C


CABERINTA (B)

  • OLD WORLDMorocco
  • NEW WORLDArgentinaMendoza
  • VITICULTURE– *HYBRIDX=Ruby & Ruby Cabernet,  *VIGOR/ High,   *YIELD/ High

CABERNET BLANC (G)

  • OLD WORLDSwitzerland(Indigenous)   Germany-Pfalz
    • ItalyTuscany(Bolglieri DOC.)
  • VITICULTURE–  *PROGENY-of-Cabernet Sauvignon

CABERNET CARBON (B)

  • OLD WORLDGermany(Indigenous)   Switzerland
  • VITICULTURE–  *PROGENY-of-Cabernet Sauvignon

CABERNET COLONJES (B)

  • OLD WORLDSwitzerland(Indigenous)   Netherlands    Sweden
  • VITICULTURE–  *HYBRIDX=Cabernet Sauvignon & Merzling & Zarya Severa & Muscat Ottonel

CABERNET CORTIS (B)

  • OLD WORLDGermany(Indigenous)   Switzerland
  • VITICULTURE–  *HYBRIDX=Cabernet Sauvignon & Bronner

CABERNET CUBIN (B)

  • OLD WORLDGermany-Wurttemberg(Indigenous)    Switzerland
  • VITICULTURE–  *PROGENY-of-Cabernet Sauvignon

CABERNET DORIO (B)

  • OLD WORLDGermanyWürttemberg(Crossed)    Switzerland
  • VITICULTURE–  X=Cabernet Sauvignon & Dornfelder,  AKA=Cabernet Dorsa

*Cabernet Dorsa (Switzerland) AKA=Cabernet Dorio 

CABERNET FRANC*(Bl) Ancient/ Historical Grape

  • OLD WORLDSpain(Pais Vasco)Indigenous),  Italy-Tucany(Bolgheri DOC.), Friuli
    • France-Bordeaux(St. Emilion AOC.), South-West(Chinon AOC.)   Hungary   Everywhere
  • NEW WORLD- ArgentinaMendoza(Lujan de Cuyo)  CanadaOntario(Niagara Peninsula)
    • AmericaCalifornia(Napa Valley AVA./ Santa Ynez AVA./ Lodi AVA.), New York(Finger Lakes AVA.), Virginia   New Zealand   AustraliaVictoria(Padthaway GI., Rutherglen GI.)   ChileAconcagua(Casablanca Valley),  South Africa   China   Israel    Everywhere
  • VITICULTURE–   *PROGENY-of- ?,     X= ? & ?
    • *PARENT-to-Cabernet Sauvignon, Carmenere, Hondarribi Beltza, Morenoa, Merlot
    • AKA=Acheria(Basque), Ardounet(Bearn), Bouchet(St. Emilion), Breton(Loire Valley), Carmenet(Medoc), Trouchet Noir(?), Tsapournako(Macedonia)
    • *CLONE/ 210, 212, 214, 214.1,  327,  327.1, 394, 395, 623, 623.1
    • *VIGOR/ High,   *RIPENER/ Early,   *YIELD/ High,   *FINICKY,   *SKIN/ Thin
    • SOILS= “Excels In” Clay, Limestone, Gravel,   *CLIMATE= “Excels In” Cool Climates
  • VINICULTURE–  *STYLES/ Rose,  Sparkling,  +BLENDED/ Bordeaux,  +PYRAZINE
    • Sight: Murky/ Violet
    • Aroma: Black-Cherry, Vegetative, Funk, Graphite, Violets, Bell Peppers
    • Palate: Dry/ Body, Cherry, Red Current, Tobacco, Jalapeños
    • Structure: Medi Tannins, +Abv., Medi+Acid
  • FOOD PAIRING…. Roast Pork, Lamb, Herbs, Veggies
  • CHEESE PAIRING Goat, Stinky

CABERNET GERNISCHT (B)

  • OLD WORLDChinaShandong, Ningxia
  • VITICULTUREAKA=Carmenere

CABERNET JURA (B)

  • OLD WORLDSwitzerland(Indigenous)
  • VITICULTURE*PROGENY-of-Cabernet Sauvignon

CABERNET MITOS (B)

  • OLD WORLDGermany(Crossed)
  • VITICULTUREX=Cabernet Sauvignon & Blaufrankisch

CABERNET MORAVIA (B)

  • OLD WORLDCzech RepublicMoravia(Indigenous)
  • VITICULTURE–  X=Cabernet Franc & Zweigelt

CABERNET PFEFFER (B)

  • NEW WORLDAmericaCalifornia(Cienega Valley AVA.)
  • VITICULTURE–  X=Cabernet Franc & ?
    • ~Etymology~ Pfeffer…Refering to William Pfeffer Who Crossed it Or Pheffer After the Germany Word For Pepper.

CABERNET SAUVIGNON*(B) “Ancient/ Historical Grape”

  • OLD WORLDFrance-Bordeaux(Poulliac AOC.)(Indigenous)   Italy-Tuscany(Maremma DOC.)
  • NEW WORLDAmericaCalifornia(Oakville AVA.), Washington(Red Mountain AVA.)
    • ChileColchagua   Australia(Margaret River GI.)   South AfricaCap-Town(Stellenbosch)
    • ArgentinaMendoza(Uco Valley)   BrazilSerra Gaucha  China   “Everywhere”
  • VITICULTURE*PROGENY-of-Savagnin,   X=Sauvignon Blanc & Cabernet Franc
    • *CLONES/ 2, 6, 4, 7, 8, 15, 15.1,  169, 170, 191, 337,337.1, 338,  341, 412, 685, 685.1, 1124, 1124.1, 1125, 1125.1,  Heritage(FPS #31), Healy, UC, Davis30(Disney-Silverado), Weimer
    • AKA=Uva Francesca(Chianti)
    • #1 Planted/ World,  +RIPENER,   *BERRIES/ Small
    • +RESISTANT/ Disease, Frost,   *REPLANTED/ 35 years
    • +TERPENES/ +Pyrazine, +Thiols, +Rotundone
  • VINICULTURE**Wine Usually Produced In a “Classic” Style.
      • +AGED/ New Oak, +BLENDED/ Bordeaux, Super-Tuscan
    • Sight: Deep/ Ruby
    • Aroma: Tobacco, Leather, Bell Pepper, Green Peppercorn
    • Palate: Bone-Dry/ +BODY, Black Currents, Black Cherry, Black Pepper
    • Structure: High Tannins, +Abv., Medi Acid (Long)
  • FOOD PAIRING…Steaks, Ribs, Grilled
  • CHEESE PAIRING…Aged, Stinky, Camembert, Blue, Washed Rind
  • DEREK’S FAVORITE EXPRESSIONS Of CABERNET SAUVIGNON
    • CRITERIA Typicity, Balance, Tannins, Structure, Personal Preference
      1. Napa AVA.,  California
      2. Saint Julian AOC.,  Bordeaux
      3. Stellenbosch,  South Africa
      4. Walla Walla AVA.,  Washington
      5. Mendoza,  Argentina
      6. Red Hills AVA.,  Lake County, California
      7. Colchagua Valley,  Chile

CABERNET SEVERNY (B)

  • OLD WORLDRussia(Indigenous)
  • NEW WORLDCanada(Quebec)
  • VITICULTURE*PROGENY-of-Cabernet Sauvignon,   +RESISTANT/ Cold

CABERTIN (B)

  • OLD WORLDSwitzerland(Indigenous)   Belgium   GermanyPfalz
  • VITICULTURE*PROGENY-of-Cabernet Sauvignon

CABINDA (G)

  • OLD WORLDPortugal-Lisboa

CACABOUE (G)

  • OLD WORLDFrance-Savoie(Indigenous)
  • VITICULTURE–  *PROGENY-of-Avana

CACAMOSCA (G)

  • OLD WORLDItaly-Campania(Indigenous)(Costa d”Amalfi DOC.)
  • VITICULTURE–  -Yield

*Caccione (Italy/ Lazio) AKA=Cannaiolo

*Cacchione (Italy/ ?) AKA=Bellone, Pacioccone, Pampanaro

*Cadarca (Romania) AKA=Kadarka, Gamza

CADDIU (B)

  • OLD WORLDItaly-Sardegna(Indigenous)(Contini Barrile IGP.)

*Cagnina (Italy/ Romagna) AKA=Refosco

*Cagnulari (Italy/ Sardinia) AKA=Graciano, Morrastel, Xeres

CAINO BLANCO (G)

  • OLD WORLDSpain-Galicia(Rias Baixas DO.)

CAINO LONGO (B)

  • OLD WORLDSpain-Galicia(Ribeiro DO.)

CAINO TINTO (B)

  • OLD WORLD–  PortugalMinho(Moncao)Indigenous    SpainGalicia
  • VITICULTUREAKA=Borracal(Vino Verde)
  • VINICULTURE- +USED/ Vinho Verde(Red)

CALABRESE Di MONTENUOVO (B)

  • OLD WORLDItalySicily(Indigenous), Calabria, Campania(Campi Flegrei DOC.)
  • VITICULTURE*PARENT-to-Sangiovese

*Calabrese (Italy/ Sicily) AKA=Nero d’Davola

CALADOC (B)

  • OLD WORLDFrance(Indigenous)   Spain(Estremadura)   Lebanon
  • NEW WORLDCaliforniaPaso Robles   Mexico
  • VITICULTUREX=Grenache & Malbec, *CLONES/ 724

CALAGRANO (B)

  • OLD WORLDSpain-Rioja

CALBANESCO (B)

  • OLD WORLDItaly-Emilia-Romagna(Indigenous)(Romagna DOC.)

*California Grape (California) AKA=Vitis Californica

CALITOR NOIR (B)

  • OLD WORLDFranceProvence(Indigenous)(Tavel AOC.)
  • VITICULTURE–  *YIELDS/ Low
  • VINICULTURE
    • Palate:    / +BODY

CALKARASI (B)

  • OLD WORLDTurkeyDenizli-Cal(Indigenous)

CALLET*(B)

  • OLD WORLDSpain-Balearic Islands(Indigenous)(Mallorca DO.)
  • VITICULTURE– X=Callet Cas Concos & Fogoneu
  • VINICULTURE– +BLENDED/ Often
    • Sight:
    • Aroma:
    • Palate:
    • Structure:
  • FOOD PAIRING…Sobrassada(Mallorcan Cured Sausage)
  • CHEESE PAIRING

CALLET CAS CONCOS (B)

  • OLD WORLDSpain-Balearic Islands(Indigenous)(Mallorca DO.)
  • VITICULTUREX=Giro & Beba, *PARENT-to-Manto Negro

CALMERIA (W)

  • NEW WORLDAmerica
  • VITICULTURE*BERRIES/ Seedless
  • VINICULTURE–  *USED/ Eating Grape

CALONA (W)

  • NEW WORLDSpainAndalucia(Indigenous)(Malaga DO.)

CALORIA (B)

  • OLD WORLDItaly-Tuscany(Indigenous)(Monteregio di Massa Marittima DOC.)

CAMARALET (W)

  • OLD WORLDFranceSouth-West(Bearn AOC.(Indigenous)/ Jurancon AOC.)

CAMARAOU NOIR (B)

  • OLD WORLDFranceSouth-West(Bearn AOC.(Indigenous)/ Jurancon AOC.)
    • SpainGalicia

CAMARATE (W)

  • OLD WORLDPortugalDuoro Valley,  Bairrada
  • NEW WORLDAmericaCentral Coast(Santa Cruz AVA.)
  • VITICULTURE*PROGENY-of-Cayetana,  X=Cayetana Bianco & Alfrocheiro
    • AKA=Castelao, Joao de Santarem
    • ~Etymology~ Name After the Village In Lisboa “Camarate”…Referring to Indigenous Grape Origins.
  • VINICULTURE+BLENDED/ Port
    • Sight:
    • Aroma:
    • Palate: Dry/ Body, Unripe Cherry
    • Structure: Medi-Tannins, Abv, Medi Acid

*Camarese ( ? ) AKA=Vaccarese, Brun Argente

CAMMINARE BLANC (W)

  • NEW WORLDAmerica
  • VITICULTURE– +RESISTANT/ Pieces Disease

CAMMINARE NOIR (B)

  • NEW WORLDAmerica
  • VITICULTURE– +RESISTANT/ Pieces Disease

CAMPBELL EARLY (B)

  • NEW WORLDAmerica    Japan,   Korea
  • VITICULTURE*HYBRID-X=Moore Early & (Belvidere & Muscat Hamburg)

CAMPOLONGO (W)

  • OLD WORLDItalyLazio(Indigenous)(Valle Del Camino)
  • VINICULTURE
    • Sight:             Aroma: Apple
    • Palate:         Structure: High Acid

CANAIOLO*(B)

  • OLD WORLDItalyTuscany(Chianti DOC.), Lazio, MarcheSardegna
  • VITICULTURE–  +BLENDED/ Carmignano, Chianti, Vino Montepulciano
    • AKA=Uva Canina
  • VINICULTURE
    • Sight:             Aroma:    Palate:
    • Structure: Medi+Tannins, Abv., Low Acid

CANAIOLO BIANCO (W)

  • OLD WORLDItalyTuscany(Toscana IGP.), Lazio,  Umbria
  • VITICULTURE–  AKA=Drupeggio

CANARI NOIR (B)

  • OLD WORLDFranceSouth-West(Ariege(Indigenous), Madiran AOC.)

*Candive ( ?)  AKA=Syrah, Antourenein Noir, Basamina, Entoumerein, Hignin, Noir, Marsanne Noir, Schiras, Sirac, Syrac, Serine, Shiraz(Australia)

CANICA (B)

  • OLD WORLDPortugalMadeira

CANINA NERA (B)

  • OLD WORLDItaly-Emilia Romagn(Indigenous)(Emilia-Romagna IGT./ Rubicone IGT.)
  • VITICULTUREAKA=Canena, Canailoa, Canucula

*Cannonau (Italy/ Sardinia) AKA=Garnacha, Granache

CANOCAZO (W)

  • OLD WORLDSpainAndalucía(Indigenous)

*Canyon (America) AKA=Vitis Arizancia

CAPRETTONE (G)

  • OLD WORLDItalyCampania(Indigenous)(Lacryma Christi Vesuvio DOC.)

CAPRIANA BIANCA (G)

  • OLD WORLDItalyVeneto(Verona)Indigenous)

CAPTAIN (B)

  • NEW WORLDAmerica-Texas
  • VITICULTURE*American-X=American & RW. Munson, (Crossed by TV. Munson)

CAPTIVATOR (B)

  • NEW WORLDAmerica-Texas
  • VITICULTURE*American-X=Herbert & Meladel, (Crossed by TV. Munson)

CARACOL (G)

  • OLD WORLDPortugalMadeira Islands(Porto Santo)

CARAMELA (W)

  • OLD WORLDPortugalDouro  Valley
  • VINICULTURE+BLENDED/ Port

CARAO DE MOCA (W)

  • OLD WORLDPortugalMadeira Islands

*Carcajolo Blanc ( ? ) AKA=Bariadorgia

CARCAJOLO NERO (B)

  • OLD WORLDFranceCorsica(Indigenous)(Cagliari DOC.)
  • VITICULTUREAKA=Parraleta

CARDIN (R)

  • OLD WORLDItalyPiemonte(Indigenous)
  • VITICULTUREAKA=Montanera, Neirano

CARDINAL (R)

  • OLD WORLDBulgaria   Croatia   Romania   Portugal
  • NEW WORLDAmerica
  • VITICULTURE X=Konigin der Weingarten & Ribier,  *PARENT-to-Blanc du Bois,  +USED/ Eating

*Cargardora (Chile) AKA=Black Malvoisie, Black Prince, Cargadora, Cinsault, Oeillade, Ottavianello, Sinso

*Cargarel (Italy) AKA=Cargarello, Caricarello

CARGARELLO (G)

  • OLD WORLDItalyEmilia-Romagna(Indigenous)(Colli de Rimini DOC.)
  • VITICULTUREAKA=Cargarel, Caricarello

*Caribbean (America) AKA=Vitis Tilitolia

CARICAGIOLA (B)

  • OLD WORLDItaly-Sardinia(Indigenous)
  • VITICULTUREAKA=Bonifaccenco, Garrigadolza

CARICA L’ASINO (G)

  • OLD WORLDItalyPiemonte(Indigenous)

*Caricagiola ( ? ) AKA=Parreleta

CARIGNAN*(B)

  • OLD WORLDSpain-(Aragon)Indigenous), Catalunya(Priorat DO.)
    • Italy(Sucis DOC.)  France-Rhone(Corbieres AOC./ Ventoux AOC.)   Algeria
  • NEW WORLDAmericaCalifornia(Fiddletown AVA.),  Chile(Maule Valley)
    • ArgentinaMendoza
  • VITICULTURE–  *CLONES/ 6
    • AKA=Bovale Sardo(Sardinia), Caignano, Carinena, Carinyena(Catalunya), Mazuelo, Samso(Catalunya)
    • Vine Training– Bush,   *BUDDER/ Late,   *RIPENER/ Late,  *VIGER/ High,   *YIELD/ High
    • *CLIMATE=Continental, Dry/ Heat/ Wind +RESISTANT/ Heat,   *CLUSTERS/ Large/ Tight
    • +SUSCEPTIBLE/ Powdery Mildew, Bunch Rot
  • VINICULTURE
    • Sight: Opaque
    • Aroma: Cherry, Pepper, Earth, Cedar
    • Palate: Dry / Body, Blackberry
    • Structure: High Tannins, Abv., High Acid
  • FOOD PAIRING Stews, Lamb     |     CHEESE PAIRING Manchego

CARIGNAN BLANC (W)

  • OLD WORLDFrance(Roussillon AOC./ St. Chinian/ Pays d’Herault IGP.)
  • VITICULTURE *MUTATION/ Carignan,  +SUSCEPTIBLE/ Powdery Mildew
  • VINICULTURE–  +BLENDED/ Often

CARIGNAN GRIS (W)

  • OLD WORLDFrance-Roussillon

*Carinyena (Priorat/ Catalunya) AKA=CarignanBovale Sardo(Sardinia), Caignano, Carinena, Mazuelo, Samso(Catalunya)

CARLOS (G)

  • NEW WORLDAmericaNorth Carolina
  • VITICULTURE*American=X=Howard & North Carolina

CARMAN (B)

  • NEW WORLDAmericaTexas
  • VITICULTURE*NATIVE-American-X=Premier & Triumph,  (Crossed by TV. Munson)
    • *THIN/ Thin

CARMELIAN (B)

  • OLD WORLDAmericaCalifornia(San Joaquin Valley), Texas(Fall Creek)
    • Australia(Margaret River GI.)
  • VITICULTUREX=Carignan & Cabernet Sauvignon & Grenache

CARMENERE*(B)

  • OLD WORLDFranceBordeaux(Pauillac AOC.(Indigenous), Medoc AOC.)
    • ItalyFriuli
  • NEW WORLDAmericaCalifornia(Oakville AVA.),  Washington(Walla Walla AVA.)
    • Chile-Central Valley(Colchagua Valley)   Argentina   Australia-North-East Victoria(King Valley GI.)
  • VITICULTURE*PROGENY-of-Savagnin,   X=Cabernet Franc & Gros Cabernet,  *PARENT-to-Gosen
    • *CLONES/ 1059, 1059.1
    • *CLIMATE= Excels In Mediterranean+Diurnal Shifts,  “Finicky”, “Hard to Graft”
    • *YIELDS/ Low,   *RIPENER/ Late
  • VINICULTURE+BLENDED/ Bordeaux, Chile
      • +TERPENES/ +Pyrazine(Distinct Vegetable Flavors if Not “Ripened Out”)
    • Sight: Deep/ Red
    • Aroma: Plum, Black Cherry, Bell Pepper, Herb, Espresso, Leather, Tobacco, Soil
    • Palate: Dry/ +BODY, Cherry, Green Olives, Kale, Cabbage
    • Structure: Medi+Tannins, Abv., Medi-Acid
  • FOOD PAIRING… Stews, Lamb w/Herbs, Vegetarian Soup
  • CHEESE PAIRING… Queso Chanco

*Carmenet (France/ Bordeaux/ Medoc) AKA=Cabernet Franc

CARMINE (B)

  • NEW WORLDAmericaCalifornia
  • VITICULTUREX=Cabernet Sauvignon & (Merlot & Carignan)

CARMINOIR (B)

  • OLD WORLDSwitzerlandValais(Indigenous)
  • VITICULTUREX=Cabernet Sauvignon & Pinot Noir

*Carola (Italy) AKA=Peraverga, Cari, Fra Gemano, Taddone

CARRASQUIN (B)

  • OLD WORLDSpain(Asturias)
  • VINICULTURE*STYLES/ Rose

CARREGA BRANCO (G)

  • OLD WORLDPortugal(Douro DO./ Beiras DO.)
  • VINICULTURE+BLENDED/ Port

CARRICANTE (W)

  • OLD WORLDItalySicily(Etna DOC.)Indigenous)
  • NEW WORLD– ?
  • VITICULTURE– +DRY-EXTRACT
    • ~Etymology~ “Carrico” Meaning Loaded In Italian….Referring to Its High Yields.
  • VINICULTURE
    • Sight: Clear/ Hay
    • Aroma: Orange, Grapefruit, Musty
    • Palate: Off-Dry/ +BODY, Mineral
    • Structure: Medi-Tannins, Abv., Medi+Acid
  • FOOD PAIRING…Fish, Seafood   |   CHEESE PAIRING

CASAVECCHIA (B)

  • OLD WORLDItalyCampania(Indigenous)(Pontelatone DOC.)
  • VITICULTUREX=Malvasia & Abbuoto
    • ~Etymology~ “Casavecchia” Meaning Old House In Italian…Referring to ?.

CASCADE (B)

  • OLD WORLDFranceRhone(Ardeche)
  • NEW WORLDAmericaNew York   Canada
  • VITICULTUREX=Seibel 7042 & Gloire de Seibel,  *RIPENER/ Early,  *YIELD/ High

CASCAROLO BIANCO (W)

  • OLD WORLDItalyPiemonte(Lange/ Roddino/ Sinio)
  • VITICULTURE*PROGENY-of-Reze

CASCULHO (B)

  • OLD WORLDPortugal(Douro DO./ Setubal DO.)
  • VINICULTURE+BLENDED/ Port

CASETTA (B)

  • OLD WORLDItaly-Alto Adige(Valdadige Terrafeiforti DOC.)
  • VITICULTUREAKA=Foja Tonda

*Cassabria (Italy) AKA=Corvina, Cruina, Veronese

CASTAGNARA (B)

  • OLD WORLDItalyCampania(Indigenous)(Penisola Sorrentina Rosso DOC./ Avellino DOC.)

CASTEL (B)

  • OLD WORLDCanadaNova Scotia, British Columbia(Vancouver Island VA.)
  • VITICULTURE– X=Gamay & Vitis Riparia

CASTETS (B)

  • OLD WORLDFrance(Aveyron)Indigenous)/ Bordeaux
  • VITICULTURE*PARENT-to-Rimava

*Castelao (Portugal, Ribatejo) AKA=Camarate, Joao de Santarem

CASTELLANA BLANCA (W)

  • OLD WORLDPortugalAlentejo
  • VITICULTURE*PROGENY-of-Cayetana,  X=Cayetana & ?

CASTIGLIONE (B)

  • OLD WORLDItaly-Calabria(Indigenous)(Reggio Calabria DOC./ Cosenza DOC.)

CASTILLO De ARCOS (B)

  • OLD WORLDSpainAndalusia
  • VITICULTURE*PROGENY-of-Cayetana,  X=Cayetana & ?

*Cartoixa (Montsant, Catalunya) AKA=Xarello, Pansa Blanca, Premsal, Xarel-lo

CATALANESCA (G)

  • OLD WORLDItalyCampania(Vesuvio), Sardegna
  • VITICULTUREAKA=Catalana

CATANESE NERO (B)

  • OLD WORLDItaly-Sicily(Palermo DOC., Trapani DOC.)

CATARATTO (W)  

  • OLD WORLDItalySicily(Indigenous)(Salaparuta DOC./ Alcamo DOC.)
  • VITICULTUREX=Muscat Alexandria & Garganega,  *PARENT-to-Grillo
    • *CLONES/ Comune, Lucido,   AKA=Bianco Comune,  +YIELD
  • VINICULTURE+BLENDED/ Marsala
    • Sight:
    • Aroma: Melon, Passion Fruit
    • Palate: Sweet-Dry/
    • Structure: Medi-Tannins, Abv., Medi-Acid
  • FOOD PAIRING…Fish, Seafood, Fowl, Antipasti
  • CHEESE PAIRING

CATAWBA*(B)

  • NEW WORLDAmerica(Indigenous), North Carolina(Ohio River Valley AVA)  New York(Finger Lakes AVA.)
  • VITICULTURE–  *SPECIES/ *HYBRID-Vitis Vinifera/Vitis Labrusca
    • X=Vitis Labrusca & Semillon(Vinifera),  *RIPENER/ Late
    • ~Etymology~ “Catabwa”…Refers to Catawba River In North Carolina
  • VINICULTURE*USED/ Jelly, Juice
    • Sight: Hazy/ Golden
    • Aroma: Apricot, Aromatic, Musty, Foxy, Floral
    • Palate:            / +BODY/  Strawberry
    • Structure:        +Acid

*Catbird (America) AKA=Vitis Palmata

CAVARA (B)

  • OLD WORLDItaly-Veneto(Colli Berici DOC.)Indigenous)
  • VINICULTURE+BLENDED/ Often

CAVUS (G)

  • OLD WORLDTurkey(Indigenous)   Greece   Bulgaria   Russia
  • VINICULTURE+USED/ Eating

CAYETANA BLANCA (W) “Ancient/ Historical”

  • OLD WORLDSpain(Montilla, Madrid DO.)
  • VITICULTURE*PARENT-to-(18) Antao Vaz, Camarate, Castellana, Doradilla, Gouveio Estimado, Jaen Tinto, Malvasia Preta, Rabo de Ovelha, Siria,  AKA=Jaen Blanco, Pardina, Baladi

CAYUGA (W)

  • NEW WORLDAmerica(Indigenous), New York(Finger Lakes AVA.)
    • Arkansas,  Pennsylvania   CanadaQuebec
  • VITICULTURE*HYBRID-Frrench/ American, *SPECIES-of-Vitis Labrusca
    • X=Seyval Blanc & Schuyler (Hybridized 1972/ Cornell)
  • VINICULTURE+USED/ Sparkling

*Cecubo (Itay/ Lazio) AKA=Abbuoto

CELLERINA (B)

  • OLD WORLDItaly-Piemonte(Indigenous)(Tortonese)

*Cencibel (Spain/ La Mancha/ Valdepenas) AKA=Tempranillo, +48 Others

*Cencibera ( ? ) AKA=Tempranillo, +48 Others

CENERENTE (B)

  • OLD WORLDItalyVeneto(Soave)Indigenous)

CENTESIMINO (B)

  • OLD WORLDItaly-Emilia-Romagna(Indigenous)(Ravenna Rosso IGT.)

CEREZA (P)

  • OLD WORLDArgentina(San Jaun(Native)/ Catamarca)
  • VITICULTUREX=Muscat Alexandria & Listan Negro

CERCEAL BRANCO (G)

  • OLD WORLDPortugal(Tejo DO./ Bairrada DO./ Douro DO.)

CERRETO (G)

  • OLD WORLDItalyCampania(Indigenous)(Costa d’Amalfi IGT.)

CESENESE (B)

  • OLD WORLDItalyLazio(Olevano DOC., Affile DOC./ Rosso Orvietano, DOC.),  Sicilia
  • NEW WORLD– ?
  • VINICULTURE
    • Sight: Full/ Garnet
    • Aroma: Spice, Pepper
    • Palate: Dry/ +BODY
    • Structure: Medi+Tannins, Abv., High Acid

CESAR (B)

  • OLD WORLDFranceBurgundy(Irancy AOC.(Indigenous)/ Yonne Department)
  • VITICULTUREX=Pinot Noir & Argant,  AKA=Romano

CETINKA (W)

  • OLD WORLDCroatiaDalmatia(Hvar)Indigenous)

CEVAT KARA (B)

  • OLD WORLDUkraine(Indigenous)

CHACOLIS (B)

  • OLD WORLDFranceSouth-West(Madiran AOC.)
  • VITICULTURE*PROGENY-of-Cabernet Franc
  • VINICULTURE
    • Sight: Opaque/
    • Aroma: Blackberry
    • Palate:            /
    • Structure: Medi+Tannins, ABV., Medi Acid

CHAMBOURCIN*(B/ T)

  • OLD WORLDFrance(Indigenous)
  • NEW WORLDAmericaNew York(Finger Lakes),  Pennsylvania,  Virginia
    • Australia(Northern River GI.)
    • CanadaBritish Columbia(Okanagan Valley VA.), Ontario(Harrow/ Ruthven)
  • VITICULURE– *HYBRID-French/ American,  X=Regent  &  ?
    • +RESISTANT/ Fungal Disease,  +*YIELD/ High,  Teinturier
  • VINICULTURE
    • Sight: Full/ Ruby
    • Aroma: Cherry, Fig, Leather
    • Palate:          /           , Black Cherry, Plum, Spice
    • Structure: Medi Tannin, Medi+Acid

CHAMPANEL (B)

  • NEW WORLDAmericaTexas
  • VITICULTUREX=Vitis Champini & Worden, (Crossed by TV. Munson)
    • +RESISTANT/ Heat, Drought

CHANCELLOR (B)

  • OLD WORLDFrance
  • NEW WORLDAmerica(Indigenous)New York    CanadaBritish Columbia
  • VITICULTURE*SPECIES-Vitis Rupestris
    • *HYBRID-French-American-X=Seibel 5163 & Seibel 880

*Charbono (California) AKA=Bonarda, Chardonneau, Corbeau, Douce Noire

*Charbonneau (France/ Jura) AKA=Bonarda, Charbono, Corbeau, Douce Noire

CHANDROMAVRO (G)

  • OLD WORLDGreece(Indigenous)

CHARDONEL (G)

  • OLD WORLDAmericaArkansas(Ozark Mountain AVA.), Michigan(Lake Michigan Shore AVA), New York
  • VITICULTURE*HYBRID-French-AmericanX=Chardonnay & Seyval Blanc
    • *HYBRIDIZED/ New York Agricultural Experiment Station
    • +RESISTANT/ Cold,  *VIGOR/ High,  *RIPENER/ Late

CHARENTSI (B)

  • OLD WORLDArmenia(Indigenous)
  • VINICULTURE *STYLES/ Fortified

*Charmont (Switzerland(Indigenous) AKA=Doral

CHARDONNAY*(LG) “Ancient/ Historical Grape”

  • OLD WORLDFrance-Burgundy(Beaune AOC.(Indigenous)/ Chablis AOC./ Saumer AOC.)
    • ItalyFriuli(Collio DOC.)   Lebanon   Austria(Kamstal) “Everywhere”
  • NEW WORLDAmericaCalifornia(Russian River AVA./ Santa Rita Hills AVA.)
    • ArgentinaMendoza(Uco Valley)   Chile(Casablanca Valley)
  • VITICULTURE*PROGENY-of- X=Pinot & Gouais Blanc,  *PARENT-to-Chasan, Perde
    • *CLONES/ Old Wente- Clones 4, 5, 72(Cleaned Up Wente), FPS 15, Hyde, Mendoza
      Dijon-Clones 76, 76.1,  95, 96, 124, 131, 277, 548, 809, 809.1, 1066, , 1068, 1068.1
    • AKA=Beaunois, Gamay Blanc, Morillon, Obaideh,  -Budder,  -Ripener
    • SOILS= Excels In  Sedimentary, Limestone,  CLIMATE= Excels In CoolMaritime
    • ~Etymology~ Named For the Village of Chardonnay In Maconnais
      • First Mentioned Dates Back to 1685 In Saone-et-Loire
  • VINICULTURE+DISTILLED/ Arak,  +AGED/ Oak, *STYLES/ Many
      • +BLENDED/ Gemischter Satz, Champagne(One of the 7 Authorized Grape of Champagne)
    • Sight: Clear/ Hay/ Golden
    • Aroma: Baked Yellow Apple, Pear, Melon, Butter, Oak, Citrus Blossom
    • Palate: Off-Dry to Dry/ +BODY, Butter, Vanilla
    • Structure: Medi-Tannins, +Abv., Medi Acid
  • FOOD PAIRING Milk Based Sauces, Chicken, Lobster
  • CHEESE PAIRING... Swiss, Munster, Alpine, Brie
    • Burgundy vs. California Less Ripeness, More Elegant, Less Oak
  • FAVORITE EXPRESSIONS Of CHARDONNAY
    • CRITERIA Based Quality and On General Overall Style of a Region and Personal Preference.
      1. Cote Beaune, Burgundy
      2. Russian River AVA., California
      3. Willamette Valley AVA., Oregon
      4. Santa Rita Hills AVA., Santa Barbara
      5. Margaret River, Perth
      6. Santa Cruz Mountain AVA., California

CHASAN (B)

  • OLD WORLDFranceLanguedoc(Indigenous)
  • VITICULTUREX=Chardonnay & Palomino Fino

CHASSELAS*(W) “Ancient/ Historical Grape”

  • OLD WORLDSwitzerlandVaud   FranceAlsace, Loire Valley
    • Romania   Hungary   Germany-Baden(Markgraflerland)
  • NEW WORLDAmericaCalifornia(Dry Creek AVA.)
  • VITICULTURE*PARENT-to-Muscat, Charmont, Doral Huxelrebe, Muscat Fleur d’Oranger, Muscat Ottonel, Nobling
    • AKA=Fendant, Flambeau(Alsace), Gutedel(Germany), Luter, Peralan, Wyssluter
    • *CLIMATE= Excels In Cool
    • Once a Wild Vine Indigenous to Jordan Valley In Egypt and Brought to Switzerland In Late 1700’s.
  • VINICULTURE– USED/ Table
    • Sight: Clear/ Golden
    • Aroma: Lemon, Stone Fruit, Almond, Floral, Spice
    • Palate: Dry/ Body, Citrus, Slight Spritz
    • Structure: Medi Tannins, Abv., Medi Acid
  • FOOD PAIRING…Fondue, Pork
  • CHEESE PAIRING…Racletti

CHATUS (B)

  • OLD WORLDFrance(Ardech)Indigenous)
    • ItalyPiemonte(Saluzzesi DOC./ Pinerolese DOC.)
  • VITICULTURE*PROGENY-of- ?,  *PARENT-to-Pougnet, Sereneze de Voreppe

CHELOIS (B)

  • OLD WORLDFrance(Ardeche)(Breed)
  • NEW WORLDAmerica-New York(Finger Lakes AVA.), Oregon(Willamette Valley AVA.)
  • VITICULTUREX=Bienvenu & Roi de Noirs

CHELVA (G)

  • OLD WORLDSpain(Ribera Guadiana DO./ Extremadura/ Castilla La Mancha)

CHENANSON (B)

  • OLD WORLDFranceLanguedoc(Indigenous), Provence
  • VITICULTUREX=Grenache & Jurançon

CHENEL (G)

  • OLD WORLDSouth Africa(Northern Cape)
  • VITICULTUREX=Chenin Blanc & Trebbiano

CHENIN BLANC*(LG) “Ancient/ Historical Grape”

  • OLD WORLDFranceLoire Valley(Vouvray AOC.(Indigenous)/ Saumur AOC./ Savennieres AOC.)
  • NW WORLD South AfricaCape Town(Stellenbosch)
    • AmericaCalifornia(Napa AVA.), Oregon(Willamette Valley AVA.), Washington (Horse Heaven Hill AVA.)
  • VITICULTURE*PROGENY-of-Savagnin,   X=Savagnin & ?
    • *PARENT-to-Balzac Blanc, Colombard, Meslier-Saint-Francois,  AKA=Steen, Pineau
    • *RESISTANT/ Leaf-Roll,  *BUDDER/ Early,   *RIPENER/ Late,   *SKIN/ Thin
  • VINICULTURE*STYLES/ Botrytis,   *USED/ Cremant-Loire
    • Sight: Hazy/ Gold
    • Aroma: Tropical Fruit, Honey, Apricot, Almond, Citrus Blossom, Wet Wool
    • Palate: Dry-Sweet/ BODY, Melon, Licorice, Passion Fruit, Quince
    • Structure: Medi-Tannins, -Abv., Medi+Acid…TEXTURE/ Lanolin/ Waxy
      • Loire Valley” vs. “South Africa
  • FOOD PAIRING Shell Fish, Salad, Lighter Seafood, Roasted Pear
  • CHEESE PAIRING... Chevre, Goat, Mozzarella

*Chevrier ( ? ) AKA=Semillon, Blanc Doux, Columbier

*Chiavennasca (Italy/ Lombardia/Valtellina) AKA=Nebbiolo

  • ~Etymology~ “Chiavenna”…Refers to Nearby Town In Valtellina

CHIAVENNASCA BIANCO (G)

  • OLD WORLDItalyLombardia(Indigenous)
  • VITICULTURE– +RESISTANT/ Cold,  *YIELD/ High

CHICHAUD (B)

  • OLD WORLDFrance(Ardeche)(Indigenous)

CHIDIRIOTIKO (B)

  • OLD WORLDGreece(Lesbos Island)Indigenous)

*Chinebuli ( ? ) AKA=Chinuri

CHINURI (G)

  • OLD WORLDGeorgia(Indigenous)
  • VITICULTUREAKA=Chinebuli

CHITISKVERT TETRI (W)

  • OLD WORLD– Georgia

CHITISTVALA TETRI (W)

  • OLD WORLD– GeorgiaKakheti

CHKHAVERI (T)

  • OLD WORLDGeorgia-Guria(Indigenous)

CHOLORES (G)

  • OLD WORLDGreece

CHONDROMAVRO (B)

  • OLD WORLDMacedonia(Kozani)

CHOUCHILLON (B)

  • OLD WORLDFranceNorthern Rhone Valley(Condrieu AOC.(Indigenous)

CHUMUTA (B)

  • OLD WORLDGeorgia(Indigenous)

CHVITILURI (W)

  • OLD WORLDGeorgia(Indigenous)

CIANORIE (W)

  • OLD WORLDItalyFriuli-Venezia Giulia(Indigenous)

CIBELLE (B)

  • OLD WORLDPortugal-Azores(Pico DO.)

CIDADEHE (B)

  • OLD WORLDPortugalDouro Valley
  • VINICULTURE+BLENDED/ Port

CIENNA (B)

  • NEW WORLDAustralia(Indigenous)
  • VITICULTUREX=Sumoll & Cabernet Sauvignon

*Ciguente (Extremadura, Spain) AKA=Codega, Crato Branco, Dona Blanca, Roupeiro, Siria

*Ciliegino (Italy) AKA=Ciliegiolo

CILIEGIOLO (B)

  • OLD WORLDItalyTuscany(Chianti DOC./ Maremma/ Montecarlo DOC.), Liguria(Colli Luni DOC.) , Lazio, Marche, Umbria
  • VITICULTURE*PARENT-to-Sangiovese,   AKA=Ciliegino
    •  *RIPENER/ Early,   *SKIN/ Thick
    • ~Etymology~ Ciliegia Meaning Cherry In Italian, Referring to the Resemblance of Cherries, In Color and Shape.
  • VINICULTURE +BLENDED/ Chianti

*Cimixa (Italy/ Liguria) AKA=Scimiscia, Simixa

CINSAUT*(B)

  • OLD WORLDFranceRhone(Tavel AOC.(Indigenous)/ Costieres de Nimes AOC.), Provence(Bandol AOC.)
    • Morocco   Algeria   Lebanon
  • NEW WORLDAmericaCalifornia(Paso Robles AVA., Dry Creek AVA., Washington(Wahluke Slope AVA.)   Chile-(Bio Bio)   South Africa
  • VITICULTUREX= ? & ?,   *PARENT-to-Pinotage, *CLONES/ 92
    • AKA=Black Malvoisie, Black Prince, Cargadora, Oeillade, Ottavianello, Sinso
    • *CLIMATE=Excels In Continental,   +RESISTANT/ Drought/ Heat/ Disease
    • *RIPENER/ Early,  *YIELDS/ High,  *SKIN/ Thick
  • VINICULTURE+BLENDED/ Often/ Chateauneuf-Du Pape(One of 8 Reds/ 13 Grapes)
    • Sight: Opaque/ Brick
    • Aroma: Herb, Spice, Almond
    • Palate: Dry/ +BODY
    • Structure: Medi Tannins, Abv., High Acid
  • FOOD PAIRING…Escargot, Lamb   |    CHEESE PAIRING

CIPRO (G)

  • OLD WORLDSlovenia(Indigenous)

*Cirfandli (Hungary) AKA=Zierfandler

CITRONNY MAGARACHA (G)

  • OLD WORLDUkraine(Indigenous)   Russia

CIURLESE (G)

  • OLD WORLDItalyEmilia-Romagna(Indigenous)(Rimini IGT.)

CIVIDINO (W)

  • OLD WORLDItalyFriuli-Venezia Giulia(Indigenous)

CLAIRETTE (W)

  • OLD WORLDFranceRhone(Chateaneuf-Du Pape AOC.)Indigenous)
  • NEW WORLDAmericaCalifornia(Paso Robles AVA.)
  • VITICULTUREAKA=Blanquette
  • VINICULTURE+BLENDED/ Chateauneuf-Du Pape(One of 5 Whites/ 13 Grapes), Vermouth
    • Sight:               /
    • Aroma: Floral, Fruity
    • Palate:             / +BODY, Lemon
    • Structure: Low Tannins, +Abv., Low Acid
  • FOOD PAIRING…    |     CHEESE PAIRING

CLAVERIE (W)

  • OLD WORLDFranceSouth-West)(Landes)Indigenous)

*Clevner (Germany) AKA=Fruhburgunder, Pinot Madeleine

CLINTON (B)

  • OLD WORLDItaly   Switzerland
  • NEW WORLDAmerica   Brazil
  • VITICULTURE*American-X=Vitus Labrusca & Vitus Riparia

CLOETA (B)

  • NEW WORLDAmericaTexas
  • VITICULTURE*American-X=America & RW. Munson, (Crossed by TV. Munson)

COCOCCIOLA (W)

  • OLD WORLD– Italy-Puglia(Indigenous), Abruzzi(Trebbiano d’Abruzzo DOC.)
  • VINICULTURE+BLENDED/ With Trebbiano(Often)

CODA Di CAVALLO (G)

  • OLD WORLDItalyCampania(Ischia DOC.)Indigenous)

CODA Di PECORA (G)

  • OLD WORLDItalyCampania(Caserta)Indigenous)

CODA Del VOLPE (W)

  • OLD WORLDItalyCampania(Vesuvio DOC.(Indigenous)/ Taburino Sannio DOC./ Solopaca DOC.)
  • VITICULTUREAKA=Falerno
  • VINICULTUE+BLENDED/ La Crimea Christi
    • Sight: Clear/ Straw
    • Aroma: Peach(White), Orange(Mandarin), Sage
    • Palate: Dry/ -Body
    • Structure: Low Tannins, Abv., Medi+Acid
  • FOOD PAIRING– Oysters

CODEGA (W)

  • OLD WORLDPortugal(Transmontano DO.(Indigenous), Chaves, Valpocos)
  • VITICULTUREAKA=Roupeiro, Ciguente, Crato Branco, Dona Blanca, Roupeiro, Siria
  • VINICULTURE+BLENDED/ Port

CODIVARTA (W)

  • OLD WORLDFranceCorsica(Indigenous)

COGLIONARA (W)

  • OLD WORLDItalyCampania(Ischia DOC.)Indigenous)

COLOBEL (B)

  • OLD WORLDFrance

COLOMBANA NERO (B)

  • OLD WORLDItaly-Luguria(Colli Piacentini DOC.(Indigenous)/ Colli di Luna DOC.)
  • VITICULTURE*PROGENY-of-Mammolo

COLOMBARD*(W) Ancient/ Historical Grape

  • OLD WORLDFranceSouth-West(Gascony/ Charentes(Indigenous)
  • NEW WORLDAmericaCalifornia(Russian River AVA.)   South Africa   Austria
  • VITICULTUREX=Gouais Blanc & Chenin Blanc
    • +SUSEPTABLE/ Rot, Powdery Mildew,  *YIELD/ High
  • VINICULTURE+TERPENES/ +Thiols,   +DISTILLED/ Armagnac, Cognac, Brandy(South Africa)
    • Sight: Clear/ Straw
    • Aroma: Citrus, Spice, Herb
    • Palate:            / -Body, Peach
    • Structure: Medi Tannins, Abv., High Acid

COLOMBAUD (G)

  • OLD WORLDFrance(Var)(Indigenous)

*Colombier ( ? ) AKA=Semillon, Blanc Doux, Chevrier

*Coloosa (America) AKA=Vitis Shuttleworthii

COLORAILLO (R)

  • OLD WORLDSpain-Castilla-La Mancha(Terra de Castilla)Indigenous)

COLORINO AMERICANO (B)

  • OLD WORLDItalyTuscany(Indigenous)
  • VITICULTURE
    • **Considered Not to Be One Grape But a Group/ Family of Grapes Know as Colorino.

COLORINO Di LUCCA (B)

  • OLD WORLDItalyTuscany

COLORINO Di PISA (B)

  • OLD WORLDItalyTuscany

COLORINO VALDARNO (B)

  • OLD WORLDItaly-Tuscany(Montecarlo DOC./ Orvietano Rosso DOC.)  Liguria,  Marche
  • VITICULTUREAKA=Colorino Toscano,  +RESISTANT/ Disease,  *RIPENER/ Late,  *YIELDS/ High
  • VINICULTURE+BLENDED/ With Sangiovese(Often)
    • Sight: Opaque/
    • Aroma:
    • Palate:
    • Structure: Medi+Tannins

*Coma ( ? ) AKA=Tardana, Planta Nova

COMPLETER (B)

  • OLD WORLDSwitzerlandGraubunden(Indigenous)
  • VITICULTUREAKA=Malstraube

COMPLEXA (B)

  • OLD WORLDPortugal-Madeira
  • VITICULTUREX=Castelao & Tintinha

CONCIEIRA (B)

  • OLD WORLDPortugalDouro Valley

CONCORD*(B)

  • NEW WORLDAmerica(Indigenous), New York(Finger Lakes AVA.), Michigan
    • Washington(Yakima Valley AVA.)
  • VITICULTURE*SPECIES/ *HYBRID-Vitis Lambrusca
    • X=Vitis Lambrusca & Vitis Vinifera(1/3),  *PROGENY-to-Bailey
    • ~Etymology~ Name Refers to Town In Massachusetts.
  • VINICULTURE–  *USED/ Jelly, Juice, Candy, Kosher Wine
    • Sight:
    • Aroma: Grape, Fox
    • Palate:
    • Structure: Medi Tannin, Medi Acid

*Corbeau (France) AKA=Charbono, Bonarda, Chardonneau, Douce Noire

CORBINA (B)

  • OLD WORLDItalyVeneta(Indigenous)

CORCIEIRA (B)

  • OLD WORLDPortugal-Duriense(Douro DOC.)
  • VINICULTURE+BLENDED/ Port

CORDENOSSA (R)

  • OLD WORLDItalyFriuli-Venezia Giulia(Spilimbergo Hills)
  • VITICULTUREAKA=Cordinos,  *CLONES/ Piccolo, Grande

*Cordinos ( ? ) AKA=Cordenossa

CORDUSEL (G)

  • OLD WORLDItalyEmilia-Romangna(Indigenous)

*Cori (Italy/ Lazio) AKA=Nero Buono

CORINTO NERO (B)

  • OLD WORLDItalySicily,  Emilia-Romagna
  • VITICULTUREAKA=Tarmarina

CORNACCHIA (G)

  • OLD WORLDItalyEmilia-Romangna(Indigenous)

CORNALIN D’AOSTA (B)

  • OLD WORLDItalyValle Aosta(Indigenous)   SwitzerlandValais
  • VITICULTUREAKA=Humagne Rouge

CORNALIN Du VALAIS (B)

  • OLD WORLDSwitzerlandValais
  • VITICULTUREX=Petite Rouge & Mayolet,  AKA=Rouge Du Pays, Landroter
  • VINICULTURE
    • Sight: Full/
    • Aroma: Cherry, Clove
    • Palate:      /        , Licorice
    • Structure: Medi+Tannins +Abv., Medi+Acid

CORNAREA (B)

  • OLD WORLDItalyPiemonte(Indigenous)
  • VITICULTUREX=Nebbiolo & Barbera

CORNETTA (B)

  • OLD WORLDItalyUmbria(Indigenous)
  • VITICULUTRE– ~Etymology~ Corno Meaning Horn In Italian…Referring to Its Berries Which Are Horn Shapped.

CORNIFESTO (B)

  • OLD WORLDPortugalTransmontano, Durense
  • VITICULTURE*PROGENY-of-Cayetana Blanc
  • VINICULTURE+BLENDED/ Port

*Corolioc ( ? ) AKA=Rkatsiteli, Baiyu(China)

COROT NOIR (B)

  • OLD WORLDSwitzerlandGeneva(Indigenous)
  • VITICULTURE– *VIGOR/ High

CORTESE*(W)

  • OLD WORLDItaly-Piemonte(Alto Monferrato DOC.(Indigenous)/ Gavi DOC./ Colli Toronesi DOC./ Oltrepo Pavese DOC.)
  • NEW WORLDAmericaMendocino,   Australia(Upper Goulburn GI.)
  • VITICULTURE–  *YIELD/ High,   *SKIN/ Thin
  • VINICULTURE+AGED/ Never,  +BLENDED/ With Gavi(Often)
    • Sight: Clear/ Straw
    • Aroma: Lime, Granny Smith, Peach, Chamomile
    • Palate: Off-Dry/ Body, Lemon, Mineral
    • Structure: Low Tannins, Abv., Medi-Acid
  • FOOD PAIRING…Steamed Crab, Shrimp Scampi, Basil & Pine Nuts
  • CHEESE PAIRING

CORVA (B)

  • OLD WORLDItaly-Lombardia(Indigenous)(Brescia DOC.)

CORVINA*(B)

  • OLD WORLDItalyVeneto(Valpolicella DOC.(Indigenous)
  • NEW WORLDAmericaPennsylvania, Virginia
  • VITICULTURE- *PROGENY-of-Pinot,   X=Refosco & ?
    • ~Etymology~ Corvo Meaning Crow In Italian…Referring to Its Dark Color of Skins and Wine.
  • VINICULTURE+BLENDED/ Valpolicella
    • Sight: Murky/ Ruby
    • Aroma: Tar, Leather, Cherry, Earth
    • Palate: Off-Dry/ +BODY, Tart Cherry
    • Structure: Medi Tannins, Abv., Medi Acid
  • FOOD PAIRING…Steamed Crab, Shrimp Scampi
  • CHEESE PAIRING

*Corvino (Italy/ Friuli) AKA=Curvin

CORVINONE (B)

  • OLD WORLDItalyVenteto(Indigenous)(Bardolino DOC./ Valpolicella DOC.)
  • VITICULTURE–  +BLENDED/ Valpolicella
    • ~Etymology~ “Corvo” Meaning Crow In Italian, Referring to Its Dark Color of Skins and Wine.

*Cot (France/ Loire) AKA=Malbec

COTTON CANDY (G)

  • OLD WORLDAmerica
  • VITICULTURE–  *USED/ Eating,  *YIELDS/ High

COUDERC NOIR (B)

  • OLD WORLDFranceSouth-West(Indigenous)/ Languedoc
  • VITICULTURE– *French-Hybrid-Munson

COUNOISE*(B)

  • OLD WORLDFranceRhone(Chateauneuf-du Pape AOC.(Indigenous), Languedoc, Provence(Aux-en-Provence AOC.)
  • NEW WORLDAmericaCalifornia(Anderson Valley AVA./ Paso Robles AVA./ Red Hills AVA.)  Washington(Red Mountain AVA./ Walla Walla AVA.)
  • VITICULTURE*CLONES/ 508
    • *CLIMATE= Excels In Continental”,  *RIPENER/ Late
  • VINICULTURE+BLENDED/ Chateauneuf-du Pape(One of 8 Reds/ 13 Grapes)
    • Sight: Hazy/ Light
    • Aroma: Floral, Herb, Strawberry, Dried Cranberry
    • Palate:        /        , Pepper, Spice, Anise
    • Structure: Medi Tannins, Abv., High Acid

COURBU BLANC*(W)

  • OLD WORLDSpain(Getariako Txakolina DO.)Indigenous)
    • FranceSouth-West(Irouleguy AOC./ Jurancon AOC.)
  • VITICULTUREAKA=Hondarribi Zuri
  • VINICULTURE
    • Sight: Clear/ Hay
    • Aroma: White Beach
    • Palate:  Dry / Body, Lime
    • Structure: Low Tannins, -Abv., High+Acid

COURBU NOIR (B)

OLD WORLDFranceSouth-West(Jurancon AOC.(Indigenous)/ Bearn AOC.)

*Courtiller Musque (Germany) AKA=Muscat d’Eisenstadt, Muscat Précoce de-Saumur

COVE BLANCO (W)

  • OLD WORLDItaly
  • VITICULTUREX=Harslevelu & Malvasia Trevigiana

CRAMPOSIE SELCTIONARA (G)

  • OLD WORLDRomaniaDragasani(Indigenous)

CRATO BRANCO (W)

  • OLD WORLDPortugal(Lagoa/ Potimao/ Tavira)
  • VITICULTUREAKA=Roupeiro, Siria, Codega

CREPALLOCHI (R)

  • OLD WORLDItaly(Indigenous)
  • VITICULTURE*PARENT-to-Uva Tosca

*Crespiello ( ? ) AKA=Vidadillo

CREVELING (B)

  • OLD WORLDAmerica
  • VITICULTUREX=Vitis Labrusca ?  & Vitis Vinifera ?
    • *PROGENY-to-Sheridan/ Steuben/ Noiret/ Wayne/ Mills

*Crijenak Kastelanski (Croatia) AKA=Zinfindel, Primativo, Tribidrag

  • ~Etymology~ Translates to Kastela Red Wine.

CRIMSON (B)

  • NEW WORLDAmerica(Indigenous)
  • VITICULTURE *BERRIES/ Seedless,   +USED/ Eating

*Criolla Chica (Argentina) AKA=Listan Prieto, Mission, Pais

  • ~Etymology~ Term For Colonial Era People Animals or Plants of Spanish Decent.

CRIOLLA GRANDE (B)

  • OLD WORLDArgentinaMendoza(Native)
  • VITICULTURE– 3rd. MOST PLANTED/ Argentina
  • VINICULTURE*STYLES/ Rose

CROA(B)

  • OLD WORLDItaly-Lombardia(Oltrepo Pavese DOC.)
  • VITICULTURE*PROGENY-of-Moradella

CROATINA*(B)

  • OLD WORLDItaly-Lombardia(Oltrepo Pavese DOC.), Piemonte(Tortonesi DOC.)
  • VITICULTURE*PARENT-to-Ervi,  AKA=Bonarda,  *SKIN/ Thick
    • ~Etymology~ Little Croatian Girl…Refering to ?.
  • VINICULTURE
    • Sight: Full/ Garnett
    • Aroma: Prune, Fig, Vegetable
    • Palate: Dry/ +BODY, Blackberry
    • Structure: Medi Tannins, Medi Abv., Medi+Acid

CROUCHEN (W)

  • OLD WORLDFranceSouth-West
  • NEW WORLDSouth Africa   Australia

CORVA (G)

  • OLD WORLDItalyEmilia-Romangna(Indigenous)

CROVASSA (B)

OLD WORLDItalyValley d’Aosta(Donnas DOC.)

CROVINA (B)

OLD WORLDItalyLiguria(Punta Crena Estate), Friuli

*Cruina ( ? ) AKA=Corvina, Cassabria, Veronese

CRUVIN (W)

  • OLD WORLDItaly-Liguria(Colline Savonesi IGP.)
  • VITICULTUREAKA=Corvino(Friuli)

CRYSTAL (W)

  • OLD WORLDChina

*Csabagyongye (Hungary) AKA=Pearl of Casba

CSERSZEGI FUSZERES (W)

  • OLD WORLDHungary(Indigenous)
  • VITICULTUREX=Irsay Oliver & Gewurztraminer

CSOKASOLO (B)

  • OLD WORLDHungary(Indigenous)

*Cugnette (France/ Condieu) AKA=Jacqueyre

*Cupani ( ? ) AKA=Tempranillo, +48 Others

CYGNE BLANC (W)

  • OLD WORLDAustralia(Indigenous), Western Australia(Swan Valley GI.)
  • VITICULTUREX=Cabernet Sauvignon & ?

*Cynthiana ( ? ) AKA=Norton



**Refer to “BIBLIOGRAPHY/ Sources” For Details On Scholarly Works Referenced.