T


  • LENGEND:
    1. RED COLOR NAMES (Signify Official Grape Name.)
    2. BLUE COLOR NAMES (Signify Synonym Grape Names.)
    3. BLACK COLOR NAMES (Signify Grapes With Not Enough Information.)

*Taddone (Portugal/ Setubal) AKA=Pelaverga, Carola, Cari, Fra Germano

TAI ROSSO (R)

  • OLD WORLD- Italy-Veneto(Colli Berici DOC.)Indigenous)

*Talia (Portugal/ Setubal) AKA=Trebbiano Toscano(Italy), Ugni Blanc(France), Procanico

TALISMAN (W)

  • OLD WORLD- Russia   Ukraine
  • NEW WORLD- America
  • VITICULTURE- X= ? & ?
    • *PARENT-t0-Ivanka, Marselo, Pamyati Uchitelya, Sicilia, Skazka
  • VINICULTURE- +USED/ Eating, Table

TALTOS (W)

  • OLD WORLD- Hungary-(Etyek-Buda)
  • VINICULTURE- X=Blaufrankisch & Kekmedoc

*Tamaioasa Romaneasca (Romania) AKA=Muscat Blanc a Petits Grains(France), Bela Dinka(Hungary), Gelber Muskateller(Germany), Moscadello(Montalcino), Muscat de Frontignan(South Africa), Moscato Bianco(Italy), Moschoudi(Greece), Muscat Brown(Australia), Muskateller(Austria), Sarga Muskataly(Tokaj), Temjanika(Serbia)

TAMAREZ (W)

  • OLD WORLD- Portugal-Alentejo, Douro Valley
  • VITICULTURE- X= ? & ?,  *PARENT-to-Dona Joaquina
  • VINICULTURE- +BLENDED/ Port

TAMARIS VAZI (R)

  • OLD WORLD- Georgia(Indigenous)

TAMINGA (W)

  • OLD WORLD- Australia-Western Australia(Peel GI.)Crossed)
  • VINICULTURE- X=Gewurztraminer & Serbien 29-56
    • Structure- High Acid

TAMURRO (R)

  • OLD WORLD- Italy-Basilicata(Indigenous(Vulture DOC.)

*Tamyanka (Bulgaria) AKA=Muscat Blanc Petit Grain, Moscato, +15 More

TANNAT*(R)

  • OLD WORLD- Spain-Basque(Indigenous)   France-South-West(Madiran AOC./ Irouleguy AOC.)
    • Italy-Puglia, Alto Adige
  • NEW WORLD- Uruguay   Argentina   Brazil    Chile
    • America-California(Russian River AVA./ Paso Robles AVA.)MarylandVirginia
  • VITICULTURE- *PARENT-to-ArinarnoaEkigaina,  *RELATED-to-Manseng Noir
    • *CLONES/ 474, 474.1, 717, 717.1, 794
    • AKA=Beltza(Pais Vasco), Bordeleza, Harriague(Uruguay), Maidran, Moustrou
    • *BERRIES/ Small,  *RIPENER/ Mid-Late,  *SKIN/ Thick,  *YIELD/ Low
    • +RESISTANT/ Cold, Frost,  
    • +Polyphenol/ +Resveratrol/ Procyanidins
    • ~Etymology~ Tannat, From the World Tannin…Referring to Its High Tannins… or
      • From Bearn(France) Dialect Tanat…Meaning Color Tan, Referring to Its Dark Berries.
  • VINICULTURE- +BLENDED/ Often,  +AGED/ Often
    • Sight: Full/
    • Aroma: Blackberry, Leather, Coffee, Licorice, Smoke
    • Palate: Dry/ +BODY, Black Plum
    • Structure: High Tannins, ABV., High Acid
      • FOOD PAIRING… Sausage, Lamb
      • CHEESE PAIRING… Roquefort
  • CULTURE- ~International Tannat Day~ (April 14th.)

TARCALI KEK (R)

  • OLD WORLD- Hungary(Indigenous)

TARDIF (R)

  • OLD WORLD- France-South-West(Madiran AOC.)Indigenous)
  • VITICULTURE- *PROGENY-of-Pedebernade
  • VINICULTURE-
    • Sight: Opaque
    • Aroma: Tobacco
    • Palate: Blackberry
    • Structure: Medi+Tans

*Tardana (Spain/ Utiel-Requena DO.) AKA=Coma, Planta Nova

*Tarney (France/ Bordeaux) AKA=Tarny, Coulant, Petit-Fou

TARRANGO (R)

  • NEW WORLD- Australia-Western Australia(Peel GI.)Crossed)
  • VITICULTURE- X=Touriga & Sultan

TAUBERSCHWARZ (R)

  • OLD WORLD- Germany-Baden

TAVKVERI (R)

  • OLD WORLD- Georgia(Indigenous)   Azerbaijan

TAYLOR (W)

  • OLD WORLD- America
  • VITICULTURE- *HYBRID-X=Vitis Riparia & Vitis Labrusca

TAZZELENGHE (R)

  • OLD WORLD- Italy-Friuli(Indigenous(Collio Orientali DOC.)
  • VITICULTURE- AKA=Refosco del Botton

TEAR DROPS (R)

  • NEW WORLD- America-California(Central Valley)
  • VITICULTURE- *BREED/ International Fruit Genetics and The Grapery @Bakersfield
    • *USED/ Eating,  *BERRIES/ Long, Tubular

TECA (R)

  • NEW WORLD- Spain-Aragon(Indigenous)

TEINTURIER Due CHER (R)

  • OLD WORLD- France-Loire Valley(Indigenous)
  • VITICULTURE- *PARENT-to-Petite Bouschet, AKA=Du Cher
    • *JUICE/ Teinturier– Black Skin Grape With Dark Pulp

TELTI KYRYK (W)

  • OLD WORLD- Armenia(Indigenous)   Ukraine(Odessa)

*Temjanika (Serbia) AKA=Muscat Blanc a Petits Grains(France), Bela Dinka(Hungary), Gelber Muskateller(Germany), Moscadello(Montalcino), Muscat de Frontignan(South Africa), Moscato Bianco(Italy), Moschoudi(Greece), Muscat Brown(Australia), Muskateller(Austria), Sarga Muskataly(Tokaj), Tamaioasa Romaneasca(Romania)

TEMPRANILLO*(R) Ancient/ Historical Grape

  • OLD WORLD- Spain-Castile & Leon(Ribera del Duero DO.)Indigenous), Rioja   Portugal-Duoro   Italy   Turkey
  • NEW WORLD- America-California(Carneros AVA./ Santa Ynez AVA.), Oregon(Umpqua Valley AVA.)
    • Australia-Western Australia(Margaret River GI.)  Argentina-Mendoza(Uco Valley)   Brazil
    • Chile-Aconcagua Valley   Mexico
  • VITICULTURE- #3rd. Most Planted Grape Variety In the World.(2016)
    • X=Albillo Mayor & Benedicto,  *CLONES/ 770, 770.1, 776, 776.1
    • 2,000 Year Growing History In Iberian Peninsula.  MUTATIONS/ Tempranillo Blanco
    • *CLIMATE= Excels In Continental,  *BUDDER/ Early,  *RIPENER/ Early
    • *BERRIES/ Small,  *SKIN/ Thick,  +MUTATIONS/ Tempranillo Bianco
    • +SUSCEPTIBLE/ Disease,  +RESISTANT/ Heat/ Drought
    • AKA=Albillo Negro, Aldepenas, Aragon, Aragones/ Aragonez(Alentejo), Arganda, Aruaxa, Cencibel(Valdepenas), Cencibera, Chinchillana(Extremadura), Cupani, Escobera, Garnacho Fono(South America), Jacibera, Juan Garcia, Negra de Mesa, Negretto, Ojo de Liebre, Pinuela, Santo Stefano(Tuscany), Tinta de Neva(Rueda), Tinta del Pais(Ribera del Duero), Tinto Fino, Tinto Madrid, Tinto Pais, Tinto Roriz(Douro), Tinta de Toro(Castilla-La Mancha), Ull Liebre, Valdepenas, Verdiell(Catalunya), Vid de Aranda(Burgos), +20 More
  • VINICULTURE- +AGED/ American Oak,  +BLENDED/ Port
      • Historically In Spain In the 1800’s American Oak Was More Available and Affordable Than Its French Oak. The Distinctive Character of American Oak Helped Shape the Historical Style of Spanish Tempranillo.  Today the Philosophy of Weather to Used American or French Oak is Left Up to the Winemaker and the Style They Want to Produce.
    • Sight: Hazy/ Ruby
    • Aroma: Plum, Leather, Herbs, Vanilla, Lavender, Saddle Sweat, Roasted Animal
    • Palate: Off-Dry/ Body, Sour Cherry, Black Berry
    • Structure: Medi+Tannins, ABV., Medi Acid
      • FOOD PAIRING… Patella, Chorizo, Grilled Vegetables
      • CHEESE PAIRING… Manchego(Classic), Aged Goat, Aged Sheep
  • CULTURE- ~International Tempranillo Day~ (November 12th., 2nd. Thursday)
    • ~Etymology~ Temprano Meaning Early, Referring to Its Early Ripening.
        • Or Tempranillo is Also a City In Northern Spain.

TEMPRANILLO BLANCO*(W)

  • OLD WORLD- Spain-Rioja
  • VITICULTURE- +MUTATION/ Tempranillo
    • Discovered In 1988 In a Vineyard In Murillo de Rio Leza In Rioja.
    • *CLUSTERS/ Small
  • VINICULTURE- +USED/ Rioja Bianco
    • Sight: Hazy/ Golden
    • Aroma: Melon, Tropical 
    • Palate: Dry/ +BODY, Pear
    • Structure: Medi-Tans., ABV., Medi Acid

TEMPRANILLO PELUDO (R)

  • OLD WORLD- Spain-Rioja

*Teneron (Morocco) AKA=Bebe

TEOULIER (R)

  • OLD WORLD- France-Provence(Manosque)Indigenous)   Portugal(Palette)
  • VITICULTURE- AKA=Petite Brun

*Teran (Slovenia) AKA=Refosco(Italy), Teran

TERBASH (R)

  • OLD WORLD- Turkey(Indigenous)

TERMARINA ROSSA (R)

  • OLD WORLD- Italy-Emilia-Romagna(Indigenous)

TEROLDEGO*(R) Ancient/ Historical Grape

  • OLD WORLD- Italy-Alto Adige(Rotaliano DOC.)Indigenous)/ Dolomiti IGT.)
  • NEW WORLD- America-California(Santa Maria AVA.), Oregon(Rogue Valley AVA.)
    • Australia-Western Australia(Margaret River GI.)
  • VITICULTURE- *PROGENY-of-Pinot,  X= & ?
    • *RELATED-to-Dureza, Syrah, Refosco,  *PARENT-to-GosenLagreinRebo
    • *RIPENER/ Late,  *YIELD/ High
  • VINICULTURE-
    • Sight: Opaque/ Purple
    • Aroma: Raspberry
    • Palate:      /+BODY
    • Structure: Medi+Tannins, ABV., Medi+Acid

*Terrano (Slovenia/ Carso) AKA=Refosco(Italy), Teran

*Terrantez (Portugal/ Madeira) AKA=Folgasao

TERRANTEZ (R)

  • OLD WORLD- Portugal-Madeira(Indigenous)

TERRANTEZ DO PICO (W)

  • OLD WORLD- Portugal-Azores(Pico Island)Indigenous)
  • VITICULTURE- *PROGENY-of-Savagnin,  X=Verdelho & Trousseau?

*Terrantez da Terceira (Portugal/ Azores) AKA=Arinto dos Açores

TERRAS 20 (R)

  • OLD WORLD- France-South-West France
  • VITICULTURE- *HIBRID-X=Alicante Bouschet & Rupestris Monticola

*Terre Promise (Portugal) AKA=Neheleschol, Eparce/ Eparse, Promissao

TERRET BLANC (W)

  • OLD WORLD- France-Languedoc(Minervois AOC.)
  • VITICULTURE- *CLONES/ 1071, 1072,  *CLUSTERS/Large,  *BERRIES/ Medium

TERRET NOIR*(R)

  • OLD WORLD- France-Northern Rhone(Cote Rotie AOC.)Indigenous), Languedoc(Corbieres AOC./ Minervois AOC./ Nimes)
  • NEW WORLD- America-Central Coast(Paso Robles AVA.), South Coast(San Pasqual AVA.)
  • VITICULTURE- +MUTATIONS/ Terret Blanc, Terret Gris,  *YIELD/ High
  • VINICULTURE- +BLENDED/ Chateaneuf-du-Pape(One of 8 Reds/ 13 Grapes)
    • Sight: Murky/
    • Aroma: Raspberry, Strawberry, Floral, Spice
    • Palate: 
    • Structure: Medi Tannins, ABV., High Acid

TERRET RAMENEE (R)

  • OLD WORLD- France-Languedoc

THEIAKO MAVRO (R)

  • OLD WORLD- Greece(Kefalonia Island)Indigenous)

THEILLY (W)

  • OLD WORLD- Italy-Valle d’Aosta(Indigenous)

*Theoulier (Provence) AKA=Teoulier

THERONA (W)

  • OLD WORLD- South Africa
  • VITICULTURE- X=Chenin Blanc & Crouchen,  AKA=Therona Riesling,  *RIPENER/ Early

THIAKO (R)

  • OLD WORLD- Greece(Mantzavinato PGI.(Ionian Island)Indigenous)

THINIATIKO (R)

  • OLD WORLD- Greece(Indigenous)

THOMPSON SEEDLESS (W)

  • OLD WORLD- England   Cyprus   Iran   Isreal
  • NEW WORLD- America-California(Central Valley)
  • VITICULTURE- AKA=Lady de Coverly, Soltanina, Sultana, Sultaniye
    • *PARENT-to-Himrod
    • ~Etymology~ Names After William Thompson a Scottish Immigrant Who Propagated and Interbreed Grape Varieties Eventually Creating the Seedless Grape.
  • VINICULTURE-
    • +USED/ Eating/ Table…Seedless Grapes Are a Result of Selective Breeding to Develop With Very Small Seeds or None at All. Called Stenospermocarpy, It’s What Causes Grapes to Be Seedless or Generates Underdeveloped Seeds.

THRAPSATHRI (W)

  • OLD WORLD- Greece-Aegean Islands(Crete)Indigenous)/ Ikaria PGI.)
  • VITICULTURE- *PARENT-to-Vidiano, AKA=Begleri
  • VINICULTURE-
    • Sight:
    • Aroma: Melon, Peach
    • Palate: Apple, Peach
    • Structure: Low Tannins, ABV., Medi Acid

TIBOUREN*(R)

  • OLD WORLD- France-Provence(Var/ St. Tropez)   Mesopotamia(Indigenous)   Italy-Liguria
  • VITICULTURE- AKA=Rossese di Dolceacqua(Italy), Antibois, Geysserin(Germany)
    • *BUDDER/ Early,  *RIPENER/ Late
  • CULTURE- ~Etymology~ Named After the Tiber River Which is Near to the Grapes Origin.

TIGRANI (R)

  • OLD WORLD- Armenia-Ararat(Indigenous)

TIHANYI KEK (R)

  • OLD WORLD- Hungary(Indigenous)
  • VITICULTURE- ~Etymology~ Blue From Tihany

TIMCO (R)

  • NEW WORLD- America-California(Central Valley)
  • VITICULTURE– AKA=Sheegene 13,  *BERRIES/ Seedless, Large, Oval
  • VINICULTURE +USED/ Eating, Raisin

TIMORASSO*(W)

  • OLD WORLD- Italy-Piemonte(Colli Tortonesi DOC.)Indigenous)
  • VITICULTURE- *SKIN/ Thick
  • VINICULTURE- +DISTILLED/ Grappa
    • Sight: Clear/ Hay
    • Aroma: Stone, Citrus, Floral, Nutty, Chamomile
    • Palate:         / +BODY, Pear, Apple(Green), Honey
    • Structure: Medi-Tannins, ABV., Medi+Acid
      • FOOD PAIRING… Sauteed Chicken

TINTA AGUIAR (R)

  • OLD WORLD- Portugal
  • VITICULTURE- X=Marufo & Touriga Nacional
  • VINICULTURE- +BLENDED/ Port

TINTA ALCOA (R)

  • OLD WORLD- Portugal
  • VITICULTURE- X= Grand Noir & Castelao Frances
  • VINICULTURE- +BLENDED/ Port

TINTA AMARELA (R)

  • OLD WORLD- Portugal-Douro Valley(Baixo Corgo)Indigenous)
  • NEW WORLD- Australia-Victoria(Yarra Valley GI.)
  • VITICULTURE- AKA=Trincadera,  +RESISTANT/ Heat, Drought
  • VINICULTURE- +BLENDED/ Port

*Tinta Baldossa ( ? ) AKA=Tinta Valdosa, Valdosa

*Tinta Barca ( ? ) AKA=Touriga FrancaTouriga Francesa,

TINTA BARROCA (R)

  • OLD WORLD- Portugal-Douro Valley(Indigenous)
  • NEW WORLD- America-California(Rutherford AVA.)   South Africa
  • VITICULTURE- +RESISTANT/ Heat, Drought
  • VINICULTURE- +BLENDED/ Port

TINTA BASTARDINHA (R)

  • OLD WORLD- Portugal-Douro Valley(Indigenous)
  • VITICULTURE- +RESISTANT/ Heat/ Drought
  • VINICULTURE- +BLENDED/ Port

TINTA CAIADA (R)

  • OLD WORLD- Portugal-Alentejo
  • VITICULTURE- AKA=Perraleta, Tinta Lameira

TINTA CARREGA (R)

  • OLD WORLD- Portugal
  • VITICULUTRE- AKA=Carrega Tinta

*Tinta Carvalha (Portugal/ Duoro) AKA=Rufete, Tinta Pinheira

TINTA CASTANAL (R)

  • OLD WORLD- Spain-Galicia(Rias Baixas DO.)

TINTA GROSSA (R)

  • OLD WORLD- Portugal-Alentejo(Indigenous)
  • VITICULTURE- AKA=Grossa Tinta

TINTA FONTES (R)

  • OLD WORLD- Portugal-Douro Valley(Indigenous)
  • VINICULTURE- +BLENDED/ Port

*Tinta Franca ( ? ) AKA=Tinta Francisca(Douro Valley), Tinta Franceza

*Tinta Franceza ( ? ) AKA=Tinta Francisca(Douro Valley), Tinta Franca

TINTA FRANCISCA (R)

  • OLD WORLD- Portugal-Douro Valley(Indigenous)
  • NEW WORLD- South Africa
  • VITICULTURE- X= ? & ?,  *RELATED-to-Rabigato, Tinto Cao, Visinho
    • AKA=Tinta Franca, Tinta Franceza 
    • *YIELDS/ Low,  *RIPENER/ Late,  *SKIN/ Thin 
    • +RESISTANT/ Heat, Drought,  +SUSCEPTIBLE/ Powdery Mildew, Botrytis
  • VINICULTURE- +BLENDED/ Port

*Tinta Lameira ( ? ) AKA=Tinta Caiada

*Tinta Madeira ( ? ) AKA=Negramoll

TINTA MARTINS (R)

  • OLD WORLD- Portugal-Douro Valley(Indigenous)
  • VITICULTURE- +RESISTANT/ Heat, Drought
  • VINICULTURE- +BLENDED/ Port

TINTA MESQUITA (R)

  • OLD WORLD- Portugal
  • VITICULTURE- X=Marufo & Vinhao
  • VINICULTURE- +BLENDED/ Port

*Tinta Miuda (Portugal/ Ribatejo) AKA=Graciano(Spain), Bovale Sardo, Cagnulari, Morrastel(France), Parraleta

TINTA NEGRA MOLE (R)

  • OLD WORLD- Portugal-MadeiraAlgraves
  • NEW WORLD- Peru
  • VITICULTURE- X= ? & ?,  *PARENT-to-Tinto Aurelio
    • AKA=Negro Mole, Preto Martinho, Tinta Pomar, Tinta Sabreirinha
    • *YIELDS/ High
  • VINICULTURE- +BLENDED/ Madeira,  +USED/ Pisco
    • Structure: High Acid

TINTA PENAJOIA (R)

  • OLD WORLD- Portugal-Douro Valley(Indigenous)
  • VITICULTURE- +RESISTANT/ Heat, Drought
  • VINICULTURE- +BLENDED/ Port

TINTA PEREIRA (R)

  • OLD WORLD- Portugal
  • VITICULTURE- *PARENT-to-Cerceal Branco
  • VINICULTURE- +BLENDED/ Port

*Tinta Pinheira (  ? ) AKA=Rufete, Tinta Carvalha

*Tinta Pomar (Spain) AKA=Tinta Negra Mole(Portugal), Negro Mole, Preto Martinho, Tinta Sabreirinha

*Tinta Roriz (Douro) AKA=Tempranillo, +48 Others

TINTA ROSEIRA (R)

  • OLD WORLD- Portugal

*Tinta Sabreirnha (Spain) AKA=Tinta Negra Mole(Portugal), Negro Mole, Preto Martinho, Tinta Pomar

TINTA TABUACO (R)

  • OLD WORLD- Portugal-Douro Valley(Indigenous)
  • VITICULTURE- +RESISTANT/ Heat/ Drought
  • VINICULTURE- +BLENDED/ Port

TINTA VALDOSA (R)

  • OLD WORLD- Portugal
  • VITICULTURE- X=Cornifesto & Marufo
    • AKA=Tinta Baldossa, Valdosa

*Tinto Cascon ( ? ) AKA=Docal Tinto, Tinto Docal, Cascon Tinto

TINTO CAO (B)

  • OLD WORLD- Portugal-Douro Valley(Indigenous), Minho
  • NEW WORLD- Australia-Victoria(Yarra Valley GI./ Peel GI.)
  • VITICULTURE- AKA=Paderiro de Basto,  +RESISTANT/ Heat, Drought
  • VINICULTURE- +BLENDED/ Port
    • Structure: Medi+Tannins, ABV., Medi-Acid

*Tinto Docal ( ? ) AKA=Docal Tinto, Cascon Tinto, Tinto Cascon

*Tinto Fino (Spain/ Ribero del Duero) AKA=Tempranillo, +48 Others

*Tinto da Melra (?) AKA=Marufo(Portugal), Brujidera(Arribes del Duero), Mourisco(Northern Portugal), Moravia Dulce

*Tinto Madrid (Spain/ Penedes, Rioja) AKA=Tempranillo, +48 Others

*Tinto Pais (Spain/ Ribero del Duero) AKA=Tempranillo, +48 Others

*Tinto Quiebratinajas (Spain) AKA=Quiebratinajas Tinto, Colgadero

*Tinto Toro (Spain/ Toro/ Penedes) AKA=Tempranillo, +48 Others

*Tinto Valenci (Spain) AKA=Planta Mula(Spain), Arbia, Danugue

TINTO VELASCO (R)

  • OLD WORLD- Spain-Castille La Mancha(Indigenous(La Mancha DO.)

TINTILIA (R)

  • OLD WORLD- Italy-Molise(Tintilia del Molise DOC./ Osco IGP.)
    • Spain-Canary Island(Gran Canaria DO.)
  • VINICULTUREAKA=Tinilla del Molise
    • Sight:
    • Aroma: Musty
    • Palate: Cherry
    • Structure: Medi Tannins, ABV., Medi Acid

TINTINHA (R)

  • OLD WORLD- Portugal-Douro Valley
  • VITICULTURE- X=Aramon Noir & Teinturier du Cher,  AKA=Petit Bouschet

TINTORE Di TRAMONTI (R)

  • OLD WORLD- Italy-Campania(Indigenous(Costera Amalfi DOC.)
  • VITICULTURE- *JUICE/ Teinturier– Black Skin Grape With Dark Pulp.

*Tocai Fruilano (Italy/ Fruli) AKA=Sauvignonasse, Sauvignon Vert

*Tokay (Australia) AKA=Muscadelle(France), Muscat(Alsace), Rutherglen Topaque(Rutherglen)

*Tokay d’Alsace (France/ Alsace) AKA=Pinot Gris(France), Pinot Grigio(Italy), Wiesburgunder(Austria, Germany)

*Tondo (Italy/ Veneto) AKA=Glera, Prosecco

*Torbat Blanc ( ? ) AKA=Alcanon, Mantuo Castellano

TORBATO*(W)

  • OLD WORLD- Italy-Sardegna(Indigenous)/ Alghero DOC.)   France-Roussillon
  • VITICULTURE- AKA=Tourbat, Malvoisie du Roussillon
    • +SUSCEPTIBLE/ Powdery Mildew, Leaf Fan Virus
  • VINICULTURE-
    • Sight: Straw
    • Aroma: Lemon, Blossom, Bay Leaf
    • Palate: Pear
    • Structure: Medi-Tannins, ABV., Medi+Acid
      • FOOD PAIRING… Oysters, Clam Spaghetti

*Torontel (Chile) AKA=Torrontes, Muscatel Amarillo/ Austria 

TORRONTES (W) Ancient/ Historical Grape

  • OLD WORLD- Spain-Galicia(Indigenous)
  • VITICULTURE- AKA=Albillo Mayor
    • **Although Debated Torrontes Grown On Spain Isn’t the Same as the Torrontes Grown In Argentina.

TORRONTES*(W)

  • OLD WORLD- ?
  • NEW WORLD- ArgentinaMendoza(Uco Valley GI.),  La Rioja(Salta GI.),  San Juan(Famatina Valley GI.)    ChileMendoza    Bolivia   America-California(Alta Mesa AVA.)   England
  • VITICULTURE*RIPENS/ Early,  *SKIN/ Thick
    • **Considered Not to Be One Grape But a Group/ Family of Grapes Know as Torrontes.
    • **Although Similar In Name Argentina Torrontes Isn’t Related to Torrontez Do Pico.
    • AKA=Muscatel Amarillo, Muscatel de Austria, Samaipata(Bolivia), Torontel, Torrontes Saltano
  • VINICULTURE- Young Torrontes is Highly Aromatic, Has High Acidity, Elevated Alcohol.
      • +USED/ Brandy/ Pisco(Chile)
    • Sight: Clear/ Golden
    • Aroma: White Peach, Rose Petal, Tangerine, Lily,  +MONOTERPENES
    • Palate: Off-Dry/ +BODY, Citrus, Mineral
    • Structure: Medi Tannins, ABV., High Acid
      • FOOD PAIRING… Sea-Food, Tex Mex, Pork Chops, Asian/ Chicken Satay
      • CHEESE PAIRING… Feta, Asiago, Swiss, Gruyere
  • TORRONTES MENDOCINO (W)
    • NEW WORLD- Argentina-Mendoza(Native)(Uco Valley)    Uruguay
    • VITICULTURE- X=Muscat Alexandria & Criolla
      • ~Etymology~ Named Mendocino From Mendoza Region Where it  Was First Cultivated.
    • VINICULTURE- **Considered to Be the Least Aromatic of the 3 Varieties. Smallest Clusters.
  • TORRONTES RIOJANO (W)
    • NEW WORLDArgentinaLa Rioja(Native), Salta
    • VITICULTURE- X=Muscat Alexandria & Criolla Chica or Uva Negra
      • ~Etymology~ Named Riojano From La Rioja Region Where it Was First Cultivated.
    • VINICULTURE- **Considered to Be the Highest Quality of the 3 Varieties.
  • TORRONTES SANJUANINO (W)
    • NEW WORLD- ArgentinaSan Juan(Native)(Famatina Valley GI.)
    • VITICULTURE- X=Muscat Alexandria & Criolla
      • ~Etymology~ Named Sanjuanino From San Juan Region Where it Was First Cultivated.

TORRONTEZ Do PICO (R)

  • OLD WORLD- Portugal-Madera(Indigenous)(Pico DO.)
  • VINICULTURE-
    • **Although Similar In Name Torrontez Do Pico Isn’t Related to Argentina Torrontes.
  • VINICULTURE-
    • Sight:            Aroma: Earthy, Herbal
    • Palate:           Stucture:

*Tortosi (Spain/ Valencia) AKA=Bobal Blanco, Tortosina

*Tortosina (Spain/ Valencia) AKA=Bobal Blanco, Tortosi

TORYSA (R)

  • OLD WORLD- Slovakia
  • VITICULTURE- X=Castels & ?, (Breed In Slovakia.)

*Tourbat (France/ Roussillon) AKA=Torbato, Malvoisie du Roussillon

TOURIGA BRANCA (W)

  • OLD WORLD- Portugal-Douro Valley(Indigenous)
  • VINICULTURE- +BLENDED/ Port(White)

TOURIGA FEMEA (R)

  • OLD WORLD- Portugal-Douro Valley(Indigenous)
  • VINICULTURE- +BLENDED/ Port

TOURIGA FRANCO (B)

  • OLD WORLD- Portugal-Douro Valley(Indigenous)
  • VITICULTURE- X=Marufo & Touriga Nacional
    • AKA=Tinta Barca, Touriga Francesa, +RESISTANT/ Heat/ Drought
  • VINICULTURE- +BLENDED/ Port

*Touriga Francesa (Portugal) AKA=Touriga Franco

TOURIGA NACIONAL*(B) Ancient/ Historical Grape

  • OLD WORLD- Portugal-Dao(Indigenous), Douro Valley,  Spain-Catalunya(Priorat DOCa.)   France-Bordeaux(Cotes de Bordeaux AOC.)
  • NEW WORLD- America-California(Rutherford AVA./ Paso Robles AVA./ Amador County/ Kelsey Bench AVA.)   Brazil-Rio Grande do Sul   Argentina-Mendoza(Uco Valley)  Australia-South Australia(Barossa Valley GI.)
  • VITICULTURE-  X= Touriga Franca & ?,  *PARENT-to-Tinta Aguiar, Touriga Francesa, Tarrango
    • AKA=Azal Espanhol, Bical Tinto, Carabunera(Ribeiro), Mortagua(Dao), Touriga(Australia), Tourigao
    • *VIGOR/ High,  *YIELDS/ Low,  *CLUSTERS/ Small,  *BERRIES/ Small,  *SKIN/ Thick
    • +RESISTANT/ Heat/ Drought,  +SUSCEPTIBLE/ Powdery Mildew, Botrytis
    • ~Etymology~ Named After the Village of Tourigo In Doa, Portugal.
  • VINICULTURE- Still Wine   +BLENDED/ Port
    • Sight: Opaque/ Purple to Black
    • Aroma: Blackberry, Violet, Pepper, Licorice
    • Palate: Sweet to Dry/ +BODY, Cherry, Plum
    • Structure: High Tannins, ABV., Medi+Acid
      • FOOD PAIRING… Meat, Ribs, Steak
      • CHEESE PAIRING… Cabraes PDO.(Blue/ Asturias, Spain)

*Tourigao (Portugal ) AKA=Touriga Nacional

TOURKOPOULA (W)

  • OLD WORLD- GreeceCorfu(Indigenous)

TOZOT (R)

  • OLD WORLD- Armenia-Vayots Dzor(Indigenous)
  • VITICULTURE- ~Etymology~ Meaning Dusky, Referring to the Bloom it Accumulates.

TRAJADURA*(W)

  • OLD WORLD- Portugal-Minho   Spain-Galicia(Indigenous), Ribeiro
  • NLD WORLD-  ?
  • VITICULTURE- *PARENT-to-Abaca,  AKA=Treixadura
    • *BUDDER/ Late,  *VIGOR/ High,  *YIELD/ High,  *RIPENER/ Mid,  *CLUSTER/ Small,  *SKIN/ Thin
  • VINICULTURE- +BLENDED/ Vinho Verde
    • Sight: Clear/ Gold
    • Aroma: Honey
    • Palate:
    • Structure: Medi Tannins, ABV., High Acid
  • CULTURE- +Pronounced(Ta-jah-Doo-rah)

*Tramin Cerveny (Slovenia) AKA=GewurztraminerAKA=Formentin(Hungary), Frankisch(Austria), Princ(Czech Republic, Moravia), Piros Tramini(Hungary), Traminer(Italy), Traminer Aromatico(Alto Adige), Traminer Weisser(Germany)

*Traminec (Slovenia) AKA=Savagnin, Traminer, Savagnin, Heida/ Paien, Nature, Princ

*Traminer Aromatico (Italy, Alto Adige) AKA=SavagninFormentin(Hungary), Frankisch(Austria), Gewurztraminer(The World), Heida(Swiss, Haut-Valais), Nature, Nuernberger, Paien(Swiss), Piros Tramini(Hungary), Princ(Czech Republic, Moravia), Traminer Weisser(Germany)

  • Disclaimer The Savagnin Grapes is Genetic Insatiable and This Led to a History of Clonal Diversity But  it Should Regarded as a Family of Related Clones and Not Distinct Varieties.

*Traminer Weisser (Germany) AKA=SavagninFormentin(Hungary), Frankisch(Austria), Gewurztraminer(The World), Heida(Swiss, Haut-Valais), Nature, Nuernberger, Paien(Swiss), Piros Tramini(Hungary), Princ(Czech Republic, Moravia), Traminer Aromatico(Alto Adige)

  • Disclaimer The Savagnin Grapes is Genetic Insatiable and This Led to a History of Clonal Diversity But  it Should Regarded as a Family of Related Clones and Not Distinct Varieties.

TRAMINETTE* (W)

  • OLD WORLD- ?
  • NEW WORLD- America-Arizona(Yavapai County), New York(Finger Lakes AVA.)Pennsylvania, North Carolina(Yadkin Valley AVA.)
  • VITICULTURE- *HYBRID-French-American,  X=Gewurztraminer & Seyve 23 416, (Breed 1996)
    • +RESISTANT/ Fungal Disease, Cold
  • VINICULTURE-
    • Sight: Clear/ Golden
    • Aroma: Peach, Stone Fruit, Creme Brulee
    • Palate: Apricot
    • Structure: Medi-Tannin, ABV., Medi+Acid
  • CULTURE- State Grape Indiana
    • FOOD PAIRING… Asian

TRBLJAN (W)

  • OLD WORLD- Croatia-Zadar(Indigenous)
  • VITICULTURE- AKA=Kuc

TREBBIANO D’ABRUZZO*(W) Ancient/ Historical Grape

  • OLD WORLD- Italy(Indigenous)   France
  • VITICULTURE- #9th. Most Planted Grape Variety In the World.(2016)
    • AKA=Ugni Blanc(France), Procanico, Trebbiano Abruzzese, Trebbiano Toscano
    • **Considered Not to Be One Grape But a Group/ Family of Grapes Know as Trebbiano.
    • ~Etymology~ From the Latin Vinum Trebulanum, Meaning Vigorous Shoot…Referring to Its Vigor.
  • VINICULTURE +DISTILLED/ Cognac
    • Sight:
    • Aroma:
    • Palate:
    • Structure: Low Tannin, ABV., High Acid

TREBBIANO GIALLO (W)

*Trebbiano Lugano (Italy/ Lugano) AKA=Verdicchio, Trebbiano Soave, Turbiano

TREBBIANO MODENESE (W)

  • OLD WORLD- Italy-Emila-Romagna(Modena DOC.)Indigenous)
  • VINICULTURE- +USED/ Balsamic Vinegar

TREBBIANO ROMAGNOLO (W)

*Trebbiano Soave (Italy/ Soave) AKA=Verdicchio, Trebbiano Lugano, Turbiano

*Trebbiano Toscano (Italy/ Tuscany) AKA=Trebbiano d’Abruzzo, Ungi Blanc(France), Procanico, Talia

*Treixadura (Portugal) AKA=Trajadura(Spain)

TREPADELL (W)

  • OLD WORLD- Spain-Valencia(Indigenous(Alicante DO.)

TREPAT*(R)

  • OLD WORLD- Spain-Catalunya(Conca de Barbera DO.)
    • Italy-Lazio(Orvieto DOC./ Fresati DOC.)
  • VITICULTURE- AKA=Bonicaire
  • VINICULTURE– +USED/ BLENDEDCava(Rose)
    • Sight: Opaque/ Ruby
    • Aroma: Pomegranate
    • Palate: Dry/ Body, Strawberry
    • Structure: Low Tannins, –ABV., Medi Acid

*Tressallier (St.-Pourcain) AKA=Sacy(France), Aligote Vert

TRESSOT (R)

  • OLD WORLD- France-Burgundy(Chablis)Indigenous)
  • VITICULTURE- X=Duras & Petit Verdot,  AKA=Tresseau

TREVISANA NERA (R)

  • OLD WORLD- Italy-Alto-Adige(Dolomiti IGT.)
  • VITICULTURE- AKA=Refosco de Guarnieri

*Tribidrag (Croatia) AKA=Zinfandel(America), Tribidrag(Croatia), Crljenak Kastelanski(Croatia), Black St. Peters(California-Pre 1890’s), Kratosija(Republic of Macedonia), Pribidrag(Croatia/ Ancient), Primitivo(Italy)

  • Disclaimer…Tribidrag is Listed Under Zinfandel, But it Technically Should Be Listed Under Tribidrag.

TRILLA (W)

  • OLD WORLD- Hungary-Balaton-Felvidek
  • VITICULTURE- X=Muscat Blanc & Pozsonyi

*Trincadeira (Portugal/ Tejo) AKA=Tinta Amarela

TRIOMPHE (R)

  • OLD WORLD- France(Indigenous)   England
  • VITICULTURE- *HYBRID-American/ France,  *PROGENY-of-Vitis Riparia

TRIPLET BLANC (W)

  • OLD WORLD- Amercia-California
  • VITICULTURE- X=Colombard & Malvasia Bianca
    • ~Etymology~ Named After Fay Triplett Who Crossed the Grape In 1940’s.

TRIUMPH (R)

  • NEW WORLD- America
  • VITICULTURE- *American=X=Fry & GA-29-49
    • *PARENT-to-Bailey, Carman, Extra, Rommel
    • *VIGOR/ High,  +RESISTANT/ Disease, Heat 

TRIUNFO (R)

  • OLD WORLD- Portugal-Madeira, Algarve

TRNJAK (R)

  • OLD WORLD- Croatia-Dalmatinska(Zagora)Indigenous)  Bosnia-Herzegovina

*Trobat Blanc (         ) AKA=Alcanon

*Trollinger (Germany) AKA=Schiava(Italy), Blauer Gelbhoelzer, Erbanno(Veneto), Vernatsch(Austria)

TRONTO (R)

  • OLD WORLD- Italy-Campania(Costa d’Amalfi DOC.)Indigenous)

*Trouchet (France) AKA=Cabernet Franc, Cot

TROUSSEAU*(R)

  • OLD WORLD- France-Jura(Arbois AOC.)Indigenous)
    • Portugal-DaoDouro ValleyMadeira Islands   Spain-Galicia(Ribeira Sacra DO.), Canary Island(Tenerife)
  • NEW WORLD- America-California(Clear Lake AVA./Russian River AVA./Rutherford AVA./San Benito AVA.), Oregon(Dundee Hills AVA.)   
    • Argentina-Patagonia   Australia-South Australia(Barossa Valley GI./ McLaren Vale GI.)
  • VITICULTURE- X=Savagnin & ?,  *CLONES/ 3.1, 10.1,  +MUTATIONS/ Trousseau Gris
    • AKA=Bastardo(Doa/Douro), Carnaz(Galicia), Godello Tinto(Galicia), Gros Cabernet(Australia), Merenzao(Bierzo), Maturana Tinta(Rioja), Tintilla(Tenerife), Verdego Negro/Tinta(Spain) +Others
    • *BUDDER/ Early,  *RIPENER/ Early,  *VIGOR/ High,  *YIELDS/ Low,  *SKIN/ Thick
    • *CLIMATE= Excels In “Cool Climate”,  +RESISTANT/ Cold,  +SUSCEPTIBLE/ Disease, Botrytis
    • ~Etymology~ Trousseau(Fancy Knapsack), Reffing to Shape of the Clusters.
  • VINICULTURE-  +USED/+BLENDED/ Cremant de Jura,  Vine de Paille,  Macvin,  Port,  Madeira
    • Sight: Hazy, Ruby
    • Aroma: Sour Cherry, Cranberry, Earthy, Savory/ Jerky, Violet
    • Palate: Dry/ -Body, Raspberry, Strawberry
    • Structure: Medi+Tannins, +ABV., Medi+ Acid
      • FOOD PAIRING… Grilled Salmon, Chicken With Mushrooms, Lamb     
      • CHEESE PAIRING…Comte

*Bastardo (Dao/Douro, Portugal) AKA=Trousseau, Carnaz(Galicia), Maturana Tinta(Rioja), Merenzao(Biezo), Verdejo Negro/Tinto(Ruedo)

TROUSSEAU GRI*(R)

  • OLD WORLD- France
  • NEW WORLD- AmericaCalifornia(Russian River AVA./ Sonoma Valley AVA.), Oregon
  • VITICULTURE- +MUTATION-of-Trousseau(Technically Not Its Own Grape/ Variety.)
    • AKA=Grey Riesling(California-Historic)

*Troyen (  ?  ) AKA=Peurion

TSAOUSSI (W)

  • OLD WORLD- Greece(Kefalonia Island)Indigenous)/ Cephalonia)
  • VINICULTURE- +BLENDED/ Robol

*Tsapournako (Greece/ Macedonia) AKA=Cabernet FrancAcheria(Basque), Bouchet(St. Emilion), Breton(Loire Valley), Carmenet(Medoc), Trouchet Noir

*Tsardana ( ? ) AKA=Romeiko

*Tsigello ( ? ) AKA=Mavrodaphne

TSIMLADAR (R)

  • OLD WORLD- Russia

TSIMLYANSKY CHERNY (R)

  • OLD WORLD- Russia(Vedernikov/ Tsimlyansky)Indigenous)

TSITSKA (W)

  • OLD WORLD- Georgia(Indigenous)
  • VITICULTURE- *RIPENER/ Late

TSKHENIS DZUA SHAVI (R)

  • OLD WORLD- Georgia(Indigenous)

TSKHENIS DZUA TETRI (W)

  • OLD WORLD- Georgia(Indigenous)
  • VITICULTURE- ~Etymology~ Horse Breast White…Referring to ?

TSOLIKOURI*(W)

  • OLD WORLD- Georgia-Imereti(Indigenous)
  • VITICULTURE- *YIELDS/ High,  *SKIN/ Color-White(Green), Thick
    • +RESISTANT/ Mildew
  • VINICULTURE- +BLENDED/ Krakuna,  +USED/ Orange Wine
    • Sight: Yellow
    • Aroma: 
    • Palate: Sweet
    • Structure: Low-Tannins, ABV., High Acid

TSULUKIDZIS TETRA (W)

  • OLD WORLD- Georgia(Indigenous)

TUO XIAN (W)

  • NEW WORLD- China
  • VITICULTURE- *SKIN/ Color-White(Pinkish),  +RESISTANT/ Frost, Drought

TURAN (R)

  • OLD WORLD- Hungary-Eger(Indigenous)
  • NEW WORLD- America-Washington(Puget Sound AVA.)   Canada-British-Columbia
  • VITICULTURE- X=Bikaver 8 & Gardonyi Geza,  (Crossed In Hungary In 1964.)
    • *RIPENER/ Early,  *CLUSTERS/ Large,  *SKIN/ Thick 
    • *JUICE/ Teinturier– Black Skin Grape With Dark Pulp.  AKA=Agria(America/Canada)
  • VINICULTURE- +BLENDED/ Bulls Blood

*Turbiana (Italy/ Lugana) AKA=VerdicchioTrebbiano Lugano, Trebbiano Soave

*Turca (Italy ) AKA=Douce Noire(Savoie), Aleante(Spain), Bonardo(Argentina/ (Not Related to Bonarda of Piemonte.), Charbono(California), Charbonneau(Jura), Corbeau(Savoie), Serbina(?), Sevilhao(Portugal), Turin(France)

TURCHETTA (R)

  • OLD WORLD- ItalyCompania(Bagnoli DOC.), Veneto

*Turin (France ) AKA=Douce Noire(Savoie), Aleante(Spain), Bonardo(Argentina/ (Not Related to Bonarda of Piemonte.), Charbono(California), Charbonneau(Jura), Corbeau(Savoie), Serbina(?), Sevilhao(Portugal)

TURRUNTES De RIOJA (W)

  • OLD WORLD- SpainRioja
  • VINICULTURE-
    • Sight: Clear/ Yellow
    • Aroma: Apple, Grass
    • Palate: Apple
    • Structure: Low Tannins, ABV., Medi+ Acid

TYRIAN (R)

  • NEW WORLD- Australia(Indigenous)New South Wales(Riverina GI.)
  • VITICULTURE- X=Cabernet Sauvignon & Sumoll

TZIMILIANSKY BELYI (W)

  • OLD WORLD- Russia(Indigenous)
    • *PARENT-t0-Harslevelu


**Refer to BIBLIOGRAPHY/ Sources For Details On Scholarly Works Referenced.