • Catarratto = X=Garganega & ?
  • Malvasia Candia = X=Garganega & ?
  • Marzemina = X=Garganega & ?
  • Montonico Bianco = X=Garganega & ?
  • Mostosa = X=Garganega & ?
  • Susmaniello = X=Garganega & Uva Sogra
  • Trebbiano Toscano = X=Garganega & ?

GOUAIS BLANCFAMILY    INDIGENOUS To...North-East France, Germany

  • Aligote = X=Gouais Blanc & Pinot*
  • Arbois = X=Gouais Blanc & ?
  • Auxerrois = X=Gouais Blanc & Pinot*
  • Blaufranksch = X=Gouais Blanc & ?
  • Chardonnay = X=Gouais Blanc & Pinot*
  • Colombard = X=Gouais Blanc & Chenin Blanc
  • Elbling = X=Gouais Blanc & ?
  • Folle Blanc = X=Gouais Blanc & ?
  • Furmint = X=Gouais Blanc & ?
  • Gamay Blanc = X=Gouais Blanc & Pinot*
  • Gamay Noir = X=Gouais Blanc & Pinot*
  • Grolleau Noir = X=Gouais Blanc & ?
  • Jacquere = X=Gouais Blanc & ?
  • Melon = X=Gouais Blanc & Pinot*
  • Muscadelle = X=Gouais Blanc & ?
  • Riesling = X=Gouais Blanc & ?
  • Romorantin = X=Gouais Blanc & Pinot*
  • Sacy = X=Gouais Blanc & Pinot*
  • Saint-Come = X=Gouais Blanc & ?

MUSCAT BLANC a PETITS GRAINFAMILY       INDIGENOUS To...

  • Aleatico = X=Muscat Blanc Petite Grains & ?
  • Moscato di Scanzo = X=Muscat Blanc Petite Grains & ?
  • Moscato Rosa del Trentino = X=Muscat Blanc Petite Grains & ?
  • Moscato Giallo = X=Muscat Blanc Petite Grains &?
  • Muscat Rouge de Madere = X=Muscat Blanc Petite Grains & Mammolo
  • Muscat di Alexandria = X=Muscat Blanc Petite Grains & Axina de Tres Bias

MUSCAT Of ALEXANDRIAFAMILY          INDIGENOUS To...

  • Cereza = X=Muscat Alexandria & Listan Prieto
  • Grillo = X=Muscat Alexandria & Cataratto
  • Malvasia Lazio = X=Muscat Alexandria & Schiava
  • Moscatel Amarillo = X=Muscat Alexandria & Listan Prieto
  • Moscatello Selvatico = X=Muscat Alexandria & Bombino
  • Torrontes Riojano = X=Muscat Alexandria & Listan Prieto
  • Torrontes Sanjuanino = X=Muscat Alexandria & Listan Prieto
  • Torrontes Mendocino = X=Muscat Alexandria & ?

MONDEUSE NOIREFAMILY          INDIGENOUS ToSavoie

NEBBIOLOFAMILY          INDIGENOUS ToPiemonte, Valtelina

  • Brugnola = X=Nebbiolo & ?
  • Bubbierasco = X=Nebbiolo & ?
  • Bianchetta Saluzzo =       &
  • Freisa = X=Nebbiolo & ?
  • Nebbiolo Rose = X=Nebbiolo & ?
  • Negrara = X=Nebbiolo & ?
  • Neretto di Bairo = X=Nebbiolo & ?
  • Rossola Nero = X=Nebbiolo & ?
  • Vespolina = X=Nebbiolo & ?

RIESLINGFAMILY          INDIGENOUS To...

  • Ehrenfelser = X=Riesling & Sylvaner
  • Kerner = X=Riesling & Trollinger
  • Osiris = X=Riesling & ?
  • Osteiner = X=Riesling & Silvaner
  • Perlriesling = X=Riesling & Perle de Csaba
  • Rotberger = X=Riesling & ?
  • Wittberger = X=Riesling & ?

PINOTFAMILY          INDIGENOUS To...

  • AuxerroisX=       &
  • Chardonnay = X=       &
  • Franc Noir de la Haute Saone = X=       &
  • Gamay = X=       &
  • Gamay Teinturier de Bouze = X=       &
  • Genouillet = X=       &
  • Gouget Noir = X=       &
  • Melon = X=       &
  • Troyen = X=       &

PRIEFAMILY          INDIGENOUS To...

  • Allbillo Real = X=Prie & ?
  • Lairen = X=Prie & ?
  • Mayolet = X=Prie & ?
  • Primetta = X=Prie & ?

REZEFAMILY          INDIGENOUS ToValais

SAVAGNINFAMILY      INDIGENOUS To...North-East France, South-West Germany

  • Aubin = X=Savagnin & Gouais Blanc
  • Chenin Blanc = X=Savagnin & ?
  • Grunner Veltliner = X=Savagnin & St. Georgener
  • Petit Manseng = X=Savagnin & ?
  • Petit Meslier = X=Savagnin & Gouais Blanc
  • Sauvignon Blanc = X=Savagnin & ?
  • Sylvaner = X=Savagnin & Osterreichisch Weiss
  • Verdelho = X=Savagnin & ?

TEROLDEGOFAMILY          INDIGENOUS To...Trentino

 

TRAMINERFAMILY          INDIGENOUS To...

  • Elbling
  • Futterer
  • Pinot Noir
  • Rotgipfler
  • Silivaner
  • Gruner Veltliner
  • Riesling

TRIBIDRAGFAMILY          INDIGENOUS TO...Croatia

 


GRAPE GROUPS

Share Basic Name and Were Thought to Be Related. In Reality These Grape Aren’t Related, But Over Time and Centuries the Sharing of a Name and the Dogma Associated With it Became Accepted. Present Day Ampelography and DNA. Profiling Has Shown They Are Unrelated.

COLORINOGROUP          COMMON To...Lazio, Liguria, Marche, Tuscany, Umbria

  • Colorino del Valdarno/ Toscano
  • Colorino di Pisa
  • Colorino del Luca
  • Colorino del Americano

CRIOLLOGROUP          COMMON To...Argentina

  • Mendocino
  • Pedro Gimenez ???
  • Riojano
  • Sanjuanino
  • Torrentes

GRECOGROUP          COMMON To...Italy

  • Greco  Bianco
  • Greco Giallo
  • Greco Moro
  • Greco Nero

GROPPELLOGROUP          COMMON To...Italy

  • Groppello dei Berici/ Breganze
  • Gropello di Mocasina
  • Gropello di Revo
  • Gropello di Gentile

LAMBRUSCOGROUP          COMMON ToItaly, Emilia Romagna

  • Lambrusco
  • Lambrusca di Allessandria
  • Lambrusca Barghi
  • Lambrusca Benetti
  • Lambrusca Foglia Frastagliata
  • Lambrusco Grasparossa
  • Lambrusco Maestri
  • Lambrusco Montavona
  • Lambrusco Montericco
  • Lambrusco Oliva
  • Lambrusco Salamino
  • Lambrusco Sorbara
  • Lambrusco Viadanese

MALVASIAGROUP         COMMON To...Italy

  • Malvasia Bianco
  • Malvasia Bianco di Basilicata
  • Malvasia Bianco di Candia
  • Malvasia Bianco Lunga
  • Malvasia del Lazio
  • Malvasia di Candia Aromatica
  • Malvasia di Lipari
  • Malvasia Istriana
  • Malvasia Moscata
  • Malvasia di Casorzo
  • Malvasia di Schierano
  • Malvasia Nera di Basilicata
  • Malvasia Nera di Brindisi
  • Malvasia Nera di Lecce
  • Malvasia Nera Lunga

NEGRARAGROUP          COMMON To...Italy

  • Negrara Trentina Negrara Veronese

PALLAGRELLOGROUP          COMMON To...Italy

  • Pellagrello Bianco
  • Pellagrello Nero

PELORSIENGROUP         COMMON To...

  • Beclan
  • Bia Blanc
  • Dureza
  • Durif
  • Exbrayat
  • Jacquere
  • Joubertin
  • Mondeuse Blanche
  • Peloursin
  • Servanin
  • Verdesse

REFOSCOGROUP          COMMON ToItaly

  • Refosco Bianco Refosco dal Peduncolo Rosso
  • Refosco Gentile Refoscone
  • Refosco Nostrano Refosco Bianco
  • Refosco del Boton AKA=Tazzelenghe Refosco di Faedis AKA=Refosco Nostrano
  • Refosco di Guarnieri AKA=Trevisana Nero Refosco Di Ronchis AKA=Refosco Nostrano
  • Refosco d’Istria AKA=Terrano

SCHIAVAGROUP          COMMON ToItaly

  • Schiava Gentile
  • Schiava Grigia
  • Schiava Grosso
  • Schiava Nero

TORRONTESGROUP          COMMON ToArgentina

  • Torrontes
  • Torrontes Mendocino
  • Torrontes Riojano
  • Torrontes Sanjuanino
  • Torrontez do Pico

TREBBIANOGROUP          INDIGENOUSItaly

  • Trebbianina
  • Trebbiano Abruzzese
  • Trebbiano Giallo
  • Trebbiano Modenese
  • Trebbiano Romagnolo
  • Trebbiano Spoletino
  • Trebbiano Toscano
  • Trebbiano di Lugana
  • Trebbiano di Sove AKA=Verdicchio
  • Trebbiano Valtenesi AKA=Verdicchio

VERNACCIAGROUP          INDIGENOUSItaly

  • Vernaccia di Oristano
  • Vernaccia di San Gimignano
  • Vernaccia Nero
  • Vernaccia Nero Grossa
  • Vernaccina
  • Vernaccina Riminese


**Refer to “BIBLIOGRAPHY/ SOURCES” For Details On Scholarly Works Referenced