LOCATIONTravel


  • SUB-TOPICS Of LOCATION-TRAVEL
    • Going There
    • Detailed Wine Research On Location
    • Places to Taste Wine
    • Wine Tasting Etiquette
    • Unesco World Heritage Sights

GOING THERE

  • “If You Really Want to Learn About a Country, Its Wine Regions, the Grapes it Grows and the Wine it Produces the Crucial Thing is Going There. Immerse Yourself In Its Wine Culture, and People, Walk Its Vineyards, Notice Its Geography and Topography and Also Drinks Its Wine. If You Really Want to Learn About a Wine You Must Go There, Weather It’s a 3 Week Trip to Italy or a 3 Day Trip to Napa.”
  • WHAT To FIND IN WINE CULTURE SECTIONS/ GOING THERE
    • Wine Trails        Wine Tours
    • Estate Producers       Non-Wine Things
    • After Dark          Festivals          Monks & Monasteries

The Quintessential Wine Experiences is Going to the Vineyard or Winery and Enjoying the Visual, Physical, and Tactical Aspects of Wine In the Location of Origin.

  • WINE & PHILOSOPHY?  Can Drinking a Wine Make You Perceive That You Are Traveling In Your Mind?”
    • Drinking a Wine as Well as Eating the Food From a Certain Country or Wine Region Can Help You Travel In Your Mind.  The Best Way to Reminisce About a Wine Region You Visited In the Past is to Indulge In the Wine and Cuisine of That Region.  It’s Nostalgic to Prepare Your Favorite Tuscan Meal While Drinking That Souvenir Bottle of Brunello di Montalcino You Brought Back From Italy When You Stayed On Your Honeymoon In the Rolling Hills of Tuscany at That Charming Bed and  Breakfast.

LOCATION A Particular Place or Position On the Earth. One With a Specific Geography and Topography. Each Region and Its Vineyard is Its Own Location, A Place Where Its History, Culture and Wine Can Be Experienced In Person.

  • A Wine With a Location Implies a Higher Degree of Certainly Than a Wine With an Anonymous or Ambiguous Boundary.  Location Has an Identity and a Sense of Place. One That’s Tangible and Can Be Experienced In Person.

I’m Personally Intrigued by Wineries With Estate Vineyard. I Feel It’s the Pinnacle of the Wine Tour Experience, and Add Significant to What’s In the Bottle. You Can Drink a Bottle In Your Home But You Can Never Get a Full Understanding of the Wine Until You Visit Its Location. I Want to See the Complexity of the Sustainability, Feel the Passion of the Worker In the Vineyards and In the Tasting Room. I Want to See and Smell the Barrel Room, Walk Among the Vines While Sifting the Soil In My Hands, and if It’s Possible I Want to Speak With the Wine-Maker Who Agonies Over Decision and is Ultimately Reasonable For the Finish Wine In the Bottle.

  • WINE & PHILOSOPHY?  “If You Go to a Wine Region But Stay In the Main City and Don’t Go to the Vineyards and Wineries Can You Still Claim You Have Been There?” What About Going to a Tasting Room In Region or Driving Through Region?
    • If You Go to Portland, Oregon But Don’t Go Out to the Willamette Valley You Can’t Say That You Have Been to Oregon Wine Country.  The Act of Driving Through a Region Means You Have Been There, If You See the Vineyards and Take Notice of the Geography and Topography.  Visiting an Estate Winery and Talking Its Wine People Leads Itself to a Deeper Understanding of the Region and Its Wine.

WINE TOURISM-  Sometimes Called Vinotourism, This Term Refers to Tourism Which Purpose Or Meaning Revolves Around Tasting, Drinking or Purchasing Wine In a Particular Wine Region or Near the Vineyards and Winery.

  • There Has Been a New Focus This Century On Wine Tourism.  This Focus Goes Hard In Hard With the Wine Renaissance Going On In the Wine World.  This Wine Tourism Has Become Increasingly Important to the People Touring Wine Regions and Their Need to Taste and Understand the Wine.  Oppositely and Just as Important is the Effect On the Wine Producers Who Benefit From the Direct to Consumer Wine Selling That Goes On at the Wineries and Tasting Rooms.

I Enjoy the Experience of Wine Tasting, if the Wine Isn’t Great That’s Alright Because It’s Not the Most Important Thing.


DETAILED WINE RESEARCH ON LOCATION

The Act of Going to a Wine Region, Visiting Its Vineyards, Talking to Its Wine People, Evaluation Its Wine and Educating Yourself.

  • The Reconnaissance Drive- In Order to Get a Sense of the Areas Geography and Topography a Reconnaissance Drive is Needed Around the Perimeter and Down Its Major Roads.  This Drive is Best Accomplished In the Late Morning Before the Wine Tasting Begins.
  • Make Appointments- The Best Way to Get Up Close and Personal With the Best People Make Appointments When Necessary In the Days or a Weeks Before.
  • The Interview- Have an Idea of What You Want to Know Before Hand.

I’m Disguising Wine Consumption In the Form of Education.

ENOTOURISM/ Wine Tourism/Vinitourism- Refers to Tourism Which Included Wine Tasting/ Consumption or Purchase of Wines at Multiple Wineries or Tasting Rooms All In Chose Proximity.

  • WINE & PHILOSOPHY?  “Is a Wines That You Drink On Location Better or Taste Different Than the Same Wine When You Drank it at Home?
    • While the Wine Isn’t Necessarily Better, the Ambiance and the Intoxication of an International Setting Might Make the Wine, Food and Company Seem Better.
  • WINE & PHILOSOPHY?  While Doing Detailed Wine Research On Location In a Specific Region Should I Drink Wine Outside of the Region I’m Reaching?”
    • While Doing Detailed Wine Research on Location You Should Take Every Opportunity to Drink and Assess the Wine That Are Being Produced In the Region.

I’m Looking For Varieties or Things In Vineyards or Regions That People Don’t Know Are There Or Care About.


PLACES TO TASTE WINE

WINERY

  • Term For Area or Facility at Which Grapes Are Processed Into Wine, In Some Cases Next to Vineyard.

ESTATE WINERY

  • Winery Which Possess On Sight Vineyards. Vineyard & Winery Must Be In Geographical Area Specified On Label.  I Consider Estate Vineyards Ones That Are Located On the Same Property as the Winery. (Often is the Case That Wineries Will Consider Vineyards That They Own “Off-Sight” as Estate Vineyard.)
  • ESTATE WINERIES/ VINEYARDS- Allow the Grape-Grower and the Winemaker (Which I Prefer to Be the Same Person) Full Control of the Vineyard the Ability to Grow the Grapes In the Style of the Wine He/ She Plans to Make.
  • RESIDENT WINERY- Vineyards and Winery/ Production Facilities Must Be Entirely Within AVA. Boundaries.
  • NON-RESIDENT WINERY- Winery That is Located Outside AVA. and Sources Fruit.
  • WALK IN TASTING- Wineries Allow You Just to Walk In Unannounced. Walk Ins Are Less Expensive and More of a Basic Experience.
  • APPOINTMENT ONLY TASTING- More a of Time and Money Commitment But More of an Elaborate Experience With Guided Tour and Food Pairing With Dedicated Tasting Room Associate.
  • WINE & PHILOSOPHY?  When You Are Making a Appointment to a Exclusive Winery Which Do Appointment Only Tastings and These Appointment Are Extremely Hard to Make You Are Not Only Making a Appointment to Taste Wine You Are Making a Appointment to Buy Wine and a Considerable Amount of Wine at That?
    • Most Exclusive High End Boutique Winery Don’t Care About or Want to See the General Public. Their Brand is Already Solidified, There’s Not A lot of Wine Produced and Only Want to Sell Its Wine to Upscale Patrons.
  • SIT DOWN TASTING Usually By Appointment and Lead by an Educated Professional.
  • BARREL TASTING Host Uses a Wine Thief to Extract Tasting Samples of a Maturing Wine In a Cellar Environment
  • BOUTIQUE WINERY Winery Smaller In Comparison Producing a Considerable Smaller Output of Wine.
    • Boutique Wineries Usually Have a Single Wine Maker Who Can Be Involved In Every Aspect of the Wine Making Process From Viticulture to Viniculture and Can Make Adjustments Along the Way. Boutique Wineries Also Have Special Intimate Relationship With Its Dedicated Customers Base and Although They Use Marketing In Some Cases the Majority of Their Following is Cultivated by “Word of Mouth.”
  • DESTINATION WINERY A Winery In Which Wine Lovers Are Drawn to Not Only Because of the Wine But For the Entire Experience That the Entire Winery Possesses. There’s Something to Be Said About the Connection Made When We Travel to Place In Which the Wine Was Grown and Produced.

I Feel a Level of Intimacy With a Wine I’m Drinking When I Know Where the Grape Were Grown and I Have Visited Its Vineyards.

URBAN WINERY

  • Wine Making Facilities Located In City/ Urban Settings Rather Than In the Traditional Vineyard Areas. These Urban Wineries Usually Own No Vineyards.  Grapes Are Sourced and Harvested and Brought to the Urban Setting to Produce Wine.

WINE SQUARES/ Down Towns

  • Wine Squares Are Areas Usually In the Downtown Area of the Main City of a Wine Region.  Wine Squares Are Homes For a High Density of Tasting Rooms For the Wine Region.  Wine Squares Have Become a Main Focus In a Wine Region as a Main Consumer Center.  Often Developed by the City to Help Market the Region.  These Squares Are Made Up of Wine Tasting Room, Breweries, Restaurants and Other Shops and Hotels.  There Wine Square Are Ofter Operating After the Vineyard Tasting Rooms Have Closed Down at 6 PM. and Supplying Wine For a Still Hungry and Thirsty Wine Tourism.
  • BEST WINE SQUARES Of CALIFORNIA
    • ~Paso Robles Square/ Downtown~ Tasting Rooms, Plus, Breweries, Restaurants, Other
    • ~Healdsburg Square/ Downtown~
    • ~Sonoma Square/ Downtown~
    • ~Los Olivos/ Downtown~

INDUSTRIAL WINE ZONES

  • A Growing Number of Warehouse District Inspired Winery Locations are Setting Up In the Proximity of Wine Regions. These Industrial Wine Zones Are Semi-Isolated Areas and Benefit From Sharing Equipment, Knowledge and Comradely. Located In Close to Highway and Near a Regions Vineyards That They Own and Source Grapes From.
  • BEST INDUSTRIAL WINE ZONES Of CALIFORNIA
    • ~Tin City, Paso Robles~ Tasting Room Complex In Former Warehouse/ Industrial Structure Nestled Amongst the Oaks Where Friends, Adventurers, and Aficionados Come Together to Partake in Craft Wine, Beer and Spirits Served Up By Paso Robles’s Most Passionate Artisans.
      • Wineries– Aaron, Al Lago, Benom, Desperada, Fableist, Field Recordings, Giornata, Jacob Toft, Levo, Powell Mountain, Sans Leige, Wine Shine
    • ~The Ghetto~     @Lompoc
    • ~The Funk Zone~     @Santa Barbara
    • ~Buellton Bodegas~    @Buellton
    • ~The Barlow~      @Sebastopol
      • Outdoor Marketplace Featuring Local Food Wine Tasting Room
        • Friedeman, MacPhail, Pax Wines, Small VinesTaft Street

WINE BAR

  • A Bar With Typically a Certain List of Wines Being Poured.  Wine Bar Typically Displays the Wines Being Poured by the Glass and by the Bottle.  Prices Usually Range From $10 to $30 Per Glass.
  • Wine Bars Generally Have Different Wines of the World, Where a Tasting Room Generally Offers Wines by a Certain Producer.
  • ADVANTAGES Of WINE BARS
    • Wine Bars Bring Together People With Same Passion Often Within an Urban Environment.
    • Wine Bars Offer a Relaxing/ Art of Living Environment.
    • Wine Bars Offer the Opportunity of Wine Education.

TASTING ROOM

  • A Wine Style Bar Typically Outside of a Wine Region That Sells Wine That One or a Couple of Wineries Produces.

IN A RESTAURANT

YOUR HOME WINE BAR

WALK AROUND FESTIVAL Many Bottles Are Present to You In a Garden Area or Outside Area.

  • Strategy For a Walk Around Wine Festival
    • 1) Sparkling First, Then Whites, Then Reds, Then Sweet Wines
    • 2) High End Wines First, Then Strategy #1
    • 3) Wander Around and Drink Randomly
    • 4) Pick a Region and Compare the Wines Within it
    • 5) Pick One Grape Variety and Compare the Wines From Different Regions

WINE & BIKING TOUR Biking From Winery to Winery is One of the Most Rewarding Ways Explore a AVA. or Wine Region.  The Bike Brings Us “Closer to the Ground” and Biking is a Slower Way to See a Region.  (Be Advised Not to Drink Too Much.  Operating a Bike While Drunk is Technically Illegal and Can Lead to a DUI.)

  • GREAT BIKING & WINE TOURING ROUTES
    • Bourgogne, France
    • Wachau, Austria
    • Napa Valley, California
    • St. Emillon, Bordeaux, France
    • Ballard Canyon, Santa Ynez, California

WINE TRAILS A Group of Wineries Located Near Each Other. Usually Because of the Close Proximity, Climate and Growing Condition.  Wine Trails Often Have a Distinct Identity and Similarity to the Wines They Produced. Some Example Are:

  • WINE TRAILS~  ~Seneca Lake~ Finger Lakes, New York
  • WINE TRAILS~  ~Rattlesnake Hills~ Yakima Valley, Washington
  • WINE TRAILS~  ~Foxen Canyon~ Santa Ynez, California
  • **Refer to Old/ New World Locations For Other Wine Trails Way Too Many to List
  • WINE TRAIL DISCLAIMER~ ~Make Your Own Wine Trail~
    • The Wine Trails Listed In the Location Sections of DtheV.com Are Trails Put Out by the Local Wine Associations.  Feel Free to Make Up Your Own Wine Trails According to the Producers or Wineries That You Are Inclined to Visit or Have Interest In. Your Wine Trail Can Be In One AVA. or Across a Entire Region.

HIKING TRAILS A “Foot Trails” That Lead You Through a Wine Area.

  • HIKING TRAILS– ~Valais~ Switzerland

LOCAL WINE MARKETS Most Great Wine Regions Have a Built-In Consumer Centers/ Wine Markets/ Cities Near by.  It Has Been Stated That if You as a Wine Region Can Saturate Your Local Wine Market You Shouldn’t Be Promoting Your Wine or Exporting Out of it.

  • FAMOUS LOCAL MARKETS~
    • ~Valais~ Geneva, Switzerland
    • ~Willamette Valley~ Portland, Oregon
    • ~Napa/ Sonoma~ San Francisco, California

BOUTIQUE REGIONS A Grape Growing Area  With Vineyards Too Small To Supple the World Market. With Limited Wine Inventory There is a Dedicated Focus On the Local Market.

  • Boutique Regions of the World
    • Long Island AVA.
  • WINE & PHILOSOPHY?  Should You Tell a Winery/ Wine Maker That Their Wine is Mediocre or Faulty?
    • If  You Are Out Tasting and Come Across a Wine That is Just Horrible/ Bad Keep Your Opinion to Yourself. Unless You Are Solicited by Them For You Advice.  A Faulty Wine Should Be Brought Up to the Attention of the Owner of the Establishment.

WINE TOURING & TASTING

  • People Have Been Going On Organized Wine Tasting Tours For Hundreds of Years. Presently There are Modern Day Magazines Specializing In High-Lighting Region to Go Experience In Person. Wine Touring With Friends or Piers is the Best Time and Way to Enjoy Wine Touring. With Multiple People Absorbing Cost Renting a Shuttle is Effective and Vineyard Tour Are Easily Organized. Wine Tours Can Be an Hour at the Neighborhood Wine Cafe or Half-Day, Day Tour, Weekend, and Ever the Inspiration of Entire Vacations.

WINE TASTING ETIQUETTE

THINGS To DO ON a WINERY TOUR

  • Designate a Driver
  • Plan Ahead, Confirm Hours, Most Wineries Have Limited Hours
  • Use Dump Buckets For Excess Wine
  • Eat…Plan to Eat, Pack a Picnic
  • Pace Yourself, 3 to 6 Wineries/ Tastings In a Day Can Be Challenging
  • Take a Tour of the Winery if One is Available
  • Ask Questions:
  • How Many Acres On Sight and What Grapes are Grown
  • Ask About the Winery’s History and Its Pioneer
  • See Barrel Room, Fermentation Room
  • Talk to the Wine Maker
  • Walk Among the Vines
  • Take Photos to Remember Experience
  • Join Wine Club
  • Explore/ Taste Different Varietals Unfamiliar to You
  • Know Your Drinking Limits
  • Tip the Nice/ Informative Tasting Room Associates

BEFORE YOU GO WINE TASTING

  • Do Some Home Work Before You Go to a Wine Region, Find Out What Grapes Are Predominant and Why, Research Which Winery is Doing What Grapes the Best
  • Call to See if the Estates Has a Standard, Daily Wine Tour.  Most of the Time They Are Close to Free and Provide Increased Background and Meaning to Your Visit.
  • Eat Before You Go Wine Tasting, and During, Most Wineries Allow and Promote You to Bring and Picnic On Their Grounds or Gardens.
  • Drink a Lot of Water Before to Hydrate Yourself and Get Ample Water For Drinking Between Wineries.
  • Don’t Wear Perfumes of Smelly Lotions
  • Wear Comfortable Shoes. High are “Hot’ But Any Good Wine Tour Includes a Walk Through the Vineyard.
  • Dress For Success. Wine Areas Are Seasonal and Temperature Can Go From Foggy Morning to Sunny Afternoons.
  • If You’re In a Large Tasting Group Call Ahead or Be Prepared For a Wait Once You There.
  • Try to Learn or Try Something New
  • No Buses or Large Groups Without Appointment

WHILE YOUR WINE TASTING

  • Keep the Noise of  You/ Your Group Down.
  • Put Your Cell-Phone On Vibrate, and Leave the Tasting Area to Talk On Phone.
  • Use the Tasting Order Given By the Winery.
  • Take Time to Assess the Wine.
  • Keep Any Negative Reactions to the Wine or Winery to Yourself.
  • If the Tasting Room is Busy Step Away From Bar/ Counter Between Tastings.
  • Drink Lots of Water/ Stay Hydrated During the Day.  Always Drink More Water Than Wine.
  • Most Wineries Allow Picnics But Ask Before You Set Up Your Picnic.
  • Follow Winery Advice On Tasting Order, But You Are Free to Drink What You Want In the Order You Want.
  • Ask Questions, There’re Are No Bad Question and the Tasting Room Associate as Well Trained and Are There to Help You “Demystify the Vine”.
  • Take Wine Notes. It Will Help You Remember What You Tasted Earlier In the Days as Well as In the Months to Come When You Are Shopping For Wine.
  • Be Considerate to/ of Others Guest.
  • Keep Your Friends In Check, Cut Them Off From Wine Before the Winery Does.

GOING THERE

  • TAKE A PICNIC
    • Before You Leave For Your Wine Country Day Pack a Picnic or Even Better When You Get to Your Wine Region or Destination Buy a Wine Lunch at a Unique Wine Market.  Most if Not All Wineries Will Allow You to Have a Picnic On Their  Property.  While These Places Are a Little More Expensive Go to the Market In the Local Area to Source Cheese or Cured Meat That’s a Specialty of the Area.

TIPS FOR SPITTING WINE

  • There’s an Art to Spitting That Can Be Learned, Practiced and Mastered. Try to Perfect a “Laser-Like” Stream of Wine Into the Spitton. This Can Be Practiced Daily In the Shower.
  • Purse Your Lips and Use a Bit of Force When Spitting
  • Carry a Personal Plastic Cup or Spitting Vessel, or Use the Dump Bucket
  • WINE & PHILOSOPHY?  Do you Ever Wonder if You Should Swallow a Wine-Taste or Spit it Out?
    • Seasoned Drinkers, Wine Professionals and Sommeliers Wanting to Get the Most From Their Wine Tasting Experience Know It’s Imperative to “Spit” During a Portion of a Wine Tasting Event. (Usually the Beginning and Most of the Middle.) Spitting Allows Tasters and Evaluators to Get a Full Impression of the Wine Without Getting Inebriated and Losing Their Sharpness. After About a Glass of Wine the Tasting Receptor On Your Tongue and Mouth Start to Close Down Due to Alcohol Absorption and the Perception of Flavors Start to Diminish. After a Wine Festival Where the Potential For Over 100 Wines Can to Be Tasted, Your Palate Will Quickly Becomes “Fatigued & Drunk”, and Your Sharp Tasting Skills Slowly Become Mute. Be Aware That Trace Amounts of Alcohol Gets Vaporized and Absorbed On Your Palate and After More Than 25 Tastings You’ll Possess and Slight Buzz.

CULTURE- Spitting is Widely Accepted In Countries Around the World. So Part of the “Norm” That Across France it’s Accepted to Spit On the Gravel Floor or In Drains From a Prolonged Distance.



UNESCO. WORLD HERITAGE SIGHT

  • A Place That’s Picked by the United Nations Education, Scientific and Cultural Organization as Being of Special Cultural, Historical, Scientific or Physical Significance Legally Protected by International Treaties.
  • Heritage A Legacy from the Past That We Live with Today and What We Pass On to Future Generations. Our Cultural and Natural Heritage are Sources of Inspirational.
  • Mission Statement
    • The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization UNESCO. Seeks to Encourage the Identification, Protection and Preservation of Cultural and Natural Heritage Around the World Considered to be of Outstanding Value to Humanity.
    • These Sights Are Considered Special and There’s a Need to Conserve the History and the Culture Associated with Them.
    • World Heritage Sights Belong to All the People of the World, Irrespective of the Territory On Which They are Located.
    • 1031 UNESCO. WORLD HERITAGE SIGHTS Some With Wine Connection or Wine Influence.

OLD WORLD SIGHTS

  • **Refer to These Locations For Information On Relationship Between Wine and Sites

PORTUGAL

  • ~Alto Douro~     @Portugal     Commemorating– Cultural, Landscape, Vineyards
  • ~Oporto~     @Portugal     Commemorating– Historic Center
  • ~Pico Island~     @Azores/ Portugal     Commemorating-Cultural, Landscape

FRANCE

  • ~Cote d-Or~     @France     Commemorating– 1,247 Climates/ Individual Vineyards Terroir
  • ~Loire Valley~     @France (Sully Loire & Chalonnes)
    • Commemorating– Vineyards, Culture
  • ~Champagne~     @France     Commemorating– Hillsides, Housed, Cellars
  • ~Blaye~     @Bordeaux     Commemorating-Citadel of Blaye
  • ~Saint-Emilion~     @France     Commemorating-Cultural, Landscape, Vineyard

ITALY

  • ~Costiera Amalfitana~     @Compania/ Italy
    •  Commemorating– Cultural, Landscape, Vineyards
  • ~Monferrato~ @PiemonteItaly  
    • Commemorating– Cultural, Landscape, Vineyards
  • ~Val d’Orcia~ @Italy
    • Commemorating-Cultural, Landscape, Vineyards
  • ~Pantelleria~ @Sicily, Italy
    • Commemorating-Traditional Head-Trained Grapevines of Zibibbo
  • ~Conegliano & Valdobiadene~     @Lombardia/ Italy
    • Commemorating– Distinctive Landscape, Ciglioni(Smal Plots of Vines On Narrow Grassy Terraces), Small Villages and Farmlands.
  • ~Su Nuraxi di Barumini~     @Sardinia, Italy
    • Commemorating– Conical Shaped Stone Towers(Nuraghi) That Were Built On Defensive Position Across the Island.  These Nuraghi Have Become Symbolic of Sardinia.

EUROPE-OTHER

  • ~Lavaux~ @Switzerland     Commemorating-Cultural, Landscape, Vineyards
  • ~Middle Rhine~      @Germany Commemorating– Cultural, Landscape, Vineyards
  • ~Tokaj~     @Hungary     Commemorating-Cultural, Landscape, Vineyards
  • ~Wachau~     @Austria      Commemorating– Cultural, Landscape, Wine
  • ~Neusiedlersee~     @Austria     Commemorating
  • ~Battir~     @Palestine/ Jerusalem      Commemorating-Cultural, Vineyards/ Olive
  • ~Stari Grad Plain~     @Croatia/ Sibensko-Kninska
    • Commemorating– Primosten Vineyards
  • ~Hvar~     @Croatia    Commemorating– (Historical City & Archaeological Sites)
  • ~Georgia~     @Georgia  Commemorating– Qvevri Winemaking
  • ~Canelli/ Alto Lange~ Commemorating– Underground Cathedral, Wine Cellar Dug Into the Tuff On Which the Town of Canelli Sits

NEW WORLD SIGHTS

  • **Refer to These Locations For Information On Relationship Between Wine and Sites
  • ~Cape Floral Region~     @South Africa  Commemorating– Cape Floral Region


**Refer to “BIBLIOGRAPHY/ SOURCES” For Details On Scholarly Works Referenced