T


*Taddone (Portugal/ Setubal) AKA=Pelaverga, Carola, Cari, Fra Germano

TAI ROSSO (B)

  • OLD WORLD- Italy-Veneto(Colli Berici DOC.)Indigenous)

*Talia (Portugal/ Setubal) AKA=Ugni Blanc, Trebbiano Toscano, Procanico

*Tamaioasa Romaneasca (Romania) AKA=Muscat Blanc Petits Grains

TAMAREZ (G)

  • OLD WORLD- Portugal-Alentejo, Douro Valley
  • VINICULTURE- +BLENDED/ Port

TAMARIS VAZI (B)

  • OLD WORLD- Georgia(Indigenous)

TAMINGA (G)

  • OLD WORLD- Australia-Western Australia(Peel GI.)Crossed)
  • VINICULTURE- X=Gewurztraminer & Serbien 29-56
    • Structure- High Acid

TAMURRO (B)

  • OLD WORLD- Italy-Basilicata(Indigenous(Vulture DOC.)

*Tamyanka (Bulgaria) AKA=Muscat Blanc Petit Grain

TANNAT*(B)

  • OLD WORLD- Spain-Basque(Indigenous)   France-South-West(Madiran AOC./ Irouleguy AOC.)
    • Italy-Puglia, Alto Adige
  • NEW WORLD- Uruguay   Argentina   Brazil    Chile
    • America-California(Russian River AVA./ Paso Robles AVA.)MarylandVirginia
  • VITICULTURE- *PARENT-to-ArinarnoaEkigaina,  *RELATED-to-Manseng Noir
    • *CLONES/ 474, 474.1, 717, 717.1, 794
    • AKA=Beltza(Pais Vasco), Bordeleza, Harriague(Uruguay), Maidran, Moustrou
    • +RESISTANT/ Cold, Frost,  *BERRIES/ Small,  *RIPENER/ Mid-Late,  *SKIN/ Thick,  *YIELD/ Low
    • +Polyphenol/ +Resveratrol/ Procyanidins
    • ~Etymology~ Tannat, From the World Tannin…Referring to Its High Tannins… or
      • From Bearn(France) Dialect Tanat…Meaning Color Tan, Referring to Its Dark Berries.
  • VINICULTURE- +BLENDED/ Often,  +AGED/ Often
    • Sight: Full/
    • Aroma: Blackberry, Leather, Coffee, Licorice, Smoke
    • Palate: Dry/ +BODY, Black Plum
    • Structure: High Tannins, ABV., High Acid
      • FOOD PAIRING Sausage, Lamb
      • CHEESE PAIRING Roquefort

TARDIF (B)

  • OLD WORLD- France-South-West(Madiran AOC.)Indigenous)
  • VITICULTURE- *PROGENY-of-Pedebernade
  • VINICULTURE-
    • Sight: Opaque
    • Aroma: Tobacco
    • Palate: Blackberry
    • Structure: Medi+Tans

*Tardana (Spain/ Utiel-Requena DO.) AKA=Coma, Planta Nova

*Tarney (France/ Bordeaux) AKA=Tarny, Coulant, Petit-Fou

TARRANGO (B)

  • NEW WORLD- Australia-Western Australia(Peel GI.)Crossed)
  • VITICULTURE- X=Touriga & Sultan

TAUBERSCHWARZ (B)

  • OLD WORLD- Germany-Baden

TAKVERI (B)

  • OLD WORLD- Georgia(Indigenous)   Azerbaijan

TAZZELENGHE (B)

  • OLD WORLD- Italy-Friuli(Indigenous(Collio Orientali DOC.)
  • VITICULTURE- AKA=Refosco del Botton

TEAR DROPS (R)

  • NEW WORLD- America-California(Central Valley)
  • VITICULTURE- *USED/ Eating,  *BREED/ International Fruit Genetics and The Grapery @Bakersfield
    • *BERRIES/ Long, Tubular

TECA (P)

  • NEW WORLD- Spain-Aragon(Indigenous)

TEINTURIER Due CHER (T)

  • OLD WORLD- France-Loire Valley(Indigenous)
  • VITICULTURE- *PARENT-to-Petite Bouschet

TELTI KYRYK (W)

  • OLD WORLD- Armenia(Indigenous)   Ukraine(Odessa)

*Temjanika (Macedonia) AKA=Muscat Blanc a Petit Grains

TEMPRANILLO*(B) Ancient/ Historical Grape

  • OLD WORLD- Spain-Castile & Leon(Ribera del Duero DO.)Indigenous), Rioja   Portugal-Duoro   Italy   Turkey
  • NEW WORLD- America-California(Carneros AVA./ Santa Ynez AVA.), Oregon(Umpqua Valley AVA.)
    • Australia-Western Australia(Margaret River GI.)  Argentina-Mendoza(Uco Valley)   Brazil
    • Chile-Aconcagua Valley   Mexico
  • VITICULTURE- #3rd. Most Planted Grape Variety In the World.(2016)
    • X=Albillo Mayor & Benedicto,  *CLONES/ 770, 770.1, 776, 776.1
    • 2,000 Year Growing History In Iberian Peninsula.  MUTATIONS/ Tempranillo Blanco
    • *CLIMATE= Excels In Continental,  *BUDDER/ Early,  *RIPENER/ Early,  *BERRIES/ Small,  *SKIN/ Thick
    • +SUSCEPTIBLE/ Disease,  +RESISTANT/ Heat/ Drought
    • AKA=Albillo Negro, Aldepenas, Aragon, Aragones/ Aragonez(Alentejo), Arganda, Aruaxa, Cencibel(Valdepenas), Cencibera, Chinchillana(Extremadura), Cupani, Escobera, Garnacho Fono(South America), Jacibera, Juan Garcia, Negra de Mesa, Negretto, Ojo de Liebre, Pinuela, Santo Stefano(Tuscany), Tinta de Neva(Rueda), Tinta del Pais(Ribera del Duero), Tinto Fino, Tinto Madrid, Tinto Pais, Tinto Roriz(Douro), Tinta de Toro(Castilla-La Mancha), Ull Liebre, Valdepenas, Verdiell(Catalunya), Vid de Aranda(Burgos), +20 More
  • VINICULTURE- +AGED/ American Oak,  +BLENDED/ Port
      • Historically In Spain In the 1800’s American Oak Was More Available and Affordable Than Its French Oak. The Distinctive Character of American Oak Helped Shape the Historical Style of Spanish Tempranillo.  Today the Philosophy of Weather to Used American or French Oak is Left Up to the Winemaker and the Style They Want to Produce.
    • Sight: Hazy/ Ruby
    • Aroma: Plum, Leather, Herbs, Vanilla, Lavender, Saddle Sweat, Roasted Animal
    • Palate: Off-Dry/ Body, Sour Cherry, Black Berry
    • Structure: Medi+Tannins, ABV., Medi Acid
      • FOOD PAIRING Patella, Chorizo, Grilled Vegetables
      • CHEESE PAIRING Manchego(Classic), Aged Goat, Aged Sheep
  • CULTURE- ~Etymology~ Temprano Meaning Early, Referring to Its Early Ripening.
        • Or Tempranillo is Also a City In Northern Spain.

TEMPRANILLO BLANCO (W)

  • OLD WORLD- Spain-Rioja
  • VITICULTURE- *MUTATION/ Tempranillo
    • Discovered In 1988 In a Vineyard In Murillo de Rio Leza In Rioja.
  • VINICULTURE-
    • Sight: Full/
    • Aroma: Melon, Toasted Oak
    • Palate: Dry-Sweet/ +BODY, Pear
    • Structure: Medi Tans., ABV., Medi Acid

TEOULIER (B)

  • OLD WORLD- France-Provence(Manosque)Indigenous)   Portugal(Palette)
  • VITICULTURE- AKA=Petite Brun

*Teran (Slovenia) AKA=Refosco, Teran

TERBASH (B)

  • OLD WORLD- Turkey(Indigenous)

TERMARINA ROSSA (B)

  • OLD WORLD- Italy-Emilia-Romagna(Indigenous)

TEROLDEGO*(B) Ancient/ Historical Grape

  • OLD WORLD- Italy-Alto Adige(Rotaliano DOC.)Indigenous)/ Dolomiti IGT.)
  • NEW WORLD- America-California(Santa Maria AVA.), Oregon(Rogue Valley AVA.)
    • Australia-Western Australia(Margaret River GI.)
  • VITICULTURE- *PROGENY-of-Pinot,  X=Lagrein & ?
    • *RELATED-to-Dureza, Syrah, Refosco,  *PARENT-to-GosenLagrein,Rebo
    • *RIPENER/ Late,  *YIELD/ High
  • VINICULTURE-
    • Sight: Opaque/ Purple
    • Aroma: Raspberry
    • Palate:      /+BODY
    • Structure: Medi+Tannins, ABV., Medi+Acid

*Terrano (Slovenia/ Carso) AKA=Refosco, Teran

*Terrantez (Portugal/ Madeira) AKA=Folgasao

TERRANTEZ (B)

  • OLD WORLD- Portugal-Madeira(Indigenous)

TERRANTEZ DO PICO (W)

  • OLD WORLD- Portugal-Azores(Pico Island)Indigenous)
  • VITICULTURE- *PROGENY-of-Savagnin,  X=Verdelho & Trousseau?

*Terrantez da Terceira (Portugal/ Azores) AKA=Arinto dos Açores

TERRET RAMENEE (B)

  • OLD WORLD- France-Languedoc

TERRET NOIR (B)

  • OLD WORLD- France-Northern Rhone(Cote Rotie AOC.)Indigenous), Languedoc(Corbieres AOC./ Minervois AOC./ Nimes)
  • NEW WORLD- America-Central Coast(Paso Robles AVA.)
  • VITICULTURE- *YIELD/ High
  • VINICULTURE- +BLENDED/ Chateaneuf-du-Pape(One of 8 Reds/ 13 Grapes)
    • Sight:
    • Aroma: Floral, Spice
    • Palate:
    • Structure: Medi Tannins, ABV., High Acid

THEIAKO MAVRO (B)

  • OLD WORLD- Greece(Kefalonia Island)Indigenous)

THEILLY (W)

  • OLD WORLD- Italy-Valle d’Aosta(Indigenous)

*Theoulier (Provence) AKA=Teoulier

THIAKO (B)

  • OLD WORLD- Greece(Mantzavinato PGI.(Ionian Island)Indigenous)

THINIATIKO (B)

  • OLD WORLD- Greece(Indigenous)

THOMPSON SEEDLESS (W)

  • OLD WORLD- England   Cyprus   Iran   Isreal
  • NEW WORLD- America-California(Central Valley)
  • VITICULTURE- AKA=Lady de Coverly, Soltanina, Sultana, Sultaniye
  • VINICULTURE-
    • +USED/ Eating…Seedless Grapes Are a Result of Selective Breeding to Develop With Very Small Seeds or None at All. Called Stenospermocarpy, It’s What Causes Grapes to Be Seedless or Generates Underdeveloped Seeds.

THRAPSATHRI (W)

  • OLD WORLD- Greece-Aegean Islands(Crete)Indigenous)/ Ikaria PGI.)
  • VITICULTURE- *PARENT-to-Vidiano, AKA=Begleri
  • VINICULTURE-
    • Sight:
    • Aroma: Melon, Peach
    • Palate: Apple, Peach
    • Structure: Low Tannins, ABV., Medi Acid

TIBOUREN*(B)

  • OLD WORLD- France-Provence(Var/ St. Tropez)Indigenous? or Middle East)   Italy-Liguria
  • VITICULTURE- AKA=Rossese di Dolceacqua(Italy), Antibois, Geysserin(Germany)
    • *BUDDER/ Early,  *RIPENER/ Late

TIGRANI (B)

  • OLD WORLD- Armenia-Ararat(Indigenous)

TIMCO (R)

  • NEW WORLD- America-California(Central Valley)
  • VITICULTURE– AKA=Sheegene 13,  *BERRIES/ Seedless, Large, Oval
  • VINICULTURE +USED/ Eating, Raisin

TIMORASSO*(W)

  • OLD WORLD- Italy-Piemonte(Colli Tortonesi DOC.)Indigenous)
  • VITICULTURE- *SKIN/ Thick
  • VINICULTURE- +DISTILLED/ Grappa
    • Sight: Clear/ Hay
    • Aroma: Stone, Citrus, Floral, Nutty, Chamomile
    • Palate:         / +BODY, Pear, Apple(Green), Honey
    • Structure: Medi-Tannins, ABV., Medi+Acid
      • FOOD PAIRING Sauteed Chicken

TINTA AMARELA (B)

  • OLD WORLD- Portugal-Douro Valley(Baixo Corgo)Indigenous)
  • NEW WORLD- Australia-Victoria(Yarra Valley GI.)
  • VITICULTURE- AKA=Trincadera,  +RESISTANT/ Heat, Drought
  • VINICULTURE- +BLENDED/ Port

TINTA BARROCA (B)

  • OLD WORLD- Portugal-Douro Valley(Indigenous)
  • NEW WORLD- America-California(Rutherford AVA.)   South Africa
  • VITICULTURE- +RESISTANT/ Heat, Drought
  • VINICULTURE- +BLENDED/ Port

TINTA BASTARDINHA (B)

  • OLD WORLD- Portugal-Douro Valley(Indigenous)
  • VITICULTURE- +RESISTANT/ Heat/ Drought
  • VINICULTURE- +BLENDED/ Port

TINTA CAO (B)

  • OLD WORLD- Portugal-Douro Valley(Indigenous), Minho
  • NEW WORLD- Australia-Victoria(Yarra Valley GI./ Peel GI.)
  • VITICULTURE- AKA=Paderiro de Basto,  +RESISTANT/ Heat, Drought
  • VINICULTURE- +BLENDED/ Port
    • Structure: Medi+Tannins, ABV., Medi-Acid

TINTA CAIADA (B)

  • OLD WORLD- Portugal-Alentejo
  • VITICULTURE- AKA=Perraleta, Tinta Lameira

*Tinta Carvalha (Portugal/ Duoro) AKA=Rufete, Tinta Pinheira

TINTA CASTANAL (B)

  • OLD WORLD- Spain-Galicia(Rias Baixas DO.)

TINTA FONTES (B)

  • OLD WORLD- Portugal-Douro Valley(Indigenous)
  • VINICULTURE- +BLENDED/ Port

TINTA FRANCISCA (B)

  • OLD WORLD- Portugal-Douro Valley(Indigenous)
  • NEW WORLD- South Africa
  • VITICULTURE- +RESISTANT/ Heat, Drought
  • VINICULTURE- +BLENDED/ Port

*Tinta Lameira (            ) AKA=Tint Caiada

*Tinta Madeira (          ) AKA=Negramoll

*Tinta Miuda (Portugal/ Ribatejo) AKA=Graciano

TINTA NEGRA MOLE (B)

  • OLD WORLD- Portugal-MadeiraAlgraves
  • VITICULTURE- AKA=Preto Martinho
  • VINICULTURE- +BLENDED/ Madeira
    • Structure: High Acid

TINTA PENAJOIA (B)

  • OLD WORLD- Portugal-Douro Valley(Indigenous)
  • VITICULTURE- +RESISTANT/ Heat, Drought
  • VINICULTURE- +BLENDED/ Port

*Tinta Pinheira (  ? ) AKA=Rufete, Tinta Carvalha

*Tinta Roriz (Douro) AKA=Tempranillo, +48 Others

TINTA TABUACO (B)

  • OLD WORLD- Portugal-Douro Valley(Indigenous)
  • VITICULTURE- +RESISTANT/ Heat/ Drought
  • VINICULTURE- +BLENDED/ Port

*Tinto Fino (Spain/ Ribero del Duero) AKA=Tempranillo, +48 Others

*Tinto Madrid (Spain/ Penedes, Rioja) AKA=Tempranillo, +48 Others

TINTO MARTINS (B)

  • OLD WORLD- Portugal-Douro Valley(Indigenous)
  • VITICULTURE- +RESISTANT/ Heat, Drought
  • VINICULTURE- +BLENDED/ Port

*Tinto Pais (Spain/ Ribero del Duero) AKA=Tempranillo, +48 Others

*Tinto Toro (Spain/ Toro/ Penedes) AKA=Tempranillo, +48 Others

TINTO VELASCO (B)

  • OLD WORLD- Spain-Castille La Mancha(Indigenous(La Mancha DO.)

TINTILIA (B)

  • OLD WORLD- Italy-Molise(Tintilia del Molise DOC./ Osco IGP.)
    • Spain-Canary Island(Gran Canaria DO.)
  • VINICULTURE
    • Sight:
    • Aroma: Musty
    • Palate: Cherry
    • Structure: Medi Tannins, ABV., Medi Acid

TINTINHA (B)

  • OLD WORLD- Portugal-Douro Valley
  • VITICULTURE- X=Aramon Noir & Teinturier du Cher,  AKA=Petit Bouschet

TINTORE Di TRAMONTI (T)

  • OLD WORLD- Italy-Campania(Indigenous(Costera Amalfi DOC.)

*Tocai Fruilano (Italy/ Fruli) AKA=Sauvignonasse, Sauvignon Vert

*Tokay (Australia) AKA=Muscadelle, Muscat(Alsace), Rutherglen Topaque(Rutherglen)

*Tokay d’Alsace (France/ Alsace) AKA=Pinot Gris

*Tondo (Italy/ Veneto) AKA=Glera, Prosecco

TORBATO*(W)

  • OLD WORLD- Italy-Sardegna(Indigenous)/ Alghero DOC.)   France-Roussillon
  • VITICULTURE- AKA=Tourbat, Malvoisie du Roussillon
    • +SUSCEPTIBLE/ Powdery Mildew, Leaf Fan Virus
  • VINICULTURE-
    • Sight: Straw
    • Aroma: Lemon, Blossom, Bay Leaf
    • Palate: Pear
    • Structure: Medi-Tannins, ABV., Medi+Acid
      • FOOD PAIRING… Oysters, Clam Spaghetti

*Torontel (Chile) AKA=Torrontes, Muscatel Amarillo/ Austria

TORRONTES (W) Ancient/ Historical Grape

  • OLD WORLD- Spain-Galicia(Indigenous)
  • VITICULTURE- AKA=Albillo Mayor
    • **Although Debated Torrontes Grown On Spain Isn’t the Same as the Torrontes Grown In Argentina.

TORRONTES*(W)

  • OLD WORLD- ?
  • NEW WORLD- ArgentinaMendoza(Uco Valley GI.),  La Rioja(Salta GI.),  San Juan(Famatina Valley GI.)    ChileMendoza    Bolivia   America-California(Alta Mesa AVA.)   England
  • VITICULTURE*RIPENS/ Early,  *SKIN/ Thick
    • **Considered Not to Be One Grape But a Group/ Family of Grapes Know as Torrontes.
    • **Although Debated Torrontes Grown On Argentina Isn’t the Same as the Torrontes Grown In Spain.
    • AKA=Muscatel Amarillo, Muscatel de Austria, Samaipata(Bolivia), Torontel, Torrontes Saltano
  • VINICULTURE- Young Torrontes is Highly Aromatic, Has High Acidity, Elevated Alcohol.
      • +USED/ Brandy/ Pisco(Chile)
    • Sight: Clear/ Golden
    • Aroma: White Peach, Rose Petal, Tangerine, Lily,  +MONOTERPENES
    • Palate: Off-Dry/ +BODY, Citrus, Mineral
    • Structure: Medi Tannins, ABV., High Acid
      • FOOD PAIRING Sea-Food, Tex Mex, Pork Chops, Asian/ Chicken Satay
      • CHEESE PAIRING Feta, Asiago, Swiss, Gruyere
  • TORRONTES MENDOCINO (W)
    • NEW WORLD- Argentina-Mendoza(Native)(Uco Valley)    Uruguay
    • VITICULTURE- X=Muscat Alexandria & Criolla
      • ~Etymology~ Named Mendocino From Mendoza Region Where it  Was First Cultivated.
    • VINICULTURE- **Considered to Be the Least Aromatic of the 3 Varieties. Smallest Clusters.
  • TORRONTES RIOJANO (W)
    • NEW WORLDArgentinaLa Rioja(Native), Salta
    • VITICULTURE- X=Muscat Alexandria & Criolla Chica or Uva Negra
      • ~Etymology~ Named Riojano From La Rioja Region Where it Was First Cultivated.
    • VINICULTURE- **Considered to Be the Highest Quality of the 3 Varieties.
  • TORRONTES SANJUANINO (W)
    • NEW WORLD- ArgentinaSan Juan(Native)(Famatina Valley GI.)
    • VITICULTURE- X=Muscat Alexandria & Criolla
      • ~Etymology~ Named Sanjuanino From San Juan Region Where it Was First Cultivated.

TORRONTEZ Do PICO (B)

  • OLD WORLD- Portugal-Madera(Indigenous)(Pico DO.)
  • VINICULTURE-
    • **Although Similar In Name Torrontez Do Pico Isn’t Related to Torrontes.
  • VINICULTURE-
    • Sight:            Aroma: Earthy, Herbal
    • Palate:           Stucture:

*Tortosi (Spain/ Valencia ) AKA=Bobal Blanco

TORYSA (B)

  • OLD WORLD- Slovakia(Indigenous)

*Tourbat (France/ Roussillon) AKA=Torbato, Malvoisie du Roussillon

TOURIGA BRANCA (W)

  • OLD WORLD- Portugal-Douro Valley(Indigenous)
  • VINICULTURE- +BLENDED/ Port(White)

TOURIGA FEMEA (B)

  • OLD WORLD- Portugal-Douro Valley(Indigenous)
  • VINICULTURE- +BLENDED/ Port

TOURIGA FRANCO (B)

  • OLD WORLD- Portugal-Douro Valley(Indigenous)
  • VITICULTURE- AKA=Touriga Francesa,  *PARENT-to-Touriga Nacional
    • +RESISTANT/ Heat/ Drought
  • VINICULTURE- +BLENDED/ Port

*Touriga Francesa (Portugal) AKA=Touriga Franco

TOURIGA NACIONAL*(B) Ancient/ Historical Grape

  • OLD WORLD- Portugal-Dao(Indigenous), Douro Valley,  Spain-Catalunya(Priorat DOCa.)   France-Bordeaux(Cotes de Bordeaux AOC.)
  • NEW WORLD- America-California(Rutherford AVA./ Paso Robles AVA.)   Brazil-Rio Grande do Sul   Argentina-Mendoza(Uco Valley)  Australia-South Australia(Barossa Valley GI.)
  • VITICULTURE-  X= Touriga Franca & ?,  *PARENT-to-Touriga Francesa, Tarrango
    • AKA=Azal Espanhol, Bical Tinto, Carabunera(Ribeiro), Mortagua(Dao), Touriga(Australia), Tourigao
    • +RESISTANT/ Heat/ Drought,  +SUSCEPTIBLE/ Powdery Mildew, Botrytis
    • *VIGOR/ High,  *YIELDS/ Low,  *CLUSTERS/ Small,  *SKIN/ Thick,   *BERRIES/ Small
    • ~Etymology~ Named After the Village of Tourigo In Doa, Portugal.
  • VINICULTURE- Still Wine   +BLENDED/ Port
    • Sight: Opaque/ Purple to Black
    • Aroma: Blackberry, Violet, Pepper, Licorice
    • Palate: Sweet to Dry/ +BODY, Cherry, Plum
    • Structure: High Tannins, ABV., Medi+Acid
      • FOOD PAIRING Meat, Ribs, Steak
      • CHEESE PAIRING Cabraes PDO.(Blue/ Asturias, Spain)

*Tourigao (Portugal ) AKA=Touriga Nacional

TOURKOPOULA (P)

  • OLD WORLDGreeceCorfu(Indigenous)

TOZOT (B)

  • OLD WORLD- Armenia-Vayots Dzor(Indigenous)
  • VITICULTURE- ~Etymology~ Meaning Dusky, Referring to the Bloom it Accumulates.

*Trajadura (Portugal) AKA=Treixadura

*Traminec (Slovenia) AKA=Gewurtztraminer, Traminer, Savagnin, Heida/ Paien, Nature, Princ

TRAMINER (W)Ancient/ Historical Grape

  • OLD WORLD- Italy/ Austria(Indigenous)   Germany   Switzerland   France-Jura
  • NEW WORLD- ?
  • VITICULTURE– *PARENT-to-Gewurztraminer, Rotgipfler
    • *GENETICALLY UNSTABLE- Traminer/ Savagnin Regarded as a Family of  Related Clones and Not Distinct Varieties
    • AKA=Savagnin, Heida/ Paien, Nature, Nuernberger, Princ, Traminec

*Traminer Aromatico (Italy/ Alto Adige) AKA=Gewurtztraminer, Traminer, Nuernberger, Savagnin

TRAMINETTE* (W)

  • OLD WORLD- ?
  • NEW WORLD- America-Arizona(Yavapai County), New York(Finger Lakes AVA.)Pennsylvania, North Carolina(Yadkin Valley AVA.)
  • VITICULTURE- *HYBRID-French-American,  X=Gewurztraminer & Seyve 23 416
    • (Breed 1996),  +RESISTANT/ Fungal Disease, Cold
  • VINICULTURE-
    • Sight: Clear/ Golden
    • Aroma: Peach, Stone Fruit, Creme Brulee
    • Palate: Apricot
    • Structure: Medi-Tannin, ABV., Medi+Acid
  • CULTURE- State Grape Indiana
    • FOOD PAIRING Asian

TRBLJAN (W)

  • OLD WORLD- Croatia-Zadar(Indigenous)
  • VITICULTURE- AKA=Kuc

TREBBIANO D’ABRUZZO*(W) Ancient/ Historical Grape

  • OLD WORLD- Italy(Indigenous)   France
  • VITICULTURE- #9th. Most Planted Grape Variety In the World.(2016)
    • AKA=Ugni Blanc, Procanico, Trebbiano Abruzzese, Trebbiano Toscano
    • **Considered Not to Be One Grape But a Group/ Family of Grapes Know as Trebbiano.
    • ~Etymology~ From the Latin Vinum Trebulanum, Meaning Vigorous Shoot…Referring to Its Vigor.
  • VINICULTURE +DISTILLED/ Cognac
    • Sight:
    • Aroma:
    • Palate:
    • Structure: Low Tannin, ABV., High Acid

TREBBIANO GIALLO (W)

*Trebbiano Lugano (Italy/ Lugano) AKA=Verdicchio, Trebbiano Soave, Turbiano, Verdicchio

TREBBIANO MODENESE (W)

  • OLD WORLD- Italy-Emila-Romagna(Modena DOC.)Indigenous)
  • VINICULTURE- +USED/ Balsamic Vinegar

TREBBIANO ROMAGNOLO (W)

*Trebbiano Soave (Italy/ Soave) AKA=Verdicchio(Biotype), Trebbiano Lugano, Turbiano

*Trebbiano Toscano (Italy/ Tuscany) AKA=Trebbiano d’Abruzzo, Ungi Blanc, Procanico, Talia

TREIXADURA*(W)

  • OLD WORLD- Portugal-Minho   Spain-Galicia(Indigenous)
  • NLD WORLD-  ?
  • VITICULTURE- *PARENT-to-Abaca,  AKA=Trajadura
  • VINICULTURE- +BLENDED/ Vinho Verde
    • Sight: Clear/ Gold
    • Aroma: Honey
    • Palate:
    • Structure: Medi Tannins, ABV., High Acid

TREPADELL (W)

  • OLD WORLD- Spain-Valencia(Indigenous(Alicante DO.)

TREPAT*(B)

  • OLD WORLD- Spain-Catalunya(Conca de Barbera DO.)
    • Italy-Lazio(Orvieto DOC./ Fresati DOC.)
  • VITICULTURE- AKA=Bonicaire
  • VINICULTURE+USED/ BLENDEDCava Rose
    • Sight: Opaque/ Ruby
    • Aroma: Pomegranate
    • Palate: Dry/ Body, Strawberry
    • Structure: Low Tannins, –ABV., Medi Acid

TRESSALLIER (W)

  • OLD WORLD- France(St-Pourcain/ Yonne)
  • VITICULTURE- AKA=Stacy

TRESSOT (B)

  • OLD WORLD- France-Burgundy(Chablis)Indigenous)
  • VITICULTURE- X=Duras & Petit Verdot,  AKA=Tresseau

TREVISANA NERA (B)

  • OLD WORLD- Italy-Alto-Adige(Dolomiti IGT.)
  • VITICULTURE- AKA=Refosco de Guarnieri

*Tribidrag (Croatia) AKA=Zinfandel, Primitivo, Pribidrag, Kratosija, Crljenak Kastelanski

TRIOMPHE (B)

  • OLD WORLD- France(Indigenous)   England
  • VITICULTURE- *HYBRID-American/ France,  *PROGENY-of-Vitis Riparia

TRIUMPH (B)

  • NEW WORLD- America
  • VITICULTURE- *American=X=Fry & GA-29-49
    • *PARENT-to-Bailey, Carman, Extra, Rommel
    • +RESISTANT/ Disease, Heat,  *VIGOR/ High

*Trincadeira (Portugal/ Tejo) AKA=Tinta Amarela

TRIUNFO (B)

  • OLD WORLD- Portugal-Madeira, Algarve

TRNJAK (B)

  • OLD WORLD- Croatia-Dalmatinska(Zagora)Indigenous)  Bosnia-Herzegovina

*Trobat Blanc (         ) AKA=Alcanon

*Trollinger (Germany) AKA=Schiava(Italy), Vernatsch(Austria), Blauer Gelbhoelzer

TRONTO (B)

  • OLD WORLD- Italy-Campania(Costa d’Amalfi DOC.)Indigenous)

*Trouchet (France) AKA=Cabernet Franc, Cot

TROUSSEAU*(B)

  • OLD WORLD- France-Jura(Arbois AOC.)Indigenous)   
    • Portugal-Douro ValleyMadeira Islands   Spain-Galicia(Ribeira Sacra DO.)
  • NEW WORLD- America-California(Clear Lake AVA./ Russian River AVA./ San Benito AVA.), Oregon(Dundee Hills AVA.)   
    • Argentina-Patagonia   Australia-South Australia(Barossa Valley GI./ McLaren Vale GI.)
  • VITICULTURE- X=Savagnin & ?,  AKA=Bastardo(Portugal), Cabernet Pfeffer, Carnaz(Galicia), Merenzao(Bierzo), Maturana Tinta, Roibal, Tintilla, Verdego Negro(Spain) +25 Others
    • *BUDDER/ Early,  *RIPENER/ Early,  *VIGOR/ High,  *YIELDS/ Low,  *SKIN/ Thick
    • *CLIMATE= Excels In Cool Climate,  +RESISTANT/ Cold,  +SUSCEPTIBLE/ Disease, Botrytis
  • VINICULTURE-  +BLENDED/ Port,  Madeira,  Cremant du Jura,  Macvin du Jura
    • Sight: Hazy, Ruby
    • Aroma: Sour Cherry, Cranberry, Earthy, Savory/ Jerky, Violet
    • Palate: Dry/ -Body, Raspberry, Strawberry
    • Structure: Medi Tannins, +ABV., Medi+ Acid
      • FOOD PAIRING… Grilled Salmon, Chicken w/ Mushrooms     
      • CHEESE PAIRINGComte

TROUSSEAU GRI*(B)

  • OLD WORLD- France
  • NEW WORLD- AmericaCalifornia(Russian River AVA.), Oregon
  • VITICULTURE- *MUTATION-of-Trousseau,  AKA=Grey Riesling(California)

*Troyen (  ?  ) AKA=Peurion

TSAOUSSI (W)

  • OLD WORLD- Greece(Kefalonia Island)Indigenous)/ Cephalonia)
  • VINICULTURE- +BLENDED/ Robol

*Tsapournako (Greece/ Macedonia) AKA=Cabernet Franc, Acheria(Basque), Bouchet(St. Emilion), Breton(Loire Valley), Carmenet(Medoc), Trouchet Noir

*Tsardana ( ? ) AKA=Romeiko

*Tsigello ( ? ) AKA=Mavrodaphne

TSIMLADAR (B)

  • OLD WORLD- Russia

TSIMLYANSKY CHERNY (B)

  • OLD WORLD- Russia(Vedernikov/ Tsimlyansky)Indigenous)

TSITSKA (W)

  • OLD WORLD- Georgia(Indigenous)
  • VITICULTURE- *RIPENER/ Late

TSKHENIS DZUA SHAVI (R)

  • OLD WORLD- Georgia(Indigenous)

TSKHENIS DZUA TETRI (W)

  • OLD WORLD- Georgia(Indigenous)
  • VITICULTURE- ~Etymology~ Horse Breast White…Referring to ?

TSOLIKAURI (W)

  • OLD WORLD- Georgia(Indigenous)
  • VINICULTURE- +BLENDED/ Krakuna

TSULUKIDZIS TETRA (G)

  • OLD WORLD- Georgia(Indigenous)

TUO XIAN (P)

  • NEW WORLD- China

TURCA (B)

  • OLD WORLD- Italy-Veneta(Indigenous), Trentino

TURCHETTA (B)

  • OLD WORLD- ItalyCompania(Bagnoli DOC.), Veneto

TURAN (B)

  • OLD WORLD- Hungary-Eger(Indigenous)
  • NEW WORLD- America-Washington(Puget Sound AVA.)
  • VITICULTURE- AKA=Agria(America)
  • VINICULTURE- +BLENDED/ Bulls Blood

*Turbiana (Italy/ Lugana) AKA=VerdicchioTrebbiano Lugano, Trebbiano Soave, Verdicchio

*Turca ( ?  ) AKA=Douce Noire

TURRUNTES De RIOJA (W)

  • OLD WORLD- SpainRioja
  • VINICULTURE-
    • Sight: Clear/ Yellow
    • Aroma: Apple, Grass
    • Palate: Apple
    • Structure: Low Tannins, ABV., Medi+ Acid

TYRIAN (B)

  • NEW WORLD- Australia(Indigenous)New South Wales(Riverina GI.)
  • VITICULTURE- X=Cabernet Sauvignon & Sumoll

TZIMILIANSKY BELYI (G)

  • OLD WORLD- Russia(Indigenous)
    • *PARENT-t0-Harslevelu


**Refer to BIBLIOGRAPHY/ Sources For Details On Scholarly Works Referenced.