GRAPE ANATOMY-Old Vines


  • SUB-TOPICS Of GRAPE ANATOMY- OLD VINES
    • Life Span of the Grape Vine
    • Old Vine Vineyards
    • Old Vine Associations

LIFE SPAN Of The GRAPE VINE

Old Vine is a Frequently Used Description Used to Describe Grape-Vines of a Certain Age and the Term is Also Used On Wine Bottle Labels to Bring Light to the Age of the Vine Used In Production.  Throughout the Wine World There’s a General Belief That Old Vines Make Better Wine.  The Wine World Still Can’t Come Up With a Legal Definition of Old Vine and Thing Makes the Topic Old Vines a Contentious Issue In Some Circle of the Wine World.

  • OLD-VINE DEFINED- There is No Objective Legal Definition of Old Vine.
  • VITICULTURE Some Vineyards Have Been Partially Replanted Individually, by Rows or by Blocks.
  • VINICULTURE– Vines Are Considered by Most as “Old Age” After 35-40, Some 25 Years, But Myself and the Historical Vineyard Society Use 50 Years.

0-5 YEARS  Young Vines

  • VITICULTURE Vines Generally Produce 1-3 Tons/ Acre.
    • Vine Usually Begin Producing Usable Grape After 3 Years. Vines Are Starting to Develop Root Systems. The Vines Don’t Have Full Canopies, and Grapes Are Subject to Vintage Variation.
    • First Year of Harvest Are Referred to as 1st. Leaf/2nd. Leaf/ 3rd. Leaf/ 4th. Leaf, etc.

6-10 YEARS  Adolescence

  • VITICULTURE- While Wine Are Produced From Grapes After 3 Years Its Not Until Year 7 That the Vine Really Produced Better Quality Grapes. Vine In This Age Range Young Kids With A lot a Energy That They Can’t Control or Know What to do With.

10-20 YEARS   Juvenile

  • VITICULTURE Age of Vines When Soil Exploration is Stable. Vines Have a More Consistent Production and Less Crop Variation Year After Year. The Vine Vigor Becomes More Settled.
    • From This Age Range the Vine Really Come Into Its Own With Flavor and Aromatics.

20-40 YEARS   Middle Aged” 

  • VITICULTURE- Vines Generally Produce 4-8 Tons/ Acre.
    • Most Vine Varieties Are Replanted After 35 Years.
    • Af 40 Years the Old Vine Seems to Settle in a Gets Balance With Its Environment.
    • In This Age Range the Vine Starts to Show a Calmness and Tends to Be Mellow and Less Sporadic From Year to Year.

40-80 YEARS   Old Vine

  • VITICULTURE After 50 Years There’s a Measurable Decline In Yields Old Vines Are an Advantage, Not a Necessity.  Vines In This Age Range Seem to Have Less Issue With Weather Events Such as Storms or Droughts.

80+ YEARS   Ancient Vines

  • VITICULTURE Produce Very Low Yields.

REGRAFTING VINES ON OLD ROOT SYSTEMS

  • VITICULTURE Some Roots Systems Are Hundreds of Years Old as In Santorini, Greece. Every 80 Years the Trunks Are Considered Old and Cut and Re-Grafted. This Gives the Vines the Benefit of a Developed Root System With a Young Fruit Bearing System.
  • REPIQUAGE- Replanting Young Vines Which Have Declined In Quality Amongst Existing Older Vines
  • TOP GRAFTING-  Grafting Vine to Existing Root Systems In Vineyards.
    • 2-4 Years Before Grafted Vines Reproduce Quality Grapes Again.
    • Vines In Santorini Greece Have been Top Grafted Many Times Over and Have Roots With the Accumulation In Age of 300 Years.

Older the Vine, Better the Quality Wine, This is True Only if the Vine is Healthy and Free of Any Vine Disease.


OLD VINE VINEYARDS

Refers to Age of Grape-Vines. As a Vine Ages it Establishes a Root System and a Framework of a Trunk at the Base With a Cordons. Over Years and Decades New Layers of Growth, Similar to Rings of a Tree, Result In a More Broad, Solid Twisted and Gnarled Old Vine With Tough Bark and Roots.

  • VITICULTURE ADVANTAGES– Old Vines Are More Resilient to Drought and Extreme Weather.
    • Longer the Vines Are In the Ground the More Developed/ Extensive Their Root System Become.
      This Creates a Greater Capacity to Abstract Moisture, Nutrients, Through Multiple Soil Profiles Deeper In the Ground, Generally Producing More Complex Fruit.
    • Old Vines Produce Less Fruit as They Get Into Old Age.  With Less Fruit They Have More Energy In Relation to Each Grape, Generally Producing Better Friut.
    • As the Grape-Vine Get Older Their Trucks Get Bigger and Possess Greater Carbohydrate Reservoir, Generally Having More Power to Withstand Harsh Seasonal Weather, Draught and Tougher Times.
    • As the Vine Gets Older the Vine Tends to Produce Smaller Bunches and Grapes.
    • Old Vines Care For Their Fruit Differently and Shift Their Energy at Earlier Time From Producing Foliage to Looking After Their Bunches Earlier In the Season Giving Fruit Additional Nutrients. They Don’t Race to Maturity, They Ripen More Slowly Over a Longer Period Adding Flavor, Complexity, Density, Less Yields and a More Distinct Wine.
    • CHALLENGES–  ~More Prone to Disease Damage~
    • At Some Point Old-Vine Management Becomes to Costly to Compensate For Low Yields, and Return on Investment.
    • Older Vines Wake Up From Dormancy Later.
    • Phylloxera of 1880’s Wiped Out Many of the Vines.
    • Prohibition 1930’s Forced Many of the Producers to Pull Vines.
    • One Can Estimate to Age of the Wines by the Age/ Style of the Trellising System Used or the Age of the Material of the Trellis.
    • Grape-Vines Are Sensitive In One Sense and Extremely Sturdy In Another Sense.
    • It’s Not All About the Age of the Vines But the Intention Behind the Creation of the Vineyard.  Finding the Right Best Sight and Soils and Matching It With the Correct Varieties and Clones.  In Time This Will Produce the Best Wine When the Vine Become of Old Age.
  • VINICULTUREADVANTAGES– Although Old Vines Produce Less Grapes and Bunches the Fruit is Intense, Rich, Flavorful and Balanced Fruit.
    • More Approachable at a Young Age
    • Enhanced Quality of Tannins
    • Enhanced Intensity of Aromatic
  • OLD-VINES GRAPE VARIETIES THAT PROSPER
    • White= Chennin Blanc
    • Red= Alicante, Carignan, Garnacha, Mourvèdre, Zinfandel
  • OLD VINE IN OTHER LANGUAGES
    • America Old Vine
    • France Vieiles Vignes
    • Spain Vinas Velhas
    • Germany Alte Reben

There’s Something About a Old Vine Vineyard, They’re Often Lurking In Mystery.  Who Tended to the Vineyard Over the Years, Who Drank its Wine.

MIXED BLACK VINEYARDS/ Field Blends A Type of Vine Planting Scheme Dating Back to the Late 1800’s and Early 1900’s. Historically Immigrants Primarily From Italy Settled the Sonoma Valley and Later Spread Out Around Northern California.  They Would Predominately Plant a Vineyard Site With a Certain Variety of Grapes.  These Mixed Black or Single Vineyards Wines Would Be Planted, Grown, Harvested, Fermented and Bottled Together.

  • Most Popular Grapes to Intermix In Mixed Black Vineyards
    • Alicante Bouschet, Carignane, Garnacha, Mataro AKA=Mourvedre, Petite Sirah, Zinfandel
  • Reasons For Planting Mixed Black Vineyards
    • They Were Trying to Plant a Finished Wine.  The Grapes They Choose to Interplant Worked Together In the Finished Blend.
    • Grapes Ripened Differently, If One Ripened Better That Year It Would Balance Out With One That Didn’t Ripen Well. (This Balanced Out the Acidity and Sugars In the Over Wine.)
    • Those Were the Grapes That Were Available to Plant at the Time.

 

 

 

   MIXED BLACK VINEYARDS

A Mixed Black Vineyard is a Type of Vine Planting Scheme Dating Back to the Late 1800’s and Early 1900’s. Historically Immigrants Primarily From Italy Settled the Sonoma Valley and Later Spread Out Around Northern California.  They Would Predominately Plant a Vineyard Site With a Certain Variety of Grapes.  These Mixed Black or Single Vineyards-Field Blends Wines Would Be Planted, Grown, Harvested, Fermented and Bottled Together.

  • Most Popular Grapes to Intermix In Mixed Black Vineyards.
    • Alicante Bouschet, Cabernet Pfeffer, Carignane, Garnacha, Grand Noir, Mataro AKA=Mourvèdre, Petite Sirah, Zinfandel

 

 

 

  • Reasons For Planting Mixed Black Vineyards.
    • They Were Trying to Plant a Finished Wine.  The Grapes They Choose to Interplant Worked Together In the Finished Blend.
    • Grapes Ripened Differently, If One Ripened Better That Year It Would Balance Out With One That Didn’t Ripen Well. (This Balanced Out the Acidity and Sugars In the Over Wine.)
    • Those Were the Grapes That Were Available to Plant at the Time.

**Refer to MY WEBSITE DtheV.Com For Details On Entire Wine World.

 

 

 


ARRACHAE- The Action of Ripping Out Vines From a Vineyard.

  • Vine Puller- Steel and Wood Lever Used to pull Vines From the Earth Using the Ancient Method of Leverage.

Old Vine of Old World

  • 1600’s
    • Zametovka Vine     @Maribor, Slovenia
      • Said to Be Oldest Vine In the World.
    • Rhodter Rosengarten     @Pfaltz, Germany
  • 1700’s
    • Versoain Vine     @Alto Adige DOC. (Tisens)
    • Kirchenstuck      @Rheingau, Germany
  • 1800’s
    • Monte Grazia     @Coste d’Amalfi DOC., Campania
  • 1850’s
    • Domaine Henri Marionet      @Cour-ChevernyLoire Valley
      • White- Romorantin
  • 1880’s
    • Terre Nero      @Etna DOC., Sicily
    • Chateauneuf du Pape     @Rhone Valley
  • 1950’s
    • Basarin     @Barbaresco, Piemonte
    • Valdejalon     @Aragon, Spain
    • Jean-Claude Lapalu     @Brouily/ Beaujolais. France
  • 1960’s
    • Szent Tamas/ Parcel 45     @Tokaj/ Hungary

Old Vines of California

  • Pre-1870’s Vineyards
    • El Aliso(*1831)      @Los Angeles County
    • Grandpere(HVS.,*1869)    @Shenandoah Valley AVA.
  • 1870’s Vineyards
    • Craighead(HVS.,*1873)     @Russian River AVA.
    • Deaver(Zinfandel)(HVS.,*1960’s)     @Shenandoah Valley AVA.
    • MacDonald/Horton(HVS.,*1873)    @Oakville AVA.
  • 1880’s Vineyards
    • Bechthold(HVS.,*1880’s/25ac.)     @Lodi AVA.
    • Bedrock/Madrone(HVS.,*1880/152ac.)     @Sonoma Valley AVA.
    • Cazas(HVS.,*1880’s/3ac.)      @Temecula Valley AVA.
    • Grandpere     @Shenandoah Valley AVA.
    • Martinelli Road(Bandfield)(HVS.,*1880’s)     @Russian River Valley AVA.
    • Monte Rosso(HVS.,*1880’s)    @Moon Mountain AVA.
    • Old Crane(HVS.,*1880’s)   @St. Helena AVA.
    • Old Hill Ranch(HVS.,*1885/12ac.)     @Sonoma Valley AVA., Sonoma
    • Petra Santa(HVS./ *1880)      @Cienega AVA.
    • Picchetti(HVS.,*1880’s)     @Santa Cruz Mountains AVA.
    • Saitone(HVS.,*1890’s/17ac.)     @Russian River Valley AVA.
    • Saucelito Canyon(HVS.,*1880’s/3ac.)     @Arroyo Grande AVA.
    • Shaw/ Kunde(HVS.,*1882)     @Sonoma Valley AVA.
    • Wildwood(HVS.,*1880’s/28ac.)      @Sonoma Valley AVA.
  • 1890’s Vineyards
    • Alegria(HVS.,*1890’s)     @Russian River Valley  AVA.
      • Field Blend– Zinfandel, Alicante Bouschet, Petite Sirah, Others
    • Armor Plate(Stellwagen)(HVS.,*1890’s)     @Sonoma Valley AVA.
    • Barricia(HVS.,*1890’s/36ac.)     @Sonoma Valley AVA.
    • Canard/ Czapleski(HVS.,*1890)    @Calistoga AVA.
    • Casa Santinamaria/ Maggies(HVS.,*1890’s)     @Sonoma Valley AVA.
    • Cederquist(HVS.,*1890’s)@Fresno County 
    • Coffaro(HVS.,1890’s)     @Dry Creek Valley AVA.
    • Evangelho(HVS.,*1890/36ac.)    @Contra Costa County
    • Field Stone     @Alexander Valley AVA.
    • Ghirardelli     @Calaveras County AVA.
    • Giovanetti(HVS.,*1890’s)     @Russian River Valley AVA.
    • Heritage Vines     @Russian River Valley AVA.
    • Hooper(HVS.,*1890’s/2ac.)     @Santa Cruz Mountains AVA.
    • Jackass Hill(HVS.,*1880’s)     @Russian River Valley AVA.
      • Muscat Alexandria, Zinfandel
    • Maggie’s Reserve     @Sonoma Valley AVA.
    • Mazzoni-Live Oak(HVS.,*1890/2.5ac.)     @Contra Costa County
    • Nervo(HVS.,*1890’s)     @Alexander Valley AVA.
    • Old Kraft(HVS.,*1890’s)   @St. Helena AVA.
    • Perli     @Mendocino AVA.
    • Royal-Tee     @Lodi AVA.
    • Rogers(HVS.,1890’s/10.5ac.)     @Dry Creek Valley AVA.
    • R.W. Moore(HVS.,*1900’s)     @Coombsville AVA.
    • Salvador      @Contra Costa AVA.
    • Saitone(HVS.,*1890’s/17ac.)     @Russian River Valley AVA.
      • Mixed Black– Alicante Bouchet, Carignan, Colombard, Grand Noir, Zinfandel
    • Schoolhouse(*1890’s)      @Los Angeles County
    • Seghesio Home Ranch(HVS.,*1895/7ac.)     @Alexander Valley AVA.
    • Taylor(HVS.,*1890’s/2ac.)     @Dry Creek Valley AVA.
    • Teldeschi(HVS.,*1890’s)     @Dry Creek Valley AVA.
    • Wellington(HVS.,*1890’s)      @Sonoma Valley AVA.
      • Mixed Black– Alicante Bouschet, Burger, Cabernet Sauvignon, Carignan, Durif, Garnacha, Mataro, Mission, Others….
    • Whitton Ranch(HVS.,*1890’s)   @Alexander Valley AVA.
  • 1900’s Vineyards

    • Alexander Valley Road     @Alexander Valley AVA.
    • Belloni(HVS.,*1900’s/7.5 ac.)     @Russian River Valley AVA.
      • Field Blend– Alicante Bouchet, Carignan, Mataro, Petite Sirah, Zinfandel
    • Betty Ann(HVS.,*1900’s)     @Russian River Valley AVA.
    • Catfish(HVS.,*1901/7ac.)      @Kelsey Bench AVA.
      • Field Blend– Alicante Bouschet, Carignan, Petite Sirah, Touriga Nacional, Zinfandel
    • Chauvet     @Sonoma Valley AVA.
    • Ciapusci     @Mendocino AVA.
    • Cullinane     @Sonoma Valley AVA.
    • Feliz Creek    @ Mendocino AVA.
    • Fredson Ranch(HVS.,*1900’s)      @Alexander Valley AVA.
    • Hayne(HVS.,*1900’s)     @St. Helena AVA.
    • HunterVineyard(HVS.,*1900)      @Temecula Valley AVA.
    • Jimsomare Vineyard(HVS.,*1900’s)     @Santa Cruz Mountains AVA.
    • Lizzy James(HVS.,*1904)      @Lodi AVA.
    • Lytton(HVS.,*1900’s)     @Dry Creek Valley AVA.
    • Marian’s(Mohr-Fry)(HVS.,*1900’s)     @Mokelumne River AVA.
    • McCay Cellars Faith(Lot 13)(HVS.,*1906/7ac.)      @Lodi AVA.
    • Mettler      @Lodi AVA.
    • Morisoli(HVS.,*1900/2ac.)     @Rutherford AVA.
    • Old School(HVS.,*1900’s/3ac.)      @Lodi AVA.
    • Old Stake 1901(HVS.,*1901/7ac.)      @Kelsey Bench AVA.
    • Pacini(HVS.,*1900’s)    @ Mendocino AVA.
    • Pagani(HVS.,*1890/30ac.)     @Sonoma Valley AVA.
    • Pato(HVS.,*1900’s)     @Contra Cosata AVA.
      • Mixed Black– Carignan, Mataro, Zinfandel
    • Planchon(HVS.,*1900’s/6.5ac.)     @Contra Cosata AVA.
    • Puccioni(HVS.,*1904/2ac.)     @Dry Creek Valley AVA.
    • Puccini(HVS.,*1906/1ac.)     @Sonoma Valley AVA.
    • Rous(HVS.,*1900’s)     @Mokulemne River AVA.
    • Russi(HVS.,*1900’s)    @Russian River Valley AVA.
    • Sodini(HVS.,*1905)     @Russian River Valley AVA.
    • T.C.(HVS.,1900’s)     @Shenandoah Valley AVA.
    • Valsecchi(HVS.,*1900’s)     @Sonoma Valley AVA.
    • Winberrie(HVS.,*1906)     @Russian River Valley AVA.
    • Woodside     @Santa Cruz Mountains AVA.
  • 1910’s Vineyards
    • Besson-Grenache Vineyard(HVS./*1910’s)       @Santa Clara AVA.
    • Big River(*1910’s/13 ac.)     @Alexander Valley AVA
    • Chalone Vineyard(HVS./*1919)       @Chalone AVA.
    • Chianti Station Vineyard(HVS.,*1910’s)     @Alexander Valley AVA.
    • Cut the Mustard(*1910)     @Lodi AVA.
    • Dolinsek Ranch(Frati)(HVS.,*1910’s)     @Russian River Valley AVA.
    • Forchini(HVS.,*1910’s)     @Dry Creeks Valley AVA.
    • Forchini(HVS.,*1910’s)     @Russian River Valley AVA.
    • Gisbon Ranch(HVS.,*1910’s/38ac.)     @McDowell Valley AVA.
    • Gold Mine Ranch(HVS.,*1910’s)    @Dry Creek Valley AVA.
    • Hartford(HVS.,*1910’s)     @Green Valley AVA.
    • Justi Creek/Heritage-Mancuso(HVS.,*1910/10ac.)      @Sonoma Valley AVA.
    • Katushas’(HVS.,*1910’s)     @Mokelumne River AVA.
    • Kirschnmann(HVS.,*1915)     @Lodi AVA.
    • Limerick Lan(HVS.,*1910/30ac.)    @Russian River Valley AVA.
    • Lopez(HVS.,*1918)     @Cucamonga Valley AVA.
    • Lubenko     @Amador County AVA.
    • Maple(HVS.,*1910)     @Dry Creek Valley AVA.
    • Massoni     @Amador County AVA.
    • Rossi Ranch(HVS.,*1910)    @Sonoma Valley AVA.
    • Rue(HVS.,*1910’s)     @Russian River Valley AVA.
    • Schmiedt(Dairy)(HVS.,*1910’s)     @Mokelumne River AVA.
    • Soucie(HVS.,*1910’s)     @Mokelumne River AVA.
    • Two Acres(HVS.,*1910’s/2.ac.)     @Russian River Valley AVA.
    • Under the Mountain(HVS./*1910’s)    @Santa Clara AVA.
  • 1920’s Vineyards
    • Benito Dusi(HVS.,*1920’s)      @Paso Robles AVA.
    • Besson(Zinfandel)(HVS.,*1920’s)    @Santa Clara AVA.
    • Carlisle(Pelletti)(HVS.,*1920’s)   @Russian River AVA.
    • D&D(HVS.,*1920’s)   @Alexander Valley AVA.
    • Dickerson(HVS.,*1920’s)     @Oakville AVA.
    • Falleri(HVS.,*1920’s/.5ac.)     @Calastoga AVA.
    • Gaudi Carli(HVS.,*1920’s)     @Calistoga AVA.
    • Grande(HVS.,*1920’s)    @Napa Valley AVA.
    • Giorgi/Ferrari(HVS.,*1920’s)     @Lodi AVA.
    • Guglielmo(HVS.,*1920’s)    @Santa Clara AVA.
    • Henderlong Nalle Ranch(HVS.,*1920’s/1.5ac.)     @Dry Creek Valley AVA.
    • Library(HVS.,*1920’s)     @St. Helena AVA.
      • Mixed Black– Alicante Bouschet, Carignan, Cinsault, Grand Noir, Garnacha, Mission, Perloursin, Petite Syrah, Zinfandel
    • Lepi Bregi(HVS./*1920’s/17ac.)     @Santa Clara AVA.
      • Mixed Black– Carignane, Grand Noir de la Calmette, Grenache
    • Maffei(HVS.,*1920’s)   @Russian River AVA.
    • Mancini(HVS.,*1920’s)   @Russian River AVA.
    • Montafi(HVS.,*1926)   @Russian River AVA.
    • Moratto(HVS.,*1920’s)   @Russian River AVA.
    • Mule(HVS.,*1920’s)   @Mokelumne River AVA.
    • Pesenti(HVS.,*1920)      @Paso Robles AVA.
    • Rinaldi(Eschen)(HVS.,*1920)      @Fiddletown AVA.
    • Rocky Top(Sobon)(HVS.,*1920)      @Shenandoah Valley AVA.
    • Stampede(HVS.,*1920’s)     @Clements Hills AVA.
    • Tofanelli(HVS.,*1920’s)     @Calastoga AVA.
    • Varozza(HVS.,*1900’s)    @St. Helena AVA.
    • Vineyard 101(HVS.,*1920’s/2.5ac.)   @Alexander Valley AVA.
    • Zeigler(HVS.,*1920’s)   @Russian River AVA.
  • 1930’s Vineyards
    • Aldo’s(HVS., *1930’s)     @Oak Knoll AVA.Napa
    • Aparicio(HVS., *1930’s)     @Sierra Foothills AVA.
    • Chauvet(*1930’s)     @Sonoma Valley AVA.
    • Church Block(HVS.,*1930’s/1.5ac.)     @Lodi AVA.
    • Fredericks(HVS.,*1930’s)     @Sonoma Valley AVA.
    • Jackse(HVS.,*1930’s)     @St. Helena AVA.
    • Mohr-Fry(HVS.,*1930’s)      @Lodi AVA.
    • Mori(HVS.,*1930’s)     @Contra Costa County
    • Oakville Farmhouse(HVS.,*1930’s/2ac.)     @Oakville AVA.
    • Papera Ranch(Carlo’s)(HVS.,*1930’s)   @Russian River AVA.
    • ZinStar(HVS.,*1930’s)   @Mokelumne River AVA.
  • 1940’s Vineyards
    • Amann Ranch(HVS.,*1940’s)     @Dry Creeks Valley AVA.
    • Dante Dusi(HVS.,*1940’s)      @Paso Robles AVA.
    • Graziano(HVS.,*1940’s)     @Mendocino AVA.
    • Lolonis(HVS.,*1940’s/106ac.)     @Redwood Valley AVA.
    • Massa(Durney)(HVS.,*1940’s/92ac.)     @Carmel Valley AVA.
    • Monte Bello(HVS.,*1940’s/17ac.)    @Santa Cruz Mountains AVA.
    • Viola’s(HVS.,*1940)     @Clements Hills AVA.
  • 1950’s Vineyards
    • Bacigalupi(HVS.,1950’s)      @Russian River Valley AVA.
    • Brovelli(HVS.,*1950’s)     @Lodi AVA.
    • Casa Pacini(HVS.,*1950’s)     @Mendocino AVA.
    • Compagni Portis(HVS.,*1954)     @Sonoma Valley AVA.
      • Field Blend– Aramon, Burger, Gewurtztraminer, Roter Veltliner, Trousseau Gris
    • Cox(HVS.,*1956)    @Mendocino AVA.
    • David Fulton(HVS.,*1950’s/14.5ac.)     @St. Helena AVA.
    • Fire Mountain(HVS.,*1950’s)     @Lodi AVA.
    • Galleano     @Cucamonga Valley AVA.
    • Grandpa Bill Ranch(HVS.,*1950)     @Lodi AVA.
    • Hanzell(HVS.,*1950’s)     @Moon Mountain AVA.
    • Rochioli(Old Block-Jungle)(HVS.,1950’s)      @Russian River Valley AVA.
    • Shadow Mountain(HVS.,*1950’s)     @San Diego County
  • +1960’s Vineyards
    • Cole Ranch(HVS.,*1974)      @Cole Ranch AVA.
    • Deaver(Zinfandel)(HVS.,*1960’s)     @Shenandoah Valley AVA.
    • DeLuca(*1961)   @Clements Hills AVA.
    • Di Stasio(HVS.,*1960’s)     @Shenandoah Valley AVA.
    • Hayne(HVS.,*1960’s/34ac.)     @Cooombsville AVA.
    • Herron(HVS.,*1960’s)     @Sonoma Valley AVA.
    • Montecilo(HVS.,*1960)    @Moon Mountain AVA.
    • Hoffman Mountains(HVS.,*1960’s/23ac.)      @Adelaida AVA.
    • Palisades(Block 11)(HVS.,*1968/1.5ac.)     @Calastoga AVA.
    • Parenti(HVS.,*1960’s/5ac.)     @Solano Green Valley AVA.
    • Saint Marie(HVS.,*1964)      @Paso Robles AVA.
    • Schmiedt(Carl)(HVS.,*1960’s)     @Mokelumne River AVA.
    • Star Valley(HVS.,*1962/8ac.)     @Lodi AVA.
    • Stubborn Scot(HVS.,*1960’s)     @Mokelumne River AVA.
    • Wirz(HVS./*1960’s)      @Cienega AVA.

Old Vine of Australia

  • 1840’s
    • Turkey Flat Vineyard     @Barossa GI.
    • Freedom Vineyard 1843     @Barossa GI.
    • Cirillo Vineyard 1848         @Barossa GI.,      Garnacha
  • 1800’s
    • Old Garden Vineyard 1853         @Barossa GI.,   Mourvedre
    • Hill of Grace Vineyard 1860(4 ha.)     @ Barossa GI.
    • Black 42 Vineyard 1880     @Barossa GI.
    • Kalimna Vineyard 1888     @Barossa GI.
    • Tricentenary Vineyard 1889      @Barossa GI.
    • Command Vineyard 1894      @Barossa GI.
  • 1900’s
    • Mt. Edelstone Vineyard 1912(16ha.)     @High Eden GI.

Old-Vines Vineyards of the New World/ Other

  • 1700’s
    • Coastal Region    @South Africa
    • The Oldest Grape Vine In South Africa is In the Square of the Cape Heritage Hotel.  The Crouchen Blanc Grape is Said to Be Planted In 1771.
  • 1600’s
    • Old Vine of Roanoke Island     @North Fork of Roanoke
      • Considered Oldest Vine In North America
  • 1950’s
    • Boutinot     @Stellenbosch, South Africa
  • 1960’s
    • Limavida 1969     @Maule Valley, Chile
  • 1970’s
    • Albeit Vineyard 1975    @Paardeberg, South Afica

OLD VINE ASSOCIATION

  • ASSOCIATIONS~
    • ~Historic Vineyard Society~
      • Mission~ Dedicated to the Preservation of California’s Historic Vineyards, and the Educating the Wine-Drinking Public On the Very Special Nature of This Precious and Depleting State, National and Global Resource.
        • 226 Vineyards, 102 Official Registered
        • Criteria For Historical Vineyards
          • Currently Producing Fruit.
          • Planted Prior to 1960.
          • Vineyard Can Be Traced Back to Original Planting Date.
      • FESTIVALS~ Parties, Tastings, Educational Tours of Historical Vineyard Society Tours.
      • PIONEERS~ ~Joel Peterson~ Owner Bedrock Vineyard, On Board of Historical Vineyard Society.
  • ASSOCIATIONS~
    • ~The Old Vine Project~  South Africa
      • Mission~ Sets Standards and Mandate to Keep Old Vines In the Ground.  This Preserves the Vines by Creating a Heritage and Legacy of the Wines and the Vineyards.
    • ~Dashbosch Hanepoot~ (Muscat d’alexandria) Planted 1900   @Breedekloof
    • ~Alheit’s La Colline~ (Semillon) Planted 1936     @Franschhoek
    • ~Boekenhoutskloof~ (Semillon) Planted 1942     @Franschhoek
    • ~Sadie Ouwingerdreeks Met Kirsten~ (Chenin Blanc)  Planted 1952, @Stellenbosch
    • ~Bosman Optenhorst~ (Chenin Blanc) Planted 1952     @Wellington
    • ~Bellevue~ (Pinotage) Planted 1953     @BottearyStellenbosch
    • ~Kruger~ (Cinsault) Planted 1953     @Piekenierskloof, Citrusdal
    • ~Windmeul~ (Cinsault) Planted 1954     @Paarl
    • ~Meerendal~ (Pinotage) Planted 1955     @Durbanville
  • ASSOCIATIONS~ ~Barossa Old Vine Charter~
    • Mission~ Instituted to Register and Quantified Vineyards by Age So That Older Vines Could Be Preserved, Retained and Promoted.
      • Barossa Old Vine- 35+ Years
      • Barossa Survivor Vines- 70+ Years
      • Barossa Centenarian Vines- 100+ Years
      • Barossa Ancestor Vines- 125+ Years
  • ASSOCIATIONS~ ~Vignadores de CarignanVIGNO.
    • Mission~ Preserves Old Vine Carignan In Chile.  Focus On Wines Where Our Branding of Winemaker Is Secondary to the Branding of the Old Vines
      • Viticulture- Dry Farmed, Vine +30 Years Old
      • Viniculture- Carignan(+65%), +AGED/ +2 Years

GOING THERE

  • If You Really Want to Learn About a Wine Start at Its Location.  When Wine Touring Most Wine Lovers Go Right For the Winery and Start Drinking. My Fascination Starts With Where the Grapes Were Grown.  Most of These Historical Vineyard Society Vineyards Are Not Planted Right Outside the Winery But Have Addresses and Can Be Located, Visited and Walked Through. (If Proper Respect is Given.)  The Sight of Gnarly Old Vines In a Vineyards Gives Me Context and Glimpses Into the Backstory That I Love.


**Refer to BIBLIOGRAPHY/ Sources For Details On Scholarly Works Referenced.