C


CABERINTA (B)

  • OLD WORLD- Morocco
  • NEW WORLD- Argentina-Mendoza
  • VITICULTURE- *HYBRIDX=Ruby & Ruby Cabernet,  *VIGOR/ High,  *YIELD/ High

CABERNET BLANC (G)

  • OLD WORLD- Switzerland(Indigenous)   Germany-Pfalz
    • Italy-Tuscany(Bolglieri DOC.)
  • VITICULTURE- *PROGENY-of-Cabernet Sauvignon

CABERNET CARBON (B)

  • OLD WORLD- Germany(Indigenous)   Switzerland
  • VITICULTURE- *PROGENY-of-Cabernet Sauvignon

CABERNET COLONJES (B)

  • OLD WORLD- Switzerland(Indigenous)   Netherlands    Sweden
  • VITICULTURE- *HYBRIDX=Cabernet Sauvignon & Merzling & Zarya Severa & Muscat Ottonel

CABERNET CORTIS (B)

  • OLD WORLD- Germany(Indigenous)   Switzerland  France-Southern Rhone(Cotes Catalanes IPG.)
  • VITICULTURE- *HYBRIDX=Cabernet Sauvignon & Bronner

CABERNET CUBIN (B)

  • OLD WORLD- Germany-Wurttemberg(Indigenous)    Switzerland
  • VITICULTURE- *PROGENY-of-Cabernet Sauvignon

CABERNET DORIO (B)

  • OLD WORLD- GermanyWürttemberg(Crossed)    Switzerland
  • VITICULTURE-  X=Cabernet Sauvignon & Dornfelder,  AKA=Cabernet Dorsa

*Cabernet Dorsa (Switzerland) AKA=Cabernet Dorio 

CABERNET FRANC*(Bl) Ancient/ Historical Grape

  • OLD WORLD- Spain-(Pais Vasco)Indigenous),  Italy-Tucany(Bolgheri DOC.), Friuli
    • France-Bordeaux(St. Emilion AOC.), South-West(Chinon AOC.)   Hungary   Everywhere
  • NEW WORLD- Argentina-Mendoza(Lujan de Cuyo)  Canada-Ontario(Niagara Peninsula)
    • America-California(Napa Valley AVA./ Santa Ynez AVA./ Lodi AVA.), New York(Finger Lakes AVA.), Virginia   New Zealand   AustraliaVictoria(Padthaway GI., Rutherglen GI.)   ChileAconcagua(Casablanca Valley),  South Africa   China   Israel    Everywhere
  • VITICULTURE- #14th. Most Planted Grape Variety In the World.(2016)
    • *PROGENY-of- ?,     X= ? & ?
    • *PARENT-to-Cabernet Sauvignon, Carmenere, Hondarribi Beltza, Morenoa, Merlot
    • AKA=Acheria(Basque), Ardounet(Bearn), Bouchet(St. Emilion), Breton(Loire Valley), Carmenet(Medoc), Trouchet Noir(?), Tsapournako(Macedonia)
    • *CLONE/ 210, 212, 214, 214.1,  327,  327.1, 394, 395, 623, 623.1
    • *SOILS= Excels In Clay, Limestone, Gravel,   *CLIMATE=Excels In Cool Climates
    • *VIGOR/ High,  *RIPENER/ Early,  *YIELD/ High,  *FINICKY,   *SKIN/ Thin
  • VINICULTURE- *STYLES/ Rose,  Sparkling,  +BLENDED/ Bordeaux,  +PYRAZINE
    • Sight: Murky/ Violet
    • Aroma: Black-Cherry, Vegetative, Funk, Graphite, Violets, Bell Peppers
    • Palate: Dry/ Body, Cherry, Red Current, Tobacco, Jalapeños
    • Structure: Medi Tannins, +Abv., Medi+Acid
      • FOOD PAIRING…. Roast Pork, Lamb, Herbs, Veggies
      • CHEESE PAIRING… Goat, Stinky

CABERNET GERNISCHT (B)

  • OLD WORLD- China-Shandong, Ningxia
  • VITICULTURE- AKA=Carmenere

CABERNET JURA (B)

  • OLD WORLD- Switzerland(Indigenous)
  • VITICULTURE- *PROGENY-of-Cabernet Sauvignon

CABERNET MITOS (B)

  • OLD WORLD- Germany(Crossed)
  • VITICULTURE- X=Cabernet Sauvignon & Blaufrankisch

CABERNET MORAVIA (B)

  • OLD WORLD- Czech Republic-Moravia(Indigenous)
  • VITICULTURE- X=Cabernet Franc & Zweigelt

CABERNET PFEFFER (B)

  • NEW WORLD- America-California(Cienega Valley AVA.)
  • VITICULTURE- X=Cabernet Franc & ? (Trousseau?), AKA=Mourtaou(France)
    • ~Etymology~ Pfeffer…Refering to William Pfeffer Who Crossed it Or Pheffer After the Germany Word For Pepper.

CABERNET SAUVIGNON*(B) Ancient/ Historical Grape

  • OLD WORLD- France-Bordeaux(Poulliac AOC.)Indigenous)   Italy-Tuscany(Maremma DOC.)
  • NEW WORLDAmerica-California(Oakville AVA.), Washington(Red Mountain AVA.)
    • Chile-Colchagua   Australia(Margaret River GI.)   South Africa-Cap-Town(Stellenbosch)
    • Argentina-Mendoza(Uco Valley)   Brazil-Serra Gaucha  China   Everywhere”
  • VITICULTURE- #1st. Most Planted Grape Variety In the World.(2016)
    • *PROGENY-of-Savagnin,  X=Sauvignon Blanc & Cabernet Franc
    • *PARENT-to-Arcus, Arinarnoa, Cabernet Blanc/ Carbon/ Carol/ Colonjes/ Cortis/ Cubin/ Dorio/ Dorsa/ Mitos/ Ruby, Cienna, Ekigaina, Marselan, Ruen, Tyrian
    • *CLONES/ 2, 6, 4, 7, 8, 15, 15.1,  169, 170, 191, 337,337.1, 338,  341, 412, 685, 685.1, 1124, 1124.1, 1125, 1125.1,  Heritage(FPS #31), Healy, UC, Davis30(Disney-Silverado), Weimer
    • AKA=Bidure(Graves), Bordo(Romania), Uva Francesca(Chianti),  #1 Planted/ World
    • +VIGOR/ High,  +RESISTANT/ Disease, Frost,  *RIPENER/ Late
    • *CLUSTERS/ Small, *BERRIES/ Small,  *SKIN/ Thick,  *REPLANTED/ 35 years
    • +TERPENES/ +Pyrazine, +Thiols, +Rotundone
  • VINICULTURE- **Wine Usually Produced In a ClassicStyle.
      • +AGED/ New Oak, +BLENDED/ Bordeaux, Super-Tuscan
    • Sight: Deep/ Ruby
    • Aroma: Tobacco, Leather, Bell Pepper, Green Peppercorn
    • Palate: Bone-Dry/ +BODY, Black Currents, Black Cherry, Black Pepper
    • Structure: High Tannins, +ABV., Medi Acid (Long)
      • FOOD PAIRING… Steaks, Ribs, Grilled
      • CHEESE PAIRING… Aged, Stinky, Camembert, Blue, Washed Rind
  • DEREK’S FAVORITE EXPRESSIONS Of CABERNET SAUVIGNON
    • CRITERIA Typicity, Balance, Tannins, Structure, Personal Preference
      1. Napa AVA.,  California
      2. Saint Julian AOC.,  Bordeaux
      3. Stellenbosch,  South Africa
      4. Red Mountain AVA.,  Washington
      5. Mendoza,  Argentina
      6. Red Hills AVA.,  Lake County, California
      7. Colchagua Valley, Chile

CABERNET SEVERNY (B)

  • OLD WORLD- Russia(Indigenous)
  • NEW WORLD- Canada(Quebec)
  • VITICULTURE- *PROGENY-of-Cabernet Sauvignon,   +RESISTANT/ Cold

CABERNET WHITE (W)

  • OLD WORLD- Germany(Langhorne Creek)  France-Southern Rhone(Cotes Catalanes IPG.)
  • VITICULTURE- *MUTATION-of-X=Cabernet Sauvignon

CABERTIN (B)

  • OLD WORLD- Switzerland(Indigenous)   Belgium   Germany-Pfalz
  • VITICULTURE- *PROGEN-of-Cabernet Sauvignon

CABINDA (G)

  • OLD WORLD- Portugal-Lisboa

CACABOUE (G)

  • OLD WORLD- France-Savoie(Indigenous)
  • VITICULTURE-  *PROGENY-of-Avana

CACAMOSCA (G)

  • OLD WORLD- Italy-Campania(Indigenous(Costa d”Amalfi DOC.)
  • VITICULTURE- *YIELDS/ Low

*Caccione (Italy/ Lazio) AKA=Cannaiolo

*Cacchione (Italy/ ?) AKA=Bellone, Pacioccone, Pampanaro

*Cadarca (Romania) AKA=Kadarka, Gamza

CADDIU (B)

  • OLD WORLD- Italy-Sardegna(Indigenous(Contini Barrile IGP.)

*Cagnaccia (Italy) AKA=Vernaccia di Oristano, Aregu Biancu, Carnaggia, Granazza

*Cagnina (Italy/ Romagna) AKA=Refosco?  |  Durella, Rabbiosa?

*Cagnulari (Italy/ Sardinia) AKA=Graciano, Morrastel, Xeres

CAINO BLANCO (G)

  • OLD WORLD- Spain-Galicia(Rias Baixas DO.)

CAINO LONGO (B)

  • OLD WORLD- Spain-Galicia(Ribeiro DO.)

*Caino Redondo (Spain/ Monterrie DO.) AKA=Caino Tinto

CAINO TINTO (B)

  • OLD WORLD- Portugal-Minho(Moncao)Indigenous)   Spain-Galicia
  • VITICULTURE- AKA=Borracal(Vino Verde), Caino Redondo(Monterrie DO.)
  • VINICULTURE- +USED/ Vinho Verde(Red)

CALABRESE Di MONTENUOVO (B)

  • OLD WORLD- Italy-Sicily(Indigenous), Calabria, Campania(Campi Flegrei DOC.)
  • VITICULTURE- *PARENT-to-Sangiovese

*Calabrese (Italy/ Sicily) AKA=Nero d’Davola

CALADOC (B)

  • OLD WORLD- France(Indigenous)   Spain(Estremadura)   Lebanon
  • NEW WORLD- California-Paso Robles   Mexico
  • VITICULTURE- X=Grenache & Malbec, *CLONES/ 724

CALAGRANO (B)

  • OLD WORLD- Spain-Rioja

CALBANESCO (B)

  • OLD WORLD- Italy-Emilia-Romagna(Indigenous(Romagna DOC.)

*California Grape (California) AKA=Vitis Californica

CALITOR NOIR (B)

  • OLD WORLD- France-Provence(Indigenous(Tavel AOC.)
  • VITICULTURE- *YIELDS/ Low
  • VINICULTURE-
    • Palate:    / +BODY

CALKARASI (B)

  • OLD WORLD- Turkey-Denizli-Cal(Indigenous)

CALLET*(B)

  • OLD WORLD- Spain-Balearic Islands(Mallorca DO.)Indigenous)
  • VITICULTURE- X=Callet Cas Concos & Fogoneu
  • VINICULTURE- +BLENDED/ Often
    • Sight:
    • Aroma:
    • Palate:
    • Structure:
      • FOOD PAIRING… Sobrassada(Mallorcan Cured Sausage)
      • CHEESE PAIRING

CALLET CAS CONCOS (B)

  • OLD WORLD- Spain-Balearic Islands(Indigenous(Mallorca DO.)
  • VITICULTURE- X=Giro & Beba, *PARENT-to-Manto Negro

CALMERIA (W)

  • NEW WORLD- America
  • VITICULTURE- *BERRIES/ Seedless
  • VINICULTURE- +USED/ Eating

CALONA (W)

  • NEW WORLD- Spain-Andalucia(Indigenous(Malaga DO.)

CALORIA (B)

  • OLD WORLD- ItalyTuscany(Indigenous(Monteregio di Massa Marittima DOC.)

CAMARALET (W)

  • OLD WORLD- France-South-West(Bearn AOC.(Indigenous)/ Jurancon AOC.)

CAMARAOU NOIR (B)

  • OLD WORLD- France-South-West(Bearn AOC.(Indigenous)/ Jurancon AOC.)
    • SpainGalicia

CAMARATE (W)

  • OLD WORLD- Portugal-Duoro Valley,  Bairrada
  • NEW WORLD- America-Central Coast(Santa Cruz AVA.)
  • VITICULTURE- *PROGENY-of-Cayetana,  X=Cayetana Bianco & Alfrocheiro
    • AKA=Castelao, Joao de Santarem
    • ~Etymology~ Name After the Village In Lisboa “Camarate”…Referring to Indigenous Grape Origins.
  • VINICULTURE- +BLENDED/ Port
    • Sight:
    • Aroma:
    • Palate: Dry/ Body, Unripe Cherry
    • Structure: Medi-Tannins, ABV, Medi Acid

*Camarese ( ? ) AKA=Vaccarese, Brun Argente

CAMINANTE BLANC (W)

  • NEW WORLD- America
  • VITICULTURE *SPECIES-Vitis Arizonica,  +RESISTANT/ Pieces Disease

CAMMINARE NOIR (B)

  • NEW WORLD- America
  • VITICULTURE *SPECIES-Vitis Arizonica,  +RESISTANT/ Pieces Disease

CAMPBELL EARLY (B)

  • NEW WORLD- America    Japan,   Korea
  • VITICULTURE- *HYBRID-X=Moore Early & (Belvidere & Muscat Hamburg)

CAMPOLONGO (W)

  • OLD WORLD- ItalyLazio(Indigenous(Valle Del Camino)
  • VINICULTURE-
    • Sight:             Aroma: Apple
    • Palate:         Structure: High Acid

CANAIOLO*(B)

  • OLD WORLD- ItalyTuscany(Chianti DOC.)Lazio, MarcheSardegna
  • VITICULTURE- +BLENDED/ Carmignano, Chianti, Vino Montepulciano
    • AKA=Uva Canina
  • VINICULTURE-
    • Sight:             Aroma:    Palate:
    • Structure: Medi+Tannins, ABV., Low Acid

CANAIOLO BIANCO (W)

  • OLD WORLD- Italy-Tuscany(Toscana IGP.),  Lazio,  Umbria
  • VITICULTURE  AKA=Drupeggio

CANARI NOIR (B)

  • OLD WORLD- France-South-West(Ariege(Indigenous)/ Madiran AOC.)

*Candive ( ?)  AKA=Syrah, Antourenein Noir, Basamina, Entoumerein, Hignin, Noir, Marsanne Noir, Schiras, Sirac, Syrac, Serine, Shiraz(Australia)

CANDY SNAP (R)

  • OLD WORLD-  ?
  • NEW WORLD- AmericaCalifornia(Central Valley)
  • VITICULTURE- *BERRIES/ Seedless, Large, Round
  • VINICULTURE- +USED/ Eating
    • Aroma: Strawberry

CANICA (B)

  • OLD WORLD Portugal-Madeira

CANINA NERA (B)

  • OLD WORLD- Italy-Emilia Romagn(Indigenous(Emilia-Romagna IGT./ Rubicone IGT.)
  • VITICULTURE- AKA=Canena, Canailoa, Canucula

*Cannonau (Italy/ Sardinia) AKA=Garnacha, Granache

CANOCAZO (W)

  • OLD WORLD- Spain-Andalucía(Indigenous)

*Canyon (America) AKA=Vitis Arizancia

CAPRETTONE (G)

  • OLD WORLD- Italy-Campania(Indigenous(Lacryma Christi Vesuvio DOC.)
  • VITICULTURE- *RELATED-to-Ginestra, Piedirosso

CAPRIANA BIANCA (G)

  • OLD WORLD- Italy-Veneto(Verona)Indigenous)

CAPTAIN (B)

  • NEW WORLD- AmericaTexas
  • VITICULTURE *American-X=American & RW. Munson, (Crossed by TV. Munson)

CAPTIVATOR (B)

  • NEW WORLD- America-Texas
  • VITICULTURE- *American-X=Herbert & Meladel, (Crossed by TV. Munson)

CARACOL (G)

  • OLD WORLD- Portugal-Madeira Islands(Porto Santo)

CARAMELA (W)

  • OLD WORLD- Portugal-Douro  Valley
  • VINICULTURE- +BLENDED/ Port

CARAO DE MOCA (W)

  • OLD WORLD Portugal-Madeira Islands

*Carcajolo Blanc ( ? ) AKA=Bariadorgia

CARCAJOLO NERO (B)

  • OLD WORLD- France-Corsica(Indigenous(Cagliari DOC.)
  • VITICULTURE- AKA=Parraleta

CARDIN (R)

  • OLD WORLD Italy-Piemonte(Indigenous)
  • VITICULTURE- AKA=Montanera, Neirano

CARDINAL (R)

  • OLD WORLD- Bulgaria   Croatia   Romania   Portugal
  • NEW WORLD- America
  • VITICULTURE- X=Konigin der Weingarten & Ribier,  *PARENT-to-Blanc du Bois,  +USED/ Eating

*Cargardora (Chile) AKA=Black Malvoisie, Black Prince, Cargadora, Cinsault, Oeillade, Ottavianello, Sinso

*Cargarel (Italy) AKA=Cargarello, Caricarello

CARGARELLO (G)

  • OLD WORLD- Italy-Emilia-Romagna(Indigenous(Colli de Rimini DOC.)
  • VITICULTURE- AKA=Cargarel, Caricarello

*Caribbean (America) AKA=Vitis Tilitolia

CARICAGIOLA (B)

  • OLD WORLD- Italy-Sardinia(Indigenous)
  • VITICULTURE- AKA=Bonifaccenco, Garrigadolza

CARICA L’ASINO (G)

  • OLD WORLD- Italy-Piemonte(Indigenous)

*Caricagiola ( ? ) AKA=Parreleta

*Carignan (France) AKA=Carinena(Spain), Mazuelo(Rioja), Samso(Catalunya), Bovale Grande(Sardinia)

CARIGNAN BLANC (W)

  • OLD WORLD- France-Roussillon(St. Chinian/ Pays d’Herault IGP.)
  • VITICULTURE- *MUTATION/ Carignan,  +SUSCEPTIBLE/ Powdery Mildew
  • VINICULTURE- +BLENDED/ Often

CARIGNAN GRIS (W)

  • OLD WORLD- France-Roussillon

CARINENA*(B)

  • OLD WORLD- Spain-Aragon(Carinena DO.)Indigenous), Catalunya(Priorat DO.)   Cyprus   Morocco
    • Italy-Sardinia(Sucis DOC.)   FranceRhone(Corbieres AOC./ Ventoux AOC.), Corsica   Algeria
  • NEW WORLD- America-California(Fiddletown AVA.)    Chile-Central Valley(Maule Valley)
    • Argentina-Mendoza   South Africa
  • VITICULTURE- #19th. Most Planted Grape Variety In the World.(2016)
    • X=& ?, *PARENT-to-Argaman, Graciano, Ruby Cabernet,   *CLONES/ 6
    • AKA=Carignan(France), Bovale Grande(Sardinia), Carignano(Italy), Mazuelo(Rioja), Samso(Catalunya)
    • Vine Training– Bush,  *CLIMATE= Continental, Dry/ Heat/ Wind
    • *COLOR/ Red,  *VIGER/ High,  *BUDDER/ Late,  *RIPENER/ Late,  *YIELD/ High,  *CLUSTERS/ Large/ Tight,  +RESISTANT/ Heat,  +SUSCEPTIBLE/ Powdery Mildew, Bunch Rot
  • VINICULTURE+BLENDED/ Often…Rioja, Rhone, Languedoc, Roussillon
    • Sight: Opaque
    • Aroma: Cherry, Pepper, Earth, Cedar, Licorice , Graphite
    • Palate: Dry / Body, Cranberry, Blackberry
    • Structure: High Tannins, ABV., High Acid
      • FOOD PAIRING… Stews, Lamb, Roasted Meat   |   CHEESE PAIRING… Manchego

*Carinyena (Priorat/ Catalunya) AKA=CarignanBovale Sardo(Sardinia), Caignano, Carinena, Mazuelo, Samso(Catalunya)

CARLOS (G)

  • NEW WORLD- America-North Carolina
  • VITICULTURE- *American=X=Howard & North Carolina

CARMAN (B)

  • NEW WORLD- America-Texas
  • VITICULTURE- *NATIVE-American-X=Premier & Triumph, (Crossed by TV. Munson)
    • *SKIN/ Thin

CARMELIAN (B)

  • OLD WORLD- America-California(San Joaquin Valley), Texas(Fall Creek)
    • Australia(Margaret River GI.)
  • VITICULTURE- X=Carignan & Cabernet Sauvignon & Grenache

CARMENERE*(B)

  • OLD WORLD- France-Bordeaux(Pauillac AOC.(Indigenous)/ Medoc AOC.)
    • ItalyFriuli
  • NEW WORLD- America-California(Oakville AVA.),  Washington(Walla Walla AVA.)
    • Chile-Central Valley(Colchagua Valley)   Argentina   Australia-North-East Victoria(King Valley GI.)
  • VITICULTURE- #36th. Most Planted Grape Variety In the World.(2016)
    • *PROGENY-of-Savagnin,  X=Cabernet Franc & Gros Cabernet
    • *PARENT-to-Gosen,  *CLONES/ 1059, 1059.1
    • *CLIMATE= Excels In Mediterranean+Diurnal Shifts,  Finicky, Hard to Graft
    • *RIPENER/ Late,  *YIELDS/ Low
  • VINICULTURE- +BLENDED/ Bordeaux, Chile
      • +TERPENES/ +Pyrazine(Distinct Vegetable Flavors if Not Ripened Out)
    • Sight: Deep/ Red
    • Aroma: Plum, Black Cherry, Bell Pepper, Herb, Espresso, Leather, Tobacco, Soil
    • Palate: Dry/ +BODY, Cherry, Green Olives, Kale, Cabbage
    • Structure: Medi+Tannins, ABV., Medi-Acid
      • FOOD PAIRING… Stews, Lamb w/Herbs, Vegetarian Soup
      • CHEESE PAIRING… Queso Chanco

*Carmenet (France/ Bordeaux/ Medoc) AKA=Cabernet Franc

CARMINA (T)

  • NEW WORLD- America-California
  • VITICULTURE- X=Portugieser & Spatburgunder
    • Teinturier– Black Skin Grape With Dark Pulp.

CARMINE (B)

  • NEW WORLD- America-California
  • VITICULTURE- X=Cabernet Sauvignon & (Merlot & Carignan)

CARMINOIR (B)

  • OLD WORLD- Switzerland-Valais(Indigenous)
  • VITICULTURE- X=Cabernet Sauvignon & Pinot Noir

*Carnaggia (Italy) AKA=Vernaccia di Oristano, Aregu Biancu, Cagnaccia, Granazza

*Carola (Italy) AKA=Peraverga, Cari, Fra Gemano, Taddone

*Carrasquenha (Portugal) AKA=Cayetana Blanca, Boal Carrasquenha

CARRASQUIN (B)

  • OLD WORLD- Spain(Asturias)
  • VINICULTURE- *STYLES/ Rose

CARREGA BRANCO (G)

  • OLD WORLD- Portugal(Douro DO./ Beiras DO.)
  • VINICULTURE- +BLENDED/ Port

CARRICANTE (W)

  • OLD WORLD- Italy-Sicily(Etna DOC.)Indigenous)
  • NEW WORLD-  ?
  • VITICULTURE- +DRY-EXTRACT
    • ~Etymology~ Carrico Meaning Loaded In Italian….Referring to Its High Yields.
  • VINICULTURE-
    • Sight: Clear/ Hay
    • Aroma: Orange, Grapefruit, Musty
    • Palate: Off-Dry/ +BODY, Mineral
    • Structure: Medi-Tannins, ABV., Medi+Acid
      • FOOD PAIRING… Fish, Seafood   |   CHEESE PAIRING

CASAVECCHIA (B)

  • OLD WORLD- Italy-Campania(Indigenous(Pontelatone DOC.)
  • VITICULTURE- X=Malvasia & Abbuoto
    • ~Etymology~ Casavecchia Meaning Old House In Italian…Referring to ?.

CASCADE (B)

  • OLD WORLD- France-Rhone(Ardeche)
  • NEW WORLD- America-New York   Canada
  • VITICULTURE- X=Seibel 7042 & Gloire de Seibel,  *RIPENER/ Early,  *YIELD/ High

CASCAROLO BIANCO (W)

  • OLD WORLD- Italy-Piemonte(Lange/ Roddino/ Sinio)
  • VITICULTURE- *PROGENY-of-Reze

CASCULHO (B)

  • OLD WORLD- Portugal(Douro DO./ Setubal DO.)
  • VINICULTURE- +BLENDED/ Port

CASETTA (B)

  • OLD WORLD- Italy-Alto Adige(Valdadige Terrafeiforti DOC.)
  • VITICULTURE- AKA=Foja Tonda

*Cassabria (Italy) AKA=Corvina, Cruina, Veronese

CASTAGNARA (B)

  • OLD WORLD- Italy-Campania(Indigenous(Penisola Sorrentina Rosso DOC./ Avellino DOC.)

CASTEL (B)

  • OLD WORLD- Canada-Nova Scotia, British Columbia(Vancouver Island VA.)
  • VITICULTURE- X=Gamay & Vitis Riparia

CASTETS (B)

  • OLD WORLD- France-South-West(Aveyron)Indigenous), Provence,  Bordeaux
  • VITICULTURE- *PARENT-to-Rimava

*Castelao (Portugal, Ribatejo) AKA=Camarate, Joao de Santarem

CASTELLANA BLANCA (W)

  • OLD WORLD- Portugal-Alentejo
  • VITICULTURE- *PROGENY-of-Cayetana,  X=Cayetana & ?

CASTIGLIONE (B)

  • OLD WORLD- Italy-Calabria(Indigenous)(Reggio Calabria DOC./ Cosenza DOC.)

CASTILLO De ARCOS (B)

  • OLD WORLD- Spain-Andalusia
  • VITICULTURE- *PROGENY-of-Cayetana,  X=Cayetana & ?

*Cartoixa (Montsant, Catalunya) AKA=Xarello, Pansa Blanca, Premsal, Xarel-lo

CATALANESCA (G)

  • OLD WORLD- Italy-Campania(Vesuvio), Sardegna
  • VITICULTURE- AKA=Catalana

CATANESE NERO (B)

  • OLD WORLD- Italy-Sicily(Palermo DOC., Trapani DOC.)

CATARATTO (W)  

  • OLD WORLD- Italy-Sicily(Indigenous(Salaparuta DOC./ Alcamo DOC.)
  • VITICULTURE- X=Muscat Alexandria & Garganega, *PARENT-to-Grillo
    • *CLONES/ Comune, Lucido,  AKA=Bianco Comune,  *YIELD/ High
  • VINICULTURE- +BLENDED/ Marsala
    • Sight:
    • Aroma: Melon, Passion Fruit
    • Palate: Sweet-Dry/
    • Structure: Medi-Tannins, ABV., Medi-Acid
      • FOOD PAIRING… Fish, Seafood, Fowl, Antipasti
      • CHEESE PAIRING

CATAWBA*(B)

  • NEW WORLD- America(Indigenous), North Carolina(Ohio River Valley AVA.),  New York(Finger Lakes AVA.)
  • VITICULTURE- *SPECIES/ *HYBRID-Vitis Vinifera/Vitis Labrusca
    • X=Vitis Labrusca & Semillon(Vinifera),  *RIPENER/ Late
    • ~Etymology~ Catabwa…Refers to Catawba River In North Carolina, Which Was Named After the Native People of the Area.
  • VINICULTURE- +USED/ Jelly, Juice
    • Sight: Hazy/ Golden
    • Aroma: Apricot, Aromatic, Musty, Foxy, Floral
    • Palate:            / +BODY/  Strawberry
    • Structure: Medi Tannins, ABV., High Acid

*Catbird (America) AKA=Vitis Palmata

CAVARA (B)

  • OLD WORLD- Italy-Veneto(Colli Berici DOC.)Indigenous)
  • VINICULTURE- +BLENDED/ Often

CAVUS (G)

  • OLD WORLD- Turkey(Indigenous)   Greece   Bulgaria   Russia
  • VINICULTURE- +USED/ Eating

CAYETANA BLANCA (W) Ancient/ Historical”

  • OLD WORLD- Spain(Montilla, Madrid DO.)
  • VITICULTURE- #21st. Most Planted Grape Variety In the World(2016)
    • *PARENT-to-(18)- Antao Vaz, Boal Vencedor, Camarate, Castellana, Doradilla, Gouveio Estimado, Jaen Tinto, Malvasia Preta, Rabo de Ovelha, Siria AKA=Jaen Blanco, Pardina, Baladi
    • AKA=Boal Carrasquenha, Carrasquenha

CAYUGA (W)

  • NEW WORLD- America(Indigenous), New York(Finger Lakes AVA.)
    • Arkansas,  Pennsylvania   Canada-Quebec
  • VITICULTURE- *HYBRID-Frrench/ American, *SPECIES-of-Vitis Labrusca
    • X=Seyval Blanc & Schuyler, (Hybridized 1972/ Cornell)
  • VINICULTURE- +USED/ Sparkling

*Cecubo (Itay/ Lazio) AKA=Abbuoto

CEGLED SZEPE (B)

  • OLD WORLD- Hungary
  • VITICULTURE- X=Bicane & Chasselas (Crossed In 1903)

CELLERINA (B)

  • OLD WORLD- ItalyPiemonte(Indigenous(Tortonese)

*Cencibel (Spain/ La Mancha/ Valdepenas) AKA=Tempranillo, +48 Others

*Cencibera ( ? ) AKA=Tempranillo, +48 Others

CENERENTE (B)

  • OLD WORLD- Italy-Veneto(Soave)Indigenous)

CENTESIMINO (B)

  • OLD WORLD- Italy-Emilia-Romagna(Indigenous(Ravenna Rosso IGT.)

CEREZA (P)

  • OLD WORLD- Argentina(San Jaun(Native)/ Catamarca)
  • VITICULTURE- #29th. Most Planted Grape Variety In the World.(2016)
    • X=Muscat Alexandria & Listan Negro

CERCEAL BRANCO (G)

  • OLD WORLD- Portugal(Tejo DO./ Bairrada DO./ Douro DO.)

CERRETO (G)

  • OLD WORLD- Italy-Campania(Indigenous(Costa d’Amalfi IGT.)

CESENESE (B)

  • OLD WORLD- Italy-Lazio(Olevano DOC., Affile DOC./ Rosso Orvietano, DOC.),  Sicilia
  • NEW WORLD-  ?
  • VINICULTURE-
    • Sight: Full/ Garnet
    • Aroma: Spice, Pepper
    • Palate: Dry/ +BODY
    • Structure: Medi+Tannins, Abv., High Acid

CESAR (B)

  • OLD WORLD- France-Burgundy(Irancy AOC.(Indigenous or Italy)/ Yonne Department)
    • Italy
  • VITICULTURE- X=Pinot Noir & Argant,  AKA=Romano, Romain, Picorneau
  • ~Etymolgy~ Romain Refers to Romans Who Brought Grape to Burgundy.

CETINKA (W)

  • OLD WORLD- Croatia-Dalmatia(Hvar)Indigenous)

CEVAT KARA (B)

  • OLD WORLD- Ukraine(Indigenous)

CHACOLIS (B)

  • OLD WORLD- France-South-West(Madiran AOC.)
  • VITICULTURE- *PROGENY-of-Cabernet Franc
  • VINICULTURE-
    • Sight: Opaque/
    • Aroma: Blackberry
    • Palate:            /
    • Structure: Medi+Tannins, ABV., Medi Acid

CHAMBOURCIN*(T)

  • OLD WORLD- France(Indigenous)
  • NEW WORLD- America-New York(Finger Lakes),  Pennsylvania,  Virginia
    • Australia(Northern River GI.)
    • Canada-British Columbia(Okanagan Valley VA.), Ontario(Harrow/ Ruthven)
  • VITICULURE- *HYBRID-French/ American,  X=Regent  &  ?
    • +RESISTANT/ Fungal Disease,  *YIELD/ High
    • Teinturier– Black Skin Grape With Dark Pulp.
  • VINICULTURE-
    • Sight: Full/ Ruby
    • Aroma: Cherry, Fig, Leather
    • Palate:          /           , Black Cherry, Plum, Spice
    • Structure: Medi Tannin, ABV., Medi+Acid

CHAMPANEL (B)

  • NEW WORLD- America-Texas
  • VITICULTURE- X=Vitis Champini & Worden, (Crossed by TV. Munson)
    • +RESISTANT/ Heat, Drought

CHANCELLOR (B)

  • OLD WORLD- France
  • NEW WORLD- America(Indigenous)New York    Canada-British Columbia
  • VITICULTURE- *SPECIES-Vitis Rupestris
    • *HYBRID-French-American-X=Seibel 5163 & Seibel 880, *PARENT-t0-Geisenheim 8221-3
    • AKA=Siebel 7053
    • *BUDDER/ Early,  +SUSCEPTIBLE/ Powdery/ Downy Mildew
  • VINICULTURE-
    • Sight: Full/ Ruby
    • Aroma: Cranberry, Blueberry, Plum

*Charbono (California) AKA=Bonarda, Chardonneau, Corbeau, Douce Noire

*Charbonneau (France/ Jura) AKA=Bonarda, Charbono, Corbeau, Douce Noire

CHANDROMAVRO (G)

  • OLD WORLD- Greece(Indigenous)

CHARDONEL (G)

  • OLD WORLD- AmericaArkansas(Ozark Mountain AVA.), Michigan(Lake Michigan Shore AVA), New York
  • VITICULTURE- *HYBRID-French-AmericanX=Chardonnay & Seyval Blanc
    • *HYBRIDIZED/ New York Agricultural Experiment Station
    • +RESISTANT/ Cold,  *VIGOR/ High,  *RIPENER/ Late

CHARENTSI (B)

  • OLD WORLD- Armenia(Indigenous)
  • VINICULTURE- *STYLES/ Fortified

*Charmont (Switzerland(Indigenous) AKA=Doral

CHARDONNAY*(LG) Ancient/ Historical”

  • OLD WORLD- France-Burgundy(Beaune AOC.(Indigenous)/ Chablis AOC./ Saumer AOC.)
    • Italy-Friuli(Collio DOC.)   Lebanon   Austria(Kamstal)  Everywhere
  • NEW WORLD- America-California(Russian River AVA./ Santa Rita Hills AVA.)
    • ArgentinaMendoza(Uco Valley)   Chile-Aconcagua(Casablanca Valley)
  • VITICULTURE- *PROGENY-of- X=Pinot & Gouais Blanc,  *PARENT-to-ChardonelChasan, Perde
    • *CLONES/ Old Wente- Clones 4, 5, 72(Cleaned Up Wente), FPS 15, Hyde, Mendoza
      Dijon-Clones 76, 76.1,  95, 96, 124, 131, 277, 548, 809, 809.1, 1066, , 1068, 1068.1
    • AKA=Beaunois, Gamay Blanc, Morillon, Obaideh,  *BUDDER/ Early,  *RIPENER/ Early
    • *SOILS= Excels In Sedimentary, Limestone,  *CLIMATE= Excels In CoolMaritime
    • ~Etymology~ Named For the Village of Chardonnay In Maconnais
      • First Mentioned Dates Back to 1685 In Saone-et-Loire.
  • VINICULTURE- +DISTILLED/ Arak,  +AGED/ Oak,  *STYLES/ Many
      • +BLENDED/ Gemischter Satz, Champagne(One of the 7 Authorized Grape of Champagne)
      • *Considered The Wine Artist Grape, For Its Ability to Produce Many Styles.
    • Sight: Clear/ Hay/ Golden
    • Aroma: Baked Yellow Apple, Pear, Melon, Butter, Oak, Citrus Blossom
    • Palate: Off-Dry to Dry/ +BODY, Butter, Vanilla
    • Structure: Medi-Tannins, +ABV., Medi Acid
      • FOOD PAIRING… Milk Based Sauces, Chicken, Lobster
      • CHEESE PAIRING… Swiss, Munster, Alpine, Brie
    • Burgundy” vs. California Less Ripeness, More Elegant, Less Oak
  • FAVORITE EXPRESSIONS Of CHARDONNAY
    • CRITERIA Based Quality and On General Overall Style of a Region and Personal Preference.
      1. Cote Beaune, Burgundy
      2. Russian River AVA., California
      3. Willamette Valley AVA., Oregon
      4. Santa Rita Hills AVA., Santa Barbara
      5. Margaret River, Perth
      6. Santa Cruz Mountain AVA., California

CHASAN (B)

  • OLD WORLD- France-Languedoc(Indigenous)
  • VITICULTURE- X=Chardonnay & Palomino Fino

CHASSELAS*(W) Ancient/ Historical Grape

  • OLD WORLD- SwitzerlandVaud   France-Alsace, Loire Valley
    • Romania   Hungary   Germany-Baden(Markgraflerland)
  • NEW WORLD- America-California(Dry Creek AVA.), Oregon(Dundee Hills AVA.)
  • VITICULTURE- *PARENT-to-Admirable de Courtiller, Cegled Szepe, Charmont, Doral Huxelrebe, Muscat Fleur d’Oranger, Muscat Ottonel, Nobling
    • AKA=Fendant, Flambeau(Alsace), Gutedel(Germany), Luter, Peralan, Wyssluter
    • *CLIMATE= Excels In Cool
    • Once a Wild Vine Indigenous to Jordan Valley In Egypt and Brought to Switzerland In Late 1700’s.
  • VINICULTURE- USED/ Table
    • Sight: Clear/ Golden
    • Aroma: Lemon, Stone Fruit, Almond, Floral, Spice
    • Palate: Dry/ Body, Citrus, Slight Spritz
    • Structure: Medi Tannins, ABV., Medi Acid
      • FOOD PAIRING… Fondue, Pork
      • CHEESE PAIRING… Racletti

CHATUS (B)

  • OLD WORLD- France(Ardech)Indigenous)
    • Italy-Piemonte(Saluzzesi DOC./ Pinerolese DOC.)
  • VITICULTURE- *PROGENY-of- ?,  *PARENT-to-Pougnet, Sereneze de Voreppe

CHELOIS (B)

  • OLD WORLD- France(Ardeche)Breed)
  • NEW WORLD- AmericaNew York(Finger Lakes AVA.), Oregon(Willamette Valley AVA.)
  • VITICULTURE- X=Bienvenu & Roi de Noirs

CHELVA (G)

  • OLD WORLD- Spain(Ribera Guadiana DO./ Extremadura/ Castilla La Mancha)

CHENANSON (B)

  • OLD WORLD- France-Languedoc(Indigenous), Provence
  • VITICULTURE- X=Grenache & Jurançon

CHENEL (G)

  • OLD WORLD- South Africa(Northern Cape)
  • VITICULTURE- X=Chenin Blanc & Trebbiano

CHENIN BLANC*(LG) Ancient/ Historical Grape”

  • OLD WORLD- FranceLoire Valley(Vouvray AOC.(Indigenous)/ Saumur AOC./ Savennieres AOC.), Languedoc(Limoux AOC.)
  • NEW WORLD- South AfricaCape Town(Stellenbosch)
    • America-California(Napa AVA./ Clarksburg AVA.), Oregon(Willamette Valley AVA.), Washington(Horse Heaven Hill AVA.)  Argentina   Australia   Chile   
  • VITICULTURE- #27th. Most Planted Grape Variety In the World(2016)
    • *PROGENY-of-Savagnin,  X=Savagnin & ?
    • *PARENT-to-Balzac Blanc, Chenel, Colombard, Meslier-Saint-Francois
    • AKA=Agudillo(Spain), Gros Pineau(Touraine), Pineau de la Loire(Loire), Steen(South Africa)
    • *BUDDER/ Early,  *RIPENER/ Late,  *SKIN/ Thin
    • +RESISTANT/ Leaf-Roll,  +SUSCEPTIBLE/ Botritis, Powdery Mildew
    • ~Etymology~ Named Chenin After the Monastery of Montchenin In Touraine, France.
  • VINICULTURE- *STYLES/ DryBotrytis,  +USED/ Cremant-Loire(Saumur, Vouvray)
    • Sight: Hazy/ Gold
    • Aroma: Tropical Fruit, Honey, Apricot, Almond, Citrus Blossom, Wet Wool
    • Palate: Dry-Sweet/ BODY, Melon, Licorice, Passion Fruit, Quince
    • Structure: Medi-Tannins, –ABV., Medi+Acid…TEXTURE/ Lanolin/ Waxy
      • FOOD PAIRING… Shell Fish, Salad, Lighter Seafood, Roasted Pear
      • CHEESE PAIRING… Chevre, Goat, Mozzarella
    • Loire Valley” vs. “South Africa

*Chevrier ( ? ) AKA=Semillon, Blanc Doux, Columbier

*Chiavennasca (Italy/ Lombardia/Valtellina) AKA=Nebbiolo

  • ~Etymology~ Chiavenna…Refers to Nearby Town In Valtellina.

CHIAVENNASCA BIANCO (G)

  • OLD WORLD- Italy-Lombardia(Indigenous)
  • VITICULTURE- +RESISTANT/ Cold,  *YIELD/ High

CHICHAUD (B)

  • OLD WORLD- France-Provence(Ardeche)Indigenous)

CHIDIRIOTIKO (B)

  • OLD WORLD- Greece(Lesbos Island)Indigenous)

*Chinebuli ( ? ) AKA=Chinuri

CHINURI (G)

  • OLD WORLD- Georgia(Indigenous)
  • VITICULTURE- AKA=Chinebuli

CHITISKVERT TETRI (W)

  • OLD WORLD- Georgia

CHITISTVALA TETRI (W)

  • OLD WORLD- GeorgiaKakheti

CHKHAVERI (T)

  • OLD WORLD- Georgia-Guria(Indigenous)

CHOLORES (G)

  • OLD WORLD- Greece

CHONDROMAVRO (B)

  • OLD WORLD- Macedonia(Kozani)

CHOUCHILLON (B)

  • OLD WORLD- France-Northern Rhone Valley(Condrieu AOC.)Indigenous)

CHUMUTA (B)

  • OLD WORLD- Georgia(Indigenous)

CHVITILURI (W)

  • OLD WORLD- Georgia(Indigenous)

CIANORIE (W)

  • OLD WORLD- Italy-Friuli-Venezia Giulia(Indigenous)

CIBELLE (B)

  • OLD WORLD- Portugal-Azores(Pico DO.)

CIDADEHE (B)

  • OLD WORLD- Portugal-Douro Valley
  • VINICULTURE- +BLENDED/ Port

CIENNA (B)

  • NEW WORLD- Australia(Indigenous)
  • VITICULTURE- X=Sumoll & Cabernet Sauvignon

*Ciguente (Extremadura, Spain) AKA=Roupeiro, Codega, Crato Branco, Dona Blanca, Roupeiro, Siria

*Ciliegino (Italy) AKA=Ciliegiolo

CILIEGIOLO (B)

  • OLD WORLDItaly-Tuscany(Chianti DOC./ Maremma/ Montecarlo DOC.), Liguria(Colli Luni DOC.),  Lazio, Marche, Umbria
  • VITICULTURE- *PARENT-to-Sangiovese,  AKA=Ciliegino
    •  *RIPENER/ Early,   *SKIN/ Thick
    • ~Etymology~ Ciliegia Meaning Cherry In Italian, Referring to the Resemblance of Cherries, In Color and Shape.
  • VINICULTURE- +BLENDED/ Chianti

*Cimixa (Italy/ Liguria) AKA=Scimiscia, Simixa

CINSAUT*(B)

  • OLD WORLD- France-Rhone(Tavel AOC.(Indigenous)/ Costieres de Nimes AOC.)Provence(Bandol AOC.)
    • Morocco   Algeria   Lebanon
  • NEW WORLD- America-California(Paso Robles AVA., Dry Creek AVA., Washington(Wahluke Slope AVA.)   ChileSouth(Bio Bio)   South Africa
  • VITICULTURE- #35th. Most Planted Grape Variety In the World.(2016)
    • X= ? & ?,  *PARENT-to-Pinotage,  *CLONES/ 92
    • AKA=Black Malvoisie, Black Prince, Cargadora, Oeillade, Ottavianello, Sinso
    • *CLIMATE=Excels In Continental,  +RESISTANT/ Drought/ Heat/ Disease
    • *RIPENER/ Early,  *YIELDS/ High,  *SKIN/ Thick
  • VINICULTURE- +BLENDED/ Often/ Chateauneuf-Du Pape(One of 8 Reds/ 13 Grapes)
    • Sight: Opaque/ Brick
    • Aroma: Herb, Spice, Almond
    • Palate: Dry/ +BODY
    • Structure: Medi Tannins, ABV., High Acid
      • FOOD PAIRING… Escargot, Lamb   |    CHEESE PAIRING

CIPRO (G)

  • OLD WORLD- Slovenia(Indigenous)

*Cirfandli (Hungary) AKA=Zierfandler(Austria), Spatrot, Zerjavina(Slovania)

CITRONNY MAGARACHA (G)

  • OLD WORLD- Ukraine(Indigenous)   Russia

CIURLESE (G)

  • OLD WORLD- Italy-Emilia-Romagna(Indigenous(Rimini IGT.)

CIVIDINO (W)

  • OLD WORLD- Italy-Friuli-Venezia Giulia(Indigenous)

CLAIRETTE (W)

  • OLD WORLD- France-Rhone(Chateaneuf-Du Pape AOC.)Indigenous)
  • NEW WORLD- America-California(Paso Robles AVA.)
  • VITICULTURE- AKA=Blanquette
  • VINICULTURE- +BLENDED/ Chateauneuf-Du Pape(One of 5 Whites/ 13 Grapes), Vermouth
    • Sight:               /
    • Aroma: Floral, Fruity
    • Palate:             / +BODY, Lemon
    • Structure: Low Tannins, +ABV., Low Acid
      • FOOD PAIRING…    |     CHEESE PAIRING

CLAVERIE (W)

  • OLD WORLD- France-South-West(Landes)Indigenous)

*Clevner (Germany) AKA=Fruhburgunder, Pinot Madeleine

CLINTON (B)

  • OLD WORLD- Italy   Switzerland
  • NEW WORLD- America   Brazil
  • VITICULTURE- *American-X=Vitus Labrusca & Vitus Riparia

CLOETA (B)

  • NEW WORLD- America-Texas
  • VITICULTURE- *American-X=America & RW. Munson, (Crossed by TV. Munson)

COCOCCIOLA BIANCA (W)

  • OLD WORLD- ItalyPuglia(Indigenous), Abruzzi(Trebbiano d’Abruzzo DOC.)
  • VINICULTURE- +BLENDED/ Trebbiano(Often)

COCOCCIOLA NERA (B)

  • OLD WORLD- Italy
  • VITICULTURE- *PARENT-to-Barbera

CODA Di CAVALLO (G)

  • OLD WORLD- Italy-Campania(Ischia DOC.)Indigenous)

CODA Di PECORA (G)

  • OLD WORLD- Italy-Campania(Caserta)Indigenous)

CODA Del VOLPE (W)

  • OLD WORLD- Italy-Campania(Vesuvio DOC.(Indigenous)/ Taburino Sannio DOC./ Solopaca DOC.)
  • VITICULTURE- AKA=Falerno
  • VINICULTUE- +BLENDED/ La Crimea Christi
    • Sight: Clear/ Straw
    • Aroma: Peach(White), Orange(Mandarin), Sage
    • Palate: Dry/ -Body
    • Structure: Low Tannins, ABV., Medi+Acid
      • FOOD PAIRING… Oysters

CODEGA (W)

  • OLD WORLD- Portugal(Transmontano DO.)Indigenous), Chaves, Valpocos)
  • VITICULTURE- AKA=Roupeiro, Ciguente, Crato Branco, Dona Blanca, Siria
  • VINICULTURE- +BLENDED/ Port

CODIVARTA (W)

  • OLD WORLD- France-Corsica(Indigenous)

COGLIONARA (W)

  • OLD WORLD- Italy-Campania(Ischia DOC.)Indigenous)

COLOBEL (B)

  • OLD WORLD- France

COLOMBANA NERO (B)

  • OLD WORLD- Italy-Luguria(Colli Piacentini DOC.(Indigenous)/ Colli di Luna DOC.)
  • VITICULTURE- *PROGENY-of-Mammolo

COLOMBARD*(W) Ancient/ Historical Grape

  • OLD WORLD- France-South-West(Gascony/ Charentes(Indigenous)
  • NEW WORLD- America-California(Russian River AVA./ Redwood Valley AVA.)   South Africa   Austria
  • VITICULTURE- #28th. Most Planted Grape Variety In the World.(2016)
    • X=Gouais Blanc & Chenin Blanc, AKA=French Colombard(America)
    • +SUSEPTABLE/ Rot, Powdery Mildew,  *YIELD/ High
  • VINICULTURE- +TERPENES/ +Thiols,  +DISTILLED/ Armagnac, Cognac, Brandy(South Africa)
    • Sight: Clear/ Straw
    • Aroma: Citrus, Spice, Herb
    • Palate:            / -Body, Peach
    • Structure: Medi Tannins, ABV., High Acid

COLOMBAUD (G)

  • OLD WORLD- France(Var)Indigenous)

*Colombier ( ? ) AKA=Semillon, Blanc Doux, Chevrier

*Coloosa (America) AKA=Vitis Shuttleworthii

COLORAILLO (R)

  • OLD WORLD- Spain-Castilla-La Mancha(Terra de Castilla)Indigenous)

COLORINO AMERICANO (B)

  • OLD WORLD- Italy-Tuscany(Indigenous)
  • VITICULTURE-
    • **Considered Not to Be One Grape But a Group/ Family of Grapes Know as Colorino.

COLORINO Di LUCCA (B)

  • OLD WORLD- Italy-Tuscany

COLORINO Di PISA (B)

  • OLD WORLD- Italy-Tuscany

COLORINO VALDARNO (B)

  • OLD WORLD- Italy-Tuscany(Montecarlo DOC./ Orvietano Rosso DOC.)  Liguria,  Marche
  • VITICULTURE- AKA=Colorino Toscano
    • +RESISTANT/ Disease,  *RIPENER/ Late,  *YIELDS/ High
  • VINICULTURE- +BLENDED/ With Sangiovese(Often)
    • Sight: Opaque/
    • Aroma:
    • Palate:
    • Structure: Medi+Tannins

*Coma ( ? ) AKA=Tardana, Planta Nova

COMPLETER (B)

  • OLD WORLD- Switzerland-Graubunden(Indigenous)
  • VITICULTURE- AKA=Malstraube

COMPLEXA (B)

  • OLD WORLD- Portugal-Madeira
  • VITICULTURE- X=Castelao & Tintinha

CONCIEIRA (B)

  • OLD WORLD Portugal-Duriense(Douro Valley)

CONCORD*(B)

  • NEW WORLD- America(Indigenous), New York(Finger Lakes AVA.), Michigan
    • Washington(Yakima Valley AVA.)
  • VITICULTURE- *SPECIES/ *HYBRID-Vitis Lambrusca
    • X=Vitis Lambrusca & Vitis Vinifera(1/3),  *PROGENY-to-Bailey
    • ~Etymology~ Name Refers to Town In Massachusetts.
  • VINICULTURE- +USED/ Jelly, Juice, Candy, Kosher Wine
    • Sight:
    • Aroma: Grape, Foxy
    • Palate:
    • Structure: Medi Tannin, ABV., Medi Acid

*Corbeau (France) AKA=Charbono, Bonarda, Chardonneau, Douce Noire

CORBINA (B)

  • OLD WORLD- Italy-Veneta(Indigenous)

CORCIEIRA (B)

  • OLD WORLD- Portugal-Duriense(Douro DOC.)
  • VINICULTURE- +BLENDED/ Port

CORDENOSSA (R)

  • OLD WORLD- ItalyFriuli-Venezia Giulia(Spilimbergo Hills)
  • VITICULTURE- AKA=Cordinos,  *CLONES/ Piccolo, Grande

*Cordinos ( ? ) AKA=Cordenossa

CORDUSEL (G)

  • OLD WORLD- Italy-Emilia-Romangna(Indigenous)

*Cori (Italy/ Lazio) AKA=Nero Buono

CORINTO NERO (B)

  • OLD WORLD- ItalySicily,  Emilia-Romagna
  • VITICULTURE- AKA=Tarmarina

CORNACCHIA (G)

  • OLD WORLD- Italy-Emilia-Romangna(Indigenous)

CORNALIN D’AOSTA (B)

  • OLD WORLD- Italy-Valle Aosta(Indigenous)   Switzerland-Valais
  • VITICULTURE- AKA=Humagne Rouge

CORNALIN Du VALAIS (B)

  • OLD WORLD- SwitzerlandValais
  • VITICULTURE- X=Petite Rouge & Mayolet,  AKA=Rouge Du Pays, Landroter
  • VINICULTURE-
    • Sight: Full/
    • Aroma: Cherry, Clove
    • Palate:      /        , Licorice
    • Structure: Medi+Tannins +ABV., Medi+Acid

CORNAREA (B)

  • OLD WORLD- Italy-Piemonte(Indigenous)
  • VITICULTURE- X=Nebbiolo & Barbera

CORNETTA (B)

  • OLD WORLD- Italy-Umbria(Indigenous)
  • VITICULUTRE- ~Etymology~ Corno Meaning Horn In Italian…Referring to Its Berries Which Are Horn Shapped.

CORNIFESTO (B)

  • OLD WORLD- Portugal-Transmontano, Duriense
  • VITICULTURE- *PROGENY-of-Cayetana Blanc
  • VINICULTURE- +BLENDED/ Port

*Corolioc ( ? ) AKA=Rkatsiteli, Baiyu(China)

COROT NOIR (B)

  • OLD WORLD- Switzerland-Geneva(Indigenous)
  • VITICULTURE- *VIGOR/ High

CORTESE*(W)

  • OLD WORLD- Italy-Piemonte(Alto Monferrato DOC.(Indigenous)/ Gavi DOC./ Colli Toronesi DOC./ Oltrepo Pavese DOC.)
  • NEW WORLD- America-Mendocino   Australia-Victoria(Upper Goulburn GI.)
  • VITICULTURE- *SKIN/ Thin,  *YIELD/ High
  • VINICULTURE- +AGED/ Never,  +BLENDED/ With Gavi(Often)
    • Sight: Clear/ Straw
    • Aroma: Lime, Granny Smith, Peach, Chamomile
    • Palate: Off-Dry/ Body, Lemon, Mineral
    • Structure: Low Tannins, ABV., Medi-Acid
      • FOOD PAIRING… Steamed Crab, Shrimp Scampi, Basil & Pine Nuts
      • CHEESE PAIRING

CORVA (B)

  • OLD WORLD- Italy-Lombardia(Indigenous(Brescia DOC.)

CORVINA*(B)

  • OLD WORLD- Italy-Veneto(Valpolicella DOC.(Indigenous)
  • NEW WORLD- America-Pennsylvania, Virginia
  • VITICULTURE- *PROGENY-of-Pinot,   X=Refosco & ?
    • ~Etymology~ Corvo Meaning Crow In Italian…Referring to Its Dark Color of Skins and Wine.
  • VINICULTURE- +BLENDED/ Valpolicella
    • Sight: Murky/ Ruby
    • Aroma: Tar, Leather, Cherry, Earth
    • Palate: Off-Dry/ +BODY, Tart Cherry
    • Structure: Medi Tannins, ABV., Medi Acid
      • FOOD PAIRING… Steamed Crab, Shrimp Scampi
      • CHEESE PAIRING

*Corvino (Italy/ Friuli) AKA=Curvin

CORVINONE (B)

  • OLD WORLD- Italy-Venteto(Indigenous(Bardolino DOC./ Valpolicella DOC.)
  • VITICULTURE- +BLENDED/ Valpolicella
    • ~Etymology~ Corvo Meaning Crow In Italian, Referring to Its Dark Color of Skins and Wine.

*Cot (France/ Loire) AKA=Malbec

COTTON CANDY (G)

  • OLD WORLD- America
  • VITICULTURE- *YIELDS/ High
  • VINICULTURE- +USED/ Eating,

COUDERC NOIR (B)

  • OLD WORLD- France-South-West(Indigenous)/ Languedoc
  • VITICULTURE- *French-Hybrid-Munson

COUNOISE*(B)

  • OLD WORLD- France-Rhone(Chateauneuf-du Pape AOC.(Indigenous), Languedoc, Provence(Aux-en-Provence AOC.)
  • NEW WORLD- America-California(Anderson Valley AVA./ Paso Robles AVA./ Red Hills AVA.),  Washington(Red Mountain AVA./ Walla Walla AVA.)
  • VITICULTURE- *CLONES/ 508
    • *CLIMATE= Excels In Continental *RIPENER/ Late
  • VINICULTURE- +BLENDED/ Chateauneuf-du Pape(One of 8 Reds/ 13 Grapes)
    • Sight: Hazy/ Light
    • Aroma: Floral, Herb, Strawberry, Dried Cranberry
    • Palate:        /        , Pepper, Spice, Anise, Minerally
    • Structure: Medi Tannins, ABV., High Acid

COURBU BLANC*(W)

  • OLD WORLD- Spain-Basque Country(Getariako Txakolina DO.)Indigenous)
    • France-South-West(Irouleguy AOC./ Jurancon AOC.)
  • VITICULTURE- AKA=Hondarribi Zuri
    • *CLIMATE= Excels In Maritime
  • VINICULTURE- +BLENDED/ (Often)Hondarrabi Zuri
    • Sight: Clear/ Hay
    • Aroma: White Beach
    • Palate:  Dry / Body, Lime
    • Structure: Low Tannins, –ABV., High+Acid

COURBU NOIR (B)

OLD WORLD- France-South-West(Jurancon AOC.(Indigenous)/ Bearn AOC.)

*Courtiller Musque (Germany) AKA=Muscat d’Eisenstadt, Muscat Précoce de-Saumur

COVE BLANCO (W)

  • OLD WORLD- Italy
  • VITICULTURE- X=Harslevelu & Malvasia Trevigiana

CRAMPOSIE SELCTIONARA (G)

  • OLD WORLD- Romania-Dragasani(Indigenous)

CRATO BRANCO (W)

  • OLD WORLD- Portugal(Lagoa/ Potimao/ Tavira)
  • VITICULTURE- AKA=Roupeiro, Siria, Codega

CREPALLOCHI (R)

  • OLD WORLD- Italy(Indigenous)
  • VITICULTURE- *PARENT-to-Uva Tosca

*Crespiello ( ? ) AKA=Vidadillo

CREVELING (B)

  • OLD WORLD- America
  • VITICULTURE- X=Vitis Labrusca ?  & Vitis Vinifera ?
    • *PROGENY-to-Sheridan/ Steuben/ Noiret/ Wayne/ Mills

CRIMSON (B)

  • NEW WORLD- America(Indigenous)
  • VITICULTURE- *BERRIES/ Seedless
  • VINICULTURE- +USED/ Eating

*Criolla Chica (Argentina) AKA=Listan Prieto, Mission, Pais

  • ~Etymology~ Term For Colonial Era People Animals or Plants of Spanish Decent.

CRIOLLA GRANDE (B)

  • OLD WORLD- Argentina-Mendoza(Native)
  • VITICULTURE- #48th. Most Planted Grape Variety In the World.(2016)
    • 3rd. Most Planted/ Argentina
  • VINICULTURE- *STYLES/ Rose

CRLJENAK CRI (B)

  • OLD WORLD- Croatia
  • VITICULTURE-X=Tribidrag & ?

*Crljenak Kastelanski (Croatia) AKA=Zinfindel, Primativo, Tribidrag

  • ~Etymology~ Translates to Kastela Red Wine.

CROA(B)

  • OLD WORLD- Italy-Lombardia(Oltrepo Pavese DOC.)
  • VITICULTURE- *PROGENY-of-Moradella

CROATINA*(B)

  • OLD WORLD- ItalyLombardia(Oltrepo Pavese DOC.), Piemonte(Tortonesi DOC.)
  • VITICULTURE- *PARENT-to-Ervi,  AKA=Bonarda,  *SKIN/ Thick
    • ~Etymology~ Little Croatian Girl…Refering to ?.
  • VINICULTURE-
    • Sight: Full/ Garnett
    • Aroma: Prune, Fig, Vegetable
    • Palate: Dry/ +BODY, Blackberry
    • Structure: Medi Tannins, ABV., Medi+Acid

CROUCHEN (W)

  • OLD WORLD- France-South-West
  • NEW WORLD- South Africa   Australia

CORVA (G)

  • OLD WORLD- Italy-Emilia-Romangna(Indigenous)

CROVASSA (B)

OLD WORLD- Italy-Valley d’Aosta(Donnas DOC.)

CROVINA (B)

OLD WORLD- Italy-Liguria(Punta Crena Estate), Friuli

*Cruina ( ? ) AKA=Corvina, Cassabria, Veronese

CRUVIN (W)

  • OLD WORLD- Italy-Liguria(Colline Savonesi IGP.)
  • VITICULTURE- AKA=Corvino(Friuli)

CRYSTAL (W)

  • OLD WORLD- China

*Csabagyongye (Hungary) AKA=Pearl of Casba

CSERSZEGI FUSZERES (W)

  • OLD WORLD- Hungary(Indigenous)
  • VITICULTURE- X=Irsay Oliver & Gewurztraminer

CSOKASOLO (B)

  • OLD WORLD- Hungary(Indigenous)

*Cugnette (France/ Condieu) AKA=Jacqueyre

*Cupani ( ? ) AKA=Tempranillo, +48 Others

CYGNE BLANC (W)

  • OLD WORLD- Australia(Indigenous), Western Australia(Swan Valley GI.)
  • VITICULTURE- X=Cabernet Sauvignon & ?

*Cynthiana ( ? ) AKA=Norton



**Refer to BIBLIOGRAPHY/ Sources For Details On Scholarly Works Referenced.